Tenses English-Greek

TENSES Simple Present

[VERB] + s/es in third person αγαπάω/αγαπιέμαι Ι am worried ???? ..............................................................................................

You speak English.  Do you speak English?  You do not speak English.
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Present Continuous
[am/is/are + present participle]. ..............................................................................................

You are watching TV  Are you watching TV?  You are not watching TV.
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Simple Past
[VERB+ed] or irregular verbs αγάπησα

You called Debbie.  Did you call Debbie?  You did not call Debbie.

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Past Continuous Present Perfect

You were studying when she called.  Were you studying when she called? [was/were + present participle] αγαπούσα/,αγαπιόμουν  You were not studying when she called. ............................................................................................... .........................................................................................  You have seen that movie many times.  Have you seen that movie many times? [has/have + past participle]  You have not seen that movie many times. ............................................................................................. .......................................................................................... Present Perfect Continuous  You have been waiting here for two hours.  Have you been waiting here for two hours? [has/have + been + present participle]  You have not been waiting here for two hours. Έχω αγαπήσει / έχω αγαπηθεί ................................................................................. ..............................................................................................

Past Perfect
[had + past participle]
Είχα αγαπήσει / είχα αγαπηθεί

 You had studied English before you moved to New

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York.  Had you studied English before you moved to New York?  You had not studied English before you moved to New York. ....................................................................................................

Past Perfect Continuous
[had been + present participle]

You had been waiting there for more than two hours when she finally arrived.  Had you been waiting there for more than two hours when she finally arrived?  You had not been waiting there for more than two hours when she finally arrived.
...................................................................................................  You will help him later.  Will you help him later?  You will not help him later.
 You are going to meet Jane tonight.

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Simple Future
1) [will + verb]

2) Be Going To =>[am/is/are + going to + verb]

 Are you going to meet Jane tonight?  You are not going to meet Jane tonight.

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......S......S.?  You will not have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U..S................  You are going to be waiting for her when her plane 2) [am/is/are + going to be + present participle] arrives tonight................  Are you going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?  You are not going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight..........  You are going to have been waiting for more than 2) "Be Going To" [am/is/are + going to have been + present participle] two hours when her plane finally arrives.....................  Will you have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives?  You will not have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives.  Will you have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U............  Will you be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?  You will not be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.......................?  You are not going to have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.......................................................................S..S......... ...... ...............  Are you going to have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives?  You are not going to have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives.........................Future Continuous 1) [will be + present participle]  You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.  You will have been waiting for more than two hours Future Perfect Continuous 1) [will have been + present participle] Θα έχω αγαπήσει / θα έχω αγαπηθεί when her plane finally arrives.... ............................... .......  Are you going to have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U........  You are going to have perfected your English by 2) Be Going To [am/is/are + going to have + past participle] the time you come back from the U....S. ...........  You will have perfected your English by the time Future Perfect 1) [will have + past participle] you come back from the U..........................................................

ACTIVE The mural is going to have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished. before. unless.Future Continuous vs. Correct AND REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs / Mixed Verbs It is important to remember that Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses. REMEMBER No Future in Time Clauses Like all future forms. just. still. Instead of using Future Perfect Continuous with these verbs. THIS SENTENCE EMPHASIZES THAT HE WILL BE TIRED BECAUSE HE WILL BE EXERCISING AT THAT EXACT MOMENT IN THE FUTURE. PASSIVE . Will you only have been waiting for a few minutes when her plane arrives? You are only going to have been waiting for a few minutes when her plane arrives. Are you only going to have been waiting for a few minutes when her plane arrives? ACTIVE / PASSIVE Examples:     The famous artist will have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished. the Future Perfect Continuous cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when. as soon as. etc. never." "for two weeks" or "since Friday. Examples:   You won't get a promotion until you will have been working here as long as Tim. Examples:   Ned will have been having his driver's license for over two years. Also. Be careful because this can change the meaning of the sentence. Future Continuous emphasizes interrupted actions. Future Perfect Continuous If you do not include a duration such as "for five minutes. by the time. after. if. you must use Future Perfect . Present Perfect Continuous is used." many English speakers choose to use the Future Continuous rather than the Future Perfect Continuous. Examples:     You will only have been waiting for a few minutes when her plane arrives. only. whereas Future Perfect Continuous emphasizes a duration of time before something in the future. etc. Instead of Future Perfect Continuous. THIS SENTENCE EMPHASIZES THAT HE WILL BE TIRED BECAUSE HE WILL HAVE BEEN EXERCISING FOR A PERIOD OF TIME. certain non-continuous meanings for Mixed Verbscannot be used in continuous tenses. ever. PASSIVE The famous artist is going to have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished. Correct ADVERB PLACEMENT The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always. Examples:   He will be tired because he will be exercising so hard. Not Correct Ned will have had his driver's license for over two years. He will be tired because he will have been exercising so hard. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT HE WILL STILL BE EXERCISING AT THAT MOMENT OR THAT HE WILL JUST HAVE FINISHED. while. ACTIVE The mural will have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished. Not Correct You won't get a promotion until you have been working here as long as Tim. Study the examples below to understand the difference.

