TEST OF ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

2002-2003
EDITION

Test and Score Data Summary

www.toefl.org

TEST OF ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE™

Contents
• History of the TOEFL Program • The Computer-Based TOEFL Test • Computer-Based Test Data for 2001-2002 • The Paper-Based TOEFL Test • Paper-Based Test Data for 2001-2002 2 3 4-9 10 11-16

This edition of the TOEFL Test And Score Data Summary contains data on the performance of examinees who took the computer-based TOEFL test and those who took the paper-based TOEFL test between July 2001 and June 2002. Data from previous testing periods can be found on the TOEFL Web site at www.toefl.org/educator/edsumm.html.

toefl. the College Board. at first. agencies. the College Board® and Educational Testing Service® (ETS®) assumed joint responsibility for the program. EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE. community colleges. Princeton. COLLEGE BOARD is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board. The introduction of the computer-based TOEFL test in 1998 was the first incremental step in this broad test-improvement effort. GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS. Permission requests may be made online at http://www. (3) includes tasks that integrate the language modalities tested. Other members are specialists in the field of English as a foreign or second language. 2000-01 Edition. (2) includes more constructed-response tasks and direct measures of writing and speaking. In July 1995. have also found the test scores useful. The council supported the development of the TOEFL test for use starting in 1963-64. known to most people as TOEFL. NJ 08541-0001. 1997 Edition. nonprofit educational exchange organizations. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without permission in writing from the publisher.History of the TOEFL Program The Test of English as a Foreign Language. a threesection test was developed and introduced in 1976. Academic institutions in other countries. the TOEFL logo. The TOEFL Board is comprised of 15 members. the test item format was modified somewhat within the same three-section structure. Also visit the TOEFL program’s Web library at www. several medical certification and licensing agencies require TOEFL test scores.org/pubs/pubsindx. the ETS logos. POWERPREP. and the Graduate Record Examinations® Board in 1973.toefl. as well as certain independent organizations. and TWE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service. see the TOEFL Test and Score Manual. All rights reserved. Educational Testing Service. its members were representatives of more than 30 private organizations and government agencies concerned with the English proficiency of nonnative speakers of English who wished to study at colleges and universities in the United States. As a result of extensive research. by the Modern Language Association. In 1965. Rosedale Road. the TOEFL program was administered. TOEFL. Violators will be prosecuted in accordance with all applicable copyright and trademark laws. Financed by grants from the Ford and Danforth Foundations. is designed to measure the English proficiency of people whose native language is not English. a cooperative arrangement for the operation of the program was entered by ETS. Accordingly. Under this arrangement. and foreign governments. ETS. In recent years.html for a complete list of downloadable publications.toefl. Prometric is a registered trademark of Thomson Learning. For additional information about the Test of English as a Foreign Language. Some are affiliated with such institutions and agencies as undergraduate and graduate schools. Colleges and universities in the United States and Canada require TOEFL test scores of their international applicants. The Test of English as a Foreign Language and the Test of Written English are trademarks of Educational Testing Service.org/educator/edpubs. and other public and private agencies with an interest in international education. Oversight of the Program — A national council on the testing of English as a foreign language was formed in 1962. the TOEFL Board initiated a broad effort under which language testing will evolve into the twenty-first century. In addition. Development of the Test — The test originally contained five sections. ETS is responsible for administering the TOEFL program with oversight from the TOEFL Board. and the Computer-Based TOEFL Score User Guide. USA. Copyright © 2003 by Educational Testing Service.html. various constituencies called for a new TOEFL test that (1) is more reflective of communicative competence models. 2 .html or sent to the Proprietary Rights Office. Order these publications in print form or download them at www. and (4) provides more information than the paper-based TOEFL test about the ability of international students to use English in an academic environment.org/copyrigh. Since many who take the TOEFL test are potential graduate students.

• Fewer examinees test at one time. Two sections of the test — Listening and Structure — are computer-adaptive. meaning the test is tailored to each examinee’s performance level. This new testing platform provides improved services to examinees in many ways: • Tests are given by appointment. as well as the responses to previous questions.200 questions.) The computer-based TOEFL test is offered at Prometric® testing centers. computerequipped cubicles.The Computer-Based TOEFL Test In July 1998. see the Information Bulletin or TOEFL Web site. to determine the question it will present next. these new question types move beyond multiple-choice questions. This move was the first critical step toward a longterm goal of enhancing assessments by using electronic technology to test more complex skills. ETS introduced the computer-based TOEFL test in many areas of the world. 3 . if examinees answer questions incorrectly. The TOEFL program’s main goal is to provide more extensive information than it has in the past about candidates’ English proficiency. private. when examinees are ready. Test Preparation — The TOEFL program has taken steps to ensure that an individual’s test performance is not influenced by a lack of computer experience. This addition is one step toward a more communicative test. The tutorials are also available on the program’s Web site (www. 67 practice questions. POWERPREP® Software: provides two computerized tests from a pool of more than 1. A set of tutorials.org) free in a for-view-only format or in a downloadable file for US$8. the computer typically selects questions of lesser or equal difficulty. the computer scores the question and uses that information. Visuals were also added to the Listening section. has been developed to teach the skills needed to take the test on computer. • Official score reports are mailed faster — within two weeks after testing. scrolling text. the program added a Writing section (essay) as part of each test administration. as well as in these priced products: TOEFL Sampler: a CD-ROM containing seven interactive and animated tutorials. The test starts with questions of moderate difficulty. • Test security is enhanced. (Note: Score reports are mailed approximately five weeks after the test date to those who handwrite their essays.toefl. • Unofficial score ranges appear on screen immediately following the test. and selected US State Department advising centers overseas. The interactive tutorials are presented at the beginning of each test session. New types of questions were added to the Listening and Reading sections. • Tests are given in comfortable. As examinees answer each question. In response to institutions’ requests to include a productive measure of writing. designed especially for nonnative speakers of English. answering the various types of questions in the four test sections. the computer typically selects questions of greater or equal difficulty. • Testing is available year-round in many locations. providing a significant enhancement to that portion of the test. Essay ratings are integrated into section and total scores. In contrast. For details. and typing the essay using a standard word processing system for those examinees who elect to type their essay instead of handwriting it. specified colleges and universities. • Examinees can retest by appointment once every calendar month. As long as examinees respond correctly. They provide instruction and practice in using a mouse. but are also reported separately on official score reports for informational purposes. and review material for the Listening section. The computer is programmed to continuously find questions of an appropriate difficulty for test takers of all performance levels.

