Durable flame retardant for cellulosic fibres

Constitution: Appearance: pH Value: Density (20°C): Solubility Stability: Storage: Fibre reactive organic phosphorus compound Colourless liquid • • • • • 3.0-5.5 1.24 – 1.30 g/cm3 soluble in cold water in all proportions stable in hard water and acid medium store in closed containers in a cool location (see safety information)

• • • • • • • provides a flame retardant finish for cellulosic textiles, durable to repeated washing or dry cleaning. meets all the standard flame retardant test specifications and requirements prevents afterglow can be applied in combination with resins to give easy-care finishes can be combined with oil and water repellent finishes can be applied to a variety of cellulosic fibres such as cotton, viscose, linen and lyocell processing uses conventional equipment

• Drying should be carefully controlled, below 130°C, to a moisture content of 8% ideally, to facilitate the curing. Higher temperatures or over drying can lead to an unnecessary stiff handle. Curing should be carried out as soon as possible after drying, as the impregnated acidic fabric is hygroscopic and can lead to strength losses Curing temperatures above 170°C should be avoided as this can lead to undue yellowing, unacceptable strength losses and shade changes. Also some contamination of the machines may occur It is imperative to neutralise the acidic fabric promptly (24 hours maximum) after baking using an alkaline bath to ensure maximum flame retardant performance After final rinsing the fabric should be pH 7.0-7.5 in order to avoid acid hydrolysis of the finish during storage

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PROCESSING: The flame retardant is diluted with cold water and added to the pad liquor. which can have an adverse effect on strength. again diluted with as this could cause localised stripping by the acid.0-4.5 minutes at 170°C Neutralising is carried out using soda ash rather than caustic soda as this is easier to rinse off. It is recommended that the wash-off is carried out at 50°C-80°C. Cheshire. softener and wetting agent.0 minutes at 150°C 3. usually a two or three bowl . The last bath should contain 1-2m/l hydrogen peroxide.0-1.0 minutes at 160°C 1. Northwich. The required amounts of resin. 35%. also diluted. Wincham. Suggestions for use neither give nor imply any freedom from patent infringement AFLAMMIT® KWB/AJB/08/06/Issue 4 THOR SPECIALITIES (UK) LIMITED Wincham Avenue. A residual moisture content of about 8% is recommended to optimise curing. are added and the bath made to almost full volume. This is added to the first wash-off bath to neutralise the goods and to remove any unfixed chemicals. APPLICATION: Suggested recipe using a pick up of approximately 80% 350-400g/l 30-50g/l 30-50g/l 20-40g/l 12-15g/l 1-2g/l AFLAMMIT® KWB QUECODUR DMQ QUECODUR SLF CONC FINISTROL ESJ CONC or NVN PHOSPHORIC ACID 85% KYOLOX FAP or BAT (flame retardant) (melamine resin) (glyoxal resin) (polyethylene lubricant. The material requires thorough preparation by desizing and scouring to ensure good absorbency before application of the AFLAMMIT® KWB. Finally the catalyst. pre diluted) (catalyst) (non ionic wetting agent) PACKAGING: 250kg drum and 1250kg container The information contained in this leaflet is intended to be of assistance to users but is without guarantee. CW9 6GB Tel: +44 (0) 1606 818800 Fax: +44 (0) 1606 818801 E-mail: textiles@thor. preferably with a deep impregnation trough to optimise penetration and uptake. Padding is made using conventional equipment. The baked fabric must be immersed directly into an alkaline bath. Drying is carried out at 100°C-130°C with over feed on a stenter.5-5. to help the removal of chemical smells on the finished fabric. This last step is made just prior to processing. Curing is recommended using the following cloth temperatures:4. is added to bring the bath to the correct volume. Batching of the fabric is recommended for 1-2 hours in order to obtain optimum results on tightly woven and pigment printed materials. The fabric must not be given an initial rinse in water prior to neutralisation. The fabric must be free of alkali. Variations can occur in application and users are advised to conduct their own tests. The liquor pick-up should be between 70% and 100%.

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