Third Generation Mobile Services

…) Girish Kumar Patnaik 2 September 30. 2005 . typically thought to be 384kbps and perhaps upto 2 Mbps when stationary near a base station. SMS.Third Generation Mobile (3G) • Offering data rates greater than ISDN (144kbps). • Six types of services: – – – – – – Interactive multimedia (video conferencing) High speed multimedia (“broadcast” TV) Medium speed multimedia (web browsing) Circuit switched data (FAX) Speech (telephony) Messaging (e-mail.

Paradigm shifts • voice-centric ⇒ data centric – shift to packet switching – problems: QoS. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 3 .end users expect the same services (and more) from wireless systems as they expect from wireline systems September 30. streaming media • continually evolving terminals and data applications .

096 MCps Dedicated Pilot with TDM Asynchronous CDMA2000 3.W-CDMA and cdma2000 Technology Chip Rate Forward Link Pilot Structure Base Station Timing Synchronization Forward Link Modes W-CDMA 4. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 4 .6864 MCps Common Pilot with CDM Synchronous A multicarrier mode capable of overlay onto IS-95 carriers Comparison of W-CDMA and cdma2000 September 30.

2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 5 .84 MCPs CDM TDM FDD (MC) 3.W-CDMA and cdma2000 MODE Chip Rate Common Pilot Dedicated Pilot Base Station Synchronization FDD (DS) 3.84 MCPs To be determined To be determined To be determined Asynchronous/Sy Synchronous as nchronous cdma2000 Harmonization Agreement of the 3G CDMA Modes September 30.6864 MCPs CDM CDM TDD 3.

the GLR acts as the VLR/SGSN at the visited network • HLR and GLR communicate through the D interface • After the first registration. all subsequent registration operations in a visited network are performed locally between the VLRs and the GLR. September 30. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 6 . the GLR is treated as the roaming user’s HLR located at the home network • From the view point of the HLR at the home network. the remote HLR is not involved. • GLR is physically located in the visited network and interacts with all VLRs in the visited network.Improvement on Core Network • Network related procedures are optimized to reduce signaling traffic • Introduces a Gateway Location Register (GLR) between the VLR/SGSN and the HLR • From the view point of the VLR/SGSN at the visited network.

Message flow for the first registration with GLR September 30. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 7 .

2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 8 .Message flow for a subsequent registration with GLR September 30.

2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 9 .Message flow for the location cancellation with GLR September 30.

2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 10 .Message flow for mobile termination call with GLR September 30.

portioned into three segments – Local bearer service provides a connection between TE and MT – 3G bearer service provides 3G QoS – External bearer service provides the connection to the the other party in the call September 30.Quality of Service in 3G • 3G QoS control mechanism should – Efficient utilize resources based on the ability to dynamically change QoS parameters during a communication session – Interwork with current QoS schemes – Present end-to-end Qos to the users with appropriate mapping • The end-to-end service on the application level uses the bearer services for the underlying networks. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 11 .

Quality of Service in 3G • 3G bearer service consists of two parts – Radio Access bearer service provides confidential transport of signaling and user data for moving users over the radio interface – Core Network bearer service utilizes a 3G backbone network service that covers layer 1 and layer 2 functionality (eg. ATM or IP-based) September 30. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 12 .

September 30. packet size. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 13 . max. … • Major problems with how to map between the QoS of different systems. reliability.Quality of Service in 3G • Four QoS classes: • 7 QoS parameters: max/min/guaranteed bit rates.

2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 14 .Wireless Operating System for Handsets • Wireless OS should satisfy the following requirements: – – – – Immediate access to applications Modular software Support low-powered CPUs Be protected in a read-only-memory chip September 30.

2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 15 .Wireless OS Examples • Windows Consumer Electronics (WinCE) OS – Developed by Microsoft – Subset of Windows NT • EPOC OS – Developed by Psion – Symbian uses EPOC • PalmOS – Developed by 3Com September 30.

dial-up. file server. user library and file server APIs – Engine support Component • Provides APIs for data manipulation. and PC connect • Components – Base Component • Consists of portable runtime system. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 16 . TCP/IP.EPOC • EPOC provides communication to the outside world through serial and sockets. standard C library and text tools – Graphics Component • GUI September 30. an application architecture. kernel. resource files and utilities.

enabling context switching between threads • A power model is used by the kernel and device drivers to turn off devices and power sources when they are not active September 30.EPOC • EPOC kernel is light weight • Kernel supports preemptive multitasking. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 17 .

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