CONTENTS

Title

Page No

Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………….iv List of Tables………………………………………………………………………………vi List of Figures……………………………………………………………………………..vii

Chapter I: Introduction 1.1. 1.2. Organization Profile……………………………………………………….......01 Problem Definition………………………………………………………….....02

Chapter II: System Analysis 2.2. Existing System Architecture…………………………………………………... 2.2. Proposed System Architecture…………………………………………………

Chapter III: Development Environment 3.1. Hardware Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2. Software Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2.1. Software Description………………………………………………………

Chapter IV: System Design

4.1. Data Model 4.1.1. Entity Relationship Diagram……………………………………. 4.1.2. Data Dictionary………………………………………………….

4.2. Process Model 4.2.1. Context Analysis Diagram………………………………………. 4.2.2. Data Flow Diagram………………………………………………

Chapter v: Software Development 5.1. Phases of Software Development………………………………………… 5.1.1. Phase I: Planning………………………………………………... 5.1.2. Phase II: Analysis………………………………………………. 5.1.3. Phase III: Design……………………………………………… 5.1.4. Phase IV: Development……………………………………… 5.2. Modular Description…………………………………………………..

Chapter VI: Testing 6.1. System Testing……………………………………………………………. 6.2. Software Testing Strategy………………………………………………… 6.2.1. Unit Testing…………………………………………………..

6.2.2. Integrating Testing……………………………………………..

Chapter VII: System Implementation 7.1. Introduction…………………………………………………………… 7.2. Implementation…………………………………………………………

v

Chapter VIII: Performance and Limitations 8.1. Merits of the system………………………………………………….. 8.2. Limitations of the system……………………………………………… 8.3. Future Enhancements……………………………………………………

Chapter IX: Appendices 9.1. Sample Screen……………………………………………………….. 9.2. User Manual……………………………………………………………

Chapter X: References…………………………

ABSTRACT
Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. Data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data which can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques to various areas such as marketing, medical, financial, and car manufacturing. In this paper, a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. The application results analysis such as Predicting Future Car market Demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

techniques. To ensure quality the data set is processed to remove noise. and a subset of data is generated from the accumulated data. Different classification schemes can be used to categorize data mining methods and systems based on the kinds of databases to be studied.1. During the pre-processing stage. trends. the actual data mining process and postprocessing. rules. Consequently. INTRODUCTION Data mining application are characterized by the ability to deal with the explosion of business data and accelerated market changes. the kinds of knowledge to be discovered. such tools can be used by business users (not only statisticians) for analyzing huge amount of data for patterns and trends. BI is a general term to mean all processes. and relationships from volumes of information which is too large to be processed by human analysis alone. The measure of any business intelligence solution is its ability to derive knowledge from data. A data mining technique or a combination of techniques appropriate for the type of knowledge to be discovered is applied to the derived data set. The challenge is met with the ability to identify patterns. and tools that gather and analyze data for the purpose of supporting enterprise users to make better decisions. The last stage is postprocessing in which the discovered knowledge is evaluated and interpreted. the data mining problem and all sources of data are identified. data mining has become a research area with increasing importance and it involved in determining useful patterns from collected data or determining a model that fits best on the collected data. Data mining techniques used in business-oriented applications are known as Business Intelligence (BI). these characteristics help providing powerful tools for decision makers. handle missing information and transformed it to an appropriate format. A data mining task includes pre-processing. and the kinds of techniques to be utilized. The difficulty of discovering and deploying new knowledge in the BI context is due to the lack of intelligent and complete data mining system. .

consumers hoping for an affordable EV ride have been left wanting. and China in EV batteries. The 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act provided funding for scaling up production so that the United States can compete with Japan.In 2012. Unfortunately. Most of the award recipients (including Saft.750. While the Chevrolet Volt will sell for $1.000). .000 (before federal incentives). but any oversupply will not impact vehicle pricing. Korea. With the 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV ($32. The fruits of the multi-billion dollar investments in recent years in lithium ion battery manufacturing facilities will provide abundance in capacity that could outpace demand. Pike Research does not expect this trend to stop in 2012. Pike Research has prepared a white paper that makes 10 predictions about the continuing evolution of the market in 2012 and beyond. Now. plug-in electric vehicles will take major strides toward becoming a mature if small component of the overall vehicle fleet. The number of battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles sold and the variety of options for consumers will rapidly expand. In order to analyze the impacts of these and other key issues facing the EV industry. Johnson Controls. According to data from Pike Research’s annual Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey. the car comes without several features that were standard but consumers now must pay for as options. and the Ford Focus EV ($39. the Honda Fit BEV ($36. the production and sales of the cars needs to catch up. Many potential EV buyers were disappointed that Nissan raised the price of the LEAF for 2012. LG Chem.625). Here are three of those predictions: Battery production will get ahead of vehicle production. EV prices will continue to disappoint many consumers.000 less. and Dow Kokam) have their facilities fully online and ready to produce. the optimal price for a plug-in electric vehicle to engage consumers is $23. EnerDel. Manufacturers of lithium ion batteries in the United States spent 2011 readying new and established factories for the expected surge in electric car and plug-in hybrid sales.995) all north of $30.

