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Nominal Pipe Size

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1 History 2 Application 3 NPS tables for selected sizes o 3.1 NPS ⅛ to NPS 3½ o 3.2 NPS 4 to NPS 9 o 3.3 NPS 10 to NPS 24 4 See also 5 Sources 6 References

Nominal Pipe Size (NPS) is a North American set of standard sizes for pipes used for high or low pressures and temperatures.[1] Pipe size is specified with two non-dimensional numbers: a nominal pipe size (NPS) based on inches, and a schedule (Sched. or Sch.). NPS is often incorrectly called National Pipe Size, due to confusion with national pipe thread (NPT). For other pipe size standards, see pipe (material) - sizes. The European designation equivalent to NPS is DN (diamètre nominal/nominal diameter), in which sizes are measured in millimetres.[2] The term NB (nominal bore) is also frequently used interchangeably with NPS.

[edit] History
In March 1927, the American Standards Association authorized a committee to standardize the dimensions of wrought steel and wrought iron pipe and tubing. At that time only a small selection of wall thicknesses were in use: standard weight (STD), extra-strong

and double extra-heavy (XXH). XS. Since the original schedules were created. respectively).75 inches. . which are based on ASME standards B36. However. However the NPS and OD values are not always equal. however the numbers deviated so far from wall thicknesses in common use that this original intent could not be accomplished. but must be fusion welded. In other words. and other "S" sizes followed later.[3] Stainless steel pipes. and XXS would be phased out by schedule numbers. the NPS and OD values are different. there have been many revisions and additions to the tables of pipe sizes based on industry use and on standards from API. For example.437 inches. (Note that for tubing. The original intent was that each schedule would relate to a given pressure rating. the OD of an NPS 12 pipe is actually 12. refer to the tables below. To find the actual OD for each NPS value. had been created. NPS 14 Sch 40 has an OD of 14 inches and a wall thickness of 0. an NPS 14 pipe is actually 14 inches OD. and double extra-strong (XXS). however those original terms are still in common use today (although sometimes referred to as standard. the size is always the actual OD. the pipe outside diameter (OD) and wall thickness can be obtained from reference tables such as those below. the smaller "S" sizes can not be threaded together according to ASME code. By 1949 thinner schedules 5S and 10S. extra-heavy (XH).   For NPS ⅛ to 12 inches. the NPS and OD values are equal.) For NPS 14 inches and up.[3][4] Also. and others. The reason for the discrepancy for NPS ⅛ to 12 inches is that these NPS values were originally set to give the same inside diameter (ID) based on wall thicknesses standard at the time.19M. which can create confusion.[5] [edit] Application Based on the NPS and schedule of a pipe.(XS). permitted the use of thinner pipe walls with much less risk of failure due to corrosion. it was hoped that the designations of STD. as the set of available wall thicknesses evolved. ASTM. However these three sizes did not fit all applications. which were based on the pressure requirements modified to the nearest BWG number.[3] although IPS and NPS numbers remain equivalent. the ID changed and NPS became only indirectly related to ID and OD.10M and B36. based on the iron pipe size (IPS) system of the day. Due to their thin walls. For example. The committee surveyed the industry and created a system of schedule numbers that designated wall thicknesses based on smaller steps between sizes. in 1939. which were coming into more common use in the mid 20th century.

