You are on page 1of 11

V U P Q J B

JTTVF!OP/2
JOTQJSFE
UIJOLJOH
GSPN!UIF
JEFBT!UFBN
3 UTOPIAINSPIRED THINKING ISSUE NO.1
12!
XFBS!UIF!GVUVSF
Clothes that entertain.
Sometimes you forget to have fun. You get a bit nose-to-the-
ground with all the day-to-day things you have to do, work,
cleaning, meals. Whatever. It doesnt have to be like that. New
technologies make the everyday stuff a lot more interesting,
can make even the clothes you wear a source of interest and
entertainment. Computer circuitry woven into items of clothing
can turn them into sound systems, visual entertainment or
sources of comfort.
We have t-shirts and gowns with bre optic lights that glow,
dim, change colour or run riot with a pulsing lightshow. Worn
by either yourself or the people around you, these lightshow
clothes make that daily round much more interesting, especially
at night, where their changing patterns can be seen best, can
light up an entire room. Motion sensors can be worked into the
garments so that the light responds to your movements. Dance
and the light dances with you streams over your body, fast or
slow. With the addition of sound systems in the garment, your
movements will unleash harmonious chords along with the
changing lights you can be the creator of beautiful effects, or
just the admirer of them. Some shirts have voice sensors woven
into the chest area so that the garment lights up when you talk
or sing a good way to get attention.
And thats not all we have clothes in development that work
with your mood and temperature, warming you on a chilly day,
cooling you down if the weather, or your temper, is a bit too hot.
We have boiler suits that inate to buffer you if you are feeling
fragile, others that vibrate and tickle just for fun.
Cpsfe-!gfe!vq!
tjuujoh!bspvoe!
epjoh!opuijoh!!
bt!zpvs!dbsf!tubgg!
hfu!po!xjui!uifjs!
qbqfsxpsl@!
Xibu!xpvme!ibqqfo!jg!xf!uppl!ujnf!up!mfbso!gspn!b!
qfstpo!xjui!!qspgpvoe!mfbsojoh!ejtbcjmjujft!ps!dpnqmfy!
offet!boe!jg!xf!gpvoe!npsf!jnbhjobujwf!xbzt!pg!
joufsqsfujoh!uif!tvcumf!xbzt!uifz!usz!up!dpnnvojdbuf!
xjui!vt@
!
Jo!uif!gpmmpxjoh!qbhft!zpv!xjmm!fodpvoufs!uif!cfhjoojoh!
pg!b!ofx!xbz!gpsxbse/!Uif!stu!tufqt!upxbset!uijoljoh!
ejggfsfoumz!bcpvu!ipx!qfpqmf!xjui!qspgpvoe!mfbsojoh!
ejtbcjmjujft!dbo!hfu!jowpmwfe-!jogpsn-!dsfbuf!jefbt!boe!
dspttpwfst/!Xibu!ibqqfot!xifo!zpv!csjoh!qfpqmf!uphfuifs!
gspn!ejtqbsbuf!cbdlhspvoet-!uif!qtzdipmphjtu-!uif!
jogpsnbujdt!tqfdjbmjtu-!uif!dbsf!xpslfs-!uif!qfstpo!xjui!
qspgpvoe!mfbsojoh!ejtbcjmjujft!boe!uif!bsujtu@!Dpvme!xf!
dsfbuf!bo!bsut!qsbdujdf!xijdi!hpft!xbz!cfzpoe!uif!dvssfou!
voefstuboejoh!pg!dpmmbcpsbujpo!xjuijo!uijt!dpoufyu@
!
Uijt!nbhb{jof!jt!uif!tubsu!pg!uibu!dpowfstbujpo-!mppljoh
bu!xibu!dpvme!cf/!Pwfs!ujnf!ju!tfflt!up!fodpvsbhf!!
qfpqmf!up!dpnf!uphfuifs-!ubml-!tibsf!boe!dsfbuf!bsujtujd!
bqqspbdift!xijdi!cfofu!vt!bmm/!Tp!jg!zpv!bsf!b!dbsf!
xpslfs-!b!tpdjbm!xpslfs-!b!dbsfs-!bo!bsujtu-!b!sfdjqjfou!
pg!tfswjdft-!bo!bdbefnjd-!b!tdjfoujtu-!b!sftfbsdifs!b!
tuvefou!ps!kvtu!joufsftufe-!uifo!qmfbtf!sfbe!po///
VUPQJB;!BO!JEFBM!BOE
QFSGFDU!QMBDF!PS!TUBUF
XIFSF!FWFSZPOF!MJWFT!JO
IBSNPOZ!BOE!FWFSZUIJOH
JT!GPS!UIF!CFTU/!
5 UTOPIAINSPIRED THINKING ISSUE NO.1
13!
TJHOBUVSF!TNFMMT!
Scents that are personalised to you, in products you enjoy.
Smells have a direct route into the core of our personalities -
the molecules in the things around us dissolve inside our noses,
bringing messages straight to our limbic system, the centre of
emotions and memory. That is why a smell can stop us in our
tracks, overtaken by something we hadnt thought of in years.
Plasticine. Pencil shavings. Cough syrup.
Imagine a cream that smelt of your favourite place, or a balm
that smelt like someone you love. Imagine a smell that you
cant even put a name to, but that makes you feel a certain
way safe and sleepy or alert and ready. And it wont
necessarily be the orals and woody notes of conventional
perfumes that have this effect its more likely to be
something unusual and specic like the smell of the air before
a storm, the interior of a dry cleaners, or hot tarmac, perhaps.
A team of specialists can work with you to pinpoint smells
that have a direct affect on your mood and mind. They have a
catalogue of tens of thousands of smells and will work through
them with you, meticulously testing your reactions and brain
activity, to nd your own personal palette of deep mood
enhancers. We can then capture your key aromas in products
to use in your daily life. Incense for your bedroom, bubble bath,
something to hang in your car, washing powder for your clothes,
room spray.
Signature smells can enhance your life, bringing an extra
dimension to your days.
Xpvme!zpv!vtf!!
b!iboe!dsfbn!
uibu!tnfmu!pg!zpvs!
gbwpvsjuf!qmbdf@
Uif!gvuvsf!jt!
bmnptu!ifsf-!boe!
jut!xfbsbcmf/
7 UTOPIAINSPIRED THINKING ISSUE NO.1
14!
TPVOE!DFOUSBM!
A simply-operated library of sounds and music tailored to
individual tastes.
Imagine a vast library of sounds. There is music in there, of all
kinds, but you can edit out the stuff you dont like free jazz
or ceilidh bands, perhaps. There are stories in the library, some
read by your family and friends, some made up just for you.
You can tune into radio stations from around the world at the
touch of a button. There are all kinds of random sounds in there
too chimes, raindrops, reworks, purring. And favourite words
or phrases too. People that you like are saying hello, calling
your name.
Thanks to the technology available now, all these sounds can
be stored in a small box, can be shufed and changed. And
you have two small, simple joysticks to steer your way around
this audio treasure trove so that, for once, you have control
over what to listen to or not listen to. All the sounds are linked
intelligently according to type and mood so that you can easily
nd your way into the story section or through different types
of music press in one direction and you get more things like
the one you are listening to, press in the other and it takes you
away to something quite different, through layers of sound till
you hit on something you want. Press it twice and you get a
random track a lucky dip.
Having two joysticks means you can navigate separately with
each nd two tracks that go together, and layer them, fade
in and out, then save what you have created as a new track.
Add music to the background of a story or rolling thunder to a
sad sax solo. A small microphone between the joysticks enables
you to add your own sounds or vocals too. You can keep adding
to your new tracks, building layer upon layer of sound, adding to
your library or sharing with your friends.
Its so simple small hand movements open up a world of
choices. Now you not only get to control what comes in your
ears, but you get to create your own unique tracks too.
Gfe!vq!cfjoh!
efqfoefou!po!
puifst!up!dipptf!
xibu!zpv!tipvme!
mjtufo!up@
9 UTOPIAINSPIRED THINKING ISSUE NO.1
Uif!xpsetnjuit!tljmmt!tmjdf!uispvhi!
bmm!uif!tmjqqz!ibmg.usvuit!boe!
qfstvbef!qfpqmf!up!tufq!vq!boe!ublf!
b!qsjef!jo!yjoh!uijoht-!jo!dsfbujoh!
tpmvujpot!gps!uif!qfpqmf!uifz!tfswf/
15
XPSET!MJLF!LOJWFT
A person for hire who articulates what you need to express.
Feeling misunderstood? Not getting through? Fed up of
hanging on the phone? Your call is fth in the queue, thank you
for your patience. Well, your patience ran out a while back.
You need a wordsmith. Someone who will listen to your story
and see past the frustrations and emotions, who will nd the
words to ght for you and what you need. A wordsmith is a
master at winning arguments whether over the phone, by
email or good old-fashioned ink and paper she uses words
like knives to cut through the crap and the bureaucracy. You
know the kind of thing you get That doesnt apply in this
area, there is no money remaining in that budget, I am not
authorised to help
We offer wordsmiths to work with individuals or families who
have lost the oomph to ght, or whose excess of oomph has put
their blood pressure into the danger zone. Your wordsmith can
take all of your tangled issues and make clean sense of them.
She will accompany you to meetings, will hang on the phone for
as long as it takes, will write canny letters ccd to all relevant
politicians or journalists who can help your case. A wordsmiths
contacts are legendary.
The wordsmith is not only a gifted negotiator, he or she has
the ability to stay unnaturally calm in the face of frustration,
indifference and blatant incompetence.
Ep!zpv!gffm!zpv!
ibwf!tbje!uif!
tbnf!uijoht!tp!
nboz!ujnft!uibu!
qfpqmf!bsf!opu!
mjtufojoh!up!zpv!
boznpsf@
21 UTOPIAINSPIRED THINKING ISSUE NO.1
Xbou!up!ofhpujbuf!
zpvs!xbz!bspvoe!
ps!voefstuboe!!
b!sppn!po!!
zpvs!ufsnt@
16
TRVFF[F!DIBJS!
A rm and calming embrace.
Deep touch pressure has been discovered to produce a calming
effect, as if the gentle compression of our bodies produces
a complimentary quietening of our busy minds. This can be
particularly marked in children and adults on the autistic
spectrum, and the writer Temple Grandin talks of how, as a
child, she used to climb under the sofa cushions and have her
sister sit on them.
But wait, I hear you say, wouldnt an ordinary human embrace
be the answer? Wouldnt a tight hug be the thing to calm the
mind and the heart? Well, yes indeed, if youre lucky enough
to have a hugger on hand, but in reality, lots of people cant
bear to be touched in this way. The emotional weight and
variance of another person is too much to take on when its a
simple physical sensation that youre seeking. Whats needed
is a neutral way to produce this pleasant, calming sanctuary.
Something you can control yourself.
Which brings us to the wonderful Squeeze Chair. Invented by
artist Wendy Jacob from MIT in Boston, it is like a soft armchair
whose arms are especially wide and deep. When you press on
the attached footpump these arms slowly move in to embrace
you, holding you fast and safe for as long as you need it. You
can control the pressure to make the embrace light as a shell or
rm as a bear hug. You can snooze in its reliable hold. If youre
feeling sociable, you can allow someone else to operate the
footpump for you, or you can do it for them, delivering a hug
by remote means.
Ofyu!po!uif!
esbxjoh!cpbse!
xjmm!cf!b!cfe!
uibu!spmmt!zpv!vq!
jo!jut!fncsbdf-!
uifo!spdlt!zpv!
tpguz!up!tmffq/
17!
TFFJOH!XJUI!ZPVS!FBST
A machine that translates visuals into sound.
People prize their sight above all the other senses. We think
that seeing is the main way we experience the world, not really
giving full credit to the part played by the nerves on our skin,
the strong instincts connected to smell or all the things that
sound can tell us.
People without full vision have a more balanced use of their
other senses, using all their abilities and instincts to make
their way in the world. Some individuals have developed
extraordinary abilities of echolocation using clicks or taps
to navigate their way through complex environments.
Now a new machine gives everyone the chance sighted or
not to learn to see with their ears. The vOICe system translates
images taken by tiny video cameras or mobile phones into
sound compositions, with different pitches and rhythms
corresponding to light and dark, solids and voids. You will
soon learn the sound patterns and theme tunes of the rooms
you live in and the neighbourhood around you. Although the
compositions sound complex at rst, we have to remember that
there was a time that we had to learn how to see with our eyes,
that our brain is constantly translating light waves into chair or
tree and that it has the capacity to turn sound messages into
objects too. A little like learning a new language.
Users of the system, some blind from birth, have learned
this new way of seeing within weeks, expanding their world
massively as a result. Depending on your particular needs, this
new system can restore a lost sense or enhance the ones you
are already using.
23 UTOPIAINSPIRED THINKING ISSUE NO.1
18
MVY!.!B!DPNQFOEJVN!PG!MJHIU
Light machines that interact with your gestures and mood.
You are without a doubt one of the many people who loves the
play of light, but up till now youve probably just been dabbling,
a bit of light experimentation. Well now its time to move up to
the level of connoisseur. Our compendium of light offers you not
one, but two illumination systems to enhance and transform
your living space at any time of the day or night.
Lux by Day
Using the power and beauty of natural light, Lux by Day is
designed to be placed in front of your window like an ornate
screen. Hung from the screen are an amazing array of solar-
powered kaleidoscopes, prisms, crystals and colour lters,
which move to catch and bend the available light throwing it
around your room in unexpected blazes and unique patterns
ever moving, ever changing, even on a gloomy day, Lux by Day
provides continual delight for the eye.
Lux by Night
When the sun goes down, Lux by Night is waiting to enthrall
you. This 3-D projector can ll your room with the most
astonishing effects oating clouds, spiralling galaxies that
you can walk amongst or our popular aquarium setting which
turns your room into an underwater fantasyland with colourful
sea creatures and phosphorescent jellysh oating through
the air. Clap your hands and they disappear with a pop. Clap
your hands again and another light show starts up all kinds of
themes and rhythms are available. It can lull you to sleep with
oating drifts of colour and wake you up with starbursts.
Day or night you can never be bored, because the light and
the shapes are always changing, always responding to your
movements and mood.
Offe!uif!mjhiut!
up!dibohf!jo!
sftqpotf!up!ipx!
zpv!gffm!ps!jo!
sftqpotf!up!zpvs!
npwfnfout@
25 UTOPIAINSPIRED THINKING ISSUE NO.1
19!
UIF!BSNDIBJS!USBWFMMFS
Sensational journeys in your own home.
Theres nothing to compare with the thrill of movement
ying through the air, sailing through a lively sea, racing
across endless desert plains in a fast car. You feel alive in
every bit of you. Our armchair travelling machine brings these
experiences and many more into your own home, to enjoy
whenever you want.
This ingenious chair is the very pinnacle of simulated adventure.
Hydraulic lifts, wheels and a turntable in the base can reproduce
any real or imagined form of travel from sled runners over
arctic ice to uneven gait of a camel. Speakers in the headrest
accompany the movement with wraparound sound, while a tiny
but powerful projector head in the arms of the chair, throws
hyper-realistic images on the wall in front of you. Its just like
being there. You can drive a taxi round New York, tour Venice
in a swaying gondola or y over the Grand Canyon suspended
under a paraglider. Travel up a bumpy road to the top of a
mountain or plunge spinning into ocean depths.
In our new ve-star model, discreet vents in the armrests
simulate the air whizzing by at just the right speed and scent
and humidify it with appropriate wafts of seabreeze, trafc
fumes, jungle blooms whichever brings your choice of journey
to vivid life.
Our new shufe mode mixes up the experiences in new and
surprising ways you can trot on a pony down river rapids to
the smell of new mown hay. Create impossible journeys that are
even better that than the real thing.
And when youve had enough adventure, the projector retracts,
the hydraulic mechanism tucks away in the base and your chair
looks like a perfectly ordinary, mild-mannered piece of furniture.
Dsfbuf!jnqpttjcmf!kpvsofzt!
uibu!bsf!fwfo!cfuufs!uibu!
uibo!uif!sfbm!uijoh/!
27 UTOPIAINSPIRED THINKING ISSUE NO.1
1:
XSFTUMJOH!XJUI!TPVOE
A robust box of tricks that plays with you as you play with it.
Its bigger than a bread bin, Its smaller than a fridge.
Its a sturdy, strangely shaped box with panels and spots on it.
Hit the different areas and sounds burst from it a trumpet
toot, the crash of glass, a ushing toilet, a run of rhythmic
drumbeats. Roll it across the room and a pattern of sounds
follows in its wake. You can throw it against a wall or stroke it
with your ngertips sounds will come from it that interact
with your mood. It can react to your voice too laughing back at
your jokes, or throwing out a cheeky phrase or random vowel.
If youre feeling angry, the box can take it. Hammer it with your
sts and it will kerpow and bam right back at you. Kick it.
Throw it. But it wont ght to the death for your sake and its
own, it soon delivers a soft soothing beat to wind you down and
cool your jets.
Two, four or more people can play with the box at the same time,
rolling it between them, jumping on it in sequence, drumming
on its sides. The box is the perfect, versatile companion to all
sorts of moods and situations in different modes it can be a
disco, a cheering crowd or a bird-lled country morning.
Xbou!up!qmbz!!
xjui!tpvoe!xjui!!
b!cfbu!cpy!uibu!
qmbzt!xjui!zpv!boe!
sfbmmz!epft!ublf!!
b!cfbujoh@!
TPVSDF!POF!
UIF!JEFBT!UFBN
Artlink formed, with support from Esmee
Fairbairn Foundation a series of projects which
fall within the title The Ideas Team. The aim
being to nd solutions that will enhance this
persons life either by addressing a particular
problem, such as isolation or boredom, or
working with sensory strengths (smell, hearing)
to develop interesting experiences and a degree
of self-determination. The development of
each solution is informed by the individual at all
stages. Teams have included artists, scientists,
academics, families, specialists, friends. They
pool their skills in response to one persons life
experience, opening up new ways of thinking
about that particular situation.
TPVSDF!UXP!
12!XFBS!UIF!GVUVSF
This solution was partly inspired by a need to
nd subtle ways to entertain individuals through
adapting clothing. A way of capturing interest
through work with light and texture. Artists
Yvonne Mullock and Ciara Phillips investigated
how clothing could be used to entertain even
when care staff were very busy. Garments are not
intended to replace human interaction, but as a
way to get people to interact with each other.
For more information on how advanced circuitry
carrying power, data or sensory interfaces can
be built into wash and wearable clothing, see
http://web.media.mit.edu/~rehmi/fabric/
13!TJHOBUVSF!TNFMMT
How do you create a whole new world for
someone, based on smell for people with
multiple learning and physical disabilities? This
solution springs from an Artlink project, when
olfactory artist Clara Ursitti worked alongside
incredibly involved support workers, Bob Whalley
a clinical psychologist, with advice from Pamis
at Dundee University to investigate the potential
of smell as a sensory stimulus. Over a two year
period they tested smells, learned the ways in
which individuals non verbally communicated
like and dislike, identifying the best time to offer
each person the scent. The project resulted in the
creation of specic products, bubble bath and
hand cream, infused with personalised scents
such as dandelion and horse stables, which
elicited positive emotional responses from the
individuals involved.
For more information on Clara Ursitti, see
http://www.claraursitti.com/
14!TPVOE!DFOUSBM
A response to limited choice, working with a man
who could not turn on his radio and therefore
could not choose what he wanted to listen to.
Our solution here is a development of another
Artlink project which partnered artist Steve
Hollingsworth with informatics scientist David
Murray-Rust to develop an easily-operated audio
bank consisting of his mothers voice, music,
links to Radio Forth, sounds fromhis childhood,
favourite classical music for a service user who
was particularly interested in music and audio
material. They coupled existing MP3 technology
with a specially developed switching system
which made it operable through one button/switch.
To hear Nicola Whites short story about
the project please go to http://www.
scottishbooktrust.com/podcasts/audio/
something-in-the-pause-by-nicola-white
15!XPSET!MJLF!LOJWFT
Not a technological solution, but one inspired
by a persistent need to nd new ways to
draw attention to age old problems, namely
the inability of support systems to listen to a
problem and practically respond.
A good example of a scribe in action, and an
inspiration for this solution was writer Laura
Marneys publication for Artlink - This Side
of Heaven which sought to articulate the
difcult situation parents face when their son or
daughter with a learning disability has to leave
home. The writer created a ction so that that
the issue could be better understood by those in
charge of policy and services.
To download Laura Marneys short story, see
http://www.scottishbooktrust.com/adults/
books/artlink-stories/this-side-of-heaven-by-
laura-marney
16!TRVFF[F!DIBJS
Some people require a tight embrace, pressure
on parts of their body to relieve anxiety and
agitation.
For more information on Wendy Jacobs Squeeze
Chair, see http://creative-capital.org/projects/
view/216.
For details of Temple Grandins earlier
experiments with deep pressure therapy, see
http://www.grandin.com/inc/squeeze.html
29
Artlink Edinburgh & the Lothians
13a Spittal Street
Edinburgh EH3 9DY
T: 0131 229 3555
E: info@artlinkedinburgh.co.uk
www.artlinkedinburgh.co.uk
Artlink is a company registered in
Scotland No. 87845 with charitable
status, Scottish Charity No. SC006845
17!TFFJOH!XJUI!ZPVS!FBST
The machine described in solution six exists in
rudimentary form and is beginning to be widely
used. Developed by Dr Peter Meijer, a senior
scientist at Philips Research Laboratories in the
Netherlands, the system is called The vOICe (the
three middle letters standing for Oh I See).
It works by translating images from a camera
on-the-y into highly complex soundscapes,
which are then transmitted to the user over
headphones.
For further information, see
www.seeingwithsound.com
18!MVY!.!B!DPNQFOEJVN!PG!MJHIU
Partly inspired by some individuals attention
to detail within Artlink workshops, their all
consuming interest in light and contrast within a
static or moving pattern. Artlink recently began
work with Glowdoodle, a programme developed
by Eric Rosenbaum at MIT. For more information
http://scripts.mit.edu/~eric_r/glowdoodle/
Also inspired by the lm In My Language
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JnylM1hI2jc
and is made possible by recent advances in solar
power cell and 3D imaging technology.
19!UIF!BSNDIBJS!USBWFMMFS
The inspiration for this solution came from work
developed by Steve Hollingsworth, Ciara Phillips,
Laura Spring, Jim Colqhoun and Laura Aldridge
where lmprojection, sound and movement are
used to create virtual journeys for wheelchair users.
Combined with technology used in fairground
and military simulators, an advanced but
compact travel machine is made possible.
For more on the history and technology of
simulation, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Simulation
1:!XSFTUMJOH!XJUI!TPVOE
Is it possible to make a drum machine, which
plays with you, which is robust, can be battered
and kicked and still come back with familiar
sounds and beats? The sound box has been
developed to prototype level in an Artlink project
by artists Kirsty Stanseld and Simon Yule for
two brothers, who love rhythm.
BEEJUJPOBM!TPVSDFT
Dana Gordon
http://www.dana-gordon.com/
Wendy Jacob
http://visualarts.mit.edu/workandresearch/
workfaculty/work_jacob.html
http://autismstudio.wordpress.com/
Jay Silver
http://drawdio.com/
Kelly Dobson
http://les.kellydobson.com/3_
ScreamBodyDocumentationEx.mov
http://les.kellydobson.com/2_Blendie.dv
EJTDVTT
We would like to carry on this discussion with
you. If you would like to nd out more, exchange
or add new ideas then please go to
http://theideasteam.wordpress.com
Directed by Alison Stirling
Written by Nicola White
Illustrated by Jonathan Owen
Designed by Tess Wood
Funded by:
Coordinated by:
D
e
s
t
g
n
:

w
w
w
.
t
e
s
s
w
o
o
d
.
c
o
m