CONTENTS

Title

Page No

Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………….iv List of Tables………………………………………………………………………………vi List of Figures……………………………………………………………………………..vii

Chapter I: Introduction 1.1. 1.2. Organization Profile……………………………………………………….......01 Problem Definition………………………………………………………….....02

Chapter II: System Analysis 2.2. Existing System Architecture…………………………………………………... 2.2. Proposed System Architecture…………………………………………………

Chapter III: Development Environment 3.1. Hardware Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2. Software Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2.1. Software Description………………………………………………………

Chapter IV: System Design

4.1. Data Model 4.1.1. Entity Relationship Diagram……………………………………. 4.1.2. Data Dictionary………………………………………………….

4.2. Process Model 4.2.1. Context Analysis Diagram………………………………………. 4.2.2. Data Flow Diagram………………………………………………

Chapter v: Software Development 5.1. Phases of Software Development………………………………………… 5.1.1. Phase I: Planning………………………………………………... 5.1.2. Phase II: Analysis………………………………………………. 5.1.3. Phase III: Design……………………………………………… 5.1.4. Phase IV: Development……………………………………… 5.2. Modular Description…………………………………………………..

Chapter VI: Testing 6.1. System Testing……………………………………………………………. 6.2. Software Testing Strategy………………………………………………… 6.2.1. Unit Testing…………………………………………………..

6.2.2. Integrating Testing……………………………………………..

Chapter VII: System Implementation 7.1. Introduction…………………………………………………………… 7.2. Implementation…………………………………………………………

v

Chapter VIII: Performance and Limitations 8.1. Merits of the system………………………………………………….. 8.2. Limitations of the system……………………………………………… 8.3. Future Enhancements……………………………………………………

Chapter IX: Appendices 9.1. Sample Screen……………………………………………………….. 9.2. User Manual……………………………………………………………

Chapter X: References…………………………

ABSTRACT
Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. Data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data which can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques to various areas such as marketing, medical, financial, and car manufacturing. In this paper, a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. The application results analysis such as Predicting Future Car market Demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

The difficulty of discovering and deploying new knowledge in the BI context is due to the lack of intelligent and complete data mining system.1. BI is a general term to mean all processes. rules. Different classification schemes can be used to categorize data mining methods and systems based on the kinds of databases to be studied. and tools that gather and analyze data for the purpose of supporting enterprise users to make better decisions. handle missing information and transformed it to an appropriate format. A data mining task includes pre-processing. and a subset of data is generated from the accumulated data. The challenge is met with the ability to identify patterns. Data mining techniques used in business-oriented applications are known as Business Intelligence (BI). data mining has become a research area with increasing importance and it involved in determining useful patterns from collected data or determining a model that fits best on the collected data. The measure of any business intelligence solution is its ability to derive knowledge from data. A data mining technique or a combination of techniques appropriate for the type of knowledge to be discovered is applied to the derived data set. these characteristics help providing powerful tools for decision makers. . Consequently. INTRODUCTION Data mining application are characterized by the ability to deal with the explosion of business data and accelerated market changes. trends. and the kinds of techniques to be utilized. and relationships from volumes of information which is too large to be processed by human analysis alone. the kinds of knowledge to be discovered. techniques. To ensure quality the data set is processed to remove noise. The last stage is postprocessing in which the discovered knowledge is evaluated and interpreted. the data mining problem and all sources of data are identified. such tools can be used by business users (not only statisticians) for analyzing huge amount of data for patterns and trends. the actual data mining process and postprocessing. During the pre-processing stage.

and Dow Kokam) have their facilities fully online and ready to produce. the production and sales of the cars needs to catch up. and the Ford Focus EV ($39. and China in EV batteries. Pike Research does not expect this trend to stop in 2012. Manufacturers of lithium ion batteries in the United States spent 2011 readying new and established factories for the expected surge in electric car and plug-in hybrid sales.625). With the 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV ($32. plug-in electric vehicles will take major strides toward becoming a mature if small component of the overall vehicle fleet. The number of battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles sold and the variety of options for consumers will rapidly expand. . consumers hoping for an affordable EV ride have been left wanting. According to data from Pike Research’s annual Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey. The 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act provided funding for scaling up production so that the United States can compete with Japan.000 (before federal incentives). Many potential EV buyers were disappointed that Nissan raised the price of the LEAF for 2012. Pike Research has prepared a white paper that makes 10 predictions about the continuing evolution of the market in 2012 and beyond. Most of the award recipients (including Saft. Now. Here are three of those predictions: Battery production will get ahead of vehicle production. but any oversupply will not impact vehicle pricing. the car comes without several features that were standard but consumers now must pay for as options. LG Chem. In order to analyze the impacts of these and other key issues facing the EV industry. the optimal price for a plug-in electric vehicle to engage consumers is $23. The fruits of the multi-billion dollar investments in recent years in lithium ion battery manufacturing facilities will provide abundance in capacity that could outpace demand. While the Chevrolet Volt will sell for $1.995) all north of $30. Unfortunately. EnerDel. Johnson Controls.000).750.In 2012. the Honda Fit BEV ($36. Korea. EV prices will continue to disappoint many consumers.000 less.

