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SMART CITIES

REPORT
Graz University of Technology

Institute of High Voltage Engineering and System Management Univ.-Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Dr.techn. Hans Michael Muhr Graz, 2012

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.............................................................................................................................................................................. 9 5 6 7 Conclusion ..................................................................................................................................................................... 16 Internet Resources ...................................4 Situation ................ 6 Important point ...........................................1 4............. 8 4 Ecocity Zaragora .................................................... 8 Objectives ......................................................................................... 5 Ecocity Logroño ...................................................................................................... 9 4................................... 17 3 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6 Project explanation ............................... 14 List of references .................................................Content 1 2 3 Introduction .................................2 Introduction ......................1 3........... 6 3.............................................................................................................................................2 3.................... 4 Definition ........................................................................................................................................................................................3 3.................................................... 9 Project explanation .......

cities in Europe face the challenge of combining competitiveness and sustainable urban development simultaneously. 4 . culture. Very evidently. social and environmental conditions.1 Introduction Against the background of economic and technological changes caused by the globalization and the integration process. economy. this challenge is likely to have an impact on issues of Urban Quality such as housing.

a smart environment. smart governance. the axes are based respectively on theories of regional competitiveness. A city can be defined as „smart‟ when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic development and a high quality of life. with a wise management of natural resources. human and social capital. In particular. These axes are: a smart economy. Figure 1:The well performing in 6 characteristics.2 Definition Smart cities can be identified along six main axes or dimensions. transport and ICT economics. natural resources. These six axes connect with traditional regional and neoclassical theories of urban growth and development. through participatory. smart people. finally. smart mobility. quality of life. and. and participation of citizens in the governance of cities. 5 . smart living.

MVRDV won the competition in collaboration with the Spanish architecture office GRAS.2 Project explanation The riojano‟s government try to create an Eco city in Logroño. respecting the environment.3 Ecocity Logroño 3. The architects of Smart city are MVRDV and the Spanish study. in the north of Spain. All the energy needer for this project will be generate by solar and wind action. 3. This place will give to the neighborhood a high nice view over the city. Nowadays this area hasn‟t got anything relacionate with energy generation. The 90 % will be destinated for parks and energy generation. Figure 2: The invention’s place. which only covers 10% of the territory.1 Situation The intervention is in Logroño. at the small hill of Montecorvo y Fonsalada. The city will have a water recovery system. the project will be developed by the Spanish companies LMB y Progea Group. urban parks andequipment like school. The client is Logroño‟scity. it will has an area about 56 hectares and it will be located in the north of the city. with commercial spaces. social and sport buildings. It is expected around 3000 public housing. All of it will cost around 388 million. 6 .40 million will be invested in renewable energy technology. The master plan is based on a compact linear design.

All of building will have green.public space 4. The remaining landscape becomes a eco-park.-eco park 3.public green 2. 1. It will be hiding in the top of one hill. As the streets are southoriented. The houses are based on a curvilinear axis. they will have an optimalnatural lighting and ventilation. the solar power is easily generated.. a synopsis between park surfaces and energy production.. moreover it will generate a large space to look the environment and a museum space.bicycle and pedestrian route Figure 4: Use’s area. All of houses will be oriented north-south.. In the south hill we can find all of relacionated with solar energy. in the top 7 .building footprint 6. which it hugs both of hill..As well it will be built a funicular to arrive to the museum and to the hidden space to look the environment.. Figure 3: The relation between people and building.The most important equipment will be the center of research a promotion renewable energy and energy efficiency.general infrastructure 5. thanks of it.

bicycle line.of the hill there will be wind mills. Figure 5: Section and environment. Looking for the energy balance. etc. Decreased power consumption of the CO2 emission. Figure 6:Different section. Increase the number of public housing.3 Important point But the most impressive is that all the energy required is generated by solar cells and wind turbines. Efficient use of resources. pedestrian walkways. Recycle and Reuse Promotion of clean or renewableenergy.4 Objectives       Improve quality of life Recovery environment and degraded areas. The project will have a pneumatic system waste collection and selective treatment of waste. All these measure will allow that the new development can reach a CO2 neutral foot print and the highest energy efficiency of Spain. 3. 3. 8 . It will work as a reference point for the development of the area.

