CONTENTS

Title

Page No

Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………….iv List of Tables………………………………………………………………………………vi List of Figures……………………………………………………………………………..vii

Chapter I: Introduction 1.1. 1.2. Organization Profile……………………………………………………….......01 Problem Definition………………………………………………………….....02

Chapter II: System Analysis 2.2. Existing System Architecture…………………………………………………... 2.2. Proposed System Architecture…………………………………………………

Chapter III: Development Environment 3.1. Hardware Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2. Software Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2.1. Software Description………………………………………………………

Chapter IV: System Design

4.1. Data Model 4.1.1. Entity Relationship Diagram……………………………………. 4.1.2. Data Dictionary………………………………………………….

4.2. Process Model 4.2.1. Context Analysis Diagram………………………………………. 4.2.2. Data Flow Diagram………………………………………………

Chapter v: Software Development 5.1. Phases of Software Development………………………………………… 5.1.1. Phase I: Planning………………………………………………... 5.1.2. Phase II: Analysis………………………………………………. 5.1.3. Phase III: Design……………………………………………… 5.1.4. Phase IV: Development……………………………………… 5.2. Modular Description…………………………………………………..

Chapter VI: Testing 6.1. System Testing……………………………………………………………. 6.2. Software Testing Strategy………………………………………………… 6.2.1. Unit Testing…………………………………………………..

6.2.2. Integrating Testing……………………………………………..

Chapter VII: System Implementation 7.1. Introduction…………………………………………………………… 7.2. Implementation…………………………………………………………

v

Chapter VIII: Performance and Limitations 8.1. Merits of the system………………………………………………….. 8.2. Limitations of the system……………………………………………… 8.3. Future Enhancements……………………………………………………

Chapter IX: Appendices 9.1. Sample Screen……………………………………………………….. 9.2. User Manual……………………………………………………………

Chapter X: References…………………………

ABSTRACT
Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. Data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data which can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques to various areas such as marketing, medical, financial, and car manufacturing. In this paper, a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. The application results analysis such as Predicting Future Car market Demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

the data mining problem and all sources of data are identified. . The measure of any business intelligence solution is its ability to derive knowledge from data. The challenge is met with the ability to identify patterns. techniques.1. Consequently. rules. data mining has become a research area with increasing importance and it involved in determining useful patterns from collected data or determining a model that fits best on the collected data. Different classification schemes can be used to categorize data mining methods and systems based on the kinds of databases to be studied. these characteristics help providing powerful tools for decision makers. trends. BI is a general term to mean all processes. INTRODUCTION Data mining application are characterized by the ability to deal with the explosion of business data and accelerated market changes. The last stage is postprocessing in which the discovered knowledge is evaluated and interpreted. and the kinds of techniques to be utilized. the kinds of knowledge to be discovered. Data mining techniques used in business-oriented applications are known as Business Intelligence (BI). and relationships from volumes of information which is too large to be processed by human analysis alone. such tools can be used by business users (not only statisticians) for analyzing huge amount of data for patterns and trends. and a subset of data is generated from the accumulated data. A data mining technique or a combination of techniques appropriate for the type of knowledge to be discovered is applied to the derived data set. During the pre-processing stage. the actual data mining process and postprocessing. and tools that gather and analyze data for the purpose of supporting enterprise users to make better decisions. handle missing information and transformed it to an appropriate format. The difficulty of discovering and deploying new knowledge in the BI context is due to the lack of intelligent and complete data mining system. A data mining task includes pre-processing. To ensure quality the data set is processed to remove noise.

Most of the award recipients (including Saft. and Dow Kokam) have their facilities fully online and ready to produce. the production and sales of the cars needs to catch up. LG Chem. EV prices will continue to disappoint many consumers. consumers hoping for an affordable EV ride have been left wanting. plug-in electric vehicles will take major strides toward becoming a mature if small component of the overall vehicle fleet. and China in EV batteries. . Manufacturers of lithium ion batteries in the United States spent 2011 readying new and established factories for the expected surge in electric car and plug-in hybrid sales. Johnson Controls. In order to analyze the impacts of these and other key issues facing the EV industry. Many potential EV buyers were disappointed that Nissan raised the price of the LEAF for 2012. Pike Research has prepared a white paper that makes 10 predictions about the continuing evolution of the market in 2012 and beyond. The fruits of the multi-billion dollar investments in recent years in lithium ion battery manufacturing facilities will provide abundance in capacity that could outpace demand. Pike Research does not expect this trend to stop in 2012.625). EnerDel.In 2012. but any oversupply will not impact vehicle pricing. Here are three of those predictions: Battery production will get ahead of vehicle production.995) all north of $30. the car comes without several features that were standard but consumers now must pay for as options. The 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act provided funding for scaling up production so that the United States can compete with Japan.000 (before federal incentives). With the 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV ($32. The number of battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles sold and the variety of options for consumers will rapidly expand.000 less. Unfortunately.750. the optimal price for a plug-in electric vehicle to engage consumers is $23. Korea. the Honda Fit BEV ($36. While the Chevrolet Volt will sell for $1. Now. and the Ford Focus EV ($39.000). According to data from Pike Research’s annual Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey.

