Summary of Key Concepts-Self concept
Define self esteem and some managerial implications. Self esteem is a belief about one’s own self worth based on an overall self evaluation. Feelings of self esteem are in fact shaped by our circumstances and how others treat us. • • • High self esteem subjects tended to become egotistical and boastful when faced with pressure situation. High level of self esteem is associated with aggressiveness and even violent behavior. High self esteem can be good thing, but only if like many other human characteristics such as creativity, intelligence and persistence-it is nurtured and channeled in constructive and ethical ways.
Explain the nature and determinants of organization-based self-esteem. OBSE is an employee’s self- perceived value as an organizational member. People high in OBSE see themselves as important and meaningful within the organization. Three primary determinants of high OBSE are managerial respect and concern, flexible organization structure, and complex and challenging jobs.
1 Summary of concepts on Self Concept dimension/MBAe/ACE/2011
and assessment of one’s physical and emotional states. persuasion from others.
2 Summary of concepts on Self Concept dimension/MBAe/ACE/2011
. High self – efficiency beliefs foster constructive and goal – oriented action. where as low self – efficiency fosters passive. Those extremely low in self.efficiency suffer from learned helplessness (debilitating lack of faith in one’s ability to control the situation). Self – efficiency involves one’s belief about his/her ability to accomplish specific task. failure-prone activities and emotions.Define self. and explain its sources. Four sources of self – efficiency beliefs are prior experience. behavior models.efficiency.
A high self-monitor strives to make a good public impression by closely monitoring his or her behavior and adapting it to the situation. when performance leads to valued rewards. emotional stability (relaxed and unworried).outcome relationships and how one should act influence attitudes and subjective norms. Those with an external locus of control attribute their behavior and its results to situational forces. Very high self-monitoring can create a “chameleon” who is seen as insincere and dishonest. “Individuals high in self monitoring are thought to regulate their expressive self presentation for the sake of desired public appearances and thus be highly responsive to social and interpersonal cues of situation ally appropriate performances. Explain the difference between an internal and external locus of control. sadness. Both types of emotions need to be judged in terms of intensity and appropriateness of the person’s relevant goals.
3 Summary of concepts on Self Concept dimension/MBAe/ACE/2011
.Contrast high and low self-monitoring individuals. beliefs about behavior. Distinguish between positive and negative emotions.” Identity and describe the Big Five personality dimensions. And specify which one is correlated most strongly with job performance. Their expressive behaviors. pride. There is stronger relationship between job satisfaction and performance for internals than externals Internals obtain higher salaries and greater salary increases than externals. Low self-monitors do the opposite by acting out their momentary feelings. conscientiousness (responsible and persistent). Research has shown: • • • • • • Internals display greater work motivation Internals have stronger expectations that effort leads to performance Internals exhibit higher performance on tasks involving learning or problem solving. including their attitudes. instead. are thought to functionally reflect their own enduring and momentary inner states. agreeableness (trusting and cooperative). and explain how they can judge Positive. the best predictor of actual behavior. and relief – are personal reactions to circumstances congruent with one’s goals. Very low self-monitoring can lead to a one-way communicator who seems to ignore verbal and nonverbal cues from others. guilt/shame. attitudes and norms together foster a behavior intention. envy/jealousy. The Big Five personality dimensions are extraversion (social and talkative). Negative emotions – anger. such as entrepreneurs. Depending of their relative importance. fright/anxiety. and describe resulting problems each may have. Emotions – happiness/joy. believe they are masters of their own fate. People with an internal locus of control. Individuals low in self monitoring are thought to lack either the ability or the motivation to so regulate their expressive self-presentations . and disgust – are personal reactions to circumstances incongruent with one’s goals. and openness to experience (intellectual and curious). According to Fishbein and Ajzen’s model. love/affection. regardless of their surroundings. Externals tend to be more anxious than internals
Explain how attitudes influence behavior in terms of the Fishbein and Ajzen model of behavior intentions. traits and feelings. Conscientiousness is the best predictor of job performance.