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Low Volume Swabbing while POOH.
Form. Pressure Mud gradient
Prepared by TWH/5, date: 14.02.2004
Volumetric Stripping Guidelines
A study of blowout statistics (1200 case histories), revealed that even though the drilling industry continually learns more about how to handle an unstable well, it seems that problems of influx detection, kick handling and well pressure control do not change much with time. Data indicates that most frequently blowouts occurred during activities of actual drilling (pressure prediction, drilling in a field we think we know), tripping (swabbing, losses due to surge pressures) and circulating (ECD ignored, losses). Secondly it was noticed that the blowout frequency rose when activity levels increased due to shortage of competent drilling personnel. Thus in most cases a blowout could have been prevented. Rarely has a blowout been caused by equipment failure. It is therefore just as vital as it ever has been to continue training & assessing drillingcrews in the principles of well control. Between 20-40% of all recorded blowouts are the results of kicks taken during roundtripping. Human errors are the main causes of these kicks and the contributing factors leading to this can be summarised as: Misinterpretation of hole condition. Misinterpretation of mud condition. Pipe pulling speed. Incorrect interpretation of Triptank data (tapered string). Incorrect procedure applied. The accepted policy in most areas was, to run the bit back as close and fast as possible to bottom as long as the flow is not excessive. Uncertainty arises over the decision as to what is and what isn’t an excessive flow. Secondly the most important, but often forgotten, factor is the position of the influx in relation to the drillstring. If the drillstring is run unexpectedly into the influx, a severe loss of hydrostatic head will occur. The result of this may be a further loss of (over)balance with the producing formation and a rapid increase in influx (second) volume and ultimately higher closed-in surface and casing shoe pressures. In view of the above it becomes obvious that the correct procedure should be to close in the well at the first indication of flow. If strictly adhered to, closed-in pressures will in all cases be at a minimum and will leave more options open for a decision on how to kill the well, particular with a “weak” casing shoe. Additionally, it cannot be stated often enough that preventing is always better than curing an event. Everything possible should be done to enable early detections of kicks. Crews should be continuously reminded and trained of the correct procedure when swabbing is induced and on the importance of the correct use of the Triptank whilst pulling-and running pipe out/in the hole. Throughout this document the “worst-case’ scenario is described, a Low Volume Swabbed Gas influx, since it will migrate. Nevertheless a fluid kick, Oil or Brine, in an over-pressured reservoir can also give a tremendous loss of Hydrostatic-Head when the swabbed influx is displaced behind the Bottom Hole Assembly (BHA) while running into it. It only simplifies the operational since it will not migrate as fast an Gas influx. This document is a summary of the PD-03 ‘Stripping Course’-hand-out and other published documents on this subject and should serve as a tool for supervisors at all levels, how to focus on procedural and equipment requirements. It also captures all shortfalls as observed during assessments recently held. Note:
There are excellent Well Engineering software packages, such as WfW & IDM to calculate and simulate Swap & Surge pressures with respect to pipe pulling speed and minimum Trip Margins. This document only describes the effect of Low Volume Swabbing and how to proceed.
Page 2 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5, date: 14.02.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev.1 Feb.2004.doc
2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev.25 26 . Preparing for a Volumetric Stripping operation. Volumetric Stripping sheet & Recording sheet. Volumetric Stripping procedure 5.1 Feb. 7. date: 14.23 24 . 4. Volumetric control for gas migration with Bit off bottom. 5. Attachments: 1. 4. 2.2004. Conditions which can lead to a Well Control event while tripping pipe 2.02.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Table of Content: Subject: Introduction Table of content 1.20 21 . Checklist for the combined Stripping & Volumetric operations 6.14 15 .doc 1 .27 Page 3 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. What to Check & Plan before POOH. Example of the results when attempting to outrun a gas swab-kick 3. Guidelines for conducting a Strip-drill Pages: 2 3 4 4-6 7 7-8 9 10 11 . 3. Equipment requirements to perform a stripping operation. Guideline on how to POOH safely.
overbalance. are self explanatory and the conclusion can be drawn from here. i. Hole size – BHA size & geometry. gradient = 16.02.k 40. Example of the results when attempting to outrun a gas swab-kick. The figures below. actual less than calculated Misinterpretation of slug behaviour in a tapered drillstring Weighting material sag (on surface as well as subsurface) Filling the hole with a light mud weight (heavy rain experienced. The main elements which affect this phenomenon can be summarised as followed: Poor mud conditions: .1 Feb. It distinct the advantages of an early close-in procedure. date: 14. will occur when POOH and a pressure Surge will develop when RIH. including those on the next 2 pages.k 50. Trip margin 10. where a lot of oriented drilling. Conditions which can lead to a Well Control Event while tripping pipe.High Gel strengths . stationary drillstring. Other causes which can lead to a Well Control event while tripping can be categorised as followed: Improper hole fill.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines 1. stabilisers. Swabbing can lead to a Well Control Event while a pressure Surge can lead to losses which could also turn into a Well Control Event.High Fluid Loss ⇒ thick mudcake. And remember that swabbing can still take place when the Bit/BHA is inside the casing. Pulling speed.2004.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev.e.k 30. . kPa Page 4 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. particular at high angle wells. gel effect. m 1000 1500 2000 2500 2800 m 3000 3500 Overbalance. that the attempt to run into a rising and expanding (gas) influx emphasises the risk attached to a kick with higher pressures.3 kPa/m ⇒ Overbalance on reservoir at bottom: = 3360 kPa • 500 Depth. to compensate for any natural swab pressure.k 0 Pressure. by definition Swabbing (dragging mud and causing a negative pressure).3 kPa/m • Gas gradient +/. Insufficient Trip-margin.5 kPa/m • Form. often in soft and reactive shale/clayish formations.k 20.Use of LCM Balled BHA. had to take place ⇒ poor hole cleaning. etc) 2. Development of a Swab kick: Stage 1 0 Situation: Penetrated the reservoir (gas) and the 8 1/2” bit at 2800 m (TVD) had to be changed • Mud gradient = 17.doc 1 . Low Volume Swab kick.high viscosity (PV/YP) . During any roundtrip in a well. casing shoe set at inclinations above 350.