394 candidates who took the computer-based TOEFL test between July 2001 and June 2002. university. 30 30 30 300 Table 2. In Tables 3-6.D. The percentile ranks for section and total scale scores are shown in Table 2 for the total group.3 5.) * Based on 278. 0 0 0 17 Max. 20. The tables summarize the performance of selfselected groups of examinees.2 22. they are not necessarily representative of the general TOEFL population. In some countries.D.734 examinees not included in Tables 3-6 who did not indicate a “reason for taking TOEFL” or who indicated reasons other than those given in Tables 3-6.8 5. 222 43 * Based on the total group of 572.9 4.4 4. for example.5 Mean S. 21. Percentile Ranks for TOEFL CBT Scores — Total Group* Total Scaled Score Section 2 Structure/Writing Percentile Rank Table 3. Table 1 gives actual ranges of observed scores for the period from July 2001 through June 2002. government policies may regulate who takes the test.8 4.D. Structure/Writing 3. (Total group includes 60. or graduate student who aspires to study in the United States or Canada may take the test. Table 1.D. Percentile Ranks for TOEFL CBT Scores — Graduate Level Students* Total Scaled Score Section 2 Structure/Writing Percentile Rank Scaled Score Scaled Score Section 1 Listening Section 3 Reading Section 1 Listening 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 98 94 83 68 53 39 28 19 12 8 5 2 1 99 93 80 62 46 33 22 14 9 5 3 1 1 98 93 80 62 46 32 22 14 8 4 2 1 300 280 260 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 96 84 67 49 34 22 14 8 4 2 1 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 98 93 81 66 50 35 24 16 10 6 3 2 1 99 92 77 56 39 26 17 10 6 3 2 1 Section 3 Reading 97 90 74 53 36 23 14 9 5 2 1 300 280 260 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 95 80 61 42 27 16 9 5 2 1 Mean S.9 Mean S.4 21. Listening 2.6 5.378 examinees who indicated that they were applying for admission to colleges or universities as graduate students.1 21.Computer-Based Test Data for 2001-02 The data presented in the tables below are based on 572. 4 .6 22. Reading Total Min. 214 47 Mean S.394 examinees tested between July 2001 and June 2002 in CBT test centers. Minimum and Maximum Observed TOEFL CBT Section and Total Scores Section 1. examinees have been classified by their reason for taking the test (information supplied by them at the test center). In other countries. virtually any high school.

5 . Percentile Ranks for TOEFL CBT Scores — Other Students* Total Scaled Score Section 2 Structure/Writing Percentile Rank Scaled Score Scaled Score Section 1 Listening Section 1 Listening 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 99 96 86 72 57 44 32 22 15 9 5 3 1 99 94 84 68 54 41 29 19 12 7 3 2 1 Section 3 Reading 99 96 88 75 60 45 32 21 12 6 3 1 300 280 260 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 97 88 74 59 44 30 19 11 5 2 1 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 99 96 90 80 70 60 50 40 31 22 15 8 4 Section 3 Reading 97 90 78 68 56 45 35 26 18 11 6 4 2 1 99 97 90 80 69 57 45 34 24 15 8 4 1 300 280 260 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 98 92 82 71 59 47 36 26 16 9 4 1 Mean S.721 examinees who indicated that they were taking TOEFL to become licensed to practice their professions in the United States or Canada.D.3 6. e. * Based on 15.6 23.0 4.4 Mean S.686 examinees who indicated that they were applying for admission to schools other than colleges or universities. 17. 182 57 * Based on 182.g. Percentile Ranks for TOEFL CBT Scores — Undergraduate-Level Students* Total Scaled Score Section 2 Structure/Writing Percentile Rank Table 5.Table 4. Table 6.7 5.0 23.D.D. 20.0 4.2 5..2 5.D.875 examinees who indicated that they were applying for admission to colleges or universities as undergraduate students.3 18.6 5.5 20.6 5. 204 48 Mean S. Percentile Ranks for TOEFL CBT Scores — Applicants for Professional License* Total Scaled Score Section 2 Structure/Writing Percentile Rank Scaled Score Section 1 Listening 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 97 90 74 54 37 24 16 10 7 4 3 2 1 98 90 74 51 34 22 13 8 5 3 2 1 1 Section 3 Reading 97 89 73 54 37 23 13 7 4 2 1 1 300 280 260 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 92 76 55 37 21 12 7 4 2 1 1 Mean S.D. secondary schools. 229 42 * Based on 34. 22.0 Mean S.3 20.8 Mean S.D.7 6.5 18.

† Total group includes 29.2 4.2 4.8 22.273 91.2 20.279 7.1 22.3 211 47 219 44 203 47 177 56 225 40 * Based on examinees tested from July 2001 through June 2002 who responded to a question about gender group membership.1 22.3 4.925 21.187 20.8 4.9 18.7 20.0 19. Means and Standard Deviations for TOEFL CBT Section and Total Scores.4 21.4 5.764 164.050 90.3 5.2 22.5 5.1 5.5 21. Females* Section 1 Listening Section 2 Structure/ Writing Section 3 Reading Total Scaled Score Group Total Group† Graduate Level Undergraduate Level Other Students Applicants for Professional License Number 260.9 4.2 4.0 5.4 5.8 21.1 5.4 23.4 21.8 5. Table 7.4 4.8 5. Table 8.3 4.6 18. Means and Standard Deviations for TOEFL CBT Section and Total Scores.881 112.9 6.4 6.1 4.382 examinees not included in the four succeeding groups.2 6.4 20.5 217 47 225 42 205 48 188 58 235 44 * Based on examinees tested from July 2001 through June 2002 who responded to a question about gender group membership.6 4.6 20.2 20.2 6.9 23.4 22.172 7.547 examinees not included in the four succeeding groups.5 5.6 5.4 17.283 21.3 18.547 13.9 22. 6 .3 4.2 17.1 21.0 5.6 20. † Total group includes 27.4 4.7 5.0 23.5 22.8 6. Males* Section 1 Listening Section 2 Structure/ Writing Section 3 Reading Total Scaled Score Group Total Group† Graduate Level Undergraduate Level Other Students Applicants for Professional License Number 303.5 23.Tables 7 and 8 present means and standard deviations of section and total scores separately for male and female examinees tested between July 2001 and June 2002.

