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MANUAL
OF

PSYCHOMETRY
THE DAWN OF A NEW CIVILIZATION.
[FOURTH EDITION.]

BY JOSEPH KODES BUCHANAN,

M.

D.,

Author of "Anthropology," "Therapeutic Sarcognomy" and "Moral Edu" Professor of cation Physiology and Institutes of Medicine in four Medical Colleges successively, from 1845 to 1881 and for five years

Dean

of the Eclectic Medical Institute, the parent school of

American Medical Electicism Discoverer of the impressibility of the brain of Psychometry and of Sarcognomy.

Published by the Author
[COPYRIGHT,
1885.

Los Angeles,

Cal.

RY JOfEi-n UODES BUCHANAN.]

tfKANK

BOSTON H. HODGES,
:

1893.

CONTENTS.
Frontispiece

Engraving

Portrait of Mrs.

Buchanan.

PREFACE.

PART
Introduction

...--.-_--CHAPTER
I.
-

I.

INTRODUCTORY AND HISTORICAL.
PAGE 1-H

Original Sketch of Psychometry

-

-

-

12-67

CHAPTER
Original Sketch

II.
67-124

continued

Later Developments

--------III.

CHAPTER

125-175

CHAPTER
The Physic Faculties
their location

IV.

and accidental manifestation, 176-212

PART

II.

PRACTICAL UTILITIES.

CHAPTER CHAPTER

V.
and Business
-

Psychometry in Self Culture, Conjugal Relations

1-40

VI.
-

Psychometry in Medical Science and Choice of Physicians

41-86

CHAPTER
Psychometry in
Politics

VII.
87-118

CHAPTER
Psychometry in Literature

VIII.
119-141

CHAPTER
Prophetic Intuition

IX.
-

142-194

PART

III.

THE NEW PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION.

Psychometry and Anthropology

Future Life and Leaders in Religion

______ CHAPTER _____
X.
XI.

CHAPTER

1-31

32-74

APPENDIX.
Prophecy of Cazotte

Frequency

of Prevision

Destiny of the
75-90

Young

333552

INDEX.
Portrait.
6.
2.

Title Page.

3.
7.

Dedication.

4.

Contents.
8.

5.

Preface.

Introduction.
i.

Eleven Chapters.

Appendix.

Antiquity explored,

72, 73, 74, 75, 76
its

Adams

described,
to

i.

93, 94

ii.

VI., ii. 40-86; VII., ii, 87-118: VIII., 119-141 IX., ii. 142- 194; X.,iii. i;

Antagonism
166

psychometry

cause,

i,

Archbishop of Bourdeaux, his narrative of
clairvoyance,
i.

197, 198

iii. 32-74; Appendix, 75-90 Conjugal unhappiness from lack of psychometry, ii. 16, 17, 18 Criminals investigated by psychometry, ii.

31; XI.,

Arabi Pasha described, ii. 157, 158, 159, 160 Alexander of Russia described, ii. 180 Anthropology and its departments, Hi. 3, 4 Autographs of the deceased their peculiar
influence, Hi. 40

37-38
Counterfeits detected by psychometry, ii. 39 Contagion, its philosophy ii. 64,65,66, 67, 68 Choice of physicians, ii. 74, 75 Cooper, Sir Astley, his barbarous practice,
,

Albigenses, Hi. 68 Arnaud, Henri, the Christian hero, Hi. 70,71

Booth described, i. no Bulwer described, i. 116, 117 Bristol, Augusta Cooper poem, i. 125, 126 Back of manuscript a basis for psychometry,
i.

ii. 76 Cooke, Professor, described, ii. 77, 78 Caldwell, Professor, described, ii. 82, 83 Compte described, ii. 127, 128, 129 Cicero recognizing prophesy, ii. 149 Chamberlain described, ii. 190, 191, 192 Cerebral psychology, iii. 28

154

Church and college,
34

their

dormant

state,

iii.

Bible
i.

,

its

value determined by psychometry

158

Beach, Professor, described, ii. 81 Bonaparte, described, ii. 101, 102, 103
sephine,
ii.

Jo-

103, 104

Bismark described, ii. 105, Bacon, Lord, described, ii.

Buddha

described, Hi.
in

106, 107 120, 121, 122 53, 54, 55
i.

Confucius described, iii. 58, 59, 60, 61 Calvin described, iii. 61, 62 Christianity, what is, iii. 66, 67 Crimes in the name of religion, iii. 72, 73 Cazotte, his famous prophesy, appendix 759

Children described by psychometry appendix, 88, 89, 90
,

Crime held

check by psychometry,

80,

81,82 Criticism by psychometry, i. 87, 88 Children investigated by psychometry, i. 90 Clay described, i. 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100
Child.

Denton's Soul of Things, i. 9 iii. 28 Demonstration by psychometry, i. 114,
;

115,'

116

Decker, psychometric
Divine element
.133. '34, '4;. '42

talents,

and remark-

Channing described, i. 105, 106 Lydia Maria, described by Bishop
Otey, i. 1 10 Caldwell described, i. 121 Cardela, Angelo, described, i. 145, 146, 147 Carlyle described from autographic emanation, i. 148, 149; his moral defects, ii. 7
Catalysis, an explanation,
i.

able experience of Mrs. C. H.,i. 132,
in man, i. 159, 160 Darkness of materialism, i. 186 Devaud, a natural clairvoyant, i 198

150, 151, 152

Cabanis, his liberal views, i. 164 College professors, their inconsistency,!. 165 Colquhoun's testimony, i. 195, 196-208 Clairvoyants, the rope maker, girl of thirteen at Hamburgh; servant girl, reported by Dr. Dyce.i. 199, 5oo; Abercrombie's narrative, i. 202, 203, 204, 205 Chapters, I., i. 12-67; II. ,i. 68- 124; III., i. 125-175 IV., i. 176-212 V., ii. 1-39
; ;

D'Israeli described, ii. 112, 113, 114 Death of Alexander, D'Israeli, and C..uibaldi predicted, ii. 179; Deaths -predicted by Cazotte, iii. appendix Democratic Review on Dr. Buchanan's discoveries,
iii.

5-25
8S, s
,,

Destiny of the young, appendix

;,<>

'.

Electricity transmits medical influence, i. 20 Experiments, i. 30, 31, 32, 33 ; experiments with autograph, i. 37, 38, 39; experiments before Women's Club, i. 129, 130

Index.

Emanation from autographs, experiment
with Carlyle's, i. 148, 149, 150 Ecstacy in somnambulism, i. 187
Epigastric region, i. 194 Emanation, saubarate and other, ii. 52, 53, 54 55 Electric currents, theory of Sir James Murray,
ii.

Immortality demonstrated,

iii.

36, 37, 38

Jackson, autograph of General, described, i. 42, 46, 47; described by General Quitman, Bishop Otey, and Mrs. Buchanan,
iii. 41, 42, 43 Judicial psychometry and detection of crime
i-

El Mahdi

ii. 161, 162, 163, 169, 170, 171, 172, 175

55 described,

164-

77, 78, 79, 80

Fulton, Robert, described, i. in, 112, 113 Financial importance of psychometry i 1 57
,

Kent, experiments with the Rev. Benjamin, i. 41-49. 6 5) 94 universal knowledge, i. 166 Kentucky State Medical Society, their in-

Key to

Founders of religions, i. 158 Future of America indicated by
ii.

difference
periodicity,

and

neglect,

ii.

43
iii.

Keshub Chunder Sen,

described,

56

155, 156

France and China, their action predicted,
ii.

189
iii.

Future of anthropology, a grand view,

21-25 Foramen caecum
ism,
iii.

Lafayette, description of General, i. 61, 62, 63 Locality of the psychic powers in man, i.

(blind hole) of materialiii.

26
32

Law

192-212 inadequate without psychometry,
ii.

ii.

Future life and leaders in religion, Franklin on immortality, iii. 32

-

74

Local and'pestilential influences,
62

60, 61,

Gray, sympathetic impression of Dr. Gray,
i.

George

140, 141 Eliot,

her inspiration,

i.

212
ii.

Gallian system of phrenology,
9, 10, ii

its errors,
ii.

Goethe on the psychometric

faculty,

19
dis-

"Loftier Knowledge" through psychometry. ii. 64 Life in the spirit world, iii. 43, 44 Life or death, its determination by psychometry, iii. 45, 46 Laou-tsze described, iii. 57, 58 Luther described, iii. 64, 65, 66
i. 20, 21,22 Martineau, description of Harriet, i. 67 Madame de Stael described, i. 108, 109 Mineral strata, accessible to psychometry, i.

Gross, advice of Professor, as to

new

coveries, ii. 41 ; his description, ii. 80 Galvanism transferring medical influence,ii. 57) 58) 59 Gladstone described, ii. 107,108, 109,110,111 Grant described, ii. 97, 116, 117, 118 Gall, Dr., described, ii. 120

Medical experiments,

156

Modern materialism,

i.

162

Gregory, Professor, on Gazette's prophecy, appendix 86

Harvey, Dr., described,

i.

107
,

Hayden, psychometric talents of Mrs. i. 13 1 Homoeopathy and Allopathy, question settled by psychometry, ii. 46, 47, 48, 49
Hill, Professor, described,
ii.

Moral criticism, ii. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 Married parties described by psychometry, 11.20-32; Carlyle, Bulwerand Byron, ii. 24-32 Mineral waters and air, ii. 54, 55 Mountain influence favorable, ii. 64
Milton described,

79

Mahomet

Hahnemann described, ii. 84 Hippocrates described, ii. 85, 86 Humboldt, Baron, described,ii. 123, 124, 125

Moral education

ii. 135, 136 ii. 177, 178, 179 the application of cerebral psychology, iii. 28

described,
;

Homer

described,

ii.

138, 139, 140

New York, first

experiments there,

i.

12,

26

Hugo, Victor, described, ii. 140, Hemans, Mrs., iii. 33, 47, 48
Introduction, i. i, Imaginative illustration,

141

Nervous system, its powers, i. 16 Nominal psychometry, experiment on the name of Angelo Cardela, i. 145, 146
Neglect of scientific investigations, i. 167 National Medical Association, ii. 44 New philosophy and religion, iii. 1-74 Neurology in New York, iii. 5-25; report of New York committee, iii. 13, 14, 15; letter of Dr. Buchanan, iii. 16-21
Original sketch of psychometry, i. 12-124 Otey, experiment with Bishop, i. 39 Orators described Clay, Rowan, Prentiss, Randolph^ Daviess, McDuffie, i. 123,
124

n

i.

68, 69, 70, 71
i.

Inman, psychometric power of Charles,

128, 129 India, telepathic sympathies in, 138, 139, 140 "Irradiation of Omniscience," i. 156 Intuition, the essential of psychometry, i. 159; its cerebral location, i. 178; inactive life, 210 Impressibility of the brain, discovered in 1841; iii. 2; discovery announced at Little Rock, April, 1841, iii. 6; importance of the iii. 8 ; number of

discovery, the cerebral organs, iii, 9

Objective and subjective i. 206

;

their philosophy,

91. 174. 18 Transmitted influence. 189. 177 by Father Ryan. Jane. 73> 74 prophecy of Gazette. 86 Bristol. 164 Sensibility and clairvoyance. Tilden. in conjugal relations. in medical science. 182. Hyzer on psychometry. its frequency. 154 Sarcognomy. 59-64 Spurzheim described. 133. 25 Scott. I 52 153.!. 172. 104 Wordsworth 'on clear seeing. 86. 131 Shakespeare described. psychometric perceptionii. 35. of Tungamah. 86) i. Buchanan. displayed by somnambulists. iii. ii. 187. 18. and Swedenborg. her prophecy. 50. 7. 73. ii. 193. ers. ii. 8 Self-knowledge needed. marvellous sensibility of Bishop. : . Dr. ii. i. 75. 149. 35 Psychometric bias. connected with clairvoyance and psycnometry. 135. 167. 99. 155. ii. i. 41 Sensibility the foundation of disease. 36. i. ii. ii. 8. i.Index. ii. Russia and England. Physical character of ii. 182. 33. engravings. Cleveland. 146. i53 Philosophy to be established by psychometry. 63. 140 Touch important for psychometry. described. 100 mum. 191 Washington described. . 185 Pierpont. 152. 132 Prophetic intuition. 7. 35 all tolerated science. i. 58 Unconscious Sympathy. ii. i. i34. 38. Spencer. ii. S. 170 . Pansian psychometer. 69. by Mrs. ii. i. 169. 154 Transcendentalism the minimum and pessi- Psychometric arbitration. ii. 89. experiments of Smith. recognized by Goethe. 6. 30 Psychological chemistry. General Grant. its departments. . 92. ii. his Zchokke. i. 50. 101 Rohner. ii. 64. i.39 Polk. Paul. 17 Psychic attraction. 138. 179. ii. Spurzheim. 37. ii.!. i. ii. in public affairs. iii. 129. 14.118. 90 Periodicity. dogmas. 168. his clairvoyance. 173. 3 its portraiture. 11. 96. 56 Tyndall. 69. 24. psychometric view. 139. MS Photographs. 51. i. 25 Three autographs described. 146. 33-39. an established science and useful profession. 51. 56 Psychometric impartiality. ii. Caldwell. appendix 85. 72. 73 ii. 48-53 159 i. i. ii. 103. recognized by the nized by the Royal Academy of Mi cine at Paris. 184. 92. 70 Rowan. the martyr. i. i. i. spiritualism. 97. the basis of diagnosis and prescription. . 158 Ambrose. ii. 183. Judge. marvels of psycnometry i. 95.3 PSYCHOMETRY. 64 Swedenborg described. 10. 52 Transference of disease. 83 (obi. i. 143. 183. ii. 152. 46 Virgil on the spirit. 138 Sister Genevieye. ii. 90. 42 Presidential candidates. i. i. i. 87 . lack- St. 181. Elaine. 98. i. 15-32. Swan's Dr. i. described. 156 Systems of religion judged by psychometry. Poems: by Augusta Cooper 125. 127.ii. session. ii. i. ancients. 54. St. 84 U. i.i3 Taste through the fingers. 188 Sympathetic diagnosis. demonstrates immortality. 187 Vulgar errands refuted. Huxley and Mill described. 137. Physical and pathological sympathy. experiments of Chancellor. 165. 13. 156. i. 137. appendix iii. iii. Therapeutic Sarcognomy.ii. other rubbish. in law and business. 186. described. Schelling. 148. 13 1. i. 185.i2.87. 29. Rider. 162 War in Egypt. i. 98. 188. 145. our mentor ii. General Butler. 135 Sir Walter Scott described. ii. 130. 155 Prescriptions by the departed. 30. ii. 166. 151 . 70. 52. Herbet. and i. 120 Sealed letter described. her remarkable powers. a singular admission. the exercise of divine faculties and explanation of mysteries. 30 Utility of psychometry. ii. i. 181 Transference of aura from writing. Mr. M4. John. 57.cranioscopyandcrania. 18 Stolidity in the medical profession. 119-141 relieves us from traditions. 40-86. 136. 134. Dispensatory. 45. ii. ii. Samuel J. 34. i. 190. 88 . ii. i. 55. 94. 181. iii. Waldenses. 180 Sir Thomas Browne on the soul. iii. in politics. his wonderful psychometric pow- views of intuition. 211 Phrenology. ii. i. addressed to Cornelia. 39 Prevision. 184. 146. i. i. . iii. connecting psychometry with mesmerism. 194 Psychometry the divine judgment. ing in fishes. 31 Servetus. 36. 169 68.ii. 93. 147. hostility toils reception. 144. and names for psychometry. 118-122 Telepathic sympathies. 2. 136. described. 1. 150. iii. 142^194 Prophecya religious endowment recognized by St. 208 Spiritual guardianship. 126. ii. iii. ii. 74 Personal experience and sympathies. and mind reading. its law discovered. ii. ii. his poem. 53 71. iii. 160 Temples. Dawbarn and Damon.. iii. in literature.ii. i. ii. 175 168. 133. i.

one for physiologists. to fulthe promise recently made to the public of a MANUAL OF fil a work to introduce the subject to the PSYCHOMETRY not an elaborate memoir for scientists. until the thought of the best thinkers has enlisted the co-operation of leading minds. one for pneumatologists. This volume has been somewhat hastily prepared." which I have never thought worthy of any special cultivation. I cannot .. one for astronomers. Public opinion on philosophic subjects is always shallow. general reader which need not be offered until it is called for. and erroneous. In reference to Psychometry. I would state in advance that all such experiments which I report are as pure and true an illustration of Psychometry as possible an accurate report of mental impressions as they arose. Denton have attracted far less attention than that sim" ple exhibition of Psychometry which is called Mind Reading. of knowledge. and co-operation does not yet apBut as Psychometry develops all these departments pear. superficial. and ten for the students of Anthropology these subjects are illuminated and developed by Psychomwill When now promise that much of this will ever be written by myself as it might have been ere this for my life is too far advanced.PREFACE. as an exhibition. and giving to those who are pro- foundly ignorant on this subject. and thus prepare them for scientific innovation. B. but which. the profound productions of Prof. recorded as etry. one for historians. one for ethnologists. one for the devotees of religion and for all duty. answers the purpose of challenging skepticism. one for be necessary hygienists. facts which compel their reluctant attention. these works must all be written. As this volume contains the reports of many psychometric experiments with Mrs. many volumes one for the medical profession. one for geologists. a full exposition shall be required.

being only used to direct attention to the matters that need description. while it refines and invigorates our religious nature.Preface. . paleontology and astronomy. 1885. devoted to Pneumatology and P. but a great deal of interesting and important matter has been excluded to keep it within the proposed limits. but will strengthen our faith in the past. and the view of Biblical history and a view religion sanctioned by Psychometric exploration which may dissipate much superstition. they were spoken deliberately. A special volume. for I troduction of Psychometry have but lifted a corner of the veil that hides incalculable wealth of knowledge and wisdom. have been omitted. The mind of the psychometer in my experiments is always carefully guarded from all impressions but those which come from an invisible source by contact. JUNE i. merely. Questions are never of a leading character. The present volume is larger than I designed. Religion will be required to illustrate the comparative views of the world's religions. without knowing what is the object or person to be described. which must be carefully concealed to insure the purity of the result. ful as I could possibly The reports are as careful and faithmake them. given when fatigued by her daily duties. The investigations of geology. S. often BOSTON. A second volume will be necessary to do justice to the inthe introduction. but most of them are imperfect illustrations of her psychometric intuition.

he touched upon this interesting subject the great and learned ones of Old Yale (in sorrow I say it). as to your honorable self. " But much. PSYCHOMETRY FROM 1842 TO 1885. he delivered a poem gress. 1850. a : The occasion was the meeting of the Alumni of Old Yale celebrating her one hundred and fiftieth anniversary. JOHN which was delivered in August. at PIERPONT. speaks of the occasion and poem as follows S. in The " ? was the happily answered celebrated a poem from the pen of philanthropist and poet.INTRODUCTION. and speeches made by various distinguished individuals. as far I .. new modes of travel. light by gas. as has thy genius done In educating thus Latona's son.. and spoken of in the Tribune as the "Gem of the occasion. After alluding to the various improvements of the day. In thus educing. By invitation from the the suhject was Proofficers of the institution. Daguerre." EXTRACT FROM PIERPONT's POEM. daguerreoalike unknown to typing. M. There were present from twelve to fifteen hundred Alumni representatives from classes which graduated in 1777 to the year 1850. correspondent of the Cleveland Plain Dealer. during a sitting of not less than eight hours. BUCHANAN has transcended thee." J. printing. There were songs sung. etc. " phonography. the grand anniversary of Yale College. telegraphs. at a single sight. the Rev. " WHAT is PSYCHOMETRY question. in the god of light The power to paint so.

living now It shall the writer's character disclose. The patriot's valor. Their bodies spirits may have mouldered : into dust. thus touch'd. summon back again : The writer's spirit pressed upon the brow. Yet if one has left behind perfect A written page.2 - Introduction. paint or pen. along the line. The fire that glowed beneath the snows of age As in the " Hero of the Hermitage. And catch the soul that issues from it Itself yet. Or by the hand of many. the detecting spirit shall declare "The form and pressure" of the soul that's there." When " he exclaimed (methinks I will not. the Eternal. his may be Thy subjects must be present Thy Sunk Their in the depths of the mysterious sea . (As fishes taken in an evil net). The manly air. And . the outward whole His science measures and reveals the soul. Made long have mingled with the just. All is revealed By or will The prompting spirit threw and the few upon the paper that are finely touched to issues fine" "Spirits Will move the hand. . his woes. As the sun's face outshines the polar star. and the traitor's wile. ! I hear him " ! still). mind Has been pour'd That written page through pencil. his joys. With greater truth than e'er a Sybil sung. shall. Thine art can catch and keep what meets the eye His science. skill shows up the face. subjects that far deeper lie. his His powers. the sycophantic smile. weaknesses. whereon the living out.

I very page. friends. tell But when I was ! Believe it. that am Nor the world. Coined from the Greek (psyche. to the words. what I passed for. The thermometer measures caloric temperature). And the next Jubilee has o'er it rolled. To this high point of progress have we got. weight) electrometer measures electric atmosphere. The of barometer the conditions measures the psy- the weight (baro. . barometry. being measure) analogous ial it literally signifies soul-measuring. nor what I had seem'd.Introduction. tardy fingers and a care-worn brow. "How That long has left material things behind Fearful the thought. that even his touch can catch the mind. other brows by other fingers prest. that when my clay is cold. coined in 1842 to express new science and art. soul and metron. or not. thermometry. is the most pregnant and important word that has been added to the English language. ! T he To u With Shall tracing now. and similar terms. not what I had been deem'd. electrometry. (thermo. the chometer measures the soul (psyche). . ! We stamp ourselves on every page we write Send you a note to China or the pole Where'er the wind blows. which signify specmeasurements. or the waters roll of your soul That note conveys the measure " ! the character of a The word Psychometry. 3 And with as great as fell from prophet's tongue Mysterious science that has now displayed ! ! fearfully and wonderfully made" Is man.

Psychometry shows the scope. anthropology. In the case of Psychometry. but a instrumentality comprehensive agency like mathematics for the evolu- Psychometry. until psychic capacity was things in the Universe^. Hence. or grasping and estimating all things which are within the range of human intelli. gence. for tion of many departments of science. theology and supernal and Granting. destiny. as the object measured and the measuring instrument are the same psychic element. but the measurement and really became apparent the measure this all judgment of all things conceivable by the human mind and Psychometry means practically measuring by the soul. ogy. the measuring assumes a new character. life geology. philosophy. and its psychic as it but has appeared measuring power is not limited to the was developed in the first experiments. biography. is not merely an measuring soul powers. therefore.4 Introduction. astronomy. that Psychometry gives us the command of all these sciences. investigation character. As mechanism through it which the they are manifested . however. and the anatomical the nature. and the modus operandi of those divine powers in man. as this volume will show. while as an art shows the method in of utilizing these of psychic faculties disease. Psychometry signifies not merely the measuring of souls and soul capacities. history. a science and philosophy. paleontol- physiology. by that of successive investigations to it manifest a wider and wider area of power. medicine. or qualities by our own psychic capacities. it is apparent that the introduction of Psychometry must .

and repositories of the arts in the world at present were suddenly destroyed by fire. of practical art. for he at methods and been made be read only after the scientific practical success of Psychometry have to who cannot justice. sciences heretofore all known to the skilful and learned libraries. and will to the existence of men at the .Introduction. may who have some and powers of assertions knowledge of the ordinary applications appear many of the classes as insane as educated. truth-loving readers. I am perfectly aware that even to such those appear extravagant. such assertions should be reserved for the end of the volume. I state prefer. all might be restored in one generation. leaving only in human minds a full knowledge of Psychometry. however. and if any reader be repelled by my frankness it is well that he should be repelled. to once frankly the true scope and power of Psychometry. familiar. of social order and of religion would arise from the ashes. or rather miseducated once did the doctrine of the rotundity of the earth and Psychometry. more era in science. antipodes with heads hanging downwards from us and according to the usual policy of those who seek popularity and reputation. tolerate a novelty in science cannot I and desire do it none but candid. and far nobler institutions of learning. . philosophy important as to human en- lightenment for if and elevation than all the arts and . purified and relieved from a an inheritance from ancient vast amount of falsehood ignorance. 5 prove the dawn of a new and social progress. manufactories.

for I cannot expect to see Psychometry enthroned in the Universities until at least two generations shall have successively carried down to the tomb the I falsities in which they have been educated. have passed on to a higher life).6 Only Introduction. tic which not only make but change the mysdreamland between two worlds into a realm of luminous reality for man. but is widely established in practical utility by psychometers who give descriptions of char- . scientific mysteries translucent. For more than forty years public as a teacher of have been before the new truths. address these assertions to the most enlightened and to my friends of the twentieth century will who know how to appreciate them . race than the discovery of Ameror any revelation which science has heretofore human made. to the patient students of it is of Psychometry and explorers appear as psychic mysteries my statement a too concise statement of the grand will results of psychic investigations. I of today. ever courting investigation by the learned on the contrary every report of investigating : committees has been a satisfactory endorsement of the sciences presented. and during all this time there has been no hostile verdict upon the sciences which I have presented publicly. and the Science of Psychometry has not only been endorsed by all who have become familiar with it. and more than a thousand pupils have entered the medical profession under my professional teaching ( many of whom. the influence of which will work a far greater and speedier change in the destiny of the ica. like most of my contemporaries and colleagues.

and by physicians in the diagnosis of disease among present or absent patients. and who with sound judgment make a fair and investigation . is but "the average stupidity of mankind" and which is great and consists always steadily and persistently opposed to Establishment revolutionary discoveries. petent consists of those The court of the com- who honestly love the truth. but the multitude and unlearned alike) look not to the compe(learned in- tency of the court but to its personal rank. I . Establishment in the phil- osophic sense does not consist in currency among the it does not consist in a favorable verdict multitude from public opinion. on the acknowledged deed from as ownership depends The competent alone can establish. and who with earnest its zeal either devote themselves to search or hold themselves ready to give it a welcome. Hence I can speak of Psychometry as an introduced and established science. and numerical strength. social fluence. To is the suggestion that the court of the competent nearly unanimous in reference to demonstrable sci- must add that Psychometry greatly enlarges the amount of the demonstrable by removing from the ence. in the court of the competent is so harmonious with itself in science. that the verdict of the first score whom we meet is virtually the verdict of the thousands and the millions who succeed.Introduction. the favorable verdict of the competent. which as Douglas Jerrold once said. The sagacious listen and respect it. and the donor. 7 acter. full all such in matters of demon- strable science come is to their first verdict a substantial agreement. and as conclusive as the last.

It is over forty-two years since the discovery and public demonstration of the science and art of Psy- chometry. its pro- gress would be rapid and its disgraceful failures and blunders would no longer be heard of. sphere of speculation and debate many subjects heretofore beyond the reach of positive scientific methods. They give of a minute character to the and revelation particulars one described. the temperament. of Today it is widely known the practice Psychometry is an honorable and useful profession. in education and self-culture. and if the practice of medicine were limited to those who possess this power in an eminent degree. pathology. known only but what society In physiology. and every departure from the normal state. and has excited so lively its . recognizes. the peculiarities. or in the perverse and depraved they explain what egotism would deny. realizing the ethics. the defects which need correction. analysis of at vast distances. and hygiene. pointing out with parental delicacy and tenderness. Competent psychometers describe the mental and vital peculiarities of those who visit or write to them. and create astonishment and delight by the fidelity and fullness of the descriptions which they send to persons unknown. psychometer is born with a genius for the healing art. Psychometry is as wise and parental as in matters of character competent psychometer appreciates the vital forces. and A diseased condition with an accuracy in which external In fact the natural scientific diagnosis often fails. But while Psychometry is thus gradually winning place as our guide and leader in medicine.8 Introduction.

9 an interest that a newspaper has been devoted to this subject. and elevating the condition of all acquainted with diffusion. far beyond the uttermost limits of previous scientific investigation. the eminent geologist. The present work has long been called who have learned of . paleontology and astronomy. His able and interesting work has not had the circulation it deserves. developing the highest phases of Psychometry in the exploration of history. and for if by those Psychom- etry has even the tenth part of the scientific interest. a book of marvelous interest and originality. the literally modus operandi and the results ? This question will be fully answered by a sketch of the investigations and experiments which have developed the science. Wm. and " Soul of Things" in three volumes. Psychometry (which means what the process. no complete and systematic exposition of the Its only exposition has before the public. been by essays in the Journal of Man thirty years science is by chapters in my System of Anthropology. the practical value and the power of advancing scientific civilization. presenting the grandest results of Psychometry to a public not yet acquainted with the science. but it may be the briefly answered now.Introduction. of which no new edition has been issued since 1854. from by the ago. thropist to call attention to this work and promote its humanity which is it But what is soul -measuring). Denton. that Psychometry is development and . because it is too far in advance of the age. believed by those who are well is the duty of every philanit.my discoveries.

only as a miracle from Heaven. belonging to some abnormal phase of life. or as anomalous. The dark underworld of intellect in which we find the responses of oracles. mysterious and inex- plicable facts. at all. a demonstration of the old conception of poetry and mystic philosophy as to the Divine interior of the human and the marvelous approximation of man toward It is. and have been made entirely intelligible . moreover. human nature. strates in vators regarded with defiant hostility by materialistic of mere physical science. the prophecies of the saints. showing in all and often nearly extinct powers. a demonstration of the omniscience.io exercise Introduction. amulets and souvenirs. if not the illusion of the dupe. guided. or if credible rare. or else the hallucination of the visionary. cautious inquirer in vital science will feel that he is . and the most Psychometry. soul. religion and the deepest In studying emotions which ally man to heaven. of the divine facilities in man. the revelations of magnetic somnambules. and the mysterious influences attached to places. mystery disappears. is illuminated by the light of psychometric science. transcendent powers which have heretofore defied the comprehension of philosophy. the forecasts of the fortune ments and sudden the mysterious presentiimpressions by which many are teller. apartments. and its phenomena for Psychometry demonand explains the mechanism of those man. calamity or accident. the warnings of death. humanity neglected which have heretofore been deemed utterly incredinormal dignity of ble. while they culti- have been welcomed by poetry.

Introduction. That he should enjoy this feeling of certainty of and security he should be introduced to the science by the successive steps its original development. following sketch of Psychometry appeared in MAN (published at CincinIt is so fei r an d complete a presenta- tion of the subject as then developed. . showing how Psychometry was evolved take reader FORTY-THREE YEARS AGO. The BUCHANAN'S JOURNAL OF nati). in 1849. that I prefer to republish it without change and follow it by such further discussions and expositions as are suggested by more recent investigations. and therefore I would the back forty-three years to my first experiments. \ i treading on safe and solid ground.

in the city of New York. that single discovery lay the germ of a science of lofty pretensions. (From Buchanan's Journal of Man.) Such investigaFirst discovery in New York Introductory remarks Sensibilities discovered in Bishop tions must develop the wonderful Found also in others Testing through the fingers Number Polk Electric transmission of influence capable of such experiments Mode of experimenting on medicines Experiments on medical class and professors Influences felt from human beings Influences First autographic experiment with Intransmitted from the brain man Its wonderful accuracy Methods of beginning experiments Inferences from the experiments as to the laws of mind and matter Principles of psychological chemistry scription of psychometric experiments Kent Description of Gen. Jackson Value of Psychqmctry DeExperiments with Rev. and so wonderful in its facts as to be difficult of belief. I had the pleasure of ascertaining and proving. high as its pretenportion of our scientific men. by experiment.CHAPTER T. ORIGINAL SKETCH OF PSYCHOMETRY. of Lafay- IN the autumn of 1842. Cincinnati. the existence of a wonderful power in the constitution of man. to the greater Yet. sions are. Mr. Appeal from the old to the young Difference of individuals as to psychometric impressions Illustrations of variety Extreme Psychometric diagnosis of Disphysical sympathy with the writer ease Six applications of Psychometry Accuracy of psychometric The achromatic mind not common portraiture ette Description of Webster Description Experiments of Chancellor Scott Of Miss Martineau. the discovery and use of which at In once opens before us a wide realm of knowledge. they are demonstrable in the most rigid 12 . if not utterly incredible.

to tax too heavily the public credulity of that time. until the presticipate in the feast of knowledge. ent time. that when my discovery of the impressibility of the human brain had already marshalled the universal spirit of skepticism. therefore. still more incredible. to exciting an intense interest. which to address the public. with still darker clouds of disbelief. by mere weight of my own assertion. I have waited for the gradual establishment of to the my cardinal proposition. it cannot be long ere the truth of my assertions shall be familiarly I known in Europe and America. before presenting an essay upon Psychometry. to parBut. The six years which have elapsed . to make a deep the impression upon the public mind. in reference human brain. would have done much to overshadow. from every quarter. Unwilling. the dawn of true neurological science. and I had good reason to suppose. While thus feasting upon the richest intellectual banquet which nature offers in any department of her vast investigation of the human existence. I have quietly prosecuted my experiments for the last six years without endeavoring to arouse the public mind to a consciousness of those sublime and beautiful truths which the constitution has developed. 13 manner. little effort have made but to bring this matter be- Wonderful as it is. there has been no suitable medium through I could not expect. the proagainst me mulgation of any additional wonders. and. call in I have naturally felt an earnest desire to the wise and good. incredulous as the public may be. and was but beginning to receive justice from a few. and well adapted fore the public.Original Sketch.

and who wish to sustain a journal devoted to progress in this most interesting this of all sciences.14 Original Sketch. and that the questions involved be not slurred over in any indefinite manner by the reader. and the inferences to which they most obIf I be but recognized as a fair. who look with deep interest upon its recent developments. would submit a frank and unreserved narrative of This may be done with experimental inquiries. entirely deceptive or I In this more favorable condition of the public mind. nor to dogmatize in reference to any matter of opinion but to present the facts which I have witnessed. a candid and patient attention. I willingly yield to every one the privilege of reasoning upon the facts according to his own philosophy. With I apology for an apparently dilatory course. and drawing the I inferences which they suggest to his own mind. candid viously lead. would proceed by asking for my narrative. on account of the fact that greater my I am now many who appreciate addressing a circle of readers comprising of the most liberal and philosophical class. that I write. but firmly and frankly met and examined. It is not to announce a theory. ease and pleasure. since the discovery. have produced a marked change in public opinion a prevalence of more liberal views a willingness to receive from nature newer and profounder truths. . and careful reporter of the facts. many justly the science of Anthropology. would but ask that my personal testimony be allowed its proper force as a sincere statement. and a conviction that experiments upon the human brain are not fanciful.

encountering any unusual or extraordinary thinks that who psychology should present nothing more profound or strange than material philosophy. but he cannot possibly do much for the advancement of psychology. from the ponderable material world. may be very respectable as a man of science and learning. at first. any fact which I may ble. at the first glance. no less wonderful and mysterious than If.Original Sketch.. so wonderful and mysterious in usually demanded by The mind of man is its action and in its whole existence is so widely separated. to perceive its will find himself unable either phenomena of conscious or to detect their causes. and that these laws. unless we can rise to the dignity of the subject and deal familiarly with facts and laws as wonderful as the mystery which they solve. seem. state should. We should bear in mind. I 15 think it more liberal demand upon this subject a and expansive mode of thought ttian is but just to the teacher of physical science. in its nature and in its phenomena. when discovered. and who is determined to resist every fact or principle which is essentially new and wonderful. that a certain inherent in the very nature of wonderous strangeness . that of all the co-operations and correlations are intrinsically wonderful. He who without facts expects to solve the mysteries of mind. the nature of mind itself. but are governed by definite laws. must mind and matter. Every moment beautiful thought presents a grandly must be mystery. appear incredi- the liberal reader will is bear in mind. then. that he who brings to this subject the rigid material spirit of chemistry and mechanical philosophy. for the explanation of which we utterly incompetent.

willing to acknowledge. in an instant. pose that this nervous matter. My the investigations of the nervous system of man for have clearly shown that its are far more extensive. as if seeking to become commensurate are still. in an instant. Those est faculties which. We find in the nervous system the vast aggregate of powers which constitute the vitality of man. than physiologists or philosophers have been last twelve years. if we glance at the subtle the nervous matter of our constitution. tubes and fluids of system.1 6 Original Sketch. to the remotest periods of time. and which are ever reaching forth. grasp the remot- objects of landscape which fly. phenomena we must of at once perceive how inadequate are the common con- . and upon which manifestation of its powers. and yet be so incapable itself of rising above the of the ordinary operations of vitalized humble grade matter? In truth. with all their buoyancy with the universe and power. essentially new. by which they instantaneously Is it rational to supoperate throughout the body. should be entirely limited to the narrow sphere to that which it has been assigned by physiologists? intimately correlated for with mind depends the it eternal should be so intimately connected with the great miracle. and that it cannot be possible to arrive at explanation of the relations between mind and any matter. varied and interestcapacities ing. which does not involve principles and facts the sujpject. which is thus so mind. bound the nervous to the fibres. existing in intimate connection with the vast and wonderful powers of his mind. our spiritual existence.

ingly. 17 since. he gave the above statement as an illustration of its truth. uncommon I acuteness his of the external senses and when mentioned peculiar develop- ment. he immediately felt so acute. and could recognize His cerebral conformathe offensive metallic taste. recognize any peculiar taste. for the purpose of ascertaining whether they could any peculiar influence. taste in the mouth. The discovery of such sensibilities in one so vigorous. tion indicated . was accustomed to metals of different kinds in the hands of persons of acute sensibility.* of the Episcopal Church. that there were many who could determine by touching a piece of metal. * But this power was not confined Bishop Polk afterwards became a general in the Confederate army. or appreciate the difference of metals. that the influence through his system. by accident. and the war. even in the night. by any impression upon their own sensitive nerves. feel appeared that the power was quite common. in the neurological experiments which I I soon place afterward commenced. led me to suppose Accordthat they might be found in many others. lost his life in . About nine years ceptions of the nervous system. he informed if me that his own he should.Original Sketch. sensibility was touch a piece of brass. both in mind and body. what the metal was as they recognized a peculiar influence proceeding from which in a few moments gave them a distinct it. or by - In these experiments it soon holding it in their hands. in conversation with Bishop Polk. when he could not see what he touched.

and other substances of a decided made so distinct an impression that each be recognized and named by many of those upon whom the experiment was performed. Every suba decided taste appeared to be possessing its capable of transmitting influence into the system. was it In the head recognized by their characteristic impression upon the tongue and fauces. It did not appear that the sense of taste was translated to could the fingers. produced its impression upon the brain and nerves.1 8 Original Sketch. and of pepper. all the peculiarities of other as if the same substances. and producing no reached the chest or the head. or changed any of papillae of the its known laws. but it did appear that contact of the sapid substance with the tongue was by no means necessary. in small quantities. The sweetness of sugar. to state (It is perhaps necessary for me that these experiments were entirely independent of any mesmeric process. introduced into the mouth. and consisted simply of what I have stated. salt. appeared to affect the hand locally. instead of being held in the hands. and tastes were recognized. it may be supto . it recognized by some other effects until passed. and if possessed of sapid qualities. being recognized by its taste. its in stance operation to metallic substances. peculiar influence of the substance touched or held in the hand by sensitive persons. had been gradually. taste. that unless a special disclaimer is made. tomed The public mind has been so accusthe processes of mesmeric operators. the pungency of pepper. Sugar. acids. and thence to be transmitted The gradually peculiar the along sensation as it arm.

) The number of individuals who could exercise the I acute sensibility and taste which than in have described. is propagated by contiguous or coutinuous sympathy to that the head. substance. conveyed their influIn behalf of the latter sugence into the body. or some imponderable agent. appeared to be variable greater in in different localities. that when I placed my hands or fingers in contact with the substance. its influence appeared tually than I to it pass more promptly and to its effec- when to was left own power. the passage of nervous influence. passing through a medicinal . through the I have since proved. prepared by a magnetizing process. or even one half of the whole population appeared to be capable of displaying this new power of the nervous system. that a galvanic or electric current. constituted the most favorable conditions for its exercise. In other places not more than one in ten or fifteen could display it Mental cultivation and refinement. delicacy of constitution. I need not here discuss the rationale of these phenomena. warm climates In some places one fourth. acute distinctly. 19 posed that such experiments were made upon mesmeric or somnambulic patients. a nervo-san- guineous temperament. or from my own constitution. and a general predominance of the moral and intellectual organs. gestion it may be remarked. It may be supposed that an impression made upon the nerves of the hand. proceeding from. the sapid substances. by experiment. or through. being cold. sensibility. This attributed nervaura.Original Sketch.

but convey the entire medicinal In the first number of this Journal. and among those experiments were several upon medicinal substances. which are transmitted by mere contact. as in the experiimmediately detected. It was either concealed from their sight or so enveloped in paper as to be invisible. It was thus fully established that a large portion of the human race may be affected by medicinal substances. that any play of imagination would have been Sometimes. ments at New York.2O substance. The desire to guard against any such delusions led me to adopt precautions to prevent the individuals experi- mented upon from knowing the name or nature of the medicine used. an excitable imagination might produce important effects and materially modify the results. transmit its influence into the con- which receives the current. even without immediate contact I a fact which now consider as well settled and familiar as any so as to . and thus the experiment was generally made in such a manner. reader will recollect that my experiments in New York were reported by a scientific committee of distinguished gentlemen. the power. the medicine was unknown to all present until the close of the experiment. are not limited to an impression upon the sense of taste. other in medical science so much become a in necessary subject of medical instruction and every . would readily occur to the reader that in such experiments. will stitution Original Sketch. These substances manifested their full effects upon the constitution of the lady upon whom the experiments were It tried. by holding them in her hand. the influences Indeed.

per- formed the experiment of holding in our hands. and the following bers. of the medical class of the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati. while sitting at ease. January. the suggestion BUCHANAN. if they have ever before experienced its operation as a medicine. "We. is distributed in this manner. as to enable them to name it correctly. at the Undersigned. for a short time (generally from five to twenty minutes). have. hold them in their hands.Original Sketch. various medicines. are distributed among the members of the class. cathartic. 1849. its impression will be so distinctly recognized by some of the members of the class. course of lectures which in I 21 deliver to the medical class and accompany them by immediate demonstration upon the members the Institute. except paper. have experienced decided medicinal impressions by holding in their hands different medicinal substances. who of the class. distinct effects were produced upon us strictly similar to those which would be produced by the . to ourselves. ening to the lecture and waiting for the effect. enveloped in unknown effects . out of a class of about one hundred and memthirty. enveloped in paper. " CINCINNATI. members of Prof. list- It frequently happens that when a vigorous emetic. T state these principles Medicinal substances. During the present session of the Institute the usual ' experiment has been made. principally emetics and cathartics. or stimulant. so by their as to be medicinal and we are convinced that in these experiments.

Hawkins. Benj. Geo. Robinson. Spining. Edwin A.Walters. A. McKenzie. R. H. H. T. Hance. C. Jones. B. Wm." were such. Overton. W. C. Black. Jos. have no doubt that if the experiment had been carefully tried upon all of the class. J. J. T. J. J. D. Franklin Talbott. Jas. Brooks. M. A. The forty-three gentlemen who thus testify to the effects of the experiments upon themselves. McCord. G. Alfred Shepherd. F. Northington. Austin. Chatterton. Perrine. the same medicines administered in the ordinary method. of whom are professors in medical colleges. Jones. that in several instances. C. Wm. W. J. H. Wm. Brown. Pitts. Hunt. R. W. E. . Arnold. Short. J. Shepherd. M. D. H. Edward Walker. Lodge. Porter Wooster. Martin. Hildreth. Cobb. Milot. E. Jas. Hadley. several Dr. A. White. N. A. Webster. J. Wm. Owens. A. F. Benj. L. F. the individual was able to distinct effects alluded The to avoid vomiting only by suspending the experiment. at least sixty-five would have felt its influence. S. Jason Holloway. S. T. constitute actually tried the experi- nearly one half of all who I ment on this occasion. Allensworth. Finley. Thos. F. Conklin. There are many physicians in our country who possess this impressibility in a high degree. Wann. S. H. Baker. D. Thos. M. Bauer. when an emetic (lobelia) was the subject of the experiment. W. B. A. J.22 action of Original Sketch. Radcliff. D. M. O. B.

that is capable of being affected by the subtle influences which emanate from adjacent Influenced by this consideration. Prof. and that the interposition of paper between the medicinal substance and the hand. especially upon the epigastrium. John King. therefore. all well known as able scientific writers. it is demonstra- ted that no such absorption or contact is necessary. does not prevent the physiological impression. authorizes me to mention him as one of those who have experienced is the most distinct and perfect impressions in this manner. Vaughan. W. Professor of 23 Anatomy and Operative Surgery in the Institute. all persons of an impressible constitution in were sensibly affected by placing the hand contact * The psychometric capacity was distinctly manifested by four other medical professors of the Institute: Prof. on the other hand. It may. I found that This conjecture was soon verified by experiment. Hill.Original Sketch. H. . But it has in these cases a partial been supposed that absorption occurred. medicine was thus brought into actual contact with Now. and would be able thus to appreciate it the influence proceeding from the living nervous action. Sherwood. are of producing their usual influence upon the capable individual. Gatchell. in the known fact. L. Prof. that medicine placed in contact with the skin. Prof. and the always the nerves. D. F.* There well an analogy to these experiments. I supposed objects. or cuticle. probable that those who possessed this acute sensibility would be distinctly affected by contact with living beings. be recognized as a law of the it nervous system.

peculiar to the Upon each locality of the head. by placing the hand upon the different portions of the head or body. When impressible persons thus come in contact with those who are in sound health. that I cannot be in contact with a patient even for a few minutes. the recognized generally of but moderate force or distinctness. yet. influence of the subjacent organ and although the impression of the head. it may be stated. The by might not be so prompt or forcible as to arrest under ordinary circumstances. by placing the hand experienced. In short.24 with effect Original Sketch. without being injuriously affected. By holding the hand upon the forehead. but its particular action and strength in the individual who is examined. that any person of a . last three or four years. and describe not only its general tendency. they experience. the heads or bodies of other persons. a morbid impression would be experienced. they experience a soothing influence. By holding the hand upon the superior pleasant portion and moral organs. For the corresponding to the character of his case. a distinct effect corresponding to the peculiar vital functions of the part. the seat of the intellectual organs. still their attention and concentrating their attention upon the sitting experiment for a few minutes. those who have a high is may be degree of susceptibility may realize the exact character of the organ touched. at each point. I have myself become so sensitive to morbific impressions. they experience an increased mental activity. upon the epigastrium of a patient laboring under any disease. a decided effect was In this manner.

strength. Having thus ascertained that one of impressible constitution could easily diagnosticate the action of the living brain by means of contact. who will cultivate such investigations. imperfect manner. but that holding the hand in close proximity to the in head. I was tempted to take a step further in advance. After several months had been occupied in this manner. and accuracy. their functions. it might also be impartcould . impressible for his 2$ highly his faculties temperament. though more By holding a metallic conductor in contact with the different localities of the head. any other convenient metallic instrument. may learn to hands upon the different portions of the place to recognize and describe the action of the head. a far would answer the same purpose. It seemed probable that the brain if the psychological influ- ence of be transmitted through a suitable conducting medium.Original Sketch. various organs. I found that actual contact was not indispensible. and to estimate their relative strength by the impressions which he receives from contact. in investigating the action of the brain in different persons ascertaining the positions of organs. Thus I have employed impressible persons for several hours. and parative A thus a psychological survey would be accomplished. and estimating their comdescribing or pencil-case. would be applied to the various points upon the surface of the head. ascertainof incredible minuteness ing the exact functions of the brain in its different portions. the influence of each organ appeared to be transmitted almost as well as by direct contact of the finger.

so as to be subsequently recognized by one of Without relating the experimpressible constitution. iments which established this proposition. and described not only his intellect and his principles of action. had convinced me that he possessed the power of recognizing a mental influence in any I was sitting with my autograph that he might touch. To proceed narrate faith. them successively in his hands and requested placed him to watch the mental impressions to which they gave rise in his mind. which I need not now repeat. individual he would discover his entire character by the sympathetic impression. scriptions He did so. with my narrative : It was in the latter part of '42 that I now the experiment which I would not merely to appeal to the reader's made but to give him an example for his own experiI had clearly ascertained in a young mental inquiries. ed to objects in proximity to it.* with whom I had made many experiments. young when my I I resolved to test his powers. friend in an apartment in the Astor House. gentleman. . Reasoning. the existence of extraordinary acuteness of senIn a moment's contact with the head of any sibility. I proceeded to trunk and took forth four letters written by indi- viduals of strongly marked and peculiar characters.. but * Charles Inman.26 Original Sketch. and report his conceptions of the characters of the writers. He entered into the spirit of each character as familiarly as if he had been in contact with the individual. and retained by them. I would proceed at once to the most wonderful experiment of all. and his de- surpassed my anticipations.

hands yet I can say. without exaggeration. and could ! witnesses adduce the testimony of thousands who have been the If or the subjects of such experiments. principal object to induce but you will soon find that you have yourself sim- ilar relate. it is But it is my subject. and an inference of their characters was a sympathetic impression of their minds. describing them from the interior and proceeding forth from their own consciousness to their external relations and So thoroughly did he development. if you persevere in your experiments. and will even arrive at some more wonderful than any communicated by this essay. The description of the four individuals just mentioned. kind reader. he not only appreciated their position in relation to society. was given almost immediately on taking hold of the letters. but their physical .Original Sketch. My narrative may be wonderful. 27 even his personal appearance and physical constituHe knew not of whom he was speaking he did not even know what letters I had placed in his tion. you to perform similar exand thus remove every vestige of periments yourself. establish this human testimony can sufficiently strong upon any proposition. doubt from your mind. It was not (like a description based wonders to results upon physical clairvoyance) a sketch of their external it appearance. that his description would not have been more correct if he had described the individuals from familiar personal knowledge Does this statement. sympathize with their views and feelings. appear utterly inI have repeated such experiments more credible? than a thousand times with similar results.

even discovered their sentiments in reference to each other." Such was the fact. This he declined doing. which really existed. "would crush the other. and discovered that. -I. They were distinguished medical men. 15. and which of the parties would be most ? successful if any contest should occur between them "This one. . but were at that time in open hostility). after a time. as it was disagreeable for him to enter into their contentions and realize their unpleasant feelings. college (ut Louisville) his opponent. I requested my friend to state what he thought would be the probable result of a collision between these two eminent gentlemen of different professions. Dr. so correctly (for the gentlemen in question had been once associated together. I asked him what would be the effect of their collision. who was as eminent talent. defeated and crushed the other in a well known public had. contest.on. As he recognized the feud. To obtain the most critical test possible. in fact. eloquence and political rank. by superior talent and force of character. So keenly did he feel their mutual hostility. Procuring his removal from the chair of surgery. Dr.* Another of the letters he recognized as that of a man one of great mental and physical I power. he requested the suspension of the uals experiment. as in He was in whom intimately knew virtue.28 Original Sketch. that. saying that he did not believe any collision * tin. Flint \\ as Mir-c. holding the letter of the stronger man. and the one whose superiority he had so emphatically recognized." said he. Charles Caldwell the founder ol' the. between two of the individ- especially. there was an irreconcilable antagonism.

is Before that number published I would earnestly . Delicacy forbids my Sufalluding to these personal matters in fuller detail. I was fully satisfied that. Cass. than this This was a true statement of an occurrence which had actually taken place any approach to a ! And collision the only instance in which between these eminent gentlemen had ever occurred. description of the probable results of a collision between them. with which they met But as I insisted upon a each other on all occasions. he at length pronounced the opinion. Gen. This I knew to be had been frequently struck with the grace. or check. it would go no further that the eloquent statesman might give a gentle rebuke. that in this first psychometric experi- ment of the kind. Martin Van Buren and Gerritt Smith. the features. we might obtain a mental daguerreotype of any one whose autograph we obtain. dignified ing that they would both be very reluctant to come and would maintain and courteous I relations. insisted that he should give his opinion of the probable result of such He still objected. by this process.Original Sketch. remarkan event. true. TayGen. obtained by In the next tive of my number I shall proceed with the narraexperiments upon autographs from the first trials experimental characters of lor. if it should occur. as the dignity and the courtesy. as perfect as the physical daguerreotype of the agency of solar light. into any collision with each other. to the other individual. by which he might slightly wound or humble his pride. fice it to say. to the recent investigation of the our presidential candidates. 29 I would take place between them. that if any collision should occur.

merely because his descriptions do not exactly coincide with . if you wish to conceal from him their : nature. cathartic. In looking for the results. hyosciamus. . narcotic. When you have found an individual who is evidently attracted by placing your hand near his forehead while he is standing erect. by ascertaining whether he is susceptible of attraction. and that we should expect its action to be merely according It emetic. Request him to stances between sit and hold any of these subhis two hands (his muscles being still let the medicines be contained in perfectly relaxed) a piece of paper. bear in mind that each medicine produces numerous and complicated not effects. &c. stramonium. tartarized antimony. gamboge. select To do January number). such as stimulants of capsicum.30 Original Sketch. possessing the highest commence with an experiment upon medicinal stances. cloves. his If you are not perfectly certain of degree of impressibility. and fairly appreciate their an impressible individual. that he may fully realize their character this. we sup- pose that our patient or subject is deceiving us. podophyllum. to its classification in the Materia Medica. and let the quantity used be five or ten times as much as would be required for an internal dose. . sub- Select those of a marked character at first. cathartics of jalap. request him to take his seat and bring his intellectual powers to bear upon a (in "Interesting experiments" the new experiment. &c.. cotics of belladonna. opium. emetics of ipecac. stimulant. request that each reader of the Journal should make a series of these experiments himself. &c. . to the method presented under the head of according value. &c. lobelia. nar- &c.

select the most marked one forehead. If. upon some convenient support. violent anger. each other. by medicines in a high degree.Original Sketch. grief. what was the mental condition. Request your subject. it is extremely probable To ascerthat he will be impressible by autographs. Let him state frankly his thoughts and emotions while under- going the experiment. Before his taking the letter. and quietly support the letter with one hand. then ask him to infer or conjecture from the impression made sympathetically upon his own mind. and place it upon the center of his Let him place himself at ease. of the writer. If. or tender love. to to the his of impression. . The different amounts of the medicine. and especially you have such as are opposite to each other in their character. if lively joy. tain this. at different in this experiment. and observe if they differ from his previous train of mental operations. and follow the ideas or feelings. will necessarily modify the result. he shows impressibility. resting the arm for experiment. it will generally be desirable to excite the intellectual organs by gently touching the central portion of the forehead (just above the root of the nose) for a few moments. they do. select from your letters the one which was written with the greatest intensity of feeling and force If you have any written under deep of thought. while the letter yield passively natural current is in contact with his forehead. and the different states of his constitution times. we will do him great injusNor will his experiments always coincide with tice. or what were the mental peculiarities. 31 our imperfect conceptions.

He will be quite reluctant to suppose that he is mentally If he gratifies you by makimpressed by the letter. he can scarcely believe they were produced by the It is only after repeated success in letter. that he acquires ^confidence in his impressions. own Sometimes you will find your subject capable of determining correctly only the state of feeling in which the letter was written. and constitution. and upon opening it. his actual position. The impressions upon his mind were so vague and delicate. that if. state of health. He may probably be reluctant to do. to Do they not tend to what do they solve the problem of the ? relations between MIND AND MATTKK . he may be struck with the coincidence. his general career in life.32 Original SkctcJi. he will enter more thoroughly into sympathy with the writer. and appreciate the traits of his character. or This he will attribute it to some trivial circumstance. new and peculiar train of thoughts be conscious of a or feeling. ing the conjecture. but he will suppose it accidental. And tend ? if we find these things true. he discovers that his impression was true. With higher powers. but he will probably think it accidental. and stating that the letter may have been written under feelings of sadness or grief. but this much may easily be verified by any one in the course of a few experiments. all other peculiarities tJian of is his fre- physical Mitch more this quently accomplished. his usual relations to society. per- sonal appearance. his age. his favorite pursuits. the strength and peculiarities of his intellect. and learns to speak out freely. such experiments. Mis reputation. his rank or office.

has become attached to the writing. Thus it appears. medicine. of is the held between the hands. the subject and the writing investigated. or power. find that immeproved by the experiment. yields We an impression more promptly than contact When the letter writing with the hands. 33 Does it not appear that something emitted from the person or mind of the writer. then. if that influence may be imparted even the writing in question be in a fold of blank paper but every addienveloped tional fold of paper intervening between the head of . constitute the subjects of a science which analogically called might be Psychological Chemistry. the impression in the hand. and is capable of exerting its influence with different degrees of intensity at different dislogical tances. they matter. We imparts readily its mental influence. is at first local Thence of it like the influence a gradually passes up the arm. the paper.Original Sketch. or connected with. and reaches the where it' affects the mental organs and gives an impression of character. too. This leads us. as if the mental and the physical were capable of entering into a psychoThat some mysterious influmaterial combination ? ence or mental substance is is attached to the writing. to the threshold of the science which explains the connection between the mind and If such combinations or unions exist. has become attached to. that a psychoinfluence. diate contact of the writing with the forehead. The . and increase the difficulty of arriving at a correct decision. find. will retard the experiment. that while immediate contact of the writing with the forehead brain.

with the vita- throughout its channels of circulation. place. in company . are destined. after being suita- simply by contact with the interior of the living organs of the body. unconnected with animal life. and in contact with the various vital structures of blood. vitalized The most careful investigations of physiologists have gone no further than this. the obeying human body. bly The elements become of corn. the body. vital exists for new this well prepared Then organs. next year. The carbon. enter the cavities of the body. properties. materials in any of substance takes its and by means of contact or union with the tissues. to yield their particles to enter into combination with the active minds of the present oxygen and hydrogen of process. the corn.34 Original Sketch. generation. with very same carbon. They show that the absorbed chyle from the digestive organs gradually approximates the character of blood. are capable of entering into this union by means of a well known They do not change their nature. Previous to . of combinations mind and matter are continually occurring in nature. mindmachine. but constill tinue the hydrogen. and ready to unite with becomes living fully vitalized the where a demand the tissues. The grains of corn which this year are growing in open fields. and pass. as it moves toward the lungs. the same chemical oxygen powers and and molecular human lized They merely change slightly their arrangement. dissolved. and that after it has passed the rounds of the circulation (modified it as it goes by various secreting organs). becomes a part of that living.

by coming under the influence of contact with the living body in its interior. may not the causes of phenomena of a similar character be produced at a May not the vitalizing and mengreater distance ? influence extend to substances exterior to our talizing bodies as well as to those in the interior ? That the inanimate contagious vital influence is may by thus the combine with matter. arriving a scientific knowledge of character. union is wrought by immediate contact. these mental proceed paper. this process. experiexin- ments fluences to of animal magnetism. he may accurately There are other methods of measure the mental at character. By appreciating this influence entire justly. Whether from need say. to by the arm and not be discussed at any highly impresin Suffice present.Original Sketch. or directly mental organs are transmitted conducted by the it pen. by which mind and But if any change or matter are brought into union. and the periments the letters. but now it has become implicitly obedient Thus a to the mind operating through the brain. that may recognize. or measuring the mind . individual sible writing. and are the nervous efficient influences transmitted the change by from dead to living substance. any the entire mental and physical piece of influence of the writer. . 35 the vegetable carbon had no connection with mind. Contact contact. proved phenomena by by the these of and on infectious diseases. large number of the substances of the material world are capable of becoming united with the human mind as its obedient organs.

but the art of mind-measuring. a series will of researches may now be undertaken. do yourself the justice institute these experiments which I have des? cribed I pledge myself. is Any one who can obtain interesting a who has circle intelligent of ac- fully prepared for course pihlo- . and their important practical application to the investigation will of character in public and private mind. kind reader. will that them.applicable. % The new In the application of this discovery. to Will you not. fully succeed. which not only unfold the general laws of mind. this narrative will be continued. life. if you persevere in Until you have done let me suspend my narrative. when we meet again. The sublime bearing of these discoveries upon the question of^Jhe nature and immortality of the soul. par be called PSYCHOMETRY. has no method of investigation more perfect or and universally . and then. and the speculative philosopher will perceive that we have reached the commencement of a new era in science. but elucidate the characters of living men and throw a novel light upon the darker passages of history. is. with all the advantages of positive knowledge and mutual sympathy. and quaintance. The course of experimental investigation of a is ex- tremely simple. I repeat the experiments as fully as possible which have described. entitled to delicate. a method of ascertaining character far more accurate and satisfactory than craniology. readily occur to the reflecting phrenologist will rejoice to recognize in this science. or Psycho-metry. Meantime. autographs. you this. which excellence.36 Original Sketch. than this.

to inform me that the feeling aroused in their own minds. or had met with similar misfortunes himself. the wife of Dr. as well as her husband. Several times. was caused by the death of his wife and some have even vaguely described her . upon composing themselves. in the sad countenance and tearful eyes of the subject of the experiment. appearance. with which he narrated the death of and queenly bride. of Boston. immediately after the death of his wife. . that the grief of the writer. experiments. Where the sympathy was thus complete. in other cases. of my first experiments. I have simply placed the letter uj^on the forehead.Original Sketch. who. they were generally able. he generally apprebetter the feelings of the writer but. Quite a number have been able to state. I 37 sophical have my first feelings. was that of grief such as would be caused by the loss of some very near and dear friend or relative. The overwhelming grief and agonizing sense desolation. C. from their impressions. when callous to such emotions. and left it to tell its own tale of woe. The best that letters I usually selected for written under intense used. When the individual (subjected to the experiment) was capable of strong emotions of grief. that letter was placed in the hands of a lady. The first effect discovered was visible in the tears which she could not restrain. experiments. of his beautiful never failed to arouse In one vivid feelings in those of high impressibility. was entirely skeptical as to such experiments. he would recognaturally ciated . is have a letter written by a gentleman of strong character and ardent emotions.

task. Mrs. G.. Others could merely perceive that it produced a serious or grave mental condition. as I perceived its effect upon her countenance and voice. could perceive from this a feeling of excitement with an increased pulsation and respiration. bordering upon melancholy. It is not the insignificant and entirely passive character. that she had fallen into a melancholy vein. Some who could not any impression ordinary letters. without But the characteristic effects proportion as manifested) alike cases deeper an accelerated action of the heart. anxiety gradually deepening into confirmed sadness. to give him the requisite confidence and in- duce him to scrutinize and report the various mental operations. (in and unpleasant excitement. until he has learned the nature of his of very tiny. decided that^she felt no impression.38 nize the intense Original Sketch. what had been the direction of her thoughts ? when she confessed. I asked. appreciating of the letter were in all its cause. but. a a feeling of excitement and respiration. a lady of receive from vigorous mind. in their first exper- iments. over the location of the organs most excited : such were its usual effects. which he might otherwise overlook. It is an effort scru- delicate observation and' self : conscious will for which those be best qualified whose minds are well disciplined in meditation. It is necessary that the inquirer should be prepared to assist and encourage his subject. after holding the letter upon her head a short time. an excitement and tension in the lateral and posterior parts of the head. which will . and was thinking sadly of the utter worthlessness of earthly pleas- ures and objects of pursuit.

even by those of much penetration. hero. and he felt. from a large circle . The agonizing emotions . 39 its Talent requires talent for excel in such experiments. and all . with whom mate sympathy. killed by hearing of the death of his friend the explosion. refer- ence to character. as he described the same emotions which he experienced upon it. to weigh and estimate judiciously the intellect and character of others. the emotions and passions fully deve)oped. We should be guarded against in this relying implicitly in upon opinions pronounced manner. can be thor. and thus snatched. on the steamboat Lucy Walker. orator fully and philanthropist. The philosopher. oughly and it is appreciated only by their peers hence. above mentioned.Original Sketch. and the various emotions or passions appreciation. found the experiment yielding an imperfect result on account of the incapacity of the subI Often have ject to appreciate the writer. important that the subjects of these experiments should be themselves possessed of sufficient intellectual power and fullness of character. of Tennessee. than his warm sympathies were elicited. would be poorly conceived or described by those who had nothing equivalent in themselves. ual could describe with when the same individfidelity others more nearly he could establish an inti- akin to himself. for unless the judgment be sound and well balanced. would upon some make no deep impression but. of friends. in the prime of life. no sooner was it applied to the head of the talented Bishop Otey. of the letter of grief.

nor the researches of chemistry. that it was produced by something more than an accidental train of thought. it the circumstances of the experiment fair and judicious. sometimes has been necessary for them to try the letters. To verify this power. Yet. I The letter. by means some delicate. may evince material errors. knowledge. imponto derable agency. not visible to the eye. successively. to establish the important ment. as by the galvanic battery. But. that man possesses a psychometric of sense. we lay the foundation for valuable We verify an instrumentality. more than once. accuracy in determining character should not be regarded as our aim. to be fully convinced that their feelings were controlled and it changed by the contact with the writing. Frequently the two would be so striking. have usually followed as a love-letter or by one of a cheerful character the contrast between one of lively spirit. or the object of the experiIts true aim is. of which. and to convince the subject. alternately. specimens is which there a marked difference.46 Original Sketch. Of course any knowledge or anticipation of the . easily from autographs correThis may in be done by trying. it is necessary merely to show that the impression derived sponds to the character of the autograph. scientific by means . we acquire new powers of investigation and analysis. by the great transition of his feelings. principle. It is known in so important to establish this proposition. because doing. or power of receiving delicate impressions from any living organism. as to produce a burst of laughter. expressing grief.

The sary. he has not even seen the upon which the opinion is pronounced. As the experiment has usually been tried. Sometimes it has been placed between his hands and a letter handkerchief laid over them. method of questioning. to prevent his seeing But. I made a number of experiments. written to my father-in-law. and should therefore be carefully kept from him. will find that impression sufficiently forcible and decisive to lead his mind. or whose judicious no information A prejudices prevent their co-operating heartily. at Boston. Spending an evening. Jackson. in Roxbury. in truth.Original Sketch. if he really receives an impression from the letter. 41 character of the documents used. which proved him to possess . his election) in a campaign was the subject of many satisfactory before experiments. Judge Rowan (during the political spirited style. will be important in the initiation of those whose minds are not already well disciplined. Among the most interesting of my experiments. at his residence. a gentleof an active man of pure and pious character mind. was the Rev. these precautions are necesanything. might in some cases have an influence upon the mind of the subject. have been those upon the autographs of our distinguished public men. with a feeble physical constitution. by placing the letters upon the forehead. but which controls and directs the attention in a systematic manner. which imparts by leading questions. Mr. Among my first subjects of experiment. subject himself. A letter from Gen. Kent. chiefly in reference to the spectators. independent of any other suggestion.

announced his impressions in a bold. sensation followed. first. but very soon an increasing. that he possessed powers in his own constitution more incredible than anything he had yet witnessed. K. hand The communicate it. whom he had never seen. necessary to interrupt hand. on the table. watch his mental impressions while in contact. and correct manner. from which I now take the liberty of making an extract " He then a folded letter the sealed Mr. upon experiment" but I remarked. upon the letter of grief and he experienced the usual saddening influence. He excitement. in subsequently gave me his manuscript which he recorded. and report the result. which he had never read ! expressed his incredulity and his willingness whatever was proposed. successively. I should truly . I felt nothing in my frame at the moment. high impressibility. that the experiment. at the time. I would demonstrate. and then told him.42 Original Sketch. in order that by removing I it deemed his he might become sufficiently calm to estimate the character and express himself correctly. his own impressions of these occurrences. unusual heat . by means of contact with letters. to place my to right seemed me if whatever. journal. and requested me it. It was then placed upon the letter of Gen. by making him reveal the character of persons. : placed wjth side only seen. and he soon caught its fiery and resolute spirit he rose from his seat. Jackson. I placed some letters upon the table and requested him to place his hand npon them. that preposterous any. His hand was placed. and manifested so much to try .

There is. there is trouble and sorrow here. whole description. too. . to give utterance to my thoughts and A determined. "Another letter was laid upon the table. near the close of my description (which also was taken down and is in other strength wrought hands). that I could have gone on triumphantly to the accomplishment of any purpose. Dr. I could not have remembered anything more than a general impression of it after the letter was removed. and I yielded to an irresistible impulse. perplexity in my feelings. My whole frame was shaken. solemnity and came over me my thoughts were distress. my up to the highest tension. Buchanan had given no hint of the nature or author of any letter he had with him and I had no bias or subject on my mind from the day's experience to influence me. taken down My at the time. when I retouched the letter.' triumphant feeling. suddenly confused and yet rapid and I mentioned. under my hand. is in other hands. in the 43 palm of my hand . and it seemed to me. A rush of sadness.Original Sketch. and. and stated this. suggested the language I used. and up the outside of my arm. after repeated . I felt for nearly a minute no change in my mental condition. My first sensations were sharper and stronger than before. self-confident. my face and arm burned. became violently agitated. daring and feelings. commencing my fingers' ends and passing gradually over the top of my hand. passing up in the same manner from my In less than a minute my whole arm fingers' ends. however subtile or strong might be the opposition to be overcome. this was followed by a in prickling sensation.

" my The language of this letter is as forcible and con- centrated as any that ever emanated from the pen of the old Hero. lest it nents to should afford an opportunity to his political oppoassail his motives and thus weaken the of the in confidence shaken action. at the distance of more than a thousand understand the spirit miles. we can well which was transfused into Mr.44 removals of Original Sketch. to Their prominent to friends and by them with their own weapons. Jackson. into the meek and spiritual clergyman. on the field of battle. my hand by Dr. B. confidence and divided in their shall lose both their advocates and their cause. because they were blinded by their arts.. their people. by the agency of that thrilling letter. and which seemed for the moment an excitement too powerful for his delicate frame." When we imagine these and similar expressions in the letter. or saw them too late to counteract advocates. attempting fight when it would take more than the strength of a Hercules to grasp all the plans which these Procontributing the calamities tean monsters could devise. on this occasion. backed by the flashing and indignant eye of the old Hero of the Hermitage. of the people in former times. . letter and signature of Gen. so "that the people. efforts Thus the panders of power mocked the . them.. in consequence of great excitement. too. which Dr. K. He declined visiting Kentucky. it was like touching fire. Never did he succeed more fully in infusing his spirit into his subordinates. afterward read the ran to my very toes. B. than it was infused.

Without our special wonder?" Aye ! such facts may be taking place daily. for the older classes of society. common kind of people. " Can such things be 45 And overcome us like a summer's cloud. movements. the phenomenon might be intelligible but. would expect a society of learned men. before the official dignitaries and wise men of our learned societies can become And why not? Who aware of their existence. from truth to truth. to know as as much the of these wonderful sciences developing. backward now upon life is Fortunately. now who have no opinion artificial no false reputation to risk in expressing an and inflated conceptions of dignity and stability to hold them back. who have just entered upon the active duties of manhood. all and may become familiar as the changes of the seasons. as they claim to be. to the intelligent and liberal over the world of portions society. Each generation advances . by substituting.Original Sketch. when gentlemen of forty the scientific . unencumbered should display a similar heavy reputation. is to YOUNG MEN ! it you that I appeal. alacrity in the pursuit of truth. the special cultivators and guardians of science. and who can march ! fast right on. as and mental demonstration can lead them far as experiIf any of the young men of with a world. we The are not dependent stream of human their slow freshened every ten years. or fifty years of age are appealed to. a generation of youth. we cannot but as they anticipate that they will be as were in the days of Harvey. and who possess the true spirit of the time.

I feel John Adams. Jackson as a fair illustration of such experiments. its beyond I tide flows further in predecessors. who are unencumbered by prejudice the inertia of old habits. But I am sure that if I is energy enough to carry me for- . but I have strength enough ! to go through it. the things which I have appeal to here asserted. when he exclaimed. when it of the language of his description.46 Original Sketch. seemed could go through sufficient / AM for " Every time I that resolution more and more of I feel as come high or come low touch it. watch. vive or perish. As soon as the exciting influence had begun to counteract the " I feel previous impression of sadness. watch mind : look at danger lurking everywhere. I had the everything feeling it. at the time. In my experiment with Mr.' He was upon " It his asked what was the impression it made he replied teaches me that I must watch. LET I IT COME It ! letter]. K." What kind of danger. as each wave of the rising upon the shore. and. I noted down . there who attempt to cramp and do me me down. or all. however imperfect the report may be. anxious with * ' still. ' ' Live or die sur- etc. he was asked " From those injustice to put do watch. I prefer to give inspired much by the influence of Gen. to realize by experiby ment. ! Let it come Let it come hand was removed from the [His to me when my hand was on it.. to verify and to know. he remarked.

how such a character would sympathize with Milton." He was asked. With Milton. He has more of impulse and self-will than of caln* religious wisdom. among men in the private. I ward. He would forget the domestic relations go into the world and leave domestic affairs to a wife. he thought he would not sympathize. When have any difficulties to overcome. but he would with Shakspeare. John Quincy Adams and Washington. I do not think he can have the sentiment of religion very strong.where it is necessary to have determination and where a man must say.Original Sketch. especially in his bat- . Very high He has not solid learning. ' ' How high? Question " the very top round of the ladder. Shakspeare." Qjiestion to? What kind of pursuits is he adapted " Not He is a man. carry my should for He was he replied asked. I should feel like a kind father indulgent. must be overcome." 47 point." What sphere of life would he occupy ? Question " The highest he could reach. what such a : man would be fit " He is fit to stand where very few men will stand . I am sure I shall know what I was about. I should like to have this influence." What would be his leading motives? Question Not personal ambition but I feel that I can do what other men cannot do yet there is a good deal of vain glory at the bottom. Bonaparte." world. that whatquick decision I ever obstacles there are.

" Finally. while this man was a giant with intellect enough Question ' ' ! to " guide him and help him to make himself the ob" He is an ambitious. and. seems from some foreign. Emerson. Jackson. after a lapse of ten years (during which these discoveries had been made)." There was no little surprise when the letter was lead happy read and proved to be from Still pen of Gen. I placed upon his forehead this same letter of Gen." public. scenes . who more nearly resembled fered widely him to Webster. served of all observers. upon th interview with him. as "just the man to be a Captain Miles Standish he would take the : man as Gen. when." passion with Bonaparte. furious spirit. but " hale fellow well met. passionate temperament. notwithstand- .48 tie Original Sketch. my first Jackson. W. popular man. nervous. or from such a a man of a strong. excitable. Quincy Adams To what class of men does he belong ? To the race of Alexander What is it that comme to say these things? " pels He compared him in reply to several questions to O'Connell and R. he " it named the very author of the letter remarking. to test his impressibility. without any question to lead him to it." He described him as he would fight honestly he is proud and in fighting for his country he would die in the last ditch before sacrificing his counfry's rights. more was Bishop Otey astonished. from whom he difto Burr. he would be totally different from John as different from Washington as from wisdom. who was merely a giant of intellect. Jackson.

. Jackson himself! thus so forcibly describing. K. and after an assurance to Dr. Mr. K. when the was read. or whose might I required an the experiment. B." In the numerous experiments which I have made upon this letter of Gen. whom he at first compared to Napoleon. at my description. Mr. Fearing that it be from some one in a state of disease. that it was assurance. was beyond my voluntary charging myself to remember only the amazethe truth of ment letter I felt. that it was from the hand of no one who extract from : might impart an injurious physical or mental influence The same physito me. and I leave others to speak of the result of the ex- periment. Jackson: of his discription.. which he should be gratified to submit to my experiment. cal sensations were felt as before. violent character. it was placed in my hands. After my experiment with whom he was present produced a letter the subject of a similar experiment. which certainly control. before trying The following not calculated to produce any injury.'s journal describes the experiment " Mr. and finally pronounced to beyV/5/ such a man max as Gen. I have never seen a . when he had reached I this cli- showed him the ! tetter in the handwriting of Gen. 49 ing his skepticism.. a gentleman which he wished to make mental influence would be pernicious. My mind soon took a decided tone I felt irresistably drawn toward Mr. gave him thus a vivid impression of a heroic. Jackson. Putnam now mentioned that he had recently received a letter. A. of sympathy.Original Sketch. though in a much smaller degree. P.

through which the light may pass unchanged. which in some way distorts the fair image of truth. character. unconscious of their source. Those who possessed a similar spirit would use the language of eulo- them gium. were disposed to condemn some traits of his when thus deciding by mental impressions. but the varied results have been extremely instructive. and the standard of character. while those whose sympathies and opinions led to act with the Whig party. but were formed in accordance with his general habits of re- thought. which always im- parted a conception of energy and force of character. K.50 Original Sketch.. this more intense impression than upon Mr. same image in all. our mental daguerreotypy. a perfectly transparent. as the individual deciding was more or less inclined to admire his military career. in opposition to the General. Each has its own peculiar stratification. The minds of men are not perfectly transparent crystals. which he . selfish whose ambition energies have given them a prominent especially among those The autograph of Gen. achromatic intellect. Jackson. and each has its own peculiar producing the In tinge to color the picture of the external world. in showing how the same impression is differently recog- nized by different minds. is one of the rarest endowments among men and rank. even The opinions pronounced were not always in accordance with the previous opinions entertained by the individual (especially when such opinions were based upon any erroneous information). produced a very different conception of his moral worth.

and uninfluenced. The opinion given. overrated by cognized as just. concerning the same person. politically opposed to Mr.Original Sketch. appeared to be generally a fair in the application of the principles and standard of character mind of the subject. common fame. Mr. and others less known to fame would receive liberal justice. to which he gave such a character as has been given Mr. Jefferson. Jefferson. to the essential character and spirit of the writer. henceforth. was tested upon the autograph of Mr. than he had previously entertained. and. Thus. 51 Hence. by public opinion. consequently. Clay by his ardent admirers and as he felt the impression vividly. having imbibed in early life some prejudice against that statesman. once frankly acknowledged that he was convinced of the admirable qualities of Mr. would sometimes be brought to his true level in these Psychometric decisions. renounce author of the letter. in Mississippi. he expressed much gratification afterward. K. uncloaked by any disguise. or even the previous opinions of the subject. Clay. and would. he at his prejudices against him ! Thus the letter was the . to his investigation. number of experiments convinced him of the verity A letter was subjected of his psychometric power. was ascertained to be highly impressible. a public man. Clay's character. at having been thus enabled to obtain so much higher a conception of the character of Mr. of the democratic party. of whom he gave a favorable description. viewing his character through the medium of party A lawyer A spirit. when the Rev. he expressed When he learned who was the himself strongly.

a ^different result The Judge. he gave an opinwere vivid and clear impressions ion in forcible and eloquent language. Mr. W. from their relative characters. Clay and Mr. Orleans. and New England education one of the men in whom we should not look for any mental affinity with the Hero of New . though a democrat in politics. and made the first trial with him among the members of my class. I placed upon his forehead the autograph of Gen. Washington had subsided. WASHINGTON. he perceived a very differ- . occurred. In my first was a man of calm reflective character. having seen a number of illustrative facts. of he was slow to recognize the truth of Neurolbut. which intensely interested all around. experiments with Judge T. that if they had met in unreserved social intercourse.52 Original Sketch. ogy and observed its truth as applied to himself. he was impressible. by which the latter learned his true character. and was indeed one of the best descriptions of Washington's character which I have ever heard. In accordance with his usual habits. W.. (of the Supreme Court of Mississippi). and I feel well assured. by placing upon his His forehead the autograph of GEN. As soon as the spell of the influence of Jackson. Before gratifying his curiosity to know he had thus spoken. means of establishing a true mental contact between Mr. he began I fancied that to pay some attention to the subject. which I whom next offered. I requested him to pronounce his impressions of another autograph. would have derived the same impression from personal association.

to Thus. nor . ent chara6ter. that is a fair trial of the essential spirit of his character is appreciated. and recoiled from ion. seemingly reluctant to express his opinBut upon reflection he renewed the experiment. not as it would have been viewed by a political friend of the General. Yet it may happen that the writer is so very dissimilar to the subject. that no proper sympathy can be any proper opinion obtained. ately proceeded to portray the character. stripped alike of the halo of reputation. Its advantage consists the true in the fact. have been heard from the political oppotion as might nents of Gen. does not a true estimate of men. be just such decisions as might have been proved expected from the true mental contact of the men aside from all extrinsic influence. but tries. or infallibly develop estimates their true character. it 53 with an expression of aversion. when he was in the arena of party politics. man The man is decide upon truthfully made known to his merits . by the standard of justice The psychometric and propriety in the mind of the it subject. experiment. but just as we might suppose it would have been estimated by one of the previous education and in fact. and the mirage of prejudice. and though silent. the opinions. the mists of obscurity. the spirit of the those who con- man is veyed by his writings. in these cases. it was just such a descriphabits of Judge T. Sometimes the subject will be able to decide with facility established. he is fully heard and understood. Jackson.Original Sketch. therefore. expressing the apprehension that he might do some He then deliberinjustice by so hasty a conclusion.

but will be utterly disqualified for appreciating another class. which was round and full. non-resistance. attracted her attention even more than the traits of the character. and her whole temperament changed to the energetic This physical change iron tone of General Jackson's. that she could that her face had actually The idea of a change in appearance. of strong prejudices. upon a lady. She complained of feeling. whether observed or not. especially when he has strong prejudices. or carries any of his opinions to a fanatical extravagance. quite zealous in behalf of anti-slavery. as to get an idea of his personal appearance. to feel an intense excitement of the name of region of Firmness in her own' head (the usual effect of the letter). but she was so thoroughly under the influence of the letter (knowing nothing of the the writer). looked. her face.54 Original Sketch* and correctness upon one class of autographs. and surprised me by the extent to which she carried changed its it. was a spontaneous suggestion of her own. precautions against using the manuscript of those in bad health are often important. as though her face was hard and elongated. for her to appreciate justly his character. and other moral doctrines and reforms there was too great a repugnance of sentiment. This physical sympathy regularly occurs in such Hence. was distorted in resemblance to the writer's. and even to feel as if her face. I was much amused with the influence of the autograph of General Jackson. and asking those present how escape the conviction. it and so vivid were her sensations. the experiments. her cheeks hollow. . that feeling her was only by own it face with her hands.

I have sometimes resorted method. or frequent repetition of such experiments. The great value of this method of diagnosis. which was influence she had been subjected. The extent to which this physical sympathy may be carried.' In subsequent same young lady found herself so frequently injured by the morbid influence of autographs. in an experiment upon the auto- A young graph of an eminent divine. the ments. however. injudiciously urged upon her for investigation by friends. of Boston. is not limited to that method of The . Mr. at its close. until they recollected the lameness of the writer. renders it practicable to describe the physiological condition of the writer. would prove decidedly injurious to their health. of highly cultivated with a very delicate constitution. as to compel her to decline the experiexperiments. is limited by to this the fact. Indeed. The experiment was very satisfactory in the portraiture of his character and emotions . for the purpose of ascertaining the condition of patients at a distance. might be undertaken with impunity.Original Sketch. one of her friends. by mind. followed by manipumorbid influence and restore a healthy action. but lations to disperse the a brief occasional examination. to whose a great difficulty of locomotion. was tried. but. for self-preservation. physiological and pathological influence. which attaches to a letter. Rev. that such investigations unpleasant and injurious to those may be quite who are employed in sympathetically describing disease. as correctly as the mental. Gannett. 55 lady. A long con- tinuance. the young lady found quite inexplicable to them.

In this fact. sufficiently for diagnosis. diseases are trans- not only cholera. that there may be individuals upon whom all diseases exert a contagious influence. yellow fever and typhoid but even diseases of a milder type. and that this contagion might be transmitted according to the usual laws of contagion or infection. . Original Sketch. and whenever the disease is sufficiently intense. the constitutions of the attendants sufficiently predisposed. And as there is an infinite gradation mitted and variety of sensibility in different constitutions. operation there is no certain gion. by any substance which has been in contact with the patient. It is true the mental influence is more imparted in the act of writing. in truth. even reasoning a -priori should teach us. even in ordi. or the contact with the sick sufficiently frequent and intimate. Thus. limited . boundary between contagion and non-contaAll diseases partake in some degree of the contagious character. the philosophic mind sees but an extension of the law of contagion. clothing of the sick. It is commonly supposed. the influence of the whole constitution may be imparted. nary contact. will. the number of sick sufficiently accumulated. or anything with which they have been in contact. by the highly susceptible. in which thoroughly the mind is vigorously engaged but. may hair. or an be made the means of form- ing a correct diagnosis. may be fever. transmit to healthy constitutions their peculiar form The of disease. it is well known. thus imparted.56 transmission. that this to law such of contagion specific definite is in its diseases but. a lock of article of clothing.

