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THE KIND OF TEXT

1. PROCEDURE TEXT: To help us do a task or make something. They can be a set ofinstructions or directions. Example:
How To Make a Great Fried Rice First, prepare rice the day before you are planning to make the fried rice. Prepare following the directions on package. Also prepare a mixture of butter with Crushed or powdered garlic. I use 5 cup butter and 5 clove crushed garlic. Keep this and rice in the refrigerator over night. Second, heat large pan on medium to medium high heat. Put a couple table spoons in the pan and let heat. Third, after the oil starts sizzling a little place 3 eggs in pan, break yolk and cook as if you were scrambling eggs. While this is cooking place Chopped up onions in pan as well, how much depends on your taste for onions. I only use about half a cup. Fourth, when the eggs are pretty well cooked, place the rice into the pan, mix well with eggs and onions. Break the rice up real well and heat for a couple of minutes. Then cover thoroughly with soy sauce. Season with your favorite seasonings. Fifth, start putting the mixture of butter and garlic that you had previously made in the rice. You will cook the mixture for about 3-5 mins. Finally, ready to serve a great fried rice.

2. RECOUNT TEXT: To tell the readers what happened in the past through a sequence ofevents.Generic Structure of Recount: 1. Orientation ( who were involved, when and where was it happened) 2. Events ( tell what happened in a chronological order) 3. Re-orientation ( optional closure of events) - Language features Recount: Use of pronouns and nouns ( David, he, she) Use of action verbs in past (went, studied) Use of past tense ( We went for a trip to the zoo) Use of adverbial phrases Use of adjectives Example :

My Grandpas Birthday It was my grandpas birthday last Sunday. On Friday, my sister and I went shopping at the mall. We bought a nice shirt. Then, we wrapped it in a blue paper. Blue is my grandpas favorite colour. On Saturday morning, my brother and I helped my sister making a birthday cake in the kitchen. It was a big and beautiful birthday cake. I wrote Happy Birthday on it. After that, we put some chocolate and a candle on the top of the cake. On Sunday evening, my uncle and my aunt came to my house. They brought several bottles of soft-drink, and flowers for grandpa. Then, we sat together in the living room. Finally, grandpa blew the candle and cut the cake while we were singing a Happy Birthday song for him. After giving each of us a piece of cake, he opened the present. He told us that he liked the present, and he was very happy. 3. NARRATIVE TEXT: To amuse or entertain the readers with actual or imaginaryexperience in different ways. Narrative always deals with some problems which lead to theclimax and then turn into a solution to the problem.Generic Structure Narrative: 1. Orientation ( who was involved, when and where was it happened) 2. Complication ( a problem arises and followed by other problems) 3. Resolution ( provide solution to the problem) - Example : Rabbit and Bear

Once upon a time, there lived as neighbours, a bear and a rabbit. The rabbit is a good shot. In contrary, the bear is always clumsy ad could not use the arrow to good advantage. One day, the bear called over the rabbit and asked the rabbit to take his bow and arrows and came with bear to the other side of the hill. The rabbit feared to arouse the bear's anger so he could not refuse it. He consented and went with the bear and shot enough buffalo to satisfy the hungry family. Indeed he shot and killed so many that there was lots of meat left after the bear and his family had loaded themselves and packed all they could carry home. The bear was very gluttonous and did not want the rabbit to get any of the meat. The rabbit could not even taste the blood from the butchering as the bear would throw earth on the blood and dry it up. The poor rabbit would have to go home hungry after his hard day's work.

The bear was the father of five children. The youngest child was very kind to the rabbit. He was very hearty eater. The mother bear always gave him an extra large piece of meat but the youngest child did not eat it. He would take it outside with him and pretended to play ball with the meat. He kicked toward the rabbit's house and when he got close to the door he would give the meat with such a great kick. The meat would fly into the rabbit's house. In this way, the poor rabbit would get his meal unknown to the papa bear.

4. DESCRIPTIVE TEXT: To describe a particular person, place or thing. Generic Structure descriptive: 1. Identification (identify phenomenon to be described) 2. Description (describe parts, qualities, characteristics) Language features descriptive: Focus on specific participants Use of attributive and identifying processes Frequent use classifiers in nominal groups. Use of the Simple Present Tense Example: My House

My house is on Permata Biru. It is not too big but nice. It has two floors. It has a living room, a small kitchen, and a bathroom on the first floor. On the second floor there are three bedrooms and a bathroom. My parents bedroom is big. My brothers room is next to my room. My room is small but I like it. It has light green wall. There is a desk with a computer on it. I do homework there. There is also a nice garden in front of my house and I often play in the garden. We love our house. 5. REPORT TEXT: To describe the way things are (for example: a man -made thing,animals, plants). The things must be a representative of their class.Text organization report: 1. General classification (introduces the topic of the report/tells what phenomenon under discussion is.) 2. Description (tell the details of topic such as physical appearance, parts, qualities, habits/behaviour). Language features report: Use of general nouns ( Whales, Kangaroo, Computer) Use of present tense(Komodo dragons usually weigh more than 160 kg)

Use of behavioural verbs (Snakes often sunbathe in the sun) Use of technical terms ( Water contains oxygen and hydrogen) Use of relating verbs (is, are, has) - Example: Human Trafficking I. Definition The United Nations (UN) defines trafficking in persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Based on the above definition, we can say that human trafficking is an activity of recruitment process, of evacuation, of relocation and delivery of human for the work or service by using threat or by using way of hardness, slavery, and deception for the purpose of exploitation. II. Causes of Human Trafficking There are some key factors, including: 1. Lack of awareness when seeking jobs of the dangers of trafficking. 2. Poverty which forces people to seek any job while ignoring the risks. 3. Cultural factors have made women and children vulnerable to trafficking through Forced marriage by parents, and through early marriage. 4. Weak enforcement of laws in dealing about Trafficking cases.

FUNCTIONAL TEXT
FUNCTIONAL TEXT is writing meant to help the reader accomplish an everyday task. Examples of functional text might include a recipe for cooking; directions to a location; a memo notifying of a change in a company's address, or a store's opening time; a schedule of event times and locations during a seminar; a directory of addresses, phone numbers or e-mail addresses; directions on a test; a

menu from a restaurant; a pamphlet notifying the public of a grand opening, store closing, or a foreclosure; or a how-to manual just to name a few. Functional text is used for everyday information. It is called functional because it helps you function in your day-to-day life. For example, if I wanted to make chocolate chip cookies, I would read a recipe. If I wanted to know my friend's phone number, I would look in a phone book. If my English teacher gave a test, I would need to read the directions. - Some examples of functional texts are: A. Announcements

ANNOUNCEMENT
There will be a flag ceremony next Monday. All students must wear white uniforms. Do not be late. Principal B. Advertisements

Happy-Happy Mall
All items
50% off Start from 28 November until 8th December 2010
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C. Greeting cards

Happy Birthday
May your wish come true

D. Short messages Meet me in the library after school. I have something to show you. please be there. ( Angga)

E. Notices WAIT FOR LIFT DOORS TO CLOSE BEFORE PRESSING BUTTON Please switch off the light when you dont use it. F. Postcards Dear Maria, Yesterday, Uncle Tumijo took me and my cousins to the beach. Its called Parangtritis Beach and we had eh most thrilling view. Its large wave was really awesome. Unfortunately, we could not swim in this beach. There were so many deep hollows along the beach. People can easily be drowned. We played beach volleyball in the afternoon. Then, we took a traditional cart called andong and enjoyed the sunset. It was fun! Yours. Annette

Nurul Nadhira IX-D