Table 9.807 3.474 138 2.342 27 15.658 29 399 1.036 1.772 6 794 729 1.935 2. TOEFL CBT Total and Section Score Means(1) — All Examinees Classified by Native Language(2) (Based on 572.746 242 2. (2) Because of changes in region and/or country boundaries.394 students who took TOEFL CBT between July 2001 and June 2002)(3) Total Score Mean Structure/Writing Total Score Mean 216 186 219 232 250 205 * 257 * 207 * 193 * * 220 242 * 250 208 * 232 219 * 229 * 229 242 245 230 212 * 233 * 226 244 248 226 * 234 245 209 228 * 224 246 231 * 251 * 236 197 216 222 * * 262 218 * 234 226 * 230 204 207 184 * * * 235 229 Number of Examinees Listening Structure/Writing Number of Examinees Listening Native Language Afrikaans Albanian Amharic Arabic Armenian Assamese Azeri Bashkir Basque (Euskara) Belarussian Bemba Bengali Berber Bhili Bikol Bulgarian Burmese Catalan (Provencal) Cebuano (Visayan) Chichewa Chinese Chuvash Czech Danish Dutch Efik .590 1.065 229 9 3 1 1. (3) Includes 54.174 6. means are not reported for subgroups of less than 30 for a total of 329 examinees.769 9.330 70 13 58 404 13.946 47 22 18 21 23 24 20 * 25 * 20 * 20 * * 21 25 * 24 20 * 23 21 * 23 * 23 24 24 23 23 * 24 * 21 23 25 23 * 24 25 22 23 * 22 26 23 * 25 * 23 19 21 22 * * 26 22 * 22 22 * 23 20 19 16 * * * 22 22 22 19 23 23 26 21 * 26 * 21 * 19 * * 24 24 * 26 21 * 24 23 * 23 * 22 25 24 23 22 * 23 * 24 26 26 23 * 23 24 21 22 * 24 24 23 * 26 * 24 19 23 22 * * 27 22 * 25 23 * 24 21 22 19 * * * 25 25 (1) Because of the unreliability of statistics based on small samples. certain languages may have been added or deleted since the previous table was published.418 125 177 4.221 340 300 1.754 83.853 81 97 10 7 143 11.483 41 3 3.500 7 116 346 83 1.013 8 612 14. The tables are based simply on the performance of those examinees native to particular countries and languages who happened to take the computer-based TOEFL test.541 69 3 3 56 177 24 592 11 441 21 22 21 20 21 22 20 * 22 22 22 22 * * 22 24 21 23 23 21 20 * 24 26 27 18 23 24 20 22 * 26 22 20 * 23 22 25 23 * 23 20 26 25 24 22 26 22 21 21 18 17 25 * 25 21 19 22 * 20 26 19 22 * * 20 24 * 23 * 22 23 22 21 20 22 24 21 * 22 22 24 24 * * 23 25 21 24 23 23 21 * 23 25 26 24 25 23 23 22 * 25 23 22 * 26 22 25 23 * 24 22 23 26 23 25 25 23 21 23 19 18 26 * 26 22 19 25 * 22 27 21 22 * * 20 22 * 22 * 25 22 21 21 19 21 24 21 * 24 23 22 23 * * 22 24 21 25 23 21 21 * 24 26 26 21 23 23 22 22 * 25 24 21 * 24 22 25 22 * 23 20 24 25 24 23 25 22 21 25 19 19 25 * 25 22 18 23 * 21 26 22 21 * * 19 22 * 22 * 23 221 215 211 198 216 233 208 * 225 222 227 231 * * 222 243 210 240 230 215 207 * 236 257 261 210 237 233 217 217 * 252 228 209 * 240 220 251 228 * 231 208 244 252 236 233 251 221 210 228 186 178 255 * 256 216 190 231 * 211 263 205 217 * * 194 228 * 221 * 236 360 128 33 1.890 students whose native languages could not be determined.859 34 1 1.736 0 8.913 7.093 6 39 4 212 23 0 2. It is important to point out that the data do not permit the generalization that there are fundamental differences in the ability of the various national and language groups to learn English or in the level of English proficiency they can attain.718 17 909 1.510 70 58.508 9 5.014 1.Tables 9 and 10 may be useful in comparing the performance on the TOEFL test of a particular student with that of other students from the same native country and with that of students who speak the same language.737 2 8.061 13 119 249 365 972 21 478 92 134 37.208 2 8.251 428 670 7.Ibibio English Estonian Ewe Farsi (Persian) Fijian Finnish French Fula (Peulh) Galician Ganda (Luganda) Georgian German Greek Guarani Gujarati Hausa Hebrew Hindi Hungarian (Magyar) Ibo (Igbo) Icelandic Ilocano Indonesian Italian Japanese Javanese Kannada (Kanarese) Kanuri Kashmiri Kazakh Khmer (Kampuchean) Kikuyu Kinyarwanda Kirundi Konkani Korean Kurdish Kurukh (Oraon) Kusaiean Lao Latvian Lingala Lithuanian Luba-Lulua Luo Reading Native Language Macedonian Madurese Malagasy Malay Malayalam Malinke-Bambara-Dyula Maltese Marathi Marshallese Mende Minankabau Mongolian More Nauran Nepali Norwegian Nyanja Oriya Oromo Palauan Panay-Hiligaynon Pashtu Pidgin Polish Ponapean Portuguese Punjabi Romanian Russian Samoan Santali Serbo-Croatian Sesotho Setswana Shona Sindhi Sinhala Siswati Slovak Slovenia Somali Spanish Sundanese Swahili Swedish Tagalog Tajik Tamil Tatar Telugu Thai Tibetan Tigrinya Tongan Trukese Tulu Turkish Turkmen Twi Ukrainian Ulithian Urdu Uzbek Vietnamese Wolof Xhosa Yapese Yiddish Yoruba Zulu 454 781 877 27.867 5.752 10.357 428 2.484 17.876 1. Reading 21 19 22 23 25 21 * 26 * 21 * 19 * * 21 24 * 25 21 * 23 22 * 23 * 24 24 25 23 19 * 23 * 22 24 24 22 * 23 24 20 23 * 22 24 23 * 25 * 24 20 22 22 * * 26 22 * 23 23 * 22 21 21 19 * * * 23 22 7 .624 0 46 509 76.546 211 10.100 29 1 179 3.626 809 156 253 0 67 153 81 5.517 24 296 58 4 518 317 9 2.

