November 7, 2012 Civil Engineering Department Jackson State University 1400 J. R.

Lynch Street Jackson, MS 39217 Attn: Civil Engineering Department Re: Proposal for “Wastewater Pump Station Design for Camp Shelby” Dear Faculty, We are submitting our proposal “Wastewater Pump Station Design for Camp Shelby” as the first half of CIV 410 Capstone Design. The intentions behind this proposal are to be able to recognize and understand the design process and planning stages of a Civil Engineering project. This proposal addresses the scope of work, design constraints, design alternatives, overall design, cost estimating, and scheduling of the project. We thank you for the opportunity to review our proposal.

Sincerely, Design Group A Nakarsha Bester Donald Baldwin Lawrence Oyelami Attached: Proposal for “Wastewater Pump Station Design for Camp Shelby”

Wastewater Pump Station Design for Camp Shelby Design Proposal

By Nakarsha Bester Donald Baldwin Lawrence Oyelami

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Jackson State University

November 7, 2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background 1.2 Statement 2 SCOPE OF WORK 3 DESIGN CONSTRAINTS 3.1 Economic 3.2 Environmental 3.3 Sustainability 3.4 Construction Ability 3.5 Aesthetic 3.6 Safety 4 DESIGN ALTERNATIVES 4.1 Different Routes 4.2 Various Pump 5 DESIGN 5.1 Design Criteria 5.2 Codes, Standards, and Regulations 5.3 Hydraulic Design 5.4 Pump Selection 5.5 Pump Station Design 5.6 Sewer Main 6 COST ESTIMATE 6.1 Pipe Materials 6.2 Wet Well and Concrete Materials 6.3 Materials Cost 6.4 Installation Cost 7 PROJECT SCHEDULE 8 RESOURCES 9 REFERENCES 10 APPENDICES 10.1 Appendix A 10.2 Appendix B 10.3 Appendix C 10.4 Appendix D
Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410

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4 4 4 4 5 5

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INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background Camp Shelby is a military training facility located throughout 3 counties of southern Mississippi: Perry, Forrest, and Greene. Camp Shelby is classified as a Joint Forces Training Center for the Army Reserves, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and active Army. It occupies over 134,000 acres; the area relevant to this project is in the north eastern border of their property adjacent to an air field north of Lee Avenue. There are two facilities located at the air strip currently utilizing septic tanks for waste water control. The first building is a fire station which implements an oil separator prior to its septic. The second building is currently under construction but already has service lines routed into a septic tank.

1.2 Statement of Need Septic systems have multiple disadvantages: maintenance intensive; when BOD and nitrates are not treated properly can lead to ground water contamination. Camp Shelby currently has its own Waste Water Treatment Facility and sewer main in place for the entire camp. Since there is a local Waste Water Treatment Facility, they wish for these two facilities’ waste water to be added to their sewer system. The closest location for connection is approximately 1 mile away and has an approximate elevation difference of 7’ (See Figure 1). Because of this elevation difference a Waste Water Pump Station will need to be installed to transfer the waste water from the facilities to the sewer main (Leszczynska, 2012).

Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410

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Figure 1: Locations of facilities and sewer main connection

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SCOPE OF WORK  Selection of Pump Station Location  Selection of Sewer Route  Selection of Pump  Selection of Pipe Size  Design of Pump Station including wet well structure, foundation, and component arrangement within

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DESIGN OF CONSTRAINTS

3.1 Economic This project must stay with the required budget given by the customer; multiple variations of different aspects of this design will be considered and analyzed for cost efficiency: pipe sizing, efficiency of pump, linear footage of pipe, and tree removal. Least cost will be the baseline for comparison of alternative designs. 3.2 Environmental The location of the wet well should be located some distance away from facilities to keep the effluent smell down as there are no current laws or regulations pertaining to this project. Two routes for the pipe line will be considered as to not increase deforestation. During construction, fabric fencing will need to be installed in order to keep removed dirt from leaving the construction area. After installation is completed along various portions of the project, the disturbed areas will be either reseeded or new sod must be laid depending on what species of grass is located. Because of the small size of our construction area (approx. 0.17 acres), a permit from MDEQ will not be required (MDEQ, 1999). 3.3 Sustainability This design should not only be cost effective, but it should have sustainability. As Civil Engineers our designs should always illustrate environmental friendly aspects and efficient. Whether it contain less intrusive materials in the design or that the materials life be durable. The design of this system will include the possibility of operating at higher volumes without complete reconstruction and the pipe network and wet well. For this design the number of times the pump has to start will be a heavy factor in life of the pump. 3.4 Construction Ability The location of the lift station will allow for gravity to feed the waste water into a wet well from both buildings and use of submersible pump and network of pipes to transport to existing sewer main. Routing of this pipe network will follow along side of road as much as possible for ease of maintenance and reduction of labor cost. The very beginning of this design introduces
Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410 4

