Gestational diabetes..

Risk factor
Any woman can develop gestational diabetes, but some women are at greater risk. Risk factors for gestational diabetes include:

 

Age greater than 25. Women older than age 25 are more likely to develop gestational diabetes. Family or personal health history. Your risk of developing gestational diabetes increases if you have prediabetes — slightly elevated blood sugar that may be a precursor to type 2 diabetes — or if a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, has type 2 diabetes. You're also more likely to develop gestational diabetes if you had it during a previous pregnancy, if you delivered a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds (4.1 kilograms), or if you had an unexplained stillbirth.

Excess weight. You're more likely to develop gestational diabetes if you're significantly overweight with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher.

Nonwhite race. For reasons that aren't clear, women who are black, Hispanic, American Indian or Asian are more likely to develop gestational diabetes.

Most women who have gestational diabetes deliver healthy babies. However, gestational diabetes that's not carefully managed can lead to uncontrolled blood sugar levels and cause problems for you and your baby, including an increased likelihood of needing delivery by C-section.

Complications that may affect the baby If you have gestational diabetes, your baby may be at increased risk of:

Excessive birth weight. Extra glucose in your bloodstream crosses the placenta, which triggers your baby's pancreas to make extra insulin. This can cause your baby to grow too large (macrosomia). Very large babies are more likely to become wedged in the birth canal, sustain birth injuries or require a C-section birth.

Early (preterm) birth and respiratory distress syndrome. A mother's high blood sugar may increase her risk of going into labor early and delivering her baby before its due date. Or her doctor may recommend early delivery because the baby is growing so large. Babies born early may experience respiratory distress syndrome — a condition that makes breathing difficult. Babies with this syndrome may need help breathing until their lungs mature and

 Jaundice. . Although jaundice usually isn't a cause for concern. Babies of mothers with gestational diabetes may experience respiratory distress syndrome even if they're not born early. making healthy lifestyle choices such as eating healthy foods and exercising can help reduce the risk of future type 2 diabetes. It also raises your risk of preeclampsia and eclampsia — two serious complications of pregnancy that cause high blood pressure and other symptoms that can threaten the lives of both mother and baby. it's more likely to happen again during a future pregnancy. However. preeclampsia and eclampsia. Complications that may affect the mother Gestational diabetes may also increase the mother's risk of:  High blood pressure. Severe episodes of hypoglycemia may provoke seizures in the baby. Prompt feedings and sometimes an intravenous glucose solution can return the baby's blood sugar level to normal.become stronger.  Type 2 diabetes later in life. careful monitoring is important. If you have gestational diabetes. Babies of mothers who have gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Sometimes babies of mothers with gestational diabetes develop low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) shortly after birth because their own insulin production is high.  Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). fewer than one in four develop type 2 diabetes. Of those women with a history of gestational diabetes who reach their ideal body weight after delivery. which normally forms when the body recycles old or damaged red blood cells. You're also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes as you get older.  Future diabetes. This yellowish discoloration of the skin and the whites of the eyes may occur if a baby's liver isn't mature enough to break down a substance called bilirubin. Gestational diabetes increases your risk of developing high blood pressure during your pregnancy. Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby's death either before or shortly after birth.

the condition can quickly progress to eclampsia. protein in the urine and swelling of the extremities. Diabetes mellitus type 2 – formerly non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. eclampsia is the most serious form of this disorder. your doctor will monitor your health very closely if you are diagnosed with pre-eclampsia. . Pre-eclampsia is a complication of pregnancy involving a sudden increase in blood pressure.Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are basically two forms of the same disorder. If pre-eclampsia is not properly diagnosed and treated. For this reason.

But still you need to be careful in every pregnancy. 2nd to the mother.also the mother can have in the future a type 2 diabetes. . NIH).and also it can lead to early delivery of the baby because the baby grows bigger. It is very important we monitor our pregnancy by visiting the doctor as much as possible or as needed. consult immediately the physician if there is an necessary signs that you have gestational diabetes. But some who have gestational diabetes after the birth of the baby the said risk factor may affect both the mother and the baby will subside.Reaction: There is so many risk factor that may affect the pregnancy of the mother and one of those is the gestational diabetes. Retrieved 200808-04. Reference: "Monogenic Forms of Diabetes: Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus and Maturity-onset Diabetes of the Young". And also the baby can have jaundice. This risk factor can affect 1 st the baby. the mother is risk in pre-eclampsia or eclampsia and it is not only danger to the mother but also to the baby. the baby will come out big as the normal size of a new born should be. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC) (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

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