Tai Chi Lexicon

General list of terms associated with practice of Taji. Terms are presented alphabetically in PinYin, along with the proper tone(s) for pronunciation, along with the equivalent phonetic English. Phonetic English is based upon easily recognized sound patterns which are near equivalents of the properly spoken Chinese, using dictionary Mandarin Chinese, with a standard Beijing accent. There will be differences in the way Chinese people say these same words, there are many regional dialects and idiosyncrasies. This is T.V. Chinese, similar to what you might hear on the Asian news of the International Channel. Any changes additions or corrections are welcome, just let me know. Some of the tone markers are subjective, based upon personal experience, and may require some fine tuning. Tones: 0 1 2 3 4 neutral (no tone, pronounce the syllable without any inflection) high (the syllable is like the tip of a mountain, say it high, and hold the sound even) ascending (syllable spoken with the tone rising upward) dipping tone (starts almost low, dips a bit, then ascends slightly, think of the letter “u” or a valley) descending (syllable starts high, then tone drops or descends downward)

Chinese Term (In PinYin)
An

Tone
4

Phonetic English
anh

Definition
Push. Downward energy. The arms and body should move as a single unit. Number 4 of the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. Eight Pieces of Silk Brocade. A highly regarded Qigong sequence.

Ba Duan Jin

1,4,3

bah dewanh gin

Copyright 2006 - www.ironcrane.com, Tacoma, WA, USA (updated 12/10/06)

1

“Hundred meetings”.3 3 bah munh (“u” same as “u” in mud) buy heh buy hweigh boo fah tsai Chang. sealing opponent's breath and cavity press to defeat an attacker.BaGua 1. WA. San-Feng) Chin Na (Qin Na) ?. Yin and Yang.com. Last word in Taijiquan. White crane. Historical lore credits him with being the creator of Taijiquan.D.? 2. Number 5 of the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. Eight basic principles after the two. An opening through someone can attack. regarded as a nexus for many meridians. dividing the muscle. USA (updated 12/10/06) 2 . Fist. one of the three pillars of internal arts.4 chwan chewang dah leeooh (or lyu) Copyright 2006 .1. System using manipulation of joints.4 bahGwah Eight Palms.2 2. Ba Men Bai He Bai Hui Bu Fa Cai 1.). Eight trigrams. but before the 64 hexagrams.2 jahng. San-Feng (960-1279 A. Bring opponent’s force downward. Along with XingYi. Sometimes referred to as press (as in press down). sahn fung chin nah Chuan (Quan) Chuang Da Lu 4 1 4. Large Rollback. San-Feng (Zhang. How your feet should move. Needle at sea bottom. Eight Gates. Chang. Foot method. Tacoma.4 3. Window.ironcrane. The 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. Acupuncture point on the crown of the head. Lu is Number 2 of the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques.www. Pluck.4 4.

“hah” for downward.0. Stationary pushing hands. Tacoma.2 2. location will vary slightly. Teachings of the enlightened one.ironcrane.1 Fa Fei Long Fo Jiao 1 1.4. Ground window. Generally OK to think of it as 3 finger widths below the navel.4 4. 2) the solar plexus.2 don tienh Field of Elixir. Two generals.4.3 4.4.com. Striking or attacking. Classic of the Dao.4 fah feigh loong fuo geeow Copyright 2006 . USA (updated 12/10/06) 3 .www. Opportunity to attack an opponent from below. It is generally considered there are three in the body: 1) the brain. Acquiring Chi.1 1. Everything you need to know in one book that will fit in your purse or pocket (but not necessarily your mind).3 1.1 dow duh jing (or geengh) duh chee dee chewang ding bu tweigh show doong bu tweigh show are jiangh De Qi Di Chuang Ding Bu Tui Shou Dong Bu Tui Shou Er Jiang 2. Referring to the sounds “henh” and “hah” which are used to coordinate Dan Tian with movement. Dao de Jing 4.Dan Tian 1. “henh” for outward and forward energy. WA.4. Depending on source of explanation. Moving pushing hands. 3) the lower abdomen. which is also referred to as QiHai (Sea of Qi). Our focus is on the third. Flying Dragon Buddhism. and two thirds of the body width from front to rear. More literally means to arrive at Chi. Number 5 or the 5 qualities of push hands.