Original Sketch. you have ever indulged a hasty prejudice against mesmeric subjects. who sneer absurd. at the time of writing. and observe how strictly such performances are in harmony with the laws of the nervous system. than by the charac- the aids of phrenology and physiognomy. as to the value of this method of diagnosis. and with our own experi- you not lay ments upon medicines and upon letters. . in all its In bearings. and hereafter rely you will not doubt upon this method that physicians may in the treatment of patients at a distance. let me request you. or any article of clothhistory of epidemic diseases. : ters As a practical means of judging of of men more accurately. in your next experiment upon a letter. will aside such feelings. is the conduct of those medical at the pretensions of mesmerism. when it is strictly in accordance with the kind reader. would require a large volume. As an assistance to the study of history and biography. 517 How who men. To develop properly the subject of Psychometry. After you have made a few such experiments. and observe whether the subject of your experiment does not select sympathize with the physical suffering of the writer. ing. this brief sketch I can but at its principal glance relations 1 . who profess to diagnosticate disease by contact with a lock of hair. If. you will agree with me. and refuse to believe in the sympathetic diagnosis of disease. If you have not yet learned that such things are possible. then. to one from an individual laboring under some disease or pain. 2.

at best. mental and physical condition. and to the education of the young. but speak of the . As ble Phrenology. 4. sanity or insanity. like the analysis and an intimate friend speaking from personal knowledge. As osophy the means of investigating spiritual philthe existence and relations of the soul. 6. It determines nothing positively. Original Sketch. ter. I have often tested its powers in relation to myself and friends. but the relaonly tions of the individual to those around him and his entire social position. by assistance to the practice of medicine.58 3. man to the spiritual method of determining the characters of the living. but estimates the probatendencies of the character. as well as to many celebrated characters. by the study of own character. in assistance to the administration of jusdetermining questions of guilt or innocence. for leaves to education and circumstances a controlling Psychometry determines the actual characas it influence. it was at the time of writing tracing not the essential personal character. will frequently not only describe the character of the writer. and thus have ascertained its adaptation to minute portraiture. from the cranial development. their true by showing 5. and the various relations of the living world. Psychometry has an accuracy and delicacy which phrenology and physiognomy cannot possibly a obtain. As an tice. our As assistant to self-cultivation. Indeed the subject . furnishing a convenient method of pathological As an diagnosis. It enters into portraiture of his feelings.

those ideas. the conceptions which the writer may he is . Mississippi. and that he had pronounced upon one hundred and fifty autographs. en- grossed in the study of his mental impressions. would frequently try the experiment to gratify his friends. will frequently be distinctly and. Nay more. cases. character of the 59 letter. A few weeks after I had introduced him to this class of experiments. have often striking.Original Sketch. to whom or of whom writing. after becom. . ing convinced. entertain of the person. where the person addressed is one of greater weight of character than described the writer. who approached the subject with great skepticism and was very reluctant to believe in the verity of his impressions but. The been so sketches of individual character. subsequently Chancellor. I learned that he had kept an account 01 his progress in that way. whom I have found. the subject would perceive its application to some known individual and declare that he knew who was the writer. was a gentleman * of the legal profession of Jackson. while the subject. without making any very material errors in the whole of his opin * Charles Scott. who had heard of his remarkable powers in these psychometric experiments. would be utterly unconscious of the accurate application of In other his sketch to some well-known character. the principal ideas which it and the motives of the writer in expressing conveys. in some instances. One of the best portrayers of character. that the auditors could recognize the individual by the description. the idea of him may even take precedence of the conception of the writer himself.

until a sufficient amount of experience had made them familiar with the various impressions. which were baffled by the great accuracy of his perceptions A blank letter was given him to investigate. he turned the tables upon the hoaxers. One of less acuteness might well have been hoaxed. presuming that he would indulge his imagination in giving it a character. are by no means certain whether their mental impressions arise from their own spontaneous trains of thought. and supposing it to be derived from the writer of the letter but Mr. S. that such an experiment would form . obvious. no proper test of the verity of these perceptions for most persons. or frojn hence they would not be the influence of the letter able to discriminate between a letter and a piece of blank paper. ions. Frequently it happens. and able to decide positively between the suggestions of association and the influence of exterior impressions. by remarking. and weigh its different tendencies. by describing his own frame of mind at the time. in their first experiments. a perfect blank in society.60 Original Sketch. Thus sion arose. before he has had time to perceive the whole character. His success induced efforts to hoax him. the pretended letter was void of writing. that as no mental impres. detecting the hoax. perceived that no new mental condition was produced.. and thus afford a little sport. after holding it sometime upon his forehead. that the letter was like its author It is who presented it. that the first impressions of the mind a letter will be vague and even incorrect not being in the right mood to sympathize with it and the individual venturing to express an opinion. and concluded. .

in the commencement of his description of a difficult autograph. Mississippi). : in my possession. In other cases he would say. above mentioned. no one in that rewas placed upon his forehead I gion even suspected that had any such document experiment. on account of the peculiar difficulty of its investigation.. for example. which. The difficulty in this case (which I will explain hereafter). It The letter was from GENERAL LAFAYETTE.Original Sketch. Mr. I had avoided using. or he aspires to that office. on one occasion. S. Supreme Bench of the State. as to tell the exact political office which he When trying the autograph of Judge T. when he examined the autographs of presidential 'candidates. a jurist. made it necessary to employ one like Mr. to debut even he was at first a little at cide correctly fault. and several other gentlemen were sitting with me. for the gratification of some who new had never witnessed his powers. happened that while Mr. fell an error. and to be actually an occupant of the occupied. this man has been President of the United States (if trying the autograph of one of the Presidents). acute in perception and clear in his judgment. although he would usually into describe the person with so much minuteness in all his relations. until after the to After delib- erating a few moments he remarked be dead " Seems no activity in the region of the heart great quietude in the physiological condi- . 61 Thus. in my apartment at It the Hotel (in Jackson. S. I proposed a experiment.. I selected an autograph. on previous occasions.. he pronounced the writer to be a lawyer. S. which was true.

a great organs there is more cool admirer of the beauties of nature deliberate thought here. His perceptive well-known are good." To what pursuits is he adapted ? Question kind of a lawyer would he make ? " I do not think that that is his field." live in what figured in the revolutionary war What part did he bear? Question He " ! bore a distinguished part the Continental Congress. profoundly his affections are strong . a man he would excellent judgment. far. able invention ." At what period did he Question kind of scenes did he figure ? . rather philosophic of he was a man of considerthink deeply. he had caught the character but not fully weighed it. ." " Not in the What Question statesman ? What would you he is think of him as a " Very well almost too conscientious for a real politician. own fortune rose from we perceive. "A he is philanthropic." ." "He was perhaps him ? " ! in Question Where do you locate in France United States do you say so ? Question Why " It rises up before me.52 Original Sketch. . he made [Thus his humble station. the last remark being a hasty inaccurate conclusion. tinct than usual." don DEAD The impressions : are less dis- In a few moments he proceeded character of he is firm and decided benevolence religion great . decidedly.] He is he lives in history. he has great observation.

I asked him to review the matter and give me his final decision. his memory dear they think him one who courageous man world at heart who wished to dispense light and he would not be contented liberty to all the world with any small matter. I hardly know." : noble-hearted." " He has been in battle ! He was before ! in the battle of ! Germantown in that battle ! That " rises up been wounded. He remarked.Original Sketch. and that. had the interests of the What of his ambition ? Question " He has so many good qualities. has shed ! his blood me He has He was wounded As he had now evidently full possession of the character. republican he has confidence in the doctrines of There is a great deal of philosophy in his self-government by the people he has no doubt about the problem. tone of thought and observation." What do you think of his principles? Question "They are "liberal. that the latter portion of his opinion was more correct than the former." What reputation does he bear? Question " exalted there is no difference of opinion Very posterity are grateful they hold a patriotic. and the former and latter portions of his description were rather inconsistent. dignified. he would meet it boldly. he would be governed more by high moral faculties than by ambition. with great promptness and decision. nor on a small theatre. self-possessed. 63 Question itary " First rate What would you ! think of him as a mil- man? calm. as to .

and will thus do injustice in their psychometric decisions. But this is not often the case among those who enjoy this faculty in a frequently do we find the high degree. when he found anymight select. probably In the latter part of his description. Persons in whom predominate. at a private meeting of the mem- .. will be inclined the inferior and occipital organs to look on the unfavora- ble side of every character. Mr. and had deceased some eight or ten years since. avoided in as such allusions carefully sons. for obvious reathe habit is acquired of excluding vidual. inventive power. there Original Sketch. discovered that he was are describing Lafayette but no allusion was this class of made to the name by him or myself. In reply to questions. K. amiable faculties so largely predominating. Hence. Of this I as an example. from the mind any thought of the name of the indi- experiments. so as to preserve strict impartiality in following the impressions. took a deep interest in that body. I suppose he must have . thing to commend. and if was good not in the Congress. which was placed in his hands. his description of an autograph. who indulged habitually in glowing language. but it was exercised in planning rather than invention that he was deeply interested in the American war. as to lend a roseate hue to every portrait and disqualify them for Much more any searching criticism. he remarked. the opinions of the Such was the case m Rev.64 invention. that he had been imprisoned and escaped vigorous constitution seventy-eight or that he had enjoyed a had died a natural death at eighty years of age.

" What kind.Original Skeick. ." " He is not in favor of slavery. in myself. He is a man who holds. he is eloquent. America is his glory. or has held. He is not a vain man. thrilling. but he is proud. as lows " I : feel the influence of a great man. but he is not dead. military or 'civil? Question " Decidedly in civil life." Are you sure it is written by a man? Question " I am He is sometimes as calm as very certain. fixes every eye. There is a good deal of the same feeling that Napoleon had. He is a much better man than his adversaries represent him. He has the good of others at heart. but I must give all He is graceful as a speaker. irresistable. he said I ask only all to her. and a torrent in power. commandThis letter makes me feel as though He is 1 had an audience before me now to address. As an the glory of any age and of any land. his Not language was Boston. This man is a giant. ' He is past the middle of life. fol- me by member of the society. bers 65 of a Neurological present a having reported been to society. deeply. ing. . yet is not an aboliHe would leave that for those to take care tionist. He is ambitious. a man who looks broadly. clearly. in a good sense he : feels that is he has the power of doing great good. intellectual being. of who know most about it.' the glory of France. a high political office He is is one who. and therefore anxious to do it I feel confident he is a : public man. when he speaks. still at this moment. He is not inattentive to what is going on in political affairs.

she would cut them up as bad as Dickens." Qjiestion Whom of all our public I men is he most like ? " I should It -was say in answer to that. She is self-satisfied. and again as terrible as a tiger he has the of a Franklin.MARTINEAU (the authoress). I feel I She has a bold. She reminds me some of She is very resolute. a child." think the letter a letter written by Daniel Webster. I do not know what word I want. must be from DANIEL WEBSTER. I . I might select the account of Miss HARRIET . and a great talker too. " 1 think it's a intellectual in the experi- As very person that it she is is not wanting in courage at all. affectionate disposition. She might be very sarcastic." [This lady had previously tried the autograph of Madame de Stael. always interested in others' welfare. a fair specimen of impartial description.66 Original Sketch. the penetration of a Marsagacity shall. If she were going to write of any people. You could not but like her. a lady. in her intellect and boldness. Madame de Stael. of a very kind. given me by a lady. feel that I could She would always express think she is a public writer. She is not as dictatorial. although she is so her mind very freely. She is modesty. ment upon her autograph.] Make the comparison between her and Qjiestion a lady of great refinement and not modesty that is not the Madame " Her de Stael? intellect is like. naturally word. daring almost face the world. I spirit.

" Question How does it affect your hearing? "I am not deaf now. She She is determined to strictly a moral woman. it is " ! Question Who ? it "I think anybody is Miss Martineau. gives me an unpleasant ing through tight. accomplish whatever she undertakes." How do you compare her with Bulwer? Question "I do so not like to compare her with Bulwer." How does it affect your eyesight? Question "I do not notice any change. and deaf ." of else. that -such a woman. feel- overpowering. she it is not a novelist. is There not much is romance about her as there about Bulwer. my is head and ears. but I think I might be if She is deaf I know who under this influence long. She It is too intellectual for me. is I think is her moral character superior to his. My head feels so There a ringing in the ears. 67 is should give her a much higher moral character. and therein she is like Madame de Stael. is I do not know too.Original Sketch.

Booth. Oftentimes the scenes which are thus presented will he will istic. or engaged in some characteristic act. criminal investigations and detection Unconscious modification by feeltrating power Liability to error power. Judge Rowan. the familiarity of thorough acquaintance. paleontological Criticism of General impartiality Overpowering influence Various descriptions. Child. L. or which is a legitimate illustration of his disposition. DemonDr. E. and. ings self IT is only those ot peculiarly fine. biographic. after a time. Gen. Mad. W. 68 . at once. Mrs. and the character is opened up to the grasp. the of its details with the mind by a consecutive survey of its different relations. Henry Clay. John Quincy Appreciation of the young Adams. historic. Harney. Frequently the writer will appear before the mind's eye of the psychometric explorer. from a careopinion gradual ful study of the impressions. who can whole character. with a characteristic expression of countenance and attitude illustrating some trait of his nature. sensitive and intellectual endowments. in a manner. Washington.CHAPTEE Varieties of psychometric experiments IL (CONTINUED). and speak Generally. Channing. Fulton Their dependence on the autograph strative character of experiments Bulwer Accurate description of describing unknown autographs three autographs Description of Southern orators. ORIGINAL SKETCH OF PSYCHOMETRY Vast range of psychometric PracOld manuscripts Penetical uses. is formed. de Stael. M. arbitration. appear in some other scene. equally characterwhich has been actually a scene in his life.

and was engaged propa- .. eloquent. by a species of Roman helmet. As this I was a true statement of it my . the youth sprang up and soon became a powerful. Mr. Alexander Campbell (the religious reformer). thought a happy sketch for I had slackened in my scientific investigations. the example. 69 happily illus- be highly picturesque and poetical trative of the true spirit of the man. He appeared to be covered. and as he looked back he paused to wait until the foremost could overtake him. position at that time. I placed my own autograph plicity upon his head. partaking somewhat of the of traits Washington and Lafayette. while a multitude behind were looking upon his progress. cultivating his mind then various transitions occurred the country advanced in : was observed the pulpit. who rose by his own ener- gies from an humble position. marching on toward a distant height. and universally admired orator of cultivation villages and cities in other scenes. I was For struck with several of his picturesque sketches. in portraying the Rev. In the autograph of the Rev. Mr. eloquent Methodist divine. which rendered him insensible to the missiles and weapons which he expected to encounter. that the first scene that rose to his mind was an humble forest residence the kettles a small clearing in the woods a youth of over the fire from forked sticks hanging studious disposition. and it produced the scene of a leader different kind of eloquence. he recognized the spirit of a great leader. Bascom. speaking with a and amid scenes of simand solemnity. or adventurer. G.Original Sketch. he said. In trying several autographs upon the head of the Rev. as to his head.

Campbell and Mr. in this case. lady addressed to her husband. with the helmet. the place of near the Lower Market. that this ing from the river.yo Original Sketch. and traced it to her residence on the Ohio river. he said that all seemed to be located in Cincinnati if . where he observed the lady and her children. and thus. gating my neurological discoveries. as in the cases of Mr. hoping that public sentiment might be gradually brought a little nearer to my advanced position in science. I is my natural place my true vocation feel to advocate unpopular truths. the letter of a He immediately followed the leading impression. in Mississippi. But. which has made me ever indifferent it that applause or disapprobation of mankind. whom he described correctly. in reality. instead of locating the scene far off (in adjoining States). to the was a good illustration of the mental hardihood. I placed upon the forehead of an attorney. protecting the head from attacks. me of the fact. appeared as standing about the summit of the first hill. and to brave the odium which awaits those who ask the world to mend its ways. This singular remark reminded that the locality of which he spoke. For example. in our we find the sympathetic percep- tion of character blending with the phenomena of simple clairvoyance. Bascom. . which arises to the mind may be rather a . had some connection with a locality on personage Lower Market street. was. my residence in childhood. and the leader. When the scene the psychometric inquirer is less imaginative. matter of fact than a fancy sketch intuitive conceptions. The helmet. in recedIt also seemed to him.

the most important scenes through which he has passed. Emerson. as effectually as a letter. Hence. is unimportant. A drawing or painting will convey. of recalled the battle Thus the letter Germantown the of Lafayette letter of Washington Allston produced a beautiful painting. which the poetry described. and his mental efforts in its In thus exploring a portrait or a drawproduction. but also' perceives the idea which the artist entertained of his subject. . The material of the writing. the psychometer not only obtains an idea of the conception of artist. or the method of con- The poetry of veying the idea. appearance without reference to his situation.Original Sketch. She was transported mentally to the scene. and fancied she could almost hear the hum- ming of the insects in the air. Frequently. produced a conception of the beautiful scenery of summer. excepting as 71 to their sex. characteristic of his style a poem. the its author. A DRAWING cal scene in the of a sea-shore scene produced the identimind of the lady whose hand was in contact with the drawing. Sometimes the personal of the writer will be correctly described. ing. written by Ralph Waldo Emerson. equally con^ It is necesveyed the scenes which they depicted. unconscious that it was not a piece of writing. for the psychometer to come into contact sary only with something upon which the author has affixed the stamp of his peculiar individuality. and the drawing of the artist. by contact with a he may 'describe both the artist and the subportrait. or which have been most vividly impressed upon his mind or those in the midst of which he wrote will rise distinctly in view.

The letter which conveys applicable to autographs. the living realities with which At present. ent strata of the earth. embodied in enduring monuments. and capable of revealing to psychometric exploration. an idea of its writer. by the race application of this principle. ancient manuscripts. the story of its pro- The geologist finds. lost in darkness. to the superthinker. we are by this whom law furnished with a new clue to the history of our and I think it highly probable. pret their And why should not the world be cords of ficial filled with the monuments and unwritten re- past history? It would seem. that man was entirely limited to tradition its and written records for his knowledge of the past. the cruciart. The and other works of fixes. may also convey his idea of the one to whom he is writing. Their hidden meaning are barren of significance. or of the one concerning he writes. or daguerreotype of his mental being upon the scenes of his life and subjects of his action. that. these relics they were once connected. and other ancient relics. The same principle is equally of the picture.72 ject Original Sketch. which still exist garments. and a glimpse may be obtained of unrecorded ages and nations. paintings. man. leaves the impression. lies of waiting the future explorer. If then. the chasms of history may be supplied. but physical science proves. in its curiously mingled and . whose early history is . in every act. in the differgressive existence. that the world possesses. armor. as the hieroglyphics Egypt awaited the arrival of Champollion to intersignificance. still are doubtless still instinct with the spirit preserved that produced them.

as well as mineral the geologist and I believe that. the mental telescope is now discovered. is likewise true of its mental career. . observe. which he portrays from their relics. while the other portrays the human be- who have roamed over its surface in the shadows and darkness of primeval barbarism Aye. un- region. unaccustomed to these investigations. by the now occupied by prosperous known its to man. irregular structure. The Past is entombed in the Present! . these anticipations must seem a visionary hope too grand. he revives. magic power of science. and of the antediluvian races of animals which have long been extinct. to be true.Original Sketch. the history of various changes of surface. rise before the eye as incredible chimeras. its animals and vegetation. as those of geology enable us to explore the history of the earth. discoveries of Psychometry will enable us to ex- plore the history of man. There are the psychologist. the psychologist and the geologist will go hand in mental fossils for fossils for . hand its the one portraying the earth. which may pierce the depths of the past and bring us in full view of all the I know grand and tragic passages of ancient history that. too romanBut tic. to many of my readers. and unacquainted with the first experiings ! ! mental facts of this great science. too transcendently beautiful. over this fertile fossil And States. the antediluvian seas and their strange inhabitants. that all is based upon familiar experiments. 73 and in the fossil remains which its it conceals in its bosom. hereafter. The world is is own enduring monument its and that which true of The physical. The huge Saurian monsters.

Could we obtain any authentic relics of Julius Caesar. results are but legitimate deductions and these from As surely as the expansive power of familiar facts. does the power of Psychometry give promise of all the The glorious performance to which I have alluded. laughed atRumsey. but appreciates thoughts enters into his emotions his relahis entire being psychometer and his past history. childhood to death. when they were constructing steamboats : when they were was pronounced " inland careering proudly over our seas. or Mohammed the ancient writings of the Hindoos. Let us apply this principle. world." the idea of crossing the ocean in -a steamship impracticable. Aye. in many the whole career of the individual is opened instances. out before the observer. Fitch and Fuland ton. steam gives premonition of the ocean steamship. or the hiero- and could we from these evoke glyphics of Egypt the pictures of the past. as we do from an ordinary manuscript. of Plutarch of Alfred the Great. up How timidly to the very time of its consummation. Confucius. do we shrink from following an established principle to its legitimate results ! Does not every psychometric experiment demonstrate an indefinite range of the intuitive power ? The is not limited to a perception of the of the writer at the moment. of Pericles. by men of science. although well acquinted with the expansive power of steam. how thrilling would be the interest with which we should history ! listen to this resurrection of lost . Plato. or Solon of Cicero.74 Original Sketch. and he traces that career from tions to society.

and to adopt the pursuits of a clergyman to resist injustice. The autographs of Franklin. that there are certain limits to these experiments. dated in 1637. Burr. Washington. and others of the Revolution. as to render it very difficult to decipher. or certain difficulthe way of their extension. and described it as being such a feeling as might have been entertained by a patriot. which I have subjected to such investigations. which he regarded as an encroachment upon his religious principles and rights. but to curb himself posed by relig- . appeared to be a solemn protest or remonstrance against some arbitrary exercise of power by his Bishop. 75 should this be impossible ? Does the mental impression attached to a manuscript ever evaporate. during the prevalthis ence of yellow fever in Philadelphia or by a protesin the time of the persecution of the protestants tant. When manuscript was placed upon the forehead of Judge T. He described the writer as a man of deep feelings and affections of strong intellect and of eloquence inclined to meditate upon a future dislife.Original Sketch. by Qjieen Mary. he perceived in it a deep feeling of gloom. gave prompt ties in The oldest manuscript and distinct impressions. This letter. Schuyler. but I have not yet found any manuscript so old as to be beyond the reach of this method of exploration. in which the characters were so antiquated in style. Jefferson. or Why become effaced ? legible to Does the old manuscript cease to be psychometric power when a certain num- ber of years have elapsed? It may be. in the dark hours of our Revolution by a physician.. was that of a clergyman of the Church of England. Knox.

verification. by age and when they have grown old. let them lay aside. impossible to set any bounds to the future exploraIn these days. others. upon their shelves. I of the Journal of Man. from what section of the country had been written. as well as to the exploration of history? should it not assist our inquiries into the guilt or innocence Why . Major P. then. it is tions of gifted individuals. cannot purposes of life.76 ious principles Original Sketch. converted refrain into accomplished that I cannot of from thus predicting the future range psychometric power. this it may be asked by power be applied to the daily the practical man. any who cannot {it all digest these predictions. with a better development of Locality and Time. but that which arises from the imperfect development of our faculties. that it may improve like a bottle of wine. and sanguine hopes facts. and existing at some period not very The Judge possessed no decided capacity for recent. Since. appeared ploring a to decide with but little difficulty. so rapidly are our anticipations realized.. there is no limit to the accuracy or extent of our preceptions. Vol. when exit letter. let them re-peruse the old volume and compare its prophecy with the living there are . have attained considerable precision. however extravagant the preIf diction may seem to a portion of my readers. But locating his impressions as to place or time. with a mind expanded by a wider experience of the progress of knowledge. But. who had been a great woodsman and traveler. as being a man about forty or fifty years of age.

principle that the testimony of medical men is often demanded.Original Sketch. any obscure facts. from competent persons. In the delicate class of cases arising from the charge of lunacy. which would come much nearer to exact justice than we can possibly reach. aware of the power of Psychometry. at the present time. Indeed. To propose such a tribunal would. under proper circumstances. by our present cumbrous judicial system and laws of evidence. . be premature but there is no reason why the science should not contribute . might be admitted upon the same its light to elucidate . as to the power of ascertaining -the I do not mean that every psychometric experiment should be taken truth or falsehood of the charges. with the proper means and arrangements for the investigation of character. have no doubt that kind of testimony will be introduced into courts. as well as in those involving high crimes. lunacy. I have know no doubt that. and the public generally. there are no methods of exploration which can compare with Psychometry. a scientific tribunal for the decision of all controversies between man and man might be established. to assist in determining the facts I by means of the this resources of science. or traits of character. the statement of the results of a psychometric investigation. after the principles of Psychometry have become generally known and established. would have a decisive influence upon their opinion and such a statement. in cases of homicide. of those I 77 who are arraigned before our courts of law? no reason why it should not. etc. were is tried. which may have a bearing on the case that If the jury..

humble peasant. written by a clergyman confined in the which was A penitentiary. indiscretion. an voyance . in France. with safety to society. the results are accurately true. degrees of guilt. Original Sketch. when a sufficient amount of intellect and caution are exercised in the investigation.^8 as oracular. might released from prison. and the truth or falsehood of the charge clearly ascertained. his mind may be to through it the phases of excitement subjected. If the term of confinement were made indefinite. was submitted to my investigation. and the psychometric scrutiny of his character. in the United States. there have been some instances recently. by law. or how of its reformatory influence. The various choly. determine when. If written the individual accused of crime. The Soon discre- tionary exercise of this pardoning little power is a task abuses fixed liable to great delicacy and difficulty while the arbitrary periods of confinement. formed an afterward of no study. and determinable by the moral condition of the prisoner. has a number of letters during the period embraced traced bv the all accusation. have little reference to the proper aim of punishment the reformation of the criminal. or lunacy. but that. of the detection of crime by means of clairand about two hundred years ago. exercised the same . then the observation of his conduct. melancontrition and anxiety which it revealed. he could be much more he needed As to the detection of crime by this means. letter. interesting subject for the man was pardoned.

and were their much public notoriety at the time. be recognized with the same degree of respect as other branches of knowledge which appertain to the medical profession and. and when he came upon the ground. will have a most I do not mean to salutary influence upon society. that when will.Original Sketch. that any testimony of this kind should be introduced upon the same authoritative footing as the oath of a citizen. and from village to vilThe wonderful lage. as the physician is at present appealed to. Psychometry shall take sciences. : homicide. seized upon their trail and pursued them from house to house. as to cause him to be presented at the court of Louis XIV. By means of this impression. and in the same manner. in reference to any matter which he has witnessed. The establishment and use of such powers. suggest. he acquired an idea of the murderers and movements. in a case of present legal usages. I do not propose as upon any other subject. 79 power of which I He visited the spot speak. it merely suggest. or touched the instrument with which the deed had been performed. in a public manner. to determine the probable cause of death. but merely. for the matters of so discovery of innocence and guilt. any new statute upon the subject. and the possibility of its having been caused by acci- . he was greatly agitated by the impression which was imparted. where the murder had been com- mitted. until he actually found* them. or I any departure from our its place among established of course. performances of this man were attested by magistrates and physicians. that the indications and authority of science should be appealed to upon this.

court. The temptation to crime arises from the hope of security and escape. which affords the only satisfactory explanation of insanity that has ever yet been given. chemistry and toxicology. Thus will Psychometry. in professional knowledge without any reference to its source . or his Original Sketch. to. When I have been called upon to testify upon the charge of insanity. testified my was appealed and I. be brought science. not only of surgery. in our methods of studying mankind. will have a powerful in checking crime.8o dent. he range from the evidence. or any other source which might be accessible. will testify physician would seldom testify upon the subject of insanity. or any other science which may be capable of throwing light upon the matters before the court. those who dread all admitted. without bringing into play the knowledge derived from phrenological science. anatomy. but also from At the present time. need be in science. an intelligent Psychometry. upon the principles of neurological science. when by the violence of the prisoner of professional knowledge is increased. so. of such an improvement. But when the criminal knows that the Argus-eyes of his fellow-beings are capable of tracing him through The knowledge influence all the devious ways of his life when he knows that . or other witnesses. to bear by men of whenever the soundness and authenticity of such knowledge is generally In the mean time. under no apprehension. as the question can only take place when it has change been sanctioned by the general sentiment of men of changes. of course.

The introduction of this science will operate like the introduction of brilliant gas lights into the dark and crime haunted streets and alleys of a populous city. The recognition and general cultivation of Psy- chometry. there will be an end of the high crimes that now disgrace our people. he will find When thus society. they will not be concealed from the eyes of those whom we respect when we know.Original Sketch. in every act of our lives. talent and wisdom. superintends his movements. when among the millions of psychometric seers there will be men of the highest order of genius. without having it in our inmost nature and that if we do cherish noble sentiments. as we and and really arc many life to wake up from their hollow . the all will feel. all bare before the spiritual eye of man himself compelled to abandon his crimes. we are tracing a biography which may be that it is read by a thousand eyes when we know and that it utterly impossible to conceal the fact when we be selfish or vicious is know utterly impossible to gain credit for virtue. in their same restrain- . but all of us will feel the monitory and restraining influence of this knowledge. Not only will the criminal be held in check. hypocritical the cultivation of real virtue private lives. will be compelled to retreat from the luminous thoroughfare. in short. his criminal designs lie 81 and attempts. that we shall appear will to others. will fully realize these hopes. in all things. and with its millions of strong arms reaches forth to lead him back into paths of peace and virtue. When we know that. The crimes which previously revelled in security. with all-seeing but benevolent eyes. his secret acts.

will always investigations or may not be abused lead to and per- divinity. the passion ot secretiveness .82 Original Sketch. have all their . The question. and every other road to the . Yet I would by no means sanction the idea. that men will always be eager to form opinions of their fellows and. To such objectors I would simply remark. in the hands of the ignorant. which he would fear to have exhibited in the eyes and he who from a guilty shame . from the pure love of mystery. moroseness and treachery. regards concealment as one of his highest privileges. Jealous deceit. etc. quackeries or perversions. lying. etry.. systematic. whether we shall have vague notions. therefore. phrenology. and idle gossip. false modesty. and charitable knowledge of our fellow-man. ing. these will be current in society. the rebel against such anticipations source of hypocrisy. so will Psychometry. to which we are conducted by science. before whom we are ashamed to indulge any little exhibition of a selfish or a petulant spirit. whether right or wrong. It is true. accurate results. basis of our action. yet elevating influence which is produced by the presence of a good friend. or. medicine. slanders. psychomknowledge of human nature. and to physiognomy. is. may at first but this passion. life of the universe recoils. The truly frank long and virtuous man feels that there is not an act of his reserve. has too ruled and corrupted mankind. prejudices. the As law. that psychometric verted. and will form the opinions protest against phrenology. or whether we shall have the just. must be expected to cherish the old system of mystery.

several psychometric experiments. sions to Yet she declared the impres- be more delightful than any she had yet She was peculiarly charmed with the experienced. who had distin- Soon after the battles of guished himself in the service. psychometric opinion may be as calm. she was asked to give her opinion. tears came into with the intensity of her emotions and she was herself amazed at the tumult her eyes of feeling produced. and the reckless. in her description. dispassionate and pure as the thoughts of an angel. or it may be A influenced by all the emotions of love or hate. Mr. Calhoun. the $3 prejudiced. written by her husband from the camp. or against another. immediately after those I had already observed. of reverence or scorn. and when.Original Sketch. and fell in company with an accomplished lady. that memorable battles. elevate or it condemn placed her husband's letter her forehead. Clay. w ere r and that she would. I was traveling upon the MisResaca sissippi. I unusually dependent upon her in all cases. unprincipled. the wife of one of the officers. In pronouncing upon the characters of our distinguished politicians. character. as if he knew of whom he was Palo Alto and speaking. and immediately she manifested upon Her bosom heaved a lively agitation of her feelings. she exclaimed. de la Palma. Mr. and Gen'L Jackson. being a little more composed. I have often found the psychometer as decidedly biassed in favor of one. her impressions feelings. which influence our ordinary judgments. We were trying of her when one friends privately handed me a letter. as she liked or disliked the character. .

unconscious of its cause. a deep sadness came upon her. gave a description. which. and I removed the letter without letting her know its source. who was dead. demonstrates the But necessity of caution in all such investigations.84 Original Sketch. in reference to the laws of mental association. etc. appears that there are deep currents of which flow beneath the surface. o o .. The fact. in a the very soul full of honor ! : " description very that he was very fond of hunting military man that he was popular in his manners a good writer stated 'that he She then went was a occupying a rank below that of Colonel. menced speaking of the character. without it In these entering into the daylight of consciousness.. making some allowance for a wife's partiality./ her emotions so Thus. demonstrates something important. her eyes filled with tears. very correct. for some days exceedingly although she continued curious to know what could possibly have called forth stron<dv while holding that letter. is " Oh. was certainly slight in short. which may be illustrated also by another experiment. and for whom her grief had not yet In a few moments. in love. I placed in the it hands of an impressible lady. feeling. a letter from her father. that called forth as vividly as if she had mental intercourse with her husband. subterranean streams of emotion (to borrow the language of poets) heart vspeaks magic ties which bind us together to heart . such emotions should have been been in actual when she was utterly unconscious of their cause. etc. as she combeen removed. he on. are and the formed .

and moves This mental magnetism may exert its influence upon psychometric investigations. and not an active party to the process. O asked her. how she supposed it would have been whether. but will be far less delusive in them. that there was some- thing imposing in his appearance and talents. when scrutinizing a man the autograph of a distinguished public man of science (no longer living). Strong feeling magnetically rouses or all within its sphere. Feelings are linked to feelings. she had seen him. that intellect is the sole medium of association. him much higher than he deserved. whether there may not be any sentence uttered. where reason. without our or consent. if with herself. she . and that so as to estimate I many would be imposed upon by his exterior. therefore. which is worthy may of being read. and one emotion arouses another. She remarked.Original Sketch. An intelligent and amiable lady of Boston. a passive subject of scrutiny. reflection It is and observation. have no place. than in the ordinary intercourse of mankind. who enjoyed an exaggerated reputation during his life described his powers and his influence upon the public mind. in such cases. and is thus disabled from overawing or controlling the psychometer. but perceived that there \vas a certain lack of soundness in the character/ and that he would be apt to pass for a better man than he really was. It is consciousness not through the understanding that the orator calls forth the passions of his audience. with great correctness. in the 85 darker chambers of the soul. The character investigated becomes. not true.

produced upon her. constitution. I have often found the psychometer capable of pronouncing. the same individual manidiscerning few. was. of course. although the partialities of friendship may occasionally interfere with the correctness of the decision. character. so sympathetic and excitable. . and she found that it was even the name of one whom she had been it was so accustomed to revere. She soon became so posas to feel herself a distinguished sessed of public its spirit. than in much her ordinary social observation. probably. After a little reflection. or have been carried away. especially. and joined in their admiration. but of very delicate physical well-cultivated intellect. in a psychometric decision. nevertheless. fested. by his exterior appearances. and lose self-control. would have discovered his true character. And. like the rest. like the rest. It is upon the characters of intimate necessary. all The autograph this influence of Mr. friends.86 Original Sketch. and whose faults she had never before suspected. a acumen and power of conceiving greater character. have been carried away. 1 then gave her the name. engaged in matters of great . A who had fine psychometric powers. with perfect impartiality. as to be sometimes completely carried away by the influence of the character which she described. although they were known to the Thus. Clay. that she would. that he should have a predominance of the intellect over the feelings. and should have sufficient self-control to resist the excit- lady of vigorous and ing influence of the letter. she replied.

while he who decides upon our merits is utterly un- who may be the subject of his decision. to ascertain his deficiences. unvarnished He who is aiming truth. and learn what additional power was needed. self- and when we possessed. that it is no mean luxury to be able to hear.Original Sketch. moment and. true place in the great scale of human character. favor or prejudice . will find. in the searching yet genial criticism of Psychometry. and accurate in judgment have tested his powers in various investigations. only by patient study. It is to details. taste and judgment. our virtues and our faults. conscious to perfect himself in every trait of character. a full and free analysis of ourselves. impartial. may thus be fully satisfied. When we vidual are so fortunate as to meet with an indiis who perfectly clear-sighted. it will be interesting to submit our own manuscript to his critical examination. distinctly. and unwearying attention that the artist is enabled to produce a . the perfection of character and beauty oi his nature without often strength undergoing the searching scrutiny of his own conscience. the assistance which he needs the mirror in which to scan his It is own countenance. from a good psychometer. It is so seldom that we find even a friend disposed to analyze our character. she replied haughtily to the questions which I proposed. without and thus be assigned our fear. 87 forgetting entirely the experiment. and set forth. nent or insulting. He who delights in the luxury of plain. probable that no one has ever attained a high has developed. properly. as though she considered them quite imperti.

act of kindness enlarges the and lends additional beauty the countenance additional sweetness to the power adds to our of knowledge. To form and reform the character to build up the and to strength of our moral and intellectual nature advance continually in all that is worthy of esteem. if we would attain any high moral In the rude block of marble. a beautiful statue lies concealed. Each act of intellectual thought.88 statue Original Sketch. confirms our virtue. resents the character of an uncultivated human being. although the prevalent teachings of the day are poorly adapted to urge and guide this growth. From the extent of the subject. . in sentences instead of rather than explanations I must leave to the essays. are the noblest aims of life. to Each heart. he who has the assistance of Psychometry. and there are no means within our reach more truly efficient in criticism than Psychometry. Moral and intellectual growth should be the great aim of life and. which repexcellence. who . and enlarges our range of treasury voice. either of philosophy pirations. which may be admired. can be brought out only by this critical process. is minute the critical Equally careful and examination which we must give ourselves. But Goodness and greatness are ever pro- gressive qualities. or of religion. may find th'e means of discharging I his first great duty to himself. ingenious reader. gifted and untiring artist will bring into the beautiful form of the noble character which the view. He who has no such ashas not the true spirit. must deal in hints.

but the sympathetic and delicate powers of Psychometry. is the great For the young. properly. and estimate their latent powers require not merely craniology. the immature characters of youth. since it is through self-consciousness that we obtain the most thorough knowledge of mental philosophy. All who have assiduknow how greatly their own characters and mental powers would have been . experience in self-scrutiny. and to appreciate the peculiarities of each.Original Sketch. to ascertain the best methods of scrutinizing himself noting his own defects. and all our studies of this subject become practical lessons in virtue and happiness. 89 engages in these experiments. physiognomy. and applying the appropriate correction indicated by Neurology. ously cultivated themselves. This enables us to understand a character differing widely from our own. in reference to by self-study. To understand. I should find it rather difficult to lay aside that feeling of personal reserve. trivial details which relate merely to self. guided duty of human competent to must be performed by others. an exact scientific standard. and which induces us to shrink from presenting. I can assure the reader. Self-education. who are not yet self-study and self-amendment. I might narrate a portion of . But. and personal intercourse. notwithstanding the examples of Rousseau and Lamartine. this duty life. this study of self is most intensely interesting. and the sucto appreciate cessive course of their development their diversities. before the public. and in application of science to personal improvement but. which is common wherever the my own English language is spoken.

by its leading character. were. But these diagnostic examinations will be practiced principally by means of direct contact with the head. in all cases. by seeing the manuscript or hearing any conversation about it. as well as physical infirmities of the child. in all cases. that the sions. and who could judiciously supply each defect. the vices. learning from each organ its exact condition. psychometer should have no opportunity. until the whole was formed into symmetry.90 improved. sible that. Equal care was taken not to propose any question which. persons if their Original Sketch. pronounced with impartiality given by an individual who had no knowledge whatever of the manuscript from which he derived his impresGreat care was taken. of forming any idea that could bias his conclusions. good psychometer possesses a sympathetic perception. early education had been guided by who possessed this delicate appreciation of character. and even to appreciate the It is poscapacities and unfolding powers of a child. which enables him to conceive a character very foreign to his own. which is similar in principle to the experiments upon autographs. might modify his . from illustration the records of of Psychometry. A by whole career and probable the proper exercise of this power. For the practical have selected. I a number' of The opinions experiments. may be appropriately referred to the essays upon Sympathetic Diagnosis and Nervous Impressibility. This method. may be so fully anticipated as to enable us effectually to prevent any serious evil affecting the moral character or physical constitution. the following reports.

with S. Mrs. gives a judicious. accustomed . illustrate their differences of char- educated young gentleman from the North. moderate statement. opinions. the character of JOHN QUINCY ADAMS is given by a clergyman much disposed to admire such a character. well balanced character. of character would be recogIn the following reports. a lady of remarkable gentleness and amiability. emphatic and critical sketch. Mrs. W. R.. a lady of much ambition and force of character. Clay. even when rightly conceived any attempt It is should induce us to regard with great liberality to describe a character by means of such necessary. too.Original Sketch. for the conclusions which he should for The reader will make due allowances the imperfection of an opinion formed an4 expressed in the course of a few minutes. by a well three individuals. phases which any character may present on different occasions the difficulty of appreciating any one so as to describe his conduct under any emergency fully and the difficulty of perfectly portraying our conception of the character. that impressions.. by means of an impresThe various sion derived from a single autograph. a good deal of philanthropy and radicalism. and to express himself in glowing lan- guage. and the different degrees of facility with which the same nized traits by different individuals. 91 He was thrown upon his own resources and perceptions express.. The Mr. acter. of mild. we bear in mind the dif- ferent mental positions from which each surveys the character. opinions pronounced on Mr. gives a bold.

fullness and life in the porthe psychometer has a proper s}'mpathy with the subject of his investigation. or for other reasons. however Without pledging myself. K... from the freedom of their comments. of Dr. as written down during the experiments. but rather as fair illustrations of what might be expected. After describing the influence proceeding from the . but as specimens of the new method of investigation a method requiring repetition and caution to conduct to accurate results. Clay. R. by F. by Miss N. I should not consider suitable for publication. and of Miss Martineau. The following reports are not presented as extraor examples of accurate portraiture. 1844. or readers to any undue reliance upon any urging my single experiment. The reports are given as accurately as possible in the language of the speakers. think well of all. and finds him a much better man than she had previously supposed from the opinions which. is quite enchanted with her impressions of Mr. Many of the reports. Mr. I would still attach much value to interesting in private. by Miss P. as an abolitionist. when all the circumstances are duly weighed. biich opinions. not as decisions upon the chargiven. when of Dr. In the sketch is There much more traits. ordinary we remarkable success of experiments. Harney. under ordinary They are circumstances. JOHN QJJINCY ADAMS by Rev.. Charming. she had formed.92 to Original Sketch. with intelligent persons. perceive this cordial appreciation. acters of the parties.

true to every.Original Sketch. a Christian. He would not fight a duel. he was eloquent. trust. character. He would would call forth and confide in. understands human nature thoroughly. the whole influence the middle of life : not a political demarather of a phlegmatic character is He is is past weaken- ing. because such a mind cannot be by trifling or personal It is a patriot. He has a religious Decidedly he gogue. sure that he was Do not think right and would go straight forward. emphatically. He would be vigilant. decidedly. would not allow self-interest to influence him. engrossed or affected much a very deep. a statesman. to the point. freedom and prosI use the word COUNTRY perity of his country. a well balanced char- . impression" history." " His caution would produce suspicion of him. energy and is should say. benefactor of man. welfare. I 93 K. contact of the letter in his hands. would be firm with opponents. He would be conscience. Mr. he tenor of his thoughts are all given to the advancement of the happiness. decided. a man of few words and every word a bullet. prudent. firm. a objects. on the human mind and He is be a man others in public life. continued It is : a serious deeply absorbed ii? great subjects. and very rarely has a smile upon his It is one whose whole mental face. " I find no disposition to mirthfulness. not . and one who will leave a deep. a very keen observer of men. He is has a solid intellect rather than showy. passionate ready to listen to all objections." " He has a good intellect.

. makes me a little " " He dizzy is a man commanding of very clear intellect. sion . John Adams. of the old school. acter. He is rather pleasant in his dis- . it gloomy character. is excitable and deeply moved by everything which might aim a blow at free institutions. He power every subject would be finely he would not show the fire of genius. S. quite warm in his feelings. Judge Parsons and Judge Shaw. it's natural he should be one not a minister not a literary man by profesbut has a good mind and likes to use it. a broader reach and Clay would be glad to counsel has the intellect of Calhoun he has . How does it affect you?) "It is very (Q^ agreeable. Judge Marshall." " He is against everything treated has literary but . and rather a one. to I don't think he has a keep actively employed. disorganizing. is lacking in the spirit of poetry. He is decidedly a whig. he literary and political.. very bracing in its effects. 1846. B.94 Original Sketch. HENRY CLAY by W. John Davis. both I do not think he is a poet. I suppose he is a politician. of vision. and very earnest in whatever he undertakes to express. He has such traits of character as belong to John Quincy Adams." He is a perfect gentleman " He has a great deal of the character of JOHN do not QJJINCY ADAMS. more of John Adams think his intellect equal to my conception of Webster. He would harmonize and be drawn to men anxious for the security and permanence of our whole country. Such men as he He together.

low or base. benevolent. " He would be he might have enemies." written by a prominent an image of a country house HENRY CLAY by Mrs. probably in life (What would a his reputation be?) . seems to have great confidence in his own opinion." " His character is his greatest fault?) generally good. 95 His manners and personal appearance are easy. he is kind and stances." (What sphere political life. polite and graceful. . R. is (Does he political live in town or country?) is There an impression that this letter character arises. he has a high sense of honor. He is a man of popular passion and feeling it might have led him into some excesses and youthful follies may have been wild . " In person. chooses is a man of his language with taste. but is forcible and sentiments. but they would recognize his good qualities. fine feelings an eloquent one. is an eloquent speaker. 1844.. is affable to all. happy and pleasant under ordinary circumHis affections are strong. elegant in delivery. position." of pose he occupies " I does he occupy?) supan elevated sphere. In his domestic relations. acquisitiveness not large. and in . not the most profound.Original Sketch. he is above the common size. man nothing low or mean. agreeable at least. . business qualities (What is not very great. but is open to advice . kind of business is he interested in?) In (What politics. Impressions derived from a letter addressed to a committee. although not a member He would not be guilty of anything of the church.

and call He would would a good wire-puller. He is a great planner. honorable and benevolent. more in private circles than in pub. He wants to be considered not only a great man. desire to He has moral of love he has a good degree secretiveness." his " He is well-fitted for a counsellor or governor of a state or a large institution. because so judgment is not sound at all times. as to a little secretiveness speaking of the plans and I will talk to you. He has a good moral above mediocrity. advice-giving He in to carries it out in law-giving and to them what. of power. He is liable to misleading his friends. consciencharacter.96 talents Original Sketch.ought people and telling speaking be and what he would do for them. and wants to good deal of take I oft' restraint. be what I and would make He has both kinds of ambition. me touched her head on the appropriate organs to rewhen she continued "You have relieved from a load. He is better fitted to direct . His private intercourse is honorable he is agreeable in his circle. patriotic. lic. His ambition is to be the great man of the nation. but it is a benevolent. above mediocrity. but a good man. He has a good deal of perception and foresight." : lieve her. his shown in feeling. I am under a others act for him. not being good as his oft-hand perceptions. There is a great deal of self-esteem in it. mean that kind of benevolence which prompts persons to give alms to the poor philanthropic ameliorate the ambition. condition of man. He exerts a great deal of influence upon those with whom he comes into contact. being hopeful. I do not tious. be very high.

have great confidence in him. joined the ought temperance society. He is a great observer of takes how his audience take his oratory.a variety of gestures and has a great deal of artificial or acquired eloquence. or as a jurist but the caHe has a pacity of the orator is most developed." " He is a man of ardent temperament and irritable but can control his temper. ." He would exert great and make others do the " His capacities would be great as a statesman. . ambitious. Sometimes there is which carries his audience a great burst of feelaway. both the passionate and the pleasing. ing. but equally great as an orator.Original Sketch. and would exert a powerful influence over his men they would reverence him and . uses. He has religious feelings and yet he would be profane he has a contradictory character. . is pointed." " He has more fondness for high living than he I am sure he has never to have. placid and pleasing. pasHe takes a little too much sionate and intemperate. he has all the talent necessary to make His ambition the mass consider him a great man. than 97 He would make a better general to carry out. Naturally he is and irritable habitually. work for him. . of the speaking. influence in the political world. great flow of language. . passions. he can be very passionate In public speaking he has calm. The worst that can be said of him is that he is secretive. a very large audience a small circle is not enough for his ambition. and impressions he creates in advantage His best field is before a mixed mass. and expect he never will. finds more food on such occasions. than officer or soldier.

Upon the whole the . it gives me a happy feeling. be very little seen or known. W." HENRY CLAY ' ' by Mrs.. he is a very happy person." "The leading motives of his life are mixed. 1844. I It is a person It's like there is something very clear. he would influence ot his public life would be good be considered a great man. as if the brain was about to power r . Yet he would be a good painting "He husband. firmness. great Is n't he very strength of character. It seems to me he is alive and somewhere about seventy years of age. bright. or within five years. with a very polished exterior on a coarse canvas. . My burst the skull." " He is not selfish. . of very cultivated mind. as to kind or quality. father or relation. and^would be rather generous to servants. beyond ambition and love of not selfish as to pecuniary affairs he w ould not stoop to do a mean act for pecuniary advantage. He would make them love him and fear him." has coarse and violent passions. It's a person of a great deal of energy.98 drink. Of what kind?) Not very particular (Q^. but would sometimes be passionate with them. but he has He is a coarse well trained faculties to hide them. a person that thinks a great deal that I should have perfect confidence in. like a beautiful man. head is tight here. Original Sketch. they are ambition mixed with a good deal of patriotism and The worst parts of his character would philanthropy." " I should give (We wish to know his character?) him a very high character indeed. so they would even like him.

It is a good character the whole character. His spirit is in (What ter. his aim. he 's very eloquent. He answer anything. that 's splendid. upright in all his dealhe can face any one. think he was. should If it is n't someperfectly delighted with him. effect I it has upon me. I '11 be dreadfully disappointed. should think a speaker or writer at any rate. I think he As far as I 's know what man. I seem to feel all He deserves to fill a very at once just what he is. He is a person of eleof good in whatever situation. I a president just the would cer- . to decide anyHe is so very clear. it gives me such a brightness. I have not language to express it. . His princialtogether. he resembles you in that high he can decide anything very quickly. for I feel this quicker altogether. a general favorite. right oft'.Original Sketch. ! 99 He is a man very upright? He is upright of a great deal of benevolence. He is a person that would do a great deal readily. straight. he would answer thing quickly. ought to be. I feel a stronger ings. his standard. he is respect He has great power of expressing his a noble man." " He is a public charac. I are his pursuits?) me. would be ready I gant. he is so noble in his nature. something public. a great favorite. If he a public speaker? Is he a speaker ideas. to is high. You have no idea what an is. fair impression from it than from any letter I ever took. agreeable manners. If I am not reading him true. pleasing to every one. should think he would be a delightful companion." body " If you '11 ask me some questions. ples are high . office. he is very clear. as I said before. none of them can be true. I '11 be ready to I am answer them.

" I think he 's a favorite speaker (What as I man fish . I can't . large public audience. He 's very unselhe aims rather to " I think he 's (As to temper. has energy are. he this great strength of character and is not depressed in spirit. this quick naturally temper very well. " His aims are are his aims in life?) high. I never I felt it so very strong." strength (Is there no one else but Webster." couldn't stop talking is If I only he must talk (What kind of speaker he?) " There would be I Ve said beperfect stillness when he is speaking. but he has an excellent disposition : do others good than himself. He .IOO Original Sketch. I think he 'd interest a fore. I do n't think ." he governs . such an n't intellect as he has." " I (Can you compare him with any other characters?) Ve compared him with you in the clearness of his ideas. very lively in disposition. a great deal. true he do and have an ness . I receive a decided impression from this letter. always such and energy as I have now. I should think he 's a very witty said before. whom you can compare him to?) "There's a great deal of firmidea of his eloquence smiling earnest his feelings are ardent and lasting. as most people who have . he 's a great thinker. that he is very eloquent. if I was the only person to be consulted. had language. tainly make him President. what do you say?) irritable and quick. I and intellect his strength bebut Webster is not so smiling like Daniel Webster I would like to feel ing and cheerful. He is do any thing half-way. -brilliant. but he 's very he 's very excitable very candid.

This person seems more noble and elegant in his manners than I supposed Mr. alto- wish you to find some fault?) ? " I What is that [touching the region of affection] He has great fondness heat there. and adapted to political. He man. " A sedate character. for the beauties faults . This person." JUDGE ROWAN. Yet declamation was not his habit. Clay Clay?) was. and has power to appeal to the very strong feelings. C. he would arouse the feelings powerfully by the . Clay to be. Impressions derived from a political manuscript. . \ (How would this person compare with Mr. 1 don't know any body that he's gether.. by G. ." (I can't call 's a great like. he 's very quick tempered. I shouldn't think such a person would keep slaves. as a lawyer or politician. as well as in other things. I think both. " He 's a better man than I thought Mr. : :> 101 compare him. at times. had engaged his serious attention. (What is his rank as a lawyer?) Very high as a reasoner he would stand He is not without first as among the most talented. would endeavor to and plain arguments. elevated There is a love of investigation ^a love for levity. cogent in argument. of order and arrangment in investigations.for great a country life this? feel a of nature. (What of his pursuits?) mind is accustomed to legal investigations.Original Sketch. I have too poor a memory up any body so as to compare him. Who is The do n't come to me . no taste dignified. bate. But passions. convince by the most familiar He would be powerful in de- and plain in his inductions His and explanations. Esq.

" Judge T. He advocacy of principles is an honest politician. He would be the peer of any man as a statesman or a lawyer. In giving away by . a man as Webster large. . deep-thinking. a calm. great pride. (Is he living. as. He would not leave his party. kind. They are bland and dignified. dignified. in giving his impressions from the auto- graph of Judge Rowan. and both would be aroused. but not a man of great depth of party who would be "overwhelming" in elofeeling. respect and venerate him. (To whom would you comor dead?) I have an impression that his mind is of pare him?) the model of Judge Rowan's. .. in per- somewhat such . . strength of his perceptions and force of elucidation the passions would follow the judgment. etc. I should think he had been in both. a democrat in politics. His mind would be better adapted to the Senate than to (What the House of Representatives. He is dead. affable not be led by either party into he did not believe correct. but preferred the Senate. described him sonal appearance." " He would exert his reaas a politician?) soning faculties. quence when his feelings were aroused. and act ties?) he would freely with that which he thought correct manners?) . pure- honor and honesty carried minded man. (As to females?) Most refined and he would have friends among them they elevated would like. and attain a very high rank.IO2 Original Sketch* . Very fine. not harsh. but would not act with the party when he thought them wrong. (What of his (Domesand dignitic character?) fied. of far-reaching intellect. (How is he as to parHe would analyze their principles.

1 feel tha same it . I would like to see it going on. the 103 himself. selfsatisfied it excites the occiput and crown of the head I could make a good fighting man. ever recorded. feel like an old man." from is my There it is General feelings no use guessing any more truly detected the authorship of the letter. written by a distinguished old General. Having thus with so much autograph from GENERAL WASHINGTON. methodical man. was placed upon the fore- head of F.. I know who about it. The psychometer partakes of the character of the writer. were pronounced upon the autograph of Judge Rowan. and expressed letter MILITARY HEROES May. until after some reflection. is important as to the interest of the opinion pronounced.Original Sketch. that he refused to say I next placed upon his forehead an anything more. Not only the character of the psychometer. but did not perceive the capacity as Judge a speaker. as follows : . readily. recognized. this opinion. he immediately proceeded. certainty. now. by a young lawyer of the South. who made opinions I which have their investigation in conjunction. similar opinions in glowing language. the legal ability and moral elevation. a very calm. a young gentleman of education and His remarks were: "I feel pleasant. I feel older than I was just now. and modifies his style The most eloquent and beautiful accordingly. disposition to see fighting going on. R. but the character ot the autograph. A on public business. is. relating to the war. 1846. in fact yet talent. and a lady.

" . mination. He has forward. than any one " I feel else. men much more superior to the ordinary run of great a might be estimated among the first class is He greater intellect. who could plan well and perceive advantages. E. my I have a perfectly calm. I feel a greater sensation in the perceptive organs over the eyes. a great deal of what I call force. great patriot of great justice let back from crown of a man justice be done though the heavens fall. because he had but he would resemble him in torce of the excitement extending character. W. man than Jackson." What pursuits and sphere of (Q^. Nothing can alter his deterlect. (How does he compare with other men?) He has a great deal more he is still greatly excels them in power but on a larger scale he thinks more planning. CHANNING by Miss S." (What is his appearance?) "Tall. for?) life is he fit " For a statesman bold. when he took a course. profoundly. neither persuasion nor force. independent and straightHe would make a good soldier. burning heat in forehead. (What of his moral character?) He is a great man. acts from greater motives and on a large force scale. commanding.104 Original Sketch. if he had opportunity a good commanding officer. too." REV. he would pursue it to the end. he would look more like my idea of GEORGE WASHINGTON. W. I feel the perceptive over the moral organs and I consider him a the head. a swelling of the nostrils and a feeling of defiance I should judge he was a man of intel. across the middle of it. " Certainly.

January.he is not excitable you would always know just where to find him. He he had more strength He understands himself very of mind than body. is " Another sadness affects me but it not a moral It deepens the sadness. I don't think he's known great strength of sentiment. W." REV. but a holy. E. He'll be a it seems to slavery cause? It seems to me he is a true friend to the slave. he is self-sacriinterested in the welfare of others he would deny himself comforts for the iicing Isn't he engaged in the antibenefit 'of others. easily wounded. he would He would be a good abolitionist well. He has beautiful ideas. I think he must be subject to fits of melancholy. a person I should be willing to trust myself with. not very strong. tender feeling. 105 " is I don't think the person is in perfect health. I think he's very say I think he is entirely warm. I could rely upon his word he has good judgment . I feel sad. generous-hearted. . by Miss P. He was a man of tender I would like him right feelings. not much physical other. but a soaring above them . physically : It is public lecturer. not a strength to bear the ills of life strength to fight the battles. very sweet and beautiful. as a poet. Freedom for all mankind. contrasting the two men I feel force. and expresses them beautifully. me he is. There is a great deal of romance He is a great lover of nature he would about him. He might write it he has .Original Sketch. be very fond of poetry. CHANNING 1844. but I think he can write poetry. well. or something of that sort..

vere him. I think he might be a clergyman he has moral courage. and if I did not then understand. His internal activity is great. without much activity. too feel sublimated for his lighest I reverence him should would dwell on my ear. An appreciation of true wit a contempt for vain attempts would have a strange joy in what the unappreciating might call his He has meat to eat which they know not vagaries ' of. but of those who live more naturally. it . but he would aid them by writing. for society differently from most. They are profor which they should rethings spiritual. He is a . would not profit much by them must be in a similar state to his to get at what he says. He His choice would be but. Some of his friends feel provoked that he does make more of a stir.' He is fitted for another sphere of existence this. He cares perhaps. circumstances would call him someprivate what into public. He would not be practical enough to take an active part in the reforms of the day.106 Original Sketch. He hear beautiful music internal harmonies lives an inward life. life . This person sort of abstraction by many. He writes deeply merely receptive mind. Those writing might not be sought after by the generality a might be tedious to many. would be considered a so high that they cannot reach me. they are ambitious for him. He would not seek the society of the great. he knows best what is not but voked at the very is his soul's good. word Appreciates the fine arts loves poetry loves philosophy. The form of his sentences would be peculiar. the means would come when I was prepared. He would sonnets. He is an observer a thinker.

. pier." " I think the writer has little of the is not epic he has the inspiration derived from the like Pope He has a vein of chaste and delbeauties of nature. vention. I feel and lightning. except that I see no thunder country. . timent he is. HARNEY. I have the feelings of Byron in the Alps. 107 is not selfish. but not much in- He evidently a literary man. perhaps. as not to regard the comforts of others. if he had to make more were less occupied thoughts He makes me feel brighter. happhysical exertion. of the much less of poetry than Goldsmith. etc. R. lofty ous ocean. stronger. nearer : He has a vein of sen- can perceive. except that I see the ocean. morbid. the billowy oply ocean the valley. I 'm in the country. He resembles Byron he has more icate sentiment. Better for him if his mind wears out his body. . in the speculate on man. feeling of the sublime impels me to contemIt is the sunshine of plate Deity through his works. He is to Bryant. M. was a man of decided author of Chryspoetical genius.: of na- tumultumountains lovely landscapes Nature appears in her most lovely panmy mind is on the mountain. but there is more softness. the distant city.. . 1846. J. He was described as follows by F. " I am impressed with the gorgeous beauties ture. but so lost in his dark-haired person His thought. than any I has originality. He like Scott." DR.. No disposition to poetic feeling nothing I 'm far from the city. of taste for elegant literature and history.Original Sketch. fire is He very has philosophy than Shelley. of Kentucky. A as Coleridge in the vale of Chamouni. tallina.

cold.) I think is a female . . distant. I wouldn't dare disobey. She is dignified. retiring. I do n't She a think there thinks too 's any spirituality about her. or a good queen any one would fear her. a great deal oi having a high reputation " fame she 's not very easily excited. yet would respect her.io8 Original Sketch. She would think . It seems as though head would burst with thinking. I never could get acquainted with her I never should every body Every body would respect her try to. but If if it MADAME DE STAEL is a female. much of worldly at all. would want to know her very few would take any step my toward intimacy with her. W. " I should do you think of this person?) (What think it is a person of very high intellect. wouldn't condescend to notice common people. it 's a female. tell you just what she thought. She 'd she's sincere. whether you liked it or not. a good president. indeed. she (Give she 's me very masculine. She 'd make of mind. things. She might be rather satirical. . she desires . a tremendous thinker. more of her mind (What is She very hard person to understand." " I should think of her moral character?) her intellect than of her morals." a positive answer. . I do n't think she 's remarkably conscientious. it is a very uncommon it 's person. indeed. Everything that she be law. (Male or female?) It does not seem to be a male. by Miss S. She Her mind is I think wholly upon literary pursuits nothing else. It is a very haughty person very dictatorial there is very great strength She is very fearless." said would : (What writer are her chief aims?) " She's a great a very powerful woman.

in the Neighbors. no.can only think of her in the thought of death. she would n't be afraid to die. by no means a a high She has tell. . reputation. I can see her she writes without restraint. be a great deal of vehemence and rather loftiness : noble. She is deserving of it. to Ma chere Mere. She ter?) would do good when it came in her way. She would not be self-sacrificing.' one of those mascu. I never knew such a woman there's nobody on earth I can think of. like to like a hero She would die think of her as being dead." (What mined sort of wife?) to rule. irascible. pen fly. pompous . that seems like her." " There would (What is the style of her writings?) (Is she American . ' line women." (Is she living. I don't . not so much in writing as in common natural Her thoughts are perfectly conversation. but would not put herself to any inconvenience. I should not fancy her in the domestic sphere. or dead?) kt I can't She never I .Original Sketch. (Why?) I don't world. (Why?) I do n't know . 109 is (What cypher is in " She her reputation?) the world's estimation. She might be harsh." " No I can (Can you compare her to any one?) compare her to some I have read of in novels. I'm in doubt about it." " Not affectionate deter- " I think she is a or foreign?) foreigner certainly a most manly personage. jealous." can't say 's (You whether she 's living or dead?) " I think she dead." (Can you say any thing more of her moral charac" There seems to be a vein of selfishness.

I "It seems laughing to be sprightly. Her animal spirits are great. Why. He's very active. but does not ambition for such distinction. enly than for that holier sphere. 1844. full ness -covers up a deep religious like to make sport for her friends. yes. which would enable her to fill a wide space very sincere. W. very intellectual. It makes I don't think it's tremble. what good is he ! He would the like to make it a appearance in admired. not jest upon sacred subjects is in such matters she She possesses very superior powers of mind. CHILD by Bishop Otey. she has some morality without any " Yes(Have you heard of Madame de Stael? (How would the character suit her?) I think it is her know it is. I should think he might be rather wild one of those rather ranters. She would be seriously interested in music and the fine arts." . witty. but she would malicious about it. She has great philanthropy. she ought to be religion. very bold me haughty. She 's not so moral as like to think of her as dead." to be world he can't bear ." seem to have the BOOTH. Flattery would hurt him he has too much self-esteem. 44 More excitement than Miss Martineau. M. humorous of social feeling. is nothing She would be deeply interested in the sublime objects of Nature has a great relish for such things.HO Original Sketch. She 's better fitted for this world. There 's nothing heavabout her." MRS. but there Her sprightliShe would feeling. a girl. in the public eye. L.. THE ACTOR by Miss S.

but I don't think I don't think he's a he'd be much off the stage." ROBERT FULTON " I feel it up my by Mrs. I think he'd take to tragedy. (How he regarded as perfectly sane. writer very well native. I can't tell. cheerful fellow imagiseems a young man. P. I to do with him. arm makes it ache feel feeling of like the stupor has gone off. very moral man. must put him on the stage. by doing full He is of patriotism . That's the best place for him. but I don't know He can't be a lecturer. (Is he living. He has a good has a very high reputamemory. He's rather feeble-minded is is he seems mysterious.Original Sketch. to this I I don't think he matter?) feel in doubt about it. some way. 44 in what don't I He's a public man of some sort." (What do you say " of the soundness of his mind?) He is not a man of great or expanded mind. not hearted : attained to what he might be feels as if to he had the of high not power good be anything he chose be full hopes of achieving fame in to his country. I thought. He's an actor first. It makes me tremble so. I can't think he's a very respectable character. but I don't think he is now. He might mimic take any one off to perfection. at he was very comical. I think he might be a good actor. very cheerful kind to - pleasant. be a great Is he a play-actor? I don't know what else to do with him. think he has mind enough to write much. tion people would make a great rush to see him. or dead?) I think he must be living. He's some great star.

"Dear Law Have you forgot the Ganges? What active measures are you pursuing to carry your well-conceived and highly important plans into Time. 44 He is dead There is a feeling of indescribable sadness. He was full of noble feeling had very fine intellecI feel that he was tual capacity full of beauty. is effect. He was rather a disapdid not realize his dreams. to India." The letter upon which : this opinion was pronounced. in the midst of pointed man. What are our friends. or else had been carried away. disappointed. he had a contoo young to have achieved much sciousness of power. you know. but was too young. with bright prospects before him. and become disappointed at all. disappointed in life. old enough yet to have lost his joyousness. his undertaking disappointed in men. I feel as if he had died before he accomI feel as if he had difficulties. and plished anything. He has left some fame not what he might have left if he had lived and justice had been done him.H2 Original Sketch. encouraged there. . He was an American a Northern man dead some twenty years belongs rather to the past ! : than the present. He died. reads as follows " NEW-YORK. as soon as possible? Tt is so important an object. May 18. He will be successful. the opinion one of your sons should immediately come here. that I am of precious. and not turned his powers to account. as if some one had been cut down in the bloom of youth. if . and go from hence to England and. 1812.

and make us respected? Write me r soon. describing which writer. Indeed. rather than the specific details of the the character and life. is barricaded in Shall war stare us in the face. when impartially for. was remarkable rather for the delicacy and strength of her emotions." The lady by whom the foregoing opinion was pronounced. these imperfect experiments constitute a complete demonstration of the psychometric power. I give the experiment as an example of psychometric portraiture. Yours. which governs matter. law? patent have no protection. than for the power of investigating character. and protecting laws? the laws give no inducement for genius to deal If every member of destruction to our enemies? had the mind. the most meagre of our experisufficiently convincing. each examined trait or feature of his character would admit of at . doing for the Shall mind. by encouragement. the friends 113 to science and the arts. etc. the soul of a Lorenzo de Congress Medicis. is is general impression associated with the letter or the the The power of and sentiment. frequently occuring. in which the leading impression or tout ensemble will be painted. To a correct reasoner. would not the country. life of the dis- much more common than power of covering the particular facts. the vulgar labor of mere vulgar hands.Original Sketch. exhibit w orks of genius which would give dignity to our character. ments are . while a field of potatoes. in describing any individual. " ROB'T FULTON.

much some plausi- and I would not deny in cases. would be a coincidence it were least a a. excepting one which is based upon It may be affirmed that the psychometer truth. this suggestion has that. independent of any impression from the To those who have witnessed many mespaper. pelled to believe that the psychometer has had some we are com- means of satisfactory observation. meric experiments.Original Sketch. and that a true portrait has not been painted by accident. the sentiments of those about sions very sympathetic individual. but these extraneous influences are not the . if mere guess work. fancy. not from the letter. sex or pursuits. hundred different descriptions. without any hint by which to guide his fancy-sketch could not. and knew not his name. The demonstration of a psychometric experiment no objection can have any is so complete. country. become a If the portrait should prove a faithful true portrait. him may influence a and modify his conclu- . The probabilities. therefore. age. by any admissible possibility. So. it is perfectly certain that his one. and the entire truth of the description. derives his impressions. If an artist should attempt to paint the portrait of an unknown individual. when a psychometric portrait proves correct. bility . that its material weight. but from that he has a the minds of those around him sympathy with them. which enables him to interpret their views. it would be impossible to convince any one that the artist had never seen his subject. are hundred to one against the correctness of each statement. beyond the utmost range of probability. of which only one would be true.

and the different portions of the manuscript frequently communicate different ideas. alone. and which affects distinctly the particular organs that are most highly excited. before he has opened it to learn its source or contents. but exerted like the sense of sight by our own independent action. the forehead. he recognizes its impression as commencing at the point of contact. To demonstrate. he perceives the influence more readily. He can take a letter. I have frequently had opinions pronounced upon autographs. according to the tenor of the writer's thoughts. this independence of the psychometer. his hands.Original Sketch. without myself knowing or smell. The psychometric power is a power of independent perception. not derived from the opinions of those about us. and investigate its character alone. which is diffused from the letter over his head. The same ter in the opinions will be given by the psychomepresence of different persons. contact of the w riting is the most r means of communicating the impression. and if it should be enveloped in paper. 115 If he holds the letter in source of his impressions. and traversing the arm to the brain. whether they have or have not any idea of the character of the He can exercise the power as well autograph. the moment it has been received from the post-office. giving him an idea of the character only If it is held on after the brain has been impressed. as he can exercise any of his other senses. each additional fold of paper increases the difficulty The immediate efficient of receiving the impression. . He perceives that the letter is the source of his impressions. more clearly.

names until the close of the experiment. I found that her opinions had been given as correctly as in other cases.) (Is it L. and the others as males. I selected the autographs of Dr. tary sort of be disturbed very intellectual. (After Spurz- like the other?) He 's a calmer sort of besit think the person would rather ing. but I do n't think he 's a professional man or a he 's a solipolitician. placing them upon the table. In 1844. the actress. and the novelist. Spurzheim. the opinions were as bold and as accurate as when I knew the subject of the experiment. re- quested Miss W. BULWER by Miss " W. at of the autographs). I think he 's a public man. but there 's something about him 's . having readily recognized one of the characters as a female. I guess he is n't very sociable very He 's . and Ellen Tree. being he he likes to be by himself and not He can be very refined and polbut he isn't always particular to be so.n6 the Original Sketch. . I down and think he 's I serious. not a very active man. very thoughtful. read and write. the conclusion of the experiment. he's ished. very imaginative. EDWARD heim. than any thing else. In such cases. either a public speaker or writer. the manuscripts before her. I think people generally like him better than "I shouldn't altogether fancy him. to examine and give her opinions of She proceeded to investhem without my knowing which of the three tigate she had selected (herself totally ignorant of the nature When they were examined. (Why?) I do n't know what. Sir Edward Lytton Bulwer. I Ve either heard rather repulsive.

I do n't think he he any philanthropy?) very great cratic?) nified. him. degree. I only know him from something that I Ve heard or seen. think I 'd like him much he do n't seem to do 'd n't . He 'd always be kind and 's more engaged in other " I are his leading aims and tendencies?) think he wants to please the people. but not very talkative. it fine way I of describing would make you " it. whether it is true (What or not. not to a (Is he republican. 117 lie him or read in his writings. but I do n't think that . It do n't seem he I ever speak or write upon the reforms of the day. I think he has. (Has Yes. and disposed to treat people well. He I kind-hearted. but he would n't always practice them. I think he hurts himself think he 's a great lover of nature. think he might be agreeable. He might preach up good doctrines. but he things. very conscientious. he has a very realize It 's speaking or writing. I I think there think he 's 's a great deal of romance about a writer." might preach up good doctrine. or aristo's aristocratic very stately and digOne would be as to taste in writing?) (How excited in reading his writings." no one that know." . he is n't refined enough. pleasant enough." " He thinks more of his pen (How toward his wife?) 's than of his wife but would not practice it. I don't think I improves any by some way. thing else.Original Sketch. but I do n't think they Rather would require a great deal of thought." take the right ground " He 's a 's his domestic character?) (What great I can 't think of any literary character. what he 'd write would benefit society much he 's more a writer of romance and fiction.

Dr. before he had time to extend his labors beyond the city. after a brilliant career in Europe." . Lexington a medical until Rush professor and 1850. Dr. given in 1852 by two gentleman whose intelligence and superior capaciqualified them to give accurate opinions. Dr.n8 Original S'cdrh. was at the time as an published in the Journal of ties Man example of psychometric accuracy. He was a gentleman of commanding stature. had led a distinguished career as author from the time of delphia. notwithstanding The force of his the opposition of his colleagues. character overcame opposition. and was the medical professor to do justice to my own experi- in 1841-42. C. Advocate of truths divine. ACCURATE DESCRIPTION FROM THREE AUTOGRAPHS. Pierpont said in his ode to Spurzheim : " Friend of man. Among learned men he was the most distinguished champion of Phrenology and also of Mesmerism. where he died in 1833. how pure and fervent Was thy worship at her shrine. Spurzheim. Buchanan. Dr. Spurzheim the associate of Gall. in Philafirst and Louisville. Caldwell was at that time living and quite old. of God the servant. imposing in appearance and manners than any member of the medical profession I have ever known. A description from the autographs of Dr. enermore so getic. was received with great honor in ments and discoveries Boston. He was bold and honest in the pursuit of truth and a vigorous controversialist. Nature's priest. Caldwell and Dr. dignified.

writing of this article. ceive how their respective characters could have been more truly. P. His constitution was strong. PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT. more or less intimate with all the three distinguished philoso- phers whose characters are psychometrically given Spurzheim. The exact size was six ami four-tenths by eight. painful breathing a good deal of prostration of the nervous energy. chest. T. : When especially in the Psychometric Department. SPURZHEIM. laborious. laterally and superiorly. full and predominant in front. Caldwell and Buchanan. His forehead was wide. -He has a large person. P. (Mr. ." These descriptions are condensed in the following abridgments of the reports which give the salient points. and I suppose a heavy beard. marvellously.* The head. with difficult. more faithfully. (Mr. or more discriminatingly drawn. as I have had the pleasure of a personal acquaintance. His brain projects anteriorly.) My first impression is that he is not living. P.) I think this individual is There is oppression of the lungs and . (Mr. his head large.) This person has a large about six and a half inches by eight.) * CALDWELL. diseased. Pier" The last number point. BUCHANAN. full chested with vigorous lungs and circulation.Original Sketch. (Mr. 119 the descriptions were published Mr. high and prominent. said of the Journal of Man has greatly interested me. They are all I cannot condone admirably yes.

first and He has less muscu- These descriptions are remarkably accurate. The mainspring of his action was a liberal feeling of trust. mind. portion to his body. SPURZHEIM. breadth. There is considerable firmness and decision with physical force and energy. . second. He vivacity. dimensions of the heads are precisely correct The GENERAL CHARACTER. its breadth. but not a great deal of There was not much spirituality. longest antero-posteriorly. He was a man of free thinking. He had a grave. He was a hard student. reflective mind. round and full. His head is out of probut has good vital stamina.I2O Original Sketch. though he lar development. the spiritual life forms and relations of In things than the internal or celestial. he had a good deal of intellectual power the perceptive and reflective were equally developed and exercised. and is broadest at ideality This one has not so large a body and cautiousness. is head very broad is on the The individual living. a continuous thinker. (What is the relative length of the heads?) The second is longest in proportion health. three to its The third is next longest in proportion to The first Was nearly round. The second The first and third is smaller as to cubic contents. He is not developed in celestial spirituality but much engaged in studying more the in intellectuality more externals of Nature. benevolence and philanthropy. The third is rather the differ but little in cubic bulk. actively engaged and in top. He is may be not so large as the tall.

the former more modest dignity. As a speaker he was grave and impressive. This one has more active conspicuous ambition connected with personal notoriety. enlightening them. When aroused he seems to have an inexhaustible fountain of He could attract more attention intellectual material. fearless. In controversy he is disposed to be bitter and sarcastic. and enabling them to understand the laws of nature under \vhich they live. showy and courtly in manner. 121 would investigate thoroughly before expressing an He had a steady self-reliance but no opinion. while this would be more brilliant for a time. a very patient investigation. personally The other would have a more creative mind producing those things which would last forever. egotism. reasons is ardent. He lives more in the former will live in the future. the present The this seems too impulsive for former is more original the intellectual region. from analogy energetic. It was not a mind of spontaneous genius but of elaborate intellect.Original Sketch. lasting impression. by developing science. He aims to be He conspicuous and lofty in the eyes of the world. is impulsive and excitable. and have an influence wherever he went. CALDWELL. bold. He ?s polite. . This individual is fully developed in He has considerable ideality and imagination. graceful. not When excited he exhibited sprightly but dignified. He is governed by a steady purpose to accomplish the great object of his life. vain. and made a deep. In speaking he is engaged in making active gestures. His power desire was to benefit the whole community. He has more egotism.

which are make -he it comprehended by others an architect of ideas. for political would be better fitted than the other and fashionable life. and better balanced than No. 2. future or be He is denounced willing to live only in the in the present. There is no activity in acquisitiveness. He can grasp a great deal and investigations. 3. He engages with a good deal of energy. It is one of the most pleasant living autographs I have ever had on my forehead. a philosophic more active temperament than the first. scientific it ance but no vanity. His mind is inclined to action in BUCHANAN. everything is clear is He will survive either of the others in reputation as he has a greater capacity for creation and draws ideas from sources the others . His ambition is intellectual not with the force and energy of the second.122 Original Sketch. has clearer and more accui and comes more directly and correctly to conclusions. He is not it for honor or but for personal fame. He is investigating some philosophic scientific subIt is the main object of his life to develop. This mind to be He has self reliappreciated belongs to the future. bright intellect. It is not in reference to himself but he seems inseparably connected with it. found and establish it. free and spontaneous in its natural capacity great critical and philosophic. very clear. cal or literary. He is governed by caution in his scientific rather than politiHis labors have not been duly appreciated. ject. rate perceptions than He No. He belongs to a later is more brilliant. A and philosophic investigation. pursuing period in the progress of science and More the love of truth.

John Randolph of Virginia. action of a calm. except Randolph or perhaps Daviess. and* after all had been described the following summary and comparison was made by the psychometer. cannot reach. The first will be enduring but being less creative will not endure so long as this. [Judge Rowan on account of his commanding PRENTISS would have the most uniform mental He would have the copiousness of Randolph with more originality and versatility. H. Henry Clay and Judge Rowan of Kentucky. Rowan has a full. 1851. he very rarely failed to acquit his client. Daviess of Kentucky and Gov. S. Randolph has memory the most intense excitement. well-balanced character. 123 This one belongs to all future time the second belongs to the present. with the least and moral refinement. was given a description of six of the impassioned orators of the South. Jos. He has the best courtesy and the greatest exactness. Prentiss of Mississippi. " the Old Monarch." bearing was commonly called As a criminal advocate. well-sus- . is the most sarcastic. not to the present .Original Sketch. Col. Clay the most sustained RANDOLPH action of the brain. CLAY is the most intuitive and best adapted to a popular audience. In the Journal of Man for July. S.] ROWAN is the most powerful as an impressive speaker with most of the stern dignity that overawes. He could make the most friends. McDuffie of South Carolina. but WM3uld have less logical power than either. The descriptions were all faultlessly correct.

") McDuffie would be distinguished by greater vehe- him of a brilliant career. DAVIESS would compare with Prentiss and Clay. McDuffie a more intense but less uniform action. mence and stubborn will.124 tained mentality. but less of oratorical power. Daviess at the battle of Tippecanoe robbed His name was honored in Illinois by the memento "Joe Daviess County. He would have more ideal pleasantness and enthusiasm. . (The early death of Col. Original Sketch.

LATER DEVELOPMENTS. Moreau de la Sarthe. dispensing with records and monuments Psychometry based on INTUITION The Divine element in The basis of all human intelligence Antagonized by false skepScience prepares for the temand metaphysical philosophizing The world's ple of philosophy to be erected by psychometric power Wordsworth quoted progress depends on its most spiritual powers Modern antagonism to the psychic Testimony of Cabanis. developed in myself Probable contagion of mental conaffecting particular organs Vast extent of such influences ditions. Gregory Hostility to the psychic elements Its cause animalism and of Greek philosophy and of Christianity man tical Psychometry leads to a higher social condition has investigation of the intuitional faculties in the past The recent dark Intuition illustrated by Zchokke been neglected ages Intuition in religious history I ntution in Australia. Telepathic phenomena in India Nominal Psychometry Personal experiences in Psychometry Impressions Theory of Psychometry Angelo Cardela described Phenomena of derived from blank paper Description of Carlyle Their relation to vital processes The ana contact images An index only needed Wide range of psychometric use of pictures power Use of names and investigation of questions Independence of Its Of minerals Examination of slates and sealed letters contact catalysis financial importance Impressions from the back of written paper Investigation of Importance of religious questions in Psychometry Conclusions as to Christianity the founders of religion Competence of Psychometry to restore all the past.CHAPTER Poem III. Rohner. false education Power Why I wandered with an earnest heart Among the quarried depths of Thought 125 . and St. D. especially in warm climates Familiar experiments with Mrs. Dr. Decker Sensibilities in 1878 Haydcn mind jnul Psychometric genius of Mrs. ments with Mr. T>. Esdaile. Previous life and remarkable experiences Impressions in the of Mrs. Inintui periments in Universal neglect of psychometric discoveries Early experiDelicacy of the psychometric faculty Privacy ExLecture before Women's Club necessary to its best conditions New York Mrs. Dr.

I lost the cheer. And Praise was servant of the ear And Love dropt kisses on the cheek. . I WROUGHT FOR TRUTH Oh. And blossom banners hung On every tree. the odor sweet path of velvet . then instead of laurel crown. the way Had grown so sweet.126 /. unfurled Upon my heated forehead lay The cooling laurel. for I wrought Beauty . And I kindled by the poet's deftly wrought. froze. glaciers rose Before my feet. And on my a thorny band. The world entwined And The looks that used to warm me. And smiled a passion-thought too dear For tongue to speak. and the world for Grew very green and smooth me. . forehead pressed it down With heavy hand. atcr DcTclopju cit ts art. and my Crushed buried fragrance feet out. But one day the ideal Good Baptized me with immortal Youth And in sublimity of mind.

sphere. her lan- guage was p. was a . any courageous and philosophic votaries in the. a plant. had. Augusta Cooper Bristol. Yet truth the more divinely shone. as its learned authoress was familiar with the extraordinary realm of in science which psychometry belongs as follows (vol. psychic science. No college the subject a thought. discoveries which should have flashed psychometric around 'the world at least as speedily as the discovery of a comet. ous work in three volumes. own magazine and the liberal medical college." was almost the only evidence that Truth. or a new chemical com- were very unanimously ignored. " THE SOUL OF THINGS. This beautiful poetical utterance embodies as much as is well known to all loyal adof truth as beauty The herents who stand in the body guard of Truth. a shell. I we had successfully estaba to place these facts on record as warning the coming generation against such disloyalty to truth and Denton's marvelthe spirit of honest investigation. 127 As onward And sought proved her gloriously still I to press. no cyclopedia mentioned gave it. of In " Isis Unveiled.Later Developments. learned and marvellous -work' of there Madame Blavatsky. the publisher of Johnson's Cyclopedia introduced my statement of the principles of PsychomThe science was heard of only through my etry. until against the protest of the learned corps of bination. 182 :) . own Almightiness. which against a bitter opposition lished in Cincinnati." that vast. I. contributors.-generous recognition.

was that of Charles Inman. He could define the functions not only by touching with his fingers. J. in 1885. of this faculty was first experimentally demonstrated It has since been verified by a thousand in 1841." The experimental demonstration in 1841. Psychometry. perhaps. I most minute surveys of the cephalic organs. Prof. when skepticism gical sciences found felled to the ground by accumulation of facts. and seemed to me from his descriptions that he recognized the boundaries between the convolutions where the it . Buchanan . and it was this fuller development of the same faculty which compelled me to coin the word Psychometry. but by using a pencil case or a small metallic rod to touch the various parts of the cranial In doing this he caught impressions of the surface. to the present publication. The first development of the psychometric power which I found in 1842.128 Later Dcuclo-pm en Is faculty is . discovered the power of autographic Psychometry Mr. is The existence posterity will have to erect a statue. Inman enabled me to make the at New York. "This called by its discoverer. most minute gradation and variation of functions. (a younger brother of the celebrated artist) with whom . R. its Let me now sketch the progress of the science from publication in the yournal of Man and in my Anthropology. To him the world is indebted for this most important addition to psycholoand to him. psychometers in different parts of the world. was merely the recognition of impressions from the living brain. It was not until 1842 that I discovered the power of estimating psychic existence far away from the living person by the writing.

report of this occasion stated a large assembly present to welcome Buchanan. temperament for a perfect exercise of Psychometry. I. requires quiet and seclusion for his best efforts. expec- company would be too great especially when the company is curiosity all a disturbing power. 129 change was more marked than course of a convolution. including many w hose names are r The Globe prominent as writers and advocates of measures of reform. like profound students.Later Developments. when I addressed the New England Woman's Club in Boston. may. "There was Dr. I in passing along the a strong desire to on its surface the felt take some bald head and map positions of each convolution by psychometric exploMr." After the lecture " a psychometric circle was formed from some of the ladies present. a anemic The plays sensitive delicacy is that ill belongs to the psychometric constitution of the psychic tant faculty. and slips of paper containing the handwriting of a certain . and sometimes gave negative statements of functions which should have been described in more active manifestation. exercise their powers on the platform. in a state of intense and skepticism.. so as to mislead me somewhat in the nomenclature. the in a profound and presence of a large. approach I have made to it was in April. was of too delicate and ration. 1874. The psychometer. I do not deny that persons accustomed to public speaking. faculties are When engaged suited to public disthe most delicate difficult investigation. however. if psychometric. but I have The nearest always avoided such exhibitions.

and one lady declared that the writer was a person of great firmness of character. and the autographs of the writers pressed against their foreheads. especially by her poetical writings. the ladies all experiencing some definite sensations. The superior constitution renders the delicacy of the female psychometric faculty a much more common endowment of females than of males. however. and some recent experiments at the University of Kansas have demonstrated that females have . Moulton is well known to the ities. This was most successful. evincing fine psychometric capacMrs. we propagandism. who seemed to experience this influence more strongly than the rest. another that he had a high ideal. but the vulgar atmosphere vented and influence attending a public exhibition have preme heretofore from adopting that method of In select companies. Moulton gave a good description of Theodore Parker." From those who proved most " Four sensitive persons were then selected and letters given them. Mrs. Moulton. have had many delightful evenings. Under proper circumstances Psychometry may be displayed before a select company. and still another that he was a Mrs. L. C. said that she thought that he would stand about where Theodore Parker did.130 individual to Later Developments* them unknown were given to each and their forethey were requested to press them against heads until they experienced some sensation and then announce it. great reformer and benefactor of mankind. It is well known that color blindness is much less common among females." In fact. literati.

