# USE OF MATHEMATICS IN CHEMISTRY

Chemistry is the natural science which explores the composition and properties of substances. Math is essential for chemistry. The necessary mathematical background for the study of chemistry includes basic algebra, some trigonometry, and calculus. The following are some examples. (1) Being able to balance chemical equations is a very important skill for chemistry students. It’s a simple mathematical exercise. Balancing a chemical equation refers to establishing the mathematical relationship between the amounts of reactants and products involved in the chemical reaction. Let’s go more in detail. A chemical equation is a statement that describes what happens in a chemical reaction. In a chemical equation, we place the reactants (substances undergoing chemical reaction) on the left side of the equation and the products (substances produced in a chemical reaction) on the right side of the equation. We have reactants and products separated by an arrow and the arrow always points in the direction of the products. Consider the reaction of carbon with oxygen gas to produce carbon-dioxide. C + O2 ---> CO2 (2 is subscript)

The above equation is already balanced, because, it has an equal number of atoms of each element in the reactants and the product. One carbon atom (C) and two oxygen atoms (O) on the left side of the equation and it’s the same on the right side too. Let’s look at one more example. Sodium chloride is the common salt. Sodium and chlorine form sodium chloride. Na + Cl2 ---> NaCl (2 is subscript)

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A number of fields of chemistry use a significant amount of Math. If you want to create a chemical by mixing together raw materials or other chemicals. but. (See the Discussion page for more details) Chemists work with much more complex chemical equations than the formation of water. (this is unrealistic but it works) if you wanted to make pure water out of pure hydrogen and oxygen. Let’s balance this chemical equation. Chemical equations can be balanced conveniently using matrices or simultaneous equations. It has two chlorine atoms on the left side. Even biochemistry has important topics which depend heavily on binding theory and kinetics. so they have to figure out how to make all the numbers match up with a combination of quick mental math and intuition. but one of the most common is probably in balancing the equation of a chemical reaction. (2) Electrochemistry is a branch of chemistry that studies the chemical action of electricity and the production of electricity by chemical reactions. For example. Once the equation is balanced. you would use the equation H + O --> H2O. 2 . you need to figure out how much can be produced with how much of each substance to avoid wasting materials. Chemists use math in many ways. (3) Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes in living organisms. they need to do some algebra (made fairly easy with calculators and knowledge of how to "plug in" values) to find the optimal masses to use. only one on the right side of the equation.The above equation is NOT balanced. 2Na + Cl2 ---> 2NaCl (2 is subscript only in Cl2) It works! Notice that now there are equal number of atoms of each element in the reactants and the product. Diffusion in electrochemistry is completely based on differential equations.