4 goong foo Kung Fu. still negative with some positive. This is the part of you which is energized by Qi. Number 1 of the 5 fundamental movements of Taiji. Like a coin bouncing off the surface of a drum. Step forward. WA.4 1 1 gin (and tonic) gin boo jing (or geengh) jing (or geengh) Jing Shen 1.com. Number 4 of the 5 qualities of push hands. Tacoma. Vital. If you have it. Yin when done inhaling. First stick to your opponent.www. Ha 4? hah Hai Di Hen 3. you are active and vigorous. Can mean semen.3 4 high dee henh Hua Ji 4 3 hwah gee (like gee whiz) Jin Jin Bu Jing Jing 4 1. Number 3 or the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. Sea bottom. Energy and time. When done exhaling.Gongfu 1. then press before he/she has opportunity to move or adjust. Essence of your living body. The 12 pairs of energy channels through which Qi flows. Yang in nature. USA (updated 12/10/06) 4 . A sound which you can emit as part of practice. Neutralizing.2 jing (or geengh) shun Copyright 2006 . Same origin as Gung Ho in English.ironcrane. Forward expanding energy. Now taken to mean Chinese martial arts. The groin area. Press. Muscular energy. Said to condense Yi and Qi into the marrow. Like water penetrating a rock throught a fault in its surface. A focus on accomplishment/excellence. increases the focus of energy and augments power. Different character than above.

Force. Using opposing forces to off balance an opponent.1 4 leeangh ee leeyeah Copyright 2006 . Empty door. Kong Men 1. any body part.4(or0) Leng Jin Li 3. back. You can feel their Li. Split or Tear/Rend. An attach which is sudden and surprises your opponent. hip. In fact.www. Those things we hope teacher will give to us if we're very good. Number 8 of the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. This is Number 6 of the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques.3 Literally "mouth secrets".com. you can not feel their Qi. WA. Muscular power. at the request of a border guard just before checking out of society. thigh. Lao Shi Lao Zi 3. They can sense their Qi.1 3. Cold Jin. Tacoma. Means two posts.4 4 lung gin lee Liang Yi Lie 3. Secrets that are passed down as part of restricted oral tradition. they can not feel their Li. Uncertain whether the person existed in fact.Kao 4 cow Bump (with the shoulder).2 kung (think “King Kung”) mon (like money without “ey”) Koh(like “coat” without the “t”) jeweh lau (like “loud” without the “d”) shirh lau dz Kou Jue 4. Teacher (respectful address) Literally means “old one (particle)”. It's what your feel when someone hits you.ironcrane. USA (updated 12/10/06) 5 . History tells us this is the name of the man who wrote the dao de jing. A sucker punch. leg. An opening for attack. Two 1's. the bump can be with the shoulder.

To grab/control.Lu 4 leeooh (or lyu) Roll back. Number 3 of the 5 qualities of push hands.1. Expansive. Number 2 or the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. boundless energy. Ward off power. Tacoma.www. who. Like a snake. Denotes strength. Coil-suction. Number 1 or the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. like inflated ball. Between second/third lumbar vertebrae. Smear. power. Bounces incoming energy back in the direction from which it came. Softness. and rotate with his force. Cobra. Reverse breathing.1 4 pengh jing (or geengh) chee Copyright 2006 .1 muo (or mwaugh) nah nienh knee.2 mingh munh (“u” same as “u” in mud) Mo Na Nian Ni hu xi 1 2 2 4. Door of Life. shee Pan Xi Peng 2.1 3 panh shee pengh Peng Jing Qi 3. Moves back when “sitting”. A way of sticking and adhering to part of an opponent’s body. physical expansion on exhaling.com.ironcrane. offset balance. Sticking. Behind Dan Tian. Something you do as part of double pushing hands practice. Breathing opposite of normal. Essential energy. Allow opponent to enter. Control/capture incoming attack. Energy down and back. Physical compression on inhaling. WA. or when executing moves as in the Ba Men. just beneath the two kidneys. You’ll recognize it when you feel it. Ming Men 4. Wardoff. and opposite the naval. yielding. USA (updated 12/10/06) 6 .

or “sea” of Chi.2 1. Jing (deer) . bow (as in “bow down”) sahn. lower (kidney/liver). Qi (crane) .4 1.1 1. Shen (turtle) .2 2 1. In some contexts.spiritual energy. How your body should move. Three Wisdoms. Study of internal arts for self improvement.3 4.3 1.2 4. storage area. Qi Hai Qi He Qi Xing San Cai San Bao San Jiao 4.7. geeow San Shi Qi Shi San Yuan Shaolin Shen Shen Fa 3.D. Shaolin (small woods/trees/pines).life energy. Three Jewels (Treasures)..).1 chee goonhg The practice of movement to encourage chi enhancement and circulation in the body for health and or martial purposes.ironcrane. bank.www.com. WA. refers to the creator. Seven Stars.2 3. middle (navel-stomach/spleen).. Bodily function not rooted in physiology regulating water and energy in three areas: upper (head/chest-heart/lungs).3 sahn shir chee shir sanh yewanh shau linh shun (like shun evil) shun (like shun evil) fah Copyright 2006 . Three circles.2.3 chee high chee heh chee shing sahn tsai sahn.Qigong 4. 37 postures which populate the pattern. Spirit (where mind and thought function). Triple burner. Body method. Tacoma.the temple which coalesced the essential martial arts (377 A. USA (updated 12/10/06) 7 . The “sea of Chi”. That location in the lower abdomen which acts as the vault. Gather your chi.seminal energy.

