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ADAMSON UNIVERSITY College of Law Syllabus in Remedial Law II (Evidence) Second Semester-2012-2013

PROF. PEDRO T. DABU, JR.

I. MEANING OF EVIDENCE ( Section 1, Rule 128) i. Proof vs. evidence ii. Factum probans vs. factum probandum iii. Direct evidence vs. circumstantial evidence iv. Positive evidence vs. negative evidence v. Burden of proof (onus probandi) vs. burden of evidence II. KINDS OF EVIDENCE A. Object (Real) Evidence B Documentary Evidence C. Testimonial Evidence

III. ADMISSIBILITY OF EVIDENCE (Sections 3 &4, Rule 128) 1. Requisites for the Admissibility of Evidence 1. relevancy 2. not excluded by law and the rules of court 2. Test for Determining the Relevancy of Evidence: relationship between the fact in issue and the offered evidence i. Bautista vs. Aperece (51 O.G. 805, 1954) ii. People vs. Galleno, 291 SCRA 761 3. Relevance of Evidence on the credibility of a witness i. People vs. Calumpang, 454 SCRA 719 ii. Ubales vs. People, October 29, 2008 IV. Exclusionary Rule: 1. Under the Constitution: i. Art. III, Sections 2, 3, 12 and 17

vs. v. 257 SCRA 578. February 25. iv. Rules of Admissibility and Inadmissibility under the Rules of Court A. 1995 In Re: Emil (Emiliano) P. v. 2005. Ortanez V. 119307. 145 SCRA 112 ii. Article II. Rule 130) i. 1983. Alicando. Chain of Custody in Drug Cases: Section 21.R. 4200. BPI vs. L-61016. Tiu vs. 1403. 581 SCRA 388. Carino vs. Villa Rey Transit v. iii. Cruz v. Llamado. ii. March 13. Garcia. 2005. 596 SCRA 432 ii. Civil Code) i. R. Introduction of secondary evidence (Sec. RA 53 as amended by RA 1477 i. PNB v. De Vera v. Art. 93-2-037 SC April 6. iii. Manila Mining Corp. People. ii. 17. 20 SCRA 383 2. 218 SCRA 602. Tan. Under the law 1. People vs. April 26. 192 SCRA 209. Madrigal v. G. SMP. No. People v. 2 . Sison.M. Tandoy. 2009 2. 1999. Jurado. People. 3. Stonehill vs. Aguilar. G. Documentary Evidence (Section 2. iv. April 15. iii. No. 5. CA. People v. Seeto. CA. CA. 251 SCRA 293 vi.ii. A. IAC. RA 9165 i. iv. vi. Philippine Bank of Communications. 235 SCRA 111. Rule 130) i. CA. G. 756. Inc. 578 SCRA 577 3. Best Evidence Rule: original document (Sections 3 and 4. 609 SCRA 577 2. August 20. Diokno.Anti-Wire Tapping Act i. Rule 130.A. 266 SCRA 561. v. Morales vs.Human Security Act of 2007. Air France v. 4. No. Magdayao v. Salcedo-Ortanez v. 25 SCRA 845. 2009 ii. 91 Phil. RA. CA. V. 142944. Carrascoso. G. Rule 130) 1. Ganaan v.R. Ferrer. Parole Evidence Rule (Section 9. 9372. “Fruits of the poisonous tree” doctrine iii.R. 192 SCRA 98. Aug. 152 881. People vs. People vs. 18 SCRA 155. Inciong v.R. Enrile.

iii. 26 Phil. Disqualifications: 1.Oct 17. Lim v. People vs.vi. 21. v. Rule 130) 2. CA-05-18-P. Rule 130. Nuez v. CA. iv. requisites for admissibility (1) complies with the rules on admissibility and (2) authenticated in the manner prescribed by the REE i. Sadang. 22) i. v. Lambert v. Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corp. ii. Dead Man’s Statute or Survivorship Disqualification Rule (Section 23) 3 . 78 Phil. 1968. 2.M. People v. De Jesus. 2. iii. 626. Mental incapacity or immaturity (Sec. ii. ii. A. v. 21 SCRA 1183. Oct. vi. People v. 661 SCRA 621 iii. Qualification of witnesses (Section 20. 47 Phil. Capital Insurance v. et al. National Power Corporation vs. June 27. 536 SCRA 408. Llenado. No. U. 2008 B. 01-7-01 SC). viii. 520 SCRA 412 v. Ang vs. Marital Disqualification or Spousal Immunity (Sec. Estate of Orlando Llenado vs. Electronic Documents (A. Arts. Mendoza. 694 3. meaning. Alvarez v. 14. Lezama. Codilla. Carlos. Rule 92) i.M. 618 SCRA 592 iv. Interpretation of Documents [Sections 10-19. 2007. People v. 2005 vi. Krohn v. Testimonial Evidence 1. Garcillano vs. MCC Industrial Corp.. Committee on Public Info. Cruz-Apao. 575 SCRA 170. Rodriguez. Ramirez. 2005. 588. 229 SCRA 402. House of Rep. Antipolo. 726. No. Sasngyong Corp. 233 SCRA 146. v. CA 214 SCRA 273. Civil Code] i. ii. 129 SCRA 4. 5. Court of Appeals. Fox. 580 SCRA 546 4. 37 Phil. Francisco. Salomon. People v. April 12.. Rule 130: Compare with Sec. 254 SCRA 18). 13701379.S. et al. Torres vs.