394 25.778 204 0 3.877 519 1.Table 10. Vincent and the Grenadines Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States of America Uruguay US Virgin Islands Venezuela 183 89 115 71 53 608 40 10 23 4 130 72 329 7 5 100 925 59 20 751 105 6 3.460 15 85 5 524 1 55 125 277 25 470 164 384 266 202 301 19 19 21 18 21 19 19 * * * 20 19 18 * * 22 21 18 * 22 19 * 22 * * 21 22 19 21 24 20 * 17 22 * 20 * 16 * 22 22 25 * 20 18 20 22 22 23 19 21 24 20 22 22 18 * * * 22 20 21 * * 22 21 19 * 25 21 * 25 * * 22 25 20 19 26 21 * 18 25 * 21 * 19 * 24 20 25 * 22 21 21 26 25 26 19 21 23 20 21 21 18 * * * 21 20 21 * * 22 21 19 * 23 20 * 23 * * 22 22 19 19 25 21 * 18 23 * 20 * 19 * 22 19 25 * 20 21 21 23 23 24 193 205 226 195 214 207 183 * * * 209 196 201 * * 219 212 186 * 231 197 * 232 * * 215 231 189 196 254 206 * 179 232 * 205 * 181 * 225 201 251 * 208 199 208 236 234 243 0 24 267 594 104 2.514 7.254 674 4.618 8.251 471 1.338 40 1 5 13 2 615 7.913 4.756 1.761 7.DRC (Formerly Zaire) Congo Republic Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia.443 65 11.319 443 7 0 18 929 4 404 389 14 20 8.120 20 21 22 21 * * 19 20 21 24 21 18 22 17 19 22 20 19 23 * 20 20 21 23 23 25 22 19 21 19 21 21 19 21 22 22 22 * * 20 22 21 25 21 19 22 18 21 22 20 21 23 * 19 21 24 24 23 26 22 20 21 19 21 21 22 20 22 21 21 * * 19 22 21 25 21 19 22 19 22 22 19 20 23 * 19 21 21 22 23 25 22 20 20 20 21 21 21 AMERICAS Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Aruba Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Bolivia Brazil British Virgin Islands Canada Cayman Islands Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominica.098 550 432 1 675 1.680 6 25 47 42 87 38 97 65 16 100 4.289 0 0 2 15 2 8 1.982 0 1.699 9.661 323 14 22 20 25 * 23 25 23 24 24 22 24 26 24 24 * 26 22 22 25 23 * 24 26 * * 21 23 * 22 22 25 * 23 25 22 25 23 22 24 25 23 23 * 25 23 22 25 23 * 23 25 * * 23 22 * 21 22 25 * 23 26 22 24 23 20 24 25 23 23 * 26 24 22 25 23 * 24 25 * * 25 22 * 8 Reading (continued) .485 16 * 24 19 * * * * 23 22 * 23 * 23 22 25 21 * 23 22 23 * * * 23 * 20 24 * * 23 20 * 24 18 * * * * 22 22 * 23 * 22 22 24 20 * 22 22 23 * * * 23 * 20 23 * * 23 18 * 25 17 * * * * 22 24 * 23 * 25 23 25 23 * 23 22 23 * * * 22 * 20 23 * * 23 178 * 240 180 * * * * 224 227 * 231 * 232 221 246 212 * 227 223 228 * * * 227 * 198 231 * * 231 EUROPE AND THE NEW INDEPENDENT STATES (NIS) OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION Albania Andorra Austria Azores Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark England Estonia Faeroe Island Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Greenland Hungary Iceland Ireland Isle of Man Italy Latvia Liechtenstein 679 49 921 4 529 871 406 3.062 42 510 2.366 766 735 52 172 8 667 10. Commonwealth of Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador French Guiana Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico 42 7 3.334 84.271 62.093 153 65 409 3. TOEFL CBT Total and Section Score Means(1) — Nonnative English-Speaking Examinees Classified by Geographic Region and Native Country(2) (Based on 572.130 13. People’s Republic of Hong Kong India Indonesia Japan Kazakstan Korea (DPR) Korea (ROK) Kyrgyzstan Laos Macau Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar (Burma) Nepal Pakistan Philippines Singapore Sri Lanka Taiwan Tajikistan Thailand Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Vietnam 207 551 233 3. The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Geographic Region and Native Country Montserrat Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico St. Lucia St.394 students who took TOEFL CBT between July 2001 and June 2002)(3) Total Score Mean Total Score Mean * * 227 222 218 225 232 * * * * * * 227 240 * 216 201 219 217 213 * * 194 214 209 246 210 186 219 179 207 220 198 198 228 * 193 208 220 228 230 255 221 198 206 197 212 211 207 217 210 252 * 232 252 224 242 234 214 236 257 235 231 * 255 231 219 251 231 * 236 252 * * 228 226 * Structure/Writing Structure/Writing Number of Examinees Number of Examinees Listening Listening Reading Geographic Region and Native Country AFRICA Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo .318 18 11 95 22.283 460 11.441 1 1.162 7 211 372 2. Kitts and Nevis St.412 73.029 * * 23 23 22 22 24 * * * * * * 23 23 * 22 * * 23 22 21 22 22 * * * * * * 23 24 * 21 * * 22 22 22 23 23 * * * * * * 22 25 * 22 ASIA Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Darussalam Cambodia China.521 1 928 430 8 0 6.

