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CHARACTERISTICS OF PLANETS IN JYOTISH
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Compiled by Gauranga Das Vedic Astrologer © Copyright SJC and Gauranga Das 5.1. Names and K§rakatwas of the Planets SaVaaRTMaa Ca idVaaNaaQaae MaNa" kuMaudbaNDaVa" ) SatVa& kuJaae buDaE" P]aae¢ ae buDaae va<aIP]adaYak ")) 12 )) deveJYaae jaNaSau%dae >a*GauvIRYaRP]adaYak " ) Šizi>a" P]aa¢ NaE" P]aae¢X^aYaSaUNauXc du"%d" )) 13 )) sarv§tm§ ca div§n§tho mana¤ kumuda-b§ndhava¤ sattva° kujo budhai¤ prokto budho v§£¦-prad§yaka¤ devejyo jñ§na-sukhado bh¥gur v¦rya-prad§yaka¤ ¥¢ibhi¤ pr§ktanai¤ proktaª ch§y§-s¡nuªca du¤khada¤ "The Sun is the soul of all. The Moon is the mind. Mars is strength. Mercury is the speech giver while Jupiter confers knowledge and happiness. Venus governs semen (potency) while Saturn indicates grief." (BPHS. 3.12-13.) In Vedic Astrology the position and significations of seven planets are considered: the Sun (S¡rya, Ravi), Moon (Soma, Candra), Mars (Kuja, Ma¯gala), Mercury (Budha), Jupiter (Guru, B¥haspati), Venus (¼ukra), Saturn (¼ani). Besides that, R§hu and Ketu are shadowy planets, or ch§y§-grahas. These planets govern different significations in the chart according to their nature. The Sun represents God, so it will also represent the divine spark or the soul within us. But he may also represent the aha¯k§ra or false ego, pride and desire to control and dominate. His counterpart, the Moon represents the mind, emotions and feelings. Mars indicates one’s strength, determination and fearlessness. Mercury indicates speech, communication and travel as well. Venus indicates semen and sex life, and also arts, beauty and enjoyment. Jupiter gives wealth, wisdom, happiness and children. Saturn usually gives pain, grief, losses and represents old age also. He is the most malefic planet as compared to Jupiter, who is the most benefic. Rahu indicates the negative karma, and usually manifests as disease, sin, poison, illusion etc. Ketu is his counterpart, and he signifies mok¢a or liberation, and also may give spiritual knowledge, although he sometimes cuts attachments very abruptly thereby causing pains also. Mah§r¢i Par§ªara gives a list of significations for the different planets, which are presented in the following table:
Var£a is ca£¨§la or outcaste. etc. In this chapter of B¥hat Par§ªara Hor§ ¼§stra the Mah§r¢i gives certain elements of the ªadbala system. but alone he is a benefic. R§hu is k§raka for karma form past life.e. and that of R§hu is brown.2. while Ketu is k§raka for liberation from the cycle of birth and death. and Ketu owns Scorpio together with Mars. The Deity is Durg§ or K§l¦ for R§hu and Ganeªa for Ketu. Most of the time they take up the significations of their dispositors. Planetary strengths are presented in another table as follows: . R§hu and Ketu: Both are considered natural malefics for most indications. Tattwa is according to their dispositor. although Mah§r¢i Jaimin¦ mentions Ketu to be a natural benefic. 5. R§hu owns Aquarius together with Saturn. Otherwise they are somewhat similar to the co-lords of the houses owned by them. spirituality and marriage. lords of the houses ocuppied by them. Planetary Strengths There are several different systems existing in Jyoti¢a for judging planetary strengths. So he is benefic for nav§°ªa-related things like dharma. Gu£a is tamas for R§hu and rajas or nirgu£a for Ketu. R§hu is male. i. happiness Tawny Minister Indra Male Ýk§ªa (ether) Br§hma£a (priest) Potency Variegated Minister ¼ac¦ Female Jala (water) Br§hma£a (priest) Grief Black Servant Brahm§ Eunuch V§yu (air) ¼¡dra (worker) Red-orange Tawny King Agni Male Agni (fire) K¢atriya (warrior) Queen Varu£a Female Jala (water) Vaiªya (trader) Gu£as Abode Dh§tus Time periods Sattva (goodness) Temple Asthi (bones) Ýyana (halfyear) Mercury’s benefic-malefic nature depends on the planets conjoining. and for Ketu is no specific abode. The rest of the characteristisc are not specified for the nodes. But he is usually a malefic for health. namely digbala (directional strength) and k§labala (temporal strength). Color of Ketu is smoky grey.2 K§raka of Colour Cabinet Deities Sex Tattwa Var£as Soul Mind Strength Red General K§rtikkeya Male Agni (fire) K¢atriya (warrior) Sattva (goodness) Watery places Rakta (blood) K¢a£a (second) Taste ¹tu Division M¡la (plants) Pungent Saline Var¢a (rainy) Dh§tu (matter) Bitter Gr¦¢ma (summer) Dh§tu (matter) Mixed Hemanta (Dew) J¦va (animals) Sweet ¼¦ta (winter) J¦va (animals) Sour Vasanta (spring) M¡la (plants) Astringent ¼i¢ira (fall) Dh§tu (matter) Tamas (ignorance) Fireplace Majj§ (marrow) V§ra (day) Rajas (passion) Sports ground Tvak (skin) ¹tu (season) Sattva (goodness) Treasure house Vas§ (fat) M§sa (month) Rajas (passion) Bedroom V¦rya (semen) Pak¢a (fortnight) Tamas (ignorance) Filthy places Sn§yu (muscle) Var¢a (year) Speech Green Prince Mah§vi¢£u Eunuch Bh¡ (earth) Vaiªya (trader) Knowledge. longevity. Their cabinet is that they are the army of the planets. as he is mok¢a-k§raka or singificator of liberation. and Ketu is eunuch. Abode for R§hu is the forest.