181. Zaragoza applied to be a host city of the 2008 Water Expo. EcociudadValdespartera was founded to implement projects with 80% support from the city and 20% from the federal government.725 inhabitants and which is developed around an important river called Ebro. Valdespartera also participated in the EU programme “Concerto” and has been selected as a model project for the Sustainable Regions Programme.4 Ecocity Zaragora 4. The main objective was to get an optimal environmental conditions and not only an energetic save. 4. The program have 243 Ha. most of them from official protection. which is designed to collect data on ecological regions. Two banks which the city has shares in were also included in the process. where will be built 9687 housing buildings. a Spanish city of 674. The second objective was to build an urban community. The Eco-City Valdespartera with 10.645 leisure construction.1 Introduction Zaragoza. Cooperation with various faculties of the University of Zaragoza was secured for the ecological concept. equipments and public services. In 2001 a former military barracks site was rezoned for housing construction. 9 . Apartments were raised and sold as subsidized housing. They got it because of the increase of quantity and quality of urban space and equipment.2 Project explanation This is a project based on environmentalsustainability and with bioclimatic profit criteria that tries to satisfy the Kyoto‟s protocol.000 inhabitants was built as a pilot project for this EXPO. The way is to plan the correct morphology and typology.

right taken in 2007 Figure 8: Explanation plan The housing building is orientated to South so that they can get more Solar energy. 10 . They lay from east to west and the distance between them is 30 m because its shadow doesn‟t bother the building in front of. The hosing model consists in two parallel blocs of 12 meters of deepness.Figure 7: Picture left taken in 2003.

The use of vegetal surfaces in the streets and housing buildings create micro climes in some private spaces. The façades are treated in different ways depending on their orientation. Figure 10: Architectonical design and Construction system 11 . The constructive system must guarantee a high level of thermal insulation. it‟s important to protect the housing from strong winds. surfaces with enough accumulative capacity and sustainable materials. they do this through wind screens.The main housing is collective because its waste of energy is lower than a single family home. Figure 9: Urban Planing The architectural design consists on flat roofs where can lay the solar system panels. Also. In south façades there are glass galleries which collect the solar radiation.

12 . an infrastructure that provides common data broadcasting facilities and controls all municipal networks and supply services companies that make up the project. Finally. this city has the first pneumatic waste collection that is installed in the autonomous community of Aragon. and aims to manage and meet the ordinary consumption. in the south there is a big park. The second axis organizes in an orthogonal way the building planning. all of them independently from municipal services. Figure 11: Road structure Valdespartera has implemented integrated control network.The urban plan is organized between two big axes. The implementation of this advanced system is the installation of an underground network of pipelines built to transport special organic waste and packaging. There shall be monitoring some homes to assess and monitor actual energy requirements applied to individual cases. achieving awareness and optimization of thermal management of each of the buildings. incidents and eventualities that arise in such networks. Additionally. the first one is a park avenue where free spaces grow up in an organic way.

Figure 12: Pneumatic collection 13 .

all the nutrients and energy originally present in the organic material are retained. which after anaerobic treatment produces a nutrient-rich residue and renewable environmentally-friendly energy. These efforts are now being intensified due to a ban on depositing organic material in landfills. biogas must be upgraded. This may contribute in the future to increasing energy self-sufficiency and reducing our dependency on oil. biogas is similar to natural gas. The high content of methane in biogas makes it a valuable energy source. that is refined to remove carbon dioxide. It is rich in plant nutrients and its high content of organic matter also makes it a valuable soil conditioner for soils of low humus content and poor structure. For us. The waste can therefore be considered as a resource. which begins in Sweden in 2005. In this respect. Biogas is produced as a result of the decomposition of organic material in a completely oxygen free (anaerobic) environment. Nowadays. to obtain the same quality as natural gas. the treatment of biogas is rather simple. and these fuels can be utilized in the same way.Biogas energy can also be produced from the anaerobic digestion of various crops. However. The resulting product is called digestion residue or bio-manure.5 Conclusion We propose other alternatives to improve the life quality in a smart city. The biogas process has been used by mankind for more than 100 years and improvements are still being made. and it is not necessary to remove carbon dioxide. the excess renewable energy in the city is not a problem. When used directly for production of heat or electricity. but if a benefit. For that reason. The biogas process is of great interest. since by controlling the natural process of biological decomposition. biogas emissions from existing landfills can also be collected and used. we speak of Biogas. 14 .

Figure 13: Organic waste treatment 15 .

argument 8. 16 . Life architecture. .6 List of references Magazine: AV. nº 31.

7 Internet Resources http://www.html http://www.do http://www.eu http://www.pdf 17 .com/watch?v=YOFPM5dnUnM http://www.alibaba.at http://www.bestpractices.ormi.es/contenidos/CAMUNISO/info/763189normalv.html http://www.com/DYC/SHI_441-AFONDO-TIDSmart_cities/seccion=1188&idioma=es_ES&id=2011050916510001&activo=4.smart-cities.es/about/ http://sociedadinformacion.youtube.upv.valdespartera.com/r_files/59-BIOGAS_PDF_Eng.fundacion.telefonica.designbuild-network.com/product-gs/puxin-septic-tank-biogas-power-plant-system553331224.com/projects/logrono-montecorvo/ http://www.org http://spanish.smartcities.