two possible routes for the network with the second portions of each path overlapping. The differences if the beginning portions will be discussed in the design alternatives section. The wet well will be square in design. The design details of this are discussed in the design portion of the proposal but the construction will be completed by another company and shipped to location. 3.5 Aesthetic The visible externals of the wet well will be the upper portion of concrete wet well with access door cast in place. Also adjacent to the wet well would be the control panel for the pumps and indicator light. (See Figure A.2) 3.6 Safety Access to wet well should be controlled; possibilities should include some form containment such as fencing or locking access door for both wet well and controls. The design should consider the production of gasses inside the pressurized pipes, pressure release valves will be located at various locations along the pipe line to eliminate over pressuring. Elevation of the wet well and its controls should be constructed above elevation of the 100 year flood. (See Figure A.3) 4 DESIGN ALTERNATIVES

4.1 Different Routes The sewer pipe route will be controlled by the cost and ease of installation. This cost is related to the length, size, and connections of the pipe. It is also related to the layout of the route which may include the possibility of any removal of trees or relocation of any obstacles. Traveling along the existing road will reduce the amount of deforestation needed. The first route travels approximately 6200 ft. from wet well to sewer main and has a high elevation point of 288 ft. (See Figure A.4). The second route travels approximately 5800 ft. and has a high elevation point of 290 ft. (See Figure A.5). The difference in elevation is a minimal change leaving the decision to be determined by both the cost of material and labor along with the frictional head loss of each route. Route number 1 has one extra bend in the path and will

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add to total head loss throughout the system. Since Route 2 will have tree removal, Route 1 will be better choice for both cost effectiveness and reduction of deforestation. 4.2 Various Pumps There are several different types of pumps available on the market to choice from that could meet the requirements for this project. However, the customer has required the submersible pump to be use. 5 DESIGN

5.1 Design Criteria In the design criteria of the project the design flow rate is based on the Drainage Fixture Unit (DFU) method. The DFU is a form of measurement used to determine the discharge from fixtures into the drainage system (See Figure B.1). The following plumbing is located in both facilities:
Table 5.1.1 Number of Pumping in Faculties

Fixtures Toilets Urinals Sinks Showers Fountains

No. of Fixtures 17 4 11 15 7

The sewage pump station shall be equipped to accommodate the maximum capacity both present and future flow rate. A minimum of 2 pumps are required for each wastewater pump station. There is a minimum velocity of 0.6 m/s with a maximum velocity of 3.5 m/s. The design pump station capacity is based on the ultimate peak design flow which is calculated by multiplying the design flow rate with the minimum peak factors outlines below:

. Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410 6

Table 5.1.2 Minimum Peak Factors

Design Average Daily Flow for Peak Design Flow (GPD)
Less than 100,000 100,000 to 250,000 250,000 to 1,000,000 Greater than 1,000,000

Minimum Peaking Factor
4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5

The force main (pipe system) has a minimum of 4” diameter with a maximum diameter of 12” this will allow a 3” sphere solid to pass in the pipe. The force main can be buried at a minimum of 3’ into the ground for protection. The depth of the wet well will be determined after the cycle time and storage requirement has been calculated. Pump levels will be adjusted after the minimum capacity has been calculated to ensure a minimum of 5 successive starts for each pump while maintaining a minimum storage time of 1 hour. Ventilation can be either continuous with at least 12 air exchanges per hour or intermittent with at least 30 air exchanges per hour. Forcing air in to the wet well rather than exhausting the odor from the wet well in to the air. 5.2 Codes, Standards, and Regulations The sewage pump station must satisfy the regulations of agencies having jurisdiction.
Table 5.2.1 Codes, Standards and Regulations

