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Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………….iv List of Tables………………………………………………………………………………vi List of Figures……………………………………………………………………………..vii

Chapter I: Introduction 1.1. 1.2. Organization Profile……………………………………………………….......01 Problem Definition………………………………………………………….....02

Chapter II: System Analysis 2.2. Existing System Architecture…………………………………………………... 2.2. Proposed System Architecture…………………………………………………

Chapter III: Development Environment 3.1. Hardware Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2. Software Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2.1. Software Description………………………………………………………

Chapter IV: System Design

4.1. Data Model 4.1.1. Entity Relationship Diagram……………………………………. 4.1.2. Data Dictionary………………………………………………….

4.2. Process Model 4.2.1. Context Analysis Diagram………………………………………. 4.2.2. Data Flow Diagram………………………………………………

Chapter v: Software Development 5.1. Phases of Software Development………………………………………… 5.1.1. Phase I: Planning………………………………………………... 5.1.2. Phase II: Analysis………………………………………………. 5.1.3. Phase III: Design……………………………………………… 5.1.4. Phase IV: Development……………………………………… 5.2. Modular Description…………………………………………………..

Chapter VI: Testing 6.1. System Testing……………………………………………………………. 6.2. Software Testing Strategy………………………………………………… 6.2.1. Unit Testing…………………………………………………..

6.2.2. Integrating Testing……………………………………………..

Chapter VII: System Implementation 7.1. Introduction…………………………………………………………… 7.2. Implementation…………………………………………………………


Chapter VIII: Performance and Limitations 8.1. Merits of the system………………………………………………….. 8.2. Limitations of the system……………………………………………… 8.3. Future Enhancements……………………………………………………

Chapter IX: Appendices 9.1. Sample Screen……………………………………………………….. 9.2. User Manual……………………………………………………………

Chapter X: References…………………………

Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. Data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data which can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques to various areas such as marketing, medical, financial, and car manufacturing. In this paper, a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. The application results analysis such as Predicting Future Car market Demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand.


rules. trends. Different classification schemes can be used to categorize data mining methods and systems based on the kinds of databases to be studied.1. and the kinds of techniques to be utilized. Data mining techniques used in business-oriented applications are known as Business Intelligence (BI). During the pre-processing stage. The last stage is postprocessing in which the discovered knowledge is evaluated and interpreted. and relationships from volumes of information which is too large to be processed by human analysis alone. these characteristics help providing powerful tools for decision makers. and tools that gather and analyze data for the purpose of supporting enterprise users to make better decisions. the actual data mining process and postprocessing. BI is a general term to mean all processes. the data mining problem and all sources of data are identified. To ensure quality the data set is processed to remove noise. INTRODUCTION Data mining application are characterized by the ability to deal with the explosion of business data and accelerated market changes. such tools can be used by business users (not only statisticians) for analyzing huge amount of data for patterns and trends. handle missing information and transformed it to an appropriate format. The challenge is met with the ability to identify patterns. A data mining task includes pre-processing. The measure of any business intelligence solution is its ability to derive knowledge from data. A data mining technique or a combination of techniques appropriate for the type of knowledge to be discovered is applied to the derived data set. the kinds of knowledge to be discovered. and a subset of data is generated from the accumulated data. . Consequently. The difficulty of discovering and deploying new knowledge in the BI context is due to the lack of intelligent and complete data mining system. techniques. data mining has become a research area with increasing importance and it involved in determining useful patterns from collected data or determining a model that fits best on the collected data.

the car comes without several features that were standard but consumers now must pay for as options.750.000 (before federal incentives). With the 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV ($32. Manufacturers of lithium ion batteries in the United States spent 2011 readying new and established factories for the expected surge in electric car and plug-in hybrid sales.625). Most of the award recipients (including Saft. Johnson Controls. LG Chem. EnerDel.000 less.000). While the Chevrolet Volt will sell for $1. plug-in electric vehicles will take major strides toward becoming a mature if small component of the overall vehicle fleet. Now. According to data from Pike Research’s annual Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey. the optimal price for a plug-in electric vehicle to engage consumers is $23. Korea. In order to analyze the impacts of these and other key issues facing the EV industry. the production and sales of the cars needs to catch up. Here are three of those predictions: Battery production will get ahead of vehicle production. the Honda Fit BEV ($36.995) all north of $30. Pike Research does not expect this trend to stop in 2012. consumers hoping for an affordable EV ride have been left wanting. The number of battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles sold and the variety of options for consumers will rapidly expand. and the Ford Focus EV ($39. and Dow Kokam) have their facilities fully online and ready to produce. The 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act provided funding for scaling up production so that the United States can compete with Japan. but any oversupply will not impact vehicle pricing. EV prices will continue to disappoint many consumers. The fruits of the multi-billion dollar investments in recent years in lithium ion battery manufacturing facilities will provide abundance in capacity that could outpace demand. Many potential EV buyers were disappointed that Nissan raised the price of the LEAF for 2012. Unfortunately. .In 2012. and China in EV batteries. Pike Research has prepared a white paper that makes 10 predictions about the continuing evolution of the market in 2012 and beyond.

