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For Examiners Use

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2

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Diagram 2.1 shows the action of enzyme maltase on substrate P. Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan tindakan enzim maltase ke atas substrat P.

P Enzyme maltase Enzim maltase

Q Enzyme maltase Enzim maltase

Diagram 2.1 Rajah 2.1


2(a) 2

(a) Name molecules P and Q. Namakan molekul P dan Q. P : .. Q : .. [2 marks] [2 markah]

(b) (i) The action of enzyme maltase on substrate P is specific. Explain this statement. Tindakan enzim maltase ke atas substrat P adalah spesifik. Terangkan pernyataan ini. ..
2(b)(i)

..
2

.. [2 marks] [2 markah] (ii) Based on Diagram 2.1, state two other characteristics of enzyme maltase. Berdasarkan Rajah 2.1, nyatakan dua ciri enzim maltase yang lain.

2(b)(ii)

1. ..
2

2. .. [2 marks] [2 markah]

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For Examiners Use

(c) When a sliced apple is exposed to air, an enzyme in the apple starts a chemical reaction which cause the apple turning brown. Diagram 2.2 shows the observation made on a sliced apple before and after a treatment as follows: Part R: Soaked in an alkali Part S: Soaked in a distilled water Apabila sepotong epal didedahkan ke udara, sejenis enzim dalam epal akan memulakan tindak balas kimia yang menyebabkan epal bertukar perang. Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan pemerhatian yang dibuat ke atas potongan epal sebelum dan selepas satu rawatan seperti berikut: Bahagian R: Direndam di dalam alkali Bahagian S: Direndam di dalam air suling

After 30 minutes R S Selepas 30 minit

Diagram 2.2 Rajah 2.2 (i) Based on Diagram 2.2, explain your observation. Berdasarkan Rajah 2.2, terangkan pemerhatian anda. ...... ......
2(c)(i)

...... ...... [3 marks] [3 markah] (ii) Explain another treatment to avoid sliced apples from turning brown. Terangkan satu rawatan lain untuk mengelakkan potongan epal bertukar perang. ...... ......
2(c)(ii) 3

...... ...... [3 marks] [3 markah]


3 Total A2 12 12

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P PERC SPM SBP BIOLOGI 2010


Question 2 No (a)

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

Criteria Able to name molecules P and Q. Answer: P: maltose Q: glucose Able to explain the statement; The action of enzyme maltase on substrate P is specific. Sample answers: Enzyme maltase only acts on (substrate) P // One enzyme only acts on one substrate only. The active site (of the enzyme) is specific to certain substrate. Able to state two other characteristics of enzyme maltase. Sample answers: Enzyme molecule is not destroyed by the reaction. Enzyme is needed in small quantity Enzyme can catalyse a reversed reaction. Any 2

Marks 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 1 1

(b) (i)

(ii)

(c) (i)

Able to explain the observation based on Diagram 2.2. Sample answers: The apple Part R remains the same but Part S turns brown / black. Alkali (medium / condition) is not suitable for the enzyme. Neutral (medium / condition) is suitable for the enzyme. Enzyme is denatured / destroyed by the alkali // The alkali neutralises / change the charges on the active sites of the enzyme // The enzyme cannot catalyse / start the chemical reaction / oxidation process / no oxidation in Part R. Any 3 Able to explain another treatment to avoid sliced apples from turning brown. Sample answers: Soak the apple in warm / hot water Enzymes are destroyed / denatured by heat No chemical reaction / oxidation process OR Soak in hydrochloric acid / pineapple juice Enzymes are destroyed / denatured by low pH No chemical reaction / oxidation process OR Coat the sliced apple in sugar / oil Enzymes are not exposed to air / oxygen No chemical reaction / oxidation process TOTAL

3 3 1 1 1 OR 1 1 1 OR 1 1 1 12

(ii)

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

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