035 in (0. Different definitions exist for XXS.468 mm) 0.235 mm) 0. For a given schedule. so strictly speaking the "S" designation only differentiates B36.540 in (13. and 80S is identical to 80 for NPS 1/8 to NPS 8.073 in (1.854 mm) 0.083 in (2. for example "NPS Sch 10S".095 in (2.651 mm) 0.675 in (17.057 in (1.170 in (4.109 in (2.413 mm) 0. XS is identical to SCH 80S.405 in (10.088 in (2. the OD stays fixed and the wall thickness increases with schedule.073 in (1.147 in (3.651 mm) 0.200 mm) 0. but it is generally thicker than schedule 160. most often indicates stainless steel pipes.840 in (21.19M pipe from B36.095 in (2.308 in XXS 20 1.154 in SCH 120 ------0.108 mm) 0.[1] Both polyvinyl chloride pipe (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinyl chloride pipe (CPVC) are made in NPS sizes.889 mm) 0.049 in (1. it can be shown that pressure rating decreases with increasing NPS and constant schedule.050 in .023 mm) 0. The "S" designation.769 mm) 0. although these actually belong to an older system called iron pipe size (IPS).For a given NPS. Using equations and rules in ASME B31. [edit] NPS tables for selected sizes [edit] NPS ⅛ to NPS 3½ [6] NPS ⅛ ¼ ⅜ ½ ¾ DN mm 6 8 10 15 OD inches (millimeters) 0. inclusive. However some stainless steel pipes are available in steel designations.083 in SCH 30 0.049 in (1.311 mm) 0.068 in (1. extra strong (XS).[4] Some specifications use pipe schedules called standard wall (STD).065 in (1.091 in (2.318 mm) --------0.29 mm) 0.119 in (3. and 40S is identical to 40 for NPS 1/8 to NPS 10.065 in (1.448 mm) 0. The IPS number is the same as the NPS number.72 mm) 0.651 mm) 0. and double extra strong (XXS).065 in SCH 10 0.245 mm) 0.3 Process Piping.294 in (7.10M pipe.113 in SCH 80 0.095 in SCH 40 0. the OD increases with NPS while the wall thickness stays constant or increases. inclusive.15 mm) 0.734 mm) 0.245 mm) 0.126 in (3.413 mm) 0. STD is identical to SCH 40S.34 mm) Wall Thickness inches (millimeters) SCH 5 0.065 in (1.049 in (1.854 mm) 0.727 mm) 0.245 mm) 0.

048 mm) (2.775 mm) 0.683 mm) 0.600 in (15.125 in (3.769 mm) 0.437 in (11.145 in (3.010 mm) 0.276 in (7.556 mm) 0.823 mm) 0.16 mm) 1.021 mm) 0.350 in (8.651 mm) 0.775 mm) 0.620 mm) 0.188 in (4.651 mm) 0.90 mm) 4.851 mm) 0.108 (3.636 in (16.133 in (3.703 mm) 0.000 --115 in (127.375 in (60.083 in 0.216 in (5.912 mm) 0.218 in (5.175 mm) 0.240 mm) 0.500 0.769 mm) 0.191 in (4.30 mm) mm) mm) 5.140 in (3.120 in (3.048 --100 (114.281 in 0.160 mm) 0.200 in (5.109 in (2.972 mm) 0.074 mm) 0.154 mm) [edit] NPS 4 to NPS 9 Wall Thickness OD inches (millimeters) NPS DN inches [6] mm (millim SCH eters) SCH 5 SCH 10 SCH 20 SCH 30 40/STD SCH 60 SCH 80 SCH 100 SCH 120 SCH 140 SCH 160 4 4.740 mm) (3.093 mm) 0.065 in (1.109 in (2.26 mm) 2.156 mm) 0.337 in (4.775 mm) (2.382 in (9.188 in 0.651 mm) 0.000 in (101.109 in (2.120 in (3.300 in (7.109 in (2.413 mm) 0.870 mm) 0.300 in (7.100 mm) ----0.154 in (3.120 in (3.175 mm) 0.017 m --m) 0.048 mm) 0.560 m --mm) mm) m) m) --0.651 mm) 0.436 in (11.67 mm) 1 1¼ 1½ 2 2½ 3 3½ 25 32 40 50 65 80 90 1.108 mm) 0.114 in (2.083 in (2.531 in (13.065 in (1.120 in in (2.274 --mm) 0.350 mm) 0.651 mm) 0.250 in (6.769 mm) 0.890 mm) --- (7.33 mm) 2.108 mm) 0.048 mm) 0.60 mm) (1.203 in (5.486 mm) 0.077 mm) ------0.358 in (9.020 (7.065 in (1.40 mm) 1.083 in (2.237 in 0.537 mm) 0.117 in (2.547 mm) 0.179 in (4.315 in (33.083 in (2.500 in (88.896 mm) 0.318 in (8.080 mm) 0.378 mm) 0.660 in (42.912 mm) 0.226 in (5.108 mm) 0.355 in (9.400 in (10.875 in (73.(26.900 in (48.125 in (3.769 mm) 0.552 in (14.02 mm) 3.620 mm) 0.065 in (1.00 ----0.108 mm) (2.137 m (8.775 (6.188 in (4.247 in (6.188 in (4.487 mm) --- 4½ --- .

180 in (4.775 mm) 0.191 mm) 0.330 in (8.769 (3.500 in (12.188 in (4.165 in (4.375 in (9.404 --125 (141.769 (3.250 in (6.593 in (15.906 in (23.925 mm) SCH 30 0.625 0.191 mm) 0.375 in (9.250 in 0.312 in (7.05 mm) 12.775 mm) SCH 10 0.85 mm) 14.75 in (273.312 in (7.75 in (323.562 in (14.134 in in (2.307 in (7.237 mm) --0.00 in (355.775 mm) 0.180 in (4.012 mm) 6 --- --- --- 8 8.962 mm) 0.962 mm) 0.165 in (4.250 in (6.437 in (11.553 --mm) 0.812 in (20.312 in (7.322 in 0.165 in (4.20 mm) Wall Thickness inches (millimeters) SCH 5s 0.191 mm) 0.525 mm) 0.525 mm) 0.134 in (3.406 in in (2.165 in (4.109 in 0.156 in (3.112 --mm) 0.250 in (6.156 in (3.100 mm) 10 12 14 16 18 .350 mm) 0.759 (6.350 mm) 0.191 mm) 0.27 mm) mm) mm) --0.625 in (15.191 mm) 0.719 in (18.500 in (12.312 200 (219.572 mm) 0.148 in 0.625 mm) [edit] NPS 10 to NPS 24 [6] NPS DN mm 250 300 350 400 450 OD inches (millimeters) 10.036 (8.00 in (406.191 mm) SCH 5 0.280 in (7.875 mm) 0.925 mm) 0.375 in (9.925 mm) 0.165 in (4.188 in (4.250 in (6.191 mm) SCH 10s 0.525 m --m) 0.60 mm) 16.179 (10.404 --150 (168.382 mm) 0.258 in (6.350 (7.432 in (10.718 in (18.700 mm) 0.798 mm) 0.40 mm) 18.973 mm) 0.275 mm) 0.062 mm) 0.188 in (4.563 0.165 in (4.134 in (3.572 mm) 0.134 in in (2.00 in (457.350 mm) SCH 20 0.109 in 0.250 in (6.30 mm) mm) mm) 6.962 mm) 0.404 mm) 0.263 mm) 0.277 in 0.mm) 5 5.156 in (3.165 in (4.109 in 0.350 mm) 0.404 mm) 0.350 mm) 0.769 (3.08 mm) mm) mm) mm) mm) mm) mm) 0.700 mm) 0.625 0.