manufacturers of the vehicles—as well as charging equipment—will introduce technology that will enable EVs to interact with other home appliances. Automakers want EVs to be good “citizens” in balancing their energy requirement with the rest of the building. Other long term applications could include downloading music or movies to the vehicle. and other types of appliances. The first vehicles demonstrating this capability will likely be out in 2012. In many households.EVs will begin to function as home appliances. 1. For example. In 2012. home energy management devices. an EV could coordinate with the clothes dryer or pool pump to make sure that the power consumption doesn’t surpass a certain threshold. which requires establishing communications with smart meters.1 COMPANY PROFILE . with commercialization soon to follow. the EV will be the device that consumes the most energy and power.

to create software that will give its cars the capability to predict the destination and the most energy-efficient route. 1.3 NEED OF THE PROJECT Using historical data. 1. Here’s how this system would work. Using the power of the cloud to analyze historical data of routes. the system learns key information about how the driver is using the vehicle and where he wants to go.1. and explained. In essence. This solution can provide inventory managers with important analysis such as launch analysis and slow turning analysis. The application results analysis such as predicting future car market demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand. After a vehicle owner opts in to use the service. traffic and driver usage. a cloud-based analytics service that contains a suite of algorithms with the ability of analyzing historical business data and the capability to predict future trends or outcome. knowledge of routes and combines it with real-time traffic information to suggest the best possible energy-efficient route. as well as many other areas. . The use and benefits of these two analyses will be identified. an encrypted driver data usage profile is built based on routes and time of travel. The system analyzes driving habits.2 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT The aim of this paper is to provide a proposed data mining solution that can be used for automotive market. A dcx1 case study will be presented in detail in order to demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in the field of car manufacturing. car maker is collaborating to develop software that will help its cars predict the best route that drivers can take to save energy and time if car maker experiment in making self learning cars takes off.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT In this project. a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. your car will never be the same again. The new prediction api.

CHAPTER 2 SYSTEM ANALYSIS .

1 EXISTING SYSTEM 2.2.2 PROPOSED SYSTEM .

a proposed data mining application in software engineering domain is explained and experimented. Enformatika. balance sheets. 17. and cash flow statements for North American public companies. “Applications of genetic programming in data mining”. 2005. vol.2. we describe a framework of an intelligent and complete data mining system called SUT-Miner. The empirical results demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in software engineering domain and the potential benefits in applying data mining in this area. pp. Kerdpraso. Potentially interesting classification rules are discovered.4. 19. “Moving data mining tools toward a business intelligence system”. Some algorithms may find millions of patterns. vol. S. Anomalies in the discovery process merit further investigation of the application of genetic programming to the dataset for the problem domain. pp. In this paper. Our system is . vol. no. 2007. or predict unknown or future values. Nayak and T. In this paper. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques in various areas such as marketing. It is thus the difficult job for data analysts to select appropriate models and interpret the discovered knowledge. Toony. Kerdprasop. “A data mining application: analysis of problems occurring during a software project development process”. Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. International Journal Of Software Engineering & Knowledge Engineering. These goals are achieved by using various learning algorithms. A data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data that can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. Data mining (DM) is the process of finding and extracting frequent patterns that can describe the data. Elkaffas and A.3 LITERATURE REVIEW R. 117-122. Enformatika. Each algorithm may produce a mining result completely different from the others. 647-663. 1-5.15. 2006. pp. N. Qiu. and K.. and financial. although few of them can be currently seen in software engineering domain. This paper details the application of a genetic programming framework for induction of useful classification rules from a database of income statements. medical.

comprised of a full complement of major DM algorithms. G. This survey reviews the interestingness measures for rules and summaries. 463-474. such as goal programming. “Interestingness measures for data mining: a survey”. and 3). 2005. pre-DM and post-DM functionalities. These measures are intended for selecting and ranking patterns according to their potential interest to the user. pp. . compares their properties. this study was one of the first empirical studies to provide an accurate measure of the discernable. In addition. ACM Computing Surveys. It demonstrates the feasibility of applying the principles of data mining. no. inductive methods are indeed applicable. 2005. and collecting a large amount of multi-criteria data at least six to eight months in advance of a semester. 38. This study takes an alternate approach. Scheduling courses (“timetabling”) at a University is a persistent challenge. pp. both summary and detailed results can be understood by key decision-makers. regardless of the kind of patterns being mined. Good measures also allow the time and space costs of the mining process to be reduced. Allocating course sections to prescribed “time slots” for courses requires advanced quantitative techniques. Liqiang and J. identifies their roles in the data mining process. no. straightforward. Communications Of AIs. Smith. Interestingness measures play an important role in data mining. repeatable SQL queries can be used as the chief analytical technique on a recurring basis. vol. Specifically it uses association rules to evaluate a nonstandard (“aberrant”) timetabling pilot study undertaken in one College at a University. 2006. gives strategies for selecting appropriate measures for applications. Howard. 1-32. The results indicate that 1). W. but negligible. It is the post-DM packages that ease the DM deployment for business intelligence applications. vol. and identifies opportunities for future research in this area. “Applying data mining to scheduling courses at a university“. 16. 2). 3. classifies them from several perspectives. scheduling exclusionary effects that may impact course availability and diversity negatively.

CHAPTER 3 SYSTEM SPECIFICATION .

3.2 Software configuration  Operating system  Front End  Programming Language  Back End : : : : Windows2000/XP Professional JSP/ SERVLETS J2EE MYSQL 5.1 Hardware Requirements  Processor/system  Main memory  Cache memory  Processor speed  Hard disk drive : : : : : Pentium IV 1 GB RAM 512 KB 600 MHz 40 GB 3.1 .

2 Java Platform A platform is the hardware or software environment in which a program runs. java was designed to be small. Every Java interpreter. Modeled on C++. Java byte codes help make "write once. This figure illustrates how this works. hardware-based platforms.1 ABOUT JAVA Java is an object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. you translate a Java program into an intermediate language called Java byte codes--the platform-independent codes interpreted by the Java interpreter. simple and portable across platforms. With an interpreter.3. whether it's a Java development tool or a Web browser that can run Java applets. The byte codes can then be run on any implementation of the Java VM. Compilation happens just once. . interpretation occurs each time the program is executed. The Java platform differs from most other platforms in that it's a software-only platform that runs on top of other. With a compiler. run anywhere" possible. Most other platforms are described as a combination of hardware and operating system. For example.3 SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION The software used for the development of the project is: 3. 3. You can compile your Java program into byte codes on any platform that has a Java compiler.3. the same Java program can run on Windows NT. each Java byte code instruction is parsed and run on the computer. Java is also unusual in that each Java program is both compiled and interpreted.3. and Macintosh. is an implementation of the Java VM. The Java VM can also be implemented in hardware. Solaris.

configuring the server. It requires a java enabled browser which requires an interpreter. Examples of servers include Web servers. such as graphical user interface (GUI) widgets. and boot servers. The Java API is grouped into libraries (packages) of related components. most web browsers limit file access. proxy servers. and impose additional restrictions on applets.2.3. print servers. Stand-alone applications have no such restrictions. Servlets are similar to applets in that they are runtime extensions of applications. Application It is a program that we can execute from any operating system prompt. mail servers. Applets run in their own frame. Instead of working in browsers.2. accept input from GUI components. and can display graphics. . servlets run within Java servers.1. and even open network connections.3. 3. and deliver client-side content. Another specialized program is a servlet.2 Applet It is a java program that executes inside a web page. 3. Applets are commonly used to enhance the interactivity of a web page.The Java platform has two components:   The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) The Java Application Programming Interface (Java API) The Java API is a large collection of ready-made software components that provide many useful capabilities. or they can have a graphical userinterface. by opening a new window or dialog box. Due the potential security feasibilitys associated with running applets from external and potentially malicious sources. A special kind of application known as a server serves and supports clients on a network. Stand-alone applications can run as a console application (writing text to the screen or terminal window). and a full range of functionality is provided for in the way of pre-written Java classes.

As a platform-independent environment. debugger. high performance and platform-independent  It is a distributed and interpreted language. TCP and UDP sockets. date and time. 3. and just-in-time byte code compilers can bring Java's performance close to that of native code without threatening portability. access control.  Object serialization: Allows lightweight persistence and communication via Remote Method Invocation (RMI). However.The important thing required for writing stand-alone Java applications is a java compiler/interpreter.  It is simple. strings. including electronic signatures.2. Public/private key management.  Java Database Connectivity (JDBC): Provides uniform access to a wide range of relational databases.3. system properties. . Java can be a bit slower than native code.  Networking: URLs. The core API gives you the following features:  The Essentials: Objects. such as Visual J++ and Borland JBuilder. While there are commercial offerings available. and so on. interpreter. input and output. Your browser may not support display of this image. well-tuned interpreters. data structures. a freely available SDK is available from Sun. smart compilers. and IP addresses. numbers. The core API is the API included in every full implementation of the Java platform. It contains a compiler. robust and secure.3 Features  It is an object-oriented internet programming language. threads.  It is a well-structured.  Security: Both low-level and high-level. and certificates.

