International University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo Faculty of Business Administration, Management Studies VA102(Introduction to Visual and Communication Design

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What is art?

Denijal Ikanović, num. 0910031 December 2012

Today, there are many discussions of how to define art and how to differentiate it from entertainment. As we passing through modern era, different genres and stiles are merging and that makes, differentiating clone from innovator and original, hard job. Most of modern thought share opinion that art is only entertainment and that we cannot judge on or mark an art work. But this argument fails when we put Jenifer Lopez and Ludwig van Beethoven on same music level, which is total nonsense and one that few people would agree with. After research done in area ―What is Art?‖ people can find many of people that tried talk about art from antiquity to today. If you do so you will probably find more but I selected some of them and you can find the author and quotation in following text. Henry James in his short story The Middle Years : ―We work in the dark — we do what we can — we give what we have. Our doubt is our passion and our passion is our task. The rest is the madness of art.‖ Leo Tolstoy, in his essay ―What Is Art?‖ : ―Art is not, as the metaphysicians say, the manifestation of some mysterious idea of beauty or God; it is not, as the aesthetical physiologists say, a game in which man lets off his excess of stored-up energy; it is not the expression of man‘s emotions by external signs; it is not the production of pleasing objects; and, above all, it is not pleasure; but it is a means of union among men, joining them together in the same feelings, and indispensable for the life and progress toward well-being of individuals and of humanity.‖ Frank Lloyd Wright, writing in 1957, as cited in Frank Lloyd Wright on Architecture, Nature, and the Human Spirit: A Collection of Quotations: ―Art is a discovery and development of elementary principles of nature into beautiful forms suitable for human use.‖

‖ Elbert Hubbard in a 1908 volume of Little Journeys to the Homes of Great Teachers : ―Art is not a thing — it is a way. artists must not be only in art galleries or museums — they must be present in all possible activities. If you don‘t take a risk then how are you going to make something really beautiful.‖ Thomas Merton in No Man Is An Island : ―Art enables us to find ourselves and lose ourselves at the same time.‖ Hugh MacLeod in Ignore Everybody: and 39 Other Keys to Creativity: ―Art suffers the moment other people start paying for it. not currently online: ―All art is autobiographical.‖ .‖ Federico Fellini in a December 1965 piece in The Atlantic. The artist must be the sponsor of thought in whatever endeavor people take on. cited in the fantastic 100 Quotes by Charles Eames: ― Art resides in the quality of doing. made famous all over again by Ray Bradbury in Zen in the Art of Writing: ―We have our Arts so we won‘t die of Truth.: ―Let each man exercise the art he knows.― The Greek philosopher Aristophanes.C.‖ Oscar Wilde in The Soul of Man Under Socialism : ―Art is the most intense mode of individualism that the world has known. writing in the 4th century B. that hasn‘t been seen before? I always like to say that cinema without risk is like having no sex and expecting to have a baby. No human masterpiece has ever been created without great labor. the pearl is the oyster‘s autobiography. at every level.‖ Francis Ford Coppola in a recent interview : ―An essential element of any art is risk.Charles Eames.‖ Michelangelo Pistoletto in Art‘s Responsibility : ―Above all. process is not magic. You have to take a risk.‖ André Gide in Poétique : ―Art begins with resistance — at the point where resistance is overcome.‖ Friedrich Nietzsche.