2010 4. 142 SCRA 523 [1986]). October 17. 1996. Babao vs. 2006. 1941. Londres. 50 Phil.1. 719. 1986. Parental and Filial Privilege (Section 25.3. 626 [1925] 4. December 17. Goñi. Krohn v. 1997. et al. Regala. CA. March 25. People vs. Rule 130. Icard v. of San Narciso. 233 SCRA 146 4. 47 Phil. July 13. 549 SCRA 77. 2008: Executive Privilege ii. v. January 17. Gordon. 53 Phil. Sandiganbayan. Doctor-Patient (Section 24 (c ) i. et al. Mun. 25 September 1992. Vianzon. 756. Monetary Board. 36. Art. Carr. Emma Lee vs. et al. vs. Privileged Communication (Section 24) 4. ii. Priest-Confessant (Section 24 [d] 4. Nañagas v. vii. 275 SCRA 505 4. 2003. Husband and Wife (Section 24 (a) i. iv. Perez. Lim vs. July 16. CA. Senate. 4. et al. Masigan. 23.5. Ong Chua v. Rule 130) Exceptions: 4 . Senate v. Angara. iii. 698 4.6. Tongco v. Hearsay Evidence Rule (Sec. In re: Sabio vs. CA. ii. 1929. Banco Filipino vs. Lawyer-Client (Section 24 (b) i. Sandiganbayan. People vs. April 8. Sept. September 20. vs. v.2. 215 Family Code. iv. CA 625 SCRA 66.i.4. 488 SCRA 1. April 20. 102 Phil. 214 SCRA 273. i. Neri vs.7. Ermita. Carlos. 2006 iii. et al. [last link doctrine] ii. Public Interest Privilege (Section 25 (e) Operational Communications Proximity Test and Privilege Presidential i. CA. vi.

Cavile vs. 201 SCRA 37. April 15. Michaelmar Phils. Jr. 617 SCRA 336 iv. vi. Ferrer v. 5 Phil. 533 SCRA 97 5 . People v. Falcon Maritime & Allied Services. People vs. 554 SCRA 148 8. People vs. 276 SCRA 582. Ferrer v. People v. Cerilla. Undaloc Construction. v. Esoy. Dec. Llemos. 37) i. City of Manila v. Land Bank of the Philippines vs. Valeroso vs. Entries in official records (Sec. iii. Monet’s Export and Manufacturing Corp. 825. ii. Del Rosario. Acts or declaration about pedigree (Sec. 41) i. 646 SCRA 770. Toledo. Part of res gestae (Sec. iii. PICOP Resources Inc. Tison v. Inc. Serenas. Maglian. 2003. CA. 227 6. Agustin. CA. 905 5. Jose. 253 SCRA 430. Declaration against interest (Sec. 618 SCRA 422 iv. 558 SCRA 279 7. Alegado. iv. 42) i. 618 SCRA 298. 2011 ii. 622 SCRA 485. 617 SCRA 552 iii. Sace. Mamigo. 532 SCRA 550 4. CA. People vs. 2010 iii. Lazaro vs. 38 Phil. Family reputation or tradition regarding pedigree (Sec. ii. 2010 ii. 581 SCRA 408 3. 96 SCRA 472. 1971 ii.1. Tandog vs. June 29. 11. Heirs of Miguel Franco v. 38) i. Alvarez vs. 604 SCRA 116 ii. Hacienda Consolacion. 618 SCRA 451 iii. People. 20 SCRA 742. Fullero vs. Sapio vs. 513 SCRA 128 iv. 546 SCRA 450 iii. 905. Ynchausti. Majuri. Talidano vs. People v. Llemos vs. Litania-Hong. November 28. 43) i. Basay vs. Jose. 606 SCRA 444 ii. Macapagal. March 30. Ynchausti. 51 Phil. Common reputation (sec. Inc. People. People vs. Dying declaration (Sec. 2007 2. People vs. 539 SCRA 251. 40) i. 39) i. Entries in the course of business (Sec. vs. February 6. People vs. Fuentes v. iv. Gravador v. 44) i. 38 Phil.