500 in 0.662 mm) (12.500 in 1.812 in 2.050 mm) (23.675 mm) (45.762 mm) (31.100 mm) (44.525 mm) (12.00 mm) 24.500 in 0.500 in 0.775 mm) 0.700 mm) (17.412 mm) (25.700 mm) (30.937 mm) (36.062 mm) (20.562 in (14.500 in (12.700 mm) (12.687 in 0.450 mm) (49.700 mm) (16.050 mm) (12.925 mm) (39.562 in 0.462 mm) 0.781 in (9.537 mm) 0.406 in 0.= size not designated.062 mm) (18.512 mm) Note: --.400 mm) (28.271 mm) SCH 60 SCH 80s SCH 80 SCH 100 SCH 120 SCH 140 SCH 160 0.375 in 0.712 mm) 0.500 in 1.275 mm) NPS [6] Wall Thickness inches (millimeters) SCH 40s SCH 40 0.750 mm) (35.375 in (9.500 in 0. [edit] See also .775 mm) 0.375 in 0.275 mm) (19.375 mm) (59.365 in (9.593 in 0.031 in 1.750 in 1.025 mm) (52.312 mm) (12.450 mm) (21.500 in 0.412 mm) (26.000 in 1.0 in (508.412 mm) (25.700 mm) (12.237 mm) 0.531 in 1.812 in 0.437 in 0.125 in 1.312 in (9.375 in 0.406 in (9.093 in 1.218 in (5.937 in 1.500 in 0.937 mm) (38.450 mm) (24.700 mm) (26.525 mm) (10.843 in 1.60 mm) 0.375 in (9.218 in 1.968 in 0.700 mm) (21.987 mm) 0.575 mm) (33.187 mm) (32.500 mm) (40.365 in 0.250 in 1.187 mm) (30.700 mm) 0.00 in (609.700 mm) (23.575 mm) 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 0.062 in 2.587 mm) (12.362 mm) (34.375 in 1.271 mm) (9.400 mm) (28.687 in 0.375 in 0.000 in 1.325 mm) 0.500 in 0.375 in 0.250 in (6.537 mm) 0.525 mm) 0.218 in (5.525 mm) (11.593 in (9.375 in 0.188 in (4.625 mm) (12.512 mm) (38.218 in (5.250 in (6.218 in 1.20 24 500 600 20.537 mm) 0.750 in 0.800 mm) (29.100 mm) (15.188 in (4.750 in 0.500 in 1.656 in 0.031 in 1.280 in 1.250 in (6.937 in 1.437 in 1.350 mm) 0.887 mm) (46.156 in 1.525 mm) (14.125 in (12.593 in 0.237 mm) (21.968 in (9.718 in 0.800 mm) (27.562 in 1.350 mm) 0.062 mm) (12.525 mm) (17.343 in (9.700 mm) (15.500 in 0.593 in 0.525 mm) 0.843 in 1.350 mm) 0.843 in 1.525 mm) (15.700 mm) (19.

.). [Nayyar and Mohinder. New York: Industrial Press Inc. ed. p.).E. in Mohinder L. EngineeringToolbox. Engineering Department (1988). Christopher J. Flow of Fluids Through Valves.com. 2. Mohinder L. Piping Handbook (7th ed. 4.wikipedia.10M . 1 ^ NPS . p. Riccardo Heald. Erik.Stainless Steel Pipe. ^ ASME Standard 36. [edit] References ^ a b ASME B36. 3. P. IL: Crane Co.Stainless Steel Pipe.   British standard pipe sizes British standard pipe thread sizes Pipe sizes [edit] Sources       Oberg. ^ a b c d Table of Pipe Schedules from EngineersEdge. Jones. Horton. Fittings.. New York: McGraw-Hill. ASME B36. and Henry H. Nayyar. P. 2000. Franklin D."Diamètre Nominale".] 5. ISBN 0-8311-2635-3. p. Table shows additional schedules.org/wiki/Nominal_Pipe_Size" Categories: Piping | Mechanical standards Views . "A1". and Pipe (Technical Paper No. ANSI/ASME Standard 36.19M-2004.10M-2004. iv 6. ed.com ^ a b c ASME B36. Retrieved from "http://en. ANSI/ASTM Reference R0036 . ISBN 0-07-047106-1."Nominal Pipe Size" and DN .). 410) (25th Printing—1991 ed. iv ^ a b This is contrary to the McGraw Hill Piping Handbook.Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe. Joliet. Ryffel (2000). McCauley.10M-2004.E. (2000). which says that the schedule number can be converted to pressure by dividing the schedule by 1000 and multiplying by the allowable stress of the material.. and Muhammed Iqbal Hussain.19M . sizes and sizes greater than 24". Machinery's Handbook (26th Edition ed. Holbrook L. Nayyar.. 1.

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