# Dr. Maria D.

Pastrana National High School (Mauban Science-Oriented High School)
NAME:_______________________________________ Directions: Select the letter of the option that correctly answers the questions. Write your answer before the number. SNE-EMW ___1. Two bulbs are connected and plugged to the outlet as shown in the figure. Both bulbs have the same a. current b. voltage c. resistance d. voltage and current ___2. When a third bulb is added to the connection in no.1, what happens to the intensity and bright ness of the bulbs? a. remains the same b. increases c. decreases d. some may increase and others may decrease ___3. To find out the electrical consumption at home, we should look at the a. generator b. transformer c. meter d. circuit breaker ___4. Our electricity in the Philippines is 220 V. V is a unit of what quantity? a. velocity b. voltage c. current d. resistance ___5. When the fuse in a circuit “blows up”, the circuit is said to be a. short b. open c. overloaded d. both b and c The table shows the power ratings and length of use of a toaster, CD player, refrigerator and washing machine. Power Rating (Watts) 800 15 800 500 Length of Use (Hours) 2 12 10 3

Date_____________ IV-Einstein

SCORE____________

___7. If all are plugged to a 220-V outlet, which appliance will draw the greatest amountof current? a. toaster b. CD player c. refrigerator d. washing machine ___8. In the circuit below, which two elements are connected parallel to each other? a. A and B b. B and C c. C and D d. A and D ___9. The circuit element labeled E in no. 8 is a schematic diagram of a. voltage source b. bulb c. resistor d. switch ___10. Why is it NOT advisable to touch electric appliances when our hands are wet? a. The appliances may have rust when they get wet b. We may get a shock because water conducts electricity c. Water may cause the appliance to over heat d. All of the above ___1. Which of the following quantities do elements connected in series have in common? a. Current b. Voltage c. Resistance d. Both a and b ___2. Which of the following quantities connected in parallel have in common? a. Current b. Voltage c. Resistance d. Both a and b ___3. What is the voltage across a 6 Ω resistor when 3 A of cu rrent passes through it? a. 2 V b. 9 V c. 18 V d. 36 V ___4. How do you describe a part of a circuit where no current can pass because of a break or discontinuity? a. short b. open c. overloaded d. both a and b

Toaster CD player Refrigerator Washing Machine

___6. Which one consumes the greatest electrical energy? a. toaster b. CD player c. refrigerator d. washing machine

Fuses and circuit breakers open to the circuit when a large amount of current flows through the circuit. P 125. Get a long piece of wood and try to remove the kite. Which of the following is a unit of current? a. 10 kΩ b. Connect an additional fuse to your circuit. What is the equivalent resist ance of the resistors in no. Connect appliances in se ries instead of parallel. Neither I and II ___7. Do not use too many appl iances at the same time. Newton’s Law b. 30 k Ω . Circuit breakers ___10. decreases c. Ohm’s Law ___12. According to Ohm’s law. P 522. remains the same b.00 ___9.60 c. 60 k Ω ) are connected in series. d. What is the equivalent resistance of the combination? a. c. ___8. quadrupled ___17. 60 kΩ d. What law states that the voltage across an electrical element is proportional to the current flowing through it? a. I only b. Ohms c. B and C b. C and D d. kilogram b. 10kΩ c. bulb b.80/kWh? a. Which of the following regulates the voltage of the electric ity produced in power plants? a. Climb the post and try to clear the power line without touching it. Both I and II d. P 5. ___19. 110 mA ___16. Fuses and circuit breakers increase the efficiency of the appliances within the circuit. Why are fuses and circuit breakers used in circuits? a. 11 mA c. To impress upon each appliance the same voltage as the power source. what happens to the current across it when the voltage applied is doubled? a. How much is the daily electrical consumption if the cost of electricity is P5. 110 k Ω ___15. a. In the circuit shown.___5. battery d. Fuses and circuit breakers can help out the electrical consumption. c. remains the same d. Fuses and circuit breakers insulate the connection in the circuit. increases b. across a resistor with constant resist ance. Which of the following should you do? a. Ampere d. Transformer c. Faraday’s Law c. cannot be predicted ___6. Leave the kite. How much current passes through the 20-kΩ resistor when the resistors in no. P 21. An airconditioning unit has a wattage of 900 W and is operating continuously for 1 day. Why should household appliances be connected in parallel with the voltage source? I. d. Which of the following will you do to solve this problem and prevent it from happening again? a. Volts ___13. doubled d. What electrical element is represented by the schematic diagram in the figure? a. 13.28 d. 220 k Ω ___14. halved c. Coulomb’s Law d. What happens to the intensity or the brightness of the lamps connected in series as more and more lamps are added? a. Plug two or three appliances in one outlet. c. which two bulbs are in series. Generator b. fuse c. 1 k Ω b. A kite hangs on the electrical power in your community. 2 mA b. 13 are connected in series with a 220 V source? a. a. anyway it’s just a piece of plastic or paper. no bulbs are in series ___18. .22 b. if they were connected in parallel instead? a. switch ___11. 20 mA d. Meters d. A and B c. II only c. Three resistors ( 20 k Ω . 110 k Ω d. d. Call your barangay electrician and let him do the clearing. b. Your fuse at home has “blown” up many times. To increase the resistance of the household circuit II. b. 60 kΩ c. b.

4) Calculate the equivalent resistance of the circuit shown. and an ammeter are connected in a complete circuit. Clean and defrost you refrigerator regularly d. .0-ohm lamp requires 0.50 ampere. All of the above Ques tions 1 and 2 refer to the following: The diagram below represents an electric circuit consisting of four resistors and a 12-volt battery. The ammeter reads 0. 1) What is the current measured by ammeter A shown in the diagram? 2) What is the equivalent resistance of the circuit shown? 3) A 6. which of the following should you do? a. In which circuit below would the lamp operate correctly when switch S is closed? Ques tions 4 and 5 refer to the following: A 50. To save energy at home. Use fluorescent lamp instead of incandescent lamps b. not every now and then c. ] 5) Determine the resistance of resistor R shown in the diagram. a 120-volt s ource.___20. [ Show all work.25 ampere of current to operate.-ohm resistor. including the equation and substitution with units. an unknown resistor R . Iron clothes once a week.

R . [ Show all work.0 amperes. are connected as shown below with a 12-volt source. including the equation and substitution with units. an unknown resistor. and two ammeters. [ Show all work. A1 and A 2. ] . 7) Calculate the current measured by ammeter A1 in the diagram shown. 6) Determine the equivalent resistance of the circuit shown.Ammeter A2 reads a current of 5.Ques tions 6 through 8 refer to the following: A 3.] 8) Calculate the resistance of the unknown resistor. R in the diagram shown. including the equation and substitution with units.0-ohm resistor.