OBIEE Deployment & Change Mgmt Best Practices

Mark Rittman, Technical Director, Rittman Mead Oracle OpenWorld 2011, San Francisco, October 2011
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Saturday, 1 October 11

Mark Rittman
• Mark Rittman, Co-Founder of Rittman Mead • Oracle ACE Director, specialising in Oracle BI&DW • 14 Years Experience with Oracle Technology • Regular columnist for Oracle Magazine • Author of forthcoming Oracle Press book on OBIEE 11g • Writer for Rittman Mead Blog : http://www.rittmanmead.com/blog • Email : mark.rittman@rittmanmead.com • Twitter : @markrittman

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Saturday, 1 October 11

About Rittman Mead
• Oracle BI and DW platinum partner • World leading specialist partner for technical excellence, solutions delivery and innovation in Oracle BI • Approximately 30 consultants worldwide • All expert in Oracle BI and DW • UK based • Offices in US, Europe (Belgium) and India • Skills in broad range of supporting Oracle tools: ‣ OBIEE ‣ OBIA ‣ ODIEE ‣ Essbase, Oracle OLAP ‣ GoldenGate ‣ Exadata

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Oracle Business Intelligence 11g (11.1.1.5)
• Oracle’s BI platform, now at release 11.1.1.5 (11gR1) • Wide range of servers, tools, metadata stores based around Oracle FMW11g • Based on Siebel Analytics with additions from Oracle and Hyperion products • Often used in conjunction with the BI Applications and EPM Suite

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Elements of an Oracle BI EE 11g Project
• Oracle BI Repository (RPD file) • Oracle BI Presentation Catalog • System Configuration Settings • UI Customizations • Security artifacts (application roles, users, directory settings) • Plus associated database schemas, ETL packages etc (out of scope for this though)

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OBIEE 11g Project Lifecycle Stage #1 - Early Days
• Prototype to first production • Typically a single developer, no version-control • Initial project is moved from DEV server into PROD once first phase complete

Single Developer

End Users

Full upload of RPD and catalog via EM

Full upload of RPD and catalog via EM

Dev

Test

Prod

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Saturday, 1 October 11

OBIEE 11g Project Lifecycle Stage #2 - Further Releases
• Updates to this first release, to add new RPD objects, shared folder catalog objects • Incremental metadata needs to be merged into PROD, keeping existing objects • Uses the three-way merge features for the RPD and the catalog

Single Developer
Incremental update of RPD and catalog shared folders via merging, M then EM e r g e

End Users

Full upload of RPD and catalog via EM

Dev

Test

Prod

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OBIEE 11g Project Lifecycle Stage #3 - Project Expands Out
• Additional developers wish to add content to the RPD • Typically all developers on the project start accessing the RPD online, concurrently • Other separately developed projects may need to be merged into the main RPD • Version control becomes important as multiple developers start contributing changes
Multiple Developers
Source Control

End Users

Other project RPDs

M e r g e

M e r g e

Dev

Test

Prod

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OBIEE 11g Project Lifecycle Stage #4 - Enterprise Deployment
• Soon, ad-hoc merging of RPDs and shared online development becomes unworkable • A system needs to be put in place to handle distributed development • Multi-User Development (MUD) Environment then becomes an option

Multiple Developers
Source Control Merge M e r g e

End Users

Development Branches Source Control

M e r g e

Source Control

MUD Administrator

Test

Prod

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Propagating System Configuration Changes
• At various points, system configuration changes have to be applied to BIEE environments ‣ Deploying new repositories, presentation catalogs ‣ Enabling SSL, new connections to directories (AD) etc ‣ Changing performance parameters • All changes have to be applied to all nodes in a cluster, possibly with rolling-restarts
Developer Production Support

Dev

Test

Production Cluster

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BI EE Features to Support Change Management & Deployment
• Three-way merges of repository files • Catalog archiving/unarchiving • New in 11g - repository and catalog patching • Multi-User Development Environment • New in 11g - Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control (“EM”) • New in 11g - WebLogic Server Scripting Tool & Oracle BI Systems Management API

