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CLASSICS 51(A) John Papadopoulos (jkp@humnet.ucla.

edu) Fowler A422 (206-4997)

Office hours: Thursdays 3-5:00pm & by appointment

Art & Archaeology of Ancient Greece TR 11:00am-12:15pm: Moore 100 Sections: 1A: F 8:00-9:15am; IB: 9:3010:45am; 1C: F 11:00-12:15pm; 1D: F 12:30-1:45pm; 1E, 1F: F 2:00-3:15pm; 1G, 1H: R 3:30-4:45pm; 1I: R 4:005:15pm; IJ: F 1:00-2:15pm; 1K: F 8:30-9:45pm; 1L: F 3:30-4:45pm; 1M: R 4:00-5:15pm; 1N: F 2:00-3:15pm TAs: Esmeralda Agolli Myles Chykerda Chelsey Fleming Nathan Kish Kristie Mann Bill McCrary Lyssa Stapleton

This course is designed as an introduction to the archaeology of the Greek world in the Mediterranean, including the history of excavation, development of scientific techniques, and the changing nature of the discipline. We will focus on different phases of discovery and their contribution to our understanding of antiquity, and on the role of modern agendas in exploring and appropriating the past. An introduction to classics and archaeology, also for those interested in art history and anthropology. Lectures will be illustrated with PowerPoint presentations, also available in illustrated textbooks; a reader will make supplementary assignments available. All PowerPoint presentations will be posted on the course website. Textbooks (ASUCLA): W. Biers, The Archaeology of Greece (2nd edition), 1996 Required Course Reader: available at Course Reader Material 1080 Broxton (310) 443 3303 25 % each 15 % 25 % 10 %

Requirements: Two short writing assignments, five pages maximum Midterm: Slide identification exam (February 5) Final examination (slides, short answers, essay on pre-assigned topic) (March 14) Section (preparation, participation)

SYLLABUS: January 8: Introduction Renfrew and Bahn, Archaeology, Introduction (reader); Biers, Archaeology of Greece, chapter 1; Etienne, The Search for Ancient Greece, pp. 164-167 January 10: The Discovery of ancient lands: Ruins and romanticism Etienne, Search for Ancient Greece, chapters II-IV (40 small pages) Questions Why do we study the classical past and its prehistory? What kind of expectations did Europeans bring to classical lands? What do you/we expect from studying archaeology and uncovering the past? January 15: The Trojan War: Texts, archaeology and Heinrich Schliemann Etienne, The Search for Ancient Greece, pp. 110-112, 144-147; Wood, In Search of the Trojan War (reader) The End of the Bronze Age and The Trojan War found again January 17: Arthur Evans and Crete: Myth and archaeology (I) Biers, Archaeology of Greece, chapter 2; Etienne, Search for Ancient Greece, 113-114 Questions What kind of backgrounds brought Evans and Schliemann to antiquity? What were the goals of their investigation? How did ancient legends inspire and mislead early archaeologists? How do we understand prehistoric cultures without written texts? What did they contribute to modern archaeology? What damage was done? January 22: Thera and Atlantis: Myth and archaeology (II) Reader: The Myth of Atlantis (Plato, Timaeus 21e-d; Critias 108e-121c); Etienne, Search for Ancient Greece, 130-31; Biers, Archaeology of Greece, 28, 51-54, plates 1-2; for additional information, Doumas, Thera (on reserve) January 24: Vases and volcanoes: Relative and absolute chronology Kuniholm (reader); Renfrew and Bahn, Archaeology (reader), 137-144, 160162 Questions What scientific methods have developed for measuring the passage of time? How do such methods converge or conflict with those of other disciplines? January 29: The face of Agamemnon: Mycenae and the Mycenaean world Biers, Archaeology of Greece, chapter 3; Pausanias description of Mycenae (reader); Etienne, The Search for Ancient Greece, pp. 110-112 January 31: Making faces: Physical anthropology and Shaft Graves of Mycenae Prag and Neave, Making Faces, chapter 6 (reader) Questions What do the physical remains of ancient populations reveal? How do we use the results to interpret history? What special effects and problems are found in excavating ancient burials? *First assignment due in class (lecture) Thursday January 31* February 5: MIDTERM: SLIDES and names, terms (review list and readings)