"used to" is preferred when emphasizing these forms of past repetition in positive sentences. Examples: Jerry used to study English. On the other hand. when asking questions or making negative sentences. I used to start work at 9 o'clock. George used to be the best student in class. Examples: You used to play the piano. this is sometimes done in informal spoken English. Sarah used to be fat. but now they are quite expensive. but now Lena is the best. but now she is a vegetarian. but now she is thin. PASSIVE          . It is better not to use "used to" in questions or negative forms. Simple Past Both Simple Past and "Used to" can be used to describe past habits. USE 2 Past Facts and Generalizations     "Used to" can also be used to talk about past facts or generalizations which are no longer true. It is better to ask questions and create negative sentences using Simple Past. ACTIVE / PASSIVE Examples: Jerry used to pay the bills. however. Sam and Mary used to go to Mexico in the summer. however. Simple Past is preferred. past facts and past generalizations. USE 1 Habit in the Past "Used to" expresses the idea that something was an old habit that stopped in the past.Used To  => [used to + VERB] Example: I used to go to the beach every day. ACTIVE The bills used to be paid by Jerry. Oranges used to cost very little in Florida. Did you play the piano when you were young? You did not play the piano when you were young. but it is not usually done now. "Used to" vs. Examples: I used to live in Paris. It indicates that something was often repeated in the past. Christine used to eat meat.

Similarly. Jerry would occasionally bring his older brother to the parties. but now she is very outgoing. Sometimes. Jerry would never bring his younger brother to the parties. speakers can use "would rarely." "would forever" or simply "would. Ned would always show up at our house without calling first. "Would always" cannot be used to talk about past facts or generalizations. It also often suggests the habit was extreme. Christine would always come late to the meetings. we can say "would never" to indicate that someone never did something in the past. but now she is very outgoing. USE 1 Habit in the Past        Like "used to" and Simple Past." Although the last form "would" is correct. She came late once or twice. it is not suggested because it can easily be confused with other verb forms such as the Conditional or Future in the Past.Would Always    [would always + VERB] Examples: You would always take your surfboard with you when you went to the beach. REFUSING TO DO SOMETHING OR NORMALLY NOT DOING SOMETHING IS ALSO A FORM OF HABIT. but now she is very outgoing. Not Correct Forms Related to "Would Always" In addition to "would always. "would always" expresses the idea that something was an old habit which stopped in the past. Jeff would never pay for drinks when we went out together with our friends." "would occasionally" and "would seldom" to express the idea that an action was not often repeated. "would always" suggests that someone willingly acted that way and sometimes expresses annoyance or amusement at the habit. Mindy would not always walk to school. Correct Sarah used to be shy. Examples: Sarah was shy. she took the bus." English speakers often use "would constantly. Correct Sarah would always be shy. It can only be used for repeated actions. To express the opposite idea. Would you always take your surfboard with you when you went to the beach? You would not always take your surfboard with you when you went to the beach. but it is not usually done now. Jerry would constantly bring his girlfriend to the parties. Sally would not always arrive early to class. REMEMBER "Would Always" is Different "Would always" is not exactly the same as "used to" or the Simple Past. but now they do. It says that an action was often repeated in the past. Examples: She would always send me strange birthday gifts. Jerry would often bring his best friend to the parties. Examples: Jerry would come to the parties every weekend. Jerry would seldom bring his sister to the parties.          . Unlike "used to" and Simple Past." "would often. Sam and Mary would always choose the most exotic vacation destinations.

after. PLAN I had a feeling that the vacation was going to be a disaster. PASSIVE Future in the Past Like Simple Future. I knew you were not going to go to the party. as soon as. USE 1 Future in Past          Future in the Past is used to express the idea that in the past you thought something would happen in the future. Examples: I told you he was going to come to the party. PASSIVE I thought Sally was going to make a beautiful dinner." Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably. if. ACTIVE The pies would always be made by my mother.  ACTIVE / PASSIVE Examples: My mother would always make the pies. Future in the Past has two different forms in English: "would" and "was going to. Not Correct I already told Mark that when he arrived. PROMISE REMEMBER No Future in Time Clauses Like all future forms. FORM Would => [would + VERB] Examples: I knew you would help him. by the time. VOLUNTARY ACTION Jane said Sam was going to bring his sister with him. ACTIVE I thought a beautiful dinner was going to be made by Sally. etc. Instead of using Future in the Past. Correct ACTIVE / PASSIVE Examples: I knew John would finish the work by 5:00 PM. Future in the Past follows the same basic rules as the Simple Future. both forms can be used to make predictions about the future. PREDICTION He promised he would send a postcard from Egypt. I knew you would not help him. but he came alone. FORM => Was/Were Going To => [was/were + going to + VERB] Examples: I knew you were going to go to the party. Examples: I already told Mark that when he would arrive. we would go out for dinner. you must use Simple Past. we would go out for dinner. before. and "was going to" is used to plan. PLAN I knew Julie would make dinner. while. It does not matter if you are correct or not. Future in the Past cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when. PASSIVE More About Active / Passive Forms       . they often express two different meanings. "Would" is used to volunteer or promise. unless. Moreover. ACTIVE I knew the work would be finished by 5:00 PM.

ο ανηίζηοισορ ζηα ελληνικά Αόπιζηορ 4. ο ανηίζηοισορ ζηα ελληνικά Εξακολοςθηηικόρ Μέλλονηαρ 7. ο ανηίζηοισορ ζηα ελληνικά Ενεζηώηαρ 3. ο οποίορ δεν ςπάπσει ζηα ελληνικά και θανεπώνει μία ππάξη πος γίνεηαι ζςσνά. ο Past Continuous. [ . ο ανηίζηοισορ ζηα ελληνικά Σςνηελεζμένορ Μέλλονηαρ 12. ο Simple Past. Σηην αγγλική γλώζζα οι σπόνοι είναι 12 και είναι οι εξήρ: 1. ζςνήθωρ γενικά κ. ο οποίορ δεν ςπάπσει ζηα ελληνικά και σπηζιμοποιείηαι για να ηονίζει ηη διάπκεια μιαρ ππάξηρ πος γινόηαν ππιν από μία άλλη ππάξη ζηο παπελθόν 11. ο Present Perfect (Simple). ο ανηίζηοισορ ζηα ελληνικά Παπαηαηικόρ 5. ο οποίορ δεν ςπάπσει ζηα ελληνικά και θανεπώνει μία ππάξη πος άπσιζε ζηο παπελθόν και ζςνεσίζεηαι μέσπι και ηο παπόν. ο Future Perfect Continuous. ο Simple Future . ο Future Perfect (Simple). ο ανηίζηοισορ ζηα ελληνικά Παπακείμενορ 8. δίνονηαρ έμθαζη ζηη διάπκειά ηηρ 9. ο Present Continuous. ο ανηίζηοισορ ζηα ελληνικά Υπεπζςνηέλικορ 10. 2.λπ. ο ανηίζηοισορ ζηα ελληνικά Σηιγμιαίορ Μέλλονηαρ 6. ο Present Perfect Continuous. ο Future Continuous. ο Past Perfect (Simple). ο οποίορ δεν ςπάπσει ζηα ελληνικά και θανεπώνει ηο σπονικό διάζηημα πος θα έσει διαπκέζει μια ππάξη από ηο παπελθόν μέσπι κάποια ζηιγμή ζηο μέλλον. ο Past Perfect Continuous. ο Simple Present. πάνηοηε.Νέα Ελληνική Γλώζζα Χπόνορ Κλίζη Χπήζη Ενεζηώηαρ λύνω θανεπώνει μια ππάξη πος γίνεηαι ηώπα Παπαηαηικόρ έλςνα θανεπώνει μια ππάξη πος γινόηαν ζηο παπελθόν για ένα σπονικό διάζηημα Αόπιζηορ έλςζα θανεπώνει μια ππάξη πος έγινε ζηο παπελθόν για πολύ μικπό σπονικό διάζηημα Εξακολοςθηηικόρ Μέλλονηαρ θα λύνω θανεπώνει μια ππάξη πος θα γίνεηαι ζηο μέλλον για μεγάλο σπονικό διάζηημα Σηιγμιαίορ ή Σςνοπηικόρ Μέλλονηαρ θα λύζω θανεπώνει μια ππάξη πος θα γίνεηαι ζηο μέλλον για μικπό σπονικό διάζηημα Παπακείμενορ έσω λύζει θανεπώνει μια ππάξη πος έγινε ζηο παπελθόν και έσει ηελειώζει ηώπα Υπεπζςνηέλικορ είσα λύζει θανεπώνει μια ππάξη πος είσει γίνει ζηο παπελθόν ππιν από κάποια άλλη Σςνηελεζμένορ Μέλλονηαρ θα έσω λύζει θανεπώνει μια ππάξη πος θα έσει ηελειώζει ζηο μελλον ππιν από κάποια άλλη Αγγλική γλώζζα .

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