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Merging Repository Files (RPDs)
• Merging repositories is a common task on projects past the initial stage ‣ To merge new and changed objects in DEV into the PROD repository ‣ To merge two RPDs into one, to run online in PROD • Common task in general software development projects, with common complications ‣ Repositories may contain similarly-named objects, but logically different ‣ Repository objects may have changed in both DEV and PROD - which do you choose? ‣ These, and others, are called “merge conflicts”
Repository #1 Repository #2

Merged Repository

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Oracle BI Repository Three-Way Merges
• Oracle BI, like many software development tools, uses the concept of three-way merges ‣ A modified repository, which is usually the PROD repository ‣ A current repository, which is usually the DEV repository ‣ An original repository, from which they were both derived Common Parent Repository • Provides a number of benefits compared to 2-way merges (“original”) ‣ Avoids “guessing” whether objects with the same name are actually logically the same ‣ For branching development, allows both branches Repository #1 Repository #2 to be updated with subsequent changes to the original (“current”) (“modified”) ‣ More accurate and efficient way of merging two sets of objects with common parentage • If no common repository available, then substitute blank repository (and loose the 3-way merge benefits)
Merged Repository

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Understanding Merge Rules
• The merge process makes most sense when you understand the merge rules • The RPDs you select for modified and current are important, do not choose at random ‣ Current = development, Modified = production • Rules assume that changes added to modified want to be preserved • Deletions in current that are still in modified have to be confirmed • Additions added, or deletions from, both repositories are automatically propagated • Objects added to both, but with differences, cause a merge conflict • Objects modified in both cause a merge conflict
Repository #2 (“current”) Development M e r g e

Common Parent Repository (“original”)

Merged Repository New Production

Repository #1 (“modified”) Production

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Repository Equalization
• Repositories may contain logically identical objects that have different upgrade IDs ‣ Upgrade IDs are internal ID codes for objects in the repository • Can be caused by deleting, then recreating, the same object • Mismatching upgrade IDs can cause the upgrade process to create duplicates in the merge repository, thinking that the two objects are completely different • Answer is to equalize the repositories
Modified Repository (Production) Current Repository (Development) E q u a l i z a t i o n Modified Repository (Production) Current Repository (Development) M e r g e Merged Repository

Sales Subject Area Upgrade ID : 1001

Sales Subject Area Upgrade ID : 1021

Sales Subject Area Upgrade ID : 1001

Sales Subject Area Upgrade ID : 1001

Sales Subject Area Upgrade ID : 1001

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Three-Way RPD Merge Step 1 : Open Current RPD, Select Merge
• Start the BI Administration tool • Open the Current (typically, Development) repository offline • Select File > Merge...

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Three-Way RPD Merge Step 2 : Select Modified & Current RPDs
• With the Merge Repository Wizard - Select Import Files dialog open, select the modified (production) and original (common parent) RPDs • Enter passwords • Tick the Equalize during merge checkbox • Select Full Repository Merge

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Three-Way RPD Merge Step 3 : Resolve Conflicts
• Conflicts typically occur if a choice needs to be made between two options • Select the choice either from the modified (prod) or current (dev) repository • Choices can go down to the object property level • Once all conflicts resolved, merged repository is then opened for editing

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New in 11g : Repository and Catalog Patching
• In some situations, you want to perform the merge hands-off • To remove opportunity for human error, to allow it to be scripted • 11g introduces the concept of repository (RPD) and catalog patching • Whole process, from extracting changes to patching target, can be scripted

Development Repository

Production Repository

Development Catalog

Production Catalog

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Repository Patching
• Repository patching is a two-step process 1. Compare the current repository to the original one, create an XML patch file of the differences between the two 2. Apply the XML patch file to the modified repository, as a three-way merge also using the original repository • Can be performed using BI Administrator tool, or from the command-line
1
Repository #2 (“current”) Development C o m p a r e

2

Repository #1 (“modified”) Production M e r g e

Common Parent Repository (“original”)

Common Parent Repository (“original”) XML Patch File of diffs between Current and Original RPD XML Patch File

Merged Repository New Production

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Interactive Repository Patching using the BI Administration Tool
• To create the XML patch file, use the File > Compare... feature

• To apply the patch file, use the File > Merge... feature

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Patching using BI Administrator Step 1 : Open Current RPD
• Usign the BI Administrator tool, open the current (development) repository offline • Select File > Compare...

