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Bangladesh at a glance

POVERTY and SOCIAL


Bangladesh

South
Asia

Lowincome

148.7
700
104.7

1,633
1,176
1,920

796
528
421

1.2
2.1

1.5
1.1

2.1
2.6

32
28
69
38
41
81
56
103
101
106

..
30
65
52
33
90
61
110
113
107

..
28
59
70
23
65
61
104
108
101

2010
Population, mid-year (millions)
GNI per capita (Atlas method, US$)
GNI (Atlas method, US$ billions)

3/29/12

Development diamond*

Life expectancy

Average annual growth, 2004-10


Population (%)
Labor force (%)
Most recent estimate (latest year available, 2004-10)
Poverty (% of population below national poverty line)
Urban population (% of total population)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births)
Child malnutrition (% of children under 5)
Access to an improved water source (% of population)
Literacy (% of population age 15+)
Gross primary enrollment (% of school-age population)
Male
Female

GNI
per
capita

Gross
primary
enrollment

Access to improved water source


Bangladesh
Low-income group

KEY ECONOMIC RATIOS and LONG-TERM TRENDS


1990

2000

2009

2010

GDP (US$ billions)


Gross capital formation/GDP
Exports of goods and services/GDP
Gross domestic savings/GDP
Gross national savings/GDP

30.1
17.1
6.1
9.6
17.1

47.1
23.0
14.0
17.8
26.6

89.4
24.4
19.4
17.2
38.6

100.4
24.4
18.4
17.8
38.4

Current account balance/GDP


Interest payments/GDP
Total debt/GDP
Total debt service/exports
Present value of debt/GDP
Present value of debt/exports

-5.2
0.7
40.8
26.9
..
..

-0.7
0.4
33.0
8.9
..
..

2.7
0.3
26.6
3.3
..
..

3.7
0.2
24.9
3.0
15.8
46.8

1990-00

2000-10

2009

2010

2010-14

4.8
2.7
13.1

5.9
4.5
10.6

5.7
4.6
0.0

6.1
4.9
0.9

6.5
5.1
18.5

Economic ratios*

Trade

Domestic
savings

Capital

Indebtedness
(average annual growth)
GDP
GDP per capita
Exports of goods and services

Bangladesh
Low-income group

STRUCTURE of the ECONOMY


1990

2000

2009

2010

(% of GDP)
Agriculture
Industry
Manufacturing
Services

30.3
21.5
13.1
48.3

25.5
25.3
15.2
49.2

18.7
28.7
17.9
52.6

18.6
28.5
17.9
53.0

Household final consumption expenditure


General gov't final consumption expenditure
Imports of goods and services

86.2
4.2
13.5

77.7
4.6
19.2

77.5
5.3
26.6

76.8
5.4
25.0

Growth of capital and GDP (%)


12
9
6
3
0

1990-00

2000-10

2009

2010

(average annual growth)


Agriculture
Industry
Manufacturing
Services

2.9
7.3
7.2
4.5

3.5
7.7
7.8
6.1

4.1
6.5
6.7
6.3

5.2
6.5
6.5
6.5

Household final consumption expenditure


General gov't final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Imports of goods and services

2.9
4.7
9.2
9.7

4.6
8.5
7.7
8.0

4.7
5.9
6.2
-2.6

5.0
8.9
7.9
0.7

05

06

07

08

GCF

09

10

09

10

GDP

Growth of exports and imports (%)


30
20
10
0
-10

05

06
Exports

07

08

Imports

Note: 2010 data are preliminary estimates.


This table was produced from the Development Economics LDB database.
* The diamonds show four key indicators in the country (in bold) compared with its income-group average. If data are missing, the diamond will
be incomplete.

Bangladesh
PRICES and GOVERNMENT FINANCE
Domestic prices
(% change)
Consumer prices
Implicit GDP deflator
Government finance
(% of GDP, includes current grants)
Current revenue
Current budget balance
Overall surplus/deficit

1990

2000

2009

2010

..
6.3

2.8
1.9

6.7
6.5

7.3
6.5

Inflation (%)
12
9
6
3
0

6.9
0.4
-5.8

8.4
0.9
-5.1

10.6
0.5
-4.0

11.1
1.4
-3.7

05

06

07

08

09

GDP deflator

10

CPI

TRADE
1990

2000

2009

2010

(US$ millions)
Total exports (fob)
Raw jute
Leather and leather products
Manufactures
Total imports (cif)
Food
Fuel and energy
Capital goods

1,524
163
178
1,008
3,791
343
174
1,296

5,701
72
195
5,067
7,566
381
684
2,133

15,581
148
177
14,772
20,291
2,712
2,581
1,420

16,233
196
226
15,343
21,388
3,232
2,556
1,595

Export price index (2000=100)


Import price index (2000=100)
Terms of trade (2000=100)

57
58
98

100
100
100

152
196
77

161
207
78

1990

2000

2009

2010

1,903
4,156
-2,253

6,550
9,060
-2,510

17,413
23,739
-6,326

18,711
25,099
-6,388

-122
802

-221
2,394

-1,484
10,226

-1,484
11,596

Current account balance

-1,573

-337

2,416

3,724

Financing items (net)


Changes in net reserves

1,196
377

662
-325

-358
-2,058

-859
-2,865

520
33.3

1,599
50.3

4,686
68.8

5,310
69.2

1990

2000

2009

2010

12,285
64
4,095

15,535
24
6,431

23,802
0
10,746

24,963
0
10,653

Total debt service


IBRD
IDA

735
5
40

766
7
129

954
0
313

1,013
0
321

Composition of net resource flows


Official grants
Official creditors
Private creditors
Foreign direct investment (net inflows)
Portfolio equity (net inflows)

772
813
55
3
0

592
329
45
280
1

919
809
-13
713
-153

1,082
240
-11
968
0

World Bank program


Commitments
Disbursements
Principal repayments
Net flows
Interest payments
Net transfers

536
464
14
450
31
418

97
357
87
270
49
221

273
297
234
63
79
-16

923
326
243
83
78
5

Export and import levels (US$ mill.)


25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0
04

05

06

07

Exports

08

09

10

Imports

BALANCE of PAYMENTS
(US$ millions)
Exports of goods and services
Imports of goods and services
Resource balance
Net income
Net current transfers

Current account balance to GDP (%)


4

Memo:
Reserves including gold (US$ millions)
Conversion rate (DEC, local/US$)

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

-2

EXTERNAL DEBT and RESOURCE FLOWS


(US$ millions)
Total debt outstanding and disbursed
IBRD
IDA

Note: This table was produced from the Development Economics LDB database.

Composition of 2010 debt (US$ mill.)

G: 2,974
F: 69

E: 2,842

B: 10,653

D: 7,808
C: 617

A - IBRD
B - IDA
C - IMF

D - Other multilateral

E - Bilateral
F - Private
G - Short-term

3/29/12