UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI

Project on:-

ROLE OF MUSIC ON STRESS
MANAGEMENT

OMKAR DALVI
TY.BMS

Chetana's Hazarimal Somani College Of Commerce & Economics, Smt. Kusumtai Chaudhari College Of Arts, Bandra ( E) , Mumbai - 400051.

I PROF. HEMANT KOMBRABAIL HEREBY CERTIFY THAT MR.

OMKA,R DALVI STUDENT OF, CHETANA HAZARIMAI, SOMANI COLLEGE OF COMMERCE AND ECONOMICS, STUDYING IN T.Y.B.M.S HAS COMPLETED A PROJECT ON "ROLE OF MUSIC ON STRESS MANAGEMENT" AS PER THE
CURRICULEM LAID DOWN BY THE UNIVERSITY OF MUMBI, IN THE

ACADEMIC YEAR 2008-2009 UNDER MY GUIDANCE. THE INFORMATION SUBMITTED IS TRUE AND ORIGINAL TO THE BEST OF MY KNOWLEDGE.
DATED:

3 JAN 2009

Place: MUMBAI

College Seal

PRINCIPAL Dr.S.V.Surnis

I, MR.OMKAR DALVI OF THE C H ' S

S 0 1

COLLEGE OF COMMERCE & ECONOMICS,SMT. KUSUMTAI CHAUDIIARI COLLEGE OF TS,, HEREBY DECLARE THAT I HA VE COMPLETED THE PROJECT ENTITLED "ROLE OF MUSIC ON STRESS MANAGEMENT" IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE THIRD YEAR OF THE BACHELOR OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES COURSE FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2008-2009

I FURTHER DECLARE THAT INFORMATION SUBMI'1 I ED BY ME IS TRUE AND ORIGINAL TO THE BEST OF MY KNOWLEDGE.

DATED:

OMKAR DALVI Name of the student

Interdependence has a greater value than independence. This work is synergistic product of many minds. I am grateful to those who have relentlessly provided the necessary support, the right of information and the expertise required for achieving this mission. I value those who have assisted me to take such a pragmatic subject matter, which today in the global scenario is of a paramount relevance for any enterprise anywhere in the world. I also owe a great debt to the thinkers whose work has enriched my knowledge of the dynamic of the business enterprise.

First it is my pleasure to thank University Of Mumbai for giving me this opportunity to work on this project. At the outset, I express my profound gratitude to my guide Mr. Hemant Kombrabail, who has been a constant source of inspiration to me. His innate knack of unfolding new ideas and extensive knowledge in this subject has helped me immensely in doing the project, I would also like to extend a note of thanks to Mr. Vikram Tulsulkar, my project assistant from S,Y.BMS. Without his inputs this project would have not taken shape. Special thanks to all my friends for all their technical support & help. Lastly I would like to thank my parents, my friend especially Mr. Rohit Kamble, who all had taken pains during the project work. My heart felt thanks to all people who are left unmentioned here but have contributed in giving me shape and rewarding insight how my project should be carried.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Music Therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. (American Music Therapy Association Definition, 2005) For thousands of years, cultures throughout the world have used the powers of music to heal the body, mind and spirit. Five hundred years ago, the therapeutic role of music was eclipsed by its role as entertainment. Only recently has the field of sound healing emerged into fulI-scale public awareness. Studies have shown that music can reduce stress, enhance immune system function, slow down and balance brain wave activity, reduce muscle tension, increase endorphin levels, and evoke feelings of love and inner peace. The idea of music as a healing modality dates back to the beginnings of history. Mythology is full of stories suggesting that music is balm for the soul. The Bible talks of how David played the harp to help ease his despair against King Saul's tyrannies. In Greek mythology, there is the story of Orpheus-the musician who could soothe savage beasts and move rocks with his lyre.

Music therapists in India derive a lot of their knowledge from the science of yoga. Physicians of the ancient Muslim world treated mental illness with music therapy. Special choirs and live music bands entertained patients and there were comic performers as well. There is so much conflicting information, however, that many people are more confused than ever. How can you make sense of it all? Even more important)

CHAPTER 1 WHAT IS STRESS? LEVEL OF STRESS STRESS STAGES .

indeed." it follows.such as "stimulation" or "challenge". In reality. Extreme stress conditions. Similarly there are also a wide range of resources and strategies for coping with pressure. A condition or circumstance (not always adverse). a situation which one person experiences as positive and stimulating will cause another person acute distress.or. A 'stress' condition seems 'relative' in nature. Sometimes people cope well and will not feel that the pressure is having any adverse effect upon them. people are subjected to a wide range of pressures. This demand on mind-body occurs when it tries to cope with incessant changes in fife. Stress is not necessarily unpleasant or harmful. It has been defined in many ways. In this regard a simple but accurate definition of stress is: "Stress occurs when the pressures upon us exceed our resources to cope with those pressures. In medical parlance 'stress' is defined as a perturbation of the body's homeostasis. it is the wear and tear of everyday life. any situation that puts pressure is technically "stressful". In every day's life. which can disturb the normal physiological and psychological functioning of an individual. . The problem is that different people find quite different situations and circumstances to be stressful. therefore. At other times they will have difficulty in dealing with the situation and that is when we may use the term "stress".WHAT IS STRESS? Stress is a complex phenomenon. At the extremes. a combination of both strategies. but simply put. they tend to use other words . that we can attempt to tackle stress either by reducing the pressures or by increasing our coping resources . The word 'stress' is defined by the Oxford Dictionary as "a state of affair involving demand on physical or mental energy". When people are able to cope satisfactorily with the stress and find it to be positive in its effect.

it would be. however.psychologists say." "The Changing Times model" is one of the few to recognize this fact. are detrimental to human health but in moderating stress is normal and. is synonymous with negative conditions. associated with the Delhi center of the Vedanta Institute: "Stress is an agitated mind. the word stress has mental rather than physiological connotations. a state that's caused by unfulfilled desire. Biochemical parameters such as epinephrine and adrenal steroids. strenuous exercise. For the layperson. In essence. nonetheless. and widely known and successfully implemented programs. Medically. stress is defined as a perturbation of the body's homeostasis. Stress has nothing to do with an external situation. Behavioral effects such as anxiety. It is also one of the few." According to Janki Chopra. Deputy Director at German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) says: "Stress occurs when you are incapable of handling a given situation. The common indices of stress include changes in: 1. 2. Equally. Stress. For the . Some people who suffer from mental disorders may be more susceptible to stress. prolonged or acute exposure to excessive stress can lead to illnesses. in many cases. Physiological parameters such as heart rate and blood pressure 3. which has been specifically designed to avoid both psychological jargon and an unhelpful emphasis on medical models of stress. with the rapid diversification of human activity. stress is an umbrella term that encompasses physical trauma. But for others. The wear and tear that stressors subject our body too is termed as stress. As Anandi iyer. proves useful. For instance. metabolic disturbances and anxiety as they produce challenges to the body's homeostasis. we come face to face with numerous causes of stress and the symptoms of anxiety and depression. the situation is no longer so stressful. fear and tension. Today. for soldiers constantly at the border.

great majority of people. Heart rate and blood pressure are increase to rush blood to our arms and legs. Blood clotting mechanisms are activated to protect us from blood loss in case of injury. The Changing Times model is designed to help people do just that. The sleep process is blocked. What Happens When Were Stressed? When the stress response is activated: 1. the stress hormones. 7. LEVELS OF STRESS Eustress Eustress or positive stress occurs when your level of stress is high enough to motivate you to move into action to get things accomplished. Sugars and fats and cholesterol from the liver are converted into fuel for quick energy 6. 11. however. 3. flood our bloodstream to increase the body's metabolism and overcome the effects of fatigue. Perspiration cools the body allowing it to burn more energy.urseito medicines or therapy. 4. Muscles become tense ready for action. 2. 5. 10. stress is a perfectly normal and natural state that may be unpleasant or disabling but which can be reduced without reco. The immune system's efficiency is suppressed. Adrenaline and cortisol. Saliva dries up and the digestion and elimination systems are stopped so blood can be directed away from our internal organs to our muscles and brain. Breathing becomes shallow as it speeds up to supply increased oxygen to our muscles. Our senses become increasingly alert to the threat of potential danger. 9. With that understanding everybody will be much better equipped to reduce the pressures which cause stress and/or increase our resources for coping with those pressures. All people need to do is develop a better understanding of the causes and effects of our stress. . 8.