HI ACI ANSI AWWA NEC NEMA UBC WAS ASCE MDEQ

Agency Hydraulic Institute American Concrete Institute American National Standards Institute American Water Works Association National Electric Code National Electrical Manufacturers Association Uniform Building Code Water Agencies Standard American Society of Civil Engineers Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality

Used For Pipe and Pump Wet Well Pipe Controls Controls Pipe and Wet Well Pipe Pump, Wet Well, and Pipe Pipe, Wet Well, and Pipe
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Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410

5.3 HYDRAULIC DESIGN 5.3.1 Calculation Methodology for Pipe Selection Before a pump or pipe can be selected there are three things needed to be known: total head, flow rate, and characteristics of the fluid. The flow velocity in a wastewater pressure pipe can be determined as a uniform turbulent flow. Flow losses in the pipe system increases as the flow velocity increases. Pipe friction losses depend on the length of the pipe, the flow velocity, the pipe roughness, the viscosity in the fluid, and the pipe internal diameter. Pipe head loss is one type of head loss and the others are component head losses which gives the equation: (Total head loss) = (Pipe head loss) + (Component head loss) The energy equation is based on three assumptions: the flow is steady, the control volume has one inlet port and one exit port; and the density of the flow is constant. The hydraulic calculations for a steady flow pipe system starts with the energy equation that represents the head loss, hL, found in the system.

(

)

(

)

where:

The amount of head loss in the piping system is caused by the pipe friction, the bends in the pipe, and valves in the system, and fittings. If the piping system length is over a long distance the biggest head loss is the pipe friction and the other components are minor losses and they can be neglected. To determine the head loss, hL, in the system the Darcy-Weisbach equation can be used:

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The velocity in the pipe will increase as the pipe gets smaller. The friction factor can be estimated from the Moody diagram in Figure C-1. The friction factor is the function of the Reynolds number (Re=DV/v) of the flow and the relative roughness of the pipe (ɛ/D). The diameter of the pipe will be the minimum of 4”and maximum of 10”. On the Moody chart the Reynolds number is on the x-axis and the Relative Pipe Roughness is on the right side y-axis. The friction factor, f, is a function of the pipe roughness ɛ, inside diameter of the pipe D, and a dimensionless parameter, the Reynolds number. To determine the friction factor, f, both the pipe roughness and the Reynolds number has to be known. To determine the pipe roughness the equation coefficients from Figure C.2 for ɛ. has to be calculated using the

( ( )

) ( )

Once the pipe roughness is known and the Reynolds number and the friction factor have been determined the head loss in the pipe can be calculated. The minor losses in the pipe system have to be determined using the equation for each component:

In Figure C-3, the minor loss coefficients are listed. Each minor loss component has to be determined. After the minor losses head loss has been determine the total head loss can be calculated.
Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410 9

This equation is called the combined head loss equation. This equation can be combined with the energy equation to get the total dynamic head.

(

)

( Or simplified ( ) (

)

)

Once the head loss has been determine a system curve can be generated and compared to the pump curve supplied by the manufacturer for the pump selected. The point on the graph will show the pump’s operating point. This point defines the operating hydraulics of a piping/pumping system. (See Figure C.4) 5.3.2 Selection of Valve Valve selection is essential to the pump station. The valves enable the system to control the fluids that enter into the valve in a predictable manner. There are numerous kinds of valves used for variety of applications. The three basic valves used in most pump stations are check valves, isolation valves, and air/vacuum release valves.  Check Valves

Check valves are used to allow fluid to move in one direction while preventing the flowing from reversing directions. The check valve is also important in keeping wastewater from flowing back into the wet well in the event of a power outage or the pump malfunctions and stops. A check valve is located directly after the pump station. There are two different kinds of check values, swing check and ball check.  Swing check- uses a flapper gate with a hinge to direct the flow of the wastewater in a uni-directional flow. This valve has to be mounted in a horizontal position for proper operation.
Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410 10

Ball check- uses a metal ball to allow uni-directional flow. When wastewater is flowing in the desired direction, the ball is forced out of the path of the flow. When the flow is reverse, the ball is forced to cover the flow path and prevent the flow from flowing backwards. A ball check valve can be mounted vertical or horizontal.