845 0 296 19 22 21 18 20 19 19 20 22 20 * 20 17 22 19 20 20 17 17 20 20 18 * 19 16 21 19 19 18 16 16 20 21 16 * 18 PACIFIC REGION American Samoa Australia Cook Islands Micronesia.5 3. Table 11.748 739 2.947 385 564 4.D.869 21 21 22 19 22 22 25 21 21 21 22 19 21 21 23 20 21 18 21 18 22 21 24 20 211 199 217 190 216 213 239 204 (1) Because of the unreliability of statistics based on small samples. This score is incorporated into the Structure/ Writing scale score.134 3 1.5 4. The essay in the Writing section is holistically scored using a criterion-referenced 6-point score scale.863 5.0 4.394 examinees who took the CBT test between July 2001 and June 2002) CBT Essay Score Percentile Rank 6.0 2.742 1. Writing is a mandatory section of the CBT test.5 1.482 172 1.045 73 4.059 3 2 490 96 3.017 5.519 2.5 2.98 Reading 9 . (3) Includes 41. Further information can be found in the Computer-Based TOEFL Score User Guide. (2) Because of changes in region and/or country boundaries.696 516 1.0 Mean S.) 656 71 353 1 3 287 10 1.Table 10 (continued) Total Score Mean Total Score Mean 173 217 195 191 192 173 175 201 209 180 * 191 196 211 * * * * * * * * * 237 * * * * * * * * * * Structure/Writing Structure/Writing Number of Examinees Number of Examinees Listening Listening Reading Geographic Region and Native Country Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of) Madeira Islands Malta Moldova Monaco Netherlands Northern Ireland Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Scotland Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City Wales Yugoslavia Geographic Region and Native Country Kuwait Lebanon Libya Morocco Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Sudan Syria United Arab Emirates West Bank Yemen EUROPE AND THE NIS (cont'd.0 3.0 1.763 11. certain countries may have been added or deleted since the previous table was published.532 2.257 538 2.348 65 1 1 732 23 25 23 * * 23 * 27 * 25 23 26 24 23 * * 24 25 22 26 25 22 23 24 * * 24 22 26 22 * * 23 * 26 * 24 23 24 24 23 * * 23 24 23 24 24 22 23 24 * * 22 22 26 21 * * 24 * 26 * 24 22 26 25 23 * * 23 25 25 24 25 22 23 24 * * 22 222 256 218 * * 233 * 260 * 242 228 253 246 231 * * 233 246 234 244 247 218 229 239 * * 226 2. Percentile Ranks for CBT Writing Scores — Total Group (Based on 572. means are not reported for subgroups of less than 30 for a total of 502 examinees.989 2.0 5. 98 93 83 70 49 28 14 6 3 1 1 4.949 1.860 students who did not report country of birth or who reported English as their native language.5 5.02 . Federated States of Fiji French Polynesia Guam Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Caledonia New Zealand Niue Island Northern Mariana Islands Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tahiti Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu 90 88 2 5 24 27 6 0 4 2 2 34 1 1 6 0 4 0 5 4 0 2 19 21 * * * * * * * * * 24 * * * * * * * * * * 20 22 * * * * * * * * * 24 * * * * * * * * * * 20 21 * * * * * * * * * 24 * * * * * * * * * * MIDDLE EAST/NORTH AFRICA Algeria Bahrain Egypt Gaza Strip Iran Iraq Israel Jordan 200 625 4.442 1. Table 11 presents the overall frequency distribution of CBT essay scores based on examinees who took the CBT test between July 2001 and June 2002.0 0.

• Section 2. The oral features of the language are stressed. All item specifications.The Paper-Based TOEFL Test In 2001-02. 10 . with four possible answers or options per question. according to established ETS procedures. questions. Volume 2 (560 questions) Test Preparation Kit (980 questions) Each package contains unique questions. The questions test information that is stated in or implied by the passage. Language specialists prepare the material for the TOEFL test. and the problems tested include vocabulary and idiomatic expression as well as special grammatical constructions frequently used in spoken English. Structure and Written Expression. For more information about test preparation products. measures recognition of selected structural and grammatical points in standard written English. Volume 1 (280 questions) Practice Tests.toefl. The topics of the sentences are of a general academic nature so that individuals in specific fields of study or from specific national or linguistic groups have no particular advantage. measures the ability to read and understand short passages that are similar in topic and style to those that students are likely to encounter in North American colleges and universities. Currently there are four test preparation packages: • • • • Sample Test (140 questions) Practice Tests. to allow them to enter identifying information on their answer sheets. and to distribute and collect the test materials. Reading Comprehension. the paper-based format of the test continued to be administered on specified dates in some countries. and final test forms are reviewed for cultural and racial bias and content appropriateness. • Section 3. The stimulus material and oral questions are recorded in standard North American English. approximately three and one-half hours are needed for a test administration to admit examinees to the testing room. The language tested is formal. rather than conversational. as well as in areas where accessibility to CBT testing centers was a concern. Examinees read a variety of short passages on academic subjects and answer several questions about each passage. however. Each form of the current paperbased TOEFL test consists of three separately timed sections. The total test time is approximately two and one-half hours. see the Information Bulletin or www. • Section 1 of the test. For test date information see the TOEFL Information Bulletin or visit the TOEFL web site www. Test Preparation — To provide candidates with a simulation of the testing experience before the actual administration. as well as knowledge of some of the specific words as they are used in the passage. no test forms are repeated. the response options are printed in the test books. All responses are gridded on answer sheets that are computer scored. measures the ability to understand English as it is spoken in North America. previously administered test forms are packaged and made available world wide.toefl. Listening Comprehension.org.org. The TOEFL Committee of Examiners establishes overall guidelines for the test content and specifications. the questions in each section are multiplechoice.

(Total group includes 8. 53. on their TOEFL answer sheets. 571 54 * Based on the total group of 116. 53. The percentile ranks for section and total scale scores are shown in Table 13 for the total group. Reading Comprehension Total Min. The data presented below are based on 116. 68 68 67 677 Table 13.) * Based on 85. Percentile Ranks for Paper-Based TOEFL Scores — Total Group* Section 2 Structure and Written Expression Total Scaled Score Percentile Rank Section 1 Listening Comprehension Section 3 Reading Comprehension Table 14.7 Mean S.9 6.6 6.D.9 5. Listening Comprehension 2. Structure and Written Expression 3. examinees have been classified by their reason for taking the test (information supplied by them at the test center).834 examinees who.510 examinees tested between July 2001 and June 2002 in paper-based test centers.510 candidates who took the paperbased TOEFL test between July 2001 and June 2002.290 examinees not included in Tables 14-17 who did not indicate a “reason for taking TOEFL” or who indicated reasons other than those given in Tables 14-17.3 56.D.D.4 Mean S. indicated that they were applying for admission to colleges or universities as graduate students. Minimum and Maximum Observed Paper-Based TOEFL Section and Total Scores Section 1.6 57.1 58. 560 59 Mean S. Table 12.8 59.D. 11 . Percentile Ranks for Paper-Based TOEFL Scores — Graduate-Level Students* Section 2 Structure and Written Expression Total Scaled Score Percentile Rank Section 1 Listening Comprehension Section 3 Reading Comprehension Scaled Score 68 66 64 62 60 58 56 54 52 50 48 46 44 42 40 38 36 34 32 99 97 93 87 79 68 56 44 31 21 12 7 4 2 1 1 97 82 71 61 52 42 33 26 20 14 10 7 4 3 1 1 Scaled Score 96 89 79 66 53 41 30 22 15 10 7 4 3 2 1 1 660 640 620 600 580 560 540 520 500 480 460 440 420 400 380 360 340 320 99 94 84 71 57 44 33 24 16 11 7 4 2 1 68 66 64 62 60 58 56 54 52 50 48 46 44 42 40 38 36 34 32 99 97 92 86 77 65 52 39 27 17 9 5 2 1 1 97 78 66 55 45 34 25 19 13 9 6 4 2 1 1 95 86 74 59 45 32 22 15 9 6 4 2 1 1 660 640 620 600 580 560 540 520 500 480 460 440 420 400 380 360 340 320 99 93 81 66 50 37 25 17 11 6 4 2 1 Mean S.6 5. These tables summarize the performance of self-selected groups of examinees who are not necessarily representative of the general TOEFL population. In Tables 14-17. 31 31 31 310 Max. Table 12 gives actual ranges of observed scores for the period from July 2001 through June 2002.Paper-Based Test Data for 2001-02 In 2001-02 the paper-based TOEFL test was administered four times at preestablished testing centers throughout the world.5 7.0 6.

D. * Based on 921 examinees who.250 examinees who. Percentile Ranks for Paper-Based TOEFL Scores — Applicants for Professional License* Section 2 Structure and Written Expression Total Scaled Score Percentile Rank Section 1 Listening Comprehension Section 3 Reading Comprehension 68 66 64 62 60 58 56 54 52 50 48 46 44 42 40 38 36 34 32 Scaled Score 99 97 94 90 84 76 67 57 46 36 27 17 11 6 4 1 1 1 98 91 82 78 72 62 52 42 34 25 18 13 9 6 3 1 1 98 93 87 80 70 57 45 33 23 16 11 7 5 4 2 1 1 660 640 620 600 580 560 540 520 500 480 460 440 420 400 380 360 340 320 98 95 89 82 71 59 47 35 25 17 12 8 5 2 1 Mean S. secondary schools.3 50.6 6. 541 65 * Based on 1.8 52. indicated that they were applying for admission to colleges or universities as undergraduate students.9 7.8 Mean S.D.3 6.3 49.8 6. e. indicated that they were taking TOEFL to become licensed to practice their professions in the United States or Canada. 531 63 Mean S. 52.7 Mean S.8 54. Percentile Ranks for Paper-Based TOEFL Scores — Other Students* Section 2 Structure and Written Expression Total Scaled Score Percentile Rank Section 1 Listening Comprehension Section 3 Reading Comprehension 68 66 64 62 60 58 56 54 52 50 48 46 44 42 40 38 36 34 32 Scaled Score 99 97 94 89 83 75 65 54 42 31 19 11 6 3 2 1 1 99 91 85 78 71 62 53 45 36 28 20 14 9 6 3 1 1 99 96 92 86 77 66 54 43 32 23 16 10 7 4 2 1 1 1 660 640 620 600 580 560 540 520 500 480 460 440 420 400 380 360 340 320 99 97 92 85 76 65 54 42 31 22 14 9 5 2 1 68 66 64 62 60 58 56 54 52 50 48 46 44 42 40 38 36 34 32 Scaled Score 98 97 96 93 87 80 73 62 51 35 22 14 8 3 2 1 96 92 91 87 81 76 68 60 51 42 34 26 17 10 6 3 2 1 99 98 96 93 88 82 73 64 55 44 35 24 17 12 6 3 2 1 660 640 620 600 580 560 540 520 500 480 460 440 420 400 380 360 340 320 98 97 94 89 83 77 67 57 44 34 24 14 7 2 Mean S. on their TOEFL answer sheets.5 6.215 examinees who. Table 17.2 7.2 Mean S. on their TOEFL answer sheets. Percentile Ranks for Paper-Based TOEFL Scores — Undergraduate-Level Students* Section 2 Structure and Written Expression Total Scaled Score Percentile Rank Section 1 Listening Comprehension Section 3 Reading Comprehension Table 16.g.Table 15.0 55.7 7.1 8.5 54. 12 ..D. 493 65 * Based on 20.D. 51.1 7.D. indicated that they were applying for admission to schools other than colleges or universities. 48. on their TOEFL answer sheets.D.

5 55.4 561 59 573 53 533 61 494 66 545 60 * Based on examinees tested from July 2001 through June 2002 who responded to a question about gender group membership.6 48.487 examinees not included in the four succeeding groups.2 5.9 6.683 10.2 559 60 570 54 529 65 491 65 535 70 * Based on examinees tested from July 2001 through June 2002 who responded to a question about gender group membership. † Total group includes 3.3 54.0 7.7 6.6 7.6 8.1 54.987 488 746 53.8 6.0 49.2 60.8 51.2 7.3 57.5 8.3 48. Means and Standard Deviations for Paper-Based TOEFL Section and Total Scores.1 53.8 7. Table 19.4 6.3 6.052 430 494 52.3 56.2 7.3 6.2 51.2 6.0 5.5 58. † Total group includes 4. 13 .6 6.4 7.5 58. Males* Section 2 Section 1 Structure and Section 3 Listening Written Reading Comprehension Expression Comprehension Total Scaled Score Group Total Group† Graduate Level Undergraduate Level Other Students Applicants for Professional License Number 56.391 42.4 6.8 6.7 58.7 8.0 6.981 9.774 examinees not included in the four succeeding groups.6 52.7 7.7 51.8 52.4 59.4 53.7 54.5 49.1 5.5 8.4 54.3 7.4 6.3 56. Females* Section 2 Section 1 Structure and Section 3 Listening Written Reading Comprehension Expression Comprehension Total Scaled Score Group Total Group† Graduate Level Undergraduate Level Other Students Applicants for Professional License Number 59.731 42. Means and Standard Deviations for Paper-Based TOEFL Section and Total Scores.2 55.Tables 18 and 19 present means and standard deviations of section and total scores separately for male and female examinees tested between July 2001 and June 2002.0 54.6 50.9 6. Table 18.7 7.7 5.1 49.

Paper-Based TOEFL Total and Section Score Means(1) — All Examinees Classified by Native Language(2) (Based on 116.510 students who took the test between July 2001 and June 2002)(3) Structure and Written Expression Structure and Written Expression Total Score Mean Total Score Mean 532 * * * * 466 * * 522 * * 517 * * * * * * * 517 * * * 581 * 529 * 585 551 * * 560 * * * 549 * * 560 * * 561 * 503 600 562 * * * * 514 * 540 * * * 518 * * * * 562 * 522 * * * * 545 * Listening Comprehension Listening Comprehension Reading Comprehension Native Language Afrikaans Albanian Amharic Arabic Armenian Assamese Azeri Number of Examinees Native Language Macedonian Madurese Malagasy Malay Malayalam Malinke-Bambara-Dyula Maltese Marathi Marshallese Mende Minankabau Mongolian More Nauran Nepali Norwegian Nyanja Oriya Oromo Palauan Panay-Hiligaynon Pashtu Pidgin Polish Ponapean Portuguese Punjabi Romanian Russian Samoan Santali Serbo-Croatian Sesotho Setswana Shona Sindhi Sinhala Siswati Slovak Slovenian Somali Spanish Sundanese Swahili Swedish Tagalog Tajik Tamil Tatar Telugu Thai Tibetan Tigrinya Tongan Trukese Tulu Turkish Turkmen Twi Ukrainian Ulithian Urdu Uzbek Vietnamese Wolof Xhosa Yapese Yiddish Yoruba Zulu 6 207 6 88 5 2 117 * 53 * 49 * * 52 * 56 * 51 * * 54 * 53 * 50 * * 54 * 541 * 500 * * 534 Bashkir Basque (Euskara) Belarussian Bemba Bengali 0 0 6 2 169 * * * * 53 * * * * 58 * * * * 56 * * * * 558 110 7 27 7 8 62 3 1 48 7 0 39 13 0 28 16 1 2 0 120 17 1 7 67 16 178 16 89 333 0 0 187 4 0 8 35 2 5 69 13 7 1. (2) Because of changes in region and/or country boundaries.011 students whose native languages could not be determined. means are not reported for subgroups of less than 30 for a total of 640 examinees.156 * * * 59 49 * 56 55 53 * * * 60 52 * 57 61 59 * * * 56 50 * 56 56 57 * * * 583 503 * 563 576 563 Chuvash Czech Danish Dutch Efik .Ibibio English Estonian Ewe Farsi (Persian) Fijian Finnish French Fula (Peulh) Galician Ganda (Luganda) Georgian German Greek Guarani Gujarati Hausa Hebrew Hindi Hungarian (Magyar) Ibo (Igbo) Icelandic Ilocano Indonesian Italian Japanese Javanese Kannada (Kanarese) Kanuri Kashmiri Kazakh Khmer (Kampuchean) Kikuyu Kinyarwanda Kirundi Konkani Korean Kurdish Kurukh (Oraon) Kusaiean Lao Latvian Lingala Lithuanian Luba-Lulua Luo 0 9 4 81 14 177 105 82 37 22 19 577 32 2 0 5 261 1 1 21 20 2 40 17 181 1 6 15 157 735 5 2 0 0 14 220 7 0 10 0 443 1 0 20 12 117 13 5 4 2 * * * 59 * 57 61 45 53 * * 52 48 * * * 61 * * * * * 57 * 53 * * * 53 50 * * * * * 47 * * * * 54 * * * * 59 * * * * * * * 57 * 60 59 51 52 * * 53 51 * * * 61 * * * * * 56 * 57 * * * 57 49 * * * * * 50 * * * * 53 * * * * 56 * * * * * * * 55 * 56 58 48 51 * * 52 49 * * * 59 * * * * * 54 * 53 * * * 58 47 * * * * * 48 * * * * 53 * * * * 55 * * * * * * * 574 * 578 596 482 523 * * 524 491 * * * 602 * * * * * 558 * 541 * * * 561 485 * * * * * 485 * * * * 532 * * * * 566 * * * * (1) Because of the unreliability of statistics based on small samples. Table 20. (3) Includes 1.658 1 39 37 189 0 11 1 7 34 17 123 0 7 0 150 29 5 29 0 405 0 812 27 0 3 0 35 2 55 * * * * 45 * * 53 * * 52 * * * * * * * 54 * * * 60 * 51 * 58 56 * * 58 * * * 56 * * 56 * * 56 * 49 62 56 * * * * 54 * 53 * * * 51 * * * * 57 * 49 * * * * 53 * 52 * * * * 48 * * 52 * * 51 * * * * * * * 52 * * * 57 * 53 * 59 55 * * 55 * * * 56 * * 56 * * 56 * 52 60 57 * * * * 49 * 55 * * * 53 * * * * 57 * 55 * * * * 57 * Berber Bhili Bikol Bulgarian Burmese Catalan (Provencal) Cebuano (Visayan) Chichewa Chinese 0 0 2 47 774 2 116 30 105. The tables are based simply on the performance of those examinees native to particular countries and languages who happened to take the paper-based TOEFL test. certain languages may have been added or deleted since the previous table was published. 14 Reading Comprehension 53 * * * * 47 * * 51 * * 52 * * * * * * * 49 * * * 57 * 54 * 59 55 * * 55 * * * 53 * * 56 * * 56 * 50 58 55 * * * * 51 * 54 * * * 52 * * * * 55 * 53 * * * * 54 * Number of Examinees . It is important to point out that the data do not permit the generalization that there are fundamental differences in the ability of the various national and language groups to learn English or in the level of English proficiency they can attain.Tables 20 and 21 may be useful in comparing the performance on the TOEFL test of a particular student with that of other students from the same native country and with that of students who speak the same language.