is fickleminded and very lustful.3." (25) vPau"é]eï" iXLaívaKc ùiTahaSYaåicbRuDa" ) . liberal hearted. is bilious. Planetary Descriptions Mah§r¢i Par§ªara gives the following description of the nine planets (BPHS 3." (23) bhuvaTakf " Pa]ajaXcNd\ae v*taTaNauÜRJa ) Xau>ad*x(MaDauvaKYaXCa cÄLaae MadNaaTaur" )) 24 )) bahu-v§ta-kapha¤ pr§jñ§ª candro v¥tta-tanur dvija ªubha-d¥¯-madhu-v§ky§ª ca cañcalo madan§tura¤ "O br§hma£a. square body. intelligent. Shea has round body and is learned." (24) k]Urae r¢e +a<aae >aaEMaXcPaLaaedarMaUiTaRk " ) iPataPa]k*iTak " k]aeDaq k*XaMaDYaTaNauiÜRJa )) 24 )) kr¡ro rakte kªa£o bhaumaª capalod§ra-m¡rtika¤ pitta-prak¥tika¤ krodh¦ k¥ªa-madhya-tanur dvija "O br§hma£a. is fickleminded. manly and has limited hair on his head.3 Planet Direction House Day/Night Pak¢a Ýyana Sun South Karma (10th) Day K¥¢£a Dak¢ina Moon North M§t¥ (4th) Night ¼ukla Uttara Mars South Karma (10th) Night K¥¢£a Dak¢ina Mercury East Lagna (1st) Day&Night K¥¢£a/¼ukla Dak¢ina/Uttara Jupiter East Lagna (1st) Day ¼ukla Uttara Venus North M§t¥ (4th) Day ¼ukla Uttara Saturn West Kalatra (7th) Night K¥¢£a Dak¢ina 5. he is of clean habits.): MaDauiPa®Lad*KSaUYaRXcTauró" XauiciÜRJa ) iPataPa]k*iTakae DaqMaaNa( PauMaaNaLPakcae iÜJa )) 23 )) madhu-pi¯gala-d¥k s¡ryaª caturasta¤ ªucir dvija pitta-prak¥tiko dh¦m§n pum§n alpa-kaco dvija "The Sun has honey-coloured eyes. bilious and has thin waist and thin physique. Mars is cruel.23-30. Sha has auspicious looks and sweet speech. the Moon is very windy and phlegmatic. has bloodred eyes.