with commercialization soon to follow.EVs will begin to function as home appliances. 1. The first vehicles demonstrating this capability will likely be out in 2012.1 COMPANY PROFILE . Automakers want EVs to be good “citizens” in balancing their energy requirement with the rest of the building. manufacturers of the vehicles—as well as charging equipment—will introduce technology that will enable EVs to interact with other home appliances. an EV could coordinate with the clothes dryer or pool pump to make sure that the power consumption doesn’t surpass a certain threshold. For example. In 2012. the EV will be the device that consumes the most energy and power. which requires establishing communications with smart meters. In many households. and other types of appliances. Other long term applications could include downloading music or movies to the vehicle. home energy management devices.

The application results analysis such as predicting future car market demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand. a cloud-based analytics service that contains a suite of algorithms with the ability of analyzing historical business data and the capability to predict future trends or outcome. . In essence. 1. The system analyzes driving habits. your car will never be the same again. and explained.2 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT The aim of this paper is to provide a proposed data mining solution that can be used for automotive market.1. as well as many other areas. The use and benefits of these two analyses will be identified. a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. After a vehicle owner opts in to use the service. A dcx1 case study will be presented in detail in order to demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in the field of car manufacturing. an encrypted driver data usage profile is built based on routes and time of travel. Here’s how this system would work. car maker is collaborating to develop software that will help its cars predict the best route that drivers can take to save energy and time if car maker experiment in making self learning cars takes off. 1.3 NEED OF THE PROJECT Using historical data. knowledge of routes and combines it with real-time traffic information to suggest the best possible energy-efficient route. traffic and driver usage. Using the power of the cloud to analyze historical data of routes. the system learns key information about how the driver is using the vehicle and where he wants to go. This solution can provide inventory managers with important analysis such as launch analysis and slow turning analysis. to create software that will give its cars the capability to predict the destination and the most energy-efficient route. The new prediction api.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT In this project.

CHAPTER 2 SYSTEM ANALYSIS .

2.1 EXISTING SYSTEM 2.2 PROPOSED SYSTEM .

Anomalies in the discovery process merit further investigation of the application of genetic programming to the dataset for the problem domain. The empirical results demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in software engineering domain and the potential benefits in applying data mining in this area. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques in various areas such as marketing. and K. Each algorithm may produce a mining result completely different from the others. and cash flow statements for North American public companies. 17.. balance sheets. we describe a framework of an intelligent and complete data mining system called SUT-Miner. pp. vol. “Applications of genetic programming in data mining”. “Moving data mining tools toward a business intelligence system”. N. 1-5. no. a proposed data mining application in software engineering domain is explained and experimented. S. Our system is . although few of them can be currently seen in software engineering domain. It is thus the difficult job for data analysts to select appropriate models and interpret the discovered knowledge.4. 647-663. medical. This paper details the application of a genetic programming framework for induction of useful classification rules from a database of income statements. pp. These goals are achieved by using various learning algorithms. Elkaffas and A. and financial. Some algorithms may find millions of patterns. Nayak and T. In this paper. vol. Qiu. pp. “A data mining application: analysis of problems occurring during a software project development process”. Kerdpraso.15. 19. Enformatika. 2005. A data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data that can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. International Journal Of Software Engineering & Knowledge Engineering.2. Potentially interesting classification rules are discovered. 2006. 117-122. Toony. Enformatika. Kerdprasop. In this paper. vol.3 LITERATURE REVIEW R. Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. or predict unknown or future values. Data mining (DM) is the process of finding and extracting frequent patterns that can describe the data. 2007.

3. Scheduling courses (“timetabling”) at a University is a persistent challenge. This survey reviews the interestingness measures for rules and summaries. Communications Of AIs. pp. “Interestingness measures for data mining: a survey”. vol. 2005. 2005. ACM Computing Surveys. scheduling exclusionary effects that may impact course availability and diversity negatively. vol. W. pre-DM and post-DM functionalities. no. classifies them from several perspectives. The results indicate that 1). 463-474. This study takes an alternate approach. Interestingness measures play an important role in data mining. G. identifies their roles in the data mining process. regardless of the kind of patterns being mined. Liqiang and J. Allocating course sections to prescribed “time slots” for courses requires advanced quantitative techniques. straightforward. and identifies opportunities for future research in this area. It demonstrates the feasibility of applying the principles of data mining. but negligible. this study was one of the first empirical studies to provide an accurate measure of the discernable. pp. 2). Good measures also allow the time and space costs of the mining process to be reduced. . Smith. It is the post-DM packages that ease the DM deployment for business intelligence applications. and 3). gives strategies for selecting appropriate measures for applications. both summary and detailed results can be understood by key decision-makers. no. inductive methods are indeed applicable. “Applying data mining to scheduling courses at a university“. compares their properties. In addition. 16. 1-32. 38. Specifically it uses association rules to evaluate a nonstandard (“aberrant”) timetabling pilot study undertaken in one College at a University. Howard.comprised of a full complement of major DM algorithms. 2006. repeatable SQL queries can be used as the chief analytical technique on a recurring basis. and collecting a large amount of multi-criteria data at least six to eight months in advance of a semester. such as goal programming. These measures are intended for selecting and ranking patterns according to their potential interest to the user.

