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Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………….iv List of Tables………………………………………………………………………………vi List of Figures……………………………………………………………………………..vii
Chapter I: Introduction 1.1. 1.2. Organization Profile……………………………………………………….......01 Problem Definition………………………………………………………….....02
Chapter II: System Analysis 2.2. Existing System Architecture…………………………………………………... 2.2. Proposed System Architecture…………………………………………………
Chapter III: Development Environment 3.1. Hardware Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2. Software Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2.1. Software Description………………………………………………………
Chapter IV: System Design
4.1. Data Model 4.1.1. Entity Relationship Diagram……………………………………. 4.1.2. Data Dictionary………………………………………………….
4.2. Process Model 4.2.1. Context Analysis Diagram………………………………………. 4.2.2. Data Flow Diagram………………………………………………
Chapter v: Software Development 5.1. Phases of Software Development………………………………………… 5.1.1. Phase I: Planning………………………………………………... 5.1.2. Phase II: Analysis………………………………………………. 5.1.3. Phase III: Design……………………………………………… 5.1.4. Phase IV: Development……………………………………… 5.2. Modular Description…………………………………………………..
Chapter VI: Testing 6.1. System Testing……………………………………………………………. 6.2. Software Testing Strategy………………………………………………… 6.2.1. Unit Testing…………………………………………………..
6.2.2. Integrating Testing……………………………………………..
Chapter VII: System Implementation 7.1. Introduction…………………………………………………………… 7.2. Implementation…………………………………………………………
Chapter VIII: Performance and Limitations 8.1. Merits of the system………………………………………………….. 8.2. Limitations of the system……………………………………………… 8.3. Future Enhancements……………………………………………………
Chapter IX: Appendices 9.1. Sample Screen……………………………………………………….. 9.2. User Manual……………………………………………………………
Chapter X: References…………………………
Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. Data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data which can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques to various areas such as marketing, medical, financial, and car manufacturing. In this paper, a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. The application results analysis such as Predicting Future Car market Demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
and a subset of data is generated from the accumulated data. handle missing information and transformed it to an appropriate format. A data mining task includes pre-processing. INTRODUCTION Data mining application are characterized by the ability to deal with the explosion of business data and accelerated market changes. the data mining problem and all sources of data are identified. Different classification schemes can be used to categorize data mining methods and systems based on the kinds of databases to be studied. BI is a general term to mean all processes. The measure of any business intelligence solution is its ability to derive knowledge from data. A data mining technique or a combination of techniques appropriate for the type of knowledge to be discovered is applied to the derived data set. The difficulty of discovering and deploying new knowledge in the BI context is due to the lack of intelligent and complete data mining system. rules.1. and relationships from volumes of information which is too large to be processed by human analysis alone. data mining has become a research area with increasing importance and it involved in determining useful patterns from collected data or determining a model that fits best on the collected data. Consequently. and tools that gather and analyze data for the purpose of supporting enterprise users to make better decisions. . During the pre-processing stage. these characteristics help providing powerful tools for decision makers. trends. such tools can be used by business users (not only statisticians) for analyzing huge amount of data for patterns and trends. and the kinds of techniques to be utilized. The last stage is postprocessing in which the discovered knowledge is evaluated and interpreted. the kinds of knowledge to be discovered. Data mining techniques used in business-oriented applications are known as Business Intelligence (BI). The challenge is met with the ability to identify patterns. To ensure quality the data set is processed to remove noise. techniques. the actual data mining process and postprocessing.
000 less. the optimal price for a plug-in electric vehicle to engage consumers is $23. Pike Research does not expect this trend to stop in 2012. LG Chem. Many potential EV buyers were disappointed that Nissan raised the price of the LEAF for 2012.In 2012. and Dow Kokam) have their facilities fully online and ready to produce. Most of the award recipients (including Saft. the car comes without several features that were standard but consumers now must pay for as options. The fruits of the multi-billion dollar investments in recent years in lithium ion battery manufacturing facilities will provide abundance in capacity that could outpace demand. In order to analyze the impacts of these and other key issues facing the EV industry.625). Pike Research has prepared a white paper that makes 10 predictions about the continuing evolution of the market in 2012 and beyond. According to data from Pike Research’s annual Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey. EV prices will continue to disappoint many consumers. With the 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV ($32.750. Manufacturers of lithium ion batteries in the United States spent 2011 readying new and established factories for the expected surge in electric car and plug-in hybrid sales.000 (before federal incentives). plug-in electric vehicles will take major strides toward becoming a mature if small component of the overall vehicle fleet.995) all north of $30. Now. but any oversupply will not impact vehicle pricing. Johnson Controls. While the Chevrolet Volt will sell for $1. and China in EV batteries. The 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act provided funding for scaling up production so that the United States can compete with Japan. . the Honda Fit BEV ($36. Unfortunately. the production and sales of the cars needs to catch up. Here are three of those predictions: Battery production will get ahead of vehicle production. EnerDel. consumers hoping for an affordable EV ride have been left wanting.000). and the Ford Focus EV ($39. Korea. The number of battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles sold and the variety of options for consumers will rapidly expand.
an EV could coordinate with the clothes dryer or pool pump to make sure that the power consumption doesn’t surpass a certain threshold. In many households. the EV will be the device that consumes the most energy and power. The first vehicles demonstrating this capability will likely be out in 2012. 1. home energy management devices. In 2012. Automakers want EVs to be good “citizens” in balancing their energy requirement with the rest of the building. with commercialization soon to follow. manufacturers of the vehicles—as well as charging equipment—will introduce technology that will enable EVs to interact with other home appliances. and other types of appliances. For example. Other long term applications could include downloading music or movies to the vehicle. which requires establishing communications with smart meters.EVs will begin to function as home appliances.1 COMPANY PROFILE .
1. . and explained. Using the power of the cloud to analyze historical data of routes. The new prediction api. an encrypted driver data usage profile is built based on routes and time of travel. to create software that will give its cars the capability to predict the destination and the most energy-efficient route. as well as many other areas.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT In this project.1. A dcx1 case study will be presented in detail in order to demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in the field of car manufacturing. 1. a cloud-based analytics service that contains a suite of algorithms with the ability of analyzing historical business data and the capability to predict future trends or outcome. The use and benefits of these two analyses will be identified.3 NEED OF THE PROJECT Using historical data. This solution can provide inventory managers with important analysis such as launch analysis and slow turning analysis. your car will never be the same again. After a vehicle owner opts in to use the service. car maker is collaborating to develop software that will help its cars predict the best route that drivers can take to save energy and time if car maker experiment in making self learning cars takes off. The system analyzes driving habits.2 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT The aim of this paper is to provide a proposed data mining solution that can be used for automotive market. Here’s how this system would work. the system learns key information about how the driver is using the vehicle and where he wants to go. knowledge of routes and combines it with real-time traffic information to suggest the best possible energy-efficient route. In essence. traffic and driver usage. The application results analysis such as predicting future car market demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand. a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented.
CHAPTER 2 SYSTEM ANALYSIS .
1 EXISTING SYSTEM 2.2 PROPOSED SYSTEM .2.
2007. Kerdprasop.3 LITERATURE REVIEW R. Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. although few of them can be currently seen in software engineering domain. vol. and K. no. “Moving data mining tools toward a business intelligence system”. pp. Data mining (DM) is the process of finding and extracting frequent patterns that can describe the data. 2006. 19. “Applications of genetic programming in data mining”. and cash flow statements for North American public companies. a proposed data mining application in software engineering domain is explained and experimented. 647-663.15. The empirical results demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in software engineering domain and the potential benefits in applying data mining in this area. Potentially interesting classification rules are discovered. International Journal Of Software Engineering & Knowledge Engineering. vol. These goals are achieved by using various learning algorithms.. 1-5. pp. A data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data that can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. balance sheets. medical. pp. N. Qiu. or predict unknown or future values.2. Our system is . Some algorithms may find millions of patterns. Elkaffas and A. “A data mining application: analysis of problems occurring during a software project development process”. 17. vol. Enformatika. Toony. Enformatika. Nayak and T. In this paper. S. Kerdpraso. Anomalies in the discovery process merit further investigation of the application of genetic programming to the dataset for the problem domain. and financial. we describe a framework of an intelligent and complete data mining system called SUT-Miner.4. Each algorithm may produce a mining result completely different from the others. 2005. In this paper. This paper details the application of a genetic programming framework for induction of useful classification rules from a database of income statements. 117-122. It is thus the difficult job for data analysts to select appropriate models and interpret the discovered knowledge. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques in various areas such as marketing.