.3.2. 3. Typically.2.3. run anywhere  Distribute software more easily 3. encapsulation is used to hide unimportant implementation details from other objects 3. Also.4 Advantages  Get started quickly  Write less code  Write better code  Develop programs faster  Avoid platform dependencies with 100% Pure Java:  Write once.7 Benefits  Modularity-The source code for an object can be written and maintained independently of the source code for other objects.6 Encapsulation Packaging an object's variables within the protective custody of its methods is called encapsulation.3.  Information hiding. too. an object can be easily passed around the system. 3. dynamic and portable.object can maintain private information and methods that can be changed at any time without affecting the other objects that depend on it.5 Object An object is a software bundle of variables and related methods.2.2. have state and behavior. It is multi-threaded. A software object maintains its state in variables and implements its behavior with methods.3. Software objects are modeled after real-world objects in that they.

you create an object of that type and the system allocates memory for the instance variables declared by the class. they must either be null. When you create an instance of a class. All classes in Java (other than java. and may only contain method signatures and constant declarations (variable declarations that are declared to be both static and final). they cannot be directly instantiated except when instantiated by a class that implements the said interface. multiple inheritance of classes is not allowed. Interfaces are declared using the interface keyword. 3. The implementation in the subclass overrides (replaces) the implementation in the super class. As interfaces are implicitly abstract. Object references in Java may be specified to be of an interface type. Furthermore.2. in which case.9 Interface An interface in the Java programming language is an abstract type that is used to specify an interface (in the generic sense of the term) that classes must implement.3. or be an abstract class. The class must implement all of the methods described in the interface.3.3.8 Class A class is a prototype that defines the variables and methods common to all objects of a certain kind. An interface may never contain method definitions.2. a Java class may implement.lang.3. in object oriented programming. however an interface may not implement an interface.Object. 3. and an interface may extend any number of interfaces.2. . is a language feature that allows a subclass to provide a specific implementation of a method that is already provided by one of its super classes. One benefit of using interfaces is that they simulate multiple inheritance. or be bound to an object that implements the interface. the root class of the Java type system) must have exactly one base class.10 Method overriding Method Overriding.

for example. . To call the latter. as the compiler wouldn't know which of the two methods to use. For example. Method overriding is an important feature that facilitates polymorphism in the design of object-oriented programs. the abstract super class defines a common interface which all the subclasses inherit. the call is always: Print(something). doTask () and doTask (object O) are overloaded methods. This means that the subclass's method has the same name and parameter list as the super class’s overridden method. abstract classes are designed — i.e. C++. we never have to worry about the type of the object. 3. Constraints on the similarity of return type vary from language to language. classes that exist only in order to have specialized subclasses derived from them.A subclass can give its own definition of methods which also happen to have the same signature as the method in its super class. as some languages support covariance on return types. and the correct function call again. D and Java that allows the creation of several methods with the same name which differ from each other in terms of the type of the input and the type of the output of the function.2. If we write the overloaded print methods for all objects our program will "print". This may or may not involve an inability to subclass from a given class. which would result in an ambiguous call error.11 Method overloading It is a feature found in various programming languages such as Ada. Thus. In many cases. C#. and is called with an empty parameter field. or disallow method overriding in certain core classes. Some languages allow the programmer to prevent a method from being overridden. A common error would be to assign a default value to the object in the second method. Another example would be a Print (object O) method. Such abstract classes have methods that do not perform any useful operations and are meant to be overridden by specific implementations in the subclasses. an object must be passed as a parameter. whereas the former does not require a parameter. Print(image_object P). The two different methods may be overloaded as Print(text object T). text or pictures.3. In this case one might like the method to be different when printing.

As AWT is a bridge to the underlying native user interface. JSP lets you create the two parts separately. The AWT is now part of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC) — the standard API for providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for a Java program. even though most of it is always the same. Since the opening of Java.AWT is also the GUI toolkit for a number of Java ME profiles. static HTML with dynamically-generated HTML.2.Method overloading is usually associated with statically-typed programming languages which enforce type checking in function calls. its implementation on a new operating system may involve a lot of work.3. When overloading a method. and user-interface widget toolkit. Here's an example: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4. especially for the set of AWT GUI widgets.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>Welcome to Our Store</TITLE></HEAD> <BODY> <H1>Welcome to Our Store</H1> . with the dynamic part limited to a few small locations. graphics. It is resolved at compile time which of these methods are used 3. Many Web pages that are built by CGI programs are mostly static. you are really just making a number of different methods that happen to have the same name. make you generate the entire page via your program. It aims to provide a Java API based on the Open JDK to ease AWT implementation on new systems. But most CGI variations. which require the development from scratch of native peers for each of the AWT widgets.12 AWT The Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) is Java's original platform-independent windowing. The project has successfully experimented the implementation of AWT widgets using Java2D Java Server Page: Java Server Pages (JSP) is a technology that lets you mix regular. including servlets. a project called Caciocavallo has been created.

<SMALL>Welcome. This is a useful capability. </BODY></HTML> Advantages of JSP: Active Server Pages (ASP) is a similar technology from Microsoft. but only handles situations where the dynamic information is based on the client's environment. With the exception of cookies. SSI is really only intended for simple inclusions. not Visual Basic or other MS-specific language. JSP is better because it lets you use servlets instead of a separate program to generate that dynamic part. Besides. .html">here. First. The advantages of JSP are twofold.User name is "New User" for first-time visitors --> <% out.getUserNameFromCookie(request)). But it is more convenient to write (and to modify!) regular HTML than to have a zillion println statements that generate the HTML. <!-.JSP doesn't give you anything that you couldn't in principle do with a servlet. by separating the look from the content you can put different people on different tasks: your Web page design experts can build the HTML. so it is more powerful and easier to use.</A></SMALL> <P> Regular HTML for all the rest of the on-line store's Web page. it is portable to other operating systems and non-Microsoft Web servers. leaving places for your servlet programmers to insert the dynamic content. make database connections. JavaScript can generate HTML dynamically on the client. Pure Servlets . %> To access your account settings. Second. click <A HREF="Account-Settings. the dynamic part is written in Java. HTTP and form submission data is not available to JavaScript. SSI is a widely-supported technology for including externally-defined pieces into a static Web page. and the like. Plus. not for "real" programs that use form data.println(Utils.

more powerful. Building Web pages on the fly is useful (and commonly done) for a number of reasons: The Web page is based on data submitted by the user. JavaScript can't access server-side resources like databases. The Web page uses information from corporate databases or other such sources. . perhaps returning a previously built page if it is still up to date. Advantage of Servlets Over "Traditional" CGI? Java servlets are more efficient. easier to use. more portable. and the like. The data changes frequently. pricing information. servlet developers get paid more than Perl programmers :-). For example the results pages from search engines are generated this way. (More importantly. Java Servlets: Servlets are Java technology's answer to CGI programming. of course. Previously. and programs that process orders for e-commerce sites do this as well. since it runs on the client. catalogs. For example. cannot contain dynamic information. and cheaper than traditional CGI and than many alternative CGI-like technologies. For example. They are programs that run on a Web server and build Web pages. a weather-report or news headlines page might build the page dynamically. JSP is so easy and convenient that it is quite feasible to augment HTML pages that only benefit marginally by the insertion of small amounts of dynamic data. the cost of using dynamic data would preclude its use in all but the most valuable instances.And. you would use this for making a Web page at an on-line store that lists current prices and number of items in stock. Regular HTML.

With traditional CGI. which is free. . tracking sessions. Servlets are written in Java and follow a well-standardized API. no matter the cost of that server. keeping database connections open. They can also maintain information from request to request. Convenient. If the CGI program does a relatively fast operation. then the code for the CGI program is loaded into memory N times. However. and many other such utilities. With servlets. most commercial-quality Web servers are relatively expensive. or WebStar. Servlets can also share data among each other. servlets have an extensive infrastructure for automatically parsing and decoding HTML form data. if there are N simultaneous request to the same CGI program. with the major exception of Apache. Consequently. servlets written for. There are a number of free or very inexpensive Web servers available that are good for "personal" use or low-volume Web sites. Microsoft IIS. you already know Java. however. Java servlets let you easily do several things that are difficult or impossible with regular CGI. simplifying things like session tracking and caching of previous computations. handling cookies. not a heavyweight operating system process. the Java Virtual Machine stays up. once you have a Web server. With servlets. For one thing. there are N threads but only a single copy of the servlet class. reading and setting HTTP headers. adding servlet support to it (if it doesn't come preconfigured to support servlets) is generally free or cheap. Portable. in traditional CGI. the overhead of starting the process can dominate the execution time. and the like. Powerful. a new process is started for each HTTP request. Servlets are supported directly or via a plugin on almost every major Web server.Efficient. Servlets also have more alternatives than do regular CGI programs for optimizations such as caching previous computations. This simplifies operations that need to look up images and other data stored in standard places. servlets can talk directly to the Web server (regular CGI programs can't). and each request is handled by a lightweight Java thread. making useful things like database connection pools easy to implement. Hey. Why learn Perl too? Besides the convenience of being able to use a familiar language. Similarly. Inexpensive. Nevertheless. say I-Planet Enterprise Server can run virtually unchanged on Apache.

To deploy and run a Servlet. it can be thought of as a Java Applet that runs on a server instead of abrowser. The Web container is responsible for managing the lifecycle of servlets. the word "Servlet" is often used in the meaning of "HTTP Servlet". . or URL rewriting. defines the expected interactions of the Web container and a servlet. a software developer may use a servlet to adddynamic content to a Web server using the Java platform. Although servlets can respond to any type of request. including session management objects that track multiple requests and responses between the Web server and a client. The generated content is commonly HTML. Thus. as well as objects to reflect the servlet's configuration parameters and execution environment. contained in the Java package hierarchy javax. they are commonly used to extend the applications hosted by Web servers.Servlet: A servlet is a Java programming language class used to extend the capabilities of servers that host applications access via a response programming.NET. Therefore. They are not tied to a specific client-server protocol. mapping a URL to a particular servlet and ensuring that the URL requester has the correct access rights. a protocol by which a Java class may respond to requests.[2] A Servlet is an object that receives a request and generates a response based on that request. Thus. Servlets can maintain state in session variables across many server transactions by using HTTP cookies. Servlets may be packaged in aWAR file as a Web application.servlet. but may be other data such as XML.http defines HTTP-specific subclasses of the generic servlet elements. The package javax. The basic servlet package defines Java objects to represent servlet requests and responses. A Web container (also known as a Servlet container) is essentially the component of a Web server that interacts with the servlets.servlet. a Web container must be used. The servlet API.[1] A Servlet is a Java class in Java EE that conforms to the Java Servlet API. but are most often used with the HTTP protocol. Servlets are the Java counterpart to non-Java dynamic Web content technologies such as CGI and ASP.