5 m3 was measured from improper hole fill and flow (expansion). • OH filled with gas-cut mud. Trip margin 10. Trip margin 10.2004.doc 1 . a slight flow was observed.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev.k 50.02.k 0 Pressure.k 20.k 50. date: 14.k 40.k 30. • A gain of +/.k 0 Pressure. • Gain at surface +/. ⇒ Overbalance on reservoir at bottom: = +/.0 kPa Depth.1.0 m3. ⇒ Overbalance on reservoir at bottom: = 2000 kPa 500 Depth. • With the bit at 1700 m.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Development of a Swab kick: Stage 2 0 Situation: • While POOH swabbing occurred. kPa Page 5 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. m 500 1000 1500 Increase in height of Influx 2000 RIH to 2200 m 2500 2800 m 3000 3500 Zero Overbalance. • OH filled with gas-cut mud. m 1000 1500 POOH to 1700 m 2000 Accumulated gas. kPa Development of a Swab kick: Stage 3 0 Situation: • BHA run in hole while the well was not flowing excessively (?) • Influx displaced behind BHA. Influx 2500 2800 m 3000 3500 Loss of Overbalance.k 30.k 40. sharp increase in influx height and consequently a further reduction of overbalance.k 20.4.1 Feb.
m 1000 • High Stripping forces.k 20. Page 6 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. • Total influx vol. ⇒ Control lost ⇒ To recover. • Well flowing excessively (?) • Overbalanced lost and consequently the well started to produce (2nd influx) • Gain at surface +/. kPa Development of a Swab kick: Stage 5 Results: • Annulus pressure>5000 kPa 0 Situation: Well closed due to excessively (?) flow.k 0 Pressure. damage to equipment. • OH filled with gas-cut mud. difficult and risky • 500 Depth. ⇒ Overbalance on reservoir at bottom: = .k 30.doc 1 .k 50.(?) kPa • 500 Depth. kPa From the foregoing it can be seen that an alternative approach is desirable to return the Bit/BHA back to bottom whilst maintaining control of the well.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. Such an approach is described in the remaining of this document.k 30. • OH heavily loaded with gas-cut mud. date: 14.=15 m3.1 Feb.k 40.k 40.2004. 1500 2000 2400 m 2500 2800 m 3000 3500 0 10.k 50. the combined stripping and volumetric method.k 20. 2nd Influx. m 1000 1500 Increase in Influx Volume ⇒ height RIH to 2400 m 2000 2500 2800 m 3000 3500 Underbalanced !! Producing (2nd Influx) 10. • Closed in annulus pressure 5000 kPa • Bit still 400 (TVD) m of bottom.10 m3.k Pressure.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Development of a Swab kick: Stage 4 0 Situation: Continue RIH while expansion and accumulation of gas continued.02.
wellhead pressures will remain manageable and as such stripping should be possible trough any Bag-type preventer. When preparing for a Stripping operation. Attachment #3 could be used as guides how to Volumetric control excess pressures due to gas migration while preparing for the Stripping operations. Drillpipe/casing protectors should be removed and the Drillpipe (and Tooljoints) surface to be smoothened from tong & slip marks. as pipe is stripped in. i. the volume of mud released from the wellbore should equal the closed-end displacement and the surface pressure should remain the same. Additionally. it is essential that rigs are suitable rigged-up to implement the Volumetric Control method and combine this method with Stripping operations. Preparing for a Volumetric Stripping operation. Volumetric Stripping procedure. oil or formation water. Attachment #1 & 2 could be used as a guide to prevent such an event from happening or how to proceed if swabbing did occur. If a swab kick is detected at an early stage. In this case it is necessary to bleed off additional fluid to let the gas expand and thus reduce the chance of formation break-down. for what ever reason. gas. i.e. As long as we face a liquid phase.e. If a gas influx migrates. we still apply the same principles.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines 3. date: 14. Attachment #6 could be used as a guide how to collect and record all required data to ease operations. all of which gives “worst case” scenario: An influx will be treated as a gas influx. the surface pressure will increase further after the initial build-up is completed.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev.1 Feb. To simplify and allow easy operations the following assumptions have been made. Should a well kick whilst tripping. oil or formation water. Page 7 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. When planning for a possible Stripping operation.02. This is achieved by maintaining a constant choke pressure whilst the pipe is stripped in and thus combining the Stripping and static Volumetric Control method. the pipe should be lubricated and closing pressure applied to the preventer should be kept to a minimum whilst avoiding leakage. Note: With an influx at liquid phase. Influxes that have entered the well could be gas and migration may take place. difference in gradient of mud with respect to the gradient of the influx. The use of a Bag-type preventer allows Tooljoints to pass through the packing element due to its design.2004. Attachment #5 could be used on how to perform an overall check prior to commence the operation. To minimise wear. This loss of HH should be anticipated and additional back pressure should be added. to maintain a controlled bottom hole pressure. options should be considered on how to prevent an unexpected Well Control event. Attachment #4 could be used as a guide on what should be the considered requirements for equipment when conducting such operations. If a Well Control event develops and gas migration takes place. a dramatic loss of Hydrostatic Head (HH) will take place. To this end. is swabbed but it also could mean that conditions are as such that gas is still in liquid phase and can brake-out higher up the hole. to enable effective pressure control. When the Bottom Hole Assembly (BHA) enters the influx. it’s important to prevent any further escalation. adding extra back-pressure (Pw) allowing migration and expansion. it is important that the decision taken is made with great care to minimise the exposure to a Well Control event. Regardless of the method used to strip pipe into the hole. 4. If there is no migration it could mean that a fluid. Attachment #7 could be used as a guide how to perform and train crews for an unplanned Stripping operation.doc 1 . Pchoke=Pann+Ps+Pw. When planning a Trip. it is important to measure all the fluid movements on surface and from the wellbore accurately.
8. 6. Ensure Trip-tank is +/. Line up mud discharge from Choke-manifold through Separator. From this pressure reading it’s even possible to optain an indication if the Influx is below or above the bit. 5. Install a stand of Drillpipe. the volume increase due to Closed-End (CE) displacement of Drillpipe and expansion volume of influx are purged into the Trip-tank. prior to conducting the “Drillers Method” killing operations. reduce Bag-type preventer closing pressure. Consider to install a circulating device to confirm the string is not plugged and record pressures before commencing to strip down. If a Stripping operation has to be conducted. opposite the Dc’s in the BHA. close-in the well by installing a RHKC on the string. smoothen Drillpipe tong and slip-marks and remove protectors when installed.doc 1 . Maintain Pchoke1 constant whist stripping pipe until the actual volume increase (⇒ excluding CE volume) in the Trip-tank equals the equivalent working volume. use attachment #4 as a guide. Thus ensuring that any increase in the Trip-tank is due to expansion of the gas which reflects the loss of HH in the well. bubble. 11. Continue recording pressures at 5 minute intervals to see if migration takes place. Ensure Choke-line & Manifold are lined up to discharge bled-off mud into the Trip-tank.02. 17. i. While preparing for a Stripping operation. 18. most likely no pressures will be seen below the RHKC. Loss of HH (Ps) will be added at the very start of the stripping operations and it’s assumed that the influx will be opposite the smallest annular section. 16. brief crews and complete all checks. 10. Whilst stripping pipe. ∆V. record. If Swabbing takes place. 3. 19. After Stripping the entire stand the CE volume will be bled into the Strip-tank. If a nonported float valve is installed in the BHA. Complete the Volumetric Stripping sheet as per attachment #6. Lubricate Tooljoints. If a swab kick is detected. 7. Avoid excessive surge pressures on the well as well on the Bag-type closing system when passing Tooljoints through the packing element. Install Gray-valve on top RHKC. While continuing stripping the next stand. 15.30% filled and starting volume recorded.2004. to start Stripping operations. pressures at 2 minutes intervals to determine the stabilised pressures. Open RHKC slowly to check that Gray-valve is sealing. Fill each stand stripped with mud from the active mud-system. 2. Pann and Pdp. 14. occupying the entire annular cross section. whilst stripping the first stand. use attachment #5 as a guide. 20. close Ram-type preventer to have full integrity on BOP equipment when the influx reaches surface. Procedure: 1. and open Surge-bottle. Continue stripping pipes and repeat steps 12-16 as often as necessary to allow migration and Volumetric control until the Bit is back on bottom. Allow Pchoke to rise till Pchoke1=Pann + Ps + Pw. be aware that trapped pressures could still be in the BOP-stack and below the Gray-valve. Have a safety meeting. Ps = Allowance for the loss of Hydrostatic Head (HH) when BHA is run into influx. Pann = Initial closed-in annulus pressure before second build-up. After the well is back on primary control and before opening the Bag-type preventer. 4. allow Pchoke to rise to Pchoke2 = Pchoke1+Pw . 13.1 Feb. Pw = Working pressure to allow expansion.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. Ensure that equipment is reset to normal operations since you still have to attempt to POOH again! Page 8 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. use the Volumetric Control method (see Attachment #3) to control the well if gas migration takes place. close same and use the hard shut-in method to close-in the annulus. Back on bottom. See attachment #3 for calculations on Ps and Pw (∆V) 12. Record the influx volume and monitor. perform a flow check and use the flowchart in attachment #2 as a guide on how to proceed. date: 14.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines The influx remains as a continuous slug. converted from Pw. 9.e.
pull wet and consider to pump out of hole? Soft shale’s/clays drilled? ⇒ Increases chance of a balled-up/packed assembly! ⇒ Increased chance for High Volume Swabbing! Mud conditions as per program? ⇒ Gels to a minimum to minimise Low Volume Swabbing. Page 9 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5.1 Feb. displacement & position pre-calculated? Gas shows on connections.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. especially when POOH for Casing? ⇒ Drilled with a low Fluid Loss (FL) minimised Mudcake ⇒ To prevent weighting material settling (Barite-sag)? ⇒ Volume.) No Reservoir exposed? Continue with Attachment #2 Reservoir exposed? No Continue with Attachment #2 Reservoir exposed? Yes Yes Check & Plan Top Hole Drilling without BOP protection? ⇒ Shallow Gas.02. also during E/line logging (Check tool sizes and logging speeds wrt hole size)? ⇒ Gels to a minimum to avoid losses when RIH. height of planned viscous pill not excessive? Hole conditions and clean? ⇒ Correct mudweight not masked by cuttings? ⇒ Cutting-bed on high deviated wells? ⇒ Planned to pump out of hole when O/P’s are experienced? Hole size in relation BHA size. number of stabilisers in BHA. exposure time) Case of Open Hole (ext ended exposure time) E-line Logging (extended exposure time & interference of equipment.2004. minimum annular clearance? ⇒ Consider to pump out of hole to +/. date: 14. drilling and on previous trip? ⇒ Trip Margin adequate? ⇒ ‘Swab’-trip considered? ⇒ Spotting a viscous pill above reservoir considered? Reservoir High permeable? Monitoring equipment in good working conditions? Extra training for personnel required? ⇒ HPHT conditions! ⇒ UBD conditions! Continue with Attachment #2.doc 1 .Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Attachment #1: What to Check & Plan when planning to POOH Drilling Stopped Why? A Bit change (min.100 m above exposed reservoir to minimise Low Volume Swabbing trough reservoir? Tapered drillstring used? ⇒ Slug size.