CHAPTER 3 SYSTEM SPECIFICATION .

3.2 Software configuration  Operating system  Front End  Programming Language  Back End : : : : Windows2000/XP Professional JSP/ SERVLETS J2EE MYSQL 5.1 Hardware Requirements  Processor/system  Main memory  Cache memory  Processor speed  Hard disk drive : : : : : Pentium IV 1 GB RAM 512 KB 600 MHz 40 GB 3.1 .

Java byte codes help make "write once. For example. interpretation occurs each time the program is executed.1 ABOUT JAVA Java is an object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. With a compiler.2 Java Platform A platform is the hardware or software environment in which a program runs. Compilation happens just once. the same Java program can run on Windows NT.3 SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION The software used for the development of the project is: 3. . Most other platforms are described as a combination of hardware and operating system. With an interpreter. Solaris. 3. Every Java interpreter. you translate a Java program into an intermediate language called Java byte codes--the platform-independent codes interpreted by the Java interpreter. java was designed to be small. and Macintosh. is an implementation of the Java VM.3. Modeled on C++. run anywhere" possible.3. The byte codes can then be run on any implementation of the Java VM. each Java byte code instruction is parsed and run on the computer.3. Java is also unusual in that each Java program is both compiled and interpreted. simple and portable across platforms. You can compile your Java program into byte codes on any platform that has a Java compiler. The Java VM can also be implemented in hardware. hardware-based platforms. The Java platform differs from most other platforms in that it's a software-only platform that runs on top of other. This figure illustrates how this works. whether it's a Java development tool or a Web browser that can run Java applets.

1. such as graphical user interface (GUI) widgets. Application It is a program that we can execute from any operating system prompt.2. Stand-alone applications can run as a console application (writing text to the screen or terminal window). . and impose additional restrictions on applets. Applets are commonly used to enhance the interactivity of a web page. Stand-alone applications have no such restrictions. proxy servers. and can display graphics. accept input from GUI components.3. Applets run in their own frame. and a full range of functionality is provided for in the way of pre-written Java classes. and deliver client-side content. and even open network connections. It requires a java enabled browser which requires an interpreter. Servlets are similar to applets in that they are runtime extensions of applications. A special kind of application known as a server serves and supports clients on a network. The Java API is grouped into libraries (packages) of related components. 3. or they can have a graphical userinterface. most web browsers limit file access. Due the potential security feasibilitys associated with running applets from external and potentially malicious sources. by opening a new window or dialog box. mail servers.The Java platform has two components:   The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) The Java Application Programming Interface (Java API) The Java API is a large collection of ready-made software components that provide many useful capabilities. configuring the server. 3. print servers. servlets run within Java servers.3. and boot servers. Examples of servers include Web servers.2.2 Applet It is a java program that executes inside a web page. Another specialized program is a servlet. Instead of working in browsers.

2.  Security: Both low-level and high-level. Java can be a bit slower than native code. and certificates. threads. strings. The core API is the API included in every full implementation of the Java platform. 3. data structures. While there are commercial offerings available.  Java Database Connectivity (JDBC): Provides uniform access to a wide range of relational databases. smart compilers.  Networking: URLs. TCP and UDP sockets. As a platform-independent environment. and so on. such as Visual J++ and Borland JBuilder. Your browser may not support display of this image. Public/private key management. date and time. The core API gives you the following features:  The Essentials: Objects. It contains a compiler. well-tuned interpreters. and IP addresses. and just-in-time byte code compilers can bring Java's performance close to that of native code without threatening portability. input and output.  It is simple.3 Features  It is an object-oriented internet programming language.3. a freely available SDK is available from Sun. . system properties. robust and secure. numbers.  Object serialization: Allows lightweight persistence and communication via Remote Method Invocation (RMI). debugger. interpreter.The important thing required for writing stand-alone Java applications is a java compiler/interpreter. high performance and platform-independent  It is a distributed and interpreted language.  It is a well-structured. access control. However. including electronic signatures.

3.3. have state and behavior.2. A software object maintains its state in variables and implements its behavior with methods. . Software objects are modeled after real-world objects in that they. Also.7 Benefits  Modularity-The source code for an object can be written and maintained independently of the source code for other objects.2. It is multi-threaded. Typically.4 Advantages  Get started quickly  Write less code  Write better code  Develop programs faster  Avoid platform dependencies with 100% Pure Java:  Write once.2.  Information hiding. run anywhere  Distribute software more easily 3. an object can be easily passed around the system.3. too. 3. encapsulation is used to hide unimportant implementation details from other objects 3.5 Object An object is a software bundle of variables and related methods.6 Encapsulation Packaging an object's variables within the protective custody of its methods is called encapsulation.2. dynamic and portable.object can maintain private information and methods that can be changed at any time without affecting the other objects that depend on it.3.3.