manufacturers of the vehicles—as well as charging equipment—will introduce technology that will enable EVs to interact with other home appliances. For example. with commercialization soon to follow. Automakers want EVs to be good “citizens” in balancing their energy requirement with the rest of the building. The first vehicles demonstrating this capability will likely be out in 2012. Other long term applications could include downloading music or movies to the vehicle. which requires establishing communications with smart meters. In many households. and other types of appliances.EVs will begin to function as home appliances.1 COMPANY PROFILE . 1. the EV will be the device that consumes the most energy and power. In 2012. an EV could coordinate with the clothes dryer or pool pump to make sure that the power consumption doesn’t surpass a certain threshold. home energy management devices.

In essence. The use and benefits of these two analyses will be identified. The new prediction api. This solution can provide inventory managers with important analysis such as launch analysis and slow turning analysis. a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. a cloud-based analytics service that contains a suite of algorithms with the ability of analyzing historical business data and the capability to predict future trends or outcome. A dcx1 case study will be presented in detail in order to demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in the field of car manufacturing. car maker is collaborating to develop software that will help its cars predict the best route that drivers can take to save energy and time if car maker experiment in making self learning cars takes off. After a vehicle owner opts in to use the service.1. your car will never be the same again. 1. The system analyzes driving habits. as well as many other areas. traffic and driver usage.2 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT The aim of this paper is to provide a proposed data mining solution that can be used for automotive market. knowledge of routes and combines it with real-time traffic information to suggest the best possible energy-efficient route. to create software that will give its cars the capability to predict the destination and the most energy-efficient route.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT In this project. . Here’s how this system would work. the system learns key information about how the driver is using the vehicle and where he wants to go. and explained.3 NEED OF THE PROJECT Using historical data. an encrypted driver data usage profile is built based on routes and time of travel. 1. The application results analysis such as predicting future car market demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand. Using the power of the cloud to analyze historical data of routes.

CHAPTER 2 SYSTEM ANALYSIS .

1 EXISTING SYSTEM 2.2 PROPOSED SYSTEM .2.

“Applications of genetic programming in data mining”. pp. 117-122. N. “A data mining application: analysis of problems occurring during a software project development process”. Elkaffas and A. Kerdpraso. although few of them can be currently seen in software engineering domain. Enformatika. Data mining (DM) is the process of finding and extracting frequent patterns that can describe the data. and financial. pp. Qiu. 2006. Enformatika.15. Nayak and T. Anomalies in the discovery process merit further investigation of the application of genetic programming to the dataset for the problem domain.2.4. and cash flow statements for North American public companies. and K. 17. or predict unknown or future values. The empirical results demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in software engineering domain and the potential benefits in applying data mining in this area. 19. vol. In this paper.. Each algorithm may produce a mining result completely different from the others. Toony. 1-5. These goals are achieved by using various learning algorithms. Some algorithms may find millions of patterns. This paper details the application of a genetic programming framework for induction of useful classification rules from a database of income statements. medical. It is thus the difficult job for data analysts to select appropriate models and interpret the discovered knowledge. S. pp. Our system is . vol. A data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data that can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. 2007. 2005. International Journal Of Software Engineering & Knowledge Engineering. 647-663. balance sheets. Kerdprasop.3 LITERATURE REVIEW R. In this paper. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques in various areas such as marketing. “Moving data mining tools toward a business intelligence system”. a proposed data mining application in software engineering domain is explained and experimented. vol. no. Potentially interesting classification rules are discovered. we describe a framework of an intelligent and complete data mining system called SUT-Miner. Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data.

pre-DM and post-DM functionalities. compares their properties. 2). G. Allocating course sections to prescribed “time slots” for courses requires advanced quantitative techniques. ACM Computing Surveys. regardless of the kind of patterns being mined. 3. vol. “Interestingness measures for data mining: a survey”. and identifies opportunities for future research in this area. . Communications Of AIs. 1-32. and collecting a large amount of multi-criteria data at least six to eight months in advance of a semester. gives strategies for selecting appropriate measures for applications.comprised of a full complement of major DM algorithms. The results indicate that 1). identifies their roles in the data mining process. It is the post-DM packages that ease the DM deployment for business intelligence applications. inductive methods are indeed applicable. In addition. no. such as goal programming. scheduling exclusionary effects that may impact course availability and diversity negatively. straightforward. no. repeatable SQL queries can be used as the chief analytical technique on a recurring basis. Smith. W. Liqiang and J. 2005. this study was one of the first empirical studies to provide an accurate measure of the discernable. This study takes an alternate approach. pp. It demonstrates the feasibility of applying the principles of data mining. “Applying data mining to scheduling courses at a university“. These measures are intended for selecting and ranking patterns according to their potential interest to the user. both summary and detailed results can be understood by key decision-makers. Specifically it uses association rules to evaluate a nonstandard (“aberrant”) timetabling pilot study undertaken in one College at a University. but negligible. Good measures also allow the time and space costs of the mining process to be reduced. Scheduling courses (“timetabling”) at a University is a persistent challenge. This survey reviews the interestingness measures for rules and summaries. classifies them from several perspectives. Interestingness measures play an important role in data mining. 38. vol. 2005. 16. 463-474. 2006. and 3). Howard. pp.

CHAPTER 3 SYSTEM SPECIFICATION .

3.1 Hardware Requirements  Processor/system  Main memory  Cache memory  Processor speed  Hard disk drive : : : : : Pentium IV 1 GB RAM 512 KB 600 MHz 40 GB 3.1 .2 Software configuration  Operating system  Front End  Programming Language  Back End : : : : Windows2000/XP Professional JSP/ SERVLETS J2EE MYSQL 5.

whether it's a Java development tool or a Web browser that can run Java applets. Every Java interpreter. Java is also unusual in that each Java program is both compiled and interpreted.3. interpretation occurs each time the program is executed. Modeled on C++. each Java byte code instruction is parsed and run on the computer. Solaris. This figure illustrates how this works. is an implementation of the Java VM. You can compile your Java program into byte codes on any platform that has a Java compiler. With a compiler. run anywhere" possible. and Macintosh. With an interpreter. hardware-based platforms. you translate a Java program into an intermediate language called Java byte codes--the platform-independent codes interpreted by the Java interpreter. Java byte codes help make "write once.3. simple and portable across platforms.3.2 Java Platform A platform is the hardware or software environment in which a program runs.3 SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION The software used for the development of the project is: 3. The byte codes can then be run on any implementation of the Java VM. . The Java platform differs from most other platforms in that it's a software-only platform that runs on top of other. Most other platforms are described as a combination of hardware and operating system. 3.1 ABOUT JAVA Java is an object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. Compilation happens just once. java was designed to be small. The Java VM can also be implemented in hardware. For example. the same Java program can run on Windows NT.

and deliver client-side content. Application It is a program that we can execute from any operating system prompt. Applets are commonly used to enhance the interactivity of a web page. accept input from GUI components. and impose additional restrictions on applets. Examples of servers include Web servers.2. The Java API is grouped into libraries (packages) of related components. Servlets are similar to applets in that they are runtime extensions of applications.2. Stand-alone applications have no such restrictions. most web browsers limit file access. Due the potential security feasibilitys associated with running applets from external and potentially malicious sources. by opening a new window or dialog box. . and even open network connections. 3. such as graphical user interface (GUI) widgets. proxy servers. Another specialized program is a servlet. and can display graphics. or they can have a graphical userinterface.The Java platform has two components:   The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) The Java Application Programming Interface (Java API) The Java API is a large collection of ready-made software components that provide many useful capabilities. Instead of working in browsers. Stand-alone applications can run as a console application (writing text to the screen or terminal window).1. print servers.3. 3.2 Applet It is a java program that executes inside a web page. configuring the server. and a full range of functionality is provided for in the way of pre-written Java classes. mail servers. servlets run within Java servers. A special kind of application known as a server serves and supports clients on a network. Applets run in their own frame. and boot servers. It requires a java enabled browser which requires an interpreter.3.

access control.  It is a well-structured. threads. and IP addresses.  Networking: URLs.  Java Database Connectivity (JDBC): Provides uniform access to a wide range of relational databases. However. and so on. Public/private key management. smart compilers. strings. It contains a compiler. As a platform-independent environment. high performance and platform-independent  It is a distributed and interpreted language.3 Features  It is an object-oriented internet programming language. date and time.3. data structures. robust and secure.  It is simple.  Security: Both low-level and high-level. well-tuned interpreters. Java can be a bit slower than native code. .The important thing required for writing stand-alone Java applications is a java compiler/interpreter. While there are commercial offerings available. and certificates.  Object serialization: Allows lightweight persistence and communication via Remote Method Invocation (RMI). Your browser may not support display of this image. 3. and just-in-time byte code compilers can bring Java's performance close to that of native code without threatening portability. The core API gives you the following features:  The Essentials: Objects. such as Visual J++ and Borland JBuilder. including electronic signatures. input and output. numbers. The core API is the API included in every full implementation of the Java platform. system properties. debugger. TCP and UDP sockets. a freely available SDK is available from Sun. interpreter.2.

run anywhere  Distribute software more easily 3. dynamic and portable.2.3. Software objects are modeled after real-world objects in that they.6 Encapsulation Packaging an object's variables within the protective custody of its methods is called encapsulation.4 Advantages  Get started quickly  Write less code  Write better code  Develop programs faster  Avoid platform dependencies with 100% Pure Java:  Write once.7 Benefits  Modularity-The source code for an object can be written and maintained independently of the source code for other objects. have state and behavior. Typically.3.2. Also.3. encapsulation is used to hide unimportant implementation details from other objects 3. . A software object maintains its state in variables and implements its behavior with methods. It is multi-threaded.  Information hiding.2. too.5 Object An object is a software bundle of variables and related methods. 3.3. an object can be easily passed around the system. 3.object can maintain private information and methods that can be changed at any time without affecting the other objects that depend on it.2.

All classes in Java (other than java. they cannot be directly instantiated except when instantiated by a class that implements the said interface. a Java class may implement. As interfaces are implicitly abstract. 3. however an interface may not implement an interface. the root class of the Java type system) must have exactly one base class.8 Class A class is a prototype that defines the variables and methods common to all objects of a certain kind.9 Interface An interface in the Java programming language is an abstract type that is used to specify an interface (in the generic sense of the term) that classes must implement. and an interface may extend any number of interfaces.2. An interface may never contain method definitions. is a language feature that allows a subclass to provide a specific implementation of a method that is already provided by one of its super classes.3.lang. you create an object of that type and the system allocates memory for the instance variables declared by the class. 3.2. multiple inheritance of classes is not allowed. or be bound to an object that implements the interface. or be an abstract class.3. . in which case.3.10 Method overriding Method Overriding. Interfaces are declared using the interface keyword. Object references in Java may be specified to be of an interface type.3. The implementation in the subclass overrides (replaces) the implementation in the super class.Object. One benefit of using interfaces is that they simulate multiple inheritance.2. The class must implement all of the methods described in the interface. they must either be null. in object oriented programming. and may only contain method signatures and constant declarations (variable declarations that are declared to be both static and final). Furthermore. When you create an instance of a class.

A subclass can give its own definition of methods which also happen to have the same signature as the method in its super class. as some languages support covariance on return types. classes that exist only in order to have specialized subclasses derived from them. whereas the former does not require a parameter. This may or may not involve an inability to subclass from a given class. Thus. Some languages allow the programmer to prevent a method from being overridden. Method overriding is an important feature that facilitates polymorphism in the design of object-oriented programs. In this case one might like the method to be different when printing. C#. the abstract super class defines a common interface which all the subclasses inherit. an object must be passed as a parameter.11 Method overloading It is a feature found in various programming languages such as Ada. The two different methods may be overloaded as Print(text object T). If we write the overloaded print methods for all objects our program will "print". as the compiler wouldn't know which of the two methods to use. This means that the subclass's method has the same name and parameter list as the super class’s overridden method. 3.2. the call is always: Print(something). and the correct function call again. Another example would be a Print (object O) method. doTask () and doTask (object O) are overloaded methods. for example. Print(image_object P). abstract classes are designed — i. In many cases. text or pictures.3. and is called with an empty parameter field. For example. . which would result in an ambiguous call error. we never have to worry about the type of the object. Constraints on the similarity of return type vary from language to language. D and Java that allows the creation of several methods with the same name which differ from each other in terms of the type of the input and the type of the output of the function.e. To call the latter. or disallow method overriding in certain core classes. A common error would be to assign a default value to the object in the second method. Such abstract classes have methods that do not perform any useful operations and are meant to be overridden by specific implementations in the subclasses. C++.

When overloading a method. As AWT is a bridge to the underlying native user interface. which require the development from scratch of native peers for each of the AWT widgets. make you generate the entire page via your program. Here's an example: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.2. even though most of it is always the same. The AWT is now part of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC) — the standard API for providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for a Java program. It is resolved at compile time which of these methods are used 3. its implementation on a new operating system may involve a lot of work. graphics.3. a project called Caciocavallo has been created. especially for the set of AWT GUI widgets.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>Welcome to Our Store</TITLE></HEAD> <BODY> <H1>Welcome to Our Store</H1> . static HTML with dynamically-generated HTML. The project has successfully experimented the implementation of AWT widgets using Java2D Java Server Page: Java Server Pages (JSP) is a technology that lets you mix regular. you are really just making a number of different methods that happen to have the same name. JSP lets you create the two parts separately.Method overloading is usually associated with statically-typed programming languages which enforce type checking in function calls. Many Web pages that are built by CGI programs are mostly static. including servlets. But most CGI variations.12 AWT The Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) is Java's original platform-independent windowing. Since the opening of Java. and user-interface widget toolkit.AWT is also the GUI toolkit for a number of Java ME profiles. It aims to provide a Java API based on the Open JDK to ease AWT implementation on new systems. with the dynamic part limited to a few small locations.

not Visual Basic or other MS-specific language. </BODY></HTML> Advantages of JSP: Active Server Pages (ASP) is a similar technology from Microsoft. But it is more convenient to write (and to modify!) regular HTML than to have a zillion println statements that generate the HTML. With the exception of cookies.html">here.</A></SMALL> <P> Regular HTML for all the rest of the on-line store's Web page. Besides. SSI is a widely-supported technology for including externally-defined pieces into a static Web page. Second. by separating the look from the content you can put different people on different tasks: your Web page design experts can build the HTML. click <A HREF="Account-Settings. Pure Servlets . and the like. it is portable to other operating systems and non-Microsoft Web servers. but only handles situations where the dynamic information is based on the client's environment.User name is "New User" for first-time visitors --> <% out. . not for "real" programs that use form data. SSI is really only intended for simple inclusions.println(Utils. JSP is better because it lets you use servlets instead of a separate program to generate that dynamic part.<SMALL>Welcome. leaving places for your servlet programmers to insert the dynamic content. %> To access your account settings. so it is more powerful and easier to use. the dynamic part is written in Java. JavaScript can generate HTML dynamically on the client. <!-. Plus. This is a useful capability.getUserNameFromCookie(request)). make database connections. First.JSP doesn't give you anything that you couldn't in principle do with a servlet. HTTP and form submission data is not available to JavaScript. The advantages of JSP are twofold.

more portable. easier to use. since it runs on the client. For example the results pages from search engines are generated this way. For example.And. They are programs that run on a Web server and build Web pages. and programs that process orders for e-commerce sites do this as well. The data changes frequently. Building Web pages on the fly is useful (and commonly done) for a number of reasons: The Web page is based on data submitted by the user. The Web page uses information from corporate databases or other such sources. pricing information. . cannot contain dynamic information. and cheaper than traditional CGI and than many alternative CGI-like technologies. and the like. the cost of using dynamic data would preclude its use in all but the most valuable instances. perhaps returning a previously built page if it is still up to date. more powerful. Previously. servlet developers get paid more than Perl programmers :-). you would use this for making a Web page at an on-line store that lists current prices and number of items in stock. of course. Java Servlets: Servlets are Java technology's answer to CGI programming. Advantage of Servlets Over "Traditional" CGI? Java servlets are more efficient. JSP is so easy and convenient that it is quite feasible to augment HTML pages that only benefit marginally by the insertion of small amounts of dynamic data. JavaScript can't access server-side resources like databases. a weather-report or news headlines page might build the page dynamically. For example. Regular HTML. catalogs. (More importantly.

There are a number of free or very inexpensive Web servers available that are good for "personal" use or low-volume Web sites. Similarly. if there are N simultaneous request to the same CGI program. most commercial-quality Web servers are relatively expensive. making useful things like database connection pools easy to implement. a new process is started for each HTTP request. once you have a Web server. the overhead of starting the process can dominate the execution time. With servlets.Efficient. in traditional CGI. Hey. Why learn Perl too? Besides the convenience of being able to use a familiar language. They can also maintain information from request to request. simplifying things like session tracking and caching of previous computations. Servlets are written in Java and follow a well-standardized API. . With servlets. If the CGI program does a relatively fast operation. However. keeping database connections open. and each request is handled by a lightweight Java thread. and the like. servlets have an extensive infrastructure for automatically parsing and decoding HTML form data. tracking sessions. handling cookies. the Java Virtual Machine stays up. This simplifies operations that need to look up images and other data stored in standard places. say I-Planet Enterprise Server can run virtually unchanged on Apache. reading and setting HTTP headers. With traditional CGI. there are N threads but only a single copy of the servlet class. with the major exception of Apache. Servlets also have more alternatives than do regular CGI programs for optimizations such as caching previous computations. Powerful. and many other such utilities. Convenient. Java servlets let you easily do several things that are difficult or impossible with regular CGI. or WebStar. Microsoft IIS. servlets written for. no matter the cost of that server. however. Servlets can also share data among each other. Nevertheless. which is free. adding servlet support to it (if it doesn't come preconfigured to support servlets) is generally free or cheap. then the code for the CGI program is loaded into memory N times. servlets can talk directly to the Web server (regular CGI programs can't). you already know Java. Servlets are supported directly or via a plugin on almost every major Web server. Inexpensive. Consequently. not a heavyweight operating system process. For one thing. Portable.

Servlets may be packaged in aWAR file as a Web application. a software developer may use a servlet to adddynamic content to a Web server using the Java platform. mapping a URL to a particular servlet and ensuring that the URL requester has the correct access rights.servlet. The generated content is commonly HTML.http defines HTTP-specific subclasses of the generic servlet elements. including session management objects that track multiple requests and responses between the Web server and a client.servlet. the word "Servlet" is often used in the meaning of "HTTP Servlet".[2] A Servlet is an object that receives a request and generates a response based on that request.[1] A Servlet is a Java class in Java EE that conforms to the Java Servlet API. The package javax.NET. . as well as objects to reflect the servlet's configuration parameters and execution environment. Therefore. a protocol by which a Java class may respond to requests. They are not tied to a specific client-server protocol. it can be thought of as a Java Applet that runs on a server instead of abrowser.Servlet: A servlet is a Java programming language class used to extend the capabilities of servers that host applications access via a response programming. Thus. Thus. or URL rewriting. The Web container is responsible for managing the lifecycle of servlets. A Web container (also known as a Servlet container) is essentially the component of a Web server that interacts with the servlets. a Web container must be used. but are most often used with the HTTP protocol. they are commonly used to extend the applications hosted by Web servers. defines the expected interactions of the Web container and a servlet. To deploy and run a Servlet. The servlet API. Servlets are the Java counterpart to non-Java dynamic Web content technologies such as CGI and ASP. Servlets can maintain state in session variables across many server transactions by using HTTP cookies. but may be other data such as XML. The basic servlet package defines Java objects to represent servlet requests and responses. Although servlets can respond to any type of request. contained in the Java package hierarchy javax.

