Everything you ever needed to know about worms.

This is a public service. It is all about worms and the various types of worms that dogs and cats get, how they get them, how they’re treated, and if they’re a danger to people. So read carefully. And when you read about heartworms I want you to take a special look at the photo that I have of the dog’s heart ventricle that has an advanced case of heartworms, and think about what it must have been like for that poor animal to take a step, much less run and play, the lifeblood of a happy animal’s life. So tell me, if you don’t have your animals on preventative, are you going to leave them to suffer though this or are you going to go out and get preventative every month and do something about it? If you can’t see the photo please go to http://TailTalk.org to view. It is important that you educate yourself. Your animals need you to know so you can take care of them properly. There are four main types of canine worms including dog roundworms, tapeworms, whipworms and hookworms. Each type of parasite (another name for worms) has its own characteristics which can be helpful in worm identification. Worms vary in size and how they effect your dog: Most Common Types of Intestinal Dog Worms These are the four most common intestinal dog worms types:: DOG WORMS Dog Roundworms (also called Nematodes) Dog roundworms are the most common type of worms in dogs. The worms are named after their appearance, which in an adult is like a piece of spaghetti. The worm is spread from dog to dog through the ingestion of contaminated feces, or from a pregnant mother through the placenta to the puppy. Roundworms can be transmitted from dogs to humans, which is especially a concern for children. Dog Hookworms Dog hookworms are also one of the more common dog worms types. The worm is transmitted via ingested contaminated dog feces are through contact with an open wound or skin crack. Hookworms in dogs infect adults more often, and are less common in puppies, the reverse of what is true for roundworms.

These worm segments become caught in the fur surrounding the anus or on the outside of fresh feces and can even be seen crawling on the surface. Dipylidium) are common. These dog worms take their name from an appearance. When the worm segments dry out. Tapeworm is diagnosed during a fecal exam performed in your veterinarian’s office. although it is possible if a person. which carries the immature tapeworm. dried up segments migrating out of the rectum. with the worms measuring from 4 to 28 inches in length. There is minimal risk of the worm being transmitted to humans. but instead is passed through the ingestion of a flea. They are also transmitted by ingesting contaminated feces and affects both puppies and adult dogs. As the worms multiply in the intestine. segments (proglottids) break off. particularly a child swallows a flea. Dog Whipworms Dog Whipworms are less common than hookworms or roundworms. It is not transmitted through feces like other worms in dogs. The worms attach to a dog’s intestinal lining and feed on the host’s blood. The infection causes no dog worm symptoms and often goes undetected until the owner notices the small. advanced cases can be life threatening. causing a condition called canine anemia.Dog Hookworms Life Cycle Dog Hookworms Life Cycle Source: Washington State University Many dog worms types such as hookworms are ingested via contaminated feces or enter the body through an open wound. Dog Tapeworms Dog tapeworms (cestodes. Other Dog Worms Types Dog Flatworms . In puppies in particular. As the worm grows in the intestines. it leaves behind small hard yellow eggs that can also be stuck to the dog’s fur around the anus. there could be some weight loss. they can deplete the blood supply. In advanced cases. The parasite can cause severe health problems.

The most commonly used dog heartworm treatment is the medication Immiticide (melarsomine hydrochloride) which is injected into the back muscles of dogs suffering from class 1 – 3 heartworm.and in infected snails and frogs. Other symptoms when a severe case of the disease is present include difficulty breathing (dyspnea). Treatment can be risky since killing worms that are already in the arteries and heart can be dangerous. x-rays can also help to confirm the severity of the disease. Anti-inflammatory drugs such as glucocorticosterids (prednisolone) can also help to control pulmonary inflammation and thromboembolism. The test can also indicate the severity of the disease which would point to a specific course of treatment. 5 canine heartworm patients are already showing symptoms such as coughing and abdominal swelling. Dog heartworm infection is diagnosed with a blood test. Cases are usually classified from high risk to low risk based on the chance of complications that result from treatment. 4. It is also used to prepare dogs that are treated with an adulticide that kills the heartworm or for surgical removal. Dog heart worm treatment involves symptomatic therapy to improve heart function and circulation. particularly after exercise or when excited. dog heart worm Advanced dog heartworm disease in ventricle of heart Source: Dr.Dog Flatworms (also called Trematodes or Flukes): These worms often hook themselves to your dog in their intestines. This is one of the most alarming dog worms types since in advanced stages it is life threatening. High risk or class 3. It is rare for a dog to suddenly die from the disorder. lungs and liver. Most vets will recommend restricted exercise and cage rest as a way of improving blood circulation. They are also passed when a dog ingests infected feces . Richard Wescott/Washington State University It is difficult to treat heartworm in dogs. The disease is spread when an infected mosquito bites a dog. Symptoms of dog heartworm includes moderate to severe coughing. Low risk or class 1 and 2 dog heartworm cases are characterized by having no symptoms and normal heart x-rays. In later stages of the disease the abdomen and legs will swell from fluid accumulation as the right side of the heart suffers from developing congestive failure. with heart damage slowing increasing over time. A heartworm preventative is . Dog Heartworm heartworm disease in heart ventricle Dog Heart worm: Heartworm disease in dogs (Dirofilaira immitis) occurs when worms grow in and around the heart muscle. Most infected dogs are asymptomatic for months or years.

a natural dietary supplement is worth a try. Dog Ringworm (not a worm. with the addition of praziquantel (Droncit® or Drontal®) if tapeworms are also present. Hookworms can burrow through human skin and are often found in gulf coast states. However. pinworms. a dog with worms is diagnosed by a veterinarian after studying feces under a microscope. This information was taken from http://www. Roundworm and Tape Worm. tt is possible for humans to get intestinal worms from your dog.dog-health-guide. This is not the case. a fungal infection) Note that ringworm is not due to worms. are not found in dogs and cats. For example. Most of the time. It’s name is based on an appearance on the skin that looks like a worm. PetAlive makes a supplement designed to naturally expel internal parasites like Heartworm. humans cannot be infected by heartworm. Luckily. Check with your veterinarian. Dog Worms Types Symptoms and Diagnosis Many dog owners believe that dogs with normal feces do not have worms. Dog Worms and Humans Most dog worms are species specific. The most common type of worms in humans. children that crawl on the ground or play in sandboxes can ingest the eggs that result in worms. It is also rare for owners to see worms in the dog stool.html. . Dog Worms Treatment Treatment for intestinal parasites generally consists of a broad-spectrum dewormer such as fenbendazole (Panacur®). You can read more by downloading this FDA brochure on dog heartworm (PDF download).only used after the heart has been cleared of all worms. In a human a hookworm leaves red spots on the skin that are in a trail (caused by the larvae). If you dog frequently has a problem with parasites such as worms. but a skin fungus. The problem is more common in children. Most veterinarians will check dogs on a regular basis for the different dog worms types by looking for worms in the stool. Treatment for dog heartworm is indicated above. Other dog worms types such as whipworms do not live in humans.org/dogwormstypes. If you have any questions please refer back to their website for additional information.

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