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# UNIVERSITY of NORTHUMBRIA

at NEWCASTLE

## FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY School of Engineering

YEAR 3 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING AND APPLICATIONS (EN314)

(Day) (Date)

## Time allowed: 3 hours +10mins reading time

Instructions:

Candidates are to attempt 5 questions at least one from each section 8 questions set. 5 questions in section A, 3 questions in section B. The questions are of equal value. Allocation of marks for each question is as shown. Handbooks for students are provided.

School of Engineering

SECTION A

1. A digital filter is described by the following linear difference equation Ty(n) = x(n) - x(n-1) where x(n) and y(n) is the input and output sample of the filter at the time instant nT and T is the sampling period which is constant and positive. a) What is the type and order of the filter? (2 mark) b) What is the main function of this filter? (2 mark) c) Calculate the transfer function of the filter. (5 marks) d) Determine the unit impulse response of the filter and state whether the filter is realisable. (5 marks) e) Calculate the frequency response of the filter and derive the expression of its magnitude and phase response. (6 marks)

## Page 2 of 5 (June) (2003) (EN314)

School of Engineering

## 2. An bandpass analogue filter is given by the following transfer function: H (s) = 4s s + 4s + 4

2

a) Determine the quality factor, the passband and the cutoff frequencies of the filter. (6 marks) b) Calculate the impulse response of the filter. (6 marks) c) Use the result obtained in question b) to design a digital version of the analogue bandpass filter by employing the impulse invariance method. (8 marks)

## Page 3 of 5 (June) (2003) (EN314)

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3. It is required to design a digital low pass filter of order 2 having a Butterworth characteristic with a cutoff frequency of 100Hz. We recall that the normalised Butterworth filter of order 2 given by H ( s) = 1 s + 2 s +1
2

a) Assuming a sampling frequency of 1kHz, use the bilinear z-transform (or trapeziodal) method to design a digital filter having such characteristics in terms of its z-transfer function, H(z). (10 marks) b) Give the difference equation corresponding to the digital filter. (7 marks) c) Assuming that the initial conditions of the filter are zero, give the first 3 terms of the output sequence of the filter when a unit impulse is applied to the digital filter. (3 marks)

## Page 4 of 5 (June) (2003) (EN314)

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4) It is required to design a digital IIR band-pass filter with the following specifications:

## passband sampling frequency order into an equivalent highpass discrete filter.

50 80Hz 200Hz 2

a) Use the bilinear z-transform method to design such a filter in terms of its transfer function denoted by H(z). (12 marks) b) Give the expression of the difference equation associated to H(z) and determine the filter coefficients. (8 marks)

## Page 5 of 5 (June) (2003) (EN314)

School of Engineering

5. The unit impulse response of a causal FIR filter of length N is given by the following sequence: 1 h(k ) = 0 for otherwise 0 k N 1

a) Give the expression of the filter in terms if its input output relationship and state the main function of the filter. (6 marks) b) Show that the transfer function of the filter can be written as H ( z) = 1 z N . 1 z 1 (5 marks) c) Calculate the frequency, the magnitude and the phase response of the filter. (6 marks) d) In the case where N=2, show that the magnitude response of the filter is given by H ( z ) = 2(1 + cos ) (3 marks)