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# WORKSHOP 1a

Getting Started Creating A Model

Objectives:
s s Create a new database defined for MSC .Nastran thermal analysis. Define geometry for a rectangular plate.

MSC.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook

1a-1

1a-2 MSC.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .

1 1m Aluminum Plate K = 204 W/m-oC Cp = 896 J/kg-oC ρ = 2707 kg/m3 h = 10.0 W/m2 Thickness = 0.1 m T = 50 oC MSC.0 W/m2-oC 3m Tamb = 20.0 C o q = 5000.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 1a-3 . Figure 1a. Shown below is a drawing of the model you will be building and suggested steps for its construction.WORKSHOP 1a Getting Started – Creating A Model Model Description: In this exercise you will first create a aluminum plate.

Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .1a-4 MSC.

Perform a steady-state thermal analysis using MSC. Clean up the display. s s MSC. Apply to the left edge of the surface a convection boundary condition with heat transfer coefficient of 10. Mesh the structure with quadrilateral elements. Apply heat flux of 5000 W/m2 to the right edge of the plate.0 W/m2-oC and ambient temperature of 20 oC.1 m. Define the plate’s material as aluminum. Specify a thermal conductivity of 204 W/m-oC.PATRAN system. Define the plate’s thickness to be 0. Modify the mesh.NASTRAN thermal analysis.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 1a-5 . Apply a temperature of 50 oC to the bottom edge of the plate. Define geometry for a rectangular plate. Visualize the temperature distribution as a contour plot. and a density of 2707 kg/m3.NASTRAN within the MSC. specific heat of 896 J/kg-oC.WORKSHOP 1a Getting Started – Creating A Model Suggested Exercise Steps: s s s s s s s s s s Create a new database defined for MSC.

Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .1a-6 MSC.

File/New. Create the Model.0 Thermal ex1a x Geometry Action: Object: Method: Vector Coordinates List: Origin Coordinates List: Apply 3. Name it ex1a.PATRAN. Mesh the surface with elements. The New Model Preference sets all the code specific forms and options inside MSC. New Database Name: OK The viewport (PATRAN’s graphics window) will appear along with a New Model Preference form. Open a new database. Create Surface XYZ <1 3 0> [0 0 0] x Finite Elements Action: Object: Create Mesh MSC..Nastran Tolerance: Analysis Code: Approximate Maximum Model Dimension: Analysis Type: OK 2. x Based on Model MSC/NASTRAN 10.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 1a-7 . In the New Model Preference form set the Analysis Code to MSC..WORKSHOP 1a Getting Started – Creating A Model Exercise Procedure: 1.

Your model should look like the following figure.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook . The mesh we have just created (300 elements) is excessive for our example. Click on the Undo icon.PATRAN’s undo feature so we can make a coarser mesh.1 IsoMesh Surface 1 At this point.Type: Global Edge Length: Mesher: Surface List: Apply Surface 0. The mesh we have just created (300 elements) is excessive for our example. Y Z X At this point.PATRAN’s undo feature so that we can make a coarser mesh. we will invoke MSC. Reset Graphics 1a-8 MSC. we will invoke MSC. Undo Click on the Refresh Graphics icon.

This will create elements of 0. Click on the Materials application. Specify Material Properties.2 units (meters) in length. which will result in a coarser mesh of 75 quadrilateral elements.1 to 0.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 1a-9 . x Materials Action: Object: Method: Material Name: Create Isotropic Manual Input alum MSC. 0. x Finite Elements Global Edge Length: Apply Your model should look like the following figure. Change the Global Edge Length from 0.2 Y Z X 4. Our material for this exercise will be aluminum.2. The Material form will appear with certain default options.WORKSHOP 1a Getting Started – Creating A Model Note that the Finite Elements form is still visible.

MSC. Surface or Face m:alum 0. Thermal Conductivity: Specific Heat: Density: Apply Cancel 5. Add 1a-10 MSC.1 Create 2D Shell plate Now click anywhere on the geometric surface. click on the Select Members databox. Click on the Surface or Face icon.1 to our aluminum elements. The surface will be highlighted in red. the surface) or on the finite elements.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook . the second represents 2D element.Input Properties. The two options allow you to apply properties either on the geometric entity (in this case. Our next task is to specify a thickness of 0. 204 896 2707 x Properties Action: Object: Type: Property Set Name: Input Properties. The first icon represents surface or face...PATRAN will display two icons to the left of the Element Properties form. The Select Members databox will now appear as Surface 1. Material Name: Thickness: OK From the Element Properties form...

