Shut in Procedures

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Shut in methods:
– Hard Shut in. – Soft Shut in.

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Shut in procedure while drilling. Shut in procedure while tripping. Diverter procedures.

. Describe diverter procedures during drilling and tripping operations. Describe shut-in procedures during drilling and tripping operations.Shut in Procedures At the end of this section you should be able to: n n n Describe well shut-in methods.

The use of the Hard Shut-in method is implemented in IPM in order to minimized the size of the influx and provide lower choke and annulus pressures. There are two types of shut-in methods in the oil industry: n n Hard shut-in.Shut in Procedures The shut in procedures are implemented once a kick is suspected. Soft shut-in. These procedures vary depending on whether the BOPs are surface or subsea type. . and whether the kick occurs while drilling or tripping.

Hard Shut-in In the Hard Shut-in method. Choke Closed To Mud gas Separator. flare or overboard Kill line Valve Closed Choke line HCR Valve Closed BleedBleed -off line to flare or overboard Drill string To Mud gas Separator. flare or overboard Choke Closed . the choke and the valve immediately upstream of the choke on the choke manifold are to be kept in the closed position. Mud tanks. The remote operated choke line valve (HCR) on surface BOPs or the failsafe valves on subsea BOPs are to be kept closed. Mud tanks.

flare or overboard Kill line Valve Closed BleedBleed -off line to flare or overboard To Mud gas Separator. Choke Open To Mud gas Separator. Mud tanks.Soft Shut-in In the Soft Shut-in method. In the soft shut-in method. flare or overboard Opened Choke Line HCR Valve Drill string Choke Closed . the HCR valve is closed and the choke is open during normal operations. Mud tanks.

Close annular preventer and open remote controlled choke line valve (HCR). Stop rotation.Shut in Procedures while Drilling 1. 7. 6. 2. Bleed off pressure between pipe rams and annular preventer (if possible). 3. check space out (pipe rams vs. tool joint relative position) and close pipe rams and ram locks. . If the well has been closed using the annular preventer. Sound alarm and notify PIC. Stop the pumps and check for flow. Record casing and drill pipe pressures and pit gain. 5. if well flows. 4. Raise string to shut in position (time permitting). 8. proceed without delay to the next step.

6. Install full opening safety valve and close same. Record casing and drill pipe pressures and pit gain. Make up kelly or top drive (insert a pup joint or single between safety valve and top drive) and open safety valve. 5. 4. Close annular preventer and open remote controlled choke line valve (HCR). 2. Sound alarm and notify PIC. 3. Set slips below top tool joint (no tool joint next to blind / shear rams). .Shut in Procedures while Tripping 1.

it is not intended to shut-in or halt well flow. . while drilling surface hole (prior to setting the surface casing on which the BOP stack and choke manifold will be installed). The diverter system.Diverter Procedures The diverter system is not an element of the well control equipment. provides a lowpressure flow control system to direct controlled or uncontrolled wellbore fluids away from the immediate drilling area for the safety of personnel and equipment. the reservoir has depleted or hydrostatic pressure can be built enough to regain primary control and stop formation fluid flow. During diverting operations. fluid flow will continue until the hole bridges.

Do not stop pumping for as long as the well continues to flow. Open diverter vent line to divert / close diverter. 2. 6. switch to the active system. Do not stop pumping. 4. Raise the alarm. stop pumps and observe the well. Post personnel to look for gas appearing at the waterline if not already in place (jack-up. Zero stroke counter. 7. Evacuate all non-essential personnel immediately.Diverter Procedures while Drilling 1. 5. Increase pump strokes to maximum. pumps to water. If the well appears to continue to flow after the kill mud has been pumped. . Switch suction on mud pumps to kill mud in the reserve pit. If the well appears to have stopped flowing after the kill mud has been displaced. swamp barges). 8. 3. When all mud has been consumed. Stop rotation.

pumps to water. Zero stroke counter. If the well appears to continue to flow after the kill mud has been pumped. If the well is not flowing after displace the kill mud. Open safety valve and start pumping at maximum pump speed. 10. switch to . Do not stop pumping for as long as the well continues to flow. close diverter. When all mud has been consumed. Set slips. the active system. Evacuate all non-essential personnel immediately. stop pumping. 8. Open diverter vent line. Switch suction on mud pumps to kill mud in the reserve pit. Make up kelly or top drive if possible. Prepare to run back to bottom. 3. Observe the well. 6. 2. 5. Raise the alarm. 7. 4. 9.Diverter Procedures while Tripping 1. Stab safety valve and close same.

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