2006. 38. G. and 3). 2005. pp. scheduling exclusionary effects that may impact course availability and diversity negatively. and collecting a large amount of multi-criteria data at least six to eight months in advance of a semester. This survey reviews the interestingness measures for rules and summaries. This study takes an alternate approach. straightforward. this study was one of the first empirical studies to provide an accurate measure of the discernable. pp. ACM Computing Surveys. 1-32. . Good measures also allow the time and space costs of the mining process to be reduced. Howard. no. These measures are intended for selecting and ranking patterns according to their potential interest to the user. repeatable SQL queries can be used as the chief analytical technique on a recurring basis. 2). 463-474.comprised of a full complement of major DM algorithms. gives strategies for selecting appropriate measures for applications. It is the post-DM packages that ease the DM deployment for business intelligence applications. Smith. Liqiang and J. In addition. but negligible. “Interestingness measures for data mining: a survey”. compares their properties. 2005. no. inductive methods are indeed applicable. and identifies opportunities for future research in this area. 16. W. regardless of the kind of patterns being mined. pre-DM and post-DM functionalities. such as goal programming. Interestingness measures play an important role in data mining. classifies them from several perspectives. Allocating course sections to prescribed “time slots” for courses requires advanced quantitative techniques. vol. Specifically it uses association rules to evaluate a nonstandard (“aberrant”) timetabling pilot study undertaken in one College at a University. The results indicate that 1). 3. Scheduling courses (“timetabling”) at a University is a persistent challenge. Communications Of AIs. identifies their roles in the data mining process. It demonstrates the feasibility of applying the principles of data mining. vol. both summary and detailed results can be understood by key decision-makers. “Applying data mining to scheduling courses at a university“.
CHAPTER 3 SYSTEM SPECIFICATION .
1 Hardware Requirements Processor/system Main memory Cache memory Processor speed Hard disk drive : : : : : Pentium IV 1 GB RAM 512 KB 600 MHz 40 GB 3.2 Software configuration Operating system Front End Programming Language Back End : : : : Windows2000/XP Professional JSP/ SERVLETS J2EE MYSQL 5.1 .3.
Every Java interpreter. whether it's a Java development tool or a Web browser that can run Java applets. Java byte codes help make "write once. Solaris. Most other platforms are described as a combination of hardware and operating system.3.2 Java Platform A platform is the hardware or software environment in which a program runs. run anywhere" possible. With an interpreter. The Java platform differs from most other platforms in that it's a software-only platform that runs on top of other. The byte codes can then be run on any implementation of the Java VM. 3.3 SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION The software used for the development of the project is: 3.3. each Java byte code instruction is parsed and run on the computer. Modeled on C++.3. Java is also unusual in that each Java program is both compiled and interpreted.1 ABOUT JAVA Java is an object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. For example. This figure illustrates how this works. Compilation happens just once. java was designed to be small. hardware-based platforms. the same Java program can run on Windows NT. The Java VM can also be implemented in hardware. With a compiler. . interpretation occurs each time the program is executed. is an implementation of the Java VM. you translate a Java program into an intermediate language called Java byte codes--the platform-independent codes interpreted by the Java interpreter. You can compile your Java program into byte codes on any platform that has a Java compiler. and Macintosh. simple and portable across platforms.
mail servers. servlets run within Java servers. It requires a java enabled browser which requires an interpreter. by opening a new window or dialog box.The Java platform has two components: The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) The Java Application Programming Interface (Java API) The Java API is a large collection of ready-made software components that provide many useful capabilities.2. and even open network connections. The Java API is grouped into libraries (packages) of related components. Application It is a program that we can execute from any operating system prompt. and a full range of functionality is provided for in the way of pre-written Java classes. most web browsers limit file access. 3. Another specialized program is a servlet. configuring the server. Due the potential security feasibilitys associated with running applets from external and potentially malicious sources. such as graphical user interface (GUI) widgets.3. Stand-alone applications have no such restrictions.3. proxy servers. . and boot servers.2. print servers. Examples of servers include Web servers. 3. Stand-alone applications can run as a console application (writing text to the screen or terminal window).2 Applet It is a java program that executes inside a web page.1. Servlets are similar to applets in that they are runtime extensions of applications. A special kind of application known as a server serves and supports clients on a network. and deliver client-side content. Instead of working in browsers. Applets are commonly used to enhance the interactivity of a web page. Applets run in their own frame. and impose additional restrictions on applets. or they can have a graphical userinterface. accept input from GUI components. and can display graphics.
system properties. However. robust and secure. It contains a compiler. . numbers. and certificates. Object serialization: Allows lightweight persistence and communication via Remote Method Invocation (RMI). Networking: URLs. and just-in-time byte code compilers can bring Java's performance close to that of native code without threatening portability. access control. interpreter. such as Visual J++ and Borland JBuilder. The core API gives you the following features: The Essentials: Objects. While there are commercial offerings available. Your browser may not support display of this image.2. It is a well-structured. well-tuned interpreters. Public/private key management.3.3 Features It is an object-oriented internet programming language. smart compilers. Security: Both low-level and high-level. debugger. As a platform-independent environment. a freely available SDK is available from Sun. including electronic signatures. date and time. and IP addresses. TCP and UDP sockets. It is simple. 3. strings. threads. The core API is the API included in every full implementation of the Java platform. input and output. Java can be a bit slower than native code.The important thing required for writing stand-alone Java applications is a java compiler/interpreter. high performance and platform-independent It is a distributed and interpreted language. data structures. and so on. Java Database Connectivity (JDBC): Provides uniform access to a wide range of relational databases.
Typically. dynamic and portable. A software object maintains its state in variables and implements its behavior with methods.2.6 Encapsulation Packaging an object's variables within the protective custody of its methods is called encapsulation.object can maintain private information and methods that can be changed at any time without affecting the other objects that depend on it.5 Object An object is a software bundle of variables and related methods. Software objects are modeled after real-world objects in that they.3. 3. too.3. Also.7 Benefits Modularity-The source code for an object can be written and maintained independently of the source code for other objects. an object can be easily passed around the system.3.2. 3. have state and behavior. encapsulation is used to hide unimportant implementation details from other objects 3.4 Advantages Get started quickly Write less code Write better code Develop programs faster Avoid platform dependencies with 100% Pure Java: Write once. run anywhere Distribute software more easily 3. Information hiding.3.2.2. It is multi-threaded. .
As interfaces are implicitly abstract. the root class of the Java type system) must have exactly one base class.3. One benefit of using interfaces is that they simulate multiple inheritance.lang.3. The implementation in the subclass overrides (replaces) the implementation in the super class. you create an object of that type and the system allocates memory for the instance variables declared by the class.2.3. All classes in Java (other than java. or be an abstract class.10 Method overriding Method Overriding.2. they must either be null. is a language feature that allows a subclass to provide a specific implementation of a method that is already provided by one of its super classes. they cannot be directly instantiated except when instantiated by a class that implements the said interface. Furthermore. and an interface may extend any number of interfaces. 3.2. a Java class may implement.3. in which case. Object references in Java may be specified to be of an interface type. 3. . in object oriented programming.8 Class A class is a prototype that defines the variables and methods common to all objects of a certain kind. Interfaces are declared using the interface keyword. When you create an instance of a class. however an interface may not implement an interface. multiple inheritance of classes is not allowed.9 Interface An interface in the Java programming language is an abstract type that is used to specify an interface (in the generic sense of the term) that classes must implement. The class must implement all of the methods described in the interface.Object. or be bound to an object that implements the interface. and may only contain method signatures and constant declarations (variable declarations that are declared to be both static and final). An interface may never contain method definitions.
and is called with an empty parameter field. Some languages allow the programmer to prevent a method from being overridden. Thus. we never have to worry about the type of the object. 3.3. The two different methods may be overloaded as Print(text object T). This means that the subclass's method has the same name and parameter list as the super class’s overridden method. Print(image_object P).e. or disallow method overriding in certain core classes. the abstract super class defines a common interface which all the subclasses inherit. doTask () and doTask (object O) are overloaded methods. an object must be passed as a parameter. Such abstract classes have methods that do not perform any useful operations and are meant to be overridden by specific implementations in the subclasses. Another example would be a Print (object O) method. In this case one might like the method to be different when printing. In many cases.11 Method overloading It is a feature found in various programming languages such as Ada. as the compiler wouldn't know which of the two methods to use. A common error would be to assign a default value to the object in the second method. C#. text or pictures. and the correct function call again. D and Java that allows the creation of several methods with the same name which differ from each other in terms of the type of the input and the type of the output of the function. for example. For example.A subclass can give its own definition of methods which also happen to have the same signature as the method in its super class. . abstract classes are designed — i. which would result in an ambiguous call error. the call is always: Print(something). classes that exist only in order to have specialized subclasses derived from them. C++. To call the latter. Constraints on the similarity of return type vary from language to language. This may or may not involve an inability to subclass from a given class.2. If we write the overloaded print methods for all objects our program will "print". whereas the former does not require a parameter. Method overriding is an important feature that facilitates polymorphism in the design of object-oriented programs. as some languages support covariance on return types.
Since the opening of Java.12 AWT The Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) is Java's original platform-independent windowing. Here's an example: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>Welcome to Our Store</TITLE></HEAD> <BODY> <H1>Welcome to Our Store</H1> . graphics. with the dynamic part limited to a few small locations.2. Many Web pages that are built by CGI programs are mostly static. including servlets. When overloading a method. But most CGI variations. It aims to provide a Java API based on the Open JDK to ease AWT implementation on new systems. As AWT is a bridge to the underlying native user interface. a project called Caciocavallo has been created. you are really just making a number of different methods that happen to have the same name. which require the development from scratch of native peers for each of the AWT widgets. The AWT is now part of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC) — the standard API for providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for a Java program.AWT is also the GUI toolkit for a number of Java ME profiles. make you generate the entire page via your program. JSP lets you create the two parts separately. even though most of it is always the same.3. The project has successfully experimented the implementation of AWT widgets using Java2D Java Server Page: Java Server Pages (JSP) is a technology that lets you mix regular. static HTML with dynamically-generated HTML. It is resolved at compile time which of these methods are used 3. and user-interface widget toolkit. especially for the set of AWT GUI widgets. its implementation on a new operating system may involve a lot of work.Method overloading is usually associated with statically-typed programming languages which enforce type checking in function calls.
handling cookies. reading and setting HTTP headers. however. then the code for the CGI program is loaded into memory N times. Hey. . a new process is started for each HTTP request. Convenient. With servlets. Java servlets let you easily do several things that are difficult or impossible with regular CGI. adding servlet support to it (if it doesn't come preconfigured to support servlets) is generally free or cheap. servlets written for. Servlets also have more alternatives than do regular CGI programs for optimizations such as caching previous computations. keeping database connections open. and the like. tracking sessions. if there are N simultaneous request to the same CGI program. Consequently. Microsoft IIS. With servlets. there are N threads but only a single copy of the servlet class. Servlets are supported directly or via a plugin on almost every major Web server. and each request is handled by a lightweight Java thread. most commercial-quality Web servers are relatively expensive. Powerful. making useful things like database connection pools easy to implement. which is free. with the major exception of Apache. Servlets can also share data among each other. say I-Planet Enterprise Server can run virtually unchanged on Apache. no matter the cost of that server.Efficient. the Java Virtual Machine stays up. Inexpensive. Servlets are written in Java and follow a well-standardized API. simplifying things like session tracking and caching of previous computations. servlets have an extensive infrastructure for automatically parsing and decoding HTML form data. Portable. Why learn Perl too? Besides the convenience of being able to use a familiar language. or WebStar. the overhead of starting the process can dominate the execution time. Nevertheless. once you have a Web server. There are a number of free or very inexpensive Web servers available that are good for "personal" use or low-volume Web sites. you already know Java. For one thing. and many other such utilities. With traditional CGI. not a heavyweight operating system process. servlets can talk directly to the Web server (regular CGI programs can't). in traditional CGI. However. Similarly. If the CGI program does a relatively fast operation. This simplifies operations that need to look up images and other data stored in standard places. They can also maintain information from request to request.
the word "Servlet" is often used in the meaning of "HTTP Servlet". The servlet API. or URL rewriting. including session management objects that track multiple requests and responses between the Web server and a client. a protocol by which a Java class may respond to requests. it can be thought of as a Java Applet that runs on a server instead of abrowser. but are most often used with the HTTP protocol.http defines HTTP-specific subclasses of the generic servlet elements. The basic servlet package defines Java objects to represent servlet requests and responses. A Web container (also known as a Servlet container) is essentially the component of a Web server that interacts with the servlets. Thus. Thus. as well as objects to reflect the servlet's configuration parameters and execution environment. Therefore. defines the expected interactions of the Web container and a servlet. . Servlets can maintain state in session variables across many server transactions by using HTTP cookies. A Servlet is a Java class in Java EE that conforms to the Java Servlet API. a Web container must be used. A Servlet is an object that receives a request and generates a response based on that request.NET. they are commonly used to extend the applications hosted by Web servers. contained in the Java package hierarchy javax. The Web container is responsible for managing the lifecycle of servlets.servlet.servlet. The generated content is commonly HTML. mapping a URL to a particular servlet and ensuring that the URL requester has the correct access rights. Although servlets can respond to any type of request. a software developer may use a servlet to adddynamic content to a Web server using the Java platform. but may be other data such as XML. They are not tied to a specific client-server protocol. Servlets may be packaged in aWAR file as a Web application. The package javax. Servlets are the Java counterpart to non-Java dynamic Web content technologies such as CGI and ASP. To deploy and run a Servlet.Servlet: A servlet is a Java programming language class used to extend the capabilities of servers that host applications access via a response programming.
The difference between Servlets and JSP is that Servlets typically embed HTML inside Java code. while JSPs embed Java code in HTML. A somewhat older usage is to use servlets in conjunction with JSPs in a pattern called "Model 2". These services can include: New features Runtime changes to content Runtime changes to presentation New standard protocols (such as FTP) New custom protocols .Servlets can be generated automatically from JavaServer Pages (JSP) by the JavaServer Pages compiler. which is a flavor of the model-viewcontroller pattern. A servlet is a Java component that can be plugged into a Java-enabled web server to provide custom services. the higher level MVC web framework in Java EE (JSF) still explicitly uses the Servlet technology for the low level request/response handling via the FacesServlet. While the direct usage of Servlets to generate HTML (as shown in the example below) has become rare.
2. The destroy () method. and destroy(). Let us consider a typical user scenario to understand when these methods are called. Assume that a user enters a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to a web browser. The service () method determines the kind of request being made and dispatches it to an appropriate method to handle the request. The developer of the servlet must provide an implementation for these methods.Life cycle of a servlet During initialization stage of the Servlet life cycle. They are implemented by every servlet and are invoked at specific times by the server. is called only once in the lifecycle of a servlet. This request is then sent to the appropriate server. Finally. The HTTP request is received by the web server. the web container initializes the servlet instance by calling the init() method. If a request for a method that is not implemented by the servlet is made. service(). . The container passes an object implementing theServletConfig interface via the init() method. The browser then generates an HTTP request for this URL. Each request is serviced in its own separate thread. These are init(). The Web container calls the service () method of the servlet for every request. 1. the Web container calls the destroy () method that takes the servlet out of service. The server maps this request to a particular servlet. the method of the parent class is called. the servlet can service client requests. After initialization. like init (). The servlet is dynamically retrieved and loaded into the address space of the server. typically resulting in an error being returned to the requester. This configuration object allows the servlet to access name-value initialization parameters from the web application. Three methods are central to the life cycle of a servlet.
The server calls the destroy () method to relinquish any resources such as file 7. The service () method is called for each HTTP request. This method is invoked only when the servlet is first loaded into memory.3. other HTTP requests received from clients. The server may. It is possible to pass initialization parameters to the servlet so it may configure itself. at some point. The server invokes the init () method of the servlet. The memory allocated for the servlet and its objects can then be garbage collected. handles that are allocated for the servlet. 8. It may also formulate an HTTP response for the client. The algorithms by which this determination is made are specific to each server. decide to unload the servlet from its memory. 4. You will see that it is possible for the servlet to read data that has been provided in the HTTP request. 6. . The servlet remains in the server’s address space and is available to process any 5. The server invokes the service () method of the servlet. important data may be saved to a persistent store. This method is called to process the HTTP request.
Linux. OpenBSD. Platforms And Interfaces MySQL works on many different system platforms. QNX. MySQL is also used in many high-profile. eComStation. OS/2 Warp. FreeBSD.3. These include MySQL Connector/Net for integration with . and offer additional functionality. The MySQL development project has made its source code available under the terms of the GNU General Public License. SCO UnixWare. the Swedish company MySQL AB. Joomla. A port of MySQL to OpenVMS also exists. large-scale World Wide Web products. several paid editions are available. Perl/PHP/Python". Novell NetWare. Sanos and Tru64. Microsoft Windows. Free-software-open source projects that require a full-featured database management system often use MySQL.4 MYSQL 5. WordPress. Mac OS X. IRIX. including AIX. including Wikipedia. i5/OS. BSDi. Apache. now owned by Oracle Corporation. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language. HPUX. as well as under a variety of proprietary agreements. Drupal and other software built on the LAMP software stack. Solaris. Applications which use MySQL databases include: TYPO3. MySQL was owned and sponsored by a single for-profit firm. OpenSolaris. NetBSD. Symbian. MySQL is an open source database management system and is used in some of the most frequently visited websites on the Internet. For commercial use.3. phpBB. and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack—LAMP is an acronym for "Linux. SunOS. SCO OpenServer. Uses MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications.1 MySQL is the world's most used relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. MySQL. Many programming languages with language-specific APIs include libraries for accessing MySQL databases.
Further improvements in performance can be achieved by caching the results from database queries in memory using memcached. Much of MySQL's appeal originates in its relative simplicity and ease of use. allowing direct interaction between a MySQL database and any web client via structured URLs. In addition. Though MySQL began as a low-end alternative to more powerful proprietary databases. In the medium range. though further configuration is often required to adjust security and optimization settings. . On most Linux distributions the package management system can download and install MySQL with minimal effort. MySQL can be scaled by deploying it on more powerful hardware. so on larger scales. The HTSQL . Deployment MySQL can be built and installed manually from source code. which is enabled by an ecosystem of open source tools such as phpMyAdmin. There are however limits to how far performance can scale on a single server. The master server synchronizes continually with its slaves so in the event of failure a slave can be promoted to become the new master. it has gradually evolved to support higher-scale needs as well. an ODBC interface called MyODBC allows additional programming languages that support the ODBC interface to communicate with a MySQL database. or breaking down a database into smaller chunks called shards which can be spread across a number of distributed server clusters. It is still most commonly used in small to medium scale single-server deployments. either as a component in a LAMP-based web application or as a standalone database server. minimizing downtime. multi-server MySQL deployments are required to provide improved performance and reliability.URL-based query method also ships with a MySQL adapter.Microsoft's Visual Studio (languages such as C# and VB are most commonly used) and the JDBC driver for Java. such as ASP or ColdFusion. such as a multi-processor server with gigabytes of memory. A typical high-end configuration can include a powerful master database which handles data write operations and is replicated to multiple slaves that handle all read operations. but this can be tedious so it is more commonly installed from a binary package unless special customizations are required.
the database service provider takes responsibility for installing and maintaining the database. and application owners pay according to their usage. of the major cloud providers. and the Xeround Cloud Database. There are two common deployment models for MySQL on the cloud: Virtual Machine Image . Instead. In this configuration. only Rackspace offers managed hosting for MySQL databases. but the cloud provider hosts the database and manages it on the application owner's behalf. Two notable cloud-based MySQL services are the Amazon Relational Database Service.some cloud platforms offer MySQL "as a service". application owners do not have to install and maintain the MySQL database on their own. or use a ready-made machine image with an optimized installation of MySQL on it. MySQL as a Service .cloud users can upload a machine image of their own with MySQL installed. such as the one provided by Amazon EC2.Cloud-Based deployment Main article: Cloud database Another deployment option is running MySQL on cloud computing platforms such as Amazon EC2. as well as extensions Cross-platform support Stored procedures Triggers Cursors . Rackspace and Heroku. which runs on EC2. where the database is not offered as a service. As of 2011. Features A broad subset of ANSI SQL 99. A third option is managed MySQL hosting on the cloud.
and Cluster storage engines.e. savepoints with InnoDB SSL support Query caching Sub-SELECTs (i. InnoDB for transactions and referential integrity. Full-text indexing and searching using MyISAM engine Embedded database library Partial Unicode support (UTF-8 and UCS-2 encoded strings are limited to the BMP) ACID compliance when using transaction capable storage engines (InnoDB and Cluster) Partititoned tables with pruning of partitions in optimiser Shared-nothing clustering through MySQL Cluster . nested SELECTs) Replication support (i. using Oracle's InnoDB engine Independent storage engines (MyISAM for read speed. many slaves per master. Updatable Views Information schema Strict mode[further explanation needed] X/Open XA distributed transaction processing (DTP) support. two phase commit as part of this. no automatic support for multiple masters per slave. Master-Master Replication & Master-Slave Replication) with one master per slave. MySQL Archive for storing historical data in little space) Transactions with the InnoDB.e.
CHAPTER 4 SYSTEM DESIGN . Hot backup (via mysqlhotcopy) under certain conditions .
Orders: Order stage generates the reporting order data mart. . Production Plan: “Production Plan” data source is a list of models quantities that are planned to be produced for a specific period. New user means create the new account for enter that process of car product.1. If already login means.4. The order data is a snapshot of the dealer orders on the cutoff date.2 Supply Chain Process Sales: Sale stage generates the reporting sale data mart that covers the studied period.1. Inventory: Inventory stage generates the reporting inventory data mart.1 Authentication: Authentication module contains user name and password. 4.1 Modules Design 4. they must enter the username and password for encountered the process of car marketing. The inventory data is a snapshot of the inventory stock on the cutoff date.
4 Customers’ trends information Websites: Managers are interested especially in integrated data spanning DCX’s relationship with its customers and prospects regardless of whether the systems are online or offline.1. Having a data warehouse that combines online and offline behavioral data for decision-making purposes is a strategic tool which business users can leverage to improve sales demand forecasting.3 Manufacturing information It Contains car configurations/packages/options codes and description. Dealer dimension id used to map DCX dealers.1. DCX wants to help the inventory managers to move vehicles faster. mapping it and finally aggregating it for the purpose of research and analysis. Geographic dimension is used to map “ZipCode” to “Zone/Business Center/ State”. scrubbing it. Web Activities: “Web Activity” data source is used to track all user web hits/requests on DCX websites . and reduce days on lot. TOPs dimension used to map all car configurations under production. DCX also wants to make early indication on which vehicle configurations are likely to sell well during new vehicles launching.4. This dimension is used to map vehicles “Franchise/ Year/ Model/ Package/ Option” to their "Codes/Descriptions/Option Types/Default Options”. These analyzes are related because they all require gathering data. 4. adjust body model/trim level mix with inventory data. improve model/trim level mix planning. “CarConfig” is used to store “Build and Price” configurations made on DCX web-sites. In order to do this it needs to identify which vehicles stay long in stock as well as which vehicles move faster. storing it.
1 Entity relationship diagram: .4.2.2 Data Model 4.
2 Data Dictionary: .2.4.
3 Process model: 184.108.40.206 Context Analysis Diagram: .
4.3 Architecture Diagram .3.
4.3 Data Flow Diagram Level 0: Level 1: Level 2: .3.
CHAPTER-V SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Software Development Life Cycle in systems engineering and software engineering. coding starts at the bottom and validation phase starts right of the Vmodel.1. analysis. These methodologies form the framework for planning and controlling the creation of software development process. In DCOII system V-model software development life cycle is followed. and enhancement. PHASE II-ANALYSIS The goal of systems analysis is to determine where the problem is in an attempt to fix the system. Each phase has its own products.1. testing. development. the SDLC concept underpins many kinds of software development methodologies. but they are always present. is the process of creating or altering systems. design. code. 5. which is diagrammatically represented as follows. Analyze project goals. 5. This step involves breaking down the system in different pieces and drawing diagram to analyze the situation. break down functions that need to be created. which may be documents. Different methodologies may call these phases by different names. DCOII project plan depends on the V shaped modeling of verification phase starts at left of V shape.2.1 PHASES OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT The normal phases of a development project are planning. PHASE I-PLANNING Planning is to generate a high-level view of the intended project and determine the goals of the project. and attempt to engage users so that definite requirements can be defined. In software engineering. implementation. or test results. 5.1. . and the models and methodologies that people use to develop these systems.
PHASE III-DESIGN Systems design is the phase where system engineers analyze and understand the business of the proposed system by studying the user requirements document. Software specification document which serves as a blueprint for the development phase is generated. Goals & targets. 5.1 SOFTWARE TESTING : . Chapter vi TESTING 6. Development stage is inter mingled with the next in that individual modules will need testing before integration to the man project. This document contains the general system organization. menu structures.3. DCOII system design is developed by the webmaster based on the user requirements documents.. They figure out possibilities and techniques by which the user requirements can be implemented. some samples screens are created.1. Unit testing and module testing are done in this stage by the CDOII develops.4. PHASE IV-DEVELOPMENT Modular and subsystem programming code will be accomplished during this stage.5. data structures etc. of DCOII system is achieved by establishing schedules during project development.1.
Thus proper implementation is essential to provide a reliable system to meet managerial requirements.CHAPTER-VII SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 7. The implementation phase is less creative than system design. INTRODUCTION It is the process of bringing developed system into operational use. the test of the network along with the system are also included under implementation. in which one has to be cautions. Implementation is one of the most important tasks in project.1. . it can be lead to many critical problems. if the implementation phase is not carefully planned and controlled. because all the efforts undertaken during the project will be fruitful only if the tool is properly implemented according to the plans made. Implementation is the phase. site preparation and file-sites. It is primarily concerned with user training.
to satisfy this request perceptive maintenance is used. The fourth maintenance activity occurs when software is changed to improve future maintainability or reliability. Here the new system is implemented to an operational use. Implementation is used here to mean the process of converting a new or revised system into an operation one.Depending on the nature of the system extensive user training maybe required programming is itself a design works.2. modifications to existing function and general enhancements are received from the user. It may be that even after through testing the user will find errors. IMPLEMENTATION The system has been tested in the location of the developer. This developed system supports for corrective maintenance. 7. The maintenance can be defined using four activities that are undertaken after a program is released for use. In such a case the user when reports the errors it is possible to correct those errors as that coding has been documents and it is possible to find out the location where the error is occurring and the reason for error can be analyzed and corrected. or to provide a better basic for future enhancements. The third activity that may be applied to definition of maintenance occurs when software package is successful. Maintenance is far more than fixing mistakes. which is characterized by reverse engineering and re-engineering technique. But it is not possible to find all errors here. Programming provides a real test for the assumption made by the analyst. As the software is used new recommendations for new capabilities. Adaptive maintenance – as activity that modifies software to properly interface with a changing environment – is both necessary and common place. The initial parameters of the management information system should be modified as a result of programming efforts. This is often called preventive maintenance. . The second activities that contribute to a definition of maintenance occurs because of the rapid change that encountered in every aspect of computing.
But up to now the system holds all the possible reports generation tools.As this software can be run with the requirements given above and it does not involve any particular hardware as such and it can be run with the rapid development that is being encountered in the computer industry.1 MERIT OF THE SYSTEM: . which a team needs. Chapter : viii PERFORMANCE AND LIMITATION 8. If there is a need to include any new modules then it has been externally and then includes to it with the exits architecture. Later on it correspondence with this limitation may upgrade the system.
1SAMPLE SCREENS: .Chapter: ix APPENDICES 9.
Chapter : x REFERENCES .