1 COMPANY PROFILE . with commercialization soon to follow. which requires establishing communications with smart meters. an EV could coordinate with the clothes dryer or pool pump to make sure that the power consumption doesn’t surpass a certain threshold.EVs will begin to function as home appliances. the EV will be the device that consumes the most energy and power. 1. Other long term applications could include downloading music or movies to the vehicle. For example. In 2012. and other types of appliances. home energy management devices. manufacturers of the vehicles—as well as charging equipment—will introduce technology that will enable EVs to interact with other home appliances. In many households. Automakers want EVs to be good “citizens” in balancing their energy requirement with the rest of the building. The first vehicles demonstrating this capability will likely be out in 2012.

. an encrypted driver data usage profile is built based on routes and time of travel. 1. Here’s how this system would work. knowledge of routes and combines it with real-time traffic information to suggest the best possible energy-efficient route. as well as many other areas.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT In this project. The system analyzes driving habits. a cloud-based analytics service that contains a suite of algorithms with the ability of analyzing historical business data and the capability to predict future trends or outcome. your car will never be the same again. and explained. A dcx1 case study will be presented in detail in order to demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in the field of car manufacturing. After a vehicle owner opts in to use the service. Using the power of the cloud to analyze historical data of routes. In essence. the system learns key information about how the driver is using the vehicle and where he wants to go. a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. The application results analysis such as predicting future car market demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand. The new prediction api.2 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT The aim of this paper is to provide a proposed data mining solution that can be used for automotive market. car maker is collaborating to develop software that will help its cars predict the best route that drivers can take to save energy and time if car maker experiment in making self learning cars takes off. The use and benefits of these two analyses will be identified.1. 1. traffic and driver usage. to create software that will give its cars the capability to predict the destination and the most energy-efficient route.3 NEED OF THE PROJECT Using historical data. This solution can provide inventory managers with important analysis such as launch analysis and slow turning analysis.



a proposed data mining application in software engineering domain is explained and experimented. 17. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques in various areas such as marketing. 2005. A data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data that can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. “Moving data mining tools toward a business intelligence system”. Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. Our system is .. and K. we describe a framework of an intelligent and complete data mining system called SUT-Miner. 1-5. 19. Potentially interesting classification rules are discovered. and cash flow statements for North American public companies. vol. “Applications of genetic programming in data mining”.2. although few of them can be currently seen in software engineering domain. 2007. Some algorithms may find millions of patterns. S. or predict unknown or future values. The empirical results demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in software engineering domain and the potential benefits in applying data mining in this area. Kerdprasop. Kerdpraso. Qiu. In this paper. Data mining (DM) is the process of finding and extracting frequent patterns that can describe the data. Each algorithm may produce a mining result completely different from the others. International Journal Of Software Engineering & Knowledge Engineering. It is thus the difficult job for data analysts to select appropriate models and interpret the discovered knowledge. pp. These goals are achieved by using various learning algorithms. 647-663. “A data mining application: analysis of problems occurring during a software project development process”.4. Nayak and T. Elkaffas and A. Enformatika. and financial. Anomalies in the discovery process merit further investigation of the application of genetic programming to the dataset for the problem domain. In this paper. This paper details the application of a genetic programming framework for induction of useful classification rules from a database of income statements. pp. 117-122.3 LITERATURE REVIEW R. pp. Enformatika. N. vol. balance sheets. no. Toony. 2006.15. medical. vol.

such as goal programming. This survey reviews the interestingness measures for rules and summaries.comprised of a full complement of major DM algorithms. 1-32. and collecting a large amount of multi-criteria data at least six to eight months in advance of a semester. ACM Computing Surveys. 38. These measures are intended for selecting and ranking patterns according to their potential interest to the user. 16. classifies them from several perspectives. compares their properties. but negligible. In addition. Scheduling courses (“timetabling”) at a University is a persistent challenge. pp. Specifically it uses association rules to evaluate a nonstandard (“aberrant”) timetabling pilot study undertaken in one College at a University. The results indicate that 1). gives strategies for selecting appropriate measures for applications. and identifies opportunities for future research in this area. Liqiang and J. regardless of the kind of patterns being mined. It is the post-DM packages that ease the DM deployment for business intelligence applications. pre-DM and post-DM functionalities. no. This study takes an alternate approach. Interestingness measures play an important role in data mining. 2). Howard. vol. straightforward. repeatable SQL queries can be used as the chief analytical technique on a recurring basis. G. Smith. pp. and 3). 2006. both summary and detailed results can be understood by key decision-makers. Good measures also allow the time and space costs of the mining process to be reduced. inductive methods are indeed applicable. this study was one of the first empirical studies to provide an accurate measure of the discernable. Allocating course sections to prescribed “time slots” for courses requires advanced quantitative techniques. “Applying data mining to scheduling courses at a university“. no. identifies their roles in the data mining process. 463-474. 3. . 2005. scheduling exclusionary effects that may impact course availability and diversity negatively. vol. “Interestingness measures for data mining: a survey”. It demonstrates the feasibility of applying the principles of data mining. Communications Of AIs. W. 2005.


2 Software configuration  Operating system  Front End  Programming Language  Back End : : : : Windows2000/XP Professional JSP/ SERVLETS J2EE MYSQL 5.1 Hardware Requirements  Processor/system  Main memory  Cache memory  Processor speed  Hard disk drive : : : : : Pentium IV 1 GB RAM 512 KB 600 MHz 40 GB 3.3.1 .

With a compiler. run anywhere" possible. For example.2 Java Platform A platform is the hardware or software environment in which a program runs.1 ABOUT JAVA Java is an object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. you translate a Java program into an intermediate language called Java byte codes--the platform-independent codes interpreted by the Java interpreter. simple and portable across platforms. Solaris. is an implementation of the Java VM. each Java byte code instruction is parsed and run on the computer. Java byte codes help make "write once. 3. the same Java program can run on Windows NT. Every Java interpreter. java was designed to be small. This figure illustrates how this works.3. whether it's a Java development tool or a Web browser that can run Java applets. Java is also unusual in that each Java program is both compiled and interpreted. Compilation happens just once. The Java VM can also be implemented in hardware.3 SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION The software used for the development of the project is: 3. hardware-based platforms. interpretation occurs each time the program is executed. and Macintosh. The Java platform differs from most other platforms in that it's a software-only platform that runs on top of other.3. You can compile your Java program into byte codes on any platform that has a Java compiler. Modeled on C++. With an interpreter. Most other platforms are described as a combination of hardware and operating system. The byte codes can then be run on any implementation of the Java VM. .3.

and can display graphics. Applets run in their own frame. or they can have a graphical userinterface.2 Applet It is a java program that executes inside a web page. Application It is a program that we can execute from any operating system prompt. print servers.3. 3. Due the potential security feasibilitys associated with running applets from external and potentially malicious sources. The Java API is grouped into libraries (packages) of related components.3.2. servlets run within Java servers.The Java platform has two components:   The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) The Java Application Programming Interface (Java API) The Java API is a large collection of ready-made software components that provide many useful capabilities. and deliver client-side content. Stand-alone applications have no such restrictions.2. . Applets are commonly used to enhance the interactivity of a web page. 3. Examples of servers include Web servers. by opening a new window or dialog box. Servlets are similar to applets in that they are runtime extensions of applications. A special kind of application known as a server serves and supports clients on a network. and even open network connections. configuring the server. and a full range of functionality is provided for in the way of pre-written Java classes. It requires a java enabled browser which requires an interpreter. most web browsers limit file access. and impose additional restrictions on applets. accept input from GUI components. mail servers. such as graphical user interface (GUI) widgets.1. proxy servers. Another specialized program is a servlet. and boot servers. Instead of working in browsers. Stand-alone applications can run as a console application (writing text to the screen or terminal window).

 Networking: URLs. Java can be a bit slower than native code. strings. .3 Features  It is an object-oriented internet programming language. and IP addresses. including electronic signatures. Your browser may not support display of this image. such as Visual J++ and Borland JBuilder.  It is simple.  It is a well-structured. and certificates. As a platform-independent environment. and so on. input and output. well-tuned interpreters. a freely available SDK is available from Sun. While there are commercial offerings available. Public/private key management. 3. and just-in-time byte code compilers can bring Java's performance close to that of native code without threatening portability. The core API is the API included in every full implementation of the Java platform. debugger. date and time. TCP and UDP sockets. numbers. smart compilers. However. data structures. system properties. threads.  Java Database Connectivity (JDBC): Provides uniform access to a wide range of relational databases. The core API gives you the following features:  The Essentials: Objects.  Security: Both low-level and high-level.  Object serialization: Allows lightweight persistence and communication via Remote Method Invocation (RMI). high performance and platform-independent  It is a distributed and interpreted language.3.2.The important thing required for writing stand-alone Java applications is a java compiler/interpreter. interpreter. It contains a compiler. access control. robust and secure.

3. too. run anywhere  Distribute software more easily 3.3.  Information hiding. dynamic and portable. Software objects are modeled after real-world objects in that they. A software object maintains its state in variables and implements its behavior with methods.4 Advantages  Get started quickly  Write less code  Write better code  Develop programs faster  Avoid platform dependencies with 100% Pure Java:  Write once. an object can be easily passed around the system. Also.2. have state and behavior. It is multi-threaded. Typically.object can maintain private information and methods that can be changed at any time without affecting the other objects that depend on it.2.5 Object An object is a software bundle of variables and related methods. encapsulation is used to hide unimportant implementation details from other objects 3. .7 Benefits  Modularity-The source code for an object can be written and maintained independently of the source code for other objects.6 Encapsulation Packaging an object's variables within the protective custody of its methods is called encapsulation.3.

2. All classes in Java (other than java. a Java class may implement.9 Interface An interface in the Java programming language is an abstract type that is used to specify an interface (in the generic sense of the term) that classes must implement. the root class of the Java type system) must have exactly one base class.3. When you create an instance of a class. in which case.8 Class A class is a prototype that defines the variables and methods common to all objects of a certain kind. The class must implement all of the methods described in the interface. or be bound to an object that implements the interface. and may only contain method signatures and constant declarations (variable declarations that are declared to be both static and final). they cannot be directly instantiated except when instantiated by a class that implements the said interface.Object. An interface may never contain method definitions. and an interface may extend any number of interfaces. they must either be null.2. however an interface may not implement an interface. you create an object of that type and the system allocates memory for the instance variables declared by the class. Interfaces are declared using the interface keyword. The implementation in the subclass overrides (replaces) the implementation in the super class. 3. 3. multiple inheritance of classes is not allowed. Furthermore. As interfaces are implicitly abstract.10 Method overriding Method Overriding. . is a language feature that allows a subclass to provide a specific implementation of a method that is already provided by one of its super classes. One benefit of using interfaces is that they simulate multiple inheritance.lang. or be an abstract class. Object references in Java may be specified to be of an interface type.3.2. in object oriented programming.3.3.

Thus. Method overriding is an important feature that facilitates polymorphism in the design of object-oriented programs. text or pictures. Some languages allow the programmer to prevent a method from being overridden. A common error would be to assign a default value to the object in the second method. Print(image_object P). whereas the former does not require a parameter. Constraints on the similarity of return type vary from language to language. In this case one might like the method to be different when printing. Another example would be a Print (object O) method.2. abstract classes are designed — i. doTask () and doTask (object O) are overloaded methods. D and Java that allows the creation of several methods with the same name which differ from each other in terms of the type of the input and the type of the output of the function. or disallow method overriding in certain core classes. C++.3. .11 Method overloading It is a feature found in various programming languages such as Ada. For example. the call is always: Print(something). In many cases. and the correct function call again. Such abstract classes have methods that do not perform any useful operations and are meant to be overridden by specific implementations in the subclasses. the abstract super class defines a common interface which all the subclasses inherit. To call the latter. as the compiler wouldn't know which of the two methods to use. This means that the subclass's method has the same name and parameter list as the super class’s overridden method. an object must be passed as a parameter. This may or may not involve an inability to subclass from a given class. If we write the overloaded print methods for all objects our program will "print". The two different methods may be overloaded as Print(text object T). we never have to worry about the type of the object. for example. C#. which would result in an ambiguous call error.A subclass can give its own definition of methods which also happen to have the same signature as the method in its super class.e. 3. and is called with an empty parameter field. as some languages support covariance on return types. classes that exist only in order to have specialized subclasses derived from them.

When overloading a method. Here's an example: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4. It is resolved at compile time which of these methods are used 3. The AWT is now part of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC) — the standard API for providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for a Java program.Method overloading is usually associated with statically-typed programming languages which enforce type checking in function calls. Since the opening of Java. you are really just making a number of different methods that happen to have the same name. It aims to provide a Java API based on the Open JDK to ease AWT implementation on new systems. But most CGI variations. The project has successfully experimented the implementation of AWT widgets using Java2D Java Server Page: Java Server Pages (JSP) is a technology that lets you mix regular.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>Welcome to Our Store</TITLE></HEAD> <BODY> <H1>Welcome to Our Store</H1> . Many Web pages that are built by CGI programs are mostly static.AWT is also the GUI toolkit for a number of Java ME profiles. static HTML with dynamically-generated HTML. JSP lets you create the two parts separately.3. even though most of it is always the same. which require the development from scratch of native peers for each of the AWT widgets. and user-interface widget toolkit. make you generate the entire page via your program. As AWT is a bridge to the underlying native user interface. with the dynamic part limited to a few small locations. including servlets. especially for the set of AWT GUI widgets. graphics. its implementation on a new operating system may involve a lot of work.12 AWT The Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) is Java's original platform-independent windowing. a project called Caciocavallo has been created.2.

make database connections.getUserNameFromCookie(request)). This is a useful capability. SSI is really only intended for simple inclusions. and the like. JavaScript can generate HTML dynamically on the client. The advantages of JSP are twofold. With the exception of cookies. First. the dynamic part is written in Java. Plus. by separating the look from the content you can put different people on different tasks: your Web page design experts can build the HTML.JSP doesn't give you anything that you couldn't in principle do with a servlet. JSP is better because it lets you use servlets instead of a separate program to generate that dynamic part. leaving places for your servlet programmers to insert the dynamic content.println(Utils. it is portable to other operating systems and non-Microsoft Web servers. SSI is a widely-supported technology for including externally-defined pieces into a static Web page. Second. not Visual Basic or other MS-specific language.User name is "New User" for first-time visitors --> <% out. but only handles situations where the dynamic information is based on the client's environment. But it is more convenient to write (and to modify!) regular HTML than to have a zillion println statements that generate the HTML. HTTP and form submission data is not available to JavaScript. </BODY></HTML> Advantages of JSP: Active Server Pages (ASP) is a similar technology from Microsoft. %> To access your account settings.<SMALL>Welcome. <!-. so it is more powerful and easier to use. click <A HREF="Account-Settings. Besides. not for "real" programs that use form data.</A></SMALL> <P> Regular HTML for all the rest of the on-line store's Web page. . Pure Servlets .html">here.

Advantage of Servlets Over "Traditional" CGI? Java servlets are more efficient. of course. you would use this for making a Web page at an on-line store that lists current prices and number of items in stock. catalogs. For example the results pages from search engines are generated this way. Java Servlets: Servlets are Java technology's answer to CGI programming. Regular HTML. and programs that process orders for e-commerce sites do this as well. (More importantly. The data changes frequently. and cheaper than traditional CGI and than many alternative CGI-like technologies. since it runs on the client. Building Web pages on the fly is useful (and commonly done) for a number of reasons: The Web page is based on data submitted by the user. servlet developers get paid more than Perl programmers :-). JavaScript can't access server-side resources like databases. JSP is so easy and convenient that it is quite feasible to augment HTML pages that only benefit marginally by the insertion of small amounts of dynamic data. more powerful. and the like. more portable. The Web page uses information from corporate databases or other such sources. the cost of using dynamic data would preclude its use in all but the most valuable instances. a weather-report or news headlines page might build the page dynamically. For example. pricing information.And. Previously. perhaps returning a previously built page if it is still up to date. cannot contain dynamic information. They are programs that run on a Web server and build Web pages. . For example. easier to use.

you already know Java. servlets written for. then the code for the CGI program is loaded into memory N times. however. This simplifies operations that need to look up images and other data stored in standard places. no matter the cost of that server. They can also maintain information from request to request. and many other such utilities. With servlets. the Java Virtual Machine stays up. servlets have an extensive infrastructure for automatically parsing and decoding HTML form data. If the CGI program does a relatively fast operation. there are N threads but only a single copy of the servlet class. Powerful. and the like. simplifying things like session tracking and caching of previous computations. For one thing. adding servlet support to it (if it doesn't come preconfigured to support servlets) is generally free or cheap. Servlets can also share data among each other. say I-Planet Enterprise Server can run virtually unchanged on Apache. servlets can talk directly to the Web server (regular CGI programs can't). Servlets also have more alternatives than do regular CGI programs for optimizations such as caching previous computations. Microsoft IIS. Servlets are supported directly or via a plugin on almost every major Web server. the overhead of starting the process can dominate the execution time. and each request is handled by a lightweight Java thread. in traditional CGI. most commercial-quality Web servers are relatively expensive. . Consequently. if there are N simultaneous request to the same CGI program. keeping database connections open. handling cookies. a new process is started for each HTTP request. Portable. Hey. Servlets are written in Java and follow a well-standardized API. Inexpensive.Efficient. making useful things like database connection pools easy to implement. With servlets. once you have a Web server. However. With traditional CGI. Why learn Perl too? Besides the convenience of being able to use a familiar language. tracking sessions. or WebStar. reading and setting HTTP headers. Convenient. There are a number of free or very inexpensive Web servers available that are good for "personal" use or low-volume Web sites. Similarly. which is free. Java servlets let you easily do several things that are difficult or impossible with regular CGI. not a heavyweight operating system process. with the major exception of Apache. Nevertheless.

a software developer may use a servlet to adddynamic content to a Web server using the Java platform. Therefore. it can be thought of as a Java Applet that runs on a server instead of abrowser.servlet. They are not tied to a specific client-server protocol.NET. The Web container is responsible for managing the lifecycle of servlets. Although servlets can respond to any type of request. Servlets can maintain state in session variables across many server transactions by using HTTP cookies. but may be other data such as XML. mapping a URL to a particular servlet and ensuring that the URL requester has the correct access rights. including session management objects that track multiple requests and responses between the Web server and a client. Thus.[1] A Servlet is a Java class in Java EE that conforms to the Java Servlet API.http defines HTTP-specific subclasses of the generic servlet elements. contained in the Java package hierarchy javax. The package javax. Thus. they are commonly used to extend the applications hosted by Web servers. . Servlets are the Java counterpart to non-Java dynamic Web content technologies such as CGI and ASP. the word "Servlet" is often used in the meaning of "HTTP Servlet".[2] A Servlet is an object that receives a request and generates a response based on that request. The servlet API. A Web container (also known as a Servlet container) is essentially the component of a Web server that interacts with the servlets. The basic servlet package defines Java objects to represent servlet requests and responses. Servlets may be packaged in aWAR file as a Web application. To deploy and run a Servlet. defines the expected interactions of the Web container and a servlet. as well as objects to reflect the servlet's configuration parameters and execution environment. a protocol by which a Java class may respond to requests.servlet. The generated content is commonly HTML.Servlet: A servlet is a Java programming language class used to extend the capabilities of servers that host applications access via a response programming. but are most often used with the HTTP protocol. a Web container must be used. or URL rewriting.

A servlet is a Java component that can be plugged into a Java-enabled web server to provide custom services. the higher level MVC web framework in Java EE (JSF) still explicitly uses the Servlet technology for the low level request/response handling via the FacesServlet. The difference between Servlets and JSP is that Servlets typically embed HTML inside Java code. which is a flavor of the model-viewcontroller pattern. These services can include:      New features Runtime changes to content Runtime changes to presentation New standard protocols (such as FTP) New custom protocols .Servlets can be generated automatically from JavaServer Pages (JSP) by the JavaServer Pages compiler. A somewhat older usage is to use servlets in conjunction with JSPs in a pattern called "Model 2". while JSPs embed Java code in HTML. While the direct usage of Servlets to generate HTML (as shown in the example below) has become rare.

Each request is serviced in its own separate thread.  Finally. The servlet is dynamically retrieved and loaded into the address space of the server. 1. . the web container initializes the servlet instance by calling the init() method.Life cycle of a servlet  During initialization stage of the Servlet life cycle. The developer of the servlet must provide an implementation for these methods. is called only once in the lifecycle of a servlet. The container passes an object implementing theServletConfig interface via the init() method. The destroy () method. and destroy(). like init ().   2. These are init(). the method of the parent class is called. This configuration object allows the servlet to access name-value initialization parameters from the web application. Three methods are central to the life cycle of a servlet.  After initialization. service(). the Web container calls the destroy () method that takes the servlet out of service. Let us consider a typical user scenario to understand when these methods are called. The browser then generates an HTTP request for this URL. The server maps this request to a particular servlet. This request is then sent to the appropriate server. The service () method determines the kind of request being made and dispatches it to an appropriate method to handle the request. the servlet can service client requests.   Assume that a user enters a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to a web browser. The Web container calls the service () method of the servlet for every request. If a request for a method that is not implemented by the servlet is made. They are implemented by every servlet and are invoked at specific times by the server. typically resulting in an error being returned to the requester. The HTTP request is received by the web server.

6. The memory allocated for the servlet and its objects can then be garbage collected. The server calls the destroy () method to relinquish any resources such as file 7.3. This method is invoked only when the servlet is first loaded into memory. other HTTP requests received from clients.  It may also formulate an HTTP response for the client. decide to unload the servlet from its memory. The servlet remains in the server’s address space and is available to process any 5. handles that are allocated for the servlet. This method is called to process the HTTP request. The server may.  The algorithms by which this determination is made are specific to each server. 8.   The server invokes the service () method of the servlet. important data may be saved to a persistent store. .   The server invokes the init () method of the servlet. It is possible to pass initialization parameters to the servlet so it may configure itself.  The service () method is called for each HTTP request. 4. You will see that it is possible for the servlet to read data that has been provided in the HTTP request. at some point.

including AIX. BSDi. QNX. Many programming languages with language-specific APIs include libraries for accessing MySQL databases. WordPress. large-scale World Wide Web products. Sanos and Tru64. Solaris. and offer additional functionality. SunOS. Joomla. Linux. several paid editions are available. FreeBSD. Symbian. HPUX. as well as under a variety of proprietary agreements. MySQL was owned and sponsored by a single for-profit firm. A port of MySQL to OpenVMS also exists. Free-software-open source projects that require a full-featured database management system often use MySQL. Microsoft Windows. now owned by Oracle Corporation. SCO UnixWare. OpenBSD. Applications which use MySQL databases include: TYPO3. NetBSD. and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack—LAMP is an acronym for "Linux. MySQL. For commercial use. These include MySQL Connector/Net for integration with . OpenSolaris. Novell NetWare. IRIX.1 MySQL is the world's most used relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. i5/OS. Apache. including Wikipedia. eComStation. OS/2 Warp. Mac OS X. Drupal and other software built on the LAMP software stack. the Swedish company MySQL AB. SCO OpenServer. Uses MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications. MySQL is an open source database management system and is used in some of the most frequently visited websites on the Internet. The MySQL development project has made its source code available under the terms of the GNU General Public License.4 MYSQL 5. phpBB. Perl/PHP/Python".3. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language. MySQL is also used in many high-profile. Platforms And Interfaces MySQL works on many different system platforms.3.

allowing direct interaction between a MySQL database and any web client via structured URLs. The master server synchronizes continually with its slaves so in the event of failure a slave can be promoted to become the new master. There are however limits to how far performance can scale on a single server. minimizing downtime. A typical high-end configuration can include a powerful master database which handles data write operations and is replicated to multiple slaves that handle all read operations. such as ASP or ColdFusion. or breaking down a database into smaller chunks called shards which can be spread across a number of distributed server clusters. MySQL can be scaled by deploying it on more powerful hardware. Much of MySQL's appeal originates in its relative simplicity and ease of use. Though MySQL began as a low-end alternative to more powerful proprietary databases. The HTSQL . though further configuration is often required to adjust security and optimization settings. multi-server MySQL deployments are required to provide improved performance and reliability. It is still most commonly used in small to medium scale single-server deployments. In addition. . either as a component in a LAMP-based web application or as a standalone database server. it has gradually evolved to support higher-scale needs as well. On most Linux distributions the package management system can download and install MySQL with minimal effort. an ODBC interface called MyODBC allows additional programming languages that support the ODBC interface to communicate with a MySQL database.Microsoft's Visual Studio (languages such as C# and VB are most commonly used) and the JDBC driver for Java. Further improvements in performance can be achieved by caching the results from database queries in memory using memcached.URL-based query method also ships with a MySQL adapter. so on larger scales. but this can be tedious so it is more commonly installed from a binary package unless special customizations are required. which is enabled by an ecosystem of open source tools such as phpMyAdmin. such as a multi-processor server with gigabytes of memory. Deployment MySQL can be built and installed manually from source code. In the medium range.

There are two common deployment models for MySQL on the cloud: Virtual Machine Image . Instead.[26] Two notable cloud-based MySQL services are the Amazon Relational Database Service. or use a ready-made machine image with an optimized installation of MySQL on it. and the Xeround Cloud Database. A third option is managed MySQL hosting on the cloud. such as the one provided by Amazon EC2.cloud users can upload a machine image of their own with MySQL installed. Rackspace and Heroku. which runs on EC2. as well as extensions  Cross-platform support  Stored procedures  Triggers  Cursors . In this configuration. the database service provider takes responsibility for installing and maintaining the database. and application owners pay according to their usage. As of 2011. MySQL as a Service . only Rackspace offers managed hosting for MySQL databases. application owners do not have to install and maintain the MySQL database on their own. where the database is not offered as a service. Features  A broad subset of ANSI SQL 99. but the cloud provider hosts the database and manages it on the application owner's behalf.Cloud-Based deployment Main article: Cloud database Another deployment option is running MySQL on cloud computing platforms such as Amazon EC2.some cloud platforms offer MySQL "as a service". of the major cloud providers.

MySQL Archive for storing historical data in little space)  Transactions with the InnoDB. no automatic support for multiple masters per slave. two phase commit as part of this. savepoints with InnoDB  SSL support  Query caching  Sub-SELECTs (i. nested SELECTs)  Replication support (i. and Cluster storage engines. Updatable Views  Information schema  Strict mode[further explanation needed]  X/Open XA distributed transaction processing (DTP) support. many slaves per master.  Full-text indexing and searching using MyISAM engine  Embedded database library  Partial Unicode support (UTF-8 and UCS-2 encoded strings are limited to the BMP)  ACID compliance when using transaction capable storage engines (InnoDB and Cluster)  Partititoned tables with pruning of partitions in optimiser  Shared-nothing clustering through MySQL Cluster .e. Master-Master Replication & Master-Slave Replication) with one master per slave. using Oracle's InnoDB engine  Independent storage engines (MyISAM for read speed.e. InnoDB for transactions and referential integrity.

 Hot backup (via mysqlhotcopy) under certain conditions . CHAPTER 4 SYSTEM DESIGN .

1.1 Authentication: Authentication module contains user name and password. . Inventory: Inventory stage generates the reporting inventory data mart.4. The inventory data is a snapshot of the inventory stock on the cutoff date. they must enter the username and password for encountered the process of car marketing.2 Supply Chain Process Sales: Sale stage generates the reporting sale data mart that covers the studied period. If already login means.1 Modules Design 4. The order data is a snapshot of the dealer orders on the cutoff date.1. Orders: Order stage generates the reporting order data mart. New user means create the new account for enter that process of car product. Production Plan: “Production Plan” data source is a list of models quantities that are planned to be produced for a specific period. 4.

Geographic dimension is used to map “ZipCode” to “Zone/Business Center/ State”. Dealer dimension id used to map DCX dealers. In order to do this it needs to identify which vehicles stay long in stock as well as which vehicles move faster. DCX also wants to make early indication on which vehicle configurations are likely to sell well during new vehicles launching.4. mapping it and finally aggregating it for the purpose of research and analysis. storing it. improve model/trim level mix planning. TOPs dimension used to map all car configurations under production. These analyzes are related because they all require gathering data. Web Activities: “Web Activity” data source is used to track all user web hits/requests on DCX websites . Having a data warehouse that combines online and offline behavioral data for decision-making purposes is a strategic tool which business users can leverage to improve sales demand forecasting.1.1. DCX wants to help the inventory managers to move vehicles faster. 4. scrubbing it.3 Manufacturing information It Contains car configurations/packages/options codes and description. “CarConfig” is used to store “Build and Price” configurations made on DCX web-sites. adjust body model/trim level mix with inventory data. This dimension is used to map vehicles “Franchise/ Year/ Model/ Package/ Option” to their "Codes/Descriptions/Option Types/Default Options”. and reduce days on lot.4 Customers’ trends information Websites: Managers are interested especially in integrated data spanning DCX’s relationship with its customers and prospects regardless of whether the systems are online or offline.