Isolation Valves Isolation valves are used for operation and maintenance. It has the ability to be open and closed manually not allowing or preventing fluid to pass. An isolation valve can be used in conjunction with a check valve if placed before or after the check valve. This will allow for the check valve to be serviced without any flow contacting the component. There are two different isolation values, gate valve and plug valve.  Gate valve- uses a knife blade gate that is lowered into the flow and prevent fluid form passing. The limitation of a gate valve is that it is intended for low pressure situations  Plug valve- provides the same isolation capabilities, without the pressure limitations of a gate values. In using a plug valve how the valve will be operated has to be considered.

Air/Vacuum Release Valves Air/Vacuum release valve are used to either let air into or out of a pressurized pipe. This operation is important to prevent the collection of air in the force main from collecting and preventing the flow of the wastewater.

5.4 PUMP SELECTION 5.4.1 Pump Performance The purpose of a pump station is to pump sewage to a treatment faculty or to another location which is connected to a treatment faculty. In determining the pump selection certain considerations has to be determined:    Design capacity- maximum, normal, and minimum flow rate Operating Conditions- head, maximum and minimum flow rate, submergence Self-cleaning velocity
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Once these factors have been determined the next set of factors has to be considered:  Mode of operation- pumping into a well  Type of driver- motor or engine, constant or variable speed, gas or electric  Station location, configuration, piping in series, number of pumps, wet well, submersible pumps In a submersible pump the pressure in the lower part of the well is equal to the pressure in the sewer main. The static head of a pump is determined by the factor of the height in which the pumped wastewater will rise. The wastewater has a velocity at the pump discharge which can be converted into dynamic head Hd using the following equation:

The sum of the static head and the dynamic head is

The total head is used to plot the characteristic curve for a submersible pump. This total also describes the amount of pressure needed to pump the wastewater through the force main. To determine which pump will be used in the project a pump performance curve has to be developed. A pump performance curve is a set of curves available from the manufacturer that has the head curve, the efficiency curve, and the power curve on the graph.

The H curve is the curve that has the pump total head as a function of the flow rate Q. The curve contains information on the pump usage for example the limits due to cavitation, vibration or motor overload.

Pump Efficiency curve is the curve with the function of the flow rate Q. The efficiency can be indicated as a ratio or percentage 5.4.2 Pump Selection The selection of a pump is categorized by the type of pump and the size of pump required for the job. The pump selection will determine the size of the wet well required, the size piping
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needed to pump the sewage out and the location of the mechanical equipment. Pumps have to be able to handle the duty at a reasonable efficiency and be able to pass solids that are a minimum of 3” through the pipes.

In determining the head of a pump the following equation:

H* (approximately) = H = total head at zero flow developed by the pump impeller (m) V = velocity at the periphery of the impeller (m/s) g = acceleration due to gravity (9.81 m/s2)
To evaluate the design duty of a pump three resistance curves are required. 

(1)

Maximum Head- normal maximum static head and friction head based on old pipe using boundary roughness coefficients:     k= 1.5 mm for v= 0.6 m/s k= 0.6 mm for v= 1.0 m/s k= 0.3 mm for v= 1.5 m/s k= 0.15 mm for v= 2.0 m/s or greater

Minimum Head-normal minimum static head and friction head based on new pipe using boundary roughness coefficients:     k= 0.6 mm for v= 0.6 m/s k= 0.3 mm for v= 1.0 m/s k= 0.15 mm for v= 1.5 m/s k= 0.06 mm for v= 2.0 m/s or greater

Flood Head-static head under flood conditions and friction head based on new pipe using boundary roughness coefficients:    k= 0.3 mm for v= 0.6m/s k= 0.15 mm for v= 1.0 m/s k= 0.06 mm for v= 1.5 m/s or greater

To ensure any excess flow from the pump is minimal, the minimum pump head curve has to be established for normal operating conditions. This will ensure if the inflow is greater than the outflow, the sewage level will return back to the normal top water level.

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A pump motor should work continuously in the range established by the maximum head, minimum head, and the flood head. The pump needs to handle a certain number of starts per hour, with at least 2 starts in quick succession. This will help to determine the power supply for the pump. 5.4.3 Discharged Conditions  Total dynamic head (TDH)

TDH is a combination of static head and friction head expressed in feet. The capacity of the pump is related to the total dynamic head of the system. As the total dynamic head is increasing the volume of the discharge will be reduced until the discharge stops.

