HSDPA RRM and Parameters

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Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

Contents
1. HSDPA Channel Type Mapping 2. HSDPA Code Resource Management 3. HSDPA Power Management 4. HSDPA Mobility Management 5. HSDPA Channel Switching 6. HSDPA Mac-hs Scheduling Algorithm 7. HSDPA TFRC Selection 8. HSDPA Flow control

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page1

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Mapping signaling and traffic onto HSDPA
z z

UMTS network could provide multi-services such as CS service, PS service and signaling In most case, CS service with high requirement of transmission quality will be mapped onto DCH

z

PS service such as PS conversational service i.e. VOIP, streaming service, BE service and signaling ) could be mapped onto HS-DSCH

z

The following figure show mapping between service and bearer

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

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Mapping signaling and traffic onto HSDPA
z z

PS conversational services may be mapped onto the DCH, HS-DSCH, or E-DCH If Voip channel type = DCH
‡

Both uplink and downlink are mapped onto DCH

z

If Voip channel type = HSDPA
‡

Uplink is beared on DCH, downlink mapped onto HS-DSCH

z

If Voip channel type = HSPA
‡

Uplink is beared on E-DCH, downlink mapped onto HS-DSCH

For Ps conversational service VoipChlType --- UL_DCH / DL_DCH, UL_DCH / DL_HS-PDSCH, UL_EDCH / DL_HSP-DSCH MML: SET FRCCHLTYPEPARA

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page3

VoIP stands for Voice over IP, a PS conversational service. It uses IP data packets to encapsulate voice data and transports them on the IP network to implement the conversational services.

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

All rights reserved. HS-DSCH. if Srb channel type RRC effect flag is set to TRUE and Srb channel type is set to HSDPA or HSPA. Ltd. No Spreading Without Permission . or E-DCH z If the selected channel type is FACH. DCH.Mapping signaling and traffic onto HSDPA z During the setup of an RRC connection. Page4 Confidential Information of Huawei. the SRB is carried on the E-DCH. otherwise. on the DCH ‡ In the uplink. the SRB is carried on the CCH in both the uplink and the downlink z If the selected channel type is DCH. the single SRB can be carried on the CCH. the SRB is carried on the HS-DSCH. then ‡ In the downlink. otherwise. on the DCH Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. if Srb channel type RRC effect flag is set to TRUE and Srb channel type is set to HSPA..

downlink mapped onto HS-DSCH SrbChlType --. Ltd. code resource is saved Page5 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.DCH-3. UL_DCH / DL_HSPDSCH. moreover compared with SRB over DCH .6kbps-signaling.Mapping signaling and traffic onto HSDPA z z SRB may be mapped onto the DCH. call setup delay is reduced. DCH-27.FACH .2kbps-signaling MML: SET RRCESTCAUSE z With SRB over HSPA.UL_DCH / DL_DCH. downlink mapped onto HS-DSCH z If SRB channel type = HSPA ‡ Uplink is mapped on E-DCH. HS-DSCH. No Spreading Without Permission . RACH/FACH If SRB channel type = DCH ‡ Both uplink and downlink are mapped onto DCH z If SRB channel type = HSDPA ‡ Uplink is mapped on DCH. DCH13. UL_EDCH / DL_HS-PDSCH MML: SET FRCCHLTYPEPARA Bearer types for SRB Bandwidth allocation SigChType --. Confidential Information of Huawei. or E-DCH.. All rights reserved.4kbps-signaling.

the SRB is carried on the CCH in both the uplink and the downlink z If the selected channel type is DCH. or E-DCH z If the selected channel type is FACH. otherwise. the SRB is carried on the E-DCH. HS-DSCH. then ‡ In the downlink. the single SRB can be carried on the CCH. on the DCH ‡ In the uplink. All rights reserved. No Spreading Without Permission .. Page6 Confidential Information of Huawei. if Srb channel type RRC effect flag is set to TRUE and Srb channel type is set to HSDPA or HSPA. otherwise. Ltd. DCH. FALSE MML: SET FRCCHLTYPEPARA Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.TURE. the SRB is carried on the HS-DSCH. on the DCH Bearer types for SRB SrbChlTypeRrcEffectFlag --. if Srb channel type RRC effect flag is set to TRUE and Srb channel type is set to HSPA.Mapping signaling and traffic onto HSDPA z During the setup of an RRC connection.

16. 16. Otherwise. Disable PS_STREAMING_ON_E_DCH_SWITCH --. it is carried on the DCH Bit rate threshold for streaming over HSPA Algorithm switch for streaming over HSPA DlStrThsOnHsdpa --. 256. Disable MML: SET FRCCHLTYPEPARA MML: SET CORRMALGOSWITCH Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.Mapping signaling and traffic onto HSDPA z PS streaming services can be mapped onto the DCH. Otherwise. or E-DCH ‡ The cell supports HSDPA PS_STREAMING_ON_HSDPA_SWITCH is selected If the maximum DL service rate is higher than or equal to DL streaming traffic ‡ ‡ threshold on HSDPA then PS streaming service is carried on the HS-DSCH. 384kbps UlStrThsOnHsupa --. 384kbps PS_STREAMING_ON_HSDPA_SWITCH --. No Spreading Without Permission . 128. 144. 64. or E-DCH ‡ If the maximum UL service rate is higher than or equal to UL streaming traffic threshold on HSUPA ‡ The cell supports HSUPA PS_STREAMING_ON_E_DCH_SWITCH is selected ‡ then the service is carried on the E-DCH. 32.Enable . 32. 64. the service is carried on the DCH Confidential Information of Huawei.Enable . Page7 PS streaming services can be mapped onto the DCH. 144. All rights reserved. Ltd. 256. 128.. HS-DSCH.8.8. HS-DSCH.

UL_DCH / DL_HSPDSCH. downlink mapped on HS-DSCH Uplink is mapped onto E-DCH. All rights reserved. Ltd.3Kbps - Very low traffic exists on SIP / SDP after connection establishment UTRAN UTRAN PS Domain IMS IMS PS Domain Domain UTRAN UTRAN UE UE UE Session control Signaling (SIP / SDP) Media ( RTP) Real Time Media Control (RTCP) ) It is more suitable for HSPA to bear IMS Signaling Confidential Information of Huawei.0 SIP / SDP characteristics based on Huawei research . mean bit rate is 23. and only setup on DCH and use the fixed configuration before RAN10.UL_DCH / DL_DCH. downlink mapped on HS-DSCH ImsChlType --.. therefore. or E-DCH If IMS channel type = DCH ‡ Both uplink and downlink are mapped on DCH Uplink is mapped on DCH. UL_EDCH / DL_HS-PDSCH MML: SET FRCCHLTYPEPARA z If IMS channel type = HSDPA ‡ z If IMS channel type = HSPA ‡ Bearer types for IMS signaling Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.Mapping signaling and traffic onto HSDPA z z The IMS signaling can be mapped on the DCH.The traffic in the SIP/SDP setup phase is about 70Kbits and the setup time is generally less than 3s. Page8 IMS signaling (SIP SDP) is an PS RAB to UTRAN. HS-DSCH. No Spreading Without Permission .

Otherwise. Therefore. BE service) can be mapped onto the CCH. ‡ Otherwise. DCH. further decision need to be made as follows: „ If the maximum DL service rate is higher than or equal to DL BE traffic threshold on HSDPA. the service is carried on the DCH Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. then the service is carried on the CCH. and the RRC connection is set up on the CCH. Ltd.. the service is carried on the DCH „ If the maximum UL service rate is higher than or equal to UL BE traffic threshold on HSUPA. then the service is carried on the HS-DSCH. Otherwise. then the service is carried on the E-DCH.Mapping signaling and traffic onto HSDPA z PS interactive and background services (i. HS-DSCH. or E-DCH ‡ Low-rate PS services have relatively small amount of data. such PS services can be carried on the CCH to save radio resources „ If the maximum DL service rate is lower than DL BE traffic DCH decision threshold. Page9 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .e. the maximum UL service rate is lower than UL BE traffic DCH decision threshold. All rights reserved.