Exhaustion stage Alarm stage As you begin to experience a stressful event or perceive something to be stressful psychological changes occur in your body. anger.Distress Distress or negative stress occurs when your level of stress is either too high or too low and your body and/or mind begin to respond negatively to the stressors.decreased temperature Hormonal . EXAMPLES Cardiac . . fatigue. family or co-workers may notice changes in you before you do so it is important to examine their feedback to make sure you do not reach overload.increased stimulation of adrenal genes which produce an adrenal rush. work or life in general.increased heart rate Respiratory . confusion. change in eating habits. Cognitive Indicators include: poor problem solving. Resistance stage 3. insomnia. hypersomnia. school. Stages of stress ( from management point of view) 1. Your friends. Alarm stage 2. nightmares. hyper-vigilance. withdrawal. This experience or perception disrupts your body's normal balance and immediately your body begins to respond to the stressor(s) as effectively as possible. Resistance stage During this stage your body tries to cope or adapt to the stressors by beginning a process of repairing any damage the stressor has caused.increased respiration Skin . EXAMPLES Behavior indicators include: lack of enthusiasm for family.

During this." -Thomas Jefferson STRESS STAGES These stages can be applied to common man's life In the days when prehistoric man had not yet attained self-consciousness. This is the 'fight-orflight' response-a term coined by W. he reacted to any signs of danger in two ways: he fought or he fled. headaches. The release of adrenaline and other hormones sustains the alarm reaction and physiological changes occur in response to the stress stimulus.B. the body reacts with alarm to the threat: there is a rapid increase in metabolism. tension. physiological and biochemical changes taking place instantly. The body . insomnia.Exhaustion stage During this stage the stressor is not being managed effectively and the body and mind are not able to repair the damage. withdrawal. which secretes hormones that then activate other hormone-producing centers like the adrenal glands. EXAMPLES Digestive disorders. with hormonal. Cannon in 1914. loss of temper. "Nothing gives one person so much advantage over another as to remain always cool and unruffled under all circumstances. The body muscles become tense and the hypothalamus activates the pituitary gland.

lungs. the digestive system slows or stops altogether. extra oxygen is required. they take place all the time. All of which was fine in the good old days of yore. . according to Hans Selye (1956). that is. This is the stage when the body is most prone to illness. Concomitant emotional manifestations like fear. the salivary glands stop secreting. heart. The liver responds by releasing some into the bloodstream. the adaptation stage. limited. For the glucose to be transformed into energy. was the "stage of exhaustion" which came about if the stress was constant and prolonged. The changes that have occurred become chronic. These physiological effects are categorized as 'arousal'. which he fought off or fled from-the body's reactions quickly returned to normal. Here. Consequently. If this stressful situation is not resolved (the Neanderthal could be up a tree with a saber-toothed tiger snarling below all day long!). The amount of blood available in the body is. blood vessels in the kidneys and the abdomen constrict and the immune system slows down. Once the Neanderthal dealt with the threat-usually an animal. In order to deliver extra blood to select areas-the muscles. The heart begins pumping blood faster to carry this extra supply.now needs glucose for the muscles to function properly. kidneys and the brain-there is a temporary cutoff in blood supply to non-priority areas. the body's resistance finally crumbles and death is usually the consequence. leading to a rise in blood pressure. This also happens when you aren't able to resolve the conflict with your boss. however. apprehension and worry are termed 'anxiety'. the body goes into a second stage. The third stage.

and yet for another person. It is quantitative as well as qualitative. Some task demands may pose physical threats to a person's health. enacting certain situations such as working 24x7. Security Someone who is guaranteed a job security is not worried about losing that position whereas the person who is not is under tremendous stress. Extreme stress situations for an individual may prove to be mild for another. There are mainly three types of stressors in the life of celebrities:    Work stressors Environmental stressors Personal stressors Work stressors: Task Demands Task demands are stressors associated with specific jobs. Qualitative is when the person feels that he or she does not have the ability to do the job. the situation might not seem as a stress symptom at all.REASONS FOR STRESS Stress is a natural part of life. Everyday there are obligations. Quantitative is when the person has too many tasks to perform or too little time to perform them. There are innumerable stress factors since different individuals react differently to the same stress conditions. Physical Demands It refers to setting of the job. Thus we are under pressure that if they would loose goodwill in market than no one will appreciate them Overload It occurs when a person has to work much more than he or she can handle. One important element is temperature.g. Working outdoors in extreme temperatures can cause stress and so can improperly cooled or . E. pressures and responsibilities in the life that change and challenge their work.

A poorly enacted role makes it difficult for a person to prove himself. behavior and personalities. Group pressures: Include pressure to restrict output. Political uncertainties are created when countries do not stable political systems. Terrorism is another important factor causing stress. inadequate surfaces can also create stress. Employees in Israel have long faced this threat and have learnt to cope with it whereas Americans have opened doors to new -terrorism . Yet political threats and changes can induce stress. thus changes cannot be implemented in an orderly manner. When there is no work for celebrities. Interpersonal Demands It consists of three types i. Environmental Stressors Environmental factors influence stress. Likewise poor lighting. they become increasingly anxious about their job securities. Changes in income cause economic uncertainties. People may experience stress either from role ambiguity (lack of clarity as to what is expected) or conflict (incongruence among two or more people). Conflict: It occurs when two or more people work together having different attitudes.heated offices. Role Demands It can prove to be stressful. automation and similar forms of technological innovations are a threat to people and cause them stress. leadership & conflict. Leadership: An employee needs a great deal of social support from his leader but the leader is brusque and shows no concern for him then he will be stressed out.e. They will not be comfortable working together and may experience stress. pressure to conform to groups' norms and so forth. robotics. group pressures. Technological uncertainties arise because new innovations can make employees' skills and experiences absolute in a very short time. computers. It is quite common for a work group to arrive at an informal agreement of how much each member will produce.

