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Learning outcomes: At the end of this session, the pupil will be able to: i.

identify the different types of neuron. ii. Identify the main parts of human brain iii. state the functions of each main par of the brain. iv. explain what proprioceptots are.

THINGS TO REMEMBER

1. Fill in the boxes with the correct word. Sensory neurone Motor neurone Proprioceptors Relay neurone

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)…..…………………… are found in muscles, tendons and ligaments which are sensitive to movements, pressure or stretching

2. Choose the correct answer. Spinal cord Cerebellum Medulla oblongata C Cerebrum (i) Controls voluntary actions such as writing and dancing (ii) (iii) Controls movement and maintain balance during movement Controls all involuntary actions such heartbeat and constriction of pupil (iv) Receive and send impulse for the reflex action such as human knee jerk and withdrawal of hand from hot object Exercises: Objective questions 1. Which of the following activity does not involve proprioceptors? .

Reading a book I and II only II and III only I and II only I. To control the memory. Which of the following are examples of reflex actions? I II III A B C D The eyes blinking when an object is brought close to the face. Receptor Spinal cord DIAGRAM 1 Which of the following action is shown by the flow of impulse in Diagram 1? A B C D Walking Heartbeat Sneezing Reading a book Effector To control the rate of contraction and relaxation of muscles in the body.A B C D Listening to music Wearing clothes Clapping hands Climbing up stairs 2. To control the activity of thoughts and emotions. To control voluntary action. sent impulse to the spinal cord in the reflex action? A B C D Effector Receptor nerve neurone interneurone 3. II and III 6. Which of the following shows the function of cerebellum? A B C D 4. 5. Which of the following . Receptor Medulla oblongata Effector . Sneezing when dust enters the nostrils.

Heartbeat Sneezing Chewing a food 7. Diagram 3 shows a neurone. Ahmad picks some rambutans from the basket. What type of action is this? A B C D A reflex action A capillary action A voluntary action A involuntary action 8. . Diagram 4 shows a part of the human nervous system.DIAGRAM 2 Which of the following action is shown by the flow of impulse in Diagram 2? A B C D Walking on a rope. DIAGRAM 3 What is the part labeled X? A B C D Axon Dendron Dendrite Myelin sheath 9.

A student carries two different objects of different weight blindfolded. What is the sense involved? A B C D Taste Touch Hearing Proprioceptor .DIAGRAM 4 What is the part labeled S? A B C D Cerebrum Cerebellum Spinal cord Medulla oblongata 10.