while JSPs embed Java code in HTML.Servlets can be generated automatically from JavaServer Pages (JSP) by the JavaServer Pages compiler. the higher level MVC web framework in Java EE (JSF) still explicitly uses the Servlet technology for the low level request/response handling via the FacesServlet. which is a flavor of the model-viewcontroller pattern. A servlet is a Java component that can be plugged into a Java-enabled web server to provide custom services. The difference between Servlets and JSP is that Servlets typically embed HTML inside Java code. A somewhat older usage is to use servlets in conjunction with JSPs in a pattern called "Model 2". These services can include:      New features Runtime changes to content Runtime changes to presentation New standard protocols (such as FTP) New custom protocols . While the direct usage of Servlets to generate HTML (as shown in the example below) has become rare.

These are init(). 1. If a request for a method that is not implemented by the servlet is made. the Web container calls the destroy () method that takes the servlet out of service.  After initialization.Life cycle of a servlet  During initialization stage of the Servlet life cycle. The destroy () method. The servlet is dynamically retrieved and loaded into the address space of the server.   2. The server maps this request to a particular servlet. This configuration object allows the servlet to access name-value initialization parameters from the web application. They are implemented by every servlet and are invoked at specific times by the server. The Web container calls the service () method of the servlet for every request. The HTTP request is received by the web server.  Finally. The service () method determines the kind of request being made and dispatches it to an appropriate method to handle the request. Three methods are central to the life cycle of a servlet. Let us consider a typical user scenario to understand when these methods are called. . The container passes an object implementing theServletConfig interface via the init() method. This request is then sent to the appropriate server. the method of the parent class is called. The developer of the servlet must provide an implementation for these methods. The browser then generates an HTTP request for this URL. service(). and destroy().   Assume that a user enters a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to a web browser. is called only once in the lifecycle of a servlet. typically resulting in an error being returned to the requester. like init (). the web container initializes the servlet instance by calling the init() method. Each request is serviced in its own separate thread. the servlet can service client requests.

other HTTP requests received from clients.   The server invokes the init () method of the servlet.  The algorithms by which this determination is made are specific to each server. handles that are allocated for the servlet. decide to unload the servlet from its memory. It is possible to pass initialization parameters to the servlet so it may configure itself.   The server invokes the service () method of the servlet.  It may also formulate an HTTP response for the client. This method is invoked only when the servlet is first loaded into memory.3.  The service () method is called for each HTTP request. 6. important data may be saved to a persistent store. . at some point. 8. The memory allocated for the servlet and its objects can then be garbage collected. The server may. You will see that it is possible for the servlet to read data that has been provided in the HTTP request. 4. The server calls the destroy () method to relinquish any resources such as file 7. The servlet remains in the server’s address space and is available to process any 5. This method is called to process the HTTP request.

BSDi. Solaris.3.1 MySQL is the world's most used relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. QNX. Free-software-open source projects that require a full-featured database management system often use MySQL. Platforms And Interfaces MySQL works on many different system platforms. SunOS. MySQL is an open source database management system and is used in some of the most frequently visited websites on the Internet. The MySQL development project has made its source code available under the terms of the GNU General Public License.3. Mac OS X. Microsoft Windows. Drupal and other software built on the LAMP software stack. These include MySQL Connector/Net for integration with . as well as under a variety of proprietary agreements. Uses MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications. large-scale World Wide Web products. including Wikipedia. several paid editions are available. Many programming languages with language-specific APIs include libraries for accessing MySQL databases. Symbian.4 MYSQL 5. MySQL is also used in many high-profile. NetBSD. A port of MySQL to OpenVMS also exists. and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack—LAMP is an acronym for "Linux. phpBB. SCO OpenServer. Sanos and Tru64. OpenSolaris. i5/OS. Perl/PHP/Python". The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language. Apache. HPUX. OS/2 Warp. eComStation. the Swedish company MySQL AB. SCO UnixWare. now owned by Oracle Corporation. OpenBSD. MySQL. WordPress. FreeBSD. and offer additional functionality. MySQL was owned and sponsored by a single for-profit firm. Applications which use MySQL databases include: TYPO3. Novell NetWare. Joomla. For commercial use. Linux. IRIX. including AIX.