e. check fluid level and circulate drillstring volume to homogenous mud. Bit change? Remember: Every situation stands on it own.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Attachment #2: “Colour coding”: = safe = be Alert = unsafe. ⋅ RIH. close-in Guideline on how to POOH safely. ⋅ Wash out of hole and clear tight spots(s). ⋅ Flow check. ⋅ Flow check. ⋅ Continue and follow plan Yes. HPHT. ⋅ Fill up. i. No Flow? Yes ⋅ Flow check. date: 14. This flowchart is a guide for standard operations. and internally. short exposure time! Page 10 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. UBD. ⋅ Wash out of hole and clear tight spots(s). circulate and condition mud as required. etc. circulate and condition mud as required. Stripping back to bottom is a non-standard operation. No. Perform Volumetric bleed when gas percolates up. drillstring! No Yes ⋅ Continue POOH and consider pumping a slug only when back in the shoe. annulus. ⋅ Evaluate situation. ⋅ When O/P’s are experienced swabbing can still occur! Swabbing? Yes In Annulus In drillstring. Evaluate carefully and Instruct crew thoroughly. ⋅ Flow check. use Drillers method (P Standpipe = Cst). ⋅ Have regular Flow checks. ⋅ Strip to bottom. i.02.e. ⋅ Continue and follow plan.2004. ⋅ Flow check. extended exposure time! ⋅ Use Drillers method to circulate out any possible influx in annulus. ⋅ Prepare to Strip to bottom. modify it when your operations are non-standard. Check for Swabbing. Swabbed close to a possible reservoir or in Top-hole? Yes No Bit close to bottom? Yes No No Sufficient Trip Margin? Yes ⋅ Circulate and condition mud. ⋅ Flow check.1 Feb. ⋅ Circulate Influx out. i.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. ⋅ Flow check. repeat same on crew changes. ⋅ Wash out of hole and clear tight spots(s). Close in and evaluate situation. ⋅ Continue and follow plan.e.doc . ⋅ RIH. 1 ⋅ Circulate and condition mud. Flow Check POOH and confirm hole conditions. Don’t start Stripping operations when not 100% prepared. externally. Condition mud and Circulate clean.
while the Rig team prepares themselves for this Well Control event. calibrated! BHA Swabbed Influx Next pages will describe: The migration and volumetric control of a closed-in well containing a gas-influx with the Bit off bottom. Page 11 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. is described below and should be used to train staff on the Rig. forgot to open RHKC when stripping had commenced.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Attachment #3 Volumetric Control for Gas migration with Bit off Bottom. Other applications where this application could be used for are: Pipe is near surface and the weight of string insufficient to perform stripping operations.2004. the influx will start to migrate to surface ⇒ increase of pressure in time will be observed. Equipment Arrangement for Volumetric Control Returns from Flowline back into Trip-tank Opening line Annular Preventer Stripping Bottle Closing line Choke venting into Trip-tank Ram-type Preventers not included! Gray Valve RHCK Trip Tank. Annular BOP damaged and stripping through pipe-rams is not an option (no double set of piperams or spacing for Tooljoint not sufficient) Circulation through the drillstring not possible due to plugged nozzles.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. This increase in pressure should be monitored closely and controlled. Any time a well is closed-in due to signs of a possible influx observed while POOH and if this influx contains Gas. while maintaining a bottomhole pressure preventing any further escalation (2nd influx). How to control this increasing pressure.1 Feb. calibrated! Choke Stripping Tank.02. this to prevent any possible fracturing of formation and in particular around the previous casing shoe. date: 14. Pipe is completely out of the hole pre-empting a stripping operation. etc.doc 1 .
Boyle’s law. To control the well at a pressure equal or above original bottomhole pressure. Page 12 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5.doc 1 . ρgas +/.1 Feb. To control this situation it is necessary to bleed-off fluid and as such let the influx expand. This at the same time can indicate where about the influx could be positioned. Boyle’s law in this case becomes also a function of height which has to be translated into Hydrostatic Head (HH). a controlled volume has to be bled-off in conjunction with a pre-determined Pchoke. If the gas influx migrates. will decrease and as such the bottomhole pressure will reduce. ρmud in kPa/m of mud presently in the hole. the influx will migrate. Subsequently. In relation to this the equivalent hydrostatic head will change ⇒ rapid increase in choke pressure when migrating across your BHA. Since the gradient of gas is far less than the gradient of any mud system. See figure below for a schematic explanation. Theoretically the “Gas Bubble” migration speed is calculated by using the following formula: Percolation/Migration speed (m/hr) = ∆(Pann2-Pann1) / ρmud ∆ P ann in kPa/hr after the initial build-up. (H1<H2<H3) •Consequently the hydrostatic head of gas changes.02. pressure recorded every 5 min (?). the surface pressure will increase accordingly which could lead to a formation breakdown.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. bubble will remain Cst.2004.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Percolation or Migration speed: When no pressure is released on surface. Consequently the pressure on top of the gas bubble. Since a volume is a function of Area x Height (AxH). to calculate the migration speed. assumed. Pchoke raises constantly and aggressively when getting around the BHA. when an influx migrates in time. the gas-influx volume will not change and the pressure at the top of the. Boyle’s law: PxV=Cst. The accuracy of calculating the migration speed depends if the influx moves up without any change of annular capacity ⇒ height. This reduction in bottomhole pressure should not become less than the original pressure otherwise a second influx will develop. choke. To determine the migration speed its important that annular. change-over of medium. pressures are recorded at specific time intervals. to surface. Pchoke Pchoke Pchoke H3 Influx around BHA H2 Influx partly around BHA and in OH H1 Influx below Bit •Influx volume remains constant. it will come around several drillstring components and consequently the height of the influx will change accordingly. •Height of influx changes due to capacity changes of hole configuration.2-3 kPa/m and ρmud >10+ kPa/m. date: 14.