Figure C.5 illustrates typical head-capacity curve for a centrifugal pump. The curve may change with respect to total head and pump capacity based upon the size of the pump, pump speed, and impeller size and /or type, the basic form of the curve will remain the same. Total dynamic head is calculated using the following equation: ( ) ( ) (2)

( ) Two primary components of total dynamic head in wastewater are static discharge head and the kinetic losses due to friction the pipe  Static discharge head

The difference in pressure between two elevations

p2 - p1 = -γ (z2 - z1) or p2 - p1 = -γ h
(3)
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h = z2 – z1 is the difference in elevation
Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410

p2 = pressure at level 2 p1 = pressure at level 1 z2 = level 2 z1 = level 1
 Friction head loss

The head lost while overcoming pipe friction. The amount of lost depends on the size of the pipe, the smoothness of the pipe lining, the number of fittings used in the piping system, the angle of the fittings, viscosity and density of the liquid, the orifice plates and control valves, and velocity of the fluid flow. These factors are expression in the equation listed below.

(

) (4)

f = friction coefficient 2gDi/V2 k = a linear measure of effective roughness D = pipe diameter Re = Reynolds number (DV)/v V = velocity in ft/ s v = kinematic viscosity of the fluid g = the gravitational constant i = hydraulic gradient
5.5 PUMP STATION DESIGN 5.5.1 Wet Well Design

Cylindrical concrete wet well standard size is 72” diameter. A wet well is constructed of precast reinforced concrete sections which conform to the requirements of ASTM Designation C 478-78a. The precast sections are to have a minimum of 2-inches protective covering over the circumferential reinforcement in the wall face closest to the interior. All grout used for sealing around pipe openings shall be designed for use in water. The wet well shall be constructed from reinforced concrete in the shape of a circle for maximum volume capacity. The wet well will be designed to allow for sufficient submergence of the pump, proper level controls, prevent excessive deposition of solids, ultimate peak hour sewer flow rate and provide ventilation from the incoming sewer gases. The storage volume is dependent on the variable speed of both pumps which includes sufficient amount of time for one pump to stop and the other to start. The amount of time required, according to the Army and Air Force sewer manual, is 5 minute. The minimum flow is
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important in determining the control cycle of the pump. Wet wells are to be larger enough to provide 5 minutes of pumping running time to prevent overheating of the motor in the pump but not too large in order to prevent septic conditions in the wet well according to the Water Agencies Standards (WSA). To determine the size of the pump station the minimum storage volume in which the wet well needs to hold between pump starts Vmin has to be determine. The wet well volume will be determined by determining Vmin beginning with following equation:

(6) ( ) (

) (7)

(8) According the Hydraulic Institute Intake Design-1998, using equations (6) and (7) Vmin can be determined after the flow rates and the pump demand is known. The maximum retention time for a wet well cannot exceed 30 minutes to prevent septicity. 5.5.2 Design Capacity The pump station capacity will be sized to handle the ultimate peak flow rates with inflow and infiltration from two adjacent facilities on Camp Shelby grounds. In determining the design capacity the peak demand initially maximum, normal, and minimum flow rates and the peak demand for future date maximum, normal, and minimum flow rates is essential. To accommodate the number of fixtures in the preexisting metal buildings an assumption has to be made to design for a maximum capacity. This maximum capacity will be developed to balance both the initial requirement of the pump station and the future demand for the pump station. To determine the pump station design capacity the following equation should be used:

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Pump Station Design Capacity = (Peak Hour Flow Rate + (Inflow and Infiltration))* Pump Station Reserve Capacity Factor (PSRCF)

(9)

PSRCF is a safety factor that takes into account that the pumps will not be operating at full capacity at all times due to mechanical wear, loss in efficiency, and friction loss in the force main. The safety factor is 1.0. A minimum velocity of 2 ft/s will be used to satisfy the transport of solids through the force main. As the pipe increase the shear stress on the walls of the pipes decreases. At a lower shear stress levels growth on the pipes walls increases causing head losses in the system. The find the required velocity for the pipe the equation below has to be used.

v = velocity (ft/s) Q = flow rate (gpm) D = pipe internal diameter (in)
5.5.3 Hatch Sizing

(10)

To determine the size of the hatch the minimum volume of the wet well is essential. The minimum volume allows for select of the wet well shape and size. Information on the horizontal dimensions of the pumps, which is given from the pump manufacturer information sheets for the selected pump. (See Figure D.1) The minimum length of the hatch is the distance between where the guide rail bracket is mounted on the hatch edge and the front of the pump. This information can be found on the technical sheet that comes with the selected pump. To determine the minimum width for the hatch, the following equation is to be used:
Hatch Width = (Number of Pipes * Pump Width) + ((Number of Pumps -1) * (Minimum Pump Spacing))

To determine the minimum pump spacing this information can be found with the selected pump manufacturer. The purpose of the spacing between the pump is to prevent the pumps from competing with each other in case both pump is running at the same time. The following loading criteria should be considered:

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Table 5.5.1 Loading Criteria for Hatch Loading

Rating Pedestrian H-10 Incidental H-20 Incidental H-20 Full Vehicle Traffic As defined

Live Load 300 lbs per sq foot 8,000 lbs. dual wheel load 16,000 lbs per axle 16,000 lbs dual wheel load 32,000 lbs per axle 16,000 lbs dual wheel load 32,000 lbs per axle plus 30% Impact Factor Per specifications

Uses Area of pedestrian traffic only Area of pedestrian traffic only Limited access area of vehicle traffic Area of direct continuous vehicle traffic Airports, Ports, Other special applications

5.5.4 Pump Station Inlet Pipe The pump station inlet pipe’s location and size is essential to the function of the pump station. A bad location of the inlet pipe can cause problems with the efficiency and operation of the pump. If the inlet pipe is located too high compared to the wastewater surface or the velocity of the wastewater is too high can cause entrainment of air and the formation of bubbles in the water when splashing into the well. The height of the inlet pipe should not exceed 1 m from the top of the water surface at its lowest positions. Flow velocity at the inlet should not exceed 1.2 m/s. The purpose of an inlet is to convey the wastewater from the inlet pipe to the impeller entrance in a fashion that imposes minimal loss, and creates the most uniform velocity profile at the impeller entrance. The ideal inlet geometry is a straight pipe entrance with a slight taper from the pipe flange to the impeller eye. With submersible pumps the inlet configuration is planned for you by the manufacturer based on the mounting of the pump. 5.5.5 Wet Well Floor Shape The shape of the wet well floor helps with the function of the wet well. The design of the wet well floor helps to prevent sedimentation and formation of scum at the bottom of the wet well. A minimum bench angle of 45º or a maximum bench angle of 60º. 5.5.6 Control System The Control system will consist of two major areas. First will be the physical computerized controls. These will be located outside the confines of the wet well and contain
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the manual override switches and have the system light located where is most visible. The system light can best be described as a warning light, only it functions in reverse. The light will remain lit while the system functions under normal procedures. The light will turn either when it burns out or simply needs replacement or when the system reaches critical levels. The second portion of this system is the level sensors which activate the pumps. Since there will be minimum of two pumps in this design, the controls should alternate between pumps to keep increase the life of the pumps. The only designing being completed for this aspect of the project is determining the height of level sensors. According to Jensen Engineered Systems there are 5 important heights vital to this wet well-functioning properly:     H(p) = height of the pump impeller, this height becomes the datum for all other levels. H(min) = height at which the pump(s) turn off. This level is extremely vital as it keeps air from being introduced into the pump. H(on) = height at which the first pump turns on. H(lag) = height at which the next pump turns on, this level handles higher levels of inflow. This condition keeps all pumps on until H(min) height is achieved. H(alarm) = height at which the system light turns off.

Jensen Engineering gives two main formulas for determining the H (min) and H(on) levels: ( Where:    D = diameter (ft) g = gravity (ft/s2) V= velocity (ft/s) √ ) (11)

Where:  V = minimum storage volume of tank (ft 3)  A = tank cross-sectional area Illustration can be seen in figures D.1 and D.2 of appendices. (Jensen, 2011)

(12)

In determining the control systems need for the pump station will be determined after the pump selection.

