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PRODUCT LAUNCH PRESENTATION

MARCH 2009

formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

A new addition, to the Activist range of Rapid Uptake & Sustained Release high analysis suspension fertilisers

Activist Zinc
Launched, mid-2007

Activist MAX zinc


Launched, mid-2008

Activist MAG-FLO
Launched, late-2008
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

2009
Activist RED
Launched, early-2009
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

AGENDA
Role of copper in plant growth Copper deficiency symptoms Nitrogen induced copper deficiency Broadacre crop copper removal figures Activist - foliar nutrition technology Key benefits Comparative copper analysis Field trial results Field trial - Coonalpyn wheat Application rates and information Summary Additional information
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Role of Copper in plant growth


COPPER is essential for the production of key enzymes responsible for photosynthesis

INCREASING COPPER DEFICIENCY SEVERITY

COPPER is essential for fruit and grain setting and filling

COPPER is generally considered to be an immobile plant nutrient and is therefore, unable to be readily translocated from the older leaves to the growing tips.
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

COPPER is essential for the production of lignin, leading to reduced lodging

TIP: To identify Copper


deficiency, look at the new leaves first - in particular look for stunted growth.

COPPER leads to increased lignification, enhancing resistance to nematodes and root diseases.

Copper deficiency symptoms are usually found in younger leaves

Role of Copper in plant growth


COPPER is essential for fruit and grain setting and filling INCREASING COPPER DEFICIENCY SEVERITY

COPPER is generally considered to be an immobile plant nutrient and is therefore, unable to be readily translocated from the older leaves to the growing tips.
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

Copper deficiency in wheat

50% flowable copper

COPPER is essential for the production of keyenzymes responsible for photosynthesis

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

TIP: To identify Copper


deficiency, look at the new leaves first - in particular look for stunted growth.

Copper deficient asian vegetable

Copper deficiency symptoms are usually found in younger leaves

COPPER DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS


Common in a wide range of crops
Legume Cereal

formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Image from - Micronutrients for Sustainable Food, Feed, Fibre and Bioenergy Production - IFA, 2008

Analysis

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Copper deficient Peanut plant

Copper deficient Wheat crop

Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Common copper deficiency symptoms include:


scorching of leaf tips deformed new growth pale-yellowing of shoots twisting intertwined growth severe lodging in cereals colourless bent heads in cereals - whiplash

COPPER DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS


Common in a wide range of crops
Vegetable Fruit

formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Copper deficient Potato plant

Copper deficient Citrus plant

Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Common copper deficiency symptoms include:


scorching of leaf tips deformed new growth pale-yellowing of shoots twisting intertwined growth severe lodging in cereals colourless bent heads in cereals - whiplash

Nitrogen induced Copper deficiency


Common in a wide range of crops
The application of excessive Nitrogen, particularly in the form of Ammonia often leads to N-induced Copper deficiencies due to high N : Cu ratio. During periods of rapid plant growth, particularly in spring the uptake of Copper is often inhibited by excessive Nitrogen. Slower release forms of Copper are more suitable for ensuring a more constant uptake of Copper, reducing the risk of deficiencies. Activist RED enables a large proportion of a plants Copper requirements to be applied at once with reduced phytotoxicity risks. Activist RED is compatible with a commonly used Nitrogen source - UAN (Urea Ammonium Nitrate) for down the tube applications, further addressing the Copper requirements of a given crop. It is important to note that small amounts of Nitrogen actually improve the uptake and metabolism of Copper. (Activist RED contains 6.9% Nitrrogen)
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Broadacre crop Copper removal figures


CROP TYPE Copper Removal
(g/T)

Wheat Barley Oats Canola Chickpea Field Peas Lupins

4.5 5 5 6 7 5 5
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Depending on the intensity of cropping, continual cropping is responsible for mining significant amounts of native Copper and if these reserves are not replenished, major losses in production can be expected.

FOLIAR NUTRITION TECHNOLOGY


Plant Plant leaf Leaf cross-section
Fertiliser droplet Absorption Ex-cuticular movement Nutrient translocation Cuticle Upper epidermis Palisade mesophyll cell

Leaf cuticle cross-section

Xylem Phloem Lower epidermis Spongy mesophyll cell Guard cell

Cuticle Stoma

formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Activist RED incorporates Agrichems foliar nutrition technologies including:


Superior particle sizing with finer and more uniform composition Addition of a range of proprietary adjuvants including penetrants and dispersal agents Produced in ISO9000 accredited production facilities