3. and an interface may extend any number of interfaces. is a language feature that allows a subclass to provide a specific implementation of a method that is already provided by one of its super classes. the root class of the Java type system) must have exactly one base class. All classes in Java (other than java. you create an object of that type and the system allocates memory for the instance variables declared by the class.3.3. The class must implement all of the methods described in the interface. they must either be null. As interfaces are implicitly abstract. and may only contain method signatures and constant declarations (variable declarations that are declared to be both static and final). When you create an instance of a class. however an interface may not implement an interface.2. they cannot be directly instantiated except when instantiated by a class that implements the said interface. 3. multiple inheritance of classes is not allowed. in object oriented programming.10 Method overriding Method Overriding.lang. or be bound to an object that implements the interface.3. Object references in Java may be specified to be of an interface type. in which case.Object. a Java class may implement. 3. One benefit of using interfaces is that they simulate multiple inheritance.8 Class A class is a prototype that defines the variables and methods common to all objects of a certain kind.2. The implementation in the subclass overrides (replaces) the implementation in the super class. Interfaces are declared using the interface keyword. An interface may never contain method definitions. or be an abstract class.9 Interface An interface in the Java programming language is an abstract type that is used to specify an interface (in the generic sense of the term) that classes must implement.2. Furthermore. .

3. whereas the former does not require a parameter. as the compiler wouldn't know which of the two methods to use. D and Java that allows the creation of several methods with the same name which differ from each other in terms of the type of the input and the type of the output of the function. In many cases. we never have to worry about the type of the object. Constraints on the similarity of return type vary from language to language. In this case one might like the method to be different when printing. doTask () and doTask (object O) are overloaded methods. A common error would be to assign a default value to the object in the second method.2.3. Another example would be a Print (object O) method.e. Print(image_object P). an object must be passed as a parameter. Thus. which would result in an ambiguous call error. This means that the subclass's method has the same name and parameter list as the super class’s overridden method. . If we write the overloaded print methods for all objects our program will "print". for example. For example.11 Method overloading It is a feature found in various programming languages such as Ada. and is called with an empty parameter field. the abstract super class defines a common interface which all the subclasses inherit. This may or may not involve an inability to subclass from a given class. or disallow method overriding in certain core classes. C#.A subclass can give its own definition of methods which also happen to have the same signature as the method in its super class. as some languages support covariance on return types. Some languages allow the programmer to prevent a method from being overridden. text or pictures. C++. and the correct function call again. the call is always: Print(something). classes that exist only in order to have specialized subclasses derived from them. Method overriding is an important feature that facilitates polymorphism in the design of object-oriented programs. Such abstract classes have methods that do not perform any useful operations and are meant to be overridden by specific implementations in the subclasses. To call the latter. The two different methods may be overloaded as Print(text object T). abstract classes are designed — i.

which require the development from scratch of native peers for each of the AWT widgets. with the dynamic part limited to a few small locations. Since the opening of Java.AWT is also the GUI toolkit for a number of Java ME profiles. When overloading a method. Many Web pages that are built by CGI programs are mostly static.2. especially for the set of AWT GUI widgets. As AWT is a bridge to the underlying native user interface. But most CGI variations.Method overloading is usually associated with statically-typed programming languages which enforce type checking in function calls.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>Welcome to Our Store</TITLE></HEAD> <BODY> <H1>Welcome to Our Store</H1> . It aims to provide a Java API based on the Open JDK to ease AWT implementation on new systems. The project has successfully experimented the implementation of AWT widgets using Java2D Java Server Page: Java Server Pages (JSP) is a technology that lets you mix regular. make you generate the entire page via your program. graphics.12 AWT The Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) is Java's original platform-independent windowing. JSP lets you create the two parts separately. Here's an example: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4. including servlets. its implementation on a new operating system may involve a lot of work. The AWT is now part of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC) — the standard API for providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for a Java program. and user-interface widget toolkit. static HTML with dynamically-generated HTML. you are really just making a number of different methods that happen to have the same name. a project called Caciocavallo has been created.3. It is resolved at compile time which of these methods are used 3. even though most of it is always the same.