It is still most commonly used in small to medium scale single-server deployments. A typical high-end configuration can include a powerful master database which handles data write operations and is replicated to multiple slaves that handle all read operations. which is enabled by an ecosystem of open source tools such as phpMyAdmin. Much of MySQL's appeal originates in its relative simplicity and ease of use. Deployment MySQL can be built and installed manually from source code. There are however limits to how far performance can scale on a single server.URL-based query method also ships with a MySQL adapter. though further configuration is often required to adjust security and optimization settings. In the medium range. Further improvements in performance can be achieved by caching the results from database queries in memory using memcached. but this can be tedious so it is more commonly installed from a binary package unless special customizations are required. minimizing downtime. multi-server MySQL deployments are required to provide improved performance and reliability. it has gradually evolved to support higher-scale needs as well. an ODBC interface called MyODBC allows additional programming languages that support the ODBC interface to communicate with a MySQL database.Microsoft's Visual Studio (languages such as C# and VB are most commonly used) and the JDBC driver for Java. such as a multi-processor server with gigabytes of memory. so on larger scales. either as a component in a LAMP-based web application or as a standalone database server. or breaking down a database into smaller chunks called shards which can be spread across a number of distributed server clusters. allowing direct interaction between a MySQL database and any web client via structured URLs. The master server synchronizes continually with its slaves so in the event of failure a slave can be promoted to become the new master. In addition. MySQL can be scaled by deploying it on more powerful hardware. On most Linux distributions the package management system can download and install MySQL with minimal effort. Though MySQL began as a low-end alternative to more powerful proprietary databases. The HTSQL . such as ASP or ColdFusion. .

only Rackspace offers managed hosting for MySQL databases.[26] Two notable cloud-based MySQL services are the Amazon Relational Database Service.cloud users can upload a machine image of their own with MySQL installed. or use a ready-made machine image with an optimized installation of MySQL on it. the database service provider takes responsibility for installing and maintaining the database. application owners do not have to install and maintain the MySQL database on their own. and application owners pay according to their usage. where the database is not offered as a service.some cloud platforms offer MySQL "as a service". There are two common deployment models for MySQL on the cloud: Virtual Machine Image . such as the one provided by Amazon EC2. As of 2011. A third option is managed MySQL hosting on the cloud. which runs on EC2.Cloud-Based deployment Main article: Cloud database Another deployment option is running MySQL on cloud computing platforms such as Amazon EC2. In this configuration. and the Xeround Cloud Database. but the cloud provider hosts the database and manages it on the application owner's behalf. as well as extensions  Cross-platform support  Stored procedures  Triggers  Cursors . Features  A broad subset of ANSI SQL 99. Instead. MySQL as a Service . Rackspace and Heroku. of the major cloud providers.

many slaves per master.e. Updatable Views  Information schema  Strict mode[further explanation needed]  X/Open XA distributed transaction processing (DTP) support. two phase commit as part of this. savepoints with InnoDB  SSL support  Query caching  Sub-SELECTs (i. InnoDB for transactions and referential integrity. and Cluster storage engines. MySQL Archive for storing historical data in little space)  Transactions with the InnoDB. nested SELECTs)  Replication support (i.e. using Oracle's InnoDB engine  Independent storage engines (MyISAM for read speed. Master-Master Replication & Master-Slave Replication) with one master per slave. no automatic support for multiple masters per slave.  Full-text indexing and searching using MyISAM engine  Embedded database library  Partial Unicode support (UTF-8 and UCS-2 encoded strings are limited to the BMP)  ACID compliance when using transaction capable storage engines (InnoDB and Cluster)  Partititoned tables with pruning of partitions in optimiser  Shared-nothing clustering through MySQL Cluster .

CHAPTER 4 SYSTEM DESIGN . Hot backup (via mysqlhotcopy) under certain conditions .

If already login means. The order data is a snapshot of the dealer orders on the cutoff date. The inventory data is a snapshot of the inventory stock on the cutoff date. New user means create the new account for enter that process of car product. 4.1.1. Orders: Order stage generates the reporting order data mart. they must enter the username and password for encountered the process of car marketing. Inventory: Inventory stage generates the reporting inventory data mart.1 Modules Design 4.1 Authentication: Authentication module contains user name and password.2 Supply Chain Process Sales: Sale stage generates the reporting sale data mart that covers the studied period. Production Plan: “Production Plan” data source is a list of models quantities that are planned to be produced for a specific period. .4.

mapping it and finally aggregating it for the purpose of research and analysis.1. TOPs dimension used to map all car configurations under production. This dimension is used to map vehicles “Franchise/ Year/ Model/ Package/ Option” to their "Codes/Descriptions/Option Types/Default Options”.3 Manufacturing information It Contains car configurations/packages/options codes and description. DCX wants to help the inventory managers to move vehicles faster. Dealer dimension id used to map DCX dealers. These analyzes are related because they all require gathering data. improve model/trim level mix planning.1. “CarConfig” is used to store “Build and Price” configurations made on DCX web-sites. Geographic dimension is used to map “ZipCode” to “Zone/Business Center/ State”. scrubbing it. 4. Web Activities: “Web Activity” data source is used to track all user web hits/requests on DCX websites . adjust body model/trim level mix with inventory data. DCX also wants to make early indication on which vehicle configurations are likely to sell well during new vehicles launching. storing it. In order to do this it needs to identify which vehicles stay long in stock as well as which vehicles move faster. and reduce days on lot.4 Customers’ trends information Websites: Managers are interested especially in integrated data spanning DCX’s relationship with its customers and prospects regardless of whether the systems are online or offline.4. Having a data warehouse that combines online and offline behavioral data for decision-making purposes is a strategic tool which business users can leverage to improve sales demand forecasting.

