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38

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS
B

Universal Beams and Columns

n

r
N

t

D

d

T

BEAMS AND COLUMNS

C

Imperial units

b

Designation
Size
Mass
Per
Metre
in (mm)
W4-4x4
(102x102)
W5-5x3
(127x76)
W5-5x5
(127x127)
W6-6x3
(152x76)
W6-6x3 1/2
(152x89)
W6-6x4
(152x102)
W6-6x6
(152X152)

W7-7x 3 1/2
(178x89)
W7-7x4
(178x102)
W8-8x4
(203x102)

W8-8x5 1/4
(203x133)

W8-8x6 1/2
(203x165)
W8-8x8
(203x203)

W10-10x4
(254x102)

40

Depth
Of
Section

Width
Of
Section

D

B

T

t

Thickness

Root
Radius

Depth
Between
Fillets

Area
Of
Section

r

d

A

Flange Web

Ratios For
Local
Buckling
Flange
Web
b/T
d/t

Dimensions For Detailing
End
Clearance
C

N

n

mm
58
57
56
46

mm
15
15
18
15

Notch

lb/ft
13
13.8
16.3
9

kg/m
19.4
21.0
24.0
13.0

mm
105.7
102.0
107.0
127.0

mm
103.1
102.0
100.0
76.0

mm
8.8
9.4
12.0
7.6

mm
7.1
8.0
7.9
4.0

mm
6.4
6.0
6.0
7.6

mm
75.5
71.2
71.0
96.6

cm2
24.7
26.1
30.9
16.5

5.88
5.43
4.17
5.00

10.6
8.90
8.99
24.2

mm
6
6
6
4

16
19
9
12
11

23.8
28.3
14.0
18.0
16.0

127.3
130.8
150.0
155.0
152.4

127.0
127.8
75.0
75.0
88.7

9.1
10.9
7.0
8.5
7.7

6.1
6.9
5.0
6.0
4.5

7.6
7.6
8.0
8.0
7.6

93.8
93.8
120.0
122.0
121.8

30.4
35.8
17.8
21.6
20.3

6.95
5.86
5.36
4.41
5.76

15.4
13.7
24.0
20.3
27.1

5
5
5
5
4

70
70
45
45
52

17
19
15
17
15

9
12
16
15
15.7
20
25
11
12
15
13

13.4
17.9
23.8
22.3
23.0
30.0
37.0
16.1
18.1
22.2
19.0

149.9
153.2
159.5
152.1
152.4
157.6
161.8
173.0
175.0
179.0
177.8

100.1
101.6
102.4
152.1
152.2
152.9
154.4
90.0
90.0
90.0
101.2

5.5
7.1
10.2
6.6
6.8
9.4
11.5
7.0
8.0
10.0
7.9

4.3
5.8
6.6
5.8
5.8
6.5
8.0
4.5
5.0
6.0
4.8

6.4
6.4
6.4
6.4
7.6
7.6
7.6
8.9
8.9
8.9
7.6

126.3
126.3
126.4
126.2
123.6
123.6
123.6
141.2
141.2
141.2
146.8

17.3
22.9
30.4
28.5
29.2
38.3
47.1
20.4
23.0
28.2
24.3

9.17
7.14
5.02
11.5
11.2
8.13
6.71
6.43
5.63
4.50
6.41

29.2
21.6
19.2
21.6
21.3
19.0
15.5
31.4
28.2
23.5
30.6

4
5
5
5
5
5
6
4
5
5
4

58
58
58
83
83
83
83
53
53
52
58

12
13
17
13
14
17
19
16
17
19
16

10
13
15
16
14
15
17
18
20
21
24
28
31
35
40
48
58
67
12
15
17
19

14.9
19.4
22.3
23.1
21.0
22.3
25.1
26.8
30.0
31.3
35.7
41.7
46.1
52.0
60.0
71.0
86.1
99.7
17.9
22.0
25.2
28.3

200.4
202.9
206.0
203.2
203.0
202.0
203.2
206.8
206.8
210.3
201.4
204.7
203.2
206.2
209.6
215.8
222.2
228.6
250.7
254.0
257.2
260.4

100.1
101.6
102.0
101.8
133.0
133.0
133.2
133.3
133.9
133.9
165.0
166.0
203.6
204.3
205.8
206.4
209.1
210.3
100.6
101.6
101.9
102.2

5.2
6.5
8.0
9.3
6.4
7.0
7.8
8.4
9.6
10.1
10.1
11.8
11.0
12.5
14.2
17.3
20.5
23.8
5.3
6.8
8.4
10.0

4.3
5.8
6.2
5.4
5.0
5.0
5.7
5.8
6.4
6.4
6.2
7.2
7.2
7.9
9.4
10.0
12.7
14.5
4.8
5.7
6.0
6.3

7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
8.0
8.9
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
7.6
7.6
7.6
7.6

174.7
174.7
174.8
169.4
174.2
170.2
172.4
174.8
172.4
174.9
160.8
160.7
160.8
160.8
160.8
160.8
160.8
160.7
224.8
225.2
225.2
225.2

19.1
24.8
28.6
29.4
27.1
28.7
32.0
33.9
38.2
39.6
45.5
53.2
58.7
66.3
76.4
90.4
110
127
22.8
28.0
32.0
36.1

9.61
7.84
6.38
5.47
10.39
9.50
8.54
7.95
6.97
6.63
8.17
7.03
9.25
8.17
7.25
5.97
5.10
4.43
9.44
7.47
6.07
5.11

40.4
29.9
28.1
31.4
34.8
34.0
30.2
29.9
26.9
27.5
25.9
22.2
22.3
20.4
17.1
16.1
12.7
11.1
46.5
39.5
37.5
35.7

4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
8
9
4
5
5
5

58
58
58
58
74
74
74
74
74
74
89
89
108
108
108
108
108
108
58
58
58
58

13
14
16
17
14
16
15
16
17
18
20
22
21
23
24
28
31
34
13
14
16
18

Continental Steel Pte Ltd

45 3.61 8.8 5.13 10.5 2.76 8.6 0.12 4.36 5.15 6.68 7.704 0.842 0.8 30.3 91.881 0.3 24.00199 cm4 6.845 0.0136 0.0 18.3 46.915 0.7 57.3 16.78 13.874 36.853 0.5 0.18 9.0 60.923 0.36 3.2 cm3 47.848 0.876 0.7 46.14 2.10 140 167 88.22 1.74 4.85 7.0139 0.0 13.13 5.8 cm 4.5 22.1 2.836 0.3 24.39 1.4 20.55 2.0 0.35 cm 2.12 3.7 20 25 11 12 15 13 13.3 114 142 164 251 275 308 331 385 405 757 901 1548 1778 2065 2537 3128 3687 90.0 16.00477 0.9 22.4 110 74.8 0.7 109 152 174 201 246 299 351 18.42 9.23 2.0154 0.4 22.4 21.3 14.879 0.33 2.19 8.885 0.00987 1.00357 0.5 60.880 0.911 0.72 8.00377 0.2 137 211 2.0 20.76 9.25 1.875 0.0405 0.1 21.0110 0.2 20.18 4.143 0.4 70.890 13.1 26.12 5.87 8.0212 0.36 8.0261 0.0230 0.0 22.0 16.790 0.877 0.8 32.76 6.1 18.901 0.25 0.5 19.912 0.56 9 12 16 15 15.96 9.1 120 167 159 164 222 273 123 139 171 153 18.897 0.0 19.9 9.6 cm3 31.852 0.738 683 918 1330 1210 1250 1748 2210 1060 1213 1529 1356 91.2 49.02 3.48 2.11 6.861 0.881 0.837 0.8 119 149 179 8.2 0.41 3.04 2.7 16.6 Buckling Parameter Torsional Index Warping Constant Torsional Constant u x H J 0.6 0.8 109 109 49.6 20.29 6.87 2.930 1.2 22.6 14.6 19.1 10.2 9.884 0.885 0.7 cm3 103 104 129 84.3 11.06 2.0 25.2 80.3 29.37 91.0838 0.6 122 137 6.67 2.9 27.2 77.08 2.0326 0.0205 0.67 1.0399 0.8 22.3 88.0 30.36 7.2 89.922 0.0182 0.1 22.8 22.8 25.3 43.21 4.05 3.2 16.2 28.14 2.00470 8.250 0.03 1.848 0.00452 0.21 1.1 32.7 40.0 37.00665 0.15 2.4 31.3 23.48 8.8 14.20 4.886 0.0 55.787 0.53 2.1 11.20 1.9 52.846 0.1 99.9 76.685 0.69 3.856 0.851 0.1 38.0 9 13.746 0.875 0.9 25.0102 0.0294 0.8 41.840 0.7 140 165 231 264 305 374 456 536 28.4 97.586 0.6 24.82 8.890 0.13 16.2 19.2 31.584 0.904 1284 1647 1999 2105 1980 2105 2340 2578 2896 3119 3430 4077 4568 5259 6125 7618 9449 11310 2241 2841 3415 4005 87.9 23.7 15.7 27.0243 0.18 5.9 10.57 Continental Steel Pte Ltd 41 .7 80.1 14.3 23.33 6.866 0.6 73.0 90.21 3.50 5.681 0.888 26.2 158 190 102 126 123 75.0 71.7 41.3 41.96 7.0308 0.70 3.55 1.0 63.8 50.690 0.2 35.0 44.63 10.8 21.167 0.2 112 140 29.5 21.873 0.56 8.874 0.3 10.691 0.5 2.00 13.0 54.6 0.63 5.875 0.4 17.0 36.576 0.00871 0.737 0.4 27.6 37.0693 0.3 23.20 5.00832 0.83 3.4 22.15 4.682 0.599 0.2 37.4 89.5 19.51 6.0 21.4 13.0 23.91 8.2 34.61 6.2 3.4 22.889 0.39 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS y x Imperial units y Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W4-4x4 (102x102) W5-5x3 (127x76) W5-5x5 (127x127) W6-6x3 (152x76) W6-6x3 1/2 (152x89) W6-6x4 (152x102) W6-6x6 (152X152) W7-7x 3 1/2 (178x89) W7-7x4 (178x102) W8-8x4 (203x102) W8-8x5 1/4 (203x133) W8-8x6 1/2 (203x165) W8-8x8 (203x203) W10-10x4 (254x102) BEAMS AND COLUMNS x lb/ft kg/m 13 19.19 1.04 1.08 4.849 0.3 25.0374 0.5 60.99 2.44 9.00253 0.68 8.42 5.8 28.888 0.0 86.2 20.588 0.869 0.81 4.24 1.4 15.54 6.827 0.4 61.10 3.56 8.1 27.537 cm4 472 456 587 473 cm4 160 167 200 55.882 0.09 3.847 0.5 27.0 31.5 35.4 125 183 387 400 560 706 85.7 50.5 29.16 4.779 0.38 4.5 21.17 3.16 8.28 4.8 47.895 10.71 8.46 8.4 91.0280 1.06 2.794 0.0 11.91 10.41 10 13 15 16 14 15 17 18 20 21 24 28 31 35 40 48 58 67 12 15 17 19 14.867 0.85 16 19 9 12 11 23.24 6.914 0.20 7.30 5.0 0.0 25.52 6.4 13.22 128 162 194 207 195 208 230 249 280 297 341 398 450 510 584 706 850 990 179 224 266 308 17.4 17.00588 0.3 dm6 0.7 42.2 92.197 0.0 102 136 190 177 182 248 309 138 157 195 171 28.850 0.9 21.34 5.1 52.0109 0.7 17.84 cm3 89.00323 0.0 Surface Area per Metre Second Moment Of Area Axis Axis x-x y-y Radius Of Gyration Axis Axis x-x y-y Elastic Modulus Plastic Modulus Axis x-x Axis y-y Axis x-x Axis y-y m2 0.30 2.387 0.5 29.869 0.3 46.26 7.0 16.3 35.0137 0.68 3.7 49.28 9.8 17.00680 0.3 0.81 3.844 0.890 0.318 0.9 19.4 17.4 31.4 33.55 8.78 3.638 892 1092 666 841 834 312 380 49.9 145 187 222 234 218 232 258 279 314 333 378 445 497 567 656 799 977 1150 207 259 306 353 27.29 7.3 22.2 59.8 58.

