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Copper Tubes - ASTM B88

Copper Water and Gas Tube according ASTM B 88 - imperial units
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Dimensions of copper tubes according ASTM B88 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR SEAMLESS
COPPER WATER TUBE can be found in the table below:

Type K
Nominal
Size
(inches)
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6

Actual Outside
Diameter
(inches)
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1 1/8
1 3/8
1 5/8
2 1/8
2 5/8
3 1/8
3 5/8
4 1/8
5 1/8
6 1/8

0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875
1.125
1.375
1.625
2.125
2.625
3.125
3.625
4.125
5.125
6.125

Tolerance on
Wall Thickness
Outside Diameter
(inches)
(inches)
Annealed1) Drawn2) Nominal Tolerance
0.002
0.001
0.035
0.0035
0.0025
0.001
0.049
0.005
0.0025
0.001
0.049
0.005
0.0025
0.001
0.049
0.005
0.003
0.001
0.065
0.006
0.0035 0.0015 0.065
0.006
0.004
0.0015 0.065
0.006
0.0045
0.002
0.072
0.007
0.005
0.002
0.083
0.008
0.005
0.002
0.095
0.010
0.005
0.002
0.109
0.011
0.005
0.002
0.120
0.012
0.005
0.002
0.134
0.013
0.005
0.002
0.160
0.016
0.005
0.002
0.192
0.019

Weight
(lb/ft)
0.133
0.269
0.344
0.418
0.641
0.837
1.04
1.36
2.06
2.92
4.00
5.12
6.51
9.67
13.87

Copper tubes of type K are thick walled, much thicker than type L and M and are used for domestic
water-, service and distribution-, fire protection-, solar-, fuel and oil-, HVAC-, compressed air-, oxygen-,
LPG gas-, snow melting-, steam- and vacuum-systems.
Be careful with copper tubes and natural gas. Due to odor additives, moisture content and type of solders
used the tubes may crack. Copper tubes is not allowed by code in the US for natural gas distribution.
Copper tubes of type K can be used sweat, flared and compression fittings. Available in hard and soft
types.

Type L

025 0.006 0.20 Standard copper tubes of type L are used for interior above ground plumbing .100 0.004 0.125 1.002 0.0025 0.203 0.625 2.006 0.011 0.625 3.002 0. Type M Nominal Size (inches) 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 2 Actual Outside Diameter (inches) 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1/8 1 3/8 1 5/8 2 1/8 0.005 0.625 2.004 0.003 0.0015 0.035 0.455 0.0015 0.002 0.125 Tolerance on Wall Thickness Outside Diameter (inches) (inches) Annealed1) Drawn2) Nominal Tolerance 0.0025 0.29 5.035 0.002 0. fuel and oil-.33 4.055 0.014 Weight (lb/ft) 0.001 0.0035 0.0025 0.0025 0.004 0.0015 0.61 10.045 0.049 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.75 2.058 0.050 0.028 0.362 0.328 0.375 0.125 3.875 1.375 1.002 0.375 1.002 0.070 0. HVAC-.003 0.001 0.0045 0.94 1. service and distribution-.002 0.002 0.001 0.042 0.750 0.750 0.007 0.0025 0.625 0. snow meltingand vacuum-systems.004 0.032 0.0015 0.008 0.005 0.003 0.005 0.140 0.125 5.875 1.48 3.030 0.500 0.005 0.198 0.090 0.040 0.060 0. fire protection-.001 0.006 Weight (lb/ft) 0.125 1.625 0.14 1.003 0.0025 0.38 7.001 0.125 0.080 0.012 0.domestic water-.002 0.004 0.001 0. Only seat and flare fittings are legal for gas lines.263 0.001 0.001 0.375 0.500 0.655 0.002 0.125 Tolerance on Wall Thickness Outside Diameter (inches) (inches) Annealed1) Drawn2) Nominal Tolerance 0.002 0.46 .005 0.106 0. compressed air-. Available in hard and soft types.005 0. LPG gas-.004 0.0035 0.010 0.004 0.144 0.Nominal Size (inches) 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 3 1/2 4 5 6 Actual Outside Diameter (inches) 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1/8 1 3/8 1 5/8 2 1/8 2 5/8 3 1/8 3 5/8 4 1/8 5 1/8 6 1/8 0.625 4. Copper tubes of type L can be used with sweat.0045 0.005 0.125 6. solar-.004 0. compression and flare fittings.126 0.884 1.042 0.005 0.114 0.005 0.681 0.001 0.464 0.125 2.005 0.009 0.285 0.003 0.

similar applications for the conveyance of fluids.005 0. service and distribution-. by the installation and service conditions.625 3.083 0.91 Copper tubes of type M are used for interior domestic water-. fuel and oil-. in the drawn temper.007 0. The type of copper water tube suitable for any particular application is determined by the internal or external fluid pressure.095 0.096 m).002 0.and vacuum-systems.002 0.125 6.005 0. and with solder-type fittings.58 4.66 6. Wall thickness less than type K and L. The B88 specification covers seamless copper water tube suitable for general plumbing.625 4. Types A and B tube.008 0.072 0.68 3. Means of joining or bending are also factors that affect the selection of the type of tube to be used.005 0.012 2. The standard length for drawn tubes are 20 ft (6. This specification is the imperial companion of Specification B 88M.011 0. flared. are suitable for use with certain types and sizes of compression fittings.2 1/2 3 3 1/2 4 5 6 2 5/8 3 1/8 3 5/8 4 1/8 5 1/8 6 1/8 2.002 0.006 0.005 0.125 3.109 0. provided rounding and sizing of the tube ends is performed where needed.002 0. or compression-type fittings. 2) Drawn temper tube is suitable for use with solder-type fittings.4 mm 1) Annealed tube is suitable for use with flared or compression fittings. solar-.125 0. .  1 in (inch) = 25. Copper tubes type M are normally used with flare fittings.002 0.03 2.005 0.66 8.125 5.065 0. Available in soft and hard types. fire protection-.122 0. and by local requirements.010 0. HVAC-.005 0. and commonly used with solder. snow melting.002 0.