Servlets can be generated automatically from JavaServer Pages (JSP) by the JavaServer Pages compiler. The difference between Servlets and JSP is that Servlets typically embed HTML inside Java code. A servlet is a Java component that can be plugged into a Java-enabled web server to provide custom services. the higher level MVC web framework in Java EE (JSF) still explicitly uses the Servlet technology for the low level request/response handling via the FacesServlet. while JSPs embed Java code in HTML. which is a flavor of the model-viewcontroller pattern. A somewhat older usage is to use servlets in conjunction with JSPs in a pattern called "Model 2". While the direct usage of Servlets to generate HTML (as shown in the example below) has become rare. These services can include:      New features Runtime changes to content Runtime changes to presentation New standard protocols (such as FTP) New custom protocols .

. The HTTP request is received by the web server. The container passes an object implementing theServletConfig interface via the init() method. and destroy(). Each request is serviced in its own separate thread.  After initialization. If a request for a method that is not implemented by the servlet is made. The destroy () method. These are init(). The server maps this request to a particular servlet.Life cycle of a servlet  During initialization stage of the Servlet life cycle. The Web container calls the service () method of the servlet for every request. service(). the Web container calls the destroy () method that takes the servlet out of service.   2. This request is then sent to the appropriate server. They are implemented by every servlet and are invoked at specific times by the server. like init (). the method of the parent class is called. typically resulting in an error being returned to the requester. is called only once in the lifecycle of a servlet. Three methods are central to the life cycle of a servlet. the servlet can service client requests. 1.  Finally. This configuration object allows the servlet to access name-value initialization parameters from the web application. The browser then generates an HTTP request for this URL. Let us consider a typical user scenario to understand when these methods are called. the web container initializes the servlet instance by calling the init() method. The service () method determines the kind of request being made and dispatches it to an appropriate method to handle the request. The developer of the servlet must provide an implementation for these methods. The servlet is dynamically retrieved and loaded into the address space of the server.   Assume that a user enters a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to a web browser.

 It may also formulate an HTTP response for the client. 8. at some point.3. It is possible to pass initialization parameters to the servlet so it may configure itself.   The server invokes the service () method of the servlet. important data may be saved to a persistent store. This method is called to process the HTTP request.   The server invokes the init () method of the servlet. 6. The servlet remains in the server’s address space and is available to process any 5. This method is invoked only when the servlet is first loaded into memory. The server may. decide to unload the servlet from its memory. other HTTP requests received from clients. The server calls the destroy () method to relinquish any resources such as file 7.  The algorithms by which this determination is made are specific to each server. . The memory allocated for the servlet and its objects can then be garbage collected. handles that are allocated for the servlet.  The service () method is called for each HTTP request. 4. You will see that it is possible for the servlet to read data that has been provided in the HTTP request.

NetBSD. SCO UnixWare.4 MYSQL 5. Microsoft Windows. and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack—LAMP is an acronym for "Linux. OpenSolaris. Symbian. Linux. Free-software-open source projects that require a full-featured database management system often use MySQL. MySQL is also used in many high-profile. QNX. OS/2 Warp. A port of MySQL to OpenVMS also exists. SunOS. Drupal and other software built on the LAMP software stack.3. Many programming languages with language-specific APIs include libraries for accessing MySQL databases. and offer additional functionality. These include MySQL Connector/Net for integration with . including Wikipedia. Uses MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications. Applications which use MySQL databases include: TYPO3. as well as under a variety of proprietary agreements. including AIX. Apache. now owned by Oracle Corporation. large-scale World Wide Web products. MySQL.3. WordPress. HPUX. Sanos and Tru64. IRIX. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language. the Swedish company MySQL AB. MySQL was owned and sponsored by a single for-profit firm.1 MySQL is the world's most used relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. i5/OS. Platforms And Interfaces MySQL works on many different system platforms. Novell NetWare. OpenBSD. Joomla. For commercial use. Solaris. FreeBSD. MySQL is an open source database management system and is used in some of the most frequently visited websites on the Internet. SCO OpenServer. phpBB. several paid editions are available. Mac OS X. eComStation. BSDi. The MySQL development project has made its source code available under the terms of the GNU General Public License. Perl/PHP/Python".