February 7: Underwater archaeology: The Ulu Burun (Ka) shipwreck (I) Bass, Ulu Burun Shipwreck (reader); Renfrew and Bahn, Archaeology, pp. 95, 374-375 (reader) Questions What sorts of equipment and methods are used in underwater archaeology? How does underwater archaeology differ from excavation on land sites? What does the Ulu Burun or Ka shipwreck tell us about trade and the distribution of commodities in the Late Bronze Age? February 12: The Ulu Burun (Ka) shipwreck (II): The distribution of commodities in the Late Bronze Age February 14: Tablets and Texts: Language and decipherment Chadwick, Linear B, chapters 1-2 (reader); Biers, Archaeology, 28, 63-64; also Chadwick, The Decipherment of Linear B (on reserve) Questions What role does ancient language play in reconstructing ancient history? How do we analyze and understand unknown scripts and lost languages? February 19: The origins of Greece: Ethnicity and archaeology in the Dark Age and Geometric periods Hall, Ethnic Identity, 1-16, 111-142; Thucydides I.2-22 (both in reader, Parts I & II); Biers, Archaeology of Greece, chapters 4-5 February 21: Archaic Greece: Art and style Biers, Archaeology of Greece, chapters 6-7 Questions Can we determine ancient ethnic groups in archaeology? How do we explore and understand the historical collapse of cultures? How do we use style and science to assess ancient art? What is the relationship between public monuments and politics? What does survey archaeology (regional analysis) offer that excavation does not? February 26: Athens and Sparta: The archaeology of the city Biers, Archaeology of Greece, chapter 8; Plutarch, Pericles 11-31 (reader); Snodgrass, Survey archaeology & the rural landscape of the Greek city (reader) February 28: City, state and empire: From Athens to Macedon Biers, Archaeology of Greece, chapter 9 Questions What is history, and how do we uncover it in archaeology? How do we balance textual sources with archaeology? What is the value of monuments for ancient and modern audiences? March 5: Macedon & Greece: The archaeology of monarchy in the Hellenistic Age Biers, Archaeology of Greece, chapter 10; Borza, Royal Macedonian tombs (reader); Prag & Neave, chap 4 (reader); Etienne, Search, 148-149 *Second writing assignment due in class Tuesday, March 5* March 7: Who owns the past? Nationalism, archaeology & the Parthenon marbles Etienne, Search, pp. 136-143; Renfrew and Bahn, 533-539 (reader); Meyer, Who owns the spoils of war? (reader); Greenfield, The Elgin Marbles Debate (reader) What kind of modern concerns influence the course of research?


What is the value of spectacular discoveries; how do we interpret them? Who owns the past? What are the values of archaeological discoveries? How are they interpreted by different groups? What is the destination of discoveries? Who should be the ultimate owner? March 12: After Archaeology and the Future of the past: saving the site (conservation and restoration) and should we dig? Museums, collectors, legislation, archaeological ethics and professional responsibilities Review for Final Exam Etienne, Search for Ancient Greece, 154-163; N. Stanley-Price, Site preservation & conservation in the Mediterranean region (reader); J. Papadopoulos, Knossos (reader); readings on conservation (reader, Part III); Vitelli, Archaeological Ethics: Introduction (reader); selections from Archaeological Ethics (reader, Part III) What happens to monuments after discovery? What should happen? What responsibilities do discoveries entail? How do we meet them? How do present priorities compete with the past? What is the relationship between museums and monuments? What are the professional responsibilities of the archaeologist? How can generations of the future preserve and protect the past? FINAL EXAM (Thursday, March 14, in Class)


March 14:

Please note: Cheating, including plagiarism, are serious offenses with serious consequences, and all suspected cases of cheating and plagiarism will be promptly reported to the Dean of Students.


