SUPPORT FOR ARTS AND CULTURE IN THE UNITED STATES

National Endowment for the Arts

Support for Arts and Culture
Distinctive Features: 2 aspects: non-profit and commercial Decentralized support Tax policy incentives Private sector support

Non-profit vs Commercial
Not-for-profit Organizations Commercial Businesses

Serve a public purpose Theater Museums Orchestras Non-profit presses

Goal is financial gain Broadway theater Commercial galleries Pop concerts Commercial publishers “Hollywood” films

Decentralized Government Support
The United States has no Ministry of Culture Generally, government support is limited to non profit organizations Government support offered at different levels: Federal government (many agencies) State governments Local governments

Decentralized Government Support
Many Federal agencies support arts and culture (2012)

National Endowment for the Arts ($146.2 million) National Endowment for the Humanities ($146.2 million) Institute of Museum and Library Services ($242.6 million) Corporation for Public Broadcasting ($420 million)

Smithsonian Institution ($811.5 million) National Gallery of Art: $114.1 million) Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts ($36.8 million)

Decentralized Government Support
State governments support arts and culture:

50 State Arts Agencies (SAAs) and 6 jurisdictions Total of SAAs budgets FY2011: $275 million

Direct Government Support
Local governments support arts and culture
Mayor’s Office County government Non-profit organizations (sometimes) There are approximately 5,000 local arts agencies

Local governments may have specific tax policies that provide funding for the arts
Hotel/motel tax Sales tax

Direct Government Support
What it does: What it does not do:

Reflects the decentralization inherent in US structure of federal, state, and local governments Complements other streams of funding Promotes cooperative relationships and partnerships

Create a single policy for the development of culture in the U.S. Allow one agency to control all funding Finance the majority of U.S. arts activity

Indirect Support: Tax Incentives
U.S. tax policies allow individuals to deduct contributions made to non-profit organizations from their income taxes Individuals make a personal choice about their contributions. The U.S. has a long history of individual and corporate philanthropy.

Private Sector Support
Total charitable contributions in 2010: $290.89 billion

$13.3 billion for arts and culture

Average U.S. Cultural Organization
Performing Arts Organization & Museum Budgets
Gov’t Income 6.7%

Estimates are based on an analy sis of 20062006- 2010 data from the Urban Institute’s Institute’ National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS) and the U.S. Census Bureau’s Bureau’ Economic Census. Various other data sources were als o used where estimates were missing or for validation.

Support for Arts and Culture
Distinctive Features: 2 aspects: non-profit and commercial Decentralized support Tax policy incentives Private sector support

NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS
Support for Arts and Culture in the United States

What is the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA)?
An independent federal agency established by Congress in 1965 Dedicated to advancing artistic excellence, creativity, and innovation for the benefit of individuals and communities Awards grants to arts organizations of all sizes across all 50 states and 6 U.S. territories

Who We Are
As an Executive Agency, the NEA is headed by a Chairman appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate Each year, the budget request is sent to Congress to be debated and appropriated The NEA budget for FY2012 is $146.2 million

Chairman Rocco Landesman

NEA Funding
Direct Grants State and Regional Partnerships Leadership Initiatives Literature Fellowships Lifetime Honors

Artistic Disciplines for Direct Grants
¨ Artist Communities Direct grants constitute 60% of NEA’s ¨ Arts Education grant funding. ¨ Dance ¨ ¨ ¨ ¨ ¨ ¨ ¨ ¨ ¨ ¨ ¨ ¨

Design Folk & Traditional Arts Literature Local Arts Agencies Media Arts Museums Music Musical Theater Opera Presenting Theater Visual Arts

State and Regional Grants
40% of the NEA’s program budget is allocated to State Arts Agencies and Regional Arts Organizations.

Leadership Initiatives
Model Projects
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Indisputable artistic quality and merit Broad national reach Partnerships with other organizations Strong educational component

Literature Fellowships
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Poetry Fiction and Creative Nonfiction Translation

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Lifetime Honors
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National Medal of Arts NEA Jazz Masters NEA Heritage Fellows
2009 National Medal of Arts Recipient Rita Moreno receives her award from President Obama.

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2010 National Heritage Fellow Laverne Brackens

1999 Jazz Master Dave Brubeck

Applying for NEA Grants
Who may apply What we do not fund Grant review process Advisory panels

Who May Apply
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Nonprofit, Tax-Exempt 501(c)(3) Organizations
n n n

Arts Organizations Arts Service Organizations Local Arts Agencies

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Official Units of State or Local Government
n n

School Districts City or State Arts Commissions

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Federally Recognized Tribal Communities or Tribes

Other Requirements

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Three-year history of programming 1-to-1 match for project budget

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We Do Not Fund:
Individuals Individual schools General operating or seasonal support Facility construction, purchase, or renovation Commercial, for-profit enterprises Creation of new organizations Academic degrees Re-granting Projects that supplant existing in-school arts instruction

Grant Review Process

Review Criteria: Artistic Excellence and Artistic Merit

Advisory Panels
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Discipline-specific Expertise Diverse Artistic Perspectives Broad Geographic Representation Gender and Ethnic Diversity Confidential Deliberation Conflict-free

National Council on the Arts
18 artists, arts administrators and arts patrons appointed by the President and 6 non voting Members of Congress. Meets three times a year in Washington, DC to review and recommend grants.

Art Works
Application Deadlines March 2013
Earliest Project Start Date: January 1, 2014

August 2013
Earliest Project Start Date: June 1, 2014

NEA Funding
As the final step in review, the Chairman of the NEA makes the decision on grants awarded. The NEA receives approximately 5,000 applications yearly and awards approximately 2,000 grants.

More Information
www.arts.gov www.grants.gov

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