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Patching using BI Administrator Step 2 : Open Current RPD
• View comparison report • Press Equalize button if required

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Patching using BI Administrator Step 3 : Generate Patch File
• Press the Create Patch... button to create the XML patch file

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Patching using BI Administrator Step 4 : Open Modified RPD
• Now open the modified (production) repository, select File > Merge

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Patching using BI Administrator Step 5 : Select Patch and Original
• With the Merge Repository Wizard - Select Import Files dialog open, select the original (common parent) RPD and the XML patch file ‣ Patch file substitutes for the current repository • Select Patch Repository

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Patching using BI Administrator Step 6 : Resolve any Conflicts
• As with full repository merges, you may then need to resolve merge conflicts • Same rules around current, modified and original RPD merge rules apply • Once resolved, merged repository is then opened for editing

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Command-Line Creation and Applying of RPD Patches
• Command-line utilities are avaialble for creating, and applying, RPD patch files • comparerpd creates a patch file based on current and original repositories
comparerpd –P [current repository password] –C [current repository path and name] – W [original repository password] –G [original repository path and name] –D [patch file path and name]

• patchrpd does a three-way merge with the patch file, original and modified repositories
patchrpd -P [modified repository password] -C [modified repository path and name] -Q [original repository password] -G [original repository path and name] -I [patch file path and name] -O [new repository path and name]

• Both located at [middleware_home]\Oracle_BI1\bifoundation\server\bin\

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Scripted RPD Patching Step 1 : Generate Patch File
• Open a command-line prompt • Change directory to[middleware_home]\Oracle_BI1\bifoundation\server \bin\ • Run the comparerpd command
cd c:\middleware\Oracle_BI1\bifoundation\server\bin comparerpd -P password -C c:\GCBC_Repository_updated.rpd -W password -G c: \GCBC_Repository_original.rpd -D c:\patch.xml

• View the console output
The following repository is opened: c:\GCBC_Repository_original.rpd The following repository is opened: c:\GCBC_Repository_updated.rpd

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Scripted RPD Patching Step 2 : Apply Patch File
• Open a command-line prompt • Change directory to[middleware_home]\Oracle_BI1\bifoundation\server \bin\ • Run the patchrpd command
patchrpd -P password -C c:\GCBC_Repository.rpd -Q password -G c:\GCBC_Repository_original.rpd -I c:\patch.xml -O c:\GCBC_Repository2.rpd

• View the console output
---------------Complete Success!!--------------Complete Success of patch application on original repository!! The following repository is opened: c:\GCBC_Repository.rpd Repository equalized successfully. [94017] Complete success of patch application on customer repository.

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Version Control in Software Development Projects
• Version control is a common concept in software development • Allows you to store copies (versions) of project elements over time • Refer back to old versions, restore old versions, create named/numbered releases • Branch projects, re-combine branches • Typically peformed using tools such as PVCS, Subversion, Git, Visual Sourcesafe

Version Control RPD # RPD # RPD # RPD # RPD # 1.22 1.30 1.35 2.45 2.47 System

Download working copy

Check-in changes

Retrieve historical versions at will

Local copy of RPD Version # 2.47

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Subversion and OBIEE 11g
• OBIEE 11.1.1.5 does not have in-built integration with version or source control • But you can store the various project artifacts in any version control tool • Subversion, together with VisualSVN Server and TortoiseSVN, are suitable tools • There are however some limitations ‣ The RPD has to be uploaded in its entirety ‣ Although you can also upload XML patch files ‣ The Catalog has to be archived before uploading ‣ You cannot use the merge/patch facility in SVN, you must use BI Administrator / Catalog Manager patch/merge instead

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Creating a Subversion Repository for use with Oracle BI EE
• A standard subversion repository should be created for the OBIEE project • Create standard three directories ‣ Trunk : the main development path for the project ‣ Branches : branches off of the main development path ‣ Tags : named/numbered releases RPD • All top-level directories have subdirectories for RPD, catalog, config etc Catalog
Trunk Config Project Name Branches

Tags Repository Name Project Name

Project Name

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Subversion Freeware Server and Client Tools
• Subversion is an open-source project, freely usable and downloadable ‣ http://subversion.tigris.org/ • However you may wish to use freeware/open-source client & server tools with it • VisualSVN Server Standard Edition - Windows GUI for Subversion ‣ http://www.visualsvn.com/server/ • TortoiseSVN - Windows shell extension for project checkout/check-in/branching etc ‣ http://tortoisesvn.tigris.org/

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Creating an OBIEE SVN Repository Step 1 : Install SVN
• Install Subversion, or a tool such as VisualSVN Server that embeds SVN and includes management tools • Ensure that SVN server is up and running, ready for folder creation

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Creating an OBIEE SVN Repository Step 2 : Create Repository
• Using the SVN admin tools, create a new repository (for example, GCBC) • Within the repository, create a project (for example, GCBC_OBIEE) • Within the project, create the standard three top-level folders ‣ Trunk, Branch, Tags • Within the Trunk folder, create sub-folders for major OBIEE project artifacts ‣ RPD, Catalog, Config etc

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Creating an OBIEE SVN Repository Step 3 : Define Security
• Create users and roles for SVN repository access • Some tools (e.g. VisualSVN Server) allow you to use Windows authentication • Define permissions on objects as required • SVN repository is then ready for use

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Saturday, 1 October 11

SVN Development Lifecycle Step 1 : Checkout of Project Files
• Developer right-clicks on desktop, selects SVN Checkout... • Select trunk folder, or particular branch or tag • Select HEAD revision, or particular revision number • Files copied to version-controlled folders on desktop
1 2 3

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SVN Development Lifecycle Step 2 : Edit Files, Upload to EM
• Files are then usually copied to a working directory, or uploaded to EM for online edits • Perform all changes as required, add or delete objects • Working copies can be updated using SVN Update • Objects are not specifically locked when you check-out, unless you choose to lock them • Ensure all changes are performed in relevant tools (BI Admin, Catalog Manager etc) • Once changes complete, copy back to SVN folders on desktop ‣ Ensure catalog is archived, not left as folder + files

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SVN Development Lifecycle Step 3 : Check Changes Back into SVN
• Once complete, new and changed files can be added back into SVN repository • Right-click on folders, select SVN Commit... • New files have to be added to the project to be included in check-in • Uploaded files get a new revision number ‣ Text files are just stored as diffs ‣ Binary files (RPD, catalogs etc) are stored in their entirety
1 2 3

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Tagging Projects
• Particular revisions/versions can be “tagged” as a particular release ‣ Version 1.0 ‣ Version 2.0 migrated to OBIEE 11.1.1.5 • Check out the top-level folders for a project (e.g. GCBC_OBIEE) for a particular revision • Right-click on the Trunk folder and select TortoiseSVN > Branch/Tag • Copy the folder to a new sub-folder under the Tags directory (for example, Rel. 1.0)
2 1 3

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Branching Projects
• Projects can be branched in the same way as tagged • Create new sub-folder under the Branches folder • Used for when a copy of the project is made, then enhanced separately ‣ For rolling out country-specific versions, with localizations ‣ For working through an upgrade to OBIEE 11gR2, whilst still preserving the 11gR1 version • If you wish to merge the branch back into the Trunk folder, use BI Admin three-way merge rather than SVN’s merge/patch feature
UK-Localized Branch

Main Development Stream

Repository Optimization Branch Test Upgrade Branch

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Managing Change with Large Teams of Developers
• So far, we have looked at projects where there is a single developer • On many projects though, you wish to scale-up developers to deliver larger scope • The catalog supports multiple developers editing, adding objects etc • For smaller teams, you might consider concurrent online editing of the RPD ‣ Has the virtue of simplicity ‣ 11g certifies up to 5 concurrent developers ‣ Works through a system of check-out Multiple Developers and check-in of objects - Check-out is coarse-grained though - Edits to a logical table lock the whole business model

End Users

Source Control

Dev

Test

Prod

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Multi-User Development Environment (MUD)
• MUD Administrator divides main repository into projects; self-contained RPD subsets • Master repository is then published to a network share • Projects are then worked on independently, and then merged back into the master RPD • Uses the repository compare and merge features under the covers • Works best when each developer has a full OBIEE “Sandbox” environment to develop with and unit test their work ‣ License considerations through may require named user plus licensing to be financially viable • More complex than online development, but makes sense when you know how it works

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What Happens During MUD Check-Out / Merge / Check-In?
Developer Selects Projects(s) for checkout from Master RPD

Subset RPD + copy of Subset RPD copied to developer PC

Developer then edits the RPD, adds, makes changes

Subset RPD is then compared to the subset RPD copy

Local changes merged in to local copy of the master RPD, merge conflicts resolved

Changes are published to the network Master RPD, and lock taken during this merge

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Saturday, 1 October 11

What Happens During MUD Check-Out / Merge / Check-In?
Developer Selects Projects(s) for checkout from Master RPD

Subset RPD + copy of Subset RPD copied to developer PC

Developer then edits the RPD, adds, makes changes

Subset RPD is then compared to the subset RPD copy

Change in 11g compared to 10g : Locking only now takes place at the publish step, not merge of local changes

Local changes merged in to local copy of the master RPD, merge conflicts resolved

Changes are published to the network Master RPD, and lock taken during this merge

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Setting up MUD Environment Step 1 : Define Projects
• Administrator opens the repository to be shared, offline • Select Manage > Projects • Define projects using selections of business model, or subject area, fact tables • Add init blocks, variables, users and other objects ‣ Physical layer objects get added automatically

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Setting up MUD Environment Step 2 : Copy to Network Share
• Create network shared directory that is accessible to all developers • Set permissions so other users can write to it • Copy the file to this directory; this is now the “master” repository

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Setting up MUD Environment Step 3 : Configure Workstations
• On each developer workstation, configure it for MUD access • Create a mapped network drive to the MUD network share folder • Select Tools > Options > Multiuser • Use Browse... to select the mapped network drive • Type in the name of the developer (for recording MUD updates, checkouts, locks)

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Saturday, 1 October 11

MUD Lifecycle Step 1 : Select and Checkout Project
• From the developer workstation, select File > Multiuser > Checkout... • Select the project(s) to check-out • Name the subset RPD file (a temporary copy of the whole RPD is made here) • On save the subset RPD, plus a duplicate, is saved and the temporary copy removed
1 3

2

4

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Saturday, 1 October 11

MUD Lifecycle Step 2 : Make Changes to Subset, Do Compare
• Make changes to the subset RPD, such as adding, deleting or modifying objects • After a time, use File > Multiuser > Compare with Original... ‣ Performs an automatic File > Compare... with the duplicate subset RPD • Save your changes as normal • Upload to a sandbox OBIEE environment and run online if required

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Saturday, 1 October 11

MUD Lifecycle Step 3 : Merge in Local Changes
• Once work is complete, select File > Compare > Merge in Local Changes • Merges your subset RPD in with a fresh copy of the master RPD ‣ Peformed using an automatic three-way merge ‣ If there are merge conflicts, this is where you will deal with them • Merged results are then stored locally until published by the next step • Change compared to 10g: lock is not taken at this step
Define Merge Strategy only displayed if merge conflicts encountered

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Saturday, 1 October 11

MUD Lifecycle Step 4 : Publish or Discard Changes
• After local changes have been merged into local copy of the master repository, these changes can then be merged in with the actual master repository ‣ Again performed using an automatic three-way merge • Changes can also be discarded, or rolled-back (giving you the original subset RPD again) • At this point, the lock is taken (to stop multiple sessions trying to write to the master) ‣ Only taken briefly in 11g as in most cases, conflicts dealt with in previous step • If master RPD has been updated since local merge, local merge is rolled-back and performed again

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Saturday, 1 October 11

MUD Lifecycle Step 5 : Viewing MUD History
• Developers with MUD configured on their workstations can view the MUD history • See history of checkouts, check-ins, comments added during publish (lock) phase • Useful history of MUD activity

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Saturday, 1 October 11

MUD and Version Control
• If MUD subset RPDs are part of the same development stream, store them as subdirectories under the main RPD directory • If MUD is used for branching the project, create a branch using SVN, and then update the branch’s RPD with the one generated by the MUD branch check-out
RPD MUD Subset RPD #1

Trunk

Catalog

MUD Subset RPD #2

Config Project Name Branches

MUD Subset RPD #3

Tags Repository Name Project Name

Project Name

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying Configuration Changes across Clustered OBIEE Systems
• Another aspect of managing change and deployments is at a system level • How do you apply configuration changes across multiple clustered nodes? • How do you deploy repositories when your BI servers are clustered? • How do you script the process so that it is automated?

Developer

Production Support

Dev

Test

Production Cluster

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Project Deployment and Migration Best Practices
1. Use Enterprise Manager to deploy repositories and catalogs between environments 2. Use Enterprise Manager to apply system configuration changes to environments 3. Use WLST and the Oracle BI Systems Management API to script these tasks

cd (biinstance.toString()) biserver = get('ServerConfiguration') cd('..') cd(biserver.toString()) ls() argtypes = jarray.array(['java.lang.String', 'java.lang.String'],java.lang.String) argvalues = jarray.array(['C:/SampleAppLite.rpd', 'Admin123'],java.lang.Object) invoke('uploadRepository',argvalues,argtypes) cd('..') cd('oracle.biee.admin:type=BIDomain,group=Service') objs = jarray.array([],java.lang.Object) strs = jarray.array([],java.lang.String) invoke('commit',objs,strs)

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Managing the Oracle BI Repository and Web Catalog using EM
• Enterprise Manager is now used to deploy new RPD files (repository) and presentation catalog directories ‣ RPD files are uploaded using EM; catalogs have to be manually copied to servers • Deploys metadata across all BI Server and Presentation Server nodes in the cluster (unless shared directories have been defined)

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Managing the Oracle BI Repository and Web Catalog using EM
• Enterprise Manager is now used to deploy new RPD files (repository) and presentation catalog directories ‣ RPD files are uploaded using EM; catalogs have to be manually copied to servers • Deploys metadata across all BI Server and Presentation Server nodes in the cluster (unless shared directories have been defined)

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying a New RPD Step 1 : Lock & Edit Configuration
• Using EM, select Capacity Management > Performance • Press the Lock and Edit Configuration button ‣ Places an exclusive lock on the domain; you either then have to Activate changes, or Release Configuration

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying a New RPD Step 1 : Lock & Edit Configuration
• Using EM, select Capacity Management > Performance • Press the Lock and Edit Configuration button ‣ Places an exclusive lock on the domain; you either then have to Activate changes, or Release Configuration

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying a New RPD Step 2 : Select RPD, Enter Password
• Select Deployment > Repository • Press Browse to select repository (RPD) file • Enter repository password twice, then press Apply to save the change

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying a New RPD Step 2 : Select RPD, Enter Password
• Select Deployment > Repository • Press Browse to select repository (RPD) file • Enter repository password twice, then press Apply to save the change

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying a New RPD Step 3 : Activate, and Restart BI Server
• Press the Activate button to make the configuration changes • Restart the BI Server(s) to start using the new RPD online

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying a New RPD Step 3 : Activate, and Restart BI Server
• Press the Activate button to make the configuration changes • Restart the BI Server(s) to start using the new RPD online

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying a New Catalog Step 1 : Lock & Edit Configuration
• Using EM, select Capacity Management > Performance • Press the Lock and Edit Configuration button ‣ Places an exclusive lock on the domain; you either then have to Activate changes, or Release Configuration

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying a New Catalog Step 1 : Lock & Edit Configuration
• Using EM, select Capacity Management > Performance • Press the Lock and Edit Configuration button ‣ Places an exclusive lock on the domain; you either then have to Activate changes, or Release Configuration

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying a New RPD Step 2 : Select RPD, Enter Password
• Select Deployment > Repository • Type in path to the new web catalog • Press Apply to save the change

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying a New RPD Step 3 : Activate, and Restart BI Server
• Press the Activate button to make the configuration changes • Restart the BI Presentation Server(s) to start using the new catalog

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Deploying a New RPD Step 3 : Activate, and Restart BI Server
• Press the Activate button to make the configuration changes • Restart the BI Presentation Server(s) to start using the new catalog

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Saturday, 1 October 11

System Configuration Changes using Enterprise Manager
• Most important system configuration settings are now managed through EM • Ensures that all changes you make are applied across all nodes in the cluster • Graphical interface for managing common settings including ‣ Caching and other performance settings ‣ Number and scale-out of system components across cluster ‣ Miscelaneous settings including # rows returned, read-only RPD etc • Each BI environment has its own EM website, which manages all nodes in the domain

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Performance Options Managed Through EM
• Query Cache Enabled | Disabled ‣ Maximum Cache Entry Size ‣ Maximum Cache Entries • Global Cache Path (used when clustering BI Servers) ‣ Global Cache Size • Disallow online RPD Updates • User Session Expiry (seconds) • Maximum Rows Processed (for Table View) • Maximum Number of Rows/Page (for Email)

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Manually Managed System Configuration Settings
• Settings not managed by EM have to be manually managed by editing configuration files (NQSConfig.INI, instanceconfig.XML) etc ‣ Populate Aggregate Rollup Hits (Cache) ‣ Use Advanced Hit Detection (Cache) ‣ Maximum Subexpression Search Depth (Cache) ‣ Use Advanced Hit Detection (Cache) ‣ Virtual Table Page Size (for in-memory joins, calcs) • Be sure to deploy changes across all system components on all nodes, and to not alter managed settings

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Saturday, 1 October 11

How Does Enterprise Manager Work “Under the Covers”?
• Enterprise Manager uses the OBIEE 11g Systems Management API to perform administration tasks ‣ You can also use this API through WLST scripting, or through Java code • Uses a set of JMX MBeans (Java Management Extensions) to perform tasks ‣ MBeans are Managed Beans, Java utilities that have properties and methods ‣ Every EM task has a corresponding MBean method ‣ Some MBeans have yet to be exposed through EM

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Saturday, 1 October 11

The Oracle BI Systems Management API
• A collection of MBeans used for providing systems management functions for OBIEE • A subset of the wider range of MBeans in Fusion Middleware 11g • Key Systems Management API MBeans include ‣ ServerConfigurationMBean : upload and register new repositories ‣ BIDomainMBean : lock, commit and rollback changes to OBIEE config ‣ BIInstanceMBean : Start, stop and restart components ‣ BILogConfigurationMBean, EmailConfigurationMBean etc

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Invoking an MBean using WLST
• All Simple BI WLST scripts have the same common structure 1. Connect to the WLS Admin Server (connect) 2. CD to the correct Systems Management API MBean 3. Prepare input array for invocation 4. Prepare output array for invocation 5. Call the MBean method
connect("weblogic","welcome1","localhost:7001") domainCustom() cd ('oracle.biee.admin') cd ('oracle.biee.admin:type=BIDomain,group=Service') biinstances = get('BIInstances') biinstance = biinstances[0] cd ('..') cd ('oracle.biee.admin:type=BIDomain,group=Service') objs = jarray.array([],java.lang.Object) strs = jarray.array([],java.lang.String) invoke('lock',objs,strs) cd('..')

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Scripting EM Operations using WLST and the Systems Mgmt API
• All calls to the Oracle BI Systems Management API can be scripted through WLST • Command-line tool using Jython as the scripting language
connect("weblogic","welcome1","localhost:7001") domainCustom() cd ('oracle.biee.admin') cd ('oracle.biee.admin:type=BIDomain,group=Service') biinstances = get('BIInstances') biinstance = biinstances[0] cd ('..') cd ('oracle.biee.admin:type=BIDomain,group=Service') objs = jarray.array([],java.lang.Object) strs = jarray.array([],java.lang.String) invoke('lock',objs,strs) cd('..')

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Scripting EM Operations using WLST and the Systems Mgmt API
• All calls to the Oracle BI Systems Management API can be scripted through WLST • Command-line tool using Jython as the scripting language
connect("weblogic","welcome1","localhost:7001") domainCustom() cd ('oracle.biee.admin') cd ('oracle.biee.admin:type=BIDomain,group=Service') biinstances = get('BIInstances') biinstance = biinstances[0] cd ('..') Lock method cd ('oracle.biee.admin:type=BIDomain,group=Service') objs = jarray.array([],java.lang.Object) • Create lock on Oracle BI Domain, strs = jarray.array([],java.lang.String) prior to configuration invoke('lock',objs,strs) cd('..') change

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Saturday, 1 October 11

WLST Script Continued
cd (biinstance.toString()) biserver = get('ServerConfiguration') cd('..') cd(biserver.toString()) ls() argtypes = jarray.array(['java.lang.String','java.lang.String'],java.lang.String) argvalues = jarray.array(['C:/SampleAppLite.rpd','Admin123'],java.lang.Object) invoke('uploadRepository',argvalues,argtypes) cd('..') cd('oracle.biee.admin:type=BIDomain,group=Service') objs = jarray.array([],java.lang.Object) strs = jarray.array([],java.lang.String) invoke('commit',objs,strs)

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Saturday, 1 October 11

WLST Script Continued
cd (biinstance.toString()) biserver = get('ServerConfiguration') uploadRepository Method cd('..') cd(biserver.toString()) • Obtain next RPD sequence no. ls() argtypes = • Copy the RPD name and jarray.array(['java.lang.String','java.lang.String'],java.lang.String) password into the MBean argvalues = jarray.array(['C:/SampleAppLite.rpd','Admin123'],java.lang.Object) properties invoke('uploadRepository',argvalues,argtypes) cd('..') cd('oracle.biee.admin:type=BIDomain,group=Service') objs = jarray.array([],java.lang.Object) strs = jarray.array([],java.lang.String) invoke('commit',objs,strs)

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Saturday, 1 October 11

WLST Script Continued
cd (biinstance.toString()) biserver = get('ServerConfiguration') cd('..') cd(biserver.toString()) ls() argtypes = jarray.array(['java.lang.String','java.lang.String'],java.lang.String) argvalues = jarray.array(['C:/SampleAppLite.rpd','Admin123'],java.lang.Object) invoke('uploadRepository',argvalues,argtypes) cd('..') cd('oracle.biee.admin:type=BIDomain,group=Service') objs = jarray.array([],java.lang.Object) strs = jarray.array([],java.lang.String) invoke('commit',objs,strs)

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Saturday, 1 October 11

WLST Script Continued
cd (biinstance.toString()) biserver = get('ServerConfiguration') cd('..') cd(biserver.toString()) ls() argtypes = jarray.array(['java.lang.String','java.lang.String'],java.lang.String) argvalues = jarray.array(['C:/SampleAppLite.rpd','Admin123'],java.lang.Object) invoke('uploadRepository',argvalues,argtypes) cd('..') cd('oracle.biee.admin:type=BIDomain,group=Service') • Activate configuration changes objs = jarray.array([],java.lang.Object) • Upload the RPD strs = jarray.array([],java.lang.String) • Update config files invoke('commit',objs,strs)

commit Method

• Store password in Credstore

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Other Useful Uses of WLST Scripting
• Stopping, starting and restarting the BI Instance • Stopping, starting and restarting individual components • Changing the web catalog path • Creating roles and mapping them to LDAP groups • Enabling and disabling caching • Setting other performance parameters • Vertical and horizontal scaleout

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Saturday, 1 October 11

Summary
• Projects that scale beyond a single developer need deployment & change management • Many tools are available within OBIEE 11g to handle multi-developer teams • Keep things as simple as possible; but if required, there is MUD • Key to MUD is understanding what goes on when you check-out/check-in projects • 11g introduces far less intrusive locking, makes MUD more viable • The lack of in-built version control can be overcome with tools such as Subversion • Always use EM to propagate system changes, and if required, script with WLST.

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Saturday, 1 October 11

More Information
• Thank you for attending this presentation • More information can be found at http://www.rittmanmead.com • Contact us at info@rittmanmead.com or mark.rittman@rittmanmead.com • Look out for our book, “Oracle Business Intelligence Developers Guide” due Q1 2012 • Follow-us on Twitter (@rittmanmead) or Facebook (facebook.com/rittmanmead)

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Saturday, 1 October 11

OBIEE Deployment & Change Mgmt Best Practices
Mark Rittman, Technical Director, Rittman Mead Oracle OpenWorld 2011, San Francisco, October 2011
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Saturday, 1 October 11

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