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CAPE 2007 Pure Mathematics Unit 2 - Paper 01 Section A - Module 1

2x x

( a)

In the diagram below the curves at P (p, q)

2e

and

intersect

2e e x

2x

1 x

Determine the values of p and q (b) Solve 22 x


1

[5 marks] [3 marks] 2 1 e
x

6
2x

for x R
x

( a)

2e

2x

0 1 e
ln .2

ex

0 1 2

x = ln 2 P . ln . 2 , 1 2

(b)

(2 x

1 ) ln . 2

ln. 6

1 . ln . 6 2 ln . 2

x = 0.792 (3 d.p)

Alternatively:

2 . 22

1 lg. 3 2 lg. 2

x = 0.792 (3 dec places)

( a)

The parametric equations of a curve are

4 t

and

2 t2

2 [5 marks]

Find the gradient of the curve at the point (4, 4) (b) Differentiate with respect to x y tan2 3 x ln . x3

[4 marks]

( a)

dy dx

4t 4 t2

simplifies to

t3

x=4

t=1

dy dx

1
1

(b)

dy dx

2 . tan . ( 3 x ) . 3 sec2 . ( 3 x )

1 x
3

3 x2

dy dx

6 . tan . ( 3 x ) . sec2 ( 3 x )

3 x

( a)

Express constants

(3

5 x).( 2

x)

in the form

P 3 x 2

Q x

where P and Q are

[3 marks] (b) Hence find (3 5 x).( 2 x) dx [3 marks]

( a)

P. ( 2

x)

Q.( 3 1

x) 1

(3

5 x).( 2

x)

(b)

1 3 x

dx

1 2 x

ln. ( 3

x)

ln . ( 2

x)

ln. K ln . k . 3 2 x x

Obtain the following x. ( 2 x 5)4 dx

( a)

by substituting u = 2x - 5

[5 marks]

(b)

x . sec2 x d x

using integration by parts

[4 marks]

( a)

1 du 2

dx

1 (u 2

5)

1 (u 2

1 5 ) u4 . du u 2

1. 4

u5

5 u4 d u

1 . u6 4 6

u5

u5 (u 24

6)

(2 x

5 )5 ( 2 x 24

1)

(b)

x . tan . x

tan . x d x

x . tan . x

ln. cos . x

The cost $c of manufacturing x items may be modelled by the differential equation dc dx 2c 10 x

By using a suitable integrating factor solve the differential equation given that there is a cost of $100 when no items are produced [8 marks]
2dx

e2 x

dc e2 x. dx

2 e2 x c

e2 x . 10 x

d dx

c . e2

dx

e2 x 10 x d x c . e2
x

1 2x e 10 x 2

1 2x e ( 10 ) d x 2

c . e2

1 2x e 10 x 2 5 ( 1) 2

5 2x e 2

x = 0 c = 100

100

1 ( 0) 2

205 2

5x

5 2

205 2 e2
x

Section B - Module 2 6 A sequence {un} is defined by ( a) (b) Prove that If u1 2 un find un 2 un u3 2n un and u5 2n
2 1

un

2n

n 1 [4 marks] [4 marks] 2n un
1

( a)

un

un

un

un
1

2.

2n un
1

un

un

2 . un

(b)

u1 u5

2 2.(4)

u3

2.(2) yields 8

yields

u3 u5

2 . u1 2 . u3

The sum of the first and third terms of a GP is 50 and the sum of the second and fourth terms is 150. For this GP find ( a) (b) ( c) the common ratio the first term the sum of the first five terms [4 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks]

( a)

a. 1

r2

50

ar. 1

r2

150

r=3

(b)

a=5

( c)

S5

5 . 35 3 1

yields

605

Find the term independent of x in the expansion of

2 x2

5 x3

10

[7 marks]

( 10 ) ( 9 ) ( 8 ) ( 7 ) ( 2 )6 ( 5)4 24

yields

8400000

( a)

Use the fact that

n! . ( n k) ! k! xn xn

to express in terms of factorials x)2 x)2


n

( i) ( ii ) (b)

the coefficient u of the coefficient v of

in the expansion of in the expansion of

(1 (1

[2 marks]
1

[3 marks] [4 marks]

Hence show that u = 2v ( 2 n) ! n) ! xn ( 2 n) ! . n x ( 2 n) !

( a)

( i)

n !. ( 2 n

( n !) ( n !)

( n !) . ( n !) (2 n 1) ! n !. ( n 1) !

( ii )

(2 n n !. ( 2 n

1) ! 1 n) !

xn

( 2 n 1) ! n x n !. ( n 1 ) ! 2.(2 n 1) ! n !. ( n 1 ) !

( iii )

( 2 n ) ( 2 n 1) ! ( n !) . n . ( n 1) !

2v

10

( a)

Given that

f. ( r)

2r (r

1 . ( r 2) 1)

prove that

f. ( r)

f. ( r

1)

2. ( r 3) r. ( r 1) . ( r 2 )

[4 marks]

n (b) Hence find r=3 r. ( r r 3 1).( r 2) [4 marks]

( a)

2r 1 ( r 1) . ( r 2 )

2r 3 r. ( r 1)

r. ( 2 r

1 ) ( r 2) ( 2 r . ( r 1 ) . ( r 2) r f. ( r) f. ( r 1)

3) 2. ( r 3) 1) . ( r 2 )

r. ( r

(b) 2 Sn 7 2 9 6 9 6 11 12 ... 2n 1 ( n 1) . ( n 2) 2n n. ( n 3 1)

Sn

1 7 2 2

2n n.(n

3 1)

Sn

7 n2 11 n 6 4 n. ( n 1 )

Section C - Module 3

11

( a)

Determine the number of ways in which the letters of the word S T A T I S T I C S may be arranged so that the vowels are placed together [3 marks]

(b)

A team of five is chosen at random from 4 boys and 6 girls. Calculate the number of ways that this team can be chosen to include at least 3 girls [5 marks] ( a) vowels are A I I considered as one item ( 1 7) ! 3 ! 3 !. 3 !. 2 !

3360 ways

(b) (3 girls from 6 and 2 boys from 4) or (4 girls from 6 and 1 boy from 4) or (5 girls from 6 and no boys) 6 .4
3

6
2

.4
4

6
1

.4
5

( 120 )

( 60 )

(6)

186

12

Two unbiased dice each with six faces are tossed randomly one after another ( a) (b) Determine the set of possible outcomes Find the probability that ( i) ( ii ) ( iii ) the product of the numbers on the two dice is a multiple of 5 the second die shows the number 2 [2 marks] [1 mark] [2 marks]

the product of the numbers on the two dice is a multiple of 5 or the second die shows the number 2 [2 marks] ( a)

{(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (1, 6), (3, 1), (3, 2), (3, 3), (3, 4), (3, 5), (3, 6), (5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4), (5, 5), (5, 6), 11 36 1 6

(2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5), (2, 6), (4, 1), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6), (6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3), (6, 4), (6, 5), (6, 6)} 11 36 6 36 1 36 4 9

(b)

( i)

( ii )

( iii )

4 2 1 13 The matrices X and Y are given by X = 5 6 8 7 9 Calculate ( a) (b) the determinant of X Y X 4 . ( ( 18 ) 2 . ( ( 15 )


T

1 6 and Y = 5 2 4 6

[4 marks] [3 mark]

( a)

( 72 ) )

( 56 ) ) 4 2 1 5 6 8 7 9 3

( 45 )

( 42 )

yields

365

yields

365

(b)

1 5 4 6 2 6

4 2 1 . 5 6 8 7 9 3

yields

7 68 29 56 78 4

14

Y and X are 3 x 1 matrices and are related by the equation Y = AX where 1 0 3 A 7 5 0 3 2 1 ( a) Find A
1

is a non-singular matrix

[6 marks] 10

(b)

X, when Y =

12 8

[3 marks]

( a) 5 2 yields 7 2 1 2 3 4 1 15 2 21 2 5 2

1 0 3 A
1

7 5 0 3 2 1

(b)

10 12 8

1 0 3 7 5 0 .X 3 2 1

5 2 X 7 2 1 2

3 4 1

15 2 21 2 5 2 10 . 12 8 1 yields 1 3

15

Air is pumped into a spherical balloon of radius r cm at the rate of 275 metres cube per second. When r = 10 calculate the rate of increase of ( a) (b) the radius r the surface area S [The volume V and surface area S of a sphere of radius r are given by V 4 r3 3 1 4 r
2

[5 marks] [4 marks]

and

4 r2

respectively]

( a)

dr dt

dr . dV dV dt

dr dt

( 275 )

dr dt

275
10

4 ( 10 )

yields

11 cm ( 16 . )

(b)

dS dt

dS . dr dr dt

dS dt

8 r.

11 16

dS dt

8 . . ( 10 )
10

11 16

yields

55 cm2