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This is to certify that Mr. Subhash D’souza is working for the thesis, “Critical study of rural development through co-operative movement – A case study of Vasai Taluka”, under my guidance for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, Nasik. I further certify that I will be supervising the research work of the above mentioned candidate.
Signature of the Research Guide Name : Dr. Sanjay Kaptan Date : 25th June 2009. Place : Pune University
Sanjay Kaptan 2009-11 Signature of the Student Signature of the Guide 2 .D. Nashik . Subhash Anton D’souza Under The Guidance Of Dr.CRITICAL STUDY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT THRUOGH CO-OPERATIVE MOVEMENT .422 222 Submitted By Mr.A CASE STUDY OF CO-OPERATIVES IN VASAI TALUKA A Research Proposal For the registration of Doctor of Philosophy ( Ph.) In the faculty of Commerce & Management Submitted To Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University.
60. Co-operative movement of India is accepted as one of the largest movement in the world. Introduction: Co-operative movement is an autonomous working for the benefits of the people specially living in rural areas.7 percent share of agriculture credit. In 1901 the Famine Commission expressed the view that ‘in the establishment of mutual credit associations lies a large hope for the future of associations take root and flourish in the country. The objective of this movement is to increase the socio – economic status of people basically living in rural areas.A CASE STUDY OF CO-OPERATIVES IN VASAI TALUKA 1. Co-operative institutions also aim at giving maximum services to its members. In co-operative movement people work together to achieve their common goals. for the people and by the people.CRITICAL STUDY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT THRUOGH CO-OPERATIVE MOVEMENT . The largest numbers of co-operatives are there in India. Development corporation reported that there are almost 5. 'the movement of the people.00.’ India is the ‘land of co-operatives’. The co-operative movement tried to achieve this status through the collective efforts.’ The history of co-operative movement started by passing the first Co-operative Act in the year 1904.with 43. The prime objective of this Act was to finance the poor farmers and protect them from the exploitation of moneylenders and landlords.5 percent of sugar production agriculture in India and the probability of lasting success which will be greatly strengthened if mutual credit 3 . Hence this movement is properly considered as.000 co-operatives with a membership of 207 million people .
capacity.’ Co-operatives have been functioning in various economic activities like marketing. Rs.21. agriculture and other allied areas.13.128 4 . It is very handy for the government agencies to make use of its organizational setup in time of need .246. 20 percent of the spinning mills capacity and 30 percent of the fertilizer market in our country. who have voluntarily joined together to achieve a common end through the foundation of democratically controlled business organization.L. procurement of food grains. cultural condition of the common man of all categories and fulfill the prime aim of releasing the common people from the clutches of money lenders and Jamindars In spite of all these favorable considerations. credit.) has defined co-operative movement as ‘reforms on the principles of association of persons. These co-operatives possess Rs.O. There is no doubt that the co-operative societies in Vasai Taluka have been doing well in terms of volume of business in the areas assigned to them.16. making equitable contribution to the capital required & accepting a joint share of the risks & the benefits of the undertaking. such as food grain distribution when there is shortage and also to control prices. The International Labor Organization (I. consumer. The co-operative societies have made a significant contribution towards increasing the social-economic. usually of limited means. Their value of assets and working capital is Rs. the contribution or the development of cooperatives in India is very dismal and co-operatives still do not find a prominence and influence in Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP). credit disbursement etc. The functioning and performance of co-operative societies and co-operative movement itself is becoming more and more complex and complicated with the entry of new giants and introduction of new technology. 16.53. Co-operatives are now functioning in every nook and corner of the country and one can say that the infrastructure or networking of co-operatives is the widest in a big country like India. industry.63 millions and millions respectively. housing.555 millions as share capital.1.
Therefore the proposed title of the study is.” 5 . However there is not comprehensive understanding of the word cooperative movement because of its limited functioning in certain areas. Rural development cannot be solely equated with one or two segments or economic strata of rural areas. the function and management of these co-operative societies have become much more complicated.On account of these facts. 2. Exact title of the problem: Co-operation and co-operative movement are the words that are not unfamiliar to villages and rural areas. as well as other important issues like globalization and liberalization and also an unavoidable changes in economy. “Critical study of rural development through co-operative movement – A case study of co-operatives in Vasai Taluka. The aim and significance of this study is to know the problems faced by these co-operative societies and to develop the strategies and plans to solve the said problems. The word that represents this idea is ‘Integrated Rural Development Program’ (IRDP). The issues before the researcher are: 1) Can co-operative movement play important role in implementing the idea of integrated rural development? 2) Whether the dream of total rural upliftment can be achieved through co-operative movement? At micro level Vasai Taluka becomes a useful pilot study to taste the tenet of cooperative movement and assess the role of co-operation in successful implementation of integrated rural development program. It is a sum total of an integrated functioning which constitutes and covers all the segments of the society and includes total rural development.
