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ٌل ﺼﱠ ﺘ` ﻤ
Connected
Attached to
verbs showing
the subject
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ARABIC PRONOUNS


 ﺭﻴ ﻤ ﻀﻝﺍ
The Pronoun
ٌل ﺼﱠ ﺘ` ﻤ
Connected
Attached to
nouns,verbs
& particles
´ﺭ ﺘﹶ ﺘ'ﺴ` ﻤ
Hidden
Object
Pronoun
Page 1


ٌل ﺼﹶ ﻔﹾﻨ` ﻤ
Separate
Object
Pronoun
Subject
Pronouns
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In Arabic we have 3 types of pronouns: separate, attached and hidden.

1- The Separate Pronoun ٌل ﺼﹶ ﻔﹾﻨ ﻤ ﺭﻴ ﻤ ﻀ

We call them separate as they occur separated, i.e. not connected to a noun, or
a verb or a particle. They are of two forms:

First form: Separate pronouns which are very common and come mostly at
the beginning of a sentence ٌﺃ ﺩﹶ ﺘ'ﺒ` ﻤ












ٍ








(1
st
person)
The person who speaks
 ﻡﱢ ﻠﹶ ﻜﹶ ﺘ ﻤﹾﻝﺍ
I m/f. s
َ ﺃ ﺎﹶ ﻨ
We m/f. d/p
ﹶ ﻨ 'ﺤ ` ﻥ
(2nd person)
The person you speak to
 ﺏﹶ ﻁﺎﹶ ﺨ ﻤﹾﻝﺍ
You m. s
َ ﺃ ﹾﻨ ﹶ ﺕ
You f. s
َ ﺃ ﹾﻨ ﺕ
You m/f. d
َ ﺃ ﹾﻨ ﹸ ﺘ ﺎ ﻤ
You m. p
َ ﺃ ﹾﻨ ﹸ ﺘ 'ﻡ
You f. p
َ ﺃ ﹾﻨ ﹸ ﺘ ` ﻥ
(3rd person)
The person you speak about
 ﺏِ ﺌﺎﹶ ﻐﹾﻝﺍ
He/ it m. s
` ﻫ ﻭ
She/ it f. s
ﻲ ﻫ
They m/f. d
` ﻫ ﻤ ﺎ
They m. p
` ﻫ 'ﻡ
They f. p
` ﻥ` ﻫ
Masculine (m.) ﺭﱠ ﻜﹶ ﺫ` ﻤ
Feminine (f.) ` ﻤ ﹲﺙﱠ ﻨَ ﺅ
Singular (s.) ´ﺩ ﺭﹾﻔ` ﻤ
Dual (d.) ﻰﱠ ﻨﹶ ﺜ` ﻤ
Plural (p.) ´ﻊ'ﻤ ﺠ
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Second form: They come only as the object of a verb, if we want to
emphasize that object, by putting it before the verb.


(1
st
person)
The person who speaks
 ﻡﱢ ﻠﹶ ﻜﹶ ﺘ ﻤﹾﻝﺍ
I m/f. s
ﻱﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ
We m/f. d/p
ﹶ ﻨﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ ﺎ
(2nd person)
The person you speak to
 ﺏﹶ ﻁﺎﹶ ﺨ ﻤﹾﻝﺍ
You m. s
ﻙﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ
You f. s
ﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ ﻙ
You m/f. d
ﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ ﻤﹸ ﻜ ﺎ
You m. p
ﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ 'ﻡﹸ ﻜ
You f. p
` ﻥﹸ ﻜﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ
(3rd person)
The person you speak about
 ﺏِ ﺌﺎﹶ ﻐﹾﻝﺍ
He/ it m. s
` ﻩﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ
She/ it f. s
ﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ ﻫ ﺎ
They m/f. d
ﻤ` ﻫﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ ﺎ
They m. p
'ﻡ` ﻫﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ
They f. p
` ﻥ` ﻫﺎ` ﻴِ ﺇ

 x8$§ƒÎ) ߉ç7÷ètΡ x8$§ƒÎ)u ρ ÚÏètGó¡nΣ ∩∈∪ 〈 Ex.
You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and
everything)
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2- The Attached Pronoun ٌل ﺼﱠ ﺘ ﻤ ﺭﻴ ﻤ ﻀ
They are also called “Pronouns Suffixes” as they come at the end of the word.
The Attached Pronoun in Arabic is of two forms:

First form: Attached to nouns, verbs and particles
ٌل ﺼﱠ ﺘ` ﻤ
ل'ﻌ ﻔﹾﻝﺎﹺ ﺒ
` ﻥِ ﺈﹺ ﺒ ٌل ﺼﱠ ﺘ` ﻤ ٌل ﺼﱠ ﺘ` ﻤ
` ﺭ ﺠﹾﻝﺍ ﻑ'ﺭ ﺤﹺ ﺒ
ٌل ﺼﱠ ﺘ` ﻤ
ﹺ ﺒ ﹴ ﻡﺴﺎ
` ﺭﻴ ﻤ` ﻀﻝﺍ
ل ﺼﱠ ﺘ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ
` ﺭﻴ ﻤ` ﻀﻝﺍ
ُ ل ﺼﹶ ﻔﹾﻨ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ

Object
attached
to
the verb
Attached
to ِ ﺇ ` ﻥ
Attached to
prepositions
Attached
to nouns

Attached
Pronoun
Separate
Pronoun


 ﻡﱢ ﻠﹶ ﻜﹶ ﺘ ﻤﹾﻝﺍ
(1
st
person)

ﻨﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ ﻲ ِ ﻨﱠ ﻨِ ﺇ ﻲ [ ﱢ ﻨِ ﺇ ﻲ ِ ﻝ ﻲ ﹺ ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ ﻲ ... ﻲِ ـ
ﹶ ﻨَ ﺃ ﺎ
I m/f. s
ﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ ﹶ ﻨ ﺎ ﱠ ﻨِ ﺇ ﹶ ﻨ ﺎ [ ﺇ ﺎﱠ ﻨ ﹶ ﻝ ﹶ ﻨ ﺎ ` ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ ﹶ ﻨ ﺎ ... ﹶ ﻨـ ﺎ ` ﻥ'ﺤﹶ ﻨ
We m/f. d/p


 ﺏﹶ ﻁﺎﹶ ﺨ ﻤﹾﻝﺍ
(2
nd
person)

ﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ ﻙ ﱠ ﻨِ ﺇ ﻙ ﹶ ﻝ ﻙ ` ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ ﻙ ...  ﻙـ ﹶ ﺕﹾﻨَ ﺃ
You m. s
ﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ ﻙ ِ ﺇ ﱠ ﻨ ﻙ ﹶ ﻝ ﻙ ` ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ ﻙ ...  ﻙـ ﺕﹾﻨَ ﺃ
You f. s
ﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ ﺎﻤﹸ ﻜ ﱠ ﻨِ ﺇ ﻤﹸ ﻜ ﺎ ﹶ ﻝ ﻤﹸ ﻜ ﺎ ` ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ ﻤﹸ ﻜ ﺎ ...  ﻤﹸ ﻜـ ﺎ ﺎﻤﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ
You m/f. d
ﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ 'ﻡﹸ ﻜ ﱠ ﻨِ ﺇ 'ﻡﹸ ﻜ ﹶ ﻝ 'ﻡﹸ ﻜ ` ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ 'ﻡﹸ ﻜ ... ﻡﹸ ﻜـ 'ﻡﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ
You m. p
ﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ ` ﻥﹸ ﻜ ﱠ ﻨِ ﺇ ` ﻥﹸ ﻜ ﹶ ﻝ ` ﻥﹸ ﻜ ` ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ ` ﻥﹸ ﻜ ...  ﻥﹸ ﻜـ ` ﻥﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ
You f. p

 ﺏِ ﺌﺎﹶ ﻐﹾﻝﺍ
(3
rd
person)

ﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ ` ﻪ ﱠ ﻨِ ﺇ ` ﻪ ﹶ ﻝ ` ﻪ ` ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ ` ﻪ ...  ﻪـ ﻭ` ﻫ
He/ it m. s
ﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ ﻬ ﺎ ﱠ ﻨِ ﺇ ﻬ ﺎ ﹶ ﻝ ﺎﻬ ` ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ ﻬ ﺎ ...  ﻬـ ﺎ ﻲ ﻫ
She/ it f. s
ﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ ﻤ` ﻬ ﺎ ﱠ ﻨِ ﺇ ﻤ` ﻬ ﺎ ﹶ ﻝ ﻤ` ﻬ ﺎ ` ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ ﻤ` ﻬ ﺎ ...  ﻤ ﻬـ ﺎ ﺎ ﻤ` ﻫ
They m/f. d
ﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ 'ﻡ` ﻬ ﱠ ﻨِ ﺇ 'ﻡ` ﻬ ﹶ ﻝ 'ﻡ` ﻬ ` ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ 'ﻡ` ﻬ ... ﻡ ﻬـ 'ﻡ` ﻫ
They m. p
ﹸ ﻝَ ﺄ'ﺴ ﻴ ` ﻥ` ﻬ ﱠ ﻨِ ﺇ ` ﻥ` ﻬ ﹶ ﻝ ` ﻥ` ﻬ ` ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ ` ﻥ` ﻬ ...  ﻥ ﻬـ ` ﻥ` ﻫ
They f. p
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The pronouns of this form can come in different positions, for example:

1- Attached to nouns to show the possessor.
Ex. ﹺ ﺒﺎﺘ ﻜ ﻲ The book of mine or my book.

2- Attached to prepositions ` ﺭ ﺠﹾﻝﺍ ﻑﻭ` ﺭ` ﺤ
Ex. ﹾﻨ ﻤ ` ﻪ From him.
3- Attached to the particle ` ﻥﺇ (Indeed)
Ex. ﱠ ﻨﺇ ﻙ Indeed you (m. s)

4- Attached to verbs to show the object ﻪﹺ ﺒ ٌلﻭ` ﻌﹾﻔ ﻤ .
Ex. ﹸ ﻝﺄ'ﺴَ ﺃ ` ﻪ I ask him.













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Second form: Attached to verbs to show the subject
The subject here means: The one who does the verb ُ ل ﻋﺎﹶ ﻔﹾﻝﺍ.

ِA- Pronouns attached to the present tense verb






















*The hidden pronoun will be explained later ُ ﷲﺍ ﺀﺎﺸ 'ﻥﺇ
ُ ل ﺼﻔﹾﻨ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ` ﺭﻴ ﻤ` ﻀﻝﺍ
Separate Pronoun
` ﻉﹺ ﺭﺎ ﻀ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ُ ل'ﻌ ﻔﹾﻝﺍ
Present verb

ُ ل ﺼﱠ ﺘ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ` ﺭﻴ ﻤ` ﻀﻝﺍ ﻡﺴ ﺍ
Name of the
attached pronoun
ﹶ ﻨَ ﺃ ﺎ َ ﺃ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻓ
´ﺭ ﺘﹶ ﺘ'ﺴ` ﻤ ´ﺭﻴ ﻤ ﻀ ) ﺎﹶ ﻨَ ﺃ (
Hidden pronoun*
` ﻥ'ﺤﹶ ﻨ ﹶ ﻨ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻔ
ﻤ ﻀ ´ﺭﻴ ´ﺭ ﺘﹶ ﺘ'ﺴ` ﻤ ) ` ﻥ'ﺤﹶ ﻨ (
ﹶ ﺕﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻔ ﻤ ﻀ ´ﺭﻴ ´ﺭ ﺘﹶ ﺘ'ﺴ` ﻤ ) ﹶ ﺕﹾﻨَ ﺃ (
ﺕﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻴ ﻥ ﺔ ﺒﹶ ﻁﺎﺨ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ` ﺀﺎ ﻴ
ﺎﻤﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻔ ﹺ ﻥ ﹺ ﻥ'ﻴﹶ ﻨﹾﺜﻻﺍ ﹸ ﻑِ ﻝﺃ
'ﻡﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻭ ﻥ ` ﻭﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻋﺎﻤ ﺠﹾﻝﺍ
` ﻥﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻥ ﺓ ﻭ'ﺴﱢ ﻨﻝﺍ ` ﻥﻭﹸ ﻨ
ﻭ` ﻫ ﻴ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻔ ﻤ ﻀ ´ﺭﻴ ´ﺭ ﺘﹶ ﺘ'ﺴ` ﻤ ) ﻭ` ﻫ (
ﻲ ﻫ ﹶ ﺘ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻔ
ﻤ ﻀ ´ﺭﻴ ´ﺭ ﺘﹶ ﺘ'ﺴ` ﻤ ) ﻲ ﻫ (
ﻤ` ﻫ ﺎ ) ´ﺭﱠ ﻜﹶ ﺫ` ﻤ ( ﻴ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻔ ﹺ ﻥ
ﹺ ﻥ'ﻴﹶ ﻨﹾﺜﻻﺍ ﹸ ﻑِ ﻝﺃ
ﻤ` ﻫ ﺎ ) ﹲﺙﱠ ﻨَ ﺅ` ﻤ ( ﹶ ﺘ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻔ ﹺ ﻥ
ﹺ ﻥ'ﻴﹶ ﻨﹾﺜﻻﺍ ﹸ ﻑِ ﻝﺃ
'ﻡ` ﻫ ﻴ ﹸ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻭ ﻥ
ﺔ ﻋﺎﻤ ﺠﹾﻝﺍ ` ﻭﺍ ﻭ
` ﻥ` ﻫ ﻴ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻥ ﺓ ﻭ'ﺴﱢ ﻨﻝﺍ ` ﻥﻭﹸ ﻨ
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Important comments about the present tense verb:

1- The present tense verb has to start with one of the four following letters:
ﺕ ،ﻱ ،ﻥ ،ﺃ They are called ﺔ ﻋ ﺭﺎ ﻀ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ﹸ ﻑﻭ` ﺭ` ﺤ (letters for the present)
a. The prefix ﺃ represents (I).
b. The prefix ﻥ represents (We).
c. The prefix ﺕ represents the 2
nd
person
d. The prefix ﻱ represents the 3
rd
person.
( With the exception of the 3
rd
person f. s. ﻫ ﻲ ﹶ ﺘ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻔ and the 3
rd
person f. d.
` ﻫ ﻤ ﺎ ﹶ ﺘ ﻼ ﻌ¸ ﻔ ﹺ ﻥ they take the prefix ﺕ )

Important note:
These prefixes are not pronouns; they are only signs for the present tense verb.
The pronouns come only at the end of the word.

2- The present tense verb can come without a pronoun suffix, in that case
the first letter of the verb will be a sign that shows the subject (The one who did
the verb)
Ex. ﹶ ﻨ ُ لﻭﹸ ﻘ means “we say” notice that no pronoun suffix attached to that verb for
(we). In such cases we say that the pronoun is hidden.

Important note:
The present verb for (she) and (you m. s.) are similar ﻲ ﻫ ً ﹶ ﺘ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻔ ¬ ﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺕ ﹶ ﺘ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻔ

3- The present tense verb can come with a pronoun suffix:
a. The pronoun suffix ﻱ called ﻴ ` ﺀﺎ ﺒﹶ ﻁﺎﺨ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ﺔ (Yaa' of the spoken to f. s.):
comes only with you f. s. Ex. ﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﺕ ﹶ ﺘ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻴ ﻥ
b. The pronoun suffix ﺍ called ﹸ ﻑِ ﻝَ ﺃ 'ﻴﹶ ﻨﹾﺜﻻﺍ ﹺ ﻥ (Alif of two): comes with the dual of the
2
nd
and 3
rd
person
Ex. ﺎﻤ` ﻫ ﹶ ﺘ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻼ ﹺ ﻥ – ﺎﻤ` ﻫ ﻴ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻔ ﹺ ﻥ ﻤﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﺎ ﹶ ﺘ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻔ ﹺ ﻥ -
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Important note:
The present verb for (they f. d.) and (you m. d.) is similar
Ex. ﺎﻤ` ﻫ ﹶ ﺘ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻔ ﹺ ﻥ – ﻤﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﺎ ﹶ ﺘ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻔ ﹺ ﻥ

c. The pronoun suffixﻭ called ﺔ ﻋﺎﻤ ﺠﹾﻝﺍ ` ﻭﺍﻭ (Waaw of group): comes with
masculine plural of the 2
nd
and 3
rd
person
Ex. 'ﻡﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻭ ﻥ - 'ﻡ` ﻫ ﻴ ﹸ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻭ ﻥ
d. The pronoun suffix ﻥ called ﺓ ﻭ'ﺴﱢ ﻨﻝﺍ ` ﻥﻭﹸ ﻨ (Noon of women): comes with
feminine plural 2
nd
and 3
rd
person
Ex. ` ﻥﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻥ - ` ﻥ` ﻫ ﻴ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻥ

Important note:
The letter ﻥ that sometimes comes at the end of the present as in
'ﻡﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻭ ﻥ - 'ﻡ` ﻫ ﻴ ﹸ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻭ ﻥ is not a pronoun, it is related to the conjugation of the
verbs that we will study in coming lessons ﹶ ﺸ 'ﻥﺇ ُ ﷲﺍ ﺀﺎ .


















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B- Pronouns attached to the past tense verb































ُ ل ﺼﻔﹾﻨ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ` ﺭﻴ ﻤ` ﻀﻝﺍ
Separate Pronoun
ُ ل'ﻌ ﻔﹾﻝﺍ ﻲ ﻀﺎﻤﹾﻝﺍ
Past verb
ُ ل ﺼﱠ ﺘ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ` ﺭﻴ ﻤ` ﻀﻝﺍ ﻡﺴ ﺍ
Name of the
attached pronoun
ﹶ ﻨَ ﺃ ﺎ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹸ ﺕ
ﹶ ﺘ ` ﺀﺎ ﹾﻝﺍ ﹶ ﻔ ِ ل ﻋﺎ
` ﻥ'ﺤﹶ ﻨ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹶ ﻨ ﺎ
ﹶ ﻨ ﹶ ﻔﹾﻝﺍ ﺎ ﻥﻴ ﻠ ﻋﺎ
ﹶ ﺕﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹶ ﺕ
ﹶ ﺘ ` ﺀﺎ ﹾﻝﺍ ﹶ ﻔ ِ ل ﻋﺎ
ﺕﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﺕ
ﹶ ﺘ ` ﺀﺎ ﹾﻝﺍ ﹶ ﻔ ِ ل ﻋﺎ
ﺎﻤﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﻤﹸ ﺘ ﺎ
ﹶ ﺘ ` ﺀﺎ ﹾﻝﺍ ﹶ ﻔ ِ ل ﻋﺎ
'ﻡﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ 'ﻡﹸ ﺘ
ﹶ ﺘ ` ﺀﺎ ﹾﻝﺍ ﹶ ﻔ ِ ل ﻋﺎ
` ﻥﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ` ﻥﹸ ﺘ
ﹶ ﺘ ` ﺀﺎ ﹾﻝﺍ ﹶ ﻔ ِ ل ﻋﺎ
ﻭ` ﻫ َ ل ﻌﹶ ﻓ ´ﺭﻴ ﻤ ﻀ ´ﺭ ﺘﹶ ﺘ'ﺴ` ﻤ ) ﻭ` ﻫ (
ﻲ ﻫ ﹶ ﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹾﺕ ´ﺭﻴ ﻤ ﻀ ´ﺭ ﺘﹶ ﺘ'ﺴ` ﻤ ) ﻲ ﻫ (
ﻤ` ﻫ ﺎ ) ´ﺭﱠ ﻜﹶ ﺫ` ﻤ ( ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﻼ
ﹺ ﻥ'ﻴﹶ ﻨﹾﺜﻻﺍ ﹸ ﻑِ ﻝﺃ
ﻤ` ﻫ ﺎ ) ﹲﺙﱠ ﻨَ ﺅ` ﻤ ( ﹶ ﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﺘ ﺎ
ﹺ ﻥ'ﻴﹶ ﻨﹾﺜﻻﺍ ﹸ ﻑِ ﻝﺃ
'ﻡ` ﻫ ﹸ ﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﺍﻭ
ﻭ ` ﻭﺍ ﺔ ﻋﺎﻤ ﺠﹾﻝﺍ
` ﻥ` ﻫ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﻥ
ﺓ ﻭ'ﺴﱢ ﻨﻝﺍ ` ﻥﻭﹸ ﻨ
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Important comments about the past tense verb:

1- There is no prefix attached to the past tense verb.