Number 1 of the 5 qualities of push hands. Four directions. Push hands. USA (updated 12/10/06) 8 . To listen. How your hands should move. Relax. WA. Sky window. Tacoma. Listening. Not same as “relax” in English.4 show fah szi shiang Song 1 sungh Taijiquan Tian Chuang Tian Ling Gai Ting Ti Song Tui Bu Tui Shou 4.com.2 1.2.1 1.4 4. and forget you have arms. An attack opening in the higher part of the defender’s body. Top of the head. Grand ultimate fist.3 Shou Fa Si Xiang 4. Also means 4 elephants (like elephants which support the weight of creation standing at the four foundation points).0 shirh foo Martial arts master.www. Ex: Sifu Eric Clapton. Also used to address someone with competence in a specialized skill. Hand method. Elimination of counterproductive tension. Relax (or sink) the body.2.Shi Fu 1. 3. Elimination of muscular ratcheting.ironcrane.1 1 3?.4 4. Establish your root. Step backward. Heaven spirit cover. Number 2 of the 5 fundamental movements of Taiji.3 tai gee chwan tienh chewang tienh lingh guy ting dee sungh tweigh boo tweigh show Copyright 2006 . English common usage is the word Sifu (see foo). Close to the state your are in when you are doing cloud hands.

focus. Clear the mind. it can mean "Mind".ironcrane. Eye method. and the 10. an intention. The 5 fundamental movements of Taiji.2 Xiao Lu Xin 3. How your eyes should move. The 5 directions. Working the mind.000 things. Tacoma. some how. This is how the mainlanders refer to what we call Kung Fu. Wu Qi Wushu Wu Xiang Wu Xing 1?. not yet expressed. idea or thought. Small rollback.4 5. Mind.4 1 Xin Gong Xin Jing Yan Fa Yang Yi 1. 4? 3. It can also mean “What's in your heart”. Mind is commonly expressed as “Xin-Yi”.www. The 5 elements.4 1.3 2 4 shin goong shin geengh yenh fah yahng yee (the “y” is nearly completely silent) Copyright 2006 . or energized pole of the manifest world. Literally. and Taiji. positive. it's the heart organ. Also intent. The primordial state. like English. Calm the mind. intent. Yi is the expression of Xin. or forceful. Preceding Yin and Yang. A remote center of development in the martial and Daoist arts. The full. Military arts.4 3.Wudang 3.4 3.1 woo(silent “w”) dahng woo chee woo shoo woo shiang woo shyeeng (like “shyeenging” in the rain) seow leeooh (or lyu) shin Mountain in Hubei. some way.com. Stillness. Before thought. mindfulness. See Crouching Tiger for more insight. USA (updated 12/10/06) 9 . Some where. they’re at the foundation to everything. Coincidentally. WA.

com. Third century Daoist scholar. Leading by walking away. Number 4 of the 5 fundamental movements of Taiji. “Bubbling Spring”. Energy source and connection to the ground beneath your midfoot/arch.2 4. Chuang Tzu. weak (apparently).1 john jewangh joong ding joong yee(the “y” is almost completely silent) jou (or joe) juwang dz Zhou Zhuang Zi 3 ?. Middle spot. negative pole of the manifest world.ironcrane. Number 7 of the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques.1 1.4 Elbow strike. Number 2 or the 5 qualities of push hands. Tacoma. "Beware of the Right".4 yinh yong quan yoh coongh munh yoh panh The empty. Number 5 of the 5 fundamental movements of Taiji. or stake). Sometimes called the “Genius of the Absurd.www. Stand like a post (or stump. WA. Zou 3 dzough Copyright 2006 . Qi and breath are moving. Body is still. Right Look.4. Zhan Zhuang Zhong Ding Zhong Yi 4.1 1. Brilliant and sometimes humourous portrayal of the Dao. after moving to the left. Chinese medicine. recessive. Right empty door. Opening on opponent’s right through which you can enter for an attack.Yin Yong Quan You Kong Men You Pan 1 3.2 4. Look to your right. Central Equilibrium. USA (updated 12/10/06) 10 .” Walking.