5 67.7 16.57 8.9 265.6 9.8 75.4 303.6 7.6 8.6 mm 145.6 199.0 146.1 25.7 12.5 67.6 20.0 6.4 307.0 41.0 6.7 199.3 199.1 102 113 129 136 146 167 168 190 213 26.2 266.3 199.6 7.09 7.76 5.2 15.2 275.7 211.6 7.7 15.6 33.0 47.53 7.6 46.1 80.8 10.0 7.3 306.9 275.4 33.1 256.0 26.0 13.1 308.1 14.6 7.1 252.5 8.9 54.1 11.8 258.3 256.4 29.8 101.0 41.7 261.1 6.4 31.7 12.7 246.4 12.1 114.1 11.8 13.5 15.7 12.8 30.8 246.6 101.3 205.6 7.4 88.3 6.4 146.4 256.7 12.72 6.2 253.5 9.6 5.2 39.6 12.17 7.46 7.0 203.7 312.6 7.8 275.8 34.6 85.3 124.2 5.54 8.49 7.0 84.0 62.0 164.3 262.2 13.6 202.0 225.7 166.2 44.0 249.4 61.9 15.82 7.2 15.4 303.6 306.4 10.9 7.0 165.3 11.6 7.2 265.2 107.5 31.85 44.7 7.8 24.6 10.7 7.8 6.19 7.7 66.5 14.2 275.7 12.9 12.3 199.7 200.6 17.4 123.8 167.9 289.5 73.0 Dimensions For Detailing End Clearance C N n mm 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 8 6 10 6 7 7 8 8 9 10 10 11 12 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 6 7 mm 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 107 107 107 107 107 133 133 133 133 133 133 133 133 133 133 58 58 58 58 58 68 68 68 90 89 90 90 90 89 90 108 108 108 133 133 mm 14 16 17 19 19 20 21 24 26 25 28 29 27 28 30 32 33 35 38 38 41 44 13 14 15 16 18 20 21 23 15 17 19 19 21 21 23 28 30 31 30 31 Notch .3 309.4 16.14 4.1 32.3 17.62 4.74 5.8 207.8 13.2 276.6 6.3 254.2 202.2 100.6 36.3 101.6 8.6 16.0 5.6 16.9 275.2 41.4 54.6 199.1 39.3 264.7 12.7 40.3 199.2 15.2 48.18 8.6 200.7 41.6 131 132 148.6 8.80 5.6 7.3 44.2 29.9 265.4 9.3 85.9 8.4 108 93.3 275.7 200.0 262.0 38.8 36.8 73.40 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS B Universal Beams and Columns n r N t D d BEAMS AND COLUMNS T C Imperial units b Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W10-10x5 3/4 (254x146) W10-10x8 (254x203) W10-10x10 (254x254) W12-12x4 (305x102) W12-12x5 (305x127) W12-12x6 1/2 (305x165) W12-12x8 (305x203) W12-12x10 (305x254) 42 lb/ft 16 21 22 25 26 29 30 33 39 42 45 57 49 54 60 68 72 77 88 89 100 112 14 16 16.7 12.6 165.6 7.5 55.3 28.6 7.5 19 22 25 28 32 21 26 27 30 31 35 36 40 45 50 53 58 kg/m 24.8 260.6 9.83 7.1 146.4 258.3 19.6 254.9 254.2 14.8 165.3 21.9 16.8 23.4 15.3 125.6 147.9 11.1 254.3 19.2 19.99 6.0 224.7 10.5 310.8 39.2 mm 224.3 47.6 7.8 256.9 11.8 28.2 27.8 102.2 7.1 25.5 36.8 79.7 43.18 5.33 8.5 27.9 86.7 269.0 13.1 302.48 11.3 164.5 100 110 Flange Web Continental Steel Pte Ltd Ratios For Local Buckling Flange Web b/T d/t 11.9 246.4 49.31 6.2 265.2 94.3 28.6 317.5 304.2 33.09 7.8 37.1 54.3 260.1 Thickness Root Radius Depth Between Fillets Area Of Section r d A mm 7.00 6.60 5.8 6.6 7.40 8.2 15.8 47.0 219.4 8.6 35.1 12.2 219.8 199.9 7.78 4.8 56.7 304.1 30.9 203.86 5.0 224.1 10.4 8.7 12.0 310.4 306.2 275.0 306.0 38.8 13.0 8.3 204.6 46.08 8.49 6.8 10.4 22.3 mm 6.6 265.2 15.2 246.7 12.6 7.1 52.26 5.1 5.7 12.7 12.2 8.2 25.3 257.96 8.9 62.5 8.7 200.6 166.6 7.2 311.2 32.1 8.3 49.3 309.8 47.4 8.0 12.0 265.0 6.7 12.2 mm 5.0 44.7 12.72 9.0 9.70 7.4 313.8 275.0 74.6 8.5 258.7 68.16 4.8 34.1 58.9 101.8 9.3 51.2 11.5 305.0 251.7 13.31 5.9 199.1 20.6 200.9 247.4 259.3 147.0 5.6 265.5 58.7 5.49 6.0 6.02 6.9 7.0 16.2 15.7 12.7 12.5 22.9 265.7 7.58 6.0 59.8 219.3 281.9 7.41 6.0 29.4 78.9 48.0 146.8 37.33 8.0 14.3 258.5 12.8 cm2 31.7 6.3 Depth Of Section Width Of Section D B T t mm 253.3 276.7 246.7 37.0 31.9 41.9 8.3 56.1 31.1 23.2 53.6 14.2 275.7 12.6 49.7 199.6 7.

849 0.5 24.38 1.93 5.211 0.2 44.4 33.48 3.442 0.0260 0.103 0.851 0.1 54 80.849 0.0 57 84.3 16.40 1.3 12.1 25.3 65.1 54.1 24.3 11.1 10.889 0.3 13.3 17.38 1.850 0.1 37.1 11.30 6.8 11.69 6.1 13.9 117 123 155 194 335 389 461 544 720 764 841 896 1019 1063 1823 2078 2337 3986 4444 Radius Of Gyration Axis Axis x-x y-y Axis x-x Axis y-y Axis x-x Axis y-y cm 10.9 24.0 13.265 0.9 58 86.86 3.6 18.2 13.8 49 73.9 12.898 0.2 14.3 12.990 0.19 1.8 10.9 12.55 6.5 23.24 1.4 11.6 22.1 100 119 122 141 144 229 280 271 331 385 465 512 575 657 697 752 869 878 999 1137 31.882 0.07 1.03 4.0 21 31.26 1.6 24.7 dm6 0.164 0.1 10.72 3.6 92.848 0.887 0.0494 0.0 30 44.0 13.7 27 40.9 68 101 72 107 77 115 88 131 89 132 100 149 112 167 14 20.36 Elastic Modulus Plastic Modulus Continental Steel Pte Ltd Buckling Parameter Torsional Index u x H J 38.254 0.6 11.6 86.5 12.1 12.01 1.0 79.6 29.08 2.6 75.8 20.873 0.0 10.91 3.08 1.2 11.8 14.5 0.3 8.9 54.31 1.1 31.9 20.06 1.887 0.850 0.849 0.859 0.0737 0.2 21.59 6.6 73.3 30 44.25 1.16 1.9 13.872 0.0 28 41.0273 0.7 18.102 0.08 1.09 1.9 25.0 94.5 21.93 4.0442 0.891 0.3 21.91 1.26 1.8 31.9 11.195 0.24 1.6 102 148 172 213 314 319 452 626 2.8 6.4 92.985 0.3 13.96 15.63 0.3 11.7 11.0660 0.3 24.4 37.2 30.8 25 37.866 0.992 1.5 12.7 29 43.52 1.880 0.888 0.0921 0.0 43.58 0.8 21.16 8.9 61.3 42.832 0.9 15.54 1.7 26.5 45 67.236 0.8 48.849 0.8 10.6 10.0 40.77 7.6 66.889 0.48 6.7 102 108 122 127 179 203 228 314 349 cm3 308 393 426 483 510 566 597 634 765 768 898 1067 992 1091 1224 1398 1484 1599 1850 1869 2127 2424 286 329 342 403 481 539 614 711 476 609 623 703 720 838 846 938 1060 1183 1276 1411 cm3 69.91 4.4 87.874 0.45 3.0 93.842 0.67 6.27 1.40 12.77 5.86 3.0 40 59.890 0.5 18.4 116 102 134 142 156 166 188 196 274 311 349 477 531 cm 3.881 0.0216 0.09 4.50 1.4 cm3 275 351 381 433 455 504 530 572 688 676 803 925 898 983 1096 1241 1313 1408 1613 1631 1838 2075 243 281 292 348 416 471 534 616 428 548 560 629 646 747 754 847 952 1056 1156 1275 cm3 44.851 0.8 150 184 175 217 247 307 338 379 432 458 494 570 576 655 744 19.5 65.3 23.08 1.2 29.6 17.0 42 62.6 33 49.37 3.2 30.0 38.878 Warping Constant Torsional Constant 43 .7 25 37.08 1.8 39.49 1.26 1.58 1.8 16 23.6 31 46.9 13.1 21 31.234 0.5 60.0847 0.5 45 67.503 0.956 cm4 4.889 0.1 35 52.3 9.5 62.5 12.29 1.121 0.36 3.55 1.880 0.27 4.6 73.9 13.94 4.4 18.163 0.849 0.96 1.876 0.891 0.90 3.5 37.850 0.51 1.976 1.888 0.889 0.4 11.0 50 74.8 19 28.97 6.07 1.52 3.2 12.5 10.0 26 38.39 1.3 98.562 0.717 0.3 11.846 0.52 1.1 22 32.82 3.872 0.4 53 78.4 23.81 1.3 15.06 1.41 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS y x Imperial units y Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W10-10x5 3/4 (254x146) W10-10x8 (254x203) W10-10x10 (254x254) W12-12x4 (305x102) W12-12x5 (305x127) W12-12x6 1/2 (305x165) W12-12x8 (305x203) W12-12x10 (305x254) BEAMS AND COLUMNS x lb/ft kg/m 16 24.848 0.59 Second Moment Of Area Axis Axis x-x y-y cm4 3477 4413 4917 5537 5974 6544 7048 7071 8672 8430 10300 11930 11410 12590 14270 16390 17510 18950 22210 22530 25900 30000 3682 4274 4455 5366 6501 7166 8196 9575 6554 8498 8503 9864 9899 11860 11700 12840 14570 16350 17700 19740 cm4 326 448 475 571 584 677 692 1517 1865 1807 2214 2606 3908 4304 4858 5558 5928 6391 7436 7531 8598 9870 97.2 22 32.56 1.380 0.6 28.3 Surface Area per Metre m2 1.9 32 48.1 11.27 1.4 12.1 36 54.851 0.6 10.8 45.7 22.4 62.73 6.61 6.890 0.192 0.5 50.0723 0.7 27.49 6.0 85.8 34.93 4.623 0.2 13.67 2.28 1.846 0.09 1.7 11.889 0.0857 0.49 1.111 0.9 11.9 11.321 0.4 60 88.15 2.4 31.0 13.873 0.384 0.3 10.70 2.25 1.5 11.8 16.0 29.1 39 58.00 1.74 3.0349 0.5 14.49 4.878 0.97 2.57 6.23 3.0 78.3 109 57.91 6.5 11.5 23.0 26 38.55 9.6 10.

3 373.7 246.9 17.2 15.4 38.6 289.2 15.4 201.1 171.9 10.7 290.2 15.2 308.7 246.2 15.8 289.0 15.5 318.4 15.2 349.7 246.2 15.13 7.5 136.8 307.42 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS B Universal Beams and Columns n r N t d D BEAMS AND COLUMNS T C Imperial units b Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W12-12x12 (305x305) W14-14x5 (356x127) W14-14x6 3/4 (356x171) W14-14x8 (356x203) W14-14x10 (356x254) W14-14x14 1/2 (356x368) 44 lb/ft 65 72 79 87 92 96 106 120 133 136 152 161 170 190 210 230 252 278 279 305 336 22 26 30 34 38 45 43 48 53 61 68 74 82 87 90 99 103 109 119 120 132 136 kg/m 96.7 21.4 9.4 27.2 15.9 38.46 6.2 15.2 91.1 48.8 255.9 363.0 353.2 15.6 356.6 289.5 322.2 367.7 246.5 356.2 289.0 374.6 402.3 333.5 10.4 126.3 322.6 44.2 15.1 7.2 15.8 333.92 10.9 47.9 340.57 6.0 18.3 13.3 22.7 253.4 31.7 246.2 19.4 374.7 246.9 25.6 246.6 289.2 15.0 317.7 62.3 368.5 172.1 20.6 290.9 22.5 355.2 10.9 312.8 57.2 15.2 15.9 12.9 41.4 16.1 16.9 Depth Of Section Width Of Section D B T t mm 307.4 365.8 30.8 30.49 7.7 9.7 246.0 28.9 25.7 415 454 500 33.1 31.1 204.7 68.0 204.2 15.2 352.1 122 129 133.7 246.8 23.75 6.2 177 178.4 8.89 8.5 81.5 427.2 15.0 125.2 289.22 4.9 129.6 9.1 49.0 71.4 347.94 24.97 6.47 51.0 7.0 19.9 21.1 45.22 5.7 17.8 35.6 289.7 12.2 203.2 10.45 2.7 246.5 11.80 7.9 311.6 359.0 318.1 202.35 6.37 3.4 78.76 6.7 246.1 39.2 289.1 333.6 382.9 311.0 358.3 14.5 10.0 363.6 37.6 374.1 22.98 8.2 15.2 10.8 8.9 147.66 2.8 246.8 257.57 5.6 20.5 42.1 9.1 359.8 356.6 352.3 320.0 13.7 16.11 2.89 2.2 27.2 15.8 289.0 24.7 75.7 246.3 353.5 27.5 18.7 39.2 44.03 3.65 3.6 311.2 15.4 351.5 30.9 314.0 mm 9.7 362.6 311.7 15.4 11.2 312.6 13.7 mm 15.58 6.8 23.2 339.6 414.6 198.8 372.3 45.2 12.3 305.21 8.2 15.7 10.49 7.8 327.62 5.23 7.2 173.0 32.5 Thickness Root Radius Depth Between Fillets Area Of Section r d A mm 15.7 246.6 311.96 4.2 324.2 100 115 129 141 155 164 171 188 195 207 226 228 250 257 Flange Web Continental Steel Pte Ltd Ratios For Local Buckling Flange Web b/T d/t 9.1 38.7 246.15 6.7 11.34 5.5 371.9 23.6 Dimensions For Detailing End Clearance C N n mm 7 7 8 9 9 9 10 11 12 12 13 14 14 15 17 18 20 21 21 23 25 5 5 6 6 6 7 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 7 8 8 8 9 9 9 10 10 mm 158 157 158 157 158 157 158 157 158 157 157 158 157 158 157 157 157 157 157 157 157 70 70 92 92 92 92 108 108 108 132 132 132 132 189 189 189 189 189 189 189 189 189 mm 31 32 34 36 37 38 40 43 47 47 51 53 55 59 63 68 72 78 78 84 90 19 21 20 22 23 26 29 30 32 32 33 35 37 33 33 35 36 37 39 39 41 42 Notch .3 52.3 18.66 2.0 171.4 12.38 5.2 110.8 101.4 226.0 15.6 57.4 402.1 314.3 19.2 15.2 9.6 311.2 15.3 11.9 107.5 10.7 20.1 178.2 15.1 64.6 7.5 342 375 413.22 7.9 12.6 311.52 7.97 5.0 363.2 10.6 348.2 62.0 372.26 7.2 10.82 7.1 13.7 290.2 15.1 9.3 12.7 246.6 85.3 152.8 246.2 37.2 cm2 123 136 150 165 174 182 201 228 252 258 289 306 323 360 399 437 478 529 528 578 638 42.5 25.2 15.2 15.4 15.0 67.4 355.2 15.7 289.9 26.2 15.0 57.9 162.9 10.2 10.8 246.2 15.6 196.9 327.95 8.7 17.12 6.6 368.5 330.41 5.2 240 253 282.4 33.9 254.8 158.3 17.7 22.7 290.83 7.1 6.9 142.0 6.5 34.6 18.01 4.2 15.6 21.8 14.5 315.7 246.79 6.8 289.2 15.7 246.2 10.3 64.6 289.4 319.0 19.4 26.6 mm 305.2 15.1 117.8 18.2 340.2 mm 246.6 372.97 6.8 336.7 20.2 15.0 16.2 15.7 13.0 51.5 23.0 309.9 90.91 8.4 17.2 15.9 17.46 4.3 391.2 15.8 20.1 23.34 8.2 15.0 350.5 13.6 311.4 308.6 21.0 370.1 8.9 72.7 368.6 35.8 370.

44 1.69 1.0 14.9 14.75 1.2 8.412 0.882 0.1 90.852 0.2 15.91 3.58 2.11 5.874 0.49 9.7 13.8 113 129 157 185 210 234 351 396 435 480 793 818 904 948 1003 1102 1106 1221 1264 cm3 1592 1767 1958 2164 2297 2413 2680 3053 3440 3501 3975 4247 4502 5105 5703 6332 7020 7890 7888 8807 9882 543 659 775 896 1010 1211 1138 1285 1424 1668 1878 2058 2270 2479 2565 2838 2965 3142 3455 3475 3838 3972 cm3 726 806 895 990 1053 1106 1230 1399 1581 1606 1823 1951 2064 2342 2613 2898 3211 3604 3602 4006 4487 70.98 2.18 4.8 94.04 2.884 0.91 1.69 7.9 23.3 21.0 15.0 14.15 8.54 9.27 8.49 9.09 6.18 1.1 9.2 122 161 212 249 285 378 537 734 771 1074 1271 1480 2034 2693 3490 4495 5953 5946 7719 10110 8.48 1.43 6.1 6.844 0.871 0.844 0.4 78.96 1.286 0.14 2.5 19.851 0.5 14.0 16.87 1.3 21.43 9.80 1.842 0.3 0.7 17.26 6.83 5.8 15.77 7.0 51.2 60.2 14.94 1.16 2.6 14.853 0.7 43.2 10.851 0.7 8.1 cm3 1445 1596 1760 1936 2048 2148 2369 2675 2995 3041 3424 3643 3844 4318 4779 5261 5783 6437 6435 7122 7913 473 576 687 796 896 1071 1024 1151 1271 1505 1686 1840 2018 2264 2335 2571 2685 2834 3103 3115 3422 3538 cm3 479 531 589 651 692 728 808 917 1037 1052 1193 1276 1349 1529 1702 1886 2087 2339 2338 2599 2907 44.87 3.854 0.76 3.7 16.5 13.3 126 161 211 153 169 223 251 296 381 390 511 558 0.851 0.80 4.6 16.3 89.6 6.0 15.6 15.3 14.850 0.38 1.88 3.4 13.5 14.39 9.53 2.4 5.8 32.90 7.6 12.330 0.70 2.82 1.32 8.9 107 118 130 137 143 158 179 198 202 226 240 253 283 313 342 375 414 415 454 500 33.36 1.18 2.8 15.2 15.9 15.15 2.84 7.2 14.3 13.0 57.0 71.521 0.41 8.842 0.0 16.35 7.09 6.80 4.4 7.98 2.853 0.34 3.0 16.9 19.4 18.14 2.1 64.1 15.49 8.8 33.844 Warping Constant Torsional Constant 45 .26 1.17 8.2 10.844 0.9 90.850 0.43 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS y x Imperial units y Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W12-12x12 (305x305) W14-14x5 (356x127) W14-14x6 3/4 (356x171) W14-14x8 (356x203) W14-14x10 (356x254) W14-14x14 1/2 (356x368) BEAMS AND COLUMNS x lb/ft 65 72 79 87 92 96 106 120 133 136 152 161 170 190 210 230 252 278 279 305 336 22 26 30 34 38 45 43 48 53 61 68 74 82 87 90 99 103 109 119 120 132 136 kg/m 96.22 2.886 0.842 0.0 42.3 17.46 1.0 16.62 11.5 11.855 0.1 28.3 15.56 1.55 9.2 36.84 4.4 14.40 9.2 14.4 80.59 8.7 13.886 0.7 13.80 2.10 1.886 0.81 1.8 15.84 1.843 0.68 1.99 4.2 5.40 6.69 1.39 2.7 5.881 0.36 1.1 14.8 14.60 Elastic Modulus Plastic Modulus Continental Steel Pte Ltd Buckling Parameter Torsional Index u x H J 19.3 14.105 0.4 55.857 0.8 14.891 0.01 2.86 7.16 2.4 15.86 1.7 15.7 5.82 1.87 1.51 9.679 1.8 23.03 5.59 8.601 0.62 5.856 0.83 1.892 0.33 8.95 4.17 1.0813 0.8 101 110 122 129 134 147 153 162 177 179 196 202 Surface Area per Metre m2 1.88 6.79 15.9 13.9 15.4 25.2 15.7 56.6 19.19 Second Moment Of Area Axis Axis x-x y-y cm4 22250 24830 27670 30810 32820 34670 38750 44560 50900 51790 59610 64200 68490 78870 89270 100600 113200 129600 129500 147600 169000 8250 10170 12070 14140 16040 19460 17760 20170 22480 26540 30060 33120 36680 40250 41580 46240 48590 51540 57120 57290 63720 66260 cm4 7308 8117 9060 10030 10700 11240 12570 14350 16300 16560 18910 20320 21540 24640 27660 30880 34470 39040 39010 43690 49420 280 358 811 968 1108 1362 1874 2140 2391 4451 5048 5569 6175 14610 15080 16730 17550 18600 20530 20600 22820 23690 Radius Of Gyration Axis Axis x-x y-y Axis x-x Axis y-y Axis x-x Axis y-y cm 13.863 0.16 cm4 91.9 16.237 0.4 dm6 1.851 0.83 7.886 0.68 3.850 0.8 24.29 6.09 8.854 0.3 11.860 0.1 45.0 67.69 8.2 13.17 2.61 1.79 1.72 7.43 9.7 7.89 1.2 35.94 8.07 2.855 0.1 39.891 0.80 7.3 15.2 17.861 0.843 0.04 2.856 0.9 15.31 4.17 2.47 1.857 0.37 1.4 15.853 0.31 9.8 13.7 15.02 8.04 8.1 15.6 13.1 147 174 199 243 283 322 359 534 604 665 734 1199 1238 1370 1435 1519 1671 1678 1853 1920 cm 7.9 14.21 6.92 1.6 15.86 3.0 14.