384. 64. 128. 16. 608.8. 7200. 256. 2048.. 128.8. 768. 5760kbps MML: SET FRCCHLTYPEPARA Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. 10100. All rights reserved.8.8. 16kbps DL BE traffic threshold on HSDPA --. Page10 Confidential Information of Huawei. 1450. 16kbps UL BE traffic DCH decision threshold --. 256. 32.2890. 1800. 16.Mapping signaling and traffic onto HSDPA Bit rate threshold for BE service over HSPA DL BE traffic DCH decision threshold --. 1536. 2048. 64. 14400kbps UL BE traffic threshold on HSUPA --. No Spreading Without Permission . 3648. 384. Ltd. 144. 32. 144. 1024.

All rights reserved. HSDPA Channel Type Mapping 2. HSDPA Power Management 4. Ltd. HSDPA Channel Switching 6. Page11 Confidential Information of Huawei. HSDPA Code Resource Management 3. HSDPA Flow control Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. HSDPA TFRC Selection 8.Contents 1. HSDPA Mac-hs Scheduling Algorithm 7. No Spreading Without Permission .. HSDPA Mobility Management 5.

No Spreading Without Permission . and common channels use the remaining codes „ ‡ RNC-controlled dynamic allocation „ In RNC-controlled dynamic allocation. All rights reserved. Page12 z The channelization codes are constant resources consisting of the following three parts: ‡ channelization codes for HS-PDSCH channelization codes for Common channels and HS-SCCH channelization codes for DPCH ‡ ‡ z The resources are reserved for the common channels and the HS-SCCH. HS-SCCH. Confidential Information of Huawei. the RNC adjusts the reserved HS-PDSCH codes according to the real-time usage status of the codes ‡ NodeB-controlled dynamic allocation „ NodeB-controlled dynamic allocation allows the NodeB to use the HS-PDSCH codes allocated by the RNC „ The NodeB can dynamically allocate the idle codes of the current cell to the HSPDSCH Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. the RNC reserves codes for the HS-PDSCH The DPCH.. The parameter of the codes reserved for the HS-SCCH can be configured on the RNC LMT.HSDPA Code Resource Allocation z The codes of the HS-PDSCH can be allocated in three ways: ‡ Static HSDPA code allocation „ In static allocation. Ltd.

Manual. All rights reserved.1~15 MML: ADD CELLHSDPA „ Code Resource Allocation Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. No Spreading Without Permission . Ltd. Page13 Confidential Information of Huawei.HSDPA Code Resource Allocation z Static HSDPA Code Allocation ‡ Static HS-PDSCH code allocation „ Spreading factor =16 Allocate continuously „ ‡ Static HS-SCCH code allocation „ Spreading factor =128 Allocate with common channel Code Number for HS-SCCH --.1~15 Allocate Code Mode --.. Automatic PS_STREAMING_ON_HSDPA_SWITCH --.

No Spreading Without Permission . All rights reserved. Page14 Confidential Information of Huawei.1~15 Code Max Number for HS-PDSCH--.1~15 MML: ADD CELLHSDPA Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. the RNC adjusts the reserved HS- PDSCH codes according to the real-time usage status of the codes ‡ Min. are reserved for HS-PDSCH in a cell Code Resource Allocation Parameters Code Min Number for HS-PDSCH --..HSDPA Code Resource Allocation z RNC-controlled dynamic allocation ‡ In the RNC-controlled dynamic allocation. number of codes. defined by the code min number for HS-PDSCH parameter.

RNC increases the codes reserved for HSDPA if following conditions are met ‡ the shared code neighboring to the codes reserved for HS-PDSCH is idle At least another free code that reserved for R99 handover users. Page15 Confidential Information of Huawei.. Ltd. No Spreading Without Permission .HSDPA Code Resource Allocation z When R99 code consumption is reduced. This idle code SF is equal or less than cell LDR SF reserved threshold ‡ * the solid dots represent the occupied codes and the circles represent the idle codes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

Page16 Confidential Information of Huawei. SF128. SF64. Ltd.HSDPA Code Resource Allocation z z When the re-allocation of R99 code resource is trigger by some voice calls coming RNC re-allocates one shared code from HS-PDSCH to R99 if the rest idle code SF is greater than Cell LDR SF reserved threshold * the solid dots represent the occupied codes and the circles represent the idle codes Code Resource Allocation Parameters Cell LDR SF reserved threshold --. SF32.. SF16. All rights reserved. SF256 MML: ADD CELLLDR Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. No Spreading Without Permission .SF8.

Otherwise. Ltd. Page17 Confidential Information of Huawei. they are identified as occupied. All rights reserved. If the codes or sub-codes are allocated by the RNC to the DCH or common channels.HSDPA Code Resource Allocation z NodeB-controlled dynamic allocation ‡ NodeB-controlled dynamic allocation allows the NodeB to use the HS-PDSCH codes that are allocated by the RNC. No Spreading Without Permission . Therefore.. the HS-PDSCH codes available for the HS-PDSCH channel include the codes allocated by the RNC and those consecutive and unoccupied SF16 codes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. The NodeB can dynamically allocate the idle codes of the current cell to the HS-PDSCH channel ‡ The NodeB periodically detects the SF16 codes apart from the RNC-allocated HS-PDSCH codes every 2 ms. they are identified as unoccupied.

the HS-PDSCH no longer uses these codes until they are released from the DCH Code Resource Allocation Parameters Dynamic codes switch--. Ltd. if the RNC allocates five codes to the NodeB.11 to 15 SF16 codes are allocated to the HS-PDSCH. 0 to 5 SF16 codes are occupied. in the current TTI. No. Suppose in a 2 ms TTI. Therefore. Page18 Confidential Information of Huawei. No. the HS-PDSCH can use No.. 6 to 15 SF16 codes ‡ If the DCH codes allocated by the RNC are temporarily occupied by the HS- PDSCH during the setup of radio links. 0 to 5 SF16 codes are allocated to the DCH and common channels. No.HSDPA Code Resource Allocation z NodeB-controlled dynamic allocation ‡ For example. that is. No Spreading Without Permission . CLOSE MML: SET MACHSPARA Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.OPEN. All rights reserved. From the next 2 ms TTI. the NBAP message returned to the RNC indicates that the radio link is set up successfully.

HSDPA Flow control Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. No Spreading Without Permission . HSDPA TFRC Selection 8. HSDPA Channel Switching 6.Contents 1. Page19 Confidential Information of Huawei. HSDPA Mobility Management 5.. HSDPA Code Resource Management 3. All rights reserved. HSDPA Mac-hs Scheduling Algorithm 7. HSDPA Channel Type Mapping 2. HSDPA Power Management 4.

HS-SCCH A configurable margin is used to keep the system in stable status The Offset of HSPA Total Power --. such as HS-PDSCH. The DL power consists of the following three parts: ‡ Power of the HSPA DL physical channel (HS-PDSCH.HSDPA Power Allocation z z HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH shared power with R99 channels The downlink power consists of the following parts ‡ Power for common channel Power for DPCH Power for DL HSDPA channel. Page20 z The cell total transmit power is the constant resources. Ltd. HS-SCCH. E-RGCH and E-HICH) Common channel power DPCH power ‡ ‡ Power margin for DCH power control Total Power Allowed power for HSDPA Time Higher power utility efficiency DPCH Power for CCH Time Confidential Information of Huawei.[-5dB~0dB] Power Margin --. No Spreading Without Permission . All rights reserved..[0~100%] Max Power per H user --.[1%~100%] MML: ADD CELLHSDPA MML: SET MACHSPARA ‡ ‡ ‡ Power Resource Allocation Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. E-AGCH.