Afterwards in the course of time many co-operative societies started in Vasai Taluka. Agriculture co-operatives etc. It becomes essential to find out in how many ways co-operative movement can help. Housing co-operatives.3. The role played by co-operative societies is definitely important and instrumental in shaping co-operative movement. It is a high time to evaluate the role of co-operatives in the rural development. After independence co-operative movement narrowed down its vision to very selective and profitable areas and neglected other social segments of the society. Thus the broader view of co-operative movement was neglected and overlooked. in the course of time some co-operative societies were closed down due to certain problems. Some of the co-operatives have played very important role in the development of the Vasai Taluka. Some co-operatives are closed down in course of time. assist and promote the ideology of integrated rural development. However these co-operatives concentrated their works in certain limited areas like Co-operative credit societies. Background of the research topic: In Vasai Taluka co-operative movement started in the year 1918. Fishermen co-operatives. The first co-operative credit society known as Bassien Catholic Co-operative Credit Society started in the year 1918. Consumer co-operatives etc. The basic ideology of co-operation and co-operative movement was thus not given due justice by the movement that was operating all over Vasai Taluka.As on today there are 4245 co-operatives in Vasai Taluka. The term refers to multifaceted rural development which includes along with the farming other means of economic advancement. and neglected some co-operatives like Marketing cooperatives. social and cultural development and enhancement of quality of 6 . Some co-operatives are playing very important role in rural development. Although many co-operative societies started from 1918 onwards.
e. tribals. Therefore present study stands more relevant on the background of co-operative movement prevalent in Vasai Taluka. Apart from that the study is done by considering the performance of all the co-operatives functioning in Vasai Taluka for last 10 years. Scope of the Study The co-operative sector has become inseparable part of Indian people. from 1998 – 2008. 5. In Vasai it is very much related to the lives of poor people like farmers. Objectives of the study: The major objectives of the study are as follows: 1.life. Although it is a wide topic for this research purpose. i. Significance of the Study: The researcher feels that the study will help all the co-operatives in Vasai Taluka to evaluate its effectiveness and functioning in the light of overall goal of co-operative movement and take necessary measures to improve the situations. To study the role of co-operative movement in economic advancement of Vasai 7 . It will help the management in proper decision making for themselves with regards to these societies. This study will answer minor and major queries of the general public with regards to these co-operative societies. researcher has limited it to the geographical boundaries of Vasai Taluka. fishermen. It is related to all the fields of life. and thereby help these co-operative societies to flourish and improve. 4. The objective of this study is to understand the functioning of these co-operative societies and the problems being faced by them currently and to develop strategic plans to solve the said problems. 6. adivasis and other people from weaker section of the society.
employment. To suggest measures to improve. Co-operative sector helps in upliftment of poor section especially their education. and protect them from the exploitation by moneylenders and jamindars. Assumptions: It is assumed that all the co-operatives originated in Vasai Taluka came into existence to protect poor farmers from the exploitation of money lenders and landlords and serve the weaker section of the society in general. 2. financially weaker section of the society is protected from the exploitation of moneylenders and jamindars. the researcher has laid down following hypothesis: (1) For the purpose of the present study. Due to Co-operative sector. 6. 7. it is believed that co-operative movement can 8 . housing. Hence for the purpose of the study. 8. develop and enhance scope and functioning of co-operatives in Vasai Taluka for successful implementation of Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP). Identify the areas where co-operative movement can rightly be linked with Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP). Hypothesis: Co-operative sector helps to develop rural region of the country. To find out various Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) presently operating in Vasai Taluka.Taluka. 5. 4. 3. It is also assumed that in the course of time many co-operative societies were closed down due to various problems. To study and examine the different facets of co-operative movement that are functioning in Vasai Taluka. standard of living etc. To identify the parameters useful to assess economic and social contribution of co-operative movement in Vasai Taluka.
(2) It is assumed that right implementation of IRDP with co-operative movement is useful to enhance the process of rural transformation. shareholders of co-operative societies. Basic recorded data from the various agencies.work as a instrumental force for successful implementation of Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP). Research Methodology: The present research shall require information from both original and hired sources as such the data requirement would be both primary and secondary. Information from registrar of cooperatives 4. The primary information by researcher would be from first hand sources whereas for secondary data the researcher shall rely on allied sources of data. 3. directors. diaries and reports maintained by co-operatives as per the law. Information from respondents by way of 1. Gazetteers interviews. Annual reports and other publications. studies of other researchers in this field (1) Parameters of the study: 9 . Government publications. Discussion with office-bearers. (3) It is believed that the co-operative movement acts as change agents for socioeconomic transformation in rural areas. questioners. 2. schedules 2. Journals and periodicals 3. Registers. A detail outline of proposed sources of data to be used is given in the table. 9. Primary sources Secondary sources 1. Bylaws and other regulating system of co-operatives 5. 4.
Implementation of government schemes 9. Generation of social capital 13. Creation of self employment 11. status. As such the parameters with the help of which the study shall be conducted are as follows: 1. volumes 3. 6. Membership and contribution from the members. Qualitative and quantitative parameters 10. Number of functioning co-operatives. Awareness regarding financial and economic independence (2) Techniques of data analysis: The researcher shall analyse the data so collected by using following techniques: Sr.The researcher’s intension is to study co-operative societies as socio-economic. Social awareness through social integration 8. No. Social. cultural transformation through economic activities 7. 5. Type of activities undertaken 4. Number of beneficiaries and nature of benefits derived. Their period. Reduction in indebtedness 12. Number of co-operatives 2. cultural change agents. 1 2 Techniques Means of Tendency Chi-square test Justification To measure general statistical trend To assess relationship between qualitative variables To assess relationship between select qualitative variables 3 F & t test 10 .
4 Graphics To represent data on select parameters (3) Universe and sample: Universe Co-operative societies Directors 800 (Broad estimate) Beneficiaries 1.Other professional business 3. Limitations of the Study: The topic of this thesis is related to co-operative societies existing in Vasai Taluka only.59. Women 3. Farmers 2. The background of this region may not be fully applicable to other parts of the country 11 .935 (Broad estimate) 4245 Sample 80 Method Stratified sample method random 80 Random sampling Stratified random 150 150 150 150 10. Self employed & entrepreneurs 4.
April 2011 12 . Time Schedule June 2009-July 2009 Preparation of the Research proposal and Admission (1st presentation: Presenting the proposal for approval) August 2009 .July 2010 Chapters to be completed 5.because the situation and contexts may differ in those regions. Introduction 2. Development of co-operative movement in India 4. The conclusions of this study may or may not be applicable in toto to co-operative societies outside Vasai Taluka. Historical background of co-operative movement 3. Role of co-operatives in development of Vasai Taluka (Second presentation) August 2010 . History of Vasai 6.December 2009 Chapters to be completed 1. Rural development and Role of Co-operatives in rural development January 2010 . 11. Historical background of Co-operatives in Vasai Taluka 7.
Analysis and Findings. Contribution of Co-operative societies in Vasai. Introduction 2. 5. Recommendations 6. 3. Chapterisation: 1. Conclusion (Third presentation) 31st May 2011 Final Research Project ready with embossing 12. Historical Background of Co-operative societies in Vasai Taluka.Chapters to be completed 8. Conclusion 13 . 4. Findings and Analysis 9. Recommendations 10.
Rural Banks for Rural Development. 1991. Macmillion Company of India limited. Sundarajan S. Rural Credit in India. Mittal Publications. Shrivastava A K. Integrated Rural Development Programme in India. Misra S K. sixteenth Edition 1998. Management of Co-operatives. 3. 5. 6. Dimensions of Co-operative Management. REFERENCES: 1. Ramkishen Y. Mittal Publications. New Delhi. Jaico Publishing House 3rd Impression. Sanjay Kaptan Mr. New Delhi. Subhash A.13. 1991. 2005. Deep and Deep Publications. New Delhi. 2. D'souza 14 . 4. Rayuda C S. Researcher's Name: Signature: Research Guide's Name: Dr. Wadvah D. Bombay. Indian Economy. Himalaya Publishing House.
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