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Uttan Krishi Sanshodhan Sanstha E education programme

Brinjal

2/07/2010

UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0.1

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UKSS or any of its subsidiary advises user to verify the usage before using the same.Dapoli • Project approved by :Mrs. Holmukhe Disclaimer: The information and data published is collected by our students & Collated by Teachers of KKTV. Dr. Sangita S. Mandavkar • IT version &Online Copy : Ms.Bhave Head of Horticulture Dept.J.B. complete. or reliable. 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0. The information contained has been reviewed by professionals with the knowledge required to validate that the data is accurate.Certificate • Project complied by • Content certified by : Ms.1 2 2 .BSKKV.Sangita S. Holmukhe :1) Mr. No Lab test has been conducted on the data herewith . This information is purely for informational purposes. Anagha K .

1 3 .Brinjal Keshavsrushti farm  Common Name: Baigan / Wangi  English Name: Brinjal  Botanical Name: Solanum melongena  Family : Solanaci 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0.

Botany Sections Two.four leaf spiraling Spiraling of flower Keshavsrushti farm Developed Brinjal 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0.1 4 .

Pusa Hybrid 9. Pusa kranti . Pusa Upkar. Pusa Uttam …etc.Pusa purple long. Vaishali. Pusa bindu.1 5 .  Varieties in UKSS region: Manjri Gota  Mainly Grown in: Asian countries 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0.Keshavsrushti: Manjri Gota  Varieties in Konkan region: ABH 2.

044 0.2 0.3 0.018 0.3 0.047 0.Nutritional value Nutrient  White Brinjal medicinally used for the Diabetic patient.1 6 .C Perce ntage 24 1.012 Water Carbohydra 4.003 0.3 0.052 124 I.016 0.018 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0.A Vit. Percen tage 93 Nutrient Energy Protin Fats Minerals Phosphorus Sodium Magnesium Clorin Vit.009 0.4 0.0 te Fiber Calcium Iron Sulphur Potassium Oxalic acid 1.U 0.

June .February .March Brinjal plants Keshavsrushti farm 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0. Rainy Season .Planting Seasons It can be grown in plains throughout the year but rabi season is the best.November Summer Season .1 7 .July Winter Season -October.

 The land should be deeply dug and well prepared before the seedlings are transplanted.  Usually there is less mortality in the transplanted seedlings.  The seedlings with 3-4 leaves which are approximately 30-35 days old should be transplanted with a spacing of 50x50cm. 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0.  About 200 to 300g of hybrid seeds are sufficient to raise seedlings needed for planting one hectare.  Planting requirements  The seeds are sown in well-prepared nursery-bed and the seedlings of about 15cm high are ready for transplanting in 4 to 5 weeks. Or 75x50cm.Cultivation  Seeds and Sowing  650 g/ha or nursery of 25-30 beds of the size 1x4 m would be adequate to transplant one hectare.  The Brinjal seed is light in weight with the germination of 75 to 80%. which are placed 50 to 75cm in the rows and 90cm apart rows either in the plain beds or on ridges.1 8 .

10 kg carbofuran granules or 200 kg neem cake has to be applied.1 9 . • Ridges and furrows are formed at a spacing of 60 cm. 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0. Tomato.Preparation Of Main Field • Fields which are previously used for Potato. • The field is ploughed three or four times and leveled properly. • At the last ploughing 20-25 tonnes of farmyard manure. Chilly and Tobacco are not suitable for Brinjal cultivation.

a thin layer of straw or dried grass is used to covers the seedbeds. 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0. Seeds should be sown either in the morning or evening. Seeds should be treated with Captan or Thiram @ 3g/Kg seed against seed transmitted diseases. preferably at cloudy days.1 10 . To protect the seeds from heavy rains. The treated seeds are dried in shade for 30 minutes and then sown sparsely along the lines in ½ cm depth and then covered by the topsoil. of Azospirillum culture can be sprinkled over this and stirred thoroughly by a stick.Seed treatment Seed treatment with biofertilizer The seeds required for one hectare can be mixed with required quantity of rice Kanji just to have a thin coating. Then 100-200 g.

requires a good amount of manures and fertilizers for high yield. 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0.1 11 . • The nutrient requirement for varieties is 100:50:50 kg NPK/ha and for hybrids it is 200:75:75 kg NPK/ha.Nutrient Management • Brinjal being a long duration crop.

 NPK at 300:50:90 Kg/ha and 75x 60cm spacing is found optimum for PLR 1 Brinjal. the plants are earthed up and irrigated.  50 kg of Phosphorus (313 kg of Super Phosphate)/ha. the remaining 50% nitrogen (N) is applied in the form of urea 110 kg. as a band application 5-10 cm away from the plants and mixed with the soil.1 12 .  Different sources of inorganic fertilizers are indicated in Table.  Top dressing  Thirty days after transplanting. NPK/ha plus Azospirillum and phosphobacteria each 2Kg/ha.Application of fertilizer  Basal dressing  Fifty per cent of the N is applied along with full dose of P and K as basal dressing just before planting as noted below.  50 kg of Nitrogen (110 kg of Urea)/ha.  Annamalai Brinjal responding well for ratooning with yield potential of 63% of the main crop with in 100-110 days and with a fertilizer dose of 75:25:30Kg.  50 kg of Potash (80 kg of Muriate of Potash)/ha. 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0.  Immediately.

Transplanting The transplanting is done in small flat beds in light soils where irrigation is available and on shoulders in shallow furrow where irrigation water is scanty. In heavy soil it is usually transplanted on ridges and during the rains also it is advantageous to plant the seedlings on ridges. The seedlings are planted in the furrows at a spacing of 30 cm and the plant is allowed to spread on the broad ridge. 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0.1 13 .

Pest and Diseases  Shoot And Fruit Borer: Leucinodes orbonalis • Symptoms: Damaged flower buds are shed and fruits show circular holes. • Avoid ratooning of brinjal crop. • Spray Endosulphan @2ml/litre of water or Quinolphose 2ml or Carbaryl 3g/litre of water. since woody stem is preferred by the larva. continues 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0. • The large holes seen on fruits are usually the exit holes of the caterpillars.1 14 . • Controls: Removal and destruction of withered and dried shoots help in arresting the spread of the pest.

Repeat it 2 to 3 times at the interval of 10 days. followed by the yellowing of the margins of leaves. Leafhoppers : Empoasca devastans • Symptoms curling up.3 percent malathion has given very satisfactory results against adults and nymphs.1 15 . • Spraying 0. continues 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0. • Control measures • Spraying of systemic insecticides like Monocrotophos or Phasphomidon or Dimethoate @ of 2ml/litre of water is very effective. • Apply recommended doses of Nitrogenous fertilizers.

The severity of the disease can be reduced by destruction of affected plants and spraying of insecticides like Methyl demeton 1 ml/litre or Malathion 3 ml/litre of water. Repeat it 2 to 3 times at the interval of 10 days. Controls: Pusa Purple Round is tolerant to little leaf. C. 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0. symptoms: small or little leaves.1 16 .  • • • • Young plant affected with little leaf: Pbytoplasma sp. Cercospora Leaf Spot (Cercospora solani -melongenae. Solani) • Symptoms: Leaf spot symptoms • Controls: Spraying of systemic insecticides like Monocrotophos or Phasphomidon or Dimethoate @ of 2ml/litre of water is very effective.

• Its surface should not lose its bright and glossy appearance. • Large. • Before it fully ripens. round varieties should be handled with care. 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0./ ha. the calyx and stem-end are left attached to the fruit. • Fruits can be harvested up until the first frost and should be picked as they mature to ensure continued fruit set. • At harvesting.1 17 . it should be allowed to attain a good size and outside color glossy purple. the fruits are harvested when they reach marketable size. • The harvesting starts from 50th day onwards • first phase : Continues for 50 days in the • Second phase : after 20-25 days if adequate nutrition and irrigation are provided.Harvesting • Immature. • The calyx is purple blue and is soft and edible too • Depending on the variety and the season: 250 to 400q.

Preparation of mung -Baigan vada  Prepared paratha Preparation of bharit Keshavsrushti produce 2/07/2010 UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0.  Products: .Post Harvest Technology  Packaging: .1 18 .Neatly packed in the plastic bags and put into plastic crate .Usually the fruits are packed in baskets for the markets.Preparation of Bhaji .

• The crop can be removed after 110 days if the 2nd flush is not desired. or cap. • Loss of their glossy color and dark colored seeds are signs of over maturity. otherwise it can be retained for 150-160 days. with the calyx. and a short piece of stem left attached to each fruit.General information • The size of the fruit reduces during the summer. the fruits are cut from the vines. • Over mature fruits are spongy and seedy. • Harvesting is done by hand.1 2/07/2010 19 . UKSS_E-education _BRINJAL_12August2010_ver0.