2 Data Model Entity relationship diagram: .


4.2 Data Dictionary: .2.



4.3.1 Context Analysis Diagram: .3 Process model: 4.

3 Architecture Diagram .3.4.

3.3 Data Flow Diagram Level 0: Level 1: Level 2: .4.

testing. Different methodologies may call these phases by different names. code. which may be documents. Analyze project goals. analysis. PHASE I-PLANNING Planning is to generate a high-level view of the intended project and determine the goals of the project. implementation. PHASE II-ANALYSIS The goal of systems analysis is to determine where the problem is in an attempt to fix the system. but they are always present. In DCOII system V-model software development life cycle is followed. is the process of creating or altering systems. development. or test results. which is diagrammatically represented as follows. 5. 5. and attempt to engage users so that definite requirements can be defined. Each phase has its own products.1.2. and enhancement. the SDLC concept underpins many kinds of software development methodologies. These methodologies form the framework for planning and controlling the creation of software development process. In software engineering. break down functions that need to be created. DCOII project plan depends on the V shaped modeling of verification phase starts at left of V shape. design.1.1 PHASES OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT The normal phases of a development project are planning. This step involves breaking down the system in different pieces and drawing diagram to analyze the situation. . and the models and methodologies that people use to develop these systems.CHAPTER-V SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Software Development Life Cycle in systems engineering and software engineering. coding starts at the bottom and validation phase starts right of the Vmodel.1. 5.

5. 5. PHASE III-DESIGN Systems design is the phase where system engineers analyze and understand the business of the proposed system by studying the user requirements document. Unit testing and module testing are done in this stage by the CDOII develops. This document contains the general system organization.3. Goals & targets.1. some samples screens are created. data structures etc. PHASE IV-DEVELOPMENT Modular and subsystem programming code will be accomplished during this stage. menu structures. Development stage is inter mingled with the next in that individual modules will need testing before integration to the man project.. DCOII system design is developed by the webmaster based on the user requirements documents. Chapter vi TESTING 6. They figure out possibilities and techniques by which the user requirements can be implemented.4. Software specification document which serves as a blueprint for the development phase is generated.1. of DCOII system is achieved by establishing schedules during project development.1 SOFTWARE TESTING : .


1. Implementation is one of the most important tasks in project. INTRODUCTION It is the process of bringing developed system into operational use. the test of the network along with the system are also included under implementation. . Implementation is the phase. in which one has to be cautions. It is primarily concerned with user training. it can be lead to many critical problems. because all the efforts undertaken during the project will be fruitful only if the tool is properly implemented according to the plans made. Thus proper implementation is essential to provide a reliable system to meet managerial requirements. site preparation and file-sites.CHAPTER-VII SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 7. if the implementation phase is not carefully planned and controlled. The implementation phase is less creative than system design.

It may be that even after through testing the user will find errors. 7. The second activities that contribute to a definition of maintenance occurs because of the rapid change that encountered in every aspect of computing. Implementation is used here to mean the process of converting a new or revised system into an operation one. But it is not possible to find all errors here. This developed system supports for corrective maintenance. This is often called preventive maintenance. modifications to existing function and general enhancements are received from the user. In such a case the user when reports the errors it is possible to correct those errors as that coding has been documents and it is possible to find out the location where the error is occurring and the reason for error can be analyzed and corrected. The maintenance can be defined using four activities that are undertaken after a program is released for use. IMPLEMENTATION The system has been tested in the location of the developer.2. Here the new system is implemented to an operational use. The initial parameters of the management information system should be modified as a result of programming efforts. to satisfy this request perceptive maintenance is used. or to provide a better basic for future enhancements. Programming provides a real test for the assumption made by the analyst.Depending on the nature of the system extensive user training maybe required programming is itself a design works. The third activity that may be applied to definition of maintenance occurs when software package is successful. The fourth maintenance activity occurs when software is changed to improve future maintainability or reliability. which is characterized by reverse engineering and re-engineering technique. As the software is used new recommendations for new capabilities. . Adaptive maintenance – as activity that modifies software to properly interface with a changing environment – is both necessary and common place. Maintenance is far more than fixing mistakes.

1 MERIT OF THE SYSTEM: . If there is a need to include any new modules then it has been externally and then includes to it with the exits architecture. Chapter : viii PERFORMANCE AND LIMITATION 8. But up to now the system holds all the possible reports generation tools. Later on it correspondence with this limitation may upgrade the system.As this software can be run with the requirements given above and it does not involve any particular hardware as such and it can be run with the rapid development that is being encountered in the computer industry. which a team needs.


Chapter : x REFERENCES .

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