DRC (Formerly Zaire) Congo Republic Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia.Table 21. Vincent and the Grenadines Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States of America Uruguay US Virgin Islands Venezuela 18 58 0 33 13 4 5 2 8 0 76 5 7 8 0 122 6 2 42 9 55 0 24 4 23 32 32 74 3 1 17 12 34 271 7 64 0 8 0 21 1 0 5 36 122 2 6 4 12 * 47 * 47 * * * * * * 46 * * * * 53 * * 51 * 47 * * * * 51 55 44 * * * * 45 53 * 48 * * * * * * * 51 46 * * * * * 53 * 52 * * * * * * 50 * * * * 55 * * 55 * 49 * * * * 53 61 48 * * * * 50 57 * 53 * * * * * * * 53 51 * * * * * 51 * 51 * * * * * * 48 * * * * 54 * * 52 * 48 * * * * 52 56 47 * * * * 49 53 * 51 * * * * * * * 51 49 * * * * * 504 * 498 * * * * * * 481 * * * * 540 * * 528 * 478 * * * * 521 576 463 * * * * 483 542 * 506 * * * * * * * 517 487 * * * * 21 3 0 133 133 3 0 0 0 26 0 0 21 157 0 35 * * * 56 52 * * * * * * * * 59 * 53 * * * 56 53 * * * * * * * * 60 * 50 ASIA Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Darussalam Cambodia China. The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Geographic Region and Native Country Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico St. Kitts and Nevis St.510 students who took the test between July 2001 and June 2002)(3) Structure and Written Expression Structure and Written Expression Total Score Mean Total Score Mean * * * 561 525 * * * * * * * * 590 * 517 * * 533 * * * 485 563 527 593 * 487 * * 533 * * * * * 510 503 * 560 561 * * 523 * 514 540 * 522 543 * * * * * 552 582 * * * * * 591 * * 549 * 600 * * * * * * 562 569 * * Listening Comprehension Reading Comprehension Listening Comprehension Geographic Region and Native Country AFRICA Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo . People’s Republic of Hong Kong India Indonesia Japan Kazakstan Korea (DPR) Korea (ROK) Kyrgyzstan Laos Macau Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar (Burma) Nepal Pakistan Philippines Singapore Sri Lanka Taiwan Tajikistan Thailand Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Vietnam 4 2 122 4 21 10 217 105. Lucia St. Paper-Based TOEFL Total and Section Score Means(1) — Nonnative English-Speaking Examinees Classified by Geographic Region and Native Country(2) (Based on 116. Commonwealth of Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador French Guiana Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Montserrat 0 0 369 56 0 0 9 0 214 137 0 44 0 0 125 1 4 0 0 2 2 1 0 7 2 2 222 62 1 20 242 0 * * 57 59 * * * * 56 53 * 57 * * 55 * * * * * * * * * * * 52 60 * * 54 * * * 58 56 * * * * 56 55 * 56 * * 57 * * * * * * * * * * * 54 59 * * 53 * * * 57 54 * * * * 55 55 * 56 * * 56 * * * * * * * * * * * 51 57 * * 55 * * * 573 564 * * * * 553 543 * 567 * * 560 * * * * * * * * * * * 523 587 * * 539 * EUROPE AND THE NEW INDEPENDENT STATES (NIS) OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION Albania Andorra Austria Azores Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark England Estonia Faeroe Island Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Greenland Hungary Iceland Ireland Isle of Man Italy Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania 191 1 2 0 14 11 61 46 3 0 9 1 0 122 0 20 78 5 226 1 0 7 1 0 0 155 159 0 5 53 * * * * * 56 59 * * * * * 60 * * 54 * 61 * * * * * * 53 59 * * 56 * * * * * 55 59 * * * * * 59 * * 56 * 61 * * * * * * 57 56 * * 54 * * * * * 55 56 * * * * * 58 * * 55 * 59 * * * * * * 58 56 * * Reading Comprehension * * * 56 53 * * * * * * * * 59 * 53 Number of Examinees Number of Examinees (continued) 15 .116 73 66 15 741 1 3 414 16 12 20 18 0 35 786 9 442 343 2 3 116 25 35 43 1 816 * * 52 * * * 47 53 54 60 * 50 * * 54 * * * * * 52 49 * 56 56 * * 54 * 54 54 * 49 * * 54 * * * 50 59 53 61 * 49 * * 53 * * * * * 50 52 * 56 57 * * 51 * 49 54 * 55 * * 53 * * * 48 57 52 58 * 48 * * 53 * * * * * 51 50 * 55 56 * * 51 * 51 54 * 53 AMERICAS Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Aruba Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Bolivia Brazil British Virgin Islands Canada Cayman Islands Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominica.

5 1.0 4.0 1. means are reported for subgroups of less than 30 for a total of 770 examinees.) 9 114 2 4 43 0 5 0 19 70 125 76 188 0 0 70 11 181 39 53 150 48 0 0 0 144 * 55 * * 57 * * * * 59 52 57 55 * * 56 * 55 62 58 51 55 * * * 58 * 52 * * 57 * * * * 57 57 59 54 * * 56 * 58 60 61 52 54 * * * 56 * 53 * * 57 * * * * 57 55 59 54 * * 56 * 58 58 58 52 54 * * * 55 * 532 * * 569 * * * * 579 544 587 544 * * 561 * 569 599 588 517 543 * * * 562 5 3 0 2 3 2 0 1 4 6 3 0 10 1 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * PACIFIC REGION American Samoa Australia Cook Islands Micronesia. the TWE test was administered with the paper-based TOEFL test on all test dates. certain countries may have been added or deleted since the previous table was published.87 * The percentile rank for each score point is the percentage of examinees scoring below that score plus one-half of the percentage of examinees who achieved that score.70 0. Percentile Rank* 99 94 85 57 28 14 4 2 1 3. Federated States of Fiji French Polynesia Guam Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Caledonia New Zealand Niue Island Northern Mariana Islands Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tahiti Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu 0 0 0 65 39 2 0 0 51 1 20 1 0 4 119 6 0 0 20 0 0 0 * * * 53 53 * * * 53 * * * * * 54 * * * * * * * * * * 52 53 * * * 52 * * * * * 52 * * * * * * * * * * 49 51 * * * 51 * * * * * 48 * * * * * * * MIDDLE EAST/NORTH AFRICA Algeria Bahrain Egypt Gaza Strip Iran Iraq 4 0 0 43 34 0 * * * 47 54 * * * * 49 52 * * * * 49 51 * * * * 486 524 * (1) Because of the unreliability of statistics based on small sample.0 0.0 3.5 4.0 Mean S. (3) Includes 542 students who did not report country of birth. Table 22.Table 21 (continued) Structure and Written Expression Structure and Written Expression Total Score Mean Total Score Mean * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 515 526 * * * 518 * * * * * 515 * * * * * * * Listening Comprehension Reading Comprehension Listening Comprehension Geographic Region and Native Country Luxembourg Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of) Madeira Islands Malta Moldova Monaco Netherlands Northern Ireland Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Scotland Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City Wales Yugoslavia Geographic Region and Native Country Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Morocco Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Sudan Syria United Arab Emirates West Bank Yemen EUROPE AND THE NIS (cont’d.5 5.0 5.0 2.D. In 2001-2002. Frequency Distribution of TWE Scores for All Examinees (Based on 114. The test is holistically scored using a criterion-referenced 6-point score scale.953 examinees who took the TWE test between July 2001 and June 2002) TWE Score 6. Table 22 presents the overall frequency distribution of Test of Written English (TWE®) scores. Further information can be found in the Test of Written English Guide.5 2.5 3. (2) Because of changes in region and/or country boundaries. 72502-10496 Reading Comprehension * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Number of Examinees Number of Examinees .

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