1 818.5 94.2 10.2 10.1 22.1 9.7 407.2 289.0 6.3 448.3 96.4 457.0 261.75 2.2 10.1 436.0 24.2 15.72 56.9 192.4 360.7 35.0 393.5 399.7 19.2 15.0 17.0 9.3 22.0 449.9 10.2 15.9 21.9 71.2 10.71 14.6 407.0 81.2 15.90 7.6 399.3 53.2 85.75 7.9 442.5 393 421.4 11.3 59.7 289.6 445.3 82.6 360.48 8.2 15.2 15.35 8.54 6.2 10.8 99.0 189.2 289.2 10.6 51.9 287.9 33.8 235.2 15.0 76.7 382.0 463.2 10.6 407.6 60.5 65.9 mm 20.4 48.2 10.8 50.6 289.4 360.0 10.3 402.2 68.6 290.8 514.2 15.1 61 67.7 9.1 19.2 289.2 15.2 10.9 346.2 29.03 3.9 10.4 Dimensions For Detailing End Clearance C N n mm 12 11 11 11 13 13 14 15 15 16 17 17 18 20 20 22 23 24 26 28 30 32 35 38 41 5 5 6 6 6 7 7 7 8 9 9 6 6 7 7 7 7 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 mm 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 198 78 78 95 95 95 95 95 135 135 135 135 82 82 82 82 82 82 750 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 mm 35 43 45 45 48 52 55 56 58 59 63 64 68 73 73 78 83 87 92 97 104 112 121 130 140 19 21 21 23 25 26 28 27 30 32 35 21 24 25 26 27 29 21 23 25 26 28 29 30 31 Notch .4 381.5 26.4 18.5 39.2 289.7 14.2 10.6 290.4 10.23 4.5 74.8 35.8 417.29 6.6 27.0 54.3 414.44 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS B Universal Beams and Columns n r N t D d BEAMS AND COLUMNS T C Imperial units b Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W14-14x16 (356x406) W16-16x5 1/2 (406x140) W16-16x7 (406x178) W16-16x10 1/4 (406x260) W18-18x6 (457x152) W18-18x7 1/2 (457x191) 46 lb/ft 118 145 158 159 176 193 211 219 228 233 257 264 283 311 314 342 370 398 426 455 500 550 605 665 730 26 31 36 40 45 50 57 67 77 89 100 35 40 45 46 50 55 41 45 50 55 60 65 66 71 kg/m 175.6 13.11 7.2 42.2 33.9 154.2 15.6 406.8 7.2 mm 290.2 10.8 11.98 7.3 36.95 1.48 6.8 9.2 15.8 467 509 551 592.6 408.1 8.4 431.0 458.6 261.5 418.3 189.2 10.2 27.6 11.8 15.59 3.2 25.6 289.8 193.3 77.4 155.4 549.8 450.3 105.09 1.57 5.2 15.6 50.0 45.2 10.1 406.2 30.2 82.2 15.3 407.4 191.7 7.0 89.7 290.3 633.4 409.92 4.2 10.3 13.9 13.3 41.79 4.1 462.2 289.1 94.5 88.9 78.3 17.2 15.7 58.97 5.1 497.0 62.95 6.3 15.1 236.5 38.6 407.0 17.4 412.13 5.9 25.0 425.6 407.2 15.6 407.2 15.6 407.0 18.4 424.5 386.6 11.5 263.43 2.2 10.9 10.62 2.9 19.0 453.92 5.4 141.5 10.7 98.8 32.8 260.6 104 114 123 125 134 Flange Web Continental Steel Pte Ltd Ratios For Local Buckling Flange Web b/T d/t 9.4 6.10 2.0 47.6 1086 39.88 4.2 38.7 290.4 58.7 462.7 48.2 415.3 45.0 465.6 41.98 5.6 393.3 44.5 9.2 15.3 53.3 454.0 46.6 Thickness Root Radius Depth Between Fillets Area Of Section r d A mm 15.5 16.6 42.7 290.5 455.3 16.54 5.5 16.3 403.2 15.8 52.2 52.9 153.0 31.6 290.4 416.5 398.9 97.3 14.4 360.21 4.2 10.82 8.6 132.8 12.4 152.6 289.77 5.2 10.0 18.2 16.8 142.89 6.7 12.3 264.2 10.9 7.25 5.6 mm 20.6 360.54 4.0 27.06 4.0 409.62 4.0 403.2 402.14 3.2 15.6 215.2 10.5 94.1 45.15 6.5 900.1 467.9 8.2 10.4 407.2 412.2 177.9 43.7 290.1 9.6 76.0 403.8 35.5 180.42 5.03 4.2 55.8 67.9 178.6 10.4 360.5 11.2 10.9 10.4 148.9 190.5 105 76 85.0 11.6 425.2 10.2 10.0 9.7 67.55 3.2 469.8 152.8 153.6 360.11 6.2 15.0 380.7 569.2 10.44 6.0 15.0 49.6 432.2 15.0 460.6 483.6 458.3 18.8 14.2 15.84 8.0 375.3 290.4 360.71 9.7 8.7 177.1 74.40 6.2 289.6 289.6 406.0 36.6 289.8 45.2 10.6 407.0 427.8 124.4 397.11 8.0 403.7 114.4 407.1 314 326 339.6 407.5 421.2 412.6 20.4 360.3 191.61 4.6 24.8 35.1 531.31 3.06 4.1 419.2 84.4 466.8 179.8 30.09 8.0 289.0 37.6 464.5 85.2 15.75 5.5 8.1 67.8 419.6 8.3 989.89 3.8 192.0 46.6 407.25 2.7 Depth Of Section Width Of Section D B T t mm 360.1 74.7 360.6 114.0 401.1 744.6 41.5 108 127 146 169 190 66.6 407.6 32.47 5.1 60.8 395.8 436.6 cm2 224 275 299 302 334 366 400 415 433 442 488 501 537 590 595 649 702 755 808 863 948 1043 1147 1261 1385 49.6 57.0 105.6 69.8 454.40 4.4 12.6 87.6 407.6 474.10 5.92 2.8 15.2 10.70 4.66 5.2 434.8 39.7 30.7 394.9 12.8 289.5 72.70 6.9 677.1 42.0 15.1 mm 396.2 289.99 5.6 360.24 6.6 289.

63 2.1 61.8 15.1 34.1 60.851 0.61 10.869 0.4 22.9 69.32 Elastic Modulus Plastic Modulus Axis x-x Axis y-y Axis x-x Axis y-y cm3 2876 3796 4151 4161 4606 5075 5537 5777 6031 6141 6803 6998 7516 8283 8383 9151 9962 10750 11580 12400 13740 15260 16960 18850 20970 629 778 930 1063 1189 1323 1511 1915 2198 2541 2869 950 1122 1263 1288 1414 1571 1128 1296 1458 1611 1770 1913 1957 2079 cm3 1047 1432 1570 1577 1754 1939 2129 2222 2325 2375 2646 2721 2940 3257 3291 3619 3951 4289 4629 4987 5555 6202 6922 7736 8640 57.37 3.6 33.0 11.2 82.833 0.8 30.4 10.1 11.4 42.4 18.07 6.8 8.55 2.1 67.859 0.2 9.818 0.3 46.9 18.0 46.6 18.0 19.2 16.848 0.9 38.9 10.843 0.533 0.7 10.0 17.27 3.7 19.26 2.1 17.4 6.877 0.8 92.871 0.0 18.311 0.27 3.4 18.52 1.3 11.87 3.50 1.5 16.18 1.9 30.45 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS y x Imperial units y Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W14-14x16 (356x406) W16-16x5 1/2 (406x140) W16-16x7 (406x178) W16-16x10 1/4 (406x260) W18-18x6 (457x152) W18-18x7 1/2 (457x191) BEAMS AND COLUMNS x lb/ft 118 145 158 159 176 193 211 219 228 233 257 264 283 311 314 342 370 398 426 455 500 550 605 665 730 26 31 36 40 45 50 57 67 77 89 100 35 40 45 46 50 55 41 45 50 55 60 65 66 71 kg/m 176 216 235 237 262 287 314 326 340 347 383 393 421 463 467 509 551 592 634 677 744 819 900 990 1086 39.49 1.9 37.9 12.8 17.0 7.7 17.8 17.877 0.2 84.31 2.0 19.29 4.0 67.5 18.5 33.8 47.3 59.0 cm 9.6 37.33 2.3 25.34 1.77 1.5 74.8 43.9 2.869 0.7 114 121 145 0.3 16.3 13.392 0.1 10.518 0.842 0.5 9.887 0.849 0.49 1.26 cm4 322 632 812 822 1101 1441 1854 2073 2343 2478 3292 3545 4336 5655 5809 7401 9240 11350 13720 16460 21390 27870 36130 46760 60230 10.1 16.72 2.1 19.837 0.20 4.0 54.9 24.9 28.9 33.7 8.0 23.45 2.84 1.9 6.25 6.5 5.7 10.8 99.87 1.2 8.38 2.9 11.881 0.888 0.6 4.31 2.33 3.5 27.6 16.5 17.33 4.6 24.887 0.86 1.8 38.8 16.12 4.836 0.2 18.8 118 178 209 237 267 309 581 673 788 899 133 163 187 191 213 240 201 237 272 304 338 369 379 404 Continental Steel Pte Ltd Buckling Parameter Torsional Index u x H J 16.66 1.8 69.24 2.67 2.2 10.7 11.3 10.834 0.0 97.23 3.0 10.1 74.871 0.3 82.591 0.28 2.2 18.9 4.42 2.714 1.9 17.52 9.5 16.63 1.705 0.8 47.3 16.8 10.99 8.20 0.33 1.50 1.4 149 227 322 21.3 96.843 0.9 7.7 115 135 153 172 198 381 440 514 586 84.1 74.458 0.5 10.42 2.3 33.0 17.4 10.608 0.4 16.387 0.881 0.837 0.67 Second Moment Of Area Axis Axis x-x y-y cm4 51770 71240 79090 79160 89040 99880 110500 116400 122500 125100 141500 146600 159800 180100 183000 203800 226900 249800 274800 299400 341900 392400 450600 518100 597000 12510 15690 18720 21600 24330 27310 31520 39730 46110 54060 61830 21370 25500 28930 29530 32670 36590 25380 29380 33320 37050 41020 44590 45730 48760 cm4 20730 28180 30990 31170 34860 38680 42720 44660 46850 47930 53750 55370 60150 67130 67830 75180 82670 90380 98130 106600 120000 135500 153100 173400 196300 410 538 1021 1203 1365 1546 1794 4951 5758 6768 7754 645 795 913 933 1047 1185 1218 1452 1671 1871 2089 2281 2347 2507 Radius Of Gyration Axis Axis x-x y-y cm 15.3 27.4 19.5 31.97 3.0 17.62 1.5 38.1 17.2 10.7 16.0 19.839 0.844 0.0 12.868 0.1 12.8 18.0 50.2 26 37.29 2.155 0.8 67.1 62.64 1.6 15.1 51.1 5.50 2.9 18.9 89.35 2.810 0.33 6.67 1.03 3.5 25.880 0.5 15.30 4.880 0.3 10.35 2.8 19.7 17.2 58.96 2.3 20.28 6.840 0.85 3.858 0.28 2.836 0.6 11.882 0.873 0.835 0.7 5.8 20.837 0.9 18.4 19.4 10.7 18.9 23.4 82.2 90.8 16.877 Warping Constant Torsional Constant 47 .37 2.922 1.99 4.0 89.14 1.34 2.40 2.4 11.1 13.51 1.0 30.2 10.466 0.872 0.50 1.834 0.04 4.1 0.0 3.04 1.1 33.4 33.4 18.8 75.873 0.7 24.39 3.54 9.6 19.3 18.887 0.4 6.880 0.7 104 119 121 136 153 129 153 176 196 218 237 243 259 cm3 3235 4264 4687 4702 5244 5812 6387 6681 6999 7140 7975 8222 8887 9877 10000 11010 12080 13130 14240 15340 17160 19260 21610 24250 27230 724 888 1055 1199 1346 1501 1724 2128 2457 2859 3246 1096 1287 1453 1482 1627 1811 1286 1471 1653 1831 2014 2184 2232 2383 cm3 1603 2172 2383 2394 2667 2949 3243 3384 3544 3621 4038 4154 4492 4983 5034 5543 6058 6583 7108 7669 8553 9560 10680 11960 13370 90.99 4.846 0.879 0.5 17.23 4.7 115 132 149 52.9 20.47 2.3 106 Surface Area per Metre m2 2.7 98.59 2.4 dm6 5.448 0.5 10.11 3.7 18.3 26.50 1.66 1.7 50.6 0.9 6.207 0.7 43.841 0.2 16.865 0.52 2.2 68.2 18.833 0.2 17.48 1.2 99.4 65.832 0.2 4.48 1.51 1.838 0.3 4.1 27.75 3.56 10.6 10.8 14.83 1.836 0.0 11.65 1.9 16.

9 9.0 165.8 408.95 5.0 289.5 476.2 10.54 3.9 21.8 307.45 6.7 12.4 54.0 27.9 27.3 32.9 10.8 18.2 92.2 547.5 36.68 7.6 17.7 12.0 509.1 18.8 315.1 311.1 13.1 10.8 319.7 12.5 476.6 22.9 312.85 3.3 210.0 51.5 476.6 407.0 177.7 45.7 12.1 Depth Of Section Width Of Section D B T t mm 462.5 286.4 45.5 18.5 546.2 10.5 476.7 12.6 407.1 52.5 544.6 23.8 489.0 15.60 5.0 577.97 5.7 13.3 46.2 44.4 84.9 47.8 21.6 20.6 51.5 476.6 20.6 229.5 476.8 14.2 12.3 28.5 234.4 18.7 12.9 30.9 35.3 19.6 407.0 643.6 18.5 476.8 476.1 139.7 16.5 476.0 322.4 547.1 193.7 33.3 165.6 10.1 24.8 211.7 476.9 28.0 613.7 283.0 22.21 4.0 230.0 612.7 554.6 476.0 675.6 41.5 476.0 602.2 635.3 29.1 235.0 501.1 25.1 14.5 138.75 3.93 5.7 12.2 528.9 547.7 12.7 49.7 12.5 285.20 7.4 mm 17.04 11.0 15.3 21.6 15.5 33.1 23.3 281.1 101 109 122 123.96 5.5 mm 407.3 22.2 15.2 15.8 235 260 65.7 12.6 22.6 547.3 37.2 476.7 23.4 547.9 238.3 571.6 304.7 12.8 12.71 6.7 10.3 29.7 12.7 316.12 3.40 5.0 603.3 19.7 12.7 12.23 3.2 623.1 628.8 17.2 27.5 16.5 476.7 12.2 10.6 31.7 12.1 585.1 23.0 cm2 144 163 184 201 226 247 271 299 331 84 95 108 91 105 117 129 139 155 157 176 192 211 231 250 279 315 346 382 422 460 521 105 116 118 129 144 158 178 195 218 242 278 310 343 376 412 454 190 228 303 Flange Web Continental Steel Pte Ltd Ratios For Local Buckling Flange Web b/T d/t 8.46 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS B Universal Beams and Columns n r N t D d BEAMS AND COLUMNS T C Imperial units b Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W18-18x11 (457x279) W21-21x6 1/2 (533x165) W21-21x8 1/4 (533x210) W21-21x12 1/4 (533x312) W24-24x7 (610x178) W24-24x9 (610x229) W24-24x12 (610x305) 48 lb/ft 76 86 97 106 119 130 143 158 175 44 50 57 48 55 62 68 73 82 83 93 101 111 122 132 147 166 182 201 223 248 275 55 61 62 68 76 84 94 103 114 128 146 163 181 198 218 239 100 120 160 kg/m 113.9 178.2 10.7 12.7 481.1 283.3 43.2 31.31 4.3 Dimensions For Detailing End Clearance C N n mm 7 8 9 9 10 11 11 12 13 6 7 7 6 7 7 7 8 8 9 9 8 9 10 10 11 12 13 14 15 15 18 7 7 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 8 9 11 mm 145 145 145 145 145 143 143 143 143 88 88 88 109 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 160 160 160 160 160 158 158 158 158 159 158 94 94 94 119 119 119 119 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 117 157 157 157 mm 27 30 32 34 37 41 44 47 50 24 26 29 23 26 28 30 32 34 34 36 33 35 37 39 42 47 50 54 58 63 68 26 28 28 28 30 32 35 38 41 44 48 52 56 60 64 69 36 40 48 Notch .2 113 125.2 10.0 495.7 14.8 15.57 4.6 407.4 32.7 547.2 16.7 12.0 14.62 7.6 21.3 8.7 30.56 2.0 18.94 6.1 284.01 5.4 Thickness Root Radius Depth Between Fillets Area Of Section r d A mm 10.69 6.4 218.6 607.74 6.78 2.5 16.6 12.9 523.0 10.1 165.1 547.0 10.0 19.5 212.0 598.2 228.8 38.5 206.0 327.0 317.5 317.9 153 171 191 217 243 270 295 325 356 149.2 10.38 2.1 128 144.7 12.5 74.5 476.5 36.96 37.0 524.6 476.8 209.7 12.1 37.9 9.5 50.0 15.1 31.4 314.7 12.1 536.7 177.7 547.7 12.8 540.4 547.5 407.7 12.00 4.3 17.1 245.1 25.2 24.4 178.05 6.0 92.7 12.4 82.7 602.8 227.9 13.25 3.6 667.9 30.1 542.8 71.6 196.5 476.9 26.1 651.7 12.6 12.5 476.6 547.1 21.8 18.8 39.4 46.6 10.58 7.5 544.0 287.1 11.9 19.1 14.9 26.5 240.6 476.03 5.7 12.5 243.4 157.4 11.2 229.0 16.6 228.3 19.65 4.5 55.7 12.5 16.2 475.8 529.9 231.0 324.5 24.2 49.6 49.5 547.2 617.2 213.51 4.2 34.5 34.2 24.1 41.1 41.5 560.3 22.9 635.7 12.2 10.6 612.12 7.5 467.8 208.5 603.8 mm 280.6 548.0 540.7 12.91 6.7 12.59 4.1 39.3 533.5 11.8 300 331 370 409 81.4 150.1 53.7 12.7 12.1 685.6 547.9 212.61 4.7 12.5 37.5 476.0 11.7 12.5 10.4 620.0 55.1 472.7 12.4 31.0 593.21 2.5 17.20 6.6 476.0 540.6 547.5 20.3 549.3 22.33 3.1 42.9 25.6 40.7 12.0 658.3 101.8 547.4 mm 10.4 26.6 407.4 13.4 550.02 2.8 247 270.0 22.2 313.24 6.6 17.92 3.6 8.0 210.4 26.2 10.6 547.5 407.6 47.93 5.1 534.1 19.5 476.9 166.14 5.0 19.2 181.2 23.1 35.53 7.7 12.8 11.44 4.7 12.6 50.96 7.9 25.9 91.7 539.1 179 238.9 13.

850 0.38 2.16 2.6 12.2 15.76 6.00 7.78 9.7 15.8 23.3 43.6 15.884 0.8 20.886 0.890 0.8 21.884 0.24 2.4 12.65 4.5 23.06 9.4 35.89 1.51 4.1 73.60 1.03 2.878 0.4 84.7 21.44 4.30 3.34 5.38 4.3 dm6 3.4 16.877 0.69 6.894 0.2 16.6 23.864 0.1 24.1 23.91 3.6 25.9 21.8 8.0 77.58 7.30 2.1 1.45 Second Moment Of Area Axis Axis x-x y-y cm4 55460 63520 72710 79600 91040 102500 114400 127300 143700 35030 40810 48640 39917 47540 55230 61520 66820 76040 76240 86170 100800 111300 123300 134200 151200 178000 197200 220700 247700 278900 316900 56020 63880 64580 75780 87320 97540 111800 125000 141400 158400 183900 207900 232800 259400 287700 322200 125900 153000 209500 cm4 6344 7295 8367 9178 10530 11590 12960 14450 16300 859 1032 1276 1611 2008 2389 2692 2943 3388 3389 3868 10320 11410 12680 13850 15650 18110 20150 22450 25390 28710 32530 1210 1426 1436 2915 3434 3872 4505 4972 5670 6415 7544 8606 9768 10980 12330 13950 9308 11410 15840 Radius Of Gyration Axis Axis x-x y-y cm 19.17 10.872 0.1 22.2 20.6 24.9 26.9 0.49 7.29 2.8 17.3 101 113 125 140 153 171 191 217 243 270 295 325 356 149 179 238 Surface Area per Metre m2 2.5 75.890 0.2 23.847 0.2 32.874 0.76 7.891 0.5 cm4 118 170 244 311 442 603 800 1059 1423 31.33 2.0 23.01 2.45 5.7 19.9 91.9 27.95 7.7 25.1 101 109 122 124 138 150 165 182 196 219 247 271 300 331 370 409 81.875 0.3 1.82 1.9 47.99 4.8 25.08 2.4 51.885 0.878 0.0 18.877 0.0 41.7 16.878 0.67 7.99 2.9 25.2 14.33 7.1 20.848 0.2 24.09 2.21 5.0 34.0 12.23 Elastic Modulus Plastic Modulus Axis x-x Axis y-y Axis x-x Axis y-y cm3 2398 2720 3079 3347 3779 4192 4624 5083 5646 1335 1543 1819 1524 1800 2072 2292 2477 2793 2801 3139 3715 4074 4476 4842 5396 6233 6834 7547 8355 9250 10340 1871 2120 2142 2515 2874 3187 3622 4012 4495 4990 5718 6386 7069 7778 8522 9406 4111 4935 6589 cm3 453 518 591 645 736 818 910 1007 1128 104 124 153 156 192 228 256 279 320 319 362 661 728 806 876 985 1148 1268 1408 1577 1772 1990 136 160 161 256 301 338 391 435 493 554 644 730 819 913 1014 1136 611 743 1017 cm3 2669 3039 3457 3775 4284 4761 5278 5839 6525 1561 1797 2107 1753 2059 2360 2612 2828 3196 3212 3617 4147 4565 5032 5462 6116 7080 7807 8670 9656 10730 12120 2200 2480 2512 2881 3281 3639 4142 4595 5167 5757 6643 7455 8299 9173 10110 11220 4594 5547 7486 cm3 692 792 906 991 1132 1257 1400 1554 1743 166 199 243 244 300 356 399 436 500 500 569 1012 1117 1238 1348 1519 1766 1956 2175 2442 2739 3096 219 256 258 400 469 528 611 680 773 871 1019 1157 1304 1458 1625 1826 937 1144 1574 Continental Steel Pte Ltd Buckling Parameter Torsional Index u x H J 27.9 24.12 2.68 1.6 25.872 0.3 26.40 3.873 0.11 2.47 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS y x Imperial units y Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W18-18x11 (457x279) W21-21x6 1/2 (533x165) W21-21x8 1/4 (533x210) W21-21x12 1/4 (533x312) W24-24x7 (610x178) W24-24x9 (610x229) W24-24x12 (610x305) BEAMS AND COLUMNS x lb/ft 76 86 97 106 119 130 143 158 175 44 50 57 48 55 62 68 73 82 83 93 101 111 122 132 147 166 182 201 223 248 275 55 61 62 68 76 84 94 103 114 128 146 163 181 198 218 239 100 120 160 kg/m 113 128 144 158 177 194 213 235 260 65.6 36.890 0.1 26.41 2.87 1.04 5.67 1.9 27.843 0.2 48.0 92.0 22.23 1.49 4.20 3.1 20.52 2.41 5.886 0.74 6.0 111 149 216 295 411 554 819 1123 1495 1952 2517 3309 200 340 785 0.3 21.878 0.04 1.66 11.857 1.8 22.877 0.85 1.5 18.44 6.891 0.03 5.686 0.4 20.891 0.65 4.566 0.20 2.90 2.3 23.5 30.9 41.89 1.9 20.5 74.9 24.1 22.5 33.7 23.885 0.14 3.51 3.43 2.03 7.9 22.40 7.0 13.99 3.32 2.45 1.9 26.18 2.886 0.0 14.4 24.2 4.4 26.6 20.63 7.9 23.39 2.0 21.8 47.04 2.890 0.87 1.891 0.890 0.884 0.01 3.886 0.2 68.88 2.5 20.34 2.08 2.57 4.26 10.2 92.11 1.60 4.8 22.8 25.862 0.40 3.32 2.2 24.07 2.32 2.2 30.877 0.5 20.84 8.09 6.12 5.07 7.6 24.68 7.86 6.6 19.82 6.6 24.874 0.36 2.09 5.7 27.02 2.06 2.4 25.67 7.6 27.5 47.90 7.7 21.8 33.97 8.6 20.31 2.95 5.88 4.8 71 82.879 0.3 11.88 1.6 19.86 1.3 13.11 2.85 6.885 0.91 6.877 0.6 13.6 24.8 8.36 7.8 43.85 1.1 38.6 27.858 0.4 21.853 0.68 5.24 4.6 71.27 5.886 Warping Constant Torsional Constant 49 .3 cm 6.885 0.9 21.88 1.06 2.15 5.24 2.47 5.9 19.2 14.885 0.875 0.22 2.14 2.864 0.7 25.64 6.76 4.3 25.8 19.90 7.0 25.67 4.27 2.40 2.44 7.69 1.2 23.7 101 126 178 181 251 217 284 373 469 643 983 1278 1700 2263 2996 4131 49.33 1.2 42.0 13.55 7.870 0.9 14.4 14.09 2.

6 547.9 714.9 43.5 16.6 23.7 33.6 615.9 160.44 4.7 14.5 615.79 3.0 752.5 692.8 13.38 2.0 53.0 13.3 255.43 43.53 6.1 616.3 273.1 42.1 281.8 21.8 23.6 37.9 19.9 500 133.9 45.5 700.0 23.5 364.8 615.1 39.06 5.2 30.4 362.5 16.81 4.9 146.7 274.4 635.3 19.1 268.0 15.72 2.5 mm 547.0 253.51 7.6 16.0 679.28 4.2 15.49 5.8 254.0 335.9 749.1 615.0 46.1 40.8 540.2 15.5 366.1 24.2 140.5 615.2 15.7 267.0 34.79 3.0 264.0 34.17 5.5 17.1 825.0 641.7 12.4 170.8 264.18 2.1 20.2 35.6 547.6 24.0 739.3 547.2 34.1 793.8 267.8 540.1 646.5 327.7 26.8 686.1 15.92 5.9 25.8 706.0 266.0 Thickness Root Radius Depth Between Fillets Area Of Section r d A mm 12.5 19.2 15.8 686.2 15.4 cm2 198 222 249 277 308 333 363 392 435 475 530 579 635 702 159 178 194 217 244 270 301 345 382 418 468 513 574 277 306 337 368 411 446 489 533 582 636 171 187 205 220 235 251 281 312 351 392 428 462 511 559 Flange Web Continental Steel Pte Ltd Ratios For Local Buckling Flange Web b/T d/t 8.7 27.5 17.2 15.0 669.2 266.0 347.6 23.4 16.0 723.0 757.7 322.0 817.6 547.5 16.9 48.8 325.9 28.9 15.2 268.0 53.0 53.8 686.9 349.2 15.6 11.0 835.16 6.0 340.68 6.0 801.6 264.5 13.0 253.5 196.1 686.03 3.40 4.13 3.6 22.9 63.5 35.7 12.0 24.5 16.7 762.1 57.0 785.7 329.1 194.1 21.3 16.4 19.1 24.4 265.6 24.58 6.53 7.2 15.0 686.7 12.65 5.5 32.5 360.4 714.2 15.0 21.0 69.1 686.1 685.1 57.2 mm 323.2 26.41 4.89 6.92 5.6 25.9 63.6 14.2 540.2 15.5 18.4 358.5 16.2 15.2 53.70 5.5 17.0 686.8 615.8 615.3 686.2 766.0 771.56 4.5 25.1 56.1 615.46 3.6 42.5 16.2 15.1 57.7 173 184.2 15.1 809.2 547.9 47.0 49.9 20.2 28.5 255.5 17.6 49.1 40.5 333.8 354.0 750.5 16.0 12.9 369.3 241.5 16.3 29.0 35.2 15.4 32.0 686.9 mm 12.8 220 246 275 308 337 366 401 439 Depth Of Section Width Of Section D B T t mm 611.5 Dimensions For Detailing End Clearance C N n mm 8 9 10 10 11 12 12 13 14 15 17 18 20 21 8 8 9 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 20 10 10 11 12 13 14 14 15 17 18 8 8 9 9 9 10 10 11 12 14 14 15 17 18 mm 166 166 166 166 166 164 164 164 164 164 164 164 164 164 131 131 131 131 129 129 129 129 129 129 129 129 129 180 180 180 179 179 179 179 179 179 179 136 136 136 136 136 136 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 mm 32 34 37 40 44 47 50 53 60 65 70 74 76 82 31 34 36 39 43 46 49 54 58 62 67 72 78 40 43 45 49 53 56 60 64 68 73 32 34 36 38 40 42 47 50 54 57 61 65 70 74 Notch .33 3.0 711.0 722.2 688.2 21.2 15.2 456.9 418.1 261.2 615.7 16.88 2.9 26.9 695.57 2.1 24.5 615.4 27.5 16.6 49.7 12.7 12.0 754.1 327.5 32.6 547.7 254.0 539.4 328.2 19.7 27.2 15.5 15.6 547.9 732.63 2.81 6.50 7.5 615.2 32.14 3.3 769.8 615.6 24.49 3.7 12.5 16.9 285.6 276.2 15.9 19.5 16.1 39.2 15.0 52.7 31.9 653.5 16.9 31.33 3.2 262.9 701.7 12.5 16.8 260.9 217.6 48.2 621.2 44.0 699.0 12.1 762.2 14.8 257.1 266.1 33.0 546.4 16.0 15.8 18.3 14.1 23.6 28.5 615.17 7.3 615.2 15.06 2.2 16.5 20.1 21.2 15.0 686.0 338.1 272.1 357.5 16.2 15.31 4.1 38.9 330.8 14.9 48.7 308 341 372 415 455 498 551 125.2 15.6 279.0 37.7 356.1 728.9 44.70 4.9 15.2 57.8 760.0 19.1 744.5 40.06 3.06 2.1 685.1 615.3 239.1 16.7 270.7 12.9 683.6 547.0 39.8 174.6 46.0 41.5 16.1 326.6 615.3 21.2 192 213 237 271 299 329 368 404 449 217.72 3.24 4.6 25.6 33.9 26.2 52.4 13.4 29.19 8.5 615.0 38.6 615.8 356.5 18.4 30.4 39.6 23.1 270.8 628.8 707.5 687.5 615.5 32.7 36.8 22.9 29.5 16.3 29.0 37.8 615.6 23.5 615.0 686.0 33.82 2.64 3.1 615.6 615.9 288.0 677.94 2.48 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS B Universal Beams and Columns n r N t d D BEAMS AND COLUMNS T C Imperial units b Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W24-24x12 3/4 (610x324) W27-27x10 (686x254) W27-27x14 (686x356) W30-30x10 1/2 (762x267) 50 lb/ft 104 117 131 146 162 176 192 207 229 250 279 306 335 370 84 94 102 114 129 143 159 182 201 221 247 271 302 146 161 178 194 217 235 258 281 307 336 90 99 108 116 124 132 148 165 185 207 226 246 269 295 kg/m 154.1 36.1 21.8 779.44 4.0 689.9 15.1 152.8 27.9 29.7 383.0 343.4 30.0 661.9 31.0 736.7 22.7 mm 19.1 20.4 26.

854 0.9 18.68 2.79 7.75 2.0 24.24 5.39 2.9 38.4 23.4 27.55 7.874 0.883 0.39 7.51 2.7 17.68 2.6 19.78 5.51 2.46 7.48 2.66 2.7 16.6 27.38 2.6 37.84 7.8 17.889 0.2 32.6 30.8 32.62 2.11 8.53 5.7 30.7 31.75 5.878 0.96 6.55 2.9 21.877 0.22 8.877 0.5 31.49 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS y x Imperial units y Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W24-24x12 3/4 (610x324) W27-27x10 (686x254) W27-27x14 (686x356) W30-30x10 1/2 (762x267) BEAMS AND COLUMNS x lb/ft 104 117 131 146 162 176 192 207 229 250 279 306 335 370 84 94 102 114 129 143 159 182 201 221 247 271 302 146 161 178 194 217 235 258 281 307 336 90 99 108 116 124 132 148 165 185 207 226 246 269 295 kg/m 155 174 195 217 241 262 286 308 341 372 415 455 498 551 125 140 152 170 192 213 237 271 299 329 368 404 449 217 240 265 289 323 350 384 418 457 500 134 147 161 173 185 197 220 246 275 308 337 366 401 439 Surface Area per Metre m2 2.6 25.5 27.42 7.6 30.0 15.877 0.1 29.5 28.7 34.63 8.9 cm4 196 280 395 559 770 995 1280 1593 2162 2809 3824 4940 6420 8525 116 169 220 308 462 627 840 1260 1675 2186 2993 3897 5322 454 610 813 1100 1532 1914 2518 3250 4152 5373 119 159 208 267 333 404 605 815 1147 1555 2029 2500 3361 4345 0.2 23.53 2.0 29.4 29.3 15.884 0.858 0.53 2.864 0.6 4.35 2.19 8.8 30.78 2.04 6.3 29.889 0.60 2.9 26.8 26.58 2.58 5.9 14.66 7.0 20.7 35.3 18.869 0.56 8.9 53.53 2.3 27.877 0.6 60.862 0.0 17.65 5.8 25.867 0.6 26.8 23.5 13.65 2.0 29.16 8.47 7.7 27.3 10.39 5.40 8.8 29.44 8.55 2.7 42.1 18.889 0.868 0.30 5.5 17.4 20.6 19.42 2.79 2.83 2.7 14.56 2.71 2.1 32.6 25.32 2.54 2.71 5.51 2.4 43.9 12.97 8.47 8.878 0.2 28.73 7.36 2.7 47.9 27.1 35.69 5.47 2.39 10.28 8.2 15.7 28.885 0.7 25.70 Second Moment Of Area Axis Axis x-x y-y cm4 129200 147200 167300 190800 215400 236600 260400 283900 319000 353900 400500 445200 494700 557510 118000 136300 150400 170300 198000 222000 247800 289300 323800 359400 406900 453800 515400 234200 261200 290800 325500 369200 402300 447800 494700 545000 604800 150700 168500 185900 205300 223100 240000 278200 310700 353200 397200 440500 480200 536500 595900 cm4 10790 12380 14160 16260 18440 19950 22030 24050 27090 30170 34310 38100 42580 48400 4383 5184 5784 6631 7670 8678 9750 11540 13060 14640 16800 18910 21790 18440 20670 23120 25720 29310 31970 35780 39680 43850 48670 4788 5456 6080 6850 7525 8175 9463 10640 12240 13900 15600 17050 19400 21780 Radius Of Gyration Axis Axis x-x y-y cm 25.2 26.2 12.87 2.6 22.874 0.873 0.4 17.45 5.4 29.51 2.85 5.885 0.890 0.859 0.5 31.5 31.882 0.81 2.4 13.56 2.888 0.5 30.2 15.1 33.8 28.7 cm 7.5 38.92 5.9 26.876 0.8 29.64 2.16 8.80 5.72 6.1 30.46 5.4 33.33 2.91 2.60 2.67 5.888 0.6 17.889 0.8 30.94 11.74 7.0 28.7 27.874 0.890 0.81 5.61 5.3 30.8 dm6 9.874 Warping Constant Torsional Constant 51 .875 0.24 Elastic Modulus Plastic Modulus Axis x-x Axis y-y Axis x-x Axis y-y cm3 4227 4776 5383 6074 6784 7380 8050 8695 9652 10580 11800 12920 14150 15682 3481 3987 4374 4916 5644 6272 6940 7993 8847 9715 10850 11940 13350 6735 7455 8233 9118 10230 11050 12170 13300 14990 15870 4018 4470 4907 5387 5821 6234 7142 7914 8909 9916 10890 11750 13010 14270 cm3 666 762 867 993 1121 1218 1340 1455 1627 1801 2030 2241 2483 2790 347 409 455 518 603 678 756 887 994 1106 1255 1399 1592 1040 1161 1292 1444 1635 1774 1974 2177 2390 2638 362 411 457 514 563 610 711 794 906 1020 1136 1233 1390 1546 cm3 4734 5360 6057 6845 7670 8369 9163 9936 11090 12220 13720 15120 16670 18599 3994 4558 5000 5631 6462 7204 8016 9282 10330 11390 12810 14170 15950 7558 8389 9297 10300 11610 12600 13930 15290 16750 18450 4644 5156 5665 6198 6689 7167 8197 9129 10320 11550 12720 13790 15330 16900 cm3 1023 1170 1335 1527 1726 1878 2068 2250 2523 2797 3162 3498 3885 4377 542 638 710 811 943 1063 1191 1402 1577 1759 2005 2243 2565 1598 1787 1992 2223 2523 2745 3057 3377 3717 4111 570 647 720 807 885 959 1115 1251 1433 1620 1808 1971 2229 2486 Continental Steel Pte Ltd Buckling Parameter Torsional Index u x H J 33.2 29.4 23.3 37.877 0.3 20.7 21.4 20.873 0.2 28.5 30.46 10.8 18.89 2.3 13.890 0.71 9.6 14.08 6.77 2.6 14.04 8.42 8.68 8.16 6.872 0.2 15.889 0.4 26.5 20.46 2.07 6.8 25.1 27.889 0.0 30.1 22.2 27.4 26.9 49.9 31.1 29.91 5.30 5.890 0.62 2.2 29.85 2.5 15.0 30.36 8.9 42.44 2.890 0.8 27.890 0.4 32.7 49.54 2.50 2.9 32.90 7.5 22.34 2.2 27.3 13.886 0.878 0.52 2.7 23.58 2.0 26.880 0.99 6.2 11.49 2.889 0.29 9.0 30.9 18.7 29.5 29.3 6.2 41.8 45.7 30.4 11.6 20.889 0.871 0.874 0.84 5.9 28.8 13.40 5.890 0.

8 20.9 358.1 56.1 19.6 25.2 877.9 64.4 38.5 761.8 21.5 390.3 33.4 26.5 17.0 756.8 686.8 21.1 24.9 18.8 292.0 14.1 57.1 58.4 433.8 209.9 16.0 406.8 49.8 761.9 48.2 526.0 34.75 3.5 31.7 24.86 3.1 17.7 388.8 17.5 20.5 252 278 304 326 362 404 449 494 537 299.1 58.8 17.66 5.1 19.5 306.6 18.0 935.1 686.4 402.7 302.7 824.4 404.8 mm 27.5 761.1 473.0 29.2 314 349.9 401.36 5.1 310.6 22.8 17.5 31.4 307.1 304.4 19.2 761.1 24.7 761.8 30.4 35.7 761.59 4.1 23.50 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS B Universal Beams and Columns n r N t d D BEAMS AND COLUMNS T C Imperial units b Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W30-30x15 (762x381) W33-33x11 1/2 (838x292) W33-33x15 3/4 (838x400) W36-36x12 (914x305) 52 lb/ft 173 191 211 235 261 292 326 357 118 130 141 152 169 187 204 219 243 271 301 332 361 201 221 241 263 291 318 354 387 424 468 135 150 160 170 182 194 210 232 256 286 318 350 387 kg/m 257.6 931.1 905.1 mm 686.0 834.5 16.0 17.51 6.2 32.7 761.6 18.0 37.3 25.0 19.9 43.8 50.0 32.1 305.99 3.5 761.9 970.0 913.0 33.2 895.1 686.8 315.0 35.1 686.85 3.0 903.04 6.9 27.8 17.1 24.1 295.7 21.1 19.1 19.7 382.5 861.8 824.9 29.5 16.1 19.0 52.6 382.7 36.1 20.4 270.8 17.48 3.0 408.2 299.9 25.8 17.8 17.9 387.5 39.4 384.5 16.2 308.0 54.6 15.5 14.9 411.0 54.1 37.7 cm2 328 362 400 445 495 553 617 677 224 247 268 289 319 355 386 416 460 513 572 629 684 381 420 457 499 552 603 672 734 805 889 256 286 304 323 346 368 399 440 486 536 603 663 733 Flange Web Continental Steel Pte Ltd Ratios For Local Buckling Flange Web b/T d/t 7.9 32.8 289.71 4.3 312.4 41.72 3.20 5.9 813.2 761.92 2.1 855.4 914.9 30.9 950.2 925.1 531 175.1 19.1 923.8 17.1 38.1 15.23 3.6 39.74 6.02 4.03 4.5 16.0 26.3 304.8 17.9 840.4 761.0 915.7 27.7 826.0 47.8 226.5 32.2 238.4 824.0 802.9 795.8 926.1 39.29 3.7 761.1 30.4 293.8 17.0 19.8 17.9 63.7 845.5 47.4 824.4 23.8 31.1 685.7 44.8 850.4 824.60 4.4 824.1 22.41 3.1 22.8 17.1 294.8 17.0 19.7 21.8 Dimensions For Detailing End Clearance C N n mm 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 9 9 10 10 11 12 12 13 14 15 17 19 20 11 12 13 13 14 15 17 18 20 21 10 10 10 11 11 12 13 13 14 15 17 19 20 mm 192 192 192 191 191 191 191 191 149 149 149 149 148 148 148 148 148 148 148 148 148 201 201 201 200 200 200 200 200 199 200 154 154 154 154 154 154 154 153 153 153 153 153 153 mm 44 47 50 55 58 63 69 77 37 40 42 45 49 52 55 58 62 67 72 77 82 47 50 53 58 62 66 71 76 83 89 39 43 45 47 49 51 54 59 63 67 73 78 84 Notch .7 757.81 4.1 871.0 19.8 17.0 293.5 23.8 17.12 3.1 21.8 17.4 761.4 26.43 6.1 19.0 34.3 39.53 3.1 903.76 6.7 15.7 307.0 20.5 485.6 399.01 5.0 383.6 54.0 418.0 36.6 54.8 17.7 824.1 19.88 5.9 38.5 761.1 685.1 20.0 22.3 18.2 877.1 884.8 42.2 28.5 284.9 43.8 23.0 865.02 7.8 17.0 19.0 69.7 992.4 29.7 297.8 868.1 41.8 761.9 48.5 761.7 960.9 824.9 33.8 401.0 19.7 292.2 761.8 17.62 2.4 434.47 5.9 679.6 25.5 21.6 19.4 761.0 53.1 823.9 824.1 885.9 859.0 910.1 19.9 631 697 200.33 3.2 779.82 2.5 29.4 824.1 34.7 918.8 980.5 16.9 65.4 393.0 31.7 309.8 305.9 43.9 29.6 51.9 mm 380.1 253.8 39.8 824.9 47.35 5.7 318.2 19.9 824.8 575.1 Thickness Root Radius Depth Between Fillets Area Of Section r d A mm 16.8 17.5 16.9 30.9 942.8 25.4 922.9 893.08 2.0 mm 16.5 761.7 761.9 224.5 345 381 426 474 521 576 Depth Of Section Width Of Section D B T t mm 773.1 33.74 5.1 312.0 303.0 35.3 785.2 28.8 310.48 4.4 16.1 328.55 3.3 44.2 38.71 2.45 7.9 193.0 833.9 37.4 26.4 51.0 291.9 49.0 34.2 23.4 761.6 391.12 4.1 34.5 414.26 2.7 21.85 6.8 321.4 26.4 761.48 41.

8 41.64 9.4 24.7 26.21 9.872 0.1 35.866 0.874 0.07 3.9 31.7 36.873 0.5 39.5 46.872 0.38 6.7 35.6 37.98 9.78 2.35 3.81 2.3 35.05 Elastic Modulus Plastic Modulus Axis x-x Axis y-y Axis x-x Axis y-y cm3 8827 9796 10870 12220 13540 15210 16950 18650 5893 6642 7334 7985 8999 9950 10860 11710 12960 14480 16120 17700 19300 11220 12410 13590 15030 16620 18200 20330 22170 24260 26810 7204 8269 8879 9501 10200 10880 11780 13260 14660 16170 18210 20010 22180 cm3 1308 1466 1642 1860 2074 2358 2653 2940 535 620 700 773 884 984 1086 1180 1321 1500 1692 1880 2078 1559 1742 1927 2146 2396 2644 2968 3280 3614 4044 621 739 805 871 943 1014 1107 1266 1416 1575 1810 2013 2266 cm3 9916 11030 12270 13830 15410 17380 19500 21550 6808 7640 8416 9155 10310 11450 12530 13550 15060 16910 18920 20890 22880 12640 14020 15380 17020 18910 20780 23230 25570 28140 31270 8351 9535 10230 10940 11770 12570 13650 15340 17030 18870 21350 23590 26260 cm3 2012 2258 2531 2869 3208 3653 4123 4579 842 974 1097 1212 1383 1547 1710 1864 2095 2385 2704 3018 3346 2405 2690 2977 3314 3709 4101 4616 5113 5652 6342 982 1163 1266 1371 1487 1601 1754 2000 2247 2510 2895 3235 3654 Continental Steel Pte Ltd Buckling Parameter Torsional Index u x H J 30.866 0.8 34.03 3.3 75.8 31.4 26.79 2.4 17.0 40.0 77.3 26.889 0.59 9.5 85.862 0.26 3.12 3.66 6.8 67.2 18.96 2.2 26.06 6.80 8.91 2.8 dm6 34.1 78.7 36.87 8.1 16.9 28.33 3.72 6.78 6.3 34.4 22.2 60.06 3.864 0.856 0.2 20.6 95.0 13.7 15.27 3.886 0.888 0.9 35.50 9.5 35.94 8.95 7.11 3.1 38.5 32.40 3.09 3.867 0.14 3.1 59.2 28.888 0.09 9.4 22.873 0.10 3.3 37.04 3.7 33.7 15.882 0.6 50.7 35.7 53.71 8.886 0.2 34.87 2.1 67.871 Warping Constant Torsional Constant 53 .04 3.05 9.5 14.29 3.874 0.3 46.42 6.5 41.97 2.24 3.1 25.3 18.31 3.51 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS y x Imperial units y Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W30-30x15 (762x381) W33-33x11 1/2 (838x292) W33-33x15 3/4 (838x400) W36-36x12 (914x305) BEAMS AND COLUMNS x lb/ft 173 191 211 235 261 292 326 357 118 130 141 152 169 187 204 219 243 271 301 332 361 201 221 241 263 291 318 354 387 424 468 135 150 160 170 182 194 210 232 256 286 318 350 387 kg/m 258 284 314 350 388 435 485 531 176 194 210 227 252 278 304 326 362 404 449 494 537 299 329 359 391 433 473 527 576 631 697 201 224 238 253 271 289 313 345 381 426 474 521 576 Surface Area per Metre m2 3.0 34.75 6.881 0.887 0.00 3.36 6.3 22.38 3.6 21.29 9.0 15.94 2.3 60.2 19.3 20.0 15.888 0.1 24.84 2.887 0.9 37.5 25.36 9.47 6.866 0.56 6.45 6.27 6.43 9.4 28.867 0.9 36.55 6.97 2.9 30.0 37.3 36.51 6.861 0.99 3.6 35.0 87.874 0.1 37.3 38.36 6.6 34.6 36.05 3.89 2.4 16.82 2.7 35.1 23.2 51.886 0.6 39.0 33.90 6.3 36.3 44.8 53.8 31.1 37.874 0.79 6.6 36.7 45.889 0.885 0.99 3.87 9.5 36.8 cm 8.887 0.49 6.89 6.27 6.2 17.6 33.888 0.871 0.01 3.13 9.870 0.4 33.02 3.72 6.9 18.3 19.98 2.872 0.5 cm4 635 859 1161 1651 2218 3090 4224 5563 221 306 404 514 735 983 1265 1569 2095 2884 3910 5088 6494 855 1146 1491 2008 2687 3488 4737 6135 7983 10569 291 422 515 626 767 926 1164 1648 2199 2891 4091 5337 7127 0.24 5.80 2.9 33.14 2.64 6.9 57.18 6.17 Second Moment Of Area Axis Axis x-x y-y cm4 341200 381700 427000 485900 543700 618300 697600 776600 246000 279200 310200 339700 386500 430400 473000 513500 573400 648200 729200 810000 892800 479800 534700 590000 659000 735400 812500 913500 1012000 1120000 1253000 325300 376400 406100 436300 470700 504200 549000 625200 696900 777000 884100 981300 110100 cm4 24890 28000 31500 35570 39920 45680 51790 57770 7800 9067 10250 11360 12920 14470 16050 17540 19800 22660 25820 28960 32280 31180 34970 38800 43070 48390 53680 60680 67480 74810 84520 9424 11240 12270 13300 14460 15600 17130 19480 21980 24640 28580 32080 36460 Radius Of Gyration Axis Axis x-x y-y cm 32.0 27.0 35.875 0.3 16.0 22.2 46.0 30.7 37.9 37.883 0.8 36.3 27.8 110 123 138 158 18.3 38.1 35.43 2.888 0.874 0.07 6.9 36.1 24.1 22.854 0.3 32.5 35.9 38.875 0.884 0.9 18.16 9.2 33.01 3.8 35.85 2.871 0.9 29.5 38.6 19.1 33.0 68.1 33.

1 868.12 12.96 4.0 868.4 10.2 19.0 33.1 24.8 23.0 45.4 420.0 16.0 960.0 mm 19.7 47.9 42.6 799.0 10 10 12 13 14 15 16 18 19 22 25 11 12 13 15 Continental Steel Pte Ltd Notch .6 52.5 421.0 304 305.30 3.66 11.1 mm 12 12 13 13 14 15 16 17 19 22 27 10 10 10 12 13 14 15 15 17 18 19 20 199 215 249 277 297 324 362 397 431 503 593 230 262 290 335 296 321 371 412 443 483 539 591 642 748 883 343 390 433 499 982 990 1000 1008 1012 1020 1030 1040 1048 1068 1092 1090 1100 1108 1118 400 400 400 402 402 404 407 409 412 417 424 400 400 402 405 27.0 34.74 5.12 5.4 921.0 26.9 64.0 49.0 30.0 mm 24.5 431.0 21.12 10.64 2.0 422.1 24.16 3.3 52.9 28.9 21.0 31.0 36.9 40.6 39.0 20.4 35.1 31.0 24.0 51.1 534.5 16.0 30.9 46.5 309.4 37.86 2.3 364.4 26.2 868.7 20.0 988.0 1028.5 419.0 24.2 868.48 7.1 54.14 7.0 867.5 19.6 31.0 1025.6 45.48 2.0 cm2 437 465 494 532 569 622 680 746 832 998 1232 283 317 347 400 445 500 529 557 620 629 681 744 6.1 40.5 24.95 7.0 30.0 970.1 950.9 28.60 6.4 32.0 28.2 990.0 73.6 388 416.0 51.8 916.6 25.79 32.2 868.9 30.0 26.2 868.3 980.0 996.77 4.6 799.6 799.0 988.1 35.1 868.1 55.0 mm 32.0 22.1 55.2 584.0 927.0 303.9 28.9 799.3 30.0 868.17 6.0 36.2 39.3 36.0 30.2 868.0 300.0 30 30.1 24.53 8.9 1036.0 36.35 4.9 60.0 868.9 17.9 868.4 424.0 40.4 24.0 25.1 1000.9 427.85 2.1 24.0 30.0 1046.06 5.1 24.54 6.3 28.0 30 30.5 18.6 33.1 24.4 308.4 314.7 800.4 22.78 3.4 20.1 24.6 799.84 4.0 311.49 4.0 800.1 23.1 1016.0 868.0 30 mm 799.11 10.7 18.8 653 784 967 222 249 272 314 349 393 415 438 487 494 535 584 mm 911.0 867.6 933.18 3.4 31.52 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS B Universal Beams and Columns n r N t D d BEAMS AND COLUMNS T C Imperial units b Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W36-36x16 1/2 (914x419) W40-40x12 (1016x305) W40-40x16 (1016x406) W44-4x16 (1118x406) 54 Depth Of Section Width Of Section D B T t Thickness Root Radius Depth Between Fillets Area Of Section r d A Flange Web Ratios For Local Buckling Flange Web b/T d/t Dimensions For Detailing End Clearance C N n mm 210 210 210 210 210 208 208 208 208 208 208 152 152 152 150 150 149 149 149 149 149 149 149 mm 56 58 61 64 67 71 75 80 86 98 114 51 56 61 66 70 74 76 79 84 84 89 94 202 202 201 200 199 199 199 199 199 199 199 201 200 200 200 57 61 66 70 72 76 81 86 90 100 112 51 56 60 65 lb/ft 230 245 260 280 300 328 359 393 439 527 650 149 167 183 211 235 264 278 294 327 331 359 392 kg/m 343.0 30.0 mm 418.11 5.00 9.0 39.1 24.4 488.0 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 868.0 302.3 21.0 21.0 35.5 31.1 972.9 46.0 300.0 54.0 1008.0 26.5 14.12 2.0 43.53 9.9 50.7 799.3 24.1 26.0 1020.0 24.1 868.0 16.9 867.52 7.2 942.5 423.0 82.0 70.6 33.1 1036.0 58.83 3.5 41.0 300.28 4.0 1056.5 40.5 16.96 2.4 28.0 31.1 21.45 41.9 89.6 16.0 34.0 868.2 868.0 15.0 54.7 22.0 16.0 31.9 27.1 800.0 34.45 3.0 30.2 868.0 868.8 868.1 24.0 377 409 472 524 564 615 687 753 818 953 1125 437 497 551 635 12.0 437.5 19.1 25.7 446.0 45.0 868.2 800.5 12.0 446.0 988.0 988.9 62.0 41.0 300.

0 73.5 24.3 40.06 3.8 18.850 0.48 3.2 16.98 9.0 40.00 9.7 41.7 27.866 0.76 9.80 8.37 6.9 76.9 27.883 0.14 3.6 1021 1575 2134 2545 3311 4546 5927 7440 11670 18750 1037 1564 2130 3135 0.1 42.68 9.62 3.53 9.99 10.879 0.8 38.887 0.2 88.0 81.872 0.4 40.15 3.09 6.03 9.0 40.46 9.6 43.4 41.53 3.0 39.5 41.3 29.0 89.66 8.887 0.9 35.5 143.8 23.887 0.7 119.53 UNIVERSAL BEAMS AND COLUMNS y x Imperial units y Designation Size Mass Per Metre in (mm) W36-36x16 1/2 (914x419) W40-40x12 (1016x305) W40-40x16 (1016x406) W44-4x16 (1118x406) BEAMS AND COLUMNS x lb/ft 230 245 260 280 300 328 359 393 439 527 650 149 167 183 211 235 264 278 294 327 331 359 392 199 215 249 277 297 324 362 397 431 503 593 230 262 290 335 kg/m 343 365 388 417 446 488 534 585 653 784 967 222 249 272 314 349 393 415 438 487 494 535 584 296 321 371 412 443 483 539 591 642 748 883 343 390 433 499 Surface Area per Metre m2 3.49 6.7 108.887 0.50 3.4 cm4 1193 1442 1734 2188 2671 3500 4508 5890 8124 13730 24930 390 582 835 1264 1718 2330 2713 3185 4299 4433 5576 7230 762.67 3.42 3.9 39.53 3.8 23.0 30.7 27.878 0.10 8.882 0.882 0.60 3.9 98.886 0.0 38.8 40.0 45.19 3.50 3.1 20.13 3.47 3.5 14.22 3.867 0.886 0.9 33.45 3.868 0.878 0.1 42.883 0.44 3.43 3.868 0.11 3.8 32.27 9.89 9.45 9.887 0.7 123.887 0.867 0.4 64.869 0.48 3.0 64.55 3.8 19.70 3.81 9.44 6.73 9.887 0.9 40.1 cm 9.887 0.3 21.7 43.87 8.1 28.4 40.6 154.883 0.1 21.884 0.62 3.876 Warping Constant Torsional Constant 55 .5 17.6 45.3 107 119 132 149 171 218 292 21.883 0.3 170.3 41.2 37.0 38.8 38.8 45.882 0.1 40.81 6.5 16.9 38.3 dm6 75.16 9.8 18.4 5.08 9.2 23.2 45.6 38.7 39.4 19.19 3.9 30.0 40.53 6.70 8.1 56.41 6.75 3.2 10.7 21.53 3.861 0.2 44.4 38.5 26.6 38.0 34.2 39.4 51.2 65.4 40.7 41.77 Second Moment Of Area Axis Axis x-x y-y cm4 625800 671700 719600 785700 846900 936400 1031000 1144000 1292000 1593000 2033000 408000 481300 554000 644200 723100 807700 853100 909900 1021000 1028000 1131000 1246100 618700 696400 812100 909800 966510 1067480 1202540 1331040 1450590 1731940 2096420 867400 1005000 1126000 1294000 cm4 39160 42240 45440 49870 53940 59170 65450 73000 83050 103300 133900 9553 11760 14010 16240 18470 20500 21710 23450 26730 26820 29970 33430 28850 33120 38480 43410 45500 50710 57630 64010 70280 85110 104970 33120 38480 43410 49980 Radius Of Gyration Axis Axis x-x y-y cm 37.74 3.8 42.7 92.6 40.71 8.3 26.17 3.7 265.24 3.36 6.7 210.2 40.08 3.876 0.885 0.56 3.58 3.75 9.63 6.2 38.868 0.40 6.5 106.5 19.0 11.22 9.57 6.873 0.872 0.8 82.2 40.73 3.10 3.87 Elastic Modulus Plastic Modulus Axis x-x Axis y-y Axis x-x Axis y-y cm3 13730 14660 15630 16940 18150 19880 21700 23840 26590 31980 39540 8409 9821 11190 12880 14350 15900 16728 17740 19720 19845 21620 23600 12600 14070 16240 18050 19101 20931 23350 25597 27683 32433 38396 15920 18280 20320 23150 cm3 1871 2014 2161 2366 2550 2801 3081 3415 3854 4728 6003 637 784 934 1083 1223 1353 1428 1536 1733 1736 1925 2130 1443 1656 1924 2160 2264 2510 2832 3130 3412 4082 4952 1656 1924 2160 2468 cm3 15480 16550 17670 19170 20600 22640 24820 27390 30730 37340 46810 9807 11350 12830 14850 16590 18540 19571 20760 23200 23413 25570 28039 14220 15800 18330 20440 21777 23923 26824 29530 32097 37881 45265 18060 20780 23160 26600 cm3 2890 3111 3341 3658 3948 4344 4790 5320 6014 7439 9504 1020 1245 1470 1713 1941 2168 2298 2469 2800 2818 3126 3475 2235 2555 2976 3348 3529 3919 4436 4916 5379 6459 7874 2568 2988 3362 3870 Continental Steel Pte Ltd Buckling Parameter Torsional Index u x H J 30.884 0.71 3.7 24.9 137.1 14.9 25.1 25.887 0.51 3.4 101.5 41.3 48.59 9.

BEAMS AND COLUMNS 56 Continental Steel Pte Ltd .