ρ gas)x(OH capacity / OH-DC capacity -1) F-factor .kPa/m (use 2.: Pchoke1+Pw ΔV Expansion of gas influx equivalent to Δ V in DC/OH Annulus.02.Close-in choke and allow Pchoke1 to build up by a Pw step to Pchoke2.m3 Pw = Working pressure increment equivalent to a ∆Volume of mud converted into HH.3 when unknown) Influx volume . These predetermined pressures and volumes equals. Volume increase at surface due to expansion of gas Pchoke constant Expansion of gas influx is calculated from the increase in volume ΔV ΔV Page 13 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. Pann+Ps+Pw 2.2004.m3/m ρ mud .Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Controlled bleed-off Volume to remain in Control: To simplify calculations we use a universal annular capacity Open Hole/Drill collar capacity. date: 14. = Influx volume x F-factor (predetermined) Whereby: F-factor = (1 / OHcapacity) x (ρ mud. The influx is seen as a single bubble.kPa/m ρ gas . P choke pressure (Pch)= P annulus pressure (Pann) + P safety pressure (Ps) + P working pressure (Pw) Pann = Initial annular closed-in pressure before second build-up. i.e. Below the calculations. The choke man should allow the choke pressure to rise by Pw when a predetermined ∆Volume is recorded due to loss of HH while gas is expanding.m3/m OH capacity OH-DC capacity .doc 1 . Ps = Safety for allowance for loss of hydrostatic head (HH) as influx gets across DC’s.Close-in choke and allow Pchoke to build to Pchoke 1.1 Feb.Maintain choke pressure constant by bleeding fluid at choke & collect in trip tank to a predetermined volume Δ V 3. The open hole/Drill collar capacity is used which gives the “worst case” situation (as explained above) The choke man will maintain a constant predetermined pressure. The bleed-off of mud to maintain a constant pressure will be collected in a calibrated Trip-Tank and volumes recorded.kPa/m . i. Whereby: Pw = usually chosen as 300 kPa ∆Volume = (Pw / ρ mud) x OH-DC capacity Volumetric Control Steps 1. procedures and a graphical summary of results explained in detail.e.
Read graph below as an example.1 Feb. eventually gas will reach surface. date: 14. Bleed-off gas pressure equal to Pw.2004. ⇒ Pchoke new =Pchoke old .2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. into the annulus. ∆Volume = (Pw / ρ mud) x OH-DC capacity. due to migration. i. Allow time to let mud fall through the gas bubble. Pump the equivalent volume. The well has to be “Lubricated”. the option of bleeding off by letting the gas migrate and expend will stop. stripping pipe was not an option due to the limited string weight or no pipe was in the hole.e. Reverse Volumetric Control 2500 Wellhead pressure 2000 1500 1000 500 0 0 500 500 1000 1000 1500 1500 2000 2000 Volume pumped Pumped volume. maintaining minimum wellhead pressure. At this stage. equals ∆V Released pressure. at the choke.Pw Continue until all gas is replaced by mud and zero wellhead pressure is reached. reversing the process. ⇒ P safety controlling loss of HH Page 14 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. DC’s.02. pumping a measured volume of mud into the well and reduce surface pressure in line with the net increase in hydrostatic pressure of mud. The sequence of the reversed process.doc 1 . equals Pw Downhole Influx getting across BHA.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines The Volumetric Method Surface Pch1 = Pan + Ps + Pw Pch3 = Pch2 + Pw Pch2 = Pch1 + Pw Closed-in Annulus Pressure Ps Downhole Pw Ps Bottom Hole Pressure (HH) When using the Volumetric Control method and when for any reason circulation isn’t possible due to a plugged drillstring.
via the Choke-line & Choke-manifold into a calibrated Trip-tank. General: The equipment requirements for Stripping pipe during a low pressure Well Control event during a roundtrip can be split into 3 groups: a. b. the success factor of handling any Well Control event and in particular when stripping operations have to be conducted. calibrated. Page 15 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. Therefore it’s of great importance that Manufactures maintenance-and operational manuals of all equipment on your Rig are available. Schematic Equipment layout: Below a schematic layout (copy from Drillers-notebook) of the fluid discharge from the Wellhead.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Attachment #4 Equipment requirements to perform a stripping operation. understood and adopted to. To ease operations a Strip-tank. 2. is understanding the limitations of the equipment in use.1 Feb. stand. Hereafter a brief description of the equipment requirements and operating limitations will be described.02. c. to familiarize themselves and ensure that they understand the operating limits of their equipment in use. Additional equipment to ease the operations. A pressure regulation system to respond fast and guarantee sealing of a Bag-type preventer when a Tooljoint is stripped through the sealing element of a Bag-type preventer. Contractor as well Company man. bleed-off of mud. pressure & volume. stripped into the hole while in the Trip-tank the volume increase of gas expansion is monitored/recorded separately. to allow a controlled. 1.doc 1 .2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. is used to monitor and record volumes of Closed-End (CE) displacement of pipe.2004. A fluid-discharge system from the Wellhead (BOP) to a dedicated and calibrated tank. Beside the requirements for equipment. but nevertheless its the task of the Supervisors on the Rig. date: 14. Most events escalated since sealing elements of preventers got unnecessary damaged.
Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Below a schematic layout (copy from Drillers-notebook) of a pressure regulation system to respond fast and guarantee sealing of a Bag-type preventer when a Tooljoint is stripped through the sealing element of a Bag-type preventer. described further on. depends on the type of Bag-type preventer installed. maintain closing pressure when the air or hydraulic signal to operate the valve is lost. Lubrication of the pipe with a mixture of oil and graphite or a small leakage of mud. only if discharge of the leakage is collected in the Trip-tank. only for Cameron type-D preventers! To ease operations. The pre-charge pressure of the Surge-bottle. an air (hydraulic) operated regulating-valve should be installed on the BOP control unit.2004. if the pilot pressure is lost.doc 1 . The air operated regulating-valve should be a fail-safe type. most remote BOP control systems are equipped with a control suitable to regulate the Bag-type preventer closing pressure remotely. a Surge-bottle. Page 16 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. the Surge-bottle should be isolated. for a Bag-type preventer. To minimise wear on the sealing element of a Bag-type preventer the closing pressure should be reduced as much as possible and the element allowed to expand and contrast (breathe) as the Tooljoint pass through. Removing vent-plug on opening line. To adjust the closing pressure of the Bag-type preventer remotely. As rule of thumb it should be pre-charged to 50% of the minimum required closing pressure.1 Feb. will reduce wear of the element even further. accumulator.e. Under normal operating conditions. To ease the expansion and contraction of the sealing element of the Bag-type preventer. The TRTM regulation valve incorporates a fail-safe feature. date: 14. a 10 gallon Accumulator. i. Important here is that the mechanical lock screw remains locked to ensure that the last setting remains.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. is installed as close as possible to the preventer.02. With the TRTM regulator. thereby maintaining the last regulated pressure setting. the manual adjusting screw remains in position.
2004. forcing the packing unit/element into a sealing engagement. closure force will increase and as such the friction force to strip pipe through the preventer will increase. Seal off is effected by hydraulic pressure applied to the closing chamber which raises the piston. Page 17 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev.1 Feb.02. As well pressure increases. high flow-through vs. 3. therefore responsive to stripping operations due to the multi-port vent line.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines An other advantage of the TRTM-fail safe regulator valve is. Longest packing unit life is obtained by adjusting the closing chamber pressure. Bag-type preventers and minimum closing pressure: Hydrill GK preventer: The GK preventer has been developed especially for use on surface installations. The table below can be used as a guide for the GK-preventers to establish the initial closing pressure (psi).doc 1 . date: 14. valve size due to a multiple internal flow paths. The GK is designed to be pressure assist in maintaining packing unit seal-off once initial seal-off has been affected.
The advantage of this is that friction forces to strip through the preventer will not increase while wellhead pressure increases.4/500 psi. the disadvantage is that closing pressures are slightly higher and as such increased wear to the packing element. Although.02.2004.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Cameron D-type preventer: The main difference between the Hydryl type GK bag-type preventer and the Cameron D-type bag-type preventer is that the Type-D is not pressure assist. required to seal a given wellbore pressure when stripping. Cameron “D” Type Annular Preventer Operating Piston Vent As mentioned before.1 Feb. The graph on the next page can be used as a guide to estimate the minimum closing pressure. The greater the pressure surge the faster the wear of the packing element. For the Cameron type-D preventer it’s important to monitor the closing pressure while stripping a Tooljoint through the packing element. The pressure surge in the BOP closing chamber should not exceed an increase of 100 psi.doc 1 . for a type-D preventer. Page 18 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. Reduce the closing pressure until well fluid leaks slightly around the packing unit while the pipe is in motion. Secondly the initial stripping forces are also slightly higher due to the higher closing pressure. to prevent the packing element from excessive wear. Pre-charge pressure for the Surge-bottle in combination with a type-D preventer should be +/. date: 14. always use the lowest practical closing pressure when stripping. The recommended method of venting the opening chamber is to remove the plug from the unused opening port.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev.
date: 14.doc 1 .2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev.2004.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Page 19 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5.02.1 Feb.
1 Feb.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Importance of knowing your equipment limitations: Below an illustration. Page 20 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. hopefully this demonstrates that it’s necessary to check your operating manuals to apply the correct procedures. date: 14. showing the differences on minimum closing pressures of the various types of Bag-type preventers.02.doc 1 .2004.
bled back into the Trip tank? g. Was a heavy slug pumped? b. to fill-up the (drill) string. Well started to flow while POOH or when RIH? k. Are drawings with dimensions of the BOP available and checked? b. Depth of observed resistance recorded? h.1 Feb. Pressure recorders available to monitor trends/steps. Is there a prepared tabulation sheet to record all pressures while preparations are ongoing? d.doc 1 . on Tooljoint OD. String weight been recorded? 4. Choke-man assigned and instructed what his maximum surface pressure is and how to handle if this pressure is reached? 2. Yes No 1. Are all annuli pressures recorded (A/B/C)? c. Organisation: a. Are the original circulation pressures recorded? d. Can the volume in these tanks accurately be measured? e. Are Trip-and Stripping tank dimensions available and checked? d. Will all released fluids.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. Is a fill-up line. Can you equalize pressure between preventers with the well pressured? c. Are there spares for BOP (seals) and choke available? j.2004. Are pressure gauges checked and compared? f. to verify that pipe can be stripped through one of the preventers? Page 21 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. Has one person been designated to supervise the stripping operations? b. Swabbed volume recorded? j. Is the stripping force known/recorded to strip a Tooljoint/RHKC or Gray valve through the back-type preventer (from last Strip-drill!)? m. Are all pressure gauges working and of the required accuracy & range? h. will confuse situation)? f. date: 14.02. Can you drain mud from Trip tank into Strip tank? k. available and operational on the Rigfloor? Confirm from which tank this mud is taken (avoid using the Triptank.(useful for evaluating operations!)? 3. Bit depth and drilled depth recorded? l. from choke manifold and bell-nipple (leakage when tool joints pass through preventer). Calculation: a.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Attachment #5 Checklist as preparation for the combined Stripping & Volumetric method. Have personnel on location been assigned to specific tasks and instructed on operations/tasks? c. Is there a float valve installed in the BHA? e. External and/or internal swabbing occurred? g. Are spare Right Hand Kelly-Cock (RHKC) and Gray valve (inside BOP) available? i. At this stage it’s assumed that the well is already closed in as per standard procedure! A: Stripping through the Bag-Type preventer. Observations: a. Pressures recorded at a fixed time interval? i. Has the force been calculated against wellbore pressure. Equipment: a.
