# CAPE 2007 Pure Mathematics Unit 2 - Paper 02 Section A - Module 1 1 ( a) (b) Solve for x > 0 the equation ( i) 3 log8 x 2 logx 8 5 2x and

e
x

[8 marks]

Copy and complete the table below for values correct to 2 decimal places x 2x e
x

1.0

0 1.00

0.5 1.41

1.0 2.00 0.37

1.5

2.0 4.00

2.5

3.0 8.00 0.05 [3 marks]

2.72

0.22

( ii )

On the same pair of axes and using a scale of 4 cm for one unit on the x-axis 4 cm for one unit on the y-axis draw the graphs of the two curves y 2x and y e
x

for

1 x 3

xεR [5 marks]

( iii )

Use your graphs to find ( a) (b) the value of x satisfying 2x e
x

0 2x e x< 0

[2 marks] [2 marks]

the range of values of x for which 2 log8 x 1 3 . log8 x
2

( a)

3 log8 x

5

0

5 log8 x 1 3 2

2

0

3 log8 x

log8 x

2

0

log8 x log8 x

x x

2 1 64 2.5 5.66 0.08 3.0 8.00 0.05

(b)

( i)

x 2x e
x

1.0 0.5 2.72

0 1.00 1.00

0.5 1.41 0.61

1.0 2.00 0.37

1.5 2.83 0.22

2.0 4.00 0.14

1

( ii )
4

2 e

t t 2

1

0

1 t

2

3

( iii )

( a) (b)

2x

e

x

0

x 1 x< 0

0

2x< e

x

2

( a) (b)

Show that for Find dy dx

n 2 y

tann x tann x

tann

2

x . sec2 x

tann

2

x

[3 marks] [3 marks]

when π 4

( c)

Let

In

tann x d x 0

n 2 1
2

( i) ( ii )

By using the result in (a) above show that Hence evaluate I4

In

In

n

1

[7 marks] [7 marks]

( a)

tan x

n

tan

n

2

x . tan x
2 n 2

tan x x . sec x
2

n

tan

n

2

x . sec x
2

1

tan x dy dx n . tan
n 1 2

n

tan

tan

n

2

x

(b)

x . sec x

2

π 4 ( c) ( i) In tann 0
2

x . sec2 x

tann

2

x dx

π 4 In tann 0
2

x . sec2 x d x

π 4 tann 0
2

x dx

In

1 n 1

tann

n

1

x.

π 4 0

In

2

In

In

1
2

n

1

π ( ii ) I4 1 3 I2 I4 1 3 4 sec2 x 0 π 4 π 4 1 dx

1 3

( tan . x

x) .

π 4 0

1 3

1

2 3

Section B - Module 2 3 ( a) The sequence {un} is given by u1 = 1 and un+1 = (n + 1) un Prove by mathematical induction that (b) un n! for all n ε N 9 32
n

n 1 [9 marks]

Given that the sum of the first n terms of a series S is ( i) ( ii ) ( iii ) ( iv ) find the n-th term of S show that S is a geometric progression find the first term and the common ratio of S deduce the sum to infinity of S

[2 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks]

3

( a)

Let

Pn be the statement Pn k! uk 1 is true uk

un P1
1

n! 1 (k P2 1 ) uk uk 2 2. ( 1) uk yields (k uk 1) k ! (k 2 uk 1) ! (k is true 1) !

Assume that for n = k uk

1

1

since

for k = 1

for k = 2

1

hence

un

n!

is true for all n ε N

(b)

( i) 33

Sn
n

Sn 32

1

9

32

n

9 32
n

32

(n

1)

Tn ( ii )

n

Tn
(n 1)

(3

1) 2 . 3( 3

yields
n)

2 . 3( 2

n)

Tn

1

2 . 3( 2

Tn

1

Tn Tn
1

2 . 3( 2 2 . 3( 3

n) n)

Tn Tn
1

is a constant

( iii )

r

1 3

T1

6

( iv )

S∞ 1

6 1 3

yields

9

4

( a)

The function f is given by f : x maps to ( i) ( ii )

x4

4x

1

Show that [4 marks]

f (x) = 0 has a root α in the interval (0, 1) if x1 is a first approximation to α of f (x) = 0 in (0, 1)

the Newton-Raphson method gives a second approximation satisfying 3 x1 4 . x1
4 3

x2 in (0, 1)

1 [5 marks] 1

x2

4

(b)

John's father gave him a loan of \$10 800 to buy a car. The loan was to be repaid by 12 unequal monthly instalments starting with an initial payment of \$P in the first month. There is no interest charged on the loan but the instalments increase by \$60 per month ( i) ( ii ) Show that P = 570 Find in terms of n 1 n 12 [5 marks] an expression for the remaining debt on [6 marks]

the loan after John has paid the n-th instalment

( a)

( i)

f . ( 0.01 ) f . ( 0.99 )

( 0.01 ) 4 ( 0.99 ) 4

4 ( 0.01 ) 4 ( 0.99 )

1 1

yields yields

0.96000001 1.99940399

By the Intermediate Value Theorem 0 < α < 1

( ii )

x2

x1

x1

4

4 x1
3

1 4

4 x1

x2

x1 4 x1

3

x1 4

4 3

4 x1 1

4 x1

1 x2

3 x1 4 x1

4 3

1 1

x1

(b)

( i)

10800

12 . (2 P 2

11 . ( 60 ) )

P

1800

11 . ( 60 ) 2

yields

P

570

( ii )

amt . due

10800

Sn n . ( 540

10800

n. ( 2 x . 570 2

(n

1 ) 60 )

10800

30 n )

5

Section C - Module 3 5 ( a) A bag contains 5 white marbles and 5 black marbles. Six marbles are chosen at random. ( i) Determine the number of ways of selecting the six marbles if there are no restrictions [2 marks] ( ii ) Find the probability that the marbles chosen contain more black marbles than white marbles [4 marks] (b) The table below summarises the programme preference of 100 television viewers Television Preference Matlock News Friends Total No of Males 20 14 18 52 No of Females 10 18 20 48 Total 30 32 38 100

Determine the probbility that a person selected at random ( i) ( ii ) ( iii ) ( iv ) ( c) is a female is a male or likes watching the News is a female that likes watching Friends does not like watching Matlock [2 marks] [4 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks]

The table below lists the probability distribution of the number of accidents per week on a particular highway No of Accidents per week Probability ( i) ( ii ) 0 0.25 1 0 2 0.10 3 p 4 0.30 5 0.15 [2 marks]

Calculate the value of p

Determine the probability that there are more than 3 accidents in a week [2 marks]

6

( a)

( i)

10

10 !
C 6

( 10

6 ) !. 6 !

210 ways

( ii )

P (4 black & 2 white) or P (5 black & 1 white)

5

C

5
4

C

5
2

C

5
5

C

1

10

C

11 42

6

(b)

( i)

P . ( Female)

48 100

yields

12 25 14 100

0.48

( ii )

P . ( Male . or . likes . watching. the News )

52 100

32 100

7 10

0.70

( iii )

P . ( Female. watching. Friends ) P . ( not . watching. Matlock )

20 100

0.20 30 100

( iv )

1

P . ( watching . Matlock )

1

0.70

( c)

( i) ( ii )

p

1

( 0.25

0

0.10 0.30

0.30 0.15

0.15 ) yields

yields 0.45

0.20

P . ( accidents > 3 )

7

6

( a)

A system of equations is given by x + + + z = 10 3x - 2y + 3z = 35 2x + y + 2z = α where α is a real number ( i) ( ii ) ( iii ) ( iv ) (v) Write the system in matrix form Write down the augmented matrix Reduce the augmented matrix to echelon form Deduce the value for which the system is consistent Find all solutions corresponding to this value of α 0 1 1 find 1 1 [3 marks] [7 marks] [1 mark] [1 mark] [3 marks] [1 mark] [4 marks]

(b)

Given A =

1 0 1 1

( i) ( ii )

kI - A where I is the 3 x 3 identity matrix and k is a real number the values of k for which 1 1 1 x . y 2 3 z kI 10 35 α A 0

( a)

( i)

3

2 1 2

1 1 1 10 ( ii ) 3 2 3 35 2 1 2 α

1 1 1 ( iii ) R3 2 R1 3 0 2 3 1 0 α

10 35 20 10 5 105 R2 3 R1

1 1 1 0 0 5 0 1 0 α

10 5 20

1 1 1 5 R3 R2 0 5 0 0 0 0 5α

8

( iv )

105

0

α

21

1 1 1 10 (v) 0 5 0 5 y 1 x z 10 1 z 11 x 0 0 0 0 choose x arbitrarily: x x y 1 z 11 x λεR

(b)

( i)

1 0 0 . 0 1 0 k 0 0 1

0 1

1 1 1 1

k 1 1

1 k 1 k

1 1 1

1 0 1

( ii )

k.

k 1 k

1 1

1 1 k

1 1

1 1

k 1

0

k . k2 k . k2

k

1

(k

2)

(k

1)

0

k

1

(k

2)

(k

1)

0 1

k3

k2

3k

3

0

has solution(s)

3 3

k 1 1

1 k 1 k

1 1 1 yields k3 k2 3. k 3 has solution(s)

1 3 3

k 0 0 0 k 0 0 0 k

0 1

1 1 yields 1 1

k 1 1

1 k 1 k

1 1 1

1 0 1

9

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