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Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………….iv List of Tables………………………………………………………………………………vi List of Figures……………………………………………………………………………..vii

Chapter I: Introduction 1.1. 1.2. Organization Profile……………………………………………………….......01 Problem Definition………………………………………………………….....02

Chapter II: System Analysis 2.2. Existing System Architecture…………………………………………………... 2.2. Proposed System Architecture…………………………………………………

Chapter III: Development Environment 3.1. Hardware Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2. Software Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2.1. Software Description………………………………………………………

Chapter IV: System Design

4.1. Data Model 4.1.1. Entity Relationship Diagram……………………………………. 4.1.2. Data Dictionary………………………………………………….

4.2. Process Model 4.2.1. Context Analysis Diagram………………………………………. 4.2.2. Data Flow Diagram………………………………………………

Chapter v: Software Development 5.1. Phases of Software Development………………………………………… 5.1.1. Phase I: Planning………………………………………………... 5.1.2. Phase II: Analysis………………………………………………. 5.1.3. Phase III: Design……………………………………………… 5.1.4. Phase IV: Development……………………………………… 5.2. Modular Description…………………………………………………..

Chapter VI: Testing 6.1. System Testing……………………………………………………………. 6.2. Software Testing Strategy………………………………………………… 6.2.1. Unit Testing…………………………………………………..

6.2.2. Integrating Testing……………………………………………..

Chapter VII: System Implementation 7.1. Introduction…………………………………………………………… 7.2. Implementation…………………………………………………………


Chapter VIII: Performance and Limitations 8.1. Merits of the system………………………………………………….. 8.2. Limitations of the system……………………………………………… 8.3. Future Enhancements……………………………………………………

Chapter IX: Appendices 9.1. Sample Screen……………………………………………………….. 9.2. User Manual……………………………………………………………

Chapter X: References…………………………

Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. Data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data which can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques to various areas such as marketing, medical, financial, and car manufacturing. In this paper, a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. The application results analysis such as Predicting Future Car market Demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand.


Consequently. these characteristics help providing powerful tools for decision makers. A data mining task includes pre-processing. such tools can be used by business users (not only statisticians) for analyzing huge amount of data for patterns and trends. The measure of any business intelligence solution is its ability to derive knowledge from data. data mining has become a research area with increasing importance and it involved in determining useful patterns from collected data or determining a model that fits best on the collected data. . the kinds of knowledge to be discovered. rules. A data mining technique or a combination of techniques appropriate for the type of knowledge to be discovered is applied to the derived data set. the data mining problem and all sources of data are identified. During the pre-processing stage. trends. INTRODUCTION Data mining application are characterized by the ability to deal with the explosion of business data and accelerated market changes. The difficulty of discovering and deploying new knowledge in the BI context is due to the lack of intelligent and complete data mining system. and a subset of data is generated from the accumulated data. To ensure quality the data set is processed to remove noise. The challenge is met with the ability to identify patterns. handle missing information and transformed it to an appropriate format. The last stage is postprocessing in which the discovered knowledge is evaluated and interpreted. and relationships from volumes of information which is too large to be processed by human analysis alone.1. Data mining techniques used in business-oriented applications are known as Business Intelligence (BI). the actual data mining process and postprocessing. BI is a general term to mean all processes. and tools that gather and analyze data for the purpose of supporting enterprise users to make better decisions. Different classification schemes can be used to categorize data mining methods and systems based on the kinds of databases to be studied. and the kinds of techniques to be utilized. techniques.

Here are three of those predictions: Battery production will get ahead of vehicle production. Now. The number of battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles sold and the variety of options for consumers will rapidly expand. Many potential EV buyers were disappointed that Nissan raised the price of the LEAF for 2012.625). According to data from Pike Research’s annual Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey. and the Ford Focus EV ($39. EnerDel. and Dow Kokam) have their facilities fully online and ready to produce. The 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act provided funding for scaling up production so that the United States can compete with Japan. LG Chem.000 (before federal incentives). With the 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV ($32.In 2012. the production and sales of the cars needs to catch up. plug-in electric vehicles will take major strides toward becoming a mature if small component of the overall vehicle fleet. the car comes without several features that were standard but consumers now must pay for as options. Korea. the Honda Fit BEV ($36.995) all north of $30. consumers hoping for an affordable EV ride have been left wanting. Johnson Controls. Most of the award recipients (including Saft. The fruits of the multi-billion dollar investments in recent years in lithium ion battery manufacturing facilities will provide abundance in capacity that could outpace demand. and China in EV batteries. Unfortunately.000). In order to analyze the impacts of these and other key issues facing the EV industry. the optimal price for a plug-in electric vehicle to engage consumers is $23. but any oversupply will not impact vehicle pricing.750.000 less. Pike Research has prepared a white paper that makes 10 predictions about the continuing evolution of the market in 2012 and beyond. Pike Research does not expect this trend to stop in 2012. While the Chevrolet Volt will sell for $1. Manufacturers of lithium ion batteries in the United States spent 2011 readying new and established factories for the expected surge in electric car and plug-in hybrid sales. . EV prices will continue to disappoint many consumers.