check visually. Actions: a. f. Post Stripping actions: a. is bled into the Strip tank when the stand is stripped in. Lower to closing pressure of the Ram-type preventer. between Bag-type and Ram preventer. d. date: 14. Evaluate occurrence of Well Control Event. surface stacks!). g. Is the spacing sufficient to Strip from Bag-type preventer to one Ram-type preventer when the stripping force of a Tooljoint (+ RHKC + Gray-valve. to minimise wear of preventer packing element? Use manufacture advised closingpressure rating with respect to Pipe diameter and wellhead pressure. Ensure all drillstring/casing protectors are removed form the pipes which have to be stripped-in. i. f. Pick-up to original weight and close Bag-type preventer. b. Bleed-off trapped pressure between Bag-type preventer and Ram-type preventer. Has the effect of stripping into the influx been calculated (Ps)? d. Consider to increase the Trip Margin and perform a short Swab trip to check if the available Trip Margin is sufficient. ∆V in OH-DC annulus? 5. Checks: a. When Stripping is completed and the well back under control. d. This method is used when the force to strip through the Bag-type preventer is too high to pass. Has the working pressure Pw been converted into an equivalent working volume. Actions: a. (This will only be valid if there is no Float valve installed in the BHA!) b. Evaluate operations undertaken to regain primary control. Record and adjust rig procedures if required. from tong & slip marks. Strip pipe slowly through the closed Ram-type preventer and tag gently the rams-body with up-set of the pipe’s Tooljoint. e.g. c. c. Open Bag-type preventer (remain aware of possible trapped pressures).Volumetric Stripping Guidelines b. d. Pressure up. Has the Casing burst and/or Maximum Allowable Surface Pressure (MAASP) been determined? c. mounted close to the annular preventer. meaning there is not sufficient string weight available to force the RHKC+Gray Valve+Tooljoint through the closed Bag-type preventer. b. +/1. Install the first stand and check that the correct amount of mud. is open and has the corresponding pre-charge pressure (400 psi. e. Closing pressure of the annular preventer to be adjusted lowered. Section B is an addition to A! 1. De-pressurise and isolate stripping bottle.02. are smoothed and Tooljoints lubricated before commencing to strip through a preventer. e.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev.1 Feb. Close bottom Ram-type preventer. equalise. Install Gray-valve and check if it’s holding pressure by opening the RHKC. (Breathing of opening line required for Cameron D?) c. re-adjust annular closing pressure to the original required closing pressure.doc 1 . Ensure valve to back-type accumulator surge bottle. Ensure that all rough surfaces on Drillpipe. closed-end displacement.50 m long) is too high? 2.e. 6. B: Stripping through a Bag-Type and one Ram-Type preventer. equal to the Page 22 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5.2004.
secure the well and restart operations by means of the above described methods. i. b. d. i. 3. date: 14. When Stripping is completed and the well back under control. Use tags to indicate which preventer will be holding the wellbore pressure. Open Ram-type preventer. Continue repeating cycle 2a-2i until enough weight is available to strip through the Bag-type preventer.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines wellhead pressure.) and bleeding off ∆V as per attachment #3.2004. h. etc.2. Consider to increase the Trip Margin and perform a short Swab trip to check if the available Trip Margin is sufficient. j. Note: When maintenance is required on the Bag-type preventer. allowing the well to build up to Pchoke (1. re-adjust annular closing pressure to the original required closing pressure. • • Page 23 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5.02. Evaluate operations undertaken to regain primary control. Evaluate occurrence of Well Control Event. c. Post Stripping actions: a.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev.1 Feb. While repairing the Bag-type preventer ensure the Volumetric Control method is followed. Record and adjust rig procedures if required. De-pressurise and isolate stripping bottle.e.doc 1 .
required to Strip through Bag-type preventer with Tooljoint.54)2xPann1x0. etc.02.1 Feb. date: 14. Friction weight due to wellhead pressure Minimum string weight.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Attachment #6 Volumetric Stripping Sheet Pre-recorded data: Mud gradient Size of Casing Shoe depth AH/TVD Casing capacity Size & Wt DP Tooljoint OD DP cap. loss of hookload. Pre-chosen Pw (usually chosen as 300 kPa) and Equivalent ∆Volume ( (Pw / ρ mud) x OH-DC capacity) Kick / Swab data: Bit depth when closed in? Swabbed influx volume? Stabilised Pdp (SIDPP)? Stabilised Pann1 (SICP)? Pann1 increasing? m ltr kPa kPa Yes No Closed in when: Depth(s) of observed resistance while POOH? POOH RIH m kPa/5min ∆(Pann2-Pann1) Stripping Calculations: Ps Pchoke1 Pchoke2 .doc 1 . Ps=Influx volume x F-factor F-factor = (1 / OHcapacity) x (ρ mud. & CE displacement Avg.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. Fup=π/4x(ODTooljointx2. etc.ρ gas)x(OH capacity / OH-DC capacity -1) kPa kPa kPa kg kg Pchoke1=Pann1+Ps+Pw Pchoke2=Pchoke1+Pw. (experienced from previous Strip-drill at zero wellhead pressure) to strip Tooljoint (RHKC/Gray valve) through Bag-type preventer (Fbag-type).2004. hookload (HL). & CE displacement Float valve in BHA installed kPa/m Inch m ltr/m inch # inch ltr/m ltr inch ltr m MAASP Formations strength gradient (Leak-off or Limit test) Size of OH Drilled depth AH/TVD OH-DC capacity OH-DP capacity Slow circulation rate data: Pump output 20 spm 30 spm 40 spm 50 spm Yes Well: Date: kPa kPa/m m m ltr/m ltr/m Ltr/str kPa kPa kPa kPa No cm cm kg kPa ltr Trip tank level increase of Trip tank capacity ltr/cm 1 stand DP Strip tank level increase of Strip tank capacity ltr/cm 1 stand DP Required friction.0102 Minimum required HL= Fup+ Fbag-type Circulation Calculations: Drillpipe content BHA content Total Drillstring content: ltr ltr ltr Drillpipe/Casing content Drillpipe/OH content BHA/OH content Total Annular content: ltr ltr ltr Ltr Page 24 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. CE displacement/stand Size/Length of DC’s DC cap.
1 Feb.02.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. Time: Stand #: Pchoke actual: *Trip tank level: Remarks: Page 25 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5.2004.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Recording Sheet Triptank level at: Starting level (level1) Pchoke1 (level2=level1+∆V) Pchoke2 (level3=level2+∆V) Pchoke3 (level4=level3+∆V) cm cm cm cm Pchoke4 (level5=level4+∆V) Pchoke5 (level6=level5+∆V) Pchoke6 (level7=level6+∆V) Pchoke7 (level8=level7+∆V) cm cm cm Cm Well: Date: Actual Data: *Triptank level recorded. is actual level after a draining the CE volume of 1 stand into the Strip-tank.doc 1 . date: 14.
to be held in the casing .) Page 26 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5. (When a non ported Float-valve is installed there should be no pressure build-up below RHKC) k. Timing: The Strip-drill.) i.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines Attachment #7 Guidelines for conducting a Strip-drill. Monitor and record all required data and complete the Volumetric Stripping Sheet (as per attachment 6).e. equals Pann. Record actual values of annular closing pressures and friction due to the Tooljoint (RHKC and Gray-valve) passing through the closed Bag-type preventer. “Checklist as preparation for the combined Stripping & Volumetric method” for cross-reference to assure all checks are completed and recommendation understood. and smoothen all Tong-& Slip marks and lubricate each Tooljoint with grease (don’t use pipe dope) when stripping will be performed. release wellhead pressure via Choke-manifold. A Strip-drill could be combined together with a Pit-drill. ideally. Pressure up the well to +/. o. (Install opening-line vent-plug if removed from Bag-type preventer as per Manufactures specifications. n. b. Ensure that the pre-charge pressure of the Stripping-bottle is conform the pre-set specification. Procedure: a. Determination of the required annular closing pressure and strip-in friction. l. Install Gray-valve on the RHKC. by opening the valve upstream of it. b. prior to drilling-out the shoetrack (leave enough room above the shoetrack to strip-in a minimum of 3 stands!) to avoid any unnecessarily exposure of formation to a pressure which could possibly fracture the same. Use attachment #5. 2. date: 14.02. g. as per Manufacture specifications for the equipment installed at the present wellhead pressure (see attachment #4 for equipment specifications required for Stripping). Fill Trip-tank to 1/3 of its capacity. leakage free. c. f. Close-in the well as per standard procedure when tripping. Strip-in/Run in hole with a minimum of 3 stands while maintaining a constant wellhead pressure. Check if filling-up of the drillstring is properly done and done with original mud. i. h. mark and record volume. nothing will be seen. Purpose: The purpose of the stripdrill is threefold: a. Open RHKC slowly and check the Gray-valve for leakage. d. remove all Drillpipe/Casing protectors. (Remove opening-line vent-plug from Bag-type preventer for Cameron model-D preventer check Manufactures recommendations & specifications. 1. Reduce the Bag-type preventer to the lowest closing pressure. If used/installed. Initiate an alarm to simulate a Well Control event.2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev. Check on proper functioning of equipment. including communication aspects.doc 1 . Evaluate situation (as per attachment 1 &2) and chose to perform a volumetric stripping operation. Surge-bottle/Stripping Accumulator). 3.1 Feb. but let crews get used to do it). Bleed-off CE-displacement of every stand into the Stripping-tank Record and check Trip-tank volume for gain (since this is a drill. e.2004. Line-up Stripping-bottle (sometimes called as. c. Install a stand of Drillpipe. +/.450 psi for model Cameron type-D preventer or 50% of the required closing pressure as per Manufacture specifications. Training of personnel to obtain routine and familiarity.) Open de Bag-type preventer and POOH till the Gray-valve and RHKC can be removed. After the exercise is completed. (Be aware of any trapped pressures below Gray-valve. Ensure choke-line and manifold are lined-up to the Trip-tank. m. j.3000 kPa.
2004 Volumetric Stripping Rev.Volumetric Stripping Guidelines p.) Reset all Choke-line & Manifold valves as per original.doc 1 . q. Page 27 of 27 Rev: C:\Documents and Settings\1\Мои документы\My Work Data\Drilling Electronic Books\Well Control Reference Documents\Guidelines for Prepared by TWH/5.1 Feb. Reset all closing pressure of preventers to original.02.2004. date: 14. Close valve upstream Stripping-bottle and assure that bottle is pre-charged to its original pressure. Evaluate drill with all involved and record any recommendations/short-falls for future reference.
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