4 iPatavaNa( kfvaNa( ivPa] MaåTaPa]k*iTaSTaQaa )) 26 )) vapu¤ ªre¢±ha¤ ªila¢±av§k ca hyatih§sya rucirbudha¤ pittav§n kaphav§n vipra maruta-prak¥tis tath§ "O vipra." (30) . has big teeth. rough hair. Like R§hu is Ketu. intelligent and learned in all ª§stras. is a poet. Saturn has an emaciated and long physique. Mercury possesses an attractive physique and the ability to make pun or to speak words having double meaning. is phlegmatic." (28) k*XadIgaRTaNau" XaaEir" iPa®d*XYaiNaLaaTMak " ) SQaULadNTaae_LaSa" Pa&Gau" %rraeMakcae iÜJa )) 29 )) k¥ªa-d¦rgha-tanu¤ ªauri¤ pi¯ga-d¥ªyanil§tmaka¤ sth¡la-danto ‘lasa¤ pa¯gu¤ khara-roma-kaco dvija "O br§hma£a. is indolent. lives in forests and is horrible. He is windy in temperament and is intelligent. sense of humour. has beautiful brilliant eyes." (27) Sau%I kaNTavPau" é]eï" SauLaaecNaae >a*Gaae" SauTa" ) kaVYakTaaR kfaiDaKYaae _iNaLaaTMaa vk]MaUDaRJa" )) 28 )) sukh¦ k§nta-vapu¤ ªre¢±ha¤ sulocano bh¥go¤ suta¤ k§vya-kart§ kaph§dhikyo ‘nil§tm§ vakra-m¡rdhaja¤ "O son of Bh¥gu! Venus is joyful. He has a blend of all three humours of bile. honey coloured eyes. phlegm and wind. is windy in temperament. lame and has coarse. charming in physique. has honey coloured eyes and hair. is phlegmatic and windy and has curly hair." (26) b*hd(Gaa}aae GauåXcEv iPa®Laae MaUÖRJae+a<aE" ) kf Pa]k*iTakae DaqMaaNa( SavRXaañivXaard" )) 27 )) b¥had-g§tro guruª caiva pi¯galo m¡rddhajekªa£ai¤ kapha prak¥tiko dh¦man sarva-ª§stra-viª§rada¤ "Jupiter is large bodied." (29) DaUMa]akarae NaqLaTaNauvRNaSQaae_iPa >aYa&kr" ) vaTaPa]k*iTakae DaqMaNa( Sv>aaRNauSTaTSaMa" iXa%I )) 30 )) dh¡mr§k§ro n¦latanur vanastho ‘pi bhaya£kara¤ v§taprak¥tiko dh¦man svarbh§nustatsama¤ ªikh¦ „R§hu has smoke-like blue body.
red sandal paste or saffron. profundity. service under the ruler. s§ttvika or benevolent and good temper. forest. worship of ¼iva. ornaments. fine blood circulation or vital energy. fondness for curd. consumption. charitable nature. steadfastness. axe. opposition or hostility. circular forms. brothers. swiftness of mind or agility of mind. love of deep-red objects. controversy or arguments. autumn. noon. shores of a river. fame. obstacles. umbrella and other royal insignia. copper. the consort of ¼iva. short stature. awakening of knowledge or enlightenment. land. minister. cattle. capturing the foe. character. dealings with affairs personal or social. epilepsy. fondness. sleep. forest officer. fortress. clean crystals. thick or coarse yarn. middle age. supporter. half a year. good food. kingdom. conquering foes. anger. nine gems. undisguised or open conduct. strength of enemy. malarial fever. earthenware. waist-band. bile. fires. abilities. nourishment. looking up towards the sky. pleasures. liquids. MARS: Valour. summer season. one who does tapasya or penance. greatest severity. eating. feverish or inflammatory complaints. father. spear. wells. love of the west. loss of virility. hatchet. a fire arm that kills a hundred (like a machine-gun). going to a fortress. saline. blood-red cloth. valour. facing west. diamond. shortness. ponds. worship of Gaur¦. commander of the army. travelling. stomach. bitterness of taste. freedom from disease. king. bones. muh¡rta or 48 minutes duration. fame. strength. moving in the forest. fire. benefic and malefic nature. br§hma£a or dvija. sight. king. lustre. battle. ruling over people – administrator. stones. good strength. strong at noon. pearls. wheat. square. anger. Additional Significations of Planets I have collected some significations of the planets from K§lid§sa’s Uttarak§l§m¥ta as follows: SUN: Soul. thief.4. MOON: Intelligence. timber. blood. land. influence. wickedness. courageous behaviour. mind. leanness. variegated or peculiar clothes. quadrupeds. silver. rulership over Saur§¢ ±ra. splendour. copper. lover. wounds. stout sugarcane. tree. Brahm§. nature of the mind. youth. man. mother. acquiring a post. very great ambition. world of mortals. rulership over the eastern direction. stomach. old age. strong at night. day. sovereignty over the entire country or over all countries. jewels. foes. laziness. going to distant places. one born to a timid person or one whose actions are born out of fear. bitter taste. woman. controlling fierce or wild animals. heart. bile. wandering in or over hills. trees having thorns. square or harmonious. serpents and the like. middle world. face. firmness of limbs. happiness. blood or blood-red gems like ruby. gold. short or dwarfish stature. body. diseases of the eye. ailment. flowers.southern Gujarat. eating non-vegetarian food. clothes. facial lustre. aliments of the shoulders. hall of the ruler. chief ruler or officer of the village. mental purity. going to a foreign country. enthusiasm. grace of favour. white colour. valour. courage. salt. land. east. fine blossoming. abusing or bitterly criticising others. painful urination. desire. whiteness. fish and other aquatic beings. face turned towards the south. worship of Subrahmanya (K§rttikeya). refined clothing. disease. perfumes. long-standing anger or long indignation. acidity. honey. pilgrimage. eye. power or strength. red coral. bell-metal. phlegmatic constitution. wicked one. sense of fun or humour. sky. sound of a trumpet. favour of the king or ruler. pearls. opposition. disease of the head. carrying weapons. impartial outlook. pungent taste. persistence. tank. fond of the southern direction. strong towards the end of the night. house. quadrupeds. ruler of the sky – control over air space. spreading scandals. hidden or ulcerous troubles in the stomach. beauty. ruler over sacred places – archaeologist or sacred endowments.5 5. tin. self. sword. burnt place. goldsmith. obstinate fool. independence. skill in archery. grass. S§ma Veda. one who . heat. favour of the king. taste. heat. face. good fruits.
swimming. fondness for having white clothes. very powerful tantric and the like. ornaments. dvijas. doing good to others. frugal in taking food. great Gods. first half of winter. moving towards heaven. fond of the south-east. grandsons. intellect. carrying out the karmas or religious rites. s§ttvika nature. dancing. tendency to laughter. fine place. skilled in the fine arts. devotion. performing religious and moral acts strictly. semen. white colour. soft speech. speech. maternal uncle. bad dreams. precious stones. black magic. renunciation. best ornaments. garden. valour. mixed or compound substances. charity. elephants. dvijas. cows. r§jasika nature. astronomy and astrology. tantra or technical subjects and the like. season of spring. Ved§nta philosophy. evenness. honour from the king. MERCURY: Education. gentle or benefic. pilgrimages. horses. grandfather. Indra. fame. delighting or impressing audience. salty taste. Yajur Veda. social and other duties. pearls. mantras or sacred spells. VENUS: White umbrella. seasons. sporting in water with love. profundity. mansion. pleasant movement or walking. fame. dear friends. physical health. yantras or symbolic religious diagrams. maternal grandfather. wealth of elephants. younger co-borns or brothers and sisters. decorations. heaven. well-versed in the Pur§£as or minor epics. religious. bipeds. infantry. Dharma. fear. middle age. old age or old persons. writing. sons. receiving good respect or honour. throne. income. mantra. collaterals. dvijas. beauty. love of humour. and travelling in a carriage covered on the four sides. happiness and unhappiness. elders like great-grandfather. happiness in a newly built house. pleasant talk arising from mutual love. speaking truth. declining physical form. neck. well-proportioned limbs. strong at sunrise or morning. servants. expert in Bharata’s . sweet juices. eunuch. youth. holy water or place of pilgrimage. gold. mathematics. sticks. drying or coagulating of blood. eyes. vaiªyas. getting on a vehicle. self-control. balanced nature and outlook. wife or husband. phlegm (kapha). astrology and astronomy. commerce. Cat’s eye.6 awards punishment. happiness from wife or husband. music. wandering in the villages. long things. strange lustre. birds. sex organs. tradesman. logic. construction of palaces. impartial outlook. swinging on a plank or on an elephant. face turned to north. decoration for dramatic shows. scholar. fickleness or imbalance of the mind. M¦m§°s§. child. woman. great proficiency. chariot. silver. cloth of a medium count. facing east. pleasant musical instruments. skin. looking cross-wise. large or stout body. peculiar or strange poetry. moisture. presides over the Telugu language. medical practitioner. dancing. complaints of the digestive system. sound knowledge of the sacred texts and scriptures. horses. treasure. scratching ailments. great long poems. speech. infantry. beginning of winter. horses. worship of Vi¢£u. eight kinds of prosperity. fortnight. temples. cross-wise vision. system of philosophy. good cowry. facing towards the north. gentle or benefic. sculpture. circular forms. precious stones. wind (v§ta) complaints. one who attaches great importance to sex. cough. good yellow topaz. Atharva Veda. witty language. great eloquence. understanding the minds or thoughts of others. new clothes. Gomedha (hessonite). soft and pleasant stones. towers of temples. knee. flourishing of one’s own dynasty. buying and selling articles that contribute to beauty. ª¡dras. installation of the idol of Brahm§. dust. snake. brain. grammar. fond of the north-western direction. pride. kingdom. good clothes. house that offers happiness. fragrant garland. enjoyment. world. penance. indulgence in amorous sports. firmness. elder brother. wise or good conversation or lecturing. north. teachers. navel. conveyance. tenderness. beneficial nature. yellow colour. one skilled in researching and testing the precious stones. script. treasury. marriage. towers. which is a royal insignia. deposits. fortune. taking pleasure in violin and flute.and Dharma-ª§stras. watery place. bell-metal and the like. humility. excess or eminence. buffaloes. green colour. possessing many women. acts arising from great indignation. flowers. seeing blood. strange or peculiar palace. knowledge. commands. wandering in the villages. happiness from sex life. short stature. the great results of the agni ¢±oma sacrifice. acid taste. worship of Shiva. JUPITER: Br§hma£as.