With the exception of cookies. SSI is really only intended for simple inclusions. the dynamic part is written in Java. JavaScript can generate HTML dynamically on the client. click <A HREF="Account-Settings.html">here. <!-. not for "real" programs that use form data.getUserNameFromCookie(request)). SSI is a widely-supported technology for including externally-defined pieces into a static Web page. so it is more powerful and easier to use. Second. JSP is better because it lets you use servlets instead of a separate program to generate that dynamic part. by separating the look from the content you can put different people on different tasks: your Web page design experts can build the HTML. make database connections. Besides. The advantages of JSP are twofold. This is a useful capability.User name is "New User" for first-time visitors --> <% out. . First.println(Utils. and the like. But it is more convenient to write (and to modify!) regular HTML than to have a zillion println statements that generate the HTML.<SMALL>Welcome. </BODY></HTML> Advantages of JSP: Active Server Pages (ASP) is a similar technology from Microsoft. leaving places for your servlet programmers to insert the dynamic content. Plus. HTTP and form submission data is not available to JavaScript. it is portable to other operating systems and non-Microsoft Web servers. Pure Servlets .JSP doesn't give you anything that you couldn't in principle do with a servlet. %> To access your account settings. but only handles situations where the dynamic information is based on the client's environment. not Visual Basic or other MS-specific language.</A></SMALL> <P> Regular HTML for all the rest of the on-line store's Web page.

Regular HTML. and the like. and programs that process orders for e-commerce sites do this as well. For example. (More importantly. more portable. Java Servlets: Servlets are Java technology's answer to CGI programming. JavaScript can't access server-side resources like databases. Building Web pages on the fly is useful (and commonly done) for a number of reasons: The Web page is based on data submitted by the user. perhaps returning a previously built page if it is still up to date. The data changes frequently. JSP is so easy and convenient that it is quite feasible to augment HTML pages that only benefit marginally by the insertion of small amounts of dynamic data. of course. easier to use. . the cost of using dynamic data would preclude its use in all but the most valuable instances. a weather-report or news headlines page might build the page dynamically. For example the results pages from search engines are generated this way. pricing information. cannot contain dynamic information. Advantage of Servlets Over "Traditional" CGI? Java servlets are more efficient. Previously. They are programs that run on a Web server and build Web pages. and cheaper than traditional CGI and than many alternative CGI-like technologies.And. catalogs. The Web page uses information from corporate databases or other such sources. you would use this for making a Web page at an on-line store that lists current prices and number of items in stock. more powerful. since it runs on the client. For example. servlet developers get paid more than Perl programmers :-).

Convenient. servlets have an extensive infrastructure for automatically parsing and decoding HTML form data. a new process is started for each HTTP request. Powerful. you already know Java. Nevertheless. With servlets. Consequently. adding servlet support to it (if it doesn't come preconfigured to support servlets) is generally free or cheap. With traditional CGI. However. If the CGI program does a relatively fast operation. . keeping database connections open. For one thing. With servlets. then the code for the CGI program is loaded into memory N times. servlets can talk directly to the Web server (regular CGI programs can't). however. making useful things like database connection pools easy to implement. most commercial-quality Web servers are relatively expensive. which is free. Portable. no matter the cost of that server. Why learn Perl too? Besides the convenience of being able to use a familiar language. say I-Planet Enterprise Server can run virtually unchanged on Apache. or WebStar. Servlets can also share data among each other. Similarly. the Java Virtual Machine stays up. Servlets are written in Java and follow a well-standardized API. There are a number of free or very inexpensive Web servers available that are good for "personal" use or low-volume Web sites. not a heavyweight operating system process. and each request is handled by a lightweight Java thread. with the major exception of Apache. Servlets are supported directly or via a plugin on almost every major Web server. They can also maintain information from request to request. if there are N simultaneous request to the same CGI program. servlets written for.Efficient. Java servlets let you easily do several things that are difficult or impossible with regular CGI. Hey. the overhead of starting the process can dominate the execution time. in traditional CGI. This simplifies operations that need to look up images and other data stored in standard places. and many other such utilities. there are N threads but only a single copy of the servlet class. Microsoft IIS. reading and setting HTTP headers. handling cookies. once you have a Web server. Inexpensive. and the like. Servlets also have more alternatives than do regular CGI programs for optimizations such as caching previous computations. tracking sessions. simplifying things like session tracking and caching of previous computations.

Servlet: A servlet is a Java programming language class used to extend the capabilities of servers that host applications access via a response programming. The Web container is responsible for managing the lifecycle of servlets. including session management objects that track multiple requests and responses between the Web server and a client. They are not tied to a specific client-server protocol. they are commonly used to extend the applications hosted by Web servers.[2] A Servlet is an object that receives a request and generates a response based on that request. Therefore. Thus.servlet. The basic servlet package defines Java objects to represent servlet requests and responses.NET. To deploy and run a Servlet. or URL rewriting. Although servlets can respond to any type of request. a protocol by which a Java class may respond to requests. mapping a URL to a particular servlet and ensuring that the URL requester has the correct access rights. Thus. Servlets can maintain state in session variables across many server transactions by using HTTP cookies. contained in the Java package hierarchy javax. the word "Servlet" is often used in the meaning of "HTTP Servlet".servlet. it can be thought of as a Java Applet that runs on a server instead of abrowser. but may be other data such as XML. Servlets are the Java counterpart to non-Java dynamic Web content technologies such as CGI and ASP. The servlet API. a software developer may use a servlet to adddynamic content to a Web server using the Java platform. defines the expected interactions of the Web container and a servlet. . The generated content is commonly HTML. A Web container (also known as a Servlet container) is essentially the component of a Web server that interacts with the servlets.[1] A Servlet is a Java class in Java EE that conforms to the Java Servlet API. but are most often used with the HTTP protocol.http defines HTTP-specific subclasses of the generic servlet elements. The package javax. a Web container must be used. Servlets may be packaged in aWAR file as a Web application. as well as objects to reflect the servlet's configuration parameters and execution environment.

A servlet is a Java component that can be plugged into a Java-enabled web server to provide custom services. A somewhat older usage is to use servlets in conjunction with JSPs in a pattern called "Model 2". the higher level MVC web framework in Java EE (JSF) still explicitly uses the Servlet technology for the low level request/response handling via the FacesServlet. which is a flavor of the model-viewcontroller pattern. The difference between Servlets and JSP is that Servlets typically embed HTML inside Java code.Servlets can be generated automatically from JavaServer Pages (JSP) by the JavaServer Pages compiler. While the direct usage of Servlets to generate HTML (as shown in the example below) has become rare. These services can include:      New features Runtime changes to content Runtime changes to presentation New standard protocols (such as FTP) New custom protocols . while JSPs embed Java code in HTML.

The container passes an object implementing theServletConfig interface via the init() method. and destroy(). The destroy () method. This configuration object allows the servlet to access name-value initialization parameters from the web application.   Assume that a user enters a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to a web browser. This request is then sent to the appropriate server. service(). Three methods are central to the life cycle of a servlet. typically resulting in an error being returned to the requester. the web container initializes the servlet instance by calling the init() method. the method of the parent class is called. is called only once in the lifecycle of a servlet. the Web container calls the destroy () method that takes the servlet out of service. . like init ().  After initialization. The service () method determines the kind of request being made and dispatches it to an appropriate method to handle the request. They are implemented by every servlet and are invoked at specific times by the server. Each request is serviced in its own separate thread. The developer of the servlet must provide an implementation for these methods.  Finally.Life cycle of a servlet  During initialization stage of the Servlet life cycle. the servlet can service client requests. 1. The Web container calls the service () method of the servlet for every request. These are init().   2. The browser then generates an HTTP request for this URL. The server maps this request to a particular servlet. Let us consider a typical user scenario to understand when these methods are called. The HTTP request is received by the web server. If a request for a method that is not implemented by the servlet is made. The servlet is dynamically retrieved and loaded into the address space of the server.

at some point.3. 8. It is possible to pass initialization parameters to the servlet so it may configure itself. The memory allocated for the servlet and its objects can then be garbage collected. other HTTP requests received from clients.   The server invokes the init () method of the servlet. 6. The server calls the destroy () method to relinquish any resources such as file 7.  The service () method is called for each HTTP request. 4. This method is invoked only when the servlet is first loaded into memory. You will see that it is possible for the servlet to read data that has been provided in the HTTP request. decide to unload the servlet from its memory. . important data may be saved to a persistent store.  It may also formulate an HTTP response for the client. The server may.  The algorithms by which this determination is made are specific to each server. The servlet remains in the server’s address space and is available to process any 5. handles that are allocated for the servlet. This method is called to process the HTTP request.   The server invokes the service () method of the servlet.

i5/OS. Novell NetWare. Drupal and other software built on the LAMP software stack. the Swedish company MySQL AB. FreeBSD. including AIX. Free-software-open source projects that require a full-featured database management system often use MySQL. OS/2 Warp. For commercial use. WordPress.4 MYSQL 5. MySQL was owned and sponsored by a single for-profit firm. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language. Mac OS X. MySQL is an open source database management system and is used in some of the most frequently visited websites on the Internet. IRIX. Symbian.3. Applications which use MySQL databases include: TYPO3. SCO OpenServer. phpBB. Solaris. Uses MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications. Joomla. Microsoft Windows. Platforms And Interfaces MySQL works on many different system platforms. Many programming languages with language-specific APIs include libraries for accessing MySQL databases. and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack—LAMP is an acronym for "Linux.1 MySQL is the world's most used relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. OpenBSD. several paid editions are available. Perl/PHP/Python". Linux. MySQL is also used in many high-profile.3. large-scale World Wide Web products. now owned by Oracle Corporation. as well as under a variety of proprietary agreements. These include MySQL Connector/Net for integration with . BSDi. SunOS. Sanos and Tru64. eComStation. QNX. The MySQL development project has made its source code available under the terms of the GNU General Public License. including Wikipedia. NetBSD. SCO UnixWare. HPUX. OpenSolaris. and offer additional functionality. Apache. A port of MySQL to OpenVMS also exists. MySQL.

In addition. such as ASP or ColdFusion. Further improvements in performance can be achieved by caching the results from database queries in memory using memcached. which is enabled by an ecosystem of open source tools such as phpMyAdmin. an ODBC interface called MyODBC allows additional programming languages that support the ODBC interface to communicate with a MySQL database. though further configuration is often required to adjust security and optimization settings. There are however limits to how far performance can scale on a single server. allowing direct interaction between a MySQL database and any web client via structured URLs. A typical high-end configuration can include a powerful master database which handles data write operations and is replicated to multiple slaves that handle all read operations. Though MySQL began as a low-end alternative to more powerful proprietary databases. It is still most commonly used in small to medium scale single-server deployments.Microsoft's Visual Studio (languages such as C# and VB are most commonly used) and the JDBC driver for Java. or breaking down a database into smaller chunks called shards which can be spread across a number of distributed server clusters. The master server synchronizes continually with its slaves so in the event of failure a slave can be promoted to become the new master. In the medium range. The HTSQL . On most Linux distributions the package management system can download and install MySQL with minimal effort. . such as a multi-processor server with gigabytes of memory. Deployment MySQL can be built and installed manually from source code. multi-server MySQL deployments are required to provide improved performance and reliability. either as a component in a LAMP-based web application or as a standalone database server. MySQL can be scaled by deploying it on more powerful hardware. but this can be tedious so it is more commonly installed from a binary package unless special customizations are required. it has gradually evolved to support higher-scale needs as well. Much of MySQL's appeal originates in its relative simplicity and ease of use. minimizing downtime.URL-based query method also ships with a MySQL adapter. so on larger scales.

which runs on EC2. There are two common deployment models for MySQL on the cloud: Virtual Machine Image . MySQL as a Service . where the database is not offered as a service.Cloud-Based deployment Main article: Cloud database Another deployment option is running MySQL on cloud computing platforms such as Amazon EC2. As of 2011. the database service provider takes responsibility for installing and maintaining the database.some cloud platforms offer MySQL "as a service". Rackspace and Heroku. but the cloud provider hosts the database and manages it on the application owner's behalf. A third option is managed MySQL hosting on the cloud. Instead. only Rackspace offers managed hosting for MySQL databases. and application owners pay according to their usage. or use a ready-made machine image with an optimized installation of MySQL on it. Features  A broad subset of ANSI SQL 99.[26] Two notable cloud-based MySQL services are the Amazon Relational Database Service. as well as extensions  Cross-platform support  Stored procedures  Triggers  Cursors . and the Xeround Cloud Database. application owners do not have to install and maintain the MySQL database on their own.cloud users can upload a machine image of their own with MySQL installed. In this configuration. of the major cloud providers. such as the one provided by Amazon EC2.

many slaves per master. nested SELECTs)  Replication support (i. savepoints with InnoDB  SSL support  Query caching  Sub-SELECTs (i. no automatic support for multiple masters per slave. MySQL Archive for storing historical data in little space)  Transactions with the InnoDB. InnoDB for transactions and referential integrity. Updatable Views  Information schema  Strict mode[further explanation needed]  X/Open XA distributed transaction processing (DTP) support.e. and Cluster storage engines. using Oracle's InnoDB engine  Independent storage engines (MyISAM for read speed. Master-Master Replication & Master-Slave Replication) with one master per slave.  Full-text indexing and searching using MyISAM engine  Embedded database library  Partial Unicode support (UTF-8 and UCS-2 encoded strings are limited to the BMP)  ACID compliance when using transaction capable storage engines (InnoDB and Cluster)  Partititoned tables with pruning of partitions in optimiser  Shared-nothing clustering through MySQL Cluster .e. two phase commit as part of this.

CHAPTER 4 SYSTEM DESIGN . Hot backup (via mysqlhotcopy) under certain conditions .

The inventory data is a snapshot of the inventory stock on the cutoff date. . Orders: Order stage generates the reporting order data mart.1 Modules Design 4. If already login means.1. New user means create the new account for enter that process of car product.1 Authentication: Authentication module contains user name and password.2 Supply Chain Process Sales: Sale stage generates the reporting sale data mart that covers the studied period. 4. Inventory: Inventory stage generates the reporting inventory data mart. The order data is a snapshot of the dealer orders on the cutoff date. they must enter the username and password for encountered the process of car marketing.1.4. Production Plan: “Production Plan” data source is a list of models quantities that are planned to be produced for a specific period.

4.3 Manufacturing information It Contains car configurations/packages/options codes and description. 4. scrubbing it. This dimension is used to map vehicles “Franchise/ Year/ Model/ Package/ Option” to their "Codes/Descriptions/Option Types/Default Options”. adjust body model/trim level mix with inventory data. and reduce days on lot. Dealer dimension id used to map DCX dealers.4 Customers’ trends information Websites: Managers are interested especially in integrated data spanning DCX’s relationship with its customers and prospects regardless of whether the systems are online or offline. Having a data warehouse that combines online and offline behavioral data for decision-making purposes is a strategic tool which business users can leverage to improve sales demand forecasting. Web Activities: “Web Activity” data source is used to track all user web hits/requests on DCX websites .1. DCX also wants to make early indication on which vehicle configurations are likely to sell well during new vehicles launching. “CarConfig” is used to store “Build and Price” configurations made on DCX web-sites. TOPs dimension used to map all car configurations under production. In order to do this it needs to identify which vehicles stay long in stock as well as which vehicles move faster. mapping it and finally aggregating it for the purpose of research and analysis. storing it. These analyzes are related because they all require gathering data. Geographic dimension is used to map “ZipCode” to “Zone/Business Center/ State”.1. improve model/trim level mix planning. DCX wants to help the inventory managers to move vehicles faster.

1 Entity relationship diagram: .2.2 Data Model 4.4.

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4.2 Data Dictionary: .2.

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1 Context Analysis Diagram: .3 Process model: 4.3.4.

3 Architecture Diagram .3.4.

3.4.3 Data Flow Diagram Level 0: Level 1: Level 2: .

CHAPTER-V SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Software Development Life Cycle in systems engineering and software engineering. is the process of creating or altering systems. In software engineering. code. design. the SDLC concept underpins many kinds of software development methodologies. 5. implementation. or test results. This step involves breaking down the system in different pieces and drawing diagram to analyze the situation. DCOII project plan depends on the V shaped modeling of verification phase starts at left of V shape. and attempt to engage users so that definite requirements can be defined. coding starts at the bottom and validation phase starts right of the Vmodel.1 PHASES OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT The normal phases of a development project are planning. which may be documents. analysis. Analyze project goals. which is diagrammatically represented as follows. In DCOII system V-model software development life cycle is followed. These methodologies form the framework for planning and controlling the creation of software development process. break down functions that need to be created.1. . 5. and enhancement. but they are always present. 5.1. Each phase has its own products. PHASE I-PLANNING Planning is to generate a high-level view of the intended project and determine the goals of the project. testing. and the models and methodologies that people use to develop these systems. PHASE II-ANALYSIS The goal of systems analysis is to determine where the problem is in an attempt to fix the system. development.2.1. Different methodologies may call these phases by different names.

1. of DCOII system is achieved by establishing schedules during project development. PHASE IV-DEVELOPMENT Modular and subsystem programming code will be accomplished during this stage. This document contains the general system organization. PHASE III-DESIGN Systems design is the phase where system engineers analyze and understand the business of the proposed system by studying the user requirements document. 5.1. Unit testing and module testing are done in this stage by the CDOII develops. Goals & targets. Chapter vi TESTING 6.4. menu structures.3. Software specification document which serves as a blueprint for the development phase is generated. Development stage is inter mingled with the next in that individual modules will need testing before integration to the man project. some samples screens are created. They figure out possibilities and techniques by which the user requirements can be implemented. DCOII system design is developed by the webmaster based on the user requirements documents. data structures etc.1 SOFTWARE TESTING : .5..

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site preparation and file-sites. Implementation is the phase.CHAPTER-VII SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 7. The implementation phase is less creative than system design. It is primarily concerned with user training. it can be lead to many critical problems. INTRODUCTION It is the process of bringing developed system into operational use. . Implementation is one of the most important tasks in project. in which one has to be cautions. because all the efforts undertaken during the project will be fruitful only if the tool is properly implemented according to the plans made. the test of the network along with the system are also included under implementation.1. if the implementation phase is not carefully planned and controlled. Thus proper implementation is essential to provide a reliable system to meet managerial requirements.

This developed system supports for corrective maintenance. But it is not possible to find all errors here.Depending on the nature of the system extensive user training maybe required programming is itself a design works.2. The third activity that may be applied to definition of maintenance occurs when software package is successful. or to provide a better basic for future enhancements. Adaptive maintenance – as activity that modifies software to properly interface with a changing environment – is both necessary and common place. As the software is used new recommendations for new capabilities. Programming provides a real test for the assumption made by the analyst. which is characterized by reverse engineering and re-engineering technique. modifications to existing function and general enhancements are received from the user. The second activities that contribute to a definition of maintenance occurs because of the rapid change that encountered in every aspect of computing. Maintenance is far more than fixing mistakes. The initial parameters of the management information system should be modified as a result of programming efforts. to satisfy this request perceptive maintenance is used. The fourth maintenance activity occurs when software is changed to improve future maintainability or reliability. . In such a case the user when reports the errors it is possible to correct those errors as that coding has been documents and it is possible to find out the location where the error is occurring and the reason for error can be analyzed and corrected. Implementation is used here to mean the process of converting a new or revised system into an operation one. The maintenance can be defined using four activities that are undertaken after a program is released for use. IMPLEMENTATION The system has been tested in the location of the developer. It may be that even after through testing the user will find errors. Here the new system is implemented to an operational use. 7. This is often called preventive maintenance.

But up to now the system holds all the possible reports generation tools. which a team needs. If there is a need to include any new modules then it has been externally and then includes to it with the exits architecture.1 MERIT OF THE SYSTEM: . Chapter : viii PERFORMANCE AND LIMITATION 8.As this software can be run with the requirements given above and it does not involve any particular hardware as such and it can be run with the rapid development that is being encountered in the computer industry. Later on it correspondence with this limitation may upgrade the system.

Chapter: ix APPENDICES 9.1SAMPLE SCREENS: .

Chapter : x REFERENCES .