SYLLABUS I. Ancient Sources Thucydides, The History of the Peloponnesian War I. 2-22 Plato, Timaeus; Critias (myth of Atlantis ) Pausanias, Guide to Greece, 2.15.4-2.16.5 (description of Mycenae) Plutarch, Life of Perikles 11-31 II. Modern Scholarship C. Renfrew and P. Bahn, Archaeology pp. 11-15 (Introduction); pp. 137-144 (radio-carbon dating); 160-162 (dating the Thera eruption); pp. 95, 374-375 (the Ulu Burun or Ka shipwreck); pp. 533-539; (whose past?) M. Wood, In Search of the Trojan War Chapter 2: Heinrich Schliemann Chapter 8: The End of the Bronze Age Postscript: Has the Trojan War been found again? J.K. Papadopoulos, Knossos, in The Conservation of Archaeological Sites In the Mediterranean Region, 1997 P.I. Kuniholm, Overview and assessment of the evidence for the date of of the eruption of Thera, in Thera and the Aegean World III, 1990, 13-18. pages J. Prag and R. Naeve, Have I gazed upon the face of Agamemnon? Grave Circle B at Mycenae, from Making Faces: Using Forensic and Archaeological Evidence, 1997, chapter 6 G.F. Bass, Oldest shipwreck reveals the splendors of the Bronze Age, National Geographic 172, no. 6, 1987 6 pages 11 pages 2 pages 12 pages

24 pages 23 pages 14 pages 8 pages 33 pages 6

41 pages

20 pages

J. Chadwick, Linear B and Related Scripts, 1987 chapters 1 & 2 16 pages (Discovery and Decipherment) - Linear B Syllabograms (J. Hooker, Linear B: An Intro, 1980, p. 38) 1 page - Origin of the Alphabet (I. Gelb, A Study of Writing, 1963) 1 page - Early Greek Alphabets (R. Osborne, Greece in the Making, 1997, pp. 110-111) 1 page Jonathan Hall, Ethnic Identity in Greek Antiquity, 1997, Chapter 1, Phrasing the Problem (the Dorians) Chapter 5, Ethnicity and Archaeology, Anthony Snodgrass, Survey archaeology and the rural landscape of the Greek City, in O. Murray & S. Price, eds., The Greek City from Homer To Alexander (1991) 9 pages 17 pages

13 pages

J. Prag and R. Naeve, And a certain man drew a bow at a venture: King Philip II at Macedon, Making Faces: Using Forensic and Archaeological Evidence, 1997, chapter 4 E. Borza, The Royal Macedonian Tombs and the Paraphernalia of Alexander the Great. from Makedonika (reprinted from Phoenix 1987) III. Conservation and Professional Responsibilities M. de la Torre & M. McLean, The Archaeological Heritage in the Mediterranean Region and M. Demas, Summary of Charters dealing with the Archaeological Heritage; Conclusions of the Conference Participants from The Conservation of Archaeological Sites in the Mediterranean Region, 1997 N. Stanley-Price, Site preservation & archaeology in the Mediterranean Region, in J.K. Papadopoulos & R. Leventhal, eds., Theory and Practice In Mediterranean Archaeology: Old World & New World Perspectives (2003), Chapter 18 IV. Museums, Acquisitions and Archaeological Ethics K.D. Vitelli, Introduction Karl Meyer, Who Owns the Spoils of the War? Both from K.D. Vitelli, ed., Archaeological Ethics, 1996 J. Greenfield, The Elgin Marbles debate, in The Return of Cultural Treasures, 2nd ed., 1995, Chapter 2 Archaeological Institute of America Code of Ethics Code of Professional Standards: Society of American Archaeology Principles of Archaeological Ethics

32 pages

12 pages

15 pages

16 pages 4 pages 8 pages

45 pages 5 pages

Classics 51(A): Review Sheet (Terms) Weeks One & Two Pausanias Cyriacus of Ancona Constantinople Ottoman (Turkey) philology Society of Dilettanti Heinrich Schliemann Sir Arthur Evans Atlantis radiocarbon dendrochronology Floral Style rhyton megaron Cyclopean Pylos Agamemnon tholos niello Ulu Burun (Ka) shipwreck underwater or marine archaeology ingots oxhide copper bronze (Bronze Age) tin Dorians Pictorial Style (Warrior krater) basileus (basileis) Iron; Iron Age meander George Gordon (Lord Byron) Lord Thomas Elgin Johann Joachim Winckelmann Morea (Peloponnese) stratigraphy Hissarlik (Troy, Ilion) Knossos thalassocracy tephra Marine Style faience magazines Linear B megalithic Vapheio stirrup jar Tiryns stele seals (cylinder, stamp) ivory hippopotamus & boars tusks diptych pithos ostrich eggshells ballast, dunnage handmade burnished ware Protogeometric, Geometric cremation, inhumation Lefkandi (centaur statuette) tripod (cauldron)

Week Three

Week Four

Week Five

Week Six

Week Seven

kouros, kore (korai) hecatompedon (100-foot) red-figure, black-figure (bilingual) amphora, krater, kylix lekythos peplos; chiton votive (offering) apsidal Corinth Samos Ionic, Doric order tyrant naos, peristyle Phrasikleia; Peplos kore Franois Vase pediment Paestum, Italy (Tomb of the Diver) Amasis Painter volute krater (Vix krater)

Weeks Eight & Nine Pericles Ph(e)idias Olympia, Temple of Zeus Erechtheion (Athena Polias) Athena Nike Parthenon Delos (Delian League) chryselephantine Propylaea Lacedaimon (Sparta); Lakonia metope pediment frieze Panathenaia karyatid Artemisium (statue of god) Ionia Marathon (battle) Panhellenic sanctuaries (Delphi, Olympia) Kritios kouros Agora salt-cellar stoa Olynthos Epidauros orchestra Pella Priene Hippodamos Attalos Philip II Pergamon Vergina (Aigai) Alexander III (the Great) Issus (battle, mosaic) larnax Week Ten context conservation Venice Charter cultural heritage Stoa of Attalos geomorphology regional analysis landscape archaeology UNESCO Convention Archaeological Institute of America Society for American Archaeology restoration; reconstruction salvage archaeology Burra Charter site management Didyma (temple: drawings) remote sensing surface survey ethnoarchaeology Parthenon (Elgin) marbles

Format of final exam: Slides (20 slides, two minutes each) Map question (based on map in Course Reader) FINAL EXAM: In class, Thursday, MARCH 14: Bring Blue Books! 80 % 20 %

Classics 51A Reserve Reading List (On reserve in Powell Library) Biers, W.R., The Archaeology of Greece (2nd edition), 1996 Biers, W.R., Art, Artefacts and Chronology in Classical Archaeology, 1992 Chadwick, J., Linear B and Related Scripts, 1987 Chadwick, J., The Decipherment of Linear B, 1992 De la Torre, M. (ed.), The Conservation of Archaeological Sites in the Mediterranean Region, 1997 Doumas, C., Thera, Pompei of the ancient Aegean: excavations at Akrotiri, 1967-1979, 1983 Etienne, R. and F., The Search for Ancient Greece, 1992 Garland, R., The Greek Way of Death, 2001 Hall, J., Ethnic Identity in Greek Antiquity, 1997 Kurtz, D.C., and J. Boardman, Greek Burial Customs (1971) Papadopoulos, J.K. and R.M. Leventhal, Theory and Practice in Mediterranean Archaeology: Old World and New World Perspectives, 2003 Prag, J. and R. Naeve, Making Faces: Using Forensic and Archaeological Evidence, 1997 Preziosi, D. and L. Hitchcock, Aegean art and architecture, 1999 Renfrew, C. and P. Bahn, Archaeology: Theories, Methods, and Practice (2nd ed.) 1996 Robertson, M., A History of Greek Art, 1975 Vitelli, K.D. (ed.), Archaeological Ethics, 1996 Whitley, J., The Archaeology of Greece, 2001 Wood, M. In Search of the Trojan War, 1998 ed. (originally published 1985) Also: National Geographic Vol. 172, no. 6, December 1987 (article by George Bass on the Ulu Burun [Ka] shipwreck in color).

HOW TO WRITE AN ESSAY PAPER GUIDELINES AND REQUIREMENTS Select a paper topic from the list distributed in class or posted on the website. Think about the topic and narrow it down to an aspect or aspects you can discuss in the prescribed word limit. Do not simply copy down or blindly accept or blindly reject what an author (any author) is saying in a book or article or website. Also, do not simply write a summary of your topic. Construct a thesis: what is it that YOU are arguing? Discuss the evidence and what are the assumptions being made. Prepare an outline and follow it. Papers with section headings are usually the best structured. Be critical in a thoughtful way: construct a logical argument, evaluation, and/or interpretation of your topic and back it up with evidence in which the interpretive method(s) or models used are systematic and explicit. When you quote an author, be sure to place what s/he is saying in quotation marks and cite him or her appropriately. You are encouraged to illustrate your paper with images either photocopied from books or else downloaded from the web. When using illustrations make sure to cite your sources (i.e. where you got the image from and what the image is showing). FOOTNOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY Students are free to use either footnotes or citations in brackets (Harvard system). Footnotes have four main uses: 1. To acknowledge the source of statements in your text: either facts, opinions, or direct quotes 2. To make cross-references to other sources dealing with the same subject 3. To make incidental comments on what youre discussing 4. To make acknowledgments (this is usually done in the first note). Direct quotes should be set in quotation marks and noted, while a summary of what the source said should simply be noted. To copy what is in a book, article, internet site, or email posting without acknowledging the source is plagiarism: a type of intellectual theft and a clear form of cheating. All cases of plagiarism will be immediately reported to the Dean of Students (and the consequences are severe). For uses 1 and 2, you may make parenthetical references including page numbers either within the main body of your text (Harvard system) or within your footnote and list the full reference in your bibliography. If you choose to make parenthetical references, remain consistent throughout your paper. Parenthetical references must always include the name of the author (unless you use his or her name in the sentence), the date of the work, and the page number or numbers of the information cited or summarized. Page numbers may only be omitted when you are discussing ideas found throughout the authors work. For example: Preziosi and Hitchcock (1999:155) believe that the Palace of Nestor at Pylos is among the most carefully documented of all Mycenaean sites. It has recently been put forth that the unidentified floating objects on Minoan seals are in fact representations of constellations (Kyriakides 2005: 137-154).

For a direct quote: As Reynold Higgins (1997:29) states: .perhaps the most vulgar object of Minoan workmanship so far known. You are required to consult the reserve and other bibliography in the library. BEFORE YOU BEGIN YOUR PAPER 1. Be sure you understand the assignment. If you have ANY questions, do not hesitate to ASK the instructor or TA. 2. Be sure you understand the definition of PLAGIARISM: To PLAGIARIZE is to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as ones own without crediting the source; present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source, (Websters Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield: MerriamWebster, Inc., 1989, 898.). Many assignments will require you to incorporate other writers words and ideas. If given permission by the instructor or TA to consult those writers, go ahead, but be sure to cite them. If you are not sure how to use the material you have, ASK or CHECK A WRITING GUIDE (i.e. MLA, APA, Chicago, you might try the Style Sheet from the Department of English, available in the ASUCLA Book Store) before submitting the work for credit. 3. Be sure you understand the CONSEQUENCES of plagiarism: a) When you plagiarize, you hand in work that is not your own. When you plagiarize, you sabotage the quality of your education and the learning experience. b) When you plagiarize, you steal, just as if you took something from a store. Plagiarism is different in effect, however, because the University assumes that each grade represents that students own work. When you plagiarize, you undermine the value of a degree from UCLA. c) When you plagiarize, chances are good that you will be caught. If you are caught, chances are very good that you will be suspended from the University. Consider the impact on your financial aid? Your time to a degree? Your plans to attend graduate school? Your career plans? Your housing? Your family and friends? 4. If you are stuck and unable to work through the assignment, there are alternatives to plagiarizing: a) Visit the College Tutorials, 228 Covel Commons (206-1491). There, you can get oneon-one help with writing skills, grammar, topic development anything involved in writing a paper. b) Visit your instructor or teaching assistant make an appointment or visit them during office hours. There are no dumb questions when it comes to assuring that your work is honest. 5. If you know of someone who is plagiarizing an assignment, confront the person and/or tell the instructor. Papers that are plagiarized will impact the grading curve. It is in your best interest if everyone does his or her own work. Be advised that instructors are required by the Academic Senate to refer cases of suspected plagiarism to the Office of the Dean of Students. Penalties for plagiarism can include Suspension or Dismissal from the University. For further information on papers, exams, cheating and plagiarism, please visit: