Invisible  Refugees  in  their  own  Country  

Lalit  Koul  

—  Geographical  /Demographic  Introduction   —  Who  are  Kashmiri  Hindus?   —  Seven  Exoduses   —  Ethnic  Cleansing   —  Existence  at  Stake   —  Universal  Apathy   —  What  do  we  demand?   —  How  can  YOU  Help?  

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—  Oldest  civilization  in  the  world,  dates  back  at  

least  5000  years   —  Largest  democracy  in  the  world   —  7th  largest  country  in  the    world   —  4th  Largest  economy  in  the  world   —  2nd  Fastest  growing  economy  in  the  world   —  Before  Independence  in  1947,  ruled  mostly  by   Hindu,  Muslim  kings  and  British  Colonial  rule   —  28  States,  7  Union  Territories  
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—  A  pluralistic,  multilingual,  and  multiethnic  society   —  Culturally  &  religiously  diverse   —  Hindus  –  80%,  Muslims  –  14%,  Christians  –  3%,  

Sikhs  –  2%   —  18  Official  languages   —  2nd  largest  population  of  Muslims  in  any  country   in  the  World.   —  2nd  largest  English  speaking  population  
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—  City  born  out  of  Lake  Satisar,  by   —  —  — 

— 

— 

Sage  Kashyap     “Kashyapa-­‐pura”  to  “Kashmir”   Center  of  Hinduism,  Buddhism,   Kashmir  Shaivism,  Sufism   Pre-­‐14th  century:  Center  of   Sanskrit  scholars,  Ruled  by   Hindu  Kings   14th  to  18th  century:  Islam  was   dominant  religion,  Ruled  by   Afghans  and  Mughals   19th  century:  Ruled  by  Sikhs  and   Hindu  Dogra  rulers    

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—  August  1947:  India  got   —  — 

—  — 

independence   October  1947:  Jammu  &  Kashmir   acceded  to  India   Due  to  1947-­‐48  war,  parts  of   region  occupied  by  Pakistan  and   China   Only  Muslim  majority  state  in   India   Demographics:  
Region   Jammu   Kashmir   Ladhakh   Population   Hindu   ~  3  Mn   ~  5  Mn   ~  .25  Mn   66%   7%  *   3%   Muslims   30%   92%   50%  

*  Pre-­‐1990,  Pre-­‐Exodus

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—  Community  of  700,000+  souls   —  Original  inhabitants  of  Kashmir   —  Symbols  of  brotherhood  and  peace   —  Representatives  of  glorious  heritage  and  legacy  of  

Kashmir   —  Always  devoted  to  spiritual  and  academic  pursuits   —  Nurtured  values  of  peace,  co-­‐existence  and  tolerance   for  5000  years   —  Progenitors  of  Kashmir  Shaivism  –  the  philosophy  of   oneness  of  mankind   —  Produced  a  galaxy  of  brilliant  sages,  saints,  poets,   statesmen,  administrators  and  ambassadors  
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—  In  spite  of  repeated  rejection  of  co-­‐existence  and  

pluralism  by  majority  Muslim  community  for  the  last   six  hundred  years,  Kashmiri  Hindu  has  not  given  up   his  faith  in  these  values   with  fanaticism  and  violence  with  violence.    

—  Kashmiri  Hindu  has  never  reciprocated  fanaticism  

—  Kashmiri  Hindu  is  the  only  example  who  has  totally  

rejected  the  violence  as  a  means  to  fulfill  socio-­‐ cultural-­‐political  aspirations.    

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—  The  First  Exodus  (1389-­‐1413  A.D)  
—  Sikander  but-­‐shikan  ordered  persecution  of  Hindus   —  100,000  Kashmiri  Hindus  drowned  in  lake   —  7  mounds  of  murdered  Hindus’  sacred  thread  burnt   —  Only  11  Kashmiri  Hindu  families  left  in  the  valley  

—  The  Second  Exodus  (1506-­‐1585  A.D)  
—  Chak  (Shia)  dynasty  from  Gilgit  invaded  to  rule  Kashmir   —  Made    persecution  of  Kashmiri  Hindus  official  policy   —  Forcibly  converted  24,000  Hindus  to  Islam   —  900  Kashmiri  Hindus  beheaded  every  day  for  not  converting  to  

Islam   —  Forced  Hindus  wearing  sacred  thread  to  pay  tax  

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—  The  Third  Exodus  (1585-­‐1753  A.D)  
—  Mughals  invaded  and  ruled  Kashmir   —  3rd  Mughal  King  Akbar  tried  to  rehabilitate  Kashmiri  Hindus   —  Akbar’s  son  Jehangir  reversed  the  policies  and  once  again  initiated  

persecution  of  Hindus   —  Forced  Hindu  girls  to  marry  Muslims   —  Jehangir’s  grandson  Aurangzeb  continued  with  Islamsization  of     Kashmir  and  India   —  Aurangzeb  killed  Sikh  Guru  Shri  Teg  Bahadur  who  pleaded  with   him  for  mercy  on  Kashmiri  Hindus  

—  The  Fourth  Exodus  (  1753  A.D)  
—  Afghan  rulers  Fazal  Kanth  and  his  Governor  Amir  Khan  continued  

with  persecution  and  forced  Hindus  to  leave  Kashmir  

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—  The  Fifth  Exodus  (  1930-­‐1948  A.  D.)  
—  After  500  years  of  Muslim  rule,  in  1820  Sikhs  and  Hindu  Dogras  

reclaimed  the  power  to  rule  Kashmir   —  British  promoted  communal  hatred  to  push  their  “Divide  and   Rule”  policy;    promoted  young  Muslims  to  revolt  against  Dogra   rule  in  Kashmir   —  13th  July  1931:  Muslims  attacked  Kashmiri  Hindus’  life  and   property,  killed  many  innocent  Hindus   —  October  1947:  Pakistani  raiders  attacked  Kashmiri  Hindus  and   killed  many,  forcing  another  exodus  from  the  valley  

—  The  Sixth  Exodus  (  1986  A.D)  
—  Targeted  killings  of  Kashmiri  Hindus  triggered  another  exodus  

—  The  Seventh  Exodus  (  1990  –  present  )  
—  Ethnic  cleansing  at  its  worst  
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—  First  nail  in  the  coffin  on  February  21,  1986  in  the  city  

of  Anantnag,  Kashmir  

—  40  Kashmiri  Hindu  temples  desecrated   —  1,500  Kashmiri  Hindu  houses  looted     —  300  Kashmiri  Hindu  houses  set  ablaze  

—  1989  
—  Leading  community  activists,  scholars  &  educationists  

targeted  and  killed  by  Muslim  terrorists   —  Kashmiri  Hindu  businesses  destroyed  and  looted   —  Kashmiri  Hindu  properties  looted  and  burnt  

 
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—  Last  nail  in  the  coffin  on  January  19-­‐20,  1990  
—  All  mosques  throughout  the  valley  played  threatening  

audio-­‐tapes   —  Threatening  posters  were  pasted  on  Kashmiri  Hindu   houses   —  Kashmiri  Hindus  were  given  24-­‐hours  to  leave,  die  or   convert   —  Kashmiri  Hindus  hid  their  female  folks  in  houses,  with   a  pinch  of  poison  ready  to  embrace  death  
—  Post-­‐January  20,  1990  
—  Exodus  started;  Community  in-­‐exile  since  then…..  

 

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The  terrorist's  intimidation:   Leave  Kashmir  in  one  month  otherwise  danger  to  life  and   family.   This  is  Last  Warning.   By  Order   Dist.  Commander    

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Seal  of  the  Central  Office  of  Allah  Tigers     Allah-­‐O-­‐Akbar     MUSLIMS  AWAKE     ALL  INFIDELS  VANISH     JIHAD  IS  APPROACHING    

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—  “If  you  want  to  stay  in  Kashmir,  You  have  to  say  

Allah-­‐O-­‐Akbar”  
—  “We  want  Kashmir,  with  Kashmiri  Hindu  women  

but  without  their  men”  
—  “Either  Die  Or  Convert  Or  Leave”   —  “What  do  we  want  here?  Rule  of  Sharia”  
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—  Killing  of  Kashmiri  Hindus  depicts  extreme  sadism.  All  

victims  were  subjected  to  extreme  torture  and  terror  by   inhuman  practices  such  as:     —  Strangulation  by  using  steel  wires     —  Hanging     —  Branding  with  hot  irons  and  burning  alive     —  Lynching  and  bleeding  to  death     —  Gouging  out  of  vital  organs     —  Dismemberment  of  Human  bodies     dances'  after  killing  the  innocents   properly  cremated  

—  Terrorists  indulged  in  barbaric  acts  like  performing  'death  

—  Many  a  time,  dead  bodies  were  not  even  allowed  to  be  
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#  of  Religious  Shrines  burnt   #  of  Houses  burnt   #  of  Houses  looted   #  of  Shops  and  Businesses  burnt   #  of  Educational  Institutions  burnt   #  of  Kashmiri  Hindus  killed  in  the  valley   #  of  Kashmiri  Hindu  refugees  living  within  the  Valley  of   Kashmir  

More  than  200   More  than  20,000   95%   More  than  15,000   More  than  150   More  than  1500   About  5,000  

#  of  Agriculture-­‐based  families  deprived  of  their  resources   More  than  20,000   #  of  Kashmiri  Hindu  refugees  without  a  home  of  their  own   More  than  700,000  

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Major  Reasons  for  leaving  the  Kashmir  Valley   Insecurity  induced  by  terrorist  violence   Direct  threat  from  terrorists   Killing  of  neighbors   Indirect  threat   Killing  of  relatives   Kidnapping  /  rape  of  women   Insecurity  induced  by  isolation   Insecurity  induced  by  other  refugees   Insecurity  induced  by  Muslim  friends/well-­‐wishers  

%age   31.11   12.53   10.65   22.34   7.10   1.04   9.39   1.88   3.97  

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Nature  of  Disease   Diabetes   Hypertension   Mental  Depression   Tuberculosis   Hepatitis   Heart  Disease   Cancer   Skin  Disease   Ulcer/Acid  Dyspepsia   Intestinal  Disease   Asthma   Malnutrition/Anemia   Kidney  Disease  

Pre-­‐displacement  %age   Post-­‐Displacement  %age   3.39   2.98   0.35   0.61   0.05   2.27   0.30   0.20   1.62   0.71   2.83   0.15   0.76   38.50   64.98   48.66   1.16   3.99   13.79   2.98   26.07   18.65   12.83   17.43   5.81   7.83  
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Mode  of  Transportation   Government  Trucks   Private  Trucks   Private  Cars   Buses  

%age   2.30   71.90   6.20   19.60  

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Year   1990   1991   1992   1993   1994   1995   1996   1997-­‐2000  

#  of  Deaths  *   1,056   409   397   178   89   62   43   148  

Total    
*  Deaths  in  refugee  camps  based  in  plains  of  Jammu,  India  

2,382  
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—  Local,  State  and  National  governments  failed  to  

protect  Kashmiri  Hindus’  fundamental  rights   —  Leading  international  human  rights  organizations   failed  Kashmiri  Hindus  by  ignoring  their  political,   economic  and  cultural  genocide   —  National  and  international  media  aided  and  abetted   the  genocide  by  totally  ignoring  it   —  Gradual  extinction  of  a  peaceful  civilized  community   with  ancient  culture  yet  to  shake  the  conscience  of   the  world  
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—  Minority  in  a  Muslim  majority  state   —  Victim  of  vote-­‐bank  politics   —  Too  small  a  number  to  have  a  political  constituency   —  Too  dispersed  to  have  a  strong  political  voice  at  one  

place   —  Apparently  do  not  make  a  good  commercial  media   story     —  Are  taken  for  granted  for  our  peaceful  ways  and   committed  patriotism  

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—  Do  these  reasons  justify  our  Ethnic  Cleansing?   —  Do  these  reasons  justify  the  Universal  Silence?   —  Do  these  reasons  justify  the  Official  Apathy?   —  Do  these  reasons  justify  Our  Extinction?  

— NO,  NO,  NO,  &  NO  
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—  Set  up  a  ‘Commission  of  Enquiry’  to  establish  the  causes  

that  led  to  the  selective  and  targeted  killings  of  Kashmiri   Hindus  and  their  subsequent  forced  exile,  and  appropriate   the  responsibility  and  punish  the  guilty.    

—  Declare  us  as  Internally  Displaced  People  (IDP).  The  use  of  

the  insulting  term  ‘Migrants’  for  this  forcibly  exiled   community  may  be  removed  from  all  records  and   communications  relating  to  them  hence  forth.    

—  Restore  Kashmiri  Hindus’  political  and  economic  rights  

that  would  give  them  equal  status  rather  than  a  second   class  citizenship  in  their  native  land  of  Kashmir.    

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—  Direct  the  investigation  agencies  and  courts  to  expedite  

the  prosecution  cases  against  those  Muslim  terrorists  who   have  been  charged  with  Kashmiri  Pandits'  killings.     —  Ensure  adequate  protection  to  the  residual  Kashmiri   Pandit  population  currently  living  in  the  Kashmir  valley.     —  Grant  funds  to  Kashmiri  Hindus  for  the  preservation  and   documentation  of  relics  of  Kashmiri  Hindu  heritage  and   culture.     —  Hand  over  the  management  of  Kashmiri  Hindu  religious   shrines,  icons  and  cultural  centers  to  Kashmiri  Hindu   leadership.  
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—  Establishment  of    a    separate  homeland    (PANUN  

KASHMIR)  for  us  in  the  Kashmir  Valley,  comprising  the   regions  of  the  valley  to  the  East  and  North  of  river  Jhelum  

 
—  Constitution  of  India  be  made  applicable  in  letter  and  

spirit  in  this  homeland  in  order  to  ensure    right  to  life,   liberty,  freedom  of  expression,  faith,  equality  and  rule  of   law  

—  This  homeland  be  placed  under  central  administration  

with  a  Union  Territory  Status  

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—  By  breaking  the  silence  and  speaking  out  against  global  

terrorism   —  By  engaging  media  and  forcing  them  to  focus  on  this  story   —  By  forcing  policy  makers  to  enact  and  implement   legislations  against  global  terrorists  and  countries  that   harbor  terrorists   —  By  engaging  Human  Rights  Organizations  and  making   them  aware  of  our  cultural  and  physical  genocide   —  By  raising  and  donating  funds  that  will  go  towards   preservation  of  Kashmiri  Hindus’  culture  and  heritage   —  By  collaborating  with  Kashmiri  Hindu  organizations  on   advocacy  projects  

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