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General Certificate of Education

Mathematics 6360
MPC4 Pure Core 4

Mark Scheme
2006 examination June series
Mark schemes are prepared by the Principal Examiner and considered, together with the relevant questions, by a panel of subject teachers. This mark scheme includes any amendments made at the standardisation meeting attended by all examiners and is the scheme which was used by them in this examination. The standardisation meeting ensures that the mark scheme covers the candidates responses to questions and that every examiner understands and applies it in the same correct way. As preparation for the standardisation meeting each examiner analyses a number of candidates scripts: alternative answers not already covered by the mark scheme are discussed at the meeting and legislated for. If, after this meeting, examiners encounter unusual answers which have not been discussed at the meeting they are required to refer these to the Principal Examiner. It must be stressed that a mark scheme is a working document, in many cases further developed and expanded on the basis of candidates reactions to a particular paper. Assumptions about future mark schemes on the basis of one years document should be avoided; whilst the guiding principles of assessment remain constant, details will change, depending on the content of a particular examination paper.

Copyright 2006 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved.

MPC4 AQA GCE Mark Scheme, 2006 June series

Key To Mark Scheme And Abbreviations Used In Marking


M mark is for method

m or dM A B E or ft or F CAO CSO AWFW AWRT ACF AG SC OE A2,1 x EE NMS PI SCA

mark is dependent on one or more M marks and is for method mark is dependent on M or m marks and is for accuracy mark is independent of M or m marks and is for method and accuracy mark is for explanation follow through from previous incorrect result correct answer only correct solution only anything which falls within anything which rounds to any correct form answer given special case or equivalent 2 or 1 (or 0) accuracy marks deduct x marks for each error no method shown possibly implied substantially correct approach MC MR RA FW ISW FIW BOD WR FB NOS G c sf dp mis-copy mis-read required accuracy further work ignore subsequent work from incorrect work given benefit of doubt work replaced by candidate formulae book not on scheme graph candidate significant figure(s) decimal place(s)

No Method Shown Where the question specifically requires a particular method to be used, we must usually see evidence of use of this method for any marks to be awarded. However, there are situations in some units where part marks would be appropriate, particularly when similar techniques are involved. Your Principal Examiner will alert you to these and details will be provided on the mark scheme. Where the answer can be reasonably obtained without showing working and it is very unlikely that the correct answer can be obtained by using an incorrect method, we must award full marks. However, the obvious penalty to candidates showing no working is that incorrect answers, however close, earn no marks. Where a question asks the candidate to state or write down a result, no method need be shown for full marks. Where the permitted calculator has functions which reasonably allow the solution of the question directly, the correct answer without working earns full marks, unless it is given to less than the degree of accuracy accepted in the mark scheme, when it gains no marks. Otherwise we require evidence of a correct method for any marks to be awarded.

AQA GCE Mark Scheme, 2006 June series MPC4

MPC4
Q 1 (a)(i) p(2) = 0 (ii) See Solution Marks B1 Total 1 Comments

1 2 1 1 1 1 p = 6 19 + 9 + 10 2 8 4 2 =0

B1 M1 A1 B1 B1 3 Use 1 2 Arithmetic to show = 0 and conclusion. Long division : 0/3

(iii) (b)

p( x) = (2 x + 1)( x 2)(3 x 5)

x2 Complete expression
3x ( x 2 )
No ISW on A1

3 x( x 2) (2 x + 1)( x 2)(3 x 5) 3x = (2 x + 1)(3 x 5)


Total ( 3)(4)( x) 2 (1 x) 3 = 1 + (3)( x) + 2 2 = 1 + 3x + 6 x

M1 A1 2
8

their (a)(iii) 3x Or 2 6x 7x 5

For

2(a)

M1 A1 M1 A1 2 2

1 3x + x 2 term

(b)

5 1 x 2
=1+

5 5 = 1 + 3 x + 6 x 2 2

5 5 x x , incl. x seen or implied 2 2 ( or start again ) CAO OE 5 2 or 2 5


3

.. (c)

15 75 x + x2 2 2

5 x <1 2

x <

2 5

M1A1

Sight of

15 75 = 8(1 + x + x 2 ) = 8 + 60 x + 300 x 2 2 2

M1 A1F 2

5 k their 1 x 2

(d) Alternatively, start again: 5 8 expression or k 1 3 x 2 CAO Total

5 ft only on 8 1 x 2

(M1) (A1)
8

MPC4 AQA GCE Mark Scheme, 2006 June series

MPC4 (cont) Q 3(a) 9 x 2 6 x + 5

Solution

Marks

Total

Comments

= 3(3x 1)( x 1) + A( x 1) + B(3 x 1)


x =1 B=4 x= 1 3 A = 6

B1 M1 A1A1 4

Or 3 +

6x + 2 ( 3x 1)( x 1)
1 3

Substitute x = 1 or x =

Or equivalent method (equating coefficients, simultaneous equations)


Attempt to use partial fractions

(b)

= 3 3 x 1 + x 1 dx
= 3x ... 2ln(3x 1) + 4ln( x 1) ( +c )

M1 B1 M1 A1F 4
8 1

p ln(3x 1) + q ln( x 1) Condone missing brackets Follow through on A and B; brackets needed.

4(a)(i) (ii) (b)

sin 2 x = 2sin x cos x cos 2 x = 2cos 2 x 1


sin 2 x tan x = 2sin x cos x sin x cos x

Total

B1 B1 M1 M1

1 Use of their cos 2 x or sin 2 x sin x and the other Use of tan x = cos x double angle identity 3 AG convincingly obtained Ignore x = 0 , x = 360 & any others outside range

1 = sin x 2cos x cos x 2cos 2 x 1 = sin x = tan x cos 2 x cos x


(c)

A1 B1 M1 A1 A1
Total

tan x cos 2 x = 0

x =180
1 1 2 or sin x = 2 2

cos 2 x = 0 or cos 2 x =

x = 45
x = 135, 225,315

4 9

CAO

max 3/4 for answers in radians

AQA GCE Mark Scheme, 2006 June series MPC4

MPC4 (cont) Q 5(a)

Solution x = 1 y2 y + 3 5 = 0 ( y 2)( y + 1) = 0 y=2 y = 1

Marks

Total

Comments

M1 M1 A1 B1B1 B1 M1A1 A1 6 3

Attempt to solve quadratic equation with x=1 +6x; 5 0 Chain rule Product rule ( M1 two terms ) Factorise and obtain answer given

(b)(i)

2y

dy dy x y + 6x = 0 dx dx dy =0 dx

6 x y + (2 y x)

Alternative dy 2 ( y x ) = ( y x )( 0 6 x ) dx dy ( 5 3 x 2 ) 1 dx dy 2 ( y + x ) + ( 5 3x 2 ) = ( y x )( 6 x ) dx

(B1) (B1) (M1) (A1) (A1)

5 0 6x Recognisable attempt at quotient rule Completely correct OE Factorise out


dy dx

+ ( 5 3x 2 )

Given answer
(ii)

(A1) M1 A1F 2

Correct answer from correct working Be convinced Substitute x= 1 and one y value from (a) Both; follow on candidates y s 7 OE ; 3SF 3

(1, 2)
(1, 1)

dy 4 = dx 3
dy 7 = dx 3

(iii)

y 6x = 0

B1
M1 A1
Total
2 2

( 6 x ) x 6 x + 3x 2 5 = 0
2

36 x 6 x + 3x 5 = 0 33x 2 5 = 0
2

3 14

AG convincingly obtained

MPC4 AQA GCE Mark Scheme, 2006 June series

MPC4 (cont) Q 6(a)(i) Solution 3 6 !!!" OC = 2 2 = 4 1 2 Marks Total Comments

B1

(Penalise coordinates once only)

(ii)

3 2 1 !!! " AB = 2 4 = 2 1 1 2 AC 2 = (6 2) 2 + (4 4) 2 + (1 2) 2 = 25 AC = 5

M1 A1 2

!!! !!! " " !!! !!! " " OA OB or OB OA or 2/3 correct cpts.
A0 for line AB

(b)(i)

M1 A1 M1 A1F M1 2

Components of AC AG

(ii)

1 4 !!! !!!" " AB AC = 2 0 = 4 + 6 = 10 2 3 3 5 cos = 10

!!! " !!!" Clear attempt to use AB and AC !!!" !!! " ft AB from a(ii) and/or AC from b(i)
Use of a

b cos = a.b
and a.b evaluated

with one correct

= 48.189 48
Alternative: use of cos rule Find 3rd side + use cos rule

A1 (M2) (A1F) (A1)

CAO (AWRT)

ft on previously found vectors CAO (AWRT)

(c)

3 !!! " BP = 2 1 4 " 0 !!! = 0 BP 3

B1

M1 A1 3 12

!!! " Their BP


AG convincingly obtained

4 3 15 = 0

Total

AQA GCE Mark Scheme, 2006 June series MPC4

MPC4 (cont) Q 7

Solution

dy
2

= 6 x dx

Marks M1
A1A1 M1 A1 A1

Total

Comments Attempt to separate Either dx or dy in right place


1 ; 3x 2 y

1 = 3x 2 ( +C ) y x = 2 y =1 C = 13

Use (2,1) to find a constant. CAO 6 CAO OE Could be implied, eg 5000a xa 2


dx = 200, x = 1000 in their diff. equation dt Condone ts and t = 0 for M1 CAO OE

y=
8(a)(i)

1 3x 2 13

Total
(5000 x) seen in a product
dx = kx(5000 x) dt

6
B1

B1 M1 A1 M1 A1

(ii)

200 = k 1000 ( 5000 1000 )

k = 0.00005
(b)(i)
4 2500 t = 4ln = 5.5 (hours) 5000 2500

x 2500 ( or 4 ln 4 ) CAO

(ii)

30

e4 e7.5 = 4x 5000 x

B1 M1 m1 A1 4 10 75 OE Soluble for x Or 4988 or 4990; integer value only

5000 e7.5 = x ( 4 + e7.5 )

x = 4988.96.. 4989 rabbits infected Total TOTAL