This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………….iv List of Tables………………………………………………………………………………vi List of Figures……………………………………………………………………………..vii
Chapter I: Introduction 1.1. 1.2. Organization Profile……………………………………………………….......01 Problem Definition………………………………………………………….....02
Chapter II: System Analysis 2.2. Existing System Architecture…………………………………………………... 2.2. Proposed System Architecture…………………………………………………
Chapter III: Development Environment 3.1. Hardware Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2. Software Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2.1. Software Description………………………………………………………
Chapter IV: System Design
4.1. Data Model 4.1.1. Entity Relationship Diagram……………………………………. 4.1.2. Data Dictionary………………………………………………….
4.2. Process Model 4.2.1. Context Analysis Diagram………………………………………. 4.2.2. Data Flow Diagram………………………………………………
Chapter v: Software Development 5.1. Phases of Software Development………………………………………… 5.1.1. Phase I: Planning………………………………………………... 5.1.2. Phase II: Analysis………………………………………………. 5.1.3. Phase III: Design……………………………………………… 5.1.4. Phase IV: Development……………………………………… 5.2. Modular Description…………………………………………………..
Chapter VI: Testing 6.1. System Testing……………………………………………………………. 6.2. Software Testing Strategy………………………………………………… 6.2.1. Unit Testing…………………………………………………..
6.2.2. Integrating Testing……………………………………………..
Chapter VII: System Implementation 7.1. Introduction…………………………………………………………… 7.2. Implementation…………………………………………………………
Chapter VIII: Performance and Limitations 8.1. Merits of the system………………………………………………….. 8.2. Limitations of the system……………………………………………… 8.3. Future Enhancements……………………………………………………
Chapter IX: Appendices 9.1. Sample Screen……………………………………………………….. 9.2. User Manual……………………………………………………………
Chapter X: References…………………………
Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. Data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data which can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques to various areas such as marketing, medical, financial, and car manufacturing. In this paper, a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. The application results analysis such as Predicting Future Car market Demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
Different classification schemes can be used to categorize data mining methods and systems based on the kinds of databases to be studied. and a subset of data is generated from the accumulated data. and relationships from volumes of information which is too large to be processed by human analysis alone. techniques. The measure of any business intelligence solution is its ability to derive knowledge from data.1. these characteristics help providing powerful tools for decision makers. During the pre-processing stage. and tools that gather and analyze data for the purpose of supporting enterprise users to make better decisions. . To ensure quality the data set is processed to remove noise. Data mining techniques used in business-oriented applications are known as Business Intelligence (BI). and the kinds of techniques to be utilized. the data mining problem and all sources of data are identified. the kinds of knowledge to be discovered. trends. handle missing information and transformed it to an appropriate format. INTRODUCTION Data mining application are characterized by the ability to deal with the explosion of business data and accelerated market changes. The difficulty of discovering and deploying new knowledge in the BI context is due to the lack of intelligent and complete data mining system. The challenge is met with the ability to identify patterns. Consequently. the actual data mining process and postprocessing. BI is a general term to mean all processes. A data mining technique or a combination of techniques appropriate for the type of knowledge to be discovered is applied to the derived data set. rules. The last stage is postprocessing in which the discovered knowledge is evaluated and interpreted. A data mining task includes pre-processing. such tools can be used by business users (not only statisticians) for analyzing huge amount of data for patterns and trends. data mining has become a research area with increasing importance and it involved in determining useful patterns from collected data or determining a model that fits best on the collected data.
Most of the award recipients (including Saft. The fruits of the multi-billion dollar investments in recent years in lithium ion battery manufacturing facilities will provide abundance in capacity that could outpace demand.000 (before federal incentives).750. the production and sales of the cars needs to catch up. plug-in electric vehicles will take major strides toward becoming a mature if small component of the overall vehicle fleet. the car comes without several features that were standard but consumers now must pay for as options.625). In order to analyze the impacts of these and other key issues facing the EV industry. and China in EV batteries. Unfortunately. EV prices will continue to disappoint many consumers. Many potential EV buyers were disappointed that Nissan raised the price of the LEAF for 2012. consumers hoping for an affordable EV ride have been left wanting. LG Chem. Korea. Here are three of those predictions: Battery production will get ahead of vehicle production. With the 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV ($32. and the Ford Focus EV ($39. . The number of battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles sold and the variety of options for consumers will rapidly expand.000). According to data from Pike Research’s annual Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey. Manufacturers of lithium ion batteries in the United States spent 2011 readying new and established factories for the expected surge in electric car and plug-in hybrid sales.000 less. and Dow Kokam) have their facilities fully online and ready to produce. Pike Research has prepared a white paper that makes 10 predictions about the continuing evolution of the market in 2012 and beyond. the optimal price for a plug-in electric vehicle to engage consumers is $23. the Honda Fit BEV ($36. but any oversupply will not impact vehicle pricing. Pike Research does not expect this trend to stop in 2012. Now. EnerDel. The 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act provided funding for scaling up production so that the United States can compete with Japan. Johnson Controls.995) all north of $30. While the Chevrolet Volt will sell for $1.In 2012.
1. and other types of appliances. The first vehicles demonstrating this capability will likely be out in 2012. an EV could coordinate with the clothes dryer or pool pump to make sure that the power consumption doesn’t surpass a certain threshold. Other long term applications could include downloading music or movies to the vehicle. In 2012. the EV will be the device that consumes the most energy and power. For example.1 COMPANY PROFILE . home energy management devices. Automakers want EVs to be good “citizens” in balancing their energy requirement with the rest of the building. manufacturers of the vehicles—as well as charging equipment—will introduce technology that will enable EVs to interact with other home appliances.EVs will begin to function as home appliances. In many households. with commercialization soon to follow. which requires establishing communications with smart meters.
Using the power of the cloud to analyze historical data of routes. car maker is collaborating to develop software that will help its cars predict the best route that drivers can take to save energy and time if car maker experiment in making self learning cars takes off. Here’s how this system would work. a cloud-based analytics service that contains a suite of algorithms with the ability of analyzing historical business data and the capability to predict future trends or outcome. 1. and explained. 1.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT In this project.2 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT The aim of this paper is to provide a proposed data mining solution that can be used for automotive market. In essence. The new prediction api. the system learns key information about how the driver is using the vehicle and where he wants to go. knowledge of routes and combines it with real-time traffic information to suggest the best possible energy-efficient route. to create software that will give its cars the capability to predict the destination and the most energy-efficient route. The use and benefits of these two analyses will be identified. a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. as well as many other areas. A dcx1 case study will be presented in detail in order to demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in the field of car manufacturing. an encrypted driver data usage profile is built based on routes and time of travel. .3 NEED OF THE PROJECT Using historical data. The application results analysis such as predicting future car market demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand. This solution can provide inventory managers with important analysis such as launch analysis and slow turning analysis. traffic and driver usage. The system analyzes driving habits. your car will never be the same again.1. After a vehicle owner opts in to use the service.
CHAPTER 2 SYSTEM ANALYSIS .
2 PROPOSED SYSTEM .1 EXISTING SYSTEM 2.2.
Data mining (DM) is the process of finding and extracting frequent patterns that can describe the data. Enformatika. In this paper.15. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques in various areas such as marketing. 2007. “Moving data mining tools toward a business intelligence system”. “Applications of genetic programming in data mining”. vol. 19. These goals are achieved by using various learning algorithms. “A data mining application: analysis of problems occurring during a software project development process”. pp. vol. Each algorithm may produce a mining result completely different from the others. although few of them can be currently seen in software engineering domain. 17. The empirical results demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in software engineering domain and the potential benefits in applying data mining in this area.4. vol.3 LITERATURE REVIEW R. pp. N. balance sheets. This paper details the application of a genetic programming framework for induction of useful classification rules from a database of income statements. pp. 1-5. S. Toony. Elkaffas and A. In this paper. or predict unknown or future values. a proposed data mining application in software engineering domain is explained and experimented. we describe a framework of an intelligent and complete data mining system called SUT-Miner. Kerdpraso. It is thus the difficult job for data analysts to select appropriate models and interpret the discovered knowledge. 117-122. 2005. and K. International Journal Of Software Engineering & Knowledge Engineering. Anomalies in the discovery process merit further investigation of the application of genetic programming to the dataset for the problem domain. Potentially interesting classification rules are discovered. and financial. Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. 647-663. Some algorithms may find millions of patterns. Enformatika.2. medical. A data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data that can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. Our system is . Qiu.. no. Nayak and T. Kerdprasop. and cash flow statements for North American public companies. 2006.
and collecting a large amount of multi-criteria data at least six to eight months in advance of a semester. compares their properties. In addition. repeatable SQL queries can be used as the chief analytical technique on a recurring basis. Scheduling courses (“timetabling”) at a University is a persistent challenge. gives strategies for selecting appropriate measures for applications. 3. Smith. These measures are intended for selecting and ranking patterns according to their potential interest to the user.comprised of a full complement of major DM algorithms. this study was one of the first empirical studies to provide an accurate measure of the discernable. It is the post-DM packages that ease the DM deployment for business intelligence applications. identifies their roles in the data mining process. vol. 38. classifies them from several perspectives. “Interestingness measures for data mining: a survey”. pp. 16. The results indicate that 1). This survey reviews the interestingness measures for rules and summaries. 2005. but negligible. 1-32. inductive methods are indeed applicable. 2). such as goal programming. W. straightforward. . G. vol. It demonstrates the feasibility of applying the principles of data mining. scheduling exclusionary effects that may impact course availability and diversity negatively. Communications Of AIs. Liqiang and J. regardless of the kind of patterns being mined. both summary and detailed results can be understood by key decision-makers. “Applying data mining to scheduling courses at a university“. 2005. Allocating course sections to prescribed “time slots” for courses requires advanced quantitative techniques. Specifically it uses association rules to evaluate a nonstandard (“aberrant”) timetabling pilot study undertaken in one College at a University. no. Interestingness measures play an important role in data mining. pp. and identifies opportunities for future research in this area. 463-474. ACM Computing Surveys. pre-DM and post-DM functionalities. Howard. Good measures also allow the time and space costs of the mining process to be reduced. This study takes an alternate approach. no. 2006. and 3).
CHAPTER 3 SYSTEM SPECIFICATION .
2 Software configuration Operating system Front End Programming Language Back End : : : : Windows2000/XP Professional JSP/ SERVLETS J2EE MYSQL 5.3.1 .1 Hardware Requirements Processor/system Main memory Cache memory Processor speed Hard disk drive : : : : : Pentium IV 1 GB RAM 512 KB 600 MHz 40 GB 3.
. you translate a Java program into an intermediate language called Java byte codes--the platform-independent codes interpreted by the Java interpreter. The Java platform differs from most other platforms in that it's a software-only platform that runs on top of other. The byte codes can then be run on any implementation of the Java VM. Solaris. and Macintosh. For example. each Java byte code instruction is parsed and run on the computer. Most other platforms are described as a combination of hardware and operating system. This figure illustrates how this works.3. java was designed to be small. With a compiler. Every Java interpreter.3. simple and portable across platforms. run anywhere" possible. Java is also unusual in that each Java program is both compiled and interpreted. 3.1 ABOUT JAVA Java is an object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems.3 SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION The software used for the development of the project is: 3. Java byte codes help make "write once. Modeled on C++. hardware-based platforms. The Java VM can also be implemented in hardware. You can compile your Java program into byte codes on any platform that has a Java compiler. interpretation occurs each time the program is executed. With an interpreter. is an implementation of the Java VM. Compilation happens just once.2 Java Platform A platform is the hardware or software environment in which a program runs. the same Java program can run on Windows NT. whether it's a Java development tool or a Web browser that can run Java applets.3.
and boot servers.3. Instead of working in browsers.3. 3. mail servers. Servlets are similar to applets in that they are runtime extensions of applications. and deliver client-side content. Stand-alone applications can run as a console application (writing text to the screen or terminal window).2. servlets run within Java servers. Another specialized program is a servlet. Stand-alone applications have no such restrictions. The Java API is grouped into libraries (packages) of related components. most web browsers limit file access. or they can have a graphical userinterface. print servers. and even open network connections.1. such as graphical user interface (GUI) widgets. accept input from GUI components. Examples of servers include Web servers. Due the potential security feasibilitys associated with running applets from external and potentially malicious sources. by opening a new window or dialog box. . and can display graphics. Applets run in their own frame. Application It is a program that we can execute from any operating system prompt. and a full range of functionality is provided for in the way of pre-written Java classes. It requires a java enabled browser which requires an interpreter. and impose additional restrictions on applets. proxy servers.2 Applet It is a java program that executes inside a web page. A special kind of application known as a server serves and supports clients on a network. Applets are commonly used to enhance the interactivity of a web page. 3. configuring the server.2.The Java platform has two components: The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) The Java Application Programming Interface (Java API) The Java API is a large collection of ready-made software components that provide many useful capabilities.
strings. However. access control.3 Features It is an object-oriented internet programming language. TCP and UDP sockets. It contains a compiler. While there are commercial offerings available. and so on. Your browser may not support display of this image.The important thing required for writing stand-alone Java applications is a java compiler/interpreter. Networking: URLs. well-tuned interpreters. and certificates. data structures. The core API gives you the following features: The Essentials: Objects. and IP addresses. a freely available SDK is available from Sun. As a platform-independent environment. Security: Both low-level and high-level. It is a well-structured. It is simple. date and time. high performance and platform-independent It is a distributed and interpreted language.3. interpreter. such as Visual J++ and Borland JBuilder. Java can be a bit slower than native code. The core API is the API included in every full implementation of the Java platform.2. input and output. Public/private key management. smart compilers. system properties. including electronic signatures. Object serialization: Allows lightweight persistence and communication via Remote Method Invocation (RMI). debugger. robust and secure. numbers. Java Database Connectivity (JDBC): Provides uniform access to a wide range of relational databases. and just-in-time byte code compilers can bring Java's performance close to that of native code without threatening portability. threads. 3. .
2.7 Benefits Modularity-The source code for an object can be written and maintained independently of the source code for other objects. an object can be easily passed around the system.3.2. encapsulation is used to hide unimportant implementation details from other objects 3.2. It is multi-threaded. Typically. 3.3. 3. .3. A software object maintains its state in variables and implements its behavior with methods.4 Advantages Get started quickly Write less code Write better code Develop programs faster Avoid platform dependencies with 100% Pure Java: Write once.3. run anywhere Distribute software more easily 3. have state and behavior.6 Encapsulation Packaging an object's variables within the protective custody of its methods is called encapsulation. dynamic and portable. too.object can maintain private information and methods that can be changed at any time without affecting the other objects that depend on it. Software objects are modeled after real-world objects in that they.5 Object An object is a software bundle of variables and related methods. Information hiding.2. Also.
the root class of the Java type system) must have exactly one base class. a Java class may implement. The implementation in the subclass overrides (replaces) the implementation in the super class. An interface may never contain method definitions. multiple inheritance of classes is not allowed.3. they must either be null. All classes in Java (other than java. . The class must implement all of the methods described in the interface. is a language feature that allows a subclass to provide a specific implementation of a method that is already provided by one of its super classes.lang.2. One benefit of using interfaces is that they simulate multiple inheritance. they cannot be directly instantiated except when instantiated by a class that implements the said interface.2. 3.2. in which case. As interfaces are implicitly abstract. in object oriented programming. and may only contain method signatures and constant declarations (variable declarations that are declared to be both static and final). or be an abstract class.10 Method overriding Method Overriding. however an interface may not implement an interface.Object. or be bound to an object that implements the interface.3. When you create an instance of a class. Furthermore. Interfaces are declared using the interface keyword. you create an object of that type and the system allocates memory for the instance variables declared by the class.9 Interface An interface in the Java programming language is an abstract type that is used to specify an interface (in the generic sense of the term) that classes must implement.3.3. 3. and an interface may extend any number of interfaces. Object references in Java may be specified to be of an interface type.8 Class A class is a prototype that defines the variables and methods common to all objects of a certain kind.
. for example. Print(image_object P). For example. abstract classes are designed — i. Another example would be a Print (object O) method. Such abstract classes have methods that do not perform any useful operations and are meant to be overridden by specific implementations in the subclasses. C#. which would result in an ambiguous call error. Constraints on the similarity of return type vary from language to language.11 Method overloading It is a feature found in various programming languages such as Ada. doTask () and doTask (object O) are overloaded methods. as some languages support covariance on return types. the call is always: Print(something). Method overriding is an important feature that facilitates polymorphism in the design of object-oriented programs.3. This may or may not involve an inability to subclass from a given class. text or pictures. the abstract super class defines a common interface which all the subclasses inherit. Some languages allow the programmer to prevent a method from being overridden. classes that exist only in order to have specialized subclasses derived from them. whereas the former does not require a parameter. If we write the overloaded print methods for all objects our program will "print". as the compiler wouldn't know which of the two methods to use. an object must be passed as a parameter. C++. The two different methods may be overloaded as Print(text object T).e. In this case one might like the method to be different when printing. This means that the subclass's method has the same name and parameter list as the super class’s overridden method. and the correct function call again.A subclass can give its own definition of methods which also happen to have the same signature as the method in its super class.2. To call the latter. A common error would be to assign a default value to the object in the second method. we never have to worry about the type of the object. D and Java that allows the creation of several methods with the same name which differ from each other in terms of the type of the input and the type of the output of the function. and is called with an empty parameter field. or disallow method overriding in certain core classes. Thus. In many cases. 3.
AWT is also the GUI toolkit for a number of Java ME profiles. a project called Caciocavallo has been created. JSP lets you create the two parts separately.3. It is resolved at compile time which of these methods are used 3. As AWT is a bridge to the underlying native user interface. you are really just making a number of different methods that happen to have the same name. which require the development from scratch of native peers for each of the AWT widgets. When overloading a method. make you generate the entire page via your program. But most CGI variations. Since the opening of Java.12 AWT The Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) is Java's original platform-independent windowing. including servlets. Here's an example: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4. and user-interface widget toolkit. The AWT is now part of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC) — the standard API for providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for a Java program. its implementation on a new operating system may involve a lot of work. graphics.2. with the dynamic part limited to a few small locations. The project has successfully experimented the implementation of AWT widgets using Java2D Java Server Page: Java Server Pages (JSP) is a technology that lets you mix regular. static HTML with dynamically-generated HTML. even though most of it is always the same. especially for the set of AWT GUI widgets. Many Web pages that are built by CGI programs are mostly static.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>Welcome to Our Store</TITLE></HEAD> <BODY> <H1>Welcome to Our Store</H1> .Method overloading is usually associated with statically-typed programming languages which enforce type checking in function calls. It aims to provide a Java API based on the Open JDK to ease AWT implementation on new systems.
if there are N simultaneous request to the same CGI program. Servlets can also share data among each other. not a heavyweight operating system process. most commercial-quality Web servers are relatively expensive. . Inexpensive. and the like. however. They can also maintain information from request to request. There are a number of free or very inexpensive Web servers available that are good for "personal" use or low-volume Web sites. Servlets also have more alternatives than do regular CGI programs for optimizations such as caching previous computations. and each request is handled by a lightweight Java thread. Nevertheless. However. This simplifies operations that need to look up images and other data stored in standard places. the Java Virtual Machine stays up. Consequently. or WebStar. Hey. there are N threads but only a single copy of the servlet class. servlets can talk directly to the Web server (regular CGI programs can't). keeping database connections open. making useful things like database connection pools easy to implement. Similarly. Powerful. no matter the cost of that server. If the CGI program does a relatively fast operation. simplifying things like session tracking and caching of previous computations. which is free. For one thing. Convenient. Portable. With servlets. adding servlet support to it (if it doesn't come preconfigured to support servlets) is generally free or cheap. with the major exception of Apache. in traditional CGI. servlets have an extensive infrastructure for automatically parsing and decoding HTML form data. Servlets are written in Java and follow a well-standardized API. With servlets. then the code for the CGI program is loaded into memory N times. Java servlets let you easily do several things that are difficult or impossible with regular CGI. and many other such utilities. the overhead of starting the process can dominate the execution time. say I-Planet Enterprise Server can run virtually unchanged on Apache.Efficient. reading and setting HTTP headers. Servlets are supported directly or via a plugin on almost every major Web server. you already know Java. Microsoft IIS. handling cookies. Why learn Perl too? Besides the convenience of being able to use a familiar language. servlets written for. tracking sessions. a new process is started for each HTTP request. With traditional CGI. once you have a Web server.
mapping a URL to a particular servlet and ensuring that the URL requester has the correct access rights. it can be thought of as a Java Applet that runs on a server instead of abrowser.servlet.Servlet: A servlet is a Java programming language class used to extend the capabilities of servers that host applications access via a response programming.http defines HTTP-specific subclasses of the generic servlet elements. a Web container must be used. Thus. They are not tied to a specific client-server protocol. Therefore. Servlets may be packaged in aWAR file as a Web application. Thus. The servlet API. The Web container is responsible for managing the lifecycle of servlets. a protocol by which a Java class may respond to requests. A Web container (also known as a Servlet container) is essentially the component of a Web server that interacts with the servlets.NET. a software developer may use a servlet to adddynamic content to a Web server using the Java platform. To deploy and run a Servlet. Servlets are the Java counterpart to non-Java dynamic Web content technologies such as CGI and ASP. . contained in the Java package hierarchy javax. Although servlets can respond to any type of request. defines the expected interactions of the Web container and a servlet. as well as objects to reflect the servlet's configuration parameters and execution environment. the word "Servlet" is often used in the meaning of "HTTP Servlet". The package javax. including session management objects that track multiple requests and responses between the Web server and a client. they are commonly used to extend the applications hosted by Web servers. but may be other data such as XML. Servlets can maintain state in session variables across many server transactions by using HTTP cookies. or URL rewriting. The basic servlet package defines Java objects to represent servlet requests and responses.servlet. A Servlet is an object that receives a request and generates a response based on that request. The generated content is commonly HTML. A Servlet is a Java class in Java EE that conforms to the Java Servlet API. but are most often used with the HTTP protocol.
which is a flavor of the model-viewcontroller pattern. A somewhat older usage is to use servlets in conjunction with JSPs in a pattern called "Model 2". These services can include: New features Runtime changes to content Runtime changes to presentation New standard protocols (such as FTP) New custom protocols . The difference between Servlets and JSP is that Servlets typically embed HTML inside Java code.Servlets can be generated automatically from JavaServer Pages (JSP) by the JavaServer Pages compiler. A servlet is a Java component that can be plugged into a Java-enabled web server to provide custom services. while JSPs embed Java code in HTML. the higher level MVC web framework in Java EE (JSF) still explicitly uses the Servlet technology for the low level request/response handling via the FacesServlet. While the direct usage of Servlets to generate HTML (as shown in the example below) has become rare.
Let us consider a typical user scenario to understand when these methods are called. The browser then generates an HTTP request for this URL. The destroy () method. These are init(). Each request is serviced in its own separate thread. 1. The HTTP request is received by the web server. The service () method determines the kind of request being made and dispatches it to an appropriate method to handle the request. Assume that a user enters a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to a web browser. the web container initializes the servlet instance by calling the init() method. The developer of the servlet must provide an implementation for these methods. the servlet can service client requests. like init (). Finally. If a request for a method that is not implemented by the servlet is made. They are implemented by every servlet and are invoked at specific times by the server. After initialization. is called only once in the lifecycle of a servlet. The server maps this request to a particular servlet. 2. This configuration object allows the servlet to access name-value initialization parameters from the web application. and destroy().Life cycle of a servlet During initialization stage of the Servlet life cycle. . The container passes an object implementing theServletConfig interface via the init() method. Three methods are central to the life cycle of a servlet. typically resulting in an error being returned to the requester. service(). the method of the parent class is called. The Web container calls the service () method of the servlet for every request. The servlet is dynamically retrieved and loaded into the address space of the server. the Web container calls the destroy () method that takes the servlet out of service. This request is then sent to the appropriate server.
This method is called to process the HTTP request. The memory allocated for the servlet and its objects can then be garbage collected.3. other HTTP requests received from clients. handles that are allocated for the servlet. The service () method is called for each HTTP request. The server invokes the service () method of the servlet. 4. . This method is invoked only when the servlet is first loaded into memory. It may also formulate an HTTP response for the client. 6. important data may be saved to a persistent store. 8. The servlet remains in the server’s address space and is available to process any 5. It is possible to pass initialization parameters to the servlet so it may configure itself. The server calls the destroy () method to relinquish any resources such as file 7. at some point. The server may. The algorithms by which this determination is made are specific to each server. The server invokes the init () method of the servlet. decide to unload the servlet from its memory. You will see that it is possible for the servlet to read data that has been provided in the HTTP request.
3. Drupal and other software built on the LAMP software stack. Perl/PHP/Python".1 MySQL is the world's most used relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. These include MySQL Connector/Net for integration with . Many programming languages with language-specific APIs include libraries for accessing MySQL databases. large-scale World Wide Web products.4 MYSQL 5. phpBB. Free-software-open source projects that require a full-featured database management system often use MySQL. OpenSolaris. including AIX. WordPress. including Wikipedia. A port of MySQL to OpenVMS also exists. MySQL was owned and sponsored by a single for-profit firm. SunOS. SCO UnixWare. the Swedish company MySQL AB. Platforms And Interfaces MySQL works on many different system platforms. Apache. IRIX. Symbian. now owned by Oracle Corporation. Joomla. For commercial use. Applications which use MySQL databases include: TYPO3. BSDi. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language. MySQL. FreeBSD. and offer additional functionality. HPUX. NetBSD. Solaris. eComStation. several paid editions are available. as well as under a variety of proprietary agreements. MySQL is also used in many high-profile. i5/OS. Novell NetWare. MySQL is an open source database management system and is used in some of the most frequently visited websites on the Internet. Uses MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications. Mac OS X. Sanos and Tru64. OpenBSD. Linux. The MySQL development project has made its source code available under the terms of the GNU General Public License. and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack—LAMP is an acronym for "Linux.3. OS/2 Warp. QNX. Microsoft Windows. SCO OpenServer.
though further configuration is often required to adjust security and optimization settings. or breaking down a database into smaller chunks called shards which can be spread across a number of distributed server clusters. Much of MySQL's appeal originates in its relative simplicity and ease of use. In the medium range. which is enabled by an ecosystem of open source tools such as phpMyAdmin. either as a component in a LAMP-based web application or as a standalone database server. Deployment MySQL can be built and installed manually from source code. it has gradually evolved to support higher-scale needs as well. The HTSQL . On most Linux distributions the package management system can download and install MySQL with minimal effort. There are however limits to how far performance can scale on a single server. such as ASP or ColdFusion. MySQL can be scaled by deploying it on more powerful hardware. Further improvements in performance can be achieved by caching the results from database queries in memory using memcached. The master server synchronizes continually with its slaves so in the event of failure a slave can be promoted to become the new master.Microsoft's Visual Studio (languages such as C# and VB are most commonly used) and the JDBC driver for Java. allowing direct interaction between a MySQL database and any web client via structured URLs. minimizing downtime. such as a multi-processor server with gigabytes of memory. but this can be tedious so it is more commonly installed from a binary package unless special customizations are required. an ODBC interface called MyODBC allows additional programming languages that support the ODBC interface to communicate with a MySQL database. In addition. It is still most commonly used in small to medium scale single-server deployments. Though MySQL began as a low-end alternative to more powerful proprietary databases. so on larger scales. multi-server MySQL deployments are required to provide improved performance and reliability. A typical high-end configuration can include a powerful master database which handles data write operations and is replicated to multiple slaves that handle all read operations.URL-based query method also ships with a MySQL adapter. .
cloud users can upload a machine image of their own with MySQL installed. where the database is not offered as a service. as well as extensions Cross-platform support Stored procedures Triggers Cursors . In this configuration. Two notable cloud-based MySQL services are the Amazon Relational Database Service. and the Xeround Cloud Database. There are two common deployment models for MySQL on the cloud: Virtual Machine Image .some cloud platforms offer MySQL "as a service". Features A broad subset of ANSI SQL 99. As of 2011. and application owners pay according to their usage. or use a ready-made machine image with an optimized installation of MySQL on it. Instead. only Rackspace offers managed hosting for MySQL databases. application owners do not have to install and maintain the MySQL database on their own. such as the one provided by Amazon EC2. A third option is managed MySQL hosting on the cloud. which runs on EC2. the database service provider takes responsibility for installing and maintaining the database. MySQL as a Service . Rackspace and Heroku. of the major cloud providers.Cloud-Based deployment Main article: Cloud database Another deployment option is running MySQL on cloud computing platforms such as Amazon EC2. but the cloud provider hosts the database and manages it on the application owner's behalf.
using Oracle's InnoDB engine Independent storage engines (MyISAM for read speed. Full-text indexing and searching using MyISAM engine Embedded database library Partial Unicode support (UTF-8 and UCS-2 encoded strings are limited to the BMP) ACID compliance when using transaction capable storage engines (InnoDB and Cluster) Partititoned tables with pruning of partitions in optimiser Shared-nothing clustering through MySQL Cluster .e. no automatic support for multiple masters per slave. many slaves per master. and Cluster storage engines.e. MySQL Archive for storing historical data in little space) Transactions with the InnoDB. Master-Master Replication & Master-Slave Replication) with one master per slave. InnoDB for transactions and referential integrity. savepoints with InnoDB SSL support Query caching Sub-SELECTs (i. two phase commit as part of this. Updatable Views Information schema Strict mode[further explanation needed] X/Open XA distributed transaction processing (DTP) support. nested SELECTs) Replication support (i.
CHAPTER 4 SYSTEM DESIGN . Hot backup (via mysqlhotcopy) under certain conditions .
.1 Modules Design 4. 4. If already login means. they must enter the username and password for encountered the process of car marketing.4.2 Supply Chain Process Sales: Sale stage generates the reporting sale data mart that covers the studied period. Inventory: Inventory stage generates the reporting inventory data mart. Production Plan: “Production Plan” data source is a list of models quantities that are planned to be produced for a specific period. The inventory data is a snapshot of the inventory stock on the cutoff date.1 Authentication: Authentication module contains user name and password. The order data is a snapshot of the dealer orders on the cutoff date. Orders: Order stage generates the reporting order data mart.1. New user means create the new account for enter that process of car product.1.
Geographic dimension is used to map “ZipCode” to “Zone/Business Center/ State”.4 Customers’ trends information Websites: Managers are interested especially in integrated data spanning DCX’s relationship with its customers and prospects regardless of whether the systems are online or offline. In order to do this it needs to identify which vehicles stay long in stock as well as which vehicles move faster. DCX also wants to make early indication on which vehicle configurations are likely to sell well during new vehicles launching.3 Manufacturing information It Contains car configurations/packages/options codes and description. adjust body model/trim level mix with inventory data. This dimension is used to map vehicles “Franchise/ Year/ Model/ Package/ Option” to their "Codes/Descriptions/Option Types/Default Options”. “CarConfig” is used to store “Build and Price” configurations made on DCX web-sites. DCX wants to help the inventory managers to move vehicles faster.1.4. TOPs dimension used to map all car configurations under production. scrubbing it. Having a data warehouse that combines online and offline behavioral data for decision-making purposes is a strategic tool which business users can leverage to improve sales demand forecasting. These analyzes are related because they all require gathering data. storing it. improve model/trim level mix planning. Dealer dimension id used to map DCX dealers. Web Activities: “Web Activity” data source is used to track all user web hits/requests on DCX websites .1. and reduce days on lot. mapping it and finally aggregating it for the purpose of research and analysis. 4.