In 2012. Other long term applications could include downloading music or movies to the vehicle.EVs will begin to function as home appliances. and other types of appliances. manufacturers of the vehicles—as well as charging equipment—will introduce technology that will enable EVs to interact with other home appliances. Automakers want EVs to be good “citizens” in balancing their energy requirement with the rest of the building.1 COMPANY PROFILE . For example. an EV could coordinate with the clothes dryer or pool pump to make sure that the power consumption doesn’t surpass a certain threshold. home energy management devices. which requires establishing communications with smart meters. The first vehicles demonstrating this capability will likely be out in 2012. In many households. with commercialization soon to follow. the EV will be the device that consumes the most energy and power. 1.

traffic and driver usage. and explained. the system learns key information about how the driver is using the vehicle and where he wants to go.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT In this project. 1. The new prediction api. This solution can provide inventory managers with important analysis such as launch analysis and slow turning analysis. The system analyzes driving habits. knowledge of routes and combines it with real-time traffic information to suggest the best possible energy-efficient route. 1. car maker is collaborating to develop software that will help its cars predict the best route that drivers can take to save energy and time if car maker experiment in making self learning cars takes off. to create software that will give its cars the capability to predict the destination and the most energy-efficient route. The application results analysis such as predicting future car market demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand. The use and benefits of these two analyses will be identified. In essence. an encrypted driver data usage profile is built based on routes and time of travel.1. a cloud-based analytics service that contains a suite of algorithms with the ability of analyzing historical business data and the capability to predict future trends or outcome. After a vehicle owner opts in to use the service. Using the power of the cloud to analyze historical data of routes.3 NEED OF THE PROJECT Using historical data.2 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT The aim of this paper is to provide a proposed data mining solution that can be used for automotive market. your car will never be the same again. as well as many other areas. A dcx1 case study will be presented in detail in order to demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in the field of car manufacturing. a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. Here’s how this system would work. .



International Journal Of Software Engineering & Knowledge Engineering. 2006. In this paper. This paper details the application of a genetic programming framework for induction of useful classification rules from a database of income statements. pp. 2005. medical. “A data mining application: analysis of problems occurring during a software project development process”. Nayak and T. 17. “Applications of genetic programming in data mining”. no. vol. although few of them can be currently seen in software engineering domain. Each algorithm may produce a mining result completely different from the others. Potentially interesting classification rules are discovered. a proposed data mining application in software engineering domain is explained and experimented. and K. Enformatika. Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. These goals are achieved by using various learning algorithms.4. Kerdpraso. we describe a framework of an intelligent and complete data mining system called SUT-Miner. It is thus the difficult job for data analysts to select appropriate models and interpret the discovered knowledge. Qiu. Enformatika. N. 19. balance sheets. 1-5. Toony. pp. “Moving data mining tools toward a business intelligence system”. vol.15. A data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data that can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. 647-663. and financial.. The empirical results demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in software engineering domain and the potential benefits in applying data mining in this area. Data mining (DM) is the process of finding and extracting frequent patterns that can describe the data. Some algorithms may find millions of patterns. and cash flow statements for North American public companies. vol. In this paper.3 LITERATURE REVIEW R.2. pp. Our system is . Kerdprasop. Anomalies in the discovery process merit further investigation of the application of genetic programming to the dataset for the problem domain. or predict unknown or future values. S. 2007. Elkaffas and A. 117-122. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques in various areas such as marketing.

16. W. this study was one of the first empirical studies to provide an accurate measure of the discernable. Scheduling courses (“timetabling”) at a University is a persistent challenge. pp. both summary and detailed results can be understood by key decision-makers. inductive methods are indeed applicable. pp. Smith. and 3). classifies them from several perspectives. Howard. but negligible. no. 1-32. These measures are intended for selecting and ranking patterns according to their potential interest to the user. “Interestingness measures for data mining: a survey”. In addition. It is the post-DM packages that ease the DM deployment for business intelligence applications. 2005. . and identifies opportunities for future research in this area.comprised of a full complement of major DM algorithms. “Applying data mining to scheduling courses at a university“. Good measures also allow the time and space costs of the mining process to be reduced. Interestingness measures play an important role in data mining. repeatable SQL queries can be used as the chief analytical technique on a recurring basis. scheduling exclusionary effects that may impact course availability and diversity negatively. It demonstrates the feasibility of applying the principles of data mining. The results indicate that 1). regardless of the kind of patterns being mined. Communications Of AIs. 38. G. such as goal programming. 463-474. identifies their roles in the data mining process. vol. compares their properties. This study takes an alternate approach. Liqiang and J. ACM Computing Surveys. Specifically it uses association rules to evaluate a nonstandard (“aberrant”) timetabling pilot study undertaken in one College at a University. straightforward. Allocating course sections to prescribed “time slots” for courses requires advanced quantitative techniques. This survey reviews the interestingness measures for rules and summaries. vol. pre-DM and post-DM functionalities. 2005. 2006. no. gives strategies for selecting appropriate measures for applications. 3. and collecting a large amount of multi-criteria data at least six to eight months in advance of a semester. 2).