so on larger scales. either as a component in a LAMP-based web application or as a standalone database server. Much of MySQL's appeal originates in its relative simplicity and ease of use.URL-based query method also ships with a MySQL adapter. The master server synchronizes continually with its slaves so in the event of failure a slave can be promoted to become the new master. It is still most commonly used in small to medium scale single-server deployments. such as a multi-processor server with gigabytes of memory. A typical high-end configuration can include a powerful master database which handles data write operations and is replicated to multiple slaves that handle all read operations. Though MySQL began as a low-end alternative to more powerful proprietary databases. it has gradually evolved to support higher-scale needs as well. The HTSQL . . minimizing downtime. Deployment MySQL can be built and installed manually from source code. or breaking down a database into smaller chunks called shards which can be spread across a number of distributed server clusters. In the medium range. though further configuration is often required to adjust security and optimization settings.Microsoft's Visual Studio (languages such as C# and VB are most commonly used) and the JDBC driver for Java. Further improvements in performance can be achieved by caching the results from database queries in memory using memcached. which is enabled by an ecosystem of open source tools such as phpMyAdmin. such as ASP or ColdFusion. In addition. but this can be tedious so it is more commonly installed from a binary package unless special customizations are required. There are however limits to how far performance can scale on a single server. an ODBC interface called MyODBC allows additional programming languages that support the ODBC interface to communicate with a MySQL database. multi-server MySQL deployments are required to provide improved performance and reliability. On most Linux distributions the package management system can download and install MySQL with minimal effort. MySQL can be scaled by deploying it on more powerful hardware. allowing direct interaction between a MySQL database and any web client via structured URLs.

the database service provider takes responsibility for installing and maintaining the database. which runs on EC2. and the Xeround Cloud Database.cloud users can upload a machine image of their own with MySQL installed. There are two common deployment models for MySQL on the cloud: Virtual Machine Image . such as the one provided by Amazon EC2. In this configuration.Cloud-Based deployment Main article: Cloud database Another deployment option is running MySQL on cloud computing platforms such as Amazon EC2.some cloud platforms offer MySQL "as a service". but the cloud provider hosts the database and manages it on the application owner's behalf. or use a ready-made machine image with an optimized installation of MySQL on it. Features  A broad subset of ANSI SQL 99. where the database is not offered as a service. of the major cloud providers. Rackspace and Heroku.[26] Two notable cloud-based MySQL services are the Amazon Relational Database Service. only Rackspace offers managed hosting for MySQL databases. application owners do not have to install and maintain the MySQL database on their own. as well as extensions  Cross-platform support  Stored procedures  Triggers  Cursors . A third option is managed MySQL hosting on the cloud. MySQL as a Service . and application owners pay according to their usage. As of 2011. Instead.

many slaves per master. savepoints with InnoDB  SSL support  Query caching  Sub-SELECTs (i.e. Updatable Views  Information schema  Strict mode[further explanation needed]  X/Open XA distributed transaction processing (DTP) support. nested SELECTs)  Replication support (i. no automatic support for multiple masters per slave. two phase commit as part of this. Master-Master Replication & Master-Slave Replication) with one master per slave.e. MySQL Archive for storing historical data in little space)  Transactions with the InnoDB. using Oracle's InnoDB engine  Independent storage engines (MyISAM for read speed.  Full-text indexing and searching using MyISAM engine  Embedded database library  Partial Unicode support (UTF-8 and UCS-2 encoded strings are limited to the BMP)  ACID compliance when using transaction capable storage engines (InnoDB and Cluster)  Partititoned tables with pruning of partitions in optimiser  Shared-nothing clustering through MySQL Cluster . and Cluster storage engines. InnoDB for transactions and referential integrity.

CHAPTER 4 SYSTEM DESIGN . Hot backup (via mysqlhotcopy) under certain conditions .

4. New user means create the new account for enter that process of car product.4.1.1. If already login means.1 Modules Design 4. .1 Authentication: Authentication module contains user name and password. The order data is a snapshot of the dealer orders on the cutoff date. The inventory data is a snapshot of the inventory stock on the cutoff date.2 Supply Chain Process Sales: Sale stage generates the reporting sale data mart that covers the studied period. Production Plan: “Production Plan” data source is a list of models quantities that are planned to be produced for a specific period. Inventory: Inventory stage generates the reporting inventory data mart. Orders: Order stage generates the reporting order data mart. they must enter the username and password for encountered the process of car marketing.

4.1.4 Customers’ trends information Websites: Managers are interested especially in integrated data spanning DCX’s relationship with its customers and prospects regardless of whether the systems are online or offline. This dimension is used to map vehicles “Franchise/ Year/ Model/ Package/ Option” to their "Codes/Descriptions/Option Types/Default Options”. DCX wants to help the inventory managers to move vehicles faster.1. scrubbing it. These analyzes are related because they all require gathering data. DCX also wants to make early indication on which vehicle configurations are likely to sell well during new vehicles launching.3 Manufacturing information It Contains car configurations/packages/options codes and description. and reduce days on lot. In order to do this it needs to identify which vehicles stay long in stock as well as which vehicles move faster. Having a data warehouse that combines online and offline behavioral data for decision-making purposes is a strategic tool which business users can leverage to improve sales demand forecasting. TOPs dimension used to map all car configurations under production. storing it. adjust body model/trim level mix with inventory data. 4. improve model/trim level mix planning. Web Activities: “Web Activity” data source is used to track all user web hits/requests on DCX websites . Geographic dimension is used to map “ZipCode” to “Zone/Business Center/ State”. Dealer dimension id used to map DCX dealers. mapping it and finally aggregating it for the purpose of research and analysis. “CarConfig” is used to store “Build and Price” configurations made on DCX web-sites.

2 Data Model 4.2.4.1 Entity relationship diagram: .

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2 Data Dictionary: .2.4.

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1 Context Analysis Diagram: .3 Process model: 4.4.3.

3 Architecture Diagram .3.4.

4.3.3 Data Flow Diagram Level 0: Level 1: Level 2: .

1 PHASES OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT The normal phases of a development project are planning. . code. Different methodologies may call these phases by different names.1. 5. but they are always present. PHASE II-ANALYSIS The goal of systems analysis is to determine where the problem is in an attempt to fix the system. which may be documents. implementation. In DCOII system V-model software development life cycle is followed. or test results. In software engineering. development. design.CHAPTER-V SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Software Development Life Cycle in systems engineering and software engineering. the SDLC concept underpins many kinds of software development methodologies. 5. Each phase has its own products. and the models and methodologies that people use to develop these systems. These methodologies form the framework for planning and controlling the creation of software development process. which is diagrammatically represented as follows. coding starts at the bottom and validation phase starts right of the Vmodel.1. testing. PHASE I-PLANNING Planning is to generate a high-level view of the intended project and determine the goals of the project. and attempt to engage users so that definite requirements can be defined.2. This step involves breaking down the system in different pieces and drawing diagram to analyze the situation. Analyze project goals. and enhancement. analysis. is the process of creating or altering systems. 5. DCOII project plan depends on the V shaped modeling of verification phase starts at left of V shape. break down functions that need to be created.1.

Goals & targets.3. Unit testing and module testing are done in this stage by the CDOII develops. PHASE IV-DEVELOPMENT Modular and subsystem programming code will be accomplished during this stage. Software specification document which serves as a blueprint for the development phase is generated.1 SOFTWARE TESTING : . data structures etc. of DCOII system is achieved by establishing schedules during project development. some samples screens are created. DCOII system design is developed by the webmaster based on the user requirements documents. PHASE III-DESIGN Systems design is the phase where system engineers analyze and understand the business of the proposed system by studying the user requirements document.4.5.1. They figure out possibilities and techniques by which the user requirements can be implemented. Chapter vi TESTING 6. Development stage is inter mingled with the next in that individual modules will need testing before integration to the man project.1. This document contains the general system organization. menu structures.. 5.

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It is primarily concerned with user training. Thus proper implementation is essential to provide a reliable system to meet managerial requirements.CHAPTER-VII SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 7. The implementation phase is less creative than system design. Implementation is the phase. the test of the network along with the system are also included under implementation. in which one has to be cautions. it can be lead to many critical problems.1. Implementation is one of the most important tasks in project. INTRODUCTION It is the process of bringing developed system into operational use. if the implementation phase is not carefully planned and controlled. site preparation and file-sites. . because all the efforts undertaken during the project will be fruitful only if the tool is properly implemented according to the plans made.

modifications to existing function and general enhancements are received from the user. which is characterized by reverse engineering and re-engineering technique. This is often called preventive maintenance.Depending on the nature of the system extensive user training maybe required programming is itself a design works. to satisfy this request perceptive maintenance is used. Implementation is used here to mean the process of converting a new or revised system into an operation one. . It may be that even after through testing the user will find errors. The second activities that contribute to a definition of maintenance occurs because of the rapid change that encountered in every aspect of computing. Here the new system is implemented to an operational use. Adaptive maintenance – as activity that modifies software to properly interface with a changing environment – is both necessary and common place. Programming provides a real test for the assumption made by the analyst. This developed system supports for corrective maintenance. The third activity that may be applied to definition of maintenance occurs when software package is successful. 7. But it is not possible to find all errors here. The fourth maintenance activity occurs when software is changed to improve future maintainability or reliability.2. The initial parameters of the management information system should be modified as a result of programming efforts. As the software is used new recommendations for new capabilities. In such a case the user when reports the errors it is possible to correct those errors as that coding has been documents and it is possible to find out the location where the error is occurring and the reason for error can be analyzed and corrected. IMPLEMENTATION The system has been tested in the location of the developer. or to provide a better basic for future enhancements. Maintenance is far more than fixing mistakes. The maintenance can be defined using four activities that are undertaken after a program is released for use.

which a team needs.1 MERIT OF THE SYSTEM: . If there is a need to include any new modules then it has been externally and then includes to it with the exits architecture.As this software can be run with the requirements given above and it does not involve any particular hardware as such and it can be run with the rapid development that is being encountered in the computer industry. Later on it correspondence with this limitation may upgrade the system. Chapter : viii PERFORMANCE AND LIMITATION 8. But up to now the system holds all the possible reports generation tools.

1SAMPLE SCREENS: .Chapter: ix APPENDICES 9.

Chapter : x REFERENCES .

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