2 Data Model 4.4.1 Entity relationship diagram: .2.

.

2 Data Dictionary: .2.4.

.

.

4.3.3 Process model: 4.1 Context Analysis Diagram: .

3.3 Architecture Diagram .4.

3.4.3 Data Flow Diagram Level 0: Level 1: Level 2: .

2. implementation.1. This step involves breaking down the system in different pieces and drawing diagram to analyze the situation.CHAPTER-V SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Software Development Life Cycle in systems engineering and software engineering. In software engineering. PHASE II-ANALYSIS The goal of systems analysis is to determine where the problem is in an attempt to fix the system. development. 5.1. design. coding starts at the bottom and validation phase starts right of the Vmodel. which may be documents. code. 5. which is diagrammatically represented as follows. Each phase has its own products. Different methodologies may call these phases by different names. These methodologies form the framework for planning and controlling the creation of software development process. analysis. the SDLC concept underpins many kinds of software development methodologies. testing. and attempt to engage users so that definite requirements can be defined. or test results. Analyze project goals. break down functions that need to be created.1 PHASES OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT The normal phases of a development project are planning. DCOII project plan depends on the V shaped modeling of verification phase starts at left of V shape. is the process of creating or altering systems. . but they are always present. and the models and methodologies that people use to develop these systems. PHASE I-PLANNING Planning is to generate a high-level view of the intended project and determine the goals of the project. In DCOII system V-model software development life cycle is followed. 5.1. and enhancement.

PHASE IV-DEVELOPMENT Modular and subsystem programming code will be accomplished during this stage. Chapter vi TESTING 6. data structures etc. This document contains the general system organization.3. some samples screens are created. 5.1. They figure out possibilities and techniques by which the user requirements can be implemented. DCOII system design is developed by the webmaster based on the user requirements documents. of DCOII system is achieved by establishing schedules during project development..1. Goals & targets.5.4.1 SOFTWARE TESTING : . Unit testing and module testing are done in this stage by the CDOII develops. Development stage is inter mingled with the next in that individual modules will need testing before integration to the man project. Software specification document which serves as a blueprint for the development phase is generated. PHASE III-DESIGN Systems design is the phase where system engineers analyze and understand the business of the proposed system by studying the user requirements document. menu structures.

.

Implementation is one of the most important tasks in project. Thus proper implementation is essential to provide a reliable system to meet managerial requirements. Implementation is the phase.1. because all the efforts undertaken during the project will be fruitful only if the tool is properly implemented according to the plans made. INTRODUCTION It is the process of bringing developed system into operational use. The implementation phase is less creative than system design. if the implementation phase is not carefully planned and controlled. It is primarily concerned with user training. in which one has to be cautions. it can be lead to many critical problems. the test of the network along with the system are also included under implementation.CHAPTER-VII SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 7. . site preparation and file-sites.

In such a case the user when reports the errors it is possible to correct those errors as that coding has been documents and it is possible to find out the location where the error is occurring and the reason for error can be analyzed and corrected. which is characterized by reverse engineering and re-engineering technique. Adaptive maintenance – as activity that modifies software to properly interface with a changing environment – is both necessary and common place. Here the new system is implemented to an operational use. to satisfy this request perceptive maintenance is used. . But it is not possible to find all errors here. Programming provides a real test for the assumption made by the analyst. This developed system supports for corrective maintenance. The second activities that contribute to a definition of maintenance occurs because of the rapid change that encountered in every aspect of computing. or to provide a better basic for future enhancements. modifications to existing function and general enhancements are received from the user.Depending on the nature of the system extensive user training maybe required programming is itself a design works. Maintenance is far more than fixing mistakes.2. As the software is used new recommendations for new capabilities. The initial parameters of the management information system should be modified as a result of programming efforts. The maintenance can be defined using four activities that are undertaken after a program is released for use. 7. This is often called preventive maintenance. Implementation is used here to mean the process of converting a new or revised system into an operation one. It may be that even after through testing the user will find errors. IMPLEMENTATION The system has been tested in the location of the developer. The third activity that may be applied to definition of maintenance occurs when software package is successful. The fourth maintenance activity occurs when software is changed to improve future maintainability or reliability.

Chapter : viii PERFORMANCE AND LIMITATION 8. But up to now the system holds all the possible reports generation tools. Later on it correspondence with this limitation may upgrade the system.As this software can be run with the requirements given above and it does not involve any particular hardware as such and it can be run with the rapid development that is being encountered in the computer industry.1 MERIT OF THE SYSTEM: . If there is a need to include any new modules then it has been externally and then includes to it with the exits architecture. which a team needs.

Chapter: ix APPENDICES 9.1SAMPLE SCREENS: .

Chapter : x REFERENCES .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful