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2 and 5 are the only primes that end in 2 or 5. 1 and 2 are the only numbers where they are the values of the numbers of factors they have. 142857 is a cyclic number, the numbers of which always appear in the same order but rotated around when multipled by any number from 1 to 6. 142857 * 2 = 285714 142857 * 3 = 428571 142857 * 4 = 571428 142857 * 5 = 714285 142857 * 6 = 857142 Source: Dave Pigott
The billionth digit of pi is 9. Source: Ben Peoples The average person falls asleep in seven minutes. A 'jiffy' is an actual unit of time for 1/100th of a second. If you add up the numbers1-100 consecutively (1+2+3+4+5 etc) the total is 5050 If your eyes are six feet above the surface of the ocean, the horizon wil be about three statute miles away. 111,111,111 x 111,111,111 = 12,345,678,987,654,321 The first prime number after 1,000,000 is 1,000,003. You would have to count to one thousand to use the letter "A" in the English language to spell a whole number. What five digit number, when multiplied by the number 4, is the same number with the digits in reverse order? 21978; 21978 x 4 = 87912. If each count were one second long, it would take about twelve days to count to a million and thirty-two years to count to a billion.
2 nd Class Levers 12. Effort Force or Output Force . The Pulley A pulley changes the direction of the force: Instead of lifting up. moveable. and a rope or a chain is used in the grove to lift heavy objects. Types of Simple Machines 2. 21. There is usually a loss in force.Types Of Simple Machines 1196790406105067 4 — Presentation Transcript 1. The Pulley 18. 8. 23. The effort force pushes down in order to lift the resistance or load. 4. The effort and the resistance move in opposite directions. Produce a gain in force. or used in combination. Mechanical advantage can be increased by using more than one pulley. What you are trying to move or lift. 2 nd Class Levers Examples: Wheelbarrow Bottle opener Nutcrackers 14. 3 rd Class Levers Examples: Broom Shovel Fishing rod 17. 16. The Inclined Plane . 3 rd Class Levers 15. distance or speed 19. 7. 3. 2. 1 st Class Lever When the fulcrum is midway between the effort and the load: there is no change in force. 3 rd Class Levers The effort is between the load and the fulcrum. A pulley may be fixed. The Pulley a wheel that turns around an axle A pulley is a grooved wheel that turns around an axle (fulcrum). The fulcrum is usually closer to the load. The Lever a rigid bar that is free to turn about a fixed point called the fulcrum Every Lever has three (3) parts: 1. 1 st Class Lever Examples: Seesaw Crowbar Scissors 11. 2 nd Class Lever The load is between the effort and the fulcrum. speed or distance 10. 1 st Class Lever When the fulcrum is closer to the effort than to the load: there is a loss in force There is a gain in speed and distance. The Pulley A moveable pulley acts as second class lever the load is between the fulcrum and the effort 22. The Pulley A compound pulley is a system of movable pulleys. The Fixed Pulley Is attached to something that doesn't move such as the ceiling or wall) It acts as a first class lever with the fulcrum located at the axis Instead of a bar the pulley uses a rope or chain. 13. The Lever 3.The work done on the Lever. The Lever 5. Input Force or Load. 1 st Class Lever 6. but a gain in speed and distance. 1 st Class Lever The Fulcrum (fixed pivot point) is located between the Effort (Input) and the Resistance (Output) Forces. you can pull down using your body weigh against the load (what is being lifted) A pulley gains nothing in force. 20. Resistance Force. 9. Fulcrum – A fixed pivot point. 1 st Class Lever When the fulcrum is closer to the load than to the effort: there is a loss in speed and distance There is a gain in force. The fulcrum is at one end of the lever.
The trade off is greater distance to travel. Pushing. the shovel. like nails or a doorstop. 30. Friction between the threads & the material holds the screw in place. The Inclined Plane Used to reduce the force needed to overcome the force of gravity when lifting or lowering a heavy object. The Screw an inclined plane wrapped around a central cylinder A Screw has two (2) parts: The Body – Cylinder Post The Thread – Inclined Plane wrapped around the cylinder. A jackscrew is used to lift heavy objects. pulling. 25. work is defined as a force acting on an object to move it across a distance. The Wheel & Axle 35. car jack. The Inclined Plane 27. Gardeners do work when they pull weeds. The Wedge Wedges can be forced between two things to hold them tightly together. A wedge changes the direction of the input force. 33. The ramp. The Wedge 32. The Wheel & Axle a wheel connected to a rigid pole The Wheel & axle is a modified lever: The center of the axle acts as a fulcrum – making the wheel a lever that rotates around in a circle. cut or fasten. Drill bits are screws used to make holes. Machines make their work easier. The Screw 28. and lifting are common forms of work. In science. The Wedge an inclined plane that tapers to a sharp edge The wedge used to increase force. 34. The Screw Functions of the screw To fasten things – the standard screw or nuts & bolts. . 31. Furniture movers do work when they move boxes. The gardeners use a hand shovel to help break through the weeds. The Screw When you turn a screw: The input force is changed by the threads into an output force. Wedges can be used to split. 24. The material remains in place while he wedge moves through it. and the see-saw are simple machines. The children use a see-saw to go up and down. The furniture movers use a ramp to slide boxes into a truck. Children do work when they go up and down on a see-saw. 29. The output force pulls the screw into the materials. The Inclined Plane a sloping surface that does not move An inclined plane provides for NOT Less work but less effort. 26.
Compound machines have two or more simple machines working together to make work easier. Wedge. They have few or no moving parts. Simple machines are simple tools used to make work easier. and Pulley. . created by combining several simple machines. A machine is a tool used to make work easier. Screw. Lever. Most of the machines we use today are compound machines. There are 6 simple machines: Inclined Plane. Wheel and Axle.