2.2 Data Model 4.4.1 Entity relationship diagram: .
4.2.2 Data Dictionary: .
1 Context Analysis Diagram: .4.3 Process model: 4.3.
4.3 Architecture Diagram .3.
4.3 Data Flow Diagram Level 0: Level 1: Level 2: .3.
the SDLC concept underpins many kinds of software development methodologies. Each phase has its own products. implementation. code.CHAPTER-V SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Software Development Life Cycle in systems engineering and software engineering. and enhancement. testing. Analyze project goals. 5. In DCOII system V-model software development life cycle is followed. 5. PHASE II-ANALYSIS The goal of systems analysis is to determine where the problem is in an attempt to fix the system. design. PHASE I-PLANNING Planning is to generate a high-level view of the intended project and determine the goals of the project. which is diagrammatically represented as follows.1 PHASES OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT The normal phases of a development project are planning. but they are always present. and attempt to engage users so that definite requirements can be defined. coding starts at the bottom and validation phase starts right of the Vmodel. is the process of creating or altering systems. development. Different methodologies may call these phases by different names. These methodologies form the framework for planning and controlling the creation of software development process. and the models and methodologies that people use to develop these systems. break down functions that need to be created. In software engineering. analysis.1. 5. or test results. . which may be documents.1. DCOII project plan depends on the V shaped modeling of verification phase starts at left of V shape.2. This step involves breaking down the system in different pieces and drawing diagram to analyze the situation.1.
1. PHASE IV-DEVELOPMENT Modular and subsystem programming code will be accomplished during this stage. Chapter vi TESTING 6. DCOII system design is developed by the webmaster based on the user requirements documents. some samples screens are created..1. Unit testing and module testing are done in this stage by the CDOII develops.1 SOFTWARE TESTING : . 5. menu structures. Goals & targets. of DCOII system is achieved by establishing schedules during project development. Software specification document which serves as a blueprint for the development phase is generated.5. They figure out possibilities and techniques by which the user requirements can be implemented. This document contains the general system organization.4.3. Development stage is inter mingled with the next in that individual modules will need testing before integration to the man project. PHASE III-DESIGN Systems design is the phase where system engineers analyze and understand the business of the proposed system by studying the user requirements document. data structures etc.
site preparation and file-sites. Thus proper implementation is essential to provide a reliable system to meet managerial requirements. Implementation is one of the most important tasks in project. . Implementation is the phase.CHAPTER-VII SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 7. INTRODUCTION It is the process of bringing developed system into operational use. the test of the network along with the system are also included under implementation. It is primarily concerned with user training.1. in which one has to be cautions. it can be lead to many critical problems. because all the efforts undertaken during the project will be fruitful only if the tool is properly implemented according to the plans made. The implementation phase is less creative than system design. if the implementation phase is not carefully planned and controlled.
modifications to existing function and general enhancements are received from the user. It may be that even after through testing the user will find errors. In such a case the user when reports the errors it is possible to correct those errors as that coding has been documents and it is possible to find out the location where the error is occurring and the reason for error can be analyzed and corrected. This developed system supports for corrective maintenance.Depending on the nature of the system extensive user training maybe required programming is itself a design works. Here the new system is implemented to an operational use. to satisfy this request perceptive maintenance is used. Implementation is used here to mean the process of converting a new or revised system into an operation one. 7. The fourth maintenance activity occurs when software is changed to improve future maintainability or reliability. or to provide a better basic for future enhancements. . Programming provides a real test for the assumption made by the analyst.2. The second activities that contribute to a definition of maintenance occurs because of the rapid change that encountered in every aspect of computing. The maintenance can be defined using four activities that are undertaken after a program is released for use. But it is not possible to find all errors here. Adaptive maintenance – as activity that modifies software to properly interface with a changing environment – is both necessary and common place. The initial parameters of the management information system should be modified as a result of programming efforts. This is often called preventive maintenance. which is characterized by reverse engineering and re-engineering technique. IMPLEMENTATION The system has been tested in the location of the developer. Maintenance is far more than fixing mistakes. As the software is used new recommendations for new capabilities. The third activity that may be applied to definition of maintenance occurs when software package is successful.
Later on it correspondence with this limitation may upgrade the system.1 MERIT OF THE SYSTEM: . If there is a need to include any new modules then it has been externally and then includes to it with the exits architecture.As this software can be run with the requirements given above and it does not involve any particular hardware as such and it can be run with the rapid development that is being encountered in the computer industry. which a team needs. Chapter : viii PERFORMANCE AND LIMITATION 8. But up to now the system holds all the possible reports generation tools.
Chapter: ix APPENDICES 9.1SAMPLE SCREENS: .
Chapter : x REFERENCES .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.