Christine Sherwood

January 23, 2013

Adventure Therapy Timeline

1920s- first camp for psychologically challenged youth 1861- first organized summer camp- Gunnery School 1892- first camp for girls- Camp Arey in New York 1907- Boy Scouts founded in England by lieutenant- general Robert Badenpower 1909- Boy Scouts come to America because of random encounter 1910- BSA (Boy Scouts of America) first systematic program to incorporate adventure as an avenue for character development 1922- Camp Ramapo in New York first camp with specific purpose of working with delinquent and problem children in summer camp setting 1926- Camp Wawokiye founded in Ohio by the Cleveland Child guidance clinic and others in the years to come 1946- Dallas Salesman Club Camp with explicit goal of treating boys with emotional problems - Current model for many year-around therapeutic camps still in existence today o Like Eckerd Youth Alternatives o Three Springs o Wilderness Road Camping Association o National Association of Therapeutic Wilderness Camps 1962- Anneewakee founded directed and owned by Louis “Doc” Poetter in Georgia who pleaded to 19 counts of sodomy of patients in 1988, sentenced to 8 years in prison 1962- Outward Bound comes to the United States - Kurt Hahn’s laws similar to Chocorua Principles emphasized goal of character training - Had teachers and character trainers Five social diseases - Decline in Fitness o Due to the locomotive - Decline in initiative o Due to widespread disease of spectatoritis - Decline in care and skill o Due to weakened tradition of craftsmanship - Decline in self-disciple

Christine Sherwood

January 23, 2013

o Due to ever-present ability of tranquilizers and stimulants Decline of compassion o Spiritual death 1963- Paul Petzoldt becomes chief instructor of Outward Bound 1965- Paul Petzoldt left Outward Bound and founded NOLS 1968- Brigham Youth University 480 goes on to influence the majority of primitive survival skills-based wilderness therapy programs that emerged in the 1980s and 1990s 1971- Project Adventure founded by Jerry Pieh wanted to adapt OB to a more traditional school setting 1973- VisionQuest formed as one of the first private for-profit organizations that integrated the outdoors for rehabilitation of adjudicated and behaviorally challenged youth 1978- Boulder Outdoor Survival School was founded based on the BYU model, is the oldest primitive survival school in America 1977- Woodswoman Inc, Located in Minnesota founded by three women as nonprofit adventure organization for women and children 1980s- Therapeutic Adventure Professional Group (TAPG), committed to development of adventure-based programming principles in therapeutic setting 1981- School of Urban and Wilderness Survival (SUWS) first to take escorted adolescents (unwilling participants brought

1988-1989- Anaszi Foundation, Wilderness Quest, Aspen Achievement Academy 1999- Outdoor Behavioral Research Cooperation (OBHRC) directed by Keith C Russell 12 programs working for a higher standard in wilderness and outdoor treatment programs

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