2- The past tense verb comes without a pronoun suffix only in two cases:
a. The 3
rd
person (m. s.) ﻭ` ﻫ َ ل ﻌﹶ ﻓ
b. The 3
rd
person (f. s.) ﹶ ﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﻲ ﻫ ﹾﺕ ends with ﹶ ﺘ ` ﺀﺎ ﺙﻴ ﻨْﺄﱠ ﺘﻝﺍ (it is a ﹶ ﺘ ﺀﺎ with Sukoon at
the end of the past tense verb and it is a sign of femininity not a pronoun).
Also ﹶ ﺘ ` ﺀﺎ ﺙﻴ ﻨْﺄﱠ ﺘﻝﺍ appears at the end of 3
rd
person (d. f.) ﺎ ﻤ` ﻫ ﹶ ﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹶ ﺘ ﺎ before the
pronoun ﺍ ﹺ ﻥ'ﻴﹶ ﻨﹾﺜﻻﺍ ﹸ ﻑِ ﻝَ ﺃ but we had to put Fat-hah on if due to Alif Maddiyyah
following it.

3- The past tense verb can come with a pronoun suffix:
a. The pronoun suffix ِ ل ﻋﺎﻔﹾﻝﺍ ` ﺀﺎﺘ comes with the singular of the 1
st
person and
with all the subjects of the 2
nd
person.

ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹸ ﺕ – ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹶ ﺕ - ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﺕ – ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﺎﻤﹸ ﺘ - ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ 'ﻡﹸ ﺘ – ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ` ﻥﹸ ﺘ

* Notice that the ending of the verbs in 2
nd
person is the same as the ending of
the separate pronoun of that group. You can say them together as a rhyme.










b. The pronoun suffix ﹶ ﻨ ﺎ ﺎﻨ ﻥﻴ ﻠ ﻋﺎﻔﹾﻝﺍ (Naa of the doers) comes with the dual and
the plural of the 1
st
person ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﺎﹶ ﻨ
ﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺕ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹶ ﺕ
ﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﺕ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﺕ
ﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﺎﻤﹸ ﺘ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﺎﻤﹸ ﺘ
ﹾﻨَ ﺃ 'ﻡﹸ ﺘ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ 'ﻡﹸ ﺘ
ﹾﻨَ ﺃ ` ﻥﹸ ﺘ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ` ﻥﹸ ﺘ
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c. The pronoun suffix ﺍ ﹺ ﻥ'ﻴﹶ ﻨﹾﺜﻻﺍ ﹸ ﻑِ ﻝَ ﺃ (Alif of two) comes with the dual of the
3
rd
person ﹶ ﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹶ ﺘ ﺎ – ﻼ ﻌﹶ ﻓ
d. The pronoun suffix ﻭ ﻭ ﻤ ﺠﹾﻝﺍ ` ﻭﺍ ﺔ ﻋﺎ (Waaw of group) comes with masculine
plural of 3
rd
person ﹸ ﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﻭ ﺍ
(The Alif that comes after that Waaw is not pronounced)
e. The pronoun suffix ﻥ ﺓ ﻭ'ﺴﱢ ﻨﻝﺍ ` ﻥﻭﹸ ﻨ (Noon of women): comes with feminine
plural of the 3
rd
person ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﻥ


C - Pronouns attached to the Command Verb












Important comments about the command verb
1- The Command Verb is used for command ´ﺭ'ﻤَ ﺃ, request ´ﺏﹶ ﻠﹶ ﻁ and
supplication ´ﺀﺎﻋ` ﺩ .
2- It is used for the 2
nd
person only
3- It uses the same pronouns used with the 2
nd
persons of present.
ُ ل ﺼﻔﹾﻨ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ` ﺭﻴ ﻤ` ﻀ
Separate Pronoun
ﹺ ﺭ'ﻤَ ﻷﺍ ُ ل'ﻌ ﻓ
Command verb
ﹶ ﺕﹾﻨَ ﺃ ْل ﻌﹾﻓ ﺍ
ﺕﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻓ ﺍ ﻲ
ﺎﻤﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻓ ﺍ
'ﻡﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹸ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻓ ﺍ ﻭ ﺍ
` ﻥﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹾﻓ ﺍ ﻥ
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The verbs in the different tenses

ُ ل ﺼﹶ ﻔﹾﻨ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ` ﺭﻴ ﻤ` ﻀﻝﺍ
Separate Pronoun
` ﻉﹺ ﺭﺎﻀ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ُ ل'ﻌ ﻔﹾﻝﺍ
Present Tense
ﻲ ﻀﺎﻤﹾﻝﺍ ُ ل'ﻌ ﻔﹾﻝﺍ
Past tense
ﹺ ﺭ'ﻤَ ﻷﺍ ُ ل'ﻌ ﻓ
Command verb
ﺎﹶ ﻨَ ﺃ َ ﺃ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻓ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹸ ﺕ
` ﻥ'ﺤﹶ ﻨ ﹶ ﻨ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻔ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹶ ﻨ ﺎ
ﹶ ﺕﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻔ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹶ ﺕ ْل ﻌﹾﻓ ﺍ
ﺕﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻴ ﻥ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﺕ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻓ ﺍ ﻲ
ﺎﻤﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻔ ﹺ ﻥ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﻤﹸ ﺘ ﺎ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻓ ﺍ
'ﻡﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ﹸ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻭ ﻥ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ 'ﻡﹸ ﺘ ﹸ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻓ ﺍ ﻭ ﺍ
` ﻥﹸ ﺘﹾﻨَ ﺃ ﹶ ﺘ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻥ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ` ﻥﹸ ﺘ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹾﻓ ﺍ ﻥ
ﻭ` ﻫ ﻴ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻔ َ ل ﻌﹶ ﻓ
ﻲ ﻫ ﹶ ﺘ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻔ ﹶ ﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹾﺕ
ﻤ` ﻫ ﺎ ) ´ﺭﱠ ﻜﹶ ﺫ` ﻤ ( ﻴ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻔ ﹺ ﻥ ﻼ ﻌﹶ ﻓ
ﻤ` ﻫ ﺎ ) ﹲﺙﱠ ﻨَ ﺅ` ﻤ ( ﹶ ﺘ ﻼ ﻌﹾﻔ ﹺ ﻥ ﹶ ﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﹶ ﺘ ﺎ
'ﻡ` ﻫ ﻴ ﹸ ﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻭ ﻥ ﹸ ﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﻭ ﺍ
` ﻥ` ﻫ ﻴ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹾﻔ ﻥ ﹾﻠ ﻌﹶ ﻓ ﻥ

´ﺭﻴ ﻤ ﻀ ﺔ ﻋ ﺭﺎ ﻀ` ﻤﹾﻝﺍ ﹸ ﻑ'ﺭ ﺤ ﺙﻴ ﻨْﺄﱠ ﺘﻝﺍ ﺀﺎﹶ ﺘ
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3- The Hidden Pronoun ﺭﻴ ﻤ ﻀ ﺭ ﺘﹶ ﺘﺴ ﻤ

The Hidden Pronoun can come in different positions in the sentence; for
example; it comes after some verbs to show the subject, as mentioned in page
6 & in page 9 before.
Ex. َ ﺃ ُ ل ﻌﹾﻓ (I do) the subject is contained in the verb, and it is understood that the
one who did the verb is I or me.

Conjugation of the Arabic pronouns:
We already know that nouns might change of form after the change of the
position of that word in the sentences e. g. ´ﺩﹶ ﻝ ﻭ – ¸ ﺩﹶ ﻝ ﻭ – ﺍ ﺩﹶ ﻝ ﻭ
But the Arabic pronouns do not change of form in any situation, they are built on
one form ` ﻲ ﻨ'ﺒ ﻤ. You will never see a word like ` ﻥ'ﺤﹶ ﻨ except like that with Dammah
at the end. Never ﻥ'ﺤﹶ ﻨ – ﹺ ﻥ'ﺤﹶ ﻨ

If the pronoun is ` ﻲ ﻨ'ﺒ ﻤ as mentioned above, why does the attached pronoun ﻪـ
comes sometimes with Kasrah and others with Dammah?

This is not due to the change of position of the word in the sentence, but to
letter that precedes it.
If it is preceded with ﺓ ﺭ'ﺴﹶ ﻜ or long vowel َ ُ ء it will have ﹲﺓ ﺭ'ﺴﹶ ﻜ .
Ex. - ﻪﻴ ﻓ ﻪﹺ ﻬ'ﺠ ﻭ
Otherwise, it will have ﺔ` ﻤ ﻀ
Ex. - ` ﻪﹶ ﻠ'ﺒﹶ ﻗ – ` ﻩﻭ` ﺒَ ﺃ - ` ﻩﺎﹶ ﺨَ ﺃ ` ﻪﹾﻨ ﻋ