540 SCRA 480. Yatar. Learned treatises (Sec.647 SCRA 431 I. Libres vs. Progressive Trade & Service Enterprises vs. Testimony or deposition at a former proceeding (Sec. 638 SCRA 104. Manzano. Estate of Rogelio G. 597 SCRA 214 ix. Ong vs. 2002 ii. No. Independent relevant statements i.47) I. 2004 iv. 2007 v. Opinion testimony (Sections 48. Yu-Te. Lejano vs. Calaunan. 600 SCRA 683 viii. 603 SCRA 241 xii. Tabao vs. Rule 130) i. 2003 iii. Lucas. 554 SCRA 642 xi. People vs. 517 SCRA 25 C. Bedol vs. People vs. People vs. Pontaoc. 2010 OTHER CASES (jurisprudential history) 6 . Obando vs. 20 SCRA 54 ii.9. 586 SCRA 173 vii. CA. 512 SCRA 642 12. October 26. 2005 vii. Vallejo. 400 SCRA 584. People vs. Agustin vs. De los Santos. People. vs. PNOC Shipping v. Gragasin. OBJECT EVIDENCE (Section 1. People. People vs. Villasan. Verias vs. 650 SCRA 667. People vs.50) i. Tuano. Umanito. Jr. 606 SCRA 247 13. 2007 vi. 428 SCRA 504. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) Evidence (A. People. 654 SCRA 216 ii. 45) i. Tan v. Lucas vs. 06-11-5-SC. 579 SCRA 193 vi. Diaz. 2011 viii. Manliclic vs. Antonio. Commercial list and the like (Sec. 612 SCRA 386 iv. Lucas vs. Ngo Te vs. 460 SCRA 315.M. Janson. Garcia. Pontaoc vs. Gumimba. Demonstrative Evidence 1. 606 SCRA 554 II. 2007) i. CA. People vs. Alcuizar. April 4. 552 SCRA 261 X. May 9. June 6. 46) 11. 537 SCRA 552. Comelec. 661 SCRA 350 iii. June 15. October 2. 299 SCRA 402 10. May 19. People vs. Quebral. December 17. December 14. 624 SCRA 299 v. CA. People vs. COMELEC. 382 SCRA 192.

Rule 130) 2. People v.G. Offer of compromise (Section 27) 3. 5. 2001 iii. Discretionary Judicial Notice [Sections 2-3. 8. 424 SCRA 277. People. Umabana. Cabigquez.75 3. 6. April 4. June 29. 7. Character Evidence (Sec. People vs. People v. 171925 : July 23. ii. Tecson vs. People v. Admission by third party (Section 28) i. Rule 130) VS. Photographs i. iii. VIII. People vs. 270 SCRA 1 ii. 51. 2007 2. 2000 ii. or 2. Paraffin Tests See certain cases under expert testimony 4. Babiera. Similar Acts Rule (Sec.R. 354 SCRA 17. Mandatory Judicial Notice [Section1. 8083. Desierto. 53 O. 356 SCRA 108) 4. March 8. Sison vs. Admission by a party (Section 26. Rule 129] i. 97. Tijing vs. 402 SCRA 415. March 3. People vs. 34. . Soliman. 2004 iv. 52 Phil. Incorporated [G. 2010]. Court of Appeals. Rule 130) i. Carpo. 250 SCRA 58.i. Pe Lim vs. 540 SCRA 480.CA. Admissions and confessions 1. December 17. No. 2001 VI. COMELEC. Admission by copartner or agent (Section 29) Admission by a conspirator (Section 30) Admission by privies (Section 31) Admission by silence (Section 32) Confession (Section 33) VII. doctrine of adoptive admission (Estrada vs. Rule 129] 7 . Solidbank Corporation. (now Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company) vs. Permanent Homes. MATTERS THAT NEED NO PROOF 1. Polygraph tests (Lie Detector Tests) i. Reanzares.

604. exceptions (Section 10) 8 .R. Examination in open court (Section 1) People v. Tobias. Criminal People v. No. 78 SCRA 28].R. People v. EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES (Sections 1-18) 1. 1986 ii. Aca-ac. 138662-63. Pascual v. Pornellosa vs. 13 Phil. Feb.M. LTA. 4. Garcia. G. A.R. 5. Extra-judicial confessions IX. Cuadro. PRESENTATION OF EVIDENCE (Rule 132) A. IFC v. Padiernos. 4. 138 SCRA 294 2. 5. 2005 People v. 78 SCRA 28 2. RTJ-92-876 September 19. Tobias. Rule 129].1. Angeles. 1994. Cariño.i. 69 SCRA 484. Godoy. IFC vs. 14040. 250 SCRA 626. Trillana. Rule 8]. iii. 1986. Rule 131) 1. 3. Rule 131]. Jan. Galman v. Facts legally presumed [Sections 2 and 3. Tampos. 160328. G. 357 SCRA 373 3. Pornellosa v. June 15. 352 SCRA 537 People v.1. City of Manila vs. ii. 2004. Jan. LTA G. 31. People vs. Judicial Admissions [Sec. 4. 2003 People v. 4 Phil. Nov. i. Leading Question not allowed. Order in the examination of a witness (Section 4) 1. Ormachea v. Vergara. Estenzo. 194 X. Direct examination by the proponent (Section 5) 1. BURDEN OF PROOF AND PRESUMPTIONS (Sections 1-4. 408 SCRA 403 People Madera.1. L-14040. Muro. Presumptions People v. Facts admitted or not denied if they are sufficiently alleged in the pleadings [Sec. Pamaran. State Prosecutors vs. Civil i. Rights and Obligations of a witness (Section 3) 3. 31. ii. 72 SCRA 428. 19 SCRA 413. 4.

but not misleading question (Section 10) 2. 26 Phil. Examination of Child Witness i. Public document ( Sections 23. Adverse party witness 6. Mangahas. Impeachment by other means i. People v. People v. 28. Sandal. 780.4. Fulgado v. Rivera. 20 Phil. People v. 12-8-8-SC) 2. 25. v. 200 SCRA 786. ii. June 28. v. 396 SCRA 309 B.S. also Section 21) 2. CA. 3. 2. 50 Phil. Unwilling or hostile witness 2. 127 8. Recalling witnesses (Section 9) i. People v. 24.1. IAC. Authentication of documentary evidence 2. 29 and 30) C. 1999. its purpose and extent (Section 6) 2. 26.1.1.2.. Re-cross examination (Section 8) 5. Ong Su.1. Victorias Milling Co. Mercado. 883 9. People v. v. U. No. 27. Inc. U.3. Re-direct examination. Private document (Sections 20 & 22. 7. exceptions (Section 12) 1. Avendaño. Villalon v. iii. Resabal. 2. Mercado. OFFER OF EVIDENCE AND OBJECTION 9 .2.M. Cross Examination. Impeachment by Prior Inconsistent Statement (Section 13) i. iii. AUTHENTICATION AND PROOF OF DOCUMENTS 1. Judicial Affidavit Rule (A. Impeachment of own witness. ii. Impeachment of adverse party’s witness (Section 11) 5. Exclusion of Witnesses (Section 15) i. its purpose and extent (Section 7) 4. 79 SCRA 207. Dela Paz v. Classes of Documents (Section 19) 2. People v. 25 SCRA 716. 144 SCRA 443. 127.S. 154 SCRA 65. 4. IAC. Del Castillo. 182 SCRA 81. 54 Phil. Leading question allowed.

Rule 132) 2. CA. iii. Remedy for evidence not formally offered: 1. By evidence on motion (Sec. When to make offer (Section 35) 3. Objection (Section 36) ◦ ◦ Testimonial:  1st: When the offer is made  2nd: When an objectionable question is asked of the witness Documentary and object evidence  When the document is offered in evidence i. Yatco. 4. v. 940. 40.. 212 SCRA 194. Inc. People v. XI. 97 Phil. 250 SCRA 283. 236 SCRA 398. Vda. 165 SCRA 664. ii. Importance of offer (Section 34. CA. Rule 133) 3. Cariño. 7. PHILAMGEN v. iv. WEIGHT AND SUFFICIENCY OF EVIDENCE (Rule 133)     Preponderance of evidence Proof beyond reasonable doubt Substantial evidence Clear and convincing evidence 10 .1. De Oñate v. By tender offer (Sec. Rule 130) 2. People v. Evidence that were duly authenticated and marked during the trial and form part of the record can be pointed out to the court for its consideration. Lines. Catuira v.