3.1 Hardware Requirements  Processor/system  Main memory  Cache memory  Processor speed  Hard disk drive : : : : : Pentium IV 1 GB RAM 512 KB 600 MHz 40 GB 3.2 Software configuration  Operating system  Front End  Programming Language  Back End : : : : Windows2000/XP Professional JSP/ SERVLETS J2EE MYSQL 5.1 .

For example.3. With an interpreter. whether it's a Java development tool or a Web browser that can run Java applets. you translate a Java program into an intermediate language called Java byte codes--the platform-independent codes interpreted by the Java interpreter. Every Java interpreter. the same Java program can run on Windows NT. You can compile your Java program into byte codes on any platform that has a Java compiler. The Java platform differs from most other platforms in that it's a software-only platform that runs on top of other.2 Java Platform A platform is the hardware or software environment in which a program runs. The Java VM can also be implemented in hardware. Compilation happens just once. . With a compiler. Java byte codes help make "write once. Solaris.3. hardware-based platforms.1 ABOUT JAVA Java is an object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems.3 SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION The software used for the development of the project is: 3. run anywhere" possible. java was designed to be small. This figure illustrates how this works. The byte codes can then be run on any implementation of the Java VM.3. each Java byte code instruction is parsed and run on the computer. Java is also unusual in that each Java program is both compiled and interpreted. is an implementation of the Java VM. simple and portable across platforms. Most other platforms are described as a combination of hardware and operating system. Modeled on C++. and Macintosh. interpretation occurs each time the program is executed. 3.

1. such as graphical user interface (GUI) widgets.2 Applet It is a java program that executes inside a web page. and impose additional restrictions on applets. Instead of working in browsers. Application It is a program that we can execute from any operating system prompt. and a full range of functionality is provided for in the way of pre-written Java classes. Applets run in their own frame. mail servers. The Java API is grouped into libraries (packages) of related components. Stand-alone applications have no such restrictions. Stand-alone applications can run as a console application (writing text to the screen or terminal window).The Java platform has two components:   The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) The Java Application Programming Interface (Java API) The Java API is a large collection of ready-made software components that provide many useful capabilities. 3. or they can have a graphical userinterface.3. proxy servers. . print servers.3. 3. and deliver client-side content. It requires a java enabled browser which requires an interpreter.2. and can display graphics. Due the potential security feasibilitys associated with running applets from external and potentially malicious sources.2. A special kind of application known as a server serves and supports clients on a network. by opening a new window or dialog box. and boot servers. accept input from GUI components. most web browsers limit file access. Another specialized program is a servlet. servlets run within Java servers. Examples of servers include Web servers. and even open network connections. configuring the server. Servlets are similar to applets in that they are runtime extensions of applications. Applets are commonly used to enhance the interactivity of a web page.

threads.  Networking: URLs. robust and secure.  It is a well-structured.3. strings. system properties. smart compilers.2.  Object serialization: Allows lightweight persistence and communication via Remote Method Invocation (RMI). The core API gives you the following features:  The Essentials: Objects. data structures.  Java Database Connectivity (JDBC): Provides uniform access to a wide range of relational databases. input and output. a freely available SDK is available from Sun. Public/private key management. 3. TCP and UDP sockets. interpreter. . The core API is the API included in every full implementation of the Java platform. debugger. and just-in-time byte code compilers can bring Java's performance close to that of native code without threatening portability. and so on. Java can be a bit slower than native code. However. While there are commercial offerings available. numbers. access control. including electronic signatures. It contains a compiler.  Security: Both low-level and high-level. and IP addresses. well-tuned interpreters.3 Features  It is an object-oriented internet programming language. high performance and platform-independent  It is a distributed and interpreted language. such as Visual J++ and Borland JBuilder.  It is simple. date and time.The important thing required for writing stand-alone Java applications is a java compiler/interpreter. As a platform-independent environment. and certificates. Your browser may not support display of this image.

Software objects are modeled after real-world objects in that they. dynamic and portable. 3.3. It is multi-threaded.3.6 Encapsulation Packaging an object's variables within the protective custody of its methods is called encapsulation.2. have state and behavior. .4 Advantages  Get started quickly  Write less code  Write better code  Develop programs faster  Avoid platform dependencies with 100% Pure Java:  Write once.7 Benefits  Modularity-The source code for an object can be written and maintained independently of the source code for other objects. an object can be easily passed around the system. too.2. encapsulation is used to hide unimportant implementation details from other objects 3.  Information hiding. A software object maintains its state in variables and implements its behavior with methods.object can maintain private information and methods that can be changed at any time without affecting the other objects that depend on it. Also.3.2. Typically. run anywhere  Distribute software more easily 3.5 Object An object is a software bundle of variables and related methods.3.2. 3.

3. is a language feature that allows a subclass to provide a specific implementation of a method that is already provided by one of its super classes.2. and an interface may extend any number of interfaces. When you create an instance of a class.3. and may only contain method signatures and constant declarations (variable declarations that are declared to be both static and final). or be an abstract class. An interface may never contain method definitions. or be bound to an object that implements the interface. however an interface may not implement an interface.2. One benefit of using interfaces is that they simulate multiple inheritance.9 Interface An interface in the Java programming language is an abstract type that is used to specify an interface (in the generic sense of the term) that classes must implement. As interfaces are implicitly abstract. a Java class may implement. the root class of the Java type system) must have exactly one base class.2. All classes in Java (other than java.3. in which case.3. they must either be null. in object oriented programming.lang. Furthermore. The class must implement all of the methods described in the interface. they cannot be directly instantiated except when instantiated by a class that implements the said interface.Object. Interfaces are declared using the interface keyword.10 Method overriding Method Overriding.8 Class A class is a prototype that defines the variables and methods common to all objects of a certain kind. The implementation in the subclass overrides (replaces) the implementation in the super class. multiple inheritance of classes is not allowed. you create an object of that type and the system allocates memory for the instance variables declared by the class. 3.3. . Object references in Java may be specified to be of an interface type.

Some languages allow the programmer to prevent a method from being overridden. whereas the former does not require a parameter. C#. Such abstract classes have methods that do not perform any useful operations and are meant to be overridden by specific implementations in the subclasses. This may or may not involve an inability to subclass from a given class.11 Method overloading It is a feature found in various programming languages such as Ada. abstract classes are designed — i. Method overriding is an important feature that facilitates polymorphism in the design of object-oriented programs. The two different methods may be overloaded as Print(text object T). doTask () and doTask (object O) are overloaded methods. and is called with an empty parameter field. the abstract super class defines a common interface which all the subclasses inherit. To call the latter. which would result in an ambiguous call error. In many cases. C++. In this case one might like the method to be different when printing.A subclass can give its own definition of methods which also happen to have the same signature as the method in its super class. Thus. for example. as the compiler wouldn't know which of the two methods to use. the call is always: Print(something). as some languages support covariance on return types. and the correct function call again.e.2. text or pictures. we never have to worry about the type of the object. Another example would be a Print (object O) method. For example. A common error would be to assign a default value to the object in the second method. or disallow method overriding in certain core classes. Constraints on the similarity of return type vary from language to language. D and Java that allows the creation of several methods with the same name which differ from each other in terms of the type of the input and the type of the output of the function. This means that the subclass's method has the same name and parameter list as the super class’s overridden method. Print(image_object P). If we write the overloaded print methods for all objects our program will "print". classes that exist only in order to have specialized subclasses derived from them. 3.3. an object must be passed as a parameter. .

Method overloading is usually associated with statically-typed programming languages which enforce type checking in function calls. It aims to provide a Java API based on the Open JDK to ease AWT implementation on new systems. It is resolved at compile time which of these methods are used 3.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>Welcome to Our Store</TITLE></HEAD> <BODY> <H1>Welcome to Our Store</H1> . and user-interface widget toolkit. The project has successfully experimented the implementation of AWT widgets using Java2D Java Server Page: Java Server Pages (JSP) is a technology that lets you mix regular.2. even though most of it is always the same. its implementation on a new operating system may involve a lot of work. Since the opening of Java. you are really just making a number of different methods that happen to have the same name. But most CGI variations.12 AWT The Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) is Java's original platform-independent windowing. with the dynamic part limited to a few small locations. static HTML with dynamically-generated HTML. which require the development from scratch of native peers for each of the AWT widgets. graphics. Here's an example: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4. including servlets. The AWT is now part of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC) — the standard API for providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for a Java program. a project called Caciocavallo has been created. make you generate the entire page via your program. As AWT is a bridge to the underlying native user interface. JSP lets you create the two parts separately.3. especially for the set of AWT GUI widgets.AWT is also the GUI toolkit for a number of Java ME profiles. When overloading a method. Many Web pages that are built by CGI programs are mostly static.

but only handles situations where the dynamic information is based on the client's environment.</A></SMALL> <P> Regular HTML for all the rest of the on-line store's Web page. and the like. </BODY></HTML> Advantages of JSP: Active Server Pages (ASP) is a similar technology from Microsoft. This is a useful capability. SSI is really only intended for simple inclusions. JavaScript can generate HTML dynamically on the client. HTTP and form submission data is not available to JavaScript. But it is more convenient to write (and to modify!) regular HTML than to have a zillion println statements that generate the HTML. make database connections. the dynamic part is written in Java. by separating the look from the content you can put different people on different tasks: your Web page design experts can build the HTML. not Visual Basic or other MS-specific language. it is portable to other operating systems and non-Microsoft Web servers. JSP is better because it lets you use servlets instead of a separate program to generate that dynamic part. <!-. Pure Servlets . Second.User name is "New User" for first-time visitors --> <% out. . so it is more powerful and easier to use.getUserNameFromCookie(request)). leaving places for your servlet programmers to insert the dynamic content. SSI is a widely-supported technology for including externally-defined pieces into a static Web page. %> To access your account settings. not for "real" programs that use form data. First. click <A HREF="Account-Settings. With the exception of cookies.JSP doesn't give you anything that you couldn't in principle do with a servlet. Besides.println(Utils. The advantages of JSP are twofold. Plus.<SMALL>Welcome.html">here.

cannot contain dynamic information. pricing information. more portable. of course. JSP is so easy and convenient that it is quite feasible to augment HTML pages that only benefit marginally by the insertion of small amounts of dynamic data. and the like. servlet developers get paid more than Perl programmers :-). The data changes frequently. Java Servlets: Servlets are Java technology's answer to CGI programming. easier to use. the cost of using dynamic data would preclude its use in all but the most valuable instances. since it runs on the client. For example the results pages from search engines are generated this way. a weather-report or news headlines page might build the page dynamically. Building Web pages on the fly is useful (and commonly done) for a number of reasons: The Web page is based on data submitted by the user. JavaScript can't access server-side resources like databases. Advantage of Servlets Over "Traditional" CGI? Java servlets are more efficient. The Web page uses information from corporate databases or other such sources. They are programs that run on a Web server and build Web pages. perhaps returning a previously built page if it is still up to date. catalogs. .And. Previously. and programs that process orders for e-commerce sites do this as well. more powerful. Regular HTML. and cheaper than traditional CGI and than many alternative CGI-like technologies. For example. you would use this for making a Web page at an on-line store that lists current prices and number of items in stock. (More importantly. For example.

With servlets. servlets have an extensive infrastructure for automatically parsing and decoding HTML form data. Microsoft IIS. adding servlet support to it (if it doesn't come preconfigured to support servlets) is generally free or cheap. Servlets can also share data among each other. the Java Virtual Machine stays up. say I-Planet Enterprise Server can run virtually unchanged on Apache. with the major exception of Apache.Efficient. and many other such utilities. There are a number of free or very inexpensive Web servers available that are good for "personal" use or low-volume Web sites. servlets written for. With traditional CGI. then the code for the CGI program is loaded into memory N times. a new process is started for each HTTP request. Powerful. If the CGI program does a relatively fast operation. most commercial-quality Web servers are relatively expensive. Convenient. if there are N simultaneous request to the same CGI program. simplifying things like session tracking and caching of previous computations. however. the overhead of starting the process can dominate the execution time. no matter the cost of that server. handling cookies. . Inexpensive. Servlets also have more alternatives than do regular CGI programs for optimizations such as caching previous computations. Similarly. Java servlets let you easily do several things that are difficult or impossible with regular CGI. keeping database connections open. This simplifies operations that need to look up images and other data stored in standard places. Why learn Perl too? Besides the convenience of being able to use a familiar language. in traditional CGI. They can also maintain information from request to request. However. reading and setting HTTP headers. servlets can talk directly to the Web server (regular CGI programs can't). For one thing. Nevertheless. making useful things like database connection pools easy to implement. or WebStar. With servlets. tracking sessions. which is free. Servlets are supported directly or via a plugin on almost every major Web server. you already know Java. there are N threads but only a single copy of the servlet class. and each request is handled by a lightweight Java thread. once you have a Web server. Consequently. Hey. not a heavyweight operating system process. and the like. Servlets are written in Java and follow a well-standardized API. Portable.

They are not tied to a specific client-server protocol. defines the expected interactions of the Web container and a servlet. The basic servlet package defines Java objects to represent servlet requests and responses.[1] A Servlet is a Java class in Java EE that conforms to the Java Servlet API.servlet. . they are commonly used to extend the applications hosted by Web servers. The servlet API. as well as objects to reflect the servlet's configuration parameters and execution environment.servlet. a software developer may use a servlet to adddynamic content to a Web server using the Java platform. The generated content is commonly HTML. Therefore. contained in the Java package hierarchy javax. but are most often used with the HTTP protocol. a protocol by which a Java class may respond to requests. including session management objects that track multiple requests and responses between the Web server and a client. To deploy and run a Servlet.[2] A Servlet is an object that receives a request and generates a response based on that request. Servlets can maintain state in session variables across many server transactions by using HTTP cookies. it can be thought of as a Java Applet that runs on a server instead of abrowser. or URL rewriting. The Web container is responsible for managing the lifecycle of servlets.http defines HTTP-specific subclasses of the generic servlet elements. Thus. Servlets are the Java counterpart to non-Java dynamic Web content technologies such as CGI and ASP. but may be other data such as XML. A Web container (also known as a Servlet container) is essentially the component of a Web server that interacts with the servlets. a Web container must be used. the word "Servlet" is often used in the meaning of "HTTP Servlet". mapping a URL to a particular servlet and ensuring that the URL requester has the correct access rights. Thus.NET. Although servlets can respond to any type of request. Servlets may be packaged in aWAR file as a Web application.Servlet: A servlet is a Java programming language class used to extend the capabilities of servers that host applications access via a response programming. The package javax.

While the direct usage of Servlets to generate HTML (as shown in the example below) has become rare. A somewhat older usage is to use servlets in conjunction with JSPs in a pattern called "Model 2".Servlets can be generated automatically from JavaServer Pages (JSP) by the JavaServer Pages compiler. A servlet is a Java component that can be plugged into a Java-enabled web server to provide custom services. These services can include:      New features Runtime changes to content Runtime changes to presentation New standard protocols (such as FTP) New custom protocols . which is a flavor of the model-viewcontroller pattern. while JSPs embed Java code in HTML. The difference between Servlets and JSP is that Servlets typically embed HTML inside Java code. the higher level MVC web framework in Java EE (JSF) still explicitly uses the Servlet technology for the low level request/response handling via the FacesServlet.

The container passes an object implementing theServletConfig interface via the init() method. Three methods are central to the life cycle of a servlet. the web container initializes the servlet instance by calling the init() method. The browser then generates an HTTP request for this URL. typically resulting in an error being returned to the requester. The servlet is dynamically retrieved and loaded into the address space of the server. If a request for a method that is not implemented by the servlet is made. The service () method determines the kind of request being made and dispatches it to an appropriate method to handle the request. is called only once in the lifecycle of a servlet. like init ().  After initialization.   2. . service().Life cycle of a servlet  During initialization stage of the Servlet life cycle. This configuration object allows the servlet to access name-value initialization parameters from the web application. Let us consider a typical user scenario to understand when these methods are called. the Web container calls the destroy () method that takes the servlet out of service. The server maps this request to a particular servlet. The HTTP request is received by the web server. They are implemented by every servlet and are invoked at specific times by the server. 1. The Web container calls the service () method of the servlet for every request. The developer of the servlet must provide an implementation for these methods. the servlet can service client requests. Each request is serviced in its own separate thread. and destroy().  Finally. the method of the parent class is called. These are init(). This request is then sent to the appropriate server.   Assume that a user enters a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to a web browser. The destroy () method.

handles that are allocated for the servlet. important data may be saved to a persistent store. 4. The server may.  The algorithms by which this determination is made are specific to each server. It is possible to pass initialization parameters to the servlet so it may configure itself. The memory allocated for the servlet and its objects can then be garbage collected.  It may also formulate an HTTP response for the client. This method is called to process the HTTP request. The servlet remains in the server’s address space and is available to process any 5. You will see that it is possible for the servlet to read data that has been provided in the HTTP request. other HTTP requests received from clients. decide to unload the servlet from its memory. . 6.   The server invokes the init () method of the servlet. at some point.3. 8. The server calls the destroy () method to relinquish any resources such as file 7.  The service () method is called for each HTTP request. This method is invoked only when the servlet is first loaded into memory.   The server invokes the service () method of the servlet.

Linux. Solaris. SunOS. Platforms And Interfaces MySQL works on many different system platforms. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language. and offer additional functionality. Free-software-open source projects that require a full-featured database management system often use MySQL. SCO UnixWare. including Wikipedia. A port of MySQL to OpenVMS also exists. QNX.1 MySQL is the world's most used relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. MySQL.3. FreeBSD. SCO OpenServer. MySQL was owned and sponsored by a single for-profit firm. Symbian. Drupal and other software built on the LAMP software stack. Joomla. MySQL is also used in many high-profile. The MySQL development project has made its source code available under the terms of the GNU General Public License. large-scale World Wide Web products. OS/2 Warp. Mac OS X. and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack—LAMP is an acronym for "Linux. OpenSolaris. Apache. WordPress. MySQL is an open source database management system and is used in some of the most frequently visited websites on the Internet. Novell NetWare. several paid editions are available. Uses MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications. Sanos and Tru64. including AIX. For commercial use. Microsoft Windows. NetBSD. as well as under a variety of proprietary agreements. OpenBSD. the Swedish company MySQL AB. phpBB. Applications which use MySQL databases include: TYPO3. IRIX. HPUX. Perl/PHP/Python". eComStation.4 MYSQL 5. These include MySQL Connector/Net for integration with . now owned by Oracle Corporation.3. Many programming languages with language-specific APIs include libraries for accessing MySQL databases. i5/OS. BSDi.