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5.5.7 Design of Foundation Geotechnical evaluation will be performed on the proposed site. A minimum of 2 soil boring in near the footprint of the wet well. The borings depth should be at least 3 feet below the bottom of the proposed wet well foundation. Soil information on the ground water table, the soil classification, liquid limit, plastic index, etc. is determined and used to the designing of the wet well structure. 5.6 SEWER MAIN The force main for this project is presently operational. The flow rate of the piping system will determine the flow rate entering the force main. The design of the pipes inside of the force main will be determine by calculations. 6 COST ESTIMATE

6.1 Pipe Materials Table 6.1.1 shows the estimated cost per linear foot through the nominal sizes that could be expected for this design.
Table 6.1.1: Pipe Cost per Linear Foot

Pipe Unit Cost Total Cost Diameter 4" 6" 10" 5.78 9.74 17.72 $36,388.80 $61,349.40 $111,636.00

Table 6.1.2 shows the cost of associated materials needed for the pipe route and connections from the pump station to the sewer main.
Table 6.1.2: Pipe Route Layout Costs

Description 4" PVC Elbows Clamps Delivery

Unit ft Each Each

Quantity 6300 12 350

Unit Price 5.776 9.738 3.73

Total $36,388.80 $116.86 $1,305.50 $1,890.56 $39,701.71
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Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410

6.2 Wet Well and Concrete Materials Table 6.2 contains materials needed for construction of the concrete portions of the design.
Table 6.2: Wet Well Materials

Description Wet Well Foundation Access Door Rebar Thrust Block

Unit yd3 yd3 Each ft yd3

Quantity 1.57 32.99 1.00 200.00 13.50

Unit Price 396 396 75 6.75 396

Total $622.03 $13,062.73 $75.00 $1,350.00 $5,346.00 $20,455.77

6.3 Materials Cost Table 6.3 contains all data relevant to the installation of Materials.
Table 6.3: Materials

Description Pump Controls Fabric Fence Sodding

Unit Each Each ft yd2

Quantity 2 1 6500 6300

Unit Price 2000 850 3.5 7.15

Total $4,000.00 $850.00 $22,750.00 $45,045.00 $72,645.00

6.4 Installation Cost Table 6.4.1 displays all relevant costs associated with the labor portions of this design. The equipment rental and labor are estimated by hours.
Table 6.4.1: Installation Costs

Description Equipment Labor

Unit hr hr

Quantity 200 300

Unit Price 45 25

Total $9,000.00 $7,500.00 $16,500.00
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Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410

Table 6.4.2 shows the combined costs of each section of the design project and factors in the fee for design.

Table 6.4.2: Design Determination

Total Cost of Project Professional Fees Project Proposal Cost

$149,302.48 $14,900.00 $164,202.48

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PROJECT SCHEDULE

Task 9/15/2012 10/1/2012 10/15/2012 11/1/2012 11/15/2012 12/1/2012 12/15/2012 1/1/2013 1/15/2013 2/1/2013 2/15/2013 3/1/2013 3/15/2013 4/1/2013 Meeting with Tramone at WGK Site selection Design Proposal Surveying Foundation Design Design Constraint Design Plan Finalization Design Completion Wet Well Install

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RESOURCES Nakarsha Bester is completing her Bachelors of Science degree in Civil Engineering at Jackson State University, an ABET accredited program. As a civil engineering contract worker for Mississippi Department of Transportation (MDOT), for the past several months, Nakarsha has gained remarkable experience and knowledge. Nakarsha has learned a vast amount of skills pertinent to performing a verity of tasks in the civil engineering through the department’s curriculum and projects. Don Baldwin is in the final stages of finishing his Bachelor of Science degree in Civil Engineering at Jackson State University in Jackson, MS. He is currently working under Dr. Himangshu Das in the Hydraulics Lab as a contract employee. Lawrence Oyelami: have worked with professional engineers in the area of concrete material testing to analyze the strength of concrete and other composite material at different curing duration. I am currently a senior student at Jackson States University in the civil engineering program and one of the courses to complete the program is capstone Design.

TECHNICAL SUPPORT Dr. Yadong Li P.E., Faculty advisor Mr. Tramone Smith P.E., WGK, Provided of plans Dr. Dantua Leszczynska, Ph.D., Environmental Support Dr. Lin Li, P.E. Geotechnical Support Dr. Wei Zheng, P.E., Reinforced Concrete Support

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REFERENCES  100 Year Flood Map. (2006). Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality. http://geology.deq.state.ms.us/floodmaps/Projects/MapMOD/panels/28035C0185. pdf  Allen & Hoshall Engineer Architect and Planners Edwin K. Dedeaux 713 South Pear Orchard Road Suite 100. JOBS\Philadelphia city\71725 water and sewage\Bid\Tab of Bids  Google Earth [Computer Software]. (2012). Google Inc.  Jensen Engineered Systems. (2011). http://www.jensenengineeredsystems.com/controlelevations/  Leszczynska, Dr. Danuta. (2012). “Wastewater: Characteristics and Treatment”. Jackson State University. CIV-441-01 Spring 2012. Jackson, MS  Meade Septic Design, Inc.(2012). http://www.septicdesign.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/06/lift_station.jpg  Mississippi Dept. of Environmental Quality (MDEQ).(1999).Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality Guidance for the Design of Publically Owned Wastewater Facilities and DWSIRLF Funded Drinking Water Facilities. http://www.deq.state.ms.us/MDEQ.nsf/pdf/epd_PELF40/$File/PELF40.pdf?Open Element  National Guard Bureau International Affairs (2010) http://ms.ng.mil/aboutus/installations/shelby/Pages/default.aspx  Wurbs, R.A. & James, W.P. (2002). Water Resources Engineering. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J.  Crowe, C.T.; Elger, D.F.; Williams, B.C.; Roberson, J.A.; (2009). Engineering Fluid Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Danvers, MA.

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APPENDICES Appendix A

Figure A.1: Typical visible portion of lift station (Need Septic Design, 2012)

Figure A.2: 100 year flood map for lift station (MDEQ, 2006)

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Figure 2: Route 1

Figure 3: Route 2 the Orange section shows area of tree removal

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Appendix B Type of Fixture D.F.U./Fixture (Load) Minimum Size of Trap2(inches)

Bathroom groups: 1 tank water closet, 1 lavatory with 1¼ inch trap and 1 bathtub1 or shower stall 1 water closet with flush valve, 1 lavatory with 1¼ inch trap and 1 bathtub or shower1 Bathtub (with or without overhead shower) 1 Bathtub1 Bidet Clothes washer, automatic Dental unit or cuspidor Drinking fountain Dishwasher2, domestic Floor drains Lavatories: Lavatory Lavatory Lavatory, barber, beauty parlor Lavatory, dental Lavatory, surgeon's Laundry tray (1 or 2 compartments)
Figure B.1 Drainage Fixture Unit (Engineering Box, 2012)

7

11

2 3 2 3 1 ½ 2 See Appendix A, Table F 1 2 2 1 2 2

1½ 2 1½ 2 1¼ 1 1½ 2

1¼ 1½ 1½ 1¼ 1½ 1½

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Type of Fixture

D.F.U./Fixture (Load) 3 3

Minimum Size of Trap2(inches) 2 2

Shower stall Showers (group) per head 2 Sinks: Combination sink and tray Combination sink and tray with food-disposal unit Flushing rim (with valve) Kitchen sink, domestic Kitchen sink, domestic, with food-waste grinder Pot, scullery, etc.2 Service (P trap) Service (P trap) Surgeon's Wash sink2 (circular or multiple), each set of faucets Urinals: Urinal, pedestal, siphon jet, blowout Urinal stall Urinal, wall integral trap Urinal, wall P trap, exposed Water closets: Tank operated Valve-operated
1

3 4 Separate Traps 8 2 3 Separate Traps 4 3 2 3 2

1½ 1½ 3 1½ 1½ 1½ 3 2 1½ 1½

8 3 3 2

2 2 2 1½

4 8

3 3

A shower head over a bathtub does not increase the fixture value.

Figure B.1 Drainage Fixture Unit (Engineering Box, 2012)

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Appendix C

Figure C.1 Moody diagram (Wikimedia.org, 2012)

Figure C.2 Coefficients for Roughness in the Pipe (Engineering Excel, 2012)

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Figure C.3 Minor Loss Coefficients (Crane Valves, 2012) Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410 31

Figure C.4 Pump Curve and System Curve (Doyle Pump, 2012)

Figure C.5 Head-Capacity Curve (WGK, 2012) Wastewater Pump Statin Design for Camp Shelby Fall 2012 Senior Design CIV 410 32

Appendix D

Figure D.2 Hatch Sizing (Jenson, 2011)

Figure D.4: Vital wet well level sensor illustration (Jenson, 2011)

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Figure D.3: Minimum water level (Jenson, 2011)

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