For e.related stress such as working in sky-scrapers. Thus she believe that it helps her to minimize stress and have a good day. Now days the girls have started to smoke with wrong intention to loose weight. flying and attending large public events. Illness And Injury Extended illness such as cancer.g. few months back it was reported in Mumbai mirror that Rani Mukherjee use to take cigarettes in toilets. If there form is not good in some matches than there is pressure on them to prove themselves Finances And Relationships Money has become a huge stressor these days. Stress in an setting is influenced by events that take place inside or outside the work area.g. For e.g. For e.g. . This stress can lead to death or a disease. This can damage his body as well as his emotional well being. Due to money there are problems in relationships. drinking and taking drugs. respiratory ailments and accidental injury such as broken arm and leg can lead to missing work and this puts an additional stress financially. Personal Stress Personal stress is any meaningful change brought about in a person's personal or work situation. For e. if a husband does not have a good job and earns a small amount of money and is not able to meet expectations of wife this can lead to a divorce. Pushing Ourselves Too Hard This is most common cause of stress. Pressure This is found in celebrities when they are not able to cope up with work thus they start smoking. Test Anxiety This is found in cricketers who have poor form. if a husband takes the responsibility of managing the he take more than he realizes.

et al. career stress. This impulse leads to sublimation. drug abuse. sleep deprivation. It can also lead to stress. and the struggle for professional advancement all cause stress. It is generally assumed that adverse life events or challenges called stressors cause stress. noise pollution. Common stressors comprise disease.Other Prime causes A stress-free existence is. bereavement and unemployment. Although the causes of stress are myriad. Most of these stressors can ultimately impair immune functions. commuting. Frustration through sexual deprivation. if pressures become unbearable or persistent. school. career). Hans Sale aptly commented: "Complete freedom from stress is death!" The pressures of modern living ensure that stress is always lurking in the background. a British physician who practiced for some time in India. he may enter a state of chronic stress. It was Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) who pointed out that if psychic energy is unable to meet its original objective. Man's Presumptuous Brain (1960). phobias. marital discord. However. Simeons pointed out that in a cholera . Simeons. with responses ranging from extreme to mild to absent. emotions can have an effect on diseases that might seem beyond the power of the mind to influence. While the individual adapts to the situation. Emotions and ailments Surprisingly. Different individuals subjected to the same stressful event may react differently.T. first recognized by Dr A. a mirage. Cholera is a classic example.W. malnutrition. shifts (home. excessive exercise. separation or divorce. this phenomenon is not as simplistic as it sounds. if this stress becomes very intense or chronic. it fixes upon an alternative. social or peer pressure to conform. perhaps. it leads to stress-related diseases. we could loosely categorize these into common and uncommon stressors. In his book. The uncommon ones include overcrowding. academic stress (heightened during examinations). Dr.

H. the individual attempts to engage in coping behavior. Reviewing the relationship between personality. stress affects a negative person's performance in a well-defined manner. But fear and worry can alter the rate of acid secretion in the stomach. In a cholera epidemic. At the workplace. besides providing stimulation. stress and death from cancer and heart disease. Response to stress is not static. being the breadwinners. .J. survive because their stomachs continue to secrete acid normally. It fluctuates and changes as the person interacts with and responds to the stressor. This effect is referred to as the Yerkes-Dodson law. is normally killed by stomach acids. performance improves. The former is positive and a good motivator. allowing the cholera bacilli to slip through into the alkaline haven of the small intestine. Eysenck (1988) found that stress was a potent cause of death-stressed individuals having a 40 per cent higher death rate than non-stressed ones. Besides. The cholera bacillus flourishes in an alkaline medium that. across the room or on their tables. those in the prime of life are the chief victims. young people worry the most. and with further increase in arousal. The explanation illustrates the awesome power of mind over matter. Tragically. stressed people could be prone to 'desk rage'-flinging whatever comes to hand at colleagues. Babies who are oblivious to their illness and the aged who aren't bothered about whether they live or not. Chugh elaborates. when taken into the body."Stress can be subdivided into constructive stress and destructive stress." Dr. which states that as arousal increases. Destructive stress is counterproductive and detrimental to both psyche and body. Though endowed with greater powers of resistance. All parameters being equal. Stress and gender Does stress tend to affect the male of the species more than the female? Opinions vary. It increases productivity and efficiency. Needless to say. the worry created by their sense of responsibility alters the acid content of their stomachs.epidemic the very old and the very young survive. performance drops. since there are differentiating factors between the sexes. Stress also effects their behavior by boosting the activity level.

however. the preponderant view is that women are more adept at handling stress. . thanks to better coping mechanisms.

This topic was researched by specialists in the health and medical sciences. These are very much common in celebrities. rapid speech. Psychological Symptoms Stress creates dissatisfaction. anxiety. Increase blood pressure. The less control they have over the pace of their work' the greater the stress and dissatisfaction. bring on headaches and induce heart attacks. fidgeting and sleep disorders. The simplest and most oblivious psychological effect of stress is job dissatisfaction. Priyanka Chopras father suffered heart attacks because of stress. Foe e. this research led to the conclusion that stress could create changes in metabolism increase heart and breathing rated. Stress and dissatisfaction increase when celebrities are placed in jobs that make multiple and conflicting demands or in which there is a lack of clarity about the incumbents' duties. Behavioral Symptoms Behavior-related stress symptoms include changes in productivity.g. consumption of alcohol.SYMPTOMS Physiological factors. boredom and procrastination. Stress is shown through tension. absence. increased smoking. irritability. authority and responsibilities. . turnover as well as changes in eating habits.

depression. serious gastrointestinal distress. heart attack. For example during fight between Nusli Wadia & Dhirubhai Ambani. It's quite treatable.CATEGORIES OF STRESS Stress can be broadly classified in the following categories: Acute stress is what most celebrity identifies it as stress. stroke. feelings of agitation and pressure. It can be treated. Serious systemic illness such as diabetes. hypertension. even reversed. Post-traumatic stress disorder is treatable and reversible and usually requires professional aid. It's the stress that never ends. four to six months. It grinds us down until our resistance is gone. and often requires professional help. the effects of which can reverberate through our systems for years. but it takes general life style readjustments. Traumatic stress is the result of massive acute stress. . It makes itself felt through tension headaches. Chronic stress is the most serious of all. emotional upsets.sometimes two to three years-and often requires professional help. decreased immunocompetence. anxiety. The later faced heart attack and finally died. It's easily treatable and can be brought under control in six to eight weeks. For example: Britney Spears underwent treatment for 6 weeks at Rehabilitation center Episodic acute stress is more serious and can lead to migraines. but it takes time . perhaps cancer is its hallmark.

CHAPTER 2 MANAGING STRESS MUSIC THERAPY TO HEAL STRESS MUSIC THERAPY STAGES FOR MUSIC THERAPY KIND OF MUSIC AFFECTING STRESS r: HOW MUSIC CAN HELP PEOPLE TO GET RID OF THEIR STRESS? .

. and where their focus is on surviving the stress. Acceptance oriented stress In this something has happened over for which they do not have power and no emotional control. think positive thoughts. There are three main ways to manage stress which are as follows: Action oriented stress In this celebrities seek to confront the problem causing stress. for these persistent problems could trigger off some more serious types of illnesses. you may well be in the grips of stress. but can manage stress by changing interpretation of the situation and the way they feel about it. changing the environment or the situation. Stress has been defined as a reaction or response to any kind of change. you definitely need to do something about it. create it. Are there times when you really feel stretched out and want to run away? Do you feel lethargic? Or have you been losing sleep lately? Does the mere If you have change disturb you? thought of answered most of these questions in the affirmative. In that sense. Emotionally oriented stress In this celebrities do not have the power to change the situation. be happy-that is the art of managing stress Do you feel anxious all the time? Is decision-making difficult for you. a malady of modern times. some stress is essential for a healthy. physical and mental. It acts like a signal for the body and mind to get prepared for any eventuality.MANAGING STRESS Imagine a stress-free life. lively life. But if you are facing a significant number of stress symptoms.

