Introduction to 5S

5S is a philosophy, a way of thinking and focusing on organizing and managing the workspace by eliminating 7 Wastes while improving quality and safety. 5S is customarily implemented in connection with Kaizen, Lean manufacturing. However, 5S can be a stand-alone program. The 5S stand for the five first letters of the Japanese words: Seiri, Seiton, Seiso, Seiketsu, Shitsuke.

Defining the 5S
1. Seiri (æ•Žç••) * Sort Focuses on eliminating unnecessary items from the workplace. In order to identify mentioned unneeded items a visual method called red tagging can be used. A red tag is placed on each item that is not required to complete the job. This process is used in order to evaluate the red tag items. Sorting is a way to free up valuable floor space and eliminate such things as: broken tools, obsolete jigs and fixtures, scrap and excess raw material. All these items are removed from the production area. The Benefits of Seiri:
    

Fewer hazards Less clutter to interfere with productive work Simplification of tasks Effective use of space Careful purchasing of items

2. Seiton (æ•Žé “ ) * Set in Order Focuses on storage methods that are efficient and effective (sometimes called "Visual Management") like colour-coding: painting floors, outlining work areas and locations, outlining tools on a tool board, and modular shelving and cabinets for needed items such as trash cans, brooms, mop and buckets. The Benefits of Seiton: * Good workflow that leads to achievement
 

Things can be easily found by everyone Less stress and time spent on the process

5. Human nature is to resist change. Workers notices the changes in the production place such as air. Sustain focuses on defining a new status quo and standard of work place organization. fatigue. repeat contamination and vibration. Employees need to be allowed to participate in the development of the standards. The Benefits of 5S   Clean work place Reduction in materials handling . breakage. Shitsuke (躟) * Sustain Shitsuke is the most difficult S to implement and achieve. The Benefits of Seiketsu: * Creating the new norms which indicates new status quo in the workplace  Defining standards of higher quality that must be upheld by everyone. The Benefits of Seiso: * A good impression    Better health A better quality of life Improved self-esteem 4. They are a valuable source of information regarding the processes. new practices have to be standardized in the work area. broken.3. Therefore the tendency is to return to the status quo and the comfort zone of the "old way" of doing things. The Benefits of Shitsuke: * No gradual decline back to the previous way of working. Seiketsu (枕朕) * Standardize If the first three 5S's have been implemented. Daily cleaning is necessary in order to sustain this improvement. Employees fell comfortable in a clean and clutter-free work area. and misalignment. The Shine step helps to create ownership in the equipment and facility. Seiso (æž… ƒ ) * Shine æŽ Once the clutter and junk are eliminated. the next step is to properly clean the work area. oil and coolant leaks.

services Training time reduced for new employees Greater efficiency in achieving goals Greater readiness for new tasks Better impression on clients             .         Reduced lead time and cycle time Reduced search time Reduced changeover time Decrease in flow distance Increased floor space Reduced equipment breakdowns Improves workplace safety Fewer hazards Establishes standards for operating equipment and conducting processes Less spending on replacing lost or damaged items Less stress and tiredness Improved morale and pride in the workplace Greater self-esteem Improvement of communication Increase in productivity Fast work Improved appearance of the facility and expectation for compliance to maintain that condition Better and constant quality of products.

time. "Lean. etc. and culture in which the process operates Lean manufacturing. or lean production. procedures. temperature. lean enterprise. Working from the perspective of the customer who consumes a product or service. Essentially. "value" is defined as any action or process that a customer would be willing to pay for. Lean manufacturing is a management philosophy derived mostly from the Toyota Production System (TPS) (hence the .[1][2] Common uses of the Ishikawa diagram are product design and quality defect prevention. tools. cause-and-effect diagrams. pens. computers. paper. to identify potential factors causing an overall effect. The categories typically include:       People: Anyone involved with the process Methods: How the process is performed and the specific requirements for doing it. or Fishikawa) are causal diagrams created by Kaoru Ishikawa (1968) that show the causes of a specific event. such as policies. Each cause or reason for imperfection is a source of variation. herringbone diagrams. required to accomplish the job Materials: Raw materials. rules. such as location. etc. used to produce the final product Measurements: Data generated from the process that are used to evaluate its quality Environment: The conditions. Causes are usually grouped into major categories to identify these sources of variation. lean is centered on preserving value with less work." is a production practice that considers the expenditure of resources for any goal other than the creation of value for the end customer to be wasteful.Ishikawa diagrams (also called fishbone diagrams. regulations and laws Machines: Any equipment. and thus a target for elimination. often simply. parts.

As such. thereby steadily eliminating mura ("unevenness") through the system and not upon 'waste reduction' per se. "Triumph of the Lean Production System. Krafcik's research was continued by the International Motor Vehicle Program (IMVP) at MIT. which is promoted by Toyota. This is a fundamentally different approach from most improvement methodologies.[citation needed] The difference between these two approaches is not the goal itself. and Fordism. Daniel Jones. decreasing waste. rather than uncritically accepting pre-existing ideas.[2] For many. from a small company to the world's largest automaker. which produced the international best-seller book co-authored by Jim Womack. time and motion study.[3] has focused attention on how it has achieved this success. and Daniel Roos called The Machine That Changed the World. Lean is the set of "tools" that assist in the identification and steady elimination of waste (muda).[4] Krafcik had been a quality engineer in the Toyota-GM NUMMI joint venture in California before coming to MIT for MBA studies. but rather the prime approach to achieving it. it is a chapter in the larger narrative that also includes such ideas as the folk wisdom of thrift. As waste is eliminated quality improves while production time and cost are reduced. Lean manufacturing is a variation on the theme of efficiency based on optimizing flow. Both Lean and TPS can be seen as a loosely connected set of potentially competing principles whose goal is cost reduction by the elimination of waste. Lean manufacturing is often seen as a more refined version of earlier efficiency efforts. Flexibility. Taylorism. and poka-yoke (error-proofing). and learning from their mistakes. Lean principles are derived from the Japanese manufacturing industry.[1][2] TPS is renowned for its focus on reduction of the original Toyota seven wastes to improve overall customer value. the Efficiency Movement.term Toyotism is also prevalent) and identified as "Lean" only in the 1990s. Waste minimization. There is a second approach to Lean Manufacturing. Perfect first-time quality. Autonomation. Examples of such "tools" are Value Stream Mapping. Continuous improvement. Load leveling .[5] These principles include: Pull processing. Five S. Techniques to improve flow include production leveling. Kanban (pull systems). in which the focus is upon improving the "flow" or smoothness of work. "pull" production (by means of kanban) and the Heijunka box. building upon the work of earlier leaders such as Taylor or Ford. The term was first coined by John Krafcik in his 1988 article. Building and maintaining a long term relationship with suppliers. whereas a waste focus sometimes wrongly assumes this perspective. and thus waste reduction naturally happens as a consequence. The steady growth of Toyota. The advantage claimed for this approach is that it naturally takes a system-wide perspective." based on his master's thesis at the MIT Sloan School of Management. which may partially account for its lack of popularity. it is a present-day instance of the recurring theme in human history toward increasing efficiency. but there are varying perspectives on how this is best achieved.[1] A complete historical account of the IMVP and how the term "lean" was coined is given by Holweg (2007). The implementation of smooth flow exposes quality problems that already existed. and using empirical methods to decide what matters.

 The strategic elements of Lean can be quite complex. Lean goals and strategy The espoused goals of Lean manufacturing systems differ between various authors. Thus what one sees today is the result of a 'need' driven learning to improve where each step has built on previous ideas and not something based upon a theoretical framework. the tools are workarounds adapted to different situations. but the reduction of three types of waste: muda ("non-value-adding work"). 2. Eliminate waste: Waste is any activity that consumes time.  Reduce time: Reducing the time it takes to finish an activity from start to finish is one of the most effective ways to eliminate waste and lower costs. The disconnected nature of some of these principles perhaps springs from the fact that the TPS has grown pragmatically since 1948 as it responded to the problems it saw within its own production facilities. See Types of waste. and comprise multiple elements. a company must understand its customers' wants and needs and design processes to meet their expectations and requirements. Four different notions of Lean have been identified:[30] 1. above.[28] others claim that improvements should be done for the sake of the customer[29] Some commonly mentioned goals are:  Improve quality: To stay competitive in today's marketplace. e. or space but does not add any value to the product or service. muri ("overburden"). Lean as a fixed state or goal (Being Lean) Lean as a continuous change process (Becoming Lean) Lean as a set of tools or methods (Doing Lean/Toolbox Lean) Lean as a philosophy (Lean thinking) . This is a common way to remember the wastes. resources. While some maintain an internal focus. to increase profit for the organization.and Production flow and Visual control. Overproduction increases a company’s inventory costs because of storage needs. Reduce total costs: To minimize cost. the acronym "TIM WOOD" is formed.g. Toyota's view is that the main method of Lean is not the tools. a company must produce only to customer demand. which explains any apparent incoherence of the principles above. to expose problems systematically and to use the tools where the ideal cannot be achieved. and mura ("unevenness"). 4. 3. From this perspective.  Taking the first letter of each waste.

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