.4 appear in the Select Geometry Entities databox.. position the cursor on the bottom edge of the surface. We will now apply heat flux to the model using the Loads/Boundary Conditions form.. Curve or Edge With your mouse. You will see Surface 1.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 1a-11 .. Boundary Temperature: OK Select Application Region.WORKSHOP 1a Getting Started – Creating A Model Apply 6. x Load/BCs Action: Object: Type: New Set Name: Input Data. Geometry Filter: Click on the Curve or Edge icon. Add OK Apply 7. 50 Create Temp(Thermal) Nodal tempbc x Geometry x Load/BCs Action: Object: Type: Create Applied Heat Element Uniform MSC. This means we have selected Edge number 4 in Surface number 1. Click on the edge. Apply the load and boundary conditions.

Add OK Apply A yellow flag will appear on the right edge of your surface indicating that a heat flux of 5000 W/m2 has been applied along the right edge.PATRAN will insert Surface 1..3 in the databox under the heading Select Surfaces or Edges. Input Data. Basic Edge 5000 x Geometry 1a-12 MSC. we need to toggle that Target Element Type setting to 2D.Option: Analysis Type: New Set Name: Target Element Type: Normal Fluxes Thermal flux 2D Because the problem is a 2D one.e.. Even though we are applying heat flux along an edge.. Edge Position the cursor over the right edge of the surface and click on this edge with the mouse.. we are modeling heat conduction in two dimensions. which we normally think of as 1D.. MSC. i. Geometry Filter: Click on the Edge icon.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook . our finite element problem is 2D. Form Type: Surface Option: Edge Heat Flux: OK Select Application Region.

x Load/BCs Action: Object: Type: Option: Analysis Type: New Set Name: Target Element Type: Input Data.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 1a-13 . We will now apply a convention boundary condition to the left edge of the plate-.again. Surface Option: Edge Convection Coef: Ambient Temperature: OK 10 20 Edge Create Convention Element Uniform To Ambient Thermal conv 2D MSC.00 50.. using the Loads/BCs form.WORKSHOP 1a Getting Started – Creating A Model Your model should look like the following figure.. Y Z X 8.005000. 50. 5000.

005000. 1a-14 MSC..0W/m2-oC at this location of your model..00 5000.00 50. MSC. Geometry Filter: Click on the Edge icon.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook . x Geometry Y Z X 10.1 in the databox under Select Surfaces or Edges Add OK Apply A green label will appear confirming that you have applied a convection coefficient of 10.00 50.PATRAN will insert Surface 1. 10. Edge Position the cursor over the left edge of the surface and click on the edge with the mouse. Your model should look like the following figure.Select Application Region.

x Analysis Action: Object: Method: Job Name: Apply Analyze Entire Model Analysis Deck ex1a MSC.PATRAN main form. We are now ready to submit the model for MSC.WORKSHOP 1a Getting Started – Creating A Model 9.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 1a-15 . Click on the Analysis application located on the MSC.NASTRAN steadystate thermal analysis.

Submit the input file to MSC.NASTRAN for analysis. find an available UNIX shell window.PATRAN . If no matches exist. At the command prompt enter: nastran ex1a. Determine whether existing WARNING messages indicate modeling errors.Submitting the Input File for Analysis: 10.bdf scr=yes. search for the word WARNING.bdf file for analysis. To submit the MSC.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .f06 file and search for the word FATAL. When the run is completed. edit the ex1a. 11. 1a-16 MSC. Monitor the run using the UNIX ps command.

Select Results File OK Apply 14.Patran. To do this. attaching the ex1a. ex1a. Proceed with the Reverse Translation process.WORKSHOP 1a Getting Started – Creating A Model 12. that is. 13..xdb results file into MSC.Patran Users should proceed to the next step. PW Linear: 100.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 1a-17 .. MSC. Display the Results.Nastran Users have finished this exercise.xdb Attach XDB Result Entities Local x Results Select Results Cases: Select Fringe Result: Apply A contour plot displaying temperature distributions will appear. return to the Analysis form and proceed as follows: x Analysis Action: Object: Method: Select Results File. % of Load Temperatures MSC. Default. MSC.

Close database and quit MSC. Select the Save and Close operations from the Fil menu to save your plate. 1a-18 MSC..Your model should look like the following figure..Patran to complete this exercise.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook . File/Quit.db file. 15. We will perform a transient thermal analysis on this model in the next workshop.