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# APPENDIX A

Transient Thermal Analysis of a Cooling fin

Objectives:
s s s s Create a new database. Create the surface. Assign the thermal loads Submit the model for analysis

MSC.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook

A-1

A-2 MSC.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .

Nastran for analysis.APPENDIX A Transient Thermal Analysis of a Cooling Fin Suggested Exercise Steps: s s s s s s s Create a new database and name it fin. MSC.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook A-3 . Review results. Create a surface model of the cooling fin Generate the finite elements using mesh seeds Define material and element properties. Submit the model to MSC.db. Apply the convection conditions to the model.

A-4 MSC.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .

Open a new database called fin.5.5. 0] [0.5. 2. Create the surfaces of the cooling fin Geometry Action: Object: Method: Reference Coordinate Frame Vector Coordinates List Origin Coordinates List Apply Repeat the previous step to create the remaining surface. File/New..666667. Vector Coordinates List Origin Coordinates List Apply [0.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook A-5 .db. 0. 0. 0. 0] Create Surface XYZ Coord 0 [0.APPENDIX A Transient Thermal Analysis of a Cooling Fin Exercise Procedure: 1.. 0] [0. New Database Name OK In the New Model Preferences form set the following: New Model Preference Tolerance Analysis Code: Analysis Type: OK Whenever possible click u Auto Execute (turn off). 0] Default MSC/NASTRAN Thermal fin MSC. 2.666667.

Finite Element Action: Object: Method: Surface List Apply Use equivalence function to make sure all the overlapping nodes are connected.2 1.3 A-6 MSC.4 Create Mesh Seed Uniform Number of Elements 9 Surface 1. Finite Element Action: Object: Equivalence All Create Mesh Surface Surface 1 2 3 Surface 2. mesh the geometry and create finite elements.4 2.3 4 Surface 1.3.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .2 2. Generate the mesh seed for the surfaces created: Finite Element Action: Object: Method: Element Edge Length Data Number = Curve List Apply Number = Curve List Apply Number = Curve List Apply Using the mesh seed generated in the previous step.1 1.

Materials Action: Object: Method: Material Name: Input Properties Thermal Conductivity Specific Heat Density OK Apply MSC. define a material using the specified thermal conductivity. specific heat.APPENDIX A Transient Thermal Analysis of a Cooling Fin Method: Apply Tolerance Cube 4.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook A-7 Create Isotropic Manual Input mat_1 6e-4 0.146 0.283 . Next. and density.

Next. Assign the convection properties to the cooling fin. reference the material that was created in the previous step. 7a.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook . Define the properties of the cooling fin. Load Cases Action: Load Case Name Load Case Type: Apply Create transient Time Dependent 7. The convection on the left edge is defined as follows: Loads/BCs Action: Object: Type: New Set Name Create Convection Element Uniform conv A-8 MSC. Since this is a transient analysis problem. Properties Action: Object: Type: Property Set Name Input Properties Material Name Thickness OK Select Members Add Apply Surface 1 2 m:mat_1 1 Create 2D Shell fin 6. a transient load case needs to be defined before loads and boundary conditions are applied.5.

1 The right hand side of the fin undergoes a different type of convection.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook A-9 . Loads/BCs Action: Object: Type: New Set Name Target Element Type: Input Data Surface Option: Edge Convection Coef Ambient Temperature OK Select Application Region Geometry Filter Create Convection Element Uniform conv_right 2D Edge 0. 2D Edge 0.001157 1000 FEM MSC.001543 2500 Geometry Surface 1.APPENDIX A Transient Thermal Analysis of a Cooling Fin Target Element Type: Input Data Surface Option: Edge Convection Coef Ambient Temperature OK Select Application Region Geometry Filter Select Surfaces or Edges Add OK Apply 7b.

1.Select 2D Elements or Edge Element 37:40.1.2 28:48:4.2 45:48.1 4:12:4.1. Click on the Analysis radio button on the Top Menu Bar and complete the entries as shown here: Analysis Action: Object: Type: Translation Parameters Data Output: OK Solution Type Solution Type Solution Parameters Default Init Temperature OK Subcase Create Available Subcases Subcase Parameter Initial Time Step = Number of Time Steps = OK Apply Cancel Apply 0.1.3 Add OK Apply 8.1 20 transient 70 TRANSIENT ANALYSIS XDB and Print Analyze Entire Model Analysis Deck A-10 MSC.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .

APPENDIX A Transient Thermal Analysis of a Cooling Fin An MSC. MSC.Nastran input file called fin. This process of translating your model into an input file is called the Forward Translation.bdf will be generated. The Forward Translation is complete when the Heartbeat turns green.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook A-11 .

edit the fin.bdf file. When the run is completed.f06 file and search for the word FATAL. 10.Submitting the Input File for Analysis: 9. 9b. Monitor the run using the UNIX ps command. Monitor the run using the UNIX ps command. A-12 MSC. Determine whether existing WARNING messages indicate modeling errors. If no matches exist.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .Nastran . Submit the input file to MSC. search for the word WARNING. At the command prompt enter nastran fin.Patran . find an available UNIX shell window and at the command prompt enter nastran fin scr=yes. find an available UNIX shell window. 9a. To submit the MSC.bdf scr=yes. To submit the MSC.dat file.Nastran for analysis.

xdb results file into MSC.Patran Users should proceed to the next step.APPENDIX A Transient Thermal Analysis of a Cooling Fin 11. Proceed with the Reverse Translation process. that is.Patran. return to the Analysis form and proceed as follows: Analysis Action: Object: Method: Select Results File Select Results File OK Apply fin. bring up the Results form.Nastran Users have finished this exercise. To do this. 12. attaching the fin. When the translation is complete and the Heartbeat turns green.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook A-13 .02 Temperature MSC. MSC.xdb Attach XDB Result Entities Local 13. Results Action: Object: Select Result Cases Select Fringe Result Apply Create Quick Plot Default. MSC. and plot the result by selecting Temperature in the Select Fringe Result. Choose the Default result case. A1:Time = 1.

Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .A-14 MSC.