On the other hand. We came to point where we concluded that music is biggest abstract of all art and that art is only language that implies existence of beings. What we can conclude from here is that this view of art is way different than one modern mentioned before that says that art is an ―illusion‖. pacifism. Indeed. Some prefer some different artwork on another. at first place we must define what ―art‖ really means. When we read literature or examine picture. theatre. You can see while reading titles of today pop songs that it is all about creating estetics on art cornerstone. Art stimulates different parts of our brains to make us laugh or incite us to resistance. and relate to the world and each other with more integrity. Life does not reward the will expressed in pop music. Maria Popova wrote for the National Endowment for the Arts: ―This is the power of art: The power to transcend our own self-interest. and the decorative or applied arts. equality and materialism. Music. In popular music. our solipsistic zoom-lens on life. lastly.And. I could tell you that art plays a large part in making our lives infinitely rich. jazz. Imagine. Architecture is often included as one of the visual arts. more curiosity. music doesn‘t depend about descriptive processes related to other kinds of art. just for a minute. Reason why we don‘t experience some travel during listening Jenifer. Art can be functional and aesthetically pleasing our mind and eyes. a world without art. Until the 17th century. one that describes and one abstract or one that is not describing. In order to clear out ability of differentiating quality of art work. Under descriptive art we consider poetry that can make pictures and is cornerstone on inter-mind which is very similar as dreaming process. more wholeheartedness. Art is your shoes. tempo and chorus creates all this. in a music which is called program music . still understanding these differences does not answer our question ―what is art?‖ and how to define it. metal and etc. including rock. Basically we can say that we have two different kind of art. art referred to any skill or mastery and was not differentiated from crafts or sciences. it involves the creation of objects where the practical considerations of use are essential—in a way that they are usually not for a painting. Now we can understand what is difference between Jenifer Lopez and Beethoven. is one that her music do not possess any indirect narative cornerstone. melodies are just effects on top of rhythmic level. art is your desk. with a whole specter of emotions in between. but in modern usage the fine arts. art is such a large part of everyone everyday lives. techno. the classical music celebrates . as well as literature. and other media such as interactive media are included in a broader definition of a the arts. Music deals with senses and fillings and is aimed to get our minds through logical connected ideas. where aesthetic considerations are paramount. Even it can initiate our mind to produce pictures inside. for example. art is the entire reason they get out of bed in the morning. Art gives us a way to be creative and express ourselves. and other performing arts. we used to make some subjective photos inside our minds and by time produce ideas that are in context of our past lives. dance. Instead. So if you look around you can find many art. film. art is most of the thing surrounding us that someone designed.‖ As we can see here are several ways you could go on this. For some people. lyrics. like Beethoven‘s Sixth symphony – Pastoral. naive love. On the other hand music is completely different kind of art which is indeed total abstract. like the decorative arts. Overlaping of provided feelings with dress code. blues. however. but subjective suspicion is that one will get you better results than the others. are distinguished from acquired skills in general.

. art must create a specific emotional link between artist and audience. But what exactly does this mean? What does it mean to ‗capture the very essence‘ of something in order to ‗evoke a direct emotiona response‘? The answer to these questions. as we shall see. one that "affects" the viewer. lacking better words for it. as an aesthetic phenomenon. since that seems to be more "fun"? The answer is simple. inequality. war. art helps us to understand how life operates. because if we wanted to merely calculate ideas in life. According to Tolstoy. affirming why art has always existed and why it will continue to exist for as long as human beings roam on this earth. it doesn't even require a fictional motive. but most importantly. Science cannot calculate its beauty. real art requires the capacity to unite people via communication. but something buried within life. it turns out. Indeed. Why art? Why not entertainment. and philosophy can only describe its design. we could turn to science or religion. conflict and struggle. what the artist tries to do is to not only capture the essence of something but also to amplify it in order to more powerfully activate the same neural mechanisms that would be activated by the original object.the core of life itself. but becomes a will of itself. religion only understands it in terms of myths. Thus. When at its peak. One could say it's magic. it is an expression of the poetry and beauty of organic existence. Art is special because it justifies life and its own existence. tragedy and joy. provides the key to understanding what art really is. This poetic side to our existence is not an illusion or a fictional creation. but its nature is not entirely Apollonian. We celebrate art because no other human creation is able to capture the poetic essence of life.

J. Goguen. ‗The science of art‘.B. V. 5–8 http://www.References Barlow. (1999). What is art. (1986). pp. pp.brainpickings. Vision Research. and Hirstein. ‗Why have multiple cortical areas?‘.com/zine/articles/alexis/art/croatian-language.A.php/2012/06/22/what-is-art . 6 (6–7). 6 (6–7).anus. 81–90. (1999). pp. W. 26 (1). H.html http://www.org/index. Journal of Consciousness Studies. ‗Editorial Introduction‘.S. 2–8 Ramachandran.