Cantilever Beam Investigation

Clayton Roe Hunter Heathcoat

The beams were tested using two different cross sectional areas one on the flat side and then on the thin side. The results that were achieved from this were the more material on the beam the less the beam deflected. The beams were clamped down and then loaded with weight.Abstract For this experiment several cantilever beams were tested on how much they would deflect. Table of Contents .

..........5 Theory………………………………............................................................5 Introduction……………………………….....1 Abstract……………………………….7 Conclusions………………………………...2 Table of Contents………………………………............5 Objective………………………………......................................................................7 References……………………………….......Title page……………………….................................................5 Experimental Procedure……………………………….4 Nomenclature………………………………..................3 List of Figures……………………………….............................................................................................................6 Results of Summary………………………………...........................6 Discussion………………………………..........7 List of Figures .......................................................................................................

........Experimental Data Table 1....6 Experimental Data Table 2...7 Nomenclature .…………………………….................……………………………......

Introduction The nature of the work being done is for the mechanics of materials on a cantilever beam.P= Concentrated load applied at the tip of the beam L = Length of the beam E = Modulus of Elasticity (EAL = 10 Mpsi) I = Area moment of inertia about the axis of bending ( b = dimension parallel to the axis of bending h = dimension perpendicular to the axis of bending [1] ) Objective The objective for this experiment was to test the deflection of five different beams with different rectangular cross-sections. . The general approach is to take a beam and load it with a specific weight and measure its deflection. Theory The theory behind this experiment is that a loaded beam will behave under the formula. where: “P= Concentrated load applied at the tip of the beam L = Length of the beam . The reason for testing this is to see how a beam of certain thickness will behave when used for construction. The problem that is being investigated is how much a beam will deflect under a specific load.

75 1 1. After this the height from the free end to the floor was measured. . Deflection is the difference between Y-1 and Y-2. For the first run the bar was placed with the wide side parallel to the ground. The experiment was then repeated with the thin side parallel to the ground. Y-1 is the height with no load. Deflection is the difference between Y-1 and Y-2.5 W-1 Y-1 0. Y-2 is the height with the load. W-1 is the width raised to the negative third. Next twenty and one hundred Newtons were placed at the free end the bar respectively.E = Modulus of Elasticity (EAL = 10 Mpsi) I = Area moment of inertia about the axis of bending ( b = dimension parallel to the axis of bending h = dimension perpendicular to the axis of bending” [1] ) Experimental Procedure The procedure behind this experiment was to c clamp one end of the beam to a table and then put weights at the free end.5 2 2. Width is the width of the bar facing the floor. All units are in millimeters except for width is in inches.0196 0.0524 0.0396 0. Y-1 is the height with no load. Width is the width of the bar facing the floor. The deflection is the difference in height between the unloaded and loaded beam. Y-2 is the height with the load.0262 0. W-1 is the width raised to the negative first.0158 Y-2 604 602 607 607 608 497 520 564 567 576 Deflection 107 82 43 40 32 Experimental data table 1 This is the data from the second run through. All units are in millimeters except for width is in inches. Next was to measure the distance from the end of the table to the free end of the bar. Results of Summary This is the data from the first run through. Bar 1 2 3 4 5 Width 0. The height from the tip of the bar to floor was remeasured and written down.

8*10^-5 7.2*10^-5 1.5%. and the uncertainty of the weight was .Bar 1 2 3 4 5 Width W-3 1.Cantilevered Beam Investigation Spring 2011 .03mm.44*10^-4 6.94*10^-6 Y-1 591 594 593 594 591 591 594 593 594 591 Y-2 502 547 570 574 575 Deflection 89 47 23 20 16 Experimental data table 2 Discussion The results seamed typical.5mm. Conclusion The conclusion to this experiment is that as more material is added to the bar the less deflection it will have.53*10^-6 3.the meter stick was . The uncertainty of the caliper was . For both run through the thicker the beam got the less deflection occurred. References [1] Experimental Methods Laboratory Handout Week 04 .

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