Dr. a 131 taste and could detect the presence of matter in water more readily. and distinguished circle of her agency..Later Developments. was one of the quence most skilful and successful physicians I have ever About thirty-five years ago she visited known. HAYDEN. and Mrs. Hayden. the veneraintelligent people. MARIA England with her husband. Returning to America she graduated in medicine and conducted for over fifteen years a medical practice so entirely successful that her name was forgotten at the Board of Health from not having for several years a single death to report. I formed a small psychometric society of ladies which held many interesting meetings for the cultivation of their Decker (now Mrs. yet vigorous and brilliant capacity. Through ble Robert Owen was converted from his benevolent a still more benevolent spiritualism. Hayden was very employed by the president of the Globe . Hayden displayed a more delicate. powers. B. introduced spiritualism to W. and Bulwer was enlightened in reference to truths for which he had no other use than to weave them into Contaminated by his moral tissues of romance. Dr. The psychometric successfully talent of Mrs. M. chiefly in conseof her psychometric genius. D. Buchanan). Mrs. than I had previously been accustomed to. the gold of sacred truth became the pinch-beck of theatrical mystery. In the society. large foreign majority of females between sixteen and twenty more acute A years of age evince psychometric capacities. R. agnosticism to a unsoundness. After my removal to New York in 1877.

I 2 . until a folly by the bigoted stupidity of the board contributed largely to the ultimate wreck of which the company. Hudson on the Hudson River during her married life circumstances of ease. exercising a kind hospitalof liberal minds. Her ers graceful hospitality. H. and to the conspicuous ity to persons representatives of spiritualism. Lulcr Dci>(-'o in i JiirH/s. remarkable illuswas her vision of the wreck of a steam- A boat opposite Hudson. Mrs. she firmly The sphere of a medical college is retused it. and minute description of the event nearly twenty-four hours before it occurred. in which she was much in interested. her exquisite musical pow and bright She inspiration were highly appreciated. Life Insurance Company protecting the company forbidden against losses in insurance on lives. manifested the highest forms of the intuitional to power and coming events were sometimes depicted tration of this her vision with startling reality. woman of refined sensi- a lady of distinwith that remarkable delicacy guished appearance and spirituality of manner which is generally associ- MRS. certainly not attractive to a bility. in 1850. When offered a medical professorship. was greatly retarded from attaining her proper professional rank by her sensitiveness and modesty. had and greatly disturbed . She retired to rest as usual but in the night she a vision that seemed a reality. DECKER was She had lived at ated with psychometric genius. for which she was eminently qualified. CORNELIA H.

In my first experiments with Mrs. I found it practicable to make her aware of my sentiments and purposes in her absence without Ian- . and the next day she narrated the whole to her family and friends. The next day walking out to view the wreck. The boats appeared rescuing the people who were struggling in the water. D. The scene made so deep an impression that she could sleep but little more..Later Developments. Ij^ hill She seemed to be standing on a overlook- ing the river and saw a steamboat coming down the river with the speed stimulated by racing competition upon a projecting rock and was wrecked. her. was a few miles getting a perception of her mental condition at the time. D. Intercourse with to good psychometers ap- peared cultivate the faculty in myself. and soon the bells of the city were ringing an until it struck alarm. I perceived her great delicacy and accuracy of psychometric perception. clearer and more delicate in conducting psychometric experiments than at any other time. and carried them to the village of Athens on the shore opposite Hudson. In the she was visiting with some friends and when evening the gentlemen of the family came home at night they described the wreck which had occurred that evening just as she had seen it in every particular. There was a light snow falling as it appeared. and when our intercourse developed a mutual esteem and affec- north of my location in New York in tion. she found herself standing at the exact spot which she seemed to occupy in her vision when she saw the boat wrecked. I My germ of the psychometric mind has always seemed succeeded once when Mrs.

Hayden an impression which moment of Mrs.134 Later Developments. The nature of such Impressions is remarkable and may be instructive to psychometers. but at the surface the sensations are very distinct. the weary aching over the fatigued. and the sharp pricking or irritative condition. Even a mental disturbance or alarm in Mrs. found too that when attending patients with sympathetic interest their condition would affect me so that I would be aware of their suffering at the very moment it occurred. Between two and three of the illness at that I clock in the afternoon of which made me aware of Dr. the void unconsciousness over the inactive. The tension and warmth over active organs. . is I cannot say that there a feeling in the interior of the brain. B. and ascertained that my impres- have become accustomed to such imthat no one nearly connected or associated with me could be in suffering without my receiving an impression. I have once felt a similar impression from my daughter when more than a thousand miles away. was so certain that I immediI felt ately wrote to her sion was correct. markable instance of this occurred when in A re1879 ^ was miles o' at the village from New Owego. conveys to me an impression from which I can infer her condition. My knowledge Since then I pressions and feel sure of the various organs of the brain enables me to watch their condition as they are affected by pleasant and unpleasant excitements. I guage or correspondence. about two hundred York. over those which feel adverse influences enable me to understand the mental and cerebral condition and their causes.

Later Developments. from experiments in stimulating the organs. The very positive manner in which I speak of cerebral functions which have been a mystery in all past centuries is due to the four-fold certainty which I have derived from cranial observations on men and animals. Suffering or injury in the object of affection is painto the loving sentiment and thereby affects the When a certain senlocality of the cerebral organ. and from my personal consciousness of its action. There are two additional confirmations derived from the matheenabled to me matical laws of for cerebral Pathognomy (a sufficient basis alone science). and verify in the most positive manner. All this is expressed in I find that my system of Anthropology. and from the revelations of Pathology which have been but slightly investigated yet yield valuable confirmations. from psychometric exploration of the brain. but by those which occur without my knowledge. the discoveries which I made in 1841 and 1842 and subsequently. 135 The complete knowledge brain which I of the condition of the derive from the local sensations has compare mental and cerebral conditions and thus arrive by an entirely new method at a knowledge of the functions of the brain. ful sation arises in the region of Love I know that the loved object is suffering and when it ceases I believe that relief has occurred. my brain may be affected. From the position of the sensation I know and thus am with what feeling enabled to infer whether it is associated it concerns one . not only by events or conditions with which I am acquainted. The region of Love is especially liable to such influences.

morning I perceived a very restless. which induced me to rise and take something for its relief. I have had other much more impressive illustratrations of my sympathetic impressibility in the last thirty years. I was attending a severe case this of dropsy affecting the heart about three miles from my Boston residence which had reached a critical stage before I saw it and had felt a considerable degree of depression from the influence of my visits. sometimes uncertain as to the persons but not as to the relation they occupy toward myself. which I attended in 1858. While I have vividly realized dition work has been going though the press my sympathy \vith the conof my patients.136 Later Developments. tion of the liver The most severe and protracted affecI have never entirely recovered. During the evening of the second day about eleven hours after my visit. leaving a restless Again between four and five feeling of depression. When I visited him at ten o'clock I learned that his condition corresin the ponded exactly to what I felt at the time of the evening and morning disturbances. was a transference to myself from a case of bilious fever. unpleasant and exhausted condition. which gives me that information. I was suddenly made aware that he was suffering greatly by the sensation in the head coming on suddenly. and my most obstinate attack of bronchial irritation was a transference from a patient who had been coughing from which . very intimately connected with me or associated only Hence I am by friendly compassion or respect. It occurred at five minutes past ten o'clock and subsided within ten minutes.

believe from close observation of my experience I that events or conditions with which in am not acquainted organs besides those of friendship and love. have These contagious influences my experiments show little to do with contact and are not dependent on are active. It seemed to me at the approach of our late civil war. sometimes prompt My sympathetic impressions are to enough give me assistance in diagnosis. It is sometimes affect me other therefore entirely credible to me that in a warm community is much more impressible than myself. and thus illustrating the solidarity of the community. and to at any time the condition of all the organs and faculties by reference to the superficial sensations. The know I realize acute sensibility of my head enables me to all influences that affect the brain. for 137 twenty years. and when I feel the sensations I generally know the cause. I proximity.Later Developments. when* the psychic powers have no hesitation in saying that they may reach around the globe and even extend from planet to . such a wave of sympathetic and irresistable excitement.moved at once by any great psychic influence. the whole community may be . and a popular sentiment or passion affecting a large number at once may sway every individual carrying all along in one great wave which is irresistable. History abounds in illustrations of popular impulses climate where the entire moving an entire for community in a way that could not be accounted independent of such sympathy and psychic contagion. was sweeping through society.

aware of these powers and trained to exercise them together it would be quite practicable to establish a mental telegraphy bringing us into com- munication with only the all public facts parts of the globe. of their fortunes. are " SECRET MAIL. massacres and investments. was in possession of the bazaars usually hours and frequently days before it reached the authorities. for example. speculating. captures of cities. and the Indian mutiny the intelligence of all the important events. this And is it it is also well-known that " secret mail" so trustworthy that the natives invariably act upon with implicit confidence.138 placet. conveying not which go to the telegraph at present. B. Later Developments. If there were many such psychometers as Mrs. however." all who have lived in Asiatic aware that the natives have means of conveying news which at important junctures enables them to forestall the Government. or at least no explanation . io the full extent How the news is sent. regions to which The New York Tribune a paper remarkable for its conservative and illiberal character. and this notwithstanding the fact that the latter had often taken special measures to insure the quickest transmission possible. 1885) a remarkable article in reference to the secret transmission of knowledge in India. Thus throughout Anglo-Indians. derived from the telegraphic wires do not extend. has never been discovered. such as battles. headed as follows : THE countries. contained (March 18. but a great amount of subtle information as to the condition of all parts of the world.

has ever seen such a stage in operation or come across any of its machinery. and suggests the employment by the Asiatics of carefully " dawks" or This. The Spectator thinks it possible that they transmit news by signal but while this may be the case where com.Later Developments. when they called telepathy. appears to warrant the conclusion that some means of communication more rapid than horses or runners must be at the disposal of the natives. the circumstance that on one occasion. when the Government had made special arrangements for the swift despatch of news from a distant point. Again. Anglo-Indians as a rule refuse of the " secret explanation lief in to accept the native mail. the appearance of a common-sense explanation. The London Spectator of a recent date discusses this question at much length. no doubt has stages. paratively short distances are concerned. The are willing to talk of the matter at . during the whole time Hindustan has been occupied." which involves be- what is just now being natives. discovered but it is the facts without ever being discovered. it is not applicable to routes covering several hundreds of miles. the "secret mail "beat the Government coursers twelve hours. but laid it is that no European. Now it may be admitted that it is possible for Asiatics to arrange such stages or lines of communication over hundreds or thousands of miles without being the difficulty about certainly extremely improbable that they should have been able to do this on the considerable scale it must have been done to account for . 139 comprehensible or credible by the average Western mind has been reached.

which " is is very seldom to Western men. Gray in person at he called on Dr. Later Developments. He obtained an impression of his condition. there would be abundant illustrations of telepathic sympathy if the facts could be brought out. John F." It is by the writer in the Spectator certainly highly discreditable to Western intelligence that its leaders are puzzled by such phenom- ena w^hile there are thousands its who understand the subject in our midst. and (2) that no European or Western observer of any kind has thus far succeeded in finding even a plausifor with all its ingenuity. Having a patient in Jersey City whom he wished to see to ascertain his condition he turned aside from his company. interest of this subject consists in the facts (i) kk them secret mail " is an indubitable reality. say that neither horses nor " dawk results are employed. The late Dr. and that no laid for the carrying of news. and fixed his mind intently upon the man. and illustrations have often been given. ble solution of the mystery . Even if our illustrations were limited to the personal experience of the dogmatic and skeptical medical profession. and believed that time. the explanation offered is not plausible. resided at the Fifth Avenue Hotel.i^o all. Gray of New York. The man was that? But something much more remarkable still more susceptible. Gray after his re- . but that it is men from a system of thought transmission which as familiar to The mat the as the electric telegraph is to us. and was satisfied that he was improving. followed. When he was visited by Dr. one of the most eminent and skilful in the city.

Later Developments.

141

covery he affirmed that Dr. G. had visited him at the hour of this psychometric observation, had looked at him silently and withdrew without saying a word, which he considered rather singular. He could not be convinced that he was mistaken by the positive Dr. Gray, who stated these denial of the doctor.

On myself, had many similar experiences. while driving around the city professionone occasion
facts to
ally,

he had a sudden impression that he was needed

by a lady patient. He impetuously ordered his driver to turn round and drive at full speed to her residence.

When

he arrived within a block of the house he saw her husband hatless in the street, rushing after medi-

He arrived, leaped out, rushed up to and was barely in time to save her from dying of hemorrhage. As to the subtle powers of Mrs. B. I have had daily
cal assistance.

her room

illustration for years.

When

I

hands

it

is
it

a

common amusement

place anything in her to require her to

describe

over head, to

I frequently hold a before seeing. picture demand her description by impression, and sometimes place her hand on a book and demand

just

her opinion of its character which is sometimes more than a reviewer's estimate. I have even held her
picture over her

own

head and thus procured from

her a correct and judicious description of herself, which she gave without suspicion, as the psychometer is too closely

engaged in observing the qualities which he describes to enquire into the identity of the party described. Bayard Taylor has mentioned a
similar incident in reference to a

New York
One

artist,

who

possessed the psychometric power.

of his

142
friends

Later Developments.

placed his obtained from him

own
so

letter

in

his

hands

and
a
let

searching description of himself that he did not venture to

and

critical

him know that it was his own letter. I have had every possible evidence of the continual presence in

Mrs. B. of her high powers, even
of the conditions which sensitives

when she has none

require for their best action. I have been accustomed to approach her at any time when she is using the

needle or engaged in domestic cares and protesting against being taxed when in an unintellectual mood,
yet never has she failed to inseparable from her nature.

show

that the faculty

is

these unfavorable circumstances she would a just opinion of a picture held above her give head, and speak of its resemblance or difference from the original whose appearance she would describe.

Under

me

Mollie Fancher, the famous fasting lady of Brooklyn, exercises such powers, doing delicate work without
the use of her eyes and describing things about the house while she is confined to her bed.

to

Mrs. B. has frequently involuntary impressions as persons before she has met them. When sitting in the upper part of the house she has had very decided feelings in reference to persons who have
entered on the lower floor.

amusing illustration was equally impressional she felt uneasy at his presence and had a desire that he should leave. He had never strong seen her, but he felt that a lady wished to take him by the arm and lead him out of the house. When he stated this and described the appearance of the
occurred once
;

An

when

the visitor

Later Developments*
lady, correctly describing Mrs. B., amusing and remarkable incident.
I

143

thought

it

an

In the daily presence of psychometric phenomena, and with a strong desire to exercise the power, I have had but glimmerings of the faculty. The most distinct impression that I ever obtained

from manuscript was nearty forty years ago, when I received an impression from the autograph of Gen.

Washington, the
I

effect of which was so great that could perceive a marked difference in my manner of lecturing in the evening following the experiment
;

was disposed to speak in a calm and very systeI matic manner quite different from my usual mode.
I

have sometimes

felt

a faint influence from photographs

when
once

I

did not

know whom

to test

my

capacities in 1878,
I tried

they represented, and I took a photoI felt

graph of Wordsworth and thought
his peculiar intellectuality.

a

shadow of

Shakespeare and as I held it produced a distinct feeling of
forcible

the photograph of before my forehead it

activity

and a tension

over the occiput generally, indicating an active and

and impressive character. the experiment at intervals, and repeated thus obtained three times a certainty that it conveyed
temperament,

Twice

I

a strong psychic impression. sions, however, are those which

My
I

feel

strongest impreswhen a good
is

psychometer
a

is

giving a psychometric description of

marked
I

character.

My

sympathy

often so

keen

that
traits

acquire a positive conception of the leading of character' independent of any remarks by

the psychometer. During the summer

when

I

felt

the influence of

144

Later Developments.

tive influence

Gen. Washington so distinctly I felt an equally posifrom a letter of John C. Calhoun, the of South Carolina, which gave me a new statesman conception of his character. The influence seemed
not like that of a politician or a man for the multitude, but rather that of a purely intellectual man, a
lucid thinker.

In 1878

Madame

Blavatsky gave

me some manu-

script from India to ascertain my impressions from The influence on my brain from the forecontact.

head was

sufficient

to

induce

me

to

describe

the

writer as a bold philosophic

and religious leader who in some repects compare with Luther. She might with my remarks and thought them was pleased worth recording to send abroad. Since then I have frequently used the photographs and pictures of the departed, and felt that I obtained an impression of their characters, and felt their influence so
as to give me a conception of the character of the individual sufficiently clear and positive to

much

guide my opinion. These psychometric impressions, however, were clouded by the doubt whether the result

my

partly or in some cases entirely due to knowledge of the name of the individual, and

was not

although
Clay,

my

impressions

of Washington, Jackson,

Queen Elizabeth, Josephine, Joan of Arc, Madame Roland, St. Peter, St. John, Patrick Henry, and many others were distinct mental realities, I was
I

not sure that

could have attained such impressions
I

without knowing the name, until
in the

made experiments
10,

A

manner which satisfied me. photograph was given me (Oct.

1881) which

Later Developments.

45

without seeing it gave me the impression of a young man of good mind but of predominant activity in the
energetic and ambitious faculties, and engrossed in The description was recognized as correct business.

by one intimately acquainted with him. An hour later Gen. B. handed a manuscript which I placed on my forehead which gave me a distinct conception of a man about sixty years of age with a large brain and body, of a solid, stable character and ample understanding and business capacity, not at all impulsive, but cool, judicious and capable of understanding and managing large affairs. This perception was quite distinct, and Gen. B. said very correct. I have often attempted to realize a character by
concentrated attention without any physical connecting link and sometimes have appeared to be quite successful and even to have discovered the mood of the
individual at the time.
I

in reference to the departed,

have had similar impressions and sometimes had them

confirmed by good psychometers. I have related this personal experience because it may be encouraging to the millions whose endow-

ments

in this line are

about equal
to

to

would not suppose themselves

my own, and who have any capability

without encouragement. The power of understanding and describing anything of which the name is placed in the hand is so

have been continually tempted to test ways. Seeing in a magazine a short description of an Italian in this country, Angelo Cardela of Nevada, speaking of his physical exploits, and expressing the opinI
it

marvelous that
in various

146
ion that he

Later Developments.

was

the strongest

man

in the

the

first

opportunity

to place the

name

world, I took in her hand
into antiquity

and ask her to describe the person. Her first remark was that it took her

(into the time of Claudius, the gladiator) and then back to modern times. " There 's not much repose of

character
sion

there

's

excitability

and unrest
entirely

confusafe

and unsettled condition there is no feeling of fear but a Not knowing anything of his cribe his She said "
person.
:

I feel

sort of discontent."
life I

asked her

to dis-

this is a large

person

a large person, of capadevelopment a matured person, perliaps of sixty He has a remarkably strong constitution a years. good deal of muscular strength, no nervous weakness is can stand a good deal of very solid and firm He has broad shoulders, labor, mental and physical. in arms and lower limbs, great strength large thighs He is remarkably cool, does great endurance.
in physical

cious

brain

-

does many things others cannot nothing rash feats of muscular strength. He could perform feats of lifting. does he compare with other men?) (How

There

no comparison where others could lift two he could lift eight hundred. He is very hundred, he could lift with his muscular, his loins are strong teeth. He has pride in his strength and has great
is

will

power

too.

I

see great

beams and timbers
I

it

carries

me back
9

to

a miracle in modern, as His movements too are

Sampson Sampson
graceful
effort.

think he

as great in ancient times.
is

he
could

lifts
lift

without
six

appearing
or

to

make an

He

men

more

if

he could get hold of them.

His strength

Later Developments.
is

147

in

his shoulders

and

hips.

His bones are very

very good natured." large. The account which I read, given by R. A. Proctor, described him as a good natured Italian laborer with
is

He

noble development of chest and shoulders," and spoke of his lifting a man of 200 pounds to the top of

"a

by putting the third finger under his foot " with scarcely a perceptible effort." It also stated that he was attacked by two powerful Irishmen, " but he seized one in each hand and beat them together, till life was nearly hammered out of them." He is, however, of a quiet and peaceable disposition. Her
a table

was about fifteen years too but that was only an inference from his matumuch, She saw his broad, good-natured countenance rity. and staid manner, and conjectured his age from the
conjecture as to his age

appearance and feeling.
to age.

She

is

seldom accurate as

idea

In the early years of Psychometry, the dominant was that of a direct emanative connection or rap-

port which enabled the psychometer to give descriptions, as when holding a medicine in the hand or describing a character from the impression given by an autograph.
In these experiments, however, there were manifest indications of a wider range of power than could be traced to any aura. Medicines yielded a full impression of their character

when

securely corked in vials,

showing

that the impression imparted

was due

to

no

blank sheet of appreciable material emanation. paper which had been lying in contact with an auto-

A

graph would sometimes give a
of the writer.

distinct impression

of

148

Later Developments.

a sufficient possibility of writing imparting influence to blank paper lying in contact psychic with it to give an impression of the writer, required
decisive experiments for its demonstration we should not expect as prompt, forcible
;

The

of course

and clear

an influence from that blank paper as from the autograph.

About
Carlyle
ing,

thirty years
in

ago

I

obtained an autograph of

a letter written to an anti-corn law meetsociety,

or

which

he

expressed

himself

small vigorously against obstructive legislation. portion of this autograph had been kept many years, wrapped in a piece of blank paper. I tore off a
piece of the blank paper
for

A

which had been
it

in contact

with the writing and placed

in her hands, recently,

an opinion.

The

impressions were not quite as
his

distinct

and accurate as those from

photograph

especially in reference to time, but they were substantially the same in character, and correct as an

man. They were as follows " This takes me back twenty-five or thirty years. I should think the It brings writing was by a male. me into rapport with a bright mind, a clear intellect
estimate of the
:

of a great deal of force.

"

It

seems
I

pally,

like a business production, princibut possibly some social question was conto

me
it

cerned.

think

has to do with
letter.

political

economy

friendly that would grasp themes of importance to the country and take a radical view in favor
,"

not a

common
a

It is

mind
It is

of reform.
.'

<>.

He would

a very vigorous mind, rouse the faculties of all

uncommonly

who

listen to

Later Developments.

149

"I think he many years ago
years ago
I

he passed away not living now I think this was written forty odd think he passed away twenty-five or
is

thirty years ago, perhaps. " I think he wrote a great deal

questions

he was a partisan.
at

I

on governmental think he might

have been a lawyer, or
jurisprudence. There was not

He was
much

acquainted with certainly not a minister. theology about him, though he
least

had some
his

religion, yet

he was not really settled

in

wrote and addressed the public - he wrote no trashy things he had a variety of
;

own mind.

He

themes.

(What was
a good wife.
in society

his domestic
I

life?)

I

think he had

do not think he was very agreeable He was not a rather morose and terse.

genial and good-natured man in his family. more in the intellectual than the social. He
a jovial

He

lived

was not

man

joking

not given to never laughed much but had a vein of sarcasm that he used as a
as a literary

weapon.
capacities had he can't see that he was a poet.

(What

man?)

I

solid matters, but not

He wrote generally on on medicine. He had an easy
attractive.

flowing style, which made his articles He was an educator of the people.

(What

reputation

He He overtaxed himself a great deal. jects. (How long did he live?) He was not sick
enviable name.
his last illness.
least
I

he attain?) He had an was an authority on many subdid

long in

lived

was about sixty, or at he did not do much work after that age, but he longer than that in a more quiet way.
think he

150

Later Developments.
did he belong to?) He was either He was familiar with both the

(What country
languages.
tongue.
I

French or English.

think

English was his mother

(Can you guess

his

name?)
I

Not now.
think the date of the

In the foregoing opinion

The portion containing letter was correctly given. the date has been mislaid, but it was written in the
midst of the anti-corn law agitation, which extended The death of Carlyle was from 1837 to 1846.
located too far back, probably from the influence of the old letter carrying the mind back.

We

should not expect mathematical accuracy when there was nothing to guide the impression but the influence

imparted by contact to blank paper.
are not imaginary, though they elude but the psychometric.

Such
all

influences

other senses

All material

substances

are

affected

by

contact.

The

presence of a third substance causes chemical

changes which will not take place without it. This, which is called catalysis, is one of the wonders of It shows that the chemical condition and chemistry. action of compound bodies is affected by whatever is adjacent. Hence if there is anything in an autograph which can affect the psychometer it must have an influence on adjacent substances. We can make a illustration of this law of contact still more strong between dry substances in which no chemical change If we lay a wafer that we can detect has occurred. on a sheet of cold polished metal and breathe upon it so that the moisture of the breath shall be condensed on the metal, the metal retains the impressions

Later Developments.
thus

151
if

made

;

for,

after

removing the wafer,

we

breathe on the metal again, the moisture will appear only on the part that was not covered by the wafer.

The dry

space

testifies to

the lingering influences of

the wafer.

Mr. G. H. Lewes says that he has even

"brushed the surface of the polished plate with a camel's hair brush, and yet on breathing upon it, the image of a coin previously laid upon it was distinctly
visible."

to be a general law of nature ; metallic or metallic bodies when in contact exert an plates influence on each other which may be demonstrated,

This seems

facts to make this general bodies in proximity are subject to the transmitted influence of their neighbors, probably

and we are authorized by
all

statement

caused or increased by insensible electric currents, from which no locality is exempt. We are induced
to ascribe

much

of the effect to electricity by the fact

demonstrated that a flash of lightning strika tree and thence diverging to strike with fatal ing effect some person near it, frequently impresses the image of the tree on the skin, and it is found on the
so often

corpse.

The

instantaneous result follows from the

powerful flash, but insensible currents operating a longer time may produce a complete transference of images. An amalgamated copper plate has been
placed upon an iodized silver plate, between which an engraving was placed with its face downward

toward the

silver plate.

Fifteen hours afterwards the

impression of the engraving was found transferred through the paper upwards to the upper plate. Nor
are the impressions

hus produced entirely

superficial.

give an accurate impression of the minute locality touched. penetrate that it They know the substance is difficult to and photographers remove from a plate the impression once made by a picture. whom he was writing. It is upon these laws of catalysis and emanation nomena foreign operating in contact or proximity. Influences are continually radiant from any part of our surface. that of animal life depend. The convenience of this method kept the psychometer entirely unacquainted with what he was describing. or even near the head. and a landscape would bring the a third party of The psychometer. that was held over his head. It all is the phe- thus that substance is continually vital imported into the powers by contact and with vitalized structures in which the soul proximity power is present. or if held on the forehead. as . sometimes portrays not only the writer but the person in his mind to whom he was writing. and discovered that every picture gave a good impression of the original to the fingers of the psychometer. The transfer of influence from an autograph to blank paper is no more remarkable than its first transference from the writer to the autograph. began to experiment with photographs and engravings. not knowing what the object was. in describing an autograph.152 Later Developments. A portrait would convey an idea both of the person portrayed and the artist. it it Hence made a favorite. Cerebral body and invested with organs approximated by a small metallic rod touching the surface of the scalp. and even scene itself I before the imagination.

N. when method very hapthe character was one capable of benefiting the patient by its invigorating or soothing power. the subject for psychometric experiments need be the person nor anything that has emanated not As . was not perceived by anything like a visual but embodied a conception (in such a way as power. a relic or anything associated in any way with the person or thing to be explored. as if she had made the had no description from an autograph. In 153 many cases I have used this pily for therapeutic purposes. Acting upon this view I wrote the name of a friend and placed it in the hands of a good psychometer. to be grasped by the intuitive faculty) of the person picture represented. became apparent that the object for Psychometry was in such cases simply an index leading the mind to the object represented. my operations facilitated relic. and the picture was merely the presentation of an idea to be grasped by the intuitive The perception. After that experiment. in giving as good a description of the character of Dr. to have described. and extended. I No picture. who difficulty. as well as localities which I wished being needed. were greatly autograph 01 was accustomed to extend my to ancient and modern historical characters.Later Developments. notwithstanding her doubts of so novel a proceeding. which is independent of vision. and need it Hence not be a picture. inquiries public men and every person in whose character I was interested. There was not in such cases any emanation from the person described.

face downward. September 10. She did so. but simply the expression of his existence by a word or an index to direct the mind. with the blank side uppermost. to present This enables us sion a experiments in a very convincing way. and having the psychometer place a hand on the vacant upper side of the slate. For example. and laid them on the back of a book. Blaine and Butler. having in my possesnumber of very remarkable pictures. The descriptions given in this manner have been as remarkable as any I have ever had. The first she promptly decided had very little chance of election. on slates. and thought that if he was elected he would be very democratic in his ways and 'would not give 'general satisfaetiotai'. requesting her to touch each of them and give her opinion of the parties as presidential candidates. 1884. Cleveland. not differing in freedom and correctness from those made by touching photographs. I wrote the names of the presidential candidates. it does not appear that psychometric exploration is hindered by distance and disconnection.154 Later Developments. from him.' though' he . I have had no difficulty in slate having them described by placing the on a table. and gave her impressions readily. made by spiritual power on the inside of a pair of slates under my own supervision. and starting point of the exploration I could not affirm that even the contact of the fingers with the index or is necessary to those who are highly endowed. to illustrate the power of obtaining impressions from the back of the paper on which a name is written. on three small pieces of brown paper.

In return she received a letter of ten foolscap pages elaborately illustrating the courteous which was made minute correctness of the description. Mrs. notwithstanding her diffidence. B. perform prospect his duties faithfully. though not as attractive or able was Blaine. a word A by every photograph is not as facile as objects to sealed letters letters though she has often described envelopes. if elected. desires always to assist her perceptions by the touch of the object and step of separation. and is in therefore a disturbing. Butler. she thought. and a great partisan this to . A. 155 do his duty this was Gen. and would. and photographs or writings may be described without touching them as they lie on the table before us. The third.Later Developments. Some years ago she 'received it . letter sent to her carefully sealed conveys at once the unpleasant impression of the critical and suspicious feeling of the sender. irritating influence. still more remarkable by the fact . Yet it is not judicious to tax the psychometric faculty for such feats unnecessarily. probably feeling the candid and spirit a letter closed of the sender. Still there is an impairment of the facility is not as satisfactory as an autoBut superior powers overcome all difficulties graph. and sent her opinion with the sealed letter to the correspondent. she concluded to try. The second made an agreeable impression seemed bright and able. seals for psychometric description by five and declined to try but subsequently. Hence she declines receiving such communications which her fingers cannot touch. a writing. . as the second. had the best of election. would endeavor .

which led her to say: " I am constantly taken to the sphere of another person. though not fond of the more laborious effort which it family of Prot. nently Her correspondent thought this emiHe made the experiment in that satisfactory. and went through the whole scene. each distinct individuality. who there is such a blending I is interested in the writer . that instead of being one writing as she supposed. and there is no lack of such power requires. What wonderful exhibitions of psychic penetration may occur hereafter cannot be predicted. Psychometry is be the earthly IRRADIATION OF* OMNISCIENCE and it will known hereafter that it can penetrate all things. not knowing that the impression came from the enclosed unable to feel clearly am manuscript. in which she was carried back to the period in which a mastodon was mired to death The among sensitives. R. artother writing had been inserted written by a friend and reputed medium. To it take in hand a mineral and describe the locality came. I have the minutes of a mineral examination by Mrs. Denton have been especially distinguished by their remarkable success in such explorations. sometimes shows her powers. the surrounding country. the subterranean strata and even from which the past geological history of the locality is a performance in which Mrs. climate. B. people and animals. way. expecting that it would produce confusion of mind and give a more perfect test. Does not such experience as this assure us that in Psychometry we have the key to unlock the hidden wealth of mineral strata? How great then must be ." This character she did not attempt to describe.156 Later Developments.

freedom. and although they present ethical doctrines which command our reverence. nor accept their doctrinal perversions of truth. enforced But the systems of religion. My own life is absorbed in the financially unprofitable labors of the reformer. have never yet offered a system of doctrine or philosophy that would endure an hour's critical questioning by one who thinks with untrammelled social proscription. questions were robbed of their difficulty and my attention to those in which I is There sense one theme of transcendent interest to all rational beings who a feel at the of duty. The independent thinker can neither reject the virtuous elements of all religions. The \vorlcTs gold has probably cost all that it is worth. more than half the labor having been abortive for want of intuitive guidance. a sense of our own possibility of nobler things than life affords at present.Later Developments. illustrated bv many noble lives. and a yearning to pass beyond the barriers that limit human knowledge and within the petty bounds of recorded science history. its 157 FINANCIAL IMPORTANCE. Systems of religion come with lofty claims to oui too often by arbitrary power and faith. Some enterprising genius will hereafter give practi- cal demonstration to this. As it became apparent that geographical and historical mystery. I directed felt an interest. reverence a controlling for the vast unknown same time from which our own existence springs. Psychometry offered the facile method of determin- . although they undertake to solve the mystery of the Universe. in the labor of exploration and mining.

all to oblivion as a relic of bar- The names to of the founders and teachers of it religions being accessible \vas necessary only to subject them their their lives psychometric investigation to learn moral and intellectual worth.158 Later Developments. This investigation carries us into the marvelous and miraculous realm of inter-communication between the visible and invisible worlds into the question of the reality of the astounding events recorded in and the comparative value or religious history. I tatives of the Christian movement. and all Christian movement primitive noblest impulse that has ever humanity. Jesus. It's influence is felt toit very near. the true story of this acted by obtaining a critical view of Confucius. and Psychometry brings scholarship were lost. and my respect for the historic value of the Bible. and destined barism. Zoroaster. to appears The me the been given to day. Moses. It opens up a subject too devoted I to a large for presentation in this volume. truthfulness of religious systems. the twelve apostles and other represen- Upon and the view real foundation of their claims. George Fox and Swedenborg. Buddha. Laou-tsze. Psychometry all could and preserve the important truth . truth ing whether the world's religions were founded in and worthy of reverence. have no hesitation in saying that it has increased my respect and love for the founders of the Christian system. alone If all historical records and of monuments revive destroyed. statement of psychometric science but . including more modern lives.^ or founded in delusion and fraud. Krishna. such as those of Joan of Arc.

The divine realm of universal consciousness or intellectual omniscience seems or a to become occupied by man and either he comes into rapport with that limitless sphere of intelligence. In the higher class of phenomena there is no feel- The perception of a delicate emanation. understood and reported. In a second volume subject be made fully presented. or that intelligence is dormant within himself. and is roused by an effort to assert its powers. grasps and then grasps the object in its wide-reaching conWhether it be a city in China or Africa. power w hich r is master of This Unlimited power is the divine element in man. the thing to be picture or the word simply tells of explored. After such investigations we are prepared to take a more profound view of the philosophy of Psychometry than was indicated by our first experiments in which emanations and influences were recognized. and gives this information to an interior ing or That interior faculty faculty independent of vision. it is conceived. which we have offered. body in our planetary system. and I think it will leads us out of all doubt clear that Psychometry and darkness into the final religion of enlightened be humanity. knowledge not dependent upon any . a pre-historic race on earth. the idea in its essence. If that be the case then the exercise of Psychometry is the nothing less than a display of INTUITION manifestation of an interior all truth. sacred will 159 this history.Later Developments. sciousness. a saint or leader whose name has almost disappeared in the twilight of history.

denying causation. and how remarkable. ligence just this education. as clear familiarity manifesting and bright in those things which are beyond sense. though itself unseen. while it was nay. this How indeed faculty to think that for so many centuries this has lain almost dormant and unutilized.160 effort Later Developments. are a and the modern materalistic positive decadence of philosophy from the . which converts impressions on the senses into distinct knowledge of objects and events. for its acquisition in is our conception this divine of a divine attribute. grandest realms of truth. even scorned and trampled on. It is the latent basis of all human knowledge as latent caloric and electricity are at the bases of all Like the sun behind the clouds material forms. Of transcendental is meta- physics or universal nescience the minimum and doctrines pcssimum. It leads us up to the highest. opinion. and in their most perfect embodiment in skeptical metaphysics would make us unconscious of all reality. memory and as in those few things how God -like a conception of how grand the prospect of humanity gives future enlightenment. though ever resisted by the stupid animality and skepticism. and denying all things as having an reality all forms of human beyond our own thought. informs us of reality of truth. It which would hold us within the limits of sensation. in reality the latent basis of all human intelligence. which he has learned. how sad ennobling. it is the source of all light. and man enjoys proportion intel- as he is capable of with all truth.

in the in Wisdom scenes of political strife. It astronomy we can then. into the relate to sunlight. all in paleontology and geology. in that the telescope fails to give. We such influences to something holier must withdraw from and purer that can . and all that grasp of the limitless world of psychic life indeed. in the drudgery of labor or in the rla^es of amusement. shall we have philosophy. however. to sound and to realm of intuition and divine wisdom depends upon the cultivation of the divine faculties in man. When its world-grasping power shall reveal all there is in man. all all in the strata and on the surface of the earth.Later Developments* time soul. world's progress from the dull externality of the senses. or a sudden illumi" " Let there be nation. which physical force. o thought and nobility in conduct are not compatible with the vulgar mood of mind which generally prevails in the marts of commerce. 161 when to it These recognized the higher powers of the two forms of error are congenial enough run together. which bring him into connection with supernal wisdom and realize in this life the wisdom of the angels. is laying a very broad and solid basis of physical knowledge for the Temple of Philosophy which Psychometry is to build. following the command light but the time really necessary to illuminate the most enlightened and progressive minds of modern society may not be by a sudden flat : : is it so brief in comparison with historical epochs that may The well be compared to the illumination of dawn and sunrise. Material science.

memory and as in those few things how God -like a conception of how grand the prospect of humanity gives future enlightenment. though itself It unseen.1 60 for its L alcr attribute. denying causation. and how remarkable. most perfect embodiment in skeptical metaphysics would make us unconscious of all reality. latent basis of all human knowledge as latent caloric and electricity are at the bases of all Like the sun behind the clouds material forms. this How indeed faculty to think that for so many centuries this has lain almost dormant and unutilized. Of and in their human opinion. how sad ennobling. grandest realms of It leads us up truth. though ever resisted by the stupid animality and skepticism. it is the source of all light. informs us of reality of truth. even scorned and trampled on. Dcveloptu en ts is . while it was nay. and the modern materalistic doctrines all forms of are a positive' decadence of philosophy from the . as clear familiarity manifesting and bright in those things which are beyond sense. which he has learned. which would hold us within the limits of sensation. effort acquisition in our conception this divine of a divine and man enjoys proportion intel- as he is capable of with all truth. and denying all things as having an reality beyond our own thought. in reality the latent basis of all human intelligence. which converts impressions on the senses into disIt is the tinct knowledge of objects and events. ligence just this education. transcendental metaor universal nescience is the minimum and physics pcssimum. to the highest.

161 when to it These recognized the higher powers of the two forms of error are congenial is enough and run together. When its world-grasping power shall reveal all there is in man. all in the strata and on the surface of the earth. into the relate to sunlight. solid basis of physical laying a very broad knowledge for the Temple of Philosophy which Psychometry is to build. following the command light but the time really necessary to illuminate the most enlightened and progressive minds of modern society may not be a sudden is it so brief in comparison with historical epochs that may The well be compared to the illumination of dawn and sunrise. all in astronomy that the telescope fails to give. however. to sound and to realm of intuition and divine wisdom depends upon the cultivation of the divine faculties in man. We such influences to something holier must withdraw from and purer that can . world's progress from the dull externality of . which bring him into connection with supernal wisdom and realize in this life the wisdom of the angels. and all that we can grasp of the limitless world of psychic indeed. Material science. fiat : : or a sudden illumi" " Let there be nation. o thought and nobility in conduct are not compatible with the vulgar mood of mind which generally prevails in the marts of commerce. in the in Wisdom scenes of political strife. in the drudgery of labor or in the rlajes of amusement.Later Developments. shall It life then. all in paleontology and geology. time soul. the senses which physical force. we have by philosophy.

India and Greece. If our religion be sincere give the soul development. the dawn of physical science and the rebellion against superstition has carried society far away from the associations in which Yet even a hunspiritual knowledge was encircled. and fervent. state upon the pillow. we are laid asleep In body and become a living soul. tender and refined. in until. Cabanis. and the deep power of joy We see into the life of things" Why modern times has there been so steady an opposition in to the recognition and culture of our spiritual faculties when they have been recognized and honored in the past at the fountain head of civilzation cherished and admired Egypt. said in his seventh memoir on the influence of diseases : . or our love deep. integrity and nobility in which the vision becomes clear and the truth beAnd when the head rests comes our companion. within the last two centuries. notwithstanding his materialism. While with an eye made quiet by the power Of harmony. the of the soul can be maintained. dred years ago there was not such a hostility as today against the belief in our psychic powers and their occasional manifestation under nervous excitement. we reach the Wordsworth : described by " That serene and blessed state In which the affections gently lead us on Until the breath of this corporeal form And even the motion of our human blood Almost suspended.1 62 Later Developments.

like a. who would doubtless have distinguished themselves as excellent Py- previously existed. and who would demand or choose aliments. " I 163 here necessary to refer particularly to those singular acute maladies.Later Developments. and which may even be characterized as unnatural. thonesses. the occurrence of which soon proves the justness of their sensations . I have frequently noticed the most singular effects arising from this susceptibility of sensation in women. that have not think it It is also observed. of these patients see the most microscopic with the naked eye. and even remedies that would be really serI " viceable to them. that in some and extatic diseases." every physician of extensive experience (especially those who practice in mild or warm climates) As must have had the same experience in some degree as . again and can distinguish such things as they have used or only touched. dog. during their paroxysms and announcing the approach of certain crises. " Some to dark as move who have seen some whose taste has acquired a peculiar delicacy. There are others follow persons by their scent. or they notice other organic modifications attested by the state of the pulse and other still more certain signs. Some have the power of looking within themselves. the organs of sense spasmodic become susceptible of receiving impressions which were not perceptible in a normal state. with a sagacity ordinarily observable only in animals. others see so clearly in the objects in perfect security. in which intellectual faculties suddenly become developed.

in language superior to his age and the supposed power of his " a few days before his death. was sud- denly capable. Why that with so vast a magazine of instructive materials under their observation. Sarthe reports in the Encyclopedic Methodique the case of a child twelve or thirteen tk who although scarcely years old attended by himself. rivalling all that was developed by the followers of Mesmer in France. but in the most perfect normal condition that exalted psychic In the year 400. Cabanis." They noted the day and hour and found that St.164 Later Developments. or even a far more. gratitude to those who attended him. has just died. why has this la field been so signally neglected. been a great blessing to me to sleep. not only in the medical colleges of materialism. Moreau de rudiments of Latin.striking and marvelous experience. Martin at Tours which had When he awoke he said: 4k It has just occurred. states these facts. and so strenuous an effort been made to maintain ignorance and skepticism in reference to the extraordinary powers of the soul. Martin. the church at Milan during mass fell asleep and discovered the death of St. so little has been reported. Esdaile had in India. St. Martin had really died at that time. St. intellect It is not only under the influence of fever. during a raging fever. of speaking it The same child expressed his in the greatest purity. especially by medical colleges. . but even in the literary . since God has worked a great miracle know that my brother. acquainted with the first Dr. Ambrose in perceptions occur. Gregory of Tours. St. as Dr. a is it historical writer.

with a science. the old philosophers whom they honor. It is in the not sufficient to refer to the power of dogmatism colleges for that is but the proximate cause.Later Developments. and to crush the honest inquirers who were not willing to be enslaved and silenced by the multitude. to conceal interesting and wonderful facts. and any continuance of such phenomena recognition of the today as was predicted by Jesus. 165 departments which have no sympathy with physical In these departments the protestors. the professors recognize in a perfunctory manner the miracles and prophecies to of the Bible ( with an evident desire set them aside as superfluous or unreliable) yet carefully avoid any study of their philosophy. that dogmatism. paralyzing their power of reasoning upon facts which would reveal the grandeur of the divine laws of the Universe. kneel at the shrine singular of Greek philosophy. adore Plato and Aristotle and vet ignore all the grand psychic powers and phenom- ena which the Greeks recognized and honored with a Can they suppose place in the temples of the Gods. incapable of testifying correctly as to facts? With the same psychic incapacity. and professors exercise their Whence came haughty why did not the dogmatism for rather than against the psychic elements of humanity. and absurd inconsistency. What is the nature of that all-pervading and stifling power which during the last two centuries has been at work to suppress the truth. The cause the universal and dominating cause . Evidently there is a leaden weight of skepticism dragging down such minds.

1 66 obvious. tic love. But why should this science which opens our eyes to the grandeur of the universe and gi\ es us the KEY TO UNIVERSAL KNOWLEDGE AND WISDOM be for the will first time presented by myself before a phalanx of universal opposition. Force and fraud. and. military autocracy. and the reception of Psychometry be a test of the ethical elevation of society. Is it a reversal of any supposed law of nature ? Is it a revelation of something totally unknown to all nations? it On the contrary is the scientific development. have ruled all nations. in the admiration of nature. noise. priestcraft. . in " Thus deeply drinking in the soul of things. Later Developments . all churches and colleges. in the inspiration of song. be regarded as the intellectual precursor of a higher social condition. These elements of character are antagonistic to the psychic. and cannot comprehend them. the other in the solemnities of religion. in the deep thought of the student. money power and selfishness. is The of the animal nature the psychic elements are the antagonists and the animal nature rules sensual world. It is the same antagonism which existed between Jesus and the mob of Jerusalem the antagonism between that which leads to heaven and that which leads to the purgatory of a selfish existence. in the soul growth of domes- meditation with the head on the pillow. in various degrees." The culture of Psychometry may. and in the sacred meditations of solitude. resist them. the whirl The one is cultivated in the and the selfish struggles of competi- tive life. therefore. dislike them.

the whisperings from a higher world but did not always understand them. but had not the docile modesty and the inductive scientific spirit which make systematic and the moderns who have made investigation immense progress by inductive science have lost the spirituality and elevation of sentiment which belonged to the ancients and thus lost the taste for really philosophic studies above the realm of matter without losing any of the ancient egotism which importance . seat and laws. heeded and honored ethical dignity it has been the monitor of nations and the prompter of religious movements which have changed the destiny of races and the face of It was the intuitional power which heard the globe. Considering the vast numbers of those who in every age have enjoyed and exercised the intuitional faculties why has no one endeavored to ascertain their nature. o That the very same intuitional powers which are illustrated in. > 167 of that which has been in the world.Later Developments. as the animal kingdom turns to the Eastern sky where the light of an unrisen sun is dispelling the demonstration and illustration . the Egyptians. their range of power. have always existed and . and in some of its aspects always has always been known and in its warning voice often while in its been heard. and the Greeks largely exercised and recognized these faculties. and which led nations to bow to unknown and invisible powers called divine. darkness. their relation to philosophy and religion and their to mankind? The Jews.-this volume. deems itself a master of truth without investigation.

has passed quite particular involuntarily. of persons hitherto the unknown. Zchokke says sel- autobiography is : "It well known the that the judgment we not which is dom form. that at last I no longer see clearly feel the face of the unknown wherein I undesignedly nor distinctly hear the voices of the speakers. as stated by genius himself. who. which before served in some measure as a commentary time I For a long to the text of their features. We speak in such cases of sympathy or antipathy. with many trifling connected. dream-like. or frequently scene in that life. the famous author. circumstances therewith some ' so entirely absorbed in the contemplation of the stranger's life. or is afterwards weakened or different by appearances. to and perceive these dren. at is first glance. whom effects frequently amongst chilexperience in human character is wholly wanting. more correct than that result of longer acquaintance. destroyed by custom. and the more so as they showed me even the dresj . the soul attracts or first repels us with strangers. held such visions as delusions of the fancy.Later Developments. as I listened silently to their discourse. been in operation. " It has happened to me sometimes. as it were. yet perDuring this time I usually fectly distinct before me. to may be illustrated sufficiently by referring the psychometric single example of Zchokke. look. never realized in his its importance. that their former life. and. that through some instinct of The impression. on my first meeting with strangers. my case. But now to. although he enjoyed so marvelous a a power.

know the relations of which I spoke. 1 entered the Vine Inn in company with two voung . when in the first hour of our acquaintance I related his past life to him.Later Developments. that I might thereby obtain confirmation or refutation of it. and when propriety admitted it. " I myself had less confidence than any one in this We mental jugglery. I was no less astonished that my dreamI became pictures were confirmed by the reality. which pre-eminently astounded me. in life. It was invariably ratified. I will spoke. or when my auditors replied that was when I their astonishment betrayed my Instead of many. gifts visionary to As often as I any new person. familiar By way of rooms. On my part. more attentive to the subject. but even his penetration could not solve it. but were not to be persuaded that I did room and the house. not without consternation passed before me on their part. accuracy before mention one example. * revealed I my expected felt it to hear the answer It was regularly not so.' I a secret shudder true. I * What demon ' inspires you? Must again believe in possession ? exclaimed the spiritual Johann von Riga. I would relate to those whose life thus not previously for what I the subject of my vision. One fair day. 169 other accessaries. furniture and test. had uttered was the literal truth. related secret history of a seamstress who had just the before I had never seen her People were astonished. and my laughed. in the city of Waldshut. speculated long on the enigma. I once in a the left family circle at Kirchberg. and motions of the actors.

Lavater's physiognomy. and the whole company were made opposite to me. I described to him the uninhabited room. which I alone occasionally interrupted by inquiring whether I spoke the truth ? The startled young man confirmed every particular. I did of me. He promised. particularly to a handsome young man who sate whose who allowed himself extraordiThis man's former life was at that nary moment presented to my mind. stood a black money-box.student Later Developments. his youthful errors. to the right of the brown door. on a table. Touched by his candor. foresters. One of my pride was wounded companions. if I related to him some of the most secret passages of his life. I turned to him and asked whether he would answer me candidly. and even what I had scarcely expected. if I were correct in my information. company at the table cF hotej ' We were We tired with rambling with a numerous where the guests were making very merry with the peculiarities and eccentricities of the Swiss. the last mentioned. by their mockery. and licence. to admit it frankly. supped through the woods. I shook hands with . thought. I then related what my vision had shown me. A dead silence prevailed during the whole narrative. than Lavater did with his physiognomy. with whitened walls. acquainted with the private history of the young his school-years.170 . where. begged me to make some reply. merchant and lastly. national etc. with Mesmer's magnetism. with a fault committed in reference to the strong-box of his principal. etc. I knowing as little of him personally as he That would be going a little further.

under the inspiration which accompanies the true followers of Jesus. men will marvel that such things could ever have been forgotten. and In the coming civilization even more marvelous. 171 my still name. .Later Developments. abundant illustrations might be found of the existence and exercise of the powers which were exercised by Zchokke and by Cazotte. ies will The last three centur- seem a very dark age. a capital illustration comes from the antipodes. which " and said no more. and w ere they not done by Zchokke and Cazotte as an exercise of their familiar faculties of and by Joan Arc and George Fox and Swenbenborg. and we remained past midnight. did he not tell the woman of Samaria " Come and of her five husbands? Did she not say the dawning : see a and things that ever I did" did not Jesus promise that these very things and told all r man who me greater things. too. I had time to ransack history and biography." The pall of materalism has covered these recent centuries so darkly as to shut out Did not light that once shone in Judea. He asked me I gave him. should be done by his successors. Even now while I have been writing. look into men's souls and tell them of their Jesus coming deeds. together talking living ! till He is probably Thousands have had experience like Zchokke's. ignored or denied. in the experience of If a gifted gentleman whose fine intuition has led him to express the very views which are inculcated in this volume. noth withstanding all their vast but grovelling knowledge confined to the earth and " earthy. him over the table.

phere. He has an illuminated mind this is the most active power in his brain. he can sit in his home aud compass almost the entire world. "He may be. I is his profession?) is. " He has an extraordinarily clear. the following admirable suggestions and thus described The gentleman C. He is and brings what he knows into a practical His powers are so far reaching as almost to shape. It takes me into a grand intellectual atmoscation.a is think he He would Australia. dated February 12. D. and exercises it. of who statements : " In defiance of all the high-wrought and elaborate definitions of old-time Psychology. that He is humanitarian like his work direction one who has is mainly in founded some benevolent enterprise. power in that way. M. I venture to ck'lino . thoroughly and independent. bold. presented in an Tungamah. 1885. seems no limit to his soul spirit.. practical (Where is he?) . too. There is me He off to a very distant land a southern direction. (Does he understand public affairs?) Yes. mind. W. published at Melessay. B. He is not in a war-like (What cian." Rohner. annihilate space. "Not in this country it takes He seems advanced in life.172 Later Developments. she revealed his capacias follows is : ties "This altogether a new character to me. He is He is powerful in mentality and eduliving. for Placing his name unseen in the hands of Mrs. He has clairvoyant power original to a remarkable extent. psychometric description. bourne. physinot be a lawver. too.

Intuition. He who all gifted with this rare faculty has the knowledge in his possession. point intellects and grand attainments leading men of in science. is key of hold it "Without tuition is a certain absolutely impossible to the first amount of become a intuition I Spiritualist. to which it is certainly and closely allied. in my opinion. or to the understanding of things truly spiritual. are utterly unable to attain to spiritual sight.. intuition simply as direct spiritual insight. .data as clairvoyance. and although not so positive in its . is one of the grandest faculties of the human mind. for intuition is one of the most constant and reliable teachers and tutors a true mentor of mankind. immediate perception of both facts and truths without any prelim- inary instruction or preparation for the reception of the new truths and the new facts. leading theologians. leading politicians.Later Developments. intuition is in many respects far more valuable than clairvoyance. and they are not so inconsiderable in number. cannot understand anything that is new their minds run in such rigidly conservative grooves that they cannot deviate from a . because tion. for in- and handiest instrument to bring man contact with things invisible from a physical Hence it is that men of magnificent of view. etc. " Somehow or other some people. and more profound in the results of its opera- Without the natural gift of intuition a man cannot rise to any high altitude of mentality in this world. as a grandly intuitive man said over 1800 years ago. They really have eyes and see not. ' ' it is more comprehensive in its scope.

not only of all knowledge. however unable they may I could tell hosts of similar still be to realize them. Now and still more important State secrets which are going but to be carried out shortly. could not . " forming. down to the best kept State of the craftiest statesman marck. asserting in unmistakable terms that Bismarck would have New Guinea. . I knew that things I morning I had this tendency and often in would awake as if I had come from the secret council-chambers where of European diplomatists. and such men it would take perhaps half a life-time to realize so stupendous a fact as the discovery of another hemisphere. people cannot help believing them. If this article had not already spread itself . tell my trouble How them . I was laughed I at for by almost everybody who could that be? some asked.174 certain Later Developments. but even of secrets all secrets. only the knew my views. also against England my past experience is not encouraging for me to do so at present. " Intuition is one of the most valuable gifts that can be bestowed upon mortal. path . and that the French would have their New Hebrides. I have only of a very Bisto allude to my own when intuitional experience. and moreover. Some ten months ago nobody in Australia knew anything of the der signs of Bismarck on New Guinea. of * * * * his secret designs against England generally I wrote several plain leading articles on the subject. To illustrate this fact. had heard their plans discussed in order to enable me to warn those against whom these designs w ere r all these things have come to pass. for by the aid of intuition man may become master.

that I took regular notes of the proceedings as they happened." which I saw perstyled formed on victims' as if I were standing alongside the tion with the shambles on which they were cut up like so much These scenes I saw enacted regularly two or three days before an account of them would butcher's meat. 175 out to an undue length. I could have furnished further proofs of this my peculiar intuitional gift in connecperpetration of what was years ago the " Bulgarian atrocities. and I was myself so astonished at the coincidence of what I saw intuitively (perhaps also clairvoyantly)." . appear in the daily papers.Later Developments.

i . spiritualism and thought reading Explanation of Psychometry. Nature and location of the psychometric faculty of intuition Its association with sensibility The recognition of this by writers on animal magnetism Necessary precaution in psychometric investigations The superior intellectual or spiritual method Its connection with The feelingMagnetic experience of Hufeland. comparing Psychometry with mesmerism.Blindfold experiments Wonderful temples Their neglect by colleges developments of clairvoyant intelligence The physical leads into darkness the spiritual into light Spirituality of the dying and of somnambulists views of Andral and Virgil Vulgar errors. Gmelin and others loss of consciousness as to the body Connection of the phenomena with broad foreheads Evils from sensitiveness How avoided by health and by pure psychic action Somnambulism and trance connected with the temples Loss of bodily consciousness Mediumship Manipulation to develope trance and Psychometry Neglect of Effect of the local excitement and heat in the temples physicians Its illustration in Jane Rider Perfect vision and remarkable intelliPain in the gence and energy with the eyes closed and bandaged Hints to physicians . and complete bodily insensibility Perfect vision in a girl of thirteen with bandaged eyes Similar case in Edinburgh Philosophical Tiansactioiis -.Perfect vision with closed eyes. an independent mastery of knowledge Corporeal location of the psychic its powers The soul residing in the brain as home The body as the Relation explained by the sensitive nerves garden of the mansion Transference of Epigastric locality corresponding to the temples psychic action in sleep and dreams Superabundant illustration in natural somnambulism Reports of Colquhoun Explanation by Anthropology Why the phenomena are forgotten Phenomena of artificial somnambulism well and widely known but ignored by colleges Exaltation of the faculties in natural somnambulism Vision of the French ecclesiastic through paper Perfect vision with closed eyes Reading with closed eyes and seeing through a plank reported to a philosophical society Case reported Suspension of sensation to medical society of Breshui Somnambulism in a young rope-maker . diabolism.. THE PSYCHIC FACULTIES THEIR LOCATION AND ACCI DENTAL MANIFESTATION. CHAPTEE IV.Utilixution of the psychic 176 .

Wild storms come from transparent depths of upper air. The wondrous tales Of Angels dimly seen. cavern's streams A dazzling mystery. dreamers. unknown. floating forms. and of Demoniac power. Comets from stellar depths. Extatics. The wild insanities That come like storms to multitudes. We know not why. and trace the paths By which they come. Abercrombie Wonderful imitation and intelligence in a girl of feeble mind The true nature of the psychic faculties and their relation to the spirit world Their Confusion of objective and subjective Their liability to delusrion future emancipation of the world from superstition Grandeur of the twentieth century The intuitional faculty associated with unconsciousness and sleep Sir Thomas Browne Skill of somnambulists Danger of sudden awakening Identity of the somnolent faculties and our daily intuitions which bring success in life development of intuition thoroughout all ages and at present Inspiration of Shakespeare and George Elliot. Yet science shall reveal the whole. Then shall its starry eye pierce farther.Psychic Faculties powers in i Psychometry. astounding miracles At saintly tombs. dimmer depths Of human mystery The magic of the ancient sage the Prophet's ken. into the realm of Heavenly lore. What faculty? is In the the essential nature of the psychometric ultimate analysis I have called it . The priestly power That awed the savage tribes and built the temples grand. and deeper mysteries Of mad-house life . erring man. lifts And yet with sweet benevolence up Poor. When he aspires. shall be traced along the mystic lines of power That reach afar Toward that unseen and awful power that holds The farthest stars. barbarism The from darkness come to darkness go Their source unknown. which have been neglected by an intellectual Marvelous case related by Dr. rush by. And the unconscious utterance of a wisdom rare From These feeble lips .

is a real advantage to the clairvoyant. hearing. especially by such impressions as are made by the nervaura. that the somnambulic and psychometric Hence it is conditions may be brought on by gentle impressions on the sense of feeling. and runs into connexion which with the interior part of the middle lobe. which is %ehind the eyebrow.Psychic Faculties. The and its acute perceptions of the region of intuition coincident in somnolence. in is located the organ of feeling or sensibility - the aggregate of the sensitive faculties. Psychometry we recognizes find this blendall The psychometer cognizable . which needs to be protected from all harsh influences and even from we ordinary light. it is Hence in necessary to extinguish or clairvoyant experiments lower the light or to The bandage placed over the eyes protect the eyes. seeing and sympathetic impression will act in unison to give the delicate and profound knowledge which belongs to the intuitional exaltation region. But the intuitional faculty is connected with the interior portion of the front lobe and that portion is connected by the law of coincidence or parallelism with the lateral portion of the front lobe. INTUITION. It follows then from the construction of the brain that in all intuitional phenomena there will be great and delicacy of the senses manifested that feeling. In the language of ing. are thus associated closely by the proximity of the organs with sensibilities that the possess and the exercise highest of the intuitional faculty is accompanied by the highest degree of sensibility.

and that the feeling during that state was much more acute and delicate than when awake. too. 179 properties. only feel " in the Frederic Hufeland's patient said. recognized. as if all senses and sympathies were in the highest activity. said she did not see but feel. Fisher's somnambulist assured him that he saw his internal parts. and Scherb's patient declared. its healthy or unhealthy influ- ences.know what passes around me every but you are mistaken. the sensations of the sick. and with great delicacy. both internally and externally . this or that part." said she to : those who had I . she Gmelin's patient. ture of the- climate.Psychic Faculties. conditions and phenomena in the object of The odors in the air. "I sec. I see nothing. perceived them. Descorroboration of these views also pine's cataleptic patient. the spirituar character of society and the purposes that pervade the people in short. flowpaintings. highest degree of lucidity. etc. by human intelligence is recognized. all that can be comprehended ers. this or that change. the sensations were rather those of feeling than of sight. A be derived may from the following curious declaration of Dr. placed themselves en rapport with her "that don't evening . but . "You think. but not as with the eyes he could not describe the manner in which he . This combination of the faculties has long been " In the state of clairvoyance (says Colquhoun) the magnetic patients may be said to feel rather than to sec. the qualities of food and medicine." at other times " I generally used the expression. the temperahis examination. the forms and colors of landscapes. persons and imagery. that in the magnetic sleep.

and an excited pulse. which produced severe suffering and led her to say repeatedly. her mental exaltation was often shown by the impetuous rapidity of her action. talked and repeated passages of poetry. and went through the whole bnsiness of preparing the table for breakfast. spoke . ** She moved with astonishing rapidity. but next morning thought it had been done by some one else. her eyes closed. " where she sung. In these attacks. sewing and performing household duties with entire ease and correctness and sometimes refused to allow a lamp to be burned because she thought it was daylight. she manifested the most perfect vision." If the treatment had been directed to this spot as her intuition dictated her attacks might have been controlled and perhaps her high endowments perserved in her normal condition. " it it ought to be cut open ought to be cut open." Sometimes she had her paroxysm in bed. even in rooms entirely dark. Once she imagined herself at Brattleborough. and accomplished whatever she attempted with a celerity of which she was utterly incapable in her natural state. was relieved by the physician and next morning reAnother attack came called nothing of the attack. In her numerous subsequent paroxysms with her eyes closed.1 82 Piy ch ic Fa en Itics . on in about a month and produced a fine specimen of She rose and dressed herself with somnambulism. These attacks were generally if not always accompanied by pain in the temple on the left side of the head. pointing to that spot. pain in the left side of She the head which was hot. development of psychic powers was brought on by an attack with a flushed face.

and imitated their actions so exactly as to produce a most Although she sang with propriety and correctness. and completely silk filled each side of the nose. Moreover in such patients they will be prepared to expect unusual psychic manifestations. deli- necessary. and delicate manipulations will be so effective (guided by Sarcognomy) as often to make medicine entirely unnecessary. " On the twentieth of the suggestions attendant spiritual companionship. nor been known to sing. the was . the cate medication is sensibilities are exalted. was during her paroxysms entirely a spiritual phenomenon. In the case of Jane Rider the vision or even obtain November. infinitesimal doses will be responded to.Psychic Facilities. she had never learned to sing. and occasionally the development of an intelligence which may comprehend their own condition and make the most important sugges- tion for their treatment (as was recognized by from then Cabanis). and applied directly cavitv on it in such a way that the cotton came the dis- over the eyes. It made no difference whether her eyes were entirely open or entirely closed or covered with bandages. liberal behind the brow. 183 of scenes and persons with which she was acquainted there. comical effect. placed between the folds two pieces of cotton batting." physicians enlightened by Anthropology will know that whenever an unusual heat or excitement appears in the temples an inch Hereafter. reporter (Dr. and described the characters of certain individuals with great accuracy and shrewdness. when awake. Belden) took a large black silk handkerchief.

writing too fine to be distinguished at the usual distance from the eye. both of persons with as they whom who were unknown ment still she was acquainted. After receiving two lessons she beat an experienced player. but to the language and sentiments of the person whom she personified. confined to her somnambulist state cal." riments were then repeated without any difference in She also wrote with facility. " She occasionally power of imitation. Various names/ were then written on cards. and I because it illustrates so clearly the transcendent . have dwelt upon the mental exaltation and the spiritual vision in the case of Jane Rider because the case is so authentic and so well known. but when awake she knew nothing about it. came down to the middle of the cheek and eyebrow. which she read as soon were presented to her. an extraordinary This extended not only to the exhibited she did not exhibit the slightest trace of it. seen to be in close contact with the skin.184 tinctly Psychic Faculties." To make the experimore perfect he " took two large wads of cotton and placed them directly on the closed eyelids and then bound them on with the handkerchief The cotton filled the cavity under the before used. and her conceptions of character so just. manner. was at other times. was in close contact with the nose. and of those to her. like her other extraordinary powers. and her performances in this way were so striking. The former expe- the result. that nothing could be more comiThis. and read with facility." Another illustration of her abnormal intellectuality was shown in learning to play backgammon.

in none more remarkably than in W. sions with and their grand discuswhich they have had no acquaintance previous to their inspired utterance. the antagonist of light. Colville. eloquent outpourings of themes the in religious trances. full poured into the receptive The in the extent of the power it is true is not shown case of Jane Rider. the sole intellectual guides recognized by the world's dominant psychology and even by the Gallian Phrenology attains all the results that are attained by the proattains longed labors of observation and reasoning them without an all effort.Psychic Faculties. gave learned If there be such powers youth. philosophy. into ness is which they have so deeply burrowed as to have . why is Heaven's richest intellectual gift to man ignored and defied by unless that the colleges are in the reservoir of accumulated ignorance. in of entranced speakers in their poetic improvisations. and in spite of repression. the antagonist of inspiration. humanity many but bursting spon- taneously into expression from thousands without an effort. as dark- colleges? Why. if had been garnered by some celestial power and soul. and. who. therefore. 185 power of an interior region of the brain even in morbid conditions. leaping at once into posses- sion of the harvest of knowledge and wisdom as. having followed the drifting of the animal nature into the lower or physical and verbal departments of knowledge. J. in when a half-educated latent in disquisitions on philosophy. which. without the use of the internal senses and external reason. but it is amply illustrated in mesmeric somnambulists.

find all light and freedom. active life to the pursuit How itself often does the soul of the dying invalid report refreshed by a rich experience during the hours in of prostration and apparent death. all darkness. or during similar moments somnambulism. Prof. then only does has abandoned the body enjoy the perfection of its capacities which it realizes in body often is and happiness capacities most perfectly when the the most perfect repose. and insult or slander those in whom The it appears. one of the most philosophic of his French contemporaries. and least realized in our intel- intelligence is exclusively occupied with the physical forms and forces that resist our muscular energy. an interne of the Hotel Dieu v totally skepti- . and of wealth and power. refers to a case in which M. Filazzi. farther the former we and love crime. but which are in life wisdom in the tumult of passionate life least realized surely when we are dealing with physical obstacles when the soul energy is lost in the body. lost as in excessive lectual life toil. tyranny and When for the spirit it forever.1 86 Psychic Faculties. and so grossly miseducated their pupils that apparently educated physicians will deny clairvoyance. we go in that direction the deeper the darkness that enshrouds the world. Humanity is debased in proportion as education is limited to the acquisition of when physical knowledge. Andral. lost sight of the world of life and light. all harmony in the latter. for the spiritual In spiritual and physical are our opposite polarities. so far above their plane of thought.

187 attempted to amuse himself by magnetizing a " what fellow-student. and Virgil expressed in the sixth book of the yneid. Nor death itself can wholly wash the stains." a very old and familiar thought. But long contracted filth e'en in the soul remains. in a state of * * " me recommence the passes. when I heard his respiration rattling like a dying man's and felt his skin I cannot find words to as cold as death itself. and exclaiming that in the extacy he had experienced sensations of extreme delight. Assert the native skies. all these horrid trembled at lay knew not what to do. my victim. cal." . After twenty minutes he adds I was my horror when head fall saw his fingers turn blue. and again the somnolency proceeded. and other spiritual philosophers of pressure. was less profound and terrific. begged life. phenomena increased in the recollection of what I I saw : there my friend. describe my I sufferings. that the soul has a acted freedom and purity its in itself which are hindered by it does not realize from its physical surroundings. or emancipated relieved by an extatic condition from their immediate Plato. and in some minutes he suddenly awoke with to the exclamation It is : " What happiness is this." recovered. and which until it antiquity. yet one not on by modern colleges. in the following among other passages : " Nor can the grovelling mind In the dark dungeon of the limbs confined.Psychic Faculties. Meanwhile intensity. however. taught this distinctly. or own its heavenly kind. The collapse. residence in matter. his powerless forward. devoid of the aspect of complete and terrible * In a quarter of an hour he collapse. I did so with less apprehension.

collegiate policy is to recognize only the action of the soul as immersed in matter it studies its physi- The debased by selfish influences. assumes that they are the same thing with which he is familiar as mesmerism. and all who possess them or who believe in their existence. and either resist its reception or endeavor to diminish its novelty and identify it with what they already know. cal surroundings. and supposes that supermundane The amateur dent that all source. whom new knowlendeavor to avoid any presented generally edge change in their old ideas. and unfamiliar a with primitive Christianity. As a matter of course those to is Thus the clergyman familiar with certain notions of power of the Devil and his imps. when he hears of Psy- chometry and spiritualism. thought-reading also is very confiextraordinary mental phenomena are but . and to ignore as visionary and delusive all its transcendent powers. The try often devotee of spiritualism hearing of Psychomeassumes that it is merely an exhibition of spiritualism or power of the beings are in its spirits. while The reader is now prepared by the exposition of psychometric phenomena and their connection with the brain to correct certain vulgar errors on this subject among those who are unfamiliar with psychometric science. when he hears of strange mental phenomena of mesmerism and spiritualism. unless they wrote tiun thousand years ago. assumes that they are but another form of the diabolism in which he believes. or suppose they know.Psychic Faculties. The devotee of mesmerism.

just as much as we should be in feeling the influence of smallpox in a piece of infected paper. are equally independent in feeling the impression of an autograph and tracing the character of the writer. we have all the faculties that . Hence the psychometer may perceive that there are other opinions than his own about him. neither on the living friends around us nor on the spirit friends shall have and whatever We who may be present. The powers displayed in psychometric experiments We are entirely distinct from the spiritual phenomena. are no more dependent on spiritual help to feel the medical impression of a fluid extract in a vial. 180 various forms of thought-reading to which his experi- ence is limited. While in the form.Psychic Faculties. But ulties our spiritual or intuitional facare developed. and we may recognize or feel the sentiments or thoughts of friends around us either in O the form or out. and may pay them as much deference as he thinks proper may if is reject them if he does not approve. they as independent as in his associations in society. . or may this avail himself of the clear ideas sented. we when emancipated from the body spirits can do in the way of intuitional perception. especially if they endeavor to com- municate them. we can do likewise with a freedom and success prodepend portional to our interior development. and there by contracting the disease. they have a wider range of more in proportion as delicate perceptions. as we trace the character and tendency of a remedy. he which are preIn are acceptable to his judgment. than We we are in smelling a rose or tasting a beefsteak.

is spirit. state The of m:diumship from psychometric a very different affair The medium surinvestigation. is very imperfect at best. not by a real spiritual obsession. 1 renders his brain to the control of some therefore. and has no responsibility for what is uttered. in general. The suggestion that psychometric revelations de- pend upon thought-reading or borrowing thoughts from some one present is as groundless as the spiritIt is much easier to take an impression from an autograph or medicine held in the hands than to extract the information from some adjacent brain. The spirit may be of high or low grade and we are far from getting pure spiritual The spirit is using a brain intelligence in such cases. Psychometry is a dignified. but more like the entranced utterances of the mesmeric somnambules little modified slightly or not at all by a spiritual influence. and is capable of enlarging the sphere of his cog- by sympathy with either surrounding or supermind with which his powers may be reinforced. In normal Psychometry the individval has the perfect use of all his faculties in his highest intellectual condition and also generally in his best moral condition. not his own. The spirit expression. even if the information existed there in an accessible . nor. But in a large number of cases of mediumistic utterance there is very The utterance is spiritual influence present. ual notion. .190 Psychic Facilities. any knowledge of it. independent and normal process. which tends if rightly practiced to the strengthening and ennoblement of character and nition nal mind. and never capable of using it as freely and naturally as the owner.

such marvelous excursions in pursuit oi knowledge (the elements of which are in the hand) would. India. as a medical influence from a drug held in the same manner. wishes to look into a difficult case for diagnosis or morbid conditions. Indeed. she sits alone with the autograph. for the less there is to attract or disturb attention the better for the psychometer. wrote to a correspondent at Calcutta. be unsuccessful. When Mrs. that he was coming to the United States within two years. or reveals contradicts his impreshe did not suspect or tells She frequently speaks contrary to his anticipations. shape.ot ignorance of the surrounding circle the slightest hindrance to the psychometer in total The getting an autographic impression. beginning at the hand.Psycktc Faculties. her psychometric intuition was verified within the time what him what he cannot at sions. of erroneous opinions entertained by patients and by . is 191 r. with her pen to record impressions as they rise. B. B. he But replied that he did not see any possibility of it. and their entire absence is equally a matter of indifference or rather a positive advantage. it is When Mrs. we cannot but wonder at the credulity which supposes it easier to perform such a difficult task than to feel the impres- as clearly recognizable. and is writing for its explanation by the psychometer. who sometimes first believe. If the thought-reading hypothesis is strained to suppose that her mind must then reach out to the dis- tant patient who may be at the antipodes. if they were practised often. or the is sion from something in the hands which from a warm body. from the fact that the patient does not understand his caloric own case.

I sometimes find them incapable of answering a question. the psychometric judgment is as entirely self-reliant and independent as any other method of arriving at conclusions. Instead of giving my knowledge and opinions. and others. by If there were no other our own mental energy. THE LOCALITY OF THE PSYCHIC POWERS.192 Psychic Faculties. is in mv mind very distinct. fruits and flowers which were ever within reach inviting enjoyment. In my experiments with Mrs. While the great is intuitional or at the psychometric centre Unquestionably with an adjunct location in the temples. they frequently state that with which I am not acquainted. interior of the front lobes. and sometimes express opinions different from mine. their physicians. while the answer that should come. minds on earth or in Heaven.f Sarcognomy disfaculties. could build up all knowledge and philr osophv carry it in grandest amplitude far beyond his power to in his mind or record it by any graphic art. . and Psychometry gives us a new method of exploring all sciences. covers an outpost in the body lor all the psychic The entire brain corresponds with tin. Indeed. 13. the true psychometer well endow ed. than of storing up nature's wealth of aromas. The treasures of knowledge which in past ages have been thus gathered have perished unrecorded the refined and sensitive minds of tropical regions thinking no more of accumulating and recording their too easily accessible knowledge. it must be borne in mind that the science c.

As expressed or echoed in the bosom. firm- ness in the shoulder. though in others it requires sometime to reach the brain and Hence too. Sarc- . that they prefer to receive their impressions in that manner. so promptly recognized. the psychometric from an autograph held in the hand is in impression the very sensitive. as the eye of the master rests upon his garden. that impressions on the body become almost the same Hence the medical as impressions on the brain.Psychic Faculties. like medical impressions may be received in the sensitive from any part of the surface of the body. entire 193 its body. and whatever occurs in one has love is echo in the other. so have all the subtle spiritual faculties The soul occupying the corporeal homes. he typifies the action of the soul in occupying. however. the master leaves the mansion 'for the garden. brain as the master occupies the mansion. and. indeed. and the violent passions in the lower limbs. psychometric impressions of character. and as when invited by a congenial season of pleasure. Manifestly. to the apparent neglect of the brain. for a time. the teleconnexion of the brain with all parts. the most perfect reception of psychic impressions may be expected at that part of the body which most nearly corresponds with the sensitive and somnolent region of the temples. become understood. looks forth their upon the body. by graphic sensitive nerves establishes so intimate a sympathy. the body. this descent into the body. from medicines held in the hand is in the impression Even without very sensitive instantaneously recognized.

each capable of responding to the through this other. The cerebrum has the controlling the soul. produce Having thus cerebral and corporeal organs of the highest sensibilities and intuitions in close correspon- dence with each other. and of this. by the application of the this spot. nature and art have given us ample illustration in spontaneous and induced somnambulism. it follows that the most union and co-operation of the soul. if any where intimate apparatus of intuition and sympathetic sensibility. in which the exercise of perceptive or intuitive power from the sternal and epigastric region . in the temples. and thus all the lism and somniloquence may be developed as effectively as through the organ of somnolence. that there ognomy shows is such a locality adjacent of the body. but when the cerebrum is state as centre in nearest in sleep. the two locations of which are always in close rapport. must be possible. by which my pupils are accustomed to the somnolent conditions.194 Psychic Facilities. some local a quiescent excitement may well attract the psychic action to this psychic region of the body. (The accurate tions in the location of the psycho-physiological funcbody which constitutes the science of is Sarcognomy At one of the valuable applications of somnolizing effects are produced hand or by passes toward phenomena of somnambu- Psychometry. its chief location occupying a few inches line' below the ensiform cartilage of the breast-bone. upon and below the to the median sternum.) this location. the brain and the body.

" faculties in certain states of the organism. I had for a instances. whether it contained anything that could confer that it me additional strength * upon I the cogent a evidence good deal surto find that in almost prised. While engaged to in collecting that evidence. made a pretty ample collection of the most interesting and best authenticated instances of the natural to somnambulism . I already adduced. but rather a redundance of materials found no want. the facts of the insensibility of the corporeal organs. 195 has long been observed without comprehending its philosophy. almost all of which have been reported with great accuracy by professional men. I brought forward abundant evidence with the view of demonstrating the extraordinary fact of the occasional transference of the Colquhoun says: . every one of these cases.Psychic Faculties. and it seemed might be of use to search for. was have since been enabled to add several very inter- esting recent cases of a perfectly uniform character. though pleased. I . and of the transference of the faculties. which has been given by Sarcognomy. I found myself the embarras de it be very much in the same I situation with the inge- nious Frenchman who complained of for this richesses. had been more or less distinctly observed. and this collection with a view to discover examine. The discovery of the manifestation of the remarkable tion phenomena in ques- appears to mere accident have been almost always made by they are seldom brought very . totally different purpose. reason conceived sufficient to adduce only the most striking and best authenticated * * Several years before.

has also a corresponding location in the body. and which having a definite location in This mystery to the cerebrum. excepting upon the strange and inadmissible hypothesis that the organ of one sense supplies the place and performs the functions of others. and the epigastric location may become the chief seat of the power or rather the manifestation. psychomet- or intuitional powers may be exercised either from the central or the epigastric location. . The entire lost its can be apprecof organology and paonly study thognomy as presented in the volumes of Cerebral Psychology and Pathognomy. in and exterior surfaces of the and the action of the lateral occipital region. the entire brain has excitability. in which all intelligence is concentrated. ric In consequence of this structure. which I hope to prepare a new edition of my in ISXG. prominently forward.* which explain the philosophy of this subject iated after the relations of the interior front lobe.196 Psychic Facilities. when consciousness being suspended by sleep. Hence the performances of somnambulists are like in * These subjects 'will be concisely presented System of Athropology. suspending consciousness (while reinforcing animal life) and opening the brain to the influx of exterior intelligence which controls all action without employing the consciousness of the subject by which the mental processes could be recognized and rememoered." Colquhoun disappears when we recognize the existence of a higher and all comprehensive intuitional power. and scarcely any attempt is made to account for them.

197 those of spiritual mediums. nor how many thousands are convinced. or when light is absent. but so limited has been the circuliterature in which such facts are embodlation of th ied and illustrated that it is worth while to refer to a i few authentic examples of the exaltation of the senses and their exercise in an unusual manner. compose and write serrated * The absolute stolidity of the. describing the regions visited clairvoyant were actually looking at them in all civilized countries. and the perennial crop of ignorance on this subject flourishes w-ith unabated abundance. is accompanied by a wonderful exaltation of the perceptive powers and by the perfect exercise of the senses when the eyes are insensible. too. has been very often observed. nar- by the Archbishop of Bordeaux. in which a young ecclesiastic was accustomed to get up at night in a state of somnanbulism. If the demonstrations were not continually renewed. . That artificial somnambulism is accompanied by the power of seeing with the eyes bandaged and of travelling in as if the any direction. the colleges would entirely suppress the knowledge of such facts and susentire pend the circulation of the literature in which they are made known. the colleges and their text books remain the same. and before public audiences that it is needless to relate instances.* That natural somnambulism. One of the most famous of these is the case in the thirty-eighth volume of the French Encyclopedia. before scientific committees. unrecorded by memory and unknown to the subject when he returns to his normal state. in has been so often verified private circles. colleges and a large portion of the educated classes on this subject shows that the world is not yet half civilized.Psychic Faculties. No matter how often the phenomena are demonstrated. Our University and Collegiate system needs to be superseded by a rational education.

adjusting the notes and words. and with his eyes fast closed he recognized objects as ical A case in the . but that he did not depend upon the transmission of light and was not hindered by an opaque substance. he immediately perceived the change. The Archbishop held a piece of pasteboard under his chin to prevent his see- on as usual. After writing a page he would read it aloud and correct it with his pen. Like the French ecclesiastic his vision was not hindered by opaque bodies. when there was a thick plank placed ^between and his eyes. The committee saw him with his eyes closed write and correct his school exercises and " cipher and calculate with great exactness. In this somnambulic condition he wrote pieces of music with his eyes closed. but he wrote the interruption. and correcting errors as one would do with the full use of the senses." He read the titles of works in rooms absolutely dark. mons.fpS Psychic faculties. and " even told the title of well as if a it book. vision was exercised in rooms perfectly dark. a named Devaud. thirteen years and six months of boy age. not regarding Yet when the paper he was writing on was removed and another piece substituted. of natural somnambulism occurring in Switzerland was reported by a committee of the PhilosophSociety of Lausanne. The committee state that when he was writing down what his master dictated " though we put a thick piece of paper before his eyes. ing the paper." . he had their use. Thus he showed that he was able to perceive what he wished to see. he continued to form each character with the same distinctness as before. In this individual. and an account of it appears Encyclopedia Britannica.

was quently overtaken by sleep. At another time he was overtaken by injury. He passed over it regularly as With equal care and dexhe avoided the horses and carriages which came terity in his way. with the same facility and almost faster than when awake. and in the midst of his usual occupation. His eyes were firmly closed. When the fit overtook him in travelling. went from Naumburgh to Weimar. without missing the road or stumIn this manner he repeatedly bling over anything. even by daylight. he came into a narrow lane. awake without sleep a short while before setting out for Weimar on horseback. While in this he sometimes recommenced doing all that he had use been engaged in during the previous part of the day. and he lost the state of all his external senses. he did not stand still." " Aropemaker. 199 most extraordinary in the reports of natural somnambulism is not only the possession of intuitional power. but proceeded on his journey. He rode through the river lime. but the suspension of ordinary sensation^ One is What of the best illustrations of this is a German case reported in the Transactions of the Medical Society of fre- Breslau. allowed his horse to drink. whether sitting. then passed through several . standing or walking. Upon one of these occasions. twenty-three years of age. across which there lay if some timber. from his morning devotions up to the commencement of the paroxysms.Psychic Faculties. At other times he would continue the work in which he happened to be engaged at the time. and drew up his legs to prevent them from getting wet. and finished his business with as great ease and success as when awake.

her eyes remaining shut the whole time. the patient that . It is needless to give any further illustrations of the . as she was accustomed to do for amusement in her waking state. of respectable family. of Hamburgh. Shultz. all colors that were presented to her. crossed the market-place which was then full of people." the continuance of the paroxysm he was his eyes even the quite insensible. distinguished. reported the case of a girl of thirteen. they were bandaged upon the approach of the convulsions which preceded the somnambulism " . and arrived in safety at the house where " During felt his business lay. but in order to be certain that upon these occasions she made no use of her eyes. who in a state most of somnambulism. booths and carts. tions. pinched or struck. as usual. nor could he hear the report of a pistol when fired close beside him. In a case of somnambulism described by Dr. Dyce. Psychic Faculties. During all this time her eyes were closed. and cut out figures in paper. and recognized the number of cards and the stripes upon the painted cards. and it is stated " she became capable of following her usual employments during the paroxysm at one time she laid out the table correctly for breakfast. were thrust open. She described She wrote as well the color of the binding of books. and repeatedly dressed herself and the children of the family.2OO streets. while her eyes were shut. he He could not see when He could not smell volatile spirit. in the Edinburgh Philosophical Transac- was a servant girl. without difficulty. of Aberdeen. though pricked. nothing." Dr.

Psychometry to will is to appears like an entrance into celestial realms.it comes out and spasmodically in spontaneously But never has fhis spite of neglect and repression. illustrations spontaneous. The power exists . There is no limit to what may be achieved by the emancipation and cultivation of the soul powei in the exploration of all realms of knowledge. when rightly directed. and where all knowledge is free to If this be true. I could add an other illustration of the same class of accidental developments which shows what marvelous endowments may come in . or accidental of the occult powers of the soul which have appeared in somnambulism. Psychometry gives us a philosophic and practical knowledge of the soul power as the illuminating endowment of all humanity. 201 independence of the soul power and its marvellous perception and intuition which grasp the truth without the agency of sense or reason. where have. how can we who know these things the world's intellectual history down to the regard present time as anything but a grandly barbarian in this volume. leads us to truth. for all science and philosophy. which protects us from falsehood. comprehend its philosophy and to realize its illuminating power. accompanied in reference to a ! except by calamitous ignorance the would ameliorate human the mechanic arts that I have dwelt upon destiny. and be sufficiently shown its seeker. and is in a scientific spirit so as to power been studied competent the to give us a mastery of limitless realms in unknown.Psychic Faculties. record a record of physical 1 knowledge and physi- cal trimuphs.

and was removed to the house of a benevolent lady. after some prelude. At length the sound was traced to the sleeping room of the girl. The case : of being ignored and one related by Dr. where.2O2 this Psychic FacnJtics* spontaneous way. as follows " an orphan of the lowest girl aged seven years. skill. the most beautiful music was often heard in the house during the night. but his performance was not taken notice of by the child except as a disagreeable noise. instead is repressed. resembling the sweetest On further observation it was found that after being about two hours she became restless and began to mutter to she in bed. herself. which excited no small interest and wonder in the family. and at length. . was accustomed to sleep in an apartment separated by a very thin partition from one which was frequently occupied by an itinerant fiddler. she was employed as a servant. on her recovery. but uttering from her lips a sound exactly sounds of a small violin. After a residence of six months in this family. after a protracted illness. Aber- cr^mbie. considerable in This person was a musician of and often spent a part of the night performing pieces of a refined description. and how limitless are the achievements to be expected when our occult powers are fully utilized. Some years after she came to reside with this lady. she fell into bad health. and many a waking hour was spent in endeavors to discover the invisible minstrel. who was found fast asleep. residing in the house of a farmer by whom she A was employed in tending cattle. rank. then uttered sounds precisely resembling the tuning of a violin.

limited in her range. in which she seemed to fancy herself instructing a younger companion.Psychic Faculties. Her language through the whole was fluent and correct. in a clear to the imitation of the violin. figured magoria of her brain. Wellington. She often descanted with the utmost fluency and correctness on a variety of topics. 203 which she and accurate manner. public characters. She was fond of illustrather subjects by what she called a fable. During the performance made the sound of retuning she sometimes stopped. and her illustrations often forcible and even eloquent. exactly In another year from this time. which to hear in the house where she now and she then also began to sing. and with performed a sound exactly resembling the most delicate modulations of that instrument. and astonishing powers of mimicry. Blucher. piano of a very old description. her instrument. She was by no means. and particularly the characters of members of the family and their visitors. she began to talk a great deal in her sleep. and all discussions she nation. both political and religious. says my informant. often the kings of the earth. imitating the voices of several ladies of the family. and then began exactly where she had stopped in the most correct manner. and all among the phantas- were animadverted . Bonaparte. the historical parts of scripture. the news of the day. but was often exchanged for that of a she was accustomed lives. and in ing these her imagery was both appropriate and elegant. In these showed the most wonderful discrimicombined with sarcasm. "After a year or two her music was not confined dashed off into elaborate pieces of music.

During her paroxysms it was almost impossible to awake her. "For several years she was.204 Psychic Faculties. The justness and truth of her remarks on all subjects. as often made me think poor Nancy had been transported into Madame Genlis' Palace of Truth. Her often of such a nature. and she could tell correctly their numbers. were and corresponded so accurately with characters and events. upon with such freedom from restraint." . but about the age of sixteen she began to observe those who were in the apartment. she remembered having seen the gentleman. but could not repeat a word of what he said. during the paroxysms. She now also became capable of answering the questions that were put to her. and she was once heard to speak several sentences very correctly in French at the same time stating that she heard them from a foreign gentleman whom she had accidentally met in a shop. though the utmost care was taken to have the room darkened. Being questioned on this subject when awake. indeed. She has been known to conjugate correctly Latin verbs which she had probably heard in the school room of the family. entirely unconscious of the presence of other persons. with supernatural powers. and a candle brought near the cye^ the -pupil scc:ncd insensible to the light. excited the utmost astonishment in those who were acquainted with her limited means of acquiring information. and when her eyelids were raised. that by the country people she was believed to be endowed ishing acuteness. and of noticing remarks made in her presence. and with regard to both she showed astonobservations.

though much care was bestowed upon her. turn for music. That realm is the realm of disembodied life which is called the spirit world. once heard sleep. to lament her infirmity of speaking in her adding how fortunate it was as that she did not sleep among the other servants they teased her for the enough about it as it was. 205 During the whole period of this remarkable affecwhich seems to have gone on for ten or eleven years. She did not appear to have any what had passed during her sleep but during her nocturnal ramblings she was more than recollection. manifest that there a psychic power in all human constitutions which is the polar opposite of our physical life. and they who enjoy this psychic exaltaits tion either spontaneously as by disease or by artificial preparation. tion." In such cases as these. As it is the laws of nature are invariable and the elements of human nature are the is same for all human beings. a dull.Psychic Faculties. and in point of intellect she was much inferior. " very slow in receiving any kind of instruction. awkward girl. she was when awake. how do minded girl we account preternatural intelligence acquired when her ordinary life by was suspended a dull. to the other servants In particular she showed no kind of of the family. feebleto give place to this soul-life. in These powers are not confined which they have been tested by .of . and which' in extreme operations withdraws all consciousness from the body and enjoys a realm of clearer perception. deeper wisdom and nobler impulses. are in a spiritual condition approaching closely to that of our future life. when the body has been entirely cast to the limited role off.

as in all ious characters. or sectarian minds are far from being reliable logical error for accuracy. Nevertheless it is by the wise culture and regula- . we may expe:ttj find them abundant in the spiritual literature of all ages. we are liable to receive no and exaggeration. that the distinction is often entirely lost. are not Such errors uncommon. and our imaginations and emotions may make surroundings which we fail to distinguish from tha immaterial realities which have not the impenetrability of matter. however. but extend to the exploration of psychic as well as physical worlds and volumes might be compiled of . But in microscopic observations in spirit-life the distinction of objective and subjective fades into such dimness. matters of observation lit- reported tle by travellers. Here on the earth the objective and subjective are distinct and contrasted yet even here we may have delusions from subjective conditions. the reports which they have brought of the conditions of the spirit world and the personal appearance and post mortem life of thos whose friends have enquired about them.206 Psychic Faculties. or of distinguished historical and religIn this. the puzzled observers of accidental somnambulism. If even so great and. wise a seer as Swedenborg was not exempt from such delusions. and on the dim horizon we may see what we anticipated instead of what exists. because the conditions of the observation are so very different from those of this life. as the observer (often very ignorant) may be controlled by dominant ideas and Such revelations coming through theoprejudices.

will stand erect in the conscious maturity of manhood. and comes into play best when the faculties to is on which we commonly rely. who announced the coming illumination and shall not be invisible to the intelligence of that century. Among the five hundred millions which our Grea) Republic may attain in that century. ought have been realized by all intelligent thinkers. Sir Thomas Browne remarks in his Rcligio Medici: " Thus it is observed that men sometimes the of the body mind. and thus it when entirely unconscious of arises. passive before the masters of delusion. his surroundings. are quiescent. in the familiar phenomena of somnambulism when arises spontaneously. It often when the bodily energy is still farther lowered by the near approach of death. That a grandly intuitional power resides in the human constitution.Psychic Faculties. usually begins the subject is in profound slumber. rejoicing in the comprehensive knowledge of WHA! WHAT HAS BEEN. that it occupies an interior latenl position. and WHAT WILL BE. but may be remembered as the herald IS. 207 tion of the psychic faculties that the world hereafter is to achieve its highest civilization and the develop-ment of limitless religious truth in place of the blun dering and superstitious theologies which have ruled the barbarian age of the past and still hold in sub' jection all but a few vigorous thinkers. too. or when disease has so lowered the energy as to diminish its influence upon the upon . It shown which. The coming century will be THE AGE OF PSYCHOMETRY in which mankind no longer prone and dreaming. I shall not be ait enrolled citizen.

208 Psychic Faculties. and freed from the disturbances of light and sound. and successfully perform the most delicate and difficult operations* whether intellectual or mechanical." In like manner tional faculty for the best development of the intuiPsychometry requires that the mind should be withdrawn from surrounding objects and events concentred in the interior consciousness. occasionally manifest a superior of subjects and of languages which they knowledge had not previously studied. had been but imperfectly likewise a striking peculiarity of acquainted. that individuals sleep. and to discourse in a strain above mortality. and all this in the dark. rise from their beds at night. too. "It is worthy of notice. do speak and reason above For then. while in this state. retains no recollection of anything that passed while he was under the influence of somnam- bulism. that the acts of the . themselves. as in the ordinary state of It has been observed. the soul being near freed from the ligaments of the body. that upon Waking the individual who had thus insensibily performed all these or with which It they is operations. hour of their departure. also. so as to remember them. and frequently with their eyes closed. In fact the mind in is in so peculiar a state of interior conis centration Psychometry that the psychometer apt to lose the memory of his statements as fast as " Somnambulists (says Colquhoun in Isis Rcvelata) apparently in a state of profound sleep. traverse the most inaccessible places without awaking. this state of existence. they are given. begins to reason like herself.

nor of his perishing amidst the dangers which he freThere are. tion of that awakening alone. boldness and precision." intuitions of causes him to somnambulism having been observed chiefly in this abnormal state. many quently encounters. shown in the somnambulic state.. and similar intuitions which make a portion of our daily lite.Psychic Faculties. and it is the duty of a true Anthropology to show that there is no dividing line between the wonderful intuitions of clairvoyance. 209 somnambulist are almost always performed with a to degree of freedom. such facts have become isolated from normal experience and psychic philosophy. and The wonderful . he acts fearlessly. perish. instances of somnambulists who have perished in consequence of having been suddenly awakened by the imprudent alarm of the witnesses of those perils to which they were apparently exposed. it is true. by restoring him and depriving him of the protecinstinct which governed his actions. and safe So long as he regulated in his is left undisis a sudden to his natural state. and that he gensucceeds in accomplishing everything he erally So far as attempts. superior what he manifests when awake. etc. but the general experience of all times seems to lead us to is the conclusion that the somnambulist guided by other senses or instincts injury by protected from other means and guarantees of security that he is is than those by which his conduct state. of a somnambulist I am aware there is no instance in awaking spontaneously the midst of any operation he has once undertaken. ordinary waking turbed in his proceedings.

produce. and intuitional musicians. but is often so fully developed that psychometric and clairvoyant faculties come forth to the astonishment of their possessor. which has been in progress publicly and privately from a pcriud anterior . every sphere of men light which vivifies and perfects their intelligence. the mental status and attitude of a jury. independently of language. intuitional faculty not only mingles with and illuminates our intellectual processes. in which intuition is The that interior light without which all would be darkness.210 guide us Psychic Faculties. and with whom to associate. know each other's merits and sentiments or designs. while a more learned The competitor with no intuitional power becomes singuThe intuitional lawyer realizes larly unsuccessful. successful physician acts upon an intuitional impression and makes a perfect diagnosis. The intuitional general is guided campaigns and battles by what passes for skill and knowledge. Thus. under inspiration. almost supernal music. by luck. and the possession of this interior light is revealed. if they have energy to perform their tasks by an interior life. and the equal astonish- ment of the cultured but miscducated classes. in are guided to success. or prognosis to the salvation of his patients. and thus is enabled to win them. but is really superior Intuitional lovers often superior. to results which are supposed to be attained. such as Ole Bull. intuition. in every psychometric experiment. who have been most carefully kept in ignorance of that which was well-known to the ancients. to speculate. The intuitional business man in knows how in business. or tested.

It emancipate^ tial or it may be as may be our own we rise to the celes- plane of consciousness. She professes complete as to the origin of her strange powers. unites with our soaring spirit to carry it beyond the power In poetry. in heroism. a higher nature in sympathy with our own in that sphere where sympathy is universal and help not hindrance is the law.Psychic Faculties. self. . . or ignorance the mental process involved in their development. But the colleges are losing their power of repressing intelligence. the marvel of young lady in good like a the hour in Paris is a handsome : " All society. most fortunate with perfect strangers. According to a late number of the London Illustrated News. but which when forced upon their attention to-day is received with a profound arti- ficial stupidity. in religion. leges by false teaching perpetuate a stolid ignorance. perhaps. in music in eloquence. which never investigates or reasons. and carry us in a way which is foreign to our daily life and commonplace experience. book. in romance. There never was a time when such phenomena were not in progress in many places but what avails the sunshine when men shut their eyes? So long as col. and foretels the future with marvellous exactitude and yet her only guides are the pins which She is. The highest success in all pursuits is attained when that conwe approach the most spiritual condition in which our own spiritual energies seem emandition onward all cipated from the obstructions of matter. philosophy must be stagnant. in love and even in of its own flight." she scatters on the floor. of whom it says she reads the past secrets are apparently open to her . 2H to the records of history.

212 Psychic Faculties. to dwelt on this in regard to the scene in ' come together. sooner or later. producing his plays with marvelous rapidity. Cross says " she told me that in all she consid- Shakespeare is believed to : ered her best writing there was a not herself which took possession of her. the entranced thought often leans on the the supernal assistant. that she had " a limitless persistency of state of application. and George Eliot confessed her assistance. " Continuous thought did not fatigue could keep her mind on the stretch hour her. per- form without fatigue what would otherwise be exhausting. as it were. as those to whom it is given. saying that although she always knew they had. in an intense excitement and agitation." He says. painting. Particularly she Middlemarch. unflagging power is characteristic of after .' between Dorothea and Rosamond. Mr. She spiritual assistance. she kept the idea resolutely out of her mind until Dorothea was in Rosamond's drawingroom. too. she wrote the whole scene exactly us it stands. The psychometric power for inspiration is that which reaches out life. abandoning herself to the inspiration of the moment. and kindles in the glory of supernal realms the light that illumes this lower ." hour the body might give way. without alteration or erasure. Then. have written with the aid of inspiration. feeling herself entirely possessed by the feelings of the two women. was acting." This sustained. but the brain remained unwearied. and that she felt her own per' this sonality to be merely the instrument through which spirit.

CONJUGAL RELATIONS. V. and M. culture. SELF-CULBUSINESS. and culture PSYCHOMETRY IN TURECONJUGAL RELATIONS AND Importance of Psychometry is in self-study Why advice not well received Critical advice suppressed General insincerity Christian Admonition needed ministry inefficient all A confessional The Prayer unsound Counsel needed required by and errors of the great Guardianship success depends on. virtue and psychometric power The divine in Psychometry as a national guide In Psychometry Will men seek its assistance Jesus Society offers no revelation of self Imperfections of Gallian Phrenology Follies enjoyed by some What Correction by observation and experiment on the brain descriptions Imperfections of Cranioscopy not indicate conditions. And of G.PART II. or soul power Cranial Development does Value of a true Value psychological system of a true cranioscopy the brain Criticism on the word phrenology mation Great Its modification by Value of the cranium Value of old crania for revelation Objection to crePsychometry a mirror sometimes flattering and ideal artists psychometric Different modes of viewing character. USES AND APPLICATIONS. TerImportance of the conjugal question rible evils of mistakes and mistaken legislation Evils of excessive Vast amount of deception and misfortune in marpropagation Evil marriage perpetuates national degradation Inadequate Intuition opportunities for true marriage Disadvantage of women riage their reliance Psychometric view of married parties Unfortu' nate marriage of W. and C. i Happy marriage . CHAPTER PRACTICAL UTILITIES SELF-CULTURE.

Advice on such subjects is Those who need it most . When principle. Inadequacy of law to execute justice Superior power of Psychometry Psychometric commissions and arbiof tration marriage to a brilliant author but bad husband Question Legal aspect of the Restraining influence over crime Decision on the guilt of the accused Forgeries Expert testimony Examination of counterfeits. friend. prejudices. and guide I place my hand in thine.2 of S. we The out great majority of mankind go through life withany serious or persistent effort for improvement. and as to the culture and development that need. danger. I life KNOW of nothing in our religious and intellectual more valuable and more needed at the present time than the instruction that psychometry gives as to the merit or demerit of our characters. received with reluctance. their habits. Self-Culture. and they yield to this accidental destiny without a thought of controlling it by any wise plan or and passions are thus established they neither seek nor receive instruction as to personal improvement. Their habits are formed by education. ConjuUnfortugal unions as easily described before as after the event Unfortunate nate marriage of a worthy woman to a great author Marvellous power Another brilStolidity of the aversion to truth Psychometry liant author unhappy in marriage. PSYCHOMETRY OUR MENTOR. To lead me through Earth's thorny paths. and the struggles or conflicts of life. ! Counsellor. whether innate or acquired. LAW AND BUSINESS. and when To souls illumined from within All darkness disappears. association. When stars alone give light. and despair. Continual mistakes in spite of intelligence and A. In hours of darkness.

who speak freely when they are. because the very trait of character which needs to be subdued resents all interference. criticism condemning them in their severely. and perverts the judgment. Thus every the one defect of character conceals itself from it degrades. Even the parent. by perverting his judgment and his taste. The vain man believes that he has a just foundation for his vanity. as if he had never supposed that a superior existed. and the recipient of advice is seldom qualified to profit by it. disinterestedness. and becomes angry if admonished on the subject. does not perceive the shallow- ness or silliness of his own remarks. whom Having occasion once to give a gentleman the scientific admonition that he was not disposed to pay due respect to his superiors. is manners little ability to reason.Self-Culture. The ill-tempered map believes that his ill-temper is natural and proper. Thus men go through life unconscious of their faults and their associates. but unwilling to receive kindly or with appreciation the efforts of his friends to enlighten him. and renders him not only unwilling to improve. and asked at once who were his superiors. competent to advise wisely. he was surprised by such a suggestion. and does not believe in hu- man The man of coarse and vulgar unconscious of the disgust which he inspires The man of feeble understanding and in the refined. while those who desire and seek it for moral improvement are generally the persons who need Advice seldom comes from those who are it least. absent. . suppress all such presence. or the . 3 do not seek it. is and cannot realize that it either offensive or amusing. The selfish man feels that his selfishness is right.

but the clergy practice. but it does not. everywhere and as Bonaparte regarded lying as an essential part of the art of war. is the fashion. and hence only It is Insincerity not kings alone who are deceived by courtiers. of offices of religion. Flattery is current coin . minister is restrained by the fear of offence. is restrained by the same politeAnd generally. for often it assumes the form of begging. conjugal companion. Even if this were not in the way. and by the feeling that he has not a recognized authority as teacher or counsellor. The Christian ministry should here come in with The searching and monitory power. deceit and flattery are regarded by men of the world as the essential social arts of peace. the more does sions of friends. the ethical education of ministers is too imperfect to make . The monitor When earthly parents cease to warn and guide. by impatience and disgust. and of pragmatic disquisition long prayers that Jesus condemned. The criticism that does express itself is generally prompted irritates. the ness and fear of giving offence. nitions of the mother cease long before they become unnecessary. comes of all it impose this restraint on the expresand the more intolerant the person becomment which is not complimentary. and the advice is of Chesterfield on this subject is generally accepted. stronger or more passionate and energetic the character. the self-righteousness. needed.4 Self-Culture. it is time to look to our heavenly father and the sacred But prayer is not a searching proneither is it guided by a knowledge of what is cess. The kind admouniversally needed.

It may check the grosser crimes and vices. stubbornness. selfishness. while giving us the kindest and best ap- .Self-Culture. and. The confessional of the Catholic Church. Sometime hereafter a confesWe all need to lay sional in some form will be restored. our purposes. and who can tell us how our purposes and actions look when viewed by a standpoint different from our own. Avarice. that we may receive impartial suggestions from those who have not the bias produced by our personal interests. ill-temper. who live toilers. radation. are entirely permissible in the church. and carries him to the higher world a pauperized soul. our thoughts. before friendly eyes. mainly for the indulgence of avarice and ostentation. on a philosophic plan would be just what Protestantism deplorably needs cies of being one of the most powerful agenmoral progress. is neither controlled nor taught by the influences of his church to rise out of his moral deg- A society composed of hungry. We need especially the kind admonition of those who can place themselves in harmony with the higher spheres of being. vanity. peevishness. 5 them competent monitors and critics. tyranny. Christianity has never been so completely and vigorously interpreted as to become a corrector of the most frequent social evils. and the man whose influence blights everything around him. moroseness. and in the midst of its membership. if it could be administered by a wise and enlightened priesthood. half-pauperized and millionnaires with pauperized souls. our passions. and our prejudices. and our principles. but the offences which are not crimes flourish under the shadow of the church. sternness. and hard-hearted coldness. is not rebuked or elevated by the priesthood. exaction.

and sustained their husbands. devoted love of a gifted wife. half in light. induced him to confess it. And our hearts of all life's mysteries seek the meaning and the key. Had Caesar obeyed the premonitions of his wife. this dreary life is passing and we move amidst maze. point out the improvements that are within our power. . there has never been a year. so prudent. And we grope along together. but being of the same stern nature herself. And our hearts are often hardened by the mysteries of our ways. inspired. And those lips cannot be human which never heaved a sigh For without the dreary winter." FATHER RYAN.6 preciation of It Self-Culture. by her fierce courage. and. whose by admonitions are never unpleasant. . to check when erring and encourage when " right. And So the tempests hide their terrors in the calmest summer its sky. Fortunate would it be if all could have with them continually the guardian spirit which attended Socrates. an intelligence ing. are so entirely wise. Which are never all in shadow. the wife of Brutus him advance that of is to his fate. half in darkness. And our dim eyes ask a beacon. what we are and what we do. sometimes happens that this aid is given to men the sympathetic. he might have lived through a career grand for himself and of Caesar divined his danher husband's deadly purpose. coming from some calm atmos- phere beyond the reach of passion and self-interest. distinct from their own. and our weary feet a guide. and so far-seeas not to need on many occasions. : and shared it by suicide. For no eyes have there been ever without a weary tear. and never wholly bright. While the wife felt ger. But a rare incident women None biography is filled with examples who have warned. she let his country.

have been admonished and checked in his career of insatiable ambition.Self-Culture. Society did not teach them. How fortunate both for him and Mrs. All history and all biography teem with illustrations of the folly. the nearer we come to the angel sphere of truth and clear-seeing intuition. and reward. as rates. but apparently not realby themselves. honor. is selfish beyond the limits of legitimate aspiration more entirely we conquer the lower the more loyally we tread with zeal and nature. Who have the daily presence of a ministering guardianship that warns of all dangers and cheers and invigorates along the path of duty. The path of duty is. in the highest sense. but leads to final success. this for the courage in the path of duty. could he have been made to understand what is now patent in their biography own character from a normal and amiable manhood. and wrong doing of the great the wide departure of his recognized since by the world. . the path of safety. it reached the soul of Soc- Yet there are many gifted mortals now-a-days who have more than Socrates enjoyed. like Socrates. Carlyle. 7 if How fortunate would it have been for the world Bonaparte could thus. It may it lead through conflict and apparent calamity. have been for Carlyle could he have been made to understand himself and struggle against that harshness and pessimism which vitiated it How fortunate would his judgment and embittered his life. the error. and no tender voice from the upper world reached their ized interior consciousness. Nor for all. which enables us to act wisely and well.

which feels in every direction the current of destiny. and giving all the data I necessary for a wise and prosperous administration. nevertheless. which commands alike the future and the environing present. really and showing the successive steps that we must For the psychometric guidance of humanity is the working of the divine element. the way to a higher far life. and the latent The attainment of interior development. has ever been too ^reat above the selfish plane of life to draw any not a number up to the life of real wisdom. and on the far-seeing capacity. lake. How fortunate for guarded nations if their rulers would listen to the calm monitions and revelations of psychometry portraying the true character and interior motives of all in high places. by coming to us as we are. in the light of .8 Self-Culture. is it pleasing thought that the divine incarnation in another form may lead us gently upward. This few are permitted to enjoy. success depends on our own which gives energy and wisdom. . and this is what a sensitive faculty which. with psychometry brings us semi-omniscient power as far as it dim obscurity of of opinion and conjecture extends. How fortunate would not be long before nations shall thus be May it not be reasonably in the next century ? expected If divine elements were incarnated in Jesus to show hope it may led into the path of wisdom. forces that impel it. it be for any one to be thus and guided through life. but diffused foruad in the atmosphere of thought. changes the to the daylight knowledge. revealing the drift of the future. not gathered n the glowing lustre of one inspired soul. which.

so beautiful. so of satisfactory. made an approxi- mation to and has been beneficial to many but . Whether the unbalanced and improper people. aggravated by their inability to understand our nature in proportion as it differs from their own. the prayer of Burns unanswered. as to win us. and "kind heaven" has not enabled us "to see ourselves as others see us. to a better life. revealing the truth. in addition to the limitations of a professional training. which has carried his mind away from the complex relations and ethical peculiarities of In whatever direction men and women in we turn. which. The advice of friends psychometry has all the imperfection of their own idiosyncrasies. before the advent of was unattainable. and showing the attractiveness of wisdom. seek psychometric assistance. we need. and the advice of the priest has the same limitation. 9 intelligence. so as to lead men gently and gradually living. in a most pleasing manner. whether there is not some The fault that hinders success or mars their happiness. into wiser action. the doubt must sometimes arise whether they are what they should be. and better methods of The psychometric soul has the rare privilege approaching near the fountains of wisdom and holiness. unhappy and unsuccessful at least would be tempted to selves of psychometry for personal matter of much doubt." The Gallian system of phrenology this. of whom the world is full. and bringing thence the lessons of life-conduct. It is not merely exterior knowledge that but that knowledge of self.Self-Culture. we find society. and so improvement is a Yet however unbalanced men may be. could be induced to avail themclear.

despair.I o the first Self. there was much beyond. religion. . or whatever I realize desired by stimulating the proper organ) enabled me to that I had a positive. pleased. joy. and other errors unnecessary to mention which it required several years for me to correct by close observation of nature. incomplete as at best. love. which though it might satisfy the parties described did not satisfy myself. and satisfied than For though very positive as to the truth of all myself. (being able to excite anger.Culture. Since that discovery I have never described a character craniologically without satisfying the individual that I understood his nature well. accurate. in twelve months of my attention to it. I told them and scarcely ever contradicted. I perceived the limitation of cranioscopy. avarice. errors enough in the locations. great violence where the supposed location of Destructiveness was small (as indeed it was in the Thugs of India) and great avarice where the supposed organ tive. discovery of the impressibility of the brain and demonstration of its functions by experiment in made as far as possible 1841 my hate. But the cor- rections were and by observation. and complete science of human nature. that they did not realize. pride. I found and the modes was of estimating the brain and the character its to im- pair very seriously its value. as well as great of Acquisitiveness disregard of money was defecwhere the arrogant vanity where the organ of organ was large Approbativeness was moderate. hunger. analysis I found great humor where the supposed organ of Mirthfulness was deficient. the functions. fear. In fact the parties were generally more surprised.

its decisions might be entirely correct. That spiritual its power which gives brilliance to absence leaves the large brain a mass of dulness. voice. was not a thing to be measured by calNor do practical phrenologists ever ascertain lipers. health. but morbid or educational deviations The arts and could not be indicated by development. With a perfectly normal and well cultured brain. and bearing. because the word phren or mind has. the tastes and habits that had been acquired were not indicated. which sense it represents little but the intellectual . and benefit in the study I say a psychological rather than a of character.a more limited sense than ological Psyche. However. interior spiritual cate the power.. with a true psychological system there is a great deal of interest. because the actual character corresponded to the original nature shown in the development. The . or the energy of the mind. of which cranioscopy gave no information.Self-Culture. except by observation of the appearance.use the materialists who think nothing real but matter in word mind to signify mental phenomena merely. a small brain. and there were the ever present influences of education. association. 1 1 There were intricacies of character which it could not reach. . pleasure. professing to have de- rived their conclusions from cranioscopy. no matter how ac- quired. or by this. phren- system because I prefer the term psychology notwithstanding its misconception by metaphysicians to the term phrenology introduced by Gall. etc. the improvement. or by the exercise of their psychometric power which many of them use freely. heredity. Nor could the mere development indiskill. the quality.

reached through gives at a glance the anatomical basis of the character. and in connection with the It facial development of the region of expression (not it known to the in the Gallian system) makes an approximation actual acquired character. is a very interesting and important study. and thus approximate a knowledge of the influences of education and habit. Phrenology therefore is an inadequate term. with perhaps a hint of volition. character makes a still more accurate revelation of when we have the skull in our possession. the value of which I have no disposition to underrate. and its interior we can ascertain by condition the growth of the brain in one part and its inactivity in another part plainly indicated by the condition of the internal lamina of bone. though its cephalic and corporeal environment. furnishing a basis for our psychometric intuitions by which we complete our knowlIt edge. the congenital tendencies. power of the soul. but neither represents the soul in its entirety. The deeply indented . for the facial development indicates the faculties most actively used or cultivated. Yet cranioscopy. nor of the transcendently psychic functions located in the brain. as derived from the true organology of the brain. and not a student of the soul or cognizant of its relations to the brain and its independent life. The words mind and character represent distinct aspects of the soul. Cranioscopy enables us to comprehend and classify people as we pass them. but itself as the chief object of study.12 Self-Culture. It was used by Gall because he was a student of the phenom- ena of living beings proceeding from the brain. But manifestly in a true science of man we should recognize the the soul brain as the associate and instrument of the soul.

but his whole life history. the thickness and opacity of the bones indicate the torpor and atrophy of the subjacent convolutions. these crania will recall not merely the character of each individual.Self-Culture. and manners. mountain. Spurzheim. Crania. his development in language. tell and of the ancient crania which the character of Touched by the psychometric hand. prehistoric races. in tribal government. and natural convulsions. The study of our character by psychometry is like the . have an especial interest in the study whose remains are preserved. his muscular de- velopment. rise I Even the extinct animals and plants of the remotest periods will up before the psychometric vision. which was preserved in Boston. digital impressions of the convolutions \ 3 on the internal plate of bone indicate the growth and acquired power of the convolutions as positively as the flattened sur- faces from osseous growth. and mark the indentations of his active percep- tive organs in the supraorbital plate of the frontal bone. his battles with wild animals or with his fellows. monument. of historical characters. which is the fitting ord of the earth -life. the historical rec- It was deeply interesting to me to hold in my hands the cranium of Dr. art. the palace of the is but that whose memory worth preservain the cranial tion shall have an unimpaired memento form. in domestic life. his life in the cave or the forest. forest. and his environment of climate. moreover. morass. al- trust that the fashion of cremation will not be " lowed to make indiscriminate destruction of these precious relics soul " the all dome of thought. which we commonly find at the upper surface of the brain in criminal heads.

a tendency in psychometric portraitAs great artists are idealists ure to a delicate flattery. the photograph has often a greater delicacy and refine- them with a ideal artist. these faculties are refined and delicate beyond all the faculties employed in business or even in art. and lives professionally in a delicate world of lights and shadows. and it may be used hard and selto look into the recesses of depravity. investing delicacy and refinement from their own Even minds. and for the ideal faculties are the source of his power. own image in the in the water. indeed.14 Self-Culture. fish and one accustomed in legal pursuits to study the work- . which are not material. The psychometric power in the brain is closely associ- ated with the most refined. ment than the original. is an more ideal than a Reynolds or a Lawrence. There they give their own ideality to their pictures. like other intellectual faculties. study of our features by a mirror or by a photograph. It shows just how we appear in the image we project on our surroundings and as Narcissus fell in love with his . if possessed of psychometric power. would take more stern and critical views of character. auras and influences. although their art was mateThe true psychometer is still more ideal. Yet. sympathetic. is. and hence presents the most kind and sympathetic view of character. Raphael and da Vinci had psychometric souls. and loving emotions. its operation is guided by the elements of character. A business man. sometimes the truly lovely and in finding their virtues modest are charmed psychometric conspicuous portrait. The psychometer. rial in form. too. different from the hard realism of life. I doubt not they were actual psychometers.

3. A 1. 1 5 ing of the selfish nature would be more competent to its psychometric description. Where we find our other self. Chemical and imponderable energies.Self-Cjdture. and zoology. PSYCHOMETRY Next with reference to IN CONJUGAL RELATIONS. physiology. and astronomy. History. 3. One for investigation of diseases and remedies. shall comes the associate question. pneumatology. and religion. 5. of on which the weal or woe many a life has depended. and for which all the progress of civilization and religion down to the present time has failed to furnish an available method (which we find in psychometry). paleontology and evolution. 2. shall We the psychometric judgment of business affairs. This is the highest and most pleasing form of psychometry. Anatomy. and would also be applicable to the study of conjugal adaptation and the development of children. 4. shall elevate or degrade us. geography. which is one of the first necessities of practical ethics. the intimate com- panion for life. improvement. whose character. We shall probably have a great variety of psychometric talent brought into use . Anthropology. 2. shall kindle or . continually acting on our own. One for the study of men in business relations and ferent purposes.as skill is developed for dif- need 1. to to the investigation of our its own character. 4. group of different capacities for the investiga- tion of the different sciences Geology. One for the profound and kindly analysis guided by religious principle for our self-culture and improvement.

devoting to this noble office the most degraded as well as the best portion of humanity. or the lust which causes a wretched union is to assist and perpetuate the most skilful work for the development of a pandemonium on earth. the madness. in heaven beautiful and true. ever flowing a debased humanity a fountain which a delusive theology is determined to perpetuate. and which an insane moralism would perpetuate to the destruction of happiness. and the reproduction of a The thedemoralized and morally deformed posterity.1 6 Psychometry in extinguish the intellectual flame. The record must be false or interpolated which ascribes such a doctrine to any wise and many devil's holy source. one can observe widely the amount of domestic unhappiness. The urgent encouragement of marriage and childbearing. as the conduct of the gardener is about as wise who is content that his ground shall be covered with vegetation. without caring whether it shall be flowers and fruits. since the No number who dare to seek divorce is but a small portion of those who really need it). which makes life not worth living. or dis- mal discord. Nor can we avoid the suspicion that a is large portion of the human race are quite unworthy of matrimonial union and perpetuation of their own moral and physical deformities. in which health and virtue are sustained. shall make a happy home. and its blighting effect on posterity (of which the large number of divorces is a poor exponent. ory of eternal conjugality is matches are made folly. when but to perpetuate the . . without feeling that discordant marriage is the foundation from which of bitter waters. the fraud. or noxious weeds.

even during the honeymoon. and the sensished tears when they realize the prospect of a How true was the language of Byron life. few or none Find what they love or could have loved." tive dis: cordant From such discordant unions come all the demoniac eleof human life. The assumed amiabilvanishes. When the fire of passion and the glamour of imagination are at work. an imagination greatly intensified by social restraint and artificial ignor- ance promoted by the separation of the sexes. reflect when we on the millions of failures to realize domestic happiness. I y this That some psychometric guidance is necessary in most important of all engagements is obvious. The love perishes. and the evil We see so much of this are perpetuated. is comparative freedom in the intercourse of the The sexual passion in many is so strong and delusive as to make them utterly blind tojthe incompatibilities of character. the judgment has but little influence. It is chiefly to this . where woman is practically a slave. even in our own country. and ments has little or nothing to do in selecting for herself the master of her domestic bondage. and the parties do not realize that they are deceiving each other. we can realize how much' more debasing is the tendency in other nations. But accident. in their anxiety to please ity and win affection. passions only in our own country in comparative freedom. " Ah.Conjugal Relations. blind contact and the strong necessity of loving May have suppressed antipathies But to recur again more strong Envenomed by the mutual sense of wrong. and the numerous obstacles in the way of happy union. where there sexes.

ion is a lottery of chance. In the following instances I have brought psychometry to the post-marital interpretation of the relations of How fortunate would it have been for the the parties. Millions who were adapted to each other never met. the opportunities of knowing and under- whom we meet are quite and a psychometric warning might prevent inadequate. and in the other case a gentleman was warned against an unworthy union. they Our social opportunities (especially for women) are too limited to permit the general formation of happy unions. Lovers cannot always rely on their own psychometric intuition.1 8 Psychometry in cause that the relatively degraded condition of Asiatic nations ate is due. Marriage is dental proximity. and it the morally uncivilized contributes powerfully to perpetucondition of European nations. whom the true compan- as one in ten thousand. standing thoroughly those many a disastrous union. in Two cases occur to my mem- which misfortune was averted by psychomory now. warned against one who proved to be an unprincipled impostor. which he was on the verge of consummating. victims of the discordant unions if they could have had an impartial and competent psychometric opinion before making their fatal mistakes. which are but little less blood-thirsty now than were two thousand years ago. Even with the most assiduous cultivation of society by the young. even when they are well endowed in that way. . A young lady of great merit was etric warning. almost sure to miss the true counterpart that would have made a happy life. directed by acciand the woman or man of really for is marked and superior nature.

but did not think to avail themselves of their protective intuitions. thing. and have guided the greatest minds. of It has often hap- with an acquaintance. Goethe says respect to : "One which I soul may have a of decided influence its upon another." designed to murder her. I shall feel that I have rendered an important service. he has at once begun to speak of that very I have also known a man who.. she would have sense of his unknown presence. which are very different from whims or fancies. to find herself in a dark chamber with a an man who an uneasy would come over her which would drive her to anguish the family parlor. that if a young girl were. when I have been walking presence. nay. and that . he could also introduce a tone which would make everybody feel uncomfortable. and have had a living image of something in my mind. If these pages should adequately impress the young with the importance of cultivating and heeding their own psychometric intuition. We have all something of electric and magnetic force within us. Nay. could suddenly silence a party engaged in cheerful conversation by the mere power of his mind. chometric power of those who are competent to advise. .. It does not indicate a weak or fanciful mind to pay its own intuitions.Conjugal Relations. even probable. or else seeking the psy- mutually deceptive. merely by means silent could relate pened to me that many instances. without saying a word. for 19 lovers are deceptive in its the following descriptions were highly psychometric. without knowing it. and love itself is Two of the unfortunates in optimism. It is possible.

I placed in the hands of Mrs. and recoil from all approaches in which they do not recognize moral worth if and sincere they love. individuality. They had too much There was more than the man. Hemans. secret signs and omens of the breast oracle speaks low within our hearts. B. Her . She was a true woman and devoted mother. Alas ! that we so slowly learn to heed ! The An Low. the I. She had pride and was ambitious paid great regard to public opinion. still. who amia- Men Women with but limited bly yield to their fascination. of W. and obedience to its dictation in the conduct of life. which enables them to energy impress and even delude their junior females.2O PsycJiomctry in have generally an advantage in their greater and force of character. affection on the part of of character the woman The woman has passed over to the other world. its prophet voice forewarns What to pursue. No. I feel it my duty to urge upon all the culti- vation of the inner light of the soul. opportunities of studying the masculine character have yet a valuable resource in their psychometric intuition. what shun. and M. asking her to decide on the . and M. when the fas- cinating eyes of the serpent deprive it of the power to What unhappy examples of this have I not escape. But unless they are firm and cool may still realize the fate of the bird. : conjugal adaptation of the parties she said " I think these parties are married. yet clear. but I don't think they are adapted to each other. names W. witnessed. they will but firmly use it. PSYCHOMETRIC VIEW OF MARRIED PARTIES.

He would be apt to go off. whose conjugal adaptation C. The his wife (a very superior woman) and I left her to struggle for the support of the family. (What offspring would they be likely to have ? ) "They would not be very exemplary or scrupulous. She is not very affectionate to describe as being persons I wished to ascertain. He and had very limited ideas of a strong intellectual man. A cold indifference came in it. He is for public opinion. I give more than the law do not see any open rupture with his wife though they lived apart. G. but there were points in their characters which It seems to me they lived apart. on." This description I know to be entirely true. was selfish and any woman's needs. and gave her the names of G. He and might do things she could not was not liberal to his wife. There was not love enough to tolerate each others to keep them together.Conjugal Relations. approve of. one of her children gave her a great Notwithstanding her ill treatment she C. Of . and faults. possessing a good deal of merit and energy an intelligent woman. husband deserted know also that deal of trouble. would not required. but likes public life better than the domestic circle. No. I would not seek a divorce. relations to her 21 husband were not entirely distasteful to heY. ambitious in some He did not care so much directions and very peculiar. He would rather be out of her society than " He is not very constant. "This is a woman of good disposition and clear mind. She is somewhat domestic. 2. did not harmonize. she said. and C. has not treat much affection would not crafty any woman well.

They do not seem to be together though they may be in it smooth communication. He a good friend. "This is a very good man. be very attentive in sickness. has intelligence and gentleness a good deal of love "There is and good womanly qualities. They adapted to each other mentally happy life. she said. S. There is no great discord between them. The No. parental characters would not be blended in them." (What sort of domestic life would they have ? " ) Not was not a happy union. but I see no important causes of discord unless there was some outside influence. She something in this woman to admire. I asked. She would stick close to her husband. and devoted to her children if Of S." Of G. all true." (Would these parties be likely to marry?) "I think they are married. bear a great deal for him. and poverty. and A. He has fine intellectual powers. Of A. " There an adaptation. They agree in some things but altois gether their dispositions are not alike. lead a I should think this was her husband. He is a . she said. she has any (Is she married ? ) I think she is. attractive woman. but is a pleasing.22 and is Psychometry in rather selfish. but no ardent affection. a splendid man a little odd has some eccentricities. because they are and physically.) I do not see any divorce. especially music." "Is she married to this man ?" She is replied. S." I asked her to give the character 3. fond of the fine arts." (This is " They (What offspring would they probably have ? ) would be bright children but show marked differences. and conjugal adaptation of and A. They have love enough to do. She is proud and does not sacrifice anything for others. suffering.

superior psychometric power could have told them A as well beforehand of the results and saved them from so serious a mistake. W. Their children bid fair to do them honor. He is per- fectly satisfied with his wife and exerts himself to her happy. They are well adapted to each other make not exacting over each other. I have selected for illustration these accomplished results. and a union is only proposed. It is as women whose easy to de- scribe any celebrity at the beginning of his career when . of 23 good executive ability. But the same sad domestic tragedy is going on daily over the world and will continue until psychometric wisdom shall be invoked for guidance. They will be apt to have good children that will turn out well. noble off- A spring might have been expected from the first parties. as he can describe the man and careers are known. as I have given their true parties may initials. for both parents had superior abilities. because no demonstration would be afforded at present by a prediction which requires years for fulfilall ment. and the children were far below the parental standard. They would make home attractive to their children. and M." All of this description I know to be strictly true. but willing to accord mutual rights. The two unfortunate marriages were by persons of high intelligence and intuitive quickness of perception. and the marriage was altogether an unhappy one. but there was neither adaptation nor love.Conjugal Relations. The psychometer can describe with as much that ease a character not yet unfolded or tested. Possibly the six be recognized. substantial man.

and after its description a name written on a small slip. If he had wealth he would do generous acts. as after he has made his fame. In either case the psychometer has but the intuitions to guide him which arise from touching a name. a picture or an autograph. " I am taken into very studious intellectual surroundIt seems a man of a good deal of literary power. 4. or professional character? seems devoted to intellectual pursuits. coolness and judgment here. . by placing in her hands a photograph. yet a good He was dignified and methodical. she gave the following descriptions first from the photograph which ga^ve her a great intellectual stimulus. Without seeing either. a brightening stimulating influence There's a great deal of I whether he is living but I think do not perceive readily it is a deceased person. He was of humanitarian sentiments. The subject following is her exact language : tions in such cases No. He having great executive powers. I too felt its intellectual brightness. I cannot see anything military about him. I submitted the question of their lives to Mrs. Was His was he an life editor.24 his abilities Psychometry in and true character are unknown. stirring. and did much to promote humanitarian principles. or lawyer. whose domestic life has become a familiar story. There are characters well known to the public. deal of repose. ings. My percep- begin as soon as she takes the and sometimes before she has spoken. B. " This is a very magnetic person. (the photograph and the writing being turned down). "He had great opportunities to display his abilities.

He seems an Englishman certainly not an American. would give him a high I should should like to read his productions. To judge from his writings you would not understand his disposition. 2$ to (What was he compare him to. You could not know him from : his had some good objects was not altowritings. I see things in him that many would not observe. "This man was a contradiction in himself." . He is moody. many people. gether morose had some moments when his better . think he was more like Carlyle than any one else I can He though eccentric I think of. His prose writcould rank. as a writer ?) "I don't know whom does not seem a poet. he had a wife. though he write blank verse Miltonic. making him quite agreeable . He was not amiable or He had too much of the fault-finding bulltolerant. He feelings predominated. dog disposition. he was personally the reverse. While he wrote on great subjects and interested his readers. He loved his vocation if he loved anything. He did not spend much of his time in a social way. but that was not his usual condition. in style. all the time. ings. His life was not one of pleasure.Conjugal Relations. (What was his his domestic character ?) "I don't admire There is something about it not attractive. " He Yes. but devoted to one routine. I He impresses me as being overworked don't admire his conjugal qualities. One would be struck with the dissimilarity. He was not at home with domestic character. (Did he have a wife ? ) would think a wife a necessity had a sort of owner- ship of a wife.

" . He was a restless. rather bear and suffer abuse than retaliate." there any connection between the two characters you have just described ? ) After hesitation and careful consideration she said. some not happily. think she has passed over She was a woman of great forbearI ance. It brought about by this unfortunate domestic reminds me of Josephine. not endowed with a retaliating spirit. not certainly. takes me into the sphere of woman with a good deal of individuality. " I think she had She had the authorship. but She did not have a happy domestic life. She would She had most excellent control over herself. distinction. I she had a great many melancholy seasons in her state. and I think she exercised it considerable extent. calculated to make any woman happy He was not would rather consider think life woman an appendage than a companion. not living. " I think they were connected (Is by marriage. " There as in the is last. not satisfied with her. She was and proud of mingling with intellectual and She seems a prominent person of cultured people. did not intellectual ability to any make it her aim. is not as conspicuous intellectual brightness This person did not give out as much. Her husband was not satisfied. but there quent person woman she is a good deal of thought it was an eloIt seems a strong very matured. (Was she married ? ) "I think she was married. ambitious man.26 Psychometiy in IMPRESSIONS FROM THE PENCILLED NAME.

They had many wordy contests. self-willed man. There was a constrained feeling. with amiable qualities and a desire of performing What do you benevolent acts. have great respect for him. and his wife. say to this female ? "There is a serenity of character but not a vigorous mind. more convivial. It seems to me she but made great allowance for him. placing his name in her hand ?) "This is a high spirited. arrogant. great deal uncomplaining before she She bore a made her troubles finally to retaliate She may have been induced by advice of her friends to vindicate herself. but she seems very much alone. but a brilliant man nevertheless. the author. proud of. It 27 add that the two parties were THOMAS CARLYLE. She would show obedience He was to her husband. Her husband was likely to neglect the civilities that He was absorbed in his own belong to a wife. was separated.Conjugal Relations. He was an excitable man and might have known. He had something to be . could wield his pen on any subject in any direction he chose. He may have neglected her for others. " She was well aware that she was not treated rightly. had an exceedingly prolific mind. She was somenot morose or sullen. He . a person that would not be much disturbed or chafed by reverses has equanimity and courage. I then gave her another pencilled name and received only remains for to me the following impression in answer to the question." (What of her husband. isolated in her affections. indulged in stimulus." " (Was she married ? ) Yes. what comfortable but not happy in her marriage relation. domestic and cheerful. pursuits and might not have intended to neglect her.

It would not appear to the public. He had a strange think some stimulus was the cause." These parties were SIR EDWARD BULWER LYTTON and his wife. His forte was to write novels." (What was his domestic character ? ) "He had a peculiar interior life. In his younger days he might write boyish things to women. Sometimes he would write little unbecoming things. sometimes that would come to the his writings so far as I know surface and appear flat and insipid. He had a vivid imagination and might dwell on romantic themes." "I think he is not living.. and then I in an hour's time find cause for if dis- turbance and be harsh disposition. might write with humor and sarcasm. His writings were sound and logical with a vein of poetry. but his he living?) writings are. something like Bulwer's. and she is either dead or in obscurity. romances. I have brought forward the examination . not abusive. had a " He He had great fertile and perhaps and could write imagination ideality. He was a favorite with the public. He weird style. He had a upon a variety of subjects.28 Psychometry in his affectional nature But was stinted. might write on governmental subjects. It is more like than any other. alternating between the merry and the grand. "It seems he was addicted to some sort of stimulus that changed him at times. but had not a deep soul. sublimity. "To his wife he would be at times over tender and loving. had a literary career. "I think came (Is he beproduced a separation intolerable and her feelings were injured too much his conduct to bear it.

examine. Verily the pearls have been cast before swine ! a wonder. Coming generations will realize the barbarism of society to-day. to any form of power. sword. the enlightened realize it now. but neither honors nor seeks them.Conjugal Relations. and prefers to turn away and walk in the treadmill steps olism of ancient ignorance. is the profound stolidity and intense aversion to truth which in former times assumed a ferocious aspect. One more example jugal I of intellectual brilliance and con- unhappiness. indeed. and now when diab- superseded by the stolidity of selfishness. This intuitive power is to me a standing miracle. is a miracle before which I bow in reverence. but to show the marvellous power of ^>sychometry to investigate any past or passing or future life. derful power which only needs to touch a and irreverent humanity has for ages ignored or despised. The world attaches too have thought it much interesting to value to the intellectual powers. such things to be in progress undisturbed by permits the executioner. and takes in a panoramic view of life from childhood to its present status in the world above. and in which I see the noblest special gift of God to man. a The wonword as an index to the subject for investigation and forthwith assumes as through a knowledge of men's interior lives as if their biographies had been studied. and is and revelations of truth with fire. . and. which our poor half developed perpetual revelation of the divinity in man. and still Not quite so marvellous but to me assailed such divine gifts halter. of the 29 Bulwer and Carlyle families not to investigate the genius of the authors. dungeon.

in description both in prose and poetry. (This is is a male give me his character. I don't hold of him readily. was devoted to literature but did not write very extenHe had great descriptive powers and excelled sively. He wrote He was restless a traveller in mind and plays. It ever described. but shallow souled women contribute to the tide of social degeneracy. Was he not military ? I think he was. (What was his reputation derived from?) . His faculties are so concentrated in what he does he does not plod I He am not sure favor over his plans. "He better for was over-reaching sometimes. but dashes right ahead without fear or a strong individuality unlike any one I have It is vivid as a living person. When women learn to prefer soul to display and wealth. Such a mistaken estimate is fatal to* conjugal happiness. their sentiments will have a powerful influence on society. It carries I scarcely know where into military operations.36 and too little to Psychomctry in the other qualities of the soul which alone can give happiness to the possessor and his associates. place him his mind was so kaleidoscopic. No. him if he had more coolness would be in his nature. "There is so much ambition and push to the character. body. 5. "There but seems bright and vivid like a living person. I must wait. I cannot command the language for it. but he impresses me with a get great deal of brightness and nervous energy and susceptibility.) something peculiar in this mind. me to (Can you perceive his favorite pursuits or talents?) " He was He politic in his relations to the public.

might He He had some title. My with the nobility. His disposition was not be called a happy man. It brings up my like soul is dark. The fertility of his mind was so great that people who heard of him would want to see In the variety of his mind and moods he was more him. Whether it was hereditary or adapted to happiness. It makes me restless to possible for a woman to yield. some other misfortune connected with his birth. " 31 From his writings. had lovo but not the qualities that make conjugal He expended his love on the creatures of happy. was unfortunate in not selecting his proper adapta- He was tion. But he had moods. attentions.Conjugal Relations. . talk about him. and at times and at such he was very depressed very frequently He was not what times he would write very grandly.' old song. I think he was not a happy control. His poetry would compare closely with Byron's. Byron than any one else I can recall. "There was a separation from deal of scandal. his wife and a great each had and even censure on both I will not say which was most to blame. There are many contradictions in his He would not be constant to one woman in character. their friends. and I think there was some jealousy in his He wanted more in a wife than it would be nature. ' " His social position was high. but his conjugal life was not happy. was a favorite His social life was largely convivial. man and he had not good self- (Was he married " ? ) He He life married. He was not the man to make any woman happy. his imagination.

life (You spoke at say of that " life ? ) first of a military what do you in his I don't know exactly. (Was his domestic unhappiness from selfishness ? ) "No. exceedingly prized. and are had not a strong constitution. and I do not wish to impose on her the I fatigue of a longer description. He lived fast. upper occipital region which gives intensity to The brain of Byron was not large. and this was the deficiency that deprived him of proper self-con- trol and harmony of nature. more I feel this character. He was of a vacillating disposition towards women.32 Psychometry in other. and "He not living. and they would not place much confidence in him. but He He did not live long enough to passed away too soon. in which I felt the strength of the the mental action. The develop the possibilities that were in his nature. At the beginning of her description caught a suffi- ciently vivid impression to have given some of the salient points of the character. There was something that partook of the military spirit. It was lacking in superior breadth posteriorly. she have dictated pages. Fully impressed with the character. life He happy with him as a wife had a cross to bear all his a skeleton that destroyed his happiness. but prodical. They never understood each possible for and it would be im- any woman to be from his temperament. is his* writings are. with gay companions and late hours. . and the foregoing is the concise statement of her impressions^ which she usually gives. but she aims to be concise might and judicial. the more it seems like Byron." It was a picture of Lord Byron. he was not selfish or avaricious.

with ample testimony. human intelligence must advance to its recognition. the same principle of employing competent investigation will lead us to em- . and which psychome- try entirely competent. Every experienced lawyer It is can narrate by the hour illustrations of these lamentable conditions. in the progress of of justice for the ascertainment of truth. headed ignorance of jurors.Law and Business. The competent psychometer has no mining and no guilt or difficulty in difficulty in deter- innocence without a word of testimony. Psychometry has none of these wretched deficiencies. reaching the decision of equity and which law. and as in some States medical commissions are employed. or to ascertain flicting or defective testimony. to enlightenment. in many cases. Law chinery is has two purposes is the punishment in both of guilt its and ma- the adjustment of contention. justice in cases in still fallible in the administration of the best The decisions of perfect psychometry are an expression of the Divine mind. to reach the truth. is officers. This being the case. and as cases are handed over to referees. psychometric commissions in each court which the decisions of petit juries have not been competent. in both of which inadequate. of. through man. 33 PSYCHOMETRY IN LAW AND BUSINESS. As we employ coroners' inquests in cases of death. and approximate the justice of heaven. to discover guilt what is by circumjust from con- lame and inadequate. Law is incompetent because of stantial evidence. and there must be. from the prejudices of judges and the wrongalso. its inability.

and especially in all cases of domestic infelicity and application for divorce. The speedy access to perfect justice thus established would enforce in all the channels of business. be left as the costly resort of men of evil passions. and in all cases of contention as to rights which are not mere matters 6f law or calculation. and dishonest. friends of psychometry should in due time organize in every city psychometric tribunals of arbitration. and only reliable in that when aided is by psychometry. the least fallible and tration We most accurate. is arbi- by competent psychometers. as we now employ experienced accountants to determine on a man's conduct of his business. and teach society that law necessary only for the punishment of criminals. who hope by litigation to get something more than simple justice. by their pre-eminent justice and promptness. stubborn tempers. committee of two or three competent psychometers should be employed to report upon the facts in all cases of accusation of crime. wait for the tardy action of courts and legislatures. grasping natures. A psychometric need not. they who love peace and justice will resort to PSYCHOMETRIC ARBITRATION saving the vast expense of lawyers and courts. the loss of time. the jealousy and hostility produced by a long Law will struggle. When the entire community shall have learned that the shortest and cheapest road to justice. habits. and the very fact of a resort to law would be prima facie evidence of wrong. should satisfy and attract the business community. The which. .34 Psychometry in ploy those for the ascertainment of truth who are most competent. and the uncertainty of the result. however.

the reliability genuineness of documents. as soon as This is member of the New York he was convinced of the truth of psychometry. 1881). for every trusted financial agent would know that he was under a sleepless inspection. 35 and sentiments of rectitude now unknown. Defalcations and embezzle- ments would cease. and that not even an overt act would be necessary to insure his dismissal. The following quotation shows his view of this matter: . commissioners. or selfish and malicious charac- of acts. method of settling all contests is PSYCHOMETRIC ARBITRATION but before that arrives there is no good reason why psychometry should not come into our true . guardians. the bona ter. etc. to assist the jury. and when impunity is destroyed by vigilance. so obvious. rogues would be known and kept in their places. That psychometry must ultimately become the arbiter to settle all contests between men seems clear to the eye of reason providing that the world shall ever be governed by its best intellect. point out the guilt or innocence of prisoners. fide. and the of trustees. determine the credibility of witnesses. that a talented bar. for the selfishness and cunning in which crimes are engendered would be recognized before they had shown themselves in overt acts. The courts of justice. wrote an essay for the 'Albany Law Journal (February 5. Dishonest transactions would become rare. Lawlessness arises from impunity. advocating the intro- duction of psychometry in courts as competent evidence in reference to guilt or innocence.Law and Business. the lawless impulses are re- strained by caution and cease to struggle against the moral nature.

On what authority does this rule rest ? No Then we must get it one will pretend legislation. or other writings. Chirography is recognized by the court as entitled to experts. by the courts a test of will its psychometry as a science. Its name is PSYCHOMETRY. opinions unsusceptible of conviction of perjury ? is to be the first step taken. "Psychometry is a science from which no mortal man If he will dare to can conceal his real thoughts.36 " Psychometry in I refer to the employment of experts as witnesses about the genuineness of signatures. What is the aim of all authors and jurists in establishing such it is rules and rulings ? Certainty. It is the recognition then. It asks only integrity. but deal which they all always agree. the psychometric expert can tell with an infallible certainty whether what false. must it not be a higher order of evidence than conflicting What. they can furnish positive evidence that can defy doubt and disproof. in facts. from elementary writers and judicial rulings. What aids do they invoke ? Is one Principally those of science. method." . and the acquittal of those wrongfully suspected. the conviction of a criminal guilty of perjury. of course. the discovery of a knowledge of his own guilt or innocence in the prisoner's mind. write what he pretends are his convictions upon paper. science entitled to more consideration than another? Is there." he said was true or " press no opinions. Psychometric experts exand facts about then. a science that can make Certainly not. the moment he thus commits himself. If. always a cer- tainty Its ? There certainly is. then. and its friends are aware that it of have to encounter the open and bitter enmity of every hypocrite in the world.

character. which has since been sustained by his conviction and obtained from her a correct sentence to imprisonment for life. has been accustomed to pronounce on the capacity. And many business men have fre- quently great need to know the true character of men with whom they are doing business. Yet I have never indulged in the sensationalism of publishing such opinions. it may be of great value to the prosecuting attorney to determine in his own mind the question of guilt or innocence. B. one may carry on business etry little Aided by psychom- and reliability of men placed in responsible situations. whom they have had over the country with as great security as in his own city. A experience with a good psychometer will enable him to determine how much reliance should be placed little I have been accustomed on his psychometric opinions. but and witnesses which psychometry could decide. conscientious lawyer must often be deeply interested in the question of guilt or innocence as to clients A not only lawyers. . it is proper that I should explain I to the legal profession that although Psychometry has not yet been introduced as legal evidence. Buchanan's psychometric power. Mrs. all opportunity of knowing. for some years when accused criminals were before the public with different opinions upon their guilt to determine the matter for my own satisfaction by Mrs.Law and As Business. and an affirmation of his guilt. 37 the claim has thus been presented of psychometric infallibility in questions of guilt or innocence (which could not affirm except of the best psychometric talent cautiously employed). When a prisoner was arrested in I London as a dynamite con- spirator (Cunningham) description of the person.

Hayes. and to the chambers of royalty. Not only counterfeit checks and forged wills. psychometric expert who could take up an honest production and describe its writer satisfactorily. psychometry should lend its aid to con- In all trol. be as competent a witness in court as one whose power was derived only from the study of the visible appearance of the writing. B. The law is enlightened recognizes his testimony because he is considered an expert. to correct. and then take up a forgery and describe the rogue with equal correctness. but all current moneys are subject to psychometric detection. R. executive or administrative offices where appointments are made. In a murder Cincinnati I was called in as an expert witness by our late President. A very useful application of psychometry may be made in the detection of any species of counterfeits. and a knowledge of psychometry is a part of his expert qualifications. and they are the successful detectors faculty. who have the psychometric Some few years ago a counterfeit coin was . I presume. such cases the expert who in his opinionsl)y may be guided psychometric investigation. in In all reference to the responsibility of the culprit.38 Psychometry in In questions of authenticity and forgery. would thereby establish evidence which counsel A as he might introduce with great effect into an argument would argue upon any scientific or expert testitrial at mony. From dent. and to accelerate the performance of the village magistrate to the Presi- such duties. a psychometric expert who has proved his ability to detect a forgery would. psychometry should be the ever-present monitor.

Law and put Business. the interior proved to be of base metal. by passing electric currents through the genuine and the suspected coin to see if their conductivities This is one of the cases were exactly equal. The only method by which such a counterfeit could be detected was an electric test. In the detection of counterfeit notes the psychometric power is will succeed when at all other perception fails. dispatch February 28. If it feels wrong. has been found by long experience that a counterfeit may go through half the banks in the country without It being detected. women Washington. until it comes back. It seemed perfect in color. in half a minute they point out the incongruities of the counter- . They shut their eyes and feel of a note feit. often torn and muThen tilated. it is certain of detection. weight and size. and under the But when it was cut open tests of acid and the file. 39 in circulation which almost defied detection. in which the psychometric perception would penetrate all deception with a greater delicacy than any other agency. says of the the Treasury Department " So superior is dated : A their skill in handling paper money that they accomplish results that would be utterly unattainable without them. into the hands of the Treasury women. This already verified in from Washington." if they suspect it.

The medical eries profession ever incompetent to judge of important discovThe medical profession Psychic discoveries have no tribunal Offer to the Kentucky State Medical Society and its failure hostile The discussion on homoeopaCorrespondence with Prof. Howard showing electric transference of disease My own experiments on a narcotic currents Contact influence through the atmosphere Sensitives affected by Vast range of influproximity -7. and All accurate diagtherefore the consummation of medical science nosis in obscure conditions is psychometric Psychometry indicates Failure of physithe relation of a remedy better than Homosopathy cians who lack in psychometric capacity Psychometric success of Dr. PSYCHOMETRY IN MEDICAL SCIENCE. because they do Upon any . Swan My own experience satisfactory.Influence on national character ences around us Psychic influences and the localities that favor them Influence of soils. saline evaporation from ocean Contagion Psychometry explains it as dependent on the nervous system.CHAPTER VI. subject relating to biological science the or ill-informed are disposed to refer to the superficial authority of the medical profession. varyNot entirely dependent on physical causes ing with its development The Black Death Contagion from touch From the glance of the eye Its recognition by the ancients Hygienic precautions Psychometry the absolute guide of diagnosis and therapeutics. and of contact of writing of influence Explanation of triturations Sensibility of morbid Influence of localiInfluence of contact in mineral waters parts ties by emanation Influence increased by electric currents Doctrine of Sir James Murray Medical influences carried by electric Interesting experiments reported by Mr. Gross Proof that medicines act without absorption and without conthy sumption of matter Experiments on medicine in paper and in vials Effects from minute agencies Objection to infinitesimals refuted Emanation Influence of handwriting.

and to-day the same authority enforces J nner's vaccination on a reluctant The discovery of people by fine and imprisonment. which cafi hardly claim the dignity of an invention or discovery. valves in the veins was denied and ridiculed as shamefully as Harvey's discovery of the circulation. that physicians have but little independence and that the control of the profession by its colleges and societies has insured the maximum degree of conservative stolidity. fury because all Peruvian Bark was opposed with was not introduced through colleges . rather than to the National Medical some Association. as was virtually confessed by Prof. and often where they are not. When we look at the landmarks of this stolidity. chemical remedies were once prohibited by the facJenner was once ridiculed and excluded ulty of Paris. introduced by Laennec. The use it of antimony was prohibited about three centuries ago. from the college of Physicians. Gross when he advised that my demonstrable dis- coveries be submitted to society not belonging to the medical prof ession. was received with the same supercilious It is stupidity/ not because physicians differ from the rest of mankind. not 41 know of thought. we see that the most rational and obvious suggestions of progressive science have been received with scorn and derision.PsycJwmetry in Medical Science. . for there is no system of education established anywhere that will make its pupils faithful and efficient seekers of truth. for we can find the same record of stolidity in every department of human knowledge and business where individuals are hindered by colleges. corporations or societies. Even so simple a matter as the use of the stethoscope.

did not attract much attention from literati and scientists. They reached only the few advanced minds that feel a the only comsympathy with discovery and progress petent class. to whom has no peers.42 Psychometry in until and we have such a system the world must crawl along slowly. He sciences by the and systematic cultivation of psychic experimental methods which trace effects to causes. of competent investigaan appeal could be made. The publication in the Journal of Man in 1849 f m y sketches of the development of psychometry. are so simple and so easily demonstrated even to the most obtuse intellect that I departed from my usual policy in 1877. no companions. if noticed at all. proper. The facts in reference to experiments on medicines. There was no public tribunal ting scientists. All tolerated and patronized science to-day is physical and the great body of the medical profession which is the most influential scientific body. is not only physical or materialistic in its science and philosophy. There has been no extensive. no fitting audience among the leaders of society. but is so intensely dogmatic and so fiercely intolerant in its materialism that the facts set forth in my experiments instead of receiving respectful consideration in medical colleges and medical journals if offered for their notice would seldom receive any other response. and requested the appointment of an in- . than the cynical sneer which reveals the low moral status of the scoffer. The common law right of trial by a jury of our peers is a right of which the psychological scientist is deprived.

As this was in my native state.* the orthodox medical journal to be absolutely controlled of the National Medical Association. the learned and dogmatic proper to mention. who might easily on the first day of their appointment received than it have performed their duty and ascertained beyond a doubt the truth of a discovery which revolutionizes medical theories. 43 vestigating committee by the Kentucky State Medical Society for the purpose of examining my discoveries in relation to the action of medicines. and a committee was appointed of eminent medical professors. One was of these gentlemen I think it my quondam DORE BELL. and I left the state for New York more fully satisfied than ever that it was utterly useless to lay any psychic facts before the to investigate anything dogmatic profession.Medical Science. Near the end of the year 1877 the committee had done nothing whatever in performance of their duty. having received a nomination by my friends for the gubernatorial office (which I declined) and as I was well known by the leading members of the society. or to invite them beyond their narrow routine of thought and action. and accordingly offered a paper on CEREBRAL EMBRYOLOGY. friend DR. But the same * Knowing by the bigoted policy from rival medical colleges was present and positively procured the suppression of paper. . I did not display the verdant ignorance of attempting to reach the profession through their pages. But when the National Scientific Association met in Cincinnati in 1850 I supposed it possible to obtain a hearing in that body. my request was more courteously would have been elsewhere. THEO- professor of medical practice in the flourishing Louisville school. The two actors in this manoeuvre are now in a world in which they are made conscious of their Jesuitical influence my errors. in which I had some reputation in politics as well as in authorship.

and would therefore suspect many discoveries were not recognized and hon- Brown Sequard be lacking in scientific value. see that I have ever sought scientific investigation and criticism and that I stand unimpeached and uncontradicted as the discoverer and is The reader teacher of principles which I have been teaching and . which would show it was not due either ored like those of Claude Bernard and experiments or to any avoidance of investigation. because I was not a member of the dominant medical party which governed by a proscriptive code. therefore. the most eminent surgeon and presiding officer of the national societies. will. Samuel D. Prof. I thought it desirable to have on record an explicit refusal.44 Nevertheless Psychometry in I felt that intelligent and liberal minds unacquainted with the dogmatism of medical colleges would find it difficult to believe that scientific discov- such importance were absolutely barred out of the fashionable medical colleges by the imperious eries of dogmatism that as of the Faculty. and received from him in very courteous terms the explicit leading representative with whom information that my brought under the notice of discovereis could not possibly be the National Medical Association or subjected to their investigation. I addressed its had an old acquaintanceship. Hence. when the National Medical Association met in New York. that I had not enjoyed the recognition which is so freely given to those who like to sciolism in scientific my Bernard and Majendie do not transcend the bounds of the coarsest physical science. they might Hence. knowing that application to that it would be useless to I make any body. Gross.

and which are now acted upon by many physicians with signal benefits is and vast superiority in DIAGNOSIS which the basis of successful practice. I4th edition). the pain having returned on the follow- ing day. and for several days afterwards. until. of avoids such facts because they reveal new principles and disturb old theories. The facts which reveal the higher capacities of the nervous system have been carefully concealed from the present generation of physicians.Medical Science. removed . 45 demonstrating so many years to medical pupils. having gathered some fine specimens of ergot fresh from the plant and put them in his trousers pocket. In medical literature such fac#s are generally suppressed are met in a spirit of hostility . which the pocket lay. he did not think of the real cause. and supposing that this might be the cause of the inconvenience. he at length called to mind the forgotten ergot. I one of the class of facts to which endeavored in vain to call found the attention of the old medical professors has somehow its way into the United States Dispensatory : (page 399. Marvellous facts which differ from the ordinary course events are like the upheaved rocks which reveal Stolid conservatism dislikes and deeply hidden strata. found himself about half a day afterward incommoded by a terrible spasmodic pain on the skin on the inside of the thigh. But notwithstanding this skeptical vigilance. as follows " It is said that in Germany persons sleeping upon grain containing much ergot have been attacked with disease in consequence . in medical societies they and defiance. and the case is related of a gentleman who. against Ascribing this to a long walk.

46 it. carefully concealing its origin. The skin was not reddened but covered with minute wrinkles as in cholera patients. that capable of producing this effect. yet such facts cannot always be concealed. he had caused the offending pocket to be washed. and we may The facts expect them to be presented to the Association by some of its members hereafter as an important discovery. is that between the followers of Hahnemann and those who dogmatically reject not tional effects only his principles but all the vast accumulated experi- ence of many thousand well-educated and reputable Their rejection is justified only by the physicians. dogmatic materialism which thrown. Gross) if presented by any one not in sympathy with their proscriptive code. Psychometry in After a time he found much. my experiments have over- Learned professors satisfy themselves and amuse the ignorance of their pupils by proving that the extreme attenuations or high potencies of infinitesimal medicines . is Perhaps it is only the fresh ergot. the experiment with other specimens of ergot with the until same results. He afterward tried after which the affection ceased. yet moist. though not entire and did not succeed in wholly removing his trouble relief." scientific presentation and explanation of such would not be tolerated by the National Medical Association (according to Prof. Returning to the simple medical experiments in which medicines held in the hands produce all their constitu- what is its bearing upon medical philosophy and the controversies now in progress ? the most important which The leading controversy ever agitated the colleges.

or circulating in the blood.Medical Science. but such a subterfuge is not available. On the contrary necessary to produce medical effects. the medicines wrapped in papers remain after the experiment. This is conceding that imperceptible emanations have power. metallic. I have adopted the custom of placing the medicines in glass vials well corked the vials . is simply a piece of vulgar ignorance. and crystalline substances. and operates at a distance from the substance. and their odors may have produced the effects by passing through the paper. 47 cannot possibly have an appreciable quantity of the medicinal substance in the largest dose. That the effect produced must be in proportion to the quantity of medicine employed. the notion that a certain amount of medicine must be consumed to produce an effect. as solid saline. as ultra materialist if they had not been used. has been assumed as a self-evident axiomatic truth upon which the whole fabric of their medical practice rests and thus it rests upon a falsehood. and that the effects must arise from internal contact from touching sentient surfaces in the alimentary canal. Moreover. embalmed in collegiate dogNo consumption of medicine is absolutely matism. might say) those medicines But (the in papers have emanations. which have no odor or perceptible emanation papers. without entering the circulation and without the slightest contact with the person. are effective when held in To remove all possible doubt that medical potency is an imponderable quality. for I : have proved that medicine may operate from the exterior without absorption.

and from my observation in the South I should say that eighty or ninety per cent. attenuations. The objection. or globules. of the medical substance. and my experience leads to the conclusion that more than one-half of a miscellane- ous company will feel the effects. The effects are due to what the materialist considers a objection to nonenity. so far as we can The materialistic thinker claims that the homoeopathic attenuation can have no effect. but that homoeopathic dilutions. for effects . and their contents unknown to the subject.48 Psychometry in being held in the hands for experiments. inhaling. still remains that the quantity of medicine in the vial that was touched was sufficient ing. ment. however. then. are too insignificant in quantity to produce any considerable effect. of the population in the Gulf States would feel these medical influences through glass with facility. becomes of the materialistic theories ? The same vial of medicine may be used successfully for the medication patients. although its potency was transferred through glass. and often threeIn a medical class of twenty at Boston there were but two who were not impressible by this experifourths. of a thousand or of it ten lost thousand and if well sealed will have no portion discover. doses disappears The dogmatic entirely homoeopathic that when we know the potency of medicines may be realized without swallow- touching a single particle. but in experiment the patient receives no substance at my all. because the amount of substance present is so extremely small. In this method the experiments are as successful as with the paper envelope. What. or to produce important effects.

not only the traits of character. As contact with a letter or a lock of hair reproduces in the sensitive. an experienced my homoeopathic physician. . The visible substance produces no more paper. for example. a thousandth part of the grain will produce only the thou- sandth part of the ? effect. discovery in New Harris. How. who described their medical potency to his satisfaction. but smallpox may also be developed by handling a bank note or letter received from the patient. Dr. may develop smallpox in it. The it is smallest homoepathic dose must have more medical potentiality than the sheet of paper which has been merely discolored by pen or pencil.Medical Science. The sensitive recognizes and describes the potentiality of infinitesimal dilutions. globules. Soon after the of announcement of York one my pupils. Inman. a portion of a grain may be as effective as the whole of it. but the pathological symptoms of the writer. then. effect than the invisible contamination on the limit to the There is no minuteness of the dose which may affect the sensitive. A one who handles or tastes smallpox scab. the agent employed merely starts a new process. apparent that physiological and pathological effects may come from a cause in which we can discover no vital or medical potentiality whatever. can diseases be successfully treated by millionths and decillionths of a grain There are several answers If to this plausible statement. or powders. placed a number of globules successively in the hands of my sensitive Mr. 49 it is must be proportioned believe that if to causes. and reasonable to a grain will produce a given effect.

so that the writing of each had pressed the blank page of the other The which was touched by the psychometer. I One was the author But they were startled on finding that the characters had been exchanged. by Dr. was quite puzzled by description of the two characters. and very abusive. quarrelsome. B. as he considered it a fine specimen of spirit writing. and that the character of Dickens was given Charles Dickens. but that potentiality may be -imparted to a blank page embodiment lying in contact with the writing and two letters or pieces of manuscript kept in contact with each other impart to each other their influences. F. piece of manuscript from lying in contact with another A absorbs an influence which mingles with or overpowers Thus Mrs. to the wrong letter. who gave her for a report a piece of manuscript from which he expected something very pleasing. The letters had been in contact.. his pocket It book in contact with a letter then appeared that he had placed it in from one of his . They were on two letters and got a satisfactory experimenting in Boston 1843.50 Psychometry in cannot devise any subtlety of influence which not be followed and detected by the exalted powers We may of sensitives. was called upon in its own character. the other have forgotten. The potentiality of handwriting as an of psychic influence is difficult to conceive . transmission of psychic influence by contact of manuscript frequently receives accidental illustrations. him and led her to ask what the writing had been in . Instead of this she described contact with. An experimental this society in transference of character to a blank page. New York agreeable and it as very disan impulse to be irritating exciting This astonished angry.

Rev. a man. 51 whom he had a difference. Maffitt. A good psychometer will To test the facility of of blank letter paper for such transfer. frequently discover heteroinfluences in a manuscript from persons who geneous have handled or carried it. is Her impressions were given spiritual writing. It seems an introduction to some person of influence rather to some person holding a prominent intellectual position. which was of a very angry. 25. ? towards the south. abusive character. which had lain almost fifty years in contact with the writing. N. with Science. She decided that it was an impression from old writquickly As there ing. I tried another experiment by cutting out a piece of blank paper from a letter written by the eloquent divine. It ) as follows : "This It is takes me in a westerly direction (north or south to you. dated Natchez. and then asked what impression she received from it. It a positive character. one who could win the esteem of the than a business letter majority a professional man but not a physician.Medical tenants. 1835. and even gave the name of the writer. I placed a piece two or three hours within the folds of a manuscript over forty years old. like The writer was older than you when it was You were then quite a young man. It was a letter introducing myself not a to President Dubisson. was not written to you but relates written. The writer was a strong intellectual man. He . the influence of which entirely overpowered the writing of the medium. J. insolent. and would therefore desire that anything for examination should be kept free from adventitious influences. Dec. was a possibility of chance in guessing the name.

He was an eloquent man. and imagination than in the religTheir heads were flat in the religious and their is lives were not according to the rever- ential pattern of Orthodoxy.* its There a perpetual emanation of influences by which each substance affects of influence environment. and was not : so the portrait is incomplete. was more gifted in the line of oratory ious sentiments. and at this point was interrupted a second time by a visitor. He interested the people he was popular he was very : : The exeloquent he was not profoundly orthodox. I see him speaking. and thus we obtain in the sugar a refined emanation combined with the saccharine qualities which are pleasant and genial. stood very high before the public. imparts to the sugar all its emanating influence. region. resumed When who was in the zenith of his career As brilliant man of the Methodist pulpit. He seemed at first like a statesman. *Mr. . I was just twenty-one years of age and was engaged in the study and diffusion of phrenological science. . now he seems a divine. as the most to the conI cluding remark that he was not strictly orthodox. medicine triturated with sugar. and which pass becomes a medical potency to a sensitive. like Whitfield. would say that Maffitt. the letter was written. The emanations from medicines pass through glass." periment had been interrupted once. Maffitt. A A medicated sugar or highly Maffitt's cordial nsception of my scientific suggestions at that time assures me that if he were living to-day he would be a powerful champion of scientific truth. or simply brought into contact with it.52 Psychometry in was a public character. or they into the paper which contains them. in which I had interested Mr.

however. It origi- nates most readily in a morbid susceptibility dominance of sensibility over the vital force. but on account of the superiority of the emanation which combines with the sugar. which would not tolerate harsh If then the remedy remedies. or even a slight touch. and it is because the sensibilof fishes are of so low a grade that they are not liable to inflammation. spiritual method must frequently is fail. The objection. not only on account of the mollifying influence of the sugar. And as this emanation seems to be practically unlimited (since the power same vial of medicine may act in perpetuity) there is no reason why we might not. * is very potent in is its morbid condition. from a limited quantity of medicine by proper management. at least to the morbid organ. to the gross substance of the drug. 53 is a great improvement upon crude medication. obtain an unlimited of saccharated potentiality more genial and ap- amount propriate in therapeutics than the original body. has a specific action on the morbid part it ought cer- tainly to be delicate in its action.Medical saccharated medicine Science. the foundation of disease. Sensibility ity and nervous development . The is objection very plausible. may be made that these em- anation saccharates (or we might call them spiritual saccharates as they do not appear to be strictly material emanations) would not affect all patients since all mankind are not sensitives hence this infinitesimal or .* a pre- Hence disease gives. since the exalted sensibility makes the organ unusually impressible and the remedy which would scarcely affect it at all in health. a very acute and delicate sensibility. but disease in general a state of heightened or morbid sensibility.

pure or impure.54 Psychometry in of The law tions. But they also have the virtue of saccharated as every particle of the water is impressed by remedies. A practical inference would be that in preparing aqueous or alcoholic solutions of medicines we should not only use agitation but allow them permeate the inert elements with the medicines. the It is well known that mineral waters skilfully made. sand. It is influence of which is distinct as they are taken from the spring. or is covered by ite. thus rendering their effects milder and enabling us to succeed with a smaller quanto stand as long as possible to tity. emanation which thus explains the value of infinitesimal doses has many other important applica- coming through powers which are not accounted for by chemistry. fresh or salt water. Such cians. and I believe that if the mineral elements could be instantly removed from the water its virtue would The agitation and motion of the not be entirely lost. the influence of all the mineral ingredients (which have been many years in solution) like the sugar in triturations. clay. affects the constitution of the residents or . All things have their sphere of emanation and every it offers granlocality on the face of the globe whether or humus. water in the subterranean channels has the same effect as the percussions by which tinctures are potentized in homoeopathic pharmacy. and which are not satisfactorily realized in artificial combinations however strata of the earth have important healing is the general opinion of physithat the waters are affected by probable the subterranean strata through which they pass. limestone. or any species of vegetation.

asserted very forcibly the importance of this electric influence as a source of disease. and localities will much be selected and prescribed for patients with as precision as medicines. about half a century ago. in walking. bring the con- under the influence of the subjacent strata. will find very decided influences in different localities. or insulating materials used in their foundations ducting he considered a very important protection against disease and I believe there is more in this than the mere . In approaching certain spots permanently damp. they will feel the rheu- .Medical travellers differently ical Science. and when the principles which I scientific investi- have enunciated are made the basis of gations the exact influence of all mineral elements on the constitution of man will be determined. and the physicians of each ' locality will understand the pathological tendencies of residence and the modification of treatment retheir quired. passing greatly intensified by upward. 55 from other " localities. exempt from cholera. Sir James Murray of England. protection against dampness. The asthmatic and the victims of hay fever find by experience the locality that suits them best as every locality has its own pathological tendency and its own peculiar influArenacious formations are ence over body and mind. which. and claimed to have rendered unhealthy localities safer for residence by insu- The nonconlating thoroughly the houses inhabited. Hence med" change blindly that there are important effects produced locality men recommend a of air knowing by change of which they do not comprehend. The power stitution of each locality is electric currents. Sensitive persons.

of his He placed one men on the insulating sheet who had been vacci- nated seven days previously. and will find in drier localities. and partly because the great majority are not accustomed to report their experience for publication. and especially of the portion of the earth on which we stand. have often maintained that patients could feel the influence of medicines through which they received electric currents. however. or pustule. wire duly insulated and four inches long. R. a comfortable condition. he made an experiment to see if the inflammation produced by vaccination could be transferred as well as intermittent fever. as occurring in the experience of Philip Smith. ivity.. was reported by Mr. partly because of the prejudice of observers. and a less negative state. transmission by electricity have seldom been reported. A and the current of electricity applied for eight minutes. L. F. S. was carried from the patient In order to test the by the electric current. but the medical profession has been disposed to ignore such facts because not readily demonstrable with persons of moderate senand the experimental facts which illustrate sibility . of An Fordham. is ers of electricity Practitionsusceptible of demonstration. was made to connect the inoculated spot. on the man's arm. in who found to himself that the disease curing agues by electricity. matter more decisively. Howard. interesting case. less more The doctrine that we are affected by electric currents and thereby made to feel the influence of our environment.56 PsycJiomctry in matic or neuralgic influence of negative conditions. with a slight incision made in the arm of a lad with a new lancet. . where there is less conductevaporation.

and vaccine appearances produced. It is reasonable to suppose that the imponderable elements may be carried by the It electric current as well as ponderable molecules. The boy's vaccination was also transferred by electricity through wires to the arms of two girls. was such that when subsequently one in of the girls was vaccinated produced. as that a breeze should bring us the odors of a tree in bloom. It is four places. a very susceptible lady of fine physical development. and the following experiment illustrates the electric transference of medicinal influences. and proved to be as completely vaccinated by electricity as if it had been done in the usual way. The effect.Medical Science. howbut not so perfectly as on the boy. would seem a priori as probable that the electric current would carry nervauric or medicinal emanations or accelerate their passage. 57 The boy was duly observed afterwards. but slight effect was very well known among electric practitioners that it is very injurious to receive the electric current of a patient. . so that the current could pass only through the paregoric to This was placed in the right hand of the metal tube. ever. in their own persons through the body galvanic current accelerates the passage of fluids in tubes or in blood vessels and may be used to transfer medicinal substance into the tallic The body or to carry me- substance out of it. A metallic tube about eight inches long and an inch in diameter was filled with paregoric and connected with the positive pole of a galvanic circuit of twelve zinc carbon plates by a wire which passed through the centre of the tube inserted corks at each end.

. but when the conqection was changed.58 the left Psychometry in holding the negative electrode. impression. R. and even when I reduced it to exciting one-third the number of cells she insisted that it was anticipated.. Mrs. P. the tube being connected with the negative pole they found it not at all soothing. Dr... was almost instantly destroyed rection. bore the non-medical current very well but decidMrs. who edly preferred the other. Miss R. soothing.. nervine. refused to go on and was astonished The anodyne influence. P. and Miss G. H. D. which she felt so agreeable when the current was entering her hand through the paregoric. man. when the current flowed in the opposite di- The same experiment was class tried in the psychometric on five ladies and two gentlemen.. and pleasant. D. Mrs. stimulating to the brain and developing a little perspiration. at the strength of the battery. nervine. being a stout gentleunpleasant and injurious. but stim- ulating and exciting to a degree which soon became Mr.. expecting thereby to prove the removal of the anodyne But the effect was more decisive than I She quickly pronounced the current too and unbearable. and Miss R. enjoyed the medical current found the other quite unen- . Mr. Mrs. the tube in contact with the negative pole and bringing her left hand in connection with the positive pole. very objectionable. making her realize that the medical influence was of the nerI then reversed the connections. She found the influence quite pleasant. R. vine anodyne class. all of whom agreed in pronouncing the current felt through the tube (of the nature of which no hint had been given) very soothing..

the effect was due solely to the contact of the crystals of sugar with the medicated paper.of. this position about an hour. Of the other two one felt the effect on the head and the other felt a chilly all influence. about a teaspoonful. I placed a few spoonfuls of white granu- between pieces of paper which had several weeks previously been moistened with tincture of caplated sugar sicum and thoroughly dried. the same time between dry paper which had once been wet with a fluid extract of belladonna and in like manner removed into a paper box.Medical durable. The belladonna sugar was promptly recognized by in its soothing soporific influence and decided influence upon the head. To test the transmission of medical influence by contact alone. A pinch of the sugar. It was left in. - greater than influences thus pass by contact independently of electric currents. recognized. there is no reason why the influences As which pass from vials- of -medicine -to the hands of the sensitive should -not 'pass into sugar or tive substance in -contact with the any other recepto a sufficient I *vial* extent to be. It Science. When about two ounces of sugar . was placed in the hand of each lady in a company of nine palm of the and in five minutes was recognized by seven of the nine as a warming. white granulated sugar in contact with a vial of belladonna. 59 was probably made more so by the contrast with the pleasant influence of the medical current. To test this placed a quantity. stimulating influence. then removed into a paper box for Another portion of sugar was placed for experiment. being much especially the frontal region the effect I In these cases expected.

a grain of sugar which had been in immediate contact with the vial. when whole changes is greatly intensified. and the odorous emanations of vegetation and decomposi- the potentialities of contact which we experience in touching a medicine. and not only does it absorb the moisture of bodies of water. It is not merely contact with the soil that affects us. the the gardens a great variety of far more so than the dirty are generally beneficial streets of cities in which stupid avarice neglects to place meadows. she distinctly recognized an influence on the nervous system similar to that of belladonna. In the great convulsions of nature and in epidemics. which she thought might proceed from a very minute amount of belladonna. the hot electric conditions of dry localities in the sunshine. which shook nearly all the south of Europe and continued for several days. I gave her the amount of system. it but carries with well as minerals. . could not positively recognize any influence distinct from the sugar. and subtile influences which the health-giving trees and allows foulness to accumulate in the soil. It touches ten thousand medicinal potencies in trees and plants as tion. but contact with the atmosphere affects a very sensitive interior region in the chest. 1348. us. but thought there might be a little that would be soothing to the nervous When. and conveys their subtile emanations to The sensitive feels in the forests. Mrs. B.60 PsycJwmetry in was employed. however. villages were swallowed up and many entirely destroyed. The air is in contact with everything on the face of the earth. the influence of electric currents and of atmospheric In the great earthquake of January.

in topography and climate are influential upon national character. but all the psychological conditions of human development. earthquakes and twenty-six years. sensitive to impress tfiem with local influences sufficient to bring approxi- sphere and when the soul expands in rapt contemplation of Nature all her influences are taken in as if all surrounding objects were a constellation shining them in the High mountains are to me a feeling. In modern epidemics there are changes in the atmosaffect phere and great changes of electric conditions. and it is estimated that twenty-five millions of lives were lost by this terrible pestilence which has been called the Black Death. " derived not merely from intellectual perception. is needed by the . 61 many persons experienced a feeling of stupor and headache and many fainted away. Not even an atmospheric mation alone of influence. That chameleon power by which the soul assimilates with its surroundings is into the soul. but from the power of emanation and of psychometric symout of which come not merely physiological pathy and pathological results. The influences of localities depend on the permanent .Medical Science. including Great Britain. and every invalid will find that nation's all of his surroundings are important." was the expression of Byron. which magnets and telegraphic operations and even modify chemical processes (as in making it difficult to manufacture sulphuric acid) but scientists have done very little to determine the nature of these epidemic carrier is influences. During a period of in 1360. All the elements of a home. ending epidemics devestated Europe.

if not destroyed or buried in the soil. moisture and winds.heat and cold and sudden changes.nialaria t which. basis of the continent (granite and gneiss) is a wholesome foundation. temperature. jsoil.sandstone. shale and . sylex. electricity. The more tonic and stimulating influence of the silex in quartz.r the ^atmosphere extremely depressing to human life. apcumulate in lower localities. slightly impregnated with tonic and antiseptic iron makes the best foundation cool antiseptic influence for health. jasper. forms the mineral basis of activity. Sensitive persons . sandstone. and when. and the transient or changeable elements of the surface which are under our control. the aluminous and ferruginous elements of the. in conjunction with atmospheric conditions. soils congenial to health and upon which vegetatioji. greatly increased by extreme . limestone. and nishes the elements of . from which. When the septic elements of vegetable matter exposed to warmth and moisture are not adaquately controlled by. The three great elements. generate disease by decomposition. Lime also imparts an antiseptic and whole- some influence. disease must result. which sometimes ^reqde. The disintegration of these three elements from granite. with a few additions. The alumina and lime.62 Psychometry in elements of the land. Alumina in clay and aluminous rocks adds a which counteracts malarious and feverish conditions. and the sands of our soils is often reinforced with the still more tonic influence of ferruginous elements in the soils and rocks. the continents are built. granite. forming carbonaceous and furnitrogenous^ Compounds. in tetnperature and electricity. easily decomposed. are happily adapted to human welfare.

and yet phere greatly. an evaporating substance. and make them impressive. and even denied an exi$t : ence by the physical scientist who is unacquainted with the human constitution. . sounds and light. and hence every locality has a different influence. 63 of snow changes keenly. sea or air has a diffusive influence. and it is said not to be necessary in an island sur- rounded there is like England by oceanic evaporation. sensibilities reach out far Our ognized by the average citizen. it affects the atmos- Cattle that require salt in the interior of the country do not require it in seacoast locations. Few of the colors and tints in nature are recognized by the average masculine eye. possibly decomposed. beyond the sphere of and sound bring us in relation with contact. but fall often on a Thousands of odors and auras are unrecdulled sense. Light remote objects. by which spiritual objects are seen. That an actual evaporation of the saline elements. and the actinic ray is not considered visual. Sounds above and below a certain range of pitch are unheard. Chemistry cannot detect the influence. come to us. Odors. but every sensitive Salt is not recognized as is powerfully affected by it. while the ocean. Beyond all these the psyf chic light. tin roofs last our country remote from well without painting. is imknown to the great majority. nor are the emanations of magnets which are visible to the sensitive. us in earth. auras. and recognize the approach Whatever is around several hours in advance.Medical feel these Science. is shown by the fact that in such locations tin cannot be used for roofing. if not in exposed to coal smoke. on account of its speedy oxydation.

The great cities in The which populations become sodden in selfishness. and victims of pestilence. establish its empire. and therefore produces a nobler and more light spiritual type of of lofty localities developes the brain humanity. intuitive wisdom will CONTAGION. and goes forth it in the pursuit of knowledge. contagionists and non-contagionists which have for ages been so blindly discussed by the opponents of contagion. are near the sea level. in which attains the sublimest achieve- psychometry. temperate regions. who look upon physical cause. be the nobler portion of the race. the Caucassian the race. more perfect and more delicate intui- world's history proves the mountaineers to tions. highest portion of the old world east of the Caspian Sea was the seat of the noblest. The atmosphere and lungs. when. These conditions are found in elevated positions ments of with sunshine and pure air. which should always manifest itself with the certainty of gravitation. of a certain exact it merely as a amount of potentiality. The revelations of psychometry decisively settle the questions between. rations. corrupt in morals. There is active percipiency. lands. with stronger religious aspihealth. the dominant power over the whole earth In the mountain The authors of civilization and science. in fact. This psychometric power is most highly developed under favorable conditions.64 Psychometry in something more than the passive perception The soul has an of these emanations and influences. contagion is essentially . the high plateaus and sunny climates of tropical and southern.

and cannot retain health. ties. ^5 fore has dependent on a power of the nervous system. bility resist all contagions As there are all bility to contagion. in short. insanity. every locality. and. To one person of high susceptibili- and moderate or reduced vital power. gion to depend entirely on the quality of the diseasemust necessarily adopt a chaos of contradictory opinions. suicidal melancholy. Others with great vital power and very limited sensi- and exert great restorative powers over the sick. rheumatism. from practising medicine.Medical Science. He will contract mental disturbance. to the study of individual susceptibility. and thereno uniform rule of operation. neuralgia. fever. confusion of mind. . except by the utmost possible precaution in the most favorable locality and environment. headache. with certainty in proSuch persons are disqualified portion to his exposure. but varies in its manifestation with every individual. cli- mate and season. Psychometric science directs our attention away from the contradictory records of the medical profession which pronounce a disease contagious and with equal positiveness pronounce it absolutely and universally non-contagious. all diseases without exception are contagious. all unfortunate conditions of body or mind. as diseases continually vary (in their diffusiveness) according to national or personal idiosyncrasy and climatic conditions. moral depravity. discomfort. They can encounter small pox and contagious fevers with impunity. those possible intermediate grades of sensiwho ignore the susceptibility and variety of human constitutions and suppose conta. pain.

66 as Psychometry in it may be increased by debility and hot weather. for germs. their clothes. left by diseased constitutions impregnating the solid substance of an apartment. the attendants and friends who were . and which leads us to believe that we are by certain physical precautions when we are really in imminent danger. In the black death of the I4th century Prof. but I do not believe it can entirely remove the morbid influences which are of disease for a long time. . There are many who cannot apsafe proach for one minute a ase of acute disease without absorbing its influence by nervous and psychic sympathy. Hecker says. Chemical disinfection may destroy the offensive matters which are most injurious to health. or contaminated substances. which have been occupied by severe forms and which are become so profoundly infected by influences which are invisible. vapors. Moreover the knowledge of the true causes of trans- mission of diseases relieves us at once from the illusive theories which require us to search in all cases for a physical agency. or diminished by vital energy and cooler temperatures. The true understanding of contagion enlarges greatly our conception of the precautions necessary in a warm climate and among sensitive people. and justifies the precaution which in Italy destroys by fire all the furniture of the apartment that has been occupied by a conof hospitals It explains also the deadly influence sumptive patient. and incapable of chemical detection as to produce extreme mortality in cases that recover well in open tents. "Every spot which the sick had touched. spread the contagion all and as in other places. their breath.

sight was considered as the bearer of a demoniacal enchantment. which had the power of acting at a distance. 67 fell either blind to their danger or heroically despised it. and were maintained unchanged in the 14th century. but will teach us to protect the delicate all and sensitive from morbid exposure. Hence able protection is the well. It will also teach us that * " Correct notions of contagion have descended from remote antiquity. of which also no physician of the middle ages entertained a doubt. The whole language of antiquity has adapted itself to the notions of the and their terms people. . was general among the people yet in modern times surgeons have filled volumes with partial controversies on this subject. So far back as the age of Plato. An exchange of glances for one minute with a fever patient by a perfect sensitive is sufficient to transfer a disease which may go on to the destruction of life in a feeble and predisposed constitution. more expressive than those in use among the moderns. a principle long known. Even the eyes of the patient were considered as sources of contagion. The advantage of the ancients fallen into the slough of materialism was due to the fact that they had not and did not ignore invisible influ- ." HECKER on the Black Death. since physicians of the second century recommended this as the proper pre- the only relithe absolute isolation of the sick from for many persons caution against leprosy."* These were correct observations. . however. a sacrifice to their sympathy. will not lead to the selfish abandonment of the sick." So in ancient " the times. respecting the contagion of pestilential diseases were. Our knowledge of the laws of contagion. he says. beyond comparison. a knowledge of the contagious power of malignant inflammations of the eye. and to entrust nursing cares to those who can bear them. or may be thrown off by one of healthy vigor.Medical Science.

and he who has a sensitive under his care should be careful what society or apartments the sensitive is introWhile making psychometric experiments with duced. and discomfort in the lower limbs which came into upon her. All association has a contagious therefore children often receive much more power. and education or modification of character from their school companions than from their teacher. Contagion ment that is Every apartcontinually in progress. may become centres of moral and physical contagion for a great length of time.for many years after the first fury of the pestilence was passed. a lady recently. which we did not understand until we recol- . Adults obey the same law of psychic contagion. and every chair that is sat upon is receives the physical and psychic impress of the occupant. moroseness. we were disturbed by the restlessness. The debility of age. to a great extent. and acquires a beneficial or injurious influence for his successor. Everything touched by the victims of the Black Death became a source of contagion.68 Psychometry in great evils may be inflicted on the young by contagion when there are no acute diseases in the case. melancholy. isolate himself from society. and even phlegmatic dullness may be inflicted by association on the young to the permanent injury of their future life. and he who would train himself for a higher life than belongs to the social level around him must. unless he possesses the heroic constitution which overpowers everything around it. pain. and the infection was so permanent that Hecker says that "frightful ill-consequences io\\Qwd. therefore. occupied. feebleness." All objects.

not excepting the for Hahnemann. respect. profit or fame. 69 lected that the easy chair she was sitting in had long been occupied by an invalid of restless temperament troubled with sciatica. Both of these perceptions belong to the sphere of intuition. practice consists in correct diagnosis and prognosis lowed by correct adaptation of remedies. the perception of the disease and the perception of the remedy. but a small part of the medical value of Psychometry that it illustrates the philosophy and hygiene of contagion. No physician ever acquired an accurate knowledge of the condition of the patient without the . by proving the value and rationality of the latter and the fallacy of the materialistic idea tice. diagnosis and the power of For the whole art of medical fol- Success in the practice of medicine (not in acquiring but in curative treatment) depends upon two things. The discomfort soon passed off after taking another chair. which lies at the basis of the old prac- Its highest claims are as the ABSOLUTE GUIDE of DI- AGNOSIS and THERAPEUTICS in which the general introduction of psychometry and utilization of its benefits will constitute the greatest and most beneficent addition to the resources of the profession that has ever been made. which I therapeutic discoveries of entertain the most profound in this claim There is no extravagance if psychom- etry gives the power of therapeutic selection. and settles the question between gross and infinitesimal medication. now resting on a false physical basis in the It is mind of the profession.Medical Science.

Homoehas made a long stride toward the ascertainment opathy symppower in any remedy can be reached by the methods of science. while a still larger num- ber have just enough psychometric perception. and with true marvellous cures guided by unconscious psychometry. and toms nor the totality of the therapeutic of this adaptation. Nor can relation of a there be a clear and comprehensive knowledge of the remedy to the condition of a patient. however poor their instruction. with- out the exercise of the same intuitive power. to avoid gross errors. after acquiring experience. intermingled with occasional approximations to correct prescriptions by a careful study of drugs and Hence medical symptoms. but neither the totality of the too delicate for any or all scientific methods.70 Psychometry in exercise of psychometric perception. constitutionally blind to pathological and therapeutic indications. The greatest possible step to elevate the medical profession rapidly would be a preliminary examination which would reject from the profession every young man not sufficiently endowed with psychometric power to insure accuracy of diagnosis. while others. But how is this possible . too extensive. because the totality is too complex. which leads them to success. practice has ever been a succession of blunders. of whom some have the genius which masters diseases and remedies. actually in crease the mortality of disease. though he might otherwise learn the prominent symptoms. Knowing nothing of psychometry and its possibilities. medical colleges are continually turning out as accomplished physicians a heterogeneous multitude.

and sent for another doctor. Dr. of his skill in this respect. dependent on the fees. who was thing considered the most eminent surgeon in that part of the box. got a sudden . I recognized excellent psychometric capacities which justified the expectation that he would excel as a practi- and would be more accurate than physicians I might relate many instances generally in diagnosis. and on this theory put on a securing the limb very firmly in a box. Grosvenor Swan. and an A opportunity was made for a meeting of doctors to settle the matter. but two or three will be suftioner. which they all supposed to exist. man had been thrown from Iowa. town of Andrew. State. new dressing.Medical Science. In 1869 an accident occurred in Jackson County. fi when teaching In is a business matter. great excitement was created in the neighborhood. Swan. revenue from students' my deavored to professional instruction. A a sled on the hard ground with such force as to injure his hip and disable the limb. The first doctor called pronounced it a fracture at the upper third of the femur. ficient. I enelicit the psychometric capacity of our students. thirty years ago. and that the fracture claimed that the former physician was miswas at the neck of the femur. each doctor being confident that he was right. Dr. Swan (who resided ten miles away) and six other physicians attended. in sitting by the patient. and in one of these. Dr. and accordingly set it and placed the limb in a in The patient suffered so much that he feared somewas wrong. He taken. and they were about equally divided in opinion as to the location of the fracture.

Swan resided at Watertown. if he would take the responsibility of treating the case in that way. with surprise. Being asked for his opinion. Dr. nearly opposite the umbilicus. In another instance. not being based on any physical examination.72 Psychometry in psychometric impression that there was no fracture at all. when Dr. under which the man recovered the use of the limb in a week. and several consultations had been held over the case by the most eminent surgeons of that region. and the patient replied that he would take the responsibility and follow Dr. he advised that the splints and dressing should be removed and replaced by hot fomentations of bitter herbs. a tumor in the right side. Swan's treatment. and hence there was a hesitation as to submitting the case to an operation. and requested the box and the dressing to be removed from the limb. proving that the physicians were all mistaken in reference to so simple and palpable a condition as a fracture. Swan being called in found an three inches in diameter.. and elicited a great deal of Rodman embarrassed The patient was said to be suffering from discussion. but not being trained to exercise and rely upon it they fail to do justice to themselves. Y. the case of a young lady in the physicians and surgeons of that part of the State. Dr. which enlargement about had been blistered . N. in 1869. but did not agree as to the character of the formation and its attachments. Swan's perception in this case was psychometric. They asked. All agreed that it was a tumor. and he had had experience enough to rely upon it as many other physicians might who possess this power.

which required to be opened. In no . Dr. such impressions are psychometric. his instantaneous psychometric impression indicated that it was an abscess. but relying implicitly on the diagwas effected by sending remedies. Swan had stated. and he at once told them that it was an abscess containing a pint of matter. Many might suppose that these were only illustrations of the superior sagacity of an experienced physician. lady in New Hampshire wrote for a diagnosis.. Not having an instrument with him he returned to Watertown and sent Dr.Medical until the Science. In my own limited practice. which I have never made a principal occupation. But when a sudden impression leads one to an opinion contradictory to the opinions of all who are guided by external indications. B. and directing the treatment of patients whom I had never seen. and did not admit of a manual examination. A nosis of his critical surgeon of reputation in Colorado. Swan has often pronounced with equal correctness upon patients at a distance. However. Trowbridge with a trocar perform the operation (who had believed it to to be a Dr. I have no hesitation in relying upon a psychometric diagnosis by Mrs. 73 whole surface was raw. Trowbridge reported that the contents of tumor). the abscess amounted fully to a pint as Dr. Moreover. but whose assurances of correct description and satisfactory cures have been all that I could expect. and the description developed so large an amount of chronic disease that I was almost afraid to A nosis a cure undertake the case. wrote for a diagown case which proved satisfactory to his mind.

74

Choice of Physicians.

case have patients failed to recognize the truth of the
diagnosis.
I

could relate the history of physicians
I all

who by

their

psychometric power, which
passed

explained to them, sur-

competitors in their therapeutic success, and one especially, who without any previous preparation entered the profession, conducting his studies in the

midst of an active business, and in four years rose to the front rank of practitioners and accumulated a hand-

some

estate.

volume might be filled with the records of the marvellous diagnosis and prognosis of intuition not only
by physicians, but by persons wholly uninstructed in medicine who have corrected the errors of experienced physicians, but this subject properly belongs to a work
for the medical

A

profession before

whom

the subject

must be brought.
CHOICE OF PHYSICIANS.
In no profession is society so frequently and so Professional profoundly deceived as in the medical.
success

achieved by force of character, by selfish energy, by impressive manners, by social intrigue, by elegant display and use of money, by literary culture, by pedantic display of science in something irrelevant to
is

by professional education which has far more learning than utility, by fashionable associations and
healing,

family influence to heal the sick.
skilful in

in short,

everything else but ability

Without these adjuncts, the most

may creep through life in and witness the success of those comparative obscurity who accumulate wealth and acquire influence, while

the healing art

Choice of Physicians.

75

their patients have twice the mortality that science would recognize as legitimate. The majority of fashionable and wealthy physicians are not successful prac-

The qualities that make a true physician are The modest not the qualities that impress society. sensitiveness that sympathizes with the patient and forms the basis of skilful intuition, the pure unselfishtitioners.

ness that delights in helping a sufferer and is loth to deprive him of his toil-worn earnings, the patient

study that gives him a mastery of disease while his
rivals are

seeking the mastery of society

all

these are

unfriendly to his success.

There

is

many

a modest

country doctor

who

barely obtains a modest subsistence

and gives his service for modest fees, when ostentatious pretenders in the city gain wealth while consigning
hundreds to the undertakers whom many a modest The illiterate claircountry doctor would have saved. and magnetic healers who have no social rank voyant
ners,

nor intellectual accomplishments nor imposing manmay go on healing year after year the cases abanso-

doned as incurable by physicians well equipped with

cial influence, but poorly equipped with therapeutic resources, but society blindly follows fashion and ignores

Many a physician lives and dies in while performing cures which in those of obscurity more fortunate position would have been appreciated as
humble
merit.

wonderful.
distinguished physician of this day, enjoythe largest professional income, amounting at its ing height to a hundred thousand dollars per annum, was,

The most

although highly skilful in operative surgery, a medical That physician, Sir ASTLEV barbarian in practice.

76

Choice of Physicians.

unfit to practice medicine.

COOPER, was, according to authentic accounts utterly For we are informed in his

his resources.

biography by his nephew how wretchedly limited were The statement is as follows " So sim:

were Mr. Cooper's prescriptions, that he had five or six formulae, which under ordinary circumstances constituted his complete pharmacopoeia, and such mediple

cines he kept constantly made up. His remedies were limited in number and but little varied in use, for
.

.

.

medicines.

he never had any confidence in an extensive variety of I have heard him say, 'give me quinine,

tartarized antimony, sulphate of magnesia, calomel bark, and I could ask for little else.'
'

and

The wretched ignorance expressed in this confession can be appreciated only by the well educated physician who knows how deplorable must be the results of a
practice

depending on

such

resources

alone.

Our

present materia medica contains

over one

thousand

remedies, and still is painfully inadequate, compelling a search for better resources. Yet the colleges have so much the spirit of Cooper that their instruction in

materia medica

is

wretchedly inadequate.

As

the con-

ditions of disease are infinitely diversified beyond the power of the human mind to conceive and recollect

them

or even to ascertain

them without the

aid

of

intuition,

and as every different condition demands a

different remedy, the attempt to practice the healing art

with five remedies would be regarded by all enlightened physicians to-day as a very flagrant example of quackery. Psychometry pierces at once through all the surroun 1ing ostentation to the real basis of professional characthe ter. To illustrate its power I submitted to Mrs.

K

Choice of Physicians.

77

professional character of five whom I had well known as distinguished physicians of very different capacities, asking her to give their professional character as physicians.

No. i. The professor of practice to whose instructions listened as a student fifty years ago was described as follows from an old letter.
I

"He
he?)

is not living." (What sort of a physician was " In his particular line of practice he was well

versed and might have been considered

skilful.

He

had a good deal of magnetism, was very earnest and had great confidence in his doctrine, but I would not

employ him." (Why?) "He may have understood he never anatomy well, but he was not progressive cared to change or to follow others he felt that he was
;

always the best judge.
difficult

to manage was a man of decision and a medical he gave writer, but I would not like his drug practice too large doses. He was considered an authority in trie
cases,

He

understood

how

profession but he did not apply progressive principles. He was a sincere and conscientious man, and had pro-

and reputation, but was not generally He got no new ideas and successful with his patients. must have declined in his reputation. He was orthodox
fessional success
in religion

and very tenacious in all his principles." This was Prof. John Esten Cooke, of Transylvania University, an honest and earnest man, author of a system

volume on the "Invalidity of Pres" and one^ of the most perfect byterian Ordination
of practice

and

of a

;

system of practice that the Southwest half a century ago, when prevailed the majority of the sick were salivated by mercurials.
in

representatives of the horrible

78

Choice of Physicians.

taught the heroic use of calomel as the leading agent in practice, beginning with twenty grains and
necessary To one of giving it in cholera in teaspoonful doses. the theological students, a brilliant young man, Mr. Douglass, he gave altogether a pound and a half before he died, as I was informed by his friend, Rev. Mr. Brittan, who confessed to having taken three fourths of
a pound himself from Dr. Cooke. The drift of Dr. Cooke's instruction was no better

He

doubling the dose on successive

visits

if

than the practice of Sir Astley Cooper. It conveyed the impression that nearly all diseases needed nothing

but purgation by a pill compound of one grain each of calomel aloes and rhubarb. He did as the opinion says, "decline in reputation," for their was sufficient intelli-

gence

in the profession to realize after a time that his

teaching was a medical barbarism, and his colleagues, unable to get rid of him in any other way, paid him a

handsome bonus to procure his resignation. He was inaccessible to a new idea, and when

at the

residence of one of 'his friends, a trustee of the college, I made some demonstrations of the impressibility of the
brain, the friend waited to hear his opinion of
it

after

as a matter of science, but received the remark, " I don't see how he can make any only " Nor would he engage in the invesmoney out of it

the

company

left,

!

tigation

of

the subject

after

being appointed on a

committee for that purpose by the Board of Trustees, 'although the novel proposition which I presented were the most important which have ever been presented in
the science of physiology, involving a complete demonstration of the functions of the brain.

Choice of Physicians.

79
:

No. 2 was described from an old letter as follows

"This

is

a

of receiving

man of intellect and appreciation, capable new ideas and*ready to acknowledge. He

loved to investigate and to pracwas never entirely satisfied with He would fall in with your ideas. He his knowledge. understood the use of medicines but did not give such He was a good surgeon and would prefer heroic doses. surgery to general practice, was skilful in that depart-

was a hard student tise what he knew

ment, could set bones with great facility, always sucHe had psychometric power. cessful, made no mistakes. He had passed away a good many years. He was good
in diagnosis, could feel the trouble in his patients,

and
life

was sympathetic. I would not fear to trust He would be called in as counsel in with him.
cases.*'

my

difficult

(What system did he favor?) He was very good progressive. was inclined to surgery." (What was his constitution ?)

"He

was Eclectic or

in obstetrical cases but

"He

was not robust

but slender, would be likely to contract pulmonic disHe did not attain age, I don't think he was over ease.

when he passed away." The entire description is very correct. The writer was my colleague, Dr. BENJAMIN L. HILL, professor of
fifty

surgery in

the

Eclectic

Medical

Institute,

a

very

skilful physician

great liberality much to the progress

and surgeon with psychometric powers, and mental activity. He contributed
of

the liberal

movement

hi

medicine, accepted any demonstrations of Anthropology, and was the author of a system of surgery, one of the most valuable contributions to professional literature.

8o

Choice of Physicians.

He

accepted Homoeopathy after giving

trial.

a practical His constitution was delicate and he died of
it

pulmonary disease as she indicated, though
the exact date

I

have not

No. 3 was described as follows, from the name
"

:

He

I don't exactly fancy this man. could talk well and lecture well.

He
I

is

rather selfish.

think he was a

professor and knew a great deal of anatomy, but did not know as much about the brain as he might. He made

He large pretensions to knowledge and speculated. would not accept your reformatory ideas he was a narrow man. (What department of the profession was
;

he devoted to?) He was good in obstetrics. He could lecture on surgery and would pay special attention to that, though he jnight have more attraction to other

He was probably a better the profession. than the last, was more dashing and operative surgeon fearless, having great confidence in himself, but was not
parts of
as good a practitioner.

He

wrote well and had a very

good reputation. rank among the

Having
first."

a good deal of push he would

This was the late Prof. S. D. Gross, of Philadelphia, eminent as a surgical professor and author. He could never be induced to pay any attention to my discoveries in the brain, and courteously informed me by letter
it was impossible for my discoveries in reference to the materia medica to be brought before the National Medical Association because they were governed by the

that

code and

was not. Hence it would be impossible even to have a committee of investigation appointed, and he advised me to bring my medical discoveries before some
I

society not belonging to the

medical profession, not

Choice of Physicians.

81

perceiving that in giving such a recommendation he was uttering a satire upon himself and the Association
scientific progress which could not control. letter of Dr. Gross was one they of the first four described by Mr. Inman, and his

by confessing their aversion to

A

description was similar to the foregoing. No. 4 was described as follows
:

and would accept anything presented good authority and utilize it. He was fond of experimenting had a good deal of brain power. He had a noble purpose. He
loyal to his profession,

"This man was

with

guarded against imposition and fanciful ideas, and sought to have good authority for what he adopted. He was a well balanced man. It seems to me he
published.

He

liked to get his ideas before the people.
to write

He

was a very industrious man, not content

prescriptions but looked into cases thoroughly to understand them. He accomplished much and attained some

He exerted a good influence in bringing forward processes and diminishing drugging, but his views were not generally received. The profession was not
fame.

new

prepared for such progress.

good

effect, increasing toleration

His labors produced a and introducing a new

system.

He

was profoundly

eclectic.

He
I

discarded

bleeding and harsh measures.
practitioner, very

He

was a successful
do not think

much

like the second.

he

is living."

WOOSTER BEACH,

This was a just and very accurate description of Dr. the pioneer of the Eclectic reform in

medical practice, whose three volumes of practice and surgery published more than sixty years ago, were at that time very far in advance of anything in medical

82
literature.

Choice of Physicians.

He will rank high in history as a reformer benefactor to humanity. and No. 5 was described as follows
:

was an American and above the usual size of Americans, had a large .brain, a great deal of will power and self-esteem. He was an independent thinker not
intimidated
to doctrines

"He

popular.
in society.
lecturer,

by opposition, somewhat pugnacious as and not sufficiently amiable to be generally He was quite verbose and would make a stir

He
clear

had

talent,

was well

read,

and a good

popular with students, of lecturing on almost any medical subject, capable and felt that he had few superiors. He was progressive
headed,

and

and somewhat

original,

new
your

ideas, especially phrenology,
ideas.

would be apt to take hold of and was favorable to

was in love with his profession, had He great penetration and looked forward to results. fond of debating and wished to be regarded as was understanding every great theme before the public. He was a very good lecturer, had a strong way of He travelled a good deal and lectured much speaking. he practiced. more than He could practice if required by necessity, but he preferred literature and lecturing. The leaders of the profession did not give him as much credit as he deserved, but considered him visionary as he was more progressive and independent."
This
is

He

CALDWELL, more

a very remarkable description of Prof. CHARLES vivid from impressions derived from

an old letter written under excitement from the machinations of his colleagues.

He

was a man

of

commanding

appearance and energy, of great learning, fluency and In his younger days he was a contemimpressiveness.

Choice of Physicians.

83

In his latter days he porary and competitor of Rush. was a medical professor of Transylvania University, where I had the pleasure of attending his lectures in He was famous for his ability, his copious 1834. writings, his power as a lecturer, his self-esteem, and his progressive liberal independent views. His moral courage in sustaining Phrenology and Animal Magnetism against the hostility of the profession deserves great honor. Although the phrenology of Gall was an
imperfect science,
it

had a large amount of demonstrated

truth of which Prof. Caldwell

champion.

His

independence

cordiality toward

my

became the American was shown in his own discoveries, which he was

about to present to the National Medical Association when his career was interrupted by death thirty-one

The fact brought out in the description that years ago. he was a lecturer but not a practitioner was remarkable.
During my acquaintance of twenty years he was not engaged in practice. This minute portraiture and exact estimate of character

by psychometry

is

a transcendent marvel.

In this
perfectly

case the description not only portrays the

man

but states exactly how he was regarded by the leaders of the profession. man of Jess force of character

A

would have been unable to sustain himself. I would be tempted to suspect that it was assisted by thought reading and owed its accuracy to my own knowledge of
the subject, did
true
I

not

know

that the opinions are equally
;

have no knowledge of the subject and when letters come from unknown persons at great distances or specimens of writing are sent, her answers
I

when

are as satisfactory

to.,

the correspondents as the above

84

Choice of Physicians.

She is never confined to descriptions are to myself. of the subject or to the particular aspect my knowledge
it

assumes

in

my

mind.

The next
:

description

I

think

equally remarkable. No. 6 was described as follows

"This
a great

a physician of scientific mind, who has made It is not name, a very earnest student.
is

Harvey, but he has made some reformatory discoveries. He was not a brilliant man, but would attract attention

and respect.

He had to wade through a great deal of He before attaining his highest success. opposition old Allopathic system, and became was educated in the
disgusted with
it

and made innovations.

Before he

passed away he became a celebrity, and still he seems a there modest man. He had a very stormy career all sorts of opposiand satire was so much opposition tion. He put his practice into print and wrote books

He introduced a system entirely and which brought down all possible violence radically new, from the old practitioners, but he lived to see the
on
his system.

benefit of his system. (What was he as a practitioner

?

)

" In the beginning

he

felt unsatisfied

with what he had been taught.
in- practice

He

system. by and prescriptions. He cared more for curing people than for the emoluments. He was a true physician. I think he was the discoverer

would be successful

his

own

He was

skilful

in

diagnosis

of the infinitesimal doses."

we

This was Samuel Hahnemann, and in this description perceive an instantaneous grasp of the whole character and status of the man. Sometimes, as in this she seems to grasp the character instantaneously, case,

) "This but is is not living. He wrote upon such subjects. He spent his time in making discoveries in the vegetable and mineral kingdoms. but I have found no one with so complete and correct appreciation of Hence. I feel no doubt in relying upon her judgment of persons whose character is somewhat equivocal. fect.Choice of Physicians. but not so much as we know to-day. every character investigated. Inman manifested as or historical I characters in of whom . and of literary I wish to speak her judgment of the accepting founders of religions and the leaders in philosophy. I think he knew something of hygiene. He was a great botanist and understood the virtues of plants and trees. she develops the character piecemeal and acquires the summary estimate only its after studying so that the preliminary should be rejected as imperportion of the description. and feel safe HIPPOCRATES (following HOMER. He understood the human constitution was known then. " I think he founded a school. was very well versed mental He was a man of extraordinary He was a great student of force. experiments with Mr. 85 especially when it is congenial. He He is not as ancient as I Homer an ancient scholar and writer. but in others less congenial or easy to describe. He knew more understood anatomy as well as it than his cotempo- . elements. The description of Hahnemann is so perfect and concise that it 49 difficult for any one to realize that she did not know of whom she was speaking. My first prompt and sometimes as delicate perceptions. think he wrote in medi- on medical subjects. however peculiar. cal science. intellect Nature.

He had a strong muscular constitution and great will-power. He was a practical man guided by experience. but he had his theories. mainly. (What of his moral nature ? ) "He man (If was a man of good character he had a religious nature. He is referred to to-day. on such subjects. not a reckless He left a good reputation. He left was a want of adaptation to the but he opened the way for others to follow. his remedies there many of disease .86 raries Choice of Physicians. it in a crude state." policy ?) " He would . (What do you think of him as a physician ?) " I don't think he understood In surgery." he were here to-day what would be his medical adopt the eclectic practice.

to be properly called a political millen- are at the present time enjoying a slight intimation of what Psychometry might give us in President Cleveland. of Gen. President Cleveland an example importance in filling high offices Prophetic view of the election as to the four candidates Of Gen. Elaine. the able and wise administration which Psychometry might select would be such an improvement as nium. who was psychometrkally indicated as We the proper man for the Presidency. chometry as a tribunal Method of obtaining the descriptions Grant. Grant in 1885. St. Description of Gov. Cleveland. 87 . E. of Samuel J. John coincident with the opinions of his opponents Authority of PsyDescription of Gov. ruled by the wisest and best. Of W. POLITICS.CHAPTER PSYCHOMETRY IN Its VII. the United States and when the people of sufficiently enlightened to be the we shall have a political millennium guided by it. the claims of Psychometry as the interpreter of it is a far more reliable guide than popular elections or the choice of electoral colleges for filling high offices. Tildeii Of Bismark Description of Napoleon Bonaparte and Josephine Of D'Israeli Of Gen. Butler Of Mr. Pope country being become says " For forms of government let fools contest That which is best administered is best." But the United States having an admirable form of government already. Gladstone If character are well grounded.

but he will never be higher than governor. thinks himself irresistible will disappoint. I asked " Is he a candidate?" Reply.88 Psychometry in During the late Presidential contest I sought the counsel of psychometry several times to determine for of the candidates myself what was the comparative merit and what were their prospects of success. Blaine was described " ? my ques- What of his future tion was. The question as to the result of the election was happily answered. but can't can't believe this must be believe he Blaine." which ended the description. JOHN'S concluded as follows will establish " : I career for the rest of his a permanent and powerful party. " When Mr. I something explain. and his life will be very successful. " I think he will go on as he has.. ST. He fail." (If he result what seems to be the probable "I think he does he anticipate success?) is a candidate. CLEVELAND had been given. . from the excitement connected with him. Gov. BUTLER was described as "aiming for office with a nomination for it. A full report was made upon each of the candidates and this report I read to a public audience in Boston at Berkeley Hall. has the greatest has no doubt but I I success." after an accurate description Of Gov. . He will live many years yet. BLAINE. I think he will see what. but I don't think he will he will succeed. and has a good chance to hold some prominent office again. struggle of The now that he has ever had." GEN.. but never be president. " I think he is. He He reply came. who received it with much apparent approbation.

JOHN. There There is a secret organization the people do not dream of for the It will be the most purpose of defeating this man. She did not say As dates to the character I and fitness of each of the candi- obtained an accurate report. but there him. 89 he does not care a great deal about it. "This an Blaine. Is Still it his chances are good. is fair Cleve- " If the election is he will have the majority. but for the principles of his party. It is a entirely different character nothing like man of quiet unobtrusive nature com- is not pretentious or overbearing." an underground force against Thus the description was emphatically against the success of each of the other three candidates when they in favor were investigated separately and emphatically of Cleveland's election if not interfered with by a fraudulent conspiracy of which she psychometrically recognized the existence. but (" It is.") cannot be certain. and of which the public saw some indication in the animus of the contending parthat the conspiracy would be but expressed an apprehension what was cersuccessful. by other psychometers of less reputation. ties.Politics. be a terrible time in this election. The following is the description of GOV. I think he may be elected really and honestly. Unless some great wrong is clone. ST. These impressions were confirmed tainly well founded. also . He pared to Blaine a man of good impulses and good principles. corrupt canvass ever land " ? known I in this country. s but will how much fraud may come in I cannot see.

not the rabble. He has . " There is a retirement really desire to in his nature. party. " He is are his principles?) a humanitarian. politics. (For what is he a candidate ? ) It is not for governor. He has held some office possibly he has been governor. he is one of the candidates for president. I think he is. the judicious people (Q. but he is not very sensitive to public opinion and can He would be a good defend himself when necessary. is not fond of display. "He eclat.bright dreams for the future. but there a principle in He thinks his party is right and he would not work for a party that was not right. would like an office and he is a party man. ties "This man is not understood. He has better qualithan he is reported to have by his opponents. astonish the nation and do away with a good deal of the He is not a showy man. He but he could win friends more by his seeming generosity. He is an aspirant for office. President. He stirs up the thinking people. If fortunate care for show. I might call him a democrat . lawyer. bly he is one of the candidates.90 good judgment. He He seems to have a good deal is not a very magnetic man. but he has a good deal would do some things policy and approbativeness for effect. of repose of character. PsycJiomctry in He is an intellectual man a man of sterling qualities. " I would not call of him a trimmer. is for its He emoluments and would work for his it. does not folly at Washington. What enough to become He would he would make a good one. He does not Possi- be forced into but he is.

I don't see wha he thinks of the tariff question. He is very much interested in the latter to question and in prohibition. " He would have succeeded in the clerical or medical profession. BUTLER was described as follows " He is a person of research. He has very good oratorical powers. and it would have suited his nature better. but his inclination has been diverted and he has engaged and legal practice. He and large brain. him.Politics. What are the most important principles he is concerned " in ?) He is an equal rights man and would give suffrage women. " I believe he will establish a permanent party. and his career for the rest of his life will ful be very success: though he will never be president. "This man make It is hard to not really understood. and is a pugnacious man. He would have capacity succeeded well as an antiquarian. His course excites prejupeople understand is . and throws a good deal of magnetism He has wit and sarcasm. He is successful as a and has good practical ability. He possesses a lawyer great deal of zeal and throws his whole soul into whatever he undertakes to do." GEN. desires a high position and works for it. who would have the of making great researches. He has turned his mind greatly to the accumulation of wealth. *"He intellect seems a stout man. He has a very brilliant has cultured his intellect and exercised his mental powers greatly though he does not seem a literary man. pretty well advanced in life. 91 (Q. older than he looks to be. "He aims high. and is very in politics clear in statement over his hearers.

"He seems destined power in this country. close and unmistakable fidelity. some way. but does not to wield considerable lose sight of his principles. He will governor. He would He favor the people of the working classes. uniform in his been breaks interruptions." Of MR. He seems "He is aiming think he for office with a will succeed. " way which have obscured He seems to have an independent set of principles He wants which belong to himself and seem original. I has already made himself a name in think he has a war record. BLAINE the graphic. some sort of change or has lent himself to the influence of party and mistakes in this him for a time. and has a good chance to hold some prominent office but he will never be higher than have a career. Psychometry in He has many good impulses but is not does not always carry them purposes In the past there have out systematically and in order. but I have decided not I offered it to a Boston to insert it in this volume. But he will reason he will not be able to hold them. in his life He work. He will live many years yet. identified with them. description was powerful and It was admired as a descriptive sketch for its editor after the election and he expressed unwillingness . Those whom he considers his For some friends will not support him as he expects. is deeply interested in the present canvass nomination for it.g2 dice and envy. but I don't He will not be a success in what he aiming at. to hold to his principles and yet hold on to the influence of party and is something of a trimmer. keep the people stirred up.

his remarkable career. in the eternal Now. though I esteem it a splendid illustration of to publish anything It embodied the same views of Mr.Politics. psychometry. Blaine which were expressed and illustrated by his political opponents and the persons who had been intimately acquainted with to resist his influence. with the opinion that "he would be a in power. 93 which would revive the unpleasant memories of the recent contest in which his friends had been much divided." no better method than the psychometric of settling the debated questions that disturb society. and fortified by their voice we can ignore . It him but independent enough was a thorough vindication of the independent Republican movement prompted by his moral obliquities which saved our country from a political calamity. that he had found no one who regretted having voted regretted their vote for Blaine. For a similar reason I shall omit it. Psychometry expressed in this as in other the verdict of cases the verdict of the enlightened for Cleveland but many who public opinion after the excitement of the hour has subsided describing his remarkable abilities. his magnetic control of men. realm of divine intuition time is no barrier past and future are I comprehended labors. and his final failure. but psychometry may be the telephone of future ages. in reference have not failed to appeal to this power to my own Vanity and enthusiasm may deceive us. It was remarked by Senator Wadleigh soon after the beginning of Cleveland's administration. and dangerous man There is In the listening in advance to the voice of posterity.

nature. unhinIn reference to dered by the thick mists of history. I think he is modest. wholly life. Mr. and of exceedingly just princiHe seems to have a high sense of his moral ples. I have submitted his character to some of psychometric pupils hoping that its dark shades might be softened by some one. of nobility of character is not at all selfish but is not mean sometimes imprudent in small things. Cleveland the following description was given and was confirmed by other psychometers. but of men of other countries and times. GOV. CLEVELAND. He has a keen obligations. and seems to have an inborn sensitiveness. Elaine. Of Gov. whom I was interested to understand. I feel like going into his soul He has a great deal a thinking man. not much self-conceit. What he does he does well. He is not ostentatious. and would not undertake anything unless he knew he could fill the requirements. "He has dignity of character. I have weighed in the balance of Psychometry the claims not only of our own public men. and believe that I see them clearly. (I do is He In business he is a good man. He looks high but has not .) and trustworthy. but on the contrary the darker aspects of his character were stated in still my more emphatic language. He is not lax in doing things. present time. "It seems a person in prominent position at the There is not much bluster about him.94 Psychometry in with equal ease the vulgar sentiment of the rabble and the pedantic assumptions of collegiate ignorance. no matter what it is. in business reliable sense of his own abilities.

I don't think his associations would lead him to abandoned women. but would like to defame him "He would be a splendid manager. What He has appreciation of women. "I do not see any generalship." (g. but he is not a bad man in any way. him. " his own aggrandizement he is holds a high position now. as if the affairs of He is conscienthe world did not trouble him much. with work or duties that precluded domestic " comfortable looking man. don't seem life to have had time to cultivate domestic filled His has been life. There does much domesticity about him. and he might have had some unpleasant relations with women in early life like other men." of friends. " I He What of am looking his past at the and future filial ? ) man and am attracted to his domestic nature. he seems like a citizen. "A if great many people envy . His life in that respect is like the average of men. He is not a young man. He life. (g. possibly in the political world. they don't wish to do him any bodily injury they could. not seem to be He has great love. tious. .Politics. 95 any particular aim as to not a vain man. He never had a He has an military career. but I see no family around him. army are his domestic relations?) "I don't see any domestic life around him. He has great ability for managing large things has great foresight. He is a hard and close worker. He is a very scrupulous and nice in his transactions.

) is fair I cannot be certain. said half I might say of his intcior character. it woqld be the best thing for the country. It will be the Still most corrupt canvass ever known his in this country." (Q. It is. chances are good." He seems to Is he a candidate ? ) (Q. seems much like President Buchanan as a dignified He would give dignity to the position gentleman. Is it "If the election there is he will have the majority. "I think he is from the excitement connected with him. If he is a candidate what seems to be the probable result does he anticipate success?) "I think he does he does not care a great deal it about some great wrong really but for the principles of his party. Unless is done I think he will be elected and honestly. the people do not dream cannot of for the purpose ef defeating this man.(}6 Psychometry in He seems shrewdness and keen judgment. but I have not an underground force against him. now like a How would you like to place affiairs him ? ) "He could conduct the of a nation with a good deal of system and do honor to the position. statesman but not a diplomatic man. but Cleveland?" (A. I He begin to think this is Gov. better than any one who has been there for years." (Q. There is a secret organization. Cleveland. but how much fraud may come in I There will be a terrible time this election. If the people should nominate him and place him in the White House. see. have some relation to the White House." .

He blood. forwaid.Politics. more humane own judgment. far-reaching." (Will his anticipations be fulfilled ? ) " I fear not to his entire satisfaction. (What has been " He has held a high position as a ruler. that he will not attain as like to to much as he wishes. expecting all and prepared. would seek peace. His ambition has been gratified. 97 GEN. doubtful. making dead. He is far-seeing. Dec. He is not manifest. but is dethroned He would not be averse to is not in power now. but 1 think he will be disappointed in attaining . GRANT. and promises more humanitahimself tc rule in a different way I feel that it is but he fears disappointment. (After the description of Alexander of Russia. He has greater ability for conducting military campaigns. He would be on the same pedestal as before. but waiting developments. He has a great ambition. his mark again aims at the in war.) " This character is He trusts to his not so tyrannical. He likes to rule. power ually it is innate.or friends who power. would surrender a claim sooner than shed much He does not love war. 26. adhere to him. but would not be considered a coward." his career?) has advanced by degrees as stepping stones. by He could command making it money he would need. 1879. If war takes place he would be brought rian. and would have more humane feelings. His ambition seeks it is not his He political emissaries. " He is a He holds individof pillar strength. He feels sad.

"He occupies or has occupied a very high position in friends and has life. his mother. the position he had before. a male person. he methodical." (Look to the future for a few years ? ) " I see in the future pleasant surroundings. TILDEN (Sept. He to is clairvoyant but does not Ideas come He prophetic ideas. does not know fear. that come and take possession of him lineage spirits old spirits Jewish some of them. adroit." which parent did he derive (From this ? ) "From know it.98 Psychometry in There will be rivalry. His make men hate him. but is intellectually great literary world and looked up to. 4." SAMUEL "This is J. enemies. he has does not show out as many do but He and courage. He is possibly over-reach He adjusts things very nicely. has great determination has great hopes. Rivals will leave nothing undone to defeat him. a charming landscape. has an interior nature. him that surprise him. himself. 18/9)." (What is the cause or the source of his power?) He has through his "I think he has inspiration. and would make a great many firm " He many enemies. and one is who he is figures or has figured extensively and well known. but cautious might and quite who has figured in the or as an author. " attributes of character do not but he is bold and would make all He wields or has wielded power though not at . He writes a great deal and has an does not seem to be one extensive correspondence. happiness and content are there.

and would disappoint his enemies. " He is naturally selfish in business and would conHe has great will-power and thinks sider self chiefly. right. highest office that could be offered him. He would show more greatness if he had the opportunity of the high office he desires. and likes popuTo some he his points. he never took part in any humanitarian movement. rian. They regard him with jealousy and his acts fear- They misconceive him and blame which he considers right. He could be trusted. but is a man of the people strong one. " In political matters he would not be a philanthropist a politician. He but in case of suffering would give willingly. is genial with his would acquire wealth and has acquired it. but is I feel that he has held not a Vanderbilt or Stewart. but friends.Politics. He would not go to work to carry on *a own interests. 99 a politician and a military. but persons would sometimes construe him as one. yet he would be strict and discreet and but disappoint his enemies at the same time sticking to his principles. but to others he is cold and reserved. does not embrace advanced ideas. but is "He who Yet there are many popular with many friends. He aims at the high position in a political career. are adverse to him and do not wish to se^him elevated. acts from his best impulses He him and what seems to He's not absolutely selfish. fraud but would look sharply to advance his He would oppose fraud and try to bring . but not a humanita. He does not mean to be a trickster. a great deal of himself but I don't think he is dishonest. larity for the sake of carrying is agreeable.

having great ambition. even his friends were he is in the fraud. hints or assistance have been tolerated. that leading questions are carefully avoided. much power over others. honorable or criminal. He would dare to expose them. and that sometimes descriptions are given without a single question being asked. realizing that any one can is men may be knew nothing by listening give so accurate a description of a person of whom they before." These portraitures of public many to whom Psychometry difficulty in would have great read by and who unfamiliar.loo Psychometry in if it to light for the public good. having not to be disheartened. guided by the impressions coming through the fingers without the whether slightest intimation whom the person may be male or female. or Such persons must by some way the psychome- some hint or was guided by leading quessaw something to guide the mind in a picture I can only assure them that no such or autograph. that the thing described is always kept invisible. and whom they describe merely to the inner voice of intuition. young or old. " He has large hopes and and will work to carry his aim. force of habit suspect that in ter received tions. living or dead. as Knowing the reliability of such impression might tend to impair the photographic An opinion may be given of accuracy of psychometry. psychometry I am very careful to avoid anything which could influence the imagination or make any impression on the mind. for fearless and aims high. . He is and adjusts his decisions and speeches to the cunning is question of popularity. gifted or idiotic. but there are too many obstacles for his political success.

one To very when it skeptical minds all evidence loses its value concerns matters beyond the range of their Such experience and contrary to their fixed opinions. got into the sphere nature He studied very hard and came out a self-reliant man of genius. 10 1 whom she knows. There's more warmth in this It gives me great fulness brain than in Swedenborg's. He was full of intellect his brain was a great workshop. He tions or the Bible he was skeptical. He did not identify himself with any religious or political sect. and therefore when I assure them that we have in the United States a hundred thousand persons in whom psychometrical power can be developed. He did not believe in tradifelt like . Growing out of books he threw away authors and dis- approved of others opinions generally. " He was a self-made man in youth. persons can learn only by their personal experience. . and impartial as if all knowledge had been excluded. l88o). traditions. of the whole forehead. breaking up the old systems and would suit him better than to rush Nothing on and demolish the past. "This is 14. but stood isolated. a spirit. " He seems to stand alone. but the probability is that it would not be as searching. NAPOLEON BONAPARTE (Dec. they may realize that perhaps I am not indulging in delusions but simply dispelling a vast amount of ignorance which pervades our literature. It was not till had no great advantages he arrived at manhood that he intended. science. and collegiate instruction.Politics. accurate.

He Society rather feared him. He was really and did not try to great and grew in power .IO2 " Psychometry in seems somewhat philanthropic for the public He was good and philosophized in that direction. but he would commit crimes. could rouse great interest in He could talk well. irresistible. but everything that concerned unscrupulous and not to be trusted. He of has not the same power would He lead him to do things Caesar would not have done. but more of lust. He had great secretivegrandeur of character. would undermine friendships. He himself and obtain great applause. in politics. ambition he was skilful He was a " After all he had a love of flattery see through it. attained distinction. ing power over women " In private life he might be truthful and honorable. power and popularity." (How does he compare with Caesar ? ) "I do not like him as well as Caesar. He riches. - "He He If never was quiet. industrious and energetic. old order. "He had considerable love. He was was not popular except with a few He He did not covet regardless as to people's opinions. He He had a commandloved women and they liked him. and power overpowered his better qualities. friends. though I was ambitious to be known as a leader delighted to break up the would not call him a disorganizer. singular in deportment. careless in his habits. His love ness and employed spies and did many things that were He would betray a trust. He he could get the supreme authority he would not I don't know that he would hesitate to do dark deeds. in liar. His love of fame not just. but loved fame. murder.

She or keep him in his place had a high temper.) and cruel. 103 He had military skill on sea and land. she " She is not " was a humanitarian. He naturally. a woman qualities. "His character is not to be admired. was not satisfied. He could not appreciate . He loved wife and There was one woman who was She seemed to control him equal to any emergency.brought out their energies.Politics. not caused by herself or her own " ? acts. living now. She had a troubled subjects adored her for her many life. his He had control first of women always mistresses. " loved He more than one. Had " she not some trouble I feel with her husband nical (Yes. JOSEPHINE (Oct. "He was a benefit to the world. He was not careful that he was tyranof her nature or about wounding her feelings. done. was not a mere general but a commander-in-chief of He cared not how anything was done if it was armies. Was she not the wife of a king ? " (Yes.) Her grand qualities. His latter years were passed in seclusion. would be a His grand work now would be His to apply his great ideas to philanthropy. 1880). stimulated people. He has a similar character in the spirit world. He looked at his past as being all vanity. a powerful spirit. but he different man now. " This is 19. first wife instructs him now. mover. and humane a character noted for gentleness Her deeds shone out in great brightness. . for he was a grand respected her more. He but after all was very successful and a great conqueror. a mistress perhaps.

only develfree. "In her love she would compare with Cleopatra of attrac- though tion for less voluptuous. the people and helped the unfortunate. but loved personages. "Now They come together because she they are not spiritually mated. She takes a great interest in social quesoped fully. Was not taking off was rather unnatural. as She was fond of art. here. There is a warring element She had some deep sorrow in her life. "Her best talents from nature were never fully It was not developed in consequence of her marriage. tions. attract She had the capacity always distinguished society She did not always seek them.IO4 Psychometry in her love and tenderness." her disposition was more amiable. but I don't think she was. a love marriage. there a separation from her husband ? She suffered "Her terribly from jealousy. she had the ability. There was a spirit of turbulence and jealousy about her it seemed like a conspiracy in which women were concerned and her husband's tyranny and jealousy. she is all right her whole nature brilliant and would seem changed but not so. She would not much force as Cleopatra not so wilful. " She was in religious to and devotional. " (Was she an authoress ?) She could have been. . She is not in the same work as her husband. She was noted for her benevolent sympathetic nature. He is not her spirit mate unless he has changed greatly. is developing him but is She very fresh and . She had great power and literary rule with men of the highest rank men.

What "His next. an exceedingly adroit mind pen- . He ments. 3. His word re- He is naturally authoritative and dogmatic spected. " He holds an office of in some kind and of great power is immense power. (April 29. are under Russian rule." (Q. but modifies this appearance by his policy and by some wit or humor. like to attain He desires to wield power would eminence without chicanery (this remark by don't want any bombast or false state- was in contrast to a politician previously described) his ability. their rights and wrongs. Roman character. B. He is jealous of great statesman in high position. The foregoing words unseen 'This is in the hands of the Mrs.Politics. Russian power and despotism." People from his country PRINCE BISMARCK OF GERMANY. state affairs. 1885) elicited the following: ever on the a very bright active mind seems to be alert. All her acts are charhas great dignity but simplicity. acterized by gentleness and simplicity. She never She seems like a Spanish or repelled any one. 1880)." Greek or BISMARCK " This is (Jan. a male. has a great brain a remarkable insight into is are his leading motives ?) motives are selfish self first He is a governmental affairs. There is a peculiar keenness about It is this character. 105 She youthful very impulsive much like Serafina. He "He the public not philanthropic but patriotic.

or epochs. but would use a policy. He has so This character does not require pushing. He I has There are many strides in his lulls and then goes on and all makes cannot express that I perceive. His delivery is clear. I should not be surprised if he is a military man he understands military operations. and skill. favor war. He His principles altogether are not just what you would consider correct. " He is a I don't think he would diplomatic man. he is ready and alert when called on. but he is disposed to be benevoHe has lent and not in any way revengeful or cruel. he addresses hi s speech as much as any other way people. his mark. "I think it is a man. He has a great deal of friendliness in his nature toward his friends and honorable opponents." seems something higher command (How " does he exercise his power is ?) He commanding much depends upon his word. is a sympathetic man when called good sympathies He might be out and has some sentiments of devotion. war on account of prestige. or willingly engage in gage in different He would not enit. much spontaneity. has a power like an emperor or president. deep and fervid not . He exercises his authority by called a religious man. have read before (She had described Bismarck some years previously). but has not as strong a control of the government as he would like. Is he a general or something higher in he than a general.106 Psychometry in It seems like something I etrating and far-seeing. and endeavor to settle difficulties. so that the governments could feel that they had not His policy has great ingenuity yielded or conceded. life.

GLADSTONE.Politics 107 in war. at Berlin]. it If he is engaged more defensive than aggressive." does he compare with Gladstone is (How "Gladstone I anthropic matic and authoritative. [At that moment it was about one o'clock P. Gladstone . I must great pain to see these nations go into war. but it would not do to show It would give him his feelings. but army others. There is a class in Germany who would ?) like to see war not a large element nor of the best classes. not remain indifferent. I am sure I know who it is. He feels that it is not al- together under his control I feel that he is not at rest he is using his pen at this time. The first psychometric investigation of Mr. as he wishes to avert it. as to the plans of negotiation and the management of the not with the emperor who favors peace." boisterous or loud. E. Bismarck is more diplo- W. it ing this thing a long time. though he looks He has been watch. I think even now he is maturing some plans to secure peace. "He has had much controversy on this subject." more cool and deliberate and more phillike him best. He is not indifferent as to tell you this is Bismarck. He can. would be (What " is his nationality like a ?) He He is a great statesman. Both nations have respect for him. In his real sentiments he sympathizes with England. Russia ?) "He upon it will make an effort to avert as a foregone conclusion. M.'' has great diplomacy. the war. (What are his views as to war between England and He seems German.

one "This man is remarkably far-sighted. 1882. 25.Io8 Psychometry in by Mrs. or emperor. but humane and statesmanlike. He does not to accomplish a certain purpose. a great ruling power. clear and cautious It seems me this is a man holds a great deal of power at this present time who is swaying the public mind. a man is could not live with such intensity is living. but guiding generalship He is full of courage." DESCRIPTION. Gladstone. " I feel so much power and ! activity of brain to ! So very that . which carries it. ecutive " I feel so much heat in the blood This man's brain ! is so intense . energy fail in any great purpose. He seems at the aggrandizement of personal ambition. with the editorial re" Mrs. He is. strategy to counteract opI feel all filled with fire and posing forces or designs. being far-seeing. He seems born for fine capa- what he Nature has endowed him with . and ex- a tactician. Sept. feel that "I he like a man whose ambition would lead him to benevo- lent designs not benevolent exactly. shrewd. and very cool. about the delineation of conviction of truth with psychometry There is an incisive grasp Mr. or cause. he might be called to defend. or one who has great tact. was published as follows in a London journal. Buchanan's seems to be of mark. like ruling not as king. is a valorous man a man fearless in times of great trouble. B. at New York. He seems to have strategy. all the time but he and will live. for the general good. but does not aim and directing. a wonderful character.

] Oh. : some great is very intellectual. " I think this is speaks the English language. : into active duty on the field of bathold my head and rest a little. as director at the helm. 109 bilities . bility rested upon him. . Englishman. but he is highly cultured. Oh. to He would not be afraid go into action I must presses her hands upon her head. cannonading. of missiles of warfare. where responsi. he keeps his own counsel. seems He ! his brain terrible to me like a person who would have needs rest at this present time rest for he's been so long in action. all kinds He has been directing it.") "He to rest. or con- ducting lately?") " I feel that he has had to do with a turbulent condition it seems like war.] " What has he been attending (Reporter tle." [She to. He about." " Is there anything else that engages his (Reporter attention ?") " It is hard to get away from that I have been talking I am waiting to see if he is a literary man. what a mental strain Such sleepless nights he has had He's been en! ! gaged among some wonderful scenes. has studied hard not an American looked into causes. [Pressing her hands on her temples. and he has not thought of self. such terrible things he has passed through He is a he has been wonderfully tortured in mind. Am I correct in that?" (Reporter: "Yes. Yes. a wonderfully astute and clear-headed general soldier .Politics. this is It gives me pain in the temples. Oh. He though I think he seems more like an . and has talent for literature.

and has to do with European Powers seems to be constantly dictating.1 1 Psychometry in "He has always occupied high places. I don't think he can be ranked as a literary man. English. but he seems ever prompted by a spirit of justice. Gladstone. He will exercise a humane policy towards Ireland. and be an adviser and co-operate in the best means to bring that country " up to will its proper standing among dence. He is not an intriguer. but he is fond of literature. for coolness. He is not easily turned. now. If He is He shows he decides with great deliberation and a man in whom the people have great he were a sways great power. Tell us his policy as to friend. "He's a man of great decision would not change his mind from sympathy with surroundings. He will assist the tory Khedive. He's a strict adherent to the honor of his a true country He Englishman in that respect. other nations. to his subjects he seems almost in such a capacity. and he will make them see it yet. He encourage self-depenestablish He would desire to harmony of . confidence. and they wards them. His mind would run more to State and government than to literature. his action will be conciliahe will be a great assistant. " right. the people that he is humane. " Oh. As to Egypt. will give him praise for his acts to- He don't concede very much don't yield." is the Queen's so thoroughly You are (Reporter Ireland and Egypt") " He is Ireland's best . I begin to think this He's so grand Premier. he would be compassionate and just ruler.

too much sympathy with him to describe him it not Mr. "It He affairs has of this time. Gladstone. The im- pression of Gladstone from his photograph followed immediately that of Shakespeare before its influence The following was her expression had subsided. What " does he think on the and I think he feels hopeful question of peace or war ?) still doubtful though hopeful it may be averted." Another investigation of Mr. with a high standard people admire him toady to him. but when is inevitable he will be equal to task. tries will be brought out. mising on in his life that may turn out badly for his coming to its disadvantage. 1885. I feel a great deal of life in him he is living." (It is Mr. when the war with Russia was by many considered inevitable. He thinks there is a great deal of treachery on the part . and I felt curious to know how the subject appeared in her mind. He is of intellect holds a high position. Gladstone was made on the 23d of April. Gladstone I ? It is like . "This too seems a literary man comes in as a shadBut I feel very restless something ow over me. at heart are not successful or proI think he feels as if a crisis is as he wishes. 1 1 1 feeling with that country as an ally of England. feel a I did not feel from am well. something to do with government affairs He is not hopeful and bright at the country.Politics. and The better spirit of both counthat will be the case. plans badly for the country Is Things he has most restlessness in him but I him formerly. : a man of genius. an agreeable influence but restless. if He : will avoid collision with other countries possible when war can be averted it he will avert it.

His career was an acted in a satisfactory manner. he would rank as high as President. "This right). "Yes. He had a He was intellectual philosophic mind. Mr. In addition to the threatening position of Russia. in which England D'ISRAELI. He to He seems have does not seem living (You are left a record which has done him justice. he looks to (Does he anticipate mediation ?) and pacifying the Russian interfering His physical condition is improved since of treachery at his family my last description. was a great thinker and hard student.112 of his foreign PsycJwuietry in opponents and some of his own country too. He If American. He ranked among the higher powers. THE STATESMAN AND AUTHOR. sound and clear. enviable one." some power government. was not despotic. But he was placed in some prominent posinotoriety. He is not. He tion where he swayed a great deal of influence. but had a good deal of the American "He spirit/' . is a man. He aimed at literary seems a literary man. and could write or talk on almost any theme with He fluency. France was threatening Egypt on account of the suppression of the Bosphore Egyptian newspaper was necessarily involved. a man to make many enemies." As to the restlessness and the feeling home and abroad. Gladstone with and guests had been interrupted at breakfast that morning (April 23d) by the sound of the explosion at the Admiralty office (suspected to be caused by Fenians).

ment. a fine linguist. Greek. (What was his language ?) He was a scholar.Politics. but a little more arbitrary. " After deliberating. He would bring down a deal of applause." (What would be his policy in government ?) "Somewhat like Mr. His points in argument were very clear. of promptness. There was a great deal of the Parliamentary about them. but he would great deal of energy. He never retract." "He (What do you think of him as a speaker ?) "He was very forcible in language and manner. he would act with a great deal would put down a rebellion with a He was judicious." "To compare him he was more like Clay than any in society ?) with our orators and statesmen. He does not decide hastily gives a great deal of thought to a He has travelled and familiarized himself with subject. Gladstone's. 1 1 3 He understood several. he would put them down with a great deal of vigor. There was a great deal of magnetism in his voice. I can think of. various affairs and seems almost to have lost his nationality. but when nations were aggressive. His energy would be much like that of Jackson. and Hebrew." (What would be his policy as to peace or war?) would take great pains to conciliate. He observed Parliamentary rules and etiquette. It is difficult for me to decide on it." (What was he "I should think he was a great favorite with Queen . understood French. Latin. " He has a great deal of decision of character. He always made his speeches great It feels to me as if he was a Member of Parliatell.

" . same light. ) It ? More like (How " I believe does his public career compare with D'Israeli?) I am startled with the resemit is he." (How would be as to Ireland ? ) "D'Israeli would consider them a difficult people to deal with. in his speeches. but would have different modes of settling it them. His love of would throw more energy approbation greater. In social look upon him with great favor." (What was his literary life?) "The Hebrew language comes seems to to me D'Israeli than he was a novelist (Like any one I can think of. I he is more toleshould prefer Mr. it is blance so close a resemblance he must have the same blood in his veins. How does he appear to compare with Gladstone according to your impressions of each ? ) Holding the two pictures she replied : " He has more ingenuity and policy. He They would address different feelings. was har- moniously situated. but would endeavor to make them feel that their government was not oppressive. had no discord.1 14 Psychometry in Victoria. He would employ a firm." (You are right. at home with ladies a friend to women. is . His policy and character were such she would life he was In his do- mestic life he was all right." my whom mind. and viewed difficulties in the difficulties. but Mr. Gladstone's policy rant and would take more pacific measures in foreign Their dispositions are different. but they are true to their positions. Gladstone would be more impressive. decided method. Gladstone. and would employ very strict measures. would be more tolerant.

see what it is. He is alive. a soldier. . "There was some occurrence. of D'Israeli she knew very little. has called him out. literary character I not like the old poets or historians. 1885). GEN. to her mind.any capacities beyond ordinary men. I feel as "It seems a person of no ordinary power. get a fresh feeling as if it were just now. all I don't yet going in one direction. 115 In the foregoing opinion. some sudden call for energy and activity. and the and career impressions were quite new. some universal tion. as studies. " This gives U. He give up a cause he had espoused. is . GRANT (May it IO. brought out his capacities something can it be? and ingenuity. " What an eventful career It seems to ! me in like a person who had life ordinary originated humbly with nothing in his early manhood that showed was . He not one who would a military man. "Now is I see it. me a headache. and placed him in high position.Politics. His Jewish extraction and peculiar character Of the character would not suggest an Englishman. it seems like war. for one purpose. is I feel brain-weary. I think a man who He is engaged in some mental work and draws upon he does not seem an ordinary don't know what it is of strength. Some overshadowing condition brought out his shrewdness and executive ability. it is quite characteristic that she should be puzzled as to the nationality of D' Israeli. if overtaxed. if being braced up by the situation. S. that calls for a great deal I his memory of events. physically and mentally. * agita- what I am all stirred up.

and his whole military career was a successful period everything tended to success. in the whole situation by intuition tary affairs he took . a radical politician. In milidoes not display itself in ordinary life. travelling. but it He has a great deal of intuitive power. He was wise in laying his plans. characteristics This war brought out and developed which he did not know existed. "I feel that this man one of the great successful generals in our late war not a Confederate. in military tactics. war. Had it not been for the war. " He is in selecting officers." (What was the nature of his "He had an iron will. a Union man but what has that to do with the literary work : that I felt at first ? " His popularity did not cease with the close of the He had none It was greater then than ever. stand by his party and his country. He he holds on so to his his wonderful will-power and sagacity is . and in giving a politician. . He powers ?) was a bold man had no trepidation though he did not court personal danger. He would He loves power.1 1 6 seems almost will Psychometry in like a tiger in his strength. this man would have been a common citizen. before the war." (To what result ?) " I see him holding a very prominent office I see him The people had great confidence in him. and very adroit in his movements. he was intuitive orders. He carried the un- bounded good wishes of the people with him. He had not ambition to go in pursuit of fame. .

and developed his powers. was then prompt and decided. I don 't wish to speak of his con His dition. sharpened in battle the man who to some seemed dull or even slow. Grant from impressions received only by the speak of it" What but a marvellous intuition touch of a picture unseen. shown comprehenshows a thorough : understanding General Badeau says of Grant in a recent essay " Grant's it was always genius was always ready All his faculties were brightest in an emergency. When the circumstances were once presented to him. a in ordinary business. will-power will keep him alive. . he was never long in determining. and that his success was due to an iron will and an intuitive comprehension sion not of the military situation. and could. but I do not wish to "At ties transcending all conceivable laws of mind. They made him President. Now that I know who it is. I see him as President. and from that perfect sympathy she evolved his whole life. He seemed to have a facility . 117 grati- and wished to give him a position to show their tude. could produce such a portrait of Gen. if questioned have given far more in detail. of the man.Politics. It gave her instantaneously a sympathy with his condition at that moment wearied by the work on his memoirs. The remark that he would have been but a common citizen if the war had not called him out. . " Now I think this is Gen. (Tell us of his present condition?) first I felt the pressure on the intellectual faculfrom drawing too sharply on his memory. Grant. but he is not going to pass away soon.

he never doubted his own judgment. according to a correspondent of the Montreal Gazette. when asked why he " Because. or the thing to do. would at the end of our talking. of penetrating at once heart of things. The experiment was at four o'clock in the afternoon. General Sherman said of Grant. . tage of it ourselves. and he never wavered in his judgment afterward. no hesitation Then he had no in engaged on his book. He saw what was the point to strike. undoing what he had ordered but if the circumstances remained the same. and in a dozen or two words the reason of his decisions. and dispatches published the next day showed that he was at this time false pride of opinion. map out a dozen plans for a campaign. and then it would all be so clear to us that he was right. every one of which Sheridan would swear he could fight out to vicwhich of the plans was tory." The immediate sympathy of the psychometer with Grant before describing his character or realizing it his brain was shown in feeling his physical condition wearied with the tax on his memory. while we had been talking over the maps. who simply sat and listened and looked. tell us which was the best plan." . and had spent several hours upon it the day before. under new contingencies.Ii8 Psychometry in to the Politics. that Sheridan and I would look at each other and wonder why we hadn't seen the advan. unless of course. neither he nor I could tell the best one but Grant. while I could recognized Grant's superiority.

Value of Psychometry in furnishing correct and condensed views of historical and literary characters and questions. history and biography furnish an immense mastery of which would require a much longer period than any human life even were it not involved in the trouble and difficulties of controversy and criticism. personalities its and . the mary conception three fields of of whatever is most important in these knowledge. Baron Humboldt. It gives us correct estimates of the past with its important questions and throws a light upon personal character which renders our readMoreover. Prof. Prof. Dr. Auguste Comte. Homer. Psychometry renders such a periscope possible for those who are not professional literati. Gall. and saves us from the necessity of reviewing old discussions and burdening the mind with a multitude of remote incidents that have little or no bearing on present affairs. Victor Hugo. Literature. and who have no time to burden themselves with useless knowledge. Shakespeare. Huxley. it ing far more satisfactory and instructive. John Stuart Mill. Milton. IN LITERATURE. It gives us a distinct and compact conception of all who have figured in the past or are conspicuous to-day. Yet every one who aspires to an honorable rank in general intelligence desires to have a sum- mass of material. Herbert Spencer.CHAPTER PSYCHOMETRY VIII. Tyndall. Psychometric descriptions of Lord Bacon. Sir Walter Scott.

He had pride and ambition.T2O Psychometry in pronounces the sentence of justice upon all that is past upon that which is contemporary. He would not treat women gaining his purposes. embracing science. I should fear him He had no conscientious scruples in as an enetny. He kept things stirring all He was too critical to give any one much credit. " I don't consider him an balanced mind. I feel it in the region of firmness. religion. false to his friends. " This is a man belongs to the past but not a modern character is not one of the ancients. His integrity was not reliable. He had a great deal of swayI think he is known and ing power. He was not the while. He wrote on deep subjects. (What " sort of a life did he lead A ?) life He was in the political world. eminently intellectual. " He was He was a writer. I think he would write on philosophical subjects. of marked deal of mental power. People served him more through fear He was an over-weening man. I do not exactly see what they were they were deep and far-reaching. I don't than love. From my portfolio of psychometric investigations I have selected the following reports as specimens of the as well as application of Psychometry literary character. It stimulates me. church and state. He evenly was subject to moods. and was not always to be depended ' upon. He display his power. of excitability. in the investigation of LORD BACON. was traitorous. " He was a very attractive author and attained a very . he He was a man of great ability intellectuality and a great and prominence. an amiable man. as human beings but would only use them for properly his purposes. He was revengeful and loved to fancy his principles. quoted now.

Literature. Harvey whom she had just described). enjoying wealth. and luxury. a life most eventI think he would do impudent daredevil things ful. elevated. left He had periods of adversity and prosperity. not abThere's a jovial. jocose. I feel that His career was restless he lived in a bloody period. He was more literary than political life. quick in speech and in action.] He held some appointment the reign of Elizabeth. Hayden as follows : This is a different character altogether (referring to He is more Dr. I can't define it exactly. I think he knew Shakespeare." He Another very graphic description of Lord Bacon was given psychometrically by Mrs. reduced to poverty and rise again. but he lived in His a licentious age and he was a licentious man. It ! . He is indeed a remarkable character. spend it. He could get money easily. He was a spendthrift regardless of perhaps half drunk." " powers ?) seems such a pity to see such a noble intellect connected with such reckless Whatever came from his pen was brilliant profligacy. reckless spirit. He has been much admired and much distinguished in criticised in later times. power. He is a quick thinker. would not take things to heart too seriously. character is not esteemed by those who know it. He might write his best after a debauch. and grand. (What of his intellectual "They are very fine. and varied." (With ries ?) whom was he acquainted as his contempora- " It seems to me that it was under [After a pause." (Were there any remarkable events in his life?) " It was full of the most remarkable events. be the future. He was from the lowest stage to the highest. under her. He has been dead a long time. 12 1 high reputation. rollicking. a high character among literati. But he had a splenWhat an abortion of a superior man did intellect. stemious. His moral character is far inferior to Harvey's.

He . with large causality. He had a nobleness and independence that was really grand. . He handled not like Harvey who money loosely and made it fly teristic. many if other points in Bacon's character and histhe examination had been more prolonged and I had questioned them as witnesses to develop all they could discover. he could have written them. . But I had never adopted this method. He was sensual and shameless. . and the language of his plays was charac- There is a good deal of similarity intellectually. doubtful chastity would have suited him. Either of the psyquite chometers could have told the whole story and eluci- dated tory. All through his writings were striking sentiments and expressions. He would as lief be regarded as a notorious roue. He was not scientifically profound like Harvey he was more he was more original than brilliant than scientific He detested plagiarism and borrowed from Harvey. and not desiring to tax their mental energies by any fatigue ing task. : . he had it. " He wrote and his writings were brilliant. a great command of language. He certainly wrote plays. preferring a spontaneous description of the salient points that impress themselves on the psychometer." (Could he have written Shakespeare's plays ?) " The passages of Yes. handled his money carefully. He had no special moral nature but was at times scrupulously refined at other times cared neither for women nor anything I never felt so remarkable a character. large He had a fine education and perceptions and intuition. with a more But he did not seek fame though refined education. He was brilliant as a philosopher." These two terse and emphatic descriptions make a complete picture of Bacon. Money was used only for his pleasure.122 Psychometry in else would dare to do. was equal to Shakespeare if not superior. else. nobody . nobody.

scholar and student. I perceive a my reports of psychometric descripremarkable clearness and comprehensiveness of statement such as might be made by one No entirely familiar with the life work of the subject. being very scientific. yet his opinions would be freely given on those subjects. I think him a great man. always engaged in the pursuit of knowledge. malignity. He did a great deal for his country but not as a military man. sudden reverses. He was very liberal in his religion but had not much of what the church would call religion. He was not a novelist. He was a broad man in every sense of the thing. clearly and comprehensively. as in all one with fully acquainted Bacon's career could have spoken more restlessness. He was a scientist. It seems as though he did everyupon deep questions. not an American. nothing narrow or stinted about him. he did not write light literature. he seems like a philosopher who has passed away. meanest of mankind. " It gives me the feeling of plunging into nature. He is a great not living. His profli- gacy. He was word. and his career located under Queen Elizabeth. In this. Pope did not understand him any better when a century after Bacon's death he called him " the wisest." He was He was . intellectual brilliance. genial and temperate. He was warmis " This He was fond of writing hearted. licentiousness. her physical and occult forces. esteemed very highly as an author. versatility. possibly they might call him an infidel. brightest.Literature* 123 tions." BARON HUMBOLDT. His nation would be very proud of him. engaged in discoveries. famous authorship and even the modern criticism to which he has been subjected were all stated. I think his nationality might be German. treachery.

and enjoyed life. and royalty they felt honored by He his presence but he was not strictly a society man. possibly over eighty. He drew around him the was elegant in highest classes and was much courted . He was widely known by other nations than his own. did not look down on the poor. He was splendidly educated. He is quoted as an authority. This described (Compte). I " (What sciences would don't be ?) know . " He occupied a very high position he associated with the highest classes. He out of his reach.124 Psychometry in it unless it is the science of the universe. and was a splendid conversationalist. and intense thought. great thoughts. he did a great work. . He attended to medical science but it was not very prominent. but not so open and frank as Compte. He had a good constitution and attained old age. can't approach him so easily. I am sure. There is too much of him to be analyzed easily. " I like him I would have liked him as a very much. cised sharply the productions of others who differed He was rather iconoclastic and keen in his with him. leader He could write well ordinary man with such a brain. HAYDEN'S psychometric description was as follows "This is not so legible character as the one just There is a vast difference." Mrs. is a man. I can't describe him so well. He had a genial happy temperament. man. but he is very clever and talented. He would look into the origin of races and sociological He was a fine linguist. He was not speculative but solid. He could not be an a very celebrated man. replies. He achieved a great name. large ideas. : : on any subject. There was no science subjects. and was interested in He was a very critical observer and critichemistry. has strong perceptive faculties. had a capacious brain and physical endurance to write and give out his views. and is He was a scientist and a known round the globe. almost universally such a man could not be hid. has He has a great forehead.

Literature. does he compare with Lord Bacon ?) " He was more He solid or talented. capable of communicating directly with Humboldt and all others who in the clearer light of Heaven have been It is looking deeply into philosophy and science." (Q. He is a great character. He was could write better than either Mill or Spencer. some are so spiritual as to get the impression first of the life in the higher spheres before the career on earth." may surprise those who do know that the most gifted psychometers always follow a character into the post-mortem as well as the ante-mortem life. How does he tongue. on the earth to-day to ." The assertion that " to-day he is making deep not re- searches. Indeed. but had not so much genius. chiefly by scientific He did much and was proud of it. now. he is making deep researches. there is a sublimity in his career. but He had a high standard of did not believe much. In the sciences he would be a Geologist and Mineralogist. I trust there may be sufficient enlightenment co-operate in such a purpose. How labor. There is a vast wealth of philosophy attainable in this Hereafter we shall have psychometric minds direction." (Q. and I am not satisfied rapidly." (Q. What was his nationthat I can do him justice. He was fond of principle. He excelled in To-day Mineralogy and Geology. and was attractive to women. and it is for this that I proposed to practicable establish the COLLEGE OF THE SOUL. He was fluent in both ality ?) I think German was his mother English and German. and moved in high society. dignified . " He was not American. 125 manners and conversation. His pen flew a pleasing writer without any effort. compare with Huxley?) "Huxley is too coarse and This man was refined and material in comparison. advancing the condition of mankind. He has no Americanism. He catered more to the religious idea than Compte.

and history He had a of the brain and body. was thorDestructiveness was oughly educated in anatomy. He had a large heart. I feel must have been a powerful reasoner. my This is one who body. and be interested in any great work for the benefit of mankind. He would love like a torrent. and sway the people by I his intellectual power. with her at all. In his domestic relations. would hardly know that he had nerves. He was not nervous. fills person. feels like a large. would go into generous acts of philanthropy. or did not live He a great desire to reason out things. and strong in He would combat a doctrine with the intuitive powers. He could meet the opposition of great thinkers. had uncommon ability to talk. demonstrative. She was inferior in many things. but he does not have in himself a great love of power or display he is modest. but she appeared better when he chose her. feel an enlargement of the It inflates my whole forehead and eyes. and future. he had not all he could wish. I feel a power in the temples. large in him.126 Psyckometry in DR. GALL: the Founder of Phrenology. yet is not He is both passionate and sentimental. and he could not bear opposition from his inferiors. present. He would apply his knowledge of anat- . He would study individuals the past. His strong reasoning powers would overwhelm zealous. but the opposition of the petty would annoy him. His wife would oppose him in many things. He would pay attention to the possible powers mind. He did not live with his wife happily. and is exceedingly great power. body. He has a strong will. even " the lungs. . of the mind and the brain. Her ambitions did not run it was a in the same direction as his vanity that did His investigations were as to the not please him. strong man. that of a very powerful It goes into the muscular system. common minds. He undergreat knowledge stood the anatomy of the brain thoroughly. This gives a great influence. He seems muscular.

sublimity . I first son. though he had change. systematic. his own way of saying things. and to a religion of good conduct. and the way he has He says the structure he is building will leave started.Literature. He was not an advocate of the marriage There is a great deal in this relation. was eccentric in religious opinions." feel his life t a monument to future generations. He was a great friend to woman. ments of Dr. He would not say anything others had said before him." What does he think of the discoveries and exper(Q " He thinks they are grand. He theorized a great unless in an entirely new dress. teach morality. very far oack an influence from the remote past attended this person. He was not very poetical. He does not look to God as a ruler. There is a peculiar originality. deal. He never followed. He but did not reduce the theories to practice." AUGUSTE COMPTE. He was a philHe would unfold or anthropist and a discoverer. In religion he would be favorable to commuHe would nities. yet believed in God he was not settled in his mind and a future state no His views would as to the ultimate condition of man. making woman equal man. and make enlarge them clear. It is a woman. He spoke out freely his changes of opinion. followers. as it now exists He . He seems very eccentric. discoveries originated in other minds. He had of ideas. or an object of fear.) " I seem to be taken into the past. : to would like to establish rules. functions of the brain He I understood the organic and warmth as if He would not belong to a church. get the spiritual attendant of this perAll thought this brain generates seems well balanced. he were present. (Founder of the Positive Philosophy. but had many grand ideas. His opinions were not popular. 1 27 omy in every pursuit. Buchanan ?) He approves the groundwork. would sacrifice a great deal for her elevation. There is a great deal of grandeur of thought. even.

anthropic at times. He is a scholar. though he was exacting. He touches no subject without understanding it. saying exactly what he wants to say. but of great powers of discrimination and expresHe is bold. He is not egotistic." he ever (Q. and Greek. rather I think he is not living. from the confusion and fickleness of ideas that I get. more than one language. but he had strong There was a failure in love. and some trouble in his life that Was What was his nationality ?) " He spoke mind. but at his death he was in his right completed by adding the psychometric description given by Mrs. He is more like Mill than Spencer is fully equal to Mill. Insanity might come from intense thought. a man past middle age with rather a high head. He is a man of few words. He is not an opinionated. What do you say as to his religion and morals ?) " I do . His manners and looks are rather English. He may have appeared cold. His style of character rather German. He is is like a lion. " I think he liable to insanity ?) was." . Hayden as portrait of The Compte is follows : is a man. German. the fruition of his love. but when roused he "This : has led an eventful life. He was attended by the spirit of the woman he loved. He is so much of a linguist I cannot tell which is his own language." (Q. a positive influence. a long. but I think he was French." (Q. yet timid a child could lead him. He analytical brain." What was his domestic life ?) " His domestic life (Q.128 character that Psyckometry in is hard to describe. was not successful he did not marry the one he loved best. sion. intelligent face. He knows French. prose writer with something historical. He has an His career was one that required deep thought. He seemed to be moody and mispreyed on his mind. He is set and mature in his ideas. There is not much poetry about him. as well as by an ancient spirit. . somewhat narrowing to the chin. American. a substantial writes scientific books.

because he advances humane ideas which have a good influence." but his domestic life . His marriage was very unhappy. Those who loved him were very devoted. He is a courteous duty . and though his own life has been checkered it has not spoilt His real love passed away. vigorous writer. but I think he is popular. was not harmonious it . and left him sad he him. . He does not seem to be a philanthropist what he does in that way is more for influence and reputation. jar was full of and distraction still. and sometimes led by them too much. and is still. realize his ambition. very highly. ing his ideas fully. and devoted his life to humanity. What was his he can be depended on. He left a name that will not die. he thinks love is sacred. After some deliberation " This character is foreign to : man. He has been careful about expressspoke as if bereft. olence. than from true benevI do not perceive much soul in what he does.Literature. He looks upon what he does as a matter of that is the way I see him. He might be considered true to his principles which he considers right he is not a dissembler. orable. He is very free and He has strict conscientious liberal in many things. He was a self-sacrificing man. (The philosopher of evolution and sociology. He was a But he did not pleasing. HERBERT SPENCER. with the public. He was very original in all his writings." (Q. idolatry.) my nature and does not stimulate as much as some others. but has no more God than Herbert Spencer. interesting. He seems to be versed in literature and a writer. His position gives him influence among intellectual people. " He is a man of strong impulses. 129 He is moral and honnot think he has much religion. scruples : relation to woman ?) " He respects woman . He has no historic idea of Deity. and was disappointed as to appreYet he was regarded by his followers with ciation.

It he would not expend a great deal in is very cautious direct assistance but would give opportunities for pro. He He himself has an extensive standing high with thinking people. The resources of his mind are large and he labors to make his subjects ache works hard. not dealing in anything stale. the social status. " He has encountered some difficulties. that he is not an but he has great friendliAmerican I am sure of it ness for American systems of government.T3O " Psychometry in I think he has a fine intellect. fresh writer. ." ceptable (To what subjects is he giving attention ?) " He is He is a doing something in political science. has kept in prominent and good repute. " His aim would be to improve the condition of the He would write upon politipoor and working classes gress and improvement. such subjects. "His mind he has a great spirit of investigation. somewhat like Ingersoll's. original. and reputation the working classes consider him their friend. disposed to materialism than to spiritualism. character. ." He seems to be English in (What of his moral and religious character ?) " In does not religion he is heterodox and tolerant is skeptical believe any religion taught in the churches as to the Bible and would follow nature. but is successHe is well received and carries ful upon the whole. He would improve cal economy and kindred subjects. temperance. industry arid similar virtues He may have a school of his own on a moral man." (What " His of his general career and success ?) life has been varied. and feels satisfied But with his present views. " His code of morals is he believes in margood he is riage. "His policy would have a democratic tendency. is skeptical and somewhat dogmatic but He inclines more to give due credit to facts. He would be interested in communiI feel ties that have grievances.

He was born for his position. How does he compare with Compte ?) " He is equal to Compte. profound and thorough he interests his hearers he is an ex. Hayden in was pronounced some years more emphatic language. He is an author. It inspires me with almost a complete The region of character. . though a far better man. Carlyle and Bulwer as they have impressed you ?) " He is not so theoretical as Compte.Literatttre. He is more sound and practical than " Bulwer and Carlyle. He is popular is above the grade of public intelligence. PROFESSOR TYNDALL. B. a very judicious man. Lord Bacon. not as great or brilliant as Bacon. He is familiar with matters concerning the health of nations. He has taken a decided stand in opinions. He does not fall into moods. Mill. which differed slightly in reference to the physical constitution as it was given before the decided impairment of health mentioned by Mrs. There was an uninterrupted development and education. and less erratic. He was not a self-made man. He is practicarries out his theories clearly. devoted to him. 131 He considerable weight with the intellectual classes." (Q. seldom mistaken. decidedly. "This is a man. What is he as a lecturer?) " As a lecturer he is ready. His writing is in prose. . He is cal. He has many warm admirers. not so great as Humboldt. and refined. He is more like Mill than any one I can think of." (Q. intellect was developed very early in life. but more advanced in his knowledge. well developed. A very similar opinion ago by Mrs. has overtaxed and fatigued himself and impaired his health." (How does he compare with Humboldt. His reputation is wide. with many. having a very superior mind. Compte.

His life has been devoted to science and investigation." (Q. What. but when convinced immovable." "As a writer. large audiences. he has more intolerance than No. fearless and profound exponent of what he believes. This is a preferable character to Nos. Upon the This one has more poetry. " His religion is only Nature. : . among the first. i and 2 (Tyndall aud Huxley). more deliberate. investigations. ceedingly pleasant speaker. I (Tyndall). but takes a different method." (Q. with a stubborn will. What is he as a lecturer ?) " As a lecturer. has great brilliancy and power. . he is more demonstrative and dogmatic. might be jealous of her intellectual merits." liberal. He is rather a disturber of What of his religion ?) the old order of things. i and 2 full of method. " This is a very strong character. he would rank What of his religious views ?) What as a writer?) (Q. which carries him on. He is very scientific. they are about equal. but is fully equal in He would be disposed to run into the same ability. but. He is PROFESSOR HUXLEY.132 Psychometry in " His religious ideas are and slow of belief. "This seems different from Nos. He is a skeptical. JOHN STUART MILL. has great firmness of purpose. but to adjust. when fully prepared. but does not tell his views freely. He has a great desire not to break up." . and renovating the old is a philosopher and reformer. . he draws He could make a fine political speech. He has great self-esteem. as a writer?) " He would write upon the establishment of new systems. not so rapid. one whom women could love. He He has more method. He is not entirely skeptical as to futurity. more he has less appreciation of inclination to license woman." (Q. hard to convince. His writings are popular. but less refinement he has more of the animal." (Q. whole.

I don't think he mind. of firm opinion. A anxious to do it. but he was not a commonplace man. things." (Q." SHAKESPEARE. knew he had something to give the world. He is a well-adjusted man. 133 nor ostentatious. Buchanan in many would estimate him upon the whole above Nos. such a feeling as I have in thinking of some grand. he compare with others ?) " I feel that he has made brain. far-seeing noble woman. and was is living. I He is like Dr. " I do not place him among the nobility. . April 23. i and 2. He shows great ability. among thinking How does and he would rank as a great mind. but what he wrote was accepted by the people of his own and other countries. This person has a wonderful. but a sounder mind great philosopher and reformer. He had psychometric power. I gave her an excellent photograph of Shakespeare as a man to be described unseen. public not vain great discoveries. He stands high His opinions would be quoted. She said : " I like the feeling of this . ever. of strong willed man He was social and convivial strong determination. deal by hard study. and has acquired a great . governments and all political and religious affairs. He was a foreigner. and has been sharply criticised for He cares little for his ideas. but fond of influence and popularity. It seems to me he was a writer of I find a He did not live long poetical element. enough to finish his career. His reputation is high to-day perhaps higher than His reputation has been gaining. " He does not seem a philanthropist. a writer. plays. not as enthusiastic in his opinions as not erratic. 1885. a literary man. He is a Compte.Literature. it brings a genial glow. men. but he does not fear it.

He lo^es progress has given up frank freethinker "This feels friend. He had a wonderful individuality in his writing. The psychometric description of Shakespeare by Mrs.134 Psychometry in "He was something like Dickens in character." the influence of the picture so completely by touch as to induce her to say that she believed the picture was in her hands upside down. were not always in the same vein. genial. warm a a warmth that can't be mistaken rich with all that is delightful wealth of mind great I can't express it fully and lovely. psychometric inspiraHis expresions had a prophetic character to a a prophetic wisdom. A flash of impression now and then suggests Shakespeare. I think it is Shakespeare as it brings up those plays. He was an Englishman. He seems like ings one of the dramatists. a suality here. It is a beautiful face in outlines and symmetry. ration a great part of his time tion. I think he wrote under inspiI think he was inspired. I can't talk I'm delighted with it. matic writers. can't do this individual justice. His comparisons were adroitly made. There was a good deal of sadness in his interior life the He had a deep nature and his writpublic did not see. Hayden developed the same sympathy and admiration as follows : like meeting a good. He was keen and witty. Richard the Third and Othello come to my mind and Midsummer Night's Dream. He was the chief among all the dra- He fills my mind with tragic ideas. There is . as the lower part of the picture. No senIt gives me the feeling of a reformer. In this case she felt which was the Her fingers recognized the head fact. He would compare with Shakespeare and Bulwer. I feel now a careful reader there was no strong admiration for this character one like him.

he recognized God.Literature. Seems a statesman and a a power that leads and a controlling influence poet He is not in this guides others with his councils. nothing prosy brought the picture right before you power it there was too much matter-of-fact for a mere poet was not fiction. His description is unusually clear." (Does he resemble Bulwer?) " No. " One of great done a mean act." male or female ?) (Q. Living or dead " . well-balanced. and education and surroundings added to his His writings would be powers to make him great. not on earth gone sometime. This person was thoroughly magnetic had great His mind would soar magnetic power far-reaching. He loved humanity." MILTON. quoted and respected among all classes for their ability. above the ordinary minds it came in contact with. universal. He had the love element. 135 the spirit of the dark ages. There was a moral in his writings. but left a name He had a versatility of power that will never die. It was a leader of exceedingly fine organization. produces a from anything ever came in "There seems to be such an amount of power and intensity of thought. but he might have been a great dramatist." (What as a writer ?) He very clear. world. "This produces an takes me easy. dreamy feeling to a spiritual region. glowing. When I saw Bulwer at Kenilworth he impressed me very differently from this. You instruct others He could not have had but to know him to love him. taking such a wide range. of great descriptive power. he is very different. Nature did much. could catch up his pen and write could direct and had great versatility of power. different surrounding contact with. " He had great intellectual powers. This feeling is exceedIt I ingly luminous and highly intellectual. I can scarcely bring it to a point for anything specific.

136
"

Psychometry in

A

male and

in the spirit world.

It

seems fresh -

seems near." (What was the earthly career
"

?)

One

He prose I with literature, science, and history, and used them. He liberal more democratic than monarchic was radical
in his views, liking a government good for all classes. believed in divorce for causes such as incompati-

of great activity. wrote a great deal of was familiar do not feel the poetical so much.

He

He

bility or physical

discord.

His own domestic

life

was

not as happy as he would wish, but not as bitter an He had many experience as Dr. Gall or Socrates. There seemed to be clouds as clouds to contend with. if he was in darkness. " He realized some reputation in life, but like many superior men, his writings have lived beyond the tomb, and he has more reputation now."
(Q.
If

he wrote poetry, what would be

its

char-

acter ?) " His
It

poetry would partake of the grand and terrific. would not be of the sentimental, like Moore. Milton comes into my mind. His poetry would be decidedly
like

intellectual.

was was

Dante

lasting.

takes a scholar to appreciate it. When he gave his friendship You could have no better friend."
It

It
it

also.

SIR

WALTER

SCOTT.

not an "This has a comfortable, natural feeling There is a good deal of inspiration excitable influence. It I should think this person was a writer. about it. If I felt in a more intellectual mood I might is a man. He is not living go into ecstasies over this author

one of the poets of the past had a very ardent nature, full of fire and earnest Whatever His poems were very descriptive ness. might be his themes they were very descriptive. There seems to be a martial tone to his poetry. He is Scotch
he
is

"

He

Literature.

137

or Irish

not like Moore, but he does not seem Irish he is a Scotch poet. Who is the Byron " author of the " Lady of the Lake ? I think he was the author of it, but the name escapes me. " He was a titled man his life was literary." (What else beside poetry did he write ? ) "I think his prose partook of the historical character. he may have written on he was a historian I think
;

more

like

;

downs, life, perplexities ups, I think he but always ranked high before the public. I think was contemporary with Moore. they were He lived to develop his genius, and make a friends.
lasting name. " He was

He could write plays express them better in poetry. Fiction was not his forte, but he could fiction. He somesucceed in it, because he wrote so vividly. It was times indulged in the humorous or amusing. for him to go from the pathetic to the humorous. easy His novels would be founded It was his born in him. on facts, somewhat like Dickens, though he was a very He was faithful to nature he could different writer. depict the elements with great descriptive power. " He had in his and and
and

and ecclesiastical subjects. " He was He could musical, had fine sensibilities. His inclination was to write on jurisprudence, I think. He was a man of deep feelings, and could poetry.
political

highly prized in society, being genial and social in his nature, jovial with men, full of anecdote I think he had a a good companion. happy home. was domestic in feeling, but monarchic in his theories,

He

as that

He

seemed to him the best form of government. brings up Scotch poetry to my mind.' (What as to Spiritualism ? ) " He had some weird ideas, but could not be called a
1

Spiritualist/'

(What can you say of his head ? ) 'It was high in the moral region,"

1

38
I

Psychometry in

then showed her the picture, but she did not recher memognize it, and could not think of the name
ory of names
is

very defective.

The

face of Scott

is

a

beautiful illustration of the true principles of Physiog-

nomy, and
In MRS.

his

head indicates a very strong and noble
description of Scott, she said he

character, being high and deep.

HAYDEN'S

and He had His company was sought. very pleasing. He was not very religious in great wealth of mind. He seems like a historian. If he the sectarian way. truth as the foundawrote fiction it would be peculiar

was

"

very

brilliant in conversation, witty, original,

tion

not mere fiction, but historical.
'd

He

is

a

man

of

very sound judgment and deep ideas
I dry from his matter-of-fact way. talk rather than hear his writings. I

perhaps a little like to hear him
has a fine face.

He

His integrity is marked. WhatHe ever he believed he had the courage to express. before much was said about Spiritualism. passed away He If he had been living he would have adopted it. was an irreparable loss to the society in which he
like his influence.

moved.

HOMER.
school of German skeptics having thrown doubt the very existence of Homer, as another class of upon skeptics doubt the existence of Biblical characters, this

The

gave me an additional interest in verifying his existence and character. The following opinion was based on an
old (unseen) engraving of

Homer's

bust.

"This is an ancient character He very ancient. was very brilliant, and of a buoyant nature. He looked upon the world with great satisfaction. He was a

Literature.

139

writer."

asked for a more definite statement of his but as Mrs. B. is somewhat defective in chronology, numbers or calculation she could not give any definite
(I

reply.)

(What do you say of the people and climate of the country where he lived ? ) " It was a very genial climate, and a genial good feelIt does not seem a time of bloodshed. ing prevailed.
It is
I

wonder
" It

a very congenial influence. if he was not a Greek.

It

takes

It

to Greece. a variety of brings

me

scenes, an age of unfoldment and athletic sports, sculpture, grandeur, great processions.

seems as though he was a poet and wrote blank He wrote on solid subjects. Everything he wrote has to be translated into our language. He was one of the old Greek poets very inspirational, wise, and scholarly not an orator, but a man of thought and He is known to-day only from his writings." feeling. (What of his personal life ? ) " His he enjoyed personal life was very harmonious If living to-day he would be called a medium. life.
verse.
;
;

with the invisibles, felt their influence He had a very harmonious, beautiful inspiration. nature, was very simple in his manner of living, did not cater to his personal desires, was self-sacrificing, had few desires for his personal comforts. I think he was

He communed

and

see no grandeur in his immediate surroundings. modest, and did not care for it, but had enough If he did not he would not care for his daily wants.
poor.
I

He was

for it."

there was no discord in his conjugal life. (Was he ever poor enough to beg ? ) " He was very poor. He might beg if his bodily and mental sufferings were great enough. His genius was not appreciated as it is now. People were given more
;

(What of his domestic life ?) "He was married and agreeably

140
to the physical.

Psychometry in
value.

They would think a poet of little But he had a few choice appreciative friends."
"

religion ? ) religious man, drawing his inspiration from the universe. From his interior nature he could write grand things. He was a wonderful man. He is better understood to-day than in his own age. His

(What of his He was a

He had a deep religious writings are quoted to-day. nature. He was not acquainted with Christianity. He looked to the grandeur and beauty of the universe and supreme power. Perhaps he may have believed in deities of a lower grade, and in the elements. He saw God in all. I admire his sentiments, but I have never read any of his writings." (Did he believe in communication with the spirit
world
"
? )
;

did ne had evidence in his own experience of the power of the departed to commune with us. He has exerted an influence himself as a spirit upon poets of ancient and modern times. It brings up Mrs. Hemans perhaps he inspired her. He inspired Milton and Shakespeare. I think it is Homer.
;
'

He

As

tion in

to his inspiring his admirers, that an Plato's writings

I

recollect a suggeseloquent reader of
spirit of

Homer's poems was actually inspired by the Homer.
(By Mr.
B., of
;

VICTOR HUGO. the New York

Bar, 1878.)

powerful man never be any older. vigorous as a boy.
"

"

A

He'll intellectual; an old man. He's old in years, but fresh and

If an architect, he 'd copy from no a creator. a painter, his style is his own if a writer, he's different from any one else. He's crisp, sharp, epigramIf he were here, in a few sentences he 'd instantly matic. impress you as a remarkable man.

He 's
if

one;

:

Literature.

141

" He's a historian,

ought be unequalled. be interesting.
"

to be.

It

a historical writer, or, if not, he He would to be his profession. ought It might not all be true, but it would

He

isn't dead.

tigate

new
;

truths.

He would be fairly disposed to invesHe does not believe in falsehood
;

He's a sort of socialistic rebecause it is venerable. former a man of the people most intense in feeling and expression. He has an utter contempt for a rotten
of theology not well founded, He is incapable of forgiving or anything else false. wrong, injury, or irTsult. " His style is too intense and wild, but it is attractive. He is a positive thinker not satisfied with less than He enjoys life loves good eating and absolute proof.

government or a system

drinking and physical enjoyment."

As

to

Hugo's habits and character, there

is

a good

illustration of the foregoing description in the remarks of H. H. Boyesen, since the death of Hugo, who says,

"In 1879 he looked wonderfully vigorous, and his gait and voice were those of a young man." " He rose at five in the morning and worked till eight." "At dinner he appeared to the best advantage, and his conversational powers were most brilliant. As Daudet once said,
he ate with " the magnificent insolence of a man who always feels well, bathes in ice water, and works with his

windows open."
ties

"

who

sat

at his table

While the young authors and depuselected carefully the most

dishes, the hearty octogenarian concucumbers, and lobster salads with superb unconcern." "Victor Hugo's presence was most impressive, his bearing courtly and erect, and his manner never devoid of a certain ceremoniousness, which was a
easily digestible

sumed

tarts,

fine

mixture of courtliness and dignity."

CHAPTER
Antagonism

IX.

PROPHETIC INTUITION.
of the world's present condition to the higher faculties of

man

Prophecy belongs to Foresight inseparable from intelligence Evils of credulity intuition Recognition of the prophetic power by St. Paul, by the ancients, by Machiavel, by many eminent men, by
Athenagoras, the Sybils, the Druids, Jamblicus, Maupertuis, Sir Henry Halford, Areteus, Cicero, Dr. Hoffman, Dr. Sprengel, Dr. Georget, the Committee of the Royal Academy of Medicine, M. Chardel, the
Gazette's prophecy philosopher Schelling, Goethe, Swedenborg Prophecy of the downfall of the Hoag's prophecy of our civil war

Modus opePope's temporal power, and reformation of the church Law of periodicity Future fate of the United randi of prophecy
States.

PROPHECY
in

IN PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
affairs

Prophecy as

to Ireland

Prophecy
Opin-

Description of Arabi Pasha and his fate ion of Khedive Ismail Investigation of El Mahdi in 1883

Egyptian

The

progress of affairs in Egypt and the Soudan illustrates the opinion Vindication of El Absurd and wicked management of the war

Third deSecond description and its verification in 1884 and prophecy of universal peace Description by Comments on the descriptions Psychopupils in Psychometry His personal history metric report on El Mahdi's picture DescripDeath of Alexander, D'Israeli, and Garibaldi 'tion of Mohammed Psychometric view Description of the Czar Alexander predicted of Russia and England PsychomeForeign news in March, 1885 The Czar and his purposes tric opinion on the condition Foreign news in April indicating war Repeated again Prophecy repeated France and China in April Censure of the church Psychometric description and prediction Psychometric description of the Poem addressed to CorHon. Joseph Chamberlain of England

Mahdi

scription in 1885

nelia.

despise not prophesyings. Thes. 5, 20. Quench not the spirit " Follow after charity and spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may proHe that prophesieth speaketh unto men to edification and exphesy.
.
.

142

Prophetic Intuitior.

143

" He that prophesieth edifieth the church." " I hortation and comfort." would that ye all spake with tongues, but rather that ye prophesied." 1 Cor. 11.

The higher any
it

faculty rises

in

its

character,

the

nearer approaches a spiritual and divine nature. The more thoroughly the divine inspiration appears in its manifestations, the more repugnant does it become
to the animal nature of man and there is no better evidence of the extent to which a nation, a community, or a class is sunk in selfishness and animalism than its repugnance to understanding, appreciating, or even
;

tolerating the

most sacred phenomena of life. How can European nations be expected to make progress in

the sacred philosophy which comprehends the mysteries of life when they are still in their national bearing as morally barbarous as in the days of Caesar, and face each
other,

arms

in hand, like

kennels of wild beasts, waiting

only for a convenient opportunity to devour each other with the least difficulty and danger, without sufficient

moral sentiment anywhere to interpose between the
ferocious combatants, and

command

the peace.

It

is

due to the moral power of Gladstone alone that we are not to-day looking on cannonade and slaughter. In the midst of these ferocious powers and in full
a participant sympathy with them, stands the church, in all their feuds, not a soothing and restraining power,

The college is but an accessary to their dark deeds. it perpetuates the of criminal warriors the same glory and sends forth no aspiration to a higher social condition.

Psychometry therefore has no home

in either state,

church, or college, until a nobler century shall have

144
arrived,

Prophetic Intuition.

a genial and religious philosophy shall man's highest nature. My modest presencomprehend tation of the science in the middle of this century seems to have produced but little more effect than a whisper

when

addressed to a mob, and I might not have presented the subject again, but for the fact that I have survived long enough to reach a more progressive period, in which
the laws of Destiny assure

me that the century will not without an honorable recognition of the truth. pass As a part of this great truth I present the prophetic
power
to-day.

of the divine

element

in

man, so

Forecast or prophesy

is

stolidly ignored inseparable from intel-

If we were deprived of this power we would ligence. be reduced to helpless idiocy, unable to do anything. The perfect nescience of metaphysical speculation ap-

proximates this form of idiocy. Pyrrhonic skepticism ignores the relation of cause and effect, and would prevent one from knowing that he would be killed by

walking over a precipice. of forecast, men would be
inability to have

In that condition, destitute like the brainless hens experiof acting

mented on by Flourens, incapable

from the

an idea of doing anything.

of foreseeing many we comprehend the causes, and thus making scientific prophecies. The range of astronom-

No

one can deny the power

events of which
ical forecast is

any

equally great along It is only when the simple causation. number of conspiring causes which affect the event become too great and conflicting for exact estimate,
it

immense, and

is

line of

that

we feel our incompetence as to prediction, and yet shrewd men are continually predicting with various

Prophetic Intuition.

145

degrees of success, the conduct of individuals, the course of commerce, and the conduct of nations. Whether complex affairs can be predictively compre-

hended and
foreseen,
is

their possible

result

the question.

It is

remote period obvious that this cannot
at

a

be done by the same mental processes by which we construct a house, transact commercial business or
determine the construction of a -road, for the comprehension of a remote event in human affairs involves
the appreciation of so

many

contributory causes, that

we may safely say no human intellect can grasp, even if it could ascertain them, and therefore no human intellect by any reasoning process can prophesy as to the
remote and complex.

Prophecy

in the

proper sense of the word

is

possible

only when there

have a far which in a semi-omniscient correlation with the entire sphere of complexity, feel its aggregate drift and reThe working of these divine powers has been sults.
In presentrecognized by the enlightened in all ages. their claims to-day, I should very much regret their ing

work which wider range than the external intellect, and
are intuitive faculties at

credulous acceptance by persons who without carefully ascertaining the existence of prophetic power, should trust to the predictions of a class of psychometric and

mediumistic persons who assume to speak of the future I refer to the warning exwithout any real foresight.

ample of a gentleman of fine intelligence, integrity, and moral worth, who has been reduced to abject poverty, suffering and despair by trusting to prophetic intimations of
his own future in a visionary enterprise commended by psychometers and mediums whom he

146

Prophetic Intuition.

capacities.

in prediction, because they had other prudent individual would rely upon any prediction without some positive knowledge of the pre-

supposed reliable

No

dictive capacity, as tested

The prophetic power common endowment in

is

by experience. recognized by

St.

Paul as a

the church, not a miraculous

and exceptional gift. It was rightly recognized by as one of the powers that should be developed in church for the religious and spiritual faculties are ones that nourish and sustain the prophetic power,
;

him
the

the

and

where true
healing.

religion exists, prophetic powers are as sure to be developed as the spirit of love and the power of

The

Protestant

general absence of all these in modern churches exhibits a declension which it

would not be unjust to call an apostacy. The enlightened have ever reckoned propnecy a normal human faculty, but the superstitious have supposed it a divine manifestation and proof that the prophet was This superstition especially connected with the Deity. was but a reverential exaggeration of the truth and Cicero and the Greek phildepreciation of humanity. did not deem prophecy above the normal osophers

power

It is not Lamprias wisely said, that the soul gives a new power of prophecy probable after separation from the body, and which it did not

of the soul.

"

before possess. may rather conclude that it possessed all these powers during its union with the body,

We

although in lesser perfection." I cannot give the reason (said Machiavel in a historical discourse), but
it

is

an attested fact

in all history,

both ancient and modern, that no great misfortune ever happened to a city or province that was not predicted

(says Briere de Boismont) with correct judgment and extensive knowledge.Prophetic Intuition. has been the cause of that jealousy of the medical profession which has obscured and discredited the psychic powers which have been so long known. speaks of the soul as capable of predicting future events and curing diseases. they had no recol- and mediums. priests were prophets and physicians. ters natural It is very desirable that the matter should be discussed by men learned in mat- and supernatural. or announced by gies or other celestial signs. I should not be here to recount these . who have had their warnings and presentiments we should find ample matter for reflection. He details. to Cicero and Pliny. the fact is undeniable. prodi- by some soothsayer. in a psychological state. Justin says that after the afflatus was past. Cicero speaks espeaccording lection of The Druid ." not possess. of his escape from death by a sudden " The " I intuition. a Greek philosopher of the second century who embraced Christianity. can never forget prince remarked. 147 revelations. what they had said. The application of the soul power of somnambulists and others to diagnosis and healing. that I was once gifted for a moment with an extraordinary and inexplicable prescience which was the means of saving my life without that sudden and mysterious inspiration. an advantage that I do Be that as it may." Athenagoras. " Were we to give the names of all the known characters holding a high position in science. The lists ancient Sybils predicted like modern somnambu- St." then narrates a story coming from the secretary of Talleyrand.

clear. named Divi- Jamblicus. remarks that the bystanders fancy him to be rambling and talking nonsense. endeavored to explain philosophically the faculty of prevision as produced by the more exalted condition of the soul.148 Prophetic Intuition. a mathematician and early advocate of Newtonian system at the beginning of the eighteenth century. as follows " Aretaeus. as if they stood in his presence and that his soul acquires a prophetic . Proclus and other ancient philosophers. which it exercises in his treatise more freely in the ecstatic state or in sleep. The author with all the appearance of being himself convinced that this power has really been acquired by the patient in the last hour of his life. that all his sensations are that he is the first person to discover exquisitely keen that he is about to die. common doctrines of Plato. that the patient's The author mind becomes . Sir this subject in reviewing the Henry Halford has some very judicious remarks on work of Aretaeus on brain : fever. zation. and announce this to the attendants that he seems to hold converse with the spirits of those who have departed before him. recognizes prevision as one of the powers of the Soul. but that they are afterwards astounded at the coming to pass of the events which had . daily of one of them tiacus. states that the first effect of the subsidence of the violent excitement is. As far back as we can trace civili- prophecy was recognized as a power of the soul. Maupertuis. power. residing in Gaul. a leading philosopher of the fourth century. when it is released from Such were the everything corporeal. . on the mysterious. Plotinus.

himself an augur too. . and therefore probably well acquainted with the contents of the Sibylline leaves (for they were committed to the custody of the College of Augurs) in his first work on Divination. nor a lawgiver from between his feet." " When The of Cicero is as follows language : the mind is separated by sleep from the society and conta- . Indeed he attempts to account for it " by supposing that the soul whilst. We read in the Pentateuch. he drew up his feet into the bed and yielded up the ghost. and to him shall the gathering of the people be." Sir Henry continues. by an Indian about to die on the funeral pile.Prophetic Intuition. many predictions of their future and fortunes as for instance " the sceptre shall not depart from Judah. as if it had already commenced its new existence. both Grecian and Roman. entirely spiritual. shuffling off this " mortal coil whilst disengaging itself from the incumbrance of the body. becomes purer. and has been transmitted down to us from the earliest records mankind. if the poets. (who may be considered as historians of popular if notions) concurred in transmitting down this accredited opinion ? Cicero. more essential. " when Jacob had made an end of commanding his sons. gives a story of the prediction of the death of Alexander the Great." Now with these solemn injunctions were mixed up of much fate prophetic matter. referring to the prophecies of " What Isaiah and the Sibylline leaves wonder then the philosophers. 149 been predicted. until Shiloh come. that. a most accomplished philosopher as well as orator." "That a prophetic power did attend man's last hour generally was a notion entertained of old.

gion of the body. and domestic. when recommended by generally vulgar the rustic. The learned Dr. by means of which the patient acquires a knowledge of his own state of health. Hoffman. from the earliest ages should have been expelled from the colleges and from the entire republic of letters. that sick persons. when is vigorous. physician to the king of Prussia. although their parents knew them. it then remembers the past. or officinal preparations. perceives For the body of a the present. And who has not observed this reason. and it sleeper lies like that of one dead. speaking of the magnetic of the soul . of whom I have seen several." Is it not remarkable that facts so familiar as these affections. attacked with cataleptic and ecstatic during or after the paroxysms. in and Dr. chiefly by the agency of the medical profession. the works of enlightened authors who have honestly recorded such facts being kept from general circulation. and to prescribe appropriate These remedies are remedies. especially hysterical females. shall have altogether separated from the body ? For upon the approach of death it becomes much more capable of divination. and foresees the future. was one of those who recognized the exalted powers rior in his day. and of that of any other person who is and is also enabled to preplaced en rapport with him dict the duration of the crisis and its termination. but the mind lives How much more so after death. have and have spoken in languages which they themselves had never learnt.150 Prophetic Intuition. when prescribed by . somnambulists "that instinct revives. either predicted fiiture events. Sprengel who had no supemedical learning says in his Institutes of Medicine published in 1810.

and determine their : duration and end. that King of Denmark. 1 5 1 the better educated man. was who honestly recognized he witnessed. whom I myself have hitherto had an opportunity of observing. Weinholt does not recollect a single instance in which they were administered without beneficial effects. same precision points out the period confess that the exactness with which all such predictions of our clairvoyants. They are frequently such as a physician would scarcely think of prescribing but in as culinary salt. physician to the another of the sceptical class the phenomena disease. such most cases they do good. and foretold the period when the disease should terminate. Sprengel further says " The somnambulists predict the crisis of their complaints. prescribed the appropriate remedies.. evacuations. and with of his cure. who had never been treated in this manner. Brandis. were verified." Dr. goes so far as to say " I believe that no perfect medicine can exist but that of the somnambulists in everything which concerns . Sprengel is the more valuable was originally an opponent of animal magnetism. predicted with the utmost certainty. one of the most gifted modern physiolo- gists and physicians of France. who in the very crises themselves. " The magnetized : person (said he) predicts most exactly the progress of his and especially the individual incidents etc. Dr." The testimony as he of Dr. a own. the repetitions of the accesses. attacks of convulsions. relation of artificial my I have myself seen a young man. syncope. all with the I their concomitant circumstances . Georget." Dr.. a pepper bath.Prophetic Intuition. and Dr. etc. greatly astonished me.

prejudiced. themselves. as follows somnambulists we recognized the faculty of foreseeing : of the Royal Academy which reported the truth of Medicine the acts of the organism. ions were realized with remarkable exactness. stated also that they " In two recognized powers of prevision." ties to illustrate facts would be very unnecessary for me to quote authoriwhich are so numerous and well if it were not for the persistent suppression and known concealment of truth by medical colleges and other It institutions of learning. more or less complicated." They " who pointed also state that they found a somnambulist out the symptoms of the diseases of three persons with whom he was placed in magnetic connection. several months repeatedly. The German philosopher Schelling gives a very inter- . previously. and that it is possible to derive advantage from their admirable instinct in the case of other patients. but that it seemed superfluous to illustrate thus facts so amply established. as they in M.. more or less remote. the day.I tj 2 Prophetic Intuition." The Committee at Paris (1826). occur in almost every magnetic treatment. of clairvoyance as seen in their experiments. an essay on Physiological Psychology. observes very justly that he could adduce hundreds of examples of such phenomena as the foregoing. sending forth their pupils in profound ignorance of some of the most important and not only ignorant but bitterly truths in science . the hour and the One of them announced minute of the access and return of epileptic fitsT The Their previsother announced the period of his cure. Chardel.

which reminds us of the modern method of developing mediumship. is a wellknown fact. and also says that persons supposed to be destitute of the power sometimes acquired it in the presence of his grandfather. These are a few of the abundant illustrations of the higher powers of the soul and their recognition by wise men which modern materialism conceals and suppresses. stating at the ing the intelligence was then on same time that a letter conveyits way. in which he predicted the deaths of very mode will find in in many eminent persons. Swedenborg's clairvoyance. seeing and describing a fire in Stockholm when he was in Germany. uttered to a distinguished company in Paris just before the breaking out of the French Revolution. especially in matters relating to himself. 153 esting narrative (in the Jarbucher der Mediciri) of the sudden discovery by a clairvoyant of a death in her family at a distance of more than a hundred and fifty leagues. and there are many famous prophecies which show the wondrous extent of this faculty none perhaps more remarkable than that of M. But opinions have little weight in comparison with Prophecy is to me a fact of almost daily occurrence. Goethe says in his autobiography that his grandfather had the power of prophecy.Prophetic Intuition. and the which they would occur. facts. which in a few days was verified. It is well known war of secession was . and attested by Kant. which the reader the latter part of this volume the Apthat the civil pendix. of which he gives some instances. CAZOTTE.

victorious." The for. The Pope's loss of temporal power was predicted in Miss Bremer was in Rome that year. but out of which the Catholic Church shall come forth renovated. and prediction is already fulfilled as far as time perI believe that it will probably all be fulfilled. Huis a marvellous jumble of celestial and infernal manity elements. under the influence of which. and great revolutions. to wit" Switzerin her land and Italy. it has always had a core of deep and fervent self-sacrificing piety and spirituality. but holy and powerful as in the earliest times. foretold the full height. warlike. she. drawing herself up to her arms. few weeks ness their in the Convent of life." " Last evening the prophetic spirit fell upon Sister Genevieve. bloodshed. mits. in . tyrannical. self-sacrifice to bring order into this chaos of contradictions. avaricious. the church of universal apostacy. bloody. the followers of Luther and Calvin. without the wisdom and firmness necessary ion. foreseen and predicted a quarter of a century in advance by the Quaker. of the mode She says Sacred Heart. inspiration. with upraised fall of the temporal power of the Pope. poor. I do not for a moment forget that vital relig- spirituality. and cruel condition of the so-called Christian Church.154 Prophetic Intuition. residing a 1858. although the Catholic Church as an ecclesiasticism has been more barbarous and bloody than any tribe of savages. surpassing that of In the horror that I have expressed for the past and present. Joseph Hoag. devotion. love and have come down from the earliest periods in the midst of all this corruption and cruelty. war. fidelity. who saw it begin- ning in religious schisms and going on to war.

Prophetic Intuition.

1

55

which he who looks for evil can find all that is horrible, and he who looks for good alone, can find a heavenly
radiance through all these dark ages, a continual succession of noble, heroic deeds, and a perpetual humanizing
influence for society.
will

In these

I

rejoice,

hoping and

believing they ultimately prevail, but the candid must recognize as much truth in the criticisms inquirer
of Voltaire

and Ingersoll as
to

in the

more pleasing Gesta

Christi of Mr. Brace.

To

return

these

methods.

The mechanism

prophecies, their source and or modus operandi of Omni-

science can never be compassed by man.

Prophecy

is

too divine to be entirely analyzed, but we can see lines of causation along which any mind may advance to the
future,

and concerning which there

is

no dispute.

The

range of

man

astronomic foresight is incalculable. In huaffairs prophecy runs on occult lines. One of these
I

occult lines

dicity, or at least

have discovered. It is the law of perioone law I know not how many other
;

laws

may

ing and
nations,

thirty-five years I have been tracthat law which governs alike individuals, testing
exist.

For

and

all

known phenomena.

I

have found no

important exception to its truth as it is verified in my own life, in the progress of discoveries, which are

my

passing from their recent Nadir to their Zenith, in the lives of all whom I have investigated, and in the history
of nations.

This law enabled me,

in

1859, to predict

six years of calamity to the United States (in the Loiiisville Journal}^ and enables me now to predict and

fearlessly

of calamity thirty years to the worst in 1915. Our first hence, culminating era of calamity was from 1812 to 1818, signalized by

announce a period

156

Prophecy in
financial distress.

war and

The second was

at its

Nadir

in 1865, '66,

the

utter prostration from war.

The
?

third will realize its worst in 1914 and 1915 I cannot expect to witness. What form will

a period
it

assume

That

but, although there will probably be social disturbances, it seems more probable that it will
I
;

do not predict

be elemental convulsion on the Pacific side of the continent, and I would prefer not to reside in San Francisco
at that time.

By psychometric intuition and by scientific prophecy based on universal laws and forces, connected with periodicity,

which

movements,

as apparent in a fever as in planetary nations, and individuals will hereafter be
is

taught (when true civilization begins) to advance in their destiny with the same reliable prescience with which the farmer now anticipates the seasons and his
crops.

PROPHECY

IN PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
is

The

prophetic power

quite necessary in the inves-

It is the tigation and comprehension of public affairs. one indispensable faculty for philosophic and statesman-

like views.
I

Knowing its high development in Mrs. B., have been accustomed to use her wonderful power to
life

elucidate current events in public
issue.

and their probable

When, about three years ago, Ireland, if we should judge from the newspapers, appeared to be on the verge of a bloody revolution, I directed her attention to the
or a question in her hand,

condition of that country in the usual way, by a word and was informed that there

would be no military outbreak that the excitement would subside and be quieted within two years, without

Public Affairs.
bloodshed.
I

157

watched for the fulfilment of her predicend of the two years the condition of tion, the country was so quiet and peaceable, that the magistrates commented on the fact that there were fewer

and

at the

crimes than usual.

The

trouble in

Egypt early attracted

my

attention,

and the condition has been psychometrically inspected
clown to the present time. On the appearance of Arabi Pasha there was a great difference of opinion as to his character and his future.
hailing him as the Bolivar of Egypt, and even so intelligent a gentleman as M. de Lesseps spoke of the " The probability of a long, bloody, and doubtful war.

Many were

fight

English" said de Lesseps at Paris, "will not have to against a leader of insurgents, but against the

is

sovereign of an entire people, since the whole of Egypt with Arabi."

I procured an engraving of Arabi and placed it in the hands of Mrs. B., who, without seeing it, gave the following impression from the picture of

ARABI PASHA.
that this is a restless, great mind it 's a man, a character that never seemed to be satisfied unless he
I feel
;

"

was accomplishing some great purpose. He seems a great worker for some special cause. He has some great cause something to accomplish. "To tell the truth, I don't like him he 's a partisan he seems like some leader but I get a great deal of death around him, a great many spirits. He don't seem sick,
; ;
;

but

I 'd

long.

not be surprised if he 's a spirit himself before Perhaps he will not live long. He brings me
I

restless, turbulent scenes.

don't feel happy.

It's all

anxiety and

conflict, as

if

I

were going to be besieged.

1

5

8

Prophecy in
I

"

think the

man

is

exceedingly shrewd, but at the

same time not diplomatic.

He

wants to arrive
;

at

some

great position, but mostly for self-aggrandizement. " He is not near, not like one of us he seems distant. His organism now is only acting out his true character. It has been slumbering a long period, now he is acting out the full measure of his designs I call them iniquiI don't like the man. tous. I thought at first he was philanthropic, but he is not. He would lend himself to secret manoeuvres and intrigues. He does not value human life, he is despotic and cruel. Has he got any negro blood in him ? he seems like Indian or negro he is not Anglo Saxon, he has a mingling of nationalities. He has a taint of negro and Indian character he
; ;

;

is

He has a following, but those who follow him are being misled. He has magnetic influence and tactics he buys them by promises. No intelligent, civilized He would hold out promises people would follow him. He seems a military man. His career is not for a principle so much as policy and self-aggrandizement. He is in a plot he seems the originator of some great some of the important actors in it are not known. plot It was for power to subdue for some secret purpose or some imaginary wrong that they feel. " The great restlessness^.ncl turbulence of this man's nature must come out. This affair is the outgrowth of his character. He is warring and destroying. I get all sorts of destruction, and missiles of every form, destroyI see ships. His career will end ing life and property. in great disgrace if he does not lose his life. Those he depends on most will turn against him and become his I feel that decidedly. enemies. He is not a Napoleon by any means. He is decidedly cruel and does not regard human life yet I think he is cowardly as to his own life he wants to live. " He brings such an army of accusers from the spirit; ; ;

stealthy. "

to his followers. "

Public Affairs.

159

What is his personal appearance ?) (Q. " It is hard to I think get his personal appearance. His comhe has broad shoulders, is not a slight man. His eyes have an unnatural expression plexion is dark. all the fire of his nature is concentrated in the ex-

His career will not last long. world hordes of them. If he were killed, or should die, this work, this disturbance would soon cease. There is no one to take his He is despotic. It makes my head ache." place.

He has great determination no pression of his face. the expression of a tiger.* of repose expression " He don't seem to have any real love. He would as soon war with his own father or brother, as anybody else. The result of his turbulence and mischief will not be advantageous in any way to his own country or to those he endeavors to wrong. He is not going to escape his career is short he will be either captured or killed lived the seen and unseen powers warring against him forbid him to succeed. " I wonder if these scenes are not in the Egyptian I see the shattered walls standing, and great pilwar. lars supporting buildings, lying in confusion and destruction." (You are right. This is Arabi Pasha. What do say of his* religious character?) " He has He inherited

you

nothing

spiritual.

this turbu-

lent nature,

which has long been lying dormant."

The truth of this description is apparent to all who have watched the progress of events in Egypt. The true character of Arabi was fully developed by the former Khedive Ismail whose opinion was reported in the London Times as follows
:

* M. de Rossi wrote a Paris newspaper an account of an interview with " When he spoke of the thousand of Marsala, Arabi, in which he says he grew excited, and his eyes, which till then had been soft as a woman's, He gesticulated wildly, and once nearly shot fire like those of a lion. broke the apparatus with the weight of his fist."
:

160

Prophecy in

" I do not for a moment believe either in the genuineness, extent, or patriotism of the so-called National The agitation, such as it is, is the natural refeeling.
sult of the weakness of the Egyptian Government on the one hand, and the success of the Turkish intrigues Pan-Islamism is as old as my time, and on the other. Different counsels older, but I would never hear of it. have since prevailed and we are now face to face with I always managed by some means the consequences. or other to control and direct the religious fervor of my subjects in Egypt, but when the control came from Constantinople and not from Cairo, religious fervor became religious fanaticism, and the existence, influence and temporary success of an Arabi became a possiArabi well. He became a lieuI remember bility. tenant-colonel when very young, and, in the second or third year of my administration was t^ied by courtHe should have been martial for breach of trust. broken, but one of my generals persuaded me to pardon him, and I did so. He was then transferred to the Commissariat, and only quite recently returned to Arabi can be painted in a active service in the army. he is what the French call a blageur. He can word He is the tool of Mahmoud talk and do nothing else. Fehmy and Toulba, about both of whom I have nothing good to say. Arabi is, and always was, an arrant cowI always said he would run away, and he certainly ard. decamped very quickly at Tel-el-Kebir. The only brave men in his party are Ah Fehmy and Abdelal they are soldiers, but I would defy Arabi himself to define either " " National " He certainly has feeling." patriotism or neither one nor the other, although half Europe seems inclined to regard him as the would-be savior of his The truth is that the Egyptian people must country.
;
;

The Egyptian lean on something and follow some one. Government was hopelessly weak, and Arabi and his He and his partisans achieved three, friends knew it.
visible

and striking successes, and the Egyptians saw

Pitblic Affairs.

161

and saw, moreover, the representatives of great Powers practically in treaty with him. Arabi pointed triumphantly to these facts, and told the Egyptians he could and would restore Egypt to the Egyptians and it is not surprising in the circumstances that the EgypThe movetians clung to him as the stronger vessel. ment he headed was from the first actively encouraged at Constantinople, but it is very improbable that either the Sultan himself or any of his responsible Ministers were ever in direct communication either with him or Direct communication is not a feature his associates. of Turkish intrigue, as the desired effect can be produced without it. Arabi and his accomplices must be An example should certainly be severely punished. made of the leaders of the revolt, and half-measures will only be a premium to future disturbances. They may give to Egypt a succession of Arabis. Arabi himself should be treated as a vulgar mutineer and rebellious soldier to look on him as an Egyptian Garibaldi is a capital mistake, and one which augers ill for the
this,
; ;

future/'

The British government took this view, believing that Arabi did not represent any genuine aspirations of the Egyptians, but merely the purpose of military chiefs and corrupt functionaries to attain power, and pillage the tax payers. Acting on that belief they wisely suppressed him. When El Mahdi came forward apparantly in defence of the liberty of his country, but denounced as the
a lively interest and procured a psychometric opinion on the 26th of November, 1883, (using only his name) as follows
false

prophet,

I

felt

:

EL MAHDI.
" I think
it is

(NOV. 26, 1883.)
It

a living person,

produces a singular

1

62

Prophecy in

I'll have to wait awhile electric current in the fingers. and collect myself. "It comes to me as a person of great intellectual vigor thoroughly original and quite remarkable I'm trying to think what he does. It does practical. not seem military affairs, yet he seems a ruler of some

some kind of a potentate. think he is very scientific, interested in scientific is systematic. discoveries, has wonderful forethought He seldom does anyI don't see what he is doing now. always reaching out for thing of a personal character some grand or I might say humanitarian labor. "He seems near 70, at least not a young man. I can't locate him except in a foreign country." What kind of a climate has his country ?) (Q. " It seems warmer than this more genial." What kind of people are around him ?) (Q. "He has a good many crude people with no ideas or crude ideas." What is he doing with them ?) (Q. " He seems to Instructing and developing them. travel a great deal." How is he engaged at this time ?) (Q. " He is in a perplexing condition in a tight place environed by some difficulties. The conditions are not
kind, "
I
;

;

like one who is combating and endeavoring to friendly extricate from his surrounding conditions. " He seems fond of scientific illustrations. He is not

a great

He

scientist, but has an intuitive understanding. has indomitable will and perseverance, throws a

great

I of energy and fire into what he does. he has not colonizing schemes for developing countries and colonizing inhabitants harmonizing crude elements. He has a broad comprehensive mind

deal
if

wonder

great vigilance, is fearless, would expose himself to danger without consideration. He has been in close He is in proximity to danger from assault and capture.
that condition

now

with suspicious people not familiar

Public Afiairs.

163

He is not really fond of military with his methods. but is not afraid of them." operations,
in any military operations?) not in love with it. " I feel that he is a I not an American. foreigner get a foreign element, like Indians and Chinese He seems alone, single-handed in his a crude people. He has great ambition; likes popularity has a work.

(Q. "

Has he been
is

He

has but

great deal.

"He is very penetrative. He likes to develop the resources of people and countries. He is a peace maker would like to work with government officials."
I to get surveying, engineering implements. reconstruction, breaking up of old things, and perceive

(Q. "I

Has he been engaged
seem

in

war

?)

His warring nature has been held reconstructing new. abeyance, but he has been, or is, engaged with antagonist forces like war, but I don't see fighting. He in politics, a power behind the is a good tactician, throne." Has there been a battle ?) (Q. "There has been a loss of life, by contending warring forces, yet he does not appear as a military officer, but as one who would take the weaker side and stimulate them by his own courage rather than go into active war. Yet if neccessary he would do it. The cause of contest would be the claims to territory." Will he have success or failure ?) ( Q. "He will not be a failure not as successful as he anticipates, but in spite of any reverses he will be an ultimate success as a liberator of the oppressed."
in

(Q. "

What
has a

of his religion

?)

He

not a that than any thing else. He will be a leader and exercise a good deal of authority. He has great ambition and will have honors conferred. He will make his name and mark in history. He is capable of achieving exten-

humane religion, not cramped. He is He may be a Mahometan more like Catholic.

164

Prophecy in
;

sive influence and receiving progressive ideas possibly Americanized before he dies accepting our methods. He does not love war, and will not perpetuate it, though he will protect his people and insist on justice to them. But the war will not continue long. There is great apprehension of continued losses, but it will not continue. England will be called in, but rather as an arbiter than an ally." Has he any anticipation of great influence (Q.

among Mahometans
"

?)

is a seer of great equal to Swedenborg, though not in the same direction. He is grandly prophetic, and people believe in him. He is a medium, likely to be controlled and He is a well-developed man, influenced by Mahomet. but of a very dark complexion and a strong physique, not injured by active life."

He

is skilful in

curing diseases, and

power,

Since the examination
gation of

I

have several times submitted

the character of the Mahdi to the psychometric investimy best pupils, and found a unanimous agree-

ment

in the essential characteristics of the foregoing-

description.

Let us observe how thoroughly it is sustained by all we have heard of El Mahdi through the press. An Egyptian government, the most profligate and infamous of all among civilized nations, becomes deeply
that

involved in debt to foreigners by

its

unprincipled rulers.

This government acknowledges itself subordinate to Turkey, and also claims the control of a vast and
valuable
spirited

territory

in

the Soudan, inhabited by highblacks,

Arabs and harmless

despotism excites a revolt of

where its intolerable which El Mahdi becomes

the leading figure. In the helpless weakness of Egypt, foreign govern-

P tib lie
ments
interfere with
of the

Affairs,

165

payment

no other pretext than to secure the Egyptian debt. Great Britain, as the

custodian of Egypt, assumes to intervene for its protecFor this they are detested by tion against rebellion.

the Egyptians,

who

are ready to revolt against the British

authority and their own cunning Khedive, allied with foreigners. A military revolt under Arabi, is crushed by The revolt in the Soudan to British cannon at Cairo. throw off a foreign yoke is grappled in a most incompre-

hensible

manner by the

British

government though con-

fessing in Parliament that El Mahdi is battling for liberty, and that England will not undertake his subjugation, yet
is sent to sustain the Egyptians, under evacuating the Soudan and rescuing the Yet why send troops for such a purtroops of Egypt. ? What difficulty would there be in the withdrawal pose

a military force
pretence of

if they surrendered all claim and proposed a evacuation ? The difficulty lay solely in the peaceful effort to maintain the shadowy and worthless claim of

of troops

Egypt and Turkey
maintain this

fictitious

to the sovereignty of the Soudan. To title England, professing to be

but an arbiter engages in an actual war on a small scale against the people who are struggling only for liberty,

and whose struggle enlists the sympathy of the Irish, and the sympathy of a large portion of the English
people.

Possibly there was another motive, in the purpose to retain the friendship of Turkey and the fear that the success of the Mahdi might unite the Mohammedan

population of India.

Another

latent influence

was the

practical control of Egypt obtained in crushing Arabi, and the desire of a strong party in England for the an

Baker urged the abandonment of Kar- toum. no attempt to negotiate with of a territorial boundary . Col. January 8th 1884. of the evacuation of the Soudan as inevitable. There was no assertion boundary. spoke Jan. The dan impossibility of conquering and holding the Souagainst its dangerous climate and the warlike Arabs. The in recent his destruction at of Gen. 12. which would have excited European jealousy. Hicks of attempt invasion. under El Mahdi convinced both England and Egypt that evacuation was the only safe course. or else the summoning of all the power of England to defend some well defined territorial Neither was done. the Khedive said to a correspondent that he must abandon the Soudan and that if life was lost in trying to defend Kartoum the responsibility for this loss of Nubar Pasha at the same time life would rest on him. Coetlogan commanding at Kartoum under Egypt. Gen. army left no other course within the limits of common sense but a speedy evacuation and friendly negotiation struction with the Mahdi. the population of which sympathized with the Mahdi and objected to resistance.1 66 Prophecy in nexation of Egypt. the army of the de- a small Egyptian army near Suakim in and the successful advance of El Mahdi's December. requested orders for a retreat. the Mudir of Kartoum ' urged the immediate withdrawal of the Christian population and Nubar Pasha issued an order El Mahdi was said to be advancing with to that effect. The British government thus far agreed with the Khedive in reference to evacuation. a large force and the surrender of Kartoum was demanded.

and it was said that the foreign secretary Earl Granville insisted upon the Gen. cabinet council convened in March was said to be unable to come to any conclusion. the battle of Teb as a massacre and the English policy as hypocritical and wicked. who said to a corres- . Military forces were sent to co-operate with Egypt against the Soudanese and a contradictory confused policy carried out professing peace yet practicing war rejecting the idea of conthe party that aimed at conquest quest. But the policy was pursued to still more disastrous results. the Soudanese 167 the independence of the people no determination either to recognize or to conquer them. lacking only ten of a majority.Public Affairs. The camMr. paign was regarded as a failure up to that time. Gordon. soon after the peaceful expressions of the Khedive. The change from the avowed design of peaceful and prompt withdrawal without the use of British troops began apparently in January 1884. doubting his sanity. or professed. Stanley in the commons urged the witholding of suprecall of plies until a full and explicit statement of the Egyptian Sir Wilifred Lawson denounced policy should be made. Labouchere had pre- viously (in February) askSd the government to renounce its blood-thirsty policy and in April 94 members of the . yet assisting a policy which nobody understood at home or abroad. Mr. which provoked the severest denunciation in Parliament and threats in of resignation from the Egyptian ministry A April 1884. voted that the loss of British and Arab life in the Soudan was of House Commons unnecessary. The policy of peaceful withdrawal was partly rejected and partly adopted.

000 men. and orders were sent by Nubar Pasha for the withdrawal of the Christian Col. cost a million of pounds to evacuate. this policy to which the British cabinet yielded. said the Egyptian government had 21. Nubar expressed his conviction of the necessity of giving up the Soudan.1 68 Prophecy in pondent that he must abandon the Soudan. This seemed to be the policy Coetlogan commanding at Kartoum. refusing to yield Kartoum. As late as January 2ist it was said that Kartoum would be evacuated when the 2000 soldiers expected amount of military blundering from Sennaar arrived. The change of policy was initiated by the Egyptian Abd el Kader. in which a civilized nation was occupied in upholding an odious despotism It against the ruler whom the people longed for. and that if life was lost in defending Kartoum the responsibility would rest on himself. tary abi ty. sufficient to hold the Soudan and that it would require seven months and war minister. requested orders to withdraw from that city. i. So far as the telegraphic reports explained the situa- appeared to be the beginning in conjunction with the influence of Turkey of the cruel and disastrous tion. I speak . costing not only a great loss of life but the sacrifice of more than with more than the usual sixty millions of dollars and commissariat villaThe only excuse publicly given was that England nies. would be foreign to my purpose to dwell on the twelve months of folly. must not go back on her assurances to Egypt. population as requested by the Mudir. considered a man of miliwho. The plan of the Egyptian ministry when they determined to hold on was to establish a new kingdom of Kordofan and Darfoor with Kartoum as the capital.

and so far as reports have come. " the words " El Mahdi the Prophet asking her to tell me the present condition of the party whose name I had given I her. as if successful. I placed in the hands of Mrs. We army can learn very of Gen. ion of those familiar with Egpyt is that England must discontinue this course. The Mahdi is said to have invited the Frenchman Olivier Pain to remain with him and see that his policy was not barbarous. On the 2ist of January 1884 four ladies were present in our parlor and to give them an illustration of psychometry. in which I can but believe that Mr. which at present by the climate. is interrupted have been to have carried out the policy of January 1884 or to have acted on General Gordon's suggestion to recognize the independence of the Soudan. The opinignored. He " This I is . B. The course of events for the five months since the foregoing psychometric description has been in accordance with it. 169 of these things in justice to El Mahdi whose noble character and whose rights have been so shamefully This cruel folly is nearing its end. Gladstone yielded against his own judgment to a war party little of in England. The Hicks was entirely annihilated but many prisoners have been retained. El Mahdi but the first reports of atrocities proved to be entirely false. Since this was written the Soudan has it How much better would been evacuated and a criminal folly ended. ways off think he feels in good condition. prisoners have been kindly treated. : recorded her impressions as follows is a great a very sensitive person.Public Affairs.

He is a This followgreat ruler now and has a large following. he will succeed . ing comes from some principle that is of a profound nature. He has an indomitable spirit. assurance. good of a large class of He has wonderful brain power. and will be repulsed but if his people hold out as he expects. ting off or thwarting the opposing forces. He is a good example of courage. He will have a bright future. He is destined to a successful career." (Is he about to capture a city ? ) " He is preparing for an attack. cutprinciple. When he subsides it will be with a feeling of victory. His career will be one of achievement. People (What will stand aghast. afraid of him. he will make a great inroad on professions of His religion is an old one. with many truths religion. aim at self-aggrandizement. religious or mercantile?) " More He does not religious than anything else. . It is power. to do a great work. activity. and would die for a He is gathering new force all the time. He is in a better condition than when I saw him last. with now and then clouds arising from turbulence. and whatever may happen. He is an extraordinarily strong man." he accomplish in the next three months ?) " He is I don't know where. difficult to say how much power he will have. He has to deal with sinister people. and gaining He will spread himself to a great extent. and is guided He has wonderful forces and pushed on powers. going on to victory but he is going to achieve a most wonderful victory over his enemies. . He is commanding people. not followed as they should be." (Is it political. He seems like one who had the people at heart.I/O Prophecy in going on successfully. What an immense force he has against him. " This man acts from inspiration a power behind him. but they ought not to be. " It seems like one I have described that Prophet. who come to him with great claims of no real value. and having things much his own way.

mands a great deal of devotion from his subjects. that comes into his life there is so much antagonism. and a weapon stuck into .Public Affairs. I never saw such unbounded faith as he has in his undertaking. perfectly He is a religious man. she what is his condition ? I first recognized a scene of flowers. There is something familiar about it a great deal of something that I have described " My little . and serene. yet nothing seems I feel it is a male. him " I feel myself in a very warm climate. but there is so much anxiety Still there is a fearlessI don't like the condition ness that will not despair. Then : mind is now led to an individual but I am a There are elements of brightness. far away I get the perfumes. 1885. again directed her attention to El Mahdi. 1885. this man. This person is not surrounded with impossibilities . by placing in her hands the words. but I seem to be in sympathy with the elements that belong to his life. He is a sort of ruler. He fell. There I see a man just hurt badly." This production was verified by the repulse of his forces until his capture of Kartoum. far away. clear puzzled. " In advancing mentally. I feel like him. as if a centre in a certain radius. They are piling up breastworks for defence. The scenes that present themselves are fluctuating they bring hope and anxiety. . ! . impossible to his mind. "El Mahdi. ! . I like him. a year from this examination. but not with that around it is too treacherous. before. January 24. everything seems possible there's a great yet deal of turbulence. 1 71 but he looks with distrust upon the forces and their commanders. the odors of the foliage it is a tropI see gorges and deserts. " He I have never seen is excessively independent. ical region. January 27. He comcollected and valiant. "I wish you were here to see what is going on.

" ple The peo- (What next ? ) " That will not be the end. " The leader has no fear of outwitting or thwarting The war will not continue in the would be fatal to foreigners. and his " I don't like to It seems barren stay in this country. that attack them are English. Everything seems quiet and beautiful. the beautiful fish in the waters. it summer. only aim at a certain point in war tactics. opponents. Now I see George Washington before me with the most beautiful heavenly smile I ever saw. some are lying down. A The enemy great many of these people will be killed. Many are sitting down. and hundreds killed and this person a savage fight wounded before March arrives. There is going to be terrible bloodshed a terrible attack in connection with this scene and a fearful fight. They are a superstitious people. It is too excitNow the scenery is beautiful. There may be operations through some other power. He reaches out his arms and says. I see ing and dreadful. There will be no great victories. They fuges have gone too far to relinquish. will have to divide forces and go back where they came from. but will resort to subterto give good cause for settling the difficulty. He is sick at present. The people who are attackIt is more ing these people have not their hearts in it. for prestige.1/2 his Prophecy in side some kind of a spear. struggle seems so imminent. listless. These people will hold their position. Peace shall reign over this ' " . is on the side of these people the others . Gordon. he is not in full vigor. I must leave this scene and go down the Nile. There is The spirit not spirit enough to make a great struggle. " Where is Gen. The troops will probably withdraw and turn their backs on the I cannot see the result of the war because the people. but I don't think he will die. I see people that have been wounded. It does not appear that anybody will have a victory.

and on his breast is the flag of his me beyond expression.Public Affairs. an attractive person. often on horseor something of that kind. disposed to think. there is a great spirit power. well balanced. and the visions that embody or illustrate a truth. but powerfully magnetic. a congenial magnetism. It is elevating. a serious feeling. back or on some animal. psychometric impressions often embody themselves in metaphorical forms as do the thoughts of poets. between the things seen as past. ladies in my parlor. " who does not speak the English language. entire globe wit/tin five years 173 a thing that has not been for many years " Now he shows in the past/ a beautiful tableau. musical. is a powerful medium He is fighting power from spirits surrounding him. He is a foreigner He is . or was it an actual communication from the spirit of Washington. not stout. and it is difficult to draw the line between the subjective and the objective. in my usual hand. mode of placing a small written slip in the The substance of their general impressions is expressed as well as practicable in the following language noted down at the time. elevated above all things. present or future. brightening the mind and the eyes. beautiful colors from every nation standing behind him. intellectual. for the right. quiet and soothing. was this but a figurative or emblematic embodiment of her prevoyant ideas. It is not necessary to decide . symmetrical. Three days group of psychometrical later I submitted the name El Mahdi to a pupils. The own country. the other army are invading him. He is active in war not comfortably situated. in trouble. He has quite a large army not English He has they wear loose dress-capes." The enquirer may ask. .

and the retreat of the " English with divided forces. might perhaps give a more vivid I placed it in her hands the ." He thought that England and El Mahdi would come to an agreement next autumn. purporting to be derived from a photograph. " report of January 24.man but not the exact events of the moment. The war will be disastrous him but he feels perfect assurance of final success. We sympathize with him. of Italy on the fifth of April. In my capture of given. In April '85 I procured for the first time a picture of El Mahdi. the utter impossibility of conquering the Soudan and said that England was temporizing with a view of abandoning the Soudan "as soon as it could be done without undignified haste. it would be fatal to foreigners." The sanguinary battles of January. and thinking that it impression than the name. He is obliged to do violent things which he would not do if not thus attacked." while "these people will hold their position. going back where they came from.Prophecy in defending his own country. the military condition was correctly before She spoke of terrible battles and bloodshed March arrives. He will hold his own. The ex-Khedive Ismail Pasha explained to King Humbert. three days before the Kartoum. He is fighting for a principle. February and March which were so bloody to the Arabs and the practical cessation of active hostilities in March verified the prediction." "The war will not continue in summer." great slaughter " of the people " but no victory for any body." to This group of psychometers perceived the character and position of the.

whether religious or political.) "I need not say any more. and I think him religious. cess of his policy. I feel a restive warlike element around him. want to see an end to this He looks to the spirit world for strong in his cause. on opinion." (You are (What " I is his present condition I ?) had not discovered him so soon." (In what condition is he at present ?) " He is in a hopeful condition as to the ultimate sucI think Tell me if it is El Mahdi. very much as I do when I . "There is no pretension about this man. face turned down. I think at the present time he feels that the prolonged delay is somewhat disappointing. It takes me off to the East to it.Public Affairs.good deal of opposition to his work. It seems a strong man." (What of the sanguinary proclamations attributed to prestige all hostile rumors. There is a great deal of ardor and excitability. He has undoubted fidelity to his religion. notwithstanding the circulation of His people are getting weary. it is El Mahdi. " He has one purpose at heart he is entirely suited He is a foreigner. He thought that the culmiBut he is gaining nation would be reached sooner. a prominent leader. it is. rounded with a. would take a great amount of opposing power to make him submit or change his policy. " It take the character of El Mahdi. 175 which she gave the following seems the picture of a man. aid with as strong faith that he will be carried through by the aid of higher powers as any of the orthodox. wish the time. I feel as if in the midst of contention and war. him ?) . He is sinIt cere and courageous. He is surto the countries around the Mediterranean." right. is I feel almost that it he. they but he is strong to-day.

a reincarnation of the old prophet Mohammed the I2th Imam and I2th in descent from Ali. When two hundred soldiers were sent to capture him. thin. he refused to go. of medium his parents at Dongolah were poor. He a man ." This shows a prompt perception of his character and a more accurate judgment of his age than was formed from the name alone. of a copper color. he lived on the island of Aba on the White river for about fifteen years. On the i /th of May. who is is believed to reincarnate to revive the glory of Moslemism. Mohammed Ahmed. and had completed the study of the Koran at twelve.176 " Prophecy in cal That was probably to pacify the ignorant and fanatiHe may have said something people around him. and is said to have occupied a subterranean apartment or cave. but by the aid of his brothers who were carpenters and boat builders he was kept at school near Kartoum. she announced that he had been defeated. After completing his studies. which corresponded to the telegraphic news* but at the same time that he was not discouraged and had received large reinforcements. who is the original prophet. they were slain by his followers. The Mahdi or Mahadi is a Mahometan Messiah. Here he began to assume the position of the Mahdi and gained so many devotees that when he was sent for to appear before the governor-general at Kartoum and explain his purposes. like what was reported. Two months later in very black beard." (How old do you think he is ?) " Between forty and fifty. with a very He was born . The light family name is of the present prophet size.

I would introduce here the impression of him given some years since by Mrs. waves There seems to be a period when the world was looking for development to take it out of gloom. 177 1 88 1. is not modern. master of Kartoum with an unconquerable people beonly one massacre. London Times history. but all intelligence from that In his present position as quarter has been unreliable. as follows : MAHOMET " like I THE FOUNDER OF ISLAMISM. but no doubt vastly exagThe place was captured and severely pungerated.Public Affairs. Newspapers report the destruction of a hundred thousand lives by his rebellion. B. numbering seven thousand garrisons men were concentrated at Gudir. five hundred soldiers sent for the same purpose. The rebellion developed the were also destroyed. It is said that . hundred and twenty-four soldiers escaped He led a conquering force sweeping down everything before him. and his career of conquest continued. hind him. at the impostor will not be ^ustained by As El Mahdi is in spiritual affinity with Mahomet. a waiting for something. the prediction of his success is evidently destined to fulfilment and the superficial sneers of the . Christ. " . ished. signalized by the entire destruction of the army of Hicks Pasha. and were attacked by an immense army under the Mahdi.000. but it. It is nearer the period of not as ancient as Crishna. and laid siege to El Obeid with a force reported at 192. of inspiration. of the Soudan. and development coming It feel a great illumination brings a purple color with It takes me back a great ways.

storm. with had very little spirituality. great deal of force was used he had to fight his way. He believed personal sacrifices necesHe believed in another sary to obtain happiness. paid more respect to woman in his dispensation than in former ages. " From birth he seemed born for his mission. He talked with spirits claimed to do it and did.1/8 Prophecy in "This was a regenerator. If he saw the . might be called prophesies fulfilled. He took hold of people by It brings great heat and fervor. great There was great imagination and fulfilment. There is a bursting volcanic feeling. but one of grandeur and rest. an imaginative mind that grasped great truths. pared "He succeeded in establishing his doctrines and had his followers has now. " He hardly taught that we should have the same He did not feel that pleasures and pursuits as here. He was the founder of a doctrine approximating somewhat the teaching of Christ. it ideas. His heaven was not work. "He did not diffuse knowledge to the masses but would rather teach this doctrine of inevitable fate. "What troublous times he had often in the deepest troubles from antagonisms. but he never yielded his A faith. He would not teach the worship of idols. He lived simply and prehimself for the revealments through him. but led the It seems he took a step in advance people out of it. of his predecessors. but not as his nor idolatrous. song. Great powers were against him and treachery. there was so much jealousy The people he dealt existing and so much animality. " His doctrines were such as to impose great moral not like the Old nor the responsibility on the person New Testament. or praise and existence. but be trans- formed. almost by force. " He was abstemious as to drink. there was much atonement in heaven. The mind would not take on the same conditions.

leader. AND GARIBALDI DICTED." These successful prophecies were the . he would oppose it. "He had talents was an orator and made powerful voice of magnetic force addresses in a avidity. commanding he charmed his audiences. gave a graphic description of Alexander. the Czar of Russia. "He had inspiration from high sources had visions and prophecies. D'lSRAELI. He was loving and voluptuous would prefer to be served by women. His dress was He compared with Christ as a leader. and in plain. somewhat after the of Christ. magnetic force. but would not tolerate debauchery.'' and that " many of the great men of Europe will be lost D' ISRAELI and GARIBALDI. " They sought him with had power to heal and did. DEATH PRE- Mrs. 179 He demoralizing effect of wine. not viewing Christ as we do. following " He had some opposition to Christianity.them. and would harmonize He manner with your views of philanthropy. He had more adherents from the opulent than Christ had. though he recognized their inspiration. had a liberal spirit in that. and in the next two years will also send her quota of prominent men to the Spain assertion spirit world. and left a better example than they had been he advanced. but was not so self-sacrificing. 1879. ending with the 26. and felt that he had direct communicaHe was an inspired tion with the departed or angels. but perhaps not counsel much with them. "As to women he would teach plurality of wives would not abuse women.Public Affairs. but be kind to his favorites. December "he will certainly be killed assassinated." ALEXANDER. He has dropped many of his ideas. B. even at a distance.

He is obeyed from fear of his power. is is He of the building not so stylish as ?) lives in style. She grasped the character almost instantly and recognized it as living." (Why so self-willed and extreme. and not at associated in any way with the fate of Alexander. He is gifted has learning. He is intellectual society. he has been in danger of personal violence He is careless as to wounding from his enemies. He is easily read by those who " are near him. He is engaged in publishing something something like journalism. and has looked into deep subjects. with good share of common sense and great ability in He knows how to direct a body of men. That is one of his He likes to see industry going on." (What does he think of democratic institutions ?) " He is rather favorable to them. but the external its interior. But he is not popular with women. . except so far as they desire to get benefits from him. There intellectual. "I I feel a person endowed get a living influence. " He is not altogether popular.I So Prophecy in as they more remarkable all were spontaneous. It is not a character that I would admire. if he could have his own way." (Is he interested in the public welfare ?) "Yes. and is extremes. directing. He does not adopt other people's views. and at home in is a flush of business about him. Does he not have women under his control ? I see them." (Has his unpopularity ever brought on any trouble ?) "Yes. He has an intense love of is He he unpopular self is very opinionated. The description of Alexander in which these prophecies occurred was as follows. and he is under direction by others. others not at all sympathetic. He is in a position of directing by authority. That is his forte.

England preparing. very cold.000 camels. to be called into permanent service. Roberts' corps will " rumors are thick that Russia go to Bolan Pass. He cares more for the country's prosperity than for the He likes to take the reins over comfort of the people. but in certain winter months. calling in and The British reserves and militia inspecting her rifles. which prompted headed: falling." PSYCHOMETRIC VIEW OF RUSSIA AND ENGLAND. Burmah contributes 1. Queen Victoria's Horse artillery pro15. These and other warlike rumors implied a very strong probability of war. 1885. 25. B. message. 14. March 26." (What is the climate of his country ?) " Generally temperate. Bombay pare for service. getting ready her big ships.000 militia troops to pre- said to have been called out. but he likes to have his own system He is bull-headed in many respects. and to test the prophetic power. that war was inevitable. me our evening paper gave warlike newsto learn from psychometry the events." and that " Gen. probable course of "War nearing." It ceed at once. Chicago canning Finishing steel vessels at beef for the English army. .000 rifles will be forwarded to India to-morrow. pencilled on " a very small slip of paper." At the same time the conviction was expressed at the Department Washington. the words. placed in the hands of Mrs." and also stated that was " has rejected the English proposals. in everything. England and Russia will .000 troops for India. everything and supervise it. Chatham. foreign news was and Russian stocks English in The Great excitement England.Public Affairs 181 industrious himself. I of State.

It is not a home affair or upother parties concerned. Europethey come from a northern direction.1 82 " ? Prophecy in saying that it was a question concernand events on which I wished her opinion formed on the there be war ing persons. because these peoEuropean ple will have friendly power to assist them power. " They will not be able to do this. Is it El Mahdi's war?" (No It . They would like to exterminate the It is a natives if they could. I knew she had no subject. but a foreign intervention. I see Indians. " The people where this scene is located are not white. There tory or subjugation. it something for you to determine as to the stirs me up considerably. or something that looks like uncivilized future. as she seldom looked at the foreign news. whether invasion of territhis disturbance is about I think it is chiefly that." (In what direction do the invaders come?) " It is all east from here. " It seems to me there are two forces in a menacing This region seems a new attitude toward each other.) " people. is some religious feeling or fancy about it. rising. very froth and swagger about it. The natives have assistance from a southern direction. rich country with mineral wealth. " I am carried away a great ways. places. but I don't think it's a There seems to be a great deal of serious matter. This . They are an unscrupulous people. There are they seem copper colored or darker. into a remote region. and take their country. The invaders are ans will . It gets me excited. as follows : Her impres- " It's all mixed is up. and was not aware of the pending difficulties. I don't know what place I have never explored before. opinion. sions were given deliberately.

I don't like their principles and methods." (Will there be a collision ? ) " I think there will be hostilities. though not well prepared. the imminent probability of a war between England and Russia as generally believed and the vast military preparations in progress induced me to look again into the question by investigating the character of the Czar I upon whom it seemed to depend. but the intervention will check the invasion. " placed in her hands the Czar of Russia.Public Affairs. which is certainly wrong. and their courageous resistance." This opinion was soon verified by Gen. They are unfeeling. There may be some collision. Komaroff's attack on the Afghans four days later. but to go in for principle." (Is it the fault of the nation or its government ? ) "It is the government. There will be bloodshed. copper colored and dark. It is an arbitrary government. 183 intervening element does riot wish to meddle for honor. with some whites. The natives." (What do you say of the invading party and their government ? ) " They seem to rule by force and tyranny. and the nefarious designs against a defenceless people will be checked. but so mixed up I cannot speak clearly of the nationality. April u. They are a mixed people. aggressive. The signs of war and the military preparations were increasing until my next experiment." saying . but it will not last." will it be settled ? ) will not take many months to establish peace. 1885." (Will there be anything like war?) " I don't think there is much collision yet. will fight It (How soon " with desperation. tantalizing attitude. and have no sympathy with any nation unless they can promote their own aggrandizement. but there is a very menacing. and a formidable attack.

His name would be offensive to philanthropic minds but the people don't see him just as I do. He is seeking conflict with people ing people who will give him more than he wants before h*e gets through it. I feel that he is commanding is He man. has a far-reaching mind. " tactician People can't really tell where to find him. stranger to me. war. serfs. : Her impression was given as follows " It seems like a public character. success. others. cutting. I don't know whether military skill or deal of skill in general management. He likes to go into large opera- " He is ." . he is sharp. tions. His purposes are sinister. human suffering. a good deal of engineering." (Will the people sustain him ?) " He holds power and the people will sustain him. " He is full of He may be somewhat of a cupidity. he is a I feel that he is with flank movements. He has a very active brain. He would like to stir up instigating trouble and instigate war bring up causes to provoke disturbHe is happy only in governing and commandances. but he will never be what the world will sanction as true greatness. don't think I have ever described him. " He has a great is It is a He man. He He cares nothing for expects to make a great name. a repulsive man to me. I an entire one I don't take to. He has a great seeking self-aggrandizement and power. makes me feel restless and uncomfortable. deal of will-power strong mentality. I cannot locate him. He seems an invader who would trample on the rights of others.184 there was a Prophecy in character for her to investigate. but there will not be a general feeling in his favor. I forces a power. He seems an unfeeling may be wrong but he does not seem scrupuHe would go ahead without much sympathy for lous.

Vienna dispatch of April 22 says : ." there any probability of his being assassinated ?) There may be attempts. He is a very difficult man to read. want to depose him. though he may yield He is so unreliable I his principles to retain power. Some of the people do cannot tell what he will do. There are evil eyes on him with a menacing feeling. 185 (Will there be a war ?) " I think there will be a backing out." (Russian or English ?) He seems a Russian. and is so politic he might do a great deal to retain it. It will be I would not be surprised if he was a tortuous one. He has made great " bluster and show of power. ness imperious. " willingly." reputation he does not deserve by his (What " I will think he be his future ?) is in the Russian trouble in an exalted position. You can't tell where to find him when it comes to the issue.Public * Afairs. I do not think he will be His people do not go to war in a very great war. He could find an excuse for making any surrender. but (What " as to will war ?) He is make his demands less endeavor to conciliate or negotiate. Emperor of Russia. He will He will go down not have a brilliant setting to his sun." is his domestic character ?) " He does not show his tyrannical nature at little home. He will not have a long reign. Everything in the news to-day at The Boston indicates the strong probability of war." April 23. and His acquisitive- (What large. though a (Is morose. It is possible deposed. don't believe he will be reformed. He has made some diplomacy. u I I don't say positively. 1885. He is fond of power and of self. in a cloud.

1 86 " Information Prophecy in which has been received here from St. understanding between England and Russia possible. They say that the chances of victory for Russia were never so favorable as at the present time. Russia will cast troops. Petersburg is to the effect that the only condition on which peace can be assured is that England shall acIt political circles creates a great sensation. This demand on the part of Russia has been communicated as an ultimatum to London. KomarofFs report of the engagement March 30." The London despatch says " The press association asserts : that it is enabled to state that from St. The highest military circles in Russia are bringing great pressure to bear on the government to declare war. It is the opinion. in English and Russian diplomatic tained. . aside further attempts at diplomatic negotiations. as this river is essential for the transportation of her As soon as the river is open. shall is only be free of waiting the moment when the Volga ice. de Giers through Sir Edward circles that peace cannot be main- "A Thornton yesterday. it is said. knowledge the complete neutrality of Afghanistan and the extinction of English influence upon the Ameer's In this case only. is a peaceful country. has just been received. after the receipt of Sir Peter Lumsden's supplementary report of the battle of March M. later dispatch says: The Russian reply to the communication sent to M. therefore. further communications have been received Petersburg to the effect that the Russian government has refused to hold a further inquiry in of regard to Gen. de Giers replies that 30. Russia it is further said.

The war preparations at Woolwich yesterday were imlatest The the 23d mense." Fearing that there might be a failure after all in the pacific prophecy. despatch from London on the morning of A. She that he was roused and was the Czar and endeavoring to inspire a warlike spirit in the people. but that there would be no war. M. after Sir Peter Lumsden's papers is impossible. from the press. and other sources. Gladstone . her as to the mental condition and designs earnest. and (5 peace. the wide spread con- viction that war was inevitable and that Mr. coming from diplomatic circles." Russia was also announced to be fortifying Batoum and gathering a military force there in violation of its treaty stipulations. Throughout the month of April the war-cloud was vast and dark. 187 Russia declined to enter upon any further discussion of the Penjdeh incident" The London News " of No disposition is same date says shown by Russia : to retreat from Forbearance has been pushed to its limits and will bear little further extension on the part of England. says " the Porte is to be neutral. the military preparations went on. that there would be mediation. from correspondents in Russia.). from foreign spectators. of the it promptly said man whose name I gave her.Public Affairs. The declaration that war must soon begin. and Germany would be the mediating party. the false position she has assumed. I again placed the name of the Czar in her hand and asked. however great the preparation. and the ardent desire of large parties in Russia and England to bring on the conflict. May 8.

opinion was psychometric. difficult to show cause why they should not lished at be be dis-estabonce. unaided by those who should have stood by him. and dis-endowed without a penny of com- pensation.1 88 Prophecy in crash. and a position of unique authority and honor in order that they may teach us all to be Christians. only to be assured with unhesitating positiveness that there would be no war. . But if at a crisis like this. Her induced to admit. gave I was but timidly postponing the me great again appealed to her psychometric judgment. preach the gospel of Moloch. Oh that it were possible to consummate his grand career by dis-establishing that fraud upon Christianity. my experiments. they have five million men either nothing to say to us. complain give these gentle- "The We pounds a year. that war was possible. Now that peace is assured. the Church of England. she knew but little. and against all outside influence from other nations. or worse still like the it Canon will of Litchfield. and thought less of the newspaper reports and could not be as in uneasiness. It was well said : by a Wesleyan clergyman in an English journal country has a special right to of the establishment. either consciously or unconsciously. and. we may reflect on the greatness of the crisis and the moral grandeur of Gladstone in warding off unspeakable calamity and crime from two of the greatest nations. at each fresh alarm. whether speaking of England and Russia or interpreting an impression from an unknown writing.

probably within a is There year." (Is it " It is What war. They look like Chinese (Do you see the " They sails." assailing party ?) are a bloodthirsty set. and then they will stop. but It seems like an epidemic of warlike very remotely. notoriety. I " France and China ing result : placed in Peace or War her hands the words. " with the follow . though they don't seem to have any heart. are the other parties ?) are a better-looking people. I don't see any real cause. They are going through with it soon. 1885. power. Can there be an atmospheric or planetary distemper. and self-aggrandizement." ?) (What to be the result . don't know whether everybody is in earnest or I go to I don't see that anybody is in earnest. They are preparing to fight. people. influence at " work ? going to be a great deal of bloodshed. and it is not to revenge any grievance." (What "They features. possible it may be settled sooner ?) the desire of some of the parties to negotiate. It is not a religious are they fighting about? I don't see the cause. " El Mahdi occurs to my mind. 189 FRANCE AND CHINA. something started in the minds of a few individuals for I " not. national colors. I see brilliant colors. April 5. It has something to do with Afghanistan. of more is like more distinct French than anything else. a sort of warlike epidemic. but not in connection with this. with antagonistic forces at work.Public Affairs. It is like seek the causes. I see lights "It suggests disruption and confusion a great deal of uncerand shadows kaleidoscopic tainty and new developments.

the whole difficulty having occupied less than a year." The settlement was effected through the friendly offices of . He it seems an official is in some sort of public life He is life." What government is he living under?) " It (Q^ seems a monarchy." strong and a genuine man he feels what he What has wonderful ability for regulating great is a man of questions. or assisting and promoting a settlement. He may mingle with society. He seems a literary man.an Englishman. but a fair man in his criticisms. very soon after this opinion. ence some nation coming in as friends to the Chinese advising. He has good business capacity of pleasure. votary but is not selfish enough to accumulate largely. own affairs. I don't know that I can do him justice. but is not a wealthy. It seems Is this character dead or living ? ) ( Q^ He has a very broad and a very pecua living man. liar mind. but with a universal benevolence. He has many technical He is very critiideas and expressions like a lawyer. but not very position. but constitutional the people have ments. descended from a good family and has a good social He is financially independent. making good suggestions interested in very broad mind. He is interested in educational matters and improve(Q^ noble impulses espouses. It does not seem to be in this country. a very busy man not wrapped up in his the questions of the day. "Many The assailants more humane if JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN. * * cal. He is a man of He is are his aims and purposes? ) in his views. He . but at the same persistent time conciliating and yielding to the wisdom of others. feeling than in have no were fighting with they It looks as if there would be some interferanimals.190 Prophecy are to be killed.

and feels that they could be unanimous with him in disappointed man. much as they do herel favors a very tolerant policy. He would like He would not favor to establish freedom in religion. if that He tolerates no despotism for any question comes up. and hold a high position. He He believes in human rights. He has very good ideas on the land question. He would differ much with the laws of England." making changes. He thinks education should class be free. He "A great deal is depending on him. He s not autocratic. He his principles. has push and perseverance." He What measures would he introduce ?) (Q^ would favor peace and arbitration. 191 He favors the elevation of woman.Public Affairs. too. As a public speaker he is very effective and carries a great deal of power. but would denounce it. * ' himself very clearly and forcibly both in writing and speaking. he would wish every man to have his own home on and to have a government much like ours. He a great deal of influence. and works for them. of land. would not favor polygamy." "He long is life oeyonci middle age. He has taken great pains to discover the condition and feelings of the working classes. no form of slavery. He wants to better their condition." What is his future?) " He will have in(Qc He fluence his views will not be lost to the world. greatly disapproves any law hindering the ownership land. will have position. . but will do it will have an influenhard work to establish He will not be a finally. and is going to have a and work hard. a policy for the people. He a church establishment. In reference to land. He would favor compulsory education of chilHe is a good talkerand writer expresses dren. He will do a great deal tial to establish his principles.

she had no idea of his location or nationality. nor even of his name. In this. I my own ignorance upon any subject any hindrance to her ready recognition of the unknown In the foregoing practical illustrations of the prophetic power of the human intellect. which instantly gave her an impression of his general character. she immediately recog- nized his environment. his He is a growing man.192 Prophecy in but he does not care about that. and that the religious world . though I do not think he is work- ing for position. Chamberlain. but when I asked her as to the government under which he lived. my own knowledge. adding to powers and his influence. as in other descriptions of remote objects or persons. Gladstone ?) "He (Q^. except to protect the people." How does he regard Mr. I think he will probably out-live Gladstone and will be as influential hereafter. when I placed his name in her hands unseen. candid readers will find sufficient reason to believe that the ancients were right in recognizing and relying upon the prophetic faculty of the human mind. There is an no antagonism agreement of character though they may have different modes of carrying out their measures the results would be the same. falls in with his ideas to a great extent. as the attention in psychometric investigations is generally concentrated upon the matter under scrutiny. statements were made have which were beyond never found conditions. Her mind being concentrated on that." The psychometer in this est instance had not the slight- conception of the career of Mr.

. in their Then stars seem near mystic power. And Honor bring its glittering crown And grateful hearts shall turn to thee. rare realms of bliss beyond compare. river and sea. has not 193 been mistaken in recognizing extraordinary prophecy as an evidence of inspiration. as follows : TO CORNELIA THE PRIESTESS. radiant. in Mrs. was expressed by one of her admirer 5 in a poem published in 1 880. realm of mystery. deeper realms of mystic lore ever sages pondered o'er. Are lost in a . And deep When the mystery of that hour viewless forces from stellar spheres is Are weaving the web of the coming years. ! Above the mountain tops of snow Above the clouds and vales below The wild bird flieth wild and free ! From Eastern shores to Western sea. As the stars come out in the sky of night And field and mountain. Than And The And whispers of divinest thought In sacred spheres. spirit flies Like that wild bird thy Beyond To To To the star-gemmed midnight skies realms of beauty. but an inspiration which could not occur unless there were a prophetic The recognition of this power faculty to be inspired. And the forest fades in the dim twilight. . But flowers shall yet thy path surround.Public Affairs. No Delphic temple yet thine . Dear Priestess of the sacred shrine Where angels come from spheres is divine. to thee are brought. B. high in spheres of prophet souls scroll of Fate for thee unrolls . INTERPRETER OF MYSTERY! Fair herald for celestial spheres Of joy and light in coming years ! PSYCHE.

is the time far off. its telescope. which may solve all probWith a view to its evolems and guide all destinies. tion. An accident. and its electric light ? Does not the grandeur of the responsibility. who no longer finds an English foe before him. gives me the opportunity of referring to the continued fulfilment of the prophetic anticipations concerning El Mahdi. and is said to be massing his forces for more extensive conquest. sailing into the unexplored sea oi futurity. turbulence. in his over-mastering intelliis but beginning in this juvenile be conscious. May I not ask. which one-millionth part of the wealth now annually worse than wasted. of which he to age . POSTSCRIPT. when nations of fifty or a hundred millions are drifting into collision in the dark. upheaving discontent. I am firmly convinced there is 'a Divine intelligence in the interior of humanity. left man as the helpless victim of unknown and uncontrollable misfortune. ignorance and pestilence are ever impending as storm-clouds. demand Has the Divine Benevolence adequate precautions. and especially in the realm belonging to that prophetic wisdom which I have shown to be implanted in humanity. at the last moment. might establish as the guide of nations in all things. nihilism. or has it not given to man dominion over all things. and when the unknown dangers of immovable caste. corrup- monopoly. lution I have proposed the COLLEGE OF THE SOUL. selfishness. in which the ship of state. full of hidden dangers. communism.194 Postscript. and ordained an endless martyrdom for humanity. materialism. gence. shall have its pilot.

exercising in its various organs all that belongs to the life of man and. the organic structure which comes into conjugal union with the divine element. the structure through which manifested. CHAPTER As a matter of scientific is its X. grand- est. all thought. and still remains to-day nothwithstanding the profound exposition of its anat- omy. the organ most mysterious and the centre alike of difficult of all in its anatomy Divinity is psychological and physiological life. the source of all philosophy. all movements of individuals and nations. all art. all passion. all action. therefore. PSYCHOMETRY AND ANTHROPOLOGY.PART III THE NEW PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION. the greatest of all impregnable mysteries in the schools of biological science. the richest. The masterpiece of creation. therefore. progress. holding in itself all the secrets of human existence. the human brain. the crowning participation in the devel- glory of Psychometry opment of Anthropology. human sublimest and most complex of all subjects of study remained until the end of the last cen- tury an inaccessible mystery. and. i .

gave the first clear understanding of the anatomy of the brain. to supply its deficiencies. impressibility of the brain and the ease with functions may be demonstrated. being that which is nearest to ourselves and most important to our well-being is worth all other trated knowledge. and the first just conception of its functions a grand work incomplete and inaccurate.2 Psychomctrv and Anthropology* And yet the knowledge locked up in this mysterious organ. and make them reveal their functions as clearly as the sensitive and motor nerves had been demonstrated by Majendie. since the full development of this knowledge would be worth more all than that has been this great hitherto done for human open the enlightenment. as the organ the soul and the controlling region of the body. dom. worthy of the concenlabor of all scientific minds. not only of knowledge but of wisfor fifty years. therefore. To perform neglected task to richest treasury. . by discovering the which its The rational and practical investigations of Gall. was the work to which I gave seven years of gratifying. crowned by the discovery of the impressibility of the brain. but greater and more original than any of the scientific achievements of past ages. fascinating and successful labor. correct its and expand the phrenological doctrine into a complete science of the brain. and. at the close of the last century. has been the aim of my life which was crowned with success in 1841. To test errors its truth. which enabled me to stimulate its various organs by the hand or by galvanism.

but all that is abnormal and insane while the Cerebral Physiology includes the philosophy of disease as well as of healthy action. and carry my investigations farther in the most delicate exploration of the cerebral organs. Hence the in a different sphere. and. and map of these functions constitutes the Science of SARCOGNOMY. and its action as the commanding region of the body. comprehends alike the action of the brain as the organ of the soul. to which indeed it was entirely competent. therefore. but in which it comes in as the assistant. 3 Psychometry came in to reinforce the demonstration. philosophy. At this point Had 'I discovered first investigation. Anthropology shows that the entire body and entire brain operate in close and systematic sympathy so that whatever function may be operative in one has body has a correspondent function in the other. merely to show the power and value of Psychometry. that would have entire task.Psychometry and Anthropology. as well as of the phil- . and Psychometry the psychometric process of been sufficient for the would have had the honor of the entire discovery. which may be called Cerebral Psychology. establishes a medical In addition to these systems of science. to perfect and complete the science of man a science the magnitude and value of which are beyond all computation. and may not be realized by many for half a century. which electric is the accurate basis ot and magnetic practice. the same combination the scientific of psychic and physiologial powers as the brain. in Cerebral Physiology. This science to which I have alluded. The Cerebral Psychology includes not only normal Psychology.

and in short of the psychic to the physical in also throughout the Universe.Psychomctrv and Anthropology. given in my System of Anthropology published in 1854. all relations man and The accompany engraving is an illustration of the positive system of Psychology which I have thus demonstrated. In addition to these three sciences. . il- all who have become The the presentation of science at New York in 1842. caused the appointment of a committee of investi- was gation whose report noticed in an in- teresting article in the Democratic Review of of January. Cerebral Physiology and Sarcognomy. Anthropology presents the fundamental mathematical law of action for both brain and body which governs every gesture. which I reproduce a portion tration to give the reader a further illus- of the science and its enlightened gentlemen who examined recognition by the its claims at New York. Cerebral Psychology. which has been accepted as true by its with acquainted principles and their lustrations. the outlines of which were. osophy of disease. every vital process or movement. 1843. all expression of character.

however well merited. on the ground that certain of the essential facts had been previously well known. Men of the most exalted genius would seem often to stumble over these facts. one of the most peculiar facts that strike the view is the circumstance that for years. the result excited less astonishment than the circumstance of its having been so long unperceived. all NEUROLOGY all nervous matter and or Physiology includes all forms of animal life that Biology have ever existed.Psychometry and Anthropology. preceding the development of some important principle. But as the popular presentation of the subject relates chiefly to man.* QILEQUE IPSE In surveying the history of discoveries in natural science. . and when the grand conclu- deduced from these phenomena was once announced to the world. viz. This explains the follows : title adopted in the Review as NEUROLOGY IN NEW VIDI. I have since preferred the term Anthropology. Hence it has always occurred that attempts have been made to rob the discoverer of his honors. and still fail to discover their most obvious bearing. and even not unfrequently to pick them up and handle them. YORK. aye and even ages. many of the leading phenomena had been repeatedly observed sion . 1843. Thus has it been with the kindred subject * From the Democratic Review January. Tn the first 5 I presentation of my discoveries used the its most comprehensive term which as the science of functions possible.

" in the words of their author. . failing in the effort subvert its principles. Dr. . lar in referring to this date. 1841. Germany. knowledge that we have the part of these of discoveries "Neurology" on that in April. based upon experiments made in the latter But by this time the part of the same year. and the United States. endeavored to show that what was true in it was not new. he was giving and experiments on the subject at public We are the more particuLittle Rock. Arkansas. whose enemies. England. And in illustration of the circumstance just adverted to. the experiments without number performed during the last fifty years in France. The earliest in is. announcement of Dr. and what was new was not true. . that the tendency of natural phenomena is often by no means appreciated even by the most acute observers. Buchanan's discoveries had spread. as an attempt has been Buchanan. it may be mentioned that Gall himself once struck accidentally upon one of " without the most important facts of " Neurology the general law to which it most obvidiscovering The same remark is applicable to ously pointed. experiments. by means of the journals of the day. over " These the whole extent of our wide domain. lectures made in the city of New York to establish a priority of claim.6 Psychometry and Anthropology. to of Phrenology. "occumore than pied the whole ground of Phrenology and estabdoubled the number of distinct organs lished propositions in physiology and therapeutics. upon subjects put into the somnambulic state by means of the Mesmeric pro- cess.

would be sufficiently comprehensive . Buchanan distinguished by the terms -psychological and -physiological. which are. in their wide range. it follows that it was necessary to substitute a new term. and that it would be caught up even for popular exhibitions ./ o he could not but be aware that others would. in the reasonable hope that here a discovery of such magnitude would be speedily and fully appreciated." Phrenological Instead of hastening to our Atlantic cities. So far as regards cerebral excitao. but as its control over the corporeal functions is ruot less decided and important. Dr. attract the public mind. As these discoveries embrace. phenomena comprised within These two classes of functions. not only the mental physiology of the brain. phenomena of the mind. the term Neurology^ or science of the nervous substance. but also the physiology of every corporeal organ as dependent upon special portions of the cerebral mass. indeed quite expressive in their more popular acceptation but. by this process. in our present existence. of 7 much more importance than the doctrines which had thus been established. he directed his efforts solely to the accomplishment of the scientific end in view. constituting Phrenology. Dr. .Psychomctry and Anthropology. has been judiciously selected as expressive of all the its wide limits. Were the functions of the brain exclusively mental. the term. as the . Phrenology. quietly prosecuting his investigations to the end of perfecting his system of Neurologv. Buchanan remained in the far West. but justly considering this as entirely subordinate to the science he aimed to establish by this means. bility.

for. Although the greater portions of the organs discov- . Buchanan) " nervauric. and physical . To Dr. of the brain. Spurzheim. lectual. " while it mass of Physiology with Phrenology.8 Psychometry and Anthropology.before which the discoveries of Gall. we cannot see that this class of functions is less This double function physiological than the other. can be manifested only through the cerebral structure. but control the corporeal functions. " " Neurology." the laws of these he would seem also to have demonstrated. have become discoverable the various cerebral organs which are not only connected with the phenomena of thought and feeling. Buchanan. the says entire Dr. which vaded by radiate from him unceasingly. and (according to Dr. incorporates Buchanan. intel- by this means. we consider as its mental and corporeal physiology. or Sir Charles Bell men who have been justly regarded as benefactors of their race dwindle into comparative insignificance. in "impressible" subjects. magnetic. Buchanan is due the distinguished honor of being the first individual to excite the organs of the brain by agencies applied externally directly over t/iem. corrected many errors of detail. This important discovery has given us a key to man's nature moral. such as the electric. He has likewise clearly estab- geheral truths of Phrenology. As man is perthe imponderable and invisible fluids. makes a revolution in the latter science. as demonstrated by Dr. that it now may be said to resemble the full-grown adult as compared lished the with the child. galvanic. and developed the subject with such a degree of minuteness.

for con. dent functions which may thus be demonstrated by experiment with an adequately susceptible person. correctly described. Dr. Combe. viz. This a very limited one. amounts to one hundred and sixty-six but. I and high susceptibility. have no doubt that even as many as two hundred might be shown distinctly. embrace a sufficient number of functions to explain the diversified phenomena of human character. Instead. not only have a portion of the brain so energetically stimulated." The agent employed most Buchanan to excite the generally by Dr. have been. yet experiment has proved about number to have been incorrectly Nor does the catalogue of Gall. as to manifest is its particular function but the indipredominantly vidual becomes equally excited when he places his . well cultivated mind. which is radiated and conducted freely from the human hand. venience of instruction. Spurzheim. various functions of the nervous system. free from the mental delusions which that follow highly deceptive which renders the and inacu- may be supposed to pertain to somnambulism. 9 ered by Gall and Spurzheirn. by the touch of another. or Vimont. in the main. may impressible class. which . is the same as that used in the operations termed Mesmerism or Animal Magnetism. I demonstrate usually not more than one hundred. With a subject of large brain. phenomena rate. the aura of the nevous system. however.Psychometry and Anthropology. of putting the subject first into the : Mesmeric somnambulic condition. Buchanan operates upon his subject in the waking state. * * * The number of indepenone-third of the understood.

appointed by notice a public audience in the city of New York. instead of being regarded as a bold and original thinker and an untiring searcher after truth. of a startling character. Buchanan to the claim of having boundaries of anthropological science. have been very justly on their guard against easy credulity. as they will be again brought under by us. both in a sketch of the principles of Neurology by Dr. Had Dr. enlarged the indeed. These announcements are. fingers on the cranial regions of the cerebral organs of another person. as a necromancer casting his magic spells over the body and soul of his victim. It does not become the philosophic enquirer to decide precipitately that any phenomenon is too marvellous for belief. But. and to many wholly beyond credence. the deceptions constantly practiced on manseeing kind by the marvellous. Buchanan lived in an earlier age of the world. it does not become the true philosopher of the nineteenth century to close the organs of his five external senses against the intrusion of any evidence which might possibly disturb some favorite and long cherished system. for the purpose of investigating the pretensions of Dr. Buchanan's system. Buchanan himself. or perhaps persecuted.io Psychomctry and Anthropology. when philosophy had not yet asserted its noble prerogative of releasing the mind from the bondage of superstition. notwithstanding the wise in all ages. he would have been dreaded. These characteristic and leading principles of Dr. and in the diversified experiments of a committee. extraordinary to all. . are here adverted to merely in a general way.

II formerly with superstitious awe. Dr. as open it that We. and we find. accordingly. that nature is its from variable " marvellous. every laborer has been already entered upon by enquirers. as when we . have witverifications nessed repeated experimental of the . the regarded Spectre of Brocken. This field of scientific research. which consisted of the gigantic the fact of image of a man delineated on the sky troops performing their evolutions on the surface of a or lake. as. who credibility has been wont to contemplate the great truths of his science. for instance. even in enlightened minds. Many natural phenomena. are alone capable of dispelling the fears which her wonders full of the must necessarily excite.Psychomctrv and Anthropology. in the solitude of the ocean's waste. " to study these phenomena withsays out being impressed with the conviction. to those unaware that each mental faculty has its distinct organ in the brain. Brewster. and the diffusion of knowledge. and that the progress of science. which were notwithstanding no vessel was within reach of the are all now satisfactorily explained by the eye unequal refractive powers of the atmosphere arising It is impossible. which is offers a harvest rich in to . call forth the different notes of a musical instrument. new and valuable facts." In like manner. the proposition that these emotions or faculties may be excited at will. is so startling as to be beyond but to the mind of the phrenologist." temperature. as well many philosophical may others. the announcement of such results offers no violence. or on the face of an inaccessible precipice the equally extraordinary phantasm of a ship's being seen in the air.

published in the Evening Post of " Minutes of the entitled December. at : greater or less degree. To those we would in whom scepticism is Padua. proceedings We of a Committee appointed by the public audience attending the lectures of Dr. Dr. excitement of the separate organs of the brain. yet in every society of a few hundred individuals." the 4th and 5th of Novemand spent several hours each day in the perforber. which are not the worse for having been often quoted " Here. which he pertinaciously refuses to do" my would now proceed to illustrate the general subject of NEUROLOGY. in an intense degree. to superin- tend experiments relating to Neurology. whom I have repeatedly of and urgently requested to look at the moon and planets through glasses. there will be found some subjects impressible in a seriously recommend the perusal of the following lines written by Galileo to Kepler. The committee met on variety of experiments but. a predominant organ. on the whole. is the principal -professor philosophy. Although the number of those having brains thus excitable is comparatively small. as a general prevailed that the results exhibited were impression not. by bringing before the reader certain portions of a report on experimental investhe 6th tigations. thus calling forth. Buchanan.' and to pre- pare experiments suitable for public exhibition.12 Psychometry and Anthropology. of a character so marked and une. stated that he Buchanan on the expectation that some impressible subjects would be brought to the meeting had relied . mance of a quivocal as to be very satisfactory. their natural language and action.

He found unwilling to appear before so large a number as the general committee. in greater privacy. of these gentlemen was prevented by absence from the city from being present at the greater part of the experiments made. appointed to witness private experiments by Dr.Psychomctry and. as to the correctness of . of which an account is given in their minutes subjoined. the following gentlemen were Rev. who could witness experiments. beg leave to report. 13 by members of the committee. appointed as that sub-committee Bellows. upon some subjects who might be doubtful. Buchanan. Samuel Forry. Henry W. Bryant and John L. have held meetings. We will present. to " The which their appointment emanated. and to present a simple the committee from that they statement of their observations. at the same time cautious and candid. Messrs. but that there had not been any of a character other than very imperfect and suggested that a sub-committee should be appointed. to serve as a basis for the deductions of others. rather than of any positive conclusions of their own. and from participating in the report. William C. Their object has been to give the subject an attention. The first named O'Sullivan. and who would also be able to bestow more time on the investigation of the subject than could be done by the larger number. : This 'sug- gestion being adopted. and Dr. in the first place. the conclusions : of this sub-committee " REPORT OF THE SUB-COMMITTEEc sub-committee. Anthropology.

a pursuer of truth. motives prompting in his present sole devotion of to these investigations. sincerity.14 Psychomctry aiid Anthropology. and truthfulness of conduct and deportment. they have been impressed by the evident intelligence. and a friend of his race. . They will also add that. of which they are presented as illustrations and evi- dences. to say that. throughout all the intercourse growing out of this investigation.' as given the name of the science of ' discovered and developed by 'him. " In justice to Dr. of a nature to they deem it their duty. although they have obtained a very imperpreclude deception knowledge of the system of Dr. and have been prevented by the pressure of their other avocations from bestowing on the subject as much time as would have been desirable to themselves fect . Buchanan has Neurology. and earnestness of convictions. strongly characterizing that gentleman and that they are fully satisfied of the honorable . feeling every reason to believe in the good faith and veracity of the subjects of these experiments independent of those experiments which were. in view of the extraordinary facts they have witnessed. Buchanan. as furnished by himself at their request. the sub-committee present also a brief and general statement of the outlines of Dr. Buchanan. they at the same time feel bound to declare the highly favorable man- ner in which. upon those principles propounded by Dr. the spirit a student of science. Buchanan. those views and opinions to which Dr. " For the sake of rendering more intelligible the bearing of the facts and appearances observed. in themselves. Buchanan's system.

on other occasions than those here referred to. " All of which is respectfully submitted. however.Psychomctrv and Anthropology. to make the present report. Every reader must determine tee are entitled." " WM. " The different members of the sub-committee have not all been present at all the meetings described in Some of them have. at the time of submitting this foundation. BRYANT. report. D. which are not here described. witnessed other similar experiments. Forry. from notes taken at the time The papers appended of the various experiments. Buchanan's views have a rational experimental and that the subject opens a field of investigation second to no other in immediate interest. " SAMUEL FORRY. to this report are a brief and general statement. for himself the degree of confidence to which the statements of this commit- The name of one of its members . 15 they have had sufficie'nt evidence to satisfy them that Dr. renders it necessary to forego the The minutes of his participation in it. of the most interesting and satisfactory character. O'SULLIVAN. and in promise of important future results to science and humanity. of the ' of his system or science of Neurology. Buchanan. in their minutes. C.' and the minutes of the pro- ceedings of the sub-committee. L. by outlines Dr. advantage were pre- pared by Dr. M. in that capacity in which alone they have The absence of Mr. private. because not witnessed by them collectively. Bellows from the city. "J.

and Endemic Influences of the United States has given him. Mental Philosophy or Phrenology. in connection the remarks already made. already classical in the English language Forry's recent excellent work on the Climate Dr. of coming into a relation with them. grateful on the one side. through which he has the honor.16 is Psychometry and Anthropology. on the other. and what has been called Animal Magnetism. is name not Review.. which we know the mind. Education. I submit the folio wingbrief statement. Physiognomy. afford the reader at with least some general idea of the subject logy. is but name for the great science of Anthropology. monthly. : ' ' Gentlemen As you desire from me a sketch of the principles of Neurology. mind and life because the science of the nervous substance necessarily includes all the manifestations of connected with or dependent upon that substance. it is hoped. and not unfriendly. Buchanan himself. The following outlines of the principles of Neuro- unknown to the readers of the by Dr. will. the remaining . are partial views of the phenomena and systematic laws of the human constitution. though a young man. The characteristic feature of that system of Neu- . an honorable place among the scientific observers and writers of the day however otherwise obscure. Insanity. which constitute the science of * ' " Neurology. as it relates to man. Cranioscopy. etc. Pathology. . while. is the seat of life and the organ of Physiology. hoping that its brevity will not render it obscure : " another The word Neurology.

exciting powers but no agent that I have used possesses so efficient. 'individual makes a physiological impression upon in contact. and may easily be verified by any individual who has the necessary patience to pur- sue the investigation of the subject. which is the agent by which one exciting . and Caloric. consist in applying another. and modifying the functions Galvanism. possess efficient Electricity. 17 that rology which I have brought before the public is. so congenial an influence. " This Nervaura. which present no obstacles to transmission. the portion of the brain which over It is easily excited.Psychomctrv and Anthropology. it is develop important results from such experinecessary that we should make them upon is persons whose cerebral action deranged by slight influences. ' ' its To ments. upon which it may make an impression through the cranium and the face. and at the same time. and to manifest its funca pure tions in and distinct form. when this Nervaura to the various portions of the brain. the power of . or necessary that we excite should be so energetically stimulated as to become predominant all the other portions. Magnetism. is radiated and conducted from the human hand. sesses in some form. as the aura of the nervous system. it has been established by means of cautious and decisive experiments. The experiments which freely I have made in your presence. unmingled with . or to some extent. The experiments consist in exciting the various functions of the nervous substance in the cranium or the " body by the application of the proper stimulating Every article of the materia medica posagents.

make " The number of cerebral organs which we may recognize is. and that ther. and worthy of implicit confidence. experiments have been repeated by many Phrenologists and others. other than the anfractuosities of the convolutions. has the brain. Experiments should be made in the nat- ural condition of the subject. It is also extremely desirable that the experiments should be any made upon persons whose mental ity. in their natural state of mind. As far as I have heard of the result of the somnam- bulic experiments. I know of but few cases in which the operator has not been misled by his imaginative subject.18 Psyctometry and Anthropology. the fact that as a psychological organ. sagacrender their descriptions of their integrity. for convenience. . manifests an functions. and own cultivation. and have generally been " As my attempted by them during the state of somnambulism superinduced by mesmeric operations. a matter of arbitrary arrangement. established and placed beyond a doubt. different or counteracting functions. are no simple primitive cerebral organs manifesting a pure special single function. and free from the imaginative excitement which belongs to somnambulism. I would remark that such experiments are often highly deceptive and inaccurate. extensive course of experiments upon persons of intelligence. sensations cautious. unless divisions so far as to we carry our suba primitive organ of each constituent fibre of a convolution. exact. " An immense number of mental and that there are no phrenological divisions in the brain. as we may divide the brain. therefore.

and all the physiological effects which may be produced by operating upon the brain. we show the influence of each hemisphere of the brain upon the opposite hemisphere. that the a physiological organ as a psychological organ. indeed. circulatory and secretory influences to the muscular system and other tissues of the body. and number for practical purposes. conductors. into three. four. or with equal precision and functional accuracy. 19 into three. by which it radiates volitionary. It is through the conductor organs that the special relations of the brain and the body are established. or five hundred. would not be a more difficult task than to explain the . four. more promptly evolved by operating upon the corresponding which transmit their influence directly. Each portion of the brain has an intimate relation or sympathy with its particular region of the body. explain and the peculiar mode or laws of their connection. "Thus do we explain the relations of the brain to the body. and exercises a modifying influence upon the general circulation and innervation of the system. or five regions. and.Psychometry and Anthropology. and exercises its controlling power over it is "It established with as much by means of certain conductor organs at the base of the encephalon. a sufficient brain equal certainty. is. "may be as easily. " To the relations of the mind to the brain. and by carrying out the mathematical laws of cerebral physiology. be as is From fifty to a hundred subdivisions would many as we can learn to locate correctly. and that it maintains its sympathies with the body. and through that upon the correlative half of the body.

have been for must ultiother methods of I for disease. however. that the prin- Neurology have been established by innumerable coincident harmonious facts. " The experiment of bringing an impressible person into contact with the head of another. illustrates the laws of the transmission of the nervaura.2O relation Psychomctry and Anthropology. and which aims at extensive educational and medical utility. as well as of exploring the physiology of the brain. some time engaged to practice. the beneficial influence which may be exerted upon constitutes the sick. and presents us a method of accomplishing a perfect diagnosis of disease. and that unless the testiciples of mony of our senses is utterly false. " In conclusion. or for the establishment of scientific principles. *This higher psychological philosophy. similar to those which you have witnessed. between the brain and the body either of which would seem to the novice a chimerical unders taking. permit me to remark. in your presence. This method. either for character. or unless a large . no part of the psychologico-physiological system to which I have called the attention of the public. I have given you a few imperfect illustrations. experiments with medicines applied to the were designed to illustrate some important principles in reference to human impressibility. and regret that I have not had the opportunity of illustrating. and ascertaining the characters of differ- ent individuals. Of this system. and the mode in which medicines produce their effects. which in applying mately take the precedence of all diagnosis and examination. "The fingers.

develop and confirm We observe that memory . Your humble servant. courtesy and promptness with which you have intelligent observers engaged in your recent ' ' duties. No. but truths and every new truth added to our stock of knowledge. error. a new class of facts has been developed. known The new demonstrative school of metawill. and then be overwhelmed in turn by another theory a still shorter royal road to wisdom? Systems pass away. notwithstanding it may destroy som^ survive . " Messrs. BUCHANAN. "Jos. and which. Forry In view of the preceding observations.Psychometry and Anthropology p . if even half of its bright promise is realized. must originate a great and happy era in the history of human progress. have been sustained by reason alone. I remain. heretofore. as no experimental mode of testing them was known. R. or upon the tedious gatherings of observation? Is this new system to subvert all its predecessors. which imperiously demands the attention of all lovers of truth or friends of man. enhanced by the cordiality. we are confident. and a new science exists. cannot crush or obscure a previously truth. asked Are the old landmarks of knowledge to be set aside and are we to pull down every system which has been built up upon consciousness. We answer. and O'Sullivan. it may be Whither is this new science to lead us ? . "With high respect. 21 number of have been suddenly seized by an epidemic and methodic insanity. physics many of the principles which." Bryant.

for and smell. river. field. than results from ordinary influences ? May not a cerebral power be generated.22 Psychotnctry and Anthropology* has been restored to its rightful place in the catalogue Consciousness of our faculties by the new system. dependent upon special organs. produce to and all the conditions human mind and body are subject? diseases which the May we not . and abstraction are also recognized as special faculties. plain. may not the intellectual organs be stimulated to a higher degree of activity. Reid. expect to see a subtile and intricately arranged philosophy spring up from these investigations. taste. from the rudely sketched outline of a school-boy's map. be sharpened. when it it fails to recall once possessed? May not the knowledge naturalist and the artift have the external senses that rendered more acute ? touch. Stewart and Brown established experimentally on the new physiological basis. We expect to see many of the doctrines of Locke. why may it not be evinced by some man of genius? If so. May not the faculties of sight. and sea. in the May not the investigation or illustration of truth? student rouse the his memory. bordering upon the supernatural energy of insanity? And may not this intense intellectual excitement be directed to useful purposes. with all her diversities of forest. by various excitements. as is the of Nature. as We different bright face from the crude system of Gall. minute all investigation of physical science? May we t'iu' not. mountain. But to what else will it lead? If impressibility is most frequently found among those of refined organization.

Buchanan . will . sleep. we know. We and thus we may interro- gate Nature as tions. until we compel her to confess her secrets? put these questions because they seem naturto arise from the establishment of the fact. and the act of dying? May we not determine the seat of life. Should he ever present to the public that " higher psychological system of philosophy. and discover in what portion of the brain the mental from what spot the soul action is last perceived final departure? takes its May we not besiege and torture Nature with ingenious and searching experiments. His views have not yet been embodied in a volume. and of the mysterious sympathies of mind with mind. We were. we anticipate something of a still more strange and lect startling character." of which he speaks as distinct from Neurology. ascertain the condition of the 23 mind and of the brain in insanity. to which we might refer for their nature and scope but we know that he aspires to go as far as human intel- and much more. that ally we can compel the various fibres of the brain to manifest their functions . Dr. trance. of poetry. of love. . can pierce the almost impenetrable mysteries of life and mind. it is comprehended in the system of and that these various points have been made the subject of experiment.Psychomctry and Anthropology. we cannot but believe that many a rare and strange feature of our common nature will be brought to light. by the most rigid examinabelieve that all that we have hinted at. The elements of genius. If all the elements of humanity can be summoned skillful up at the beck of the experimentalist. dreaming.

which have been sometimes supposed to exist in the gifted few. forth.24 Psychometry and Anthropology. has been debased cannot be told. the natural philosopher explains its beauthe laws of that luminous medium. in which we and its powers digniy worthy to be the servant and the agent of Divinity we perceive that which we to There are none be found who even approximate the great and perrealize in no individual. which are not gratified. bestowed by his Creator. eye a brilliant spectrum the Divine Aura explain how that higher medium life and thought passing through the white and matter of the cerebral convolutions. thing greater and better. nor how many of the world-knowing and world-conquering faculties. have been enfeebled or There are continual aspirations to somedestroyed. fect man How far the noble nature of type of humanity. originates gray the affections and all the poetry of life. perhaps. Would it be of strange if he* should discover through what medium the soul acts upon its corporeal tenement. and of a nature different from the galvanic and magnetic? Would it be incredible that faculties should be discovered in man. to so will he. tiful effect and subjected. and which we cannot carry into execution but which seem like vestiges to remind us of w hat we should be. presents the . or that there are media heretofore unknown. which. the rainbow ment of the skies like the gay orna- to philosophical As by by passing through the drops of water. r . but which are entirely unknown and unfelt In the great ideal of embody its by the multitude? Humanity. and what may once have been the nature of man. be brought analysis. .

and expanding greatly its range of knowledge. in which are dwelling ers the possibility of developing dormant intellectual and attaining " a loftier species who have occupied this has been habitable for man. are to gence. may. these vestiges are reca range of faculties has been discovered. giving a stimulus to the mind. in the greater portion of the human race.Psychometry and Anthropology. dormant for ages. in the world of emancipation from matter and of far now the millions of millions it earth since wisdom and reaching intelligence have attained a profundity of holiness of nature which would be not only inaccessible but unintelligible to the juvenile and immature beings who occupy Immortality. compared but embryonic men in intelliwhat they will become when . colleges and churches live in the unconscious spiritual blindness which turns away from truth and mistakes darkness for light. this nursery-ground of inhabit this earth. and which have been. In the system of 25 ognized . These faculties. perhaps." The tion of the concluding present volume of Psychometry remarks of the is an illustra- Review as to powof knowledge than has ever yet been obtained by human kind" That loftier knowledge is attained in the psychic exploration of the spirit-world. which are now dormant. be developed as features of our common nature. The short-sighted beings who and whose proudest representatives in governments. BUCHANAN. hereafter. and be made the means of obtaining a loftier species of knowledge than has ever yet been obtained by human kind. and who.

Psychometry dismisses to oblivion these idiotic pueand assures us by direct perception of the departed. It does not seem to have occurred to the philosophers of the present century. path of inquiry ends in a "foramen ccecum" imbecility generated by the habit of confining thought to the material and external has rendered it possible for Christian nations to believe the world of disembodied spirit to be in its highest sphere a realm The of monotonous and harmless imbecility. It tears begins to manifest the divinity of vision the away home the veil which has hidden from our of light. with hysterical emphasis. they vindicate by their nobility the assertion an asserthat man was made in the image of God tion which might seem blasphemous to those who know nothing of man matured. but plunge the mind in the darkness of the non-living basis of organization where every . human agony. matured and developed in the Divine light of the normal life. developed and educated in the supernal sphere of wisdom. while its boundless depth and breadth is occupied by the resounding cries of rilities. and that all attempts to penetrate the mysteries of life by delving deeper in the chemistry of material atoms. of life and joy. occupied like an immense Kindergarden in twanging harps and singing songs.26 Psychomctry and Anthropology. that the law of progress has no illustration to the in on earth comparable in any degree tration which we spirit realize when man grand illusbecoming a disembodied his nature. and showing . that the realm of light and life is not in matter but far away from its contracting sphere.

and shall embrace to uplift all the unfortunate and degraded classes of society. although like the and lanterns that guide us in the night. the uplifting of humanity into the sphere of religious life.Our sacred books may still be held in esteem and love. but the nobler eleof ment without which all is dross the Divine element Love which exists in perfection in its supernal home which Psychometry teaches us is accessible to man and is the source of his inspiration. upon which religions are based are no longer needed. and religious wisdom. purified. If we have all free access to the higher world and free access to the world's traditions monuments and past history. assures us thereby of the advent of a higher civilization in which there shall be not only wisdom. Psychometry of the is. and the war of the criminal classes. pale- . the records. The enlightened reader will perceive remarks it is that in these implied that the world's religions are all to be recast. enlightened and made worthy of our highest conceptions of the Divine. elevated. I regard it as secondary matter that it extends our knowledge through the vast realms of geology. reformed.Psychometry and Anthropology 27 how earth and heaven may commune. . Future therefore. Regarding this as the grandest and most beneficent work of Psychometry. they lamps cease to be necessary when daylight reveals all. the war of competitive commerce and industry. the herald of the Religion not the religion of the intellect toward which at all many are drifting which is not religion but the true religion of Divine Love and Divine Wisdom which shall terminate the war of arms.

Greatest among these themes is that which concerns his religious and moral elevation. THE SCIENCE OF SARCOGNOMY. our social relations and all the laws of culture and development the practical application of which has been shown in my work entitled Moral Education " which shows how to lift society above the level of pauperism. The the engraving on page 4. own studies have been concentrated relates The death of this gifted author upon that which most nearly to man and his welfare. intemperance. ignorance and crime. Of this I have given but a hint in this volume. a calamity to science. and in reference to this vast therne I would refer the reader to Prof.28 Psychometry and Anthropology. but a profoundly practical which illustrates our duties. Denton's entitled three " The the' most marvelous knowledge entific splendid and fascinating volumes Soul of Things. The great scientific and utilitarian work in which . This new Psychology embracing the animal kingdom as well as man will require an extensive work for its illustration and it is not probable that I shall be able to do it full justice within the limits assigned me called metaphysicians ' ' who have been by the tables of mortality. all ontology and astronomy heretofore inaccessible to the methods and apparatus of science. science of Cerebral Psychology illustrated by is not a mere matter of intellectual speculation to suit the demands of those and psycholoview of human nature gists." a rich repository of to be found in any sci- was My publication.

By showing the seat of each vital energy and the nature of the influx by which life is sustained it gives us an intelligent mastery of the vital forces never before possible. and Anthropology. The science of this correspondence and connexion is called SARCOGNOMY and as it determines for every portion of the surface of the body the exact physiological and psychic influence which belongs to it. emotional or physiological has special apparatus in the nervous structure of the brain.Psychomctr*. whether its intellectual. it enables us to understand why every disease has certain mental symptoms and why each emotion has a special influence on the body it is in close . Every function of the eternal or spiritual man. and cannot be manifested in any other way. and only GALL and SWEDENBORG in modern times have invaded this realm of mystery in partial explorations. favorable or unfavorable to certain diseases. 29 Psychometry has been my assistant. The law of correspondence and association between the brain and body is like that between the soul and brain. brain and body in a mystery so vast and so enshrouded darkness that the boldest intelligence of all past ages has shrunk from its exploration. and the physician who would operate upon it is in the . In like manner every function and organ of the brain has a corporal correspondence or region of the body with which sympathy. and for which T have received the grateful and enthusiastic expression of the most enlightened physicians has been the solution of that greatest of mysteries the relation of soul. The human body with all its is analytically revealed before us capacities and powers scientifically located.

counter-irritants. proposition which overturns the doctrines of the medical profession taught in all colleges and text books that life is but the aggre- nomy has gation of properties in the tissues as though man were but a chemical compound and aggregation of organized substance. be the basis of a large amount of medical practice and my recent work Therapeutic Sarcognomy not a full of the science but an exposition of its application to the healing art. was received with great cordiality by enlightened physicians and the whole exposition sold out in four months. of a musician standing by the piano knowing in what keys to find all its tones. he knows where as this apply for the desired effect. therefore. positive and If he and negative poles of batteries or the power to of the human hand.30 position Psychomctrv a IK? Anthropology. stimulants. would apply heat or cold. and lies . I present herewith a miniature copy of the chart of Sarcognomy which is now in use by many physicians as a guide in practice. Therapeutic Sarcognomy demon- and an influx coming through the nervous sysabsolutely tem aided by the lungs form a source of life which is not material and thus leading us from matter which has been vainly supposed to possess the potency of all things in itself to the true source of all power which is invisible and spiritual. edition An important philosophic doctrine which Sarcog- illustrated is the. Such knowledge must. strates that life is not in the tissues but is entirely Sarcognomy has many interesting applications beside those of the healing art. It interprets the the human form to the sculptor and painter.

and its action upward or distinct from the body being psychic. Physiology and Sarbecomes the monitor and guide for individcognomy uals and nations in the culture of all that is desirable" and ennobling. through which sympathies are the body and soul brought nexion. and the educator the laws of devel- opment and to attain the principles of culture for th^ human body highest physical perfection in harmony with the development of the virtues. thus giving an exact science to guide electric and magnetic practice.Psychomclry and Anthropology. In short the science of Anthropology by its expositions of Cerebral Psychology. at the 31 to the hygienist It gives foundation of the laws of expression. body being physiological. its action downward. and to operate upon the mind through the body or upon the in the body through the mind. . The knowledge of these localities enables the physician to understand the philosophy of disease. The fundamental ple of Sarcognomy is princithat every facultv of the soul is associated with a special portion of the brain. that every organ of and the brain is in intimate sym- pathy with a corresponding portion of the body. into close conis The brain the common centre. The following sketch from the upper portion of the chart of Sarcognomy will give the reader some idea of its character.

the Christian Hero. because they have been seen with a visible shore Psychometric communication with the dead and medical advice Post mortem wisdom Nearness of the departed Different impressions from the living and dead Impressions from the letter of Gen. then. Albigenses leaders in religion " Existence here on earth is hardly to be called life.) dead. February 12.sychometry resisted. yet by some filmy screen Shut from us ever? ! 32 . thou rich world unseen! That curtained realm of spirits Thus my cry Hath troubled air and silence. dost thou lie Spread all around. is " O. "Tis rather an embryo state a preparation for a man is not completely born until he is living.CHAPTEK XI. should we grieve that a new born among the immortals. Benjamin Franklin to Miss EC Hubbard. Jackson Life in the spirit world Discovery of life and death Discrimination between the living and the dead Experimental test with eleven names Psychometric description of Buddha Keshub Chuuder Sen Swedenborg Laoutze Confucius John Calvin Michael Servetus Martin Luther Waldenses Henri Arnaud. other discoveries withheld Psychometry the demonstration of immortality Even Compared to a telescope agnostics may recognize the departed They are not like hidden Death like a passage over a bay stars. Franklin and Hemans The gloomy view of agnosticism The gloomy influence of college and cloister The honest inquirers driven into agnosticism Fsychometry restores their mastery of the truth and buries obstructive rubbish Education has paraiyzed reason P. 1756. FUTURE LIFE AND LEADERS IN RELIGION. " (Dr. child Why.

to which earth has no " parallel. and their own vast estate in realms of wealth. and think like the old Spanish poet Our lives like hasting streams must be. human arrogance and vanity have despised it. too. Hemans. Amaurotic in soul- vision. Alike the river's lordly tide. to fall That into one eugulphing sea Are doomed The sea of death whose waves roll on O'er king and kingdom. crown and throne. To that sad wave. have known something of this ignorance and delusion before I had maturely investigated the . for gifts more high ! 33 " Foi a seer's glance to rend mortality " ! [Mrs. until vast multitudes live and die in darkness. And swallow all.Future Life. uncheered and sunk below the unsustained by the knowledge of the Infinite Benevolence. not because so many millions God hath withholden this blessing. Alike the humble rivulets glide. I. and human animality has level of refined intelligence. Cold. sense " feeble they are honestly deluded by the which cannot see beyond life's dim horizon : of materiality. weak and cold Is earth's vain language. human bigotry has crushed it out of sight. but because human ignorance has neglected it. Death levels poverty and pride. sleep side And rich and poor by side "Within the grave. " seer's glance" for which Psychometry brings the have longed in vain. piercing not one fold Of our deep being ! Oh.

t how gloomy is the thought to those in whom hope " dead. far outrunknowledge. nor friendship. life. scientific assurance that death does not end all. nor For them I speak.34 Future Life. in in impulse enlightened minds as well as the ani- . Daylight dawns too slowly for The mass of mankind like halfwatchers. impatient have depended on instruction from their grown youth seniors or leaders. and adhered to traditions which not only had the disadvantage of coming from an flash the earlier were and consequently more ignorant period. and in the almost willing to surrender is optimism of youth was to an eternal sleep. and who see in this life only the martyr" dom of man the great army of the defeated and for unsuccessful whom there is neither pleasure. to teach the human mind its innate power and dignity. and sever with lightning Could bonds that bind men to the past. trumpet-tongued eloquence penetrate the cold halls of collegiate pedantry and the dim cloisters of the church. speculation of the ancients. The greatest energy exerted by inquiring minds was shown the study of ancient writings and monuor in agnostic contention against the popular ments The religious faith at the risk of liberty and life. with the hope. to them I appeal. br. theology and metempsychosis which were sufficiently delusive when not corrupted by church and state influence. but essentially changed by priestcraft and statecraft. nor love. filled the world with visionary The ambitious ning their systems of mythology. problem of ah. nor bodily comfort. But it cannot be. what a marvelous and sudden transformation society would show.

35 mal impulse of the coarser class has ever rebelled against the corrupt religion of churches. Guided by this science. since Psychometry enables us to go to the origins of religions and determines the characters and motives of their founders.Future Life. by the character of the testimony. it has direct think of the vast amount of ecclesiastic and theological rubbish which Psychometry enables us to When we consign to oblivion the aggregation of nineteen centuries of ignorance for the European race. evidences afforded by modern spiritualism to settle the question of human immortality since evidence and personal perception. filling large libraries we realize what a burdensome. . Only for those gifted with intuition could there be any clear conviction of the future fathers. life. yet in abandoning traditional religion it could but wander in darkness and uncertainty. The mind endowed with psychometric intuition becomes independent of hisNor does it need the tory. he no longer needs the aid of old traditions and monu- ments. and when all facts of that class were rejected as imposture. which explained all the remaining after the rejection of spiritual facts as unsustained phenomena. stifling load is taken off the back of struggling humanity. of exegesis and criticism. after renouncing the tales faith of their fore- of the supernatural circulated by the superstitious populace and the priesthood made all records of the supernal or spiritual incredible The seem incredible. Psychometry places the intelligent inquirer in a different position. the honest inquirer was compelled to settle down into an uncompromising material- ism.

forced into the tread- dogmatic teaching. deprived of mill of freedom. but sufficiently mechanical pid and memorital to repress all originality and compel ties it the reception of self-evident and malignant absurdi(such as the infinite torture of nearly all mankind) but a natural consequence that the aggregate intelligence of humanity should become incapable of dealing with the problems of human destiny and is incapable of recognizing the scientific demonstration of the higher class of psychic phenomena.36 It is future Life. needs all mination is are frowned upon or laughed its at. We begin by establishing and power of Psychometry in reference to medicines We soon find that its reports are held in the hand. is and the adolescent mind. Every ena has demonstration of psychometric or of spiritual phenomto overcome a stubborn resistance in the majority of the spectators. ample and accurate. which fostering influences. and when its first gercrushed as it has ever been in our systems when the frank inquiries of childhood of education. until they are convinced by their senses (not their reason) and to overcome the still more stolid resistance of those who avoid all Hence it is that Psychometry has not investigation. these senseless dogmas which have been most effectual in paralyzing reason and perpetuating stolidity. less monotonous and stuthan that of China. We test it in reference to char- . and no other evidence is necessary to a the credibility logical mind. been welcomed and other equally important truths must be withheld to a later period of human progress. The truth of immortality is fully established by Psychometry. for philosophy is a plant of tender growth.

with this difference. concerning which reliability at all the telescope alone gives us information? the scientist be suspected of insanity Would not who would . which are and disease when the subject his condition. then test it upon the absent whose writing We we may have. and yet speaks of the post mortem life as freely and positively as of the ante mortem. Surely if he is competent to speak life truthfully of the personal appearance and the of know. know We find it about equally reliable in their respective spheres.Ptiture Life* acter 37 is present and we accurate." but whom he knows only by if his impressions received from a piece of writing have that accuracy in a multitude of descriptions one whom we is which we know by mathematical reasoning it if he utterly impossible could occur by chance has traced the life up to death and discovered that details change as an incident of continued life. that in certain cases the life. and find the report to be as accurate as if the individual were present. as credible as any other portion of his statement. psychometer reviewing the whole discovers the change called death. If a telescope be trustworthy and accurate in all its upon his revelations of terrestrial objects that we know. why is not the latter part of his statements in which he discovers neither sleep nor any suspension of mental activity but a brighter and happier ural reflections mode of life and most nat- past career. with a penand truthfulness not approached either etrating power by medical diagnosis or by craniology. is its accuracy and directed to the stars beyond vision impaired by being which are beyond our reach and by the naked eye.

and thus corroborate by countless witnesses the testimony of Psychometry to their existence and mode of life. fail and lose its reliability when it 'speaks of the hidden life of the departed. Ow en r psychometrically perceived the existence of the deceased which she said she had been accustomed to believe entirely impossible. report upon the departed is not properly comparable to a report upon hidden stars. It would be a parallel case when of the population . which is no more hidden from mortal eye than the secret purposes and intentions which are often psychometrically revealed. advocate such an opinion? Equally insane would it be to suppose that a psychometric faculty upon which we have affairs found it phases of human safe to rely in reference to all the life and in reference to historic shrouded would suddenly in the obscurity of many centuries.38 Future Life. This perception of the departed and their spirit life is not due to any prior theory" upon the subject but arises clearly in the minds of those who w ere r The lady upon whom the New previously agnostic. but rather to The telescopic observations on those that we see. Thousands in all countries have seen them and even heard them. York committee experimented (Bryant their chairman) was distinguished as an agnostic and had harangued many meetings against Christianity when their agnostic agitation in and Frances Wright were conducting New York. for the departed are not entirely hidden from mortal view. But she was and astonished when she first profoundly impressed Re D.

We may its counsel with statesmen as to public policy and results and find if we have a competent channel and genuine communication they have a higher wisdom than they ever displayed in earth life and a greater capacity for foreseeing the results of every measure. like a camera. because they. and however cramped or erroneous their views in earth life.Future Life. their post mortem suggestions never mislead. but when the telescope is brought which has been tested for its accuracy. We Such at least has been my experience. The spectators see them going that they vision catch a glimpse of their forms and the lovely scenery in which they dwell on the far shore. 39 to upon an island a number are impelled sound to the opposite swim a wide mainland. and tells the whole story. . cannot see the distant shore. and may infer are drowned until those of more acute testimony the skeptical reject. / have never received a medical suggestion from departed -physicians which was not truthful. That until they are lost to view. may counsel with departed physicians as to the treatment of disease. while the bigots are losing their bigotry and becoming philosophic. too. wise and successful in its application. may counsel with eminent teachers of We religion and we find that those all who were in the love of good have dropped their sectarian follies and mutual antagonisms and advanced into the sphere of love and wisdom. doubt is no the photograph must be recognized longer rational The emigrants are not only seen but signal back messages in accordance with their characters and through Psychometry we may communicate with them so as to profit by their knowledge and advice.

" called death. I made an experiment with the same letter upon W. One psychometer enter into the spirit and after a time arrive at the perception of his death will take a letter of great energy. R. Judge Rowan. and that the river. addressed in 1826 to my The powerful and father-in-law. and even to produce a depressing influence. B. they produce a coldness or inaction at the heart.40 Future Life. . a political letter of very forcible expression. It will one can give his attention to the higher phenomena of Psychometry without realizing that the world of disembodied mind is as positive a world of life as that which is immersed in matter. are who are " No his own temperament He approached the character from the frequently be the case with persons of a calm temperament and feeble vitality that autographs of the deceased will produce so sedative an effect as to fail to rouse the full perception of the character. of the writer as he was in writing. at Boston. The incident which first most forcibly illustrated the effect of death on the psychometric perception was an experiment on the autograph of Gen. in 1843. Benj. to which.. spiritual side. and found the effect altogether of a calm and meditative they character. Jackson. indeed. effect which this letter produced upon the thrilling Rev. beyond no farther removed then they who have been transferred across the Atlantic ocean. (now a prominent and wealthy business man in New York). inclined him. As Mrs. Kent. then a young teacher. being in Mississippi. expressed it. has already been stated. S. In the summer of 1846.

decided. and Bishop Otey. intellectual.Future Life. of Mississippi." a scientific (What were military settled his pursuits ?) is ' ' Several especially there purpose is planning of any description and a also political aims he would soar high. noble. (What of the moral character?) "Very good. lofty. while one more fully developed will grasp the entire condition and describe with equal ease the ante mortem and post mortem conditions. elevated purpose and determination is and execute. is description given as follows : by Gen. of energetic. 41 and post mortem condition. The was man. It Qjiit- He brave. to carry out gives an impression of gravity. (What purpose there in this letter?) " Some determined specifying manner and plan of execution it be warlike fearlessness it gravity might might be a political measure. Another more spiritually constituted will sympathize at once with the post mortem condition. perfectly honest to be rich and ambitious ambitious for patriotic determination . as in the psychometric descriptions of this letter by Gen. firm. apt to Men of Tennessee. of a high. energy tion of purpose. active temperaments are more grasp the living conditions than the post mortem. " in 1846. too generous brave. Quitman. There and great gravity. and determinastrength." (What of nothing of his pursuits it lofty pursuits and sphere of life?) " Some would call into action energy is character the feeling rather that of firmness and determination.

This brain had jets of fire and far reaching thought. Jackson. them. high psychometric power like that ol grasps the whole character at once with so an understanding as to be able to portray it in comprehensive language. ." Bishop OTEY. B. " He would rule his friends and many times against He had the power of controlling their judgment. business public he had quick far-seeing perwas to guide and direct ception. power and fame. but more for reputation than wealth. with his a politician. and still had a human side He loved (like every thing else) powerfully. positions He was .42 Future Life. He was voluble and had no trouble in expression. The following is GEN- ERAL ANDREW JACKSON. Even his opponents could not stand against he had great power of persuasion and his power whole soul. recognizing at existing as well as the post A Mrs. " This is an illuminated mind it is a spirit. thorough concisely once the mortem condition of the her impression of departed. of Tennessee. He had a great soul. " He was called before the his. He manifested the usual astonishment of a learned that it novice when he was the letter of Gen. For any great purpose for?) for the command of armies he has been particularly (What is he fit " tried. wealth. He spoke out fearless and earnest the sentiment of love. had remarkably active psychometric faculties. and in a few seconds after this letter was placed on his forehead asserted that the writer was one of the class of Alexander and Napoleon. who occupied high as high as could be given.

" " His course ton's.' nents admired it. in his candor. or looking deeply into a philosophy and knowledge of the Universe which were not accessible on earth. He was a southern man of Democratic feelings. 1 Some spirits engaged in philanthropic work on earth." "People admired his boldness even his oppo- In post mortem descriptions I generally enquire into the present status ol the spirit and his present sentiments and objects of interest the answers to which : have been interesting and satisfactory. commendable as Washingand unflinching in carrya point he would never admit that he had made ing He was not as just and conciliatory to a mistake. . impressing the minds of the benevolent and spiritual or watching over their surviving friends and find actively relationsOthers are enjoying celestial associations. his strong judgment and his devotion to duty though he was not entirely in the same mould his I do not think his brain was differently constructed. so they would be forced to yield. " Tn In ladies spirit he lias advanced rapidly. for he not so cautious was much more reckless was and impulsive. but lives in the minds of the people. he would leave the office with pride and with fewer faults than most men. society his language was fluent and very appropriate. . satisfaction " In some respects he was like Washington. be apt to sweai vigorously. force k ' 43 He could combat with carry his points. military ability equal to Washington's. bra\e lence and spirituality. had not as much benevoopponents as Washington as was not He was firm. to . In rough society he would gnllant and fascinating.Future Life. opponents. He is often quoted. If called on to manage the country in the office of president. His character will not die out.

without any intimation whatever as to their personalWithin about fifteen minutes she gave her opinity. without a single error or doubt. be given in a To perfect the argument it for immortality derived from Psychometry is desirable to verify as thor- oughly as possible the power of Psychometry to disis living in the body or not. to look aloft and find something we can admire. ion of all. B.44 Future Life* The great founders of religion and philanthropy are living in accordance with their exalted character. restless energy and activity carry with them so much of that activity as to make it difficult to distinguish them from the living. To make a satisfactory test of this matter which had indeed been tested a hundred times before. The revelations of pneumatology will and religion which come through Psychometry second volume. as to life. In such experiments there are two sources of diffi- passed from a life of culty. I wrote down eleven names of living and dead persons. The who On the other hand persons of a temperament have so much of the very gentle spiritual calmness of spirit-life as to make it sometimes doubtBut when vigorous persons in ful if they are living. with some remarks on their cover whether the writer character. passed away the discrimination is not difficult. and placed them successively in the hands of Mrs. active life are compared with those who have long with Gen. as relieves the dreariness of the moral land- scapes on earth. the knowledge of which has been to me a profound it pleasure. revere and love. This was especially the case recently dead. . Gordon.

" This a less active brain a . as religious." Robert Ingersoll. B. Fox. I think it is character individualized. as she did when is she once described his Arabi Pasha. 45 of determining in reference to any individual whether he is living or dead. Garficld. but not over it is not long." She felt the influence on her head character. Geo. of which. Swedenborg.Future Life. Gordon. Joseph Rodes Buchanan." " I believe this is a Geo. Arabi Pasha. : Garfield. I had very little doubt* Her were as follows. El Mahdi. holding in her hands expressions : a spirit. think he alive. Robert Ingersoll." She also spoke of him and having many friends. Gordon. Gen. viz. however. I think a woman of a good deal of character. ''This comes like a man as a wide awake man much alive as dead seems alive whether in or out of the body. To test the power of Mrs. If he has passed I conclude he is dead. then for I " First I thought he was dead. and brought them to her sitting room proposing to place a few names in her hand and ask her if the parties were living or noto She was very reluctant and doubtful of her ability. Fox. a peculiar spirit ' >ucen Elizabeth. Joan of Arc. Gen. became a matter The power of special interest at the time when contradictory reports were received about the death of Gen. Gen. I wrote upon small slips of paper the names of living and dead Qjieen Elizabeth. persons. He brightness around him I think he has too much brain force and activity is me. long. saw I so much is alive. Gladstone.

But he is alive. Very near just like you. Gordon. sportive " The man's alive and well.46 Future Life. It " How is different they all feel. good deal of territory but with good solid sense. me laugh so?" (In what part of the world is he?) " It's here. I feel the feebleness. He has the feebleness of age of wasted vital force." of physical force hard to kill he's El Mahdi. erately and seems to have a mischievous. seems bridge. " It seems this is a man. He is a man of fine capacities." She laughs immodJoseph Rodcs Buchanan. "There's such a paleness about this man." Gen." "I don't think this person is living Arc. If he is not dead he is on the brink from great feebleness. to me His the man dead he has crossed a for ruling desire was power for an ambitious character of high aggrandizment aims. But now I see the blossoms coming . but it is a man." is Sivedenborg. brings a powerful spirit influence He had great individuality of character. He's He spreads a man of intellectual capacity. self over a alive him- has a wide range. judge a this man. " There more brightness here I is man a permeating influence magnetic. He very powerful. When this person died. I think it is in the other world. What makes feeling. There was no one like him. Joan of dead a long time. deal good alive. fine managing abilities understands finance and government affairs is diplomatic. the work died too. His purposes were good." Gladstone.

I might the hearts of many. think it a man from the strength of character. the very streams "Went by And like clouds. Psychometry is not confined to the mere perception It follows that life in supernal of continued life. It realizes the fruition of what millions have sighed for in vain. Flitting through twilight woods across the air. face to So near and yet how far. fifteen or worlds as clearly as here on earth. 47 up.Future Life. Whereon Or A low sound like the tremor of like the light. Before me there He. came quick shiver of a wing. Hemans described all ages enjoyed from her own experience. (That theme. This life was not in vain. And I looked up. would be too much for this introductory volume). He spoke! face. but it is a woman dressed in a plain garb no ornament a woman of medium height. Stood motionless. hush was on the hills. I gazed. however. every night-wind slept. the departed." The whole experiment occupied not more than twenty minutes. whose wrung heart watched with him to the last! " Know'st thou what I ? sought For what high boon my struggling Communion with Through the dead ! spirit I sent a cry wrought ? the veiled empires of Eternity ! A voice to cleave them A My " I sat beneath that planet I had wept love to stillness. J. the dark tree o'er shadowing me in that hour. unconsciously. There a flame. stood! Aye. Jie died devotedness was cast ! " He died On whom my lone I might not keep one vigil by his side. How shall i tell thee of the startling thrill . and what thousands have in what Mrs. or noiseless founts in dreams. even as the gray church tower. This person lives in I see a woman now.

friend. often say that my were similar As these doctrines had been derived entirely from experimental investigation. the devotees of doctrines strikes following psychometric description of Swedenme as very correct. but because when I first presented the doctrines of Anthropology developing the faculties of the soul. The borg any of his works. "Was that their footsteps tread. starry shores And I was answered. independent of any influence from previHence I have postponed reading ous suggestions. but no one who mingles in society or peruses current literature can avoid learning the essentials of Swedenborg's doctrines the system of . Swedenborg's writings to the completion of my own researches hereafter. whose breezy tones would My bosom's infinite ? O. and their laws of connexion. which I impar- compare with cranial develand experiments. pathology preserve my independence and isolation as a witness tially investigated to of the truth. uninfluenced by the theories of my predecessors. Full and high communion with eternity ! . I wished to opments. I sought that lighted eye From its intense and searching purity I drank in soul ! I questioned of the dead Of the hushed. I have never read Swedenborg would to his. brain and body. Like a knell Too rich for aught so fleeting " Farewell Swept o'er my sense its closing words On earth we meet no more " and all was gone* : ! SWEDENBORG. and have avoided doing so. correspondence and inter-action.48 Leaders in Religion* fill In that low voice. not from any aversion or indifference. 1 woke Thus first to heavenly life. excepting only the discoveries of Gall.

" He was calculated to dispel the ideas of modern was not a believer in the doctrines taught He was somewhat a martyr to his not exactly a martyr but he had great opinions but he rather opposition from priests and creedists courted opposition than otherwise. yet he taught spiritual things. influence has tended to discourage free investigation and has done more to develop a refined scholarly intellectuality among his followers than to exalt or intensify the religious sentiments. to any length. 49 thought introduced by him.Leaders in Religion. There were some who would adhere to him. Were any of his works supI think some were not published. he was so strong willed. and others who would " This years not. SWEDENBORG. If he had had more of the spirit of Christ he would have felt the oppositton more sensitively. " He had a great amount of positiveness in his too much by which he lost sight of his I feel that very sensibly best impressions. He abounded in opinions or doctrines and was quite original an originator of new thoughts. " He was an author who His published works. in which he assumed an attitude of authority and imposed his theological speculations on his followers as a finality discouraging which has given us so much more simple. His that further research. theology in the churches. He was pressed . not more than seventy is not very far back a character that made an impression on the minds of the people. books met with considerable acceptance but called down much criticism. accurate and satisfactory views. He had a great deal of materiality character about him.

adopted a system of physical training for spiritual He did not indulge in luxury. I Leaders in Religion. He had psychological illusions which were purely subjective. lived rather abstemious and plain. " I think he believed in inspiration but not to so an extent as we think only to a few himself freat inspired. I is He was for himself than was true. do not think he had much religious " He was feel plain as more do not scientific and comprehensive in his writings and philosophic than religious. He was sometimes accessible to the lower order of spirits. mathematical and He had his theories about life and specuphysical. presume he he claimed more as a religious teacher a good a cool. calculating spirit requires. He I think felt a special divine favor bestowed on him. . He claimed to be an ambassador sent eing for the purposes to which he devoted his life. but he was very easy in receivinspiration ing impressions and would lose sight of their source. much warmth There " He had immense assumed much assumption he would suppose something more than was true given to him when it was the impression of his own mind. " His ideas were not altogether just as to getting from God. Spirit influences were so strong sometimes he might seem strange or insane. He did not understand the laws of spirit intercourse as fully as we do now. He had a circle of profound logicians. guided by ancient savans but he thought a great deal and followed his own speculations. but he had not any such communications from the Most High as he claimed. I lated largely about physical life. He had seasons of great mental exaltation and was clairvoyant and saw into the spirit-world and saw many things correctly through the help of his guides. but he would soon throw them off. deal of the mathematical in his character.50 very radical fervor. . but development.

He is no nearer God now than myriads of others.) deep thinker. His great power of reasoning always of judgment. but his own freedom of thought carried him beyond any creed or sect he had great love of independence. I think he was an author. am I correct? very original. munication were not correct. . " I feel a The front of my great mental power. SECOND DESCRIPTION from an engraving. " His work was intellectual. I think this person's writing was largely on theological sub- A He had a great deal of method and accuracy jects. He knows his claims as to Divine comteachings. to make very wonderful . His subjects were in reconstructing theological. is a man. (Yes. He was very He knew his own power eloquent in his address. * revelations Arnold was a spiritual writer professing from the spirit world. spiritual associa- He would give the sentiments of exalted how does he regard his (Q^ How is he now " I think he would alter his former teachings?) He is not well satisfied with his teachings materially. " It seems to me he was of some Christian denomination in early life. He gave much of but was not an opinionated man. spirits. seeming to be governed by never some intuition in the pursuit of knowledge a great to anything trashy or superficial given student. but not military.* he was more positive and emphatic and had more intellectual tions.Leaders in Religion. 5 1 " His intellect was of a higher and more spiritual character than Arnold . carried him on and made him victorious in argument when in controversy or propounding a subject. was a great his attention to the literature of others reader. brain and side of my forehead are very active I feel that this largely developed in the perceptives. but very select. but he was engaged governmental affairs.

He had broad. I cannot His teachings were something like Swedenborgianism. He knew did not fear death. If he were to write now he would not have so much mystery. philanthropic views. but did not believe in spiritual matters He conversed with spirits. His teachings were obscure and men ridiculed them. His lived a religious life. so far as I understand it. Something in the air knowing told him things were not right. His belief was " He had very peculiar describe it. and as a spirit he teaches the same doctrines with very little change. He was a frugal was temperate in all things. never faltered or He had great determination " Many 4 ' balance. it seems mythical to me . had visions of the other world. He when he was man " he would be more plain and clear. I think he was once obscure. had few wants He is interested in systems of religion and gov- .same principles. . I think he is not alive. has " many now.52 Leaders " in Religion. toward others. not what was the matter. He carried with him the just going. had wonderful psychowas a great humanitarian metric power. though he did not give it that name. He had a few followers and was obliged to devise methods to He lived to see his get his doctrines established He had many followers he teachings widespread. saw spirits and as we do. governed by justice " He whole life was He seemed alone in a portion of his life. but he gave such marvelous evidence He that he established men in his faith after a time. spiritual impressions that assured him of immortality. His views were all reformatory. He made his now writings rather obscure to the general reader lost his times he was restless and uneasy. though he may not approve of all his writings. and accident had something to do with bringing him forward. in government as well as religion.

He seems one bursting the shell of tyranny and old systems an undaunted spirit fearless in promulgating his was sentiments. as in the world's history. " He did not live in this country. and not really correct from his present standpoint. I should not approve them entirely. If he were here he would reform his church he must have had some church organization.Leaders in Religion." GAUTAMA BUDDHA.] His tendencies were liberal and religious. I have never known this man. but far away. He was a very good man. passed out like a breath as active as ever. Many of your ideas meet his approval. I I believe know who this is it is Emanuel Sweden- borg. and he now regards many of his doctrines as speculative. His main purpose in life like a historical character. " This is a man " As I reach out into his character. He holds now a very high rank in spirit life has great veneration and religion. When he passed away he did not suffer his life it was like a translation. . he has passed away. knowledge came. is " He calls. He would regulate and arrange He is a hater of slavery all things that depress men. and he would give you credit for knowing more than he did of the cereHe never knew from what source his bral faculties. He seems though he had figured like to perpetuate a religious system. but he in any form. not a stranger to Psychometry and to you. As to the doctrines he taught. He never analyzed the brain coris rectly. it seems his morals were elevated and pure. [At this moment I caught an impression of an elevated and very intellectual being. 53 ernmental systems. and as ready to respond to He looks upon the believers in his doctrines with a great deal of pride and satisfaction.

takes me away back among the martyrs. tion. very high. . and brings up those terrible scenes. then came out boldly and preached his views with great He startled the people. and among the most intelligent. I get more of his spirit and career than of any loca. solitary." 44 In a warm country." " He started out as a was his (What career?) reformer in religious and political conditions. . 44 The climate was warm. before he made his purposes known. He was finally successful in establishing his doctrines and received the acclamations of the intellectual and civilized. or higher. general uprising against him as an innovator and dangerous man by the priests. was bound to a system very distasteful to him and he gradually outgrew it. for seemed wrong to all him in government and church rule. socially. In his early life the country around him was not very populous . and almost educator. He perpetuated his doctrines even to this day. His own position was in the higher He stood ranks. There was a success.he turned his back on it all. He was a great He spent years in meditation.54 Leaders " in Religion." " (What It is the magnitude of his following to-day?) ranks as high as any denomination. He did not aim at wealth. He was unjustly accused. the government was tyrannical had no mercy on any form of crime." . (Where did all this occur?) to the East very far farther South than this I cannot tell the distance it was in the old country." He " (What were his surroundings?) He was surrounded by those who might be called idolaters. and was greatly admired. It caused a revolution. and started out almost single-handed and In early life he alone to work out a better system. The authorities strove hard to suppress him he had great trouble and sometimes danger of his life.

and yet he had many of the principles of Christ he was like Jesus was prophetic. " He he performed things considered miracles healed the sick. in forms. It has some resemblance to the Catholic. an additional illustration. Arabs They are peaceable and temperate in all things. substantially The following passage. however. and like the Greek philosophers. and doing as we would be done by. It was a Miracles did religion of the intellect reasoned out. he taught love and faith. They adhere to his well grounded in their belief. His religious ideas were not have much place in it. but I think there was some betrayal for there was always a rancor between his followers and the priests. which has system become traditional. His birth might have been predicted like Jesus'. and his character resembled. 55 " It was before the (In what era was this?) Christian era. instead of idols. They seem to be vegetarians averse to the use of flesh." (What of his system and his followers to-day?) and thereby he lost his life through treachery. gives is not like the old Bible spirits was not did not feel as the the followers of Christ His vein of thought is separated from Apostles did. They consider their doctrine older and better than Christianity. He would prohibit very " They are a dark colored people. war and mal-treatment of animals.." (What do you think was the mode of his death?) " He was not crucified as Christ. (How does he compare with Jesus?) " He was 5 ' much like him." This opinion does not say much of the intellectual which I find character of Buddha and Buddhism mentioned in a very good psychometric description of Buddha some years since by Dr. them. like the foregoing. He seems betrayed in some way into the hands of his enemies. He taught morality and a belief in God.Leaders in Religion. P. about as dark as not a large people. " He among .

very He is a good astute. It was not as clearly well defined as we would like it. I like him but do not get into him easily. " He takes. quick in seeing into things. whole-souled. has inspiration from the spiritual faculties. but his merits are appreciated by many. but did not realize it like the Christians. assaults of people or regard them a highminded.56 Leaders in Religion. teacher has great brain force. He does not lose his balance.the unpopular side to some extent. benevolent. He did not see the spiritual life clearly. active. He is a good family man. in a measure in KESHUB CHUNDER SEN Before his Death. He believed the immortality of the soul." cles founded on reason and naturalism. grand man. to struggle with the ignoramuses like yourself a man of great genius and hopefulness. He does not have battles but he do n't admire the elements around him. the He does not take to heart is too forgiving. fluent writer and a public speaker. though he had considerable of the spiritual element. " This is very different from El Mahdi. admirable at home a favorite with many. industry and conscientiousness. It is not a rigid " He . There are self-important people whom he don't like much. " He is He truly religious. strong affectional He has had nature. discarding mira- somewhat like the Unitarians. He has battled with reverses. He is far advanced beyond always ahead of his hearers the people no common man. that knows him (except the envious) likes him. lie is unlike others has great independence. but not sanctimonious. He is not bombastic or overbearing. " (Q^ What people are around him?) They are civilized that is about all. 44 It is a good character. He is Every one a diligent.

It seems there were wars and . He had remarkably clear perception and clairvoyant powers. He does not cater to the rich." LAOU-TSZE the Chinese Philosopher. He He His work is principle. He will not be will reform the religion. " izement at that time disturbances and a reaching for power and aggranda perpetual strife. He had great spiritual elevation of the people. like an abolitionist in symmetrical. There was no standard by which the people could be led there was confusion of thought. But he had something intolerant in his character. He has orthodox. great moral elevation he saw and felt the needs scientist a geologist and did not accept the current theories. "He was an intuitive He His mode of expression was forcible and magnetic.Leaders hi Religion. in constant fear of invasion by He passed away before the accomhostile forces. anterior to the Christian dispensation. and attained it. "He important work in contemplation and begun. and has become holy and god-like. a plishment of his purposes. 57 He will climate but a genial one where he lives* out much that he desires. is a great deal of spirituality and venera- It does not seem a Bible character. will live to see a good deal of suclike is somewhat John the Baptist a great religious teacher. in a city. He was rather too positive for a great teacher. but not accumulate carry wealth yet he is in easy circumstances. in the midst of strife seem beautiful spirit. but a spirit that existed long. " This spirit once had great ambition and desire He seems to have lived for power. long ages past. He seems cess. philosopher. . No man or woman was " I safe in their home. When he lived all religious teaching was crude. " There tion in this.

" Whom differ very widely. but would regard him as a great thinker. a great power a strong penetrating the influence seems brightness. construct and He wrote a He was an before great deal and spoke a great deal in life. vividness. male." CONFUCIUS." " I can't think of is he most like?) (Q^ any one. His teachings would be similar. given and devotion through mediums. but there was considerable resemblance. I would have chosen him He has followers still to the Confucius. positiveness and intolerance of opposition. He is more in harmony with Jesus than Confucius. He is more independent than Confucius. He does not come much to America chiefly to the eastern continents. the teachings of Christ now. He is a glorious spirit now. He has warmth. " He is (Q^ Is he interested in the world here?) He would exhort to patience to great devotion. <k This is no common thing I feel is influence. There intellectual ." power to originate. He had more genius and originality than Confucius. He would engage in He would favor regulating governments if he could. and would not adhere to the old books. philanthropy. a founder of new thought in authority philosophy and religion. He does not follow authority he is original." (Q^ How does he compare with Confucius?) " More He does not favorably than with Socrates." " He differs from ConAnother psychometer said : (Q^ How would Confucius have regarded him?) " Confucius might not have regarded him as an equal.58 Readers in Religion. but he is clearer and presents his thought more clearly than Confucius more like the principles of Jesus. present time. fucius in greater carry out.

He was not aggressive would sooner conquer by love than by the sword. He had no military career. (Q^. but he never swerved from his purpose with all his opposition and seeming unpopuHe had so much force of character and saw larity. I'd combine I'd I'd politics and religion reform everything and let reform all laws and simplify everything. he would seem coercive to some. reformer and innovator in religion and government. and make them one. and so much of the love element as to suggest the female. He taught love and had that fatherly prophilanthropy like Christ It seems to me he was tecting character as Jesus. the need of reformation. He could have been tyrannical and oppressive if he had been in power in the remote period when he lived. But there is no military tyranny. " . given to great undertak- The ings. and I feel like a rock solid and immovable. influences. It combines male and female " There is such a breadth and scope to this mind. with strength of will to accomplish them. He was endowed with uncommon faculties and intuitions second to no man living. What of his religion?) "He taught a (Q^. nothing remain as it is. 59 more than ordinary. he had no antagonism to religion of morality He was not Orthodox. " His character was He had singularly divided. being very ambitious to establish forms and systems of government and religions. " I would want to write books and make a great name for myself. He taught great humility. " It is a scholastic mind." What did he do?) "He did many things. two extremes. He is a historical character. influence takes possession of me. but a liberal sentiments.Leaders in Religion. He would put down war. before some centuries before Jesus.

60 Leaders in Religion. as the Christian system. He had a high idea He did of women's nature. but his followers did not. He had perform something miraculous. not give much publicity to his sentiments. Fate ordained that he should give the world a certain kind of teaching. He was devoted to the moral but believed also in prayer yet relied on works and taught a practical religion. bols in his teachings. " He had more influence on women. and it ceased. but kept the better understood moral foremost. but not with much of the devotional spirit. but not more logical. There was a lack of the religious element. He was not an idolater. as woman was not so important then as now. His sayings were He might by the common people. cessful teaching more faith. . "It needed more of the true spirit the Divine It needed the Divine spirit to make it a sucspirit. They took in his teachings more readily. great controlling powers. He was a self-sacrificing man and cared little for his own He had not as much enthusiasm personal comforts. but there was limit to their progression. " He He was compares favorably with Jesus. His teaching did not lead them on as there were none of his followers to carry them on. " His He religion was not like that of Mahomet. walked with angels and was near our modern He believed in Deity and used symSpiritualism. (Qc Was he conservative or progressive?) "It seemed he was slow did not lead the people on by excitement but deliberately. His teachings did not lead the mind from the moral to the spiritual. He regarded the higher influences. more communicative talked more with the people and not so much in parables. Some were more spiritual. His followers progressed. It was a step toward the Christian system. preparing it for the Christian era. His followers are not growing or spreading.

He had a stupendous intellect. " were brought into action in his life-work. there shall be no women slaves.Leaders in Religion. He aimed at power and attained it too. realm of Jesus. and would fall in with his doctrines. (She next described the cerebral action as extending up from the outer part of the forehead along the sidehead to the upper posterior region. He predicts that she will rise to her proper status in all countries. 1 don't think I know anything of him. 61 " In the is his present condition?) what he has made great progress spirit world he lacked here he has gained there. He ^as would . was unscrupulous. I him. The does he regard my labors?) answer was a cordial endorsement. His self-love was very not a philanthropist not sacrifice himself for anything. however. I do not admire faculties He is not alive. How JOHN CALVIN I an Unfinished Sketch. " He (Q^ What does he think now of woman?) desires that woman shall receive all the honors that man can give her. DESCRIPTION. I feel a great working force in the front brain. her to discover all. The sex say nothing. The time will What come when (Q^. His influence on He is now in the the earth is powerful and effective. r I feel that this is a person of great prominence great intellectual prominence. leaving not as conspicuous a fact to Psychometry as the it for herself. think he great. as I sometimes assist her progress by stating the sex which saves the trouble of finding is to is general method.) " I feel that his mind took a wide All his scope. placed the name of Calvin in her hands as that of a man to be described. My general character.

" (How was he regarded then and now?) " I could tell more if I had his writing. His mind was He had a great repertoire of subjects. that it was necessary in justice to the occasion to discontinue the As she said afterwards it was like investigation. He was selfish. He was a bigoted man. He was not an American. scientific knowledge and an inventive mind. He is not like any one that I know. He had great originality of expression." (What were his religious ideas?) "He was an innovator in religion was iconoclastic. had something to do with military and was at home in time of national disturHe had fine literary capacity and wrote bances. His versatile. her answers came slowly and she seemed and out of sympathy with the characfeeling a positive disgust. He had few He had not reformatory ideas such as Jesus taught. He believed in a supreme being and a future life. He had a peculiar doctrine of his own which he established. she struck Calvin's . howeven. extensively. His intellect was not think he affairs displayed in poetry. As far as she went. the spirit of Christianity. He would not teach universal salvation. far so embarrassed in fact. He had much chief occupation was with the pen." Thus ter.62 Leaders " I in Religion. If he had power he would use unscrupulous measures to force people into his views. aversion to describing evil characters and great though she does sometimes describe a wicked or unprincipled character it is not her forte and she dislikes greatly such mental associations which leave an unpleasant influence. own way of thinking. His ideas were not in harmony with ours. She has a pulling teeth to say any more about him. It is difficult for me to underHis chief aim was to bring people to his stand him.

October 27. view of Nature's sublimities. so widely different from the character and teaching of Jesus. Calvin procured his arrest. intellectual power and His selfish. before a large throng of superstitious bigots. combined I with gentleness and forbearance. . 63 His grand. He seems an educator. " That thrice accursed flame Which Calvin kindled by Geneva's lake." incautiously trusted himself too near the tiger. literature and publication. trial and condemnation by was savagely slow in fire full a Catholic tribunal to death by fire for heresy. unscrupliterary ability are known to all. learned in la-w and physic. and for the grand perversion of Christianity from a system of love to one of tyrannical cruelty. she correctly stated. He was a man of progressive ideas.Leaders true character. and in that we see why he was responsible for the murder of Servetus by fire. and author of "Chris- tianity Restored. 1553. There was a good deal of ambition and will-power here. a fearless champion of Unitarianism. He takes me back far in the past yet he had many modern views upon science and religion. When he discovered a truth he was independent and did not stop to think whether it would meet the approbation of the public he challenged criticism. SERVETUS. on a hill near Geneva. by stopping in Geneva on his way to Italy. with a of green oakwood." MICHAEL SERVETUS the Martyr. ulous and tyrannical character. get among the He has a taste for manuscripts and books of a man. He had very strong prejudices. in Religion. which carried out. " This seems a person not living.

but he lived in a period which had not our facilities for improvement. His work was humanitarian seems to me he was a spiritual- . I consider him a great leader he had a small following. and could not rind it in the He was quite an innovator in the religion of Deity." " It is wonderful it is Servetus. " This seems a man since he lived. Was this was T know his end he " He considered did he regard Calvin?) him a monster in his character. how he suffered mentally and he physically but he never retracted his sentiments suffered tortures of mind and body. but not the circumstances or its connexion with Calvin. His 'ambition was to establish an improved condition. life for Servetus? I was burned. He had no vindictiveness in himself. and reformatory. He met opposition from the church the clergy were his greatest opposers it he was arrested in his resulted unfavorably for him career and imprisoned and condemned for heresies. Ik. His views of the Deity were correct. not living it is very long " It seems there was a w as r to me he was a leader of some kind a great deal of system in his work he It disciplinarian. was a religious man.) (You are right I only know that Servetus was a martyr. his time. though he may have had some remnants of orthodoxy in his mind. and he stood very much alone. like feel that it the old martyrs. conduct and doctrines." his principle. and gave up his . founding new doctrines." (What sort of a career did he have?) " He had Intolermany storms to contend w ith ance and bigotry reigned supreme. and therefore had a r to He did not live great deal of difficulty and anxiety.64 Leaders in Religion." (How MARTIN LUTHER. realize his hopes. and he suffered oh.

in his mission. I his writings. in Religion. though our He was himself a spiritualism did not exist then. but them. but never swerved from his He taught the people more orally than principles. but might say they I think they were real spirits. (What kind of spirits?) He saw both kinds. " He was taught by spiritual influences gained much instruction. and founded a new system of Christian religion. He seer. He was a follower of the doctrines of Jesus. Some were fancies of his imagination. He did a great deal for the spirits too. spirits class he might call I of the damned. bodily and others. in his don't regard sensual. . no better than paganism religion that believes in offerings and sacrifices. had foreshadowings in his mind of things that took I think he saw spirits and conversed with place. I think.Leaders ist. them. regardless of his own personal comforts. Their religion was of a low the kind of character. When he felt in a brighter condition he would commune with more so. He succeeded in making himself understood. that made his addresses tell. as well as mortals. 65 or believer in spiritual phenomena. he saw especially spirits of the lower and undeveloped version. but he had great physical force and magnetism. He was a profound speaker by don't think very eloquent. but. (Why developed minds. a reformer gave them more humane did away with their idolatries labored very hard. for he saw enough to be able to prophesy. accepted by doctrines " He was mentally. and He suffered much. He had great healing power. " It (What was the state of society in his day?) to morals and intellect was rather low as more animal than spiritual. them They were spirits. lustful and malicious did he have that class?) Because his own mind dwelt on melancholy conditions. (What was his career and its results?) " He was denounced as an impostor by some.

" He suffered a " He was educated as a Catholic. to some extent. professions and historical memories. who approximated to his religions to-day. capable of the other. which was engulfed in the paganism and political corruption of the Roman Empire. for such a task the most horrid crimes one." life of Luther was of spiritual experiences. which interfered very much with his career. malignant. He founded a system which has gone all over the world. unfit except in their energy. we was not reformation except so far as shattered an ancient tyranny and ." " He believed (What did he think of the Devil?) in a personal Devil and a Hell. His healing power was shown in curing Melancthon when he was apparently on his death-bed. losing all its essential characteristics. a fanatical pessi- mist to cal whom and modern the ministry of angels seemed diaboliastronomy a wicked falsehood." strength as teachers. he had friends and adherents. a dark. From that deep immersion an attempt was made for its rescue by two great men. These psychometric studies are instructive. but he was a Protestant.66 Leaders in Religion. (How a better man and would " He was does he compare with Calvin?) teach a more humane religion full The very different. Among the great nations of this century there is no influential religious organization that really represents the religion of Jesus. men. but names. too. When we understand look into these men why their revolution it psychometrically. He was not alone. and is among the leading good deal of persecution by mobs and governmental power.

spending vast sums for preparation. sanctifying it with chaplains. I directed the inquiry to the Albigenses and Waldenses and obtained the following reports : . and not a remonstrance from the church in either country or in any other country. rather than inflict a wrong) because the innate virtues of humanity gleam out through all forms of false! CAN WE CALL hood. though it has not been able to destroy that essential religion which is inseparable from human destiny and which has found inspiration in the language of the New Testament and lives of the founders of Christianity. 67 Protestant burned out an accumulated rottenness. was it that the religion of Christ. Peter and St. How St. We have just seen two great nations on the brink of war. ecclesiasticism is but little it Roman. THIS CHRISTIANITY ? This ecclesiasticism garlanded with bayonets and surrounded with Shall we call this organization Christiancannon the religion of Divine love (which would suffer ity. St. Christianity as an ecclesiasticism a No modern dire apostacy.Leaders in Religion. with prayers for its success on both sides. giving to all deadly ecclesiasticisms a beauty is which ! is not their own. John. against the introduction of it floats in the red tide of war. - Everywhere is nearer to Jesus than the identified with homicide of armies and declaration of war. James became extinguished? To to those answer this question I directed the psychometric power who seemed to have resisted the bloody perversion of Christianity which has ruled and still rules the civilized nations. and with a preliminary sanction for the marshalling Pandemonium.

which unsettled them and broke up their organization. but relates to places and people. They never were Catholics. " They may have had Christian missionaries." ." WALDENSES." (Was this in Europe. They are naturally humane. but as they advanced in the centuries from their very ancient stock they partook of the teachings of Jesus rather than the forms of Catholicism. They believe in a Deity. " This seems later period to me the same class of people at a more acquainted with Christian teachings and obedient to the Christian system. and South-Eastern Europe. They have no warlike sur- cold climate. Their complexions are rather dark. scattered them and arrested their progress.) It is not in a takes me a long distance over the sea.68 Leaders in Religion. The into the interior of I roundings. air seems balmy as I go. do not know their origin. I go some foreign country. They had a good deal of fervor and adhesiveness to their docThen there was a system of trines and their people. but remnants remained in their country and other countries. but may be subordinate to other powers. never go into wars. They deal with each other according to Christian principles and have no strife. Asia Minor. ALBIGENSES. Asia or Africa ?) "I think in Western Asia. in If they had opportunities they would fall with the Christian religion. and don't care to affiliate If not disturbed they would with other nations. have not much They domestic political rule among them. but it has not been presented to them properly. (This is not an individual nor a planetary body to " It be explored. but do not seem to understand Christianity. The people are naturally peaceable. Originally they had ideas foreign to Christianity. coercion practiced by the Catholic dominion.

I am sure of that." " (What relation do they bear to They respect the Catholic church to the Catholics?) some extent. but like butchery. their people a great deal of dragged off to military service was produced they were treated like slaves misery (Resumed in by the evening. but have Protestant principles. (Is there it . teachings. not driven they would yield to persuasion. both in doctrine and blood They do not seem different essentially." < * (Are there any remnants of them to-day ?) may be a few only a few." by authority. or dogs. 69 any connection between the two?) seems the same party or sect they might be called descendants." There .) treated "They were illthe Catholic powers church. of which they were in fear. They resisted the contest was not according to the usages of war. the (Here we were interrupted. They feared the powers that controlled them." " I feel that there was some interposition. This people are in such development they can receive advanced " Yes. If they had been let alone they would have been a peaceable and proThey were a gressive people." (How were they treated by the Catholics and adjacent powers?) " They were held in subjection by authorities who thought they must be restrained. They were under an oppressive hierarchy. persecution." (How were controlled "They were easily they treated?) but they were ill-treated. Almost the entire population was destroyed many thousands and those that survived were enslaved.Leaders in Religion. but not sufficient to protect them. A spirit of persecution was exercised it might be called a traditional which dispersed and drove them away. people to be led.) religious . They were robbed of their home.

Their most intelligent and intuitive people considered themselves the lineal descendants of primitive Chris- They women well and equality. He gathered the remnants and took for them. tianity.) imagine what I am talking of but the He seems raised up for a scenes come before me. worth . It gives me a lofty feeling when I study their natures. (What do you think of their system of religion if had been fairly developed. " (How It tual power here." HENRI ARNAUD. helpless and innocent.70 Leaders in Religion." I she expressed it. They were a it finely organized people treated intuitional. a true follower of Jesus. I see no real distinction." Strictly true. and more might have been said. does this character impress you?) gives me great stimulus in the intellectual proIt is a far-seeing. He was a a religious teacher and humble.) " It was humane and orderly they remind me of pilgrims seeking only to be at peace. They were followers of Jesus. He was a protector to the weak and He did someunprotected. unselfish man " (I felt this before can't reformer. except to do great There is great strength and spirithings for others. thing them away by battle and strategy. recognized their being in advance of the present times. HENRI ARNAUD was one of nature's nobility. believed in immortality and return of spirits or spiritual communion. wich the most humane principles. farphetic region of the brain. mediumistic. mind reaching without selfishness or ambition. a man who can sift the chaff* from special purpose the wheat." (How do they compare with primitive Christianity in its best form?) " It was very like it.

by intuition. is unequalled in the* annals of war. Their leaders this guided which led Gen. and through mountains occupied by the armies of French and Piedmontese." nine hundred in num- " few of whom had ever handled a musket. till their final butchery in 1686. 1487." " forced a he passage of the bridge of Sababertran against two thousand and five hundred well entrenched men. The exploits of the Waldenses under their pastor.. killing six hundred of them." hundred Waldenses made a long defence against twenty-two thousand French and Piedmontese who had come with ropes to hang them. and Less than four losing only fourteen or fifteen.Leaders in Religion. Grant through paigns. lucre and it was intuition his triumphant cam- . belong to the loftiest realm of romance. With " a handful of starving men. ARNAUD. Jt more than all the leaders of the Reformation. when a remnant of fourteen thousand who could not escape. after they had been persecuted and butchered with savage ferocity from the bull of Innocent VIII. He was the marvelously inspired and heroic man who saved a remnant of the Waldenses. and are more marvelous than the deeds of the Spartans at Thermopylae. were captured and thrust into cruel prisons from which only three thousand issued alive. making prisoners as he went and ^passing the bridge of Sababertran. a man unacquainted with war. It is said that the Waldenses in nine days fought eighteen battles and destroyed ten thousand of their assailants with a The successful march of loss of only seventy men. Arnaud's band of nine hundred over the lake of Geneva. ber.

poverty. butchered. and exiled. O Lord. memory of the slaughtered followers of Jesus. The feeble efforts for their relief are mentioned in the description. crushed by murder- ous Spanish brigands in the name of a Christian church. a true divination of their origin and the fidelity with which they main- tained the peaceful religion of Jesus. thy slaughtered Saints whose bones Lie bleaching on the Alpine mountains cold. * O bloodiest picture in the book of Time! " It is to be hoped. Among others. The hopeless ruin. Still more eloquently might Milton have written Let this had he refined civilization of the attempted to describe the prosperity and kingdom of the Incas in into desolation South America. the desolation. and the surrounding country. but to honor the assistance. ton endeavored to shield them. until battling with martyr courage they were captured. to-day by priests. and demoralization of illustration Qjiito. is an awful of the power of ecclesiasticism to convert a divine religion into a desolating curse to controlled . I have faith to believe.that the feeble remnants of that Christian people may prove the germs of a new religious life for Italy and Switzerland. It Cromwell and Milwas of them that : Milton wrote the immortal lines beginning " Avenge.72 Leaders in Religion. The denses foregoing account of the Albigenses and Walis." volume of Psychometry give its feeble not to avenge the victims.

trumpet-tongued. let us hope that the doctrine and the life of divine love may reappear with the firm and fervent love of the Jewish martyrprophets. O. In this enlightened age.Leaders in Religion. This imaginary tribunal. F. gave but one minute to each mortal arraigned. It was well expressed by Mrs. fora as we have on earth to-day. Against all such errors and crimes. of a boundless multitude assembled on some future day to receive their individual sentences of extreme bliss or extremest misery with no intermediate if it fate. I as well as the am resemblance between this forcibly reminded of real judgment upon the the panorama of nations. " To thee the its dead. calling up for inspection and judgment the world's religious bodies and its numerous systems of religion calling up for all who have aspired to lead mankind. Hyzer in her remarkable poem on Psychometry. speaking as with a divine toice. and the juvenile fiction cherished by theologians. Psychometry pleads. would require nearly three thousand years of unintermitting labor (twenty-four hours each day). meet. single generation such The power of Psychometry on earth and in Heaven . When I reflect upon the power of Psychometry. and in our great republic. which all must reality. housetops one by one The secret deeds of mail be led sea shall yield And to the . and judgment life passing in review the supernal earthly actual career. combined with the ampler knowledge and greater liberality of a more mature age. 73 humanity.the universal perception of character in its naked is the real day of judgment.

from sphere to sphere Nor to our Of omnipotent mind. upon the mountains high searching eye. planet's atmosphere Is thy far-seeing power confined From world to world. And grovel in the dust. records shall unquestioned lie For none their truth will dare deny.74 Thy Leaders Within the in Religion. hypocrisy and lust. closet done." To hide them from His . Thy cables stretch and interwine Charged with God's glowing fires divine. The great negations of our race Hate. scorn. shall see Through thee Calling God face to face.

I have seen persons who heard of it : very soon after it was delivered. and much addicted to the study of occult science. and that this was far from 75 . reverie or dreaming. that no well balanced and well Of course we cannot disciplined mind can reject it. recognize as well disciplined. in his posthumous memoirs published at Paris. F. who was a man of a very peculiar turn of mind. and which has been opposed chiefly by modern animalism. was also subject to fits of abstraction. It is particularly worthy of notice that Cazotte. de La Harpe. The prediction of Monsieur Cazotte concerning the events of the French Reign of Terror.APPENDIX. at times when everyone thought it a mere dream. The belief in prophecy which has been entertained by liberal-minded and religious persons from the most ancient times. and who remembered hearing it ridiculed in society as absurd. 1806. J. in which he seems to have been clairvoyant. the companion of Voltaire. is so well sustained by examples of successful prophecy. recorded by the celebrated writer. is in several respects the most Prof. the minds that yield passively either to social vulgarism or to college dog- matism. THE FAMOUS PROPHECY OF CAZOTTE. says "It was well known in all its details. both in Paris and London. Gregory satisfactory of modern prophecies.

they had arrived at that pitch where anything was allowable to raise a laugh. as usual. The prophecy of Cazotte was attested not only by La Harpe." : was early in 1788. Malvoisie and Constantia gave to the gayety of the company that sort of license not always discreet . soon be completed that the revolution would that superstition and fanaticism * La Harpe. and agreed that he had thus won the highHe had given the prevailing tone est title to glory. a man of rank and talent. the Counter Beauliarnais. sir. and of all and yet ranks .76 Appendix. as I am that Homer is a fool he was as sure of one as of the other. had feasted. etc. I am as sure that there brimming glass said and in fact is no God. La Harpe " It appears to me but yesterday.* We were dining with one of the members of our Academy. and was equally read in the antechamber * : ' . being the only occasion in which he uttered predictions which were says it verified. although I am no more than a to him poor apprentice barber. was forty-nine years of age. One of the guests told us with bursts of laughter that his hairdresser had said You see. One quoted a tirade of La Pucelle. and an ardent Robespierrean republican when this prophecy was uttered. they courtiers. and holding a Sirs. : " Et des boyaux du dernier pretre Serrer le cou du demier roi. who died in 1803. the wines of . . " The conversation then became more serious they were full of admiration at the revolution effected by Voltaire. and then recollected these philosophic verses by Diderot . and others. The guests were numerous.' It was agreed . and the drawing-room. writers." and applauded them. I have no more religion than ' : the others. Chamfort had read to us some of his impious and libertine tales and the great ladies had listened without having recourse to their fans. At desert. lawyers. but by Madame Geiilis. . academicians. A third rose. Then arose a deluge of jokes on religion. to his age.

and had even passed a few it was Cazotte. the tale that you have told is not so agreeable as your Diablc Anioureux " (a novel * ! ' ' ' . The aged lamented the improbability of their beholding it. and on having been the principal promoters of liberty of thought. but they presently recollected that the good Cazotte was subject to waking dreams. 77 .' 4 Be it so . recognized consequence to all here present tell us. up the conversation. No need to be a sorcerer to see that.) . Monsieur de Condorcet.' will die wretched on the floor of a dungeon you will die of the poison that you will take in order to avoid the block of the poison which the happiness of that time will oblige you to carry about with you. with his insolent and half suppressed smile.' "At first much surprise was exhibited. Monsieror Cazotte. but unfortunately inHe took fatuated with the reveries of the Illuminati. You know peat. quiet jokes on our fine enthusiasm an amiable and original man. the I Itttle it. and in a serious tone said Gentlemen. while the young rejoiced in the The hope of seeing it reach its meridian glory. must absolutely give way Academy was above all congratulated on having prepared the great -work. " One alone of the guests had not taken part in the gaiety of the conversation. . and they laughed heartily. be content you will all witness this grand and sublime revolution that you so much desire. and who among them would witness the advent of the age of reason. I reThey replied by the wellknown line. a philosopher is not sorry to encounter For you. Do you know what will be the result of this what will happen to you all ? Do you revolution know what will be the immediate practical effect.' am a you will see ' Ah. you a prophet.Appendix. and we set to philosophy about calculating the probable time of its supremacy. : : ' . k of Gazette's.' said Condorcet. inclined to prophecy. but perhaps a little of the prophetic spirit is necessary to foresee what remains for me to tell you.

on the scaffold. and there will not then be in all France any other temples than " those dedicated to the Goddess of Reason. you will then be governed by philosophy and reason alone. for she will then occupy all the churches. Those who will thus treat you will all be philosophers will have at the time on their tongues the same phrases that you have uttered during the last hour will repeat all your maxims. cians. . and well may it be called the reign of reason. .78 Appendix." . it seems. like you. and yet you will not die for some months afterwards. ." " But shall we then be conquered by Tar" " No. you. You. Monsieur de Malesherbes. but you will have them opened six times in one day in an attack of the gout. only wants the Academiand myself. Monsieur Vicq d'Azyr. on the scaffold you. this gentleman. will die on the scaffold. not at all. will not open your own veins. La Pucelle. who will be one." They looked at each " other and laughed again. I have tars and Turks? already told you. but you. . and you will die in the night. it is not I who have to exterminate all of us. will open your veins with twenty-two razor cuts. ." sworn. Monsieur de Chamfort." "Ah. and a most worthy one. and under the reign of reason that you will thus end your career. of humanity and liberty. and. will recite the verses of Diderot and * ' . in order to be sure of your end. he has made a great slaughter "You? You also will die on for mercy's sake?" " Oh what a the scaffold. Monsieur de Nicolai." hope not. ! ." By Chamfort with a sarcastic laugh) you my faith (said " I will not be a priest in those temples. Monsieur Bailly. You. heaven be thanked (said Ruocher). " But what devil has put the dungeon and poison and executioners into your head? What can that " have to do with philosophy and the reign of reason ? That is exactly what I am telling you it is in the name of philosophy." guesser he has sworn " No.

ladies." "As for us (then said Madame la Duchesse de Grammont) women are very happy to rank for noth- many exclamations of surprise fort)." "Of higher rank! What! " "Of still higher rank Princesses of the blood At this the company began to be agitated and the brow of the host grew dark and lowering. go in a cart with their hands bound behind them. But when is all this " " Six to happen? will not have passed before years all that I have said will be accomplished. it savors too much of the gibbet. nothing '* I ! to feel that the joke grew serious. I hope in that case I shall at least have a carriage hung with black. will be taken to the scaffold. Monsieur Cazotte? You are preaching to us the end of the about that. no less wonderful. for you will then be a Christian. will not save you this time you had better meddle with nothing. If we . " It for he was perfectly serious and solemn. but what I world. " But what do you mean." "Ah. but you have not included me in your list. for you will all be treated as men." it to see that he is joking." do know is that you. When I say for nothing. I am relieved. without the least . Madame la Duchesse. "Ah. but his marvelousness is not gay. All began . but our sex is exempt. like you. In order to dispel the cloud. madame ladies of higher rank than yourself will." " I know difference.Appendix. instead of noticing ." " No. 79 " you see he is Everybody was whispering. Madame de Grammont. (said Chamshall only perish when La Harpe becomes a Christian we shall be immortal." " Your sex." " Yes (replied Chamfort). in the executioner's cart with your hands tied behind your back." "You talk of miracles (and now it was I who spoke). and he always introeasy duces the marvelous into his jests. I do not mean to say that we do not meddle a little. you and many other ladies with you." At this there were " ing in revolutions. mad." " You will then be a miracle.

said in a lively tone: "You see he will " not even let me have a confessor. ' My de Grammont. for some time with his eyes cast down." " Well. His profound scientific and historic writings. savage style by the Jacobins. struck him and crushed by him to death. You carry it too far. as a special . and his ." He hesitated. became disgusted with the revolution and adopted Bailly was executed in their usual religious views. for seven days and nights. last of the condemned who w ill have one. and will not only compromise yourself. Cazotte. The Siege of Jerusalem in Josehave you read "Oh. " : * ' ' : ! ' : ! retired. n." "The master of the house hurriedly arose. walked the ramparts incessantly.80 Appendix. shouting in a sad Woe to Jerusalem and on the and loud voice Woe to Jerusalem Woe to seventh day he cried " at which moment an enormous stone cast myself!' the enemies' machines. turned towards him and said Sir Prophet." These predictions were wonderfully Harpe. but you have said nothing of your own. 1793. Madame The neither you nor any one else will have one." On saying this. we have had enough of this mournful farce." He mused " Madame. in the sight of besieged and besiegers. Well." No. from fulfilled. he said to him impressively: " dear Monseiur Cazotte. r . but . who has not? But tell phus?' me as though I had not read it. who is the favor. When Madame who was always merry. La being a supporter of Robespierre. but the whole company." Cazotte made no reply. you have told us all our good fortunes. will be " "It happy mortal that will enjoy this prerogative? it will be the is the last that will remain to him king of France. during the siege there was a man who. Cazotte bowed and preferred to depart. this reply. and all was confusion. Madame. certainly. Approaching M. November.

Si eminent services as mayor of Paris. allowed by Cazotte. I begged of him to have the goodness to solicit from that lady more ample details. This is sequences which would follow. and as president of the National Assembly. and that that celebrated critic wished to depict the astonishment which w ould have seized persons distinguished for their rank. 1793. and executed April Thus both met their fate within the six 22. declare that I would soon suffer death as a freeman than be conducted as a slave to prison. 1794. 1792.Appendix. and the frightful con' ' : r The enquiries which have since made and the information I have gained have induced me to change my opinion. 1794. I thought that it was only a fiction of La Harpe's. de la Harpe. Prof. le Comte. one could have brought before them the causes which were preparing. de Montesquieu. and Vicq D'Azyr died June 20. Cazotte was executed September 25. tneir talents. inspired no mercy in the savages. M. and being threatened with a second arrest. I her reply : . Chambers' Cyclopedia says that he died in 1794 (within the six years of Cazotte). dictated known Roucher was -put to death August 7. years Of Chamfort. if several years before the revolution. shockingly arrest him. 1794. having assured me that Madame de Genlis had repeatedly told him that she had often heard this prediction related by M. The learned and exemplary Malesherbes was arrested in December. the brilliant wit and furious revolutionist. he attempted suicide with pistol and poignard. but lingered a while in the charge of a gen d'arme. SebasChamfort." He did not die immediately. A. and. He had been once arrested for his reckless expressions. the well tian Roch Nicholas to those who came to declaration: " I. hacked and shattered. and their future. Gregory says When for the first time I read this astonishing prediction.

Vicq d' Azyr was uneasy about this prediction. 1825. gives additional con- A firmation as follows : ''You inquire of me. or authenticate by my signature. who asthat his father was gifted in a most remarkable manner with a faculty of prevision. the anecdote of M. . " I ought to add that a friend of Vicq d' Azyr. addressed to M. " In reference to the above narrative. and as he. on the day on which his daughter had succeeded in delivering him from the hands of the wretches who were conducting him to the scaffold. of which he had numberless proofs one of the most remarkable of which was that on returning home. La Harpe was exact in all its expressions. himI has caused it to be printed. before the revolution. he declared that in three days he should be again arrested. letter on this subject from Baron Delamothe Langon. what I know concerning the famous prediction of Cazotte mentioned . an inhabitant of Rennes." self. the prophecy of Cazotte. my dear friend. but I am not sure.82 Appendix. but had not the smallest doubt as to the reality of \\\z facts. instead of partaking of the joy of his surrounding family. and that he should then undergo his fate and in truth he perished on the 25th of September. Jr. Cazotte. Cazotte. Mialle. think I have somewhere placed among my souvenirs. have also seen the son of M. withstanding his skepticism. de La Harpe. and always in the same form as I have met with it in print. 1792. before his It seemed that notfamily. M. " NOVEMBER. having travelled into Brittany some years before the revolution. COUNTESS DE GENLIS. told me that that celebrated physician. I have heard it related a hundred times by M. would not undertake to affirm that the relation of I " sured me . Cazotte. at the age of seventy-two. had related to him. This is all that I can say or certify.

He lived in the last seventy years century chiefly. good Yours. always in the same way. She spoke thus. He seems of the past. was presShe related and could equally attest this assertion. He felt He predicted things that were to happen to people. BARON DELAMOTHE LANGON. . in the spirit world. friends. her evidence is fully corroborated by that of La Harpe. and with the accent of truth . 1788. He was He was sought and re- interested in governmental affairs. It brings clearness and freshness of thought. I took down a report of Mrs. 83 la by La Harpe. sixty or back or more. my attachment. He had very peculiar views he was rather iconoclastic. He did not comprehend what gave him that power. You may make what use you Adieu.) " He had wonderful he was so prophetic powers and so sound. His powers were psychometric within himself to make wise sayings. "Monsieur Cazotte at Paris. before all the persons of the society in which she moved.'s impressions from the concealed words. To obtain the light of psychometry in understanding the powers of Cazotte. I remain with inviolable old friend. " He seems something like Swedenborg. "He won many spected. lie \vas not religious in the ordinary sense of the word. He had remarkable powers powers of divination. very little in this. please of this communication. de Beauharnais it I have heard Madame Comtesse many times assert that she ent at this very singular historical fact. I don't think he attributed his predictions to spirit power.Appendix. many of whom still live. It seems like one before the public as a leader or teacher. (He died in 1792. a great many things that occurred. B. It is a man of fine abilities I think he is of great individuality of character." which were as follows: "I feel an intellectual glow.

in the experience of Mrs. B. He was brought before some tribunal. another About referring to the publication of this volume. He had persecution from priestly sources. . six years since he was sitting with other guests in the parlor of a Health Institute in Owego. and had a greater variety of power. He ( How does he compare with other prophets ? ) compares well with Daniel. though he was rather a favorite with He was an aristocrat. but I have had many illustrations of a power equally distinct and satisfactory in its predictions. of New York. quainted with astrology. He was more correct. I have not met with any examples of prevision quite as remarkable in circumstance and dramatic force as that of M. Many went to him to know of the future. He would predict a person's death. and of others whom I have made acquainted with Psychome- try. . New York." < ' FREQUENCY OF PREVISION. (What was the end of his life?) " He was dealt with harshly. Charles Dawbarn. and might provoke the rabble. the people.84 Appendtx. He was acHe was very independent. which created envy and jealousy. and it would occur as he predicted. He has made several predictions con- cerning myself which have been accurately fulfilled one relating to my residence two years later. The priests considered him in league with the devil. but would be unpopular with the authorities. has been especially successful in foreseeing future events and conditions.. "I (What do you think of his prophetic power?) think he seldom failed in his predictions. Cazotte. He had a careless way of expressing himself. He was very correct in giving the dates at which things would occur. He was sought by society. Mr.

D. Mr. Mr. but in Of course it due time property had been in oil wells. . D. but depressed in spirits and fearful of failure in her. whom I know to be intelligent this was deemed was fulfilled. Mr. She was financially successful. replied that she was a victim The gentleman was quite of the opium habit. In about eighteen months you will again be in comfortable circumstances. D. mother and daughter. placing them in independent circumstances. duce." . These details have been verified by the ladies. he wrote to Mr. and has associated with her preceptor in California. Their which ceased to pro- and reliable. defied him to look into their surroundings. but after eighteen months their property became more valuable than ever." incredible. Mr. being strangers to all but the hostess. 85 when two ladies who had just arrived. but three weeks after telling him that it was a mistake. when these ladies. gentleman about a year ago asked his opinion of a certain lady .Appendix. Dawbarn fell in with an intelliEarly gent lady who was a student and candidate for graduation in a medical college. turned to the " Madam. and made careful inquiries of the lady and her friends. make money rapidly and then send for her preceptor to associate with her in professional business. which satisfied him that Mr. and they had to open boarding houses to earn their livelihood. Dawbarn's descriptions of disease and of character are as remarkable as his prevision. graduation. D. Dawbarn from Saratoga that he had just ascertained that the " statement was a horrible truth. Psychometry soon became the subject of conversation. was mistaken. Mr. in six months senior lady and said you : and your daughter will be working for a living. were intro- duced. This was all fulfilled I had the pleasure of signing her diploma. looked into her future and assured her that she would pass a creditable examination would then travel to the West. A shocked at this revelation. in 1882 .

physician). D. The doctor considered this a failure. Dawbarn's prediction. in criminal prosecution. sooner or later. In the first week of May last. declared that the lady would give birth to a monstrosity. Mr. Mr.86 Appendix. gaining for himself a very large practice and an enviable reputation in diagnosis. who was paving his way to the state's The statement was very coldly received. an inch or two square and asked him the character of the writer. Of course his further attentions were declined. Mr. D. of Massachusetts. of a false conception. The lady handed him a small note. to obtain his psychom- Dr. J. who was beginning to pay attentions to the young lady. The opinion he had given verified led to a detective inquiry into the private life of the man. Damon. but in six weeks from that time she was relieved. who handed it to Mr. . and that under the guise of respectable medical practice he was violating the law in a manner which must result. S. Mr. whom I made acquainted with Psychometry and Sarcognomy four years since. . and a consultation of could give her no relief. has applied both sciences in his practice with signal success. It was discovered that he was leading the life of a gross sensualist. D. for About five a lady (the sister of a New adjoining county. which Dawbarn. living in an ill. who at that moment had no other callers. quickly withdrew. and prison. Mr. promptly pronounced the writer an unprincipled scoundrel. he was greeted in a New York mansion by a ladv and her daughter. When making New Year calls in 1880. was quite physicians decided that they Her husband sent a lock of the physician in New York. Dawbarn is sometimes bold and emphatic in his opinions.psychometric examination. a lady called from a distance with a lock of hair. years ago. by instruments. a success which he attributes prognosis and cure to his novel scientific instruction. her hair to her brother.

and in reply Dr. giving a perfect description of the same. and described her general very then announced that nothing could be appearance done for her. Dr. The lady who was the mother. states the result in his own language: " Dr. Finally he saw my wife. and foresight of hundreds of psychometric physicians and teachers in this country whose numbers will soon be increased to thousands. also the location of different objects inside. with a letter from his wife. color.' said: Damon "Your twenty -fifth." Her brother ' : full description of the house. In another recent instance he was called upon by Dr. even to a description of the men who were to move us. live until the daughter will not called soon after her death. together with a little lame boy crawling about upon the floor.. G. etc. G. R. or spiritual sight. . as she must die about the twenty-fifth. and the place I had never seen before I giving a r moved into it. I. he told me of all the He also told troubles of which she had complained. but to make her comfortable. etric opinion. and whose hostility against any new truth is in proportion to its revolutionary and elevating power. This was some weeks before we moved. surroundings. 87 He told her it was from a young lady low in consumption. thought she would live much longer.Appendix. whose instructive words will rouse the torpid intelligence that has been paralyzed by the college and the church the reservoirs of ancient ignorance in A very large volume might be illustrations whose malarious atmosphere no vigorous free thought can flourish. After describing her accurately. every part of which was strictly true." filled with such of the intuitive perception. and informed the doctor that she died on the evening of the twenty-fourth at Wickford. Damon began as I am taken follows away from here to a place. me I w ould move from there to a cottage.

in which the world shall be at peace. and the enlightened ages to come. which comprehends the future. to portray the consequences to humanity when the divine element in man shall be recognized and when the unpardonable sin of striving to the Holy Spirit shall cease to be repeated. of happiness or misery. is the parental guidance of youth. in which we see nations staggering along blindly "into gulfs of destruction. obeyed shall come to their fulfilment. and through which the noble words: "THY KINGDOM COME. and all calamities averted by the far seeing wisdom which comprehends this life and that private life How which is to come. and all a struggle and war between antagonistic purposes. blindly pursued. indeed. and loving mothers by the million will hereafter seek its guidance and consolation. Is" the ^e would fain know tainty. unmeaningly. and one of its most important applications which I have not yet mentioned (this little volume being inadequate to doing justice to my themes).88 It Appendix. The younger the child . THE DESTINY OF THE YOUNG most important thought that dwells in the For them we toil and to them we parental mind. making all lands red with human blood. leave our names and the external fruits of our life work. if their feet are to tread in paths of honor or dishonor. repress and nations shall yield to the guidance of the Divine wisdom. incarnated in man. would require an eloquent tongue." so . magnificent the contrast between the vast dark area of ancient history. as well as the interior powers of our souls. society in harmony. often uttered. and if we can do aught to determine their fate with cer- Psychometry gives this far seeing comprehension. That wisdom shall guide and harmonize all things.

who. and the subsequent life of the boy corresponds thus far with her opinions. and almost as uncertain concerning the discipline and direction that should be adopted. B. " It has a It has maturity we do not often see He seems the germ of a distinguished manhood. whose future I wished to foresee. His intellect is too active for his He should be out of doors to play ball and body. He is not calculated for the rough and in the spirit. and to keep him back rather than push ahead. rather than a business life. for the sake of the parents. and He will be studious and desire a philanthropic. but lives in the interior "If he lives and is not cramped or forced to an unnatural position. other games and sports He may take a fancy to some of the arts but I do not think he would like it as a profession. and must not be taxed. I placed the picture in the hands of Mrs. but not of a robust organization. for his organism is not strong. well. tumble of life. profession " They must be careful of this child until he is seven years old. which He is very sensitive and will sufnatural to him. It seems a precocious mind of very strongly marked traits of character. . It brings a pleasant impresnot an advanced mind. 89 the more uncertain its parents must be as to its character and destiny. not shut up with a book. but the faculties are not unfolded. If he has opportunities. fer a great deal from not being understood as he grows up. he will unfold superior qualities is " There and be very independent. The following is the impression that she gave. he will probably be a reformer in his views.. It seems youthful sion. " I like this influence. never sees the picture but only touches it. They will have to be careful not to overcrowd him in his studies. in such cases.Appendix. Having received the photograph of an interesting child. is great amiability of disposition. It seems like a child.

but is a self-reliant when left to act for himself yet is liable He to yield too much to the wishes of his parents. but is not likely to be a clergyman.90 Appendix. He will be a good speaker. should be thrown upon his own resources early in character life. Science. I would like to make a statesman of him. If he decides for himself. . and would like to understand governmental matters and look deeply into all subjects. will be accomplished. " He is not in the least selfish. and are placed under the developing and and love-inspiring schools. industrial : will often be born when matrimonial guided by psychometric wisdom. let us pray by earnest labor " THY KINGDOM COME." the world's redemption from the ancient tyranny of poverty. as illustrated in my work " MORAL EDUCATION. in diffusing truth." Such children unions are when they ennobling influences of truly intellectual. theology would not be his choice. "He has a very spiritual development and religious tendency. Until that time arrives. crime and war. pestilence. wisdom and love shall rule the world under a smiling Heaven.

. D. which had been very startling to him. were a young man of twenty-two years. M. it appears that the experiments of Bourru and Burot illustrate the power of medicines to affect the constitutions of sensitives without absorption and without contact. France. where the experiments were made. The medicines used were held a few inches behind the patient's head the liquids contained in a botthe tle. Director of the School of Naval Medical Officers*at Rochefort. The experiments reported by MM. At the late meeting of the French Association for the advancement of Science. held at Grenoble. The subjects of the experiments which were performed in the hospital at Rochefort in 1885.] Foreign Reproduction of American Discoveries. Myers. precaution. Dr. From the accounts published in French medical journals. and a woman of twenty-six both of a hysteric or nervous organization. and when the paper above mentioned was read before the French Association. Bourru and Burot were submitted to the critical investigation of Dr. BOSTON. aided by the Professors of the Naval School and Naval Medical The experiments were repeated with every Officers. though he knew that no assumption of fraud was in the least admissible. Drs. who undertook a strict investigation. Duprony. The phenomena as summarized by Dr. Bourru and Burot presented a paper on the action of medicines which attracted much attention and created much surprise. and the solid substances wrapped in a paper patients knowing nothing of the nature of the experiments. BY JOSEPH RODES BUCHANAN. and which he could not explain. were as follows . Duprony endorsed the statements and referred to his own experiments. . [From the Medical Advocate 91 New York.Appendix.

as it does in cats cantharides a feeling of burning in mucous surfaces. . . " The narcotics all produced sleep. which was followed by spasmodic breathing this was considered to constitute a physiological analysis of the effects of laurel water. and a peculiar taste in the mouth tartar. narceine a sleep of a peculiar type. which could be made less deep by the use of its characteristic features : . atropine .92 Appendix. ac- companied by salivation. followed by headache and drowsiness cacuanha lead to less sickness but much salivation. thebaine. phor had a quieting action. : . which was stopped by . from which it was difficult to rouse them. but each had Opium produced a heavy sleep. salivation. In the man. 4 . who was a Jewess. amylic alcohol by intoxication with great violence aldehyde by rapid and complete absinthe by paprostration. but found to be always constant in each patient. In the woman. The sleep of codeia. and which left some headache and weariness chloral produced a lighter sleep morphia a sleep like that of opium. with the alcohols: Wine was followed by jovial intoxication . spasmodic breathing. there was first a religious ecstacy. as of dead drunkenness Orange flower water and camralysis of the limbs. and narcotine was accompanied by a more or less convulsive movement. . and repentance. . producing natural sleep.emetic much nausea and great depression. in which she acted a drama of adoration. and ending in a sudden waking to a state of anxiety and distress. the effect of each of the emetics was characteristic Apomorphia produced profuse sickness without ipestraining. " Valerian produced some bizarre phenomena of excitement. . prayer. it produced convulsive movements of the thorax. 'So. and hiccough. too. In the same way. The effects of laurel water were unexpected and its action in consequence was often tested.

repeated a thousand times. 93 camphor veratria the symptoms of a cold in the head. They are with their confreres quite puzzled over these facts." In the verificatipn of these experiments by Dr. serving to show that the To his surprise. Drs. the effects which belong to des. present when a gentleman who had two similar bottles in his pocket. They are just beginning to learn the trans-corporeal powers of the nervous system. thoughts of the experimenters had nothing to do with The professors were the production of the effects. and publicly taught in this country both in medical colleges and in popular lectures. as in their ordinary surgical use. held up the bottle to the patient which he thought contained the canthari- past forty years. . but what has been understood. and was holding up the bottle ol valerian. There is nothing in these French experiments. and disturbances of sight jaborandi and pilocarpine made the The anaesthetics patients sweat. and in the metallo-therapie which has made a sensation in Paris. during the . in many of whom they found similar though less marked results. an incident occurred.and Burot tried a number of other patients. except in the particular method of holding the medicines behind the head of the subject. because it would merely have intensified that marvelousness which excites opposition. wrapped in papers. valerian were produced. of a congestion of the back of the nose. They are carrying on their experiments. and we shall in time have a full exposition from them. Duprony. were followed first by excitement. forming a communication between the patient and the medicines. and rather inclined to believe in a radiant nerve force. Bourru. and salivated them. and then he found that he had made a mistake. containing one valerian and the other cantharides. . and afterward by . sleep.Appendix. which I have not adopted in public.

beyond all doubt. for they are generally unknown in the majority of the medical schools of this country. although it may be contained in a bottle (if a liquid) or well wrapped and concealed in paper." and liberal medical journals." Anthropology. "System of " " ManTherapeutic Sarcogriomy. that Southern part of the United States a very large majority of the population (and in some places all) are capable of feeling the medical influence of any substance held in the hands. and have often y published them in the Journal of Man. showtry. I have found a majority to be thus impressible in various degrees. from substances in con- These experiments established the in the proposition. Nevertheless. I instituted experiments upon the power of human sen- sibity in feeling impressions tact or proximity." ual of Psychometry. and which has been more recently verified by the very remarkable experiments of Professor Ferrier. knowl. In large medical classes of 150 or more in number. fact that the divisions . my recently published "Manual of Psychomethe history of my investigations is given. I have made these things familiar faged instruction and by experiments. after having discovered the seat of sensibility in the human brain." ing that in 1841. I presume the French experimenters were totally unacquainted with such facts. many being able in five or ten minutes to icine as if they give as accurate a description of the effects of a medhad taken a large dose in the ordinary way.94 In Appendix. This is due to the lamentable produced by party spirit in the medical profession are as wide. and the sectarianism as intense as that which separates the numerous sects of the Christian Church in consequence of which. or in contact with the person. which I ascertained by extensive observations between 1837 and 1840. In five medical colleges in which I have been ensince 1845.

was assured by my quondam friend. shall I detail Nor The stolid hostility to liberal scientific investigation which characterizes allopathic medical journals. . J. the mag'nanimity of the ceived. W. as I to offer my services where they were my experiments at have not been invited by the editor of the Popular Science Monthly to do so. as no reason could be given which would look well on paper.Appendix. extends to the Popular Science Monthly. present. L. for I might perchance mention some facts a little more marvelous than those reported to the French Society for the Advancement of Science. and the announcement of a marvelous fact or discovery is the most dangerous experiment that an American scientist can make. that it would be impossible for any of my discoveries to be looked at by the American Medical Association. edge developed in a minority party is 95 looked upon as a and systematically ignored. as it is controlled now not by Professor E. Youmans. Perhaps I may have done unintentional injustice to some of their I . conductors in acting on this opinion. French Society is not known in high quarters. Belonging myself to a minority party in the profession. Youmans. hostile element. but I have never been disposed not desired. as their code was and I have ever regarded it as equally in the way useless to offer any statement of such discoveries to medical journals attached to that party. [The above is the paper which was offered a few days since to the Popular Science Monthly and promptly refused. without giving a reason. Gross of Philadelphia. who belongs to the party which has ever been the most stubborn and intolerant foe of progress the party whose bigotry so far surpasses European intolerance as to have disgusted the profession abroad. and by them honorably reBut in this country. which cannot claim over ten thousand members. D. but by Dr. the late Professor S.

The and medical colleges of the dominant party to examine the simple and demonstrable facts of human impressibility by medicines. B .96 Appendix. refusal of medical societies. shows as forcibly as anything can the necessity of medical reform and more honorable principles in the profession. R.] . medical journals. j.

Le Normand Prophetic warnings Predicpressions Clear vision of the blind tions of war and peace Descriptions of Spurzheim. for he may.PRACTICAL SUGGESTIONS. Indeed. Since the publication of the second edition of the of Psychometry. in war. without any connecting link (guided only by a name). it should be recognized that every disease exerts a pathological influence on those who are near the person. which would show them that contagion is not a matter to be estimated. medical diagnosis and its errors Prophetic immetry in daily life. by invariable rules. Hence. alluded to on pages 64 to 68. but depends more on the temperament of the individual than the characterTo a sensitive psychometer all istics of the disease. in investigating the condition of a person at a distance. like chemi- Manual cal affinity. As to CONTAGION. instead of a dogmatic discussion whether a disease is necessarily or invariably contagious. attain so close a sympathy with his diseases as to be injured by the sympathetic recognition. PsychoConcerning contagion. or so close a sympathy with his own mental qualities as to be materially affected in his nature. so many of the aspects of this subject appear to demand attention. and Diogenes Psychometric description of animals. Darwin. in propor- . that a cursory glance in an additional chapter seems to be required. part 2nd. the medical profession are greatly in need of psychometric science. Caesar. diseases and indeed all conditions of mind and body may be contagious. this is one of the methods most available for psychometric culture of character. among prisoners Mme.

and being drawn up to him and up by him. an enormous educating power. who are infected with the delusion of some member who is insane. when a rage for speculation. for war. Crothers says " The delusions of the insane are often projected one to another. in itself. has an influence upon all who have not a strong resisting constitution. men. and ill-tempered. far more by personal influence than by books and the apparatus of the schoolroom. while on the other hand a certain degree of hardihood and vital force may render even small-pox and the severest fevers incapable of transfer. Such facts led a newspaper editor to say that " Moral virus is just as communicable from lifted person to person as the virus of dysentery or yellow fever. the melancholy." The same thing is illustrated by what may be called moral epidemics. The privilege of sitting down before a great. "It has long been my opinion that we are all educated. There are some whose constitutions even resist vaccination. seems to be diffused in society. or even of those feeble in mind or body. clear-headed. is. or women. the infirm. for the contact of the old.98 Appendix. The early of many cases of inebriety affords striking history examples of mental contagion. D. and learning his methods of thinking and living. It was well said by President Garfield that. The insensible contagion of character is continually operating on the young in society and in education. whether children. and many instances are on record of entire families. Any careful study of a number of cases of inebriety will : . tion to their impressibility." Dr. and hence that precautions should be taken by the sensitive against too close a familiarity with diseases not recognized as contagious. otherwise sane. The victim frequents bad company and is influenced by inebriates. large-hearted man. or f<*r certain crimes. T. and breathing the atmosphere of his life. for mobocracy.

"I guess I'm sick. but when I came to. You take nitro-gtycerine and something else. the other girls were around me and we got outdoors. Pretty soon something seemed to stab me in both temples and run like streaks of lightning above my ears and meet at the back of my head. All I had to do are put into a shell and sealed up. as positively affected by the contagion of an inebriate as they would be from a germ of small-pox. was to mix the paste." The story is told of a young Spaniard in Boston who never went to a dinner party without becoming intoxicated by "the fumes of the wine" and the general excitement. and work it up into a paste with Ten pounds of these pellets the fingers into pellets. The St. manufacture of dynamite is equally dangerous. when I didn't remema sharp. 99 came direct through the Men previously temperate are influence of another. Six of us went to his house. Louis newspaper says " One of the girl victims thus describes her sufferings The other day a man came in here saying he wanted girls to work on dynamite." and then she I felt a little queer myself after we got out. After a while I noticed the girl behind me growing pale she began to reel on her chair and grow faint and dizzy. . An experiment is to be tried at one of the military stations.Appendix. fainted. in boxes had to go to the hospital in Springfield. splitting sensation was felt.' The work is being carried on by a man in Indianapolis on a Government contract. ber anything more for a while. All substances with which we are in contact. or from which AVC receive odors. and an unusually large order had come in that must be filled immed- show that the causation A : ' : . Presently she turned to me and said. At the works of the Hampden Paint and Chemical Company ten or a dozen were recently sick at one time from this One of those engaged in putting the compound cause. exert an Those who are engaged in manufacturing influence. but kept on. Paris green suffer greatly from its emanations.

Who does not feel the healthful influence of the pine forests. M. or animal kingdom may be the source of influences affecting man. and new The to the ' this keen sympathy enables the sensitive to locate wells by the mysterious use of a divining rod. where the fowls became infected and died from tubercular consumption after being placed in charge of a consumptive farm servant. and the dealers. The character of the soil affects those who stand on it. the communication of tuberculosis from man to fowls was proved on a farm at Charenton. girls were brave and stuck to their business until they fainted at their posts. My eyes burned. and in general those in contact with horses. On the other hand. and opinions in France were about Those who are devoted to germ equally divided.' Either the mineral. The contagiousness of consumption is still discussed by physicians. horse whose duties bring them. and all at once that I seemed to sink out of space. beings are often attacked with tetanus when living with or near animals affected with the disease. Blanc of Bombay thought the disease to be contagious and communicated sometimes through infected water. the power of which is due to the sensitive constitution." most frequent among stable boys. This compelled him to get hands who were work and knew nothing about the results.IOO iately. theories think it can be contagious only by means of the disease is . Varneuil of Paris " He said that human stoutly maintained its truth. then a pricking sensation in the fingers I thought my hands were that creeps up the arms. going to sleep. Contagion between animals and man was a subject of discussion at a recent surgical congress in France. One girl describes her feeling a little differently from the others: 'There is a terrible sinking feeling. and although the contagiousness of tetanus from horses was not generally admitted. Prof. stab came in the head. Appendix. and my heart stopped with a jump. vegetable. in France.

ten days the diphtheria was developed in a fatal form in her family. one died.Appendix. and the school was Five deaths ensued three being adults. S. Nothing shows more strikingly the communication by contact or proximity than experience with diphtheria. part dangerous pathological influences in consumption. That mere contact or proximity can in. bacilli IOI of patients. and "in less than a week six were lying ill with diphtheria. army. came home with what he called a slight sore in the throat. The secretary of the State Board of Health of Maine mentions some decisive cases in a A young lady with a mild attack of diphlate report. or handling the clothes of the patient may have fatal results. Such cases defy all mechanical explanatheria A A A tion. took the diphtheria. and all took the disease . it is common to burn the furniture of the apartment where the consumptive has died. No other cases occurred in that vicinity. where the warmth of the climate increases the force of contagion. details three . of disease was embraced by her mother and sisters when she came home. an embrace. of the U. The numerous cases in which contagion did not occur amount to nothing in contradicting the evidence that when the right susceptibility exists. school teacher in a neighborhood where diphtheria had not been seen for four years. contained in the expectorations Undoubtedly substances emitted from the consumptive carry contagion with them. child took the diphtheria and died. I know from my personal experience as well as the observation of the sensitive. a kiss. opened school. but that the contagious influence does not depend solely on such causes is well known popularly. even a momentary contact. closed. McClellan. sitting in company. visited a city where it existed. E. nurse in a family where three children died of diphtheIn ria refused to change her clothes on going home. and died within a week. Dr. Hence in Italy. the mother kissed the child.

where cholera was originated in the United States by European emigrants from cholera infected districts." and giving them to patients. and they who are thus 11 sensitive excel in diagnosis. I even found that when making preparations and etc. in 1848-9. and from thirty to forty per cent. I cannot say that I sicians often suffer in that way. realize the symptoms of their patients whenever they concentrate attention upon them. Welch that one-fourth constitutions are able to resist this influence. but always yield at once to the mind as soon as I discover them. of the attendants in the cholera hospital of Moscow. a part of my atmosphere. off by self-manipulation. suffer with the diseases. the disease appearing in a few days after they unpacked their clothing and baggage. took the disease. and if sufficiently energetic attain a high rank in the profession by their success. so far as I am personally concerned. so to say. so to say. changing clothes. " I had to physician stated in a letter to the author quit practising medicine on account of the sensitiveness You state that magnetic phyof my nervous system. The barrier to contagion is found in the health and Hence one who does not vital force of the subject. it is stated of the nurses employed in the cholera hospital of Edinburgh. especially in cases of puerperal fever. approach A : me.102 cases Appendix. dilutions of drugs. and this is the last of the bad effect. he There are not a few who realized their symptoms. They only. and manifest all their symptoms on me. bathing. of Psygreat importance and absolute necessity to guard against the innumerable errors in chometry medical diagnosis may be enforced by a brief reference The . and is transmitted fro me to my wife and children in a very acute manunless I make a special strong effort to throw it ner. but I find that the affliction remains. PSYCHOMETRY IN MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS. Although many strong by Dr. to contagion is often the medium of its transmisyield Missouri sion.

Under the guidance of Psychometry such a man would not have been detained a day. This perfectly rational man was detained in the asylum until March 4. There are many diseases which are difficult of diagSir Thomas nosis without the aid of Psychometry. and he was discharged. The delirium gradually increased until it was absolutely necessary to put him under personal restraint. from the Rochester Insane Asylum. to 103 which would require a volume. Three men identified him. of Minneapolis. Hall. According to Dr. pericarditis may be going on rapidly yet insidiously. with the aid of incompetent or dishonest whom investigation proves to have been physicians sane. a fair account of In the remarkable instance of Sylvester S. Abercrombie.Appendix. and the mind began to wander. mistakes continually occurring. his speech became indistinct. in his able work on Practice. 1888. that the diagnosis of pericarditis "has been confessedly uncerDr. while our attention . but there was effusion of lymph on the interior of the pericardium and slightly on its exterior. for which he was treated. a builder. there was difficulty in opening the mouth. A frequent example is found in the imprisonment of persons on a charge of lunacy. In a few days the spasms assumed the character of the most violent convulsions. but the autopsy proved that he had a perfectly healthy brain. Bright (from whom Blight's tain and obscure. 1885. when the examiners pronounced him sound. the spasms being more violent than ever seen in that disorder." disease takes its name) attended a young man in 1836 who died in three weeks with every appearance of He was cerebral disease. with vegetations on the valves on the left side of the heart. he was arrested on the street as an escaped lunatic named Jones. " laboring under symptoms of severe chorea." Of course it was treated as cerebral disease. Watson says. a few weeks after his marriage in August.

which had evidently been effused within a few days previous to her death." Dr. "suffering under slight delirium. B. most prominent surgeons in New York operated for ovarian cyst when no such difficulty existed. and did not present a single symptom referable to the heart. E. and the treatment thus directed. formerly on Gen. The woman died. but he was not disposed to accept this opinion when it so contrary to that of the so-called lights of the So he went into a hospital. Foote of New York says: "I knew of two cases within the past two years wherein one of the - . occurring in St. One who is called a quack told the major that his contemptuously trouble was neuralgia of the kidney rather than stone. towards which during life there was no symptom to induce the slightest suspicion of disease. the disease being referred exclusively to the brain. and both I know of another case in which a patients died gentleman. with fatal results. was said to have stone in the kidney by several of the best diag! nosticians of the old school in this city. Bartholomew's Hospital. arid the pericardium. The whole force of the treatment was therefore directed to that organ. In one of these cases. and upon dissection the brain and its coverings were found in a perfectly healthy and natural state. all the symptoms led to the belief that the brain was inflamed. occupied by symptoms which have no relation to it. Latham. exhibited unequivocal marks of acute inflammation.1O4 is Appendix. She sank in about four days after admisNo disease was found in the brain or its memsion. a woman of forty was admitted into the same hospital. " This idea has been illustrated by Dr. recorded by Dr. was . and a skilful profession. Fremont's staff. and other symptoms of an inflammatory affection of the brain. fever." This was a young woman. In another case. the free surfaces of the pericardium were branes coated with thick honeycomb lymph. Burrows with some striking examples of this mistake.

The lady did not believe she had a fever. notwithstanding his massive doses of quinine. that psychometry gives a power to penetrate the region of dim uncertainties. which guides them in the most difficult crises. without any improvement. it ney was to be removed It contained no stone. the lover.. The financial speculator. and fortunately the victim of this regular practice had the vitality to recover from his hazardous operation Dr. His psychometric power is such that. The kidOn reaching it. and next called in Dr. at the first interview with a patient. and has at this time the largest practice in this country. but in every department of life where human energy is struggling with more or less unknown elements. The psychometric power reaches conditions which all diagnosis from exterior symptoms. and the manager of men in every sphere are indebted for their greatest successes to this power. who decided that her only trouble was displacement of the womb. 105 down deep to reach the kidney. the warrior. the gambler.Appendix. he describes his disease defy in a very thorough It is manner without asking a question. and determines what can be done by remedies. who rose into the highest rank as a practitioner in a few years by his psychometric skill. the traveller. Another surgeon cut ! ! ! physician then treated her over a month for typhoid malarial fever. I might refer to an eminent physician. the politician. and thus conquer difficulties otherwise unconquerable. not only in the medical profession. Such are a few of the enormous blunders made by those who have no psychometric perception. however. G. from which his treatment relieved her in three days. and was found to be sound the surgeon closed the wound. It was this intuitive power . and gives a delicate perception of conditions which cannot be expressed in words or taught by professors. Gentry of Kansas City has related the case of a lady who was treated three weeks for what the physician called malarial fever.

the Nubian. No matter to what extreme the rule prohibiting con: . according to the attorney-general and officers of the prison." that one of Riggs. prayer. " Forty Years with the Sioux. the merchant. Men of marvellous careers are generally men of pyschometric genius. in canoes or on the land. the whole panorama where the hostile Ojibwas were situated. ascribes their greatest success to the power of understanding and penetrating the dea faculty in which signs or condition of the enemy General McClellan. seeing dance. the Egyptian. Dr. notwithstanding his tactical ability. the Chinese.106 Appendix. in writing of great commanders. S. cine man learn the designs and condition of their enemies. Lord Wolseley. Senor " Castelar said of him Gordon. in the Indians named Eagle Help was accustomed to act After fasting. li. and a peculiar as a war prophet. the war: the visionary. the intuitive faculty is forced Thus do the Indian chief and mediinto operation. return. there is as complete a system of mysterious intelligence as that The which has astonished the English in India. admired and marvelled at for Indianapolis Journal says " Incidents that must necessarily follow from intercommunication often happen in penitentiaries where the rules are rigid and surveillance so close that a convict is never from under the eye of a guard or taskmaster. the Abyssinia. In the State Prison of Indiana. of grasping the entire situation which constituted the superiority of General Grant. is the greatest type of origiWhen he departed for nality among the Saxon races. Wherever there is a necessity for discovering what the senses cannot reach. he would have a vision of his enemies. the strange being. Rev. the clairvoyant. was deficient. rior. It is stated by the missionary. General Gordon was one. his great abilities and his extraordinary exploits." it was with a presentiment that he would not Egypt.

by written communication. The system.Appendix. more than this. whether anything iii the office or the most distant part of the prison. yet I knew they were communicating have ' . two convicts. of minutise. whenever chance offers the means.' said an ex-prison official. and that it rests on signs. They go to the especial trouble at times in exposing plots. details for the carrying out of which each is assigned his parThis necessitates a thorough explanation ticular part.often tell them what they have does not know learned from other convicts. a convict may conceive the idea of escape or revolt. but whether on those made with fingers. to curry favor with the officials. but they are no nearer a solution than when they first began to investigate the matter. they do not know. they find may be some means by which to inform themselves of what is going on or what is to occur. But. or whether it depends on all together. They bring others into the plot or plan until twenty or thirty know it. eyes and lips. an elaboration of signs. They know there is a system. They did not utter a word. within fifteen minutes there is not a convict who occurs tried again all about it.. versation between convicts 107 enforced. aided. fc seen. Penitentiary officials have and again to obtain even a clue to the system. six feet apart. and are ready to reveal everything except the means by which they learned the facts. or the bringing into play of other features. no doubt. Prisoners. The secret use of the latter means for expressing ideas and purposes will not answer for the completeness of information convicts obtain of what takes place in prison walls. involves. No convict has yet given the slightest suggestion which would lead to the discovery of the I secret that has defied the shrewdest detectives. whatever it is. and calls for a system of communication for which a limited use of signs would not answer. nor could I discern the slightest movement of the lips or eyes. for. and for him to communicate it to one he wishes to have as an accomplice is not difficult. facing each other.

accepting the invitation. into the room with the prison officers when a convict stepped up. said. but I am satisfied that one told the other all he wished to tell. T him: " " " " 4 You Yes ' are the attorney-general ? Yes. and. they passed through the inner gates. to look themselves. he was sitting in the office of the prison one afternoon.' " That is 4 true. further cause for wonder by telling him that he feneral his reaching the city the day before. ' ' Your name . It was something he did not expect to do. and with neither of . asking the latter if he could speak to the gentleman with him.io8 Appendix. They gazed at each other for a moment or two before I had a chance to interfere. out into the court-yard and across that directly to the shoe factory. I am from Shelby county. crossing the first cell-rooms. although " He then went on to in the county.' who he was.' was the only reply of that officer. nor did tell I ever see you until now. w hen the deputy warden or some other subordinate asked him if he did not wish to go through the shops. They were not three minutes in going. on permission being given something. how many new of visits he had made to the prison. and for what purpose. nor did they stop anywhere until they reached the The attorney-general had gone but a few feet factory.' " Attorney-general Michener relates an incident or two showing the perfection to which the convicts have carried their system of conveying information among On his first visit to Jeffersonville. separated from the first by an intervening room. ' Michener ? but how do you know that ? is ' I have never seen you before. but. where he lived and what he had done to bring him into But the convict gave the attorneythe penitentiary. into the matter of Jack Howard's shortcoming as warden of the Southern prison. "Leaving the shoe factory the attorney -general and prison officer went into another room.

He also wanted a pardon. and signals. way Michener Every convict who cared to know had all information about who you are and why you have come within a few minutes after you came inside of the The convicts have no privilege of writing prison door. Here Mr. which is a considerable distance from the shoe factory. but so perfect is their system of communicating with each other that in forming 4 : plans to escape they can agree on time. who told him about what the first had done.' " An Not long ago ex-prison official said recently I took a convict to Michigan City. methBut there is always some convict ods. minutes. to another building the prison officials said to Mr. the third convict came up to the attorney-general the instant he entered the room. I reached the prison about eight o'clock in the evening. leaders. Michener was approached by another convict. When I came down to breakfast the next morning. Just after Warden Patton took charge three plans of uniting were discovered and thwarted in one day. learns all about it. but turning over my prisoner I went to the hotel and to bed. after all the convicts had been locked up in their cells. How they knew I was there nobody knows. though ^iot in the plot. or speaking to each other. who. and tells the details to the officers. Prison officials are constantly seeing the effects 4 : A . Going to the foundry. 109 which could any person in the third have direct communication.Appendix. This man had the identity of the visitor and the cause of his coming to Jeffersoriville as accurately as On their the other two. except he asked him to see the governor in his behalf. No one knew of rny being there but the officer in charge at I did not stay longer than five that time of night. there was a messenger from the prison stating that such and such a convict wanted to see me. half-dozen in all wished to have me come out to them. Investigation always brings to light enough incidents to convince us that their plans are being formed constantly.

Sometimes I am walking at leisure or at random. Even if a psychometric fact is admitted as undeniable. with which marvellous facts are generally received which contain in themselves a volume of philosophy reminds us forcibly of casting pearls before swine." So wonderful a fact as this is mentioned by Mr. says. " Willson had the singular power of reading character the touch of manuscript. of communication ' among the convicts. say just for the pleasure of a . speaking gler. it is passed by with as little serious thought as the ignorant rustic has in seeing a galvanic battery which he could not distinguish from the apparatus of a jugJas. In the same frivolous way Bayard Tay lor told of an artist in New York. The letter was written by the artist himself. There was something by weird at times in his presence and conversation.I IO Appendix. in his biographical notes. and whom a friend induced to give a very wonderful description of character from a letter held in his hands.' The wide diffusion of such powers in the human race is not suspected nor can its existence be known while our existing systems of education teach men to deny with dogmatic insolence all facts which transcend their meagre and stolid conceptions of philosophy. and the description was so forcible that the friend never informed him that he had been The utter neglect and indifference describing himself. T. who had a wonderful psychometric power. whom I taught to exercise the psychometric faculty. who do meet me a few minutes after the impressions. but cannot detect the system. "Since a few months I am in the daily habit of getting two or three involuntary impressions of persons who are about to visit me. daily life. of the talented young poet Forceythe Willson. Fields with as much indifference as any trivial personal accomplishment. volume might be filled with illustrations of the A psychometric experiences which occur to thousands in A correspondent in India writes to me. Fields.

Just. person springs up in my imagination. 1 1 1 I am thinking of All on a sudden the image of some nothing particular. and after three. The reputation she acquired must have been based upon a real intellectual power. or five minutes. All of a sudden the image of some client or some other walk in a public street of the city. and early in life was regarded as an oracle by an abbey of Benedictine monks and presented to Bishop Grinaldi as one supernaturally inspired. for Bonaparte and the allied sovereigns could not have been influenced by a mere pretender.Appendix. A Lefebre and Gen. but owing to the scorn with which the marvellous has always been treated by animal men (except when under the sanction of the church). I see that man. She made many wonderful and true predictions to Murat. Le Normand of Paris. Hoche. . Sometimes I am four. At the age of 17." Such phenomena are an infinitesimal part of that foreseeing faculty which belongs in some degree to all mankind. sitting in my office doing my own ordinary business. whose intuitions and predictions were treated with respect by royal families. In all ages there have been persons who could penetrate the character and condition of others^Dr divine their future with as much skill as Zchokke. de Montpensier. but have been left for gypsies and eccentric individuals. such powers have not been cultivated or exercised among the influential and fashionable classes. She was a natural somnambulist. the German author. to Robespierre and St. afterward the real person comes over to me. to the Princess de Lamballe and Mile. The most gifted of this intuitional class since the time of the Sibylline oracles was Mme. being so remarkable among birds that their actions are generally accepted as indications of the changes of the weather. few minutes person appears in my imagination. and even to animals. she predicted the downfall and destruction of the French monarchy when the States-General had been convoked.

to whom she predicted a long life.112 to Josephine Appendix. Messer was at my home my da lighters were talking of taking a . I extrip . deaths of Murat. they were then contemplating taking to Eureka. de Beauharnais. de Montpensier. But alas. and M. what effects do marvellous facts like these have upon the pedants of the colleges who repeat the inanities of text books of so-called philosophy from century to^eentury. The life endured for a century. Oceania and Chester on the Pacific coast was distinctly She predicted by Mrs. Le Nonnancl enjoyed great popularity and was visited by authors. and The collision between the quietly get rid of them. Messer of San Francisco. Don't go on that steamer. and even if it prophetic had been recognized. that " during the first part of April Mrs. who imprisoned her while he carried out her prophecy. Messer interrupted them by " saying." bance in Japan. Mme. Just were very but still more remarkable was her prediction for Mile. made the prediction on three different occasions to H. T. "I see that the Oceania is to meet with an accident coming into this "At the same sitting she saw a great disturport. states in the Crolden Gate different parties. remarkable . statesmen. no physiologist would seek for its foundation in the brain. when Mrs. The multitude do not want such facts. warriors. In predicting the divorce of Josephine she roused the anger of Napoleon. as though from an earthquake. for I see she is going to meet with a terrible accident. learning nothing from nature. when the people will be panic-stricken." On the 26th of July she said again. who was expected to be guillotined the next day. S. No the professor of philosophy recognizes faculty of the human mind. Robespierre. and St. and Her predictions of the people of the highest rank. S. And yet there is a great abundance of prophetic facts unknown because they are consigned to oblivion at once. on the Chester.

An English seer. as it would never reach its port and all on board would be lost. About forty years ago General Bern. In June. She distinctly saw a steamer coming into port . Mr. Why was such a loss of life inevitable ? Because mankind are not yet sufficiently enlightened to A similar prediction understand the value of the prophetic faculty. having had a prevision of his . but the smaller steamer which the Oceania ran into sank so quickly she could only see that her iiame commenced with " C .. and all within a few days of each other. of Hadlyme. who had nearly lost his voice by pulmonary consumption. Conn. She assured me there was no cause of anxiety. which was given to them separately. Taft. of Hungary. Taft warned the ship captain he would have been laughed at or suspected of lunacy. as it was This was of course the to the northwest of there. and gave an accurate description of the collision." also that a number of lives would be lost. in 1887. recent volcanic eruption." " To the lady and gentleman above mentioned she gave a more perfect account of the collision. and the ship was lost. 1887. said it was the Oceania. Hundreds of prophetic presentiments of death have been published.Appendix. announced the date of his own death. A few years ago an English lady had engaged passage to the United States. was near his end. Then her attention was directed to another steamer going out. Mr." He died at that time. 113 pressed some alarm. as I have friends in Yokohama. was impelled to tell her not to go on that vessel. John W. and was so promptly fulfilled as to cause a great sensation and much newspaper discussion." of disaster to a ship sailing from San Francisco was publicly made by John Slater in that city. At eight o'clock the evening before his death he started into wakefulness and said. Had Mr. Brockway. " I shall die to-morrow morning at six o'clock. The lady postponed her passage.

I am glad to see friend. and building a church." tb What do you mean. who shall speak of Jesus Christ and his salvation. his peculiar ideas of religion. A liberal clergyman may sometimes reach a "recognition of such facts. " God will send me a preacher. in one of his able discourses spoke of " that subtle force. acting eye or ear. " Come. This man had built a church. as Bishop Thompson of Mississippi. tombstone with the date inscribed upon it. The moment I beheld your vessel ashore. and my constant reply has been. who offered his hospitality. The farmer sketched his life." said Murray. One of the strangest examples of a verified premonition belongs to the history of Universalism. but that God who has put it into my heart to build this house will send one who shall deliver unto me his own truth. My friends often ask me where is the preacher of whom you spoke. I am glad you have returned. and there fell in with a prosperous farmer named Potter. that inner sense. he will by and by make his appearance." These exalted phenomena are much nearer to the sphere of religion than to that of modern science. expecting you a long time. my suitable preacher. The preachers we have heard are perpetually contradicting themselves. and on a voyage from New York to Boston was accidentally carried to Cranberry Inlet. and waited long in expectation that God would send him a He said to Murray. of which he said to his neighbors. and of a very different stamp from those who have heretofore preached in my house. I published liis presentiment in the Journal of Man. which." My neighbors assured me I should never see a preacher whose sentiments corresponded with my own. and recollect that it was afterwards fulfilled. Rev. the pioneer or founder of American Universalism. had from grief abandoned the English pulpit.1 1 4 Appendix. . I have been you. will one day be the means of independent of communication of souls. John Murray.

" Feb. Feb. " France and January. it 1 1 5 seemed as if a voice had audibly sounded in my ears. Buchanan. 4th a London dispatch said " Europe is once more in the agonies of a war scare. in 1887 and the beginning of 1888. 10th the Buda-PestJi Journal urged Austria to attack Russia first because war was -inevitable. Potter. of our German said: " The A dispatch from making immense preparations. to the Sun said. Senor Castelar was represented as saying in a speech that war between Russia and Germany was inevitable. in that vessel cast away on that shore. Feb." Berlin said that Herr von Tisza's statement in the Lower House of the Hungarian Diet " confirmed the conviction that war between Austria and Russia is accepted by both sides as inevitable. 1887. Pendleton." Feb. " Potter. but was pressed into the service. this is the man. powers Europe." heard the voice and I believed the report. 1887. and Germany. and became the founder of the " Universalist church in this country. the same voice seemed to repeat. will take the initiative. from a general feeling of insecurity. Petersburg that the German colonists in side of the ." In a despatch from Madrid. There." A dispatch from London. it is generally thought. 12th the news came from St. 5th " The a Paris dispatch to the Herald said certainty of war between the two hereditary enemies of either : : minister." Murray strongly opposed the invitation. Germany are looked upon as certain to lead off the ball.Appendix. I is the preacher you have been so long expecting. and when you came up to my door and asked for the fish. It is with me a matter of common and frequent experience to observe the operation of the prophetic In the Journal of Man faculty in Mrs. have been Rhine is as certain as anything can be. Feb. 7. this is the person whom I have sent to preach in yo inhouse. I published her prophetic views of the European war which was anticipated by the leaders of public opinion In January.

Germany was inevitable." It is needless to The emperor will live beyond will be quiet this year. There is a growing It will internal discord among the people of Russia. referred to a speech of Count von to show that " war Moltke before the German Reichstag add to these records of alarms at that time and subsequently. throughout the whole of which the psychometric impressions of Mrs. though there might be some uprising of the people against the government. and some concessions will be made to quiet the people. has passed away. I did not record all her impressions. I gave in the Journal of Man the following application of Psychometry to the question of peace or war : WAR OB PEACE? VOICE OF PSYCHOMETRY. in the anticipations of war increasing. the conciliatory Frederick. The Crown Prince has a very strong constitution. 1888. though war was spoken of as inevitable by such as Gen. but will not be able to throw off his disease. Wolseley of England. the people's expectation. Buchanan firmly maintained the continuance of peace. .Ii6 Appendix. but in January. European governments generally will be ameliorated and more in sympathy with the people." In September. American Senate. There may be threats or demonstrations. but there will be a failure for the purpose is not warrantable. Beck. the Caucasus had been notified to hold themselves in readiness to return to Germany and join the reserves. notwithstanding the preparations. according to the psychometric pre- The German Emperor. not result in war. present standpoint of the public it looks as if a disturbance was intended. There is no sufficient cause and there will not be war. Military preparations were actively going on and the Mr. " from the 1888. The future of Germany promises a less tyrannical or more democratic administration. but I do not see any bloody fighting. I recorded her opinion.

and pronounces without knowing. He will . The following were her expressions.. the war scare has arisen in force. the generals who look on the pessimistic and dangerous aspect of events. when the wiser voice of psychometry. arrogant nature. B. June 20. I submitted the new Emperor to the searching psychometric investigation of Mrs. the object described. utterly worthless was the diagnosis of the fashionable English surgeon. and the proclamation of the new Emperor has renewed their apprehensions. There is a good deal of pomposity and love of power. have repeatedly anticipated war in Europe. Sir Morell Mackenzie. To-day. He is not as good as the Prince of Wales. and to judge of its value. The accession of Emperor William revives the Euro- How pean war scare. who touches without seeing. and would hot take any insult or any : dictation from anybod}'. I think his policy is peace. four months ago. accurately reported " This is a public character. but he will not stand any menacing talk from other nations. There is something in the character that is stubborn. through Mrs. but there is a great deal of aristocracy about him. He seems a foreigner. He has been looking forward to his position for a long I feel that this man has a great amount of selfwhile. Buchanan. I cannot say I admire him. and the American politicians. Buchanan. There will . 117 diction of Mrs. I can't help thinking this must be the [No matter give his character. guided by the newspapers mainly. who receives a princely income for his blundering opinions. pronounced it impossible.Appendix. importance. that he would not last beyond the early portion of the summer.] endeavor to have the people feel that he is their friend. He feels his dignity wonderfully. He has fight in him. He wants his own ideas and ways in everything. new Emperor. It is not one I know much about. and has a very peculiar. The brilliant quidnuncs who send dispatches across the Atlantic.

but would be influenced by able advi- may concede some . oppressive. in- dependent of the external senses. the talk is war. I think Bismarck will keep him from it. In Berlin. Here. and his reign will be conciliatory.1 1 8 Appendix." " [But the despatch from Berlin published to-day the Standard asserting says: 'They all predict war that the last barrier of peace was swept away by Frederick's death. " It does not look like war. The general character of the government will not be changed. worship a demagogue. people officer in the army is eager for it. but I think it will be his policy to live amicably with all nations. recognize visible objects and events in the present and extend our recognition into the past and future. dignity. He things to the people. but he is proud. give I do not think he will be bad policy. and respect the I think he will keep on old Emperor's policy. and self-willed though I do not think he will get into war." The existence of those wonderful faculties which. He will be excited the Russians. last and forever. arrogant. and will in time favor education. is not so much of a politician as his mother. because he is believed to awe the Germans. for that would be nations. He has a stubborn will. satisfaction what they want. [Yet war is apprehended to-day.' What do you say ?"] "I don't see any war. Every In Paris. and a great deal of dissatisfaction with him. good terms with Bismarck. in Berlin.] I do not believe it. first. but I do not think it will produce against war. be a sputtering for a while. him. is additionally illustrated by . the talk is war. but will endeavor to keep up his I think he his people a good ruler. Preparations and menacing His wife is humane but talk will not amount to war. though lie may not be as There is 110 intrigue about conciliatory as his father. . They hardly know are overflowing with bile. sers. There will be a great deal of agitation and dis- among the They He not going into war.

Hendrickson can see. " He is well educated. one would scarcely recognize him as a blind man. . He lost his eyesight when six months old. objects. tell when he is passing an alley. and has.Appendix.' said A.. notably that of broommaking. but he cannot tell when he comes to a sudden depression in . and. and is the author of a book entitled. He was educated at the institution for the eduyears. although he finds him' self unable to account for it in any manner satisfactory to himself or conformable to physical science. since leaving that institution. Nevertheless. closely approximate the height of the buildings along the streets with accuracy and apparent ease. and has never seen the light since he was six months old. Out from the Darkness. 119 examples in which the vision is suppressed. The Chicago Herald gave the following account of Mr. or rather discern peared. followed various industries. except when in great haste and when going on territory entirely strange to him. And so it apMr. but finds a substitute for eyes in the sixth sense. with glasses which hide his completely closed eyes. not by a bandage but by blindness. Wis. The most remarkable example of this is Henry Heudrickson. Henis a man who is totally blind. he can tell when he comes to a sudden rise in the sidewalk as well as one who enjoys complete sight can turn a street corner. S. For the last twenty years he has seldom used an escort. cation of the blind at Janesville. It must be remembered that lie is totally blind. which is sometimes called second sight and clairvoyance. White in introducing Henry Hendrickson to a visitor yesterday. the blind Norwegian. although he was deprived of the sense of sight when he was six months old.' This work is somewhat in explanation of the second sight with which he is becoming endowed. He was born in Norway forty-three years ago. and has lived in America forty ' dricksou " Here . a somewhat brilliant conversationalist. but who nevertheless can see.

' he said. 4 I can dis- tinguish and count the telegraph poles often do it as a pastime or to course I do not see them. who have observed him " at Mr. and determine our speed. heavy cloth was thrown over his head as he sat in his chair. I could not perceive or discern anything. Once. this is For he people. No.' ' 4 . and consequently blind. 102 Washington street. White's office ai. It was impossible for any one to see through it. it mattered not. I became for the momin total darkness. and made a test of the blind man's wonderful second sight. That is. unable to account. said the blind man. but I cannot explain it powers. but he has been put under the severest tests. There is always a bright glow of light surrounding me. 'When in a train at full speed. am not able to explain it.1 20 Appendix. ent stunned. but I perceive them. This hung down on all sides to his waist. and those who have made the investigations are convinced that he cannot see. I in the least impaired on account of my blindness. " Yesterday the Herald reporter spent some time with the sidewalk. I should say.' "A practical test of this unaccountable second sight was made in the presence of the visitor. Many the facility with which he moves from place to place. ness. It is Of course my perceptive faculties are not perception. Then before him or behind him. A thick. peared so unaccountable that Mr. on being stung by a bee. an ordinary walking cane was held up in various positions. doubt that he is totally blind. Of easily. someThe test aptimes describing acute or oblique angles. but I am never in total darkIt is the same at midnight as at midday. or. Hendrickson hastened to assure the guest that there was nothing supernatural It is wholly a matter of the perceptive about it. To such questions as: 4 Is it perpendicular or horizontal or 'In what position am I holding it?' he gave prompt and correct answers without a single mistake.

" 4 In 1871. not the faintest glimmer of one. " ' Let us have 'a test on that line.' acters. and no matter how dark it is I can tell you the dimensions of the room very closely. my writing at first but am now able to write very well. one that I have never been into and never heard about. White. but his visitors laughed. I said I could. and as my hearing is very good I exI had a little trouble with pect to become an expert. I did. My sight or discernment does not come in that way. to his house on Forty-first street.' interjected Mr. Now this covering is simply a formality it is nonsense. 121 further than that. I will touch nothing. This will prove the idea to you Take me into a strange room. do you know. but describing phonetic charhe can tell the characters I am making or describing without seeing them.' requested the visitor.' Why. I did not see it.Appendix. from the description he gave me. I had no escort. I walked straight in carriages and some on foot. a long distance with In fact I knew several turns. had a pleasant chat. that when I stand up here in this room and with my projected forefinger make motions like one beating the ' " ' time for a church choir. . I do not feel the walls. Then a wager was put up and I started out on foot the others followed. and yet the house when I came to it. I am studying shorthand I won the wager. I have never by the ordinary sense of sight seen any object in my life. but there is communicated to me by some strange law of perception the size and configuration of the room. and can interpret them. I went to New York city . and did not make a miss. : ' and called upon Brick Pomeroy at his office on Union There were a number of persons there and we square. some with Mr. Pomeroy asked me to his house and inquired if I thought I could find my way. " ' With pleasure.' he continued. Hendrickson with a .' responded Mr. Mr. I see nothing. White.

I 4 " don't see. but I know. blindfolded as a mere matter of precaution. and can when gliding over the ice swiftly see every particle on the ice. as before. and the robe was Then Mr. " Let us have that test most certainly and with pleaThe visitor wrote down sure. I'm a very good skater.' " At this juncture the visitor bethought how the two might have put up a job or a joke upon him. no matter how small or indistinct.' answered the blind man. White " What are your politics ? " Mr. and cut the air rapidly.' said the blind man. lifting the robe to get a breath of air. Well. making certain phonetic char' acters. White should repeat them phonetically by his forefinger. White struck off the question by aerial slants and curves and hooks. slapped his hands with a laugh and responded "'Republican.' Is it not remarkable that the philosophers and physiologists of to-day utterly fail to recognize or attempt ' : ' ' : ' ' to explain such facts as these. every crack and rough The faster I spot. Hendrickson could tell what they were. the plainer I can see. and he suggested that he be allowed to write certain words upon a slip of paper.' added Mr. not doubt Mr. H. see what I am saying?" I answer no and yes both. The new Anthropology . It is light to me and I discern everything. the proof would be conclusive. and if then Mr. He had scarcely finished when Mr. White stood up again brought into use. Hendrickson. of course. but I perceive. " Certainly. or something. you have asked me this.' said Mr. The guest further requested that while he did smile.' "4 By the way. Hendricksori's total blindness. that Mr. he wished to have him blindfolded for this test. the following upon a leaf from his notebook and passed it over to Mr. Well. I don't mean that I go can see. Hendrick' " Can you son.1 22 Appendix.

and at which he was looking intently. with feeling. is unusually developed.' said he. from . where the hemispheres lie close together. 123 have derived from experiments on the brain explains them by showing that clairvoyance and psycho me try belong to the interior region of the front lobe of the brain. " white cows " Sunday cows and the red ones everyday ' foliage. or exists. isn't it? Don't you think so?' stronger than he did.' 4 cows. The distance here is good.Appendix. a Tribune reporter found him seated in front of a small Hart. and whenever this region receives an unusual which I excitement. and I enjoy its application to everything concerning which knowledge is needed. which had just been received. The picture is small but treated two cows. Coyl. a bit of water and " We call his Yes. and the water particularly so. as the reporter ad- vanced to shake hands. Meeting him at one of the galleries a few days ago. Hart's pictures are all alike a red one or a white or two of a color. ' these are not his Sunday cows evidently. " ' Here's a new Hart. Coyl with considerable pleasantry.' " ' Well.' "Neither were they. for they were bright red. Whenever and wherever there are good paintings to be seen he can always be found. The Detroit Tri: "Detroit boasts of a blind art connoisseur named who is also a good patron of art. seeming to enjoy it with the rest of the company.' said Mr. clairvoyance blind blind bune says The possible perfection of the faculty in the was shown in the comments on pictures by a man of Detroit named Coyl. But how in the world could a blind man tell a brindle cow a white one? Is there a sixth sense ?" In the daily application of Psycho me try my confidence in its value is growing. " " 4 He 4 paints The reporter wonderingly assented.' said a lady of the party.' he continued. 'Good.

strength of character reaching over a very large terriThe power of his thought. impression. very independent. He is in There is a warmth and nearness in the spirit life now. . "This has been written sixty or seventy years ago. progressive. He was of a scientific opposition to his sentiments. and kindred subjects. and write about the brain. right direction. He feels that you are in an original line of thought not dominated by any other minds. He would talk. in advance of others. but my nervous system is not in a state to express it. perhaps both. and had very correct views. He thinks you are developing in the I think he has communicated with you. He had a great deal of will power. SPTJRZHETM (from his manuscript). DR." CHARLES DAKWIN. opinions. written by a person of very broad. and may is interest the reader as this chapter concluded. I think he has an overshadowing approval of your work. a teacher or writer. and was more interested in the brain than anything else.1 24 of Appendix. into different lines of thought in spirit life. but had a great deal of J. was acquainted with medical science. and teachtory. living or not. is "I do not know if this person There is a great deal of It is a man. . 1 feel a pressure of intellectual conceptions. cast of mind. PSYC HOMETRIC DESC II I PTI ON S G. strong and decisive. Out lect a my numerous reports on character I would sefew which have not been published. things appertaining to what he was interested in here. not afraid to give his views. elevated mind. There seems an overshadowing influence that stimulates you. ings would extend very far and have great popularity." [What views does he have of the process of creation and development of life on the globe ? ] " His views are such as have been expressed by the believers in evolution from the lower to the higher order of creation. as though he would be attracted to the His mind broadens out science you are engaged in. lecture.

He was independent. He is riot of this generation. I should think he would go into geological and astronomHe was very thorough in his researches. a self-poised." " This is not JULIUS CAESAR. but a very remote character. was of democratic bearing. and was driven to do things not really in his character by controlling circumstances. I think he lived in troubled times. man . He did not care for display or adulation. " He did great things. It seems a very great time since he lived. looked far and deep into things. when his reHe was searches would enlighten future generations. and his career was a wide one. He is not now what he was in earth life. but he looked to the future. happy in his work. an author. but rather like a leader and reformer. not of this country. He is not near. "I think his aims were not ambitious for his own gratification. He was bold and fearless in his sentiments. any one feels like a I know. His disposition was such that the difficulties encountered did not hinder his progress. a scientist. and it carried think now he He had him through many difficulties. He had great insight into He does not people and things. and disturbance. a great scientific mind. seem like a military character. was one of the people. If he had lived to see the effect of his researches it would have given him great satisfaction. I will try to get into his ideas. when the world was in a state of unrest. He did not live in the last century. He had peculiarities. and faithful to his labors. He seems a great scientist. I 125 is deceased. was very radical in his religious opinions. He had an indomitable will. He seems a writer. It of genius. There is a great deal of refinement in the character. but 1 do not get any warlike tendencies. a penetrative mind. If he had lived longer he would have completed his work. was unlike other people.Appendix. but I don't see what he did. profound man. original. but looks upon things from a different standpoint altogether. ical sciences. was very approachable at all times.

then settled down to political life. and commanded. He had a It great deal of antagonism fluences in it." " His aims were so high arid ambitious that he had many defeats. I don't feel clumsy that his heart was in that work. when his career came to an end by enemies who had some object in putting him out of the way. They did everything to show gratitude and made him a great ruler. but allowed great latitude. He had to do with uneducated. He was not old. ignorant people. He subdued the enemies over a large territory. Oh what an intellect he had. though not to own soldiers. He was a humane ruler over the people. toiling and poor in early life. They " . not having all the advantages to keep him out of trouble. I feel great sadness about it. had great political power. There was not as much discipline' then as now." were his surroundings?] u He had a great [What deal of encouragement from powerful friends. and made a great success. and held high office. He his planned the movements. and had great glory and triumph. though a great success upon the whole. He made a permanent conquest. a primitive barbarian people. and had a great deal of hostility. but in full vigor. He made laws. struggling. : : a great distance. but there seems to have been something unnatural about his taking off. no well-trained discipline and tactics. I think he was thoroughly a grand character. Society was as corrupt as it could be. : there were some religious in- opposing forces in his contests. imparting instruction. People had to be subjugated. and crossed the water in his campaigns. seems to me he was self-made. In the wars they had hand-to-hand fighting there was a great deal of confusion.1 26 Appendix. His enemies were more numerous than The methods of war were crude and not such arms as we have now. It would take a long time to tell his career. He was a reformer. and attempted to civilize them." [What was the character of the people at that time ? ] They were not strict in morals. a very great man.

He had peculiar. or as to pleasing people. calm without ture." " [Could he command men ? ] Yes he had a peculiar His way of gaining confidence arid esteem was power. He did not mind obstacles." How clearly does Psychometry bring to mortals the How thorliving presence of the departed millions. He lived a natural life. He does not seem to follow anything or anybody. like Phillips and like you. He seems a man of philanthropic nature. 127 lived in excitement. He is cognizant of your existence and work. bringing people into harmony. If he had to take part in disturbances he was ready. "He takes a interested in reforming the world. He had enough combativeness to fight his way through difficulties. .Appendix. not fastidious. He did not mind people's opinions in the least. had great self-reliance. There is something quaint about this is an ancient. and sacrificed it for trifling reasons. cared very little human life. very indifferent as to personal appearance and habits. deliberate speaker. different course now : is oughly will this enlarge and rectify our conceptions of religion. and had tact and tactics. great charity. He has deep inHe looks upon sight. " I think DIOGENES. indifferent to current teachings. concerning which mankind have not yet escaped from the puerile ideas inherited from In a future work I hope to show barbarian ancestors. He had . the Cynical Philosopher of Greece. Heaven and the Pneumatology and Religion to which we are intro- duced by Psychometry. original ideas of his own as to life and its purposes. him. violent and tragic." " He was a very im[What was he as a speaker?] for pressive. they never disturbed him. Any one in power could have his commands carried out without regard to law. and peculiar to himself. was not condescending. They had no such law as now." [What of his life in the spirit world?] much ges- people collectively and their mental emanations. not ascetic. He did not show off at all. and less ambition.

but he did not accord with anything of his time. He was a philosopher devoted to the useful. and made his bed on the bare ground in the street or under the porticoes. he was asked what business he was proficient in. Antisthenes was a Cynical philosopher and moralist. but was very sarcastic upon them. to Antistheapplied nes to be received as a pupil. He was thoroughly de- voted to practical utility. fashions. and showed great contempt for the fine arts and literature. He wore the coarsest clothes and used the plainest food. was not rancorous or rebellious. but persevered until he was received. the musicians. He might not make war on the religion. and replied "to command men. either in architecture. That scene with Alexander when he asked him to stand out of his sun- . He sneered at the men of letters. but he had different ideas in himHe does not give much attention self and was candid. or anything. Diogenes was refused and driven off with blows." He was purchased as a slave by Xeniades. and teach a primitive style of living. Having been captured by pirates on a voyage. Socrates or even Antisthenes. He regarded as trifles things a great deal of sagacity. He became a freeman and was made a tutor. fashion and manners. and orators for their follies. and cared nothing for the ornamental. He lived in the future and anticipated great He did not agree with any contemporary changes." These characteristics were well illustrated in He came to Athens when young and his life. taken to Crete and sold as a slave. savants. whose peculiarities were similar to those shown by Diogenes. defied the heats of summer and snows of winter. but his force of character made him the master. but if he were here he would enjoy modern improvements and benevolence. but still preserved the reHe was far more critical than spect of Athenians. fashions in religion and politics. that people considered momentous.'* [What were his surroundings ? ] " He was probably a Greek. to modern times.128 Appendix. but would denounce our fashions and our bigotry.

I think its traits of character are mild. I hope to find time hereafter to show by a survey of the animal kingdom how deeply interesting and instructive may be the study of its cerebral development and its psychic nature. It does not seem ferocious or It is a It could be domesticated easily. It is an animal of great power. not seem like a carnivorous animal. Its natural element is on high grounds and in cold climates. It looks much like a large bear. but is not naturally vicious." [What does it resemble ? ] "It might be compared to a dog of large breed. shows him to have been a remarkable man. It diet. It would naturally seek a wild life in the forest. It grain. termination. repulsive. and therefore aids by comparison the study of humanity. It has great strength for draft." [What does it look like ? ] "It seems of a brown color. It seems to have great endurance. It has a nice discrimination to select its food among shrubs and trees. but has some It is not confined to one sort of carnivorous appetites. It can move with speed. The study of the animal kingdom guided by Psy3' chometry will assume a new interest and new character. The experiment is introduced to show the application of Psychometry to the study of natural history. has strong shoulders. hanging on until it killed its opponent." This was a skull of a bear. strong friendships. 1 29 light and the monarch was so impressed by his force of character. It is not lazy. It is intelliIf aroused it would show great stiength and degent. It has fine instincts. which is the rudimental development of what is fully evolved in man. might eat small animals or insects and many things that grow in the forest. " This does DESCRIPTION OF AN ANIMAL'S SKULL. is very adhesive to its friends.Appendix. " I should think [What would it be disposed to eat?] it would eat herbs and It might eat corn. would not be confined to herbivorous diet. . In its wild state it might attack human beings. very strong animal.

Having been cognizant of the very valuable and original work accomplished by Professor Buchanan in physiology. Prof. a direct action upon some particular and that these facts. . to express in a word the recognition of the relations existing between the body and the brain. in 1842. Wo have read the book from cover to cover with unabated attention. and having seen him demonstrate many times on persons of all grades of intellectual and physical health the truths he here affirms. The word Sarcognomy was coined by Prof. . Buchanan. THERAPEUTIC SARCOGNOMY. gives the following editorial notice of this volume "Of the very highest importance in the healing art is a work just issued by the venerable Professor Buchanan. They will. the subject has lost the sense of novelty to us. and is accepted as undoubtedly proven. seem ful. however. from text-book knowledge and differing as they do radically : . . at first imaginative and fancitest of practical experiwill add largely to the ence. and philosophy. 1884. cian can afford to ignore the help proffered by this new Upon the psychic function of the brain.Announcements. suggestions. . Buchanan. IMPORTANT WORKS Published by Prof. and conclusions of eminent value to every practitioner who is himself enough of a natural physician to appreciate and apply them. will college instruction. now for the first part of the brain time properly elucidated. stand the They will repay study. through the nervous system. and it is replete with ideas. No physisuccessful performance of professional service. He advances the idea that the whole body is expresthat the entire form is an embodiment of character sive that each part of the envolving surface not only possesses a that physiological characteristic but psychological powers each portion of this cutaneous surface exercises. practical hints. may be advantageously used in the treatment of disease. The American Homoeopathist of December. But to the majority of physicians these views.

expressed in resolutions that were published. to which it is as necessary as anatomy is to surgery. B. hope that this work may have a wide sale among the medical profession. The leading idea is that life belongs to the soul. has been issued at five dollars a copy. No work on the subject of education has ever received more enthusiastic commendation. The third edition of Therapeutic Sarcognomy." Buchanan is of his philosophy . You have herein formulated the very wisdom of heaven on the highest and most momentous of all themes. with novel engravings. Los Angeles. The language of its readers is full of enthusiasm on account of so great a revolution in science. F. of which the following expressions are an illustration Rev. improved methods in the art of healing. has purchased back a few copies to supply his friends. The volume of gratitude expressed by the readers of this volume is accompanied by an expression of surprise and regret for the stolid slowness of mankind in becoming acquainted with the greatest truths that can be presented by a demonstrated science. their reverence and love for the foremost philosopher of this country. and its perfect applicability in practice and its students. since which Dr. after attending a recent course of instruction at Kansas City. in my judgment. in response to remittance by postal order or registered letter. and the whole edition was sold out in four montns." . says We are perfectly charmed with your book. THE NEW EDUCATION. B.Announcements. and not to This is antagonistic to the views of most scienthe body. and is sent by mail from the author. editions of this work have been sold." " fifth edition (improved) will A be prepared in 1893. . We THERAPEUTIC SAKCOGNOMY met with an unexpectedly favorable reception. tists of the day and will ultimately find acceptance. but it nevertheless deserves consideration.00 and sent by mail. It contains more and higher wisdom on the subject of which it treats than all the other books ever written on " : education. the highest living authority. to inaugurate a new era in popular education. 1 regard it as by far the most valuable work on education ever published. one : Two of the most eminent writers of his church. a large imperial octavo of 690 pages. Barrett. THERAPEUTIC SARCOGNOMY furnishes the scientific guidance necessary in magnetic and electric practice. California. Your work is destined. for wherever it goes we may expect as a consequent. The Psycho-Physiological Chart of Therapeutic Sarcognomy 21 x 31 inches is sold by the author at $1.

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