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Chapter 9: Enhancing Motivation and Affect

Online Lesson Contents Objectives

Upon completion of this section the learner will:

Part 1: Objectives Part 2: Summary of Ideas Part 3: Chapter Activities Interactive Pages

Describe the preconditions to improving motivation and affect in the classroom. Identify techniques for improving and enhancing student motivation and affect. Describe strategies for increasing selfefficacy. Demonstrate the uses of goal setting and attribution training. Discuss strategies for increasing students' personal investment in shared decision making in the classroom. Identify and implement strategies to make learning more fun, exciting, and meaningful. Describe the uses of praise and reward to reinforce students' success in the classroom. Compare and contrast tangible and intangible rewards.

Part 2: Summary of Ideas Motivation refers to the degree to which students desire to succeed in school. Affect refers to the students' emotional mood and personal feelings.
Motivation and affect are extremely important variables that can make the difference between success and failure in the classroom. Many students with special needs may benefit particularly from strategies to enhance motivation and affect. Before implementing specific strategies to enhance motivation and affect, ensure that the necessary preconditions have been met. These preconditions include creating a supportive, well-organized classroom environment; assigning tasks that are meaningful, concrete, relevant, and of the appropriate difficulty level; and creating task-oriented, rather than ego-oriented, classrooms, in which students are

reward for effort and improvement, rather than for static variables such as "ability." Motivation and affect can be improved by engaging in practices to improve students' self-esteem, such as providing positive statements, assigning classroom responsibilities, and use of classroom peers. Self-efficacy is an important determiner of positive motivation and affect. Students succeed, and believe they will be successful, when provided with additional practice, advance organizers, appropriate social models, and positive support. Students' motivation and affect improve when they participate in setting goals for themselves and assist in monitoring their progress toward meeting these goals. Contracts and parent involvement can also contribute to personal goal-setting. Students feel more in control when they learn to Go to Part 3- Chapter Activities Go to Lesson Contents