which is enabled by an ecosystem of open source tools such as phpMyAdmin.URL-based query method also ships with a MySQL adapter. The HTSQL . so on larger scales. an ODBC interface called MyODBC allows additional programming languages that support the ODBC interface to communicate with a MySQL database. multi-server MySQL deployments are required to provide improved performance and reliability. Deployment MySQL can be built and installed manually from source code. It is still most commonly used in small to medium scale single-server deployments. allowing direct interaction between a MySQL database and any web client via structured URLs. On most Linux distributions the package management system can download and install MySQL with minimal effort. Further improvements in performance can be achieved by caching the results from database queries in memory using memcached. A typical high-end configuration can include a powerful master database which handles data write operations and is replicated to multiple slaves that handle all read operations. such as ASP or ColdFusion. MySQL can be scaled by deploying it on more powerful hardware. though further configuration is often required to adjust security and optimization settings. Though MySQL began as a low-end alternative to more powerful proprietary databases. . but this can be tedious so it is more commonly installed from a binary package unless special customizations are required. either as a component in a LAMP-based web application or as a standalone database server. it has gradually evolved to support higher-scale needs as well. Much of MySQL's appeal originates in its relative simplicity and ease of use. In the medium range. The master server synchronizes continually with its slaves so in the event of failure a slave can be promoted to become the new master. minimizing downtime. In addition.Microsoft's Visual Studio (languages such as C# and VB are most commonly used) and the JDBC driver for Java. There are however limits to how far performance can scale on a single server. or breaking down a database into smaller chunks called shards which can be spread across a number of distributed server clusters. such as a multi-processor server with gigabytes of memory.

application owners do not have to install and maintain the MySQL database on their own. which runs on EC2. Rackspace and Heroku. As of 2011. the database service provider takes responsibility for installing and maintaining the database. such as the one provided by Amazon EC2. only Rackspace offers managed hosting for MySQL databases. where the database is not offered as a users can upload a machine image of their own with MySQL installed. In this configuration. and application owners pay according to their usage. MySQL as a Service .some cloud platforms offer MySQL "as a service". Features  A broad subset of ANSI SQL 99. A third option is managed MySQL hosting on the cloud.[26] Two notable cloud-based MySQL services are the Amazon Relational Database Service. and the Xeround Cloud Database. as well as extensions  Cross-platform support  Stored procedures  Triggers  Cursors . or use a ready-made machine image with an optimized installation of MySQL on it. There are two common deployment models for MySQL on the cloud: Virtual Machine Image . but the cloud provider hosts the database and manages it on the application owner's behalf. of the major cloud providers.Cloud-Based deployment Main article: Cloud database Another deployment option is running MySQL on cloud computing platforms such as Amazon EC2. Instead.

MySQL Archive for storing historical data in little space)  Transactions with the InnoDB.  Full-text indexing and searching using MyISAM engine  Embedded database library  Partial Unicode support (UTF-8 and UCS-2 encoded strings are limited to the BMP)  ACID compliance when using transaction capable storage engines (InnoDB and Cluster)  Partititoned tables with pruning of partitions in optimiser  Shared-nothing clustering through MySQL Cluster . two phase commit as part of this. no automatic support for multiple masters per slave. Master-Master Replication & Master-Slave Replication) with one master per slave. using Oracle's InnoDB engine  Independent storage engines (MyISAM for read speed. savepoints with InnoDB  SSL support  Query caching  Sub-SELECTs (i.e. InnoDB for transactions and referential integrity. and Cluster storage engines. Updatable Views  Information schema  Strict mode[further explanation needed]  X/Open XA distributed transaction processing (DTP) support. nested SELECTs)  Replication support (i. many slaves per master.e.

CHAPTER 4 SYSTEM DESIGN . Hot backup (via mysqlhotcopy) under certain conditions .

they must enter the username and password for encountered the process of car marketing. Orders: Order stage generates the reporting order data mart. New user means create the new account for enter that process of car product. If already login means.1 Authentication: Authentication module contains user name and password.1 Modules Design 4. .1.1. Production Plan: “Production Plan” data source is a list of models quantities that are planned to be produced for a specific period. Inventory: Inventory stage generates the reporting inventory data mart. 4.4. The inventory data is a snapshot of the inventory stock on the cutoff date. The order data is a snapshot of the dealer orders on the cutoff date.2 Supply Chain Process Sales: Sale stage generates the reporting sale data mart that covers the studied period.

and reduce days on lot. DCX also wants to make early indication on which vehicle configurations are likely to sell well during new vehicles launching. TOPs dimension used to map all car configurations under production. Web Activities: “Web Activity” data source is used to track all user web hits/requests on DCX websites . mapping it and finally aggregating it for the purpose of research and analysis. scrubbing it. In order to do this it needs to identify which vehicles stay long in stock as well as which vehicles move faster. DCX wants to help the inventory managers to move vehicles faster.3 Manufacturing information It Contains car configurations/packages/options codes and description. adjust body model/trim level mix with inventory data. “CarConfig” is used to store “Build and Price” configurations made on DCX web-sites. improve model/trim level mix planning.1.4. Dealer dimension id used to map DCX dealers. 4.4 Customers’ trends information Websites: Managers are interested especially in integrated data spanning DCX’s relationship with its customers and prospects regardless of whether the systems are online or offline. This dimension is used to map vehicles “Franchise/ Year/ Model/ Package/ Option” to their "Codes/Descriptions/Option Types/Default Options”. Geographic dimension is used to map “ZipCode” to “Zone/Business Center/ State”. These analyzes are related because they all require gathering data. Having a data warehouse that combines online and offline behavioral data for decision-making purposes is a strategic tool which business users can leverage to improve sales demand forecasting. storing it.1.

