L35_ch09-The Americas: A Separate World- The Earliest Americans Timeline: 40,000 BCE - 700 CE FS: Native America builds

a Foundation for Great Civilizations. Main Idea: While civilizations were developing in Africa, Asia, and Europe, they were also emerging in the Americas. Human settlement in the Americas is relatively recent compared to that in other parts of the world. However, it followed a similar pattern. At first the ancient people of the Americas survived mainly by hunting. Over time, they developed farming methods that ensured a more reliable supply of food. This in turn led to the growth of the first civilizations in the Americas. The cultures of the first Americans, including social organization, developed in ways similar to other early cultures. PO: SWBAT... ● Explain the role the Ice Age played in contributing to the arrival of modern hunter-gatherers in the Western Hemisphere. ● Describe a scenario whereby modern hunter-gatherers found the route to the Western Hemisphere. ● Identify at least three topographic regions that nurtured complex Native American societies. ● List three Native American agricultural products that have significantly impacted human civilizations to this very day. Do Now: TBA I. Vocabulary A. Indian vs. Native American: Which is academically appropriate and why? B. Bering’s Strait Land Bridge: A land bridge exposed when water levels dropped during the last Ice Age (Ending ~12000 BP). C. "Old" World: Asia, Africa, & Europe D. "New" World: North & South America E. Pre-Columbian: Prior to the 1492 arrival date of Columbus in the Americas.1 II. Land Bridge: Theories Regarding Native American Origins & Societal Development A. Migration via the Bering’s Strait Land Bridge ~50000 BP. This may be the leading theory in this field today. B. Pre-Columbian Contact with Old World Civilizations 1. Vikings 2. Polynesian 3. Ancient Egypt, Chinese, Tribes of Israel (these are lacking physical & literary evidence compared with other theories) III. Native America's Geography & the Societies they Supported A. Great Plains (eg. ancestors of Sioux, Blackfoot, etc.) B. Mississippi River Valley (eg. ancestors of Mississippian Culture=> Mound Builders)2 C. Woodland (eg. ancestors of The Iroquois, etc.)3

Listen to a podcast sponsored by The Gilder-Lehrman Institute of American History (GLI). Learn the latest about Pre-Columbian America from one of

nation’s important historians. Charles C. Mann’s America Before Columbus Brown University, July 22, 2008 Running Time: 45:00

Recent research on the Mound Builders of the famous Cahokia site can be accessed from the GLI website. Timothy R. Pauketat’s “Cahokia: A Pre-

Columbian American Indian City”

Read some of the latest research covering one of the greatest Native American societies by accessing GLI’s Matthew Dennis’s “The League of the


D. American South-West (eg. ancestors of Anazasi, Pueblo) E. Pacific North-West (eg. ancestors of Sea-dependent cultures=> Tlingit) F. Central Mexican Valley (eg. ancestors of Maya, Teotihuacan, Mexica, etc.) G. Andean Coastal Region (eg. ancestors of Inca) H. Amazon River Basin (eg. ancestors of the Yanomani) IV. Hunter-Gathering => Farming: A History-Altering Impact A. Crops: Corn (Maize), Beans, Squash, Potato B. Medicine: Advanced Pharmacopoeias/ Rain forest C. Science & Technology: Architecture, Food Preservation, Agriculture, Metallurgy VI. Summary Activity- Why it Matters Now. The Americas’ first inhabitants developed the basis for later American civilizations..
Curriculum Link (Update Required) Unit Four: The First Global Age (1450 - 1770) Section D 1 - 4 Materials/Sources: Refer to the course calendar for additional materials, assignments and pertinent due dates.

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World History: Patterns of Interaction Slide Presentation

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