Agrichems innovative ACTIVIST TECHNOLOGY

FOLIAR NUTRITION TECHNOLOGY


with water under the control of a proprietary catalyst which regulates the rate of hydrolysis providing a controlled-release source of Copper Hydroxide to supplement the faster-acting component of the formulation. Other additives in Activist Products: dispersal agents cuticular penetrant phyto-chemicals

Mode of Action: Copper Oxide is hydrolysed

Dispersal

Agent

Improved Coverage of leaf surface with microfine suspension particles Improved Penetration of leaf cuticle by copper cation Controlled Release of plant available nutrient Enhanced Metabolism growth

Penetrant
Reactive

Cuticular

Catalyst
Enhanced

Phyto-Chemicals of nutrient in plant Particle Specifications Diameter: < 0.5 micron Surface Area: high Chemical Properties: advanced Oxide Retention: high Cation Dispersal: high Cation Uptake: high Uptake Uniformity: advanced

Strong-sticking based on; - small particle-size - optimal surface chemistry - hydrophillic leaf-surface

formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Leaf-cuticle surface Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)


Large particles with poor dispersal

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Conventional Copper Suspension


Mode of Action: Copper Oxide is hydrolysed with
water, and the resulting Copper cation is partially absorbed through the leaf surface at an uncontrolled rate.

Particle Specifications Diameter: 10 - 20 micron Surface Area: low Chemical Properties: poor Oxide Retention: low Cation Dispersal: poor Cation Uptake: low Uptake Uniformity: poor

Poor-sticking based on; - large particle-size - inferior surface chemistry - hydrophobic leaf-surface

Leaf-cuticle surface

FOLIAR NUTRITION TECHNOLOGY

The Activist Range has been designed to incorporate a number of revolutionary technologies developed by Agrichem over 25years of researching the mechanisms for enhanced Nutrient Uptake. These technologies combined with a range of additives that effectively act as adjuvants are designed to improve the efficiency and safety of trace element fertiliser applications. Products in the Activist Range have both a fast-acting component and a slower release component with regards to nutrient-uptake and the formulations are highly flowable.

TECHNOLOGY
Agrichem Exclusive Additives
Dispersal

Agent

Penetrant

Cuticular

Catalyst

Reactive

Phyto-Hormones

Enhanced

formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Chemical Reaction:

Analysis

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Copper(I) Oxide

Ionic Copper (hydrolysed)

Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Low Plant Availability

controlled reaction

High Plant Availability

Conventional Suspension
Chemical Reaction:

Copper Oxide

Copper (various forms)

Low Plant Availability

uncontrolled reaction

Variable Plant Availability

Key Benefits of
Enhanced uptake of copper Sustained uptake of copper High analysis source of copper Highly flowable formulation Contains 6.9% nitrogen Compatible with UAN Compatible with broader range of Agrochemicals (refer to Activist RED compatibility chart)
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Comparative Copper Analysis

Chemical Formulation comparison

Analysis (w/w%)
50%(w/v%)
33.2% (w/w%)

Comment
High analysis and highly plant available source of Copper incorporating Activist Foliar Nutrition Technology. Impressive compatibility and minimal phytotoxicity. Ultra high analysis source of Copper with reduced risk of phytotoxicity. Drawbacks include reduced compatibility. High risk of phytotoxicity, short-lived copper availabiilty. More suitable as a fungicide. High risk of phytotoxicity, short-lived copper availabiilty. High risk of phytotoxicity, short-lived copper availabiilty. Good compatibility but low copper analysis and very expensive per unit of copper Good compatibility but very low copper analysis and very expensive per unit of copper

75%(w/v%)
43.9% (w/w%)

formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Copper Hydroxide Copper Sulphate (mono) Copper Sulphate (penta) Copper EDTA Chelate Copper HEDTA Chelate

57.3% 35% 25% 13% 9%

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Field Trial Results


During the 2008 Australian broadacre season, Activist RED was extensively trialled under a range of different growing conditions across the major broadacre crop growing regions across Australia.
Activist RED was trialled in regions where Copper is known to be a limiting nutrient. The application of Copper also has been demonstrated to provide varying levels of enhanced natural immunity of a wide range of bacterial and fungal diseases through enhanced lignification.
Copper deficiency induced poor grain fill, and subsequently suboptimal yields achieved. Yield losses due to various bacterial and fungal diseases infecting plants.
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Field Trial Results 2008/09


- Coonalpyn South Australia

Location:

Coonalpyn 200km SE Adelaide 350mm ave. p.a. Sand over sandy loam
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

Rainfall: Soil type:

50% flowable copper

Analysis

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Observation: Severe copper deficiencies visible, with poor grain fill and extensive lodging

Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

CONTROL

Trial conducted by Agrichem South Australia Broadacre Area Manager, Des Andriske.

Field Trial Results 2008/09


- Coonalpyn South Australia

Activist RED was applied as either a 150ml/Ha or a 500ml/Ha rate or both, and the applications were made as either early or late (during the season) or both. All treatments with Activist RED achieved significant improvements in yield. The image on the left is from a crop that was treated with a 150ml/Ha application of Activist RED.

formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Field Trial Results 2008/09


- Coonalpyn South Australia
Control Yields The control plots in the trial achieved yields of 0.958 t/Ha and 1.005t/Ha, respectively. Average yield 0.981t/Ha. Activist RED Yields Application amount & timing 150ml early 500ml early 500ml late 150ml early & late 500ml early & late

Yield (t/Ha) 2.416 2.305 2.523 2.430 1.081

formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Conclusion The application of Activist RED early in the season is effective in improving in-situ plant copper levels resulting in greater than 100% improvements in yield.

ROI > 100 : 1


A return of greater $100 achieved for every $1 spent on the purchase of Activist RED

Application rates and information


Directions for use
Agitate contents well before dilution. Suitable for application by:
Aerial Spray Foliar Down the Tube

CROP
BEANS BRASSICAS CANOLA CEREALS Barley, oats, wheat -foliar -down-the-tube CORN, MAIZE CITRUS CUCURBITS Cucumbers, melons, pumpkins, zucchini LETTUCE, SPINACH AND OTHER LEAFY VEGETABLES LUCERNE

RATE / ha
150 375 ml 150 375 ml 150 525 ml

MIN DILUTION*
1 : 200 1 : 200 1 : 50

COMMENTS
Spray 10 14 days after planting or emergence Spray 10 14 days after planting or emergence Apply at 4 weeks and again if necessary at the onset of stem elongation

150 525 ml 75 150 ml 345 - 525 ml 225 375 ml 150 375 ml 150 375 ml 150 - 375 ml

1 : 50 1 : 50 1 : 200 1 : 200 1 : 200 1 : 100

Spray at stem extension and again at booting Apply at 6 leaf stage Apply post harvest to copper deficient trees, not during budding or fruit development Spray 10 14 days after planting or emergence Spray 10 14 days after planting or emergence For grazing or seed production: Apply early in the season, after 1st cut Apply at bud formation Apply when sufficient leaf area Spray 10 14 days after planting or emergence Spray 10 14 days after planting or emergence
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

ONIONS POTATOES, ROOT, BULB OR TUBER CROPS SOLANACEOUS CROPS Chillies, eggplant, peppers, tomatoes SUGAR CANE TREE CROPS

225 - 375 ml 150 - 375 ml 150 - 375 ml

1 : 200 1 : 100 1 : 100

525 - 600 ml 225 1500 ml

1 : 100 1 : 100

Can be applied as a billet application or as a spray 10 14 days after crop emergence Apply in spring and autumn

MINIMUM DILUTION: A dilution of 1 : 100 means 1 part product : 100 parts water. In hot weather, use higher dilution rates WARNING: DO NOT apply Activist Red in tank mix with acidic formulations. Care should also be taken when. applying acidic products over the top of copper residues on plants, as burn may occur . Care should also be taken when applications are made with certain pesticides and herbicides. If the combination has not been used before, ensure a small area of crop is tested prior to widespread usage NOTE: The suggested rates of application are designed for typical Australian conditions and such should be used as a guide only. Each farmers climatic conditions, water quality, soil types, application processes and practices may differ and therefore necessitate corrections to ensure optimum results. Good agricultural practice requires that application be avoided under extreme weather conditions such as temperatures over 28oC, high humidity, frost, rain etc. It is recommended that when applying to a crop or area for the first time, or in combination with other chemicals, a small test area should be sprayed and observed prior to the total spray. Where possible, it is recommended that regular leaf (sap) tests are conducted to determine actual plant nutrient availability during each growth cycle. Soil tests at least once per year are essential.

Summary
Revolutionary new copper formulation with highly effective plant uptake resulting in significant improvements in crop yields where copper is a limiting plant nutrient Enhanced uptake of copper Sustained uptake of copper High analysis source of copper Highly flowable formulation Contains 6.9% nitrogen Compatible with UAN Compatible with a wide range of Agrochemicals
(refer to Activist RED compatibility chart)
formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

Additional information
For more information on:
Activist RED Application Product Information Sheets Nutrition Application Programs Compatibility Information Contact your local Agrichem Area Manager or Agrichem directly on:

formulation for the correction of copper deficiencies and growth maintenance in all crops

50% flowable copper

Analysis Copper (Cu) Nitrogen (N)

Australia (w/v%) 50.0 6.9

1800 654 758

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.com.au