Pluck. Number 3 or the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. Bounces incoming energy back in the direction from which it came.8 Fundamental Techniques of Taiji (Combined techniques and directional movements are sometimes referred to as the Shi(2) San(1) Shi(4). Tacoma. power.4. or the 13 items) Peng 3 pengh Wardoff. Number 1 or the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques.www. Opening on opponent’s left through which you can enter for an attack. Number 2 or the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. Roll back.com. Needle at sea bottom. USA (updated 12/10/06) . then press before he/she has opportunity to move or adjust. Denotes strength. Like water penetrating a rock throught a fault in its surface. offset balance. Ba Men (The 8 Gates) . Like a coin bouncing off the surface of a drum. Softness.2 dswaugh goo dswaugh coongh munh (“u” same as “u” in mud) Step to the left. The arms and body should move as a single unit. 11 Lu 4 leeooh (or lyu) Ji 3 gee (like gee whiz) An Cai 4 3 anh tsai Copyright 2006 . Sometimes referred to as press (as in press down). Left empty door. Push. Allow opponent to enter. Number 5 of the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. like inflated ball. and rotate with his force. boundless energy. Number 4 of the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. yielding. First stick to your opponent. WA. Beware of the left. Bring opponent’s force downward. Number 3 of the 5 fundamental movements of Taiji. Press.Zuo Gu Zuo Kong Men 3.4 3.ironcrane. Control/capture incoming attack.

Step to the left.4 gin boo tweigh boo dswaugh goo yoh panh Step forward. Elbow strike. Number 1 of the 5 fundamental movements of Taiji.4 4. Number 3 of the 5 fundamental movements of Taiji. Right Look. thigh. Number 4 of the 5 fundamental movements of Taiji. "Beware of the Right". In fact. Central Equilibrium. after moving to the left.1 joong ding Zhan Zhuang (Standing like a Post) . the bump can be with the shoulder. Beware of the left.ironcrane. USA (updated 12/10/06) 12 . Look to your right. Number 7 of the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. Using opposing forces to off balance an opponent. hip.4 4. Number 2 of the 5 fundamental movements of Taiji. any body part. Tacoma.www. Zhou Kao 3 4 jou (or joe) cow Wu Xiang (5 Directions) . This is Number 6 of the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. Step backward. Number 5 of the 5 fundamental movements of Taiji. leg. WA.4 3. Number 8 of the 8 fundamental Taiji techniques. Bump (with the shoulder). back.The Five Fundamental Directional Movements of Taiji Jin Bu Tui Bu Zuo Gu You Pan 1.com.Basic Sequence Copyright 2006 . Middle spot.Lie 4 leeyeah Split or Tear/Rend. Zhong Ding 1.

2 shin geengh dee sungh chee heh Calm the mind. Establish your root. Stillness. The primordial state. Same origin as Gung Ho in English.com. Eight trigrams. intent.4 goong foo Fundamental Preparation for Tai Chi Xin Jing Ti Song Qi He 1. one of the three pillars of internal arts. Relax (or sink) the body. Kung Fu. Preceding Yin and Yang. Liang Yi San Cai Si Xiang 3.4 leeangh ee sahn tsai szi shiang BaGua 1. USA (updated 12/10/06) 13 . Eight Palms.2 4. Before thought. Copyright 2006 . Energy and time. Tacoma. Means two posts. Eight basic principles after the two.4 BahGwah Gongfu 1. Three Wisdoms. Number 1 of the 5 qualities of push hands. Along with XingYi. The Five Properties of Push Hands Ting 1 ting To listen. Gather your chi. Four directions. and the 10. 4? woo chee Position #1. A focus on accomplishment/excellence. Also means 4 elephants (like elephants which support the weight of creation standing at the four foundation points). Now taken to mean Chinese martial arts. Listening.www.Wu Qi 1?.ironcrane. Yin and Yang. Clear the mind. Two 1's. and Taiji. but before the 64 hexagrams.1 1.4 3?. WA.000 things.4 4.

Sticking.ironcrane.3 3. Copyright 2006 .3 3. Leading by walking away.www. How your hands should move. Number 2 or the 5 qualities of push hands. Number 4 of the 5 qualities of push hands. Tacoma.Zou Nian Hua Fa 3 2 4 1 dzough nienh hwah fah Walking. Number 3 of the 5 qualities of push hands. How your body should move. USA (updated 12/10/06) 14 . The Four Methods Shen Fa Shou Fa Bu Fa Yan Fa 1. How your eyes should move. How your feet should move. Hand method. Eye method. Neutralizing.com. Striking or attacking. WA.3 shun (like shun evil) fah show fah boo fah yenh fah Body method. Foot method.3 4. Number 5 or the 5 qualities of push hands.

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