1 Entity relationship diagram: .4.2.2 Data Model 4.


4.2 Data Dictionary: .2.



3.4.3 Process model: 4.1 Context Analysis Diagram: .

3.3 Architecture Diagram .4.

3 Data Flow Diagram Level 0: Level 1: Level 2: .4.3.

This step involves breaking down the system in different pieces and drawing diagram to analyze the situation. Analyze project goals. which is diagrammatically represented as follows. In software engineering. 5. Different methodologies may call these phases by different names. and enhancement. design. is the process of creating or altering systems. implementation. and attempt to engage users so that definite requirements can be defined. . the SDLC concept underpins many kinds of software development methodologies. PHASE II-ANALYSIS The goal of systems analysis is to determine where the problem is in an attempt to fix the system. coding starts at the bottom and validation phase starts right of the Vmodel.CHAPTER-V SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Software Development Life Cycle in systems engineering and software engineering. and the models and methodologies that people use to develop these systems. 5. development.1 PHASES OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT The normal phases of a development project are planning. or test results. break down functions that need to be created. These methodologies form the framework for planning and controlling the creation of software development process. code. 5. DCOII project plan depends on the V shaped modeling of verification phase starts at left of V shape.1. In DCOII system V-model software development life cycle is followed. but they are always present.1. which may be documents.1. testing. analysis. Each phase has its own products. PHASE I-PLANNING Planning is to generate a high-level view of the intended project and determine the goals of the project.2.

5. They figure out possibilities and techniques by which the user requirements can be implemented. This document contains the general system organization. Software specification document which serves as a blueprint for the development phase is generated. of DCOII system is achieved by establishing schedules during project development. PHASE III-DESIGN Systems design is the phase where system engineers analyze and understand the business of the proposed system by studying the user requirements document.. PHASE IV-DEVELOPMENT Modular and subsystem programming code will be accomplished during this stage.1 SOFTWARE TESTING : .5. some samples screens are created.1. Development stage is inter mingled with the next in that individual modules will need testing before integration to the man project.1. Unit testing and module testing are done in this stage by the CDOII develops. data structures etc.4. Goals & targets. menu structures. DCOII system design is developed by the webmaster based on the user requirements documents. Chapter vi TESTING 6.3.


if the implementation phase is not carefully planned and controlled. It is primarily concerned with user training.CHAPTER-VII SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 7. because all the efforts undertaken during the project will be fruitful only if the tool is properly implemented according to the plans made. in which one has to be cautions. the test of the network along with the system are also included under implementation.1. site preparation and file-sites. it can be lead to many critical problems. Implementation is one of the most important tasks in project. The implementation phase is less creative than system design. INTRODUCTION It is the process of bringing developed system into operational use. . Thus proper implementation is essential to provide a reliable system to meet managerial requirements. Implementation is the phase.

The initial parameters of the management information system should be modified as a result of programming efforts. 7. But it is not possible to find all errors here. Programming provides a real test for the assumption made by the analyst. . Adaptive maintenance – as activity that modifies software to properly interface with a changing environment – is both necessary and common place. It may be that even after through testing the user will find errors. The second activities that contribute to a definition of maintenance occurs because of the rapid change that encountered in every aspect of computing. to satisfy this request perceptive maintenance is used. Maintenance is far more than fixing mistakes. or to provide a better basic for future enhancements. which is characterized by reverse engineering and re-engineering technique. The third activity that may be applied to definition of maintenance occurs when software package is successful. The maintenance can be defined using four activities that are undertaken after a program is released for use. The fourth maintenance activity occurs when software is changed to improve future maintainability or reliability. As the software is used new recommendations for new capabilities.Depending on the nature of the system extensive user training maybe required programming is itself a design works. This developed system supports for corrective maintenance. Here the new system is implemented to an operational use. In such a case the user when reports the errors it is possible to correct those errors as that coding has been documents and it is possible to find out the location where the error is occurring and the reason for error can be analyzed and corrected.2. IMPLEMENTATION The system has been tested in the location of the developer. This is often called preventive maintenance. Implementation is used here to mean the process of converting a new or revised system into an operation one. modifications to existing function and general enhancements are received from the user.

Later on it correspondence with this limitation may upgrade the system. If there is a need to include any new modules then it has been externally and then includes to it with the exits architecture.As this software can be run with the requirements given above and it does not involve any particular hardware as such and it can be run with the rapid development that is being encountered in the computer industry. Chapter : viii PERFORMANCE AND LIMITATION 8. which a team needs. But up to now the system holds all the possible reports generation tools.1 MERIT OF THE SYSTEM: .


Chapter : x REFERENCES .