long standing fear. interpretation of dreams. association with animals. . harsh speech. reptiles. one muh¡rta (48 minutes). and an awareness of the genital organs and the secrets connected with them.7 N§±ya ª§stra (science of drama). blanket. KETU: Worship of the lord of C§£¨¦. wood. an external position. facing west. income. staying outside. fond of the north-east. an irreligious person or a ª¡dra. wounds. all kind of luxury. lasting long. south-western direction. asses. one losing his ego. worship of Yama. disease. one of the sacred domestic fires. whole kingdom. persons with strange or mutilated limbs. perplexity. small pox. air. bones. significator of father for one born at night. horned animals. friendship with the wicked. exertion. zoology. disgust. charity. depending on mlecch§s. great pain from peptic or duodenal ulcer. servant’s duties. breathing. thorn. chowry. black colour. thefts and hardheartedness. remedies for restoring life. having sex with a wicked woman. urine or urinary tract. severe. wandering in difficult places. all sorts of prosperity. a sinful woman. manager of an ordnance factory. stones. maternal grandfather. bath in the Ga¯g§. old age. bones. elephants. br§hma£as having t§masika quality. torn clothes or things. wind. and conversation or association with ª¡dras. wickedness. strong at sunset. iron. Mantra-ª§stra. fear. having the seal of authority or of the government. grains in black colour. wrong or wicked valour. happiness from a woman. By learning to use these significations in practice and developing our intuition we learn to interpret them properly. sorrow. great penance. getting the order of imprisonment revoked. observing silence religiously. world of the snakes. hunger. strong in the afternoon. learning what belongs to another caste. southern breeze. complaints of wind and phlegm. death. low castes and the like. going to a different country. fortune. and harsh speech. indignation. telling lies. world of the snakes. consumption. wind complaints. blue-black hair. distress. dirty house. cocks. born in adultery. birds. Turks. gambling. maidservant. malignant tumour. falling. looking downwards. doing something other than the traditional or accepted duties. suffering from mountains. old age. knowledge of Brahman. sparing in eating. skin. a widow’s bastard. moving in the world of the snakes. medical practitioner. faulty logic. looking downwards. father’s father. emerald. emaciated from the pleasures of sex. Tret§gni. a conveyance covered on all four sides. indulgence in sex. friendship with hunters. suffering from foes. goats and the like. oil. roaring in the woods. Of course some of the above listed naisargika k§rakatwas (natural significations) of the planets may seem to be contradictory to those given by other sources. falsehood. instability of mind. ª¡dras. RAHU: Umbrella. lead. one belonging to a caste outside the four main castes. born of a low woman. conveyance. horses. painful fevers. great valour. vital or supporters of the lover. acquiring prosperity. lords. a year. the second half of winter. catarrh. or boils and such other diseases. travels. tendon. one who knows where the arms are kept. longevity. hunter. acute duodenal pain. obstruction. stupidity. strange or ugly hair. worship of Vana-Durg§. strong at the end of the day. cousin. a servant of ¼iva. wandering in the battlefields. sins. vultures. one born outside the four castes. minor epics and the like. cruelty. unclean. standards. writing Urdu or Persian. renunciation. knowledge of animals. dogs. fierce or severe. enmity. serpents. skilled in composing poems. outcastes. diseases of the stomach and eye. playing the role of mother for those born during daytime. hidden abdominal ulcer. fond of worshipping Gaur¦ and Lak¢m¦. wandering in poisonous places. Ved§nta. mind turned to dirty things. ashes. final salvation. ruler. buffaloes and the like. dogs. SATURN: Ill-health and other sufferings. facing south. long. roaming in hilly areas. eunuch. generosity. dirty cloth. genitals. but this often happens in the classic Jyoti¢a texts. benefic. displaying amorous intentions in dressing. precious stones. lameness. living by agriculture or farming. acquiring a kingdom. Ganeªa and others. great forest.
8 © Gauranga Das .
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