HSDPA Power Control z HS-DPCCH Power Control ‡ Power Offset of ACK. In each cycle.5ms) after the UE receives HS-PDSCH subframes in the downlink.e. The transmit power of the UE is equal to the associated UL DPCCH transmit power plus the ACK_Poweroffset or NACK_Poweroffset. for NACK or ACK feedback respectively Confidential Information of Huawei. namely ACK. Ltd. All rights reserved. Page21 The CQI feedback in the uplink is determined by the following parameters: z z z CQI_Repetition_Factor CQI_Power_Offset CQI_feedback_cycle CQI_feedback_cycle refers to the cycle of UE providing CQI feedback.. CQI Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. No Spreading Without Permission . the CQI is repeatedly sent within the CQI_Repetition_Factor consecutive subframes which is equal to 1 frame In each subframe. NACK and CQI (Non SHO & SHO) „ There is no separate power control for HS-DPCCH but setting several power offsets between HS-DPCCH and UL associated DPCCH.200 chips (i. the CQI transmission power is equal to the associated UL DPCCH power plus the CQI power offset The NACK/ACK feedback in the uplink is determined by the following parameters: z z z ACK-NACK_Repetition_Factor ACK/NACK_poweroffset HS-DPCCH_Preamble_Transmission_Indication At the end of about 19. the UE provides HARQ NACK or ACK feedback in the uplink within ACKNACK_Repetition_Factor consecutive HS-DPCCH subframes. NACK.

NACK.Several power offsets are set between the HS-DPCCH and the associated UL DPCCH. and CQI. that is. No Spreading Without Permission . HS-DPCCH means CQI. When ACK/NACK and CQI are carried on the HS-DPCCH. are set in one HS-DPCCH TTI The transmit power of the HS-DPCCH is calculated with the following formula: where PUL DPCCH is the transmit power of the associated UL DPCCH For the first slot of a TTI. For the second and third slots of a TTI. their power offsets. Confidential Information of Huawei. ACK. HS-DPCCH means ACK when the UE responds with ACK or means NACK when the UE responds with NACK.

. 8/15. Thus. 12/15. 9/15.5/15. to maintain the receiving quality of the HS-DPCCH. 15/15. 24/15. Confidential Information of Huawei. 19/15. 30/15 Page23 MML:ADD CELLHSDPCCH Parameters for NACK power offset Parameters for CQI power offset Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. when UE enters or leaves the soft handover area. 30/15 CQI Power Offset --. 6/15.HSDPA Power Control z HS-DPCCH Power Control ‡ In soft handover area. 30/15 CQI Power Offset multi-RLS --. 6/15. 12/15. All rights reserved. 30/15 ACK poweroffset1 multi-RLS / ACK poweroffset2 multi-RLS / ACK poweroffset3 multi-RLS --. 8/15. 24/15. 24/15. 15/15. 30/15 NACK poweroffset1 / ACK poweroffset2 / ACK poweroffset3 --. 12/15. 12/15. While HS-DPCCH does not has the UL combining gain. 12/15. 24/15. 19/15.5/15. 6/15. 19/15. the power offset for ACK/NACK and CQI may have a change correspondingly Parameters for ACK power offset ACK poweroffset1 / ACK poweroffset2 / ACK poweroffset3 --. No Spreading Without Permission .5/15. 6/15. 9/15. 9/15. 15/15. 9/15. 8/15. 30/15 NACK poweroffset1 multi-RLS / ACK poweroffset2 multi-RLS / ACK poweroffset3 multi-RLS --. 19/15. 6/15. 8/15. 19/15. the UL combining gain reduces the necessary transmission power of UL DPCCH. 8/15. 24/15. 24/15. 15/15. 9/15. Ltd. 6/15.5/15. 15/15. higher power offset is needed. 9/15. 8/15. 19/15.5/15.5/15. 15/15. 12/15.

the NodeB adjust the transmission power of HS-SCCH.min is set to -10 dB 3 PHS-SCCH.FIXED.min is the minimum HS-SCCH transmit power. depending on the following information – CQI reported by UE – DTX detected by NodeB – Target frame error rate ( FER ) of HS-SCCH HS-SCCCH power control parameters HS-SCCH Power Control Method --. All rights reserved. No Spreading Without Permission .HSDPA Power Control z HS-SCCH Power Control ‡ Fixed Power „ Set fixed power for each HS-SCCH by O&M Simple to configuration. PHS-SCCH. which is an offset relative to the P-CPICH transmit power 2 PHS-SCCH. CQI HS-SCCH Power --. which is an offset relative to the P-CPICH transmit power Confidential Information of Huawei.init is the initial HS-SCCH transmit power.init. which is an offset relative to the P-CPICH transmit power. PHS-SCCH.. Ltd.-10 dB to 10 dB HS-SCCH FER --.min and PHS-SCCH. Page24 The process of power control adjustment within an adjustment period is as follows: 1 NodeB acquires the PHS-SCCH.max according to the reported CQI 1 PHS-SCCH.1‰~999 1‰ MML: SET MACHSPARA Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.max is the maximum HS-SCCH transmit power. but low utilization of the power „ ‡ Based on CQI „ If the HS-SCCH Power Control Method parameter is set to CQI.

Cpc.min] Confidential Information of Huawei. NDTX. No Spreading Without Permission . That is.5 dB. Cpc is set to 3 TTI. Smax. Smax.min .u) where: Cpc is the HS-SCCH power adjustment period. FERT represents HS-SCCH FER and can be set on the NodeB LMT 3 NodeB limits the HS-SCCH power for the Nth schedule time by PHS-SCCH. NDTX is the number of DTXs. CQI(n).u is the maximum allowed power step-up within a power adjustment period. FERT. limit the HS-SCCH power in the range [PHS-SCCH.min . indicating the number of transmitted HSSCCH frames. PHSSCCH. Sbase is set to 0. the power adjustment is performed at once. Sbase.min and PHS-SCCH. Smax. Sbase is the step of power adjustment within an HS-SCCH power adjustment period.2 NodeB calculates the HS-SCCH power for the Nth scheduling period by using the following formula: PHS-SCCH(n) = FUNC(PHS-SCCH(n-1).02 dB. CQI(n-1). After the period.u is set to 0.

Page26 Confidential Information of Huawei. the maximum transmission power is the remaining power excluding R99 power and power margin Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. the total power of HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH shall not exceed the maximum transmission power ‡ When configuredby dynamic HSDPA power allocation algorithm.HSDPA Power Control z HS-PDSCH Power Control ‡ Power is allocated in NodeB. No Spreading Without Permission . All rights reserved. Ltd.. Mac-hs allocates HS-PDSCH power for different HSDPA users with scheduling algorithm ‡ When configured by static HSDPA power allocation algorithm.

part of the NodeB signals will be regarded as multiple access interference by the UE. and without any multi-path propagation. This parameter is only available when the branch parameter DOWNLINK_POWER_BALANCE_SWITCH is set to ON Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. a symbol error rate of 4%. If there is sufficient delay spread in the radio channel. No Spreading Without Permission . Ltd. z z z z Confidential Information of Huawei. the orthogonality remains when the NodeB signal is received by the UE. which is 15 dB. is set to 0. Ptotal is the downlink transmitted carrier power measured at the NodeB. PF-DPCH. that is. a power adjustment for the new radio link is used. Based on the calculation used for calculating the initial transmit power of the F-DPCH. Page27 where: z PCPICH is the P-CPICH transmit power in a cell. Orthogonal codes are employed in the downlink to separate the physical channels. In the Huawei implementation.HSDPA Power Control z The initial transmit power of the downlink F-DPCH. (Ec/N0)F-DPCH is the Ec/No required for the TPC symbol error rate of the F-DPCH stipulated by the protocol. All rights reserved. The orthogonality of 0 corresponds to perfectly orthogonal users. This power is reported to the RNC.Initial is calculated with the following formula: z To prevent waste of downlink power while adding a new radio link to the active set. This Ec/No is set to -17 dB. It is defined by the PCPICH transmit power parameter (Ec/No)CPICH is the ratio of received energy per chip to noise spectral density of CPICH received by the UE is the orthogonality factor in the downlink. the power of the new radio link is decreased by a power offset.

„ Maximum transmit power value = PCPICH + FDPCH maximum reference power + F-DPCH Power Offset „ Minimum transmit power value = PCPICH + FDPCH minimum reference power + F-DPCH Power Offset F-DPCH initial transmission power parameters FDPCH maximum reference power --. Page28 Confidential Information of Huawei.HSDPA Power Control z Downlink open loop power control on F-DPCH ‡ The maximum and minimum values of the transmit power range of downlink F-DPCH is calculated with the following formulas:..-35dB ~ 15dB FDPCH minimum reference power --. No Spreading Without Permission . All rights reserved. Ltd.0dB ~ 25dB MML: SET FDPCHRLPWR Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.-35dB ~ 15dB Soft handover initial power offset --.

HSDPA TFRC Selection 8. Page29 Confidential Information of Huawei. HSDPA Mobility Management 5. HSDPA Channel Type Mapping 2. HSDPA Channel Switching 6. Ltd. All rights reserved.Contents 1.. HSDPA Mac-hs Scheduling Algorithm 7. No Spreading Without Permission . HSDPA Code Resource Management 3. HSDPA Flow control Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. HSDPA Power Management 4.

HSDPA Mobility Management z HSDPA connection ‡ One HSDPA user has up to one HSDPA connection with network at the same time ‡ HSDPA connection HO means HO caused by moving z DPCH connection ‡ DPCH connection has same function as R99 HO.. Ltd. All rights reserved. Containing SHO. Page30 Confidential Information of Huawei. and they are controlled by UTRAN side Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. No Spreading Without Permission . HHO and inter-RAT HO z Both HSDPA connection and DPCH connection HO are based on UE measurement report and other information.

. All rights reserved. Page31 Confidential Information of Huawei.Intra-frequency Handover of HSDPA Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(HSDPA) Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(HSDPA) before handover after handover The 1D event is triggered by cell 2 Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(R99) Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(R99) Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(R99) Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(R99) before handover after handover before handover after handover Soft handover The 1B (remove) is triggered by HSDPA cell Soft handover HSDPA cell is added into active set The 1D event is triggered by HSDPA cell Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. No Spreading Without Permission . Ltd.

Intra-frequency Handover of HSDPA Parameter The timer length of D2H Intra-handover --.0s ~ 999s MML: SET HOCOMM Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.. Page32 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission . Ltd.

the RNC decides whether to switch the SRB to the HS-DSCH and whether to set up the F-DPCH.. D2HRetryTimer is set through The timer length of D2H Inter-freq handover and The timer length of D2H Intra-freq handover z Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page33 Confidential Information of Huawei. the SRBD2HHoTimer starts.0s ~ 60s MML: SET HOCOMM After the UE is handed over to an HSDPA cell from an R99 cell. After this timer expires.Handover Between a Cell Supporting the F-DPCH and a Cell Not Supporting the F-DPCH z If all the cells in the active set support the F-DPCH after the active set is updated and the SRB is carried on the DCH. No Spreading Without Permission . the D2HRetryTimer starts. the RNC decides whether to switch the SRB to the HS-DSCH Parameter The timer length of Srb Over Hspa Retry Delay[100ms] --. After this timer expires. All rights reserved. Ltd.

Event 2B is triggered Scenario 2 Scenario 3 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Event 2B is triggered Inter-Frequency Handover Between HSDPA Cells The UE moves from one HSDPA cell to another HSDPA cell. Page34 Confidential Information of Huawei. load.. Ltd.Inter-frequency Handover of HSDPA z Inter-frequency handover can be triggered on the basis of coverage. No Spreading Without Permission . Event 2B is triggered Inter-Frequency Handover from an R99 Cell to an HSDPA Cell The UE moves from a non-HSDPA cell to an HSDPA cell. z The introduction of HSDPA does not affect the triggering conditions and decisions of these types of inter-frequency handover Scenario Scenario 1 Description Inter-Frequency Handover from an HSDPA Cell to an R99 Cell The UE moves from an HSDPA cell to a non-HSDPA cell. All rights reserved. and Hierarchical Cell Structure (HCS).

No Spreading Without Permission . Page35 Confidential Information of Huawei. All rights reserved..Inter-frequency Handover of HSDPA Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(HSDPA) Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(HSDPA) before handover after handover Inter-frequency handover 2B is triggered by HSDPA cell (cell2) Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(R99) Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(R99) Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(R99) Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(R99) before handover before handover after handover after handover Inter-frequency handover The 2B event is triggered by HSDPA cell Inter-frequency handover 2B is triggered by R99 cell Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

No Spreading Without Permission . Ltd.Inter-frequency Handover of HSDPA Parameter The timer length of D2H Inter-handover--. All rights reserved..0s ~ 999s MML: SET HOCOMM Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page36 Confidential Information of Huawei.

all the F-DPCHs are deleted. the RNC decides whether to change the bearing mode of TRB and SRB. Page37 Confidential Information of Huawei.. If the TPC command is carried on the F-DPCH between the UE and the UTRAN. The switch CM permission ind on HSDPA decides whether the Compressed Mode (CM) can be used on HSDPA. For detailed information about the switch. z z Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. the TRB is still carried on the HS-DSCH. If a cell not supporting the F-DPCH is added to the active set. No Spreading Without Permission . All rights reserved. the SRB and the TRB are carried on the HS-DSCH. In addition. see Inter-Frequency Handover of HSDPA When the UE handover to a cell supporting the F-DPCH from another system and a UL or DL event 4A is reported. new DPCHs between the UE and all the cells in the active set are set up to carry the SRB and TPC commands. In this case. Ltd.Inter-RAT Handover of HSDPA z z The introduction of HSDPA does not affect the inter-RAT handover algorithms.

HSDPA Mac-hs Scheduling Algorithm 7. Ltd. All rights reserved. HSDPA Channel Switching 6. HSDPA Power Management 4. HSDPA Mobility Management 5. HSDPA Code Resource Management 3. Page38 Confidential Information of Huawei.. HSDPA Flow control Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. HSDPA TFRC Selection 8.Contents 1. No Spreading Without Permission . HSDPA Channel Type Mapping 2.

. the UE has one more RRC state CELL_DCH (with HS-DSCH) CELL_DCH CELL_PCH CELL_FACH CELL_DCH (with HS-DSCH) UE State Transition Cell-DCH ( with HS-DSCH ) Cell-DCH ( with HS-DSCH ) Cell-DCH Cell-FACH Channel Switching HS-DSCH HS-DSCH DCH FACH Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.HSDPA Channel Switching z With introducing HSDPA technology. Page39 Confidential Information of Huawei. All rights reserved. No Spreading Without Permission .

. the RAN tries to hand over the UE from the DCH to the HS-DSCH – Channel switching from DCH to HS-DSCH needs to implement the process of HSDPA directed retry Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. If the activity of the UE that performs data services increases and the RNC receives an event 4A report. Page40 Confidential Information of Huawei. Ltd. No Spreading Without Permission .HSDPA Channel Switching ‡ Channel Switching between HS-DSCH and DCH „ Channel Switch from HS-DSCH to DCH – Mobility „ Channel Switch from DCH to HS-DSCH – Mobility – Timer (H Retry Timer) – Traffic Volume ~ The UE is rejected by the admission control algorithm when it attempts to access an HSDPA cell. All rights reserved.

Disable PS _Non_ BE _ State_ Trans _Switch --. 1 180s MML:SET COIFTIMER MML: SET CORRMALGOSWITCH Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page41 Confidential Information of Huawei. Ltd. All rights reserved. Disable H Retry Timer Length --.Enable .0 ( disable ).Enable . Disable PS _ BE _ State_ Trans _Switch --. No Spreading Without Permission .Enable .HSDPA Channel Switching Parameters HSDPA_ State_ Trans _Switch --..

Ltd. All rights reserved. when the RNC receives a 4A event measuring report . No Spreading Without Permission . for example. the RAN will switch the transport channel from HS-DSCH to FACH to reduce occupation of the DPCH when the following conditions are met „ The HS-DSCH carries the BE service for the UE There is a few data flow of any of the services for a certain length of time „ ‡ By contrary.state transfer is triggered for CellFACH to Cell-DCH ( with HS-DSCH ) Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. if data service activity increased. Page42 Confidential Information of Huawei.HSDPA Channel Switching z Channel Switching between HS-DSCH and FACH ‡ Since the HSDPA UE occupies the DPCH..

640. 1280. 100. 8000. 4000. 80. 100. 10. 20.1s~65535s BE HS-DSCH to FACH 4B threshold --. 2000. Page43 Confidential Information of Huawei. 500. 40. 2560. 1000. 1000. 200. 40. 10. 80.250. 500. 2560. 5000ms Realtime Traff DCH Or HSPA To FACH 4b Pending Time --. 160.0. 200. 320.1s~65535s Realtime Traff DCH Or HSPA To FACH 4b Threshold --8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2k 3k 4k 6k 8k 12k 16k 24k 32k 48k 64k 96k 128k 192k 256k 384k 512k 768kbytes Realtime Traff DCH Or HSPA To FACH 4b Time To trigger --. 240. 5000ms BE HS-DSCH To FACH 4b Pending Time After Trigger -. 120. 160. 2000. 1280. 60. 60.HSDPA Channel Switching Parameters BE HS-DSCH to FACH Transition Timer --.250.0. 120. 8000. 16000ms Realtime Traff DCH Or HSPA To FACH Transition Timer --. 640. 240. 320.8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2k 3k 4k 6k 8k 12k 16k 24k 32k 48k 64k 96k 128k 192k 256k 384k 512k 768kbytes BE HS-DSCH To FACH 4b Time To Trigger --. All rights reserved. Ltd. No Spreading Without Permission . 20.. 4000. 16000 ms MML:SET UESTATETRANS Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

HSDPA Mobility Management 5. HSDPA TFRC Selection 8.. HSDPA Code Resource Management 3. HSDPA Channel Type Mapping 2.Contents 1. All rights reserved. HSDPA Channel Switching 6. Page44 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission . HSDPA Power Management 4. Ltd. HSDPA Flow control Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. HSDPA Mac-hs Scheduling Algorithm 7.

Page45 IMS/SRB: Signaling has a high requirement for transmission delay. For example. the service may be affected. The tolerant frame error rate is about 1%. Streaming: The streams at the receiver end should be continuous. Ltd. the streaming service has a relatively low delay sensitivity. The end-to-end delay of a voice frame should be shorter than 250 ms. No Spreading Without Permission . Confidential Information of Huawei. several Mbit/s during a burst. When the rate of the streaming service is equal to or higher than the GBR. The average rate of signaling is lower than 20 kbit/s.. If the requirement cannot be met. Compared with VoIP. because a buffer that can avoid jitter for several seconds is configured at the receiver end. BE (background and interactive): The data rate at the service source end can reach a high value. for example.HSDPA Qos Management z QoS Requirements of Different Services ‡ IMS / SRB Voice over IP (Conversational Service) Streaming Service BE Service ‡ ‡ ‡ z QoS Parameters Mapped onto the MAC-hs Layer of the NodeB ‡ MAC-hs Discard timer Scheduling Priority Indicator (SPI) Guaranteed Bit Rate (GBR) ‡ ‡ Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. The average rate of the VoIP service with the header compressed is about 20 kbit/s. the QoS can be guaranteed. an SRB delay may lead to a handover delay. VoIP: The VoIP service is highly delay sensitive. The BE service has a low requirement for transmission delay but has a high requirement for reliable transmission.

the VoIP service has a high requirement for delay. The GBR of a BE service user is set through the SET USERGBR command on the RNC side. and User Priority that are mapped onto this queue. the GBR specifies the rate that can meet the requirement of the user for viewing and the GBR of a queue is determined by the NAS. or copper user. Services with different QoS requirements require different QoS guarantee policies. The streaming service has a high requirement for GBR. The BE service has a high requirement for reliability. To limit the delay caused by flow control or scheduling within a proper range. gold user. Scheduling Priority Indicator (SPI): This parameter specifies the scheduling priority of an MAC-hs queue. Confidential Information of Huawei. The setting is based on the user priority. the timer may not be set. the scheduler should send out the MAC-d PDUs before expiry of the timer. For an MAC-hs queue configured with the discard timer. the timer is set to 100 ms. This timer is set on the RNC side. the scheduling and flow control algorithms guarantee that the average rate of the service is not lower than the GBR during Iub traffic distribution and Uu resources allocation. Traffic Handling Priority. For the BE and streaming services. For the VoIP service. the algorithm grants the VoIP queue a priority to occupy resources first. namely. For example. For the streaming service.MAC-hs Discard timer: An MAC-d PDU in an MAC-hs queue is discarded if the waiting time exceeds the length of this discard timer. silver user. Guaranteed Bit Rate (GBR): It is configured on an MAC-hs queue basis. For the BE service. Therefore. the GBR specifies the required minimum rate for the service of the users in the RAN. It is an optional IE on the Iub interface. No Spreading Without Permission . which can be achieved through more retransmissions on the Uu interface. The priority is derived from the Traffic Class.

HSDPA Qos Management z Scheduling Priority Indicator (SPI) is the relative priority of the HS-DSCH FP data frame and the SDUs included The SPI is set according to the following factors ‡ z Traffic Class (TC) Traffic Handling Priority (THP) of the interactive service User Priority ‡ ‡ z The SPI is set on the RNC LMT and sent to the NodeB through NBAP signaling Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. user priority. and THP to SPI Traffic Class Traffic Class SRB signaling IMS signaling Conversationa l (VoIP) User Priority No ARP No ARP 1 2 3 Streaming 1 2 3 THP None None None None None None None None SPI Interactive 15 14 13 13 13 12 11 11 Background 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 1 2 3 Confidential Information of Huawei. Ltd. Page47 User priority ARP User priority 0 Error 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 2 7 2 8 2 9 2 10 2 11 3 12 3 1 3 3 14 3 15 3 The case for mapping of traffic class. No Spreading Without Permission 1 2 3 to 15 1 2 3 to 15 1 2 3 to 15 None None None 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 8 5 2 User Priority THP SPI . All rights reserved..

No Spreading Without Permission .The case for algorithm configuration based on SPI SPI 15 14 Max Retrans mission Count 4 4 EPF Schedule Algorithm Switch DS_PQ_SCHEDULE DS_PQ_SCHEDULE Flow Control Algorithm Switch FLOW_CONTRL_FREE FLOW_CONTRL_FREE Weight of SPI 100% 100% 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 DS_URGENT_SCHEDULE TS_SCHEDULE TS_SCHEDULE TS_SCHEDULE TS_SCHEDULE TS_SCHEDULE TS_SCHEDULE TS_SCHEDULE TS_SCHEDULE TS_SCHEDULE TS_SCHEDULE FLOW_CONTRL_FREE FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC 100% 100% 90% 100% 100% 100% 90% 90% 90% 80% 80% 2 4 TS_SCHEDULE FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC 80% Confidential Information of Huawei.

To implement differentiated services. BACKGROUND. STREAMING. 3500. 7500 ms Scheduling Priority Indicator (SPI) --. When Scheduling Method is set to EPF.1% ~ 100% MML: SET MACHSSPIPARA MML: ADD TYPRABHSPA MML: SET SCHEDULEPRIOMAP Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. The value 1 indicates the highest priority. 1250. The MAC-d PDU is discarded when the timer expires. 2000. 400. 3000. 4000. When Flow Control Switch is set to SIMPLE_FLOW_CTRL or AUTO_ADJUST_FLOW_CTRL. User priority is set according to the ARP THP is valid only when the traffic class is interactive. and 15 indicates no priority Weight of SPI is used in the scheduling algorithm to select a queue to send data. 14 indicates the lowest priority. Silver. The value 15 indicates the highest priority and the value 0 indicates the lowest priority.HSDPA Qos Management Parameters MAC-hs Discard timer [ ms ]--.Gold. 160. 300. 180. No Spreading Without Permission . 120. 1750. IMS. this parameter is valid in the scheduling algorithm. Ltd. 200. 1000. All rights reserved. Page49 MAC-hs Discard timer specifies the maximum waiting time for sending a MAC-d PDU after it is put in the MAC-hs queue. INTERACTIVE. SRB User Priority --. 4500. this parameter is valid in the flow control algorithm. 40. 80. 250.1~15 Weight of SPI (%) --. 100. Confidential Information of Huawei. 1500. 500.0~15 Traffic Class --. 2500.CONVERSATIONAL. it can adjust the proportions of the rates obtained by the users with different SPIs in the same channel conditions.20. Copper Traffic Handling Priority (THP) --. 750. SPI indicates the scheduling priority of the service of the user.. 60. 140. 5000.

the HSDPA scheduling algorithm needs to guarantee the QoS. Based on the PF. the EPF algorithm is designed to guarantee the QoS of these services as follows. Page50 When the HS-DSCH carries only the BE service. Confidential Information of Huawei. such as VoIP. SRB.HSDPA Scheduling Algorithm z Huawei RAN10 product supports 4 scheduling algorithms: ‡ Max C/I RR (Round Robin) PF (Proportional Fair) EPF (Enhanced Proportional Fair) ‡ ‡ ‡ Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. and IMS. No Spreading Without Permission . When the HS-DSCH carries more types of services. Ltd. All rights reserved. The reason is that such services have high requirements for delay or GBR. streaming.. the PF scheduling algorithm can make a tradeoff between user equity and cell throughput.

silver. QOS requirement of different services Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.HSDPA Scheduling Algorithm Scheduling Algorithm MAX C/I Factor considered in algorithm CQI Scheduling Principle ÂTo select users according to the CQI value in descending order. ÂTo select users according to the value of R/r in descending order. ÂDS_URGENT_SCHEDULE: VoIP scheduling policy. No Spreading Without Permission . TS means throughput sensitive RR Waiting time of data buffered in the MAC-hs priority queue CQI. DS means delay sensitive. streaming. PQ means priority queue. The SRB and IMS queues are scheduled before the VoIP. IMS. ÂTo select users according to the waiting time of data buffered in the MAC-hs priority queue in descending order. and r is the average data rate of the MAC-hs priority queue. Average data rate of the MAC-hs priority queue PF EPF Queue types i. and VoIP queues. SRB. the PF scheduling algorithm can make a tradeoff between user equity and cell throughput. and IMS. When the HS-DSCH carries more types of services. the EPF algorithm is designed to guarantee the QoS of the multiple services Confidential Information of Huawei. This algorithm is a tradeoff between cell capacity and fairness among users. the HSDPA scheduling algorithm needs to guarantee the QoS. Based on the PF. multi-user diversity) and provides the user with an average throughput proportional to its average CQI. The radio channel quality is the only factor considered in this algorithm and therefore the fairness among users cannot be guaranteed. The VoIP queues are scheduled before the streaming and BE queues but after the SRB and IMS queues. The remaining resources are allocated as required by golden. The streaming and BE queues are scheduled after the SRB. streaming and BE queues. ÂDS_PQ_SCHEDULE: SRB/IMS scheduling policy. where R is the maximum data rate corresponding to the CQI. The waiting time is the only factor considered in this algorithm and therefore the fairness among users can be guaranteed but the cell capacity degrades because the channel quality is not taken into account. All rights reserved. ÂTS_SCHEDULE: streaming/BE scheduling policy. ÂThe PF scheduler uses the variation in the radio channel qualities of individual users (for example. Among the streaming and BE queues.. and copper users. Page51 When the HS-DSCH carries only the BE service. the resources for GBR are allocated first.e. The reason is that such services have high requirements for delay or GBR. such as VoIP. Ltd.

ÂDS_URGENT_SCHEDULE: VoIP scheduling policy. SRB. The discard timer is usually shorter than 100 ms. the average traffic volume and the consumption of the Uu interface are low. Therefore. QOS requirement of different services Scheduling Principle ÂDS_PQ_SCHEDULE: SRB/IMS scheduling policy. The streaming and BE queues are scheduled after the SRB. the resources for GBR are allocated first. silver. The VoIP service is highly delay sensitive. the selection is based on both delay and channel quality. The remaining resources are allocated as required by golden. The scheduler needs to send out the MAC-d PDUs before the discard timer expires. The VoIP queues are scheduled before the streaming and BE queues but after the SRB and IMS queues. No Spreading Without Permission . IMS. streaming.. Based on the PF. The scheduler always selects VoIP services after scheduling SRB and IMS services. ÂTS_SCHEDULE: streaming/BE scheduling policy. z Confidential Information of Huawei. the HSDPA scheduling algorithm needs to guarantee the QoS. In addition. and VoIP queues. TS means throughput sensitive Page52 Scheduling Algorithm EPF Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Therefore. streaming and BE queues. The SRB and IMS queues are scheduled before the VoIP. Among MAChs queues of VoIP. the EPF algorithm is designed to guarantee the QoS of the following services: z SRB and IMS have high requirements for service connection delay and handover delay. Among the streaming and BE queues.HSDPA Scheduling Algorithm z EPF ( Enhanced Proportional Fair ) ‡ The types of queues are considered ‡ Qos guarantee for delay-sensitive service (delay) and throughput-sensitive service (GBR) ‡ Configurable for SPI Factor considered in algorithm Queue types i. All rights reserved. The maximum delay of MAC-d PDUs in a queue is specified by the discard timer of the MAC-hs queue. the algorithm always selects the MAC-hs queues of SRB and IMS first.e. DS means delay sensitive. such as VoIP. Ltd. The reason is that such services have high requirements for delay or GBR. and copper users. the scheduler has little chance of considering the channel quality. PQ means priority queue. and IMS signaling. When the HS-DSCH carries more types of services.

IMS. silver and copper users of same channel quality are using FTP service simultaneously. the user can obtain good experience. Among the MAC-hs queues of the streaming service. eg. ‡ z Firstly. the scheduler needs to guarantee the GBR. For another example. the algorithm considers the requirement for user differentiation. No Spreading Without Permission . The BE service is allocated with the remaining resource after the resource requirements of the SRB. and VoIP. In addition. When the average rate of the streaming service is lower than the GBR. VoIP. the resource allocation complies with the following rules. and streaming services are met. If the rate of this service is not lower than the GBR. assuming that the silver user is using HTTP service. the selection is based on PF. assuming that radio resource is the bottleneck. Secondly. Therefore. then the Uu throughputs of gold. and the Uu throughput of the gold and copper users are in proportion to the ratio of their SPI weight. IMS. gold. „ ‡ For example. Among the MAC-hs queues of the BE service. the selection is based on PF. „ Confidential Information of Huawei. the queues of the streaming service are selected first after SRB. silver and copper users are in proportion to the ratio of their SPI weights.z The streaming service is usually the CBR (Constant Bit Rate) streaming service. silver and copper. For all the users in the cell. the scheduler intends to allocate the radio resource in proportion to their Weight of SPI. and the silver user are reading the HTTP page. gold . then the gold and copper users share the radio resource. the gold and copper user are using FTP service. the GBR should be guaranteed first. which is based on user priorities.

Ltd..HSDPA Scheduling Algorithm Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page54 Confidential Information of Huawei. All rights reserved. No Spreading Without Permission .

TS_SCHEDULE MML: SET MACHSPARA MML: SET MACHSSPIPARA Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.EPF (Enhanced PF). All rights reserved. PF (PF).. DS_URGENT_SCHEDULE.HSDPA Scheduling Algorithm Parameters Scheduling Method --. Ltd.DS_PQ_SCHEDULE. RR (Round Robin). No Spreading Without Permission . MAXCI (Max C/I ) EPF Schedule Algorithm Switch --. Page55 EPF Schedule Algorithm Switch is valid only when Scheduling Method is set to EPF Confidential Information of Huawei.

HSDPA Flow control Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.Contents 1. No Spreading Without Permission . HSDPA Power Management 4. HSDPA Code Resource Management 3. HSDPA Mobility Management 5. All rights reserved. HSDPA TFRC Selection 8. HSDPA Channel Switching 6.. Ltd. HSDPA Channel Type Mapping 2. Page56 Confidential Information of Huawei. HSDPA Mac-hs Scheduling Algorithm 7.

. All rights reserved. Ltd. and HS-PDSCH transmission power z The UEs estimate and send CQI to the UTRAN to aid the TFRC selection z The CQI indicates the number of bits that can be transmitted to the UE through certain HS-PDSCH power. a certain modulation method (QPSK or 16QAM). modulation type. Page57 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission . HS-PDSCH codes. and a certain number of HS-PDSCH codes with an initial transmission BLER of 10% Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.HSDPA TFRC Selection z Transport Format Resource Combination (TFRC) selection determines the transport block size.

Ltd. No Spreading Without Permission ..HSDPA TFRC Selection z TFRC selection is performed according to the following factors ‡ Available power of the HS-PDSCH Available codes of the HS-PDSCH CQI from the UE UE capability ‡ ‡ ‡ Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Page58 Confidential Information of Huawei.

All rights reserved.HSDPA TFRC Selection z If there is sufficient amount of data cached in the MAC-hs queue (TBSmax < Queue length). Ltd. TBS = TBSmax z If there is insufficient amount of data cached in the queue (TBSmax > Queue length).. Page59 Confidential Information of Huawei. the Uu resources necessary for the UE are allocated on the basis of the amount of data in the queue ‡ Select the TFRC (power. the data is scheduled for the UE as much as possible in the maximum format of TFRC. and modulation mode) by searching the CQI-Max TBS mapping table and taking the amount of data cached in the queue into consideration The search is based on the priority defined by the Resource Allocate Method parameter. code preferable or power preferable ‡ Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. code. that is. No Spreading Without Permission . that is.

HSDPA TFRC Selection z TFRC Selection Process Macro cells usually have a poor radio environment with limited power resource. No Spreading Without Permission . Page60 Confidential Information of Huawei. All rights reserved. The downlink power resource of a cell is used up when the downlink code resource is enough Indoor pico cells usually have a good radio environment with limited code resource. The downlink code resource of a cell is used up when the power resource is enough Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..

No Spreading Without Permission .. Ltd. Page61 Confidential Information of Huawei. All rights reserved.HSDPA TFRC Selection z Example of TFRC selection process Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

The HSDPA cell load is limited by the The Offset of HSPA Total Power parameter. the HS-PDSCH power and HS-SCCH power allocated to one UE cannot exceed the value of the MAX POWER PER HS-USER parameter. z = Max(-6. power priority MAX POWER PER HS-USER --.code priority. Min(13.1% to 100% MML: SET MACHSPARA Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. No Spreading Without Permission .CQIused) Parameters Resource Allocate Method --. the matched CQI of TBS in the CQIMaxTBS mapping table is determined. Then. All rights reserved. Page62 Within one TTI.PCPICH = maximum transmit power of the cell . the transmit power of the HS-PDSCHs is calculated as follows: POWERHS-PDSCH = PCPICH + – (CQIadjusted .. Ltd.MPOconstant)) ‡ PCell-MAX . PCellMAX .HSDPA TFRC Selection z After TFRC is determined.PCPICH .CPICH transmit power MPOconstant represents HS-PDSCH MPO Constant and can be set on the RNC LMT (MML: ADD CELLHSDPA) ‡ Confidential Information of Huawei. This CQI is expressed as CQIused.

HSDPA Code Resource Management 3. HSDPA TFRC Selection 8. HSDPA Mac-hs Scheduling Algorithm 7.. HSDPA Mobility Management 5. Page63 Confidential Information of Huawei. All rights reserved.Contents 1. Ltd. HSDPA Channel Switching 6. HSDPA Channel Type Mapping 2. No Spreading Without Permission . HSDPA Flow control Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. HSDPA Power Management 4.

users’ rate on air and on Iub is not consistent. Page64 Confidential Information of Huawei. The NodeB allocates the capacity for each MAC-hs queue. It is necessary to adjust rate on Iub according to its rate on air The signaling of HSDPA flow control process is implemented through the capacity request and capacity allocation. All rights reserved..Overview of NodeB HSDPA Flow Control z HSDPA Flow control is a process used to control HSDPA data flow from RNC MAC-d to NodeB MAC-hs according to Iub bandwidth and air interface bandwidth After HSDPA is introduced. No Spreading Without Permission . Ltd. and the RNC limits the downlink rate of each MAC-hs queue according to the allocated capacity capacity means how much data RNC can send to NodeB in an interval z z z Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

e. when some RLC PDUs are accumulated in RLC buffer or CREDITS (i. Page65 The RNC sends Capacity Request to the NodeB.. indicating the NodeB can stop Capacity Allocation Confidential Information of Huawei. Ltd. some control messages in the latest Capacity Allocation) are expired The RNC also sends Capacity Request if No RLC PDU but allocated capacity is greater than zero. No Spreading Without Permission .Signaling of HSDPA Flow Control z Capacity Request includes following IEs ‡ CmCH-PI : Scheduling priority Indicator ( SPI ) of the queue Uesr buffer size: Occupancy status of RLC buffer ‡ Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

.Signaling of HSDPA Flow Control z The NodeB sends the HS-DSCH Capacity Allocation message to the RNC in response to a HS-DSCH Capacity Request Capacity Allocation includes following IEs ‡ z Maximum MAC-d PDU Length: maximum PDU size among the MAC-d PDU sizes configured in the NBAP messages HS-DSCH Credits : total quantity of Mac-d PDU that CRNC can send during HSDSCH interval HS-DSCH interval : time interval during which the HS-DSCH credits granted in Capacity Allocation can be used HS-DSCH Repetition : number of subsequent intervals during which the HS-DSCH Credits IE granted in the HS-DSCH CAPACITY ALLOCATION control frame can be used and the value 0 means that there is no limit to the repetition period ‡ ‡ ‡ Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page66 Confidential Information of Huawei. Ltd. No Spreading Without Permission . All rights reserved.

the NodeB sends a capacity allocation message to the RNC. No Spreading Without Permission . the NodeB allocating the capacity to a MAC-hs queue considers the data rate on the Uu interface and Iub available bandwidth For different service (i. for these services are delay sensitive and have a relative low rate ‡ ‡ Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Confidential Information of Huawei. IMS signaling or VOIP ‡ Dynamic flow control policy (for streaming service or BE service) z Flow control free Policy ‡ After the HS-DSCH bearer is set up. The rate is about 20kbps. So flow control free is also applied to them. Therefore VOIP service is mapped onto bearers with high priorities to guarantee the high requirement for delay. Page67 For VOIP. All rights reserved.. It is also highly delay sensitive. the NodeB uses different flow control policies ‡ z Flow control free policy for SRB. the flow control free Policy is applied to the Mac-hs queue due to It is highly delay sensitive. IMS. The probability of congestion incurred by VOIP on the Uu interface and Iub interface is low The IMS signaling / SRB has a low average rate. The bearer priority of VOIP on the Iub interface is higher than that of non-real-time service. QoS requirements).Capacity Allocation Policy z Generally. indicating that the DL traffic of the new MAC-hs queue is not limited and the RNC MAC-d can send data as much as required The allocation keeps unchanged for the service The policy of no flow control policy is applied only to VoIP. Ltd. The scheduling priority of VOIP queue on Uu interface is also higher than that of non-real-time service queue.e. Average rate of VOIP is low. and SRB.

All rights reserved. the rate varies in a wide range..Capacity Allocation Policy z Dynamic flow control ‡ Dynamic flow control is mainly applied to MAC-hs queues of BE service. for streaming service has a relative high rate and may result in congestion on Uu Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. No Spreading Without Permission . and will reach a high rate during a burst ‡ Dynamic flow control is also applied to MAC-hs queues of streaming service. Ltd. Page68 Confidential Information of Huawei. for theses services are not delay sensitive.

FLOW_CONTRL_DYNAMIC MML: SET MACHSSPIPARA Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.Capacity Allocation Policy z Dynamic flow control ‡ Dynamic flow control process with adaptive Iub bandwidth is as follows: „ The congestion status of the transport network is reflected to NodeB through DRT and FSN. Default configuration for Flow Control Algorithm Confidential Information of Huawei. Ltd.. Page69 We can configure the Flow Control Algorithm according to SPI. The NodeB adaptively adjusts the Iub bandwidth available for HSDPA based on the congestion detection „ Depending on the available bandwidth and rate on air interface. the NodeB allocates bandwidth to HSDPA users and performs traffic shaping (Iub shaping) to avoid congestion and packet loss over the Iub interface „ The RNC limits the flow of HS-DSCH data frames for each MAC-hs queue according to the HS-DSCH capacity allocation Parameters Flow Control Algorithm Switch --FLOW_CONTRL_FREE. No Spreading Without Permission .

All rights reserved.. Page70 Confidential Information of Huawei. Thus. No Spreading Without Permission . Ltd.HSDPA Flow Control z Dynamic flow control consists of the following modules: ‡ Adaptive capacity allocation „ NodeB adaptively allocates capacity to an MAC-hs queue based on its rate on air interface Capacity means how much data RNC can send to NodeB in an interval „ ‡ Congestion control on Iub „ The total flow of all the MAC-hs queues should not exceed the available Iub bandwidth to avoid congestion on Iub NodeB provides the following functions to avoid Iub congestion: – Adaptive adjustment of Iub bandwidth ~ NodeB periodically detects Iub congestion and adaptively adjusts the available Iub bandwidth according to the Iub state – Iub shaping ~ Iub shaping is used to allocate Iub bandwidth to every MAC-hs queue based on the available Iub bandwidth and ensure the total flow of the queues does not exceed the available Iub bandwidth. which increases the bandwidth usage and avoids overload „ Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. congestion control is achieved on the Iub interface.

HSDPA Dynamic Flow Control
z

Dynamic flow control policy is configured through the Flow control switch.
Flow Control Switch--- SIMPLE_FLOW_CTRL, AUTO_ADJUST_FLOW_CTRL, NO_FLOW_CONTROL MML: SET HSDPAFLOWCTRLPARA

Parameters

z

If the switch is set to AUTO_ADJUST_FLOW_CTRL, the NodeB performs adaptive

capacity allocation, Iub shaping and adaptive adjustment of Iub bandwidth
‡

When the Iub resource is the bottleneck, the algorithm performs capacity

allocation based on the bit rate on the Uu interface and the Iub shaping of dynamic flow control queues.
‡

When the congestion on the Iub interface is invisible for the NodeB, the

algorithm performs capacity allocation based on the bit rate on the Uu interface

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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HSDPA Dynamic Flow Control
z

If the switch is set to NO_FLOW_CONTROL, the NodeB performs adaptive capacity allocation, and does not perform Iub shaping and adaptive adjustment of Iub bandwidth

z

If the switch is set to SIMPLE_FLOW_CTRL, the NodeB performs adaptive capacity allocation and Iub shaping, and does not perform adaptive adjustment of Iub bandwidth
‡

Some Iub bandwidth should be reserved for HSDPA users. This setting is used mainly for testing the algorithm during the design phase

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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HSDPA Flow Control
z

MAC-hs / MAC-d flow control
‡

The flow control keeps the queue occupancy in a reasonable level in order to reduce data transmission delay, L2 layer signal delay, and discarding as the result of priority queue congestion or reset during handover

‡

In this sense, the functionality is called capacity allocation adaptive to Uu interface bit rate, where capacity allocation for each priority queue is based on the Uu interface bit rate and the buffer occupancy level

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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HSDPA Flow Control
z

MAC-hs / MAC-d flow control when Iub interface resource is not congested
‡

If there is not enough data in the queue, large bandwidth is allocated

‡

If there is enough data in the queue, the bandwidth that is close to the rate on the Uu interface is allocated

‡

If there is too much data in the queue, small bandwidth or no bandwidth is allocated

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page74

If the resource on the Uu interface is the bottleneck, or the total traffic volume within the NodeB (i.e. Mac-hs queue) is low, or the congestion on the Iub interface is managed by the RNC back pressure algorithm, then the algorithm allocates the capacity based only on the rate of each queue on the Uu interface. The MAC-hs performs flow control for each priority queue periodically. Whether there is enough data in the queue is judged by the time length of the priority queue. Time length is defined as the ratio of the length of the queue to the air interface bit rate of the queue. In this way, the average delay of MAC-d PDU at the MAC-hs layer is limited within a hundred milliseconds.

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

Ltd. No Spreading Without Permission . All rights reserved..HSDPA Flow Control z Adaptive adjustment of Iub bandwidth available for HSDPA ‡ Adaptive adjustment of Iub bandwidth available for HSDPA is a part of the mechanism to control the congestion on Iub. Page75 Confidential Information of Huawei. ‡ Adaptive adjustment of Iub bandwidth available for HSDPA comprises the following process „ detection of Iub congestion adjustment of Iub bandwidth available „ Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

HSDPA Flow Control z Detection of Iub congestion ‡ This Iub congestion detection algorithm periodically measures the transmission delay and frame loss ‡ Assuming that for each MAC-d flow the HS-DSCH data frame must be delivered to the MAC-hs layer in FSN sequence.. All rights reserved. DRT: Delay Reference Time. Page76 Frame Sequence Number: used to detect frame loss over the Iub interface. Ltd. used to detect transmission delay over the Iub interface Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission . Iub frame loss is counted and the frame loss ratio at the Iub level in a specific time window is calculated ‡ The HS-DSCH data frame transmission delay is the interval from the time when HS-DSCH data frame generated in the RNC (identified as DRT) to the time when the frame arrives at the NodeB MAC-hs layer Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

the Iub interface will be regarded as congested in the case of frame loss due to bit error. Thus. No Spreading Without Permission . If the threshold is too low. If the threshold is too high. the Iub interface will be regarded as congested by mistake. Thus. the Iub bandwidth cannot be fully utilized. Time Delay Threshold: is used to determine whether the Iub interface is congested because of delay buildup.0~500ms MML: SET HSDPAFLOWCTRLPARA Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. If the threshold is too low. the transmission on the Iub interface will be much delayed when the Iub interface is the bottleneck.. the threshold is set to 5%.0~100% Time Delay Threshold --. The HS-DSCH frame error rate on the Iub interface within 300 ms can be a reference. Generally. Ltd. Generally. Page77 The other two thresholds related to Iub congestion detection are described as follows: Discard Rate Threshold: is used to determine whether the Iub interface is congested because of frame loss. By default. All rights reserved. If the threshold is too high. It can be adjusted on the basis of transport network quality. frame losses due to bit error are less than those due to congestion. Otherwise frame loss may be caused by an Iub bit error „ Congestion released means that there is no congestion due to delay and no congestion due to frame loss Parameters Discard Rate Threshold --. the threshold is set to the allowed delay jitter plus several ms. this threshold is set to 20 ms. Confidential Information of Huawei. the transmission resource cannot be fully utilized. the congestion on the Iub interface cannot be relieved in time.HSDPA Flow Control z Detection of Iub congestion ‡ Periodically the Iub congestion status is differentiated into three levels: „ Congestion due to delay means that the delay buildup is larger than the Time Delay Threshold „ Congestion due to frame loss that means the frame loss ratio is larger than the Discard Rate Threshold. It can be adjusted on the basis of the delay jitter allowed on the transport network. By default.

All rights reserved. yet decreasing fast „ „ ‡ In a time window of tens of seconds. applying the Policy of increasing slowly.HSDPA Flow Control z Adjustment of Iub bandwidth available ‡ The algorithm actively adjusts the Iub bandwidth based on the congestion detection „ If the Iub is in the congestion due to delay. the Iub bandwidth available for HSDPA is decreased by a step in direct proportion to the delay buildup If the Iub is in the due to frame loss. No Spreading Without Permission . Ltd. the Iub bandwidth available for HSDPA is decreased by a big step regardless of the delay buildup If the Iub is in the congestion released. In this case. Page78 Confidential Information of Huawei. if consecutive "congestion released" is detected. the MAC-hs/MAC-d flow control does not take the Iub bandwidth available for HSDPA as the limitation of capacity allocation Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. the Iub bandwidth available for HSDPA is increased by a smaller step. the Iub resource is identified as not the bottleneck..

Ltd. HSDPA Code Resource Management 3. HSDPA Flow control Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. HSDPA Mobility Management 5. HSDPA Power Management 4. HSDPA Mac-hs Scheduling Algorithm 7. HSDPA TFRC Selection 8. All rights reserved. HSDPA Channel Switching 6. HSDPA Channel Type Mapping 2.Contents 1. No Spreading Without Permission .. Page79 Confidential Information of Huawei.

No Spreading Without Permission . Page80 Confidential Information of Huawei. All rights reserved. Ltd..Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

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