Focus on the sound and feeling of breathing as you become more and more relaxed. depression. irritability. relaxing. also called • positive imagery. Feel the energy coming in and revitalizing your body. muscle tension and fatigue. Concentrate on your breathing several times in a day. Through visualization. It is. for a couple of weeks. scan your body for tension and compare the tension you feel at the end of the exercise with what you had experienced when you started. At the end of each deep breathing session. This could be done anywhere. we learn to use positive mental images consciously to bring about changes in the way we think and feel.Other methods Deep breathing The simplest of all stress-reduction techniques is deep breathing. Continue deep breathing for about 5 to 10 minutes at a time. let's do an interesting little exercise that will convince you of the efficacy of this technique. angry or worked up and can easily breathe away to a state of almost instant relaxation. You can practice th is whenever you are feeling tense. Continue to take long. This exercise helps reduce anxiety. Inhale through your nose. Before we move on to the actual visualization method. its true effect may be fully apparent only after months of persistent practice. . Positive imagery Visualization is the technique of using your imagination to create what you want in life. extend this period to 20 minutes. Take a deep breath right from the pit of your stomach. making a quiet. It is based on the principle that the mind and body are intimately connected and changes in the physical state of the body create changes in the mind. once or twice a day. Breathe out through your mouth. while the telephone is ringing. therefore. Then. or while waiting in a queue. stopping at traffic lights. And though it can be learned in a matter of minutes and its immediate benefits experienced. slow. whooshing sound like the wind as you gently blowout. if you like. deep breaths which raise and lower your abdomen. anytime -while traveling.

.down 10 steps. Now.brightly colored..10.you keep looking at the flowers.ready to get up. You can hear the leaves rustling in the wind.2.you can feel the wet sand under your feet..you mentally leave your bed. your room.9... and 3...you come to the steps.. let the juice swirl around in your mouth and taste it.. You feel absolutely calm.. You are back in your room. Bite it hard...1.. Stretch and roll on to a side and keep lying down for a few minutes...you come to the top of some steps.... Now you are in the garden..1.. Now mentally count 1... 7.3.a vast stretch of green..through the forest....walk along the river.... Close your eyes. You did not need the real thing.. Slowly open your eyes.walk along the river......4.Sit comfortably.. it becomes more shady and cool. There is no smell like the smell of a lemon. You feel like taking a walk... your home. Here is an example of visualization which can help you relax by creating your own special place: Lie down or sit comfortably. through the trees.climb up to the riverside..3. Be totally comfortable. Is there? Now bite the lemon.. Get up slowly. As you come into the forest.2.the lovely flowers. Start stepping down towards the garden. relax your body and imagine a lemon in your hand.. Smell the fragrance of freshness...walk down the steps... feeling refreshed and alert.... Let this image fade. take a look around... You can hear the sound of running water...with each step you feel your tensions going away..... . and completely relaxed..8..2...imagine yourself walking through the field..5.. you wish to leave.6. Such is the power of the mind....you can see a beautiful garden below.. You find yourself in an open field.... Now imagine that it is a beautiful day..smell the sweet fragrance..on the far side of the field is a forest. Now smell it..out in the fields..... What does it taste like? What happened? You began salivating. Close your eyes... just the imagination was enough to create a real bodily response.

Arch back as you take a deep breath. Stay in this position for a few seconds. Hold. . is the premise that the body responds to anxiety-provoking thoughts and situations with muscle tension. Wrinkle your forehead. including headaches. The rest will gradually improve. Relax. soothing music to help the visualization process. which was developed by American physiologist Edmund Jacobson. chronic pain and general or situation-specific anxiety. Roll it towards the right and then towards the left. This physiological or bodily tension is reduced by muscular relaxation. Repeat. tongue pressing the roof of the mouth. flickering on and off. Here is the modified version of Jacobson's technique in four steps. Release the tension and relax. It is very likely that the images could be discouragingly uncooperative initially. it may take some time to learn. muscle spasms. which thereby reduces anxiety.As you may be unfamiliar with the skill of conscious visualization. You could play some light. Tighten the biceps and forearms. push your head as far back as possible. Hold. wrinkle your forehead. Repeat. Visualization is very effective in treating many stress-related and physical illnesses. pressing out your stomach. relax. Practice often. tighten your jaws. Progressive muscle relaxation At the heart of this technique. At the same time. 3. Now tense all your facial muscles. Take a deep breath. press your eyes hard. then bring it back. which can be easily practiced at home: 1. work on your strongest sense first. If you have trouble getting impressions from all the senses. at least three times a day. Fold your hands into tight fists. 2. then Repeat. moving around or disappearing altogether when interrupted by'some thoughts. Hold for a few seconds. Relax.

tightening the calves. keeps the doctor away." Count from 1 to 3 and 3 to 1. Open your eyes". Continue to take deep breaths.4. Avoid tight clothing. It is a take-home therapy that should become a part of your daily routine. then slowly get up. Now tell yourself: "When I get up. 1. it should be learnt under the guidance of a trained professional. whole muscle groups are tensed and relaxed. more than an apple. mild phobias and stuttering & is being practiced by celebrities like SRK & Big B (reported in Bombay times that when they go for shot they use to rehearse some of these steps and no one is allowed to disturb them in between) Laughter And how can we forget the role of laughter in reducing stress? Remember. Remember to observe the contrast between the sensations of tension and relaxation This exercise should be practiced twice a day while sitting in a comfortable chair with a high back. fatigue. Each step is to be repeated twice. Now push your feet and toes down. Hold for a few seconds. Keep lying. high blood pressure. You can listen to some soothing background music to enhance the feeling of relaxation. anxiety. . Keep lying down for a few minutes. irritable bowels. Turn and roll towards one side. For achieving quick deep muscle relaxation. however. Try to spend as much time as possible with cheerful people. or lying down on a flat surface on a thin mattress. Ideally speaking. Pull your feet and toes up towards your face. Relax. 2. insomnia. muscle spasms. Hold. neck and back pain. 3. do this exercise immediately before or after a heavy meal. Do not. Try not to always take yourself too seriously. then relax. I will be fresh and alert. down for a few minutes. Repeat. a chuckle a day. Consistent practice of this technique has helped in the treatment of muscular tension. Keep a collection of your favorite funny books and videocassettes. thighs and buttocks. tensing each muscle group for 5 to 7 seconds and then relaxing it for 20 to 30 seconds.

Insufficient stress acts as a depressant and may leave a person feeling bored or dejected. 3. positive stress adds anticipation and excitement to life. Laughter lowers blood pressure and reduces hypertension. How Can the optimal level of stress be identified by an individual? There is no single level of stress that is optimal for all celebrities. Laughter cleanses the lungs and body tissues of accumulated stale air as it empties more air than it takes in. How can stress be eliminated? As it is seen. and even frustrations and sorrows add depth and enrichment to people's lives are part & parcel of celebrities life. It provides good cardiac conditioning especially for those who are unable to perform physical exercise.What Laughter Can Do Against Stress And Its Effects? 1. on the other hand. and everybody thrives under a certain amount of stress. 2. Deadlines. Every celebrity has . competitions. It is beneficial for patients suffering from respiratory ailments. relaxation and fluent blood circulation in body. It increases muscle flexion. One's goal should not be to eliminate stress but to learn how to manage it and how to use it to help better. excessive stress may leave us feeling "tied up in knots. Thus now-a-days many actors are indulging themselves into different comedy programs. 4. Produces a general sense of well-being." What needs to be done is to find the optimal level of stress which will individually motivate but not overwhelm everyone.

Do you become nervous or physically upset? If so. Determine what events distressed you. that person has gone beyond the optimal stress level. How to proceed? 1. Notice distress. Can you reduce their intensity (manage them over a period of time instead of on a daily or weekly basis)? . what is distressing to one may be a joy to another. there are many possibilities for its management.unique requirements. What are you telling yourself about meaning of these events? 3. all require work toward change: changing the source of stress and/or changing our reaction to it. Also. Just as there are many sources of stress. that person needs to reduce the stress in his/her life and/or improve his/her ability to manage it. in what specific ways? 2. Determine how your body responds to the stress. 2. physical reactions. Can you change your stressors by avoiding or eliminating them completely? 2. How can we manage Stress Better? Identifying unrelieved stress and being aware of its effect on their lives is not sufficient for reducing its harmful effects. Recognize what you can change. 1. However. And even when it is agreed that a particular event is distressing. Don't gloss over the problems. It has been found that most illness in celebrities is related to unrelieved stress. different celebrities are likely to differ in their physiological and psychological responses to it. Don't ignore it. 1. Become aware of stressors and emotional. personal stress requirements and the amount which a person can tolerate before he/she becomes distressed changes with his/her ages. If somebody is experiencing stress symptoms. As such.

Medications. 3. Try to temper your excess emotions. Are you expecting to please everyone? 3. Reduce the intensity of your emotional reactions to stress. they alone are not the answer.physical danger and/or emotional danger. Learn to moderate your physical reactions to stress. Can you shorten your exposure to stress (take a break. Slow. heart rate. time management techniques. when prescribed by a physician. Are you viewing your stressors in exaggerated terms and/or taking a difficult situation and making it a disaster? 2. Are you overreacting and viewing things as absolutely critical and urgent? Do you feel you must always prevail in every situation? 4. However. Build your physical reserves. prolonged .3.. try to see the stress as something you can cope with rather than something that overpowers you. 2. Work at adopting more moderate views. leave the physical premises)? 4. and blood pressure. Put the situation in perspective. and delayed gratification strategies may be helpful here)? 3. Relaxation techniques can reduce muscle tension. 5. Electronic biofeedback can help you gain voluntary control over such things as muscle tension. can help in the short term in moderating your physical reactions. Do not labor on the negative aspects and the "what ifs. The stress reaction is triggered by your perception of danger. Learning to moderate these reactions on your own is a preferable long-term solution." 4. Exercise for cardiovascular fitness three to four times a week (moderate. 1.. deep breathing will bring your heart rate and respiration back to normal. 1. Can you devote the time and energy necessary to making a change (goal setting. 1.

Take breaks and get away when you can. excessive caffeine. failures. such as walking. . 6. Meditation. cycling. 3. find a noncompetitive partner. Fill it with silly guises. Maintain your ideal weight. 3. rather than goals others have for you that you do not share.be a friend to yourself To manage the stress in your life. Avoid nicotine.   Commit to making physical exercise a part of your daily routine. Eat well-balanced. 4.  Various massage techniques can promote relaxation. or jogging). Go to this box when you are feeling stressed. funny stories and/or favorite humorous videos. 1. which are meaningful to you. Mix leisure with work.rhythmic exercise is best. cartoons. Pursue realistic goals. Expect some frustrations. Always be kind and gentle with yourself -. Massages benefit both emotional and physical health. One of her suggestions is to start a humor box. Stress management consultant Loretta LaRouche recommends taking time to find humor in every day life. and sorrows. Maintain your emotional reserves. imagery or breathing exercises allow an individual to relax mentally and physically. improve circulation and relieve tension. Get enough sleep. 2. 5. swimming. Be as consistent with your sleep schedule as possible. and other stimulants. nutritious meals. Develop some mutually supportive friendships/relationships. 4. have fun and change your routine to keep it interesting. experts offer several strategies:   Four types of regular exercise are recommended. 2.

. The best way to confront this fact is through management. Stress is a fact of life. Practicing healthy eating habits can reduce stress. Plan meals based on USDA's Food Pyramid.  Maintain balance: find time for work and play.

the last thing you probably want to do is to make supper. Taking a walk and listening . Stress can range from mild to severe. This may make music therapy twice as successful. That way you'll know if it is a positive type of music for your individual taste. If you listen to music when you wake up in the morning. A music therapist views the particular needs of their client. When you feel relaxed. A therapist encourages the use of different kinds of instruments. No one likes the same type of music. Headaches. The positive energy should decrease your stress levels. Listen to your emotions. It will surround you with positive energy instead of negative energy. our health can be affected. your worries float into the background. One way to combat stress is using music therapy. Fast paced beats can speed up your heart rate and cause difficulty in relaxing your mind. Whatever you choose to listen to should make you feel comfortable. If we let the stress build up without doing anything to relax. When you have a hard day at work. If it is constant and for a long period of time we are putting our health in danger. Make sure your nerves feels soothed. Music affects the mood in different situations. Our energetic system is affected by the tone of music. Put on your favorite music and cooking may seem like a breeze. your day might run smoother. This causes a physical reaction to certain sounds and frequencies. Music heightens mental functioning.MUSIC THERAPY TO HEAL STRESS Everyone has stress in their lives. The client and the therapist both are involved in the therapy. Experts propose that it is the rhythm of the music that has a calming effect on us. diarrhea and gastric problems can be caused by stress. Serious problems such as heart problems and diabetes could develop. There are other ways to listen to music for lessening your stress besides going to a music therapist. If you listen to music that has affirming lyrics you are feeding your brain positive thoughts. It is considered a creative art therapy. Slow beats or rhythms will slow down your thoughts and you will naturally relax. promotes healing and helps you feel calm and relaxed. One way listening to music can manage the degree of your stress is it relaxes tense muscles.

to music with nature sounds or sounds of the sea can be extremely calming. If your serotonin levels are to low. Slow tones will cause relaxation and is great to hear right before bedtime. . Depression can make the stress in your life seem a lot worse. you may become depressed. Illness can cause severe stress. It can also cause your endorphins to raise in your brain. Serotonin is a chemical that transmits the nerve signals between nerve cells. Listening to music together with whatever treatment you are receiving can have a strong healing effect on your body. Endorphins are natural painkillers. Music may raise your serotonin levels and lift your depression and stress anxiety.

Listening to music before you go to sleep can calm you down help you sleep better. tension and stress can find a healing by listening to music. It is recommended for patients suffering from insomnia. if you are a musician playing your favorite instrument can be the best form of relaxation. Your heartbeat and breathing can also be affected by music depending on the type and volume of music that is being played. Listening to good music can have a positive effect on a person and make him optimistic to his circumstances. A slow tempo can calm you after a hard day and help you relax your mind. There are many different kinds of music and you should choose to listen to one that helps relieve your stress. Music can lift your mood and a depressive and negative state of mind can be instantly altered with good music. It is a convenient and easy way to relax as you can listen to music while continuing with your regular routine. cancer. Different types of music has different effects on our brains. calm and build up your excitement all at the same time and it is certainly one of the amazing pleasures in life. a hard beat can increase the brain activity and improve concentration and alertness.MUSIC THERAPY Music therapy has caught on in recent times for its power to relax and relieve stress. It can serve as a wonderful and pleasurable backdrop to your daily functions. your brain will still be in tune with the music for a long time. . People suffering from depression. The new found benefits of music are that it can be a therapy to calm and heal people suffering from various illnesses. Even after you have stopped listening. Research has proved that music can have a very good effect on your mind and soul. You can always find the type of music you like to listen to be it jazz or instrumental or rock or ballads or just plain classics. Low volume is recommended for stress relief especially instrumental which is melodious and which can make you flow with the tune and away from your worries. it can soothe you and give you peace playing and listening to your favorite tune. By relieving your tensions it can regulate your blood pressure thereby increasing your immunity levels and give you a healthy life. Music can also inspire.

some melodies can even move you to tears or make you smile. It is more than just songs.When listening to music your nerves are calmed down and your breathing is steady and deeper. music can help us overcome challenges that we face in life by energizing us physically and mentally. This increases the oxygen intake to the body that energizes you and also increases the production of serotonin in the brain which can stabilize your moods as well. Music has the power to take you back in time to when you first listened to a song. . Music can inspire you and touch your heart deep within.

if you are dealing with depression. it will probably make you feel angrier! As you see.STAGES FOR MUSIC THERAPY Select Appropriate Music Most of us choose music that we "like" but will this give us the best results? In fact. sit or lie down and breath Listen All the Way Through. So your first instinct is to put on some really angry music. to you. It is ideal to listen to the music through speakers rather than headphones so that the cells of the body themselves may "listen" to the sound. Consider Music Sequencing. Let's say you are very angry. Sometimes it is necessary to first choose music that totally matches your current mood rather than the mood you wish to acquire. For example. select a composition which represents depression in its extreme form. Speakers Are Ideal. Consider arranging a series of different musical compositions in sequence that are customized just for your needs. selecting music is not a simple one-shot process. . Then select a neutral composition. on the other hand if you play some light and happy music. Listening to music in a sequence like this allows for your current stress level or mood to be first honored and then to be gradually transformed. Stand relaxed. or does it kind of perpetuate how you feel? Yet. Take off your shoes. by comparison to how you are currently feeling. Follow this with one that is only mildly depressing. often the music we are least attracted to will have the greatest benefit (when played in the right sequence). Does it really help. Prepare Yourself to Listen. and end with a composition which is clearly uplifting and motivating.

We all have the tendency to use music for the background of other activities. Foreground. (Actually this refers to the emotions too but it sounds succinct to say "mind/body. Allow the music to reach your inner feeling. It is through your response that the emotional/cellular memory may be released. physical vibrations. The important thing is to let the music embrace you totally. On the other hand. it is suggested that you bask in the silence for many moments. Try developing the technique of just listening to the music. allow. Not Background. Listen Actively. This will help integrate the feelings. This way.It is preferable to listen to the musical composition all the way through. you will get the best benefit. movement. do not begin listening to the music while you are already doing other unrelated activities. A lot of research has been done recently showing that there is a definite connection between the mind and the body. Enjoy the Silence! When the music stops. allow.") Even though music healing is often related to relaxation and emotional issues. allow! Allow all responses without judgment. Your Response is What is Important. without interruption. there is the likelihood that this indirectly could have a benefit on physical illnesses as well. Observe Mind Body Connection. thoughts. Everyone has a different manner of expression. . if the music inspires you to get up and do something or your mind begins to wander. This allows for the optimum response to the transformation process. sleep. an intensification of emotion. not doing anything else. Not Passively. or nothing at all. and respond freely to it. Do not think that you have to just stay still and concentrate on the music! In fact. You may experience visual images.

glands. Rhythm and the pitch of music affect the limbic system. Science supports that sound can be used as a vehicle to shift brainwave states. The different states are: 1. and transport us into a relaxed state. they are a great conductor for sound healing. The healing power of sound has been revered for thousands of years. and not solid. Their body will start to respond and resonate at a harmonious frequency. How can you harness the healing powers of sound and music for yourself? Listening to certain sounds has the power to open up our subconscious mind.you become instantly elevated? Now. Don Campbell in his book The Mozart Effect. Delta . Drumming has started to have many healing applications from treating substance abuse issues to Alzheimer's patients. that's sound healing. very deep states of hypnosis 4.deep sleep. Theta . Music is widely used to help with pain from dental treatments and surgical operations.occur when we daydream meditate or under hypnosis 3. shows how music can improve a variety of ailments from depression to cancer. Alpha . release stress and move us into a place of deep healing. Since our bodies are 70% water. the center of emotions in the brain. The sound and rhythm of the drumbeat has the power to raise our consciousness. Our atoms. The drum has a way of reconnecting us to the very essence of who we are. molecules.deep sleep meditation and healing . cells.KIND OF MUSIC AFFECTING STRESS Have you ever noticed that when your spirits are a little low. slow our heart rate. Everything in our body vibrates at a distinct frequency. Beta . Sound is widely becoming recognized as a valuable tool for health and healing. and you hear an uplifting song. A sound that is harmonious projected on a person who is in a state of disharmony will bring that person back to balance.regular waking states 2. It has an exceptional way of nourishing the soul. and organs all have a vibrational frequency. our breathing. Drumbeats help heal old unresolved traumas.

color. it is possible to fire new neural networks in the brain to pave the way for change. if only a person is able to understand the truth in its simplicity. is life. lines or words. What everyone desires is life." . When our brainwave states are shifted. Hazrat Inayat Khan describes this phenomenon quite beautifully " What the world is seeking. music can heal if life is put into it. There is no great secret about this. we are more apt to be responsive to hypnotic suggestion. It is life that is the real source of healing.Certain frequencies can entrain the brain to create the most effective state for healing. With the combination of music therapy and hypnosis. whether it comes through music. what the human soul yearns for. In his book The Music of Life.

So were the flute music in place of soothing Mediterranean and Celtic Music. You can feel the comfort while listening to the beautiful and smoothing music. . you can listen to some light music to get rid of your tiredness.HOW MUSIC CAN HELP PEOPLE TO GET RID OF THEIR STRESS? Music can do wonder and alleviate bodily pains as well as mental stress. Music pertaining to loud drum beats was extremely soothing. It also works while you are stressed out. Psychological response: According to popular research. you can listen to music and sing softly with it. David played his harp in order to alleviate the pains of King Saul. Even when you are tired. music produces in the physiological response system and many psychological patients revived their senses after listening to the music. It works like magic in the worst of time. Example from Bible: From the ancient times we all know how music played its role to alleviate the pains of people. Some of the best recommendations from the doctors are the following: Play music and sing songs: Play the music and sing along with it. Music has a great power to heal and the charm of music itself is so soothing that people who are stressed out can get rid of all their pains by listening to some light music. Even if you can't play any instrument. For example the Bible.

Music also relieves the pain which was caused during dental procedures. Deep breathing. amazing right/left brain hemisphere synchronization occurred. music during dental procedure: Another important stress control devise is deep breathing. the production of serotonin in the body accelerates. in this method.Biological synchronization: Whenever the proper sounds were experienced by the listener. This is also extremely beneficial since it helps to promote higher temperature of the body and also to reduce the heart . Thus it has been observed that the entire human energetic system is extremely influenced by sounds. Reduce heart rate and increase body temperature: Sometimes we can hear the music while we are working. the physical body and energy stores react specifically to some specific tones and frequencies.

rate. .

RAGAS RAGA AND THEIR USES BIOLOGY OF MUSIC MUSIC ON ANTI STRESS .

The ragas that we know of are the products of centuries of experimentation. as the pitch goes up. . Arbitrary selection of a set of swaras is unlikely to produce a distinct raga swaroopam and this is the reason for attributing the foundations of the raga system to nature. details of raga chaya swaras (the swaras which are chiefly responsible for the characteristic melody of the raga). the gamakas given to these swaras. The raga system is a method of organizing tunes based on certain natural principles. This is also the reason why Carnatic music (performance) can never really be learnt from a book but needs a Guru who can portray the raga swaroopam in such a manner that the pupil can pick it up. The unfortunate consequence of this is that various performers have slightly different mental concepts of a single raga and this is manifest in their music. This definition is termed as the raga lakshanam. It is intended more for the performer than for the listener. Tunes in the same raga use the same (nominal) swaras in various combinations and with practice. Hours of dedicated practice with a single raga (Saathakam) results in the realization of the raga swaroopa on the part of the performer and this is often referred to as obtaining a Dharshan of that particular raga. But the good part is that it adds a tremendous variety to the music. the sequence in which the swaras occur etc. Each ragam has associated with it a feeling that it induces in the listener and the performer. characteristic swara phrases and general usage notes. Each raga has a distinct image or swaroopam and it is this which defines a raga. Raga lakshanam usually contains the arohanam. We shall first define arohanam and avarohanam. gamakas. the listener can pick up the similarity. Ragas are not simply abstract collections of swaras that occur together to produce a tune. avarohanam. The arohanam and avarohanam (or the scale) of a raga provide only a skeletal outline upon which the rest of the raga is formed. Avarohanam is the sequence of swaras to be used in descent. a realization of the raga swaroopam means that some of the qualities of the music can be anticipated and this contributes greatly to listening pleasure. (The magazine Sruthi usually contains a discussion of ragalakshanam of one or two ragas in each issue).e. Arohanam is the sequence of swaras used in a raga in the ascending passages i. From the viewpoint of the listener.RAGAS Ragas are sometimes defined as melody types. Each raga has a swaroopam (a musical form or image) that is defined by the swaras used.

Music for you Listen to Rag Bhut. Da and Ni implies that by collecting combinations of these. Melakarta ragas have a formal structure and follow a fairly rigid scheme of scientific organization whereas the janya ragas are rooted in usage and are liable to evolve with the music.Ragas fall into two types. which are in turn responsible for a sharper memory. Melakarta ragas are identified by the fact that they use all seven swaras and the arohanam and avarohanam are always Sa-Ri-Ga-Ma-Pa-Da-Ni-Sa and Sa-Ni-Da-Pa-Ma-Ga-Ri-Sa. indicating completeness. Ga. Janya ragas are derived from the melakarta ragas through various means as described subsequently. This type of arohanam and avarohanam is denoted by the term sampoornam. Many factors such as stress and genetic inheritance may lead to neuro-electrolyte imbalance in the brain. sometimes incompatible with the sampoornam characteristic. sarod and the santoor are . Researchers have found that the silence between the two musical notes triggers the brain cells and stimulates the neurons. Sa-Ga-Ri-Ma-Pa-Da-Ni-Sa) etc. Janya ragas are characterized by missing notes in the arohanam and/or avarohanam (eg. the base or melakarta ragas and the derived or janya ragas. The present system is mathematically much more elegant and that appears to be one of the reasons for its wide spread acceptance and use in the past few centuries. The existence of multiple swara sthanas for Ri. hence disturbing the concentration and the memory. Ma. This concept will be developed in the succeeding section. RAGA AND THEIR USES Enhance concentration and memory Music enhances one's concentration and also improves memory. we can form a system of melakartas. Instruments such as the flute. The definition of melakarta given above is a currently accepted one. In the past. the use of twisted progressions (eg. Sa-Ri-Ga-Pa-Da-Sa). In fact many janya ragas change their character over time. melakartas have been defined in other ways. Janya ragas and their classifications will be described subsequently. Any raga that does not belong to the melakarta system is a janya raga.

the vibrations also have a toning impact on the heart muscles. induces sleep in the brain cells. which is even more beneficial for overall cardiovascular health. The functioning of the heart depends on the number of beats per second. Music for you In the evening (around 6 pm).recommended. and most importantly. Music for you Listen to Rag Darbari or Rag Bhairavi (by Pandit Ravi Shankar) in the night. Rag Basant. It's been proved that music improves cardiovascular health. Rag Sohoni (played by Pandit Ravi Shankar) Overcome Anxiety Anxiety is often associated with an upcoming unfamiliar event or maybe an unknown outcome. Classical music has two kinds of notes .natural note (shuddh swar) and flat note (komal swar). At night. For the Heart Everyday stress and irregular eating habits directly have an adverse impact on the body. It may also be referred to as an extreme version of `feeling low' and sad. listen to Rag Patadeep. Flat notes induce sleep in the brain while the natural notes provide alertness. It helps you concentrate better at tasks and helps ease depression. It may also be associated with sleeplessness due to many reasons. The chemical reason responsible for such a feeling is the lack of serotonin in the brain. Music vibrations regulate the heart's rhythm. Overcome Depression Depression reduces brain activity and affects the mind's ability to plan a specific task. Music plays a vital role in this case as it calms the nerves and hence. Rag Shankara. Moreover. Music for you . on the heart. The soothing notes boost the serotonin levels in the brain.

by which the calming effect is transferred to the baby as well. only this time. Hence. Aid Healing In a noteworthy experiment performed by US researchers. if you murmur sweet words to the foetus. The stimulation that the music ragas provide is known to activate all seven chakras of the body and help the listener when performing other creative tasks. Rag Bhagyashree (played by Pandit Nikhil Baneerjee) in the night. he/she can experience the benefits of music therapy. However. Music for you Listen to Rag Yaman (king of all ragas) played by Ustad Vilayat Khan after sunset till 10 pm. Music plays a crucial role in developing one's creative side.Any smoothing ragas such as Raga Malkauns (played by Pandit Ravi Shankar Bhairavi). Reducing Pain. Raga Chandrakauns (played by Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia) to be heard from 10 pm onwards to midnight. During Pregnancy Even before the baby is born. Enhance Creativity Not everyone has an in-born creative talent. Music for you Listen to Rag Kafi (played by Ustad Ali Akbar Khan) in the evening. especially among the young. Music works on the right part of the brain which is responsible for one's creativity. It can be honed and developed as well. For example. pregnant women are advised to listen to soothing and melodious music. the song was accompanied with . it feels good and vice versa. Any soothing raga can achieve this. A pleasant sound is imbibed with positive vibrations. It's all based on the ancient Indian philosophy of sanskar. without music. one group was asked to soak their hands in ice cold water as they heard a singer. The second group was asked to follow the same.

As a result. patients after surgery are often made to listen to music to aid their recovery. Music also helps secrete endorphins that help faster healing. It was found that the second group was able to bear the sting for a longer period.music. . due to which we experience less pain. The underlying corollary of similar researches being that music diverts our mind.

always use chants or music. Sound creates certain vibrations which are picked up and amplified by the human ear. The chanting of certain mantras or choir chants create vibrations within the vocal cords. Music can transport people from a Beta (waking) brain state to Alpha (deep meditative) brain state while remaining awake. dyslexia and trauma. . whether they are eastern or western. Music restores harmony and thus health. high or low blood pressure and respiratory problems are disorders brought about by physical disharmony. must work through the mind. like some other alternative therapies.BIOLOGY OF MUSIC music therapy is based on the associative and cognitive powers of the mind. Studies show that music helps to increase the serotonin and growth hormone levels as well as decrease the ACTH or stress hormones. Many children with learning disability and poor coordination have been able to learn respond to set pieces of music. which move deeper through the whole body. Music Helps Music therapy helped in treating many people with problems like dementia. Heart ailments. Music helps people get into certain mood. Transform the negative into the positive. These vibrations must be felt in totality for them to have any effect. Resonate with the listener's feelings. and frequency of that sound. Promote a state of liveliness or serenity.      Music is a powerful aid to meditation. Hence meditation techniques. Music. These waves are then picked up by the sensory nerve going into the middle of the brain and redistributed throughout the neuron network to other parts of the brain to distinguish the pitch. tone.

heart rate. in the fruiting and withering of plants. Emotional intimacy with families and caregivers. Reduce anxiety and pain. Anxiety and stress reduction. in the migrations of the birds and animals. creative way. Positive changes in mood and emotional states. mind. Non-pharmacological management of pain and discomfort. lessening muscle tension.Sensory stimulus that can work simultaneously on the body. Take the attention away from an unpleasant or unwanted situation. "Music is there in the cycles of the seasons. decreasing ACTH (stress hormones). Active and positive patient participation in treatment. Used to affect physiological changes such as lowering of blood pressure. Meaningful time spent together in a positive. and spirit. . and in the birth. and relieving nausea. Relaxation for the entire family.

maturation and death of ourselves." .

It is also said that if you listen to fast music it will increase your heart rate and can cause problems when trying to relax. The more positive the lyrics are. Also. then it would be best to seek another style of music. Music has a soothing effect. Music therapy is known to get rid of stress and many other health related problems. If you feel agitated. A music therapist first understands the needs of the client and then work on the patient accordingly. you should listen to music with positive lyrics. which will help you reach your goals in time. Not only will this accelerate your healing. A physical connection is established with sounds and frequencies. Lyrics are another major component of any therapy session. Just relax during your sessions and watch yourself progress steadily.MUSIC IS ANTI-STRESS Stress and anxiety are two very common problems in today's society. Listening to music will help you succeed. The best way to allow your fears to slide away. the more positive your outlook on life will be. The system that is responsible for our activeness and energetic level is strongly influenced by the music tone. If you feel relaxed with a particular style of music. is through the use of music. if there are any at all. Let your emotions rule your therapy sessions. Music therapy uses music to heal different mental and physical problems. continue on with that style of music. but it will cause you to be calm in nature and in being. . these problems can magnify into worse scenarios. When listening to your favorite music you should make sure that that your nerves feels relaxed and at ease. Stress can cause diabetes or heart problems if we constantly feel stressed and not do anything about it. Therapy has shown that it can increase the rate at which you function mentally. When left untreated.

while listening to mellow music. Music therapy is used alongside traditional medical treatments.Relaxing by yourself while listening to music at home. If you are undergoing other treatments. Try laying still for 10-15 minutes a day. Anyone can do this on their own and all it takes is a little bit of practice. take the time to ask about music therapy . is a great way to reduce stress on a day-to-day basis.

chances are that are you are under stress. While extensive supervision. learn to view things backwards. we wouldn't labor the point as to which strategies a reader should use. The choice is yours. I conceived this idea of coming up with simple techniques for managing stress and leading fuller and happier life. com or pick up a CD which they have aptly named 'Stress Nil'." Both the site and CD-ROM are easy to follow (no stress here. absenteeism and poor morale . So you can either access their site at www. who have not only launched a website. nowadays even housewives and students have laid claim to it. Remember: STRESSED spelt backwards is DESSERTS! Happy distressing! Stress is a word that is bandied around frequently these days. Whereas at one time. Studies have proved that too much stress can even lead to death. Every one seems to have it. Says Jacob. chronic and extreme. Having been a keen student of yoga for the past 30 years. making it a universal complaint which cuts across all genders.which literally means death from overwork.`karoshi'.all of which prove costly to the industry. I realised the negative fall-out of stress at the work place. Many companies now hold stress management workshops and seminars for their employees. "After working 22 years in industry. The Japanese have a word for it . get irritated easily and feel lonely? If you've answered yes. And if making choices is a stressful activity for you. Do you have frequent anxiety attacks. but are also planning to introduce a CD-ROM on stress management this month. He also lists stress under various headings such as acute. only executives and office workers had exclusive rights to stress. . ages and socio-economic levels. But making stress busting techniques available to every one is Bension Jacob and his wife Sinora. burnout.aumstress. at least).CONCLUSION At the far end of this piece. a senior marketing manager with multinational firm.which leads to reduced productivity. Jacob first diagnoses symptoms of stress.

On the contrary. Aum Stress Management is planning to make it .While the chanting of 'Aum' has for ages been a solution to many problems." And since laughter has always been considered to be the best medicine. Meditation and prayers are excellent antidotes for frustration or anger and muscle tension can be relieved by exercising. which enhances performance. A few simple stress busters are made available. even simple things like the telephone or doorbell ringing at midnight can trigger off an acute stress attack. ill health and breakdown. Build family reserves. the site also points out that there is something called an optimum stress level. Jacob points out that stress is a natural reaction to competition and demands made on an individual. Doing one thing at a time can improve concentration. then change the reaction to it. Stress Nil also provides quite a few laughs. sleep and keep some leisure hours to yourself. When you are really stressed out.groupism and politics can cause chronic stress in the workplace. for those who suffer from anxiety. The couple also address myths about stress. While long term stress can lead to fatigue.Reading will reduce irritability. too little income chasing too many outgoings and even family atmosphere can cause stress. Recognise what you can change in order to eliminate. is the individual's perception and assessment of the environment. eat well-balanced meals. try slow and deep breathing. For those with a high blood pressure. The crucial step according to him. writing a journal can help. managed stress can make us productive and happy. a hot bath is best for insomnia. Having a mutually supportive friend is very good. while talking to a friend or counsellor can reduce mental confusion. reduce or shorten stressors. and while there are no universal techniques tailored to suit every individual.To name a few. One is that stress is everywhere and you can't do anything about it. Don't ignore or gloss over how your body responds to them. Expect some frustrations in life. while on the home front an unmanageable spouse. Become aware of the stressors and your emotional and physical reaction to them. While yoga can cure back pain. it would help to make a list of priorities. exercise. "If you can't change the source of stress.

is more important than facts. It alters our chemistry instantly.. And so it is with you. than failures. If chosen well. music can be medicine for the mind and soul .the new age mantra. Our attitude is our reaction to what life hands out to us. than money. I am convinced that life is 10 per cent what happens to me and 90 per cent how I react to it.. It is more important than the past. with no known negative side effects. "Attitude. than what other people think or say or do. It is said that life acts and you react. than education. Music is one of the most powerful tools for changing brain chemistry. than circumstances. to me. . than successes.