# The altitude affects the climate in the sense that the higher the altitude the colder and

harsher the climate. For instance, on top of a mountain there are severe wind chills and extremely low temperatures. Latitude affecting the climate is dependent on the equator. The closer the latitude is to 0 degrees (the equator) the hotter the temperature and the more humidity in the atmosphere. LATITUDE the hottest ares of the earth are located close to the equator the coldest to the poles. this is due to the shape of the earth. the places closest to the equator receive the most direct rays of the sun. regions farther from the equator receive the rays that hit the earths surface on a slant, so the sun's energy is spread over ,and has to heat, a larger area of the earth Altitude is vertical distance above the sea level as a reference. Latitude is an angular indication of your north-south location on Earth, where zero is the equator, and +angles are northern hemisphere and -angles are southern hemisphere. Latitude has nothing to do with vertical, do not let map drawing conventions deceive you. North-south is just as horizontal as east-west. Do not use the word "distance" in a definition of latitude. There isn't any distance units of any type in latitude. Latitude is an ANGLE, not a distance. Same is true for longitude.

How to Calculate Markup Percentage
By Sari Hardyal, eHow Contributor Calculate markup percentage to see what the stores are really making Markup is the difference between how much an item costs you, and how much you sell that item for--it's your profit per item. Any person working in business or retail will find the skill of being able to calculate markup percentage very valuble.

Instructions
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1 Calculate your dollar markup. This is done by subtracting your buying price from your selling price. So, if you purchase an item for \$10, and you sell it for \$15, your dollar markup is found by by subtracting 10 from 15 and your result is \$5.

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2 Decide whether you want to calculate your percentage markup based on cost or selling price. Once you choose which you will be using to calculate, it is

This is done by dividing the dollar markup by the selling price. This is done by dividing the dollar markup by the cost. o 5 Make sure you consistently use either cost of the product or selling price to find the percent markup on an item. go on to Step 3. you would take \$5/\$10 and get 0. Using selling price will give you a lower percentage markup (assuming you are making a profit). go on to Step 4. . if the cost is \$10. Even though the cost.important you stick to the method you choose throughout all your calculations. o 3 Calculate percent markup based on cost. if your selling price is \$15 and your dollar markup is \$5. If you decide to calculate your percent markup based on cost. o 4 Calculate your percent markup based on selling price. you would take \$5/\$15 and you would get 0. So. your percentage markup based on selling price would be 33 percent. or 50 percent. or you will end up with faulty data.33. while using cost will give you a higher percentage markup. or 30 percent. and dollar markup will always be the same. So. the percentage markup will be drastically different depending on if you calculate it using selling price or cost. If you decide to calculate your percent markup based on selling price. and the dollar markup